Ukuphishekela inyaniso kunye nokubonakala kwimpilo yoluntu

Uvavanyo olutsha lomhlaza lwe-Roundup luza ngaphandle kwemizamo yokuhlala eBayer

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

UKen Moll uxhobele idabi.

UMoll, igqwetha lokulimala elizinze eChicago, unamatyala amaninzi alindelwe kwi-Monsanto Co yangaphambili, bonke betyhola inkampani yokubulala ukhula i-Roundup ngenxa ye-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kwaye ngoku ulungiselela amatyala amaninzi kulingo.

Inkampani yakwaMoll yenye yeendlela ezimbalwa ezingavumiyo ukunikezela ngemvumelwano ezenziwe ngumnini weMonsanto uBayer AG, endaweni yoko bathatha isigqibo sokuthatha umlo malunga nokhuseleko lweemveliso zokubulala iintsholongwane ezisekelwe eMonsanto zibuyela kwiinkundla zamatyala kwilizwe liphela.

Nangona iBayer iqinisekisile abatyali mali ukuba izisa ukuvalwa kwetyala elibiza kakhulu ngeRoundup Izivumelwano zokuhlala iyonke ngaphezulu kwe- $ 11 yezigidigidi, amatyala amatsha eRoundup isagcwaliswa, Ngokukodwa uninzi lubekiwe ukuba luvavanywe, kusetwa okokuqala ukuba kuqale ngoJulayi.

"Siya phambili," utshilo uMoll. Siyayenza le nto. ”

I-Moll ihlanganise uninzi lwengqina elifanayo elincede ukuphumelela izilingo ezintathu zeRoundup ezibanjiweyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. Kwaye uceba ukuxhomekeka kakhulu kumaxwebhu afanayo angaphakathi eMonsanto abonelela ngezityholo ezothusayo zokungaziphathi kakuhle kwezorhwebo ezakhokelela ukuba amajaji ajonge umonakalo omkhulu wezohlwayo kubamangali kolunye lolo vavanyo.

Ityala elimiselwe uJulayi 19

Ityala elinye elinomhla wokuvavanywa okuzayo libandakanya ibhinqa elineminyaka engama-70 eligama linguDonnetta Stephens waseYucaipa, eCalifornia owafunyaniswa ene-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) ngo-2017 kwaye uneengxaki ezininzi zempilo phakathi kwemijikelo emininzi ye-chemotherapy. UStephens usandula ukunikwa ithuba "lokukhetha", oko kuthetha ukuba ityala lakhe likhawulezisiwe, emva kwamagqwetha akhe wazise inkundla ukuba uStephen "ukwimo engapheliyo yentlungu," kwaye ulahlekelwe kukuqonda kunye nenkumbulo. Ityala limiselwe ukuxoxwa ngoJulayi 19 kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseSan Bernardino eCalifornia.

Amanye amatyala aliqela sele enikezelwe kwimihla yokuvavanywa, okanye bafuna imihla yokuvavanywa, kubantu abadala kwaye ubuncinci umntwana omnye ophethwe yi-NHL abamangaleli batyholwa ukuba babangelwa kukuvezwa kweemveliso zeRoundup.

"Isimangalo asikapheli. Izakuba yintloko eqhubekekayo yeBayer neMonsanto, utshilo u-Andrew Kirkendall, inkampani yakhe ese-Texas enceda ukumela uStephens nabanye abathengi abafuna izilingo ezikhawulezayo.

U-Kirkendall uthe inkampani yakhe inamatyala aqhubela phambili kwityala elise California, Oregon, Missouri, Arkansas nase Massachusetts.

"Eli linamandla okuba ngamatyala alandelayo e-asbestos, utshilo, ebhekisa kumashumi eminyaka yamatyala aziswe kwiingxaki zempilo ezinxulumene ne-asbestos.

Ukugatywa kweBayer

I-Bayer ithenge iMonsanto ngoJuni 2018 kanye njengoko ulingo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup lwalusaqhubeka. Amajele kwimeko nganye eya kulingo lafumanisa ukuba i-Monsanto's herbicides ibangela umhlaza kwaye uMonsanto wachitha amashumi eminyaka efihla umngcipheko. Amabhaso eejaji afikelele ngaphaya kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi, nangona izigwebo ziye zayalelwa ukuba zincitshiswe kwinkqubo yokubhena.

Emva kokuza phantsi kobunzima uxinzelelo oluvela kubatyali mali ukufumana indlela yokuthwala uxanduva, Kwaziswa uBayer ngoJuni ukuba ifikelele kwi-10 yezigidi zeedola zokuhlala ukusombulula uninzi lwe-100,000 Roundup amabango omhlaza e-United States. Ukusukela ngeloxesha ibisayina isivumelwano ngeefemu zamagqwetha kwilizwe liphela, kubandakanya neefemu ebezikhokele isimangalo ukusukela oko kwamiswa amatyala okuqala ngowama-2015. Inkampani iyazama nokufumana imvume yenkundla ngesicwangciso esahlukileyo seebhiliyoni ezimbini zeedola ukuzama gcina iimeko zomhlaza we-Roundup ezinokuthi zifayilishwe kwixesha elizayo zingayi eluvavanyweni.

I-Bayer khange ikwazi ukuhlala nazo zonke iifemu ezinabaxhasi bomhlaza we-Roundup, nangona kunjalo. Ngokwamagqwetha amangali amaninzi, iifem zabo zala ukwamkela indawo yokuhlala ngenxa yokuba amaxabiso ngokubanzi ayesuka kwi- $ 10,000 ukuya kwi-50,000, XNUMX kummangali-imbuyekezo yamagqwetha abonwa engonelanga.

"Sithe hayi kwaphela," utshilo uMoll.

Enye inkampani yezomthetho eqhubela phambili amatyala eSan Diego, eCarlifonia esekwe eSingleton Law Firm, enamatyala angama-400 Roundup asalinde eMissouri kwaye malunga nama-70 eCalifornia.

Ifemi ifuna ityala elikhawulezileyo ngoku UJoseph Mignone oneminyaka engama-76 ubudala, owafunyaniswa ene-NHL ngo-2019. UMignone wagqiba ichemotherapy ngaphezulu konyaka ophelileyo kodwa wanyamezela nemitha yokunyanga ithumba entanyeni, kwaye uyaqhubeka nokuhlupheka, ngokutsho kwenkundla efayilwayo efuna ukhetho lwetyala.

Iindaba zokubandezeleka

Kukho amabali amaninzi okubandezeleka ngaphakathi kweefayile zabamangali abasenethemba lokufumana usuku lwabo enkundleni ngokuchasene neMonsanto.

  • Iarhente ye-FBI ethathe umhlala-phantsi kunye nonjingalwazi wekholeji uJohn Schafer waqala ukusebenzisa i-Roundup ngo-1985 kwaye wasebenzisa i-herbicide amatyeli aliqela entwasahlobo, ukuwa kunye neenyanga zehlobo kude kube ngo-2017, ngokweerekhodi zenkundla. Khange anxibe iimpahla zokuzikhusela ade alumkiswe ngumhlobo ongumfama ngo-2015 ukuba anxibe iigloves. Wafunyaniswa ukuba une-NHL ngo-2018.
  • Iminyaka engamashumi amathandathu anesithathu ubudala uRandall Seidl wasebenzisa i-Roundup ngaphezulu kweminyaka engama-24, kubandakanya nokutshiza rhoqo imveliso ejikeleze iyadi yakhe eSan Antonio, eTexas ukusuka malunga no-2005 ukuya ku-2010 emva koko yajikeleza ipropathi eMantla Carolina de kwaba li-2014 xa wayefunyaniswa ene-NHL, ngokuka Iirekhodi zenkundla.
  • URobert Karman ufake iimveliso ze Roundup ukuqala ngo-1980, esebenzisa isitshizi esiphathwa ngesandla ukunyanga ukhula rhoqo ngeeveki ezingama-40 ngonyaka, ngokweerekhodi zenkundla. UKarman wafunyaniswa ukuba une-NHL ngoJulayi ka-2015 emva kokuba ugqirha wakhe wokhathalelo oluphambili efumene iqhuma esiswini sakhe. UKarman wasweleka ngoDisemba waloo nyaka eneminyaka engama-77.

Igqwetha labamangali uGerald Singleton uthe indlela ekuphela kwayo kaBayer yokubeka ityala leRoundup ngasemva kwayo kukubeka ilebhile ecacileyo yesilumkiso kwiimveliso zayo zokubulala ukhula, ukwazisa abasebenzisi ngomngcipheko womhlaza.

"Yiyo kuphela indlela eya kuthi le nto igqitywe yenziwe," utshilo. Kude kube lelo xesha, wathi, "asizukuyeka ukuthatha amatyala."

