Amaphepha amatsha e-glyphosate akhomba "ngokungxamisekileyo" kuphando oluninzi malunga nefuthe leekhemikhali kwimpilo yabantu

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Amaphepha enzululwazi asandula ukupapashwa abonisa ubume obuninzi bokhula olubulala ikhemikhali i-glyphosate kunye nesidingo sokuqonda ngcono ifuthe lokuchaphazeleka kwichiza lokubulala izitshabalalisi elithandwayo elinokuba nalo kwimpilo yabantu, kubandakanya impilo ye-gut microbiome.

In elinye lamaphepha amatsha, Abaphandi abavela kwiDyunivesithi yaseTurku eFinland bathi babenako ukufumanisa, “kuqikelelo olulondolozayo,” ukuba malunga neepesenti ezingama-54 zeentlobo zezinto eziphilayo ezingaphakathi kwintsholongwane yomntu emathunjini "zinokuba novakalelo" kwi-glyphosate. Abaphandi bathi basebenzise indlela entsha ye-bioinformatics ukwenza ukufumana.

Ngobuninzi be "bhakteria enkulu" yeentsholongwane ezisemathunjini ezinokufunyanwa yi-glyphosate, ukungeniswa kwe-glyphosate "kunokuchaphazela kakubi ukwakheka kwe-gut microbiome yomntu," batsho ababhali kwiphepha labo, elapapashwa kulenyanga Ijenali yezixhobo ezinobungozi.

Iintsholongwane ezisemathunjini omntu zibandakanya iintlobo ngeentlobo zebacteria kunye nefungi kwaye kukholelwa ukuba zichaphazela imisebenzi yomzimba yokuzikhusela kunye nezinye iinkqubo ezibalulekileyo. Amachiza egciwane angenampilo akholelwa zizazinzulu ezithile ukuba zibe negalelo kuluhlu lwezifo.

"Nangona idatha engeentsalela zeglyphosate kwiinkqubo zesisu somntu isasilela, iziphumo zethu zibonisa ukuba iintsalela zeglyphosate zinciphisa ukwahluka kwebacteria kwaye zilungelelanise ukwakheka kweentlobo zebacteria emathunjini," batsho ababhali. "Singacinga ukuba ukubonakaliswa kweentsalela zeglyphosate ixesha elide kukhokelela kuxinzelelo lweentsholongwane ezinganyangekiyo kwindawo yebacteria."

Iinkxalabo malunga nefuthe le-glyphosate kwintsholongwane yomntu ephuma kwisibakala sokuba i-glyphosate isebenza ngokujolisa kwi-enzyme eyaziwa ngokuba yi-5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS.) Le enzyme ibaluleke kakhulu ekudibaniseni iiamino acid eziyimfuneko.

"Ukuchonga eyona mpembelelo ye-glyphosate kwi-gut gut microbiota kunye nezinye izinto eziphilayo, kuyafuneka ukuba kwenziwe uphando olongezelelekileyo lokuveza intsalela ye-glyphosate ekutyeni, ukumisela iziphumo ze-glyphosate emsulwa kunye nokwenziwa kwezorhwebo kwii-microbiomes kunye nokuvavanya ubungakanani i-EPSPS yethu Iimpawu ze-amino acid ziqikelela ubungozi bentsholongwane kwi-glyphosate kwi-vitro nakwizinto ezenzekayo ehlabathini, ”baqukumbela ababhali bephepha elitsha.

Ukongeza kubaphandi abathandathu abavela eFinland, omnye wababhali bephepha unxulumene nesebe le-biochemistry kunye ne-biotechnology eRovira i Virgili University, Tarragona, Catalonia, eSpain.

Iziphumo zempilo yomntu azimiselwanga kwisifundo sethu. Nangona kunjalo, ngokusekwe kwizifundo zangaphambili… siyazi ukuba utshintsho kwi-microbiome yamathumbu omntu lunokudityaniswa nezifo ezininzi, utshilo umphandi weYunivesithi yaseTurku uPere Puigbo kudliwanondlebe.

"Ndiyathemba ukuba uphando lwethu luvula umnyango wokuqhubela phambili kuvavanyo, kwi-vitro nakwintsimi, kunye nezifundo ezisekwe kubemi ukulinganisa isiphumo sokusetyenziswa kwe-glyphosate kubantu nakwezinye izinto eziphilayo," utshilo uPuigbo.

