Ukuphishekela inyaniso kunye nokubonakala kwimpilo yoluntu

I-Monsanto Roundup kunye ne-Dicamba Trial Tracker

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Le bhlog ngu UCarey Gillam ihlaziywa rhoqo ngeendaba kunye neengcebiso malunga namatyala abandakanya iMonsanto's glyphosate-based Roundup weed killer products. Bona eyethu Amaphepha eMonsanto Amaphepha Amaxwebhu okufumanisa. Nceda uqwalasele ukunikela apha ukuxhasa uphando lwethu

Oktobha 22, 2020

Inkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia iyala ukuphononongwa kwelahleko yesilingo seMonsanto Roundup

Inkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia ayizukuphonononga ityala lomntu waseCalifornia lokuphumelela iMonsanto, ejongene nomnye umniniyo waseMonsanto waseJamani, uBayer AG.

The isigqibo sokwala uphononongo kwimeko kaDewayne "Lee" Johnson uphawula okutsha kumtya welahleko yenkundla ye Bayer njengoko izama ukugqibezela iindawo zokuhlala kunye nabamangali abamalunga ne-100,000 abathi ngamnye wabo okanye abo babathandayo baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ekuvezeni i-Roundup kunye nabanye ababulali bokhula baseMonsanto. AmaJaji kuvavanyo ngalunye lwesithathu oluye lwaqhutywa ukuza kuthi ga ngoku alufumananga kuphela ukuba yinkampani I-glyphosate-based herbicides kubangela umhlaza kodwa nokuba uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla umngcipheko.

“Sidanile sisigqibo seNkundla sokungasiqwalaseli isigqibo senkundla yezibheno esiphakathi Johnson Siza kuthathela ingqalelo ukhetho lwethu lwezomthetho ukuze siqhubeke nokujonga eli tyala, ”utshilo uBayer kwingxelo.  

Ifemi yeMiller, Ifemu yezomthetho esekwe eVirginia yaseJohnson, yathi isigqibo seNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia siyasikhaba "ukuzama kweMonsanto kwangoko ukuthwala uxanduva" ngokubangela umhlaza kaJohnson.

"Abagwebi abaninzi ngoku baqinisekisile ukufumanisa ukuba iMonsanto ifihle ingozi yomhlaza we-Roundup kwaye yabangela uMnu. Johnson ukuba avelise umhlaza. Lifikile ixesha lokuba iMonsanto iphele kwizibheno ezingenasiseko kwaye ihlawule uMnu. Johnson imali emtyala yona, utshilo inkampani.

Ijaji evumelekileyo efunyenwe ngo-Agasti 2018 yokuba ukubonakaliswa kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto kwabangela ukuba uJohnson avelise uhlobo oluyingozi lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ijaji yafumanisa ukuba iMonsanto yenze into yokufihla umngcipheko weemveliso zayo ngokuziphatha kakubi kangangokuba inkampani kufuneka ihlawule uJohnson i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayo ngaphezulu kwe- $ 39 yezigidi kwixa elidlulileyo nelizayo.

Emva kwesibheno esivela eMonsanto, umgwebi wecala wanciphisa i-289 yezigidi zeedola ukuya kwizigidi ezingama-78 zeedola. Inkundla yezibheno emva koko yasika ibhaso kwi-20.5 yezigidi zeedola, icacisa into yokuba uJohnson wayekulindeleke ukuba aphile ixesha elifutshane.

Inkundla yezibheno ithe inciphise ibhaso lomonakalo ngaphandle kokufumana Kwakukho ubungqina "obuninzi" bokuthi i-glyphosate, kunye nezinye izithako kwimveliso yeRoundup, yabangela umhlaza kaJohnson kwaye "kwabakho ubungqina obugqithisileyo bokuba uJohnson uhluphekile, kwaye uzakuqhubeka nokuhlupheka ubomi bakhe bonke, iintlungu kunye nokubandezeleka. ”

Bobabini uMonsanto noJohnson bafuna ukuphononongwa yiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia, noJohnson ecela ukubuyiselwa ibhaso lomonakalo omkhulu kunye neMonsanto efuna ukuguqula isigwebo setyala.

I-Bayer ifikelele kwiindawo zokuhlala kunye neenkampani ezininzi zomthetho ezikhokelayo ezimele isabelo esikhulu samabango aziswe eMonsanto. NgoJuni, uBayer wathi uza kubonelela nge- $ 8.8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi ukusombulula isimangalo.

Oktobha 1, 2020

Intloko yeBayer's Monsanto iyaqhubeka

Imigraine iMonsanto ayibonakali ngathi iyahamba nanini na kwiBayer AG.

Imizamo yokusombulula ubunzima bamatyala aziswe e-United States ngamashumi amawaka abantu abathi i-Roundup herbicides kaMonsanto ibanike umhlaza uqhubeke nokuqhubela phambili, kodwa abajongani nawo onke amatyala angekahlawulwa, kwaye bonke abamangali abaniki ndawo yokuhlala.

In ileta eya kwiJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria, Igqwetha laseTexas uDavid Diamond uthe ukumelwa okwenziwe ngamagqwetha kukhokelela kwiingxoxo zokuhlala kunye neBayer egameni labamangali akubonakalisi ngokuchanekileyo imeko yabathengi bakhe. Ucacisile "ukunqongophala" "kwamava ahambelana nokuhlala" kunye neBayer kwaye wacela ukuba iJaji uChhabria iqhubele phambili amatyala aliqela eDiamond ukulingwa.

“Ubumeli beenkokheli malunga nemeko yokuhlala abubonakalisi ukuhlinzekwa kwabaxumi bam
amava ahambelana nawo, umdla okanye isikhundla, ”utshilo uDiamond kwijaji.

UDiam ubhale kule leta ukuba unabathengi abangama-423 abajikelezayo, kubandakanya nabangama-345 abanamatyala asalindiweyo phambi kweChhabria kwizimangalo ezininzi (MDL) kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla eCalifornia. Ecaleni kwe-MDL kukho amawaka abamangali amatyala abo asalindelwe kwiinkundla zikarhulumente.

Ukufikelela kukaDiamond kwijaji kulandelwe ukuxoxwa kwetyala ngasekupheleni kwenyanga ephelileyo apho uninzi lweefemu ezikhokelayo kwisimangalo kunye namagqwetha ka-Bayer axelele u-Chhabria ukuba bakufutshane ekusombululeni uninzi, ukuba ayingawo onke, amatyala aphambi kwejaji.

I-Bayer ifikelele kwiindawo zokuhlala ezibalulekileyo kunye neenkampani ezininzi zomthetho ezikhokelayo ezimele isabelo esikhulu samabango aziswe eMonsanto. NgoJuni, uBayer wathi uza kubonelela nge- $ 8.8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi ukusombulula isimangalo.

Kodwa impikiswano kunye nembambano ziye zanyanzelisa ukunikezelwa kweendawo zokuhlala.

Abamangali abaliqela ababemelwe ziifemu ezinkulu kwaye babethetha phantsi kwemiqathango yokuba amagama abo angasetyenziswa, bathi abavumelani nemigaqo yokuhlala, oko kuthetha ukuba amatyala abo aza kujoliswa kulamlo kwaye, ukuba oko kuyasilela, kuvavanyo.

Emva kokuthenga iMonsanto kwi-2018, iBayer ibisokola ukufumana indlela yokuphelisa isimangalo esibandakanya ngaphezulu kwe-100,000 yabamangali. Inkampani ilahlekelwe zizilingo ezintathu kwezintathu ebezibanjiwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye ilahle umjikelo wokuqala wezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala. Amajele kuvavanyo ngalunye kuvavanyo afumanise ukuba i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides, enje ngeRoundup, ibangela umhlaza kwaye uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla umngcipheko.

Iinzame zenkampani zokusombulula isimangalo ziye zacaciswa ngokuyinxalenye ngumceli mngeni wendlela yokuphelisa amabango anokuziswa kwikamva ngabantu abaphuhlisa umhlaza emva kokusebenzisa iyeza lenkampani.

Iingxaki Zigcine Ukunyuka  

I-Bayer isoyikisile ngokufaka kwifayile ukuba ingabinayo imali ukuba ayinakuphelisa ityala le-Roundup kwaye ngolwesiThathu inkampani ikhuphe isilumkiso senzuzo kwaye yabhengeza iibhiliyoni zokunciphisa iindleko, icacisa "umbono ophantsi kunoko bekulindelwe kwintengiso yezolimo" phakathi kwezinye izinto. Iindaba zithumele izabelo kwinkampani yokuwa.

Ekuxeleni iingxaki zikaBayer IBarron iqaphele: "Ingxaki zihlala zisiba nkulu kuBayer nakubatyali zimali, ekufuneka kuthi ngoku basebenzise ukungxola kweendaba ezidanisayo. Isitokhwe ngoku sele siwile ngaphezulu kwe-50% ukusukela oko isivumelwano seMonsanto savalwa ngoJuni 2018. "Olu hlaziyo lwamva nje longeza kuphela kwimeko yesivumelwano seMonsanto sesinye sezona zimbi kwimbali yequmrhu."

Septemba 24, 2020

Uvavanyo lomhlaza we-Roundup lusoyikiso kwi-Bayer, kodwa iintetho zokuhlala ziqhubeka

Amagqwetha omnini weMonsanto uBayer AG kunye nabamangaleli abamangalela uMonsanto baxelele ijaji yomdibaniselwano ngoLwesine ukuba bayaqhubeka nokwenza inkqubela phambili ekusombululeni amatyala kwilizwe lonke aziswe ngabantu abathi ibango likaMonsanto Roundup libangele ukuba babe nomhlaza.

Kwindibano yevidiyo, igqwetha laseBayer uWilliam Hoffman uxelele iJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria ukuba inkampani ifikelele kwizivumelwano-okanye isondele ekufikeleleni kwizivumelwano-ukusombulula ngaphezulu kwama-3,000 amatyala adityanisiweyo kwizimangalo (MDL) ezifakwe kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US. iSithili saseMantla saseCalifornia.

Inkampani ngokwahlukeneyo sele ixazulule amawaka amatyala ngaphandle kwe-MDL, amatyala aqhubeka kwiinkundla zikarhulumente. Kodwa impikiswano kunye nembambano ziye zanyanzelisa ukunikezelwa kwetyala lonke, ngezityholo zabanye babenzi bommangali ukuba iBayer ibuyile kwizivumelwano ezifikelelwe kwiinyanga ezidlulileyo, kwaye ezinye iinkampani zabamangali abafuni kuvuma koko bakubona kungonelanga ukunikwa yiBayer.

Kwakungekho ngxoxo malunga nezikhalazo, nangona kunjalo, kwindibano yangoLwesine, omabini amacala evakalisa izimvo ezinethemba.

“Inkampani ihambele phambili yagqiba izivumelwano ezininzi namafemu…. Sikwathemba nokuba sizokugqibezela izivumelwano kwiintsuku ezimbalwa ezizayo, ”utshilo uHoffman kwijaji.

“Apho sikhoyo ngoku… la manani ngandlela ithile aqikelelwa kodwa ndicinga ukuba asondele ngokufanelekileyo: Kukho amatyala ayi-1,750 aphantsi kwezivumelwano phakathi kwenkampani kunye neefemu zomthetho kunye namanye amatyala ayi-1,850 ukuya kwi-1,900 akumanqanaba ngamanqanaba engxoxo ngoku, ”utshilo uHoffman. "Sisebenzela ukubeka inkqubo yokukhawulezisa iingxoxo kwaye ngethemba lokuzisa izivumelwano kwiziqhamo kunye nala mafemu."

Igqwetha labamangali u-Brent Wisner uxelele ijaji ukuba kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuba kusekho "amatyala ambalwa" ngaphakathi kwi-MDL engekagqitywa okwangoku. Kodwa, uthe - "Sinethemba lokuba bazokufika kungekudala."

Ujaji Chhabria uthe ngenxa yenkqubela phambili uzakuqhubeka nokuhlala kwetyala leRoundup kude kube nguNovemba 2 kodwa uyakuqala ukuhambisa amatyala ukuba angagqitywanga ngelo xesha.

Ukujongana kakubi neBayer

Imvakalo-zwi yentsebenziswano evakaliswe kwityala langoLwesine yayiyinto ekude nengxoxo eyayibanjwe kwinyanga ephelileyo xa igqwetha labamangali u-Aimee Wagstaff  uxelele uJaji Chhabria ukuba iBayer ibingahloniphi izivumelwano zokulungisa ezenziwe ngo-Matshi kwaye zenzelwe ukugqitywa ngoJulayi.

I-Bayer ibhengeze ngoJuni ukuba ifikelele kwi-10 yezigidi zeedola zokuhlala kunye neefemu zomthetho zase-US ukusombulula uninzi lwamabango omhlaza we-Roundup ayi-100,000. Kodwa ngelo xesha ekuphela kweefemu ezinkulu zomthetho ezazikhokela isimangalo esinezivumelwano zokugqibela ezisayinwe neBayer yayiyiMiller Firm kunye neWeitz kunye neLuxenburg.

Isivumelwano seMiller Firm sisodwa sifikelela kwi-849 yezigidi zeedola ukugubungela amabango e-5,000 ye-Roundup abathengi, ngokwamaxwebhu okuhlawula.

Isekwe eCalifornia IBaum Hedlund Aristei kunye neGoldman ifemu yomthetho; i UAndrus Wagstaff ifemi evela eColorado; kwaye i Iqela le-Moore Law I-Kentucky yayineentengiselwano zokuzama kodwa hayi izivumelwano zokugqibela.

Ngokwencwadi ebhalwe nguWagstaff efakwe kwinkundla, uBayer ucele ukwandiswa kaninzi de isivumelwano sakhe siwile phakathi ku-Agasti. Emva kokuxela imicimbi kuJaji Chhabria, iingxoxo zokuhlala zaphinda zaqala kwaye zazikho Ekugqibeleni isonjululwe ziifemu ezintathu kule nyanga.

Ezinye iinkcukacha lendawo yokuhlala iya kwenziwa bagcwaliswa ekuqaleni kwale veki kwinkundla yaseMissouri. IGarretson Resolution Group, Inc., esenza ushishino njenge-Epiq Mass Tort, iya kusebenza njenge
"Umlawuli weSigqibo seLinye, ” umzekelo, kubaxumi bakaAndrus Wagstaff ekufuneka iidola zokuhlala kuzo zisetyenziswe ngokuyinxenye okanye zizonke ukuhlawula iindleko zonyango lomhlaza ezihlawulwe yiMedicare.

I-Bayer ithenge iMonsanto kwi-2018 kanye njengoko ulingo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup lwalusaqhubeka. Sele ilahlekile zontathu ezi zilingo zintathu zabanjwa ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye yaphulukana nomjikelo wokuqala wezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala. Amajele kuvavanyo ngalunye kuvavanyo afumanise ukuba i-Monsanto's herbicides ibangela umhlaza kwaye uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla ingozi.

Amabhaso ejaji afikelele ngaphaya kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi, nangona izigwebo ziye zayalelwa ukuba zincitshiswe lityala kunye nezibheno zenkundla.

U-Bayer wayesongele ngokufaka ifayile yokutshatyalaliswa ukuba akukho lali lizwe lifikileyo, ngokonxibelelwano Ukusuka kumashishini wabamangali ukuya kubathengi babo.

Septemba 15, 2020

I-inki ze-Bayer zijongana neenkampani ezintathu zomthetho we-Roundup zomthetho njengoko kuhlala kuqhubeka

I-Bayer AG ifikelele kwimigqaliselo yokugqibela kunye neefemu ezintathu zomthetho ezimele amawaka abamangali abathi babhencwa kwimichiza yokutshabalalisa ukhula esekwe eglosfosate esekwe eMonsanto yabangela ukuba bakhulise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Izivumelwano ezintsha zenziwe ngokusekwe eCalifornia IBaum Hedlund Aristei kunye neGoldman ifemu yomthetho; i UAndrus Wagstaff ifemi evela eColorado; kwaye i Iqela le-Moore Law waseKentucky. Iifemu nganye nganye ifake isaziso malunga nezivumelwano kunye neNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili esiseMantla eCalifornia ngoMvulo.

Izivumelwano ziza emva kwezityholo zeefemu zamagqwetha amathathu zokuba iBayer ibuyela umva ngokweemvumelwano esele zenziwe kwiinyanga ezidlulileyo. Amafemu axelele inkundla ngoMvulo ukuba ngoku umntu ngamnye "unesivumelwano esenziwe ngokupheleleyo nesibophelelayo sokuHanjiswa kweMasteranto neMonsanto."

Ngokukodwa, ukujongana kuphawula inyathelo elibalulekileyo ekuziseni ukuvalwa kwesigwebo seminyaka emihlanu ubudala ngoku esiba ngaphezulu kwama-100,000 amabango aziswe ngabantu abavela e-United States abasebenzisa i-Roundup kunye nezinye i-glyphosate-based herbicides ezenziwe nguMonsanto ngaphambi kokuba waba nomhlaza.

I-Bayer ithenge iMonsanto kwi-2018 kanye njengoko ulingo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup lwalusaqhubeka. Sele ilahlekile zontathu ezi zilingo zintathu zabanjwa ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye yaphulukana nomjikelo wokuqala wezibheno ezifuna ukuguqula ilahleko zetyala. Amajele kuvavanyo ngalunye kuvavanyo afumanise ukuba i-Monsanto's herbicides ibangela umhlaza kwaye uMonsanto uchithe amashumi eminyaka efihla ingozi.

Amabhaso ejaji afikelele ngaphaya kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi, nangona izigwebo ziye zayalelwa ukuba zincitshiswe lityala kunye nezibheno zenkundla.

U-Bayer wayesongele ngokufaka i-bankruptcy ukuba akukho kufikelelwa kwilizwe lonke, ngokonxibelelwano oluvela kwiifemu zabamangali ukuya kubaxhasi bazo.

I-Bayer ibhengeze ngoJuni ukuba ifikelele kwi-10 yezigidi zeedola zokuhlala kunye neefemu zomthetho zase-US ukusombulula uninzi lwamabango omhlaza we-Roundup ayi-100,000. Kodwa ngelo xesha zimbini kuphela iifemu ezinkulu zomthetho kwityala elitshabalalisayo elinezivumelwano zokugqibela ezisayinwe kunye neBayer - iMiller Firm kunye neWeitz kunye neLuxenburg, ngokutsho kwemithombo ekufutshane nengxoxo. Inkampani yaseBaum, iAndrus Wagstaff kunye neyase Moore zazineememorandam zokuqonda kodwa ingezizo izivumelwano zokugqibela, itsho imithombo.

Iinzame zenkampani zokusombulula isimangalo ziye zacaciswa ngokuyinxalenye ngumceli mngeni wendlela yokuphelisa amabango anokuziswa kwikamva ngabantu abaphuhlisa umhlaza emva kokusebenzisa iyeza lenkampani. I-Bayer izamile ukufumana imvume yenkundla ngesicwangciso esiya kulibazisa ukufakwa kwamatyala amatsha omhlaza we-Roundup iminyaka emine, kwaye ngesekwe ngamalungu amahlanu "ipaneli yesayensi" yokufumanisa ukuba ngaba i-Roundup ingadala non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kwaye ukuba kunjalo , kweliphi inqanaba elisezantsi lokuvezwa. Ukuba iphaneli igqibe ekubeni akukho nxu lumano phakathi kwe-Roundup kunye ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva koko amalungu eklasi aya kuthintelwa kwixesha elizayo.

UMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria walikhaba icebo,  ukuthumela iBayer emva kwibhodi yokudweba.

Bayer wayenayo utshilo uLwesine ukuba ibisenza inkqubela phambili kuphuhliso lwesicwangciso "esihlaziyiweyo" sokusombulula isimangalo esinokubakho seRoundup kwixa elizayo. Iinkcukacha zesicwangciso seklasi esihlaziyiweyo ziya kugqitywa kwezi veki zizayo, ngokukaBayer.

Abamangali abaliqela abakhange bonwabe yile ndawo yokuhlala, besithi abazukufumana mali ininzi ngaphandle kweminyaka yokunyanga umhlaza obiza kakhulu kunye neentlungu eziqhubekayo kunye nokubandezeleka. Ewe, uninzi lwabamangali sele lusweleke ngelixa lilinde isisombululo.

NgoSeptemba 9, amagqwetha kaMarie Bernice Dinner kunye nomyeni wakhe uBruce Dinner bafaka inkundla ukuba uMarie oneminyaka engama-73 ubudala wasweleka ngoJuni 2 kwi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma yena nomyeni wakhe batyholwa ukuba babangelwa kukuvezwa kwakhe ngababulali bokhula bakaMonsanto .

Amagqwetha kaBruce Dinner acele inkundla ukuba iwavumele ukuba enze izilungiso kwisikhalazo ngokuchasene neMonsanto ukongeza ibango lokufa ngokungekho mthethweni. Esi sibini sitshatile sineminyaka engama-53 kwaye sinabantwana ababini nabazukulwana abane.

“UMarie Bernice wayengumntu ongaqhelekanga. Ukusweleka kwakhe bekufanele ukuba kuthintelwe, ”litshilo igqwetha uBeth Klein, omele usapho.

Agasti 31, 2020

Indoda eswelekileyo icela iNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia ukuba ibuyisele ibhaso lejaji kwityala leMonsanto Roundup

Umgcini wesikolo ophumelele ityala lokuqala ngqa kwizityholo zokuba uMonsanto's Roundup ubangela umhlaza ucela iNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia ukuba ibuyisele i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayayo wanikezelwa yijaji owaliva ityala lakhe kodwa inkundla yesibheno yaxhwitha i-20.5 yezigidi zeedola.

Ngokuqaphelekayo, isibheno sommangali uDewayne "Lee" Johnson sinefuthe elikhulu kunakwityala lakhe. Igqwetha likaJohnson libongoza inkundla ukuba ijongane nengxaki yomthetho enokuthi ishiye abantu abanjengoJohnson abajamelene nokusweleka kwixesha elikufutshane benomvuzo ophantsi kunabanye kulindeleke ukuba baphile iminyaka emininzi besezintlungwini nasezintlungwini.

“Kudala-dala ukuba iinkundla zaseCalifornia ziqonde, njengokuba ezinye iinkundla zisenza, ubomi buxabisekile kwaye abo baphanga ummangali iminyaka yobomi kufuneka benziwe bahlawulise ummangali kwaye bohlwaywe ngokufanelekileyo,” amagqwetha kaJohnson babhale kwisicelo sabo Ukujongwa ngokutsha kwenkundla ephakamileyo. "Ijaji ichaze ixabiso elinentsingiselo kubomi bukaMnu. Johnson, kwaye ngenxa yoko unombulelo. Ucela le Nkundla ukuba ihloniphe isigqibo sejaji kwaye ibuyise elo xabiso. ”

Ijaji evumelekileyo efunyenwe ngo-Agasti 2018 yokuba ukuvezwa kwe-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides, eyaziwa kakhulu ngegama le-Roundup, yabangela uJohnson ukuba aphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ijaji yafumanisa ukuba iMonsanto yenze into yokufihla umngcipheko weemveliso zayo ngokuziphatha kakubi kangangokuba inkampani kufuneka ihlawule uJohnson i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayo ngaphezulu kwe- $ 39 yezigidi kwixa elidlulileyo nelizayo.

Emva kwesibheno esivela eMonsanto, esathengwa yinkampani yaseJamani iBayer AG kwi-2018, ijaji yetyala yehlisa i-289 yezigidi zeedola ukuya kwizigidi ezingama-78 zeedola. IMonsanto ibhenele ukufuna ityala elitsha okanye ibhaso elincitshisiweyo. UJohnson wenza isibheno efuna ukubuyiselwa kumvuzo wakhe opheleleyo.

Inkundla yezibheno kwityala emva koko yasika ibhaso kwi-20.5 yezigidi zeedola, icacisa into yokuba uJohnson wayekulindeleke ukuba aphile ixesha elifutshane.

Inkundla yezibheno yalinciphisa ibhaso lomonakalo ngaphandle kokufumana Kwakukho ubungqina "obuninzi" bokuthi i-glyphosate, kunye nezinye izithako kwimveliso yeRoundup, yabangela umhlaza kaJohnson kwaye "kwabakho ubungqina obugqithisileyo bokuba uJohnson uhluphekile, kwaye uzakuqhubeka nokuhlupheka ubomi bakhe bonke, iintlungu kunye nokubandezeleka. ”

Ityala likaJohnson laligqunywe ngamajelo eendaba kwihlabathi liphela kwaye beka obala kwimizamo kaMonsanto yokusebenzisa irekhodi yesayensi kwi-glyphosate kunye ne-Roundup kunye neenzame zayo zokuthula abagxeki kunye nefuthe labalawuli. Amagqwetha kaJohnson abonisa abagwebi ii-imeyile zenkampani yangaphakathi kunye nezinye iirekhodi ezibonisa oososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngemibhalo yezenzululwazi yokubhala ghost ukuzama ukuxhasa inkxaso kukhuseleko lweemveliso zenkampani, kunye nonxibelelwano oluchaza izicwangciso zokuhlazisa abagxeki, kunye nokuphelisa uvavanyo lukarhulumente. Ityhefu ye-glyphosate, ikhemikhali ephambili kwiimveliso zeMonsanto.

Ukuphumelela kwetyala likaJohnson kukhuthaze ukufayiliswa ngamashumi amawaka ezomthetho ezongezelelweyo. IMonsanto yaphulukana nezilingo ezintathu kwezintathu ngaphambi kokuba ivumelane ngoJuni ukuba ihlawule ngaphezulu kwe- $ 10 yezigidigidi ukuhlawula kufutshane ne-100,000 yamabango anje.

Indawo yokuhlala yile usaqhubeka, Nangona kunjalo, njengoko iBayer ilwa nendlela yokuthintela ukumangala kwixesha elizayo.

Kudliwanondlebe, uJohnson wathi uyazi ukuba umlo osemthethweni noMonsanto ungaqhubeka kangangeminyaka emininzi kodwa wayezimisele ukuzama ukubamba inkampani ukuba iphendule. Uye wakwazi ukugcina ukugula kwakhe kujongiwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku ngonyango lwe-chemotherapy kunye nonyango lwemitha, kodwa akaqinisekanga ukuba iya kuqhubeka ixesha elingakanani.

"Andicingi ukuba nasiphi na isixa besinokwanela ukohlwaya loo nkampani," utshilo uJohnson.

Agasti 18, 2020

Inkundla yezibheno iyayikhaba imali iMonsanto yokuphinda umiselwe ityala

Inkundla yezibheno eCalifornia ngoLwesibini yalahla iMonsanto Umzamo wokunciphisa i-4 yezigidi ukusuka kwisixa semali esityala umgcini-ndawo waseCalifornia osokolayo ukusinda umhlaza ofunyenwe yijaji yabangelwa kukuvezwa komntu kwiMoldanto's Roundup herbicides.

Inkundla yezibheno yeSithili sokuQala seZibheno saseCalifornia ikwasikhaba isicelo senkampani sokuphinda umanyelwe lo mbandela. Isigqibo senkundla silandele isigwebo saso kwinyanga ephelileyo Ukubetha iMonsanto  ngokukhanyela ukomelela kobungqina bokuba ababulali bayo bokhula olusisiseko se-glyphosate babangela umhlaza. Kweso sigwebo sangoJulayi, inkundla yathi ummangali uDewayne “Lee” Johnson unike ubungqina “obuninzi” bokuba umbulali wokhula kaMonsanto ubangele umhlaza wakhe. "Ingcali emva kokuba ingcali inike ubungqina bobabini ukuba iimveliso zeRoundup ziyakwazi ukubangela i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma ... kwaye yabangela umhlaza kaJohnson ngokukodwa," inkundla yezibheno yathi kwisigqibo sayo sangoJulayi.

Kweso sigqibo ukusukela kwinyanga ephelileyo, inkundla yezibheno yenze njalo, isike isinxephezelo somonakalo esityala uJohnson, eyalela uMonsanto ukuba ahlawule i-20.5 yezigidi zeedola, ezantsi ukusuka kwi-78 yezigidi zeedola eyalelwa ngumgwebi wetyala kwaye yehla kwi-289 yezigidi zeedola eyalelwa yijaji eyagqiba isigqibo sikaJohnson Ityala ngo-Agasti 2018.

Ukongeza kwi-20.5 yezigidi zeedola iMonsanto etyala uJohnson, inkampani iyalelwa ukuba ihlawule i-519,000 yeedola kwiindleko.

IMonsanto, eyayithengwe nguBayer AG kwi2018, yayinayo ibongoza inkundla ukusika ibhaso kuJohnson ukuya kwi- $ 16.5 yezigidi.

Isigqibo seDicamba simi ngokunjalo

Isigqibo senkundla yangoLwesibini silandele a Isigqibo esikhutshwe ngoMvulo yiNkundla yezibheno yase-US kwiSekethe yesithoba iphika ukuphinda kuqhutywe isigqibo senkundla kaJuni shiya imvume yemveliso yokubulala ukhula esekwe dicamba Bayer ezuzwe njengelifa kwiMonsanto. Isigwebo sikaJuni sikwaphelise ngokufanelekileyo i-dicamba-based herbicides eyenziwe yi-BASF kunye neCorteva Agriscience.

Iinkampani zaye zacela iqela elibanzi leejaji kwiijaji zesekethe zeThoba ukuba liziqhelanise neli tyala, zisithi isigqibo sokurhoxisa ukwamkelwa kolawulo lweemveliso sasingalunganga. Kodwa inkundla yasikhaba ngaw 'omane eso sicelo.

Kwisigqibo sayo sangoJuni, iSekethe yethoba yathi i-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) yaphule umthetho xa ivuma iimveliso zedicamba eziphuhliswe nguMonsanto / Bayer, BASF kunye neCorteva.

Inkundla iyalele ukuvalwa kwangoko kokusetyenziswa kwemveliso nganye yenkampani ye-dicamba, ifumanisa ukuba i-EPA "ibubeka ecaleni ubungozi" bemithi yokubulala ukhula kwaye "isilele ngokupheleleyo ukwamkela eminye imingcipheko."

Isigqibo senkundla sokuthintela iimveliso ze-dicamba zenkampani sabangela isiphithiphithi kwilizwe lasefama kuba abalimi abaninzi beembotyi zesoya kunye nomqhaphu batyale izigidi zeehektare zezityalo ezinyamezelayo zemfuza ezenziwa yiMonsanto ngenjongo yokunyanga ukhula kulawo masimi ngamayeza okubulala ukhula e-dicamba iinkampani ezintathu. Ngokufana ne "Roundup Ready" izityalo ezinganyamezelekiyo, izityalo ezinyamezelayo ze-dicamba zivumela amafama ukuba afafaze i-dicamba ngaphezulu kwamasimi abo ukubulala ukhula ngaphandle kokonakalisa izityalo zabo.

Xa iMonsanto, i-BASF kunye ne-DuPont / Corteva bakhupha i-dicamba herbicides kwiminyaka embalwa edlulileyo babanga ukuba iimveliso azizukuhamba zize ziye kumhlaba oselumelwaneni njengoko iinguqulelo ezindala zemveliso yokubulala ukhula lwe-dicamba zaziwa ukuba ziyazenza. Kodwa ezo ziqinisekiso zibonakalise zibubuxoki phakathi kwezikhalazo ezixhaphakileyo zomonakalo we-dicamba drift.

Ngaphezulu kwesigidi esinye seehektare zezityalo ezingezonjineli zemfuza ukunyamezela i-dicamba kwathiwa zonakalisiwe kunyaka ophelileyo kwi-18, inkundla yomanyano yathi kwisigqibo sayo sangoJuni.

Agasti 5, 2020

I-Bayer icela inkundla yezibheno ukuba iphinde isike umvuzo we-Roundup onetyala kumgcini wezizathu wase-California onomhlaza

U-Bayer ucela inkundla yezibheno yase-California ukuba inciphise i-4 yezigidi zeedola kwimali eyityala umgcini-ndawo waseCalifornia osokolayo ukuba aphile umhlaza owafunyanwa yinkundla yetyala ibangelwa kukuvezwa kwale ndoda kwiMoldanto's Roundup herbicides.

Kwi "uxwebhu lwesikhalazo”Bafaka ngoMvulo kwiNkundla yezibheno kwiSithili sokuQala seZibheno saseCalifornia, amagqwetha eMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG bacele inkundla ukuba isike kwi-20.5 yezigidi zeedola iye kwi-16.5 yezigidi zeerandi ngomonakalo owanikwa uDewayne“ Lee ”Johnson.

Inkundla yezibheno "yafikelela kwisigqibo esingalunganga esisekwe kwimpazamo yomthetho," ngokufayilwa nguMonsanto. Umcimbi ujika ekubeni kulindeleke ukuba aphile ixesha elingakanani uJohnson. Kuba ubungqina kwityala ufumene ukuba uJohnson wayekulindelwe ukuba aphile "kungadluli kwiminyaka emibini," akufuneki afumane imali yeentlungu ezizayo kunye nokubandezeleka okwabiweyo ixesha elingaphezulu kweminyaka emibini- ngaphandle kwento yokuba uyaqhubeka nokuphila uqikelelo, inkampani iyaphikisana.

Ngaphantsi kokubala okucelwe nguMonsanto, inkundla kufuneka isike kwi-4 yezigidi ukuya kwi-2 yezigidi isixa-mali esi-odolwe kumonakalo ongekho kwezoqoqosho, (iintlungu kunye nokubandezeleka.) Oko kuya kunciphisa ukonakala kwembuyekezo (eyadlulayo neyexesha elizayo) ukuya kwi- $ 8,253,209. Ngelixa isanyanzelisa ukuba akufuneki ukuba ibenetyala lokohlwaywa, ukuba ngaba isohlwayo somonakalo sihlawulisiwe kufuneka sibekwe ngaphezulu kwe-1-to-1 ratio ngokuchasene nembuyekezo, ukuzisa itotali kwi-16,506,418 yeedola, uMonsanto uxoxa ngokugcwalisa kwayo.

Ekuqaleni uJohnson wanikwa i-289 yezigidi zeedola nge-Agasti ka-Agasti 2018, emenza ukuba abe ngummangali wokuqala ukuba aphumelele kwinqanaba lokuvavanywa kwamabango okuba ukubhencwa kwi-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides kubangela ukuba kungabikho iHodgkin lymphoma kwaye iMonsanto ifihle umngcipheko. Ijaji yetyala lehlise ibhaso laya kwi-78 yezigidi zeedola. IMonsanto ibhenele ukufuna ityala elitsha okanye ibhaso elincitshisiweyo. UJohnson wenza isibheno efuna ukubuyiselwa kumvuzo wakhe opheleleyo.

Inkundla yezibheno Ulawule kwinyanga ephelileyo ukuba kukho ubungqina "obuninzi" bokuthi i-glyphosate, kunye nezinye izithako kwiimveliso zeRoundup, yabangela umhlaza kaJohnson. Kwaye inkundla yafumanisa ukuba "bekukho ubungqina obugqithisileyo bokuba uJohnson ubandezelekile, kwaye uzakuqhubeka nokubandezeleka ubomi bakhe bonke, iintlungu kunye nokubandezeleka."

Kodwa inkundla ithe umonakalo kufuneka wehliswe ufike kwi-20.5 yezigidi zeedola ngenxa yemeko yobomi obufutshane bukaJohnson.

Kunye nemfuno yayo yokuncitshiswa komonakalo, iMonsanto icela inkundla yezibheno ukuba inike isimangalo sokulungisa "uhlalutyo lwayo" kwaye "isijike isigwebo ngemiyalelo yokungena kwisigwebo.
IMonsanto okanye, ubuncinci, phuma kuwongwa ngembuyekezo yokohlwaya. ”

Ityala likaJohnson laligqunywe ngamajelo eendaba kwihlabathi liphela kwaye libeka iliso kwimizamo kaMonsanto yokusebenzisa irekhodi lesayensi kwi-glyphosate kunye neRoundup kunye neenzame zayo zokuthula abagxeki kunye nefuthe labalawuli. Amagqwetha kaJohnson abonisa abagwebi ii-imeyile zenkampani yangaphakathi kunye nezinye iirekhodi ezibonisa oososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngemibhalo yezenzululwazi yokubhala ghost ukuzama ukuxhasa inkxaso kukhuseleko lweemveliso zenkampani, kunye nonxibelelwano oluchaza izicwangciso zokuhlazisa abagxeki, kunye nokuphelisa uvavanyo lukarhulumente. Ityhefu ye-glyphosate, ikhemikhali ephambili kwiimveliso zeMonsanto.

Amashumi amawaka abamangali bafaka isimangalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto besenza amabango afana nakaJohnson, kwaye ezinye izilingo ezimbini zenzekile ukusukela kwityala likaJohnson. Zombini ezo zilingo zakhokelela kwizigwebo ezinkulu ngokuchasene neMonsanto. Zombini ziphantsi kwesibheno.

Izenzo zikaBayer zokunciphisa amabhaso omonakalo ngenxa yokulahleka kwetyala likaMonsanto liza njengoko inkampani ifuna ukuhlala kufutshane ne-100,000 Roundup amabango omhlaza asalinde i-United States kwiinkundla ezahlukeneyo. Abanye abamangali abonwabanga ngokuhlala ngokwemiqathango, kwaye besoyikisela ukungavumi kwintengiselwano.

Intshukumo kwisibheno sePilliod 

Kwisenzo esahlukileyo sesibheno esimalunga nokumangalelwa ngeRoundup, kwiveki ephelileyo amagqwetha eAlva naseAlberta Pilliod wafaka ingxelo emfutshane ucela inkundla yezibheno eCalifornia ukuba iyalele umonakalo kumabhaso atshatileyo efikelela kwi-575 yezigidi zeedola. Esi sibini sikhulileyo- bobabini babethwa ngumhlaza odakisayo ababekek 'ityala ekuvezeni iRoundup- baphumelela ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi xa kuvavanywa ityala, kodwa ijaji yetyala emva koko wehlisa ibhaso lejaji ukuya kwizigidi ezingama-87 zeedola.

Ukuchithwa kwebhaso lomonakalo kwakugqithisile, ngokutsho kwamagqwetha amele esi sibini, kwaye akamohlwayi ngokwaneleyo uMonsanto ngesenzo sakhe esingalunganga.

"Amajaji amathathu aseCalifornia, iijaji zetyala ezine, kunye neejaji ezintathu zezibheno eziye zajonga ukungaziphathi kakuhle kukaMonsanto bavumile ngamxhelo-mnye ukuba" kukho ubungqina obubambekayo bokuba uMonsanto wenza ngokungakhathali ngabom nangolwazelelelo ngokhuseleko lwabanye, "Isishwankathelo sePilliod sithi. "Ibango likaMonsanto lokuba lixhoba" lokungabikho kokusesikweni "kule meko liya lisiba lilize ngenxa yezi ngxelo zifunyenwe ngamxhelomnye."

Amagqwetha acela inkundla ukuba inikezele nge-10-to-1 ratio yomonakalo owohlwaywayo kwimbuyekezo yomonakalo.

"Amaxhoba okwenyani kokungabikho kokusesikweni kule meko ziiPilliods, eziye zanesifo esibuhlungu nesenzakalisayo ngenxa yesifo seMonsanto," lishwankathela. "Ijaji, ekumiseleni ukuba abemi abahloniphekileyo akufuneki bayinyamezele isimilo esibi sikaMonsanto, bagqiba kwelokuba ngumonakalo omkhulu kuphela onokumohlwaya kwaye uthintele iMonsanto."

Julayi 30, 2020

Abanye babamangali baseMelika basilele ekusayineni isivumelwano sokuhlala eBayer; I-160,000 yeedola zokuhlawula

Abamangali kwi-US Roundup litigation baqala ukufunda iinkcukacha zento Bayer AG's $ 10 yezigidigidi ukuhlawulwa kwamabango omhlaza okunene kuthetha kubo ngokwahlukeneyo, kwaye abanye abayithandi into abayibonayo.

Bayer yatsho ngasekupheleni kukaJuni Kuthethathethwane ngokuhlala kunye neenkampani ezininzi zabammangali kwisivumelwano esiza kuvala ngokufanelekileyo isambuku semali engaphezulu kwe-100,000 esalindelwe ngokuchasene neMonsanto, eyathengwa yiBayer ngo-2018. Ukuvezwa kukaMonsanto's Roundup kunye namanye amayeza okubulala ukhula enziwe ngekhemikhali ebizwa ngokuba yi-glyphosate, kwaye iMonsanto yagubungela umngcipheko.

Ngelixa isivumelwano ekuqaleni sasibonakala njengeendaba ezimnandi kubamangali-abanye abanengxaki yokunyanga umhlaza kunye nabanye abammangalela abatshatileyo abaswelekileyo- uninzi lufumanisa ukuba lunokuphela lungenamali, kuxhomekeke kuluhlu izinto. Iifemu zamagqwetha, nangona kunjalo, zinokufaka ipokotho kumakhulu ezigidi zeedola.

“Yimpumelelo kumashishini ezomthetho kunye nempama ebusweni babantu abonzakeleyo” utshilo omnye ummangali, ongafunanga kuchazwa ngegama.

Abamangali baxelelwa ukuba kufuneka bathathe isigqibo kwezi veki zimbalwa zizayo ukuba bazokwamkela indawo yokuhlala, nangona bengazi ukuba bazakuhlawulwa malini kude kube kamva. Zonke iintengiselwano zentengiselwano ziyalela abamangali ukuba bangathethi esidlangalaleni malunga neenkcukacha, bebasongela ngesohlwayo ukuba baxoxa ngokuhlala kunye nabani na ngaphandle "kwamalungu osapho asondeleyo" okanye umcebisi wezezimali.

Oku kubacaphukisile abanye abathi bacinga ukwala iindawo zokuhlala ngenjongo yokufuna ezinye iinkampani zomthetho ukuba zijongane namabango abo. Le ntatheli iwajongisisile amaxwebhu athunyelwe kubamangali abaninzi.

Kwabo bavumayo, iintlawulo zinokwenziwa kwangoko ngoFebruwari, nangona inkqubo yokuhlawula bonke abamangali kulindeleke ukuba yolule unyaka okanye nangaphezulu. Ezonxibelelwano ezithunyelwe zivela kumafemu ezomthetho ziye kubathengi bazo beRoundup zizo zombini inkqubo yomntu ngamnye ohlaselwe ngumhlaza kuya kufuneka ehambile ukuze afumane intlawulo yemali kunye nokuba ezo ntlawulo zinokufikelela phi. Imigaqo yeentengiselwano iyahluka kumzi-mveliso wamagqwetha, oko kuthetha ukuba abamangali abemi ngokufanayo banokuphelela kwiindawo zokuhlala ezahlukeneyo.

Esinye sezivumelwano ezinamandla kubonakala ngathi sisinye ekuxoxiswene ngaso Ifemi yeMiller, Kwaye ke kuyadanisa abanye babaxhasi benkampani. Ekunxibelelaneni nabathengi, inkampani yathi ikwazile ukuxoxa malunga ne-849 yezigidi zeedola ukusuka eBayer ukugubungela amabango abathengi abangaphezulu kwe-5,000 Roundup. Ifemi iqikelela ixabiso lokuhlawula umtyali ngamnye kumyinge wama- $ 160,000. Elo xabiso lipheleleyo liya kuncitshiswa ngokuncitshiswa kweefizi zamagqwetha kunye neendleko.

Nangona iifizi zamagqwetha zinokwahluka ngokuqina kunye nommangali, uninzi kwityala leRoundup lihlawulisa iipesenti ezingama-30-40 kwimirhumo engxamisekileyo.

Ukuze bakulungele ukuhlala, abamangali kufuneka babe neerekhodi zonyango ezixhasa ukuxilongwa kweentlobo ezithile ze-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye bakwazi ukubonisa ukuba bavezwa ubuncinci unyaka ngaphambi kokuba bafumane isifo.

I-Firm yaseMiller ibiphambili kwityala leRoundup ukusukela ekuqaleni, ifumana uninzi lwamaxwebhu agwenxa angaphakathi eMonsanto ancede aphumelela kuzo zontathu izilingo zeRoundup ezibanjiweyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. IMiller Firm iphathe ezibini kwezo zilingo, isizisa amagqwetha avela kwinkampani yaseLos Angeles yaseBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman ukunceda kwityala  UDewayne "Lee" Johnson emva kokuba umsunguli weMiller Firm uMike Miller enzakaliswe kabuhlungu kwingozi kanye phambi kwetyala. Ezi femu zimbini zisebenze kunye ekuphumeleleni ityala labamangali bendoda nomfazi, Alva kunye neAlberta Pilliod. UJohnson wanikwa i-289 yezigidi zeedola kwaye ii-Pilliods zanikwa ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi nangona iijaji zetyala kwityala ngalinye zathoba amabhaso.

Kwangoko kulenyanga, inkundla yezibheno eCalifornia wenqaba umzamo kaMonsanto ukuguqula isigwebo sikaJohnson, elawula ukuba kukho ubungqina "obuninzi" bokuba iimveliso zeRoundup zibangele umhlaza kaJohnson kodwa zinciphisa ibhaso likaJohnson ukuya kwizigidi ezingama- $ 20.5. Izibheno zisalindelwe kwezinye izigwebo ezibini ezichasene neMonsanto.

Ukufumana amanqaku kwabamangali

Ukufumanisa ukuba ngakanani na ummangali ngamnye afumana ukusuka ekuhlaleni kunye neBayer, umlawuli weqela lesithathu uya kunika amanqaku umntu ngamnye esebenzisa izinto ezibandakanya uhlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kummangali ngamnye ophuhlileyo; ubudala bommangali ekuchongeni isifo; ubuzaza bomhlaza womntu kunye nobungakanani bonyango abalunyamezeleyo; ezinye izinto ezinobungozi; kunye nenani lokuvezwa kwabo kwiMonsanto herbicides.

Inye into yokuhlaliswa kwabantu ebambe uninzi lwabamangali bengafundanga yayikukufunda ukuba abo ekugqibeleni bafumana imali eBayer kuya kufuneka basebenzise imali yabo ukubuyisa inxenye yeendleko zonyango lwabo lomhlaza olwalugutyungelwe yiMedicare okanye i-inshurensi yabucala. Ngonyango oluthile lomhlaza oluya kumakhulu amawaka kunye nakwizigidi zeedola, oko kunokucima ngokukhawuleza intlawulo yommangali. Iifemu zomthetho zidwelise iikontraka zomntu wesithathu eziza kuthetha-thethana nabanikezeli ngeinshurensi ukuba bafune imbuyekezo ngezaphulelo, baxelelwa. Ngokwesiqhelo kolu hlobo lokumangalelwa ngobuninzi, loo malungelo onyango angancitshiswa kakhulu, utshilo iifemu zomthetho.

Kwicala elinye lesivumelwano esamkelweyo ngummangali, iindawo zokuhlala ziya kwakhiwa ukunqanda uxanduva lwerhafu, ngokolwazi olunikwe ababamangali.

Umngcipheko wokungahlali  

Iifemu zamagqwetha kufuneka zifumane uninzi lwabamangali ukuba bavumelane nemimiselo yeendawo zokuhlala ukuze baqhubeke. Ngokwengcaciso enikezelwe kubamangali, iindawo zokuhlala ziyafunwa ngoku ngenxa yenani lomngcipheko onxulumene nokuqhubeka nokulandela izilingo ezongezelelweyo. Phakathi kwemingcipheko echongiweyo:

  • I-Bayer isoyikisile ngokufaka kwifayile njengongenamali, kwaye ukuba inkampani iyithathile loo ndlela, ukusombulula amabango e-Roundup kuya kuthatha ixesha elide kwaye ekugqibeleni kungakhokelela kwimali encinci yabamangali.
  • I-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) wakhupha incwadi ku-Agasti ophelileyo uxelele uMonsanto ukuba iarhente ayizukuvumela isilumkiso somhlaza kwiRoundup. Oko kunceda ikamva likaMonsanto lokuphumelela enkundleni.
  • Ulibaziseko lwenkundla enxulumene no-Covid kuthetha ukuba izilingo ezongezelelweyo ze-Roundup akunakulindeleka ukuba zonyaka okanye nangaphezulu.

Ayisiyonto ingaqhelekanga ukuba abamangali abachophele amatyala amakhulu bahambe bedanile nangona bezibonakala ngathi zinkulu iindawo ekuxoxiswene ngazo kumatyala abo. Incwadi ye2019 "IiNtsebenzo zoThutho oluNinzi: Ukuxoxisana kwigumbi elingasemva kwi-Multidistrict Litigation”NguElizabeth Chamblee Burch, uSihlalo wezoMthetho u-Fuller E. Callaway kwiYunivesithi yaseGeorgia, wenza imeko yokuba ukunqongophala kweetsheki kunye nemali ezilinganayo kwizityholo zolwaphulo-mthetho zinika phantse wonke umntu obandakanyekayo ngaphandle kwabamangali.

UBurch ucaphula njengomzekelo wokumangalela i-asidi-reflux yeyeza iPropulsid, wathi ufumanise ukuba kwabamangali abangama-6,012 abangena kwinkqubo yokuhlawula, ngama-37 kuphela afumana imali. Abanye abafumani ntlawulo kodwa sele bevumile ukuwachasa amatyala abo njengemeko yokungena kwinkqubo yokuhlawula. Abamangali abangama-37 ngokudibeneyo bafumene ngaphezulu kweedola eziyi-6.5 yezigidi (phantse i-175,000 yeedola nganye kwi-avareji), ngelixa iifemu zomthetho ezikhokelayo zabamangali zifumene i-27 yezigidi zeedola, ngokweBurch,

Ukubeka bucala ukuba ngawaphi na abamangali abanokuthi okanye abangayi kuhamba nawo, abanye ababukeli bezomthetho kufutshane nesimangalo seRoundup bathi kulunge ngakumbi ukufezekiswa kokungalunganga komanyano nguMonsanto.

Phakathi kobungqina obuye bavela ngenxa yesimangalo ngamaxwebhu angaphakathi eMonsanto abonisa ukuba inkampani yenze uxwebhu lokupapashwa kwamaphepha enzululwazi abonakala ngobuxoki ukuba enziwe kuphela zizazinzulu ezizimeleyo; Inkxaso mali, kunye nokusebenzisana, amaqela angaphambili abesetyenziselwa ukuzama ukunyelisa izazinzulu ezixela ukwenzakala ngamayeza okubulala ukhula kaMonsanto; kunye nokusebenzisana namagosa athile ngaphakathi kwi-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) ukukhusela kunye nokukhuthaza isikhundla sikaMonsanto sokuba iimveliso zayo azibanga ngumhlaza.

Amazwe aliqela kwihlabathi liphela, kunye noorhulumente basekhaya kunye nezithili zesikolo, baye bafudukela ekunqandeni i-glyphosate herbicides, kunye / okanye ezinye izibulali-zinambuzane ngenxa yokutyhilwa kwetyala leRoundup.

(Ibali laqala ukuvela Iindaba zezeMpilo yokusiNgqongileyo.)

Julayi 20, 2020

Inkundla yezibheno ixhasa izizathu zovavanyo lomhlaza we-Roundup ophumelele iMonsanto

Ngenye ilahleko yenkundla kumnini weMonsanto uBayer AG, inkundla yezibheno yala umzamo wenkampani wokubhukuqa uloyiso lwetyala olungafakwanga ngumgcini wesikolo saseCalifornia otyhola ukubhencwa kwimichiza yokubulala iintsholongwane eMonsanto yabangela ukuba abe nomhlaza, nangona inkundla yathi umonakalo kufuneka ube yinqumle kwi-20.5 yezigidi zeedola.

Inkundla yeziBheno yesiThili sokuqala seZibheno eCalifornia utshilo uMvulo ukuba iimpikiswano zikaMonsanto zazingacacanga kwaye uDewayne “Lee” Johnson wayenelungelo lokuqokelela i-10.25 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo wembuyekezo kunye nezinye i-10.25 yezigidi kumonakalo owohlwayo. Oko kuhla kwisimbuku se-78 yezigidi zeedola ijaji yetyala ivumelekile.

"Ngokokubona kwethu, uJohnson wabonisa ubungqina obuninzi-kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo bukhulu- bokuba i-glyphosate, kunye nezinye izithako kwimveliso yeRoundup, yabangela umhlaza wakhe," yatsho inkundla. "Ingcali emva kokuba ingcali inike ubungqina bobabini ukuba iimveliso zeRoundup ziyakwazi ukubangela i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma ... kwaye yabangela umhlaza kaJohnson ngokukodwa."

Inkundla iphinde yaqaphela ukuba "kwabakho ubungqina obugqithisileyo bokuba uJohnson wabandezeleka, kwaye uzakuqhubeka nokubandezeleka ubomi bakhe bonke, iintlungu kunye nokubandezeleka."

Inkundla yathi impikiswano kaMonsanto yokuba iziphumo zesayensi malunga nokunxibelelana kwe-glyphosate nomhlaza zenza "umbono omncinci" awuxhaswanga.

Ngokukodwa, inkundla yezibheno yongeze ukuba isohlwayo somonakalo sasikhona ngenxa yokuba kwakukhona ubungqina obaneleyo bokuba uMonsanto wenza "ngabom nangokungakhathaleli ukhuseleko lwabanye."

UMike Miller, ogama lakhe laseVirginia lalimela uJohnson etyaleni kunye neBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman inkampani yaseLos Angeles, wathi wayevuyiswa kukuqinisekiswa kwenkundla ukuba uJohnson uhlaselwe ngumhlaza ekusebenziseni kwakhe iRoundup kwaye inkundla iqinisekisile imbasa yesohlwayo. umonakalo ngenxa “yokuziphatha gwenxa ngabom kukaMonsanto.”

“Umnumzana Johnson usaqhubekeka nokugula. Siyazingca ngokulwela uMnu Johnson nokulandela kwakhe ubulungisa, ”utshilo uMiller.

IMonsanto ityala inzala yonyaka kwinqanaba leepesenti ezili-10 ukusuka ngo-Epreli we-2018 de ihlawule isigwebo sokugqibela.

Ukuncitshiswa komonakalo kubotshelelwe kwinxalenye yokuba oogqirha baxelele uJohnson ukuba umhlaza wakhe awupheli kwaye akalindelwe ukuba aphile ixesha elide. Inkundla ivumile noMonsanto ukuba ngenxa yomonakalo owenzelwayo wenzelwe ukubuyekeza iintlungu ezizayo, ukubandezeleka ngokwasengqondweni, ukuphulukana nokonwaba kobomi, ukukhubazeka emzimbeni, njlnjl .. Ixesha elifutshane lokuphila kukaJohnson ngokusemthethweni lithetha ngomonakalo "ongekho kwezoqoqosho" wexesha elizayo owanikwa yinkundla yamatyala. kufuneka icuthwe.

U-Brent Wisner, elinye lamagqwetha kaJohnson, wathi ukwehliswa komonakalo sisiphumo "sesona siphoso sinzulu somthetho waseCalifornia."

"Ngokusisiseko, umthetho waseCalifornia awumvumeli ummangali ukuba afumane ithuba elifutshane lokuphila," utshilo uWisner. “Oku kuvuza ngokufanelekileyo ummangalelwa ngokubulala ummangali, ngokuchasene nokwenzakala nje kwakhe. Yimpambano. ”

Ukujongwa kokuziphatha kukaMonsanto

Kwakuyinyanga nje ezimbini emva kokuba iBayer ithenge iMonsanto, ngo-Agasti 2018, ukuba ijaji enye wanika uJohnson i-289 yezigidi zeedola, kubandakanya i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayayo, ukufumanisa ukuba ayenzanga kuphela imichiza yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto ibangele ukuba uJohnson avelise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kodwa ukuba inkampani iyayazi ingozi yomhlaza kwaye yasilela ukulumkisa uJohnson. Ityala elalibandakanya iMonsanto glyphosate ezimbini zeemveliso zokutshabalalisa ukhula - iRoundup kunye neRanger Pro.

Ijaji yetyala lasithoba isigwebo esiyi- $ 78 yezigidi kodwa uMonsanto wabhenela kwisixa esincitshisiweyo. Umnqamlezo uJohnson ubhenele ekubuyiseleni isigwebo se-289 yezigidi.

Ityala likaJohnson lagutyungelwa ngamajelo eendaba kwihlabathi liphela kwaye libeka ukuqaqanjelwa kokuziphatha okungathandabuzekiyo kweMonsanto. Amagqwetha kaJohnson abonisa abagwebi ii-imeyile zenkampani yangaphakathi kunye nezinye iirekhodi ezibonisa oososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngemibhalo yezenzululwazi yokubhala ghost ukuzama ukuxhasa inkxaso kukhuseleko lweemveliso zenkampani, kunye nonxibelelwano oluchaza izicwangciso zokuhlazisa abagxeki, kunye nokuphelisa uvavanyo lukarhulumente. Ityhefu ye-glyphosate, ikhemikhali ephambili kwiimveliso zeMonsanto.

Amaxwebhu angaphakathi akwabonisa ukuba iMonsanto ilindele ukuba i-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza ihlukanise i-glyphosate njengento enokwenzeka okanye enokubangela i-carcinogen yabantu ngo-Matshi ka-2015. bakhupha udidi lwabo.

Amashumi amawaka abamangali bafaka isimangalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto besenza amabango afana nakaJohnson, kwaye ezinye izilingo ezimbini zenzekile ukusukela kwityala likaJohnson. Zombini ezo zilingo zakhokelela kwizigwebo ezinkulu ngokuchasene neMonsanto. Zombini ziphantsi kwesibheno.

NgoJuni, iBayer yathi ifikelele kwi-  isivumelwano sokuhlala kunye namagqwetha amele iipesenti ezingama-75 ze-125,000 ezifakiweyo kwaye ziseza kufakwa amabango aqalwe ngabamangali baseMelika abasola ukubhengezwa kwi-Roundup kaMonsanto kuphuhliso lwabo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. U-Bayer uthe uza kubonelela nge- $ 8.8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi ukusombulula isimangalo. Kodwa amagqwetha amele ngaphezulu kwe-20,000 XNUMX yabamangali abathi abavumelananga ukuhlala neBayer kwaye loo matyala kulindeleke ukuba aqhubeke nokusebenza ngendlela yenkqubo yenkundla.

Kwingxelo ekhutshwe emva kwesigwebo senkundla, uBayer uthe umi ngasemva kukhuseleko lweRoundup: Isigqibo senkundla yesibheno sokunciphisa umonakalo kunye nezohlwayo linyathelo eliya kwicala elilungileyo, kodwa siyaqhubeka nokukholelwa ekubeni isigwebo sejaji kunye nomonakalo Amabhaso awuhambelani nobungqina ekuxoxweni kwetyala nasemthethweni. IMonsanto iza kuthathela ingqalelo ukhetho lwayo lwezomthetho, kubandakanya nokufaka isibheno kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseCalifornia. ”

Julayi 8, 2020

I-Bayer ibuya kude nesicwangciso sokuqulatha amabango omhlaza we-Roundup kwikamva

Umnini weMonsanto uBayer AG uyarhoxa kwisicwangciso sokuqulatha amabango omhlaza weRoundup kwikamva emva kokuba ijaji yomanyano icacise ukuba ayizukusivuma esi sikimu, esinokulibazisa izilingo ezintsha kunye nokunciphisa izigqibo zokugweba.

Isicwangciso senziwe nguBayer kunye neqela elincinci lamagqwetha lafakwa kwinyanga ephelileyo kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla saseCalifornia njengenxalenye yeenzame zikaBayer zokuphelisa ukutshutshiswa kwezimangalo esele zikhokelele kwilahleko kathathu kumatyala amatyala amathathu, okumangalisa ukohlwaywa komonakalo kunye nokungoneliseki kwabanini zabelo. Abantu abangaphezu kwe-100,000 e-United States bathi ukubonakaliswa kwe-Monsanto's glyphosate-based Roundup herbicides kubangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) kwaye ukuba iMonsanto kudala yazi malunga nokugubungela umngcipheko womhlaza.

NgoMvulo uJaji Vince Chhabria ikhuphe iodolo ukuseta ukumanyelwa kwetyala ngoJulayi 24 kwaye ayicacise ayizukuvuma isicwangciso sokuhlawula. "Wayengathandabuzi malunga nokuchaneka kunye nokuchaneka kwale ndawo icetywayo," u-Chhabria wabhala ngokulandelelana.

Phambi komyalelo wejaji, amaqela amaninzi afaka izaziso zokuphikisana nesicwangciso seBayer; ecaphula "ukuphambuka okukhulu kuqheliselo oluqhelekileyo" kumenyiwe kule ndawo yokuhlala icetywayo.

Ukuphendula, ngolwe-Lwesithathu iqela lamagqwetha elalicwangcise isivumelwano neBayer wafaka isaziso sokurhoxa yesicwangciso sabo.

Isicwangciso sokuhlawulwa esindululweyo samatyala ezenzo zodidi lwexesha elizayo sahlukile kwisivumelwano sokuhlawula iBayer esenziwe namagqwetha kubamangali abasele bagcwalise amatyala kwaye ayilelwe ukunceda iBayer ukuba igcine kwaye ilawule uxanduva lwexa elizayo. Ngaphantsi kolwakhiwo oludityaniswe nguBayer kunye neqela elincinci lamagqwetha abamangaleli ukuhlawulwa kwamanyathelo eklasi bekuya kusebenza kuye nakubani na ovezwe kwi-Roundup ongakhange afake isimangalo okanye agcine igqwetha ngoJuni 24, 2020, nokuba uyayenza okanye hayi Umntu sele efunyaniswe enomhlaza bakholelwa ukuba kungenxa yokuvezwa kweRoundup.

Esi sicwangciso besinokulibazisa ukufakwa kwamatyala amatsha kangangeminyaka emine, kwaye sifuna ukuba kusekwe amalungu amahlanu "ephaneli yesayensi" eya kuthi ithathe naziphi na iziphumo eziza kubakho kumabango omhlaza ezandleni zamajaji. Endaweni yoko, "iPhaneli yeNzululwazi yeklasi" inokumiselwa ukumisela ukuba ngaba iRoundup inokubangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kwaye ukuba kunjalo, kweliphi inqanaba lokuvezwa. I-Bayer iya kuthi inyule amalungu amabini kwiphaneli ezintlanu. Ukuba iphaneli igqibe ekubeni akukho nxu lumano phakathi kwe-Roundup kunye ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva koko amalungu eklasi aya kuthintelwa kumabango anjalo.

Ujaji Chhabria uthathe umba ngalo lonke uluvo lwephaneli yesayensi. Ngokomyalelo wakhe, ijaji yabhala:

"Kwindawo apho inzululwazi inokuthi iguquke khona, kufanelekile njani ukuba sitshixe kwisigqibo esivela kwiphaneli yesayensi kuwo onke amatyala exesha elizayo? Ukuvavanya, cinga ukuba iphaneli ithathe isigqibo kwi-2023 ukuba i-Roundup ayinakho ukubangela umhlaza. Emva koko khawufane ucinge ukuba isifundo esitsha esithembekileyo sipapashiwe ngo-2028 esisingela phantsi kakhulu isigqibo sepaneli. Ukuba umsebenzisi we-Roundup ufunyaniswe ene-NHL ngo-2030, kufanelekile ukubaxelela ukuba babotshiwe sisigqibo sango-2023 sephaneli kuba bengakhange baphume kwisivumelwano ngo-2020? ”

U-Bayer uthe uzakubeka bucala i-1.25 yezigidigidi kulungiselelo. Imali yayiza kusetyenziselwa ukubuyekeza amalungu eklasi afunyaniswe ene-NHL "ngeziphumo zokulibaziseka" kwizimangalo, kunye nokuxhasa ngezimali uphando malunga nokufunyaniswa nokunyangwa kwe-NHL, phakathi kwezinye izinto.

Amagqwetha abamangali ababeka isicwangciso kunye neBayer bema ukwenza ngaphezulu kwe- $ 150 yezigidi kwimirhumo ehlawulwa yiBayer. Ayizizo iifemu zomthetho ezifanayo ezikhokelele isimangalo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. Eli qela leefemu zomthetho libandakanya uLieff Cabraser Heimann & Bernstein; Uphicotho-zincwadi kunye namaqabane; Ifemi yoMthetho eDugan; kunye negqwetha uSamuel Issacharoff, uNjingalwazi kaReiss woMthetho woMgaqo-siseko kwiSikolo soMthetho kwiYunivesithi yaseNew York.

Amalungu aliqela eefemu zomthetho akhokelayo aphumelele izilingo ezintathu zomhlaza weRoundup ayasichasa isicwangciso sokulungiswa kwamanyathelo eklasi, esithi iya kuhlutha amalungelo abamangali ngeli xesha ityebisa amanye amagqwetha angazange abekho ngaphambili kwityala leRoundup.

Akucaci ukuba ukurhoxiswa kwesi sicwangciso sokulungiswa kwamanyathelo eklasi kunokuchaphazela njani ukuhlawulwa okukhulu kwamabango akhoyo. Bayer kwinyanga edlulileyo izakuhlawula ukuya kuthi ga kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi zeedola ukusombulula iipesenti ezingama-75 zamabango akhoyo ngoku kwaye iya kuqhubeka nokusebenza ukulungisa ezinye. Oko kuhlawulwa akufuneki kuvunywe yinkundla.

U-Bayer ukhuphe ingxelo ngolwe-Lwesithathu esithi uhlala "ezimisele kakhulu kwisisombululo esijongana nesimangalo sangoku ngendlela efanelekileyo kunye nesisombululo esisebenzayo sokulawula nokusombulula isimangalo esinokubakho kwixesha elizayo."

Julayi 6, 2020

Inkundla iyakhwankqisa isigqibo seBayer esicetywayo sokulungisa isenzo

Ijaji yomanyano ngoMvulo ibinamagama arhabaxa ngesicwangciso sikaBayer AG sokulibazisa amatyala omhlaza eRoundup anokubakho kunye nokuthintela uvavanyo lwejury, egxeka isindululo esingaqhelekanga esenziwe nguBayer kunye neqela elincinci lamagqwetha njengabangenakho ukungangqinelani nomgaqo-siseko.

“Inkundla iyathandabuza ukufaneleka nokulunga kwesi sindululo sicetywayo, kwaye inomdla wokungasamkeli isindululo,” ufunda umyalelo wokuqala owakhutshwa nguMgwebi uVince Chhabria weNkundla yeSithili sase-US yesithili saseMantla eCalifornia. Isikhundla sejaji sibonakala siyinto ebukhali kwiBayer nakwinzame zenkampani ukusombulula ilifa lesimangalo esixhonywe eMonsanto, eyathengwa yiBayer kwiminyaka emibini edlulileyo.

Abantu abangaphezu kwe-100,000 e-United States bathi ukubhengezwa kwi-Monsanto's glyphosate-based Roundup herbicides kubangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) kwaye ukuba iMonsanto kudala yazi malunga nokugubungela umngcipheko womhlaza.

Izilingo ezintathu zamajaji ziye zabanjwa kule minyaka mibini idlulileyo kwaye iMonsanto yaphulukana nazo zontathu iijuri zinikezela ngaphezulu kwe-2 yezigidigidi kumonakalo. Onke la matyala ngoku afakwe kwisibheno kwaye iBayer ibisenza amatile ukuthintela ukulingwa kwejaji elizayo.

Kwinyanga ephelileyo uBayer uthe wayenayo kufikelelwe kwizivumelwano ukusombulula uninzi lwamatyala afakiweyo ngoku kwaye ayila isicwangciso sokusingatha amatyala anokuthi afakwe kwixa elizayo. Ukujongana nesimangalo sangoku uBayer uthe uzakuhlawula ukuya kuthi ga kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi zeedola ukusombulula malunga neepesenti ezingama-75 zamabango akhoyo kwaye uya kuqhubeka nokusebenza ukulungisa ezinye.

Kwisicwangciso sokusingatha iimeko ezinokubakho zexesha elizayo, U-Bayer uthe bekusebenza neqela elincinci lamagqwetha amangileyo abaza kwenza ngaphezulu kwe-150 yezigidi zeerandi kwimali yokuvuma ukuvuma "ukuma" kweminyaka emine kumatyala okugcwalisa. Esi sicwangciso siza kusebenza kubantu abanokuthi bafunyaniswe kwikamva nge-NHL abakholelwa ukuba kungenxa yokuvezwa kweRoundup. Ngokuchasene nokuhlaliswa kweMonsanto yamatyala asalindelwe ngokuchasene nayo, ukuhlawulwa kwale nyathelo "lekamva" elitsha kufuna inkundla yamkelwe.

Ukongeza kulibaziseko lwezilingo ezingaphezulu, isivumelwano sifuna ukuba kusekwe amalungu "ezenzululwazi" amalungu amahlanu anokuthatha naziphi na iziphumo eziza kubakho kumabango omhlaza ezandleni zamajaji. Endaweni yoko, "iPhaneli yeNzululwazi yeeklasi" iya kumiselwa ukumisela ukuba ngaba iRoundup inokubangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kwaye ukuba kunjalo, kweliphi inqanaba lokuvezwa. I-Bayer iya kuthi inyule amalungu amabini kwiphaneli ezintlanu. Ukuba iphaneli igqibe ekubeni akukho nxu lumano phakathi kwe-Roundup kunye ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva koko amalungu eklasi aya kuthintelwa kwixesha elizayo.

Amalungu aliqela eefemu zomthetho akhokelayo aphumelele izilingo ezintathu zomhlaza weRoundup ayasichasa isicwangciso sokulungiswa kwamanyathelo eklasi, esithi iya kuhlutha amalungelo abamangali ngeli xesha ityebisa abambalwa bamagqwetha abangazange babephambili kwityala leRoundup.

Isicwangciso sifuna ukuvunywa nguJaji Chhabria, kodwa umyalelo okhutshwe ngoMvulo ubonakalisile ukuba akacwangcisi kunika imvume.

"Kwindawo apho isayensi inokuthi iguquke khona, kufanelekile njani ukuba utshixe
isigqibo seqela lezazinzulu kuwo onke amatyala exesha elizayo? ” ijaji ibuze ngolandelelwano lwayo.

Ijaji ithe izakubamba isimangalo ngoJulayi 24 ngesindululo sokuqala semvume yetyala. Wabhala wathi: “Ngenxa yokungaqiniseki kwale Nkundla, kungangqubana nomdla wakhe wonke umntu ukulibazisa ukumanyelwa kwetyala,” ubhale watsho.

Apha ngezantsi kukho isicatshulwa somyalelo wejaji:

Juni 26, 2020

Umceli mngeni ojolise kwisicwangciso sokwenza iklasi kwindawo yokuhlala yaseBayer Roundup

Isicwangciso sokulibazisa naliphi na ibango lomhlaza we-Roundup kangangeminyaka kwaye sitshintshe umbuzo ophambili wokuba ingaba umbulali wokhula ubangela umhlaza kwi-jury ukuya kwipaneli ekhethwe ngoososayensi ejongene nenkcaso evela kwamanye amagqwetha abamangali aqala kwaye akhokelela Ubunzima bobundlobongela obuchasene nomenzi we-Roundup uMonsanto, imithombo ekufutshane nesimangalo ithe.

Amalungu aliqela eefemu zomthetho akhokelayo aphumelele amatyala amathathu kwamathathu ebeka abaguli abanomhlaza ngokuchasene neMonsanto bacinga ngokucela umngeni kwimigqaliselo yesindululo "sezenzo zodidi" ekuxoxiswene ngaso phakathi komnini weMonsanto uBayer AG kunye neqela elincinci lamagqwetha angazange umphambili wetyala leRoundup, itsho imithombo.

Isindululo sokulungiswa kwamanyathelo eklasi yinto ye sUkulila i-10 yezigidigidi zeedola Ukuhlawulwa kwamatyala eRoundup eBayer kubhengeze nge-24 kaJuni.

Kuvavanyo ngalunye olugcinwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, iijaji zafumanisa ukuba ubunzima bobungqina benzululwazi bubonakalisile ukuba ukubonakaliswa kweRoundup kubangele ukuba abamangali baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) kwaye iMonsanto igubungele umngcipheko. Kodwa phantsi kwesindululo loo mbuzo uza kuya kumalungu amahlanu "kwipaneli yesayensi," hayi ijaji.

"Ngokusisiseko kuhlutha ummangali ilungelo labo lomgaqo-siseko lokuxoxwa kwetyala," utshilo omnye umthombo osondele kwisimangalo.

I pindawo yokuhlala eklasini unokufaka isicelo nakubani na ovezwe kwi-Roundup owayengazange afake isimangalo okanye agcine igqwetha ngoJuni 24, 2020, nokuba umntu sele efumene ukuba unomdlavuza na bakholelwa ukuba kungenxa yokuvezwa kweRoundup.

Isicwangciso sahlanganiswa yiBayer kunye neefemu zomthetho zikaLieff Cabraser Heimann & Bernstein; Uphicotho-zincwadi kunye namaqabane; Ifemi yoMthetho eDugan; kunye negqwetha uSamuel Issacharoff, uNjingalwazi kaReiss woMthetho woMgaqo-siseko kwiSikolo soMthetho kwiYunivesithi yaseNew York.

Isivumelwano kufikelelwe kuso emva konyaka omnye "weenzame ezingapheliyo" zothethathethwano, igqwetha u-Elizabeth Cabraser utshilo kwisibhengezo Kwinkundla exhasa ukuhlaliswa okucetywayo.

Inokubeka "ixesha lokuma" apho abamangali eklasini abanakho ukufaka isimangalo esitsha esimalunga neRoundup. Kwaye ifuna amalungu eklasi ukuba akhulule "nawaphi na amabango ngokuchasene neMonsanto ngenxa yomonakalo owohlwayayo kunye noqwalaselo lonyango olunxulumene nokuvezwa kweRoundup kunye ne-NHL."

Ngokuqaphelekayo, esi sicwangciso sichaza ukuba endaweni yokuqhubela phambili nolunye uvavanyo lwejaji, iqela lenzululwazi liza kuqala ukumiselwa ukumisela "impendulo eyiyo" "kumda wokubuza" wokuba ingaba ikhona na ikhonkco phakathi kweRoundup neNHL .

Isicwangciso ubiza iBayer ukuhlawula ukuya kuthi ga kwi-150 yezigidi zeedola kwimirhumo kunye neendleko zamagqwetha abandakanyekayo kunye "namabhaso abamele iinkonzo zodidi" ukuya kuthi ga kwi-25,000 yeedola kumntu ngamnye okanye kwi-100,000 yeedola.

Ngokubanzi, iBayer ithe izakubeka bucala i-1.25 yezigidigidi kulungiselelo. Imali yayiza kusetyenziselwa ukubuyekeza amalungu eklasi afunyaniswe ene-NHL "ngeziphumo zokulibaziseka" kwezimangalo, kunye nokuxhasa ngezimali uphando malunga nokufunyaniswa nokunyangwa kwe-NHL, phakathi kwezinye izinto.

Isindululo sokufuna imvume yokuqala yokuhlawulwa kweklasi safakwa ngolwesiThathu kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US ukuba iSithili saseMantla saseCalifornia siphathwe nguJaji Vince Chhabria. I-Chhabria iye yajonga amatyala amaninzi e-Roundup adityaniswe ndawonye njengezimangalo ezininzi. Ekwaluseni inani elikhulu lamatyala asele efayilisiwe, uChhabria wajongana nolunye lovavanyo lweRoundup, kunye nento eyaziwayo njengendlebe ethi "Daubert", apho weva khona iintsuku zobungqina besayensi kuwo omabini amacala emva koko wagqiba kwelokuba zanele ezenzululwazi. ubungqina bokubangela ukuba isimangalo siqhubeke.

Isindululo sokuhlaliswa kwabantu eklasini kwaxoxwa ngaso ngokwahlukeneyo kwesahlulo esiphambili esenziwe neenkampani zomthetho ezikhokelayo.

Kwi eyona ndawo yokuhlala, U-Bayer uvumile ukubonelela nge- $ 8.8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi zeedola ukusombulula malunga neepesenti ezingama-75 zama-125,000 ezifakiweyo kunye nezingagcwaliswanga ezibangelwe ngabamangali abasola ukubhengezwa kwi-Roundup kaMonsanto kuphuhliso lwabo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Amagqwetha abamele ngaphezulu kwama-20,000 XNUMX abamangali bathi abavumelananga ukuhlala neBayer kwaye loo matyala kulindeleke ukuba aqhubeke nokusebenza ngendlela yenkqubo yenkundla.

Nangona iMonsanto yaphulukana nesinye sezi zilingo zintathu zabanjwa ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, iBayer igcina izigqibo zejaji zinempazamo kwaye zisekwe kwiimvakalelo kwaye hayi kwisayensi elungileyo.

Ukukhethwa kwePaneli yeSayensi

U-Bayer kunye namagqwetha eklasi ecetywayo bazakusebenza kunye ukukhetha oososayensi abahlanu ukuba bahlale kwiphaneli engathathi cala, ezimeleyo, ngokwesicwangciso. Ukuba abanakho ukuvumelana ngokwenziwa kwepaneli icala ngalinye liya kukhetha amalungu amabini kwaye loo malungu mane aya kukhetha elesihlanu.

Akukho sazinzulu esisebenze njengengcali kumdibaniso we-Roundup litigation of federal oya kuvunyelwa ukuba abe kwiqela lenjongo. Ngokukodwa, akukho namnye "othe wanxibelelana nayo nayiphi ingcali" kwisimangalo malunga nomxholo.

Iphaneli iya kuba neminyaka emine yokuphonononga ubungqina besayensi kodwa inokufaka isicelo sokongezwa kwexesha ukuba kukho imfuneko. Ukuzimisela kuya kubopha macala omabini, esi sicwangciso sitsho. Ukuba iphaneli igqiba ekubeni kukho unxibelelwano olunokubangela phakathi kwe-Roundup kunye ne-NHL, abamangali bangaqhubeka ukuya kufuna izilingo zamabango abo.

"Ulwazi lunamandla kwaye oku kuhlaliswa kuxhobisa amalungu eklasi ukuba abambe iMonsanto ukuba baphendule ngokwenzakala kwabo ukuba kwaye xa iSigqeba seNzululwazi sigqiba ukuba imeko iyoneliseka," sitsho esi sicwangciso.

Ukugcwaliswa kwenkundla yomdibaniso kucela ukuvunywa kwetyala lokuqala kwintsuku ezingama-30.

Juni 24, 2020

I-Bayer ibeka i-US Roundup, i-dicamba kunye ne-PCB yezimangalo ngaphezulu kwe- $ 10 yezigidigidi

Kucoceko olubizayo lweMonsanto yezimangalo, u-Bayer AG uthe ngolwesiThathu uya kuhlawula ngaphezulu kwe- $ 10 yezigidigidi ukulungisa amashumi amawaka amabango e-US aziswe ngokuchasene neMonsanto ngenxa ye-Roundup herbicide, kunye ne- $ 400 yezigidi ukusombulula amatyala ngaphezulu kweMonsanto I-dicamba herbicide kunye ne- $ 650 yezigidi ze-PCB zamabango ongcoliseko.

Izigqibo kuza kwiminyaka emibini emva kokuba iBayer ithenge iMonsanto nge $ 63 yezigidigidi kwaye phantse kwangoko yabona amaxabiso ezabelo ehla ngenxa yetyala leRoundup.

U-Bayer ubhengeze ukuba uza kuhlawula i-10.1 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-10.9 yezigidigidi zeedola ukusombulula iipesenti ezingama-75 zamabango ngabantu abaqikelelwa kwi-125,000 abathi batyholwa ngababulali bokhula baseMonsanto's Roundup kubangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Esi sivumelwano sibandakanya abamangali abagcinayo amagqwetha ngenjongo yokufaka isimangalo kodwa amatyala abo engekafakwa, utshilo uBayer. Ngaphakathi kuloo mali iyonke, ukuhlawulwa kwe- $ 8.8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-9.6 yezigidigidi kuya kusombulula isimangalo sangoku kwaye i-1.25 yezigidigidi ibekelwe bucala ukuxhasa isimangalo esinokubakho kwixesha elizayo, utshilo inkampani.

Abamangali ababandakanyiwe ekuhlawuleni abo batyikitywa kunye neefemu zomthetho ebezikhokele i-Roundup federal multi-district litigation (MDL) kwaye zibandakanya iMiller Firm yaseVirginia, Baum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman inkampani yaseLos Angeles kunye neAndrus Wagstaff firm waseDenver, eColorado.

"Emva kweminyaka yokulwa nzima kunye nonyaka wokulamla okunzulu ndiyavuya ukubona abaxumi bethu ngoku beza kubuyekezwa," utshilo uMike Miller, wefemu yezomthetho yaseMiller.

Inkampani yakwaMiller kunye neBaum Hedlund basebenze kunye ukuphumelela ityala lokuqala lokuya enkundleni, elalimi wase-California uDewayne “Lee” Johnson. U-Andrus Wagstaff uphumelele ityala lesibini kwaye iMiller Firm yaphumelela ityala lesithathu lokuya enkundleni. Lilonke, la matyala mathathu akhokelela kwizigwebo ze-jury ezingaphezulu kwe- $ 2.3 yezigidigidi, nangona iijaji zetyala kwityala ngalinye zathoba izigwebo.

Amajaji kuzo zontathu izilingo afumanisa ukuba i-Monsanto's glyphosate herbicides, enje ngeRoundup, yabangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye iMonsanto yagubungela umngcipheko kwaye yahluleka ukulumkisa abasebenzisi.

Isigwebo ngasinye kwezi zithathu sihamba kwinkqubo yokubhena ngoku kwaye uBayer uthe abamangali kula matyala abafakwanga kulungiso.

U-Bayer uthe amabango e-Roundup exesha elizayo aya kuba yinxalenye yesivumelwano seklasi ngokuxhomekeke ekuvunyweni nguJaji Vince Chhabria weNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla saseCalifornia, oyalele inkqubo yolamlo yonyaka wonke ekhokelele kulungiso.

Isivumelwano siza kuthatha nakuphi na ukufunyanwa kwexesha elizayo kumabango omhlaza ezandleni zamajaji, utshilo uBayer. Endaweni yoko, kuya kubakho ukuyilwa kwe "Class Science Panel" ezimeleyo. IPhaneli yeNzululwazi yeklasi iya kugqiba ukuba ngaba i-Roundup inokubangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kwaye ukuba kunjalo, ngawaphi amanqanaba asezantsi okuvezwa. Bobabini abamangali kwizenzo zeklasi kunye neBayer baya kubotshelelwa kukuzimisela kweCandelo lezeNzululwazi. Ukuba iPhaneli yeNzululwazi yeklasi igqiba ukuba akukho nxu lumano phakathi kwe-Roundup kunye ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva koko amalungu eklasi aya kuthintelwa ekubangeleni ngenye indlela nakweyiphi na imbambano nxamnye neBayer.

U-Bayer uthe ukuzimisela kweClass Science Panel kulindeleke ukuba kuthathe iminyaka eliqela kwaye amalungu eklasi awayi kuvunyelwa ukuba aqhubeke namabango e-Roundup ngaphambi kokuzimisela. Kananjalo abanakho ukufuna ukohlwaywa, utshilo uBayer.

"Izivumelwano zeRoundup ™ ziyilelwe njengesisombululo esakhayo nesifanelekileyo kwisimangalo esingaqhelekanga, utshilo uKenneth R. Feinberg, umlamli owonyulwe yinkundla kwezi ntetho zokuhlala.

Nangona babhengeza ukuhlala, amagosa aseBayer aqhubeka nokukhanyela i-Monsanto's glyphosate herbicides ebangela umhlaza.

"Inzululwazi enkulu ibonisa ukuba iRoundup ayibangeli mhlaza, kwaye ke, ayinaxanduva lezigulo ekutyholwa ngazo," utshilo umphathi weBayer uWerner Baumann kwingxelo.

Isivumelwano seDicamba

U-Bayer ukwabhengeze isivumelwano se-tort tortoge, esichaphazela amabango amafama asebenzisa i-dicamba herbicides ephuhliswe yi-Monsanto kunye ne-BASF ukuba itshizwe kwizityalo ezinganyamezelekiyo ze-dicamba eziphuhliswe yi-Monsanto zibangele ukulahleka kwesityalo nokwenzakala.

Kwilingo elingasekuqaleni konyaka, iMonsanto kwathiwa makahlawule I-265 yezigidi zeedola kumlimi wepesika waseMissouri ngomonakalo we-dicamba drift kwigadi yakhe yeziqhamo.

Ngaphezu kwe-100 amanye amafama enze amabango afanayo asemthethweni. U-Bayer uthe uzakuhlawula ukuya kuthi ga kwi-400 yezigidi zeedola ukusombulula isimangalo se-dicamba esimi kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwi-Mpuma yeSithili sase-Missouri, kunye namabango eminyaka yezityalo ka-2015-2020. Abenzi bamabango baya kucelwa ukuba babonelele ubungqina bomonakalo kwizivuno zezityalo kunye nobungqina bokuba bekudalwe yicicamba ukuze kuqokelelwe. Inkampani ilindele igalelo kulowo ubambisene naye, i-BASF, kule ndawo yokuhlala.

Indawo yokuhlala iza kubonelela "ngezixhobo ezifuneka kakhulu kumafama" athe afumana ilahleko yezityalo ngenxa yokubaleka kwemichiza yokubulala iintsholongwane, utshilo igqwetha uJoseph Peiffer wenkampani yamagqwetha yasePeiffer Wolf, emele amafama amabango e-dicamba.

"Ukuhlala kubhengezwe namhlanje linyathelo elibalulekileyo lokwenza izinto zilunge kumafama afuna nje ukwazi ukubeka ukutya etafileni yaseMelika kunye nehlabathi," utshilo uPeiffer.

Kwangoko kulenyanga a Inkundla yomanyano igwebe ukuba i-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo yaphule umthetho xa isamkela i-dicamba herbicides eyenziwe nguMonsanto, BASF kunye neCorteva Agriscience. Inkundla ifumanise ukuba i-EPA ayihoyanga umngcipheko womonakalo wedicamba.

Indawo yokuhlala yongcoliseko lwePCB 

I-Bayer ikwabhengeze uthotho lwezivumelwano ezisombulula amatyala enkampani athi zimele ukubhencwa kwabo kumatyala abandakanya ukungcoliswa kwamanzi yi-PCBs, eyathi yenziwa yiMonsanto kwada kwangowe-1977. IiPCB. U-Bayer uthe uza kuhlawula i-650 yezigidi zeerandi kwiklasi, eya kuthi ixhomekeke kwinkundla.

Ukongeza, uBayer uthe ungene kwizivumelwano ezahlukileyo neeGqwetha Jikelele laseNew Mexico, Washington, kunye neSithili seColumbia ukusombulula amabango e-PCB. Kule mvumelwano, eyahluliweyo eklasini, iBayer iya kwenza intlawulo ngokupheleleyo malunga ne- $ 170 yezigidi.

U-Bayer uthe ukuphuma kwemali okuza kubakho akuyi kudlula i-5 yezigidigidi zeedola ngo-2020 kunye ne-5 yeebhiliyoni zeerandi ngo-2021 ngemali eseleyo eza kuhlawulwa ngo-2022 okanye kamva.

Juni 22, 2020

Igqwetha lomhlaza i-Roundup liyalivuma ityala lokuzama ukuphanga

Igqwetha laseVirginia elalinceda ukumela ummangali wokuqala womhlaza we-Roundup ukuba athathe ityala likaMonsanto alivume ityala ngolwe-Sihlanu ukuzama ukuthoba i-200 yezigidi zeedola kumthengisi wemichiza eya eMonsanto.

UTimothy Litzenburg, 38, wavuma kwisikimu apho yena nelinye igqwetha babesoyikisa ngokulimaza imali kunye nodumo kumthengisi ngaphandle kokuba inkampani ihlawule amagqwetha amabini ezigidi zeedola ezifihliwe "njengesivumelwano sokubonisana."

Ngokutsho kwiSebe lezoBulungisa lase-US, U-Litzenburg uxelele inkampani ukuba xa behlawule le mali, wayekulungele "ukuthatha indawo" ngexesha lokufaka imali, ngenjongo yokujongela phantsi amatyala abamangali bexesha elizayo ukuzama ukumangalela.

I-Litzenburg yahlawuliswa ngenani elinye lokuzama ukuphanga, iyelenqe kunye nokuhanjiswa konxibelelwano lwangaphakathi ngenjongo yokuphanga. Yena wavuma ityala kwinani elinye lokudlulisa unxibelelwano lwangaphakathi ngenjongo yokuphanga.

Igqwetha uDaniel Kincheloe, 41, wavuma ityala Kwityala elifanayo lokuthatha inxaxheba kule nkqubo. Amadoda acwangciselwe ukugwetywa nge-18 kaSeptemba kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwi-Western District yaseVirginia.

"Le yimeko apho amagqwetha amabini aphephela ngaphaya komgaqo wobundlobongela kwaye awelele ngaphakathi kummandla wokuphanga ngokungekho mthethweni, kwilinge elingenalusini lokuzityebisa ngokufumana izigidi zeedola kwinkampani yamazwe aphesheya," uMncedisi weGqwetha Jikelele uBrian A. UBenczkowski uthe kwingxelo. Uthe esi sicelo sibonisa ukuba "xa ulwaphulo-mthetho lwenziwe, amalungu e-bar, njengabo bonke abantu, bazakubekwa ityala ngezenzo zabo."

ILitzenburg yenye yegqwetha likaDewayne “Lee” Johnson elakhokelela kwityala likaJohnson ngo-2018 nxamnye neMonsanto, nto leyo eyakhokelela ekubeni $ 289 yezigidi zeerandi ngokuthanda kukaJohnson. (Ijaji kwelo tyala yasithoba isigwebo kwaye eli tyala ngoku liphantsi kwesibheno.)

Ityala lolokuqala kwezintathu ezenzekileyo ngokuchasene neMonsanto ngenxa yezityholo zokuba i-glyphosate-based herbicides efana neRoundup ibanga i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. IMonsanto, kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG, baphulukene nazo zontathu izilingo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kodwa babhengeza isigwebo.

Nangona i-Litzenburg yayincede ukulungiselela uJohnson ukuba axoxwe, akazange avunyelwe ukuthatha inxaxheba ngexesha lomcimbi ngenxa yokukhathazeka ngokuziphatha kwakhe okwakubanjwe yi-Miller Firm, eyayingumqeshi wakhe ngelo xesha.

Ifemi yeMiller emva koko wagxothwa ILitzenburg kwaye wafaka isimangalo ekuqaleni kuka-2019 etyhola uLitzenburg ngokuzibandakanya, kunye "nokunganyaniseki nokungaziphathi kakuhle." ILitzenburg iphendule ngo counter-ibango. Amaqela athethathethane ngesivumelwano esiyimfihlo.

Isikhalazo solwaphulo-mthetho esichasene neLitzenburg asiyichazanga inkampani i-Litzenburg ukuba izame ukuxhaphaza, kodwa wathi waqhagamshelana nenkampani ngoSeptemba ka-2019 unyaka esithi ulungiselela ityala eliza kuthi inkampani ibonelele ngezixhobo zemichiza ezisetyenziswe nguMonsanto ukwenza iRoundup kwaye Inkampani ibisazi ukuba izithako zibangele i-carcinogenic kodwa yehlulekile ukulumkisa uluntu.

Ngokwentlawulo yomdibaniso, u-Litzenburg uxelele igqwetha lale nkampani ukuba ibizama ukuqhatha ukuba inkampani kufuneka ingene "kulungiselelo lokubonisana" kunye naye ukuze yakhe ukungqubana komdla okuya kumthintela ekufakeni isimangalo esisongelwayo.

U-Litzenburg wabhala nge-imeyile ukuba i-200 yezigidi zeedola zesivumelwano sakhe kunye nomlingane "lixabiso elifanelekileyo," ngokwesikhalazo solwaphulo-mthetho.

Abaphandi baseburhulumenteni babhala umnxeba kunye neLitzenburg bexoxa nge-200 yezigidi zeedola awayezifuna, sitsho isikhalazo. ILitzenburg kuthiwa yarekhodwa isithi: “Indlela endicinga ukuba niyakucinga ngayo kwaye besicinga ngayo kukonga icala lenu. Andiqondi ukuba le nto ifayilishwe kwaye ijike ibe yintsokolo enkulu, nokuba niyaphumelela amatyala kwaye niqhubele phambili ixabiso… andicingi ukuba ikhona indlela eninokuphuma ngayo ngaphantsi kweebhiliyoni zeerandi. Kwaye, niyazi, kum, eh, eli lixabiso lokuthengisa umlilo ekufuneka nilithathele ingqalelo… ”

ILitzenburg ibanga ukuba imele abathengi abamalunga ne-1,000 abamangalela uMonsanto malunga nezityholo zomhlaza we-Roundup ngexesha lokubanjwa kwakhe kunyaka ophelileyo.

Juni 17, 2020

Amaqela ama-Big Ag athi inkundla ayinakuxelela i-EPA ukuba iyayivala nini i-dicamba

Esona sigebenga sikhulu sika-Big Ag sixelele inkundla yomanyano ukuba mayingazami ukuyekisa amafama omqhaphu e-GMO kunye nabalimi beembotyi zesoya ekusebenziseni ababulali bokhula lwe-dicamba ngokungekho mthethweni ukuphela kukaJulayi, ngaphandle komyalelo wenkundla ekuqaleni kwale nyanga wokuvalwa kwangoko.

Imibutho yesithandathu yezorhwebo yesizwe, yonke inamaqhina emali emide eMonsanto kunye nezinye iinkampani ezithengisa iimveliso ze-dicamba ekubhekiswa kuzo, zifake isikhalazo ngolwe-Lwesithathu kwiNkundla yezibheno yase-US kwiSekethe yesithoba icela inkundla ukuba ingazami ukuphazamisa. ngesibhengezo se-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (EPA) sokuba amafama angaqhubeka nokusebenzisa iimveliso ze-dicamba nge-31 kaJulayi.

Baye bacela inkundla ukuba ingayibambi indelelo i-EPA njengoko kuceliwe ngamaqela aphumelele Nge-3 kaJuni umyalelo wenkundla ukukhupha isibhengezo.

"Abalimi beembotyi zesoya kunye nabomqhaphu baseMelika bangabeka emngciphekweni omkhulu xa bengathintelwa ekusebenziseni iiMveliso zeDicamba ngeli xesha lokukhula," itshilo ingxelo emfutshane efayilishwe yiAmerican Farm Bureau Federation, American Soybean Association, National Cotton Council of America, National Association of Wheat Growers, National Umbutho wabaLimi boMbona, kunye nabavelisi beSorghum baSizwe.

Ngokwahlukeneyo, i-CropLife America, i-lobbyist enefuthe kwishishini lezolimo, wafaka ingxelo emfutshane  isithi ifuna ukunika "Iinkcukacha eziLuncedo kwiNkundla." UCropLife uxele kwifayile ukuba inkundla ayinalo igunya malunga nendlela i-EPA eqhubeka ngayo ukurhoxisa ukusetyenziswa kweemveliso zokubulala izitshabalalisi ezifana nababulali bokhula lwe-dicamba.

Iintshukumo kodwa zezakutshanje kumnyhadala omangalisayo weziganeko ezilandele isigwebo seSithoba seSekethe, efumanise ukuba i-EPA yaphule umthetho xa ivuma iimveliso zedicamba eziphuhliswe yiMonsanto - ephethwe yiBayer AG, kunye neemveliso ezithengiswa yiBASF, kunye UDuPont, ophethwe nguCorteva Inc.

Inkundla iyalele ukuvalwa kwangoko kokusetyenziswa kwemveliso nganye yeenkampani, ifumanisa ukuba i-EPA "ibubeka esichengeni kakhulu ubungozi" beemveliso eziya kumafama alima ezinye izityalo ngaphandle komqhaphu kunye ne-soy.

I-EPA ibonakala ngathi iyayilahla iodolo, nangona kunjalo, xa uxelele abalimi bekotoni kunye ne soy Banokuqhubeka nokutshiza iyeza lokubulala ukhula elichaphazelekayo ngoJulayi 31.

IZiko loKhuseleko loKutya (i-CFS) kunye namanye amaqela athe athatha i-EPA enkundleni malunga nalo mbandela abuyela kwinkundla kwiveki ephelileyo, efuna ukuba isekethe ye-9 bamba i-EPA ngendelelo. Inkundla ngoku ithathela ingqalelo eso siphakamiso.

"I-EPA kunye neenkampani zezibulali zinambuzane zizamile ukudida umba kwaye zizama ukoyikisa iNkundla," utshilo uGeorge Kimbrell, umlawuli wezomthetho weCFS kunye nommeli wabakhalazi. "Inkundla ibambe ukuba imveliso isebenzisa ukungekho mthethweni kwaye ubuqhetseba be-EPA abunakukutshintsha oko."

Umyalelo wokuthintela iimveliso ze-dicamba zenkampani ubangele isiphithiphithi kwilizwe lasefama kuba abalimi abaninzi beembotyi zesoya kunye nomqhaphu batyale izigidi zeehektare zezityalo ezinyamezelayo zemfuza ezenziwa nguMonsanto ngenjongo yokunyanga ukhula kulawo masimi ngamayeza okubulala ukhula e-dicamba enziwe iinkampani ezintathu. Izityalo ziyayinyamezela i-dicamba ngelixa ukhula lusifa.

Amaqela okuphembelela amafama athi kwisishwankathelo sabo ukuba izigidi ezingama-64 zeehektare zatyalwa ngembewu eyonyamezelayo dicamba ngeli xesha lonyaka. Bathe ukuba abo balimi abanakho ukutshiza amasimi abo ngeemveliso ze-dicamba baya kuba "bengazikhuselanga kukhula olumelana neminye imichiza yokubulala ukhula, ebangela
ezinokubakho iziphumo ezinokubakho kwimali ngenxa yelahleko yemveliso. ”

Xa iMonsanto, i-BASF kunye ne-DuPont / Corteva bakhupha i-dicamba herbicides kwiminyaka embalwa edlulileyo babanga ukuba iimveliso azizukuhamba zize ziye kumhlaba oselumelwaneni njengoko iinguqulelo ezindala zemveliso yokubulala ukhula lwe-dicamba zaziwa ukuba ziyazenza. Kodwa ezo ziqinisekiso zibonakalise zibubuxoki phakathi kwezikhalazo ezixhaphakileyo zomonakalo we-dicamba drift.

Ngaphezulu kwesigidi esinye seehektare zezityalo ezingezonjineli zemfuza ukunyamezela i-dicamba kwathiwa zonakalisiwe kunyaka ophelileyo kwi-18, inkundla yomanyano yathi kwisigqibo sayo.

“Injongo ye-EPA kukukhusela impilo yoluntu kunye nokusingqongileyo…” utshilo uMongameli webhodi yeSizwe yoMbutho weFama yeeFama uJim Goodman. "Ukuwudelela kwabo lo msebenzi bekungachazeki ngokucacileyo kunokungasihoyi kwabo isigwebo seNkundla yesithoba yeSibheno seZibheno sokumisa izicelo eziphezulu ze-dicamba ngokukhawuleza ukuthintela izigidi zeehektare zezityalo zamafama ukuba zingatshatyalaliswa."

NgoFebruwari, a Ijaji yaseMissouri iyalele I-Bayer kunye ne-BASF ukuhlawula umfama wepesika i-15 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo wembuyekezo kunye ne-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayayo womonakalo we-dicamba kwizitiya zomlimi. Ijaji yagqiba ukuba iMonsanto kunye ne-BASF baceba ukwenza izinto ababesazi ukuba ziya kukhokelela ekonakaleni kwezityalo kuba babelindele ukuba iyonyusa inzuzo yabo

Juni 15, 2020

Iingxilimbela zamachiza ezothusayo zifuna indlela yokuvalwa kwenkundla ngababulali babo bokhula

Bacaphula “imeko yongxamiseko,” izigebenga zemichiza i-BASF kunye ne-DuPont bacele inkundla yomanyano ukuba ibavumele ukuba bangenelele kwimeko apho inkundla ekuqaleni kwale nyanga yayalela ukuba i-dicamba herbicides ivalwe kwangoko kunye nemveliso ye-dicamba eyenziwe ngumnini-Monsanto uBayer AG .

Intshukumo yeenkampani zemichiza ilandela a Isigwebo se-3 kaJuni yiNkundla yezibheno yase-US kwiSekethe yesithoba eyathi i-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) yaphule umthetho xa ivuma iimveliso ze-dicamba eziphuhliswe nguMonsanto / Bayer, BASF kunye neDuPont, ephethwe yiCorteva Inc.

Inkundla iyalele ukuvalwa kwangoko kokusetyenziswa kwemveliso nganye yenkampani ye-dicamba, ifumanisa ukuba i-EPA "ibubeka ecaleni ubungozi" bemithi yokubulala ukhula kwaye "isilele ngokupheleleyo ukwamkela eminye imingcipheko."

I-EPA ukutyeshela loo myalelo, Nangona kunjalo, ukuxelela abalimi ukuba bangaqhubeka nokutshiza ngemichiza yokubulala ukhula ekuthethwa ngayo ukuphela kukaJulayi.

Umanyano lwamaqela asefama kunye nabathengi abathi ekuqaleni bafaka ityala ngokuchasene ne-EPA babuyele enkundleni kwiveki ephelileyo, ukucela umyalelo ongxamisekileyo ibambe i-EPA ngendelelo. Inkundla inike i-EPA kude kube sekupheleni kosuku Lwesibini, nge-16 kaJuni, ukuba iphendule.

Uqhushululu kwiLizwe laseFama

Umyalelo wokuthintela iimveliso ze-dicamba zeenkampani ubangele isiphithiphithi kwilizwe lasefama kuba abalimi abaninzi beembotyi zesoya kunye nomqhaphu batyale izigidi zeehektare zezityalo ezinyamezelayo ze-dicamba eziphuhliswe nguMonsanto ngenjongo yokunyanga ukhula kula masimi ngemithi ye-dicamba eyenziwe zezi zintathu. iinkampani.

"Inkqubo yesityalo se-dicamba" ibonelela amafama ukuba atyale amasimi abo ngezityalo ezinganyamezeliyo i-dicamba, abanokuthi emva koko batshize "ngaphezulu-phezulu" ngombulali we-dicamba. Inkqubo ityebise iinkampani ezithengisa imbewu kunye neekhemikhali kwaye yanceda amafama ukuba akhule umqhaphu okhethekileyo wokunyamezela i-dicamba kunye ne-soy malunga nokhula olunenkani olunganyangekiyo kwimveliso ye-Roundup esekwe kwi-glyphosate.

Kodwa kwinani elikhulu lamafama angazityali izityalo ezinyamezelayo zemfuza, ukusetyenziswa gabalala kwe-dicamba herbicides kuye kwathetha ukonakala kunye nelahleko yezityalo kuba i-dicamba ithambekele ekunyukeni nasekuhambeni kude apho inokubulala izityalo, imithi kunye namatyholo ayitshintshiswanga ngokwemfuza ukumelana nemichiza.

Iinkampani zibanga ukuba iinguqulelo zabo ezintsha ze-dicamba azizukuhamba kwaye zibaleke njengoko iinguqulelo ezindala zemveliso yokubulala ukhula lwe-dicamba zaziwa ukuba ziyazenza. Kodwa ezo ziqinisekiso zibonakalise zibubuxoki phakathi kwezikhalazo ezixhaphakileyo zomonakalo we-dicamba drift. Ngaphezulu kwesigidi esinye seehektare zomonakalo wezityalo waxelwa kunyaka ophelileyo kwi-18 ithi, inkundla yomanyano yaphawula kwisigqibo sayo.

Amafama amaninzi ekuqaleni abhiyozela isigwebo senkundla kwaye bakhululeka ekubeni iifama zabo kunye neigadi zabo zingasindiswa kweli hlobo kumonakalo we-dicamba abaye bahlangabezana nawo ehlotyeni elingaphambili. Kodwa uncedo lwaluhlala ixesha elifutshane xa i-EPA isithi ayizukunyanzela kwangoko ukuthintelwa kwenkundla.

Kwifayile eyenziwe ngolwesiHlanu, I-BASF iyicenge inkundla ukunganyanzelisi ukuvalwa kwangoko kwaye uxelele inkundla ukuba iyakudinga ukuvala indawo yokuvelisa eBeaumont, eTexas, okwangoku "esebenza iiyure ezingama-24 ngosuku phantse ngokuqhubekayo unyaka wonke" ukuba ayikwazi ukuvelisa uphawu lwayo lwe-dicamba olubizwa ngokuba Engenia. I-BASF ichithe i-370 yezigidi zeedola kule minyaka idlulileyo ukuphucula isityalo kwaye iqeshe abantu abayi-170 apho, utshilo inkampani.

Iphawula "utyalo-mali olubalulekileyo" kwimveliso yayo, i-BASF ikwatshele nenkundla ukuba yanele imveliso yayo okwangoku kuyo yonke "ijelo labathengi" lokunyanga ii-26.7 zezigidi zeehektare zesoya kunye nomqhaphu. I-BASF inezigidi ezongezelelekileyo ze- $ 44 yezigidi zeemveliso ze-Engenia dicamba, eyaneleyo yokunyanga ii-6.6 yezigidi zeehektare zesoya kunye nomqhaphu, utshilo inkampani.

UDuPont / uCorteva wenze impikiswano efanayo, ukuxelela inkundla ekufayeleni kwayo ukuba ukuvalwa "kuyonakalisa ngokuthe ngqo" inkampani "kunye nabalimi abaninzi kulo lonke eli lizwe eliphakathi kwexesha lokukhula." Iya konakalisa "igama" lenkampani ukuba ukubulala iyeza kuvaliwe, inkampani ixelele inkundla.

Ngaphaya koko, iDuPont / Corteva ilindele ukuvelisa "ingeniso ebalulekileyo" kwintengiso ye-dicamba herbicide, ebizwa ngokuba yiFeXapan kwaye iyakuphulukana naloo mali ukuba ukuvalwa kuyanyanzeliswa, utshilo inkampani.

IMonsanto yayisebenza kwimeko exhasa ukuvunywa kwe-EPA ngaphambi kwesigwebo, kodwa bobabini i-BASF kunye neDuPont baqinisekisa ngokungachanekanga ukuba ityala lenkundla lisebenza kuphela kwiimveliso zikaMonsanto hayi ezabo. Inkundla ikucacisile, nangona kunjalo, ukuba i-EPA yamkele ngokungekho mthethweni iimveliso ezenziwe zezi nkampani zontathu.

Ikhokelwe liZiko loKhuseleko loKutya, uxwebhu lwezikhalazo ngokuchasene ne-EPA lwaziswa ngumbutho weSizwe weFama yoMbutho, iZiko lokwahluka kweBioloji, kunye neNethiwekhi yokuSebenza kweZinambuzane eMntla Melika.

Xa ibuza inkundla ukuba ifumane i-EPA ngokudelela, iqumrhu liye lalumkisa ngomonakalo wezityalo oza kubakho ukuba iimveliso ze-dicamba azithintelwa kwangoko.

"I-EPA ayinakubaleka ngokuvumela ukutshizwa kwe-16 yezigidi zeepawundi ze-dicamba kunye nomonakalo kwizigidi zeehektare, kunye nomngcipheko obonakalayo kumakhulu ezilwanyana ezisengozini," latsho iqumrhu. Enye into isemngciphekweni nayo: umthetho. Inkundla kufuneka ithathe amanyathelo ukuthintela ukungabikho kobulungisa kwaye ixhase ukuthembeka kwenkqubo yokugweba. Kwaye unikwe ngokucacileyo
Ukungahoyi i-EPA ebonakalisile kwisigqibo seNkundla, abafaki-zikhalazo bacela iNkundla ukuba i-EPA iyidelele.

Juni 11, 2020

Abamangaleli bomhlaza we-Roundup balindele ngolangazelelo iindaba zokuhlala

Amawaka ezigulana ezinomhlaza kunye neentsapho zawo ezijikeleze iUnited States zazisiwe kule veki ukuba kufuneka kubhengezwe ukugqitywa kwamabango abo ngokuchasene ne-Monsanto Co yangaphambili ngaphambi kokuphela kwenyanga.

Nangona izixa ezithile zokuhlawulwa kwabamangali ziseza kugqitywa, amaqela abamangali axelelwe ukuba alindele iinkcukacha zesivumelwano sezemali esiza kubhengezwa esidlangalaleni phambi komhla wokugqibela kaJuni omiselwe ukugqibezela uthethathethwano lonyaka. Zonke izityholo bakhulisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva kokubhencwa kwi-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides, enje ngeRoundup. Baye batyhola ngelithi inkampani iyabazi ubungqina besayensi obubonisa umngcipheko womhlaza onxulunyaniswa neemveliso zayo, kodwa isebenze ukucinezela ulwazi ukukhusela inzuzo yayo.

Amagqwetha omnini weMonsanto uBayer AG kunye namagqwetha amele ngaphezulu kwama-50,000 XNUMX abamangali abebebandakanyeka kwiingxoxo, ukuqala-nokuyekisa iingxoxo malunga nokuhlala iinyanga ezininzi, kuphazamisa iintsapho ezisokolayo ngokwezezimali nangokweemvakalelo ngenxa yomlo wokulwa nomhlaza.

Uninzi lwabamangali luphulukene nemisebenzi kunye namakhaya njengoko ejongene nonyango lomhlaza olubizayo kwaye abanye babhubhile ngelixa belinde ukuba amatyala abo asonjululwe, iirekhodi zenkundla zibonisa. Isaziso se ukufa komnye ummangali onjalo Yenziwe kwinkundla yomanyano eSan Francisco ngoJuni 1.

Uninzi lweefemu zomthetho ezikhokelayo ezinee-caseloads ezinkulu zivumile kwimvumelwano yesivumelwano esifuna ukuba i-8 yezigidigidi- $ 10 yezigidigidi ihlawulwe yi-Bayer endaweni yesivumelwano sokuba ezo mveliso azizukufaka amabango amatsha omhlaza ngokuchasene nenkampani, ngokwe imithombo ekufutshane nesimangalo.

Inani lemali lommangali ngamnye alifumanayo liya kuxhomekeka kwizinto ezininzi. Iindawo zokuhlala kulindeleke ukuba zakhiwe ngoko ke azizukuhlawulwa rhafu kubamangali.

Ezinye iinkampani zomthetho ezinabamangali baseRoundup kusafuneka zigqibe isivumelwano, kwaye iintlanganiso zetyala zazisaqhubeka kwiveki ephelileyo, kubandakanya ne-Louisiana-based firm of Pendley, Baudin & Coffin, ngokutsho kwemithombo ekufutshane nesimangalo.

Isithethi seBayer uChris Loder akasayi kuqinisekisa ixesha okanye imiqathango yaso nasiphi na isibhengezo, esithi kuphela yinkampani esele ihambile kuthethathethwano kodwa "ngekhe icinge malunga neziphumo zokuhlala okanye ixesha."

Uthe nasiphi na isisombululo kufuneka sibe "sengqiqweni ngokwezezimali" kwaye sinikeze "inkqubo yokusombulula isimangalo esinokubakho kwixesha elizayo."

I-Bayer, eyathenga iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018, ibizama ukuphelisa isimangalo esikhulu esiye saqhuba isitokhwe senkampani, sikhuthaza ukungazinzi kwabatyali mali, kwaye sivelise indlela yokuziphatha ethandabuzekayo eluntwini. Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zakhokelela kwilahleko ezintathu zeMonsanto kunye neembasa zamajuri ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi, nangona abagwebi bamatyala kamva banciphisa kabukhali amabhaso. IMonsanto ibhenele kwilahleko nganye kwezintathu kwaye ngoku ilindele isigqibo sesibheno kwityala lokuqala- UJohnson v. Monsanto - emva kwe Juni 2 ingxoxo yomlomo. 

Ngaphandle kweentetho zokuhlawula, iinkqubo zenkundla bezisaqhubeka kumatyala amaninzi. Kutshintshiswé amatyala asandula ukuhanjiswa esuka kwiinkundla zikarhulumente zaya kumanyano lwamacala amaninzi e-Roundup kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla saseCalifornia eSan Francisco. Kwaye amagqwetha ka-Bayer ebesoloko ethatha uxanduva lokugcwalisa iimpendulo zawo kwizimangalo zomthetho.

Kwisixeko sase-St. Louis, Mo., kwidolophu yasekhaya ekudala ikho Monsanto, ityala likaTimothy Kane v. Monsanto inetyala lokumamela u-Juni 15 kwaye ityala le-jury liza kuqala ngoJuni 29. Kwaye nangona kubonakala ngathi akunakwenzeka Ityala liza kuqhubeka, ngolwe-Lwesithathu amagqwetha esigebenga semichiza afake isindululo efuna ukukhuphela ngaphandle ubungqina belinye lamangqina labamangali.

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Juni 2, 2020

Inkundla yezibheno imamela iimpikiswano malunga nelahleko yokuqala yokuvavanywa kwetyala likaMonsanto

Isigqibo sejaji yaseCalifornia esola i-Monsanto ye-herbicide yomhlaza womgcini wesikolo yayineempazamo kwaye ingahambelani nomthetho, igqwetha laseMonsanto uxelele iphaneli yejaji yezibheno ngoLwesibini.

Inkampani yokubulala ukhula eglyphosate-eyaziwayo njenge-Roundup- ixhaswa ngokupheleleyo yi-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) kunye "nabalawuli kwihlabathi liphela," igqwetha uDavid Axelrad uxelele iijaji kunye nenkundla yezibheno yaseCalifornia. ISithili sokuBhena sokuqala.

U-Axelrad uthe uMonsanto wayengenalo uxanduva lokulumkisa nabani na malunga nomngcipheko wesifo somhlaza enikwe isivumelwano sokulawula ukuba ababulali bakhe bokhula bakhuselekile.

"Kukungalunganga okusisiseko ukubamba iMonsanto ibenoxanduva kwaye yohlwaya ilebheli yemveliso ebonisa ngokuchanekileyo kungekuphela kokumiselwa kwe-EPA kodwa ukuvumelana kwihlabathi liphela ukuba i-glyphosate ayisiyomhlaza," watsho kwindibano ethathe iyure. Inkqubo igcinwe ngomnxeba ngenxa ye-COVID-19 yokuthintela ukufikelela kwinkundla.

Umdibanisi weJaji uGabriel Sanchez ubuze ubunyani bale ngxoxo: "Unezifundo ngezilwanyana… izifundo zendlela, unezifundo zolawulo," watsho, ethetha negqwetha likaMonsanto. Kukho inani, kubonakala ngathi, kupapashwe izifundo zoontanga… ezibonisa ubudlelwane obubalulekileyo phakathi kwe-glyphosate kunye ne-lymphoma. Ke andazi ukuba ndingavuma nawe ukuba inemvumelwano efanayo. Ngokuqinisekileyo iiarhente zolawulo zibonakala zikwelinye icala. Kodwa buninzi obunye ubungqina kwenye. ”

Isibheno sivela kwisigqibo sejaji se-2018 kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseSan Francisco eyalela iMonsanto ukuba ihlawule i-289 yezigidi zeedola ku-Dewayne "Lee" Johnson, kubandakanya i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayayo.

Ijaji kwityala likaJohnson lehlisa ibhaso lafikelela kwizigidi ezingama-78.5 zeerandi. Kodwa iMonsanto Bhena isigwebo, Ukucela inkundla ukuba iguqule isigqibo setyala kwaye ingene kwisigwebo seMonsanto okanye ibuye umva kwaye iphinde ityala kwimeko yetyala elitsha okanye ubuncinci banciphise umonakalo. UJohnson wabhena Ukufuna ukubuyiselwa kwebhaso elipheleleyo lejaji.

UJohnson ungomnye wamashumi amawaka abantu abavela eUnited States abaye bamangalela uMonsanto besithi iRoundup kunye nezinye izinto ezibulala ukhula ezenziwa yinkampani zibangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye le nkampani ichithe amashumi eminyaka igubungela umngcipheko.

UJohnson wafumana iwonga "lokukhetha" ngenxa yokuba oogqirha bathi iminyaka yakhe yobomi imfutshane kwaye angabhubha kwinyanga ezili-18 zolingo. UJohnson ubaphazamisile oogqirha kwaye uhlala ephila kwaye ufumana unyango rhoqo.

Ukuphