I-imeyile yangaphakathi yaseBayer ithi ifuna ukuBuyiselwa kweNtembeko yoLuntu phakathi kweMonsanto Mess

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Ngoxinzelelo lwezomthetho nolwabanini zabelo, iBayer AG ngoLwesine yayilungiselela ukumilisela inyathelo "lokufumana ukuthembakala koluntu" emva kokufunyanwa kwayo kunyaka ophelileyo weMonsanto Co izise iBayer amawaka amatyala afakwe ngamaxhoba omhlaza kunye nokutyhilwa kokukhohlisa kwenkampani inkxalabo yezempilo malunga ne-Mossanto's glyphosate-based Roundup herbicides.

Icebo lifuna ukufuna enye indlela yokufumana iglyphosate, iyeza eliyichiza lokutshabalalisa ukhula elasungulwa yiMonsanto ngo-1974. IMonsanto yatyhalela le khemikhali ekusetyenzisweni okuxhaphakileyo kangangokuba i-glyphosate ithathwa njengeyona isetyenziswa kakhulu kwi-herbicide embalini kwaye iintsalela zombulali wokhula zifumaneka ngoku ukutya, amanzi, nomchamo womntu. Ngaphandle kweMonsanto yokulahla impilo yabantu kunye nefuthe lokusingqongileyo, izifundo zesayensi zibophelele kwimveliso ye-herbicide esekwe kwi-glyphosate eseMonsanto Uluhlu lwezifo kunye nokugula Kwaye ndibhale phantsi iingxaki zokumelana nokhula, ukwehla kwezingcolisi, ukwehla komhlaba kunye nemiba yongcoliseko lwamanzi, phakathi kwezinye izinto ezixhalabisayo.

Ngokwe-imeyile kaJuni 13 ebhalwe ngu-CEO we-Bayer u-Werner Baumann, i-Bayer iceba ukupapasha isibhengezo ngolwe-Sihlanu esichaza "iseti yokuqala yokuzibophelela" ngokubhekisele kwi-glyphosate, ezolimo kunye nozinzo lwehlabathi. I-imeyile yafunyanwa kwaye yabhengezwa ngabahlobo boMhlaba- Canada kwaye ayinakuqinisekiswa kwangoko yi-US Right to Know.

“IGlyphosate izakuqhubeka nokudlala indima ebalulekileyo kwezolimo nakwipotfoliyo yethu. Kodwa indalo ikude kubungakanani-obulingeneyo konke. Ngempumelelo yehlabathi jikelele ye-glyphosate yeza kusetyenziswa ngokubanzi, ukuxhathisa ukhula, kwaye kwezinye iimeko kusetyenziswe gwenxa ngokungalindelekanga. Amafama afanele ukhetho olungakumbi. Kungenxa yoko le nto siza kutyala imali malunga neebhiliyoni ezintlanu zeerandi ngeendlela ezongezelelweyo zokulwa nokhula kule minyaka ilishumi izayo. Sizimisele ukuxhobisa abalimi behlabathi ngezona zinto zibalaseleyo kubuchwephesha kwezolimo kunye noqeqesho olujolise ekuhlaleni ngendlela yokuyisebenzisa, ”itsho i-imeyile

I-imeyile ithi iBayer izakusebenzela "ukuphakamisa iinzame zethu ekuhleni ..." kunye nozinzo kunye nokudibana nabanini zabelo.

"Njengenkokheli entsha kwezolimo, sijolise ekumiseni imigangatho engahambelani kuphela nemikhwa yamashishini ethu, kodwa isityhalele sonke ukuba sibe ngcono," itshilo i-imeyile.

Izabelo zeBayer ziye zalahla iipesenti ezingama-44 okoko yafumana iMonsanto kunyaka ophelileyo, kungekudala ngaphambi kokuba ilahleko ezintathu zokuqala zelahleko kumaxhoba omhlaza abanga ukubhencwa kwi-Roundup kaMonsanto ibangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ngaphezulu kwe-13,000 yabantu abamangalela amabango afanayo kwaye ukuza kuthi ga ngoku amajaji ajonge ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi kumonakalo, kubandakanya nomonakalo owohlwayayo njengesohlwayo sezinto abameli babamangali ababonakalise njengeendlela ezinobungozi ezijolise ekunciphiseni ubungqina benzululwazi bokuba i-Monsanto's herbicides inokubangela umhlaza.

U-Beatrice Olivastri, u-CEO, Abahlobo boMhlaba wase-Canada, uthe uyathandabuza malunga nokunyaniseka komzamo. "Iphulo lomtsalane yinkcitho yemali yabanini zabelo," utshilo. Oku kubonakala ngathi zizindlela ezifanayo ezifanayo. ”

U-Bayer's Raymond Kerins, usekela-mongameli omkhulu kwezonxibelelwano nakurhulumente, khange aphendule kwisicelo sokubeka izimvo malunga ne-imeyile, kodwa sele etshilo ngaphambili ukuba injongo yenkampani bubuchwephesha, ekuhleni kunye nokuzibandakanya okunyanisekileyo okujikeleze imiba yeMonsanto.

Jonga ikhonkco kwi-imeyile yeBayer Apha. 

IMonsanto, umzabalazo weBayer wokuqhubeka nokuKhula kokuLungisa umhlaza

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Ingxubakaxaka ngaphakathi nangaphandle kwamagumbi eenkundla kubonakala ngathi iyakhula iMonsanto, iyunithi yomnini waseJamani uBayer AG, njengoko inkampani isebenza ukuhlangabezana nexesha elibekiweyo lezenzo zesibheno kwizilingo ezintathu zomhlaza we-Roundup iMonsanto ilahlekile ukuza kuthi ga ngoku ngaxeshanye nenkampani kufuneka ndizilungiselele iimvavanyo ezintsha ekupheleni kweli hlobo.

Ubunzima bomthwalo wokumangalelwa babekwa ligqwetha laseMonsanto / Bayer kwinkundla yezibheno yaseCalifornia esandula ukufuna ixesha elingakumbi lokufaka Isibheno sikaMonsanto Kwimeko yokuqala ilahlekile kwihlobo ephelileyo.

Ummangali kwelo tyala, UDewayne "Lee" Johnson, wanikwa i-289 yezigidi zeedola yi-San Francisco jury eyafumanisa ukuba i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kaJohnson ibangelwe kukuvezwa kwakhe yimithi ye-glyphosate esekwe kwi-glyphosate. Njengengxenye yezigidi ezingama-289 zeedola, ijaji yayalela i-250 yezigidi zeedrama kumonakalo owohlwayo emva kokuba amagqwetha kaJohnson enike ubungqina bokuba iMonsanto ibucinezele ubungqina bengozi yemichiza yokubulala ukhula.

Ijaji yetyala yehlise ibhaso lomonakalo kwi-78 yezigidi zeedola, kwaye uJohnson kunjalo ukubhenela ngaphaya Buyisela isigwebo esipheleleyo.

Isibheno sikaMonsanto siphikisa, phakathi kwezinye izinto, ukuba ukuba inkundla iyala ukusijika isigwebo akufuneki kubekho mbuyekezo yomonakalo wohlwayo konke konke, nokuba uJohnson unikwe isixa esincinci somonakalo wembuyekezo.

Kwifayile yamva nje, igqwetha likaBryan Cave uK. Lee Marshall uxelele inkundla Ufuna ukongezwa kwexesha ukulungiselela isishwankathelo esilandelayo esifanelekileyo kwisibheno sikaJohnson ngenxa yeendlela ezahlukeneyo ezibekiweyo kumatyala amaninzi iMonsanto iyazikhusela. Ucacisile ixesha elisikiweyo lokuhamba kwesindululo IPilliod v. IMonsanto, apho ijaji yayalela ukuba iMonsanto ihlawule ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi kumonakalo, kunye nexesha elibekiweyo UHardeman v. Monsanto, apho ijaji yayalela ukuba inkampani ihlawule malunga nezigidi ezingama-80 zeedola kumonakalo. IMonsanto ifuna ukubhukuqa zombini ezo zigwebo ngokunjalo.

Kwiveki ephelileyo, iMonsanto bafaka isaziso Kwinkundla yomdibaniso yokuba-kunye nomshuwalense weLiberty Mutual Insurance Co - babethumele i-100 yezigidigidi zeedola njengoko iceba ukubhena isigwebo sikaHardeman. Inkampani ine Julayi 2 ukuva kwisicelo sayo sokuba ijaji yetyala ibeke ecaleni isigwebo kwaye iyalele ityala elitsha.

“Ngenxa yesiphelo sendlela yokuxoxwa kwesindululo esisemva kwexesha likaHardeman noPilliod, ndihleli, kwaye ndiza kuba, ndichitha ixesha elininzi kwezi veki zimbalwa zizayo kwiziphakamiso zasemva kwetyala ezicela umngeni kwizigwebo ezinkulu kula matyala. Ezi zibophelelo zichaphazela ixesha zinokuphazamisa ukubanakho kwam ukuchitha ixesha ukulungiselela… kwesi sibheno, ”utshilo uMarshall enkundleni.

Kananjalo wabhala wathi, ityala likaJohnson "lintsokothe ​​ngokungaqhelekanga kwaye linika imiba emininzi enzima." Umcebisi wangaphakathi e-Bayer ufuna ukuphonononga, aphawule kwaye ahlele impendulo emfutshane ngaphambi kokuba afayilishwe, wongeze watsho.

Isibheno sikaJohnson siphathwa ngendlela ekhawulezileyo ngenxa yokwehla kukaJohnson kwezempilo kunye nokuxilongwa komhlaza kwisifo. Amagqwetha kaJohnson athe balindele ukuba iingxoxo zomlomo zibekwe kwizibheno ngoSeptemba okanye ngo-Okthobha, ngesigqibo sokugqibela esilindelweyo kwiintsuku ezingama-90 emva kwengxoxo yomlomo, ngokunokwenzeka ngumbulelo.

Ukuba iMonsanto iphulukene nesicelo sayo kwityala elitsha kwityala likaHardeman inkampani kulindeleke ukuba ifake isibheno kwiNkundla yeSibheno yeThoba yezibheno kwinkqubo enokuthi itsalwe kwintwasahlobo elandelayo, amagqwetha abandakanyekayo kwityala litshilo.

Ngelo xesha, i ityala elilandelayo kulindeleke ukuba iqhubeke ngo-Agasti 19 eSt. USharlean Gordon, ngumfazi obanjwe ngumhlaza kwiminyaka yakhe yama-50. Ityala lafakwa ngoJulayi ka-2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezulu kwama-75 kwaye uGordon ngowokuqala kwelo qela ukuya kuthethwa enkundleni.

Ngaphezulu kwe-13,000 yabamangali baye bafaka isimangalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto e-United States besithi batyhola i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngenxa yokuvezwa kwababulali bokhula base-Monsanto glyphosate, njenge Roundup.

Njengokuqhubeka kwesimangalo, abatyali mali beBayer bakhula bengazinzanga kwaye uninzi lunyanzela iBayer ukuba ithathele ingqalelo nzulu indawo yokuhlala jikelele, itsho imithombo. Abahlalutyi abohlukeneyo babeka inani lokuhlawula elinokubakho phakathi kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-3 yezigidigidi kwicala eliphantsi, ukuya kuthi ga kwi-10 yezigidigidi zeedola okanye kancinane ngaphezulu njengokuphela koluhlu.

Izabelo zikaBayer ziwile ngeepesenti ezingama-44 okoko isigwebo sikaJohnson sanikezelwa ngo-Agasti ophelileyo.

I-Bayer yangaphakathi imeyile yomhla kaJuni 13 kutyhilwe ukuba inkampani isungula iinzame ezintsha zokuthengisa ezijolise ekuhlukaneni nokuziphatha okungathandabuzekiyo kukaMonsanto.

I-imeyile ethunyelwe ivela kwi-CEO yeBayer uWerner Baumann yathi: “Kungoku sijamelene nemibuzo yentembelo yoluntu. Lo mngeni ukwalithuba lethu lokuba sibonise ukuba simeleni. Kungenxa yoko le nto sikhona
ukuphakamisa ibha njengoko siqala uhambo lokuphakamisa iinzame zethu ekuhleni,
uzinzo kunye nendlela esidibana ngayo nabachaphazelekayo. Njengenkokeli entsha kwezolimo, thina
Sijonge ukuseta imigangatho engahambelani kuphela nemilinganiselo yamashishini ethu, kodwa isityhalele sonke ukuba sibe njalo
ngcono. ”

Ukungafihlisi sisiseko sethu. Siza kuguqula imigaqo-nkqubo yethu yokubandakanya eyibeka yonke into yethu
Unxibelelwano nososayensi, intatheli, abalawuli kunye nomgaqo wezopolitiko ekuhleni,
isidima nembeko, ”i-imeyile yangaphakathi yeBayer ithi.

Isilingo kwisiXeko saseMonsanto saseKhaya esisetelwe uAgasti Emva kwesigwebo se- $ 2 Billion

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Eli nqaku lapapashwa okokuqala kwi Iindaba zezeMpilo kokusiNgqongileyo.

NguCarey Gillam

Emva kwelahleko ezintathu zenkundla eCarlifonia, umlo osemthethweni malunga nokukhuseleka kwe-Roundup herbicide eMonsanto ubhekise kwidolophu yenkampani, apho amagosa amanyeneyo anokunyanzelwa ukuba avele kwindawo yokuma kwengqina, kwaye ukulandelwa kwezomthetho kubonisa imbali yokulwa- imigwebo yequmrhu.

"Izinto eziqhubeke apha, ndifuna amajaji aseSt. Louis ukuba ave le nto."

