Amaqela ama-Big Ag athi inkundla ayinakuxelela i-EPA ukuba iyayivala nini i-dicamba

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Esona sigebenga sikhulu sika-Big Ag sixelele inkundla yomanyano ukuba mayingazami ukuyekisa amafama omqhaphu e-GMO kunye nabalimi beembotyi zesoya ekusebenziseni ababulali bokhula lwe-dicamba ngokungekho mthethweni ukuphela kukaJulayi, ngaphandle komyalelo wenkundla ekuqaleni kwale nyanga wokuvalwa kwangoko.

Imibutho yesithandathu yezorhwebo yesizwe, yonke inamaqhina emali emide eMonsanto kunye nezinye iinkampani ezithengisa iimveliso ze-dicamba ekubhekiswa kuzo, zifake isikhalazo ngolwe-Lwesithathu kwiNkundla yezibheno yase-US kwiSekethe yesithoba icela inkundla ukuba ingazami ukuphazamisa. ngesibhengezo se-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (EPA) sokuba amafama angaqhubeka nokusebenzisa iimveliso ze-dicamba nge-31 kaJulayi.

Baye bacela inkundla ukuba ingayibambi indelelo i-EPA njengoko kuceliwe ngamaqela aphumelele Nge-3 kaJuni umyalelo wenkundla ukukhupha isibhengezo.

"Abalimi beembotyi zesoya kunye nabomqhaphu baseMelika bangabeka emngciphekweni omkhulu xa bengathintelwa ekusebenziseni iiMveliso zeDicamba ngeli xesha lokukhula," itshilo ingxelo emfutshane efayilishwe yiAmerican Farm Bureau Federation, American Soybean Association, National Cotton Council of America, National Association of Wheat Growers, National Umbutho wabaLimi boMbona, kunye nabavelisi beSorghum baSizwe.

Ngokwahlukeneyo, i-CropLife America, i-lobbyist enefuthe kwishishini lezolimo, wafaka ingxelo emfutshane  isithi ifuna ukunika "Iinkcukacha eziLuncedo kwiNkundla." UCropLife uxele kwifayile ukuba inkundla ayinalo igunya malunga nendlela i-EPA eqhubeka ngayo ukurhoxisa ukusetyenziswa kweemveliso zokubulala izitshabalalisi ezifana nababulali bokhula lwe-dicamba.

Iintshukumo kodwa zezakutshanje kumnyhadala omangalisayo weziganeko ezilandele isigwebo seSithoba seSekethe, efumanise ukuba i-EPA yaphule umthetho xa ivuma iimveliso zedicamba eziphuhliswe yiMonsanto - ephethwe yiBayer AG, kunye neemveliso ezithengiswa yiBASF, kunye UDuPont, ophethwe nguCorteva Inc.

Inkundla iyalele ukuvalwa kwangoko kokusetyenziswa kwemveliso nganye yeenkampani, ifumanisa ukuba i-EPA "ibubeka esichengeni kakhulu ubungozi" beemveliso eziya kumafama alima ezinye izityalo ngaphandle komqhaphu kunye ne-soy.

I-EPA ibonakala ngathi iyayilahla iodolo, nangona kunjalo, xa uxelele abalimi bekotoni kunye ne soy Banokuqhubeka nokutshiza iyeza lokubulala ukhula elichaphazelekayo ngoJulayi 31.

IZiko loKhuseleko loKutya (i-CFS) kunye namanye amaqela athe athatha i-EPA enkundleni malunga nalo mbandela abuyela kwinkundla kwiveki ephelileyo, efuna ukuba isekethe ye-9 bamba i-EPA ngendelelo. Inkundla ngoku ithathela ingqalelo eso siphakamiso.

"I-EPA kunye neenkampani zezibulali zinambuzane zizamile ukudida umba kwaye zizama ukoyikisa iNkundla," utshilo uGeorge Kimbrell, umlawuli wezomthetho weCFS kunye nommeli wabakhalazi. "Inkundla ibambe ukuba imveliso isebenzisa ukungekho mthethweni kwaye ubuqhetseba be-EPA abunakukutshintsha oko."

Umyalelo wokuthintela iimveliso ze-dicamba zenkampani ubangele isiphithiphithi kwilizwe lasefama kuba abalimi abaninzi beembotyi zesoya kunye nomqhaphu batyale izigidi zeehektare zezityalo ezinyamezelayo zemfuza ezenziwa nguMonsanto ngenjongo yokunyanga ukhula kulawo masimi ngamayeza okubulala ukhula e-dicamba enziwe iinkampani ezintathu. Izityalo ziyayinyamezela i-dicamba ngelixa ukhula lusifa.

Amaqela okuphembelela amafama athi kwisishwankathelo sabo ukuba izigidi ezingama-64 zeehektare zatyalwa ngembewu eyonyamezelayo dicamba ngeli xesha lonyaka. Bathe ukuba abo balimi abanakho ukutshiza amasimi abo ngeemveliso ze-dicamba baya kuba "bengazikhuselanga kukhula olumelana neminye imichiza yokubulala ukhula, ebangela
ezinokubakho iziphumo ezinokubakho kwimali ngenxa yelahleko yemveliso. ”

Xa iMonsanto, i-BASF kunye ne-DuPont / Corteva bakhupha i-dicamba herbicides kwiminyaka embalwa edlulileyo babanga ukuba iimveliso azizukuhamba zize ziye kumhlaba oselumelwaneni njengoko iinguqulelo ezindala zemveliso yokubulala ukhula lwe-dicamba zaziwa ukuba ziyazenza. Kodwa ezo ziqinisekiso zibonakalise zibubuxoki phakathi kwezikhalazo ezixhaphakileyo zomonakalo we-dicamba drift.

Ngaphezulu kwesigidi esinye seehektare zezityalo ezingezonjineli zemfuza ukunyamezela i-dicamba kwathiwa zonakalisiwe kunyaka ophelileyo kwi-18, inkundla yomanyano yathi kwisigqibo sayo.

“Injongo ye-EPA kukukhusela impilo yoluntu kunye nokusingqongileyo…” utshilo uMongameli webhodi yeSizwe yoMbutho weFama yeeFama uJim Goodman. "Ukuwudelela kwabo lo msebenzi bekungachazeki ngokucacileyo kunokungasihoyi kwabo isigwebo seNkundla yesithoba yeSibheno seZibheno sokumisa izicelo eziphezulu ze-dicamba ngokukhawuleza ukuthintela izigidi zeehektare zezityalo zamafama ukuba zingatshatyalaliswa."

NgoFebruwari, a Ijaji yaseMissouri iyalele I-Bayer kunye ne-BASF ukuhlawula umfama wepesika i-15 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo wembuyekezo kunye ne-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayayo womonakalo we-dicamba kwizitiya zomlimi. Ijaji yagqiba ukuba iMonsanto kunye ne-BASF baceba ukwenza izinto ababesazi ukuba ziya kukhokelela ekonakaleni kwezityalo kuba babelindele ukuba iyonyusa inzuzo yabo

EPA oobhontsi bempumlo ngokomyalelo wenkundla, uthi amafama asengayisebenzisa i-dicamba herbicides engekho mthethweni

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(IINKCUKACHA ngezimvo ezivela kwi-BASF)

I-Arhente yoKhuseleko lwezeNdalo ngoMvulo wathi ngekhe usihloniphe kwangoko isigwebo senkundla esikhutshwe kwiveki ephelileyo esithi kuthintelwe ukubulala ukhula okwenziwe ziinkampani ezintathu ezinkulu zemichiza emhlabeni.