Yaziswa kwi1974

Glyphosate sisixhobo esisebenzayo kwi-Roundup herbicides kunye namakhulu ezinye iimveliso zokubulala ukhula ezithengiswa kwihlabathi liphela. Yaziswa njengombulali wokhula nguMonsanto ngo-1974 yaza yakhula yaba sesona sibulala ntsholongwane sisetyenziswa kakhulu emva kokungeniswa kukaMonsanto ngeminyaka yoo-1990s yezityalo ezakhiwe ngendlela yemfuza ukunyamezela imichiza. Iintsalela zeglyphosate zihlala zifumaneka ekutyeni nasemanzini. Ngenxa yoko, iintsalela zihlala zifunyanwa kumchamo wabantu ababhencwe kwi-glyphosate ngokusebenzisa ukutya kunye / okanye nokusetyenziswa.

Abalawuli baseMelika kunye nomnini weMonsanto uBayer AG bagcina ukuba akukho zinkxalabo zempilo yabantu ngokuchazwa kwe-glyphosate xa iimveliso zisetyenziswa njengoko bekucwangcisiwe, kubandakanya nentsalela ekudleni.

Umzimba wophando ophikisana nala mabango uyakhula, nangona kunjalo. Uphando malunga nefuthe elinokubakho le-glyphosate kwi-gut microbiome aluphantse lomelele njengoncwadi oludibanisa i-glyphosate nomhlaza, kodwa yindawo leyo izazinzulu ezininzi ziyaphanda.

Kwimeko enxulumene noko iphepha epapashwe kule nyanga, iqela labaphandi abavela kwiYunivesithi yaseWashington State naseDuke University bathi bafumene unxibelelwano phakathi kwamanqanaba ebacteria kunye nefungi kumaphecana esisu abantwana kunye neekhemikhali ezifumaneka emakhaya abo. Abaphandi abakhange bajonge i-glyphosate ngokukodwa, kodwa babenjalo wothukile ukuyifumana ukuba abantwana abanamanqanaba aphezulu eekhemikhali eziqhelekileyo zekhaya kwigazi labo babonisa ukunciphisa inani kunye nokwahluka kwebacteria ebalulekileyo emathunjini abo.

IGlyphosate kumchamo

An iphepha lezenzululwazi elongezelelweyo epapashwe kule nyanga igxininise isidingo sedatha engcono kunye nengakumbi xa kuziwa ekuvezweni kwe-glyphosate kunye nabantwana.

Iphepha, elipapashwe kwiphephancwadi LeMpilo yeNdalo ngabaphandi abavela kwiZiko loGuqulelo lwe-Epidemiology kwiSikolo i-Icahn yezoNyango kwiNtaba yeSinayi eNew York, sisiphumo sokuphononongwa koncwadi kwizifundo ezininzi ezixela amaxabiso okwenyani e-glyphosate ebantwini.

Ababhali bathi bahlalutye izifundo ezintlanu ezipapashiweyo kule minyaka mibini idlulileyo yokuxela amanqanaba e-glyphosate alinganiswe ebantwini, kubandakanya nesifundo esinye apho amanqanaba e-urinary glyphosate alinganiswa kubantwana abahlala emaphandleni eMexico. Kwabantwana abangama-192 abahlala kwindawo yaseAgua Caliente, iipesenti ezingama-72.91 zazinamanqanaba afumanekayo e-glyphosate kumchamo wabo, kwaye bonke abantwana abangama-89 abahlala e-Ahuacapán, eMexico, babenamanqanaba afumanekayo okubulala izinambuzane kumchamo wabo.

Nokuba uquka izifundo ezongezelelweyo, zizonke, kukho idatha encinci malunga namanqanaba e-glyphosate ebantwini. Izifundo kwihlabathi liphela zizonke ngabantu abangama-4,299, kubandakanya abantwana abangama-520, abaphandi bathi.

Ababhali baqukumbele ngelithi okwangoku akunakwenzeka ukuba baqonde "ubudlelwane obunokubakho" phakathi kokuvezwa kwe-glyphosate kunye nezifo, ngakumbi ebantwaneni, kuba ukuqokelelwa kwedatha kumanqanaba okuvezwa kwabantu kuncitshisiwe kwaye akumiselweyo.