Isicwangciso sokusombulula iklasi sikaBayer sitsala ingqumbo, inkcaso

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

(Ukuhlaziywa ngo-Matshi 10 ukubandakanya i-odolo yejaji yokulibaziseka ukuva kude kube ngoMeyi 12)

Ngaphezulu kweefemu zamagqwetha angama-90 nangaphezulu kwamagqwetha angama-160 azise ijaji yenkundla yomanyano ejongene ne-US Roundup litigation ukuba bayaphikisana nomnini-Monsanto Bayer AG's $ 2 billion icebo lokuhlawula amabango exesha elizayo inkampani elindele ukuziswa ngabantu abafunyaniswe benomhlaza abatyhola ngokusetyenziswa Iimveliso zeMonsanto zokutshabalalisa ukhula.

Kwiintsuku zamva nje, izichaso ezisithoba ezahlukileyo malunga nesi sicwangciso kunye namaxwebhu amane e-amicus afakiwe kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla saseCalifornia, esazisa iJaji uVince Chhabria ubungakanani benkcaso kwindawo yokuhlala ecetywayo. I-Chhabria ijonge amawaka e-Roundup kumatyala asemthethweni omhlaza kwinto ebizwa ngokuba yi 'multidistrict litigation' (MDL).

NgoMvulo, i-National Trial Lawyers (NTL) bajoyina inkcaso egameni lamalungu ayo ayi-14,000. Eli qela lithe xa lifaka inkundla ukuba liyavumelana neqela eliphikisayo ukuba “esi sivumelwano sicetywayo sibeka emngciphekweni ufikelelo kubulungisa kwizigidi zabantu ezikwiklasi ecetywayo, siya kuthintela amaxhoba eMonsanto ekubeni ayiphendulise, kwaye aya kuwuvuza uMonsanto ngeendlela ezininzi. . ”

Eli qela laphindaphinda ukugcwalisa uloyiko lokuba ukuba isindululo sikaBayer sivunyiwe, siyakubeka umzekelo oyingozi kubamangali kwixesha elizayo, amatyala angadibananga: “Kuyakubonzakalisa amalungu ecandelo acetywayo, hayi ukubanceda. Olu hlobo lokuhlala luza kunika itemplate engenakuthenjwa nakwabanye abo babaphatha gadalala ukuze baphephe uxanduva olufanelekileyo kunye neziphumo zokuziphatha kwabo… indawo yokuhlala ecetywayo ayisiyiyo 'inkqubo yezobulungisa' kwaye ngenxa yoko ulungiso olo alunakuze lwamkelwe. ”

I-2 yezigidigidi zeedola ecetywayo ijolise kumatyala exesha elizayo kwaye yahlukile kwi-11 yezigidigidi zeBayer ephawulelwe ukuhlawula amabango akhoyo aziswe ngabantu bethi bakhulise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) ngenxa yokuvezwa ngababulali bokhula bakaMonsanto. Abantu abachaphazeleke sisindululo sokuhlaliswa kweklasi ngabantu abaye babhencwa kwiimveliso zeRoundup kwaye sele benayo iNHL okanye banokuphuhlisa i-NHL kwixesha elizayo, kodwa abangekathathi manyathelo okufaka isimangalo.

Akukho monakalo wohlwayo

Enye yeengxaki eziphambili ngesicwangciso seBayer, ngokutsho kwabagxeki, kukuba wonke umntu e-United States ohlangabezana neekhrayitheriya njengommangali onokwenzeka uya kuthi ngokuzenzekelayo abe yinxalenye yeklasi kwaye axhomekeke kumalungiselelo ayo ukuba akaphumeleli iklasi ngaphakathi kweentsuku ezili-150 emva kokuba iBayer ikhuphe izaziso zokwenziwa kweklasi. Isaziso esicetywayo asonelanga, abagxeki bathi. Ngaphaya koko, icebo ke liyabahlutha abo bantu-abanokungakhethi nokuba babe yinxalenye yeklasi- ukusuka ekunene ukufuna ukohlwaywa xa befaka isimangalo.

Olunye ulungiselelo lokugxeka ukugweba yiminyaka emine "yokuma" ixesha lokuvimba ukufayilwa kwamatyala amatsha.

Abagxeki bayaphikisana nokwenziwa kwephaneli yesayensi eya kuthi isebenze "njengesikhokelo" sokwandisa ukhetho lwembuyekezo kwixesha elizayo "kunye nokubonelela ngobungqina malunga ne-carcinogenicity - okanye hayi - yeyeza likaBayer.

Ixesha lokuqala lokuhlawula liza kuqhuba ubuncinci iminyaka emine kwaye linokwandiswa emva kwelo xesha. Ukuba iBayer inyula ukungayiqhubeli ingxowa mali yembuyekezo emva kwexesha lokuhlawula kuqala, iyakuhlawula i $ 200 yezigidi eyongezelelweyo njenge "ntlawulo yokugqibela" kwingxowa mali yembuyekezo, isishwankathelo sokuhlawula sithi.

Ukuzabalazela isisombululo

I-Bayer ibisokola ukufumana indlela yokuphelisa ityala lomhlaza we-Roundup okoko wathenga iMonsanto kwi-2018. Inkampani ilahlekelwe zizo zontathu izilingo ezibanjiweyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye yaphulukana nemijikelo yokuqala yezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala.

Amajoni kuvavanyo ngalunye kwezi zilingo zintathu akafumananga loo Monsanto kuphela I-glyphosate-based herbicides Njenge-Roundup ibangela umhlaza, kodwa nokuba iMonsanto ichithe amashumi eminyaka ifihla umngcipheko.

Iqela elincinci lamagqwetha abeka esi sicwangciso kunye neBayer athi "izakusindisa ubomi" kwaye iya kubonelela "ngezibonelelo ezinkulu" kubantu abakholelwa ukuba baphuhlise umhlaza ngenxa yokuvezwa yimveliso yenkampani yokutshabalalisa ukhula.

Kodwa elo qela lamagqwetha limele ukufumana i-170 yezigidi zeerandi ngomsebenzi wabo neBayer ukuphumeza isicwangciso esicetywayo, abagxeki bokwenyani bathi bangcolisa ukubandakanyeka kwabo kunye nenjongo yabo. Akukho namnye wamagqwetha abandakanyekayo ekubekeni isicwangciso sokwenza iklasi kunye neBayer emele nabaphi na abamangali kwityala elibanzi leRoundup ngaphambi kweli nqanaba, abagxeki bathi.

Kwenye yeefayile zenkcaso, amagqwetha afuna ukwaliwa kwesi sivumelwano sicetywayo ubhale oku:

"Esi sisombululo sicetywayo sichaswa ngabo baqheleneyo nokumangalelwa kwamatyala abandakanya iimveliso eziyingozi ezinje ngeRoundup kuba bayaqonda ukuba esi sicelo siza kunceda iMonsanto kunye negqiza labacebisi ngenkcitho yezigidi zabantu abatyhilelwe iRoundup.

"Nangona le Roundup MDL iqhubeke ngaphezulu kweminyaka emine, kwaye amanye amatyala eRoundup sele enetyala kwiinkundla zikarhulumente, inkuthazo yoku kulungiswa kwamanyathelo eklasi ayiveli kumagqwetha abephethe amatyala eRoundup kwaye bakholelwa ukuba enye indlela ukuzisombulula kubalulekile. Endaweni yoko, amagqwetha asemva kwesi sihlaliso- kwaye ngamagqwetha hayi amaxhoba eRoundup- ngamagqwetha asebenzisanayo afuna ukunyanzelisa izimvo zabo kubo bonke abaye babhencwa kwiRoundup, ngokutshintshiselwa intlawulo enkulu kakhulu.

“Kodwa oyena mntu uphumeleleyo apha uza kuba nguMonsanto, oza kufumana iminyaka emine yokumangalelwa ngamalungu eklasi, abaza kuphulukana nelungelo labo lokufuna ukohlwaywa kwaye babotshelelwe ziziphumo zeqela lenzululwazi elikhulelwe kakubi. Ukutshintshiselana, amalungu eklasi aya kugxothwa kwenye inkqubo yembuyekezo ebonisa iintlawulo ezincinci, ukwanda kobunzima, kunye nemiqobo ephezulu ukuze bafaneleke. ”

Ukulibaziseka kwafuna

Isicwangciso sokuhlawulwa kukaBayer safakwa kwinkundla ngoFebruwari 3, kwaye kufuneka samkelwe nguJaji Chhabria ukuze sisebenze. Isicwangciso sokuhlawulwa kwangaphambili esangeniswa kunyaka ophelileyo sasikhona ugculelwe nguChabria emva koko warhoxa.

Ukumanyelwa kwetyala kulungiselelwe uMatshi 31 kodwa amagqwetha abeka isicwangciso kunye neBayer acele iJaji uChhabria ukulibazisa ukumanyelwa kude kube ngoMeyi 13, becaphula ububanzi benkcaso ekufuneka bejongile nayo. Ujaji waphendula umyalelo ukuseta kwakhona ukuxoxwa kwetyala ngoMeyi 12.

