Ukuphishekela inyaniso kunye nokubonakala kwimpilo yoluntu

I-Bayer yenza isicwangciso esitsha se-2 yeebhiliyoni zeedola ukuze isuse amabango omhlaza we-Roundup kwikamva

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Umnini weMonsanto uBayer AG uthe ngolwe-Lwesithathu uzama kwakhona ukulawula nokusombulula amabango omhlaza we-Roundup anokubakho isivumelwano se-2 yezigidigidi kunye neqela lamagqwetha abamangali uBayer athemba ukuba aza kuphumelela kwimvume yejaji saliwe isicwangciso sangaphambili uhlobo oludlule.

Ngokukodwa, isivumelwano sifuna iBayer ukuba ifune imvume kwi-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) yokongeza ulwazi kwiilebheli zeemveliso zayo ezisekwe kwi-glyphosate ezinje ngeRoundup eya kuthi ibonelele ngonxibelelwano lokufikelela kwizifundo zesayensi kunye nolunye ulwazi malunga nokhuseleko lwe-glyphosate.

Ukongeza, ngokukaBayer, esi sicwangciso sifuna ukusekwa kwengxowa-mali eza kuhlawula "abafanelekileyo abafaka izicelo zamabango" ngaphezulu kweminyaka emine yenkqubo; ukuseka iphaneli yesayensi enika iingcebiso ezinokuthi zisetyenziswe njengobungqina kwizimangalo ezinokubakho kwixesha elizayo; kunye nophuhliso lophando kunye neenkqubo zokuqonda isifo kunyango kunye / okanye uphando lwenzululwazi ekuchongeni nasekunyangeni i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Isicwangciso kufuneka samkelwe nguMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria weNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla saseCalifornia. U-Chhabria ebejonge isohlwayo se-Roundup se-multidistrict.

U-Bayer uthe amalungu eklasi afanelekileyo kwiminyaka emine ezayo azakufanelekela amanqanaba eembuyekezo ngokubhekisele kwizikhokelo ezichazwe kwisivumelwano. "Udidi lokuhlala" lubhekisa kubantu ababekhe bavezwa kwiimveliso zeRoundup kodwa abakafaki ityala elibanga ukwenzakala ngenxa yokuvezwa.

Amalungu eklasi yokuHlaliswa aya kufaneleka ukuba afumane imbuyekezo phakathi kwe- $ 10,000 kunye ne- $ 200,000, utshilo uBayer.
Ngokwesivumelwano, ulwabiwo lwengxowa mali yokuhlala luya kuvela ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
* Ingxowa-mali yeMbuyekezo-Ubuncinci i-1.325 yezigidigidi zeedola
Inkqubo yoNcedo lokuFikelela kwiDiagnostic- $ 210 yezigidi
* Inkqubo yeNgxowa-mali yoPhando- $ 40 yezigidi
Iindleko zoLawulo lokuHlaliswa kwaBantu, iindleko zePhaneli yeNzululwazi, Iindleko zeSaziso sokuHlaliswa kwabahlali, iirhafu,
Imirhumo yeeArhente ze-Escrow kunye neNkcitho-ukuya kuthi ga kwi-55 yezigidi zeedola
Isicwangciso sokuhlala esicetywayo sokumangalelwa kwinqanaba leklasi elizayo sahlukile isivumelwano sentlawulo I-Bayer yenziwe namagqwetha amashumi amawaka abamangali esele beze namabango atyhola ukubhencwa kwi-Roundup kunye nabanye ababulali bokhula baseMonsanto glyphosate ababangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
I-Bayer ibisokola ukufumana indlela yokuphelisa ityala lomhlaza we-Roundup okoko wathenga iMonsanto kwi-2018. Inkampani ilahlekelwe zizo zontathu izilingo ezibanjiweyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye yaphulukana nemijikelo yokuqala yezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala.
Amajoni kuvavanyo ngalunye kuvavanyo alufumananga loo Monsanto kuphela I-glyphosate-based herbicides kubangela umhlaza kodwa nokuba uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla umngcipheko.

Uphando olutsha longeza ubungqina bokuba ukhula olubulala ukhula luyaphazamisa iihormoni

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Uphando olutsha longeza ubungqina obukhathazayo kwinkxalabo yokuba ukubulala ukhula kusetyenziswa kakhulu imichiza glyphosate inokubanakho ukuphazamisa iihomoni zabantu.

Kwiphepha elipapashwe kwijenali Imichiza zibizwa IGlyphosate kunye neempawu eziphambili zokuphazamiseka kwe-endocrine: Uphengululo, Isithathu senzululwazi sagqiba kwelokuba i-glyphosate ibonakala ineempawu ezisibhozo kwezilishumi eziphambili ezinxulunyaniswa i-endocrine ephazamisa iikhemikhali . Ababhali balumkisile, nangona kunjalo, ukuba izifundo eziza kudibana ziyafuneka ukuze kuqondwe ngokucacileyo iimpembelelo ze-glyphosate kwinkqubo ye-endocrine yomntu.

Ababhali, uJuan Munoz, uTammy Bleak noGloria Calaf, elowo nalowo unxulumene neYunivesithi yaseTarapacá eChile, bathi iphepha labo luphononongo lokuqala lokudibanisa ubungqina boomatshini kwi-glyphosate njenge-endocrine-disrupting chemical (EDC).

Obunye bobungqina bucacisa ukuba iRoundup, eyaziwa ngokuba yi-glyphosate-based herbicide, inokutshintsha i-biosynthesis yehomoni zesondo, ngokutsho kwabaphandi.

Ii-EDCs zinokulingisa okanye ziphazamise iihomoni zomzimba kwaye zinxulunyaniswa nengxaki zokukhula kunye nokuzala kunye nengqondo kunye nokungasebenzi komzimba.

Eli phepha litsha lilandela ukupapashwa ebutsheni balo nyaka Uluhlu lwezifundo zezilwanyana ebonakalise ukuvezwa kwe-glyphosate kuchaphazela amalungu okuzala kwaye isoyikisa ukuzala.

IGlyphosate sesona sifo sisetyenziswa kakhulu emhlabeni, esithengiswa kumazwe ali-140. Yaziswa ngentengiso ngo-1974 nguMonsanto Co, imichiza sisithako esisebenzayo kwiimveliso ezithandwayo ezinje ngeRoundup kunye namakhulu abanye babulali bokhula abasetyenziswa ngabathengi, oomasipala, izixhobo, amafama, abaqhubi begalufa kunye nabanye kwihlabathi liphela.

UDana Barr, Unjingalwazi kwiYunivesithi yaseEmory iRollins School of Health Public, wathi obu bungqina “buye bubonakalise ngendlela engathethekiyo ukuba i-glyphosate ine-endocrine ephazamisa iipropathi.”

“Ayisiyonto ingalindelekanga kuba i-glyphosate inezakhiwo ezifanayo nezinye i-endocrine ephazamisa ukubulala izinambuzane; Nangona kunjalo, ingakumbi kuba ukusetyenziswa kwe-glyphosate kudlula kude ezinye izibulali zinambuzane, ”utshilo u-Barr, olawula inkqubo ngaphakathi kwiziko le-National Institutes of Health elixhaswa ngezempilo. "IGlyphosate isetyenziswa kwizityalo ezininzi nakwizicelo ezininzi zokuhlala ezinokubangela ukubonwa kwabantu ngokubanzi."

Phil Landrigan, umlawuli we-Global Observatory on Pollution and Health, kunye nonjingalwazi webhayoloji
KwiKholeji yaseBoston, uthe uphononongo ludibanise "ubungqina obuqinileyo" bokuthi i-glyphosate ngumphazamisi we-endocrine.

"Ingxelo iyahambelana nomzimba omkhulu woncwadi obonisa ukuba i-glyphosate inoluhlu olubanzi lweziphumo ezibi kwezempilo - iziphumo eziguqula imeko ende kaMonsanto ukuvezwa kwe-glyphosate njengekhemikhali enobungozi engenazimpembelelo zimbi kwimpilo yabantu, ”utshilo uLandrigan.

Ii-EDC bezingumbandela oxhalabisayo ukusukela nge-1990s emva kothotho lopapasho olucebisayo ukuba ezinye iikhemikhali zisetyenziswa kakhulu kwizibulali zinambuzane, izinyibilikisi zorhwebo, iiplastikhi, iisepha, kunye nezinye izinto zinokubanakho ukuphazamisa unxibelelwano phakathi kwamahomoni kunye nezamkeli.

Izazinzulu ngokubanzi ziye zamkela iipropathi ezilishumi ezisebenzayo zearhente eziguqula isenzo sehomoni, zibhekisa kwezi "njengeempawu eziphambili" ezilishumi ze-endocrine-disorors. Iimpawu ezilishumi zezi zilandelayo:

Ii-EDC's zinako:

  • Ukutshintsha kwehomoni ukuhanjiswa kwamanqanaba okujikeleza kwehomoni
  • Yenza utshintsho kwi-hormone metabolism okanye kugqitywe
  • Guqula ikamva lokuvelisa iincindi zamadlala okanye iiseli eziphendula iihomoni
  • I-Alter hormone receptor expression
  • Ukuchasene ne-hormone receptors
  • Nxibelelana okanye wenze ii-hormone receptors
  • Ukutshintshwa kwesiginali yokutshintsha kwiiseli eziphendula ihomoni
  • Yenza uhlengahlengiso lwe-epigenetic kwimveliso evelisa iihomoni okanye iiseli eziphendula ihomoni
  • Alter hormone synthesis
  • Utshintsho lwehormoni yokuhambisa kwiimbrane zeseli

Ababhali bephepha elitsha bathi uphononongo lwedatha yoomatshini lubonise ukuba i-glyphosate idibene nazo zonke iimpawu eziphambili ngaphandle kwezi zimbini: "Ngokubhekiselele kwi-glyphosate, abukho ubungqina obunxulunyaniswa namandla okuchasana nabamkeli behomoni," batsho. Kananjalo, "abukho ubungqina bempembelelo yayo kwimetabolism ye-hormonal okanye kugqitywe," ngokutsho kwababhali.