Baqwalasele ukuba ngaphandle kokunqongophala kwedatha eqinileyo malunga nefuthe le-glyphosate ebantwaneni, inani leentsalela zeglyphosate ezivunyelwe ngokusemthethweni ngabalawuli base-US ekutyeni lenyuke kakhulu kule minyaka idlulileyo.

"Kukho izikhewu kuncwadi lwe-glyphosate, kwaye ezi zithuba kufuneka zigcwaliswe ngokungxamisekileyo, ngenxa yokusetyenziswa okukhulu kwale mveliso kunye nokufumaneka kwayo kuyo yonke indawo," utshilo umbhali uEmanuela Taioli.

Abantwana ngabona basesichengeni sokufumana i-carcinogens yokusingqongileyo kunye nokulandela umkhondo kwiimveliso ezinjenge-glyphosate ebantwaneni "yinto ephambili kwezempilo yoluntu," ngokutsho kwababhali bephepha.

"Njengayo nayiphi na ikhemikhali, kukho amanyathelo aliqela abandakanyekayo kuvavanyo lomngcipheko, kubandakanya nokuqokelela ulwazi malunga nokuvezwa kwabantu, ukuze amanqanaba avelisa ingozi kuluntu olunye okanye uhlobo oluthile lwesilwanyana unokuthelekiswa namanqanaba okuvezwa okuqhelekileyo," ababhali babhala.

“Nangona kunjalo, ngaphambili besibonisile ukuba idatha ekubonakalisweni kwabantu kubasebenzi nakubantu ngokubanzi inqongophele. Zininzi ezinye izithuba kulwazi ezikhoyo malunga nale mveliso, umzekelo, iziphumo kwi-genotoxicity yayo ebantwini isikelwe umda. Ingxoxo eqhubekayo malunga nefuthe lokuvezwa kwe-glyphosate yenza ukuba ukusekwa kwinqanaba lokuvezwa kuluntu ngokubanzi kube ngumcimbi oxinzelelweyo wezempilo, ngakumbi kwabona basemngciphekweni. ”

Ababhali bathi ukubekwa kweliso kumanqanaba e-urinary glyphosate kufuneka kuqhutywe kubemi ngokubanzi.

"Siyaqhubeka nokucebisa ukuba ukubandakanywa kwe-glyphosate njengokubonakaliswa okulinganiselweyo kwizifundo ezimele ilizwe njenge-National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey kuyakuvumela ukuqonda okungcono ngemingcipheko enokubangelwa yi-glyphosate kwaye ivumele ukubekwa esweni okungcono kwabo kunokwenzeka babhentswe kwaye abo basemngciphekweni wokuvezwa, ”babhala.

Inkundla yezibheno ixhasa izizathu zovavanyo lomhlaza we-Roundup ophumelele iMonsanto

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Ngenye ilahleko yenkundla kumnini weMonsanto uBayer AG, inkundla yezibheno yala umzamo wenkampani wokubhukuqa uloyiso lwetyala olungafakwanga ngumgcini wesikolo saseCalifornia otyhola ukubhencwa kwimichiza yokubulala iintsholongwane eMonsanto yabangela ukuba abe nomhlaza, nangona inkundla yathi umonakalo kufuneka ube yinqumle kwi-20.5 yezigidi zeedola.

Inkundla yeziBheno yesiThili sokuqala seZibheno eCalifornia utshilo uMvulo ukuba iimpikiswano zikaMonsanto zazingacacanga kwaye uDewayne “Lee” Johnson wayenelungelo lokuqokelela i-10.25 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo wembuyekezo kunye nezinye i-10.25 yezigidi kumonakalo owohlwayo. Oko kuhla kwisimbuku se-78 yezigidi zeedola ijaji yetyala ivumelekile.

"Ngokokubona kwethu, uJohnson wabonisa ubungqina obuninzi-kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo bukhulu- bokuba i-glyphosate, kunye nezinye izithako kwimveliso yeRoundup, yabangela umhlaza wakhe," yatsho inkundla. "Ingcali emva kokuba ingcali inike ubungqina bobabini ukuba iimveliso zeRoundup ziyakwazi ukubangela i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma ... kwaye yabangela umhlaza kaJohnson ngokukodwa."

Inkundla iphinde yaqaphela ukuba "kwabakho ubungqina obugqithisileyo bokuba uJohnson wabandezeleka, kwaye uzakuqhubeka nokubandezeleka ubomi bakhe bonke, iintlungu kunye nokubandezeleka."

Inkundla yathi impikiswano kaMonsanto yokuba iziphumo zesayensi malunga nokunxibelelana kwe-glyphosate nomhlaza zenza "umbono omncinci" awuxhaswanga.

Ngokukodwa, inkundla yezibheno yongeze ukuba isohlwayo somonakalo sasikhona ngenxa yokuba kwakukhona ubungqina obaneleyo bokuba uMonsanto wenza "ngabom nangokungakhathaleli ukhuseleko lwabanye."

UMike Miller, ogama lakhe laseVirginia lalimela uJohnson etyaleni kunye neBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman inkampani yaseLos Angeles, wathi wayevuyiswa kukuqinisekiswa kwenkundla ukuba uJohnson uhlaselwe ngumhlaza ekusebenziseni kwakhe iRoundup kwaye inkundla iqinisekisile imbasa yesohlwayo. umonakalo ngenxa “yokuziphatha gwenxa ngabom kukaMonsanto.”

“Umnumzana Johnson usaqhubekeka nokugula. Siyazingca ngokulwela uMnu Johnson nokulandela kwakhe ubulungisa, ”utshilo uMiller.

IMonsanto ityala inzala yonyaka kwinqanaba leepesenti ezili-10 ukusuka ngo-Epreli we-2018 de ihlawule isigwebo sokugqibela.

Ukuncitshiswa komonakalo kubotshelelwe kwinxalenye yokuba oogqirha baxelele uJohnson ukuba umhlaza wakhe awupheli kwaye akalindelwe ukuba aphile ixesha elide. Inkundla ivumile noMonsanto ukuba ngenxa yomonakalo owenzelwayo wenzelwe ukubuyekeza iintlungu ezizayo, ukubandezeleka ngokwasengqondweni, ukuphulukana nokonwaba kobomi, ukukhubazeka emzimbeni, njlnjl .. Ixesha elifutshane lokuphila kukaJohnson ngokusemthethweni lithetha ngomonakalo "ongekho kwezoqoqosho" wexesha elizayo owanikwa yinkundla yamatyala. kufuneka icuthwe.

U-Brent Wisner, elinye lamagqwetha kaJohnson, wathi ukwehliswa komonakalo sisiphumo "sesona siphoso sinzulu somthetho waseCalifornia."

"Ngokusisiseko, umthetho waseCalifornia awumvumeli ummangali ukuba afumane ithuba elifutshane lokuphila," utshilo uWisner. “Oku kuvuza ngokufanelekileyo ummangalelwa ngokubulala ummangali, ngokuchasene nokwenzakala nje kwakhe. Yimpambano. ”

Ukujongwa kokuziphatha kukaMonsanto

Kwakuyinyanga nje ezimbini emva kokuba iBayer ithenge iMonsanto, ngo-Agasti 2018, ukuba ijaji enye wanika uJohnson i-289 yezigidi zeedola, kubandakanya i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayayo, ukufumanisa ukuba ayenzanga kuphela imichiza yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto ibangele ukuba uJohnson avelise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kodwa ukuba inkampani iyayazi ingozi yomhlaza kwaye yasilela ukulumkisa uJohnson. Ityala elalibandakanya iMonsanto glyphosate ezimbini zeemveliso zokutshabalalisa ukhula - iRoundup kunye neRanger Pro.

Ijaji yetyala lasithoba isigwebo esiyi- $ 78 yezigidi kodwa uMonsanto wabhenela kwisixa esincitshisiweyo. Umnqamlezo uJohnson ubhenele ekubuyiseleni isigwebo se-289 yezigidi.

Ityala likaJohnson lagutyungelwa ngamajelo eendaba kwihlabathi liphela kwaye libeka ukuqaqanjelwa kokuziphatha okungathandabuzekiyo kweMonsanto. Amagqwetha kaJohnson abonisa abagwebi ii-imeyile zenkampani yangaphakathi kunye nezinye iirekhodi ezibonisa oososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngemibhalo yezenzululwazi yokubhala ghost ukuzama ukuxhasa inkxaso kukhuseleko lweemveliso zenkampani, kunye nonxibelelwano oluchaza izicwangciso zokuhlazisa abagxeki, kunye nokuphelisa uvavanyo lukarhulumente. Ityhefu ye-glyphosate, ikhemikhali ephambili kwiimveliso zeMonsanto.

Amaxwebhu angaphakathi akwabonisa ukuba iMonsanto ilindele ukuba i-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza ihlukanise i-glyphosate njengento enokwenzeka okanye enokubangela i-carcinogen yabantu ngo-Matshi ka-2015. bakhupha udidi lwabo.

Amashumi amawaka abamangali bafaka isimangalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto besenza amabango afana nakaJohnson, kwaye ezinye izilingo ezimbini zenzekile ukusukela kwityala likaJohnson. Zombini ezo zilingo zakhokelela kwizigwebo ezinkulu ngokuchasene neMonsanto. Zombini ziphantsi kwesibheno.

NgoJuni, iBayer yathi ifikelele kwi-  isivumelwano sokuhlala kunye namagqwetha amele iipesenti ezingama-75 ze-125,000 ezifakiweyo kwaye ziseza kufakwa amabango aqalwe ngabamangali baseMelika abasola ukubhengezwa kwi-Roundup kaMonsanto kuphuhliso lwabo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. U-Bayer uthe uza kubonelela nge- $ 8.8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi ukusombulula isimangalo. Kodwa amagqwetha amele ngaphezulu kwe-20,000 XNUMX yabamangali abathi abavumelananga ukuhlala neBayer kwaye loo matyala kulindeleke ukuba aqhubeke nokusebenza ngendlela yenkqubo yenkundla.

Kwingxelo ekhutshwe emva kwesigwebo senkundla, uBayer uthe umi ngasemva kukhuseleko lweRoundup: Isigqibo senkundla yesibheno sokunciphisa umonakalo kunye nezohlwayo linyathelo eliya kwicala elilungileyo, kodwa siyaqhubeka nokukholelwa ekubeni isigwebo sejaji kunye nomonakalo Amabhaso awuhambelani nobungqina ekuxoxweni kwetyala nasemthethweni. IMonsanto iza kuthathela ingqalelo ukhetho lwayo lwezomthetho, kubandakanya nokufaka isibheno kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia. ”

Igqwetha labamangali abajongene nomhlaza abanjwe kwizityholo zolwaphulo-mthetho

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Umdlalo weqonga osemthethweni ojikeleze ubunzima besityholo somhlaza we-Roundup umane ufumane i-notch.

Izityholo zolwaphulo mthetho bafakwa kule veki ngokuchasene negqwetha uTimothy Litzenburg bethetha igqwetha elineminyaka engama-37 lifune i-200 yezigidi zeedola "kwimirhumo yokubonisana" endaweni yokuthula malunga nolwazi aloyikisayo ukuba lunokuba yingozi kumthengisi wemichiza eMonsanto.

I-Litzenburg yahlawuliswa ngenani elinye lokuzama ukuphanga, iyelenqe kunye nokusasaza unxibelelwano lwangaphakathi ngenjongo yokuphanga. Ebe ubanjiwe ngolwesibini kodwa ukhululwe kwi bond.

U-Litzenburg wayeligqwetha lika-Dewayne “Lee” Johnson elikhokelela kwityala lika-Johnson lika-2018 nxamnye neMonsanto, elakhokelela $ 289 yezigidi zeerandi ngokuthanda kukaJohnson. Ityala belilelokuqala kwezintathu ezenzekileyo ngokuchasene neMonsanto ngenxa yezityholo zokuba i-glyphosate-based herbicides efana neRoundup ibanga i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. IMonsanto, kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG, baphulukene nazo zontathu izilingo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kodwa babhengeza isigwebo.

Nangona i-Litzenburg yayijongene nokulungiselela uJohnson ukulingwa, akazange avunyelwe ukuthatha inxaxheba ngexesha lomcimbi ngenxa yokukhathazeka malunga nokuziphatha kwakhe okwakubanjwe yiMiller Firm, eyayingumqeshi wakhe ngelo xesha.