Ukuhamba kwe-EPA kufana nesipho esivulekileyo kwi-BASF, Bayer naseCorteva Agrisciences ezinama-dicamba herbicides abonwa njengenkundla ukuba yamkelwe yi-EPA ngokungekho mthethweni. Inkundla ithe ngqo ngolungelelwano ikhutshwe kwiveki ephelileyo ukuba ayifuni kulibaziseka ukuphuma kwezi zicelo. Inkundla icaphule umonakalo owenziwe kukusetyenziswa kwe-dicamba kwihlobo elidlulileyo kwizigidi zeehektare zezityalo, iziqhamo kunye nemifuno kwilizwe laseFama.

Kodwa i-EPA ibhengeze uMvulo ukuba ikhupha "umyalelo wokurhoxisa" oza kunika amafama kude kube nguJulayi 31 ukuba asebenzise isitokhwe esele sikhona seBayer Xtendimax, i-Engenia ye-BASF, kunye ne-FeXapan yaseCorteva.

Isigwebo seNkundla yeziBheno yase-US kwiSekethe yesithoba safumanisa ukuba i-EPA yenza iimpazamo ezininzi ekuvumeni iimveliso ze-dicamba kwaye yaphendula kwisikhalazo esiziswe yiNational Family Farm Coalition, iZiko loKhuseleko lokutya, iZiko lokwahlukahlukana kwezinto eziphilayo, kunye Inethiwekhi yokuSebenza ngezibulala-zinambuzane eMntla Melika.

Iziko loKhuseleko loKutya (i-CFS), elinamagqwetha aphikisanayo nabaceli, bathi kwingxelo yokuba isenzo se-EPA "asinasihlahla" kwaye "siyabutyeshela ubungqina obubhalwe kakuhle noboyikekayo bokulimala okukhulu kumafama avela kwelinye ixesha lokutshiza eliyingozi. . ” Isenzo se-EPA sikwabutyeshela ubungozi be-dicamba kumakhulu ezilwanyana ezisengozini, utshilo uCFS.

“Ulawulo lukaTrump luyaphinda lubonakalise ukuba aluqwalaseli mthetho. Bonke abasebenzisi abaqhubeka bengafuni ezinye iindlela kufuneka babone ukuba basebenzisa imveliso eyingozi, enesiphene, kunye nemveliso engekho mthethweni. Siza kuzisa ukungaphumeleli kwe-EPA ukuthobela umyalelo weNkundla kwiNkundla ngokukhawuleza okukhulu, ”utshilo uCFS.

Unobhala wezoLimo e-US u-Sonny Perdue kwiveki ephelileyo ukhuthaze i-EPA ukuba icinge indlela ejikeleze isigwebo senkundla, evakalisa izimvo zika-Bayer, BASF kunye no-Corteva ezibiza i-dicamba herbicides ebalulekileyo "izixhobo" zamafama akhulisa iimbotyi zesoya kunye nomqhaphu.

I-EPA ithe ngokuthatha isigqibo sokuvumela amafama ukuba aqhubeke nokusebenzisa i-dicamba ukuphela kukaJulayi yayiphendula "iifowuni ezininzi ezingacelwanga kunye ne-imeyile" exelela iarhente "kukho inkxalabo yokwenyani kunye nokubakho kokutshatyalaliswa kwezityalo zomqhaphu nezesoya ezinokuthi kukhokelela kwintlekele kushishino. ”

I-EPA ayikhange iwamkele amanqaku amafama akhula ngaphandle kwezityalo ngaphandle kweembotyi zesoya ezinyamezelayo kunye nekotoni abaye balahlekelwa sisityalo kwi-dicamba drift kwaye boyika elinye ihlobo lokonakaliswa kwesityalo.

Amafama ebesebenzisa iyeza lokubulala ukhula ngaphezulu kweminyaka engama-50 kodwa ngokwesiko kuthintelwe ukufaka iyeza lokutshabalalisa ukhula kwiinyanga ezishushu zasehlotyeni, kwaye kunqabile ukuba kunokubakho kumhlaba omkhulu ngenxa yokuxhaphaka okwaziwayo kwemichiza ukukhukuliseka kude neendawo ekujoliswe kuzo ezinokonakalisa izityalo, iigadi, izitiya, namatyholo.

IMonsanto, eyayithengwe yiBayer kwi2018, yawuphakamisa lo mqobo xa yasungula imbewu yeembotyi zesoya kunye nembewu yomqhaphu kwiminyaka embalwa edlulileyo, ikhuthaza amafama ukuba atshize imixube emitsha yedicamba “ngaphezulu” kwezi zityalo zenziwe ngemfuza ngexesha lokushisa kwemozulu iinyanga ezikhulayo.

Intshukumo kaMonsanto yokudala izityalo ezinganyamezelekiyo ze-dicamba yeza emva kwesityalo esinganyamezelekiyo se-glyphosate kunye nokutshiza okuxhaphakileyo kwe-glyphosate kudala ubhubhane wokumelana nokhula kwilizwe lonke lasefama lase-US.

Amafama, izazinzulu zezolimo kunye nezinye iingcali zalumkisa uMonsanto kunye ne-EPA ukuba ukuzisa inkqubo yokunyamezela i-dicamba ayizukudala kuphela ukuxhathisa i-herbicide kodwa iya kukhokelela kumonakalo owonakalisayo kwizityalo ezingezonjongo zemfuza ukunyamezela i-dicamba.

Iinkampani zibanga ukuba iinguqulelo zabo ezintsha ze-dicamba azizukuhamba kwaye zihambe njengoko iinguqulelo ezindala zemveliso yokubulala ukhula ye-dicamba zaziwa ukuba ziyazenza. Kodwa ezo ziqinisekiso zibonakaliswe zibubuxoki phakathi kwezikhalazo ezibanzi zomonakalo we-dicamba drift kule minyaka idlulileyo. Ngaphezulu kwesigidi esinye seehektare zomonakalo wezityalo ze-dicamba waxelwa kunyaka ophelileyo kwi-18 ithi, inkundla iqaphele.

NgoFebruwari, ijaji evumayo yanika umfama wase-Missouri ipesika $ 15 yezigidi kumonakalo ohlawulelwayo kunye ne-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo ozohlawulwa yiBayer kunye ne-BASF ngomonakalo we-dicamba kwipropathi yakhe.

Kwingxelo ekhutshwe emva kwesibhengezo se-EPA, i-BASF ithe iyasixhasa isigqibo se-EPA sokuvumela ukusetyenziswa okuqhubekekayo kwezitokhwe ezikhoyo ze-BASF's Engenia herbicide nge-31 kaJulayi, kodwa yathi "ukucaca okongeziweyo kunye nokuguquguquka" kuyafuneka. Inkampani ithi ikurhoxisile kwangoko ukuthengisa kunye nokuthumela i-Engenia herbicide emva kwesigqibo seveki ephelileyo. 

Inkampani ithe izakuqhubeka nokulandela ukubhaliswa kwakhona kwe-Engenia kwi-EPA kwaye ivavanya iindlela zayo zokulandela izilungiso zomthetho zokucela umngeni kwinkundla.

Iifilitha ezintsha zomthetho ngaphezulu kweengozi zeRoundup phakathi kokulibaziseka kwenkundla

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Nangona ukusasazeka kwe-coronavirus kuvala iminyango yenkundla kuluntu kunye namagqwetha, ukuqhutywa komthetho kuyaqhubeka kumabango obungozi obunxulunyaniswa ne-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides.

Amaqela amabini enkxaso engenzi nzuzo, iZiko loKhuseleko loKutya (i-CFS) kunye neZiko lokwahluka kweBiological (CBD), ifayilishe i-amicus emfutshane egameni lesigulana somhlaza uEdwin Hardeman ngo-Matshi 23. UHardeman uphumelele isigwebo sejaji ngokuchasene neMonsanto ye- $ 80 yezigidi Nge-Matshi ka-2019, uba ngummangali wesibini ophumeleleyo kwisimangalo seRoundup. Ijaji yetyala yalinciphisa ibhaso lejaji laba ngu zizonke ezizigidi ezingama-25 zeedola. IMonsanto ibhenele ibhaso nangona kunjalo, ukubuza inkundla yezibheno ukuguqula isigwebo.