Uphando kule minyaka ingamashumi idlulileyo lujolise ikakhulu kumakhonkco afunyanwa phakathi kwe-glyphosate kunye nomhlaza, ngakumbi i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL.) Ngo-2015, i-Arhente yeHlabathi yezeMpilo yoPhando ngomhlaza. I-glyphosate echaziweyo njenge-carcinogen yabantu.

Bangaphezu kwe-100,000 abantu Ndimangalele uMonsanto e-United States etyhola ukubhencwa kwimichiza yokubulala ukhula eglyphosate esekwe kwinkampani kubangele bona okanye abo babathandayo ukuba baphuhlise i-NHL.

Abamangali kwizimangalo zelizwe lonke bathi iMonsanto kudala ifuna ukufihla umngcipheko weyeza layo. IMonsanto ilahlekelwe zizilingo ezintathu kwezintathu kwaye umnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG uchithe unyaka ophelileyo enesiqingatha ukuzama ukuhlala Ukumangalelwa ngaphandle kwenkundla.

Ababhali bephepha elitsha baqaphela indalo ekuyo yonke indawo ye-glyphosate, besithi "ukusetyenziswa okukhulu" kwale khemikhali "kukhokelele ekusasazekeni kwendalo," kubandakanya nokuvela okuchaphazelayo okuboshwe kukusetyenziswa kwabantu kombulali wokhula ngokutya.

Abaphandi bathi nangona abalawuli bathi amanqanaba entsalela ye-glyphosate efumaneka ekutyeni iphantsi ngokwaneleyo ukuba ikhuseleke, "abanakuyilawula" ingozi "enokubakho ebantwini abatya ukutya okungcoliswe yimichiza, ngakumbi iinkozo kunye nezinye izityalo- ukutya okusekwe, okuhlala kunamanqanaba aphezulu kunobisi, inyama okanye iimveliso zentlanzi.

Amaxwebhu aseburhulumenteni ase-US abonisa ukuba iintsalela ze-glyphosate zifunyenwe kuluhlu lokutya, kubandakanya ubusi bendalo, yaye igranola kunye nabaqhekezi.

Abaphandi bakarhulumente waseCanada bakwachaze intsalela yeglyphosate ekutyeni. Ingxelo enye ekhutshwe ngo-2019 ngoososayensi abavela kwiiLabhoratri zeAgri-Food eCanada e-Alberta Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry bafumana i-glyphosate kwi-197 ye-200 yeesampulu zobusi abazihlolisayo.

Ngaphandle kwenkxalabo malunga nefuthe le-glyphosate kwimpilo yabantu, kubandakanya nokuvezwa kokutya, abalawuli base-US bakhusele ngokuqinileyo ukhuseleko lweekhemikhali. Inkqubo ye- I-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo igcina ayifumanekanga "nayiphi na impilo yomntu ngenxa yokuchanabeka kwi-glyphosate. ”

Intloko yeBayer's Monsanto iyaqhubeka

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Imigraine iMonsanto ayibonakali ngathi iyahamba nanini na kwiBayer AG.

Imizamo yokusombulula ubunzima bamatyala aziswe e-United States ngamashumi amawaka abantu abathi i-Roundup herbicides kaMonsanto ibanike umhlaza uqhubeke nokuqhubela phambili, kodwa abajongani nawo onke amatyala angekahlawulwa, kwaye bonke abamangali abaniki ndawo yokuhlala.

In ileta eya kwiJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria, Igqwetha laseArizona uDavid Diamond uthe ukumelwa okwenziwe ngamagqwetha kukhokelela kwiingxoxo zokuhlala kunye neBayer egameni labamangali akubonakalisi ngokuchanekileyo imeko yabathengi bakhe. Ucacisile "ukunqongophala" "kwamava ahambelana nokuhlala" kunye neBayer kwaye wacela ukuba iJaji uChhabria iqhubele phambili amatyala aliqela eDiamond ukulingwa.

“Ubumeli beenkokheli malunga nemeko yokuhlala abubonakalisi ukuhlinzekwa kwabaxumi bam
amava ahambelana nawo, umdla okanye isikhundla, ”utshilo uDiamond kwijaji.

UDiam ubhale kule leta ukuba unabathengi abangama-423 abajikelezayo, kubandakanya nabangama-345 abanamatyala asalindiweyo phambi kweChhabria kwizimangalo ezininzi (MDL) kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla eCalifornia. Ecaleni kwe-MDL kukho amawaka abamangali amatyala abo asalindelwe kwiinkundla zikarhulumente.

Ukufikelela kukaDiamond kwijaji kulandelwe ukuxoxwa kwetyala ngasekupheleni kwenyanga ephelileyo apho uninzi lweefemu ezikhokelayo kwisimangalo kunye namagqwetha ka-Bayer axelele u-Chhabria ukuba bakufutshane ekusombululeni uninzi, ukuba ayingawo onke, amatyala aphambi kwejaji.

I-Bayer ifikelele kwiindawo zokuhlala ezibalulekileyo kunye neenkampani ezininzi zomthetho ezikhokelayo ezimele isabelo esikhulu samabango aziswe eMonsanto. NgoJuni, uBayer wathi uza kubonelela nge- $ 8.8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi ukusombulula isimangalo.

Kodwa impikiswano kunye nembambano ziye zanyanzelisa ukunikezelwa kweendawo zokuhlala.

Abamangali abaliqela ababemelwe ziifemu ezinkulu kwaye babethetha phantsi kwemiqathango yokuba amagama abo angasetyenziswa, bathi abavumelani nemigaqo yokuhlala, oko kuthetha ukuba amatyala abo aza kujoliswa kulamlo kwaye, ukuba oko kuyasilela, kuvavanyo.

Emva kokuthenga iMonsanto kwi-2018, iBayer ibisokola ukufumana indlela yokuphelisa isimangalo esibandakanya ngaphezulu kwe-100,000 yabamangali. Inkampani ilahlekelwe zizilingo ezintathu kwezintathu ebezibanjiwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye ilahle umjikelo wokuqala wezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala. Amajele kuvavanyo ngalunye kuvavanyo afumanise ukuba i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides, enje ngeRoundup, ibangela umhlaza kwaye uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla umngcipheko.

Iinzame zenkampani zokusombulula isimangalo ziye zacaciswa ngokuyinxalenye ngumceli mngeni wendlela yokuphelisa amabango anokuziswa kwikamva ngabantu abaphuhlisa umhlaza emva kokusebenzisa iyeza lenkampani.

Iingxaki Zigcine Ukunyuka

I-Bayer isoyikisile ngokufaka kwifayile ukuba ingabinayo imali ukuba ayinakuphelisa ityala le-Roundup kwaye ngolwesiThathu inkampani ikhuphe isilumkiso senzuzo kwaye yabhengeza iibhiliyoni zokunciphisa iindleko, icacisa "umbono ophantsi kunoko bekulindelwe kwintengiso yezolimo" phakathi kwezinye izinto. Iindaba zithumele izabelo kwinkampani yokuwa.

Ekuxeleni iingxaki zikaBayer IBarron iqaphele: "Ingxaki zihlala zisiba nkulu kuBayer nakubatyali zimali, ekufuneka kuthi ngoku basebenzise ukungxola kweendaba ezidanisayo. Isitokhwe ngoku sele siwile ngaphezulu kwe-50% ukusukela oko isivumelwano seMonsanto savalwa ngoJuni 2018. "Olu hlaziyo lwamva nje longeza kuphela kwimeko yesivumelwano seMonsanto sesinye sezona zimbi kwimbali yequmrhu."

Ukulandelela iNethiwekhi yePropaganda yoShishino lweePilisi

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Imibutho emine kuphela ngoku ilawula ngaphezulu kwe-60% yonikezelo lwembewu kunye neyeza lokubulala izitshabalalisi. Ukongamela uluntu ngemisebenzi yabo kubalulekile ekuboneleleni ngokutya okukhuselekileyo nokunempilo. Ukanti zonke ezi nkampani- iMonsanto / Bayer, iDowDuPont, iSyngenta, i-BASF- zinexesha elide Iimbali zokufihla ingozi iimveliso zabo. Kuba iirekhodi zabo azikhuthazi ukuthembela, baxhomekeke kumaqabane eqela lesithathu ukukhuthaza kunye nokukhusela iimveliso zabo.

Amanqaku alapha ngezantsi ayakhanya kule nethiwekhi ifihlakeleyo: amaqela angaphambili, izifundiswa, intatheli kunye nabalawuli abasebenza ngasemva kunye neenkampani zokubulala izitshabalalisi ukukhuthaza nokukhusela ii-GMO kunye nezibulala-zinambuzane. 

Ulwazi esiluxela apha lusekwe kuphando lwase-US lweLungelo lokwazi olufumene amashumi amawaka amaphepha amaqumrhu angaphakathi kunye nolawulo ukusukela ngo-2015. Ngoku ka Amaxwebhu eMonsanto atyhilwe kwi-2019,  Uphando luka-USRTK luza kuchaphazela yonke le shishini. 

Nceda wabelane ngala maphepha, kwaye sayina apha ukufumana iindaba eziphambili kuphando lwethu. 