"Ezi filing zizonke zingaphezulu kwamaphepha angama-300, ukongeza ngaphezulu kwamaphepha angama-400 ezivakaliso kunye nemiboniso," abameli bathi isicelo sabo sexesha elingaphezulu. “Izichaso kunye namaxwebhu e-amicus aphakamisa imiba emininzi, kubandakanya, phakathi kwezinye izinto, ubulungisa bendawo yokuhlala, uhlaselo lomgaqo-siseko oluninzi malunga nokuhlala kunye negqiza lezesayensi elicetyiswayo, imiceli mngeni kwezobuchwephesha kwinkqubo yezaziso, uhlaselo lobulungisa ingxowa-mali yembuyekezo, kunye nemiceli mngeni kwimbalasane, ukongama, kunye nokwanela kweengcebiso zeklasi (kunye nenkqubo engaphantsi).

Amagqwetha afake esi sicwangciso sicetywayo athi angasebenzisa ixesha elongeziweyo ngaphambi kwetyala "ukudibana nabachasi" "ukunciphisa okanye ukunciphisa imiba ekufuneka iphikisiwe kwingxoxo."

Ukufa kuyaqhubeka

Phakathi kweengxoxo malunga nokuhlala kukaBayer okucetywayo, abamangali bayaqhubeka nokufa. Kwinto ekubhekiswa kuyo njenge "Ingcebiso yokufa," amagqwetha ommangali uCarolina Garces afake isaziso kwinkundla yomanyano ngoMatshi 8 ukuba umthengi wabo ubhubhile.

Abamangali abaliqela abanengxaki ye-non-Hodgkin lymphoma bafe okoko kwaqala isimangalo ngo-2015.

Amaphepha eMonsanto-Iimfihlo eziBulalayo, urhwaphilizo lwendibaniselwano, kunye nokuKhangelwa kweNdoda enye kuLuntu

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Incwadi entsha yoMlawuli woPhando wase-USRTK uCarey Gillam ikhutshiwe ngoku kwaye ifumana uphononongo oluqaqambileyo. Nantsi inkcazo emfutshane yencwadi evela kumpapashi Isiqithi seSiqithi:

U-Lee Johnson wayeyindoda enamaphupha alula. Eyona nto wayeyifuna yayingumsebenzi ozinzileyo kunye nekhaya elihle lenkosikazi nabantwana, into ebhetele kunobomi obunzima awayebazi bekhula. Khange ayicinge into yokuba angangumntu kumlo kaDavid-no-Goliyathi ngokuchasene nesinye sezigebenga ezinamandla zehlabathi. Kodwa ingozi yasemsebenzini yamshiya uLee efakwe kwimichiza enetyhefu kwaye ejongene nomhlaza obulalayo owabuguqula ubomi bakhe babuguqula. Kwi-2018, umhlaba ubukele njengoko uLee ebethathelwe phambili kwelona dabi lomthetho lihle kwimbali yamva nje.

Amaphepha eMonsanto libali langaphakathi likaLee Johnson elimangalela uMonsanto. KuLee, ityala yayilugqatso ngokuchasene nexesha, oogqirha bexela kwangaphambili ukuba ngekhe aphile ixesha elide ngokwaneleyo ukuba angathatha ubungqina. Kwicandelo le-eclectic labancinci, amagqwetha amele ukummela, ibingumbandela wokuzingca ngobungcali kunye nomngcipheko wobuntu, nezigidi zeedola zabo kunye negama labo elisebenze nzima emgceni.

Ngamandla okubalisa, Amaphepha eMonsanto ithatha abafundi emva komlo wedabi elinzima lezomthetho, ukubuyisa ikhethini kubuthathaka benkqubo yenkundla yaseMelika kunye nobude amagqwetha aya kuya kuwo ukulwa nokungalunganga kwezopolitiko kunye nokufumana ubulungisa kubathengi.

Bona ngakumbi malunga incwadi apha. Thenga incwadi nge AmazonBarnes & Noble, umshicileli Isiqithi seSiqithi okanye abathengisi beencwadi abazimeleyo.

Reviews

"Ibali elinamandla, libaliswa kakuhle, kunye nomsebenzi ophawulekayo wobuntatheli bophando. UCarey Gillam ubhale incwadi enyanzelisayo ukususela ekuqaleni ukuya esiphelweni, malunga nelinye lawona madabi asemthethweni abalulekileyo kweli xesha lethu. ” -U-Lukas Reiter, umvelisi olawulayo we-TV kunye nombhali we "Uluhlu oluMnyama," "Ukuziqhelanisa," kunye ne "Boston Legal"

“Amaphepha eMonsanto adibanisa inzululwazi nentlekele yabantu kwidrama yasenkundleni ngendlela kaJohn Grisham. Libali lokungaziphathi kakuhle kwezorhwebo kwinqanaba elikhulu-isityhilelo esothusayo sokubawa kwemveliso yamachiza, ukuzingca, kunye nokungakhathali kobomi babantu kunye nempilo yeplanethi yethu. Kufuneka ifundwe. ” -U-Philip J. Landrigan, MD, uMlawuli, iNkqubo yezeMpilo yoLuntu yeHlabathi kunye nokuQhelekileyo kokuLungileyo, kwiKholeji yaseBoston

"Intatheli yamagqala ophando uCarey Gillam uxelela ibali likaJohnson kwincwadi yakhe yamva nje," Amaphepha eMonsanto, "ingxelo ekhawulezayo, ebandakanyekayo yendlela iMonsanto kunye neBayer ithamsanqa elitshintshe kakhulu ngexesha elifutshane. Ngaphandle komcimbi oxandileyo - inzululwazi kunye neenkqubo zomthetho- "Amaphepha eMonsanto" kukufundwa okubambekayo okunika inkcazo ekulula ukuyilandela yendlela esi simangalo esenzeka ngayo, indlela abagwebi abasifikelela ngayo isigwebo sabo nokuba kutheni iBayer ibonakala ngathi, , ngoku ndiphakamisa iflegi emhlophe. ” - ISt. Louis Post-Dispatch

“Umbhali wakha ityala elikholisayo lokuba iMonsanto yayinomdla wokukhusela igama lenkomo yayo kunokuthobela ubungqina benzululwazi beempawu zayo eziyingozi. UGillam ulunge kakhulu ekunikezeleni ngemiba entsonkothileyo yabantu abasemthethweni, nto leyo yongeza ubuntununtunu bebali likaJohnson… Ukwehliswa okugunyazisiweyo kombutho ekubonakala ukuba awuyikhathalelanga impilo yoluntu. ” - Kirkus

“UGillam ubalisa ngomzuzu wokuthatha uxanduva kunye nequmrhu elikhulu elineemveliso ezithengiswa njengezikhuselekileyo ukusukela ngeminyaka yoo-1970. Njengoluvavanyo lwezinto ezigwenxa kwezorhwebo kunye nokuziphatha okusemthethweni kwiimeko zamatyala, incwadi kaGillam ichaza isidingo sokhuseleko lwabathengi nokhuseleko. ” Uluhlu lweencwadi

“Kufundwe kakuhle, ukujika iphepha. Ndandixheleke ngenkohliso, ukugqwethwa, kunye nokuswela isimilo kwenkampani. ” -U-Linda S. Birnbaum, owayenguMlawuli, iZiko leSizwe lezeNzululwazi ngezeMpilo kunye neNkqubo yeSizwe yeToxicology, kunye noMfundi wase Residence, kwiDuke University.

Incwadi enamandla ekhanyisa iMonsanto kunye nabanye ekungakhange kubanjwe ixesha elide kubo!
-UJohn Boyd Jr., uMseki kunye noMongameli, uMbutho weSizwe wamaFama abaMnyama

Malunga uMbhali

Intatheli yophando uCarey Gillam uchithe ngaphezulu kweminyaka engama-30 enika ingxelo kwimanyano yaseMelika, kubandakanya neminyaka eli-17 esebenzela iarhente yeendaba zamanye amazwe. Incwadi yakhe yango-2017 malunga neengozi zemichiza yokubulala izitshabalalisi, iWhitewash: Ibali loMbulali wokhula, umhlaza, kunye noRhwaphilizo lwezeNzululwazi, uphumelele i-2018 Rachel Carson Book Award kuMbutho Wezintatheli Zokusingqongileyo kwaye ubeyinxalenye yekharityhulamu kwizifundo zempilo zaseyunivesithi ezininzi. iinkqubo. UGillam kungoku nje nguMlawuli woPhando weqela labathengi elingenzi nzuzo e-US Ilungelo Lokwazi kwaye ubhala njengegalelo Guardian.

Isicwangciso sikaBayer sokuzinzisa amabango omhlaza we-Roundup kwikamva sijamelene nenkcaso ebanzi

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Uninzi lweefemu zomthetho zaseMelika zenze umanyano ukuze zilwe new $ 2 billion Isindululo sokuhlala ngumnini weMonsanto uBayer AG ojolise ekuqulathe uxanduva oluqhubekayo lwenkampani olunxulumene namabango athi iRoundup herbicides ibangela uhlobo lomhlaza owaziwa ngokuba yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

Indawo yokuhlala yenzelwe ukubuyekeza abantu abaye bavezwa kwiimveliso zeRoundup kwaye sele benayo iNHL okanye banokuphuhlisa i-NHL kwixa elizayo, kodwa abangekathathi manyathelo okufaka isimangalo.

