Ukuphishekela inyaniso kunye nokubonakala kwimpilo yoluntu

Hambisa ukudibanisa isimangalo se-paraquat yase-US njengoko amatyala enyuka ngokuchasene neSyngenta

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Amagqwetha amangalela inkampani yemichiza yaseSwitzerland iSyngenta bacela iphaneli yezomthetho yase-US ukuba idibanise ngaphezulu kweshumi elinesihlanu lezimangalo ezifanayo phantsi kweliso lejaji yomanyano eCalifornia. Eli nyathelo luphawu oluchazayo lokwandiswa kwezimangalo ezibanga ukuba imveliso yokubulala ukhula yenkampani ibangela isifo sikaParkinson.

Ngokutsho kwisindululo, ifayilishwe umhla we-7 ku-Epreli yi-Texas-based Fears Nachawati firm firm kunye ne-US Judicial Panel kwi-Multidistrict Litigation, kungoku nje kukho ubuncinci amatyala ali-14 afakwe ziifemi ezisibhozo zomthetho kwiinkundla zomdibaniso ezahlukeneyo ezintandathu kwilizwe liphela. Amacala onke afakwe egameni labamangali abafunyaniswe benesifo se-neurodegenerative, kwaye batyhola ukubhencwa kwababulali bokhula baseSyngenta abenziwe ngemichiza ebizwa ngokuba yiparaquat yesifo. Amanye amatyala aliqela enza izityholo ezifanayo zilindelwe kwiinkundla zamazwe.

"La matyala ngawona magqwetha alungeleleneyo kwityala elingaphambi kokuthethwa kwetyala kuba avela kwityhefu enye enetyhefu edala isifo esikhubazekayo esibangelwa kukungaziphathi kakuhle kwabamangalelwa abathathu," uloyiko uNachawati ngokufutshane ukuxhasa yokuhamba kwayo ithi. "UMovant ulindele ukuba inani lamatyala afanayo afakwe kwiinkundla zikarhulumente kunye nelizwe liphela lizakwanda ngokukhawuleza."

Isindululo sifuna ukugqithiselwa ngokukodwa kwiJaji u-Edward Chen kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla saseCalifornia.

UMajed Nachawati, iqabane lenkampani eyoyikayo iNachawati, uthe inkampani isaphanda ubungakanani nobubanzi besimangalo sisonke kodwa ikholelwa kwelokuba ukumiswa kweparaquat ngokuchasene neSyngenta “kuzakubaluleka kwaye kubaluleke kwindalo…”

"Kungekudala, kuzakubakho isimangalo kwiinkundla zomanyano kwilizwe liphela," utshilo uNachawati.

Amagqwetha abamangali bazakufuna amaxwebhu angaphakathi enkampani kunye nokufakwa kwamagosa eenkampani ahambelana "nokuvavanywa, ukuyilwa, ukufakwa iileyibhile, ukuthengiswa, kunye nokukhuselwa kweeparaquat herbicides," kunye nophando oluhlangeneyo kunye nokuvavanywa kobutyhefu kunye nokukhuseleka kweparaquat yayo. iimveliso.

IMiller Firm yaseVirginia, encedise ukukhokelela kwisimangalo seRoundup ngokuchasene neMonsanto esikhokelele kwisigqibo se- $ 11 lezigidi kunye nomnini weMonsanto uBayer AG, uphakathi kweefemu zomthetho ezijoyina isimangalo separaquat. Inkampani yaseMiller ixhasa iinzame zokudibanisa iintshukumo zomdibaniso eCarlifonia, apho amawaka amatyala eRoundup adityanisiwe kwenkqubo yamatyala, ngokwegqwetha elikhokelayo lenkampani uMike Miller.

"Siqinisekile ukuba inzululwazi iyaluxhasa ngamandla unxibelelwano phakathi kwe-paraquat kunye nokutshatyalaliswa kwesifo sika-Parkinson," utshilo uMiller ngesindululo. "ISithili saseMantla saseCalifornia sinezixhobo ezifanelekileyo zokujongana nala matyala."

Amatyala ngokuchasene neSyngenta ukwabiza i-DRM Phillips Chemical Co njengommangalelwa. I-DRM isasazwa kwaye ithengise iimveliso ze-Gramoxone paraquat e-United States ngokuqala ngesivumelwano nomanduleli wase-Syngenta obizwa ngokuba yi-Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI), eyazisa nge-Gramoxone esekwe yiparaquat ngo-1962. Phantsi kwesivumelwano selayisensi, i-DRM yayinelungelo lokwenza, ukusebenzisa, kwaye uthengise ukwenziwa kweparaquat eMelika

USyngenta noChevron bayaziphika izityholo.

USyngenta uthi iimveliso zayo zeparaquat zivunyiwe njenge “zikhuselekile kwaye zisebenza” ngaphezulu kweminyaka engama-50 kwaye “iya kuzikhusela” ngamandla. ISyngenta yeyabanini beChina National Chemical Corporation, eyaziwa ngokuba yiChemChina.

Izifundo zesayensi

Isifo sikaParkinson sisifo esinganyangekiyo esiqhubela phambili esichaphazela iiseli zemithambo-luvo kwingqondo, sikhokelela kumatyala aphambili kukudodobala komzimba kakhulu kwaye kuhlala kuluphazamiseko engqondweni. Iingcali ezininzi zika-Parkinson zithi esi sifo sinokubangelwa luluhlu lwezinto, kubandakanya ukubhencwa kwizibulali zinambuzane ezinje nge paraquat, kunye nezinye iikhemikhali.

Izifundo ezininzi zesayensi ziye idityaniswe neparaquat kwiParkinson's, kubandakanya isifundo esikhulu samafama ase-US ngokudibeneyo abekwa esweni ziiarhente zikarhulumente zase-US ezininzi. Oko Uphando ngo-2011 uxele ukuba abantu abasebenzisa i-paraquat baphindwe kabini amathuba okuphuhlisa isifo sika-Parkinson njengabantu abangasisebenzisanga.

"Izifundo ezininzi zesifo esihambelana nezifo kunye nezilwanyana ziye zadibanisa iparaquat nesifo sikaParkinson," utshilo uRay Dorsey, unjingalwazi weeurology kunye nomlawuli weZiko loNyango loNyango loLuntu kwiYunivesithi yaseRochester eNew York. UDorsey ukwangumbhali we incwadi malunga nokuthintela kunye nokunyanga isifo sikaParkinson.

"Ubungqina obudibanisa iparaquat nesifo sikaParkinson yeyona nto yomeleleyo kuyo nayiphi na into yokubulala izinambuzane esetyenziswa ngokuxhaphakileyo," utshilo.

Olunye uphononongo alufumananga unxibelelwano olucacileyo phakathi kweparaquat kunye neParkinson kunye neSyngenta iqinisekisa ukuba olona phando lwamva nje nolunegunya alubonisi nxibelelwano.

Ewe kunjalo, isifundo papashwe kwi2020 ifumene unxibelelwano phakathi kwezinye izitshabalalisi kunye neParkinson's, kodwa abukho ubungqina obomeleleyo obubonisa iparaquat ebangela esi sifo.

Uvavanyo oluzayo

Ityala elinye elifakwe kwinkundla yelizwe licwangciselwe ukuba lixoxwe kwinyanga ezayo. IHoffman V. Syngenta icwangciselwe ukuxoxwa kwetyala ngoMeyi 10 eSt. Inkomfa yobume icwangciselwe ukuphela kwale nyanga.

Igqwetha laseMissouri uSteve Tillery, omele abamangali kwityala lika-Hoffman kunye nabanye abamangalelwa kwamanye amaphepha-mthetho, uthe nangona uSyngenta eqinisekile, uqokelele ubungqina obuquka iirekhodi zenkampani zangaphakathi ezibonisa ukuba iSyngenta yazi amashumi eminyaka ukuba Imveliso ibangela isifo sikaParkinson.

“Akufanelekanga ukuba bayayithengisa le mveliso, utshilo uTillery. "Le khemikhali kufuneka ingabikho kwimarike."

Uvavanyo olutsha lomhlaza lwe-Roundup luza ngaphandle kwemizamo yokuhlala eBayer

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UKen Moll uxhobele idabi.