Uphengululo lwezifundo: ukwenziwa kweqela eliphambili leMonsanto

I-AgBioChatter: apho ookopolotyeni kunye nabahlohli bacwangcise iqhinga kwi-GMOs nakwizibulali zinambuzane

UAlison Van Eenennaam: Isithethi esingaphandle kunye nommeli weemveliso zolimo kunye ne-GMO

Ibhunga laseMelika lezeNzululwazi kunye neMpilo liqela elingaphambili lenkampani

IiNkampani zeBayer Shady PR: UHillard kunye noKethumhum PR

Ukuhlaziywa Uncedo kumzi mveliso weekhemikhali PR kunye neenzame zokuphembelela

Iziko lokuDibana kokutya ukutya kunye noshishino kwezolimo amaqabane PR

ICornell Alliance yeNzululwazi yi Iphulo lobudlelwane noluntu eCornell ukukhuthaza ii-GMO

IBhunga loLwazi lweBiotechnology, iimpendulo zeGMO, iCropLife: ushishino lwezibulali-zinambuzane amanyathelo okuqala 

UDrew Kershen: icandelo lezolimo eliphambili kwiqela eliphambili

Uguquko lokutya lweGMO Yifilimu elahlekisayo esasaza ubuxoki, batsho abafundi abaninzi

UGeoffrey Kabat: ubudlelwane kumaqela ecuba kunye neekhemikhali

Glyphosate Spin Jonga: ukulandelela amabango malunga neyeza elisetyenziswa kakhulu

Iimpendulo zeGMO yi Ulawulo lobunzima Isixhobo se-PR se-GMO kunye neyeza lokubulala izitshabalalisi

UHank Campbell maze yeebhloko zesayensi ezithanda iMonsanto

UHenry I. Miller yehliswe yiForbes yeMonsanto ye-scandal

IQonga laBasetyhini abaMeleyo: Iqela elixhaswa ngemali nguKoch likhusela i-pesticide, ioyile, amashishini ecuba

IBhunga leLizwe loLwazi ngezoKutya (IFIC): Indlela eziKhulu zokutya ezijikeleza ngayo iindaba ezimbi

IZiko lezeNzululwazi ngezoBomi leHlabathi (i-ILSI) liqela lokulungiselela ukutya kushishino, amaxwebhu abonisa

UJay Byrne: Dibana nendoda esemva komatshini weMonsanto PR

UJon Entine, iProjekthi yoLwazi lokuFunda nokuBhala: abathunywa abaphambili beMonsanto, iBayer kunye nomzi mveliso weekhemikhali

UKeith Kloor: ukuba intatheli yesayensi isebenze njani namahlakani oshishino ngasemva

UKevin Folta amabango alahlekisayo nalahlekisayo

UMark Lynas weCornell Alliance weSayensi Ukunyusa okukhohlisayo nokungachanekanga kwishishini lezolimo kwi-ajenda yorhwebo

IMonsanto ithiye la "maqabane eshishini" kuyo Isicwangciso se-PR sokujongana nomthetho womhlaza we-glyphosate (2015)

UNina Federoff yahlanganisa igunya lenzululwazi yaseMelika ukuba ibuyele eMonsanto

UPamela Ronald's ubudlelwane kumaqela angaphambili emizi-mveliso

UPeter phillips bakhe imfihlelo "ilungelo lokwazi" ungcelele kwiYunivesithi yaseSaskatchewan

SciBabe uthi yitya i-pesticides yakho, kodwa ngubani oyihlawulayo?

Iziko leMedia Media ikhuthaza iimbono ezihlangeneyo zesayensi

Ingqondo malunga neSayensi / STATS jikelezisa isayensi kwimizi-mveliso

Stuart Smyth's ubudlelwane kwezolimo kunye nenkxaso mali 

UTamar Haspel ilahlekisa abafundi beWashington Post kwiikholamu zayo zokutya

Ixabiso leZipho: I-BIO VP yangaphambili yayiyeyona ntsebenzo iphambili kushishino lwezolimo

Amanqaku angakumbi malunga namaqela aphambili aphambili, amaqela orhwebo kunye nababhali be-PR

I-BIO: iqela lezorhwebo le-biotech

Iziko leNkululeko yoMthengi

Crop Life International

IZiko lezeNzululwazi ngezoBomi leHlabathi

UJulie Kelly

I-Kavin Senapathy / MAM Iintsomi

Ketchum PR

Abalimi baseMelika kunye noManyano lweRanchers

Ezinye izixhobo ezivela e-US Right to Know

Izifundo zezifundo ezibhalwe ngokubhaliweyo yi-US ilungelo lokwazi 

Amaphepha eMonsanto: Uxwebhu lweRoundup / iGlyphosate 

Ugcino lwamaxwebhu eDicamba

I-Roundup kunye ne-Dicamba Trial Tracker Ibhlog entsha ihlaziywa rhoqo 

Iphepha lenyaniso leGlyphosate: Ukuxhalaba kwezempilo malunga nePesticide esetyenziswa kakhulu

Uxwebhu lwenyani lweDicamba

Iindaba zeendaba zehlabathi jikelele Ilungelo laseMelika lokwazi iziphumo 

Ukuba uyawuthanda umsebenzi wethu, nceda YENZA LONTO ukusinceda sinyuse ubushushu kuphando lwe-USRTK.

Intetho entsha malunga nokuhlala phakathi kweBayer kunye nezigulana ezinomhlaza weRoundup

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Kwakukho intetho ehlaziyiweyo malunga nokulungiswa okunokubakho kule veki phakathi kweBayer AG kunye namashumi amawaka ezigulana ezinomhlaza njengeyona nkundla iphambili yokumamela kwinkundla kwiveki ezayo.

Ngokutsho ingxelo eBloomberg, Amagqwetha aseBayer afikelele kwizivumelwano zomlomo namagqwetha ase-US amele abammangali abayi-50,000 XNUMX abamangalela uMonsanto ngenxa yamabango athi i-Roundup kunye nezinye i-Monsanto herbicides zibangele ukuba abamangali baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Iinkcukacha njengoko zixeliwe yiBloomberg zibonakala ngathi azitshintshanga kwizivumelwano zomlomo zangaphambili phakathi kweBayer kunye negqwetha labamangali elahlayo ngexesha lokuvalwa kwenkundla enxulumene neCoronavirus. Ngeenkundla zivaliwe, iintsuku zetyala ziye zahlehliswa, kususwa uxinzelelo eBayer.

Kodwa indawo yoxinzelelo entsha iyavela kwindlebe yeveki ezayo kwisibheno solingo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup. Inkundla yezibheno yaseCalifornia ISithili sokuBhena sokuqala imiselwe ukumamela iingxoxo zomlomo kwizibheno ezinqamlezileyo kwimeko kaJohnson v Monsanto ngoJuni 2.

Elo tyala, elalixabanise umgcini-ndawo waseCalifornia uDewayne “Lee” Johnson ngokuchasene neMonsanto, kukhokelele kwi- $ 289 yezigidi zomonakalo kaJohnson ngo-Agasti ka-2018. I-jury ayifumananga kuphela ukuba i-Roundup kaMonsanto kunye nemveliso ezinxulumene ne-glyphosate ibonise ingozi enkulu kubantu abayisebenzisayo, kodwa ukuba "kukho ubungqina obucacileyo nobukholisayo" bokuba amagosa kaMonsanto asebenze "ngobubi okanye ingcinezelo" ukusilela ukulumkisa ngokufanelekileyo ngomngcipheko.

Ijaji yetyala kwityala likaJohnson kamva wehlisa umonakalo ukuya kwizigidi ezingama-78.5 zeedola. UMonsanto ubhenele nakwibhaso elincitshisiweyo, kwaye uJohnson wenza isibheno efuna ukubuyiselwa kwibhaso elipheleleyo lejaji.

In Ukubhengeza isigwebo, UMonsanto wacela inkundla ukuba isijike isigqibo sokulingwa kwaye ingene kwisigwebo seMonsanto okanye iguqule kwaye ibuyisele ityala kwityala elitsha. Okona kuncinci, iMonsanto yacela inkundla yezibheno ukuba inciphise isahlulo sebhaso lejaji "ngomonakalo ongekhoyo kwixesha elizayo" ukusuka kwi-33 yezigidi zeedola ukuya kwi-1.5 yezigidi zeedola kunye nokucima umonakalo owohlwayo ngokupheleleyo.

Abagwebi benkundla yezibheno ndinike uluvo kwangoko malunga nendlela ababoyame ngayo etyaleni, besazisa amagqwetha amacala omabini ukuba kufanelekile ukuba balungele ukuxoxa ngombuzo womonakalo kwityala le-2 kaJuni. Amagqwetha abamangali athabathe oko njengophawu olukhuthazayo lokuba iijaji zisenokungacwangcisi ukuyalela ityala elitsha.

Ngaphantsi kwemigqaliselo yentlawulo ekuxoxwe ngayo kwiinyanga ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo, iBayer iya kuhlawula i-10 yezigidigidi zeedola ukuzisa ukuvalwa kwamatyala agcinwe ziifemu ezinkulu ezininzi, kodwa ayizukuvuma ukubeka iilebhile zokulumkisa ngokhula olusekwe kwiglphosate. ababulali, njengoko bekufunwa ngamanye amagqwetha abamangali.

Ukuhlawulwa akuyi kugubungela bonke abamangali ngamabango alindileyo. Ayizukugubungela uJohnson okanye abanye abamangali abathathu abasele bephumelele amabango abo enkundleni. IMonsanto kunye neBayer babhenele kuko konke ukulahleka kwetyala.

Amagqwetha kumafemu amakhulu abandakanyeka kwisimangalo ale ukuxoxa ngemeko yangoku.

Amagosa aseBayer akhanyela ukuba bukhona ubungqina benzululwazi obudibanisa i-glyphosate herbicides kunye nomhlaza, kodwa abatyali mali bafuna ukusombulula isisombululo. Iya kuba luncedo iBayer ukuwasombulula amatyala phambi kwaso nasiphi na isigqibo esichasene nenkundla yesibheno, esinokuthi siqhubekeke siphazamise abanini zabelo benkampani. I-Bayer ithenge iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018. Ukulandela ukulahleka kwetyala likaJohnson ngo-Agasti ka-2018, ixabiso lesabelo lenkampani lehlile kwaye lihleli liphantsi koxinzelelo.