Iqela elincinci lamagqwetha abeka esi sicwangciso kunye neBayer athi "izakusindisa ubomi" kwaye ibonelele ngezibonelelo ezibonakalayo kubantu abakholelwa ukuba baphuhlise umhlaza ngenxa yokuvezwa yimveliso yenkampani yokubulala ukhula.

Kodwa amagqwetha amaninzi agxeka esi sicwangciso athi ukuba samkelwe sizakubeka umzekelo oyingozi kwezinye iintlobo zamatyala ezibandakanya inani elikhulu labantu abonzakele ziimveliso okanye iinkqubo zemibutho enamandla.

“Ayilulo ulwalathiso esifuna ukuba luhambe inkqubo yezomthetho,” latsho igqwetha uGerald Singleton, inkampani yakhe ethe yazibandakanya namanye amafemu angaphezulu kwama-60 aphikisana nesicwangciso sikaBayer. "Akukho meko apho oku kufanelekileyo kubamangali."

Isicwangciso sokuhlawulwa kukaBayer safakwa kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla saseCalifornia ngoFebruwari 3, kwaye kufuneka samkelwe yiJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria ukuze isebenze. Isicwangciso sokuhlawulwa kwangaphambili esangeniswa kunyaka ophelileyo sasikhona ugculelwe nguChabria emva koko warhoxa. Ijaji ibijongile isimangalo esimalunga ne-multidistrict Roundup yezimangalo ezibandakanya amawaka abenzi bamacala abavela eUnited States.

Iimpendulo kwisicwangciso sokuhlawula zilindeleke nge-3 ka-Matshi kwaye ukumanyelwa kwetyala kulungiselelwe uMatshi 31.

Eyona nkxalabo iphambili kukuba abasebenzisi beRoundup bangoku abanokuba nomhlaza kwaye bafuna ukumangalela kwixa elizayo baya kuba phantsi kwemiqathango yokuhlaliswa kweklasi ngaphandle kokuba baphume ngokusesikweni kwithuba elithile. Elinye lamagatya abaza kuxhomekeka kuwo liya kubathintela ekufuneni ukonakaliswa kwesohlwayo nakuliphi na ityala elizayo.

La magama kunye neminye ebekiweyo ayilunganga kwaphela kubasebenzi basezifama nakwabanye ekulindeleke ukuba baphuhlise umhlaza kwixesha elizayo ukusuka ekuvezweni yimveliso yenkampani yokubulala ukhula, ngokwe-Singleton. Isicwangciso siyanceda iBayer kwaye ibonelela "ngemali yegazi" kumashishini amane omthetho asebenze neBayer ukuyila esi sicwangciso, utshilo.

Ezi femu zisebenza neBayer ukuyila kunye nokulawula isicwangciso ziya kufumana isindululo se- $ 170 yezigidi ukuba isicwangciso siqala ukusebenza.

U-Elizabeth Cabraser, elinye lamagqwetha aqulunqa indawo yokuhlala ecetywayo, uthe ukugxeka akuyiyo inkcazo efanelekileyo yendawo yokuhlala. Ngokwenyani, uthe, esi sicwangciso “sinika ukufikelela okubaluleke nangxamisekileyo okufunekayo, imfundo, ukufikelela kukhathalelo lwempilo, kunye neenzuzo zembuyekezo” kubantu abaye bavezwa kukutshabalalisa ukhula lweMoldanto's Roundup kodwa bengekaphuhlisi i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

"Sifuna ukuvunywa kule ndawo yokuhlala kuba izakusindisa ubomi kwaye inyuse umgangatho wobomi ngokufumanisa isifo kwangoko, incede abantu… ibazise kwaye yonyuse ulwazi loluntu malunga nonxibelelwano phakathi kweRoundup neNHL… utshilo.

Isithethi seBayer asiphendulanga kwisicelo sokuphawula.

Indawo entsha ecetywayo ijolise kumatyala exesha elizayo kwaye yahlukile kwi-11 yezigidigidi zeedola iBayer ibekelwe ukuhlawula amabango omhlaza asekhona e-US. Abantu abachaphazeleke sisindululo sokuhlaliswa kweklasi ngabantu ababonakalisiweyo kwiRoundup kodwa abakabikho kwisimangalo kwaye abathathanga manyathelo.

I-Bayer ibisokola ukufumana indlela yokuphelisa ityala lomhlaza we-Roundup okoko wathenga iMonsanto kwi-2018. Inkampani ilahlekelwe zizo zontathu izilingo ezibanjiweyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye yaphulukana nemijikelo yokuqala yezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala.

Amajoni kuvavanyo ngalunye kuvavanyo alufumananga loo Monsanto kuphela I-glyphosate-based herbicides kubangela umhlaza kodwa nokuba uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla umngcipheko.

Nangona esi sivumelwano sicetywayo sithi "sijongana nezinto ezine ezixoxwe yiNkundla malunga nesivumelwano sangaphambili, kurhoxisiwe," u-Singleton kunye namanye amagqwetha abandakanyekayo kwiqela eliphikisayo bathi esi sicelo sitsha sisibi njengokuqala.

Ukongeza kwinkxalabo yokuba amalungu eklasi ngekhe abe nelungelo lokufuna amabango omonakalo owohlwayayo, abagxeki bayaphikisana neminyaka emine "yokuma" yokuthintela ukufakwa kwamatyala amatsha. Abagxeki bathi isicwangciso sokwazisa abantu ngendawo yokuhlala asonelanga. Abantu bangaba neentsuku ezili-150 belandela isaziso sokuba “baphume” eklasini. Ukuba abakhethi, ngokuzenzekelayo baya eklasini.

Abagxeki bayaphikisana nokwenziwa kwephaneli yesayensi eya kuthi isebenze njenge "isikhokelo" sokwandisa ukhetho lwembuyekezo kwixesha elizayo "kunye nokubonelela ngobungqina malunga ne-carcinogenicity - okanye hayi - ye Bayer yeherbicides. Ngokunikwa imbali ebhaliweyo kaMonsanto yokuxhaphaza iziphumo zophando lwenzululwazi, umsebenzi wepaneli yesayensi uza kuba kurhanelwa, utshilo uSingleton.

Ixesha lokuqala lokuhlawula liza kuqhuba ubuncinci iminyaka emine kwaye linokwandiswa emva kwelo xesha. Ukuba iBayer inyula ukungayiqhubeli ingxowa mali yembuyekezo emva kwexesha lokuhlawula kuqala, iyakuhlawula i $ 200 yezigidi eyongezelelweyo njenge "ntlawulo yokugqibela" kwingxowa mali yembuyekezo, isishwankathelo sokuhlawula sithi.

“Imbuyekezo enkulu” inikezelwe

Iifemu zomthetho ezayila isivumelwano kunye neBayer bathetha ngokufaka kwabo enkundleni ukuba indawo yokuhlala yenzelwe ukubonelela abo bangabamangali kwixesha elizayo "ngezona zinto zibanceda kakhulu," kubandakanya ukhetho lwembuyekezo enkulu ukuba baphuhlisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. .

Isicwangciso sifuna ukusekwa kwengxowa-mali yembuyekezo yokwenza amabhaso aphakathi kwe- $ 10,000 kunye ne- $ 200,000 kwilungu ngalinye leklasi. "Amabhaso okuHlawula aKhawulezileyo" ama- $ 5,000 ayakufumaneka ngesantya esikhawulezileyo, efuna nje ukuboniswa kokubhengeza kunye nokuqonda isifo.

Abo bantu baqala ukuvezwa kwiimveliso zeRoundup ubuncinci iinyanga ezili-12 ngaphambi kokuchongwa kwabo baya kufaneleka ukufumana amabhaso. Amabhaso angaphezu kwe- $ 200,000 anokwenziwa "ngeemeko ezingaqhelekanga." Amalungu eklasi afanelekileyo afunyaniswe ene-NHL ngaphambi kukaJanuwari 1, 2015, ngekhe afumane amabhaso ngaphezulu kwe- $ 10,000, ngokwesicwangciso. 

Esi sivumelwano siza kubonelela ngengcebiso yasimahla kwezomthetho kwaye sinikezele "ngenkxaso ukunceda amalungu eklasi ekuhambeni, ekubhaliseni nasekufakeni izicelo zenzuzo yokuHlaliswa."

Ukongeza, isindululo sichaza ukuba indawo yokuhlala iya kuxhasa ngemali uphando kunye nonyango lwenzululwazi ekuchongeni nasekunyangeni i-NHL.

Ngokuqaphelekayo, esi sicwangciso sithi akukho mntu uzakuphulukana nelungelo lakhe lokumangalela ngaphandle kokuba ukhetha ukwamkela imbuyekezo kwingxowa-mali yembuyekezo, kwaye akukho mntu kufuneka enze olo khetho de elo lungu ngalinye leklasi lifumaneke ukuba line-NHL. Abayi kuba nakho ukufuna isohlwayo somonakalo kodwa banokufuna enye imbuyekezo.

“Nawaphi na amalungu eklasi angafaki ibango kwaye amkela imbuyekezo yomntu ngamnye agcina ilungelo lakhe lokumangalela iMonsanto ngenjongo yokuhlawula ngomonakalo owenzekileyo kuyo nayiphi na ithiyori yezomthetho, kubandakanya ukwenzakala komntu, ubuqhetseba, ukumela into engeyiyo, ukungakhathali, ukufihla ubuqhetseba, ukumela kakubi, ukophula iwaranti, intengiso engeyonyani , kunye nokwaphulwa kwalo naluphi na ukhuseleko lwabathengi okanye izenzo ezingalunganga nezikhohlisayo okanye umthetho, ”esi sicwangciso sithi.

Ukwazisa abantu ngendawo yokuhlala eklasini, izaziso ziya kuthunyelwa ngeposi / nge-imeyile kwiifama ezingama-266,000, amashishini kunye nemibutho kunye namaqumrhu aseburhulumenteni apho iyeza lenkampani inokusetyenziswa kunye nabantu abangama-41,000 abangenayo iHodgkin lymphoma kwaye bacelwe ukuba bafumane ulwazi malunga nesifo sabo. Ukongeza iiposta ziya kuthunyelwa ngeposi kwiivenkile ezingama-2,700 zibacele ukuba bathumele izaziso malunga nokuhlala kwabantu eklasini.

Njengenxalenye yolu hlulo lucetywayo, uBayer uthe uza kufuna imvume kwi-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) yokongeza ulwazi kwiileyibhile zeemveliso zayo ezisekwe kwiglassifate ezifana neRoundup eya kuthi ibonelele ngonxibelelwano lokufikelela kwizifundo zesayensi kunye nolunye ulwazi malunga neglyphosate ukhuseleko. Kodwa abagxeki bathi ukubonelela ngewebhusayithi amakhonkco akonelanga kwaye iBayer kufuneka ibeke isilumkiso esingqalileyo somngcipheko womhlaza kwiimveliso zokubulala ukhula.

Isindululo sokulungiswa kwamanyathelo eklasi sisoyikiso ekuchaphazeleni “amakhulu amawaka okanye kwanezigidi” zabantu abaye bachaphazeleka kwiRoundup kwaye "baphakamisa 'imibuzo eyodwa' kunye nenzulu" phantsi koMgaqo-siseko wase-US, ngokwe ukugcwaliswa kwenkundla ngokuchasene nesicwangciso seBayer esenziwe ligqwetha labamangali u-Elizabeth Graham.

U-Graham uxelele inkundla ukuba ukuba esi sicwangciso samkelwe sinokuba "nefuthe elimangalisayo kungekuphela kwesi simangalo, kodwa nakwikamva lesityholo setyala."

Amafama amnyama

 Umbutho weSizwe wamaFama abaNnyama (NBFA) ulinganise umba ngoLwesithathu, ungenisa ukufayilwa ixesha elide kunye nenkundla ka Chhabria ethi "inani elininzi" lamalungu ayo angaphezu kwe-100,000 "aye achaphazeleka kwaye angonzakaliswa yi-Roundup, kunye nesithako sayo esisebenzayo i-glyphosate."

Uninzi lwamafama sele ephuhlisile i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma abayibek 'ityala ekusetyenzisweni kweRoundup, kwaye "uninzi loloyiko lokuba kungekudala baya kuba neempawu," i-NBFA filing ithi.

I-NBFA ifuna ukubona iimveliso zeRoundup zisuswa kurhwebo okanye kolunye utshintsho olwenziwe ukukhusela amafama, i-filing ithi.

Iinkxalabo ze-NBFA kufuneka ziqwalaselwe yinkundla, ngakumbi njengoko iBayer ijonge "ukulungisa isenzo seklasi kunye neqela lamagqwetha athi amele umdla wabo bonke abalimi abachanabeke kwi-Roundup kodwa okwangoku ibangela umhlaza. ”

Amacala omthetho e-Australia

Njengoko iBayer isebenza ukuphelisa ukumangalelwa eRoundup eMelika, inkampani ikwajongana namabango afanayo ngabalimi nakwabanye eOstreliya. Isenzo esenziwe kwiklasi ngokuchasene neMonsanto siyaqhubeka, kwaye ummangali okhokelayo uJohn Fenton, owafaka isicelo seRoundup njengenxalenye yomsebenzi wefama. UFenton wafunyaniswa ukuba une-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngo-2008.

Uthotho lwemihla ephambili sele isekiwe: IMonsanto ine-1 kaMatshi ukubonelela ngamaxwebhu okufumanisa kubameli babamangali kwaye ngoJuni 4 ngumhla obekiweyo wokutshintshiselana ubungqina bobuchwephesha. Amaqela kufuneka angene kulamlo ngoJulayi 30 kwaye ukuba akukho nto isonjululwe ityala liza kuxoxwa ngo-Matshi 2022.

UFenton uthe ngelixesha "angathanda eli thuba" lokuya kulingo aze abalise ibali lakhe, unethemba lokuba ulamlo luza kuwusombulula lo mba. "Ndicinga ukuba isivumelwano siyaqala ukutshintsha ukubulela kwinto eyenzekayo eMelika. Abalimi banolwazi kwaye ndiyakholelwa ukuba bathatha amanyathelo okhuseleko kunangaphambili.

UFenton uthe uyathemba ukuba iBayer ekugqibeleni izakubeka ilebhile yesilumkiso kwiMonsanto's glyphosate herbicides.

"Ubuncinane ngesilumkiso umsebenzisi angazenzela eyakhe ingqondo malunga ne-PPE (izixhobo zokuzikhusela) akhetha ukuyinxiba."

Olunye uphononongo lweRoundup lufumana amakhonkco kwiingxaki ezinokubakho zempilo yabantu

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

(Ukuhlaziywa ngoFebruwari 17, kongeza ukugxeka isifundo)

A iphepha elitsha lezesayensi Ukuvavanya iimpembelelo ezinokubakho kwezempilo zeRoundup herbicides kufumanise unxibelelwano phakathi kokuchasana nokhula olubulala ikhemikhali glyphosate kunye nokonyuka kohlobo lwe-amino acid eyaziwa ngokuba ngumngcipheko wesifo sentliziyo.

Abaphandi benza izigqibo zabo emva kokubhengeza iigundane ezikhulelweyo kunye neentsana zabo ezisandul 'ukuzalwa kwi-glyphosate kunye neRoundup ngamanzi okusela. Bathe bajonge ngokukodwa kwiziphumo ze-glyphosate-based herbicides (GBH) kwiimetabolites zomchamo kunye nokunxibelelana ne-gut microbiome kwizilwanyana.

Abaphandi bathi bafumene ukonyuka okubonakalayo kwe-amino acid ebizwa ngokuba yi-homocysteine ​​kwiintsana zamaduna ezivezwe kwi-glyphosate nakwiRoundup.

"Uphononongo lwethu lubonelela ngobungqina bokuqala bokuba ukubhencwa kwi-GBH esetyenziswa ngokuxhaphakileyo, kumthamo wokubonisa ukubonwa kwabantu okwamkelekileyo okwangoku, kunakho ukuguqula umchamo kwimetabolites kuzo zombini iirati zabantu abadala kunye namantshontsho," utshilo umphandi.

Eli phepha linesihloko esithi “Ukuvezwa kwethamo elisezantsi lokutshabalalisa ukhula lwe-glyphosate-based herbicides kuphazamisa i-metabolism yomchamo kunye nokunxibelelana kwayo ne-gut microbiota,” libhalwe ngabaphandi abahlanu abasebenzisana ne-Icahn School of Medicine kwiNtaba yeSinayi eNew York kunye nezine ezivela eRamazzini Institute eBologna, e-Itali. Yapapashwa kwijenali yeeNgxelo zezeNzululwazi ngoFebruwari 5.

Ababhali bavumile uninzi lwezithintelo kufundo lwabo, kubandakanya nesampulu encinci, kodwa bathi umsebenzi wabo ubonakalisile ukuba "ukubonakaliswa kwethamo eliphantsi kunye nobomi obuncinci kwi-glyphosate okanye iRoundup kutshintshe kakhulu umchamo kwi-biomarker yomchamo, emadamini nakwinzala."

Uphononongo lolokuqala kwiinguqu kwimichamo ye-metabolism ye-urinary eyenziwe yi-glyphosate-based herbicides kwiidosi ekujongwa ukuba zikhuselekile ebantwini, abaphandi bathi.

Eli phepha lilandela ukupapashwa kwinyanga ephelileyo isifundo kwiphephancwadi Imiba yezeMpilo efumene i-glyphosate kunye nemveliso ye-Roundup inokutshintsha ukwakheka kwe-gut microbiome ngeendlela ezinokuthi zinxulunyaniswe neziphumo ezibi zempilo. Inzululwazi ezivela eRamazzini Institute nazo zazibandakanyekile kolo phando.

