Isicwangciso sikaBayer sokuzinzisa amabango omhlaza we-Roundup kwikamva sijamelene nenkcaso ebanzi

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Uninzi lweefemu zomthetho zaseMelika zenze umanyano ukuze zilwe new $ 2 billion Isindululo sokuhlala ngumnini weMonsanto uBayer AG ojolise ekuqulathe uxanduva oluqhubekayo lwenkampani olunxulumene namabango athi iRoundup herbicides ibangela uhlobo lomhlaza owaziwa ngokuba yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

Indawo yokuhlala yenzelwe ukubuyekeza abantu abaye bavezwa kwiimveliso zeRoundup kwaye sele benayo iNHL okanye banokuphuhlisa i-NHL kwixa elizayo, kodwa abangekathathi manyathelo okufaka isimangalo.

Iqela elincinci lamagqwetha abeka esi sicwangciso kunye neBayer athi "izakusindisa ubomi" kwaye ibonelele ngezibonelelo ezibonakalayo kubantu abakholelwa ukuba baphuhlise umhlaza ngenxa yokuvezwa yimveliso yenkampani yokubulala ukhula.

Kodwa amagqwetha amaninzi agxeka esi sicwangciso athi ukuba samkelwe sizakubeka umzekelo oyingozi kwezinye iintlobo zamatyala ezibandakanya inani elikhulu labantu abonzakele ziimveliso okanye iinkqubo zemibutho enamandla.

“Ayilulo ulwalathiso esifuna ukuba luhambe inkqubo yezomthetho,” latsho igqwetha uGerald Singleton, inkampani yakhe ethe yazibandakanya namanye amafemu angaphezulu kwama-60 aphikisana nesicwangciso sikaBayer. "Akukho meko apho oku kufanelekileyo kubamangali."

Isicwangciso sokuhlawulwa kukaBayer safakwa kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla saseCalifornia ngoFebruwari 3, kwaye kufuneka samkelwe yiJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria ukuze isebenze. Isicwangciso sokuhlawulwa kwangaphambili esangeniswa kunyaka ophelileyo sasikhona ugculelwe nguChabria emva koko warhoxa. Ijaji ibijongile isimangalo esimalunga ne-multidistrict Roundup yezimangalo ezibandakanya amawaka abenzi bamacala abavela eUnited States.

Iimpendulo kwisicwangciso sokuhlawula zilindeleke nge-3 ka-Matshi kwaye ukumanyelwa kwetyala kulungiselelwe uMatshi 31.

Eyona nkxalabo iphambili kukuba abasebenzisi beRoundup bangoku abanokuba nomhlaza kwaye bafuna ukumangalela kwixa elizayo baya kuba phantsi kwemiqathango yokuhlaliswa kweklasi ngaphandle kokuba baphume ngokusesikweni kwithuba elithile. Elinye lamagatya abaza kuxhomekeka kuwo liya kubathintela ekufuneni ukonakaliswa kwesohlwayo nakuliphi na ityala elizayo.

La magama kunye neminye ebekiweyo ayilunganga kwaphela kubasebenzi basezifama nakwabanye ekulindeleke ukuba baphuhlise umhlaza kwixesha elizayo ukusuka ekuvezweni yimveliso yenkampani yokubulala ukhula, ngokwe-Singleton. Isicwangciso siyanceda iBayer kwaye ibonelela "ngemali yegazi" kumashishini amane omthetho asebenze neBayer ukuyila esi sicwangciso, utshilo.

Ezi femu zisebenza neBayer ukuyila kunye nokulawula isicwangciso ziya kufumana isindululo se- $ 170 yezigidi ukuba isicwangciso siqala ukusebenza.

U-Elizabeth Cabraser, elinye lamagqwetha aqulunqa indawo yokuhlala ecetywayo, uthe ukugxeka akuyiyo inkcazo efanelekileyo yendawo yokuhlala. Ngokwenyani, uthe, esi sicwangciso “sinika ukufikelela okubaluleke nangxamisekileyo okufunekayo, imfundo, ukufikelela kukhathalelo lwempilo, kunye neenzuzo zembuyekezo” kubantu abaye bavezwa kukutshabalalisa ukhula lweMoldanto's Roundup kodwa bengekaphuhlisi i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

"Sifuna ukuvunywa kule ndawo yokuhlala kuba izakusindisa ubomi kwaye inyuse umgangatho wobomi ngokufumanisa isifo kwangoko, incede abantu… ibazise kwaye yonyuse ulwazi loluntu malunga nonxibelelwano phakathi kweRoundup neNHL… utshilo.

Isithethi seBayer asiphendulanga kwisicelo sokuphawula.

Indawo entsha ecetywayo ijolise kumatyala exesha elizayo kwaye yahlukile kwi-11 yezigidigidi zeedola iBayer ibekelwe ukuhlawula amabango omhlaza asekhona e-US. Abantu abachaphazeleke sisindululo sokuhlaliswa kweklasi ngabantu ababonakalisiweyo kwiRoundup kodwa abakabikho kwisimangalo kwaye abathathanga manyathelo.

I-Bayer ibisokola ukufumana indlela yokuphelisa ityala lomhlaza we-Roundup okoko wathenga iMonsanto kwi-2018. Inkampani ilahlekelwe zizo zontathu izilingo ezibanjiweyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye yaphulukana nemijikelo yokuqala yezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala.

Amajoni kuvavanyo ngalunye kuvavanyo alufumananga loo Monsanto kuphela I-glyphosate-based herbicides kubangela umhlaza kodwa nokuba uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla umngcipheko.

Nangona esi sivumelwano sicetywayo sithi "sijongana nezinto ezine ezixoxwe yiNkundla malunga nesivumelwano sangaphambili, kurhoxisiwe," u-Singleton kunye namanye amagqwetha abandakanyekayo kwiqela eliphikisayo bathi esi sicelo sitsha sisibi njengokuqala.

Ukongeza kwinkxalabo yokuba amalungu eklasi ngekhe abe nelungelo lokufuna amabango omonakalo owohlwayayo, abagxeki bayaphikisana neminyaka emine "yokuma" yokuthintela ukufakwa kwamatyala amatsha. Abagxeki bathi isicwangciso sokwazisa abantu ngendawo yokuhlala asonelanga. Abantu bangaba neentsuku ezili-150 belandela isaziso sokuba “baphume” eklasini. Ukuba abakhethi, ngokuzenzekelayo baya eklasini.

Abagxeki bayaphikisana nokwenziwa kwephaneli yesayensi eya kuthi isebenze njenge "isikhokelo" sokwandisa ukhetho lwembuyekezo kwixesha elizayo "kunye nokubonelela ngobungqina malunga ne-carcinogenicity - okanye hayi - ye Bayer yeherbicides. Ngokunikwa imbali ebhaliweyo kaMonsanto yokuxhaphaza iziphumo zophando lwenzululwazi, umsebenzi wepaneli yesayensi uza kuba kurhanelwa, utshilo uSingleton.

Ixesha lokuqala lokuhlawula liza kuqhuba ubuncinci iminyaka emine kwaye linokwandiswa emva kwelo xesha. Ukuba iBayer inyula ukungayiqhubeli ingxowa mali yembuyekezo emva kwexesha lokuhlawula kuqala, iyakuhlawula i $ 200 yezigidi eyongezelelweyo njenge "ntlawulo yokugqibela" kwingxowa mali yembuyekezo, isishwankathelo sokuhlawula sithi.

“Imbuyekezo enkulu” inikezelwe

Iifemu zomthetho ezayila isivumelwano kunye neBayer bathetha ngokufaka kwabo enkundleni ukuba indawo yokuhlala yenzelwe ukubonelela abo bangabamangali kwixesha elizayo "ngezona zinto zibanceda kakhulu," kubandakanya ukhetho lwembuyekezo enkulu ukuba baphuhlisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. .

Isicwangciso sifuna ukusekwa kwengxowa-mali yembuyekezo yokwenza amabhaso aphakathi kwe- $ 10,000 kunye ne- $ 200,000 kwilungu ngalinye leklasi. "Amabhaso okuHlawula aKhawulezileyo" ama- $ 5,000 ayakufumaneka ngesantya esikhawulezileyo, efuna nje ukuboniswa kokubhengeza kunye nokuqonda isifo.

Abo bantu baqala ukuvezwa kwiimveliso zeRoundup ubuncinci iinyanga ezili-12 ngaphambi kokuchongwa kwabo baya kufaneleka ukufumana amabhaso. Amabhaso angaphezu kwe- $ 200,000 anokwenziwa "ngeemeko ezingaqhelekanga." Amalungu eklasi afanelekileyo afunyaniswe ene-NHL ngaphambi kukaJanuwari 1, 2015, ngekhe afumane amabhaso ngaphezulu kwe- $ 10,000, ngokwesicwangciso. 

Esi sivumelwano siza kubonelela ngengcebiso yasimahla kwezomthetho kwaye sinikezele "ngenkxaso ukunceda amalungu eklasi ekuhambeni, ekubhaliseni nasekufakeni izicelo zenzuzo yokuHlaliswa."

Ukongeza, isindululo sichaza ukuba indawo yokuhlala iya kuxhasa ngemali uphando kunye nonyango lwenzululwazi ekuchongeni nasekunyangeni i-NHL.

Ngokuqaphelekayo, esi sicwangciso sithi akukho mntu uzakuphulukana nelungelo lakhe lokumangalela ngaphandle kokuba ukhetha ukwamkela imbuyekezo kwingxowa-mali yembuyekezo, kwaye akukho mntu kufuneka enze olo khetho de elo lungu ngalinye leklasi lifumaneke ukuba line-NHL. Abayi kuba nakho ukufuna isohlwayo somonakalo kodwa banokufuna enye imbuyekezo.

