Ukusweleka kunye nokuhlala njengoko iBayer iqhubeka nokuzama ukuphelisa ukumangalelwa ngeRoundup

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Kwiinyanga ezisixhenxe emva kweBayer AG zi cwangciso Ukuza kuthi ga kumatyala e-US Roundup omangalelanayo, umnini waseJamani iMonsanto Co uyaqhubeka nokusebenza ukulungisa amashumi amawaka amabango aziswe ngabantu abaphethwe ngumhlaza abathi zibangelwe yimveliso yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto. NgoLwesithathu, elinye ityala labonakala lifumana ukuvalwa, nangona ummangali khange aphile ukuyibona.

Amagqwetha kaJaime Alvarez Calderon, kuvunyelwene ekuqaleni kwale veki kwisigqibo esenziwe nguBayer emva kweJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria ngoMvulo wakhanyela isigwebo sesishwankathelo ukuthanda iMonsanto, ukuvumela ityala ukuba lisondele kwilingo.

Indawo yokuhlala iya kuya koonyana baka-Alvarez abane kuba utata wabo oneminyaka engama-65, osebenza ixesha elide e-winery eNapa County, California, usweleke nje kunyaka ophelileyo kwi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma watyhola umsebenzi wakhe wokutshiza i-Roundup ejikeleze ipropathi ye-winery iminyaka.

Kwityala elabanjwa kwinkundla yomanyano ngoLwesithathu, igqwetha losapho lakwa-Alvarez uDavid Diamond uxelele iJaji uChhabria ukuba ityala liza kulivala ityala.

Emva kokumanyelwa kwetyala, uDiamond wathi u-Alvarez usebenze kwindawo yokuthengisa iivenkile kangangeminyaka engama-33, esebenzisa isitshizi sasemva kobhaka ukufaka isicelo seMonsanto esekwe kwiglyphosate I-herbicides yokuhlambela i-acreage yeqela laseKhaya leSutter leewindows. Wayedla ngokuya ekhaya ngorhatya enxibe impahla emanzi ngeyeza lokubulala iintsholongwane ngenxa yokuvuza kwezixhobo kunye nombulali wokhula obaleka emoyeni. Wafunyaniswa ngo-2014 ene-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, esenza imijikelo emininzi ye-chemotherapy kunye nolunye unyango ngaphambi kokuba afe ngo-Disemba ka-2019.

UDiamond uthe wonwabile kukusombulula le nyewe kodwa une "400 plus" amatyala eRoundup angakasombululwa.

Akayedwa. Ubuncinci isiqingatha seshumi elinanye lezinye iifemu zomthetho zase-US zinabamangali baseRoundup abafuna useto lwetyala ngo-2021 nangaphaya.

Ukusukela ukuthenga iMonsanto kwi-2018, iBayer ibisokola ukufumana indlela yokwenza phelisa isimangalo oko kubandakanya abangaphezulu kwe-100,000 XNUMX abamangali e-United States. Inkampani ilahlekelwe zizo zontathu izilingo ezibanjiweyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye ilahlekile kwimijikelo yokuqala yezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala. Amajoni kuvavanyo ngalunye kuvavanyo lwafumanisa ukuba lweMonsanto I-glyphosate-based herbicides Ngaba ubangela umhlaza kwaye iMonsanto ichithe amashumi eminyaka ifihla umngcipheko.

Ukongeza kwimizamo yokusombulula amabango asalindelweyo ngoku, iBayer ikwanethemba lokudala indlela yokusombulula amabango anokubakho anokuvela kubasebenzisi beRoundup abaphuhlisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwixa elizayo. Isicwangciso sayo sokuqala sokujongana nesimangalo esizayo yaliwa NguJaji Chhabria kwaye inkampani ayikabhengezi isicwangciso esitsha.

Ibhanti ka-Bayer yokuhlawula amabango e-US Roundup enza inkqubela phambili

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Umnini weMonsanto uBayer AG wenza inkqubela phambili ekusombululeni amatyala angamawakawaka aseMelika aziswe ngabantu betyhola bona okanye abathandekayo babo ukuba babe nomhlaza emva kokubhencwa kwimichiza yokubulala ukhula iMonsanto's Roundup.

Imbalelwano yamva nje evela kubameli babamangali iye kubathengi babo igxininise inkqubela phambili, eqinisekisa ipesenti enkulu yabamangali abakhetha ukuthatha inxaxheba ekuhlaleni, ngaphandle kwezikhalazo zabamangali abaninzi abajamelene nezindululo zokuhlawula ezincinci.

Ngokwezinye izibalo, isixa semali esihlawulelwayo siya kushiya intlawulo encinci, mhlawumbi amawaka ambalwa eedola, kubamangali ngabanye emva kokuba kuhlawulwe imirhumo yamagqwetha kwaye iindleko ezithile zonyango ezihlawulelwayo zihlawulwa.

Nangona kunjalo, ngokwencwadi eyathunyelwa kubamangali ngasekupheleni kuka-Novemba ngomnye weefemu zomthetho ezikhokelayo, ngaphezulu kweepesenti ezingama-95 "zababango abafanelekileyo" bagqibe ekubeni bathathe inxaxheba kwisicwangciso sokuhlala ekuxoxiswene ngaso nenkampani neBayer. Ngoku "imbawula yokuhlala" ineentsuku ezingama-30 zokuphonononga amatyala nokuqinisekisa ukufaneleka kwabamangali ukufumana inkxaso-mali yokuhlawula ityala, ngokwembalelwano.

Abantu banokukhetha ukuphuma ekuhlaleni kwaye bathathe amabango abo baye kulamlo, kulandele ukuzibophelela kulamlo ukuba banqwenela okanye bazame ukufumana igqwetha elitsha elizokusa ityala labo enkundleni. Abo bamangali banokuba nexesha elinzima lokufumana igqwetha eliza kubanceda bathathe ityala labo balise enkundleni kuba amafemu ezomthetho avumelana nokuhlala neBayer avumile ukungazami amanye amatyala okanye ukunceda kulingo oluzayo.

Ummangali omnye, ocele ukungachazwa ngegama ngenxa yemfihlo yenkqubo yentlawulo, uthe uyaphuma kwesi sihlalo ngethemba lokufumana imali ethe kratya ngokulamla okanye kwityala elizayo. Uthe ufuna uvavanyo oluqhubekekayo kunye nonyango lomhlaza wakhe kwaye indawo yokuhlala ecetywayo ayizukumshiya nento yokuhlawulela iindleko eziqhubekayo.

"IBayer ifuna ukukhululwa ngokuhlawula imali encinci kangangoko ngaphandle kokuya enkundleni," utshilo.

Uqikelelo olubi kumndilili wokuhlawulwa kwemali kummangali malunga ne- $ 165,000, amagqwetha kunye nabamangali ababandakanyekayo kwiingxoxo bathe. Kodwa abanye abamangali banokufumana ngaphezulu kakhulu, kwaye abanye bafumane okungaphantsi, kuxhomekeke kwiinkcukacha zetyala labo. Zininzi iindlela zokumisela ukuba ngubani onokuthatha inxaxheba kwintlawulo kunye nokuba ingakanani imali anokuyifumana loo mntu.

Ukuze afaneleke, umsebenzisi we-Roundup kufuneka abe ngummi wase-US, kwaye afunyaniswe ukuba une-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), kwaye ebenokubonakaliswa kwi-Roundup okungenani unyaka omnye ngaphambi kokuba afunyaniswe ene-NHL.