Isishwankathelo esitsha somthetho esixhasa izixhobo zokubala zikaHardeman enye efayilishwe yi-Arhente yoKhuseleko lwezeNdalo (EPA) exhasa iMonsanto kwisibheno seHardeman.

Isishwankathelo se-CFS kunye ne-CBD sithi iMonsanto kunye ne-EPA zombini azilunganga ukubanga ukuba ukwamkelwa kwe-EPA ye-glyphosate herbicides izame umngeni kukhuseleko lweemveliso:

        Ngokuchasene nezimangalo zikaMonsanto, ityala likaMnu Hardeman alinakulungiswa kwisigqibo se-EPA ngokumalunga ne-glyphosate kuba i-Roundup yinkqubo ye-glyphosate i-EPA engazange ivavanye i-carcinogenicity. Ngapha koko, iziphene kunye nokucalucalula kujongela phantsi ukuvavanywa kwe-EPA ye-glyphosate's carcinogenicity kunye nenkundla yesithili yayichanekile ngokuvumela ubungqina bokuba kunjalo, "sitsho ngokufutshane.

         "IMonsanto ifuna le Nkundla ikholelwe ukuba" i-glyphosate "iyafana 'neRoundup.' Isizathu silula: ukuba la magama ayatshintshana, ke, bathi, ukufumanisa kwe-EPA ukuba i-glyphosate "ayinakubangelwa yi-carcinogenic" iya kusebenza kwi-Roundup kwaye inokuthi inyanzele ityala likaMnu Hardeman. Nangona kunjalo njengoko ubungqina oboniswe kuvavanyo luboniswa, "i-glyphosate" kunye ne "Roundup" azifani kwaphela, kwaye iRoundup inetyhefu kakhulu kune-glyphosate. Ngaphaya koko, i-EPA ayikaze ivavanye i-Roundup ye-carcinogenicity. Iifomathi zeGlyphosate, ezinje ngeRoundup, ziqulathe izithako ezongezelelweyo (co-formulants) ukuphucula ukusebenza ngandlela thile. I-EPA iyayiqonda le mixube ukuba iyityhefu kune-glyphosate iyodwa, kodwa ijolise kuvavanyo lomhlaza kwi-glyphosate emsulwa… ”

Yahlula amagama okugweba i-EPA

Kwisenzo somthetho esahlukileyo, kwiveki ephelileyo iZiko loKhuseleko loKutya lifake isimangalo somthetho ngokuchasene ne-EPA ngaphezulu kwenkxaso yayo eqhubekayo ye-glyphosate. Ibango, elenzelwe umanyano lwabasebenzi basezifama, amafama, kunye nabalondolozi bendalo, ityhola i-EPA kukwaphula umthetho weFederal Insecticide, Fungicide, kunye neRodenticide Act kunye ne-Endangered Species Act ngokuqhubeka nokuvumela ukusetyenziswa gabalala kwe-glyphosate herbicides.

"Ngelixa i-EPA ikhusela i-glyphosate, amatyala amatyala aliqela afumanise ukuba abangela umhlaza, elawula abo bachaphazeleka kukuvezwa," utshilo uCFS kwimithombo yeendaba. “Iifomathi zeGlyphosate ezinje ngeRoundup nazo zimiselwe kakuhle njengezinefuthe elinobungozi kwindalo esingqongileyo. Emva kovavanyo lobhaliso olwenziwe kwisithuba seminyaka elishumi, i-EPA yavumela intengiso eqhubekayo yesibulali zinambuzane nangona iarhente isilele ukuvavanya ngokupheleleyo ukuphazamiseka kwencindi yamadlala eglyphosate okanye iziphumo zayo kwizilwanyana ezisengozini nasengozini. ”

UBill Freese, umhlalutyi womgaqo-nkqubo wezenzululwazi kwiCFS uthe: "Endaweni yokubonana 'nesayensi efumanekayo,' njengoko i-EPA isitsho, iarhente ixhomekeke phantse ngokupheleleyo kwizifundo zeMonsanto, ukukhetha idatha ehambelana nenjongo yayo kunye nokugxotha ezinye."