“Nawaphi na amalungu eklasi angafaki ibango kwaye amkela imbuyekezo yomntu ngamnye agcina ilungelo lakhe lokumangalela iMonsanto ngenjongo yokuhlawula ngomonakalo owenzekileyo kuyo nayiphi na ithiyori yezomthetho, kubandakanya ukwenzakala komntu, ubuqhetseba, ukumela into engeyiyo, ukungakhathali, ukufihla ubuqhetseba, ukumela kakubi, ukophula iwaranti, intengiso engeyonyani , kunye nokwaphulwa kwalo naluphi na ukhuseleko lwabathengi okanye izenzo ezingalunganga nezikhohlisayo okanye umthetho, ”esi sicwangciso sithi.

Ukwazisa abantu ngendawo yokuhlala eklasini, izaziso ziya kuthunyelwa ngeposi / nge-imeyile kwiifama ezingama-266,000, amashishini kunye nemibutho kunye namaqumrhu aseburhulumenteni apho iyeza lenkampani inokusetyenziswa kunye nabantu abangama-41,000 abangenayo iHodgkin lymphoma kwaye bacelwe ukuba bafumane ulwazi malunga nesifo sabo. Ukongeza iiposta ziya kuthunyelwa ngeposi kwiivenkile ezingama-2,700 zibacele ukuba bathumele izaziso malunga nokuhlala kwabantu eklasini.

Njengenxalenye yolu hlulo lucetywayo, uBayer uthe uza kufuna imvume kwi-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) yokongeza ulwazi kwiileyibhile zeemveliso zayo ezisekwe kwiglassifate ezifana neRoundup eya kuthi ibonelele ngonxibelelwano lokufikelela kwizifundo zesayensi kunye nolunye ulwazi malunga neglyphosate ukhuseleko. Kodwa abagxeki bathi ukubonelela ngewebhusayithi amakhonkco akonelanga kwaye iBayer kufuneka ibeke isilumkiso esingqalileyo somngcipheko womhlaza kwiimveliso zokubulala ukhula.

Isindululo sokulungiswa kwamanyathelo eklasi sisoyikiso ekuchaphazeleni “amakhulu amawaka okanye kwanezigidi” zabantu abaye bachaphazeleka kwiRoundup kwaye "baphakamisa 'imibuzo eyodwa' kunye nenzulu" phantsi koMgaqo-siseko wase-US, ngokwe ukugcwaliswa kwenkundla ngokuchasene nesicwangciso seBayer esenziwe ligqwetha labamangali u-Elizabeth Graham.

U-Graham uxelele inkundla ukuba ukuba esi sicwangciso samkelwe sinokuba "nefuthe elimangalisayo kungekuphela kwesi simangalo, kodwa nakwikamva lesityholo setyala."

Amafama amnyama

 Umbutho weSizwe wamaFama abaNnyama (NBFA) ulinganise umba ngoLwesithathu, ungenisa ukufayilwa ixesha elide kunye nenkundla ka Chhabria ethi "inani elininzi" lamalungu ayo angaphezu kwe-100,000 "aye achaphazeleka kwaye angonzakaliswa yi-Roundup, kunye nesithako sayo esisebenzayo i-glyphosate."

Uninzi lwamafama sele ephuhlisile i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma abayibek 'ityala ekusetyenzisweni kweRoundup, kwaye "uninzi loloyiko lokuba kungekudala baya kuba neempawu," i-NBFA filing ithi.

I-NBFA ifuna ukubona iimveliso zeRoundup zisuswa kurhwebo okanye kolunye utshintsho olwenziwe ukukhusela amafama, i-filing ithi.

Iinkxalabo ze-NBFA kufuneka ziqwalaselwe yinkundla, ngakumbi njengoko iBayer ijonge "ukulungisa isenzo seklasi kunye neqela lamagqwetha athi amele umdla wabo bonke abalimi abachanabeke kwi-Roundup kodwa okwangoku ibangela umhlaza. ”

Amacala omthetho e-Australia

Njengoko iBayer isebenza ukuphelisa ukumangalelwa eRoundup eMelika, inkampani ikwajongana namabango afanayo ngabalimi nakwabanye eOstreliya. Isenzo esenziwe kwiklasi ngokuchasene neMonsanto siyaqhubeka, kwaye ummangali okhokelayo uJohn Fenton, owafaka isicelo seRoundup njengenxalenye yomsebenzi wefama. UFenton wafunyaniswa ukuba une-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngo-2008.

Uthotho lwemihla ephambili sele isekiwe: IMonsanto ine-1 kaMatshi ukubonelela ngamaxwebhu okufumanisa kubameli babamangali kwaye ngoJuni 4 ngumhla obekiweyo wokutshintshiselana ubungqina bobuchwephesha. Amaqela kufuneka angene kulamlo ngoJulayi 30 kwaye ukuba akukho nto isonjululwe ityala liza kuxoxwa ngo-Matshi 2022.

UFenton uthe ngelixesha "angathanda eli thuba" lokuya kulingo aze abalise ibali lakhe, unethemba lokuba ulamlo luza kuwusombulula lo mba. "Ndicinga ukuba isivumelwano siyaqala ukutshintsha ukubulela kwinto eyenzekayo eMelika. Abalimi banolwazi kwaye ndiyakholelwa ukuba bathatha amanyathelo okhuseleko kunangaphambili.

UFenton uthe uyathemba ukuba iBayer ekugqibeleni izakubeka ilebhile yesilumkiso kwiMonsanto's glyphosate herbicides.

"Ubuncinane ngesilumkiso umsebenzisi angazenzela eyakhe ingqondo malunga ne-PPE (izixhobo zokuzikhusela) akhetha ukuyinxiba."

Intloko yeBayer's Monsanto iyaqhubeka

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Imigraine iMonsanto ayibonakali ngathi iyahamba nanini na kwiBayer AG.

Imizamo yokusombulula ubunzima bamatyala aziswe e-United States ngamashumi amawaka abantu abathi i-Roundup herbicides kaMonsanto ibanike umhlaza uqhubeke nokuqhubela phambili, kodwa abajongani nawo onke amatyala angekahlawulwa, kwaye bonke abamangali abaniki ndawo yokuhlala.

In ileta eya kwiJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria, Igqwetha laseArizona uDavid Diamond uthe ukumelwa okwenziwe ngamagqwetha kukhokelela kwiingxoxo zokuhlala kunye neBayer egameni labamangali akubonakalisi ngokuchanekileyo imeko yabathengi bakhe. Ucacisile "ukunqongophala" "kwamava ahambelana nokuhlala" kunye neBayer kwaye wacela ukuba iJaji uChhabria iqhubele phambili amatyala aliqela eDiamond ukulingwa.

“Ubumeli beenkokheli malunga nemeko yokuhlala abubonakalisi ukuhlinzekwa kwabaxumi bam
amava ahambelana nawo, umdla okanye isikhundla, ”utshilo uDiamond kwijaji.

UDiam ubhale kule leta ukuba unabathengi abangama-423 abajikelezayo, kubandakanya nabangama-345 abanamatyala asalindiweyo phambi kweChhabria kwizimangalo ezininzi (MDL) kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla eCalifornia. Ecaleni kwe-MDL kukho amawaka abamangali amatyala abo asalindelwe kwiinkundla zikarhulumente.

Ukufikelela kukaDiamond kwijaji kulandelwe ukuxoxwa kwetyala ngasekupheleni kwenyanga ephelileyo apho uninzi lweefemu ezikhokelayo kwisimangalo kunye namagqwetha ka-Bayer axelele u-Chhabria ukuba bakufutshane ekusombululeni uninzi, ukuba ayingawo onke, amatyala aphambi kwejaji.

I-Bayer ifikelele kwiindawo zokuhlala ezibalulekileyo kunye neenkampani ezininzi zomthetho ezikhokelayo ezimele isabelo esikhulu samabango aziswe eMonsanto. NgoJuni, uBayer wathi uza kubonelela nge- $ 8.8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi ukusombulula isimangalo.

Kodwa impikiswano kunye nembambano ziye zanyanzelisa ukunikezelwa kweendawo zokuhlala.

Abamangali abaliqela ababemelwe ziifemu ezinkulu kwaye babethetha phantsi kwemiqathango yokuba amagama abo angasetyenziswa, bathi abavumelani nemigaqo yokuhlala, oko kuthetha ukuba amatyala abo aza kujoliswa kulamlo kwaye, ukuba oko kuyasilela, kuvavanyo.

Emva kokuthenga iMonsanto kwi-2018, iBayer ibisokola ukufumana indlela yokuphelisa isimangalo esibandakanya ngaphezulu kwe-100,000 yabamangali. Inkampani ilahlekelwe zizilingo ezintathu kwezintathu ebezibanjiwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye ilahle umjikelo wokuqala wezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala. Amajele kuvavanyo ngalunye kuvavanyo afumanise ukuba i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides, enje ngeRoundup, ibangela umhlaza kwaye uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla umngcipheko.

Iinzame zenkampani zokusombulula isimangalo ziye zacaciswa ngokuyinxalenye ngumceli mngeni wendlela yokuphelisa amabango anokuziswa kwikamva ngabantu abaphuhlisa umhlaza emva kokusebenzisa iyeza lenkampani.

Iingxaki Zigcine Ukunyuka

I-Bayer isoyikisile ngokufaka kwifayile ukuba ingabinayo imali ukuba ayinakuphelisa ityala le-Roundup kwaye ngolwesiThathu inkampani ikhuphe isilumkiso senzuzo kwaye yabhengeza iibhiliyoni zokunciphisa iindleko, icacisa "umbono ophantsi kunoko bekulindelwe kwintengiso yezolimo" phakathi kwezinye izinto. Iindaba zithumele izabelo kwinkampani yokuwa.