Isivumelwano sokuhlawula kunye neBayer siyakugqitywa xa umlawuli eqinisekisa ukuba ngaphezulu kweepesenti ezingama-93 zamabango afanelekileyo, ngokwemiqathango yesivumelwano.

Ukuba umlawuli wentlawulo ufumanisa ukuba ummangali akafaneleki, loo mmangali uneentsuku ezingama-30 zokubhena kwisigqibo.

Kwabamangali ababonwa befanelekile umlawuli wolungiso uya kunikezela ityala ngalinye inani lamanqaku ngokusekwe kwiikhrayitheriya ezithile. Inani lemali lommangali ngamnye alifumanayo lisekwe kwinani lamanqaku abaliwe kwimeko yabo nganye.

Amanqaku esiseko asekwa kusetyenziswa ubudala bomntu ngelo xesha afunyaniswa ene-NHL kunye nenqanaba lobunzima "bokwenzakala" njengoko kumiselwe kwinqanaba lonyango kunye nesiphumo. Amanqanaba abaleka 1-5. Umntu osweleke kwi-NHL wabelwe amanqaku esiseko kwinqanaba lesi-5, umzekelo. Amanqaku angaphezulu anikwa abantu abancinci abaye bafumana imijikelo yonyango kunye / okanye bafa.

Ukongeza kumanqaku esiseko, uhlengahlengiso luyavunyelwa olunika amanqaku ngakumbi kubamangali ababekhe babhencwa ngakumbi kwiRoundup. Kukho izibonelelo zamanqaku angakumbi kwiindidi ezithile ze-NHL. Abamangali bafunyaniswe benohlobo lwe-NHL ebizwa ngokuba yiPrimary Central Nervous System (CNS) i-lymphoma ifumana i-10 yepesenti yokunyusa amanqaku abo, umzekelo.

Abantu banokuba namanqaku ancitshisiweyo ngokusekwe kwizinto ezithile. Nayi imizekelo embalwa evela kumanqaku e-matrix amiselwe ukumangalelwa ngeRoundup:

  • Ukuba umsebenzisi wemveliso yeRoundup wasweleka phambi kukaJanuwari 1, 2009, amanqaku apheleleyo ebango aziswe egameni lawo aya kuncitshiswa ngama-50 epesenti.
  • Ukuba ummangali ongasekhoyo wayengenalo iqabane okanye abantwana abancinci ngexesha lokusweleka kwabo kunokuthathwa iipesenti ezingama-20.
  • Ukuba ummangali wayenayo nayiphi na imihlaza yegazi ngaphambi kokusebenzisa i-Roundup amanqaku abo anqunyulwa ngeepesenti ezingama-30.
  • Ukuba ixesha lexesha phakathi kokuvezwa kwe-Roundup yebango kunye nokuchongwa kwe-NHL yayingaphantsi kweminyaka emibini amanqaku anqunyulwe iipesenti ezingama-20.

Ingxowa mali yokuhlala kufuneka iqale ukungena kubathathi-nxaxheba entwasahlobo kunye neentlawulo zokugqibela ezinethemba lokuba zenziwe ngehlobo, ngokutsho kwamagqwetha abandakanyekayo.

Abamangali banokufaka izicelo zokuba babe yinxalenye "yengxowa-mali yokulimala engaqhelekanga," isetelwe iqela elincinci labamangali abanengxaki yokulimala okunxulumene ne-NHL. Ibango linokufanelekela kwingxowa-mali yokulimala engaqhelekanga ukuba ukubhubha komntu kwi-NHL kufike emva kweekhosi ezintathu okanye nangaphezulu ezigcweleyo zonyango kunye nezinye iindlela zonyango.

Ukusukela ukuthenga iMonsanto kwi-2018, iBayer ibisokola ukufumana indlela yokuphelisa isimangalo esibandakanya ngaphezulu kwe-100,000 yabamangali eMelika. Inkampani ilahlekelwe zizo zontathu izilingo ezibanjiweyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye ilahlekile kwimijikelo yokuqala yezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala. Amajoni kuvavanyo ngalunye kuvavanyo lwafumanisa ukuba lweMonsanto I-glyphosate-based herbicides, ezinje ngeRoundup, zibangela umhlaza kwaye iMonsanto ichithe amashumi eminyaka ifihla umngcipheko.

Amabhaso ejaji afikelele ngaphaya kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi, nangona izigwebo ziye zayalelwa ukuba zincitshiswe lityala kunye nezibheno zenkundla.

Iinzame zenkampani zokusombulula isimangalo ziye zacaciswa ngokuyinxalenye ngumceli mngeni wendlela yokuphelisa amabango anokuziswa kwikamva ngabantu abaphuhlisa umhlaza emva kokusebenzisa iyeza lenkampani.

Izibheno zovavanyo ziyaqhubeka

Nangona iBayer ijolise ekupheliseni izilingo ezizayo ngokuhlawula iidola, inkampani iyaqhubeka nokuzama ukuguqula iziphumo zezilingo ezintathu ezilahlekileyo inkampani.

Kwilahleko yokuqala yetyala- Ityala likaJohnson v. Monsanto -U-Bayer waphulukana nemizamo yokuguqula i-jury efumanisa ukuba iMonsanto yayinoxanduva lomhlaza kaJohnson kwinqanaba lenkundla yezibheno, kwaye ngo-Okthobha, iNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia ale ukujonga kwakhona kwimeko.

I-Bayer ngoku ineentsuku ezili-150 ukusuka kweso sigqibo sokucela ukuba umcimbi uhanjiswe yiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-US. Inkampani ayisenzi sigqibo sokugqibela malunga neli nyathelo, ngokutsho kwesithethi seBayer, kodwa ibonakalisile ngaphambili ukuba inenjongo yokuthatha amanyathelo.

Ukuba iBayer yenza isicelo kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-US, amagqwetha kaJohnson kulindeleke ukuba afake isibheno esinemiqathango ecela inkundla ukuba ihlolisise amanyathelo okugweba awanciphise ibhaso likaJohnson ukusuka kwi-289 yezigidi ukuya kwi-20.5 yezigidi.

Amanye amatyala enkundla yaseBayer / Monsanto

Ukongeza kumatyala eBayer ajongene nembambano yomhlaza wase-Monsanto's Roundup, inkampani iyasokola noxanduva lweMonsanto kwityala lokungcoliseka kwe-PCB nakwizityholo zomonakalo wesityalo obangelwe yinkqubo yezityalo esekwe kwiMicanto ye-dicamba.

Ijaji yomdibaniso eLos Angeles kwiveki ephelileyo wasikhaba isicelo nguBayer ukuhlawula i-648 yezigidi zeedola ukulungisa ityala elithathwa ngabafaki-zicelo betyhola ukungcoliseka kwii-biphenyls ezine-polychlorine, okanye ii-PCB, ezenziwe yiMonsanto.

Kwiveki ephelileyo, ijaji yetyala kwityala lika Iifama zeBader, Inc. v. Monsanto yalahla izindululo zikaBayer kwetyala elitsha. Ijaji inqumle umonakalo owohlwaywa yijaji, nangona kunjalo, ukusuka kwi-250 yezigidi ukuya kwi-60 yezigidi zeedola, ishiya umonakalo ongahlawulwanga we-15 yezigidi, ngebhaso elipheleleyo le- $ 75 yezigidi.

