Amaxwebhu eYunivesithi yaseColorado State kwi-bat pathogen yophando

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Esi sithuba sichaza amaxwebhu oonjingalwazi baseColorado State University (CSU) uRebekah Kading kunye noTony Schountz, nelungelo lase-US lokuLwazi elifunyenwe kwisicelo seerekhodi zoluntu. UKading kunye no-Schountz zii-virologists ezifunda izifo ezinxulumene nelulwane kwiindawo ezishushu kwihlabathi liphela. Basebenzisana ne-EcoHealth Alliance, iSebe lezoKhuselo lase-US (i-DoD) kunye ne-Arhente yeeProjekhthi zoPhando oluPhambili (i-DARPA), uphando lwezomkhosi wase-US nengalo yophuhliso.

La maxwebhu abonisa umbono kwi ezintsonkothileyo zemikhosi yezenzululwazi abafunda ngendlela yokuthintela ukuvela kwezinto ezinokubangela ubhubhane kumalulwane. La maxwebhu aphakamisa imibuzo malunga nomngcipheko wokosuleleka, umzekelo, ukuthunyelwa kwamalulwane kunye neempuku ezisulelwe zizifo eziyingozi. Ziqulathe ezinye izinto eziphawuleka, kubandakanya:

  1. NgoFebruwari 2017, abaququzeleli be-DoD yeNkqubo yeNtsebenzo ye-Biological Engagement ye-Arhente yokuNcitshiswa kweNgozi yoKhuselo umemezele umfelandawonye omtsha welizwe jikelele "ukwakha nokunyusa amandla elizwe kunye nemimandla ukuvelisa ukuqonda okuphuculweyo kwamalulwane kunye nendalo kwindawo yokujongana nezifo ezikhuselayo." Inxulumene noku, ii-imeyile bonisa intsebenziswano phakathi kwe-CSU, i-EcoHealth Alliance kunye namaZiko eSizwe e-Rocky Mountain Laboratories ukwakha indawo yophando ye-bat kwi-CSU ukwandisa izifundo zosulelo.
  2. Umdibaniso welizwe lonke weqela uguquke waba liqela elibizwa ngokuba yiBat One Health Network Network (IBOHRN). Ngo-2018, izazinzulu eziphambili ze-BOHRN zazisebenza ne-DARPA kwiprojekthi ebizwa ngokuba yi-PREEMPT. Iirekhodi ze-CSU kwi-PREEMPT bonisa ukuba iRocky Mountain Laboratories, i-CSU kunye ne-Montana State University baphuhlisa izitofu "ezinokuchaphazeleka ezinokuchaphazeleka" ukuze zisasazeke kubemi bamalulwane "ukunqanda ukuvela kunye nokusasazeka" kweentsholongwane ezosulelayo ezivela kumalulwane ziye kubemi babantu. Injongo yabo kukuphuhlisa “izitofu ezizisasaza ngokwazo ” -Esasazeka ngokusasazeka phakathi kwamalulwane-ngethemba lokususa ii-pathogen kwindawo yazo yezilwanyana ngaphambi kokuba kudilike ebantwini. Olu phando luphakamisa xhalaba malunga neziphumo ebezingalindelwanga zokukhulula izinto ezizisasaza ngokwasofuzo, kunye nemingcipheko yendalo yendaleko yabo engaziwayo, ubundlobongela kunye nokusasazeka.
  3. Ukuhambisa amalulwane kunye neempuku ezosulelwe zizifo eziyingozi kudala ukubakho kokungathandeki okungafunekiyo ebantwini. UTony Schountz wabhala kwi-EcoHealth Alliance VP uJonathan Epstein ngo-Matshi 30, 2020: "I-RML [Rocky Mountain Labs] ingenise indawo yokugcina intsholongwane ye-Lassa ngokubazalela ekuthinjweni e-Afrika, emva koko inzala yathunyelwa ngqo kwi-RML. Andazi nokuba amalulwane amahashe angazalwa esekuthinjweni, kodwa leyo ingayindlela yokunciphisa inkxalabo yeCDC. ” Intsholongwane yeLassa Isasazwa ziimpuku ezixhaphakileyo entshona Afrika. Kubangela ukugula kakhulu okubizwa ngokuba yiLassa fever ebantwini, ekhokelela ekuqikelelweni kwabantu abangama-5,000 1 ngonyaka (XNUMX% izinga lokufa).
  4. NgoFebruwari 10, 2020, uMongameli woMbutho we-EcoHealth uPeter Daszak uthumele i-imeyile Ukucela abatyikityo ukuba bayile The Lancet mazwi "Ukugxeka kabukhali iithiyori ezibonisa ukuba i-2019-nCoV ayinayo imvelaphi yendalo." Kule imeyile, uDaszak wabhala: “UGqr. U-Linda Saif, u-Jim Hughes, u-Rita Colwell, u-William Karesh kunye no-Hume Field bayile ingxelo elula yokuxhasa oososayensi, ezempilo yoluntu kunye noochwephesha bezonyango e-China abalwa noku kuqhambuka (kuqhotyoshelweyo), kwaye siyakumema ukuba usijoyine njengabasayini bokuqala. ” Khange akhankanye ukubandakanyeka kwakhe ekuyileni ingxelo.  Ingxelo yethu yangaphambili bonisa loo nto UDaszak wayila ingxelo eyayipapashwe kwi Lancet.
  5. UTony Schountz watshintshisa ii-imeyile kunye ne-Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV) zezenzululwazi uPeng Zhou, uZhengli Shi kunye noBen Hu. Kwi i-imeyile yomhla we-30 ka-Okthobha u-2018, USchountz wacebisa uZhengli Shi “umanyano olungavumelekanga” phakathi kweLebhu ye-Arthropod ehanjiswa yi-Arthropod ne-Infectious Disease Laboratory ne-WIV, ebandakanya “intsebenziswano kwiiprojekthi ezifanelekileyo (umz., Iiarboviruses kunye ne-bat-borped-virus) kunye noqeqesho lwabafundi.” UZhengli Shi uphendule kakuhle Ingcebiso kaSchountz. Iirekhodi azibonisi ukuba nayiphi na intsebenziswano iqalile.

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Ikhonkco kulo lonke ibhetshi yamaxwebhu e-Colorado State University anokufumaneka apha: Iirekhodi ze-CSU

Ilungelo lase-US lokwazi ukuthumela amaxwebhu afunyenwe ngenkululeko yoluntu yokufumana ulwazi (FOI) yezicelo uphando lwethu lweBiohazards Kwiposi yethu: Amaxwebhu e-FOI kwimvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2, iingozi zokufumana umsebenzi kunye neelebhu zokutya.

Zikhuseleke kangakanani ii-biolabs e-Colorado State?

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Uyilo lwesindululo senkxaso-mali fokanye ukwakhiwa kwebiolab entsha kwiYunivesithi yaseColorado State iphakamisa imibuzo malunga nokhuselo nokhuseleko kwii-biolabs ezikhoyo eFort Collins, eColorado.

Isindululo esiyidrafti sifuna inkxaso-mali kumaZiko ezeMpilo kaZwelonke ukubuyisela iziseko zophuhliso “zokuguga” kwii-CSU's IZiko leVector-Borne Infectious Diseases, eyayibizwa ngokuba yiLebhu yeArthropod kunye neLebhu yezifo eziSulelayo (AIDL). Eli ziko likhulisa izinambuzane kunye neelulwane kulingo lwezifo ezosulelayo kunye nezifo eziyingozi ezinje ngeSARS, iZika, Nipah kunye neHendra virus. Uvavanyo lwe-Live-pathogen apho lwenziwa kwinxalenye ye- I-BSL-3 Izibonelelo, ezizelebhu ezixineneyo emoyeni ezinobuchwephesha obukhethekileyo ukunqanda abaphandi ekufumaneni ukosuleleka kunye nokusasazeka kosulelo.

Ababhali besindululo (uTony Schountz noGreg Ebel be-CSU noJonathan Epstein, usekela-mongameli e-EcoHealth Alliance) babhala bathi, "izakhiwo zethu ezininzi zidlulile kubomi bazo obuluncedo." Bancamathisela imifanekiso yokuqokelela ukungunda kunye nokungunda njengobungqina bendawo "ethoba ngokukhawuleza" indawo "evuzayo xa kunethayo."

Isindululo sikwacacisa ukuba uyilo esele lukhona lwelebhu lufuna iisampulu zamalulwane kunye nezinambuzane ezisulelekileyo ukuba "zihanjiswe zisiwe kwizakhiwo ezahlukeneyo ngaphambi kokuba zisetyenziswe." Ithi ii-autoclaves esele zikhona, ezibulala izinto ezinobungozi, "zihlala zingasebenzi kakuhle kwaye kukho inkxalabo efanelekileyo yokuba ziya kuqhubeka nokwenza njalo."

Kungenzeka ukuba iingxaki zigqithise kuba baxhasa isicelo senkxaso mali. Nantsi inkcazo evela kwisindululo senkxaso mali kunye nemifanekiso.

Isindululo siphakamisa imibuzo eliqela: Ngaba ubomi bomntu busemngciphekweni ovela kwizixhobo ezingalunganga ze-AIDL kunye neziseko zophuhliso? Ngaba oku kungangqinelani kunyusa amathuba okuvuza ngengozi kwezifo eziyingozi? Ngaba akhona amanye amaziko amanyeneyo e-EcoHealth kwihlabathi liphela athotyelwe ngokufanayo kwaye angakhuselekanga? Ngaba iimeko ezifanayo bezingakhuselekanga, umzekelo, i-EcoHealth Alliance exhaswa ngemali yi-Wuhan Institute of Virology? Elo ziko ichongiwe njengomthombo onokubakho Ye-SARS-CoV-2, intsholongwane ebangela iCovid-19.