UMoll, igqwetha lokulimala elizinze eChicago, unamatyala amaninzi alindelwe kwi-Monsanto Co yangaphambili, bonke betyhola inkampani yokubulala ukhula i-Roundup ngenxa ye-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kwaye ngoku ulungiselela amatyala amaninzi kulingo.

Inkampani yakwaMoll yenye yeendlela ezimbalwa ezingavumiyo ukunikezela ngemvumelwano ezenziwe ngumnini weMonsanto uBayer AG, endaweni yoko bathatha isigqibo sokuthatha umlo malunga nokhuseleko lweemveliso zokubulala iintsholongwane ezisekelwe eMonsanto zibuyela kwiinkundla zamatyala kwilizwe liphela.

Nangona iBayer iqinisekisile abatyali mali ukuba izisa ukuvalwa kwetyala elibiza kakhulu ngeRoundup Izivumelwano zokuhlala iyonke ngaphezulu kwe- $ 11 yezigidigidi, amatyala amatsha eRoundup isagcwaliswa, Ngokukodwa uninzi lubekiwe ukuba luvavanywe, kusetwa okokuqala ukuba kuqale ngoJulayi.

"Siya phambili," utshilo uMoll. Siyayenza le nto. ”

I-Moll ihlanganise uninzi lwengqina elifanayo elincede ukuphumelela izilingo ezintathu zeRoundup ezibanjiweyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. Kwaye uceba ukuxhomekeka kakhulu kumaxwebhu afanayo angaphakathi eMonsanto abonelela ngezityholo ezothusayo zokungaziphathi kakuhle kwezorhwebo ezakhokelela ukuba amajaji ajonge umonakalo omkhulu wezohlwayo kubamangali kolunye lolo vavanyo.

Ityala elimiselwe uJulayi 19

Ityala elinye elinomhla wokuvavanywa okuzayo libandakanya ibhinqa elineminyaka engama-70 eligama linguDonnetta Stephens waseYucaipa, eCalifornia owafunyaniswa ene-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) ngo-2017 kwaye uneengxaki ezininzi zempilo phakathi kwemijikelo emininzi ye-chemotherapy. UStephens usandula ukunikwa ithuba "lokukhetha", oko kuthetha ukuba ityala lakhe likhawulezisiwe, emva kwamagqwetha akhe wazise inkundla ukuba uStephen "ukwimo engapheliyo yentlungu," kwaye ulahlekelwe kukuqonda kunye nenkumbulo. Ityala limiselwe ukuxoxwa ngoJulayi 19 kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseSan Bernardino eCalifornia.

Amanye amatyala aliqela sele enikezelwe kwimihla yokuvavanywa, okanye bafuna imihla yokuvavanywa, kubantu abadala kwaye ubuncinci umntwana omnye ophethwe yi-NHL abamangaleli batyholwa ukuba babangelwa kukuvezwa kweemveliso zeRoundup.

"Isimangalo asikapheli. Izakuba yintloko eqhubekekayo yeBayer neMonsanto, utshilo u-Andrew Kirkendall, inkampani yakhe ese-Texas enceda ukumela uStephens nabanye abathengi abafuna izilingo ezikhawulezayo.

U-Kirkendall uthe inkampani yakhe inamatyala aqhubela phambili kwityala elise California, Oregon, Missouri, Arkansas nase Massachusetts.

"Eli linamandla okuba ngamatyala alandelayo e-asbestos, utshilo, ebhekisa kumashumi eminyaka yamatyala aziswe kwiingxaki zempilo ezinxulumene ne-asbestos.

Ukugatywa kweBayer

I-Bayer ithenge iMonsanto ngoJuni 2018 kanye njengoko ulingo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup lwalusaqhubeka. Amajele kwimeko nganye eya kulingo lafumanisa ukuba i-Monsanto's herbicides ibangela umhlaza kwaye uMonsanto wachitha amashumi eminyaka efihla umngcipheko. Amabhaso eejaji afikelele ngaphaya kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi, nangona izigwebo ziye zayalelwa ukuba zincitshiswe kwinkqubo yokubhena.

Emva kokuza phantsi kobunzima uxinzelelo oluvela kubatyali mali ukufumana indlela yokuthwala uxanduva, Kwaziswa uBayer ngoJuni ukuba ifikelele kwi-10 yezigidi zeedola zokuhlala ukusombulula uninzi lwe-100,000 Roundup amabango omhlaza e-United States. Ukusukela ngeloxesha ibisayina isivumelwano ngeefemu zamagqwetha kwilizwe liphela, kubandakanya neefemu ebezikhokele isimangalo ukusukela oko kwamiswa amatyala okuqala ngowama-2015. Inkampani iyazama nokufumana imvume yenkundla ngesicwangciso esahlukileyo seebhiliyoni ezimbini zeedola ukuzama gcina iimeko zomhlaza we-Roundup ezinokuthi zifayilishwe kwixesha elizayo zingayi eluvavanyweni.

I-Bayer khange ikwazi ukuhlala nazo zonke iifemu ezinabaxhasi bomhlaza we-Roundup, nangona kunjalo. Ngokwamagqwetha amangali amaninzi, iifem zabo zala ukwamkela indawo yokuhlala ngenxa yokuba amaxabiso ngokubanzi ayesuka kwi- $ 10,000 ukuya kwi-50,000, XNUMX kummangali-imbuyekezo yamagqwetha abonwa engonelanga.

"Sithe hayi kwaphela," utshilo uMoll.

Enye inkampani yezomthetho eqhubela phambili amatyala eSan Diego, eCarlifonia esekwe eSingleton Law Firm, enamatyala angama-400 Roundup asalinde eMissouri kwaye malunga nama-70 eCalifornia.

Ifemi ifuna ityala elikhawulezileyo ngoku UJoseph Mignone oneminyaka engama-76 ubudala, owafunyaniswa ene-NHL ngo-2019. UMignone wagqiba ichemotherapy ngaphezulu konyaka ophelileyo kodwa wanyamezela nemitha yokunyanga ithumba entanyeni, kwaye uyaqhubeka nokuhlupheka, ngokutsho kwenkundla efayilwayo efuna ukhetho lwetyala.

Iindaba zokubandezeleka

Kukho amabali amaninzi okubandezeleka ngaphakathi kweefayile zabamangali abasenethemba lokufumana usuku lwabo enkundleni ngokuchasene neMonsanto.

  • Iarhente ye-FBI ethathe umhlala-phantsi kunye nonjingalwazi wekholeji uJohn Schafer waqala ukusebenzisa i-Roundup ngo-1985 kwaye wasebenzisa i-herbicide amatyeli aliqela entwasahlobo, ukuwa kunye neenyanga zehlobo kude kube ngo-2017, ngokweerekhodi zenkundla. Khange anxibe iimpahla zokuzikhusela ade alumkiswe ngumhlobo ongumfama ngo-2015 ukuba anxibe iigloves. Wafunyaniswa ukuba une-NHL ngo-2018.
  • Iminyaka engamashumi amathandathu anesithathu ubudala uRandall Seidl wasebenzisa i-Roundup ngaphezulu kweminyaka engama-24, kubandakanya nokutshiza rhoqo imveliso ejikeleze iyadi yakhe eSan Antonio, eTexas ukusuka malunga no-2005 ukuya ku-2010 emva koko yajikeleza ipropathi eMantla Carolina de kwaba li-2014 xa wayefunyaniswa ene-NHL, ngokuka Iirekhodi zenkundla.
  • URobert Karman ufake iimveliso ze Roundup ukuqala ngo-1980, esebenzisa isitshizi esiphathwa ngesandla ukunyanga ukhula rhoqo ngeeveki ezingama-40 ngonyaka, ngokweerekhodi zenkundla. UKarman wafunyaniswa ukuba une-NHL ngoJulayi ka-2015 emva kokuba ugqirha wakhe wokhathalelo oluphambili efumene iqhuma esiswini sakhe. UKarman wasweleka ngoDisemba waloo nyaka eneminyaka engama-77.