URobin Mesnage, ongomnye wababhali bephepha elipapashwe kwinyanga ephelileyo kwiiNkqubo zeMpilo yezeNdalo, uthathe umba ngokunyaniseka kwephepha elitsha. Uthe uhlalutyo lwedatha lubonisa iyantlukwano efunyenwe phakathi kwezilwanyana ezivezwe kwi-glyphosate kunye nezo zingatyhilelwanga- izilwanyana ezilawulayo- zinokufunyanwa ngokufanayo nedatha eveliswe ngokungacwangciswanga.

"Ngokubanzi, uhlalutyo lwedatha alusixhasi isigqibo sokuba i-glyphosate iphazamisa umchamo kwimetabolome kunye ne-gut microbiota yezilwanyana eziveziweyo," utshilo uMesnage. "Olu phononongo luya kuphinda luqhubeke ludida nje ingxoxo malunga nobutyhefu be-glyphosate."

Izifundo ezininzi zamva nje kwi-glyphosate kunye ne-Roundup bafumene uluhlu lweenkxalabo.

I-Bayer, eyazuza njenge-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicide brand kunye ne-glyphosate-tolerant portal seeded portfolio yayo xa yayithenga inkampani kwi-2018, igcina ukuba ubuninzi besifundo senzululwazi kumashumi eminyaka buqinisekisa ukuba i-glyphosate ayibangeli mhlaza. I-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo e-US kunye neminye imibutho emininzi yamazwe aphesheya nayo ayithathi njengemveliso ye-glyphosate njenge-carcinogenic.

Kodwa i-Arhente yeHlabathi yezeMpilo yoPhando ngomhlaza kwi-2015 yathi uphononongo lophando lwenzululwazi lufumene ubungqina obaneleyo bokuthi i-glyphosate yinto enokubangela i-carcinogen yabantu.

I-Bayer ilahlekelwe zizilingo ezintathu kwezintathu eziziswe ngabantu abagxeka i-cancer yabo ekuvezeni i-Monsanto's herbicides, kwaye i-Bayer kunyaka ophelileyo ithe izakuhlawula i-11 yezigidigidi zeedola ukuhlawula ngaphezulu kwe-100,000 amabango afanayo.

 

 

I-Bayer yenza isicwangciso esitsha se-2 yeebhiliyoni zeedola ukuze isuse amabango omhlaza we-Roundup kwikamva

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Umnini weMonsanto uBayer AG uthe ngolwe-Lwesithathu uzama kwakhona ukulawula nokusombulula amabango omhlaza we-Roundup anokubakho isivumelwano se-2 yezigidigidi kunye neqela lamagqwetha abamangali uBayer athemba ukuba aza kuphumelela kwimvume yejaji saliwe isicwangciso sangaphambili uhlobo oludlule.

Ngokukodwa, isivumelwano sifuna iBayer ukuba ifune imvume kwi-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) yokongeza ulwazi kwiilebheli zeemveliso zayo ezisekwe kwi-glyphosate ezinje ngeRoundup eya kuthi ibonelele ngonxibelelwano lokufikelela kwizifundo zesayensi kunye nolunye ulwazi malunga nokhuseleko lwe-glyphosate.

Ukongeza, ngokukaBayer, esi sicwangciso sifuna ukusekwa kwengxowa-mali eza kuhlawula "abafanelekileyo abafaka izicelo zamabango" ngaphezulu kweminyaka emine yenkqubo; ukuseka iphaneli yesayensi enika iingcebiso ezinokuthi zisetyenziswe njengobungqina kwizimangalo ezinokubakho kwixesha elizayo; kunye nophuhliso lophando kunye neenkqubo zokuqonda isifo kunyango kunye / okanye uphando lwenzululwazi ekuchongeni nasekunyangeni i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Isicwangciso kufuneka samkelwe nguMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria weNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla saseCalifornia. U-Chhabria ebejonge isohlwayo se-Roundup se-multidistrict.

U-Bayer uthe amalungu eklasi afanelekileyo kwiminyaka emine ezayo azakufanelekela amanqanaba eembuyekezo ngokubhekisele kwizikhokelo ezichazwe kwisivumelwano. "Udidi lokuhlala" lubhekisa kubantu ababekhe bavezwa kwiimveliso zeRoundup kodwa abakafaki ityala elibanga ukwenzakala ngenxa yokuvezwa.

Amalungu eklasi yokuHlaliswa aya kufaneleka ukuba afumane imbuyekezo phakathi kwe- $ 10,000 kunye ne- $ 200,000, utshilo uBayer.
Ngokwesivumelwano, ulwabiwo lwengxowa mali yokuhlala luya kuvela ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:
* Ingxowa-mali yeMbuyekezo-Ubuncinci i-1.325 yezigidigidi zeedola
Inkqubo yoNcedo lokuFikelela kwiDiagnostic- $ 210 yezigidi
* Inkqubo yeNgxowa-mali yoPhando- $ 40 yezigidi
Iindleko zoLawulo lokuHlaliswa kwaBantu, iindleko zePhaneli yeNzululwazi, Iindleko zeSaziso sokuHlaliswa kwabahlali, iirhafu,
Imirhumo yeeArhente ze-Escrow kunye neNkcitho-ukuya kuthi ga kwi-55 yezigidi zeedola
Isicwangciso sokuhlala esicetywayo sokumangalelwa kwinqanaba leklasi elizayo sahlukile isivumelwano sentlawulo I-Bayer yenziwe namagqwetha amashumi amawaka abamangali esele beze namabango atyhola ukubhencwa kwi-Roundup kunye nabanye ababulali bokhula baseMonsanto glyphosate ababangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
I-Bayer ibisokola ukufumana indlela yokuphelisa ityala lomhlaza we-Roundup okoko wathenga iMonsanto kwi-2018. Inkampani ilahlekelwe zizo zontathu izilingo ezibanjiweyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye yaphulukana nemijikelo yokuqala yezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala.
Amajoni kuvavanyo ngalunye kuvavanyo alufumananga loo Monsanto kuphela I-glyphosate-based herbicides kubangela umhlaza kodwa nokuba uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla umngcipheko.

Ukusweleka kunye nokuhlala njengoko iBayer iqhubeka nokuzama ukuphelisa ukumangalelwa ngeRoundup

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Kwiinyanga ezisixhenxe emva kweBayer AG zi cwangciso Ukuza kuthi ga kumatyala e-US Roundup omangalelanayo, umnini waseJamani iMonsanto Co uyaqhubeka nokusebenza ukulungisa amashumi amawaka amabango aziswe ngabantu abaphethwe ngumhlaza abathi zibangelwe yimveliso yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto. NgoLwesithathu, elinye ityala labonakala lifumana ukuvalwa, nangona ummangali khange aphile ukuyibona.

Amagqwetha kaJaime Alvarez Calderon, kuvunyelwene ekuqaleni kwale veki kwisigqibo esenziwe nguBayer emva kweJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria ngoMvulo wakhanyela isigwebo sesishwankathelo ukuthanda iMonsanto, ukuvumela ityala ukuba lisondele kwilingo.

Indawo yokuhlala iya kuya koonyana baka-Alvarez abane kuba utata wabo oneminyaka engama-65, osebenza ixesha elide e-winery eNapa County, California, usweleke nje kunyaka ophelileyo kwi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma watyhola umsebenzi wakhe wokutshiza i-Roundup ejikeleze ipropathi ye-winery iminyaka.

Kwityala elabanjwa kwinkundla yomanyano ngoLwesithathu, igqwetha losapho lakwa-Alvarez uDavid Diamond uxelele iJaji uChhabria ukuba ityala liza kulivala ityala.

Emva kokumanyelwa kwetyala, uDiamond wathi u-Alvarez usebenze kwindawo yokuthengisa iivenkile kangangeminyaka engama-33, esebenzisa isitshizi sasemva kobhaka ukufaka isicelo seMonsanto esekwe kwiglyphosate I-herbicides yokuhlambela i-acreage yeqela laseKhaya leSutter leewindows. Wayedla ngokuya ekhaya ngorhatya enxibe impahla emanzi ngeyeza lokubulala iintsholongwane ngenxa yokuvuza kwezixhobo kunye nombulali wokhula obaleka emoyeni. Wafunyaniswa ngo-2014 ene-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, esenza imijikelo emininzi ye-chemotherapy kunye nolunye unyango ngaphambi kokuba afe ngo-Disemba ka-2019.

UDiamond uthe wonwabile kukusombulula le nyewe kodwa une "400 plus" amatyala eRoundup angakasombululwa.

Akayedwa. Ubuncinci isiqingatha seshumi elinanye lezinye iifemu zomthetho zase-US zinabamangali baseRoundup abafuna useto lwetyala ngo-2021 nangaphaya.

Ukusukela ukuthenga iMonsanto kwi-2018, iBayer ibisokola ukufumana indlela yokwenza phelisa isimangalo oko kubandakanya abangaphezulu kwe-100,000 XNUMX abamangali e-United States. Inkampani ilahlekelwe zizo zontathu izilingo ezibanjiweyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye ilahlekile kwimijikelo yokuqala yezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala. Amajoni kuvavanyo ngalunye kuvavanyo lwafumanisa ukuba lweMonsanto I-glyphosate-based herbicides Ngaba ubangela umhlaza kwaye iMonsanto ichithe amashumi eminyaka ifihla umngcipheko.