USharlean Gordon, umfazi ohlaselwe ngumhlaza okwiminyaka yama-50, ngummangali olandelayo okwangoku olungiselelwe ukuxoxwa kwetyala. Gordon v. Monsanto iqala nge-19 ka-Agasti eSt. Louis County Circuit Court, ebekwe nje iimayile ezimbalwa ukusuka eSt. Ityala lafakwa ngoJulayi ka-2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezu kwama-75 kwaye uGordon ngowokuqala kwelo qela ukuya kuthethwa enkundleni.

Ngokwesikhalazo, uGordon wathenga wasebenzisa iRoundup iminyaka eli-15 eqhubekayo malunga nonyaka ka-2017 kwaye wafunyaniswa enohlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngo-2006. UGordon uhambe izihlandlo ezibini zokufakelwa kweseli kwaye wachitha unyaka kwikhaya labongikazi. inqaku elinye kunyango lwakhe.

Unesiphene kangangokuba kunzima ukuba ahambe.

Ityala lakhe, njengaleyo yamanye amawaka afakwe e-United States, ityhola ukusetyenziswa kwe-herbicides esekwe kwi-glyphosate esekwe kuMonsanto yabangela ukuba akhulise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

"Ube esihogweni," igqwetha laseSt. “Wenzakele kakhulu. Umrhumo wabantu apha mkhulu. Ndicinga ukuba uSharlean uza kuyibeka ngqo into eyenziwe nguMonsanto ebantwini. ”

U-Holland uthe elona candelo linzima malunga nokulungiselela ukuxoxwa kwetyala kukumisela obuphi ubungqina obuza kuboniswa kwi-jury kwisithuba seeveki ezintathu esenziwe lijaji kulingo.

"Obu bungqina ngokuchasene nabo, indlela abaziphethe ngayo, sesona senzo sibi kakhulu endikhe ndabona kule minyaka ingama-30 ndenza oku," utshilo uHolland. "Izinto eziqhubeke apha, ndifuna amajaji aseSt. Louis ukuba ave le nto."

Elo tyala likaGordon liza kulandelwa lityala likaSeptemba 9 nalo eSt. Louis County kwityala eliziswe ngabamangali uMaurice Cohen noBurrell Lamb.

Iingcambu ezinzulu zikaMonsanto eluntwini, kubandakanya indawo yokuqesha enkulu kunye neminikelo yesisa yokubonelela kuyo yonke le ndawo, inokuxhasa amathuba ayo kubameli basekuhlaleni.

Kodwa kwicala elisezantsi, iSt ithathelwa ingqalelo kwizangqa zomthetho njengenye yezona ndawo zintle kakhulu zabamangali zokuzisa amatyala ngokuchasene neenkampani kwaye kukho imbali ende yezigqibo ezinkulu ezichasene neenkampani ezinkulu. Inkundla yesiXeko saseSt. Louis ithathwa njengeyona ilungileyo kodwa iSt. Louis County nayo iyafunwa ngamagqwetha abamangali.

Inkqubo yesilingo sika-Agasti noSeptemba iza emva kwesigwebo esimangalisayo se- $ 2 yezigidigidi ekhutshwe ngokuchasene neMonsanto ngoMeyi 13. Kwimeko enjalo, ijaji e-Oakland, California, yanikezela isibini esitshatileyo u-Alva kunye no-Alberta Pilliod, bobabini abanesifo somhlaza, $ 55 yezigidi kumonakalo obuyiswayo kunye ne- $ 1 yezigidigidi inye kumonakalo owohlwayayo.

Ijaji lafumanisa ukuba iMonsanto ichithe iminyaka igubungela ubungqina bokuba i-herbicide yayo ibangela umhlaza.

Esi sigwebo safika nje ngaphezulu kwenyanga emva kwejaji yaseSan Francisco yayalela uMonsanto ukuba ahlawule i-80 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo ku-Edwin Hardeman, owaphuhlisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva kokusebenzisa i-Roundup. Kwaye kwihlobo ephelileyo, ijaji yayalela uMonsanto ukuba ahlawule i-289 yezigidi zeedola kumgcini-mhlaba uDewayne "Lee" Johnson owafumana isifo somhlaza esibulalayo emva kokusebenzisa i-Monsanto herbicides emsebenzini wakhe.

U-Aimee Wagstaff, owayengumcebisi okhokelayo ku-Hardeman, kulindeleke ukuba azame ityala lika-Gordon eSt. UWagstaff uthe uceba ukubiza oosonzululwazi abaninzi beMonsanto ukuba bavele kwindawo yokuma ukuze baphendule imibuzo ngqo phambi kwejaji.

Yena namanye amagqwetha azama amatyala aseCalifornia abakwazanga ukunyanzela abasebenzi baseMonsanto ukuba bangqine bukhoma ngenxa yomgama. Umthetho ubonelela ukuba amangqina akanakunyanzelwa ukuba ahambe ngaphezulu kwe-100 yeemayile okanye aphume kurhulumente ukusuka apho ahlala khona okanye asebenza khona.

Intlanganiso yoLamlo

Ukulahleka kwetyala kushiye iMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG engqingiwe. Abatyalomali abanomsindo batyhale amaxabiso ezabelo ukuya kumaqondo asezantsi kwiminyaka esixhenxe, ecima ngaphezu kwe-40 ipesenti yexabiso lentengiso likaBayer.

Kwaye abanye abatyali mali bafuna i-CEO ye-Bayer u-Werner Baumann ukuba bagxothwe ngokuxhasa ukufunyanwa kwe-Monsanto, eyavalwa ngoJuni wonyaka ophelileyo kanye njengoko ityala lokuqala laliqhubeka.

Bayer kugcina ukuba abukho ubungqina obubambekayo bokubangelwa ngumhlaza obunxulunyaniswa nokubulala i-Monsanto, kwaye ithi iyakholelwa ukuba iyakuphumelela kwisibheno. Kodwa uMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria Uyalele iBayer Ukuqala iingxoxo zokulamla ezijolise ekunikezeleni ekusombululeni ubunzima bezinto zamatyala ezibandakanya abamangali abamalunga ne-13,400 e-United States kuphela.

Bonke abamangali bangamaxhoba omhlaza okanye amalungu osapho kwaye bonke batyhola uMonsanto esenza izinto ngeendlela zokukhohlisa umngcipheko wokutshabalalisa ukhula, kubandakanya nokwenza irekhodi lobunzululwazi ngezifundo ezibhaliweyo, ukudibana nabalawuli, kunye nokusebenzisa abantu bangaphandle kunye nemibutho ukukhuthaza. ukhuseleko lweemveliso zalo ngelixa liqinisekisa ukuba zibonakala ngathi zisebenza ngaphandle kwenkampani.

Ukuxoxwa kwetyala ngoMeyi 22 kuyinxalenye yokuchaza iinkcukacha zenkqubo yolamlo. Bayer ibonakalisile ukuba iya kuwuthobela lo myalelo, kodwa ingekakulungeli ukuqaphela ukuhlawula amatyala ngaphandle kwelahleko yenkundla.