Iirekhodi zekomiti yezokhuseleko ye-CSU (IBC), efunyenwe ngesicelo seerekhodi zoluntu, kubonakala ngathi iqinisa inkxalabo malunga nokhuseleko lwee-biolabs ze-CSU. Umzekelo, imizuzu yentlanganiso ukusukela ngoMeyi 2020 bonisa ukuba umphandi we-CSU ufumene usulelo lwentsholongwane yeZika kunye neempawu emva kokusebenzisa iingcongconi ezosulelekileyo. I-IBC iqaphele: "Inokuba le yayiyinto yokulunywa yingcongconi engazange ibonwe ngexesha lesiphithiphithi ngenxa yokuvalwa kwe-COVID-19 kunye notshintsho."

Ngelishwa, uphando lwezifo ezosulelayo kwi-SARS-CoV-2 lunokuthi luphakamise umngcipheko wokuphelelwa kukukhuseleka kunye nokungahambi kakuhle kwi-CSU. Imizuzu ye-IBC bonakalisa inkxaso ye "Iinkxalabo eziphakanyisiweyo malunga nenani elikhulu leeprojekthi zophando ezibandakanya i-SARS-CoV-2 ebeke uxinzelelo kwizibonelelo ezifana ne-PPE, indawo yeelebhu, kunye nabasebenzi."

Ukuba ungathanda ukufumana uhlaziyo rhoqo malunga nophando lwethu lwe-biohazards, unako bhalisela iincwadana zethu zeveki apha

I-USRTK ibuza i-ODNI ukuba ichaze amaxwebhu malunga neengozi kwiilebhu ezigcina izifo eziyingozi

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Ilungelo lase-US lokwazi (USRTK) ubuzile iOfisi yoMlawuli weSebe lezoBuntlola leSizwe (i-ODNI) ukubhengeza amaxwebhu amathathu malunga nokushiyeka kokungabikho kokutya okuvela kwiilebhu ezigcina iintsholongwane eziyingozi.

Isicelo esinyanzelekileyo sokuphononongwa ngokutsha (MDR) siphendula kwii-ODNI sigqibo ukubamba amaxwebhu amathathu ahleliweyo aphendulayo Isicelo soMthetho weNkululeko yoLwazi USRTK ungenisiwe ngoAgasti 2020.

Isicelo se-FOIA "safuna ubukrelekrele obugqityiweyo obuveliswe ukusukela ngoJanuwari 2015 malunga nokukhululwa ngengozi okanye ngabom kweearhente zebhayoloji, ukusilela kokuthintela amanqanaba e-biosafety-level (BSL) -2, BSL-3 okanye BSL-4 kumaziko ophando, kunye nezinye izehlo zokukhathazeka ezinxulumene Ukusetyenziswa kabini kophando lwe-biosafety kwi-BSL-2, BSL-3 okanye BSL-4 kumaziko ophando eCanada, China, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Israel, Netherlands, Russia, kumazwe angaphambili eSoviet Union, eMzantsi Afrika , ETaiwan, eUnited Kingdom, naseThailand. ”

I-ODNI ithe ekuphenduleni kwayo ukuba ifumene amaxwebhu amathathu, kwaye igqibe kwelokuba "mababanjwe xa bebonke ngokungqinelana nokuxolelwa kwi-FOIA" ngokubhekisele kukhuseleko lwezixhobo ezihleliweyo ngokubhekisele kwiindlela zobuntlola kunye nemithombo yokufaneleka kukhuseleko lwesizwe. I-ODNI ayichazanga okanye ichaze ubume bamaxwebhu amathathu okanye imixholo yawo, ngaphandle kokuba ayephendula kwisicelo seFOIA.

Kwisicelo sayo se-MDR, i-USRTK icele ukuba i-ODNI ikhulule onke amaqhekeza amaxwebhu amathathu.

I-USRTK ikholelwa ekubeni uluntu lunelungelo lokwazi ukuba yeyiphi idatha ekhoyo malunga neengozi, ukuvuza kunye nokunye okungahambi kakuhle kwiilebhu apho kugcinwa khona izifo ezinokubangela ubhubhane kwaye zilungiswe, nokuba ingaba kukho na ukuvuza okunjalo kuyanyanzeliswa kwimvelaphi ye-COVID-19, ebangele ukuba Ukufa kwabantu abangaphezu kwama-360,000 baseMelika.

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Ilungelo lase-US lokwazi ukuthumela amaxwebhu avela kwizicelo zethu zeerekhodi zoluntu zophando lwethu lwee-biohazards. Bona: Amaxwebhu e-FOI kwimvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2, iingozi zokufumana umsebenzi kunye neelebhu zokutya.

Iphepha elingasemva kuphando lwase-US lweLungelo lokwazi ngemvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2.