Ukongeza kwimizamo yokusombulula amabango asalindelweyo ngoku, iBayer ikwanethemba lokudala indlela yokusombulula amabango anokubakho anokuvela kubasebenzisi beRoundup abaphuhlisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwixa elizayo. Isicwangciso sayo sokuqala sokujongana nesimangalo esizayo yaliwa NguJaji Chhabria kwaye inkampani ayikabhengezi isicwangciso esitsha.

Uphando olutsha longeza ubungqina bokuba ukhula olubulala ukhula luyaphazamisa iihormoni

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Uphando olutsha longeza ubungqina obukhathazayo kwinkxalabo yokuba ukubulala ukhula kusetyenziswa kakhulu imichiza glyphosate inokubanakho ukuphazamisa iihomoni zabantu.

Kwiphepha elipapashwe kwijenali Imichiza zibizwa IGlyphosate kunye neempawu eziphambili zokuphazamiseka kwe-endocrine: Uphengululo, Isithathu senzululwazi sagqiba kwelokuba i-glyphosate ibonakala ineempawu ezisibhozo kwezilishumi eziphambili ezinxulunyaniswa i-endocrine ephazamisa iikhemikhali . Ababhali balumkisile, nangona kunjalo, ukuba izifundo eziza kudibana ziyafuneka ukuze kuqondwe ngokucacileyo iimpembelelo ze-glyphosate kwinkqubo ye-endocrine yomntu.

Ababhali, uJuan Munoz, uTammy Bleak noGloria Calaf, elowo nalowo unxulumene neYunivesithi yaseTarapacá eChile, bathi iphepha labo luphononongo lokuqala lokudibanisa ubungqina boomatshini kwi-glyphosate njenge-endocrine-disrupting chemical (EDC).

Obunye bobungqina bucacisa ukuba iRoundup, eyaziwa ngokuba yi-glyphosate-based herbicide, inokutshintsha i-biosynthesis yehomoni zesondo, ngokutsho kwabaphandi.

Ii-EDCs zinokulingisa okanye ziphazamise iihomoni zomzimba kwaye zinxulunyaniswa nengxaki zokukhula kunye nokuzala kunye nengqondo kunye nokungasebenzi komzimba.

Eli phepha litsha lilandela ukupapashwa ebutsheni balo nyaka Uluhlu lwezifundo zezilwanyana ebonakalise ukuvezwa kwe-glyphosate kuchaphazela amalungu okuzala kwaye isoyikisa ukuzala.

IGlyphosate sesona sifo sisetyenziswa kakhulu emhlabeni, esithengiswa kumazwe ali-140. Yaziswa ngentengiso ngo-1974 nguMonsanto Co, imichiza sisithako esisebenzayo kwiimveliso ezithandwayo ezinje ngeRoundup kunye namakhulu abanye babulali bokhula abasetyenziswa ngabathengi, oomasipala, izixhobo, amafama, abaqhubi begalufa kunye nabanye kwihlabathi liphela.

UDana Barr, Unjingalwazi kwiYunivesithi yaseEmory iRollins School of Health Public, wathi obu bungqina “buye bubonakalise ngendlela engathethekiyo ukuba i-glyphosate ine-endocrine ephazamisa iipropathi.”

“Ayisiyonto ingalindelekanga kuba i-glyphosate inezakhiwo ezifanayo nezinye i-endocrine ephazamisa ukubulala izinambuzane; Nangona kunjalo, ingakumbi kuba ukusetyenziswa kwe-glyphosate kudlula kude ezinye izibulali zinambuzane, ”utshilo u-Barr, olawula inkqubo ngaphakathi kwiziko le-National Institutes of Health elixhaswa ngezempilo. "IGlyphosate isetyenziswa kwizityalo ezininzi nakwizicelo ezininzi zokuhlala ezinokubangela ukubonwa kwabantu ngokubanzi."

Phil Landrigan, umlawuli we-Global Observatory on Pollution and Health, kunye nonjingalwazi webhayoloji
KwiKholeji yaseBoston, uthe uphononongo ludibanise "ubungqina obuqinileyo" bokuthi i-glyphosate ngumphazamisi we-endocrine.

"Ingxelo iyahambelana nomzimba omkhulu woncwadi obonisa ukuba i-glyphosate inoluhlu olubanzi lweziphumo ezibi kwezempilo - iziphumo eziguqula imeko ende kaMonsanto ukuvezwa kwe-glyphosate njengekhemikhali enobungozi engenazimpembelelo zimbi kwimpilo yabantu, ”utshilo uLandrigan.

Ii-EDC bezingumbandela oxhalabisayo ukusukela nge-1990s emva kothotho lopapasho olucebisayo ukuba ezinye iikhemikhali zisetyenziswa kakhulu kwizibulali zinambuzane, izinyibilikisi zorhwebo, iiplastikhi, iisepha, kunye nezinye izinto zinokubanakho ukuphazamisa unxibelelwano phakathi kwamahomoni kunye nezamkeli.

Izazinzulu ngokubanzi ziye zamkela iipropathi ezilishumi ezisebenzayo zearhente eziguqula isenzo sehomoni, zibhekisa kwezi "njengeempawu eziphambili" ezilishumi ze-endocrine-disorors. Iimpawu ezilishumi zezi zilandelayo:

Ii-EDC's zinako:

  • Ukutshintsha kwehomoni ukuhanjiswa kwamanqanaba okujikeleza kwehomoni
  • Yenza utshintsho kwi-hormone metabolism okanye kugqitywe
  • Guqula ikamva lokuvelisa iincindi zamadlala okanye iiseli eziphendula iihomoni
  • I-Alter hormone receptor expression
  • Ukuchasene ne-hormone receptors
  • Nxibelelana okanye wenze ii-hormone receptors
  • Ukutshintshwa kwesiginali yokutshintsha kwiiseli eziphendula ihomoni
  • Yenza uhlengahlengiso lwe-epigenetic kwimveliso evelisa iihomoni okanye iiseli eziphendula ihomoni
  • Alter hormone synthesis
  • Utshintsho lwehormoni yokuhambisa kwiimbrane zeseli

Ababhali bephepha elitsha bathi uphononongo lwedatha yoomatshini lubonise ukuba i-glyphosate idibene nazo zonke iimpawu eziphambili ngaphandle kwezi zimbini: "Ngokubhekiselele kwi-glyphosate, abukho ubungqina obunxulunyaniswa namandla okuchasana nabamkeli behomoni," batsho. Kananjalo, "abukho ubungqina bempembelelo yayo kwimetabolism ye-hormonal okanye kugqitywe," ngokutsho kwababhali.

Uphando kule minyaka ingamashumi idlulileyo lujolise ikakhulu kumakhonkco afunyanwa phakathi kwe-glyphosate kunye nomhlaza, ngakumbi i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL.) Ngo-2015, i-Arhente yeHlabathi yezeMpilo yoPhando ngomhlaza. I-glyphosate echaziweyo njenge-carcinogen yabantu.

Bangaphezu kwe-100,000 abantu Ndimangalele uMonsanto e-United States etyhola ukubhencwa kwimichiza yokubulala ukhula eglyphosate esekwe kwinkampani kubangele bona okanye abo babathandayo ukuba baphuhlise i-NHL.

Abamangali kwizimangalo zelizwe lonke bathi iMonsanto kudala ifuna ukufihla umngcipheko weyeza layo. IMonsanto ilahlekelwe zizilingo ezintathu kwezintathu kwaye umnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG uchithe unyaka ophelileyo enesiqingatha ukuzama ukuhlala Ukumangalelwa ngaphandle kwenkundla.

Ababhali bephepha elitsha baqaphela indalo ekuyo yonke indawo ye-glyphosate, besithi "ukusetyenziswa okukhulu" kwale khemikhali "kukhokelele ekusasazekeni kwendalo," kubandakanya nokuvela okuchaphazelayo okuboshwe kukusetyenziswa kwabantu kombulali wokhula ngokutya.

Abaphandi bathi nangona abalawuli bathi amanqanaba entsalela ye-glyphosate efumaneka ekutyeni iphantsi ngokwaneleyo ukuba ikhuseleke, "abanakuyilawula" ingozi "enokubakho ebantwini abatya ukutya okungcoliswe yimichiza, ngakumbi iinkozo kunye nezinye izityalo- ukutya okusekwe, okuhlala kunamanqanaba aphezulu kunobisi, inyama okanye iimveliso zentlanzi.

Amaxwebhu aseburhulumenteni ase-US abonisa ukuba iintsalela ze-glyphosate zifunyenwe kuluhlu lokutya, kubandakanya ubusi bendalo, yaye igranola kunye nabaqhekezi.

Abaphandi bakarhulumente waseCanada bakwachaze intsalela yeglyphosate ekutyeni. Ingxelo enye ekhutshwe ngo-2019 ngoososayensi abavela kwiiLabhoratri zeAgri-Food eCanada e-Alberta Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry bafumana i-glyphosate kwi-197 ye-200 yeesampulu zobusi abazihlolisayo.