Igqwetha labamangali uGerald Singleton uthe indlela ekuphela kwayo kaBayer yokubeka ityala leRoundup ngasemva kwayo kukubeka ilebhile ecacileyo yesilumkiso kwiimveliso zayo zokubulala ukhula, ukwazisa abasebenzisi ngomngcipheko womhlaza.

"Yiyo kuphela indlela eya kuthi le nto igqitywe yenziwe," utshilo. Kude kube lelo xesha, wathi, "asizukuyeka ukuthatha amatyala."

I-Bayer yenza isicwangciso esitsha se-2 yeebhiliyoni zeedola ukuze isuse amabango omhlaza we-Roundup kwikamva

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Umnini weMonsanto uBayer AG uthe ngolwe-Lwesithathu uzama kwakhona ukulawula nokusombulula amabango omhlaza we-Roundup anokubakho isivumelwano se-2 yezigidigidi kunye neqela lamagqwetha abamangali uBayer athemba ukuba aza kuphumelela kwimvume yejaji saliwe isicwangciso sangaphambili uhlobo oludlule.

Ngokukodwa, isivumelwano sifuna iBayer ukuba ifune imvume kwi-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) yokongeza ulwazi kwiilebheli zeemveliso zayo ezisekwe kwi-glyphosate ezinje ngeRoundup eya kuthi ibonelele ngonxibelelwano lokufikelela kwizifundo zesayensi kunye nolunye ulwazi malunga nokhuseleko lwe-glyphosate.

Ukongeza, ngokukaBayer, esi sicwangciso sifuna ukusekwa kwengxowa-mali eza kuhlawula "abafanelekileyo abafaka izicelo zamabango" ngaphezulu kweminyaka emine yenkqubo; ukuseka iphaneli yesayensi enika iingcebiso ezinokuthi zisetyenziswe njengobungqina kwizimangalo ezinokubakho kwixesha elizayo; kunye nophuhliso lophando kunye neenkqubo zokuqonda isifo kunyango kunye / okanye uphando lwenzululwazi ekuchongeni nasekunyangeni i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Isicwangciso kufuneka samkelwe nguMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria weNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla saseCalifornia. U-Chhabria ebejonge isohlwayo se-Roundup se-multidistrict.

U-Bayer uthe amalungu eklasi afanelekileyo kwiminyaka emine ezayo azakufanelekela amanqanaba eembuyekezo ngokubhekisele kwizikhokelo ezichazwe kwisivumelwano. "Udidi lokuhlala" lubhekisa kubantu ababekhe bavezwa kwiimveliso zeRoundup kodwa abakafaki ityala elibanga ukwenzakala ngenxa yokuvezwa.

Amalungu eklasi yokuHlaliswa aya kufaneleka ukuba afumane imbuyekezo phakathi kwe- $ 10,000 kunye ne- $ 200,000, utshilo uBayer.
Ngokwesivumelwano, ulwabiwo lwengxowa mali yokuhlala luya kuvela ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
* Ingxowa-mali yeMbuyekezo-Ubuncinci i-1.325 yezigidigidi zeedola
Inkqubo yoNcedo lokuFikelela kwiDiagnostic- $ 210 yezigidi
* Inkqubo yeNgxowa-mali yoPhando- $ 40 yezigidi
Iindleko zoLawulo lokuHlaliswa kwaBantu, iindleko zePhaneli yeNzululwazi, Iindleko zeSaziso sokuHlaliswa kwabahlali, iirhafu,
Imirhumo yeeArhente ze-Escrow kunye neNkcitho-ukuya kuthi ga kwi-55 yezigidi zeedola
Isicwangciso sokuhlala esicetywayo sokumangalelwa kwinqanaba leklasi elizayo sahlukile isivumelwano sentlawulo I-Bayer yenziwe namagqwetha amashumi amawaka abamangali esele beze namabango atyhola ukubhencwa kwi-Roundup kunye nabanye ababulali bokhula baseMonsanto glyphosate ababangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
I-Bayer ibisokola ukufumana indlela yokuphelisa ityala lomhlaza we-Roundup okoko wathenga iMonsanto kwi-2018. Inkampani ilahlekelwe zizo zontathu izilingo ezibanjiweyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye yaphulukana nemijikelo yokuqala yezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala.
Amajoni kuvavanyo ngalunye kuvavanyo alufumananga loo Monsanto kuphela I-glyphosate-based herbicides kubangela umhlaza kodwa nokuba uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla umngcipheko.

Inkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia iyala ukuphononongwa kwelahleko yesilingo seMonsanto Roundup

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Inkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia ayizukuphonononga ityala lomntu waseCalifornia lokuphumelela iMonsanto, ejongene nomnye umniniyo waseMonsanto waseJamani, uBayer AG.

The isigqibo sokwala uphononongo kwimeko kaDewayne "Lee" Johnson uphawula okutsha kumtya welahleko yenkundla ye Bayer njengoko izama ukugqibezela iindawo zokuhlala kunye nabamangali abamalunga ne-100,000 abathi ngamnye wabo okanye abo babathandayo baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ekuvezeni i-Roundup kunye nabanye ababulali bokhula baseMonsanto. AmaJaji kuvavanyo ngalunye lwesithathu oluye lwaqhutywa ukuza kuthi ga ngoku alufumananga kuphela ukuba yinkampani I-glyphosate-based herbicides kubangela umhlaza kodwa nokuba uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla umngcipheko.

“Sidanile sisigqibo seNkundla sokungasiqwalaseli isigqibo senkundla yezibheno esiphakathi Johnson Siza kuthathela ingqalelo ukhetho lwethu lwezomthetho ukuze siqhubeke nokujonga eli tyala, ”utshilo uBayer kwingxelo.  

Ifemi yeMiller, Ifemu yezomthetho esekwe eVirginia yaseJohnson, yathi isigqibo seNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia siyasikhaba "ukuzama kweMonsanto kwangoko ukuthwala uxanduva" ngokubangela umhlaza kaJohnson.

"Abagwebi abaninzi ngoku baqinisekisile ukufumanisa ukuba iMonsanto ifihle ingozi yomhlaza we-Roundup kwaye yabangela uMnu. Johnson ukuba avelise umhlaza. Lifikile ixesha lokuba iMonsanto iphele kwizibheno ezingenasiseko kwaye ihlawule uMnu. Johnson imali emtyala yona, utshilo inkampani.

Ijaji evumelekileyo efunyenwe ngo-Agasti 2018 yokuba ukubonakaliswa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto kwabangela ukuba uJohnson avelise uhlobo oluyingozi lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ijaji yafumanisa ukuba iMonsanto yenze into yokufihla umngcipheko weemveliso zayo ngokuziphatha kakubi kangangokuba inkampani kufuneka ihlawule uJohnson i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayo ngaphezulu kwe- $ 39 yezigidi kwixa elidlulileyo nelizayo.

Emva kwesibheno esivela eMonsanto, umgwebi wecala wanciphisa i-289 yezigidi zeedola ukuya kwizigidi ezingama-78 zeedola. Inkundla yezibheno emva koko yasika ibhaso kwi-20.5 yezigidi zeedola, icacisa into yokuba uJohnson wayekulindeleke ukuba aphile ixesha elifutshane.

Inkundla yezibheno ithe inciphise ibhaso lomonakalo ngaphandle kokufumana Kwakukho ubungqina "obuninzi" bokuthi i-glyphosate, kunye nezinye izithako kwimveliso yeRoundup, yabangela umhlaza kaJohnson kwaye "kwabakho ubungqina obugqithisileyo bokuba uJohnson uhluphekile, kwaye uzakuqhubeka nokuhlupheka ubomi bakhe bonke, iintlungu kunye nokubandezeleka. ”

Bobabini uMonsanto noJohnson bafuna ukuphononongwa yiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia, noJohnson ecela ukubuyiselwa ibhaso lomonakalo omkhulu kunye neMonsanto efuna ukuguqula isigwebo setyala.

I-Bayer ifikelele kwiindawo zokuhlala kunye neenkampani ezininzi zomthetho ezikhokelayo ezimele isabelo esikhulu samabango aziswe eMonsanto. NgoJuni, uBayer wathi uza kubonelela nge- $ 8.8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi ukusombulula isimangalo.

Intloko yeBayer's Monsanto iyaqhubeka

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Imigraine iMonsanto ayibonakali ngathi iyahamba nanini na kwiBayer AG.

Imizamo yokusombulula ubunzima bamatyala aziswe e-United States ngamashumi amawaka abantu abathi i-Roundup herbicides kaMonsanto ibanike umhlaza uqhubeke nokuqhubela phambili, kodwa abajongani nawo onke amatyala angekahlawulwa, kwaye bonke abamangali abaniki ndawo yokuhlala.

In ileta eya kwiJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria, Igqwetha laseArizona uDavid Diamond uthe ukumelwa okwenziwe ngamagqwetha kukhokelela kwiingxoxo zokuhlala kunye neBayer egameni labamangali akubonakalisi ngokuchanekileyo imeko yabathengi bakhe. Ucacisile "ukunqongophala" "kwamava ahambelana nokuhlala" kunye neBayer kwaye wacela ukuba iJaji uChhabria iqhubele phambili amatyala aliqela eDiamond ukulingwa.

“Ubumeli beenkokheli malunga nemeko yokuhlala abubonakalisi ukuhlinzekwa kwabaxumi bam
amava ahambelana nawo, umdla okanye isikhundla, ”utshilo uDiamond kwijaji.

UDiam ubhale kule leta ukuba unabathengi abangama-423 abajikelezayo, kubandakanya nabangama-345 abanamatyala asalindiweyo phambi kweChhabria kwizimangalo ezininzi (MDL) kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla eCalifornia. Ecaleni kwe-MDL kukho amawaka abamangali amatyala abo asalindelwe kwiinkundla zikarhulumente.

Ukufikelela kukaDiamond kwijaji kulandelwe ukuxoxwa kwetyala ngasekupheleni kwenyanga ephelileyo apho uninzi lweefemu ezikhokelayo kwisimangalo kunye namagqwetha ka-Bayer axelele u-Chhabria ukuba bakufutshane ekusombululeni uninzi, ukuba ayingawo onke, amatyala aphambi kwejaji.

I-Bayer ifikelele kwiindawo zokuhlala ezibalulekileyo kunye neenkampani ezininzi zomthetho ezikhokelayo ezimele isabelo esikhulu samabango aziswe eMonsanto. NgoJuni, uBayer wathi uza kubonelela nge- $ 8.8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi ukusombulula isimangalo.

Kodwa impikiswano kunye nembambano ziye zanyanzelisa ukunikezelwa kweendawo zokuhlala.

Abamangali abaliqela ababemelwe ziifemu ezinkulu kwaye babethetha phantsi kwemiqathango yokuba amagama abo angasetyenziswa, bathi abavumelani nemigaqo yokuhlala, oko kuthetha ukuba amatyala abo aza kujoliswa kulamlo kwaye, ukuba oko kuyasilela, kuvavanyo.

Emva kokuthenga iMonsanto kwi-2018, iBayer ibisokola ukufumana indlela yokuphelisa isimangalo esibandakanya ngaphezulu kwe-100,000 yabamangali. Inkampani ilahlekelwe zizilingo ezintathu kwezintathu ebezibanjiwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye ilahle umjikelo wokuqala wezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala. Amajele kuvavanyo ngalunye kuvavanyo afumanise ukuba i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides, enje ngeRoundup, ibangela umhlaza kwaye uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla umngcipheko.

Iinzame zenkampani zokusombulula isimangalo ziye zacaciswa ngokuyinxalenye ngumceli mngeni wendlela yokuphelisa amabango anokuziswa kwikamva ngabantu abaphuhlisa umhlaza emva kokusebenzisa iyeza lenkampani.

Iingxaki Zigcine Ukunyuka

I-Bayer isoyikisile ngokufaka kwifayile ukuba ingabinayo imali ukuba ayinakuphelisa ityala le-Roundup kwaye ngolwesiThathu inkampani ikhuphe isilumkiso senzuzo kwaye yabhengeza iibhiliyoni zokunciphisa iindleko, icacisa "umbono ophantsi kunoko bekulindelwe kwintengiso yezolimo" phakathi kwezinye izinto. Iindaba zithumele izabelo kwinkampani yokuwa.

Ekuxeleni iingxaki zikaBayer IBarron iqaphele: "Ingxaki zihlala zisiba nkulu kuBayer nakubatyali zimali, ekufuneka kuthi ngoku basebenzise ukungxola kweendaba ezidanisayo. Isitokhwe ngoku sele siwile ngaphezulu kwe-50% ukusukela oko isivumelwano seMonsanto savalwa ngoJuni 2018. "Olu hlaziyo lwamva nje longeza kuphela kwimeko yesivumelwano seMonsanto sesinye sezona zimbi kwimbali yequmrhu."

Uvavanyo lomhlaza we-Roundup lusoyikiso kwi-Bayer, kodwa iintetho zokuhlala ziqhubeka

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Amagqwetha omnini weMonsanto uBayer AG kunye nabamangaleli abamangalela uMonsanto baxelele ijaji yomdibaniselwano ngoLwesine ukuba bayaqhubeka nokwenza inkqubela phambili ekusombululeni amatyala kwilizwe lonke aziswe ngabantu abathi ibango likaMonsanto Roundup libangele ukuba babe nomhlaza.

Kwindibano yevidiyo, igqwetha laseBayer uWilliam Hoffman uxelele iJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria ukuba inkampani ifikelele kwizivumelwano-okanye isondele ekufikeleleni kwizivumelwano-ukusombulula ngaphezulu kwama-3,000 amatyala adityanisiweyo kwizimangalo (MDL) ezifakwe kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US. iSithili saseMantla saseCalifornia.

Inkampani ngokwahlukeneyo sele ixazulule amawaka amatyala ngaphandle kwe-MDL, amatyala aqhubeka kwiinkundla zikarhulumente. Kodwa impikiswano kunye nembambano ziye zanyanzelisa ukunikezelwa kwetyala lonke, ngezityholo zabanye babenzi bommangali ukuba iBayer ibuyile kwizivumelwano ezifikelelwe kwiinyanga ezidlulileyo, kwaye ezinye iinkampani zabamangali abafuni kuvuma koko bakubona kungonelanga ukunikwa yiBayer.

Kwakungekho ngxoxo malunga nezikhalazo, nangona kunjalo, kwindibano yangoLwesine, omabini amacala evakalisa izimvo ezinethemba.

“Inkampani ihambele phambili yagqiba izivumelwano ezininzi namafemu…. Sikwathemba nokuba sizokugqibezela izivumelwano kwiintsuku ezimbalwa ezizayo, ”utshilo uHoffman kwijaji.

“Apho sikhoyo ngoku… la manani ngandlela ithile aqikelelwa kodwa ndicinga ukuba asondele ngokufanelekileyo: Kukho amatyala ayi-1,750 aphantsi kwezivumelwano phakathi kwenkampani kunye neefemu zomthetho kunye namanye amatyala ayi-1,850 ukuya kwi-1,900 akumanqanaba ngamanqanaba engxoxo ngoku, ”utshilo uHoffman. "Sisebenzela ukubeka inkqubo yokukhawulezisa iingxoxo kwaye ngethemba lokuzisa izivumelwano kwiziqhamo kunye nala mafemu."

Igqwetha labamangali u-Brent Wisner uxelele ijaji ukuba kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuba kusekho "amatyala ambalwa" ngaphakathi kwi-MDL engekagqitywa okwangoku. Kodwa, uthe - "Sinethemba lokuba bazokufika kungekudala."

Ujaji Chhabria uthe ngenxa yenkqubela phambili uzakuqhubeka nokuhlala kwetyala leRoundup kude kube nguNovemba 2 kodwa uyakuqala ukuhambisa amatyala ukuba angagqitywanga ngelo xesha.

Ukujongana kakubi neBayer

Imvakalo-zwi yentsebenziswano evakaliswe kwityala langoLwesine yayiyinto ekude nengxoxo eyayibanjwe kwinyanga ephelileyo xa igqwetha labamangali u-Aimee Wagstaff  uxelele uJaji Chhabria ukuba iBayer ibingahloniphi izivumelwano zokulungisa ezenziwe ngo-Matshi kwaye zenzelwe ukugqitywa ngoJulayi.

I-Bayer ibhengeze ngoJuni ukuba ifikelele kwi-10 yezigidi zeedola zokuhlala kunye neefemu zomthetho zase-US ukusombulula uninzi lwamabango omhlaza we-Roundup ayi-100,000. Kodwa ngelo xesha ekuphela kweefemu ezinkulu zomthetho ezazikhokela isimangalo esinezivumelwano zokugqibela ezisayinwe neBayer yayiyiMiller Firm kunye neWeitz kunye neLuxenburg.

Isivumelwano seMiller Firm sisodwa sifikelela kwi-849 yezigidi zeedola ukugubungela amabango e-5,000 ye-Roundup abathengi, ngokwamaxwebhu okuhlawula.

Isekwe eCalifornia IBaum Hedlund Aristei kunye neGoldman ifemu yomthetho; i UAndrus Wagstaff ifemi evela eColorado; kwaye i Iqela le-Moore Law I-Kentucky yayineentengiselwano zokuzama kodwa hayi izivumelwano zokugqibela.

Ngokwencwadi ebhalwe nguWagstaff efakwe kwinkundla, uBayer ucele ukwandiswa kaninzi de isivumelwano sakhe siwile phakathi ku-Agasti. Emva kokuxela imicimbi kuJaji Chhabria, iingxoxo zokuhlala zaphinda zaqala kwaye zazikho Ekugqibeleni isonjululwe ziifemu ezintathu kule nyanga.

Ezinye iinkcukacha lendawo yokuhlala iya kwenziwa bagcwaliswa ekuqaleni kwale veki kwinkundla yaseMissouri. IGarretson Resolution Group, Inc., esenza ushishino njenge-Epiq Mass Tort, iya kusebenza njenge
"Umlawuli weSigqibo seLinye, ” umzekelo, kubaxumi bakaAndrus Wagstaff ekufuneka iidola zokuhlala kuzo zisetyenziswe ngokuyinxenye okanye zizonke ukuhlawula iindleko zonyango lomhlaza ezihlawulwe yiMedicare.

I-Bayer ithenge iMonsanto kwi-2018 kanye njengoko ulingo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup lwalusaqhubeka. Sele ilahlekile zontathu ezi zilingo zintathu zabanjwa ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye yaphulukana nomjikelo wokuqala wezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala. Amajele kuvavanyo ngalunye kuvavanyo afumanise ukuba i-Monsanto's herbicides ibangela umhlaza kwaye uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla ingozi.

Amabhaso ejaji afikelele ngaphaya kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi, nangona izigwebo ziye zayalelwa ukuba zincitshiswe lityala kunye nezibheno zenkundla.

U-Bayer wayesongele ngokufaka ifayile yokutshatyalaliswa ukuba akukho lali lizwe lifikileyo, ngokonxibelelwano Ukusuka kumashishini wabamangali ukuya kubathengi babo.

I-Bayer ibeka i-US Roundup, i-dicamba kunye ne-PCB yezimangalo ngaphezulu kwe- $ 10 yezigidigidi

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Kucoceko olubizayo lweMonsanto yezimangalo, u-Bayer AG uthe ngolwesiThathu uya kuhlawula ngaphezulu kwe- $ 10 yezigidigidi ukulungisa amashumi amawaka amabango e-US aziswe ngokuchasene neMonsanto ngenxa ye-Roundup herbicide, kunye ne- $ 400 yezigidi ukusombulula amatyala ngaphezulu kweMonsanto I-dicamba herbicide kunye ne- $ 650 yezigidi ze-PCB zamabango ongcoliseko.

Izigqibo kuza kwiminyaka emibini emva kokuba iBayer ithenge iMonsanto nge $ 63 yezigidigidi kwaye phantse kwangoko yabona amaxabiso ezabelo ehla ngenxa yetyala leRoundup.

U-Bayer ubhengeze ukuba uza kuhlawula i-10.1 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-10.9 yezigidigidi zeedola ukusombulula iipesenti ezingama-75 zamabango ngabantu abaqikelelwa kwi-125,000 abathi batyholwa ngababulali bokhula baseMonsanto's Roundup kubangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Esi sivumelwano sibandakanya abamangali abagcinayo amagqwetha ngenjongo yokufaka isimangalo kodwa amatyala abo engekafakwa, utshilo uBayer. Ngaphakathi kuloo mali iyonke, ukuhlawulwa kwe- $ 8.8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi kuya kusombulula isimangalo sangoku kwaye i-1.25 yezigidigidi ibekelwe bucala ukuxhasa isimangalo esinokubakho kwixesha elizayo, utshilo inkampani.

Abamangali ababandakanyiwe ekuhlawuleni abo batyikitywa kunye neefemu zomthetho ebezikhokele i-Roundup federal multi-district litigation (MDL) kwaye zibandakanya iMiller Firm yaseVirginia, Baum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman inkampani yaseLos Angeles kunye neAndrus Wagstaff firm waseDenver, eColorado.

"Emva kweminyaka yokulwa nzima kunye nonyaka wokulamla okunzulu ndiyavuya ukubona abaxumi bethu ngoku beza kubuyekezwa," utshilo uMike Miller, wefemu yezomthetho yaseMiller.

Inkampani yakwaMiller kunye neBaum Hedlund basebenze kunye ukuphumelela ityala lokuqala lokuya enkundleni, elalimi wase-California uDewayne “Lee” Johnson. U-Andrus Wagstaff uphumelele ityala lesibini kwaye iMiller Firm yaphumelela ityala lesithathu lokuya enkundleni. Lilonke, la matyala mathathu akhokelela kwizigwebo ze-jury ezingaphezulu kwe- $ 2.3 yezigidigidi, nangona iijaji zetyala kwityala ngalinye zathoba izigwebo.

Amajaji kuzo zontathu izilingo afumanisa ukuba i-Monsanto's glyphosate herbicides, enje ngeRoundup, yabangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye iMonsanto yagubungela umngcipheko kwaye yahluleka ukulumkisa abasebenzisi.

Isigwebo ngasinye kwezi zithathu sihamba kwinkqubo yokubhena ngoku kwaye uBayer uthe abamangali kula matyala abafakwanga kulungiso.

U-Bayer uthe amabango e-Roundup exesha elizayo aya kuba yinxalenye yesivumelwano seklasi ngokuxhomekeke ekuvunyweni nguJaji Vince Chhabria weNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla saseCalifornia, oyalele inkqubo yolamlo yonyaka wonke ekhokelele kulungiso.

Isivumelwano siza kuthatha nakuphi na ukufunyanwa kwexesha elizayo kumabango omhlaza ezandleni zamajaji, utshilo uBayer. Endaweni yoko, kuya kubakho ukuyilwa kwe "Class Science Panel" ezimeleyo. IPhaneli yeNzululwazi yeklasi iya kugqiba ukuba ngaba i-Roundup inokubangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kwaye ukuba kunjalo, ngawaphi amanqanaba asezantsi okuvezwa. Bobabini abamangali kwizenzo zeklasi kunye neBayer baya kubotshelelwa kukuzimisela kweCandelo lezeNzululwazi. Ukuba iPhaneli yeNzululwazi yeklasi igqiba ukuba akukho nxu lumano phakathi kwe-Roundup kunye ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva koko amalungu eklasi aya kuthintelwa ekubangeleni ngenye indlela nakweyiphi na imbambano nxamnye neBayer.

U-Bayer uthe ukuzimisela kweClass Science Panel kulindeleke ukuba kuthathe iminyaka eliqela kwaye amalungu eklasi awayi kuvunyelwa ukuba aqhubeke namabango e-Roundup ngaphambi kokuzimisela. Kananjalo abanakho ukufuna ukohlwaywa, utshilo uBayer.

"Izivumelwano zeRoundup ™ ziyilelwe njengesisombululo esakhayo nesifanelekileyo kwisimangalo esingaqhelekanga, utshilo uKenneth R. Feinberg, umlamli owonyulwe yinkundla kwezi ntetho zokuhlala.

Nangona babhengeza ukuhlala, amagosa aseBayer aqhubeka nokukhanyela i-Monsanto's glyphosate herbicides ebangela umhlaza.