Okwangoku, isimangalo esivela e-United States siwele umda saya e-Canada apho umfama wase-Saskatchewan akhokele ityala lesenzo seklasi ngokuchasene neBayer neMonsanto benza izityholo ezibonisa abo bakumatyala aseMelika.

“Ukumkanikazi weRoundup”

U-Elaine Stevick wasePetaluma, eCalifornia wayefanele ukuba abe lilandelayo emgceni wokuthatha iMonsanto xa kuvavanywa ityala.

Kodwa kulandelelwano lwakhe lokulamla, iJaji uChhabria uphume naye ngomhla we-20 kaMeyi. Umhla wokuxoxwa kwetyala elitsha kuya kuxoxwa ngawo kwindibano ngoLwesithathu.

UStevick kunye nomyeni wakhe uChristopher Stevick wamangalela uMonsanto Ngo-Epreli ka-2016 kwaye bathi kudliwanondlebe banomdla wokufumana ithuba labo lokujongana nenkampani ngomonakalo omkhulu abathi ukusetyenziswa kuka-Elaine kweRoundup kuyenzile kwimpilo yakhe.

Wafunyaniswa ngo-Disemba 2014 eneminyaka engama-63 ene-tumors ezininzi zobuchopho ngenxa yohlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ebizwa ngokuba yi-central system ye-lymphoma (CNSL). U-Alberta Pilliod, ophumelele nje kuvavanyo lwamva nje, naye ubenethumba lobuchopho kwi-CNSL.

Esi sibini sathenga indlu yakudala yama-Victoria kunye nepropathi eyongezekileyo ngo-1990 kwaye ngexa uChristopher wayesebenza ekulungiseni ingaphakathi lendlu, umsebenzi ka-Elaine yayikukutshiza umbulali wokhula phezu kokhula kunye netswele lasendle abathi isibini sithathe isahlulo esihle sepropathi.

Wafafaza kaninzi ngonyaka de wafumanisa ukuba unomhlaza. Akazange anxibe iigloves okanye enye impahla yokukhusela kuba ekholelwa ukuba ikhuselekile njengoko ibhengeziwe, utshilo.

UStevick okwangoku uxolelwe kodwa waphantse wasweleka ngexesha elinye kunyango, utshilo uChristopher Stevick.

"Ndimbize 'ukumkanikazi waseRoundup' kuba wayehlala ehamba etshiza izinto," uxelele i-EHN.

Esi sibini saya kwiindawo zovavanyo lukaPilliod noHardeman, kwaye bathi bayayibulela inyani malunga nezenzo zikaMonsanto zokufihla umngcipheko oza kuluntu. Kwaye bafuna ukubona iBayer neMonsanto beqala ukulumkisa abasebenzisi malunga nomngcipheko womhlaza we-Roundup kunye nezinye i-glyphosate-based herbicides.

"Sifuna ukuba iinkampani zithathe uxanduva lokulumkisa abantu-nokuba kunokubakho into yokuba into enokuba yingozi okanye inobungozi kubo, abantu mabalumkiswe," utshilo u-Elaine Stevick kwi-EHN.

Iinkokheli ze-NYC Joyina iiFowuni zeBan kwiMonsanto Herbicide

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Eli nqaku lapapashwa okokuqala kwi Iindaba zezeMpilo kokusiNgqongileyo.

"Iipaki kufuneka zenzelwe ukudlala ii-pesticides"

NguCarey Gillam

Amalungu amabini ebhunga lesiXeko saseNew York yazisa umthetho namhlanje Ingathintela iiarhente zedolophu ekutshizeni i-glyphosate-based herbicides kunye nezinye izitshabalalisi zetyhefu kwiipaki nakwezinye iindawo zoluntu.

Eli nyathelo lelokugqibela kwindawo yokuxhalaba malunga nokusetyenziswa kwezibulali zinambuzane, ngakumbi ukuvezwa kwemveliso yokubulala ukhula eveliswe yiMonsanto, ngoku eyiyunithi yeBayer AG. Izixeko, izithili zezikolo kunye nabathengisi kulo lonke elaseMelika baya besimisa ukusetyenziswa kweziyobisi.

Ikwangumqondiso ongaphaya wokuba inani elikhulayo labantu-abathengi, abafundisi-ntsapho, iinkokheli zeshishini kunye nabanye-bayasikhaba isiqinisekiso esivela eMonsanto naseBayer sokuba i-glyphosate herbicides efana ne-Roundup ikhuselekile ekusebenziseni ngokubanzi.

Kutshanje iBayer ikhuphe izibhengezo ezinkulu kwiWall Street Journal nakwiThe New York Times kwaye ibiqhuba umkhankaso wentengiso kamabonwakude nakwiintanethi ukukhusela ukhuseleko lweemveliso ezibulala ukhula. Kodwa iinkxalabo ziyaqhubeka nokunyuka.

"Iipaki kufanele ukuba zezokudlala hayi ukubulala izitshabalalisi," utshilo ilungu lebhunga lesiXeko saseNew York uBen Kallos, ongumxhasi kumlinganiso. "Zonke iintsapho kufuneka zikwazi ukonwabela iipaki zethu zedolophu ngaphandle kokukhathazeka ngokuba zichanabeke kwizibulali zinambuzane ezinetyhefu ezinokuthi zibanike umhlaza kunye neentsapho zabo."

Umgangatho weSixeko saseNew York ungathintela ukusetyenziswa kwamayeza okubulala izitshabalalisi ngaphakathi kweenyawo ezingama-75 zomzimba wamanzi. Kwaye iyakhuthaza iiarhente zedolophu ukuba ziye kusetyenziso lwee-pesticides, ezivela kwizinto zendalo endaweni yezinto zokwenziwa.

IGlyphosate iqhele ukusetyenziswa kwisiXeko saseNew York, ifafazwe kangangezihlandlo ezilikhulu ngonyaka kwiindawo zemifuno yoluntu ukunyanga ukhula kunye nokugqitha. U-Kallos uxelele i-EHN ukuba woyika ukuvumela ukuba intombi yakhe encinci idlale eCentral Park eyaziwayo ngenxa yomngcipheko wokuchasana neyeza lokubulala izitshabalalisi.

Inzululwazi, ulwazi loluntu luyakhula

IGlyphosate sesona silwanyana sibulala mhlaba sisetyenziswa ngokubanzi kwaye sisithako esisebenzayo kungekuphela kweempawu zeRoundup kodwa kunye namanye amakhulu athengiswa kwihlabathi liphela.

Ukusukela kwelungelo elilodwa lomenzi we-glyphosate njengombulali wokhula kwi-1974, iMonsanto ibisoloko iqinisekisa ukuba ayibangeli mhlaza kwaye ikhuseleke kakhulu ebantwini nakwimeko yokusingqongileyo kunezinye i-pesticides.

kodwa uphando lwezenzululwazi ephuculweyo kule minyaka ingamashumi idlulileyo iphikisana nala mabango eenkampani. Iinkxalabo ziye zanda emva kwe-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza I-glyphosate echaziweyo njenge-carcinogen yabantu ngo-2015.

Ngaphezulu kwamaxhoba omhlaza ayi-11,000 amangalela iMonsanto etyhola ukubhencwa kwiRoundup kunye nezinye iimveliso zeglyphosate inkampani ezithengisayo ibangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Izityholo zibanga ukuba inkampani kudala yazi malunga nomngcipheko womhlaza kodwa isebenze ukugcina olo lwazi eluntwini, ngokuyinxenye ngokusebenzisa idatha yesayensi exhomekeke kubalawuli.

Izilingo ezimbini zokuqala ziphelile kwizigwebo ezivunyiweyo zejaji ezixhasa abamangali. Ityala lesithathu liyaqhubeka eCalifornia ngoku.

UKallos unethemba lokuba ulwazi loluntu oluveliswe zizilingo luya kuqhuba inkxaso yakhe. Umlinganiso ofanayo owaziswa ngo-2015 wahluleka ukuqokelela inkxaso eyaneleyo yokupasa.

"Inzululwazi iya isomelela mihla le, kwaye umdla woluntu kulo mbandela uya usomelela," utshilo uKallos.

Umzamo wamva wokunciphisa okanye wokuthintela

Inzame yaseNew York yenye yezona zijikeleze iUnited States zokuthintela okanye ukunciphisa ukusetyenziswa kweemveliso zeglyphosate kunye nezinye izibulala-zinambuzane.

Amakhomishina esiXeko eMiami bavotela ukuvalwa kwi-glyphosate herbicides ngoFebruwari. Ngo-Matshi, iBhodi ye-Los Angeles yeBhodi yaBaphathi ikhuphe ukunqunyanyiswa Kwizicelo ze-glyphosate kwipropathi yendawo yokuvumela ukuvavanywa kokhuseleko ziimpilo zikawonke-wonke kunye neengcali zokusingqongileyo.

Uluhlu lwezithili zesikolo, iidolophu kunye namaqela abanini makhaya athintele okanye anciphise ukusetyenziswa kwe-glyphosate kunye nezinye izitshabalalisi ezinobungozi ezifanayo kubandakanya ezininzi eCalifornia apho iOfisi kaRhulumente ye-Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) idwelisa i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen eyaziwayo.

Kule veki, iqela laseLeesburg, eVirginia, abahlali wabiza amagosa edolophu ukuyeka ukusebenzisa i-glyphosate ecaleni kweebhanki zomjelo wommandla.

Abanye abathengisi abakhulu baqalise ukurhoxa kwimveliso ye-glyphosate. I-Harrell's, i-turf esekwe eFlorida, indawo yegalufa kunye nomthengisi wemveliso yezolimo, wayeka ukunikela ngeglyphosate iimveliso ukusukela ngoMatshi 1.

Umphathi we-Harrel u-Jack Harrell Jr. uthe umboneleli we-inshurensi yenkampani ebengasakulungelanga ukubonelela ngamabango ahambelana ne-glyphosate, kwaye inkampani ayinakho ukufumana ukhuseleko olwaneleyo kwezinye iinshurensi.

I-Costco iyekile ukuthengisa i-Roundup-osisithethi seshishini uthi bayisusile imveliso kwi-inventri ka-2019. Abathengisi kwiivenkile ezahlukeneyo abanxibelelana nabo baqinisekisile ukuba abasaziniki iimveliso.

Kwaye inkampani enkulu ezimeleyo yegadi yeziko iPike Nurseries eGeorgia ithe ekuqaleni kwale nyanga ayibuyiseli ukubuyiselwa kweRoundup ngenxa yokuhla kwentengiso.

Ekulingweni

Ukupheliswa kweemveliso zikaMonsanto khange kuncedwe lupapasho lwehlabathi olujikeleze izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zomhlaza we-Roundup, eziye zabeka ii-imeyile zangaphakathi zeMonsanto kunye neengxelo zokucwangciswa ngobuchule kuluntu ngokubanzi kunye nobungqina obucetywayo malunga nokuphathwa kwenkampani kwezona zinto zixhalabisayo zesayensi malunga neengozi zayo. amayeza okubulala ukhula.

Kwilingo eliqhubekayo ngoku, ityala elilethwe yindoda nomfazi bobabini bane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abatyhola ekusebenziseni kwabo iRoundup, ubungqina baziswa kwiveki ephelileyo malunga nokukhululeka apho umbulali wokhula anokufunxa kulusu lomntu.

Kwabekwa ubungqina obubonisa ukuba iMonsanto isebenze ngokusondeleyo ne-Arhente yoKhuselo lweNdalo vimba ukuphononongwa kwetyhefu yeglyphosate yiarhente karhulumente eyahlukileyo.

Ityala langoku, kunye nezilingo ezimbini ezidlulileyo, zonke zibandakanyile ubungqina bokuba iMonsanto ibandakanyeka ekubhaleni ngokuchanekileyo amaphepha athile enzululwazi agqibe iimveliso ze-glyphosate zikhuselekile; kwaye iMonsanto wachitha izigidi zeerandi kwiiprojekthi ezijolise ekuchaseni izigqibo zoososayensi bomhlaza bamazwe aphesheya ababeka i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen enokwenzeka.

Intlanganiso ka-Bayer yabanini zabelo yonyaka imiselwe u-Epreli 26 kwaye abatyali mali abanomsindo bafuna iimpendulo ezivela kwi-CEO yeBayer uWerner Baumann oqhube ukufunyanwa kweMonsanto, ukuvala isivumelwano se- $ 63 yezigidigidi ngaphambi nje kokuba uvavanyo lokuqala lomhlaza lwe-Roundup luqale ngoJuni ophelileyo.

The inkampani igcina I-glyphosate herbicides ayiyiyo i-carcinogenic kwaye iya kuphumelela ekugqibeleni.

Kodwa umhlalutyi weQela lezeMali laseSusquehanna uTom Claps ulumkise abanini zabelo ukuba balungiselele ulungiso lwehlabathi oluphakathi kwe- $ 2.5 yezigidigidi kunye ne- $ 4.5 yezigidigidi. "Ayisiyongxaki yokuba 'ukuba' iBayer izakufikelela kwisivumelwano sehlabathi seRoundup, yinto yokuba 'nini,' utshilo uClaps kubatyali zimali kwingxelo yakutshanje.

UMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria Uyalele iBayer ukungena kulamlo, ukuxoxa malunga nokuhlala kwimeko ye-Roundup.

I-Bayer yenza ibhidi ye "Trust" phakathi kwesithathu sovavanyo lwe-Monsanto Cancer

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

I-Bayer AG, eyathenga iMonsanto ehlotyeni elidlulileyo, utshilo uMvulo ukuba yayisenza ukuba izifundo zesayensi zifumaneke kuphononongo lukawonkewonke kumzamo wokulwa neenkxalabo ezikhulayo malunga nokhuseleko lweemveliso zeMosanto ezisisiseko se-glyphosate.

"Ukungafihli nto kukukhuthaza ukuthembana, ke ngoko ukwenza izinto elubala kuyinto entle kubathengi, abaqulunqi bomgaqo-nkqubo kunye namashishini, utshilo uLiam Condon, umongameli weBayer kwicandelo lezenzululwazi ngezityalo. Kwingxelo. Ukhuseleko, utshilo, yeyona nto iphambili kwinkampani.

Amagqabantshintshi eza njengoko uxinzelelo lonyuka kulawulo lweBayer njengoko abantu abamalunga ne-11,000 bemangalela iMonsanto betyhola i-glyphosate-based herbicides efana ne-Roundup ebangela ukuba ingeyo-Hodgkin lymphoma, kwaye iMonsanto ifihle umngcipheko kwaye yaxhaphaza irekhodi lesayensi. Uvavanyo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup lwakhokelela kwisigwebo se-jury se- $ 289 yezigidi kumonakalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto, nangona ijaji kamva yehlisela kwi- $ 78 yezigidi. Ityala lesibini elinjalo liphelile kwinyanga ephelileyo ngesigwebo sejaji se- $ 80.2 yezigidi ngokuchasene neMonsanto. Ityala lesithathu liyaqhubeka ngoku.

Kwiveki ephelileyo iJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria uxelele abameli be-Bayer kunye negqwetha labamangali ukuba angathanda ukuba amaqela angene kulamlo ukuze axoxe malunga nento enokwenzeka. ukuhlalisa. Uphumile kwityala lesine eliza kuqala ngoMeyi.

IMonsanto kunye neBayer bayaziphika izityholo kwaye bathi ubunzima besayensi buxhasa ukhuseleko lwe-glyphosate herbicides. Bayalikhanyela ibango lokuba oososayensi benkampani yesiporho-babhala ngathi babhala amaphepha enzululwazi abonakala ngathi azimele kwaye basebenzise irekhodi yesayensi.

“Ngokwenza iinkcukacha ezikhuselekileyo zenzululwazi zifumaneke, sikhuthaza nabani na onomdla wokuzibonela indlela esisebenza ngayo kukhuseleko. Samkela ithuba lokuthetha-thethana ukuze sakhe intembeko kwisayensi eyiyo, ”utshilo uCondon.

Inkampani ithi ibonelela ngokufikelela kwiingxelo ezili-107 zeBayer eziphantsi kolawulo lweglyphosate ezithunyelwe kwiGunya loKhuseleko loKutya laseYurophu njengenxalenye yenkqubo yokugunyazisa iziyobisi kwi-European Union. Izifundo ziyafikeleleka kwiBayer elubala.

Iindaba ezivela eBayer ziza phambi kwentlanganiso yabanini zabelo ngo-Epreli 26 apho abanye abatyali zimali bafuna intloko ye-Bayer CEO uWerner Baumann ngokukhokela inkampani ekufumaneni iMonsanto. Abaphathi abaphezulu beMonsanto bahamba nezigidi zeedola kwiipakethe zokuphuma ngaphambi nje kovavanyo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup, eshiya iBayer ibambe ibhegi yelahleko yesimangalo kunye noluntu olubi. Ukusukela ngehlobo ephelileyo, inkampani ibone ukufuduka kwabathengi njengabathengisi, iidolophu, izithili zezikolo kunye nabanye bathi bayabuya umva kwiMonsanto herbicides.

Njengoko iBayer igxile kwimiyalezo yayo ngaphandle kwegumbi lenkundla, ugqirha wezifo Ubeate Ritz, Unjingalwazi kwiYunivesithi yaseCalifornia eLos Angeles School of Public Health, kufanelekile ukuba eme namhlanje ePilliod v. Monsanto, ulingo lwesithathu lomhlaza weRoundup. URitz ungqinile kwizilingo ezimbini zangaphambili ukuba uhlalutyo lwezifundo ezininzi zesayensi lubonisa ukuba kukho "Unxibelelwano oluthembekileyo" phakathi kwe-glyphosate-based herbicides efana neMonsanto's Roundup kunye ne-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Ityala elikhoyo ngoku laziswa ngu-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod, isibini esitshatileyo bobabini abangenayo i-Hodgkin lymphoma abathi ibangelwa yiminyaka yokusetyenziswa kwe-Roundup.

Ukulandela uRitz kuya kuba bubungqina obuvela kuDennis Weisenburger, ugqirha wezifo ogxile ekufundeni oonobangela be-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Weisenburger wangqina kwityala lika-Edwin Hardeman v. Monsanto ukuba i-Roundup “sisizathu esibalulekileyo” somhlaza kubantu ababhengeziweyo.

Okwangoku, amagqwetha abamangali aqhubeka nokukhathazeka malunga nento abakholelwa ukuba “yi-geofencing” NguMonsanto.   I-geofencing yinkqubo eyaziwayo yentengiso ehambisa imiyalezo / umxholo othile kuye nakubani na ngaphakathi kwendawo ethile echongwe yinkampani okanye iqela elihlawulela intengiso. Indawo inokuba ncinci kakhulu, imayile engqonge idilesi ethile, umzekelo. Nabani na okwindawo ekhethiweyo usebenzisa i-app kwifowuni efanelekileyo-enje ngemozulu yesimo sezulu okanye umdlalo-uya kuthi asiwe kwintengiso. Abantu ekujoliswe kubo akufuneki bakhangele ulwazi; ibonakala nje kwifowuni yabo efanelekileyo.

Amagqwetha abamangali bawuphakamisa umba kwityala likaHardeman, kwaye babenexhala lokuba uMonsanto wayeqhubela umyalezo kwijurors ngokwenza ityala kwisilingo sokuqala somhlaza se-Roundup, esaziswa ngumgcini wezizathu uDewayne “Lee” Johnson.

Kwityala likaPilliod, umba kwaxoxwa ngawo ngoLwesine kwinkundla njengoko amagqwetha abamangali efuna isigwebo sokuthintela uMonsanto kwiqhinga, kodwa ijaji yayithandabuza kwaye yenqabile ukukhupha loo myalelo.

Nantsi inxenye yotshintshiselwano. Zonke ziyabonakala kwifayile ye- ingxelo ebhaliweyo. 