Ngaphandle kwenkxalabo malunga nefuthe le-glyphosate kwimpilo yabantu, kubandakanya nokuvezwa kokutya, abalawuli base-US bakhusele ngokuqinileyo ukhuseleko lweekhemikhali. Inkqubo ye- I-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo igcina ayifumanekanga "nayiphi na impilo yomntu ngenxa yokuchanabeka kwi-glyphosate. ”

Inkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia iyala ukuphononongwa kwelahleko yesilingo seMonsanto Roundup

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Inkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia ayizukuphonononga ityala lomntu waseCalifornia lokuphumelela iMonsanto, ejongene nomnye umniniyo waseMonsanto waseJamani, uBayer AG.

The isigqibo sokwala uphononongo kwimeko kaDewayne "Lee" Johnson uphawula okutsha kumtya welahleko yenkundla ye Bayer njengoko izama ukugqibezela iindawo zokuhlala kunye nabamangali abamalunga ne-100,000 abathi ngamnye wabo okanye abo babathandayo baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ekuvezeni i-Roundup kunye nabanye ababulali bokhula baseMonsanto. AmaJaji kuvavanyo ngalunye lwesithathu oluye lwaqhutywa ukuza kuthi ga ngoku alufumananga kuphela ukuba yinkampani I-glyphosate-based herbicides kubangela umhlaza kodwa nokuba uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla umngcipheko.

“Sidanile sisigqibo seNkundla sokungasiqwalaseli isigqibo senkundla yezibheno esiphakathi Johnson Siza kuthathela ingqalelo ukhetho lwethu lwezomthetho ukuze siqhubeke nokujonga eli tyala, ”utshilo uBayer kwingxelo.  

Ifemi yeMiller, Ifemu yezomthetho esekwe eVirginia yaseJohnson, yathi isigqibo seNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia siyasikhaba "ukuzama kweMonsanto kwangoko ukuthwala uxanduva" ngokubangela umhlaza kaJohnson.

"Abagwebi abaninzi ngoku baqinisekisile ukufumanisa ukuba iMonsanto ifihle ingozi yomhlaza we-Roundup kwaye yabangela uMnu. Johnson ukuba avelise umhlaza. Lifikile ixesha lokuba iMonsanto iphele kwizibheno ezingenasiseko kwaye ihlawule uMnu. Johnson imali emtyala yona, utshilo inkampani.

Ijaji evumelekileyo efunyenwe ngo-Agasti 2018 yokuba ukubonakaliswa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto kwabangela ukuba uJohnson avelise uhlobo oluyingozi lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ijaji yafumanisa ukuba iMonsanto yenze into yokufihla umngcipheko weemveliso zayo ngokuziphatha kakubi kangangokuba inkampani kufuneka ihlawule uJohnson i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayo ngaphezulu kwe- $ 39 yezigidi kwixa elidlulileyo nelizayo.

Emva kwesibheno esivela eMonsanto, umgwebi wecala wanciphisa i-289 yezigidi zeedola ukuya kwizigidi ezingama-78 zeedola. Inkundla yezibheno emva koko yasika ibhaso kwi-20.5 yezigidi zeedola, icacisa into yokuba uJohnson wayekulindeleke ukuba aphile ixesha elifutshane.

Inkundla yezibheno ithe inciphise ibhaso lomonakalo ngaphandle kokufumana Kwakukho ubungqina "obuninzi" bokuthi i-glyphosate, kunye nezinye izithako kwimveliso yeRoundup, yabangela umhlaza kaJohnson kwaye "kwabakho ubungqina obugqithisileyo bokuba uJohnson uhluphekile, kwaye uzakuqhubeka nokuhlupheka ubomi bakhe bonke, iintlungu kunye nokubandezeleka. ”

Bobabini uMonsanto noJohnson bafuna ukuphononongwa yiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia, noJohnson ecela ukubuyiselwa ibhaso lomonakalo omkhulu kunye neMonsanto efuna ukuguqula isigwebo setyala.

I-Bayer ifikelele kwiindawo zokuhlala kunye neenkampani ezininzi zomthetho ezikhokelayo ezimele isabelo esikhulu samabango aziswe eMonsanto. NgoJuni, uBayer wathi uza kubonelela nge- $ 8.8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi ukusombulula isimangalo.

Intloko yeBayer's Monsanto iyaqhubeka

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Imigraine iMonsanto ayibonakali ngathi iyahamba nanini na kwiBayer AG.

Imizamo yokusombulula ubunzima bamatyala aziswe e-United States ngamashumi amawaka abantu abathi i-Roundup herbicides kaMonsanto ibanike umhlaza uqhubeke nokuqhubela phambili, kodwa abajongani nawo onke amatyala angekahlawulwa, kwaye bonke abamangali abaniki ndawo yokuhlala.

In ileta eya kwiJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria, Igqwetha laseArizona uDavid Diamond uthe ukumelwa okwenziwe ngamagqwetha kukhokelela kwiingxoxo zokuhlala kunye neBayer egameni labamangali akubonakalisi ngokuchanekileyo imeko yabathengi bakhe. Ucacisile "ukunqongophala" "kwamava ahambelana nokuhlala" kunye neBayer kwaye wacela ukuba iJaji uChhabria iqhubele phambili amatyala aliqela eDiamond ukulingwa.

“Ubumeli beenkokheli malunga nemeko yokuhlala abubonakalisi ukuhlinzekwa kwabaxumi bam
amava ahambelana nawo, umdla okanye isikhundla, ”utshilo uDiamond kwijaji.

UDiam ubhale kule leta ukuba unabathengi abangama-423 abajikelezayo, kubandakanya nabangama-345 abanamatyala asalindiweyo phambi kweChhabria kwizimangalo ezininzi (MDL) kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla eCalifornia. Ecaleni kwe-MDL kukho amawaka abamangali amatyala abo asalindelwe kwiinkundla zikarhulumente.

Ukufikelela kukaDiamond kwijaji kulandelwe ukuxoxwa kwetyala ngasekupheleni kwenyanga ephelileyo apho uninzi lweefemu ezikhokelayo kwisimangalo kunye namagqwetha ka-Bayer axelele u-Chhabria ukuba bakufutshane ekusombululeni uninzi, ukuba ayingawo onke, amatyala aphambi kwejaji.

I-Bayer ifikelele kwiindawo zokuhlala ezibalulekileyo kunye neenkampani ezininzi zomthetho ezikhokelayo ezimele isabelo esikhulu samabango aziswe eMonsanto. NgoJuni, uBayer wathi uza kubonelela nge- $ 8.8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi ukusombulula isimangalo.

Kodwa impikiswano kunye nembambano ziye zanyanzelisa ukunikezelwa kweendawo zokuhlala.

Abamangali abaliqela ababemelwe ziifemu ezinkulu kwaye babethetha phantsi kwemiqathango yokuba amagama abo angasetyenziswa, bathi abavumelani nemigaqo yokuhlala, oko kuthetha ukuba amatyala abo aza kujoliswa kulamlo kwaye, ukuba oko kuyasilela, kuvavanyo.

Emva kokuthenga iMonsanto kwi-2018, iBayer ibisokola ukufumana indlela yokuphelisa isimangalo esibandakanya ngaphezulu kwe-100,000 yabamangali. Inkampani ilahlekelwe zizilingo ezintathu kwezintathu ebezibanjiwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye ilahle umjikelo wokuqala wezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala. Amajele kuvavanyo ngalunye kuvavanyo afumanise ukuba i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides, enje ngeRoundup, ibangela umhlaza kwaye uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla umngcipheko.

Iinzame zenkampani zokusombulula isimangalo ziye zacaciswa ngokuyinxalenye ngumceli mngeni wendlela yokuphelisa amabango anokuziswa kwikamva ngabantu abaphuhlisa umhlaza emva kokusebenzisa iyeza lenkampani.

Iingxaki Zigcine Ukunyuka

I-Bayer isoyikisile ngokufaka kwifayile ukuba ingabinayo imali ukuba ayinakuphelisa ityala le-Roundup kwaye ngolwesiThathu inkampani ikhuphe isilumkiso senzuzo kwaye yabhengeza iibhiliyoni zokunciphisa iindleko, icacisa "umbono ophantsi kunoko bekulindelwe kwintengiso yezolimo" phakathi kwezinye izinto. Iindaba zithumele izabelo kwinkampani yokuwa.

Ekuxeleni iingxaki zikaBayer IBarron iqaphele: "Ingxaki zihlala zisiba nkulu kuBayer nakubatyali zimali, ekufuneka kuthi ngoku basebenzise ukungxola kweendaba ezidanisayo. Isitokhwe ngoku sele siwile ngaphezulu kwe-50% ukusukela oko isivumelwano seMonsanto savalwa ngoJuni 2018. "Olu hlaziyo lwamva nje longeza kuphela kwimeko yesivumelwano seMonsanto sesinye sezona zimbi kwimbali yequmrhu."

Bhalisa kwincwadana yethu. Fumana uhlaziyo lweveki kwi-inbox.