Abamangali abakhathazekileyo

Amacala okuqala kumatyala omhlaza we-Roundup afayiliswa ngasekupheleni kuka-2015, oko kuthetha ukuba uninzi lwabamangali belinde iminyaka yokusonjululwa. Abanye babamangali babhubhile ngelixa belindile, amatyala abo ngoku esiwa phambili ngamalungu osapho ekhathazekile kukungabikho kwenkqubela phambili ekuziseni amatyala.

Abanye babamangali bebesenza imiyalezo yevidiyo ejolise kubaphathi beBayer, befuna ukuba bavumelane ngokuhlala kunye nokwenza utshintsho lokulumkisa abathengi malunga nemingcipheko yomhlaza ezinokubangelwa yimichiza yokubulala ukhula eglyphosate enje ngeRoundup.

UVincent Tricomi, oneminyaka engama-68, ngummangali onjalo. Kwividiyo ayenzileyo, awabelana ngayo ne-US Right to Know, uthe uye wajongana nemijikelo eli-12 yechemotherapy kunye nokuhlala esibhedlele ezintlanu elwa nomhlaza wakhe. Emva kokufumana ukuxolelwa okwethutyana, umhlaza uphinde wabuya ekuqaleni kwalo nyaka, utshilo.

UTricomi uthi: “Baninzi kakhulu njengam abasokolayo nabadinga ukukhululeka. Jonga umyalezo wakhe wevidiyo apha ngezantsi:

Ukuhlaliswa kweBayer yamabango omhlaza weRoundup asephezulu emoyeni

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Amajaji akhethwe ukuba aphulaphule ityala laseSt. Ukumangalelwa malunga nokukhuseleka kwemichiza yokubulala ukhula i-Roundup kusaqhubeka.

Kwesinye isibonakaliso sokuba isivumelwano asikakhuselwa, ukhetho lwejaji kwiilingo ezahlukeneyo zomhlaza we-Roundup- le yaseCalifornia-yayiqhubeka kule veki. Izilingo eSt. Louis naseCalifornia zibandakanya abamangali abathi bona okanye abo babathandayo baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngenxa yokuvezwa kwe-glyphosate-based herbicides eyenziwe nguMonsanto, kubandakanya neRoundup brand. Amashumi amawaka abamangali benza amabango afanayo kwizimangalo ezifakwe kwi-United States.

I-Bayer ithenge iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018 kanye njengoko ityala lokuqala kwityala lobundlobongela beliqhubeka. Ixabiso lesabelo sikaBayer lacothwa emva kokuba ijaji evumayo ifumanise ukuba ukubulala izitshabalalisi zeMonsanto kwakungunobangela womhlaza wommangali kuloo meko nokuba iMonsanto yayifihle ubungqina bomngcipheko womhlaza kuluntu.

Izilingo ezimbini ezongezelelekileyo zikhokelela kwiziphumo ezifanayo zejury kwaye zatsala ingqalelo yamajelo eendaba kwilizwe lonke ukuba kugxothwe amaxwebhu eMonsanto angaphakathi abonisa ukuba inkampani ibandakanyeka kwizenzo zenkohliso kumashumi eminyaka ukukhusela nokukhusela inzuzo yemichiza yokutshabalalisa ukhula.

Abatyalomali be-Bayer banomdla kwinkampani ukuba iphelise isimangalo kwaye ishiye izilingo ezininzi kunye noluntu oluziswa ngumntu ngamnye. Izabelo ziphakame kwiveki ephelileyo xa ityala laseSt. Louis lahlehliswa ngesiquphe njengamagqwetha abamangali ababexinene namagqwetha aseBayer kwaye abonisa ukuba umhlaba wonke wokumangalelwa wawusondele.

Amanani ezi-8 zeebhiliyoni- $ 10 yezigidigidi ahanjisiwe iiveki ngemithombo yolwaphulo-mthetho njengendawo yokuhlawula amatyala ngobuninzi bamatyala athe abamba iBayer okoko ithenge iMonsanto nge $ 63 yezigidigidi.

I-Bayer sele ithethathethane ngemiqathango yokuhlawula kunye neenkampani ezininzi zomthetho ezikhokela isimangalo, kodwa khange ikwazi ukufikelela kwisivumelwano neenkampani zabamangali ze-Weitz & Luxenberg kunye neMiller Firm. Ngokudibeneyo ezi femu zimbini zimele abamangali abasondeleyo abangama-20,000 XNUMX, besenza ukuba bathathe inxaxheba kwisivumelwano njengeyona nto ibalulekileyo kwisivumelwano esiya kuthi sixolise abatyali-mali, itsho imithombo ekufutshane nesimangalo.

Imithombo ithi la macala mabini "asondele kakhulu" kwisivumelwano.

Ngokwahlukeneyo, kodwa iindaba ezinxulumene noko, Inkampani yeKellogg yatsho iveki ukuba yayihamba isebenzisa iinkozo ezifafazwe ngeglyphosate kungekudala ngaphambi kokuvuna njengezithako kubathengi bayo kunye nokutya okuziinkozo. Isenzo sokusebenzisa i-glyphosate njenge-desiccant yayithengiswa yi-Monsanto iminyaka njengesiqhelo esinokunceda amafama ukuba azomise izityalo zawo ngaphambi kokuvuna, kodwa ukuvavanywa kwemveliso yokutya kubonise ukuba isenzo eso sishiya intsalela yombulali wokhula kukutya okugqityiweyo njenge-oatmeal.

AbakwaKellogg bathe "sisebenzisana nabanikezeli ngeenkonzo ukuphelisa ukusebenzisa i-glyphosate njenge-arhente yokomisa ngaphambi kokuvuna kwingqolowa yethu kunye ne-oat kwiimarike zethu ezinkulu, kubandakanya ne-US, ukuphela kuka-2025."

Isilingo kwisiXeko saseMonsanto saseKhaya esisetelwe uAgasti Emva kwesigwebo se- $ 2 Billion

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Eli nqaku lapapashwa okokuqala kwi Iindaba zezeMpilo kokusiNgqongileyo.

NguCarey Gillam

Emva kwelahleko ezintathu zenkundla eCarlifonia, umlo osemthethweni malunga nokukhuseleka kwe-Roundup herbicide eMonsanto ubhekise kwidolophu yenkampani, apho amagosa amanyeneyo anokunyanzelwa ukuba avele kwindawo yokuma kwengqina, kwaye ukulandelwa kwezomthetho kubonisa imbali yokulwa- imigwebo yequmrhu.

"Izinto eziqhubeke apha, ndifuna amajaji aseSt. Louis ukuba ave le nto."

USharlean Gordon, umfazi ohlaselwe ngumhlaza okwiminyaka yama-50, ngummangali olandelayo okwangoku olungiselelwe ukuxoxwa kwetyala. Gordon v. Monsanto iqala nge-19 ka-Agasti eSt. Louis County Circuit Court, ebekwe nje iimayile ezimbalwa ukusuka eSt. Ityala lafakwa ngoJulayi ka-2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezu kwama-75 kwaye uGordon ngowokuqala kwelo qela ukuya kuthethwa enkundleni.

Ngokwesikhalazo, uGordon wathenga wasebenzisa iRoundup iminyaka eli-15 eqhubekayo malunga nonyaka ka-2017 kwaye wafunyaniswa enohlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngo-2006. UGordon uhambe izihlandlo ezibini zokufakelwa kweseli kwaye wachitha unyaka kwikhaya labongikazi. inqaku elinye kunyango lwakhe.

Unesiphene kangangokuba kunzima ukuba ahambe.

Ityala lakhe, njengaleyo yamanye amawaka afakwe e-United States, ityhola ukusetyenziswa kwe-herbicides esekwe kwi-glyphosate esekwe kuMonsanto yabangela ukuba akhulise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

"Ube esihogweni," igqwetha laseSt. “Wenzakele kakhulu. Umrhumo wabantu apha mkhulu. Ndicinga ukuba uSharlean uza kuyibeka ngqo into eyenziwe nguMonsanto ebantwini. ”

U-Holland uthe elona candelo linzima malunga nokulungiselela ukuxoxwa kwetyala kukumisela obuphi ubungqina obuza kuboniswa kwi-jury kwisithuba seeveki ezintathu esenziwe lijaji kulingo.

"Obu bungqina ngokuchasene nabo, indlela abaziphethe ngayo, sesona senzo sibi kakhulu endikhe ndabona kule minyaka ingama-30 ndenza oku," utshilo uHolland. "Izinto eziqhubeke apha, ndifuna amajaji aseSt. Louis ukuba ave le nto."

Elo tyala likaGordon liza kulandelwa lityala likaSeptemba 9 nalo eSt. Louis County kwityala eliziswe ngabamangali uMaurice Cohen noBurrell Lamb.

Iingcambu ezinzulu zikaMonsanto eluntwini, kubandakanya indawo yokuqesha enkulu kunye neminikelo yesisa yokubonelela kuyo yonke le ndawo, inokuxhasa amathuba ayo kubameli basekuhlaleni.

Kodwa kwicala elisezantsi, iSt ithathelwa ingqalelo kwizangqa zomthetho njengenye yezona ndawo zintle kakhulu zabamangali zokuzisa amatyala ngokuchasene neenkampani kwaye kukho imbali ende yezigqibo ezinkulu ezichasene neenkampani ezinkulu. Inkundla yesiXeko saseSt. Louis ithathwa njengeyona ilungileyo kodwa iSt. Louis County nayo iyafunwa ngamagqwetha abamangali.

Inkqubo yesilingo sika-Agasti noSeptemba iza emva kwesigwebo esimangalisayo se- $ 2 yezigidigidi ekhutshwe ngokuchasene neMonsanto ngoMeyi 13. Kwimeko enjalo, ijaji e-Oakland, California, yanikezela isibini esitshatileyo u-Alva kunye no-Alberta Pilliod, bobabini abanesifo somhlaza, $ 55 yezigidi kumonakalo obuyiswayo kunye ne- $ 1 yezigidigidi inye kumonakalo owohlwayayo.

Ijaji lafumanisa ukuba iMonsanto ichithe iminyaka igubungela ubungqina bokuba i-herbicide yayo ibangela umhlaza.

Esi sigwebo safika nje ngaphezulu kwenyanga emva kwejaji yaseSan Francisco yayalela uMonsanto ukuba ahlawule i-80 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo ku-Edwin Hardeman, owaphuhlisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva kokusebenzisa i-Roundup. Kwaye kwihlobo ephelileyo, ijaji yayalela uMonsanto ukuba ahlawule i-289 yezigidi zeedola kumgcini-mhlaba uDewayne "Lee" Johnson owafumana isifo somhlaza esibulalayo emva kokusebenzisa i-Monsanto herbicides emsebenzini wakhe.

U-Aimee Wagstaff, owayengumcebisi okhokelayo ku-Hardeman, kulindeleke ukuba azame ityala lika-Gordon eSt. UWagstaff uthe uceba ukubiza oosonzululwazi abaninzi beMonsanto ukuba bavele kwindawo yokuma ukuze baphendule imibuzo ngqo phambi kwejaji.

Yena namanye amagqwetha azama amatyala aseCalifornia abakwazanga ukunyanzela abasebenzi baseMonsanto ukuba bangqine bukhoma ngenxa yomgama. Umthetho ubonelela ukuba amangqina akanakunyanzelwa ukuba ahambe ngaphezulu kwe-100 yeemayile okanye aphume kurhulumente ukusuka apho ahlala khona okanye asebenza khona.

Intlanganiso yoLamlo

Ukulahleka kwetyala kushiye iMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG engqingiwe. Abatyalomali abanomsindo batyhale amaxabiso ezabelo ukuya kumaqondo asezantsi kwiminyaka esixhenxe, ecima ngaphezu kwe-40 ipesenti yexabiso lentengiso likaBayer.

Kwaye abanye abatyali mali bafuna i-CEO ye-Bayer u-Werner Baumann ukuba bagxothwe ngokuxhasa ukufunyanwa kwe-Monsanto, eyavalwa ngoJuni wonyaka ophelileyo kanye njengoko ityala lokuqala laliqhubeka.

Bayer kugcina ukuba abukho ubungqina obubambekayo bokubangelwa ngumhlaza obunxulunyaniswa nokubulala i-Monsanto, kwaye ithi iyakholelwa ukuba iyakuphumelela kwisibheno. Kodwa uMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria Uyalele iBayer Ukuqala iingxoxo zokulamla ezijolise ekunikezeleni ekusombululeni ubunzima bezinto zamatyala ezibandakanya abamangali abamalunga ne-13,400 e-United States kuphela.

Bonke abamangali bangamaxhoba omhlaza okanye amalungu osapho kwaye bonke batyhola uMonsanto esenza izinto ngeendlela zokukhohlisa umngcipheko wokutshabalalisa ukhula, kubandakanya nokwenza irekhodi lobunzululwazi ngezifundo ezibhaliweyo, ukudibana nabalawuli, kunye nokusebenzisa abantu bangaphandle kunye nemibutho ukukhuthaza. ukhuseleko lweemveliso zalo ngelixa liqinisekisa ukuba zibonakala ngathi zisebenza ngaphandle kwenkampani.

Ukuxoxwa kwetyala ngoMeyi 22 kuyinxalenye yokuchaza iinkcukacha zenkqubo yolamlo. Bayer ibonakalisile ukuba iya kuwuthobela lo myalelo, kodwa ingekakulungeli ukuqaphela ukuhlawula amatyala ngaphandle kwelahleko yenkundla.

Okwangoku, isimangalo esivela e-United States siwele umda saya e-Canada apho umfama wase-Saskatchewan akhokele ityala lesenzo seklasi ngokuchasene neBayer neMonsanto benza izityholo ezibonisa abo bakumatyala aseMelika.

“Ukumkanikazi weRoundup”

U-Elaine Stevick wasePetaluma, eCalifornia wayefanele ukuba abe lilandelayo emgceni wokuthatha iMonsanto xa kuvavanywa ityala.

Kodwa kulandelelwano lwakhe lokulamla, iJaji uChhabria uphume naye ngomhla we-20 kaMeyi. Umhla wokuxoxwa kwetyala elitsha kuya kuxoxwa ngawo kwindibano ngoLwesithathu.

UStevick kunye nomyeni wakhe uChristopher Stevick wamangalela uMonsanto Ngo-Epreli ka-2016 kwaye bathi kudliwanondlebe banomdla wokufumana ithuba labo lokujongana nenkampani ngomonakalo omkhulu abathi ukusetyenziswa kuka-Elaine kweRoundup kuyenzile kwimpilo yakhe.

Wafunyaniswa ngo-Disemba 2014 eneminyaka engama-63 ene-tumors ezininzi zobuchopho ngenxa yohlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ebizwa ngokuba yi-central system ye-lymphoma (CNSL). U-Alberta Pilliod, ophumelele nje kuvavanyo lwamva nje, naye ubenethumba lobuchopho kwi-CNSL.

Esi sibini sathenga indlu yakudala yama-Victoria kunye nepropathi eyongezekileyo ngo-1990 kwaye ngexa uChristopher wayesebenza ekulungiseni ingaphakathi lendlu, umsebenzi ka-Elaine yayikukutshiza umbulali wokhula phezu kokhula kunye netswele lasendle abathi isibini sithathe isahlulo esihle sepropathi.

Wafafaza kaninzi ngonyaka de wafumanisa ukuba unomhlaza. Akazange anxibe iigloves okanye enye impahla yokukhusela kuba ekholelwa ukuba ikhuselekile njengoko ibhengeziwe, utshilo.

UStevick okwangoku uxolelwe kodwa waphantse wasweleka ngexesha elinye kunyango, utshilo uChristopher Stevick.

"Ndimbize 'ukumkanikazi waseRoundup' kuba wayehlala ehamba etshiza izinto," uxelele i-EHN.

Esi sibini saya kwiindawo zovavanyo lukaPilliod noHardeman, kwaye bathi bayayibulela inyani malunga nezenzo zikaMonsanto zokufihla umngcipheko oza kuluntu. Kwaye bafuna ukubona iBayer neMonsanto beqala ukulumkisa abasebenzisi malunga nomngcipheko womhlaza we-Roundup kunye nezinye i-glyphosate-based herbicides.

"Sifuna ukuba iinkampani zithathe uxanduva lokulumkisa abantu-nokuba kunokubakho into yokuba into enokuba yingozi okanye inobungozi kubo, abantu mabalumkiswe," utshilo u-Elaine Stevick kwi-EHN.

Iinkokheli ze-NYC Joyina iiFowuni zeBan kwiMonsanto Herbicide

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Eli nqaku lapapashwa okokuqala kwi Iindaba zezeMpilo kokusiNgqongileyo.

"Iipaki kufuneka zenzelwe ukudlala ii-pesticides"

NguCarey Gillam

Amalungu amabini ebhunga lesiXeko saseNew York yazisa umthetho namhlanje Ingathintela iiarhente zedolophu ekutshizeni i-glyphosate-based herbicides kunye nezinye izitshabalalisi zetyhefu kwiipaki nakwezinye iindawo zoluntu.

Eli nyathelo lelokugqibela kwindawo yokuxhalaba malunga nokusetyenziswa kwezibulali zinambuzane, ngakumbi ukuvezwa kwemveliso yokubulala ukhula eveliswe yiMonsanto, ngoku eyiyunithi yeBayer AG. Izixeko, izithili zezikolo kunye nabathengisi kulo lonke elaseMelika baya besimisa ukusetyenziswa kweziyobisi.

Ikwangumqondiso ongaphaya wokuba inani elikhulayo labantu-abathengi, abafundisi-ntsapho, iinkokheli zeshishini kunye nabanye-bayasikhaba isiqinisekiso esivela eMonsanto naseBayer sokuba i-glyphosate herbicides efana ne-Roundup ikhuselekile ekusebenziseni ngokubanzi.

Kutshanje iBayer ikhuphe izibhengezo ezinkulu kwiWall Street Journal nakwiThe New York Times kwaye ibiqhuba umkhankaso wentengiso kamabonwakude nakwiintanethi ukukhusela ukhuseleko lweemveliso ezibulala ukhula. Kodwa iinkxalabo ziyaqhubeka nokunyuka.

"Iipaki kufanele ukuba zezokudlala hayi ukubulala izitshabalalisi," utshilo ilungu lebhunga lesiXeko saseNew York uBen Kallos, ongumxhasi kumlinganiso. "Zonke iintsapho kufuneka zikwazi ukonwabela iipaki zethu zedolophu ngaphandle kokukhathazeka ngokuba zichanabeke kwizibulali zinambuzane ezinetyhefu ezinokuthi zibanike umhlaza kunye neentsapho zabo."

Umgangatho weSixeko saseNew York ungathintela ukusetyenziswa kwamayeza okubulala izitshabalalisi ngaphakathi kweenyawo ezingama-75 zomzimba wamanzi. Kwaye iyakhuthaza iiarhente zedolophu ukuba ziye kusetyenziso lwee-pesticides, ezivela kwizinto zendalo endaweni yezinto zokwenziwa.

IGlyphosate iqhele ukusetyenziswa kwisiXeko saseNew York, ifafazwe kangangezihlandlo ezilikhulu ngonyaka kwiindawo zemifuno yoluntu ukunyanga ukhula kunye nokugqitha. U-Kallos uxelele i-EHN ukuba woyika ukuvumela ukuba intombi yakhe encinci idlale eCentral Park eyaziwayo ngenxa yomngcipheko wokuchasana neyeza lokubulala izitshabalalisi.

Inzululwazi, ulwazi loluntu luyakhula

IGlyphosate sesona silwanyana sibulala mhlaba sisetyenziswa ngokubanzi kwaye sisithako esisebenzayo kungekuphela kweempawu zeRoundup kodwa kunye namanye amakhulu athengiswa kwihlabathi liphela.

Ukusukela kwelungelo elilodwa lomenzi we-glyphosate njengombulali wokhula kwi-1974, iMonsanto ibisoloko iqinisekisa ukuba ayibangeli mhlaza kwaye ikhuseleke kakhulu ebantwini nakwimeko yokusingqongileyo kunezinye i-pesticides.

kodwa uphando lwezenzululwazi ephuculweyo kule minyaka ingamashumi idlulileyo iphikisana nala mabango eenkampani. Iinkxalabo ziye zanda emva kwe-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza I-glyphosate echaziweyo njenge-carcinogen yabantu ngo-2015.

Ngaphezulu kwamaxhoba omhlaza ayi-11,000 amangalela iMonsanto etyhola ukubhencwa kwiRoundup kunye nezinye iimveliso zeglyphosate inkampani ezithengisayo ibangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Izityholo zibanga ukuba inkampani kudala yazi malunga nomngcipheko womhlaza kodwa isebenze ukugcina olo lwazi eluntwini, ngokuyinxenye ngokusebenzisa idatha yesayensi exhomekeke kubalawuli.

Izilingo ezimbini zokuqala ziphelile kwizigwebo ezivunyiweyo zejaji ezixhasa abamangali. Ityala lesithathu liyaqhubeka eCalifornia ngoku.

UKallos unethemba lokuba ulwazi loluntu oluveliswe zizilingo luya kuqhuba inkxaso yakhe. Umlinganiso ofanayo owaziswa ngo-2015 wahluleka ukuqokelela inkxaso eyaneleyo yokupasa.

"Inzululwazi iya isomelela mihla le, kwaye umdla woluntu kulo mbandela uya usomelela," utshilo uKallos.

Umzamo wamva wokunciphisa okanye wokuthintela

Inzame yaseNew York yenye yezona zijikeleze iUnited States zokuthintela okanye ukunciphisa ukusetyenziswa kweemveliso zeglyphosate kunye nezinye izibulala-zinambuzane.

Amakhomishina esiXeko eMiami bavotela ukuvalwa kwi-glyphosate herbicides ngoFebruwari. Ngo-Matshi, iBhodi ye-Los Angeles yeBhodi yaBaphathi ikhuphe ukunqunyanyiswa Kwizicelo ze-glyphosate kwipropathi yendawo yokuvumela ukuvavanywa kokhuseleko ziimpilo zikawonke-wonke kunye neengcali zokusingqongileyo.

Uluhlu lwezithili zesikolo, iidolophu kunye namaqela abanini makhaya athintele okanye anciphise ukusetyenziswa kwe-glyphosate kunye nezinye izitshabalalisi ezinobungozi ezifanayo kubandakanya ezininzi eCalifornia apho iOfisi kaRhulumente ye-Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) idwelisa i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen eyaziwayo.

Kule veki, iqela laseLeesburg, eVirginia, abahlali wabiza amagosa edolophu ukuyeka ukusebenzisa i-glyphosate ecaleni kweebhanki zomjelo wommandla.

Abanye abathengisi abakhulu baqalise ukurhoxa kwimveliso ye-glyphosate. I-Harrell's, i-turf esekwe eFlorida, indawo yegalufa kunye nomthengisi wemveliso yezolimo, wayeka ukunikela ngeglyphosate iimveliso ukusukela ngoMatshi 1.

Umphathi we-Harrel u-Jack Harrell Jr. uthe umboneleli we-inshurensi yenkampani ebengasakulungelanga ukubonelela ngamabango ahambelana ne-glyphosate, kwaye inkampani ayinakho ukufumana ukhuseleko olwaneleyo kwezinye iinshurensi.

I-Costco iyekile ukuthengisa i-Roundup-osisithethi seshishini uthi bayisusile imveliso kwi-inventri ka-2019. Abathengisi kwiivenkile ezahlukeneyo abanxibelelana nabo baqinisekisile ukuba abasaziniki iimveliso.

Kwaye inkampani enkulu ezimeleyo yegadi yeziko iPike Nurseries eGeorgia ithe ekuqaleni kwale nyanga ayibuyiseli ukubuyiselwa kweRoundup ngenxa yokuhla kwentengiso.

Ekulingweni

Ukupheliswa kweemveliso zikaMonsanto khange kuncedwe lupapasho lwehlabathi olujikeleze izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zomhlaza we-Roundup, eziye zabeka ii-imeyile zangaphakathi zeMonsanto kunye neengxelo zokucwangciswa ngobuchule kuluntu ngokubanzi kunye nobungqina obucetywayo malunga nokuphathwa kwenkampani kwezona zinto zixhalabisayo zesayensi malunga neengozi zayo. amayeza okubulala ukhula.

Kwilingo eliqhubekayo ngoku, ityala elilethwe yindoda nomfazi bobabini bane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abatyhola ekusebenziseni kwabo iRoundup, ubungqina baziswa kwiveki ephelileyo malunga nokukhululeka apho umbulali wokhula anokufunxa kulusu lomntu.

Kwabekwa ubungqina obubonisa ukuba iMonsanto isebenze ngokusondeleyo ne-Arhente yoKhuselo lweNdalo vimba ukuphononongwa kwetyhefu yeglyphosate yiarhente karhulumente eyahlukileyo.

Ityala langoku, kunye nezilingo ezimbini ezidlulileyo, zonke zibandakanyile ubungqina bokuba iMonsanto ibandakanyeka ekubhaleni ngokuchanekileyo amaphepha athile enzululwazi agqibe iimveliso ze-glyphosate zikhuselekile; kwaye iMonsanto wachitha izigidi zeerandi kwiiprojekthi ezijolise ekuchaseni izigqibo zoososayensi bomhlaza bamazwe aphesheya ababeka i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen enokwenzeka.

Intlanganiso ka-Bayer yabanini zabelo yonyaka imiselwe u-Epreli 26 kwaye abatyali mali abanomsindo bafuna iimpendulo ezivela kwi-CEO yeBayer uWerner Baumann oqhube ukufunyanwa kweMonsanto, ukuvala isivumelwano se- $ 63 yezigidigidi ngaphambi nje kokuba uvavanyo lokuqala lomhlaza lwe-Roundup luqale ngoJuni ophelileyo.

The inkampani igcina I-glyphosate herbicides ayiyiyo i-carcinogenic kwaye iya kuphumelela ekugqibeleni.

Kodwa umhlalutyi weQela lezeMali laseSusquehanna uTom Claps ulumkise abanini zabelo ukuba balungiselele ulungiso lwehlabathi oluphakathi kwe- $ 2.5 yezigidigidi kunye ne- $ 4.5 yezigidigidi. "Ayisiyongxaki yokuba 'ukuba' iBayer izakufikelela kwisivumelwano sehlabathi seRoundup, yinto yokuba 'nini,' utshilo uClaps kubatyali zimali kwingxelo yakutshanje.

UMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria Uyalele iBayer ukungena kulamlo, ukuxoxa malunga nokuhlala kwimeko ye-Roundup.

I-Bayer yenza ibhidi ye "Trust" phakathi kwesithathu sovavanyo lwe-Monsanto Cancer

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

I-Bayer AG, eyathenga iMonsanto ehlotyeni elidlulileyo, utshilo uMvulo ukuba yayisenza ukuba izifundo zesayensi zifumaneke kuphononongo lukawonkewonke kumzamo wokulwa neenkxalabo ezikhulayo malunga nokhuseleko lweemveliso zeMosanto ezisisiseko se-glyphosate.

"Ukungafihli nto kukukhuthaza ukuthembana, ke ngoko ukwenza izinto elubala kuyinto entle kubathengi, abaqulunqi bomgaqo-nkqubo kunye namashishini, utshilo uLiam Condon, umongameli weBayer kwicandelo lezenzululwazi ngezityalo. Kwingxelo. Ukhuseleko, utshilo, yeyona nto iphambili kwinkampani.

Amagqabantshintshi eza njengoko uxinzelelo lonyuka kulawulo lweBayer njengoko abantu abamalunga ne-11,000 bemangalela iMonsanto betyhola i-glyphosate-based herbicides efana ne-Roundup ebangela ukuba ingeyo-Hodgkin lymphoma, kwaye iMonsanto ifihle umngcipheko kwaye yaxhaphaza irekhodi lesayensi. Uvavanyo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup lwakhokelela kwisigwebo se-jury se- $ 289 yezigidi kumonakalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto, nangona ijaji kamva yehlisela kwi- $ 78 yezigidi. Ityala lesibini elinjalo liphelile kwinyanga ephelileyo ngesigwebo sejaji se- $ 80.2 yezigidi ngokuchasene neMonsanto. Ityala lesithathu liyaqhubeka ngoku.

Kwiveki ephelileyo iJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria uxelele abameli be-Bayer kunye negqwetha labamangali ukuba angathanda ukuba amaqela angene kulamlo ukuze axoxe malunga nento enokwenzeka. ukuhlalisa. Uphumile kwityala lesine eliza kuqala ngoMeyi.

IMonsanto kunye neBayer bayaziphika izityholo kwaye bathi ubunzima besayensi buxhasa ukhuseleko lwe-glyphosate herbicides. Bayalikhanyela ibango lokuba oososayensi benkampani yesiporho-babhala ngathi babhala amaphepha enzululwazi abonakala ngathi azimele kwaye basebenzise irekhodi yesayensi.

“Ngokwenza iinkcukacha ezikhuselekileyo zenzululwazi zifumaneke, sikhuthaza nabani na onomdla wokuzibonela indlela esisebenza ngayo kukhuseleko. Samkela ithuba lokuthetha-thethana ukuze sakhe intembeko kwisayensi eyiyo, ”utshilo uCondon.