Ukuphazamiseka kwenkundla okunxulumene nentsholongwane

IMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG bebesebenza ukuzama ukulungisa inani elikhulu lamashumi amawaka amabango omhlaza we-Roundup angeniswe kwiinkundla zase-US. Lo mzamo uyaqhubeka, kwaye iindawo zokuhlala sele zifikelelwe kubamangali abathile, ngokokutsho kwemithombo ebandakanyekayo kwezi ntetho. Ilungelo lase-US lokwazi uxelwe ekuqaleni kukaJanuwari Amaqela ebesebenza kwisivumelwano esikwi- $ 8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-10 yezigidi zeedola.

Nangona kunjalo, amanye amatyala amaninzi ayaqhubeka nokusebenza ngendlela yenkqubo yenkundla, kubandakanya isibheno sikaDewayne "Lee" Johnson, ummangali wokuqala ukuphumelela ngokuchasene neMonsanto kwityala leRoundup. Amagqwetha kaJohnson ayenethemba lokuba iNkundla yeziBheno yaseCalifornia izakubamba iingxoxo zomlomo kwisibheno sikaMonsanto sokuphumelela kukaJohnson ngaxa lithile ngo-Epreli. Kodwa ngoku kubonakala kungenakulindeleka njengoko amanye amatyala acwangciselwe uMatshi ngoku atyhalelweyo ku-Epreli.

Kananjalo, zonke iiseshoni zomntu buqu zeempikiswano zomlomo kwinkundla yezibheno okwangoku zimisiwe. Umcebisi okhetha ukunikezela ingxoxo yomlomo kufuneka enze njalo ngomnxeba, inkundla ithi.

Ngeli xesha, iinkundla kumacandelo amaninzi aseCalifornia zivaliwe kwaye amatyala ejaji amisiwe ukuzama ukukhusela abantu ekusasazeni intsholongwane. Inkundla yomanyano eSan Francisco, apho isigwebo se-Roundup sisembindini, ivaliwe eluntwini, kubandakanya nokumiswa kwamatyala, kude kube ngoMeyi 1. Iijaji zisakwazi ukukhupha izigwebo, nangona kunjalo, kwaye zibambe ukuxoxwa ngefowuni.

EMissouri, apho uninzi lwenkundla yamatyala e-Roundup esekwe, zonke iinkqubo zenkundla yomntu (ngaphandle kwezimbalwa) zinqunyanyisiwe ngo-Epreli 17, ngokweNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseMissouri umyalelo. 

Ityala elinye laseMissouri elalimiselwe ukuxoxwa nge-Matshi 30 kwiNkundla yesiXeko saseSt. Louis ngoku linomhla wetyala obekelwe umhla we-27 ku-Epreli. Ityala nguSeitz v Monsanto # 1722-CC11325.

Ukuyalela olu tshintsho, iJaji uMichael Mullen ubhale wathi: “NGENXA YOKUXHAPHAZWA KWESIZWE KWI-COVID-19 VIRUS KUNYE NOKUFUMANEKA KWEJURORS KWELI CIRCITIT INKUNDLA EBHEKILEYO IYASUSA ELI Tyala KUMATSHI 30, 2020 TRIAL DOCKET. UNOBANGELA UPHINDE WABEKA INKOMFA YOKULUNGISELELA UVAVANYO NGOMVULO, APRILI 27, 2020 @ 9:00 AM. ”