Ekuxeleni iingxaki zikaBayer IBarron iqaphele: "Ingxaki zihlala zisiba nkulu kuBayer nakubatyali zimali, ekufuneka kuthi ngoku basebenzise ukungxola kweendaba ezidanisayo. Isitokhwe ngoku sele siwile ngaphezulu kwe-50% ukusukela oko isivumelwano seMonsanto savalwa ngoJuni 2018. "Olu hlaziyo lwamva nje longeza kuphela kwimeko yesivumelwano seMonsanto sesinye sezona zimbi kwimbali yequmrhu."

Indoda eswelekileyo icela iNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia ukuba ibuyisele ibhaso lejaji kwityala leMonsanto Roundup

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Umgcini wesikolo ophumelele ityala lokuqala ngqa kwizityholo zokuba uMonsanto's Roundup ubangela umhlaza ucela iNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia ukuba ibuyisele i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayayo wanikezelwa yijaji owaliva ityala lakhe kodwa inkundla yesibheno yaxhwitha i-20.5 yezigidi zeedola.

Ngokuqaphelekayo, isibheno sommangali uDewayne "Lee" Johnson sinefuthe elikhulu kunakwityala lakhe. Igqwetha likaJohnson libongoza inkundla ukuba ijongane nengxaki yomthetho enokuthi ishiye abantu abanjengoJohnson abajamelene nokusweleka kwixesha elikufutshane benomvuzo ophantsi kunabanye kulindeleke ukuba baphile iminyaka emininzi besezintlungwini nasezintlungwini.

“Kudala-dala ukuba iinkundla zaseCalifornia ziqonde, njengokuba ezinye iinkundla zisenza, ubomi buxabisekile kwaye abo baphanga ummangali iminyaka yobomi kufuneka benziwe bahlawulise ummangali kwaye bohlwaywe ngokufanelekileyo,” amagqwetha kaJohnson babhale kwisicelo sabo Ukujongwa ngokutsha kwenkundla ephakamileyo. "Ijaji ichaze ixabiso elinentsingiselo kubomi bukaMnu. Johnson, kwaye ngenxa yoko unombulelo. Ucela le Nkundla ukuba ihloniphe isigqibo sejaji kwaye ibuyise elo xabiso. ”

Ijaji evumelekileyo efunyenwe ngo-Agasti 2018 yokuba ukuvezwa kwe-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides, eyaziwa kakhulu ngegama le-Roundup, yabangela uJohnson ukuba aphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ijaji yafumanisa ukuba iMonsanto yenze into yokufihla umngcipheko weemveliso zayo ngokuziphatha kakubi kangangokuba inkampani kufuneka ihlawule uJohnson i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayo ngaphezulu kwe- $ 39 yezigidi kwixa elidlulileyo nelizayo.

Emva kwesibheno esivela eMonsanto, esathengwa yinkampani yaseJamani iBayer AG kwi-2018, ijaji yetyala yehlisa i-289 yezigidi zeedola ukuya kwizigidi ezingama-78 zeedola. IMonsanto ibhenele ukufuna ityala elitsha okanye ibhaso elincitshisiweyo. UJohnson wenza isibheno efuna ukubuyiselwa kumvuzo wakhe opheleleyo.

Inkundla yezibheno kwityala emva koko yasika ibhaso kwi-20.5 yezigidi zeedola, icacisa into yokuba uJohnson wayekulindeleke ukuba aphile ixesha elifutshane.

Inkundla yezibheno yalinciphisa ibhaso lomonakalo ngaphandle kokufumana Kwakukho ubungqina "obuninzi" bokuthi i-glyphosate, kunye nezinye izithako kwimveliso yeRoundup, yabangela umhlaza kaJohnson kwaye "kwabakho ubungqina obugqithisileyo bokuba uJohnson uhluphekile, kwaye uzakuqhubeka nokuhlupheka ubomi bakhe bonke, iintlungu kunye nokubandezeleka. ”

Ityala likaJohnson laligqunywe ngamajelo eendaba kwihlabathi liphela kwaye beka obala kwimizamo kaMonsanto yokusebenzisa irekhodi yesayensi kwi-glyphosate kunye ne-Roundup kunye neenzame zayo zokuthula abagxeki kunye nefuthe labalawuli. Amagqwetha kaJohnson abonisa abagwebi ii-imeyile zenkampani yangaphakathi kunye nezinye iirekhodi ezibonisa oososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngemibhalo yezenzululwazi yokubhala ghost ukuzama ukuxhasa inkxaso kukhuseleko lweemveliso zenkampani, kunye nonxibelelwano oluchaza izicwangciso zokuhlazisa abagxeki, kunye nokuphelisa uvavanyo lukarhulumente. Ityhefu ye-glyphosate, ikhemikhali ephambili kwiimveliso zeMonsanto.

Ukuphumelela kwetyala likaJohnson kukhuthaze ukufayiliswa ngamashumi amawaka ezomthetho ezongezelelweyo. IMonsanto yaphulukana nezilingo ezintathu kwezintathu ngaphambi kokuba ivumelane ngoJuni ukuba ihlawule ngaphezulu kwe- $ 10 yezigidigidi ukuhlawula kufutshane ne-100,000 yamabango anje.

Indawo yokuhlala yile usaqhubeka, Nangona kunjalo, njengoko iBayer ilwa nendlela yokuthintela ukumangala kwixesha elizayo.

Kudliwanondlebe, uJohnson wathi uyazi ukuba umlo osemthethweni noMonsanto ungaqhubeka kangangeminyaka emininzi kodwa wayezimisele ukuzama ukubamba inkampani ukuba iphendule. Uye wakwazi ukugcina ukugula kwakhe kujongiwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku ngonyango lwe-chemotherapy kunye nonyango lwemitha, kodwa akaqinisekanga ukuba iya kuqhubeka ixesha elingakanani.

"Andicingi ukuba nasiphi na isixa besinokwanela ukohlwaya loo nkampani," utshilo uJohnson.

I-Bayer icela inkundla yezibheno ukuba iphinde isike umvuzo we-Roundup onetyala kumgcini wezizathu wase-California onomhlaza

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U-Bayer ucela inkundla yezibheno yase-California ukuba inciphise i-4 yezigidi zeedola kwimali eyityala umgcini-ndawo waseCalifornia osokolayo ukuba aphile umhlaza owafunyanwa yinkundla yetyala ibangelwa kukuvezwa kwale ndoda kwiMoldanto's Roundup herbicides.

Kwi "uxwebhu lwesikhalazo”Bafaka ngoMvulo kwiNkundla yezibheno kwiSithili sokuQala seZibheno saseCalifornia, amagqwetha eMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG bacele inkundla ukuba isike kwi-20.5 yezigidi zeedola iye kwi-16.5 yezigidi zeerandi ngomonakalo owanikwa uDewayne“ Lee ”Johnson.

Inkundla yezibheno "yafikelela kwisigqibo esingalunganga esisekwe kwimpazamo yomthetho," ngokufayilwa nguMonsanto. Umcimbi ujika ekubeni kulindeleke ukuba aphile ixesha elingakanani uJohnson. Kuba ubungqina kwityala ufumene ukuba uJohnson wayekulindelwe ukuba aphile "kungadluli kwiminyaka emibini," akufuneki afumane imali yeentlungu ezizayo kunye nokubandezeleka okwabiweyo ixesha elingaphezulu kweminyaka emibini- ngaphandle kwento yokuba uyaqhubeka nokuphila uqikelelo, inkampani iyaphikisana.

Ngaphantsi kokubala okucelwe nguMonsanto, inkundla kufuneka isike kwi-4 yezigidi ukuya kwi-2 yezigidi isixa-mali esi-odolwe kumonakalo ongekho kwezoqoqosho, (iintlungu kunye nokubandezeleka.) Oko kuya kunciphisa ukonakala kwembuyekezo (eyadlulayo neyexesha elizayo) ukuya kwi- $ 8,253,209. Ngelixa isanyanzelisa ukuba akufuneki ukuba ibenetyala lokohlwaywa, ukuba ngaba isohlwayo somonakalo sihlawulisiwe kufuneka sibekwe ngaphezulu kwe-1-to-1 ratio ngokuchasene nembuyekezo, ukuzisa itotali kwi-16,506,418 yeedola, uMonsanto uxoxa ngokugcwalisa kwayo.

Ekuqaleni uJohnson wanikwa i-289 yezigidi zeedola nge-Agasti ka-Agasti 2018, emenza ukuba abe ngummangali wokuqala ukuba aphumelele kwinqanaba lokuvavanywa kwamabango okuba ukubhencwa kwi-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides kubangela ukuba kungabikho iHodgkin lymphoma kwaye iMonsanto ifihle umngcipheko. Ijaji yetyala lehlise ibhaso laya kwi-78 yezigidi zeedola. IMonsanto ibhenele ukufuna ityala elitsha okanye ibhaso elincitshisiweyo. UJohnson wenza isibheno efuna ukubuyiselwa kumvuzo wakhe opheleleyo.

Inkundla yezibheno Ulawule kwinyanga ephelileyo ukuba kukho ubungqina "obuninzi" bokuthi i-glyphosate, kunye nezinye izithako kwiimveliso zeRoundup, yabangela umhlaza kaJohnson. Kwaye inkundla yafumanisa ukuba "bekukho ubungqina obugqithisileyo bokuba uJohnson ubandezelekile, kwaye uzakuqhubeka nokubandezeleka ubomi bakhe bonke, iintlungu kunye nokubandezeleka."