Ifemi yeMiller emva koko wagxothwa ILitzenburg kwaye wafaka isimangalo etyhola uLitzenburg ekuziphatheni, kunye "nokunganyaniseki nokungaziphathi kakuhle." ILitzenburg iphendule ngo counter-ibango. Amaqela kutsha nje athethathethane ngesivumelwano esiyimfihlo.

Inkathazo entsha yeLitzenburg yeza ngohlobo lwesikhalazo solwaphulo-mthetho esifakwe ngoMvulo kwinkundla yomanyano eVirginia. Isikhalazo asiyichazi inkampani i-Litzenburg ukuba ifuna imali kuyo, ibhekisa kuyo njenge “Inkampani 1.” Ngokwentlawulo, uLitzenburg uqhakamshelane neNkampani 1 ngoSeptemba walo nyaka echaza ukuba ulungiselela ityala eliza kutyhola iNkampani 1 kunye neenkampani ezinxulumene nokubonelela ngemixube yemichiza esetyenziswe yiMonsanto ukwenza igama layo elibizwa ngokuba yiRoundup herbicide kwaye iNkampani 1 ibisazi ukuba izithako zingumhlaza kodwa asilele ukulumkisa uluntu. Wazama ukubandakanya iqumrhu ekubhekiselwe kulo kwisikhalazo njengeNkampani 2, echazwe ngabatshutshisi njengenkampani ethengisa esidlangalaleni yaseMelika ethe yathenga iNkampani 1 kwi2018.

Kwangoko kulo nyaka u-Litzenburg uxelele i-US Right to Know ukuba wayesenza esi sikhalazo ngokuchasene nomthengisi weekhemikhali Huntsman wamanye amazwe  kunye nezinto ezinxulumene noko, kodwa akucaci ukuba ngaba uHuntsman uyabandakanyeka na kwesi senzo.

I-Litzenburg, ngoku eliqabane lenkampani ye IKincheloe, iLitzenburg kunye nePendleton, Khange aphendule kwisicelo sokuphawula. Kwaye neqabane lakhe lomthetho uDan Kincheloe. I-Litzenburg ibanga ukuba imele abathengi abangama-1,000 abamangalela iMonsanto malunga nezityholo zomhlaza we-Roundup.

Ngokwesi sikhalazo, u-Litzenburg uxelele igqwetha leNkampani 1 ukuba uyakholelwa ukuba angafaka isimangalo kwasekuqaleni ezinye ezininzi ziya kulandela. Ukuthintela loo nto, iNkampani 1 inokungena "kulungiselelo lokubonisana" neLitzenburg, igqwetha lathi laxelela inkampani. Njengomcebisi u-Litzenburg uya kuba nokungqubana kwemidla eya kumthintela ekufakeni isimangalo esisongelwayo.

Ngokwengcaciso, isikhalazo sathi sanikezelwa ligqwetha leNkampani 1, u-Litzenburg wathi uzakufuna imali ezizigidi ezi-5 zeerandi zamatyala abhaliweyo kunye nelungiselelo lokubonisana ne-200 yezigidi zeedola kuye kunye nomlingane. Isikhalazo solwaphulo-mthetho sithi uLitzenburg uyibhale phantsi igqwetha le-imeyile kwigqwetha lenkampani, elumkisa ngelithi ukuba inkampani ayiyithobeli, iLitzenburg izakudala "Roundup Two," enokuthi ibangele "ingxaki eqhubekayo kwaye ekhulayo" yeNkampani 1.

U-Litzenburg wabhala nge-imeyile ukuba i-200 yezigidi zeerandi zesivumelwano sakhe kunye nomlingane "lixabiso elifanelekileyo," ngokwesikhalazo solwaphulo-mthetho. Ubuncinci ababini "abahlobo" ababandakanyekayo kwesi sikimu, ngokwesikhalazo.