"Inzululwazi enkulu ibonisa ukuba iRoundup ayibangeli mhlaza, kwaye ke, ayinaxanduva lezigulo ekutyholwa ngazo," utshilo umphathi weBayer uWerner Baumann kwingxelo.

Isivumelwano seDicamba

U-Bayer ukwabhengeze isivumelwano se-tort tortoge, esichaphazela amabango amafama asebenzisa i-dicamba herbicides ephuhliswe yi-Monsanto kunye ne-BASF ukuba itshizwe kwizityalo ezinganyamezelekiyo ze-dicamba eziphuhliswe yi-Monsanto zibangele ukulahleka kwesityalo nokwenzakala.

Kwilingo elingasekuqaleni konyaka, iMonsanto kwathiwa makahlawule I-265 yezigidi zeedola kumlimi wepesika waseMissouri ngomonakalo we-dicamba drift kwigadi yakhe yeziqhamo.

Ngaphezu kwe-100 amanye amafama enze amabango afanayo asemthethweni. U-Bayer uthe uzakuhlawula ukuya kuthi ga kwi-400 yezigidi zeedola ukusombulula isimangalo se-dicamba esimi kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwi-Mpuma yeSithili sase-Missouri, kunye namabango eminyaka yezityalo ka-2015-2020. Abenzi bamabango baya kucelwa ukuba babonelele ubungqina bomonakalo kwizivuno zezityalo kunye nobungqina bokuba bekudalwe yicicamba ukuze kuqokelelwe. Inkampani ilindele igalelo kulowo ubambisene naye, i-BASF, kule ndawo yokuhlala.

Indawo yokuhlala iza kubonelela "ngezixhobo ezifuneka kakhulu kumafama" athe afumana ilahleko yezityalo ngenxa yokubaleka kwemichiza yokubulala iintsholongwane, utshilo igqwetha uJoseph Peiffer wenkampani yamagqwetha yasePeiffer Wolf, emele amafama amabango e-dicamba.

"Ukuhlala kubhengezwe namhlanje linyathelo elibalulekileyo lokwenza izinto zilunge kumafama afuna nje ukwazi ukubeka ukutya etafileni yaseMelika kunye nehlabathi," utshilo uPeiffer.

Kwangoko kulenyanga a Inkundla yomanyano igwebe ukuba i-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo yaphule umthetho xa isamkela i-dicamba herbicides eyenziwe nguMonsanto, BASF kunye neCorteva Agriscience. Inkundla ifumanise ukuba i-EPA ayihoyanga umngcipheko womonakalo wedicamba.

Indawo yokuhlala yongcoliseko lwePCB

I-Bayer ikwabhengeze uthotho lwezivumelwano ezisombulula amatyala enkampani athi zimele ukubhencwa kwabo kumatyala abandakanya ukungcoliswa kwamanzi yi-PCBs, eyathi yenziwa yiMonsanto kwada kwangowe-1977. IiPCB. U-Bayer uthe uza kuhlawula i-650 yezigidi zeerandi kwiklasi, eya kuthi ixhomekeke kwinkundla.

Ukongeza, uBayer uthe ungene kwizivumelwano ezahlukileyo neeGqwetha Jikelele laseNew Mexico, Washington, kunye neSithili seColumbia ukusombulula amabango e-PCB. Kule mvumelwano, eyahluliweyo eklasini, iBayer iya kwenza intlawulo ngokupheleleyo malunga ne- $ 170 yezigidi.

U-Bayer uthe ukuphuma kwemali okuza kubakho akuyi kudlula i-5 yezigidigidi zeedola ngo-2020 kunye ne-5 yeebhiliyoni zeerandi ngo-2021 ngemali eseleyo eza kuhlawulwa ngo-2022 okanye kamva.

U-Bayer uthe uza kuphinda ahlawule isivumelwano se-Roundup njengoko intsholongwane ivala izindlu zenkundla

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

I-Bayer AG ibuyela umva kwiindawo ekuxoxiswene ngazo kunye neefemu zomthetho ezininzi zase-US ezimele amawaka abamangali abathi babhencwa kwi-Mousanto's Roundup herbicides kubangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, imithombo ebandakanyekayo kwityala lithe ngoLwesihlanu.

Ukuguqulwa kuza njengoko iinkundla zase-US zivaliwe eluntwini ngenxa yokusasazeka kwe-coronavirus, ishenxisa ukubonwa kolunye uvavanyo lomhlaza we-Roundup kungekudala.

I-Bayer, eyathenga iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018, ibikhe yathethathethana ngokusombulula isithuba esingangonyaka, ifuna ukuphelisa isimangalo esixhokonxe isitokhwe senkampani, sikhuthaza ukungavisisani kwabatyali-mali, kwaye siqhuba nokuziphatha okuthandabuzekayo eluntwini. ukujonga. Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zakhokelela kwilahleko ezintathu zeBayer kunye namabhaso amajaji ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi, nangona iijaji zetyala kamva zanciphisa amabhaso.

Bayer yenziwe ingxelo kawonke-wonke kule veki kusithiwa iintetho zokuhlala zacothiswa ngubhubhane we-coronavirus, kodwa amagqwetha aliqela athi ayiyonyani leyo.

Ngokwamagqwetha abamangali, iBayer ibibuyele kumafemu ezomthetho ebesele egqibile uthethathethwano ngeendawo zokuhlala ezithile kubathengi babo, besithi inkampani ayizukuzihlonipha izixa ekuvunyelwene ngaso.

"Uninzi lwamagqwetha kwilizwe liphela babecinga ukuba banento yokwenza," utshilo igqwetha laseVirginia uMike Miller, inkampani yakhe emele abathengi abangama-6,000 kwaye waphumelela izilingo ezimbini zeRoundup ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. I-Bayer ngoku ifuna "ukusikwa kweenwele" kwezi zivumelwano, utshilo uMiller.

Nokuba ngaba iifemu ezahlukeneyo ziya kuthatha izibonelelo ezincitshisiweyo zihlala zibonwa. "La ngamaxesha onqabileyo ezoqoqosho," utshilo uMiller. "Abantu kufuneka bacinge ngeyona nto ilungele abathengi babo."

Ukuphendula isicelo sokwenza izimvo, isithethi seBayer sinike le ngxelo ilandelayo: "Senze inkqubela kwiingxoxo zokulamla iRoundup, kodwa amandla e-COVID-19, kubandakanya nezithintelo ezibekwe kwezi veki zidlulileyo, zibangele ukurhoxiswa kweentlanganiso kwaye zilibazisile le nkqubo. … Ngenxa yoko, inkqubo yolamlo icothe kakhulu, kwaye ngokwenyani, silindele ukuba oku kuya kuqhubeka kunjalo kwixesha elizayo. Ngeli xesha, sizakuqhubeka nokwenza konke esinako ukunceda ukulwa ubhubhane we-COVID-19 jikelele, ngokuhambelana nombono wethu 'wezempilo kubo bonke, ukulambela mntu.' Asinakho ukuthelekelela malunga neziphumo ezinokubakho kuthethathethwano okanye ixesha, ngokujonga ukungaqiniseki okujikeleze ubhubhane kunye nokugcinwa okuyimfihlo kwale nkqubo, kodwa sizimisele ekubandakanyeni ulamlo ngokuthembekileyo. ”

Ilungelo lase-US lokwazi uxelwe ekuqaleni kukaJanuwari ukuba amaqela ebesebenza kwisivumelwano esikwi- $ 8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-10 yezigidigidi zeedola. U-Bayer uvumile ukuba bajongane namabango angaphezulu kwe-40,000 yabamangali, kodwa amagqwetha abamangali athe inani elipheleleyo lamabango liphezulu kakhulu.

Phakathi kweefemu ebezithethathethane ngeendawo zokuhlala kubaxumi bazo kukho inkampani yeAndrus Wagstaff esuka eDenver, eColorado nakwifemu yaseLos Angeles yaseBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman. Zombini zafikelela kwizivumelwano kunyaka ophelileyo neBayer.

Ukongeza, inkampani ye-Weitz kunye neLuxenberg evela eNew York kunye nekaMike Miller ngokuqinile bafikelele koko babecinga ukuba zizivumelwano ngokwemiqathango. Ifemu nganye imele amawaka abamangali.

Amagqwetha abamangaleli aphambili ayesebenzisa kuthethathethwano lokuhlala yayisisongelo solunye ityala loluntu. Kwizilingo ezintathu zokuqala, ukugwetywa Amaxwebhu angaphakathi eMonsanto babonisa ubungqina bokuba inkampani iyabazi ubungozi bomhlaza kwimichiza yokubulala ukhula eglyphosate kodwa isilele ukulumkisa abathengi; babhala ghost amaphepha enzululwazi evakalisa ukhuseleko lwamayeza okubulala ukhula; basebenze namagosa athile olawulo ukuphelisa uphononongo lukarhulumente lwe-glyphosate toxicity; kunye neenzame zobunjineli zokujongela phantsi abagxeki.

Ukutyhilwa kuye kwabangela ingqumbo kwihlabathi liphela kwaye kwanyanzeleka ukuba kuthintelwe i-glyphosate-based herbicides.

Izilingo ezininzi ebezizakubanjwa kwiinyanga ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo zarhoxiswa kwakamsinya nje phambi kokuba zicwangciselwe ukuqala xa iBayer ivumayo ukuhlala kwabantu abathile kwabo balingo. Amabini ala matyala abandakanya abantwana ababethwe yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye owesithathu waziswa ngumfazi ophethwe yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Abo bamangali, kunye nabanye abavumelene nokuhlaliswa endaweni yezilingo kwiinyanga ezidlulileyo, bakhuselwe kwaye abayonxalenye yomzamo wokubuyela umva ngoku yiBayer, ngokwemithombo emininzi ebandakanyekayo.

I-Bayer icwangciselwe ukubamba intlanganiso yabanini zabelo yonyaka ngo-Epreli 28. Ngethuba lokuqala kwimbali yenkampani, intlanganiso iya kuba ibanjwe ngokupheleleyo kwi-intanethi.

Abamangali abathathu bokuqala ukuphumelela amabhaso amajaji ngokuchasene neMonsanto kusafuneka bafumane nayiphina imali njengoko iBayer ibhengeza isigwebo.

Umhlaza Ukuthatha irhafu Njengezilingo ezintsha zeRoundup kufutshane

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Kule minyaka mihlanu idlulileyo, uChris Stevick uncede unkosikazi wakhe u-Elaine kwidabi lakhe lokulwa uhlobo lomhlaza olukhohlakeleyo olukholelwa sisibini ukuba lubangelwe kukusetyenziswa okuphindaphindiweyo kuka-Elaine kweMonsanto's Roundup herbicide ejikeleze ipropathi yaseCalifornia esi sibini sasinaso. Ngoku iindima zibuyisiwe njengoko uElaine kufuneka ancede uChris ajongane nomhlaza wakhe.

UChris Stevick, owayehlala exuba i-Roundup yomfazi wakhe kwaye avavanye isitshizi esasisebenzisa ukuhambisa umbulali wokhula, wafunyanwa kwinyanga ephelileyo ene-lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), uhlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ngokungafaniyo nohlobo luka-Elaine olunobundlongondlongo lwe-NHL eyaziwa ngokuba yi-central system ye-lymphoma, umhlaza kaChris luhlobo oluthanda ukukhula kancinci. Wafunyaniswa emva kovavanyo lomzimba lubonisa ukungaqheleki egazini lakhe kwaye wakhuthaza olunye uvavanyo.

Ukuchongwa kwesifo kuye kwabangela ukungavisisani phakathi kwamagqwetha abandakanyekayo kwimveliso ye-Roundup yematyala enetyala enikwa ukuba ityala likaStevick ngokuchasene neMonsanto lisetwe njengelilandelayo ityala lokuya enkundleni.

Ngomhla wokuvavanywa kukaFebruwari 24, 2020, amagqwetha kaElaine Stevick wabuza amagqwetha kaMonsanto ukuba inkampani ingavuma ukuba amabango omhlaza kaChris Stevick angadityaniswa nenkosikazi yakhe kwityala likaFebruwari eSan Francisco. Amagqwetha athi ubuncinci bokuchongwa kukaChris Stevick bubungqina obamkelekileyo kwityala lomkakhe njengobungqina obongezelelekileyo bebango labo lokuba ukubonakaliswa kweRoundup kunokubangela ukuba ingeyo-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Amagqwetha kaMonsanto aphikisa ukudityaniswa kwamabango kwaye athi ityala lika-Elaine Stevick kufuneka liqhubeke kuphela ngoFebruwari ukuba akukho nto ikhankanyiweyo ngomhlaza womyeni wakhe. Ngenye indlela, iMonsanto icela ukuba ityala likaFebruwari lilibaziseke kwaye inkampani inikwe ixesha lokufumanisa isifo sikaChris Stevick.

Umcimbi kufuneka uxoxwe kwinkomfa yolawulo lwamatyala ngoLwesine, nesicwangciso sikaSevicks sokuzimasa. Umgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria uthe phambi kwetyala ukuba "ngokujonga ngokokujonga" ukuba ukuqhubeka kwetyala kuya kufuneka ukuba isibini sifuna ukuzama amabango kunye. Ukwathe ukuba u-Elaine Stevick uyaqhubeka nezimangalo zakhe, ubungqina bokuba umyeni wakhe unesifo somhlaza “ngekhe bamkelwe….”

Ukuba ijaji iyakuqinisekisa ukuba ukujoyina amabango ngenene kuya kufuna ukuqhubeka, u-Elaine Stevick uyakukhetha ukuqhubeka yedwa ngoFebruwari, latsho igqwetha uMike Miller.

Kwasekuqaleni konyaka omnye umyeni nenkosikazi abaphethwe ngumhlaza, uAlva noAlberta Pilliod, bawongwa ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi kumonakalo Kwityala labo ngokuchasene neMonsanto, nangona ijaji kwityala lehlise umvuzo we-$ 87 yezigidi. Ityala likaPilliod yayililinge lesithathu lemveliso yoxanduva lwe-Roundup ukuba lwenzeke kwaye okwesithathu apho iijaji zafumanisa ukuba i-Monsanto's Roundup herbicides ibangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye inkampani ibufihlile ubungozi kubathengi. Umhlaza wase-Alberta Pilliod usandula ukubuya kwaye akucaci ukuba uzakuphila ixesha elide, ngokutsho kwamagqwetha akhe.

Akukho namnye wabantu ukuza kuthi ga ngoku abanikezele ngemali kwezi zilingo zintathu abafumene nayiphi na intlawulo evela eMonsanto njengoko umnini wayo uBayer AG ebhengeza izigqibo.

Okwangoku bangaphezulu kwama-42,000 abantu abamangalela iMonsanto eMelika, betyhola ukuba iMonsanto's herbicides ibangela ukuba ingeyo-Hodgkin lymphoma. Izityholo zongeza ukuba inkampani ibizazi kakuhle iingozi kodwa khange yenze nto ukulumkisa abathengi, endaweni yoko basebenzise irekhodi lenzululwazi.

Ityala likaStevick linye kuphela kweendawo ezintandathu kwiindawo ezintlanu ezibekelwe uJanuwari noFebruwari, nganye nganye kulindeleke ukuba ihlale iiveki ezininzi. Amagqwetha amaninzi ayabandakanyeka ngaphezulu kwetyala elinye, kwaye onke anamangqina aziingcali, ebeka imiceli mngeni kwimibutho nakwizixhobo kumacala omabini. Izilingo ezininzi ebezicwangciselwe oku kuwa zilibazisekile kude kube ngunyaka olandelayo.

Okwangoku, omabini amacala esimangalo agcina iso kwiNkundla Yezibheno yaseCalifornia, apho amagqwetha ommangali UDewayne "Lee" Johnson kwaye amagqwetha eMonsanto alinde umhla weengxoxo zomlomo kwizibheno zabo zomnqamlezo. I-Monsanto ifuna ukuguqula isigqibo esivumelanayo senkundla ngokuchasene nenkampani ngo-Agasti 2018. Ijaji yetyala kwelo tyala yehlisa ibhaso lejaji ukusuka kwi- $ 289 yezigidi ukuya kwi-78 yezigidi zeedola kwaye uJohnson ubongoza ukuba kubuyiselwe imali eyi- $ 289 yezigidi.