Kodwa inkundla ithe umonakalo kufuneka wehliswe ufike kwi-20.5 yezigidi zeedola ngenxa yemeko yobomi obufutshane bukaJohnson.

Kunye nemfuno yayo yokuncitshiswa komonakalo, iMonsanto icela inkundla yezibheno ukuba inike isimangalo sokulungisa "uhlalutyo lwayo" kwaye "isijike isigwebo ngemiyalelo yokungena kwisigwebo.
IMonsanto okanye, ubuncinci, phuma kuwongwa ngembuyekezo yokohlwaya. ”

Ityala likaJohnson laligqunywe ngamajelo eendaba kwihlabathi liphela kwaye libeka iliso kwimizamo kaMonsanto yokusebenzisa irekhodi lesayensi kwi-glyphosate kunye neRoundup kunye neenzame zayo zokuthula abagxeki kunye nefuthe labalawuli. Amagqwetha kaJohnson abonisa abagwebi ii-imeyile zenkampani yangaphakathi kunye nezinye iirekhodi ezibonisa oososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngemibhalo yezenzululwazi yokubhala ghost ukuzama ukuxhasa inkxaso kukhuseleko lweemveliso zenkampani, kunye nonxibelelwano oluchaza izicwangciso zokuhlazisa abagxeki, kunye nokuphelisa uvavanyo lukarhulumente. Ityhefu ye-glyphosate, ikhemikhali ephambili kwiimveliso zeMonsanto.

Amashumi amawaka abamangali bafaka isimangalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto besenza amabango afana nakaJohnson, kwaye ezinye izilingo ezimbini zenzekile ukusukela kwityala likaJohnson. Zombini ezo zilingo zakhokelela kwizigwebo ezinkulu ngokuchasene neMonsanto. Zombini ziphantsi kwesibheno.

Izenzo zikaBayer zokunciphisa amabhaso omonakalo ngenxa yokulahleka kwetyala likaMonsanto liza njengoko inkampani ifuna ukuhlala kufutshane ne-100,000 Roundup amabango omhlaza asalinde i-United States kwiinkundla ezahlukeneyo. Abanye abamangali abonwabanga ngokuhlala ngokwemiqathango, kwaye besoyikisela ukungavumi kwintengiselwano.

Intshukumo kwisibheno sePilliod

Kwisenzo esahlukileyo sesibheno esimalunga nokumangalelwa ngeRoundup, kwiveki ephelileyo amagqwetha eAlva naseAlberta Pilliod wafaka ingxelo emfutshane ucela inkundla yezibheno eCalifornia ukuba iyalele umonakalo kumabhaso atshatileyo efikelela kwi-575 yezigidi zeedola. Esi sibini sikhulileyo- bobabini babethwa ngumhlaza odakisayo ababekek 'ityala ekuvezeni iRoundup- baphumelela ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi xa kuvavanywa ityala, kodwa ijaji yetyala emva koko wehlisa ibhaso lejaji ukuya kwizigidi ezingama-87 zeedola.

Ukuchithwa kwebhaso lomonakalo kwakugqithisile, ngokutsho kwamagqwetha amele esi sibini, kwaye akamohlwayi ngokwaneleyo uMonsanto ngesenzo sakhe esingalunganga.

"Amajaji amathathu aseCalifornia, iijaji zetyala ezine, kunye neejaji ezintathu zezibheno eziye zajonga ukungaziphathi kakuhle kukaMonsanto bavumile ngamxhelo-mnye ukuba" kukho ubungqina obubambekayo bokuba uMonsanto wenza ngokungakhathali ngabom nangolwazelelelo ngokhuseleko lwabanye, "Isishwankathelo sePilliod sithi. "Ibango likaMonsanto lokuba lixhoba" lokungabikho kokusesikweni "kule meko liya lisiba lilize ngenxa yezi ngxelo zifunyenwe ngamxhelomnye."

Amagqwetha acela inkundla ukuba inikezele nge-10-to-1 ratio yomonakalo owohlwaywayo kwimbuyekezo yomonakalo.

"Amaxhoba okwenyani kokungabikho kokusesikweni kule meko ziiPilliods, eziye zanesifo esibuhlungu nesenzakalisayo ngenxa yesifo seMonsanto," lishwankathela. "Ijaji, ekumiseleni ukuba abemi abahloniphekileyo akufuneki bayinyamezele isimilo esibi sikaMonsanto, bagqiba kwelokuba ngumonakalo omkhulu kuphela onokumohlwaya kwaye uthintele iMonsanto."

Umceli mngeni ojolise kwisicwangciso sokwenza iklasi kwindawo yokuhlala yaseBayer Roundup

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Isicwangciso sokulibazisa naliphi na ibango lomhlaza we-Roundup kangangeminyaka kwaye sitshintshe umbuzo ophambili wokuba ingaba umbulali wokhula ubangela umhlaza kwi-jury ukuya kwipaneli ekhethwe ngoososayensi ejongene nenkcaso evela kwamanye amagqwetha abamangali aqala kwaye akhokelela Ubunzima bobundlobongela obuchasene nomenzi we-Roundup uMonsanto, imithombo ekufutshane nesimangalo ithe.

Amalungu aliqela eefemu zomthetho akhokelayo aphumelele amatyala amathathu kwamathathu ebeka abaguli abanomhlaza ngokuchasene neMonsanto bacinga ngokucela umngeni kwimigqaliselo yesindululo "sezenzo zodidi" ekuxoxiswene ngaso phakathi komnini weMonsanto uBayer AG kunye neqela elincinci lamagqwetha angazange umphambili wetyala leRoundup, itsho imithombo.

Isindululo sokulungiswa kwamanyathelo eklasi yinto ye sUkulila i-10 yezigidigidi zeedola Ukuhlawulwa kwamatyala eRoundup eBayer kubhengeze nge-24 kaJuni.

Kuvavanyo ngalunye olugcinwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, iijaji zafumanisa ukuba ubunzima bobungqina benzululwazi bubonakalisile ukuba ukubonakaliswa kweRoundup kubangele ukuba abamangali baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) kwaye iMonsanto igubungele umngcipheko. Kodwa phantsi kwesindululo loo mbuzo uza kuya kumalungu amahlanu "kwipaneli yesayensi," hayi ijaji.

"Ngokusisiseko kuhlutha ummangali ilungelo labo lomgaqo-siseko lokuxoxwa kwetyala," utshilo omnye umthombo osondele kwisimangalo.

I pindawo yokuhlala eklasini unokufaka isicelo nakubani na ovezwe kwi-Roundup owayengazange afake isimangalo okanye agcine igqwetha ngoJuni 24, 2020, nokuba umntu sele efumene ukuba unomdlavuza na bakholelwa ukuba kungenxa yokuvezwa kweRoundup.

Isicwangciso sahlanganiswa yiBayer kunye neefemu zomthetho zikaLieff Cabraser Heimann & Bernstein; Uphicotho-zincwadi kunye namaqabane; Ifemi yoMthetho eDugan; kunye negqwetha uSamuel Issacharoff, uNjingalwazi kaReiss woMthetho woMgaqo-siseko kwiSikolo soMthetho kwiYunivesithi yaseNew York.

Isivumelwano kufikelelwe kuso emva konyaka omnye "weenzame ezingapheliyo" zothethathethwano, igqwetha u-Elizabeth Cabraser utshilo kwisibhengezo Kwinkundla exhasa ukuhlaliswa okucetywayo.

Inokubeka "ixesha lokuma" apho abamangali eklasini abanakho ukufaka isimangalo esitsha esimalunga neRoundup. Kwaye ifuna amalungu eklasi ukuba akhulule "nawaphi na amabango ngokuchasene neMonsanto ngenxa yomonakalo owohlwayayo kunye noqwalaselo lonyango olunxulumene nokuvezwa kweRoundup kunye ne-NHL."

Ngokuqaphelekayo, esi sicwangciso sichaza ukuba endaweni yokuqhubela phambili nolunye uvavanyo lwejaji, iqela lenzululwazi liza kuqala ukumiselwa ukumisela "impendulo eyiyo" "kumda wokubuza" wokuba ingaba ikhona na ikhonkco phakathi kweRoundup neNHL .

Isicwangciso ubiza iBayer ukuhlawula ukuya kuthi ga kwi-150 yezigidi zeedola kwimirhumo kunye neendleko zamagqwetha abandakanyekayo kunye "namabhaso abamele iinkonzo zodidi" ukuya kuthi ga kwi-25,000 yeedola kumntu ngamnye okanye kwi-100,000 yeedola.

Ngokubanzi, iBayer ithe izakubeka bucala i-1.25 yezigidigidi kulungiselelo. Imali yayiza kusetyenziselwa ukubuyekeza amalungu eklasi afunyaniswe ene-NHL "ngeziphumo zokulibaziseka" kwezimangalo, kunye nokuxhasa ngezimali uphando malunga nokufunyaniswa nokunyangwa kwe-NHL, phakathi kwezinye izinto.

Isindululo sokufuna imvume yokuqala yokuhlawulwa kweklasi safakwa ngolwesiThathu kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US ukuba iSithili saseMantla saseCalifornia siphathwe nguJaji Vince Chhabria. I-Chhabria iye yajonga amatyala amaninzi e-Roundup adityaniswe ndawonye njengezimangalo ezininzi. Ekwaluseni inani elikhulu lamatyala asele efayilisiwe, uChhabria wajongana nolunye lovavanyo lweRoundup, kunye nento eyaziwayo njengendlebe ethi "Daubert", apho weva khona iintsuku zobungqina besayensi kuwo omabini amacala emva koko wagqiba kwelokuba zanele ezenzululwazi. ubungqina bokubangela ukuba isimangalo siqhubeke.

Isindululo sokuhlaliswa kwabantu eklasini kwaxoxwa ngaso ngokwahlukeneyo kwesahlulo esiphambili esenziwe neenkampani zomthetho ezikhokelayo.

Kwi eyona ndawo yokuhlala, U-Bayer uvumile ukubonelela nge- $ 8.8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi zeedola ukusombulula malunga neepesenti ezingama-75 zama-125,000 ezifakiweyo kunye nezingagcwaliswanga ezibangelwe ngabamangali abasola ukubhengezwa kwi-Roundup kaMonsanto kuphuhliso lwabo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Amagqwetha abamele ngaphezulu kwama-20,000 XNUMX abamangali bathi abavumelananga ukuhlala neBayer kwaye loo matyala kulindeleke ukuba aqhubeke nokusebenza ngendlela yenkqubo yenkundla.

Nangona iMonsanto yaphulukana nesinye sezi zilingo zintathu zabanjwa ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, iBayer igcina izigqibo zejaji zinempazamo kwaye zisekwe kwiimvakalelo kwaye hayi kwisayensi elungileyo.

Ukukhethwa kwePaneli yeSayensi

U-Bayer kunye namagqwetha eklasi ecetywayo bazakusebenza kunye ukukhetha oososayensi abahlanu ukuba bahlale kwiphaneli engathathi cala, ezimeleyo, ngokwesicwangciso. Ukuba abanakho ukuvumelana ngokwenziwa kwepaneli icala ngalinye liya kukhetha amalungu amabini kwaye loo malungu mane aya kukhetha elesihlanu.

Akukho sazinzulu esisebenze njengengcali kumdibaniso we-Roundup litigation of federal oya kuvunyelwa ukuba abe kwiqela lenjongo. Ngokukodwa, akukho namnye "othe wanxibelelana nayo nayiphi ingcali" kwisimangalo malunga nomxholo.

Iphaneli iya kuba neminyaka emine yokuphonononga ubungqina besayensi kodwa inokufaka isicelo sokongezwa kwexesha ukuba kukho imfuneko. Ukuzimisela kuya kubopha macala omabini, esi sicwangciso sitsho. Ukuba iphaneli igqiba ekubeni kukho unxibelelwano olunokubangela phakathi kwe-Roundup kunye ne-NHL, abamangali bangaqhubeka ukuya kufuna izilingo zamabango abo.

"Ulwazi lunamandla kwaye oku kuhlaliswa kuxhobisa amalungu eklasi ukuba abambe iMonsanto ukuba baphendule ngokwenzakala kwabo ukuba kwaye xa iSigqeba seNzululwazi sigqiba ukuba imeko iyoneliseka," sitsho esi sicwangciso.

Ukugcwaliswa kwenkundla yomdibaniso kucela ukuvunywa kwetyala lokuqala kwintsuku ezingama-30.

Iingxilimbela zamachiza ezothusayo zifuna indlela yokuvalwa kwenkundla ngababulali babo bokhula

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Bacaphula “imeko yongxamiseko,” izigebenga zemichiza i-BASF kunye ne-DuPont bacele inkundla yomanyano ukuba ibavumele ukuba bangenelele kwimeko apho inkundla ekuqaleni kwale nyanga yayalela ukuba i-dicamba herbicides ivalwe kwangoko kunye nemveliso ye-dicamba eyenziwe ngumnini-Monsanto uBayer AG .

Intshukumo yeenkampani zemichiza ilandela a Isigwebo se-3 kaJuni yiNkundla yezibheno yase-US kwiSekethe yesithoba eyathi i-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) yaphule umthetho xa ivuma iimveliso ze-dicamba eziphuhliswe nguMonsanto / Bayer, BASF kunye neDuPont, ephethwe yiCorteva Inc.

Inkundla iyalele ukuvalwa kwangoko kokusetyenziswa kwemveliso nganye yenkampani ye-dicamba, ifumanisa ukuba i-EPA "ibubeka ecaleni ubungozi" bemithi yokubulala ukhula kwaye "isilele ngokupheleleyo ukwamkela eminye imingcipheko."

I-EPA ukutyeshela loo myalelo, Nangona kunjalo, ukuxelela abalimi ukuba bangaqhubeka nokutshiza ngemichiza yokubulala ukhula ekuthethwa ngayo ukuphela kukaJulayi.

Umanyano lwamaqela asefama kunye nabathengi abathi ekuqaleni bafaka ityala ngokuchasene ne-EPA babuyele enkundleni kwiveki ephelileyo, ukucela umyalelo ongxamisekileyo ibambe i-EPA ngendelelo. Inkundla inike i-EPA kude kube sekupheleni kosuku Lwesibini, nge-16 kaJuni, ukuba iphendule.

Uqhushululu kwiLizwe laseFama

Umyalelo wokuthintela iimveliso ze-dicamba zeenkampani ubangele isiphithiphithi kwilizwe lasefama kuba abalimi abaninzi beembotyi zesoya kunye nomqhaphu batyale izigidi zeehektare zezityalo ezinyamezelayo ze-dicamba eziphuhliswe nguMonsanto ngenjongo yokunyanga ukhula kula masimi ngemithi ye-dicamba eyenziwe zezi zintathu. iinkampani.

"Inkqubo yesityalo se-dicamba" ibonelela amafama ukuba atyale amasimi abo ngezityalo ezinganyamezeliyo i-dicamba, abanokuthi emva koko batshize "ngaphezulu-phezulu" ngombulali we-dicamba. Inkqubo ityebise iinkampani ezithengisa imbewu kunye neekhemikhali kwaye yanceda amafama ukuba akhule umqhaphu okhethekileyo wokunyamezela i-dicamba kunye ne-soy malunga nokhula olunenkani olunganyangekiyo kwimveliso ye-Roundup esekwe kwi-glyphosate.

Kodwa kwinani elikhulu lamafama angazityali izityalo ezinyamezelayo zemfuza, ukusetyenziswa gabalala kwe-dicamba herbicides kuye kwathetha ukonakala kunye nelahleko yezityalo kuba i-dicamba ithambekele ekunyukeni nasekuhambeni kude apho inokubulala izityalo, imithi kunye namatyholo ayitshintshiswanga ngokwemfuza ukumelana nemichiza.

Iinkampani zibanga ukuba iinguqulelo zabo ezintsha ze-dicamba azizukuhamba kwaye zibaleke njengoko iinguqulelo ezindala zemveliso yokubulala ukhula lwe-dicamba zaziwa ukuba ziyazenza. Kodwa ezo ziqinisekiso zibonakalise zibubuxoki phakathi kwezikhalazo ezixhaphakileyo zomonakalo we-dicamba drift. Ngaphezulu kwesigidi esinye seehektare zomonakalo wezityalo waxelwa kunyaka ophelileyo kwi-18 ithi, inkundla yomanyano yaphawula kwisigqibo sayo.

Amafama amaninzi ekuqaleni abhiyozela isigwebo senkundla kwaye bakhululeka ekubeni iifama zabo kunye neigadi zabo zingasindiswa kweli hlobo kumonakalo we-dicamba abaye bahlangabezana nawo ehlotyeni elingaphambili. Kodwa uncedo lwaluhlala ixesha elifutshane xa i-EPA isithi ayizukunyanzela kwangoko ukuthintelwa kwenkundla.

Kwifayile eyenziwe ngolwesiHlanu, I-BASF iyicenge inkundla ukunganyanzelisi ukuvalwa kwangoko kwaye uxelele inkundla ukuba iyakudinga ukuvala indawo yokuvelisa eBeaumont, eTexas, okwangoku "esebenza iiyure ezingama-24 ngosuku phantse ngokuqhubekayo unyaka wonke" ukuba ayikwazi ukuvelisa uphawu lwayo lwe-dicamba olubizwa ngokuba Engenia. I-BASF ichithe i-370 yezigidi zeedola kule minyaka idlulileyo ukuphucula isityalo kwaye iqeshe abantu abayi-170 apho, utshilo inkampani.

Iphawula "utyalo-mali olubalulekileyo" kwimveliso yayo, i-BASF ikwatshele nenkundla ukuba yanele imveliso yayo okwangoku kuyo yonke "ijelo labathengi" lokunyanga ii-26.7 zezigidi zeehektare zesoya kunye nomqhaphu. I-BASF inezigidi ezongezelelekileyo ze- $ 44 yezigidi zeemveliso ze-Engenia dicamba, eyaneleyo yokunyanga ii-6.6 yezigidi zeehektare zesoya kunye nomqhaphu, utshilo inkampani.

UDuPont / uCorteva wenze impikiswano efanayo, ukuxelela inkundla ekufayeleni kwayo ukuba ukuvalwa "kuyonakalisa ngokuthe ngqo" inkampani "kunye nabalimi abaninzi kulo lonke eli lizwe eliphakathi kwexesha lokukhula." Iya konakalisa "igama" lenkampani ukuba ukubulala iyeza kuvaliwe, inkampani ixelele inkundla.

Ngaphaya koko, iDuPont / Corteva ilindele ukuvelisa "ingeniso ebalulekileyo" kwintengiso ye-dicamba herbicide, ebizwa ngokuba yiFeXapan kwaye iyakuphulukana naloo mali ukuba ukuvalwa kuyanyanzeliswa, utshilo inkampani.

IMonsanto yayisebenza kwimeko exhasa ukuvunywa kwe-EPA ngaphambi kwesigwebo, kodwa bobabini i-BASF kunye neDuPont baqinisekisa ngokungachanekanga ukuba ityala lenkundla lisebenza kuphela kwiimveliso zikaMonsanto hayi ezabo. Inkundla ikucacisile, nangona kunjalo, ukuba i-EPA yamkele ngokungekho mthethweni iimveliso ezenziwe zezi nkampani zontathu.