Igqwetha leNkampani 1 liqhakamshelane neSebe lezoBulungisa e-US ngo-Okthobha kwaye emva koko abaphandi barekhodile umnxeba kunye neLitzenburg bexoxa nge-200 yezigidi zeedola awayezifuna, isikhalazo sithi

Ngokwesi sikhalazo, i-Litzenburg yarekhodwa isithi: “Indlela endicinga ukuba niyakucinga ngayo kwaye besicinga ngayo kukonga icala lenu. Andiqondi ukuba le nto iyafayilwa ize ijike ibe yintsokolo enkulu, nokuba niyaphumelela amatyala kwaye niyeke ixabiso ... andicingi ukuba ikhona indlela eninokuphuma ngayo ngaphantsi kweebhiliyoni zeerandi. Kwaye, niyazi, kum, eh, eli lixabiso lokuthengisa umlilo ekufuneka nilithathele ingqalelo… ”

Ngethuba lolunye unxibelelwano neNkampani 1, uLitzenburg utyhola ukuba xa efumene i-200 yezigidi zeedola, wayezimisele "ukuthatha indawo" ngexesha lokufakwa kwezidalwa ezinetyhefu kwiNkampani 1 ukujongela phantsi amathemba abamangali bexesha elizayo ukuzama ukumangalela inkampani.

Ukuba iNkampani 1 ingene kwisivumelwano naye, uLitzenburg kuthiwa uthe, oko kuya kuthetha ukuba iNkampani 1 "iyakuthintela umngcelele wezothuso eziye zamangalelwa yiBayer / Monsanto."

Ukutshutshisa ityala kwiSebe lezoBulungisa laseMelika nguMncedisi oyiNtloko uL. Rush Atkinson kunye neNtloko enguMncedisi oyiNtloko uHenry P. Van Dyck weCandelo loLwaphulo-mthetho.

Jonga i-imeyile Trail ebonisa ukuThengiswa kweMpembelelo nguMbutho weendaba kwiBayer

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Iintatheli kwihlabathi liphela ziye zasabela ngomsindo kwizityhilelo ipapashwe kwi-Guardian  kule veki ibonisa u-Thanos Dimadis, owayesakuba ngumlawuli olawulayo we-Foreign Press Foundation, wenza amalungiselelo angaqhelekanga kwi-Bayer AG efuna ukusetyenziswa kombutho weendaba, ozinikele ekukhuseleni umatshini oshicilela simahla, ngeendlela ezinokuthi zikhusele kwaye zincede iBayer umdla wezoshishino. Ukutshintshiselana nefuthe kunye nokufikelela kumbutho weendaba, uBayer uvumile ukubonelela ngenkxaso mali, ii-imeyile zibonisa, kubandakanya nemali eyongezelelweyo kuDimadis ngokobuqu.

UDimadis usandula ukuba ngumongameli wombutho omtsha obizwa ngokuba nguMbutho wabaNxibelelanisi bamanye amazwe kwi i-USA (AFC-i-USA), oko ikukuthi ixhaswe ikakhulu yiBayer, isiJamani sokwenza amayeza kunye neekhemikhali kunyaka ophelileyo wathenga iMonsanto Co.

I-Monsanto yaxutywa kwizimangalo malunga nezityholo i-Roundup herbicide ebangela umhlaza xa iBayer yathenga inkampani ngoJuni 2018. Ilahleko ezintathu zetyala ukusukela ekufumaneni ziye zakhathaza abatyali mali beBayer kwaye bayishiya iBayer ukuba bazikhusele kwimbali ebhaliweyo kaMonsanto yokuzama ukusebenzisa amajelo eendaba, izazinzulu kunye nabalawuli luncedo kwimicimbi yalo.

Amagosa aseBayer athi iBayer izinikezele kwinyani kunye nokwenza izinto elubala kwaye ixhasa ushicilelo lwasimahla. Inkampani iyaphika ukuba ifune okanye ifumene nayiphi na impembelelo engafanelekanga kuMbutho wooNondaba bangaphandle okanye uMbutho omtsha wooNxibelelwano lwaNgaphandle.

Nalu uluhlu lweemeyile ezininzi:

Iinkcukacha zolungiselelo kunye neBayer

Uluhlu lweentatheli zeBayer zokukhetha ukubandakanyeka

UDimadis ubuza ulwalathiso lweBayer kumbutho weendaba noonobumba “ukuze benze iqhinga elifanelekileyo”

UDimadis ucela imali eyongezelelweyo eBayer

I-Bayer iyazixabisa iintshukumo zika-Dimadis kwaye iyavuma ukongeza imali kuhlahlo-lwabiwo mali lwe-Dimadis

Bona ibali elipheleleyo.