IGQWETHA LE-PLAINTIFFS 'UMLUMKISI OYINKCUKACHA: Mhlekazi, ndicinga ukuba ikho enye- kwaye ndiyayifumana ingongoma yakho. Ndicinga nje ukucacisa into enye yenkqubo eyinyani. Kunene? Ukuba ndingahamba ngegqwetha ndize ndithi kuwe, “Heyi, Juror Number 3, izinto zikaMonsanto zibangela umhlaza kwaye zonke ezi zifundo ziyayibonisa,” ndiyathetha, iyakuba yinto ephosakeleyo leyo. Ngokukhawuleza. Olo tyala luyaphazamisa. Kunene? Ngoku ukuba benza kwaloo nto inye- ukuba ndenze kwa into enye ngokujolisa umnxeba womntu wonke kule nkundla yamatyala okanye umnxeba womntu ngamnye kule nkundla kwaye ndityhala olo lwazi, kwa loo myalezo kubo kwifowuni yabo- kwaye kwenzeka ntoni-mna Andazi ukuba usebenzisa ifowuni yakho ukulungiselela olu hlobo, kodwa, umzekelo, xa ndijonga i-app yam ye-ESPN kwaye ndijonge amanqaku eqela le-UCLA lamanzi, okanye nantoni na, uyazi, kuncinci iintengiso ezivelayo.

INKUNDLA: Ngokuqinisekileyo.

MR. ISILUMKISO: Kwaye ezo ntengiso zithi "Ijaji yaseburhulumenteni ithi i-Roundup ikhuselekile." Luhlobo lwezinto
siyabona. Sikubonile oku kusenzeka ngamandla kwityala likaJohnson. Amajaji amaninzi ngexesha lohambo olunqabileyo akhankanye ukuba ezi zinto zityhalelwa kubo kamsinya nje bakuba behamba kwisakhiwo. Kwaye nokuba iMonsanto iyayenza okanye ayiyenzi loo nto, ndicinga ukuba ukuba kunjalo, kufanelekile
akuvumelekanga. Ayisiyonto yokwenene yoLungiso lokuQala. Oko ngoku kujolise ngqo ebantwini
Bayazi ukuba abanakuthetha.

INKUNDLA: Kwaye undicela ukuba ndinike into endiyaziyo ukuba ikho kwaye ikhona
nangokuthintela kwangaphambili. Ndithetha ukuthi, ubugcisa busithathile indawo mhlawumbi asizange sicinge ukuba buza kuhamba… Ndiyaqikelela ukuba bendikhetha amacala, ndingayikholelwa loo nto. Kodwa andikwazi ukukhetha amacala.

Ijaji laseMelika lifuna iMonsanto kunye neBayer ukuba iqale iiNtetho zoHlaliso kwi-Roundup Cancer Litigation

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

UMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria ucela uMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo omtsha uBayer AG ukuba baqale ukulamla namagqwetha amaxhoba omhlaza athe amangalela uMonsanto etyhola i-Roundup yayo kunye nezinye i-glyphosate-based herbicides ebangela ukuba ingeyo-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Intshukumo kaChhabria iza emva kokunikezelwa ngetyala leedola ezingama-80 ezigidi kummangali uEdwin Hardeman kwinyanga ephelileyo kwindlu yakhe yenkundla. Kwaye ummangali ophelileyo wasehlotyeni uDewayne "Lee" Johnson wanikwa i-289 yezigidi zeedola yijaji kwinkundla yelizwe, nangona ijaji kwelo tyala yehlisa lo monakalo ukuya kwi-78 yezigidi zeedola.

U-Chhabria wayelumkisile ukuba angathatha inyathelo elinje, kodwa wabonisa ukuba uyakulinda de kube kugqitywe amatyala amathathu ngaphambi kokunyanzeliswa. Uvavanyo lwesithathu lomhlaza we-Roundup lusanda kuqhubeka, nangona kunjalo.

Njengokuba etyhala amaqela ukuba azinzise, ​​uChabbria uwushiyile umhla wetyala ngoMeyi 20 owawumiselwe ityala elilandelayo lomdibaniso. Ityala elo, UStevick v. Monsanto  yafakwa ngo-Epreli ka-2016 ngu-Elaine Stevick, ongenayo i-Hodgkin lymphoma, kunye nomyeni wakhe uChristopher Stevick. Esi sibini saya kwinxalenye yetyala likaHardeman.

Ama-11,000 abamangali baye bamangalela iMonsanto, eyathengwa yiBayer ngehlobo elidlulileyo. Ngaphezulu kwama-800 ala matyala abekwa esweni yiChhabria njengemanyano yezopolitiko. Amawaka aliqela ngaphezulu asalindelwe kwiinkundla zikarhulumente kwilizwe liphela.

Abaqwalaseli bacinge ukuba indawo yokuhlala iyonke inokuhamba phakathi kwe- $ 3 yezigidigidi kunye ne-5 yezigidigidi.

I-Bayer iye yaphakamisa isikhundla esime ixesha elide seMonsanto sokuba i-Roundup kunye nezinye i-glyphosate-based herbicides ngaphakathi kwipotifoliyo yomdibaniso zikhuselekile kwaye azibangeli mhlaza. Kodwa abatyali mali eBayer bebesenza isitokhwe senkampani kwaye egxeka iBayer CEO uWerner Baumann  Ukuhlawula i-63 yezigidigidi zeedola kwiMonsanto kuphela ukuze ube noxanduva lobutyala. Abanye babongoza ivoti yokungamthembi uBaumann kwintlanganiso yonyaka yenkampani ecwangciselwe umhla wama-26 ku-Epreli. Izabelo zenkampani zilahlekelwe malunga neepesenti ezingama-40 ngexabiso- phantse i-39 yezigidigidi zeedola-ukusukela kwityala likaJohnson ehlobo.

Okwangoku, bekukho iintlantsi zakuqala ezibhabhayo kwityala le-Roundup lomhlaza eliqhubekayo ngoku kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Alameda County. Kwimeko apho, isibini esitshatileyo saseAlva kunye neAlberta Pilliod bobabini bane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abathi bayabangelwa kukusetyenziswa kwabo rhoqo kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto.

Igqwetha labamangali uMike Miller libuze iJaji uWinifred Smith ukuba khupha iodolo yokuthintela ixeshana ngokuchasene neMonsanto ngentengiso enzima inkampani ibisenza ukukhusela ukhuseleko lwayo, kubandakanya nentengiso epheleleyo kwiphepha leWall Street Journal ngo-Matshi 25, usuku olwalulungele ukhetho lwejaji kwityala likaPilliod.

IMonsanto iphikisiwe ngokuchaza ukuba amagqwetha abamangali aqhuba uninzi lwezaziso zabo befuna abathengi abatsha kwisimangalo seRoundup. Isindululo siya kuthi sifane nomgaqo-siseko "womyalelo we-gag" kwaye "uvuza uhanahaniso," amagqwetha kaMonsanto aphikisa.

Kwimpikiswano ngokuchasene nomyalelo, amagqwetha kaMonsanto axelele ijaji ukuba iMiller Firm, emele iiPilliods kunye nabanye abamangali abaninzi, baqhuba isibhengezo kwiSan Francisco Chronicle besithi "ukuphindaphindeka okanye ukuphindeka kathathu" komngcipheko we-non-Hodgkin lymphoma Ukuvezwa kweRoundup kwiintsuku nje ezisixhenxe ngaphambi kokuba ityala likaPilliod liqale. UMonsanto uthe kubekho "i-2,187 ye-anti-Roundup yeentengiso zikamabonwakude nonomathotholo ukusukela nge-1 Disemba 2018 ukuya nge-Matshi 21, 2019" kwimakethi yeendaba yaseSan Francisco.