Amaxwebhu afunyenweyo ngokufumanisa kwimeko ye-Bader ityhile ukuba iMonsanto kunye ne-BASF enkulu yeekhemikhali bebeyazi iminyaka ukuba izicwangciso zabo zokwazisa ngedicamba herbicide esekwe kwimbewu kunye nenkqubo yemichiza inokukhokelela kumonakalo kwiifama ezininzi zaseMelika.

Inkundla yezibheno iyayikhaba imali iMonsanto yokuphinda umiselwe ityala

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Inkundla yezibheno eCalifornia ngoLwesibini yalahla iMonsanto Umzamo wokunciphisa i-4 yezigidi ukusuka kwisixa semali esityala umgcini-ndawo waseCalifornia osokolayo ukusinda umhlaza ofunyenwe yijaji yabangelwa kukuvezwa komntu kwiMoldanto's Roundup herbicides.

Inkundla yezibheno yeSithili sokuQala seZibheno saseCalifornia ikwasikhaba isicelo senkampani sokuphinda umanyelwe lo mbandela. Isigqibo senkundla silandele isigwebo saso kwinyanga ephelileyo Ukubetha iMonsanto  ngokukhanyela ukomelela kobungqina bokuba ababulali bayo bokhula olusisiseko se-glyphosate babangela umhlaza. Kweso sigwebo sangoJulayi, inkundla yathi ummangali uDewayne “Lee” Johnson unike ubungqina “obuninzi” bokuba umbulali wokhula kaMonsanto ubangele umhlaza wakhe. "Ingcali emva kokuba ingcali inike ubungqina bobabini ukuba iimveliso zeRoundup ziyakwazi ukubangela i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma ... kwaye yabangela umhlaza kaJohnson ngokukodwa," inkundla yezibheno yathi kwisigqibo sayo sangoJulayi.

Kweso sigqibo ukusukela kwinyanga ephelileyo, inkundla yezibheno yenze njalo, isike isinxephezelo somonakalo esityala uJohnson, eyalela uMonsanto ukuba ahlawule i-20.5 yezigidi zeedola, ezantsi ukusuka kwi-78 yezigidi zeedola eyalelwa ngumgwebi wetyala kwaye yehla kwi-289 yezigidi zeedola eyalelwa yijaji eyagqiba isigqibo sikaJohnson Ityala ngo-Agasti 2018.

Ukongeza kwi-20.5 yezigidi zeedola iMonsanto etyala uJohnson, inkampani iyalelwa ukuba ihlawule i-519,000 yeedola kwiindleko.

IMonsanto, eyayithengwe nguBayer AG kwi2018, yayinayo ibongoza inkundla ukusika ibhaso kuJohnson ukuya kwi- $ 16.5 yezigidi.

Isigqibo seDicamba simi ngokunjalo

Isigqibo senkundla yangoLwesibini silandele a Isigqibo esikhutshwe ngoMvulo yiNkundla yezibheno yase-US kwiSekethe yesithoba iphika ukuphinda kuqhutywe isigqibo senkundla kaJuni shiya imvume yemveliso yokubulala ukhula esekwe dicamba Bayer ezuzwe njengelifa kwiMonsanto. Isigwebo sikaJuni sikwaphelise ngokufanelekileyo i-dicamba-based herbicides eyenziwe yi-BASF kunye neCorteva Agriscience.

Iinkampani zaye zacela iqela elibanzi leejaji kwiijaji zesekethe zeThoba ukuba liziqhelanise neli tyala, zisithi isigqibo sokurhoxisa ukwamkelwa kolawulo lweemveliso sasingalunganga. Kodwa inkundla yasikhaba ngaw 'omane eso sicelo.

Kwisigqibo sayo sangoJuni, iSekethe yethoba yathi i-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) yaphule umthetho xa ivuma iimveliso zedicamba eziphuhliswe nguMonsanto / Bayer, BASF kunye neCorteva.

Inkundla iyalele ukuvalwa kwangoko kokusetyenziswa kwemveliso nganye yenkampani ye-dicamba, ifumanisa ukuba i-EPA "ibubeka ecaleni ubungozi" bemithi yokubulala ukhula kwaye "isilele ngokupheleleyo ukwamkela eminye imingcipheko."

Isigqibo senkundla sokuthintela iimveliso ze-dicamba zenkampani sabangela isiphithiphithi kwilizwe lasefama kuba abalimi abaninzi beembotyi zesoya kunye nomqhaphu batyale izigidi zeehektare zezityalo ezinyamezelayo zemfuza ezenziwa yiMonsanto ngenjongo yokunyanga ukhula kulawo masimi ngamayeza okubulala ukhula e-dicamba iinkampani ezintathu. Ngokufana ne "Roundup Ready" izityalo ezinganyamezelekiyo, izityalo ezinyamezelayo ze-dicamba zivumela amafama ukuba afafaze i-dicamba ngaphezulu kwamasimi abo ukubulala ukhula ngaphandle kokonakalisa izityalo zabo.

Xa iMonsanto, i-BASF kunye ne-DuPont / Corteva bakhupha i-dicamba herbicides kwiminyaka embalwa edlulileyo babanga ukuba iimveliso azizukuhamba zize ziye kumhlaba oselumelwaneni njengoko iinguqulelo ezindala zemveliso yokubulala ukhula lwe-dicamba zaziwa ukuba ziyazenza. Kodwa ezo ziqinisekiso zibonakalise zibubuxoki phakathi kwezikhalazo ezixhaphakileyo zomonakalo we-dicamba drift.

Ngaphezulu kwesigidi esinye seehektare zezityalo ezingezonjineli zemfuza ukunyamezela i-dicamba kwathiwa zonakalisiwe kunyaka ophelileyo kwi-18, inkundla yomanyano yathi kwisigqibo sayo sangoJuni.

Inkundla yezibheno ixhasa izizathu zovavanyo lomhlaza we-Roundup ophumelele iMonsanto

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Ngenye ilahleko yenkundla kumnini weMonsanto uBayer AG, inkundla yezibheno yala umzamo wenkampani wokubhukuqa uloyiso lwetyala olungafakwanga ngumgcini wesikolo saseCalifornia otyhola ukubhencwa kwimichiza yokubulala iintsholongwane eMonsanto yabangela ukuba abe nomhlaza, nangona inkundla yathi umonakalo kufuneka ube yinqumle kwi-20.5 yezigidi zeedola.

Inkundla yeziBheno yesiThili sokuqala seZibheno eCalifornia utshilo uMvulo ukuba iimpikiswano zikaMonsanto zazingacacanga kwaye uDewayne “Lee” Johnson wayenelungelo lokuqokelela i-10.25 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo wembuyekezo kunye nezinye i-10.25 yezigidi kumonakalo owohlwayo. Oko kuhla kwisimbuku se-78 yezigidi zeedola ijaji yetyala ivumelekile.

"Ngokokubona kwethu, uJohnson wabonisa ubungqina obuninzi-kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo bukhulu- bokuba i-glyphosate, kunye nezinye izithako kwimveliso yeRoundup, yabangela umhlaza wakhe," yatsho inkundla. "Ingcali emva kokuba ingcali inike ubungqina bobabini ukuba iimveliso zeRoundup ziyakwazi ukubangela i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma ... kwaye yabangela umhlaza kaJohnson ngokukodwa."

Inkundla iphinde yaqaphela ukuba "kwabakho ubungqina obugqithisileyo bokuba uJohnson wabandezeleka, kwaye uzakuqhubeka nokubandezeleka ubomi bakhe bonke, iintlungu kunye nokubandezeleka."

Inkundla yathi impikiswano kaMonsanto yokuba iziphumo zesayensi malunga nokunxibelelana kwe-glyphosate nomhlaza zenza "umbono omncinci" awuxhaswanga.

Ngokukodwa, inkundla yezibheno yongeze ukuba isohlwayo somonakalo sasikhona ngenxa yokuba kwakukhona ubungqina obaneleyo bokuba uMonsanto wenza "ngabom nangokungakhathaleli ukhuseleko lwabanye."

UMike Miller, ogama lakhe laseVirginia lalimela uJohnson etyaleni kunye neBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman inkampani yaseLos Angeles, wathi wayevuyiswa kukuqinisekiswa kwenkundla ukuba uJohnson uhlaselwe ngumhlaza ekusebenziseni kwakhe iRoundup kwaye inkundla iqinisekisile imbasa yesohlwayo. umonakalo ngenxa “yokuziphatha gwenxa ngabom kukaMonsanto.”

“Umnumzana Johnson usaqhubekeka nokugula. Siyazingca ngokulwela uMnu Johnson nokulandela kwakhe ubulungisa, ”utshilo uMiller.

IMonsanto ityala inzala yonyaka kwinqanaba leepesenti ezili-10 ukusuka ngo-Epreli we-2018 de ihlawule isigwebo sokugqibela.

Ukuncitshiswa komonakalo kubotshelelwe kwinxalenye yokuba oogqirha baxelele uJohnson ukuba umhlaza wakhe awupheli kwaye akalindelwe ukuba aphile ixesha elide. Inkundla ivumile noMonsanto ukuba ngenxa yomonakalo owenzelwayo wenzelwe ukubuyekeza iintlungu ezizayo, ukubandezeleka ngokwasengqondweni, ukuphulukana nokonwaba kobomi, ukukhubazeka emzimbeni, njlnjl .. Ixesha elifutshane lokuphila kukaJohnson ngokusemthethweni lithetha ngomonakalo "ongekho kwezoqoqosho" wexesha elizayo owanikwa yinkundla yamatyala. kufuneka icuthwe.

U-Brent Wisner, elinye lamagqwetha kaJohnson, wathi ukwehliswa komonakalo sisiphumo "sesona siphoso sinzulu somthetho waseCalifornia."

"Ngokusisiseko, umthetho waseCalifornia awumvumeli ummangali ukuba afumane ithuba elifutshane lokuphila," utshilo uWisner. “Oku kuvuza ngokufanelekileyo ummangalelwa ngokubulala ummangali, ngokuchasene nokwenzakala nje kwakhe. Yimpambano. ”

Ukujongwa kokuziphatha kukaMonsanto

Kwakuyinyanga nje ezimbini emva kokuba iBayer ithenge iMonsanto, ngo-Agasti 2018, ukuba ijaji enye wanika uJohnson i-289 yezigidi zeedola, kubandakanya i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayayo, ukufumanisa ukuba ayenzanga kuphela imichiza yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto ibangele ukuba uJohnson avelise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kodwa ukuba inkampani iyayazi ingozi yomhlaza kwaye yasilela ukulumkisa uJohnson. Ityala elalibandakanya iMonsanto glyphosate ezimbini zeemveliso zokutshabalalisa ukhula - iRoundup kunye neRanger Pro.

Ijaji yetyala lasithoba isigwebo esiyi- $ 78 yezigidi kodwa uMonsanto wabhenela kwisixa esincitshisiweyo. Umnqamlezo uJohnson ubhenele ekubuyiseleni isigwebo se-289 yezigidi.

Ityala likaJohnson lagutyungelwa ngamajelo eendaba kwihlabathi liphela kwaye libeka ukuqaqanjelwa kokuziphatha okungathandabuzekiyo kweMonsanto. Amagqwetha kaJohnson abonisa abagwebi ii-imeyile zenkampani yangaphakathi kunye nezinye iirekhodi ezibonisa oososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngemibhalo yezenzululwazi yokubhala ghost ukuzama ukuxhasa inkxaso kukhuseleko lweemveliso zenkampani, kunye nonxibelelwano oluchaza izicwangciso zokuhlazisa abagxeki, kunye nokuphelisa uvavanyo lukarhulumente. Ityhefu ye-glyphosate, ikhemikhali ephambili kwiimveliso zeMonsanto.

Amaxwebhu angaphakathi akwabonisa ukuba iMonsanto ilindele ukuba i-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza ihlukanise i-glyphosate njengento enokwenzeka okanye enokubangela i-carcinogen yabantu ngo-Matshi ka-2015. bakhupha udidi lwabo.

Amashumi amawaka abamangali bafaka isimangalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto besenza amabango afana nakaJohnson, kwaye ezinye izilingo ezimbini zenzekile ukusukela kwityala likaJohnson. Zombini ezo zilingo zakhokelela kwizigwebo ezinkulu ngokuchasene neMonsanto. Zombini ziphantsi kwesibheno.

NgoJuni, iBayer yathi ifikelele kwi-  isivumelwano sokuhlala kunye namagqwetha amele iipesenti ezingama-75 ze-125,000 ezifakiweyo kwaye ziseza kufakwa amabango aqalwe ngabamangali baseMelika abasola ukubhengezwa kwi-Roundup kaMonsanto kuphuhliso lwabo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. U-Bayer uthe uza kubonelela nge- $ 8.8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi ukusombulula isimangalo. Kodwa amagqwetha amele ngaphezulu kwe-20,000 XNUMX yabamangali abathi abavumelananga ukuhlala neBayer kwaye loo matyala kulindeleke ukuba aqhubeke nokusebenza ngendlela yenkqubo yenkundla.

Kwingxelo ekhutshwe emva kwesigwebo senkundla, uBayer uthe umi ngasemva kukhuseleko lweRoundup: Isigqibo senkundla yesibheno sokunciphisa umonakalo kunye nezohlwayo linyathelo eliya kwicala elilungileyo, kodwa siyaqhubeka nokukholelwa ekubeni isigwebo sejaji kunye nomonakalo Amabhaso awuhambelani nobungqina ekuxoxweni kwetyala nasemthethweni. IMonsanto iza kuthathela ingqalelo ukhetho lwayo lwezomthetho, kubandakanya nokufaka isibheno kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia. ”

Inkundla iyakhwankqisa isigqibo seBayer esicetywayo sokulungisa isenzo

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Ijaji yomanyano ngoMvulo ibinamagama arhabaxa ngesicwangciso sikaBayer AG sokulibazisa amatyala omhlaza eRoundup anokubakho kunye nokuthintela uvavanyo lwejury, egxeka isindululo esingaqhelekanga esenziwe nguBayer kunye neqela elincinci lamagqwetha njengabangenakho ukungangqinelani nomgaqo-siseko.

“Inkundla iyathandabuza ukufaneleka nokulunga kwesi sindululo sicetywayo, kwaye inomdla wokungasamkeli isindululo,” ufunda umyalelo wokuqala owakhutshwa nguMgwebi uVince Chhabria weNkundla yeSithili sase-US yesithili saseMantla eCalifornia. Isikhundla sejaji sibonakala siyinto ebukhali kwiBayer nakwinzame zenkampani ukusombulula ilifa lesimangalo esixhonywe eMonsanto, eyathengwa yiBayer kwiminyaka emibini edlulileyo.

Abantu abangaphezu kwe-100,000 e-United States bathi ukubhengezwa kwi-Monsanto's glyphosate-based Roundup herbicides kubangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) kwaye ukuba iMonsanto kudala yazi malunga nokugubungela umngcipheko womhlaza.

Izilingo ezintathu zamajaji ziye zabanjwa kule minyaka mibini idlulileyo kwaye iMonsanto yaphulukana nazo zontathu iijuri zinikezela ngaphezulu kwe-2 yezigidigidi kumonakalo. Onke la matyala ngoku afakwe kwisibheno kwaye iBayer ibisenza amatile ukuthintela ukulingwa kwejaji elizayo.

Kwinyanga ephelileyo uBayer uthe wayenayo kufikelelwe kwizivumelwano ukusombulula uninzi lwamatyala afakiweyo ngoku kwaye ayila isicwangciso sokusingatha amatyala anokuthi afakwe kwixa elizayo. Ukujongana nesimangalo sangoku uBayer uthe uzakuhlawula ukuya kuthi ga kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi zeedola ukusombulula malunga neepesenti ezingama-75 zamabango akhoyo kwaye uya kuqhubeka nokusebenza ukulungisa ezinye.

Kwisicwangciso sokusingatha iimeko ezinokubakho zexesha elizayo, U-Bayer uthe bekusebenza neqela elincinci lamagqwetha amangileyo abaza kwenza ngaphezulu kwe-150 yezigidi zeerandi kwimali yokuvuma ukuvuma "ukuma" kweminyaka emine kumatyala okugcwalisa. Esi sicwangciso siza kusebenza kubantu abanokuthi bafunyaniswe kwikamva nge-NHL abakholelwa ukuba kungenxa yokuvezwa kweRoundup. Ngokuchasene nokuhlaliswa kweMonsanto yamatyala asalindelwe ngokuchasene nayo, ukuhlawulwa kwale nyathelo "lekamva" elitsha kufuna inkundla yamkelwe.

Ukongeza kulibaziseko lwezilingo ezingaphezulu, isivumelwano sifuna ukuba kusekwe amalungu "ezenzululwazi" amalungu amahlanu anokuthatha naziphi na iziphumo eziza kubakho kumabango omhlaza ezandleni zamajaji. Endaweni yoko, "iPhaneli yeNzululwazi yeeklasi" iya kumiselwa ukumisela ukuba ngaba iRoundup inokubangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kwaye ukuba kunjalo, kweliphi inqanaba lokuvezwa. I-Bayer iya kuthi inyule amalungu amabini kwiphaneli ezintlanu. Ukuba iphaneli igqibe ekubeni akukho nxu lumano phakathi kwe-Roundup kunye ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva koko amalungu eklasi aya kuthintelwa kwixesha elizayo.

Amalungu aliqela eefemu zomthetho akhokelayo aphumelele izilingo ezintathu zomhlaza weRoundup ayasichasa isicwangciso sokulungiswa kwamanyathelo eklasi, esithi iya kuhlutha amalungelo abamangali ngeli xesha ityebisa abambalwa bamagqwetha abangazange babephambili kwityala leRoundup.

Isicwangciso sifuna ukuvunywa nguJaji Chhabria, kodwa umyalelo okhutshwe ngoMvulo ubonakalisile ukuba akacwangcisi kunika imvume.

"Kwindawo apho isayensi inokuthi iguquke khona, kufanelekile njani ukuba utshixe
isigqibo seqela lezazinzulu kuwo onke amatyala exesha elizayo? ” ijaji ibuze ngolandelelwano lwayo.

Ijaji ithe izakubamba isimangalo ngoJulayi 24 ngesindululo sokuqala semvume yetyala. Wabhala wathi: “Ngenxa yokungaqiniseki kwale Nkundla, kungangqubana nomdla wakhe wonke umntu ukulibazisa ukumanyelwa kwetyala,” ubhale watsho.

Apha ngezantsi kukho isicatshulwa somyalelo wejaji:

Intetho entsha malunga nokuhlala phakathi kweBayer kunye nezigulana ezinomhlaza weRoundup

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Kwakukho intetho ehlaziyiweyo malunga nokulungiswa okunokubakho kule veki phakathi kweBayer AG kunye namashumi amawaka ezigulana ezinomhlaza njengeyona nkundla iphambili yokumamela kwinkundla kwiveki ezayo.

Ngokutsho ingxelo eBloomberg, Amagqwetha aseBayer afikelele kwizivumelwano zomlomo namagqwetha ase-US amele abammangali abayi-50,000 XNUMX abamangalela uMonsanto ngenxa yamabango athi i-Roundup kunye nezinye i-Monsanto herbicides zibangele ukuba abamangali baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Iinkcukacha njengoko zixeliwe yiBloomberg zibonakala ngathi azitshintshanga kwizivumelwano zomlomo zangaphambili phakathi kweBayer kunye negqwetha labamangali elahlayo ngexesha lokuvalwa kwenkundla enxulumene neCoronavirus. Ngeenkundla zivaliwe, iintsuku zetyala ziye zahlehliswa, kususwa uxinzelelo eBayer.

Kodwa indawo yoxinzelelo entsha iyavela kwindlebe yeveki ezayo kwisibheno solingo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup. Inkundla yezibheno yaseCalifornia ISithili sokuBhena sokuqala imiselwe ukumamela iingxoxo zomlomo kwizibheno ezinqamlezileyo kwimeko kaJohnson v Monsanto ngoJuni 2.

Elo tyala, elalixabanise umgcini-ndawo waseCalifornia uDewayne “Lee” Johnson ngokuchasene neMonsanto, kukhokelele kwi- $ 289 yezigidi zomonakalo kaJohnson ngo-Agasti ka-2018. I-jury ayifumananga kuphela ukuba i-Roundup kaMonsanto kunye nemveliso ezinxulumene ne-glyphosate ibonise ingozi enkulu kubantu abayisebenzisayo, kodwa ukuba "kukho ubungqina obucacileyo nobukholisayo" bokuba amagosa kaMonsanto asebenze "ngobubi okanye ingcinezelo" ukusilela ukulumkisa ngokufanelekileyo ngomngcipheko.

Ijaji yetyala kwityala likaJohnson kamva wehlisa umonakalo ukuya kwizigidi ezingama-78.5 zeedola. UMonsanto ubhenele nakwibhaso elincitshisiweyo, kwaye uJohnson wenza isibheno efuna ukubuyiselwa kwibhaso elipheleleyo lejaji.

In Ukubhengeza isigwebo, UMonsanto wacela inkundla ukuba isijike isigqibo sokulingwa kwaye ingene kwisigwebo seMonsanto okanye iguqule kwaye ibuyisele ityala kwityala elitsha. Okona kuncinci, iMonsanto yacela inkundla yezibheno ukuba inciphise isahlulo sebhaso lejaji "ngomonakalo ongekhoyo kwixesha elizayo" ukusuka kwi-33 yezigidi zeedola ukuya kwi-1.5 yezigidi zeedola kunye nokucima umonakalo owohlwayo ngokupheleleyo.

Abagwebi benkundla yezibheno ndinike uluvo kwangoko malunga nendlela ababoyame ngayo etyaleni, besazisa amagqwetha amacala omabini ukuba kufanelekile ukuba balungele ukuxoxa ngombuzo womonakalo kwityala le-2 kaJuni. Amagqwetha abamangali athabathe oko njengophawu olukhuthazayo lokuba iijaji zisenokungacwangcisi ukuyalela ityala elitsha.

Ngaphantsi kwemigqaliselo yentlawulo ekuxoxwe ngayo kwiinyanga ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo, iBayer iya kuhlawula i-10 yezigidigidi zeedola ukuzisa ukuvalwa kwamatyala agcinwe ziifemu ezinkulu ezininzi, kodwa ayizukuvuma ukubeka iilebhile zokulumkisa ngokhula olusekwe kwiglphosate. ababulali, njengoko bekufunwa ngamanye amagqwetha abamangali.

Ukuhlawulwa akuyi kugubungela bonke abamangali ngamabango alindileyo. Ayizukugubungela uJohnson okanye abanye abamangali abathathu abasele bephumelele amabango abo enkundleni. IMonsanto kunye neBayer babhenele kuko konke ukulahleka kwetyala.

Amagqwetha kumafemu amakhulu abandakanyeka kwisimangalo ale ukuxoxa ngemeko yangoku.

Amagosa aseBayer akhanyela ukuba bukhona ubungqina benzululwazi obudibanisa i-glyphosate herbicides kunye nomhlaza, kodwa abatyali mali bafuna ukusombulula isisombululo. Iya kuba luncedo iBayer ukuwasombulula amatyala phambi kwaso nasiphi na isigqibo esichasene nenkundla yesibheno, esinokuthi siqhubekeke siphazamise abanini zabelo benkampani. I-Bayer ithenge iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018. Ukulandela ukulahleka kwetyala likaJohnson ngo-Agasti ka-2018, ixabiso lesabelo lenkampani lehlile kwaye lihleli liphantsi koxinzelelo.

Abamangali abakhathazekileyo

Amacala okuqala kumatyala omhlaza we-Roundup afayiliswa ngasekupheleni kuka-2015, oko kuthetha ukuba uninzi lwabamangali belinde iminyaka yokusonjululwa. Abanye babamangali babhubhile ngelixa belindile, amatyala abo ngoku esiwa phambili ngamalungu osapho ekhathazekile kukungabikho kwenkqubela phambili ekuziseni amatyala.

Abanye babamangali bebesenza imiyalezo yevidiyo ejolise kubaphathi beBayer, befuna ukuba bavumelane ngokuhlala kunye nokwenza utshintsho lokulumkisa abathengi malunga nemingcipheko yomhlaza ezinokubangelwa yimichiza yokubulala ukhula eglyphosate enje ngeRoundup.

UVincent Tricomi, oneminyaka engama-68, ngummangali onjalo. Kwividiyo ayenzileyo, awabelana ngayo ne-US Right to Know, uthe uye wajongana nemijikelo eli-12 yechemotherapy kunye nokuhlala esibhedlele ezintlanu elwa nomhlaza wakhe. Emva kokufumana ukuxolelwa okwethutyana, umhlaza uphinde wabuya ekuqaleni kwalo nyaka, utshilo.

UTricomi uthi: “Baninzi kakhulu njengam abasokolayo nabadinga ukukhululeka. Jonga umyalezo wakhe wevidiyo apha ngezantsi:

Isibheno kwisilingo sokuqala somhlaza seMonsanto Roundup ukuba siviwe ngoJuni

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Inkundla yezibheno yaseCalifornia iseti uviwo lwangoJuni Izibheno ezinqamlezileyo ezibangelwa lityala lokuqala malunga nezityholo zokuba i-Monsanto's herbicides ibangela umhlaza.

INkundla yeziBheno yesiThili sokuQala seZibheno saseCalifornia ithe ngoLwesine ukuba yayilungiselela ukuxoxwa kwetyala ngoJuni 2 kwityala likaDewayne "Lee" Johnson v. Monsanto. Ukuchotshelwa kwetyala kuyakwenzeka phantse kwiminyaka emibini emva kokuqala kwetyala likaJohnson kunye neminyaka emibini emva kokuba uBayer AG ethengile iMonsanto.

Ijaji enye unike uJohnson i-289 yezigidi zeedola ngo-Agasti 2018, kubandakanya i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayayo, ukufumanisa ukuba ayenzanga kuphela i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides eyabangela ukuba uJohnson aphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kodwa ukuba inkampani ibazi umngcipheko womhlaza kwaye yasilela ukulumkisa uJohnson.

Ijaji yetyala lasithoba isigwebo esiyi- $ 78 yezigidi kodwa uMonsanto wabhenela kwisixa esincitshisiweyo. Umnqamlezo uJohnson ubhenele ekubuyiseleni isigwebo se-289 yezigidi.

Ukulungiselela iingxoxo zomlomo kwisibheno sikaJohnson, inkundla yesibheno yathi iyasikhaba isicelo esenziwe yiGqwetha Jikelele laseCalifornia lokuba lifake isishwankathelo se-amicus kwicala likaJohnson.

Ityala likaJohnson lagutyungelwa ngamajelo eendaba kwihlabathi liphela kwaye libeka ukuqaqanjelwa kokuziphatha okungathandabuzekiyo kweMonsanto. Amagqwetha kaJohnson abonisa abagwebi ii-imeyile zenkampani yangaphakathi kunye nezinye iirekhodi ezibonisa oososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngemibhalo yezenzululwazi yokubhala ghost ukuzama ukuxhasa inkxaso kukhuseleko lweemveliso zenkampani, kunye nonxibelelwano oluchaza izicwangciso zokuhlazisa abagxeki, kunye nokuphelisa uvavanyo lukarhulumente. Ityhefu ye-glyphosate, ikhemikhali ephambili kwiimveliso zeMonsanto.

Amaxwebhu angaphakathi akwabonisa ukuba iMonsanto ilindele ukuba i-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza ihlukanise i-glyphosate njengento enokwenzeka okanye enokubangela i-carcinogen yabantu ngo-Matshi ka-2015.

Amashumi amawaka abamangali bafaka isimangalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto besenza amabango afanayo nakaJohnson, kwaye ezinye izilingo ezongezelelweyo zenzekile ukusukela kwityala likaJohnson. Zombini ezo zilingo zakhokelela kwizigwebo ezinkulu ngokuchasene neMonsanto.

Ukumisela umhla wesibheno sikaJohnson, inkundla yezibheno yathi "iyayiqonda imeko ethathela ingqalelo la matyala kwaye iye yaqhubeka nokuwunika eyona nto iphambili ngaphandle kweemeko zangoku ezingxamisekileyo" ezenziwe kukusasazeka kwe-coronavirus.

Intshukumo yenkundla yezibheno kwityala likaJohnson iza njengoko kubikwa iBayer ukuzama ukuziphindezela kwiindawo zokuhlala ekuxoxiswene ngazo namafemu aliqela aseMelika abamele uninzi lwabamangali.

Uvavanyo lomhlaza waseSt

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Idrama iyaqhubeka kwidabi elibukhali elibukele phakathi kwamagqwetha akhusela i-Monsanto Co yangaphambili kunye nabo bamele amawaka amaxhoba omhlaza abathi babhencwe kwi-Roundup herbicide kaMonsanto abanike yona okanye ilungu losapho elingelilo iHodgkin lymphoma.

NgoLwesihlanu, ityala laseCalifornia lahlehliswa ngokusesikweni emva kweveki ngaphezulu kwemisebenzi yokukhetha ijaji kunye nokuhlala kwabagwebi abali-16. Endaweni yokuqhubeka neengxelo zokuvula, eli tyala ngoku limiselwe elinye ixesha ngokungenammiselo, kunye nenkomfa yolawulo lwamatyala ebekelwe uMatshi 31.

Okwangoku, ityala labamangali abaninzi elamiswa ngaphambi nje kokuba kuvulwe iingxelo kwiveki ephelileyo eSt.Louis limiselwe ukuba livulwe ngoLwesithathu olandelayo, imithombo ekufutshane nesimangalo ithe.

Ulingo lwaseSt. Inethiwekhi yokujonga iNkundla nangokusondeza kwizikhululo zikamabonakude nakunomathotholo. Amagqwetha omnini waseMonsanto waseJamani uBayer AG baphikisana nokusasaza ityala, besithi ukupapashwa kubeka engozini abaphathi kunye namangqina.

Izilingo ezininzi zikhutshiwe kwidokethi kwezi veki zidlulileyo njengoko iBayer, eyathenga iMonsanto kwi2018, isondele kufutshane nokuhlaliswa kwehlabathi malunga noko kungaphezulu kwamabango angama-50,000 100,000 - olunye uqikelelo lungaphezulu kwe-10. I-Bayer ijonge ukuhlawula phantse i-XNUMX yezigidigidi zeedola ukuhlawula amabango, ngokwemithombo esondeleyo kuthethathethwano.

Amacala onke atyhola ukuba iMonsanto yayilwazi kakuhle uphando lwenzululwazi olubonisa ukuba kukho umngcipheko kwimpilo yabantu ebotshelelwe kwimichiza yokubulala ukhula eglyphosate kodwa ayenzanga nto ukulumkisa abathengi, endaweni yoko basebenzise irekhodi lenzululwazi ukukhusela ukuthengisa kwenkampani.

Abatyalomali be-Bayer banomdla kwinkampani ukuba iphelise isimangalo kwaye ishiye izilingo ezininzi kunye noluntu oluziswa ngumntu ngamnye. Amagqwetha ka-Bayer axele ukuba axoxisene ngentlawulo yokuhlawulwa kwabaxhamli beenkampani ezininzi ezinkulu, kodwa abakwazanga ukufikelela kwisivumelwano neenkampani ezimbini zabamangali-iMiller Firm yaseVirginia kunye neWeitz & Luxenberg yaseNew York. Ifemi yeMiller imele abamangali kumacala amabini aseCalifornia asandula ukukhutshwa kwidokethi kwaye kwityala laseSt.

Izabelo ziphakame kwiveki ephelileyo xa ityala laseSt. Louis lahlehliswa ngesiquphe njengamagqwetha akhokelayo avela kumashishini amabini abamangali - uMike Miller noPerry Weitz - bayishiya inkundla ngaphambi nje kokuba kuvulwe iingxelo zokuvula ukuze kuqhubeke intetho zomzuzu wokugqibela kunye neBayer amagqwetha.

Ukumiswa kwetyala kuye kwabakhathaza ababukeleyo, kubandakanya neqela elivela kwiNkundla yokujonga iNkundla, elihlala enkundleni yamatyala kule veki lilindele iindaba zokuba lingaqhubeka nini ityala. Baxelelwe kusasa ngolwesiHlanu kuphela ukuba ityala alizukuqhubeka ngoMvulo. Bafunde kamva ukuba izakuqhubeka kwakhona ngolwesiThathu endaweni yoko.

Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zahamba kakubi eMonsanto naseBayer njengamajaji anomsindo inikwe ngaphezulu kwebhiliyoni yeedola kumonakalo kubamangali abane. Iijaji zetyala ziye zathoba amabhaso amajaji ukuya kuthi ga kwi-190 yezigidi zeedola, kwaye bonke baphantsi kwesibheno.

Ezo zilingo zajika zanikwa iliso ngabantu Iirekhodi zangaphakathi zeMonsanto  ezibonisa indlela iMonsanto eyenze ngayo amaphepha enzululwazi evakalisa ukhuseleko lweeherbicides zayo ezibonakala ngathi zenziwe kuphela ngoososayensi abazimeleyo; basebenzise abantu besithathu ukuzama ukujongela phantsi izazinzulu ezixela ukwenzakaliswa kwe-glyphosate herbicides; kwaye sasebenzisana namagosa e-Arhente yoKhuselo lokusiNgqongileyo ukukhusela imeko kaMonsanto yokuba iimveliso zayo azibanga ngumhlaza.

Ukuhlaliswa kweBayer yamabango omhlaza weRoundup asephezulu emoyeni

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Amajaji akhethwe ukuba aphulaphule ityala laseSt. Ukumangalelwa malunga nokukhuseleka kwemichiza yokubulala ukhula i-Roundup kusaqhubeka.

Kwesinye isibonakaliso sokuba isivumelwano asikakhuselwa, ukhetho lwejaji kwiilingo ezahlukeneyo zomhlaza we-Roundup- le yaseCalifornia-yayiqhubeka kule veki. Izilingo eSt. Louis naseCalifornia zibandakanya abamangali abathi bona okanye abo babathandayo baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngenxa yokuvezwa kwe-glyphosate-based herbicides eyenziwe nguMonsanto, kubandakanya neRoundup brand. Amashumi amawaka abamangali benza amabango afanayo kwizimangalo ezifakwe kwi-United States.

I-Bayer ithenge iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018 kanye njengoko ityala lokuqala kwityala lobundlobongela beliqhubeka. Ixabiso lesabelo sikaBayer lacothwa emva kokuba ijaji evumayo ifumanise ukuba ukubulala izitshabalalisi zeMonsanto kwakungunobangela womhlaza wommangali kuloo meko nokuba iMonsanto yayifihle ubungqina bomngcipheko womhlaza kuluntu.

Izilingo ezimbini ezongezelelekileyo zikhokelela kwiziphumo ezifanayo zejury kwaye zatsala ingqalelo yamajelo eendaba kwilizwe lonke ukuba kugxothwe amaxwebhu eMonsanto angaphakathi abonisa ukuba inkampani ibandakanyeka kwizenzo zenkohliso kumashumi eminyaka ukukhusela nokukhusela inzuzo yemichiza yokutshabalalisa ukhula.

Abatyalomali be-Bayer banomdla kwinkampani ukuba iphelise isimangalo kwaye ishiye izilingo ezininzi kunye noluntu oluziswa ngumntu ngamnye. Izabelo ziphakame kwiveki ephelileyo xa ityala laseSt. Louis lahlehliswa ngesiquphe njengamagqwetha abamangali ababexinene namagqwetha aseBayer kwaye abonisa ukuba umhlaba wonke wokumangalelwa wawusondele.

Amanani ezi-8 zeebhiliyoni- $ 10 yezigidigidi ahanjisiwe iiveki ngemithombo yolwaphulo-mthetho njengendawo yokuhlawula amatyala ngobuninzi bamatyala athe abamba iBayer okoko ithenge iMonsanto nge $ 63 yezigidigidi.

I-Bayer sele ithethathethane ngemiqathango yokuhlawula kunye neenkampani ezininzi zomthetho ezikhokela isimangalo, kodwa khange ikwazi ukufikelela kwisivumelwano neenkampani zabamangali ze-Weitz & Luxenberg kunye neMiller Firm. Ngokudibeneyo ezi femu zimbini zimele abamangali abasondeleyo abangama-20,000 XNUMX, besenza ukuba bathathe inxaxheba kwisivumelwano njengeyona nto ibalulekileyo kwisivumelwano esiya kuthi sixolise abatyali-mali, itsho imithombo ekufutshane nesimangalo.