Inkampani ithi ibonelela ngokufikelela kwiingxelo ezili-107 zeBayer eziphantsi kolawulo lweglyphosate ezithunyelwe kwiGunya loKhuseleko loKutya laseYurophu njengenxalenye yenkqubo yokugunyazisa iziyobisi kwi-European Union. Izifundo ziyafikeleleka kwiBayer elubala.

Iindaba ezivela eBayer ziza phambi kwentlanganiso yabanini zabelo ngo-Epreli 26 apho abanye abatyali zimali bafuna intloko ye-Bayer CEO uWerner Baumann ngokukhokela inkampani ekufumaneni iMonsanto. Abaphathi abaphezulu beMonsanto bahamba nezigidi zeedola kwiipakethe zokuphuma ngaphambi nje kovavanyo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup, eshiya iBayer ibambe ibhegi yelahleko yesimangalo kunye noluntu olubi. Ukusukela ngehlobo ephelileyo, inkampani ibone ukufuduka kwabathengi njengabathengisi, iidolophu, izithili zezikolo kunye nabanye bathi bayabuya umva kwiMonsanto herbicides.

Njengoko iBayer igxile kwimiyalezo yayo ngaphandle kwegumbi lenkundla, ugqirha wezifo Ubeate Ritz, Unjingalwazi kwiYunivesithi yaseCalifornia eLos Angeles School of Public Health, kufanelekile ukuba eme namhlanje ePilliod v. Monsanto, ulingo lwesithathu lomhlaza weRoundup. URitz ungqinile kwizilingo ezimbini zangaphambili ukuba uhlalutyo lwezifundo ezininzi zesayensi lubonisa ukuba kukho "Unxibelelwano oluthembekileyo" phakathi kwe-glyphosate-based herbicides efana neMonsanto's Roundup kunye ne-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Ityala elikhoyo ngoku laziswa ngu-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod, isibini esitshatileyo bobabini abangenayo i-Hodgkin lymphoma abathi ibangelwa yiminyaka yokusetyenziswa kwe-Roundup.

Ukulandela uRitz kuya kuba bubungqina obuvela kuDennis Weisenburger, ugqirha wezifo ogxile ekufundeni oonobangela be-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Weisenburger wangqina kwityala lika-Edwin Hardeman v. Monsanto ukuba i-Roundup “sisizathu esibalulekileyo” somhlaza kubantu ababhengeziweyo.

Okwangoku, amagqwetha abamangali aqhubeka nokukhathazeka malunga nento abakholelwa ukuba “yi-geofencing” NguMonsanto.   I-geofencing yinkqubo eyaziwayo yentengiso ehambisa imiyalezo / umxholo othile kuye nakubani na ngaphakathi kwendawo ethile echongwe yinkampani okanye iqela elihlawulela intengiso. Indawo inokuba ncinci kakhulu, imayile engqonge idilesi ethile, umzekelo. Nabani na okwindawo ekhethiweyo usebenzisa i-app kwifowuni efanelekileyo-enje ngemozulu yesimo sezulu okanye umdlalo-uya kuthi asiwe kwintengiso. Abantu ekujoliswe kubo akufuneki bakhangele ulwazi; ibonakala nje kwifowuni yabo efanelekileyo.

Amagqwetha abamangali bawuphakamisa umba kwityala likaHardeman, kwaye babenexhala lokuba uMonsanto wayeqhubela umyalezo kwijurors ngokwenza ityala kwisilingo sokuqala somhlaza se-Roundup, esaziswa ngumgcini wezizathu uDewayne “Lee” Johnson.

Kwityala likaPilliod, umba kwaxoxwa ngawo ngoLwesine kwinkundla njengoko amagqwetha abamangali efuna isigwebo sokuthintela uMonsanto kwiqhinga, kodwa ijaji yayithandabuza kwaye yenqabile ukukhupha loo myalelo.

Nantsi inxenye yotshintshiselwano. Zonke ziyabonakala kwifayile ye- ingxelo ebhaliweyo. 

IGQWETHA LE-PLAINTIFFS 'UMLUMKISI OYINKCUKACHA: Mhlekazi, ndicinga ukuba ikho enye- kwaye ndiyayifumana ingongoma yakho. Ndicinga nje ukucacisa into enye yenkqubo eyinyani. Kunene? Ukuba ndingahamba ngegqwetha ndize ndithi kuwe, “Heyi, Juror Number 3, izinto zikaMonsanto zibangela umhlaza kwaye zonke ezi zifundo ziyayibonisa,” ndiyathetha, iyakuba yinto ephosakeleyo leyo. Ngokukhawuleza. Olo tyala luyaphazamisa. Kunene? Ngoku ukuba benza kwaloo nto inye- ukuba ndenze kwa into enye ngokujolisa umnxeba womntu wonke kule nkundla yamatyala okanye umnxeba womntu ngamnye kule nkundla kwaye ndityhala olo lwazi, kwa loo myalezo kubo kwifowuni yabo- kwaye kwenzeka ntoni-mna Andazi ukuba usebenzisa ifowuni yakho ukulungiselela olu hlobo, kodwa, umzekelo, xa ndijonga i-app yam ye-ESPN kwaye ndijonge amanqaku eqela le-UCLA lamanzi, okanye nantoni na, uyazi, kuncinci iintengiso ezivelayo.

INKUNDLA: Ngokuqinisekileyo.

MR. ISILUMKISO: Kwaye ezo ntengiso zithi "Ijaji yaseburhulumenteni ithi i-Roundup ikhuselekile." Luhlobo lwezinto
siyabona. Sikubonile oku kusenzeka ngamandla kwityala likaJohnson. Amajaji amaninzi ngexesha lohambo olunqabileyo akhankanye ukuba ezi zinto zityhalelwa kubo kamsinya nje bakuba behamba kwisakhiwo. Kwaye nokuba iMonsanto iyayenza okanye ayiyenzi loo nto, ndicinga ukuba ukuba kunjalo, kufanelekile
akuvumelekanga. Ayisiyonto yokwenene yoLungiso lokuQala. Oko ngoku kujolise ngqo ebantwini
Bayazi ukuba abanakuthetha.

INKUNDLA: Kwaye undicela ukuba ndinike into endiyaziyo ukuba ikho kwaye ikhona
nangokuthintela kwangaphambili. Ndithetha ukuthi, ubugcisa busithathile indawo mhlawumbi asizange sicinge ukuba buza kuhamba… Ndiyaqikelela ukuba bendikhetha amacala, ndingayikholelwa loo nto. Kodwa andikwazi ukukhetha amacala.

Iintsalela Zokubulala Ukhula Ezifumaneka Kwiipesenti ezingama-98 zeesampulu zobusi zaseCanada

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Uphononongo bubungqina bamva nje bokuba i-glyphosate herbicides igcwele kakhulu kangangokuba iintsalela zingafunyanwa kukutya okungaveliswanga ngamafama asebenzisa i-glyphosate.

Eli nqaku lapapashwa okokuqala kwi Iindaba zezeMpilo kokusiNgqongileyo.

NguCarey Gillam

Njengoko abalawuli baseMelika beqhubeka nokujuxuza kumbandela wokuvavanywa kokutya kwentsalela yababulali bokhula lwe-glyphosate, oososayensi bakarhulumente eCanada bafumene iyeza lokubulala izitshabalalisi kwiisampulu zobusi ezingama-197 ezingama-200 abazifundileyo.

Ababhali be isifundo, bonke abasebenzela iAgri-Food Laboratories eAlberta Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, bathi ukwanda kweentsalela zeglyphosate kwiisampulu zobusi - iipesenti ezingama-98.5 - kwakuphezulu kunoko kwaxelwa kwizifundo ezininzi ezifanayo ezenziweyo kule minyaka mihlanu idlulileyo kwezinye amazwe.

IGlyphosate sesona silwanyana sibulala mhlaba sisetyenziswa kakhulu kwaye sisisixhobo esisebenzayo kwiimveliso zeRoundup kunye namanye amakhulu athengiswa kwihlabathi liphela kwezolimo nakwezinye iinjongo. Ukusetyenziswa kukhule ngokumangalisayo kule minyaka ingama-25 idlulileyo kwaye abathengi babe nexhala malunga nentsalela yokubulala ukhula ekutyeni kwabo.

Idatha ibonelela ngobungqina obutsha bokuba i-glyphosate herbicides ixhaphake kakhulu kwindalo esingqongileyo kangangokuba iintsalela zingafunyanwa nakukutya okungaveliswanga ngamafama asebenzisa i-glyphosate. Kwingxelo yabo baphonononge ukuba babalekela kulibaziseko bezama ukulinganisa izixhobo zabo zovavanyo "ngenxa yobunzima ekuhlangatyezwane nabo ekufumaneni isampulu yobusi ebingenayo i-glyphosate."

Iinyosi zichola umkhondo wokubulala izitshabalalisi njengoko zisuka kwisityalo ziyokutyala, zingenzanga ngabom zigqithisela intsalela kwizityalo okanye ukhula olufuthwe ngeglyphosate libuyele kwimingxunya yabo.

Kwisifundo esahlukileyo, abaphandi besiqithi saseHawaii iKauai bathathe ubusi ngqo kwimingxunya yeenyosi ezingama-59 kwaye bafumana iintsalela zeglyphosate kwiipesenti ezingama-27 zazo. Abaphandi baseHawaii Uthe iinyosi zenyosi ezikufutshane neendawo zokufama kunye neendawo zegalufa apho kusetyenziswa khona i-glyphosate yayinezinga eliphezulu lesibulali-zinambuzane.