Ujaji Smith wafumanisa ukuba ingxoxo kaMonsanto iyacenga kwaye usikhabe isicelo sabamangali umda kwintengiso.

Ityala le-SF Roundup libonisa ukubaluleka kokuzimela kubungqina besayensi

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Eli nqaku lalipapashwe ekuqaleni kwifayile ye- ISan Francisco Chronicle.

NguNathan Donley kunye noCarey Gillam

Sele kudlule iiveki ezintathu ijaji yaseSan Francisco fu maneka Ukubhencwa kwimichiza yokubulala ukhula iMonsanto's Roundup herbicides kube negalelo kulowo wayesakuba ngumgcini wesikolo owayengumgcini wesikolo uDewayne "Lee" Johnson kwaye wanikezela ngezigidi ezingama-289 zezigidi kumonakalo kutata oneminyaka engama-46. Kwaye ngeli xesha, siye sabona amabango aphindaphindiweyo kwi-pesticide giant kunye namaqabane ayo, eqinisweni, ijaji yayingalunganga kwaye umbulali wokhula okhethiweyo kwizigidi zabantu baseMelika ukhuselekile ngokugqibeleleyo.

Usekela-Mongameli weMonsanto uScott Partridge kuphinda imantra eqhelekileyo: Amakhulu ezifundo zesayensi, kunye nokuphononongwa ziiarhente zolawulo kwihlabathi liphela, kubandakanya ne-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo e-US, bafumanise ukuba i-glyphosate - eyona nto isebenzayo kwiRoundup- ayibangeli mhlaza. Umnini omtsha weMonsanto, uBayer AG, waya phambili. Umphathi we-Bayer u-Werner Baumann uxelele abatyali-mali ukuba i-jury yayicace gca ukuba "ayilunganga" kwaye i-Bayer iyakusebenza ukuqinisekisa ukuba ukuthengiswa kweemveliso ezibulala ukhula akuphazanyiswa. "Ngaphezulu kwe-800 yezifundo zesayensi kunye nokuphononongwa" kuxhasa ukhuseleko lwe-glyphosate, uxelele abatyali mali.

Ngaphandle kokuphikiswa, amanqaku athethwe ngononophelo avakala enomdla kwaye egqibile- kanye njengoko bekulindelwe.

Kodwa emva kokuwongwa kwejaji, abantu abaninzi e-United States abathe bafeza iyeza lokubulala izitshabalalisi engceni nasezigadini iminyaka bewathandabuza la mazwi aqinisekisayo. Kwaye ngesizathu esihle.

Ukuqinisekiswa kwezokhuseleko kwezokhuseleko kushiya igama elinye elibalulekileyo- igama elibaluleke kakhulu kuye nakubani na ofuna ukwenza isigqibo esichazelweyo malunga nomngcipheko womhlaza onxulunyaniswa neRoundup kunye namakhulu ezinye izinto zokubulala ukhula ezisisiseko ezisemalikeni.

Elo gama “lizimele” njengakwi “zifundo ezizimeleyo zesayensi kunye nokuphononongwa.”

Njengoko kubekiwe kwilingo, kukho ubungqina obuninzi, obuninzi babo buvela kumaxwebhu angaphakathi kaMonsanto, echaza ukuba uninzi lophando olucebisa ukuba iRoundup ikhuselekile iye yalungiswa kunye / okanye yachaphazeleka yiMonsanto kunye neekhemikhali zayo .

Kodwa uphando oluzimeleyo ngokwenene lubonakalisile ukuba sikhona isizathu sokukhathazeka. Njengokusetyenziswa kweRoundup kwiifama zase-US, ingca yokuhlala kunye negadi inayo yanda ukusuka kwi-40 yezigidi zeepawundi ngonyaka kwi-1990s ukuya phantse kwi-300 yezigidi zeepawundi kule minyaka idlulileyo, ubungozi bekhemikhali buye babhalwa kwizifundo ezininzi eziphononongwe ngoontanga.

Yayiyimisebenzi ezizimeleyo kunye nokuphononongwa ngoontanga eyakholisa ingalo yophando ngomhlaza World Health Organization Ukufumanisa ukuba i-glyphosate yinto enokubangela i-carcinogen yabantu. Ekuvukeni kokufunyanwa kwe-WHO, ICalifornia yongeze i-glyphosate kuluhlu lukarhulumente lweekhemikhali ezibangela umhlaza.

Impendulo kaMonsanto kulwahlulo luka-2015 yayisetyenziswa ngakumbi kwisayensi. An "Uphononongo oluzimeleyo" Ye-glyphosate ibonakalisiwe kwiphephancwadi lezenzululwazi eliqwalaselwe ngoontanga elichaza ulwahlulo lwe-IARC. Ukuphononongwa kungekuphela nje kwakubizwa ngokuba kukuzimela, kodwa wachaza ukuba akukho mqeshwa waseMonsanto oye wabandakanyeka ekubhalweni kwayo. Nangona kunjalo ii-imeyile zangaphakathi zenkampani, zajika zaza zafunyanwa ekumangalelweni, zatyhila ukuba isazinzulu saseMonsanto ngenene sinoburhalarhume ohleliweyo kwaye iphonononge uhlalutyo ngaphambi kokupapashwa kwayo.

Lowo yayingomnye wemizekelo emininzi echaziweyo kumaxwebhu angatywinwanga emizamo efanayo, ekubhekiswa kuyo ngabasebenzi bakaMonsanto njengo “Isiporho. "

I-EPA ikwicala leMonsanto malunga nososayensi abazimeleyo, ukubhengeza ukuba isibulali zinambuzane akunakubangela umhlaza. Ngokwenza njalo, iarhente ayihoyanga into yokuba iOfisi yoPhando noPhuhliso ivakalise vula ngokusingathwa kwe-EPA yovavanyo lwe-glyphosate, njengoko kwenzile Iphaneli yengcebiso yesayensi Ibizwe yiarhente ukuphonononga uvavanyo.

Mhlawumbi ayothusi into yokuba ubungqina belityala babandakanyiwe yonxibelelwano Ukuchaza into enokuthi ichazwe njengokusebenzisana okumnandi phakathi kweMonsanto kunye namagosa athile e-EPA.

Abantu baseMelika bafanelwe ngcono ngabalawuli babo, ekufuneka babeke phambili ekubekeni impilo yoluntu kude kunenzuzo yequmrhu.

Endaweni yoko, kwathatha indoda ekhaliphileyo ebulawa ngumhlaza kunye nejaji yabemi aba-12 abaqhelekileyo ukuba benyuke bajongane nomceli mngeni wokujonga nzulu iinyani zesayensi kunye nokubiza ubulungisa.