UJohnson waba ngowokuqala ukuya kulingo ngokuchasene noMonsanto kwaye ukuphumelela kwakhe kwathumela amaxabiso ezabelo eBayer ukuhla kakhulu kwiinyanga nje ezimbini emva kokuba iBayer ivalile ukuthengwa kweMonsanto ngoJuni 2018. UJohnson wanikwa "ukuthanda ityala" ngenxa yoqikelelo loogqirha bakhe ukuba akazange yide uphile. UJohnson uludlulile olo qikelelo, nangona impilo yakhe iqhubeka ukwehla.

Njengokuqhubeka kwesimangalo, abamangali abaliqela babhubhile okanye basondela ekufeni, okanye bafumana ubunzima kwezempilo kangangokuba amandla abo okufumana ubunzima bokufakwa kwemali kunye novavanyo luye lwancipha.

Ngamanye amaxesha, amalungu osapho athatyathelwa indawo njengabamangali babantu abaswelekileyo. Ngokwentetho yezomthetho, izaziso eziya kwiinkundla zithi "Ingcebiso ngokufa. "

Njengokuba kugqitywa ukugwetywa ngumhlaza kwi-Roundup, iMonsanto ilwa ukugcina umsebenzi we-PR uyimfihlo

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Njengokuba iMonsanto iqhubeka nokulwa amabango asemthethweni malunga neengozi zokurhwaphiliswa kwayo kweeroundup, inkampani izama ukuthintela iiodolo zokuguqula iirekhodi zangaphakathi malunga nomsebenzi wayo nobudlelwane noluntu kunye neekhontraktha zokubonisana ngobuchule.

Kwi uthotho lweefilitha Inkundla yeSekethe yaseSt. Louis, iMonsanto ithi akufuneki ukuba ihambelane nezicelo zokufumanisa ezibandakanya ukusebenzisana okuthile phakathi kwayo kunye nenkampani yoluntu UmfundiHillard, nangona inkosi ekhethekileyo ifumene iMonsanto kufuneka ihambise loo maxwebhu. IMonsanto iyangqina ukuba unxibelelwano lwayo neFleishmanHillard kufuneka ithathelwe ingqalelo "njengelungelo," ngokufana nokunxibelelana negqwetha-nomxhasi, kwaye iMonsanto akufuneki ukuba ivelise njengenxalenye yokufumanisa kumagqwetha amele abaguli abanomhlaza abammangalela uMonsanto.

UFleishmanHillard waba yiarhente yerekhodi yeMonsanto "yomsebenzi wegama elidumileyo" kwi2013, kwaye abasebenzi bayo bazibandakanya ngokunzulu nenkampani, besebenza "kwiiofisi zikaMonsanto phantse yonke imihla" kwaye bafumana "ukufikelela kwizitokhwe zekhompyuter zolwazi oluyimfihlo olungeyoluntu," yatsho inkampani. "Inyaniso yokuba ezinye zonxibelelwano zibandakanya ukwenziwa kwemiyalezo eluntwini ayizukuhlutha ilungelo labo," utshilo uMonsanto kwinkundla yayo yokufayilisha.

UFleishmanHillard usebenze kwiiprojekthi ezimbini zeMonsanto eYurophu malunga nokubhaliswa kwakhona kwe
glyphosate kwaye wasebenza namagqwetha eMonsanto "kwiprojekthi ethile yophando lwejaji." Uhlobo lomsebenzi owenziwe yinkampani yonxibelelwano noluntu "ifuna unxibelelwano olunelungelo" nomcebisi wezomthetho kaMonsanto, inkampani ithe.

Kwangoko kulo nyaka umnini weMonsanto uBayer AG wathi iphelisa ubudlelwane bukaMonsanto noFleishmanHillard emva koko iindaba zaqhekeka ukuba inkampani yobudlelwane noluntu ibandakanyeke kwinkqubo yokuqokelelwa kwedatha eYurophu ngokubanzi yeMonsanto, ijolise kwiintatheli, abezopolitiko nabanye abachaphazelekayo ukuzama ukuphembelela umgaqo-nkqubo wokubulala izitshabalalisi.

IMonsanto ithathe indawo efanayo ngokubhekisele kunxibelelwano olubandakanya umsebenzi wayo kunye nenkampani yolawulo lwemifanekiso yenkampani Ukubonisana ne-FTI, apho uMonsanto waqesha ngoJuni 2016. "Ukungabikho kwegqwetha kuxwebhu olunelungelo nako akunikezi ngokuzenzekelayo olo xwebhu lube semngciphekweni womceli mngeni," utshilo uMonsanto ekubhaleni.

Kwangoko kulo nyaka, umqeshwa we-FTI waye wabanjwa ekulingiseni intatheli kolunye uvavanyo lomhlaza we-Roundup, ukuzama ukucebisa ngemigca yamabali kwezinye iintatheli ukuba zilandele iMonsanto.

Inkampani ifuna ukunqanda ukunikezela ngamaxwebhu abandakanya ubudlelwane bayo kunye neNkampani yeScotts Miracle-Gro, Ebithengisa kwaye ithengisa iMonsanto's Roundup ingca kunye neemveliso zegadi ukusukela nge1998.

Ngaphezulu kwamaxhoba omhlaza angama-40,000 okanye amalungu eentsapho zawo ngoku amangalela uMonsanto etyhola ukubhencwa kumgca wenkampani weeRoundup herbicides kwizifo zabo, ngokukaBayer. Amacala atyhola ukuba ukubhencwa kwi-Monsanto's herbicides kubangele ukuba abamangali baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye nangona iMonsanto ibisazi ngomngcipheko womhlaza, ngenjongo ayizange ibalumkise abathengi.

Bayer ibambe umnxeba wenkomfa kunye nabatyali-mali ngoLwesithathu ukuxoxa ngeziphumo zekota yesithathu kunye nokuhlaziya abanini zabelo kwityala leRoundup. Ebetha ithoni eqinisekisayo, u-CEO we-Bayer u-Werner Baumann uthe ngelixa abatyali mali bengothuka linani eliphezulu lezimangalo, "ayothusi loo nto." Uthe amagqwetha abamangali eMelika echithe amashumi ezigidi zeedola kwintengiso kubathengi.

"Ukonyuka kwenani lamatyala akutshintshi ukukholelwa kwethu kwiprofayili yokhuseleko lwe-glyphosate kwaye ayibonisi ukufaneleka kwesi simangalo," utshilo uBaumann. Izibheno ziyaqhubeka emva kokuba inkampani ilahlekelwe zizilingo ezintathu zokuqala, kwaye inkampani "iyakha" ngokuzibandakanya kulamlo, ngokukaBaumann. U-Bayer uyakuvuma kuphela kwisivumelwano "esifanelekileyo ngokwasemalini" kwaye siza kuzisa "ukuvalwa okufanelekileyo kwisimangalo sisonke," utshilo.

Nangona inkampani ibhekisa kuyo njenge- "glyphosate", abamangali batyhola ukuba umhlaza wabo awubangelwa kukuvezwa yi-glyphosate yodwa, kodwa kukuvezwa yimveliso esekwe kwi-glyphosate eyenziwe yiMonsanto.

Izifundo ezininzi zesayensi zibonise ukuba ukwenziwa kunetyhefu ngakumbi kune-glyphosate ngokwayo. I-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo yase-US (i-EPA) ayifunanga zifundo zexesha elide kukhuseleko kwiifom Roundup kuyo yonke iminyaka engama-40 kunye nemveliso ibisemarikeni, kwaye unxibelelwano lwangaphakathi lwenkampani phakathi kwezazinzulu zeMonsanto zifunyenwe ngamagqwetha abamangali apho Oososayensi baxoxa ngokusilela kovavanyo lwe-carcinogenicity kwiimveliso zeRoundup.

Izilingo ezininzi ebezicwangciselwe oku kuwa eSt. Louis, eMissouri indawo ziye zalibaziseka kwade kwangunyaka olandelayo.

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