Ingxelo yaseCanada iza naphakathi kobungqina obukhulayo bokuba i-glyphosate herbicides inokubangela umhlaza, ngakumbi ingeyiyo iHodgkin's lymphoma. NgoLwesibini ijaji eSan Francisco ngamxhelomnye bafunyanwa ukuba i-Roundup, i-glyphosate-based herbicide eyenziwe yathandwa ngumenzi weekhemikhali uMonsanto Co, ukusetyenziswa kwaba "yinto ebalulekileyo" ekubangeleni i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma kwindoda yaseCalifornia. Oko kwavakalisa isigwebo esifanayo sejaji esanikezelwa ngo-Agasti kwimeko eyahlukileyo apho ixhoba lomhlaza likwatyhola ngokuba isifo sakhe sasibangelwa kukuvezwa yimichiza yokutshabalalisa ukhula esekwe kwi-glyphosate-based based Monsanto.

Zombini ezi zigwebo zeza emva kwamagqwetha abamangali bezisa ubungqina bophando oluninzi olubonisa ukubanga okubangelwa ngumhlaza kwi-glyphosate herbicides, kubandakanya epapashwe kwinyanga ephelileyo kwiphephancwadi elinomhleli osisazinzulu esiphezulu kwi-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo e-US (EPA).

Isigqibo sabaseKhanada sokuvavanya iisampulu zobusi kwi-glyphosate siza emva kokufanayo jonga iisampulu zobusi yi US Food and Drug Administration chemist ngo-2017. Isazinzulu se-FDA safumana zonke iisampulu zobusi ezingama-28 awayezijongile zazinomkhondo we-glyphosate, neepesenti ezingama-61 zeesampulu ezine-glyphosate eyaneleyo enokulinganiswa. Ezinye iisampulu zazinentsalela yeyeza lokutshabalalisa ukhula lincinci kakhulu ukuba lingalinganiswa.

Amanqanaba “Akhuselekileyo”

Ingxelo yaseKhanada, epapashwe kwijenali ebizwa Izongezo zokutya kunye nezinto ezingcolileyo: Icandelo A, I-glyphosate okwangoku iyisithako esisebenzayo kwi-181 ye-herbicides ebhaliswe ukusetyenziswa eCanada kwaye ukusetyenziswa kwayo ngokubanzi kuyenze yafumaneka ngokubanzi kwindalo esingqongileyo.

Ababhali bophando bachaza ukuba iCanada, njenge-United States, ayinayo imigangatho esemthethweni yokuba ingakanani iyeza lokubulala ukhula lithathwa ngokuba likhuselekile kubusi. Abalawuli kumazwe ahlukeneyo baseta oko kubizwa ngokuba "yimida ephezulu" (MRLs) kwaye baxelele abathengi ukutya kwabo kukhuselekile ukuba intsalela yezibulali zinambuzane ihlala ingezantsi kweeMRL. EYurophu, i-MRL ye-glyphosate in ubusi yi-0.05 mg / kg, ikwabonakaliswe njenge-50 μg / kg.

Ababhali bokufunda baseCanada bathi onke amanqanaba awafumeneyo angaphantsi komda waseYurophu, nangona awona manqanaba aphezulu ayengekho nje ngaphakathi komda osemthethweni. Ngenxa yokuba intsalela ingakhange idlule kwi-MRL, bathi, "umngcipheko kwimpilo yabathengi ubonakala uphantsi ngokusekwe kwintsalela efunyenweyo."

Amanqanaba amanqanaba ashiyekileyo afunyenwe sisazinzulu se-FDA kubusi base-US ayengaphezulu kwento ebizwa ngokuba yinqanaba elikhuselekileyo elisebenza kwi-European Union. Kodwa i-FDA, njengeSebe lezoLimo lase-US (i-USDA) kunye ne-EPA, iqinisekisa ukuba okoko intsalela yokubulala izitshabalalisi ingaphantsi kwee-MRL ezisemthethweni, ayinabungozi.

Uninzi lwenzululwazi aluvumi ukuba ii-MRLs ziyakhusela impilo yoluntu, nangona kunjalo.

"Abantu bacinga ukuba imigangatho ikhusela impilo yoluntu kodwa ayisiyiyo," utshilo uGqirha Philip Landrigan, umlawuli weNkqubo yezeMpilo yoLuntu yeHlabathi kwiKholeji yaseBoston, uxelele i-EHN. "Elona xabiso lilungileyo" lentsalela yokubulala izitshabalalisi ekutyeni ngu "zero," utshilo. "Khumbula ukuba uninzi lwabantu abatya ubusi ngabantwana."

Iqela lezenzululwazi laseHarvard lipapashiwe uluvo Ngo-Okthobha echaza ukuba uphando oluthe kratya malunga nokunxibelelana okunokubakho phakathi kwezifo kunye nokusetyenziswa kweentsalela ze-pesticide "zifuneka ngokungxamisekileyo" njengoko ngaphezulu kweepesenti ezingama-90 zabemi baseMelika zinentsalela yezibulali zinambuzane kumchamo nasegazini labo.

I-United States iwele ngasemva kweYurophu, Canada kunye namanye amazwe kuvavanyo lokutya kwentsalela yeglyphosate. Nangona zombini i-FDA kunye ne-USDA zivivinya rhoqo ngonyaka iisampulu zokutya zeentsalela zamayeza okubulala izitshabalalisi kwaye zichaze idatha kwiingxelo, zombini iiarhente azibandakanyi i-glyphosate kwiinkqubo zabo zokuvavanya unyaka nonyaka.

Ngapha koko, idatha yovavanyo lobusi eqokelelwe ngusokhemisi we-FDA ayizange ipapashwe yi-FDA kwaye ayifakwanga kwidatha yovavanyo yokuqala ye-glyphosate ye-arhente eyakhutshwa ngasekupheleni konyaka ophelileyo njengenxalenye yengxelo yedatha yovavanyo yonyaka.

I-USDA ikwanjalo ngokuvavanya ukutya ukutya kweentsalela ze-glyphosate amashumi eminyaka. I-arhente icwangcise ukuqala kuvavanyo olunqunyelwe kwi-2017 kodwa ulahle isicwangciso ngenkcazo encinci kuphela iinyanga ezimbalwa ngaphambi kokuba kuvavanywe.

Ukunyanzelwa komthetho kuvavanyo

Phakathi kwazo zonke iinkxalabo malunga ne-glyphosate kunye nentsalela kukutya, i-US Rep Rosa DeLauro yase-Connecticut kule nyanga yazisa umlinganiso ebizwa ngokuba “Gcina ukutya kukhuselekile kumthetho weGlyphosate.” Umthetho osayilwayo uya kufuna ukuba i-USDA ivavanye rhoqo iisampulu zokutya kwiintsalela zeglyphosate.

Umthetho osayilwayo uya kuthintela ukutshizwa kweglyphosate njenge-desiccant kwi-oats. Isenzo siqeshwe ngamanye amafama ukomisa ioats ngaphambi kokuvuna. Kwenza isivuno sisebenze ngakumbi kodwa sishiya intsalela ephezulu kukutya okugqityiweyo nge-oat.

IMonsanto, ngoku iyunithi yeBayer AG, ithengise i-glyphosate ukuze isetyenziswe kwi-oats njenge-desiccant iminyaka, kwaye inkampani iye yaqinisekisa ngempumelelo i-EPA ukuba inyuse i-MRL yeentsalela ze-glyphosate ezivunyelwe kwimveliso ye-oat. Ngo-1993, umzekelo, i-EPA ibinonyamezelo ye-glyphosate kwii-oats kwiindawo eziyi-0.1 kwisigidi ngasinye (ppm) kodwa ngo-1996 UMonsanto ubuze i-EPA ukunyusa ukunyamezelana ukuya kwi-20 ppm kunye I-EPA yenze njengoko ibuziwe. Ngo-2008, kwisiphakamiso sikaMonsanto, I-EPA kwakhona ijonge ukuphakamisa unyamezelo ye-glyphosate kwi-oats, ngeli xesha ukuya kwi-30 ppm.

Kwibhili yakhe, uDeLauro ujonge ukusika i-MRL yeentsalela ze-glyphosate kwii-oats ukuya kwi-0.1 ppm.

Amafama aseCanada aphakathi kwabavelisi beoyile abaphambili emhlabeni, kwaye ukususwa ngeglyphosate yinto eqhelekileyo apho.

Impilo Canada iyalile inkxalabo malunga nokhuselo lwe-glyphosate, esithi: "Akukho gunya lolawulo lwezibulali zinambuzane kwihlabathi ngoku elithatha i-glyphosate njengomngcipheko womhlaza ebantwini abakumanqanaba abantu abasesichengeni ngawo ngoku."

Ukongeza kuvavanyo lwentsalela yeglyphosate, izazinzulu zaseCanada ziye zavavanya iintsalela zeglyphosate's Eyona mveliso iphambili yokuthoba isidima, iMetabolite ebizwa ngokuba yi-aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA). Njenge-glyphosate, i-AMPA kudala ithathwa njengenobuthi obuphantsi. I-AMPA yafunyanwa kwiisampulu eziyi-198 ezingama-200 ukuya kuthi ga kwi-50.1 μg / kg.

"Igalelo le-glyphosate kunye ne-AMPA intsalela ekhoyo kwindawo engcolileyo ekungcoleni incindi yezityalo kwaye emva koko ubusi uqobo bunzima nangakumbi ngokwahluka kwamanqanaba ezi khompawundi kwimatriki yokusingqongileyo njengomhlaba nangaphezulu kwamanzi," batsho oososayensi. ingxelo.

Izazinzulu zaye zajonga intsalela yombulali wokhula i-glufosinate kwaye zafumana intsalela yolo hlobo lokubulala iintsholongwane kwiisampulu eziyi-125 ezingama-200, olona xinzelelo luphezulu lufunyenwe luyi-33 μg / kg.

I-Glufosinate sisithako esisebenzayo kwi-BASF's Liberty herbicide.

Bhalisa kwincwadana yethu. Fumana uhlaziyo lweveki kwi-inbox.