Imithombo ithi la macala mabini "asondele kakhulu" kwisivumelwano.

Ngokwahlukeneyo, kodwa iindaba ezinxulumene noko, Inkampani yeKellogg yatsho iveki ukuba yayihamba isebenzisa iinkozo ezifafazwe ngeglyphosate kungekudala ngaphambi kokuvuna njengezithako kubathengi bayo kunye nokutya okuziinkozo. Isenzo sokusebenzisa i-glyphosate njenge-desiccant yayithengiswa yi-Monsanto iminyaka njengesiqhelo esinokunceda amafama ukuba azomise izityalo zawo ngaphambi kokuvuna, kodwa ukuvavanywa kwemveliso yokutya kubonise ukuba isenzo eso sishiya intsalela yombulali wokhula kukutya okugqityiweyo njenge-oatmeal.

AbakwaKellogg bathe "sisebenzisana nabanikezeli ngeenkonzo ukuphelisa ukusebenzisa i-glyphosate njenge-arhente yokomisa ngaphambi kokuvuna kwingqolowa yethu kunye ne-oat kwiimarike zethu ezinkulu, kubandakanya ne-US, ukuphela kuka-2025."

Uvavanyo lwaseSt.Louis Roundup lumisiwe njengoko indawo enkulu yokuhlala ibonakala kufutshane

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Uhlaziyo-Ingxelo evela eBayer: “Amaqela afikelele kwisivumelwano sokuqhubeka netyala likaWade kwiNkundla yeSekethe yaseMissouri yaseSt. Ukuqhubeka kwenzelwe ukubonelela ngamagumbi okuqhubeka kwenkqubo yolamlo ngokuthembekileyo phantsi kolawulo lukaKen Feinberg, kwaye kuthintelwe iziphazamiso ezinokuvela kwizilingo. Ngelixa iBayer ibandakanyeka ngendlela eyakhayo kwinkqubo yolamlo, akukho sivumelwano sibanzi ngeli xesha. Akukho siqinisekiso okanye ithayimthebhile yesisombululo esibanzi. ”

Ukuvulwa okulindelwe kakhulu kwento eyayiza kuba luvavanyo lwesine lomhlaza we-Roundup kwahlehliswa ngokungenammiselo ngolwe-Sihlanu phakathi kokuthethathethana ngokusombulula phakathi komnini weMonsanto uBayer AG kunye namagqwetha amele amawaka abantu ababanga ukuba umhlaza wabo ubangelwe kukuvezwa yimichiza yokubulala ukhula egazini iMonsanto's glyphosate-based.

Ijaji yeNkundla yeSekethe iSt. Louis City, u-Elizabeth Hogan wakhupha umyalelo othi kuphela “isizathu siqhubekile.” Umyalelo uza emva kwamagqwetha akhokelayo avela kumafemu abamangali e-Weitz & Luxenberg eNew York kunye neMiller Firm yaseVirginia ashiye inkundla yaseHogan engalindelwanga kungekudala ngaphambi kokuba kuvulwe iingxelo bekufanele ziqale ngentsasa yangoLwesihlanu. Imithombo esondeleyo kumaqela ezomthetho ekuqaleni ithi iingxelo zokuvula zityhalelwe kude kube semva kwemini ukuvumela ixesha lokuba babone ukuba amagqwetha abameli kunye namagqwetha aseBayer angasigqiba isigqibo esiza kulungisa amatyala amashumi amawaka. Kodwa ngenjikalanga inkqubo yayiyekisiwe kwaye bekucingelwa ngokubanzi ukuba isivumelwano sifezekisiwe.

Amanani ezigidi zeedola ezi-8 zeedola- $ 10 yezigidigidi atyibilikisiwe iiveki ngemithombo yesimangalo njengendawo yokuhlawula amatyala ngobuninzi bamatyala athe abamba iBayer okoko ithenge iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018 nge-63 yezigidigidi zeedola. Amaxabiso ezabelo zenkampani axinezeleke kabukhali yilahleko ephindaphindiweyo yamatyala kunye namabhaso amakhulu ejaji ngokuchasene nenkampani kwizilingo ezintathu ezigcinwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku.

Olunye uvavanyo oluninzi lwaluza kubanjwa kwiiveki neenyanga ezimbalwa ezizayo, becinezela iBayer ukuba ixazulule amatyala kwangexesha ukuze kuqinisekiswe abatyali mali kwintlanganiso yabo yabanini zabelo ngo-Epreli.

Amagosa aseBayer aqinisekisile ukuba ngaphezulu kwe-42,000 yabamangali bafaka isimangalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto. Kodwa imithombo yesimangalo ithi ngoku bangaphezulu kwama-100,000 XNUMX abamangali abaklelweyo kunye namabango, nangona inani elipheleleyo lamabango afakiweyo lingacacanga.

Ifemi yeWeitz kunye nefemi yaseMiller xa zidityanisiwe zimela amabango amalunga nama-20,000 XNUMX abamangali, ngokutsho kwemithombo ekufutshane neefemu. UMike Miller, okhokela inkampani kaMiller, ligqwetha elikhokelayo kwityala laseSt.

UMiller ubambe isikhundla esiphezulu kwiingxoxo zokuhlala no-Bayer njengoko amanye amagqwetha abaphambili abatyikityiweyo sele etyikitye isivumelwano kunye nesiyobisi esikhulu saseJamani. IBayer kufuneka ikwazi ukufezekisa isisombululo ngesininzi samabango angekahlawulwa ukuze incede abatyali zimali abangenelisekanga.

Umlamli uKen Feinberg uthe kwiveki ephelileyo akucaci ukuba kungabakho isisombululo sehlabathi ngaphandle kokuphumelela uMiller. UMiller wayefuna "into acinga ukuba yimbuyekezo efanelekileyo," utshilo uFeinberg. UMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria wonyula uFeinberg ukuba asebenze njengomlamli phakathi kweBayer kunye negqwetha labamangali ngoMeyi ophelileyo.

Ijaji yetyala laseSt.

Amagqwetha kaMonsanto enze i-bid kwangoko ngolwesiHlanu ukuvimba ukusasazwa kwetyala ngoonomathotholo basekuhlaleni nakwizikhululo zikanomathotholo kodwa ijaji Hogan yagweba ngokuchasene nenkampani. Ityala langoLwesihlanu beliya kuba lelokuqala ukwenzeka kwindawo yaseSt. Louis, apho iMonsanto yayinekomkhulu layo ngaphezulu kweminyaka eyi-100.

Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zahamba kakubi kuMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG njengamajaji acaphuka inikwe ngaphezulu kwebhiliyoni yeedola kumonakalo kubamangali abane. Iijaji zetyala ziye zathoba amabhaso amajaji ukuya kuthi ga kwi-190 yezigidi zeedola, kwaye bonke baphantsi kwesibheno.

Izilingo ziye zajika ukubonwa ngabantu Ingxelo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto  Oko kwabonisa indlela iMonsanto eyenze ngayo amaphepha enzululwazi evakalisa ukhuseleko lweeherbicides zayo ezibonakala ngathi zenziwe kuphela ngoososayensi abazimeleyo; basebenzise abantu besithathu ukuzama ukujongela phantsi izazinzulu ezixela ukwenzakaliswa kwe-glyphosate herbicides; kwaye sasebenzisana namagosa e-Arhente yoKhuselo lokusiNgqongileyo ukukhusela imeko kaMonsanto yokuba iimveliso zayo azibanga ngumhlaza.