Ikhokelwe liZiko loKhuseleko loKutya, uxwebhu lwezikhalazo ngokuchasene ne-EPA lwaziswa ngumbutho weSizwe weFama yoMbutho, iZiko lokwahluka kweBioloji, kunye neNethiwekhi yokuSebenza kweZinambuzane eMntla Melika.

Xa ibuza inkundla ukuba ifumane i-EPA ngokudelela, iqumrhu liye lalumkisa ngomonakalo wezityalo oza kubakho ukuba iimveliso ze-dicamba azithintelwa kwangoko.

"I-EPA ayinakubaleka ngokuvumela ukutshizwa kwezigidi ezili-16 zeepiccic ze-dicamba kunye nomonakalo kwizigidi zeehektare, kunye nomngcipheko obonakalayo kumakhulu ezilwanyana ezisengozini," utshilo umdibaniso. Enye into isemngciphekweni nayo: umthetho. Inkundla kufuneka ithathe amanyathelo ukuthintela ukungabikho kobulungisa kwaye ixhase ukuthembeka kwenkqubo yokugweba. Ngenxa yokungahoywa ngokucacileyo kwe-EPA kwisigqibo seNkundla, abafaki-zikhalazo bayabongoza iNkundla ukuba iyidelele i-EPA. ”

Inkundla yezibheno imamela iimpikiswano malunga nelahleko yokuqala yokuvavanywa kwetyala likaMonsanto

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Isigqibo sejaji yaseCalifornia esola i-Monsanto ye-herbicide yomhlaza womgcini wesikolo yayineempazamo kwaye ingahambelani nomthetho, igqwetha laseMonsanto uxelele iphaneli yejaji yezibheno ngoLwesibini.

Inkampani yokubulala ukhula eglyphosate-eyaziwayo njenge-Roundup- ixhaswa ngokupheleleyo yi-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) kunye "nabalawuli kwihlabathi liphela," igqwetha uDavid Axelrad uxelele iijaji kunye nenkundla yezibheno yaseCalifornia. ISithili sokuBhena sokuqala.

U-Axelrad uthe uMonsanto wayengenalo uxanduva lokulumkisa nabani na malunga nomngcipheko wesifo somhlaza enikwe isivumelwano sokulawula ukuba ababulali bakhe bokhula bakhuselekile.

"Kukungalunganga okusisiseko ukubamba iMonsanto ibenoxanduva kwaye yohlwaya ilebheli yemveliso ebonisa ngokuchanekileyo kungekuphela kokumiselwa kwe-EPA kodwa ukuvumelana kwihlabathi liphela ukuba i-glyphosate ayisiyomhlaza," watsho kwindibano ethathe iyure. Inkqubo igcinwe ngomnxeba ngenxa ye-COVID-19 yokuthintela ukufikelela kwinkundla.

Umdibanisi weJaji uGabriel Sanchez ubuze ubunyani bale ngxoxo: "Unezifundo ngezilwanyana… izifundo zendlela, unezifundo zolawulo," watsho, ethetha negqwetha likaMonsanto. Kukho inani, kubonakala ngathi, kupapashwe izifundo zoontanga… ezibonisa ubudlelwane obubalulekileyo phakathi kwe-glyphosate kunye ne-lymphoma. Ke andazi ukuba ndingavuma nawe ukuba inemvumelwano efanayo. Ngokuqinisekileyo iiarhente zolawulo zibonakala zikwelinye icala. Kodwa buninzi obunye ubungqina kwenye. ”

Isibheno sivela kwisigqibo sejaji se-2018 kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseSan Francisco eyalela iMonsanto ukuba ihlawule i-289 yezigidi zeedola ku-Dewayne "Lee" Johnson, kubandakanya i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayayo.

Ijaji kwityala likaJohnson lehlisa ibhaso lafikelela kwizigidi ezingama-78.5 zeerandi. Kodwa iMonsanto Bhena isigwebo, Ukucela inkundla ukuba iguqule isigqibo setyala kwaye ingene kwisigwebo seMonsanto okanye ibuye umva kwaye iphinde ityala kwimeko yetyala elitsha okanye ubuncinci banciphise umonakalo. UJohnson wabhena Ukufuna ukubuyiselwa kwebhaso elipheleleyo lejaji.

UJohnson ungomnye wamashumi amawaka abantu abavela eUnited States abaye bamangalela uMonsanto besithi iRoundup kunye nezinye izinto ezibulala ukhula ezenziwa yinkampani zibangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye le nkampani ichithe amashumi eminyaka igubungela umngcipheko.

UJohnson wafumana iwonga "lokukhetha" ngenxa yokuba oogqirha bathi iminyaka yakhe yobomi imfutshane kwaye angabhubha kwinyanga ezili-18 zolingo. UJohnson ubaphazamisile oogqirha kwaye uhlala ephila kwaye ufumana unyango rhoqo.

Ukuphulukana kukaMonsanto noJohnson kwaphawula ilahleko yokuqala yokulahleka kweRoundup kwinkampani, eyafunyanwa yiBayer AG yaseJamani ngoJuni 2018 kanye njengoko ityala likaJohnson laqala.

Ijaji kwityala likaJohnson lafumanisa ngokukodwa - phakathi kwezinye izinto - ukuba uMonsanto wayengakhathali ngokusilela ukulumkisa uJohnson ngomngcipheko womhlaza wemichiza yokubulala ukhula. Kodwa uMonsanto uthi esi sigwebo sasineempazamo ngenxa yokungabandakanywa kobungqina obubalulekileyo kunye noko abameli benkampani bakubiza ngokuba “kukugqwethwa kwesayensi ethembekileyo.”

Ukuba inkundla yezibheno ayiyaleli ukuba kuxoxwe ityala elitsha, uMonsanto wacela ukuba abagwebi okungenani banciphise isahlulo sebhaso lejaji "ngomonakalo ongekhoyo kwixesha elizayo" ukusuka kwi-33 yezigidi zeedola ukuya kwi-1.5 yezigidi zeerandi kwaye kususwe umonakalo owohlwayo ngokupheleleyo.

Amagqwetha kaJohnson alingo ukuba kufuneka afumane i-1 yezigidi zeedola ngonyaka ngentlungu kunye nokubandezeleka ngaphezulu kweminyaka engama-33 eyongezelelekileyo anokuhlala kuyo ukuba ebengenawo umhlaza.

Kodwa amagqwetha kaMonsanto athe uJohnson kufuneka afumane kuphela i-1 yezigidi zeedola ngonyaka ngentlungu kunye nokubandezeleka ngexesha lakhe lokuphila okanye i-1.5 yezigidi zeedola kwisithuba sexesha elizayo seenyanga ezili-18.

NgoLwesibini, u-Axelrad waphinda loo ngongoma: "Ngokuqinisekileyo ummangali angaphinde aphile ngexesha lokudla kwakhe iintlungu kunye nokubandezeleka okunokubangelwa kukwazi ukuba ubomi bakhe bufutshane," uxelele iphaneli yezomthetho. "Kodwa awungekhe uchache ngenxa yeentlungu nokubandezeleka okungenakulindeleka kwiminyaka apho ungasayi kuphila khona kwaye yiloo nto ummangalelwa ayifumanayo kwelityala."

U-Axelrad uxelele iijaji ukuba inkampani ibipeyintwe ngobuxoki njengokuziphatha gwenxa kodwa inyani ilandele isayensi kunye nomthetho. Uthe, umzekelo, nangona igqwetha likaJohnson latyhola uMonsanto ngokubhala ngesiporho amaphepha enzululwazi, oososayensi beenkampani benze "iingcebiso zokuhlela" zamaphepha aliqela apapashwe kuncwadi lwenzululwazi.

"Nokuba ingaba iMonsanto ibinokubakho na ngaphambili ekuchongeni ukuzibandakanya kwayo kwezi zifundo eyona nto iphambili kukuba ezo zifundo azivelisanga lwazi olungeyonyani okanye olulahlekisayo kwaye akukho nto ibonisa ukuba nabaphi na ababhali bezo zifundo babeza kutshintsha uluvo lwabo ukuba babe neMonsanto khange unike izimvo zomhleli, ”utshilo.

U-Axelrad uthe akukho bubi kwaye akukho sizathu sokwenzakaliswa kwetyala eliza kwenziwa ngokuchasene neMonsanto. Ukukhuselwa yinkampani ye-glyphosate-based herbicides kule minyaka ibisengqiqweni kwaye kuthembekile, utshilo.

“Akukho bungqina bokuba iMonsanto isasaza ulwazi olungeyonyani, olulahlekisayo okanye olungaphelelanga, akukho bungqina bokuba isenzo sayo sithintele ukuhanjiswa kolwazi kwiiarhente zolawulo ezifunekayo ukuphonononga ubungqina benzululwazi, akukho bungqina bokuba isenzo sayo sonakalise isigqibo sokugqibela kwaye akukho bungqina ukuba uMonsanto wenqabile ukwenza uvavanyo okanye ukufundisisa ngenjongo yokufihla ulwazi malunga nomngcipheko wengozi okanye ukuthintela ukufunyanwa kolwazi olutsha malunga nesayensi ye-glyphosate, utshilo.

Igqwetha likaJohnson uMike Miller uthe amagqwetha kaMonsanto azama ukufumana inkundla yezibheno ukuba iphinde izame inyani zelo tyala, ayiyondima yayo.

“IMonsanto ayiwuqondi umsebenzi wesibheno. Asikokuzijonga kwakhona iinyani. Iinyani ezaziphikiswa nje ligqwetha likaMonsanto zaliwa ngokupheleleyo lijaji zaza zaliwa ngumgwebi wetyala… ”utshilo uMiller.

Inkundla yesibheno kufuneka ixhase umonakalo owanikwa ijaji, kubandakanya nomonakalo owohlwayayo, kuba indlela yokuziphatha kukaMonsanto ejikeleze isayensi kunye nokukhuseleka kweyeza layo le-glyphosate "lalibalasele," utshilo uMiller.

Ubungqina obunikwe kwityala likaJohnson lubonise uMonsanto ebandakanyeka ekubhaleni ngesiporho kwamaphepha enzululwazi ngelixa isilele ukuvavanya ngokwaneleyo i-glyphosate herbicides yomngcipheko we-carcinogenicity. Inkampani ke iqale uhlaselo "olungazange lubonwe" malunga nokuthembeka kwezazinzulu zomhlaza wamazwe aphesheya ezazichaza i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu kwi-2015, uxelele iphaneli yezomthetho.

Kumonakalo owehlayo, njengoko uvavanya ukugwenxa kweMonsanto kufuneka ubandakanye kubutyebi beMonsanto. Kwaye iwonga kufuneka lanele ukuhlaba, ”utshilo uMiller. "Phantsi komthetho waseCalifornia ngaphandle kokuba utshintshe indlela yokuziphatha ayihambelani nezohlwayo."

Iphaneli yezibheno ineentsuku ezingama-90 zokukhupha isigwebo.

Isibheno kwisilingo sokuqala somhlaza seMonsanto Roundup ukuba siviwe ngoJuni

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Inkundla yezibheno yaseCalifornia iseti uviwo lwangoJuni Izibheno ezinqamlezileyo ezibangelwa lityala lokuqala malunga nezityholo zokuba i-Monsanto's herbicides ibangela umhlaza.

INkundla yeziBheno yesiThili sokuQala seZibheno saseCalifornia ithe ngoLwesine ukuba yayilungiselela ukuxoxwa kwetyala ngoJuni 2 kwityala likaDewayne "Lee" Johnson v. Monsanto. Ukuchotshelwa kwetyala kuyakwenzeka phantse kwiminyaka emibini emva kokuqala kwetyala likaJohnson kunye neminyaka emibini emva kokuba uBayer AG ethengile iMonsanto.

Ijaji enye unike uJohnson i-289 yezigidi zeedola ngo-Agasti 2018, kubandakanya i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayayo, ukufumanisa ukuba ayenzanga kuphela i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides eyabangela ukuba uJohnson aphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kodwa ukuba inkampani ibazi umngcipheko womhlaza kwaye yasilela ukulumkisa uJohnson.

Ijaji yetyala lasithoba isigwebo esiyi- $ 78 yezigidi kodwa uMonsanto wabhenela kwisixa esincitshisiweyo. Umnqamlezo uJohnson ubhenele ekubuyiseleni isigwebo se-289 yezigidi.

Ukulungiselela iingxoxo zomlomo kwisibheno sikaJohnson, inkundla yesibheno yathi iyasikhaba isicelo esenziwe yiGqwetha Jikelele laseCalifornia lokuba lifake isishwankathelo se-amicus kwicala likaJohnson.

Ityala likaJohnson lagutyungelwa ngamajelo eendaba kwihlabathi liphela kwaye libeka ukuqaqanjelwa kokuziphatha okungathandabuzekiyo kweMonsanto. Amagqwetha kaJohnson abonisa abagwebi ii-imeyile zenkampani yangaphakathi kunye nezinye iirekhodi ezibonisa oososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngemibhalo yezenzululwazi yokubhala ghost ukuzama ukuxhasa inkxaso kukhuseleko lweemveliso zenkampani, kunye nonxibelelwano oluchaza izicwangciso zokuhlazisa abagxeki, kunye nokuphelisa uvavanyo lukarhulumente. Ityhefu ye-glyphosate, ikhemikhali ephambili kwiimveliso zeMonsanto.

Amaxwebhu angaphakathi akwabonisa ukuba iMonsanto ilindele ukuba i-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza ihlukanise i-glyphosate njengento enokwenzeka okanye enokubangela i-carcinogen yabantu ngo-Matshi ka-2015.

Amashumi amawaka abamangali bafaka isimangalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto besenza amabango afanayo nakaJohnson, kwaye ezinye izilingo ezongezelelweyo zenzekile ukusukela kwityala likaJohnson. Zombini ezo zilingo zakhokelela kwizigwebo ezinkulu ngokuchasene neMonsanto.

Ukumisela umhla wesibheno sikaJohnson, inkundla yezibheno yathi "iyayiqonda imeko ethathela ingqalelo la matyala kwaye iye yaqhubeka nokuwunika eyona nto iphambili ngaphandle kweemeko zangoku ezingxamisekileyo" ezenziwe kukusasazeka kwe-coronavirus.

Intshukumo yenkundla yezibheno kwityala likaJohnson iza njengoko kubikwa iBayer ukuzama ukuziphindezela kwiindawo zokuhlala ekuxoxiswene ngazo namafemu aliqela aseMelika abamele uninzi lwabamangali.

Igqwetha labamangali abajongene nomhlaza abanjwe kwizityholo zolwaphulo-mthetho

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Umdlalo weqonga osemthethweni ojikeleze ubunzima besityholo somhlaza we-Roundup umane ufumane i-notch.

Izityholo zolwaphulo mthetho bafakwa kule veki ngokuchasene negqwetha uTimothy Litzenburg bethetha igqwetha elineminyaka engama-37 lifune i-200 yezigidi zeedola "kwimirhumo yokubonisana" endaweni yokuthula malunga nolwazi aloyikisayo ukuba lunokuba yingozi kumthengisi wemichiza eMonsanto.

I-Litzenburg yahlawuliswa ngenani elinye lokuzama ukuphanga, iyelenqe kunye nokusasaza unxibelelwano lwangaphakathi ngenjongo yokuphanga. Ebe ubanjiwe ngolwesibini kodwa ukhululwe kwi bond.

U-Litzenburg wayeligqwetha lika-Dewayne “Lee” Johnson elikhokelela kwityala lika-Johnson lika-2018 nxamnye neMonsanto, elakhokelela $ 289 yezigidi zeerandi ngokuthanda kukaJohnson. Ityala belilelokuqala kwezintathu ezenzekileyo ngokuchasene neMonsanto ngenxa yezityholo zokuba i-glyphosate-based herbicides efana neRoundup ibanga i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. IMonsanto, kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG, baphulukene nazo zontathu izilingo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kodwa babhengeza isigwebo.

Nangona i-Litzenburg yayijongene nokulungiselela uJohnson ukulingwa, akazange avunyelwe ukuthatha inxaxheba ngexesha lomcimbi ngenxa yokukhathazeka malunga nokuziphatha kwakhe okwakubanjwe yiMiller Firm, eyayingumqeshi wakhe ngelo xesha.

Ifemi yeMiller emva koko wagxothwa ILitzenburg kwaye wafaka isimangalo etyhola uLitzenburg ekuziphatheni, kunye "nokunganyaniseki nokungaziphathi kakuhle." ILitzenburg iphendule ngo counter-ibango. Amaqela kutsha nje athethathethane ngesivumelwano esiyimfihlo.

Inkathazo entsha yeLitzenburg yeza ngohlobo lwesikhalazo solwaphulo-mthetho esifakwe ngoMvulo kwinkundla yomanyano eVirginia. Isikhalazo asiyichazi inkampani i-Litzenburg ukuba ifuna imali kuyo, ibhekisa kuyo njenge “Inkampani 1.” Ngokwentlawulo, uLitzenburg uqhakamshelane neNkampani 1 ngoSeptemba walo nyaka echaza ukuba ulungiselela ityala eliza kutyhola iNkampani 1 kunye neenkampani ezinxulumene nokubonelela ngemixube yemichiza esetyenziswe yiMonsanto ukwenza igama layo elibizwa ngokuba yiRoundup herbicide kwaye iNkampani 1 ibisazi ukuba izithako zingumhlaza kodwa asilele ukulumkisa uluntu. Wazama ukubandakanya iqumrhu ekubhekiselwe kulo kwisikhalazo njengeNkampani 2, echazwe ngabatshutshisi njengenkampani ethengisa esidlangalaleni yaseMelika ethe yathenga iNkampani 1 kwi2018.

Kwangoko kulo nyaka u-Litzenburg uxelele i-US Right to Know ukuba wayesenza esi sikhalazo ngokuchasene nomthengisi weekhemikhali Huntsman wamanye amazwe  kunye nezinto ezinxulumene noko, kodwa akucaci ukuba ngaba uHuntsman uyabandakanyeka na kwesi senzo.

I-Litzenburg, ngoku eliqabane lenkampani ye IKincheloe, iLitzenburg kunye nePendleton, Khange aphendule kwisicelo sokuphawula. Kwaye neqabane lakhe lomthetho uDan Kincheloe. I-Litzenburg ibanga ukuba imele abathengi abangama-1,000 abamangalela iMonsanto malunga nezityholo zomhlaza we-Roundup.

Ngokwesi sikhalazo, u-Litzenburg uxelele igqwetha leNkampani 1 ukuba uyakholelwa ukuba angafaka isimangalo kwasekuqaleni ezinye ezininzi ziya kulandela. Ukuthintela loo nto, iNkampani 1 inokungena "kulungiselelo lokubonisana" neLitzenburg, igqwetha lathi laxelela inkampani. Njengomcebisi u-Litzenburg uya kuba nokungqubana kwemidla eya kumthintela ekufakeni isimangalo esisongelwayo.

Ngokwengcaciso, isikhalazo sathi sanikezelwa ligqwetha leNkampani 1, u-Litzenburg wathi uzakufuna imali ezizigidi ezi-5 zeerandi zamatyala abhaliweyo kunye nelungiselelo lokubonisana ne-200 yezigidi zeedola kuye kunye nomlingane. Isikhalazo solwaphulo-mthetho sithi uLitzenburg uyibhale phantsi igqwetha le-imeyile kwigqwetha lenkampani, elumkisa ngelithi ukuba inkampani ayiyithobeli, iLitzenburg izakudala "Roundup Two," enokuthi ibangele "ingxaki eqhubekayo kwaye ekhulayo" yeNkampani 1.

U-Litzenburg wabhala nge-imeyile ukuba i-200 yezigidi zeerandi zesivumelwano sakhe kunye nomlingane "lixabiso elifanelekileyo," ngokwesikhalazo solwaphulo-mthetho. Ubuncinci ababini "abahlobo" ababandakanyekayo kwesi sikimu, ngokwesikhalazo.

Igqwetha leNkampani 1 liqhakamshelane neSebe lezoBulungisa e-US ngo-Okthobha kwaye emva koko abaphandi barekhodile umnxeba kunye neLitzenburg bexoxa nge-200 yezigidi zeedola awayezifuna, isikhalazo sithi

Ngokwesi sikhalazo, i-Litzenburg yarekhodwa isithi: “Indlela endicinga ukuba niyakucinga ngayo kwaye besicinga ngayo kukonga icala lenu. Andiqondi ukuba le nto iyafayilwa ize ijike ibe yintsokolo enkulu, nokuba niyaphumelela amatyala kwaye niyeke ixabiso ... andicingi ukuba ikhona indlela eninokuphuma ngayo ngaphantsi kweebhiliyoni zeerandi. Kwaye, niyazi, kum, eh, eli lixabiso lokuthengisa umlilo ekufuneka nilithathele ingqalelo… ”

Ngethuba lolunye unxibelelwano neNkampani 1, uLitzenburg utyhola ukuba xa efumene i-200 yezigidi zeedola, wayezimisele "ukuthatha indawo" ngexesha lokufakwa kwezidalwa ezinetyhefu kwiNkampani 1 ukujongela phantsi amathemba abamangali bexesha elizayo ukuzama ukumangalela inkampani.

Ukuba iNkampani 1 ingene kwisivumelwano naye, uLitzenburg kuthiwa uthe, oko kuya kuthetha ukuba iNkampani 1 "iyakuthintela umngcelele wezothuso eziye zamangalelwa yiBayer / Monsanto."

Ukutshutshisa ityala kwiSebe lezoBulungisa laseMelika nguMncedisi oyiNtloko uL. Rush Atkinson kunye neNtloko enguMncedisi oyiNtloko uHenry P. Van Dyck weCandelo loLwaphulo-mthetho.

UPDATED- Uvavanyo lwaseSt. Louis malunga neMonsanto Roundup Cancer Claims in Limbo

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(UPHANDO) -Ngo-Septemba 12, iNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseMissouri yalivala eli tyala, yavumelana nabameli bommangali ukuba isicelo sikaMonsanto sokuba inkundla ephakamileyo ithathe umcimbi weso sigqibo sasiyimpikiswano. Louis. Ijaji yeNkundla yeSekethe uMichael Mullen emva koko wagqithisela bonke abamangali ngaphandle kukaWinston baya eSt NgoSeptemba 13 ukuyalela.)

Uvavanyo lwango-Okthobha lokufaka iqela lezigulana ezinomhlaza ngokuchasene neMonsanto kwinkampani eyayisakuba likhaya laseMissouri lurhintyelwe kwiwebhu yezenzo ezixakekileyo ezisongela ukulihlehlisa ngokungapheliyo ityala.

Ukugcwaliswa kweenkundla ezintsha kubonisa ukuba amagqwetha omabini amacala kaWalter Winston, et al v. UMonsanto bebebandakanyeka kuthotho lweendlela ezinokuthi zibabuyisele kubo ezikhokelela kumhla wokuvavanywa komhla we-15. isethwe ngu Louis iJaji yeNkundla yeSekethe uMichael Mullen. Amagqwetha abamangali abali-14 abakhankanywe kwityala likaWinston bebenyanzelisa ukugcina ityala labo ukuze bakwazi ukubonisa amabango amaxhoba omhlaza kwiJaji yaseSt. Louis kwinyanga ezayo. Kodwa amagqwetha eMonsanto abekhona ukusebenza ukulibazisa ukulingwa kunye nokuphazamisa ukudityaniswa kwabamangali.

Isimangalo sikaWinston, esenziwe ngoMatshi we-2018, yayiza kuba lityala lokuqala ukwenzeka kwindawo yaseSt. Ngaphambi kokuthengisa kwinkampani yaseJamani iBayer AG kunyaka ophelileyo, iMonsanto yayizinze kwidolophu yaseCreve Coeur kwaye yayingomnye wabaqeshi abakhulu baseSt. Izilingo zomhlaza we-Roundup ezazisetelwe indawo yaseSt.

Abamangali kwityala lika Winston baphakathi kwabantu abangaphaya kwe-18,000 e-United States betyhola uMonsanto besithi ukubhencwa kwi-glyphosate-based herbicides kubangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye iMonsanto ifihle iingozi ezinxulunyaniswa nababulali bayo bokhula.

Ukubuyela umva nangaphaya malunga nokuba ityala likaWinston linokwenzeka phi okanye lingenzeki nini laqala ngaphezulu konyaka ophelileyo kwaye alibandakanyekanga inkundla yaseSt. Louis kuphela kodwa nenkundla yezibheno eMissouri nakwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yelizwe.

Ngo-Matshi walo nyaka iMonsanto Ifayile isindululo ukuqhawula nokususa abommangali abali-13 kwali-14 kwityala likaWinston lisuka kwiNkundla yesiXeko iSt. Louis lisiya kwiNkundla yeSekethe yeLizwana laseSt. Louis, apho yayikhona iarhente ebhalisiweyo yenkampani nalapho “indawo ifanelekile.” Isindululo saliwe. Inkampani ifake isimangalo esifanayo ngo-2018 kodwa sakhatywa.

Amagqwetha abamangali bakuchasa ukwahlulwa nokutshintshelwa ebutsheni balo nyaka, kodwa ngoku bayitshintshile loo meko kuba phakathi kwayo yonke le ntshukumo, uMonsanto ebefuna ungenelelo yiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseMissouri. Inkundla ephakamileyo yombuso Ulawule ekuqaleni kwalo nyaka kwityala elingadibananga nokuba bekungafanelekanga ukuba abamangali ababekwe ngaphandle kweSt. Louis City bajoyine amatyala abo kubahlali besixeko ukuze bafumane indawo eSt. Inkundla yaseSt kudala kuthathelwa ingqalelo indawo efanelekileyo yabamangali kwizenzo zobunzima

Isicelo sikaMonsanto sokungenelela yiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseMissouri savuzwa nge-3 kaSeptemba xa iNkundla ePhakamileyo yakhupha Uxwebhu lokuqala lwesithintelo”Evumela ityala likaWalter Winston“ ukuba liqhubeke njengoko bekucwangcisiwe ”kwiNkundla Yesekethe yaseSt. Kodwa inkundla yathi amatyala abanye abamangali abali-13 abajoyine isimangalo sikaWinston awanakho ukuqhubekeka ngeli xesha njengoko ithathela ingqalelo indlela yokusingatha amatyala. Inkundla yayalela ukunqunyanyiswa kwayo nayiphi na into eyenziwayo yiNkundla yesiXeko iSt. Louis, de kwawiswa omnye umthetho wale Nkundla.

Esoyika ukuba ityala labo liza kwaphulwa kunye / okanye ukulibaziseka belinde isigqibo seNkundla ePhakamileyo ngendawo, amagqwetha abamangali ngo-Septemba 4 athi Ukurhoxisa inkcaso yabo kwisicelo sikaMonsanto sokudluliselwa kwetyala kwiSt.

Kodwa ngoku uMonsanto akasafuni ukuba ityala lihanjiswe linikezwe inyathelo leNkundla ePhakamileyo. Kwifayile Kwiveki ephelileyo le nkampani ithe: “Abamangali balwa indawo ngalo naliphi na ithuba, endaweni yokuvuma ukuhambisa amabango abo eSt. Louis County kwaye bafune ukuxoxwa kwetyala kwakudala. Ukuwongwa kwabamangali bakaWinston kolu khetho kuzakukhuthaza umdlalo wokudlala wodwa. ”

NgoMvulo, amagqwetha abamangali wafaka impendulo bethetha ukuba abamangali baseWinston kufuneka badluliselwe eSt. Louis County njengoko uMonsanto wayecelile ngaphambili kwaye oko kuyakwenza umba wendawo phambi kwenkundla. Bona phikisanad ukuba ijaji eSt. Louis City ebichophele ityala likaWinston kufuneka iqhubeke nokusingatha eli tyala ngaphakathi kwinkundla yenkundla.

“Ngokurhoxa kwenkcaso yabo kwisindululo sikaMonsanto, abamangali bavumile ukukhululeka kwezicelo zeMonsanto zale Nkundla - ukutshintshelwa kwabamangali baseWinston eSt. Louis County,” bafaka amaphepha abo babamangali. Ityala labamangaleli bakaWinston lilungele ukuxoxwa kwetyala. Ukuba ityala ligqithiselwe eSt. Louis County ngokufutshane, abaMangali bangaqala ukuxoxwa kwetyala okanye ngokusondela kwishedyuli ekhoyo ngoku. ”

Nokuba ityala lisaqhubeka phakathi ku-Okthobha e-St. Louis usengumbuzo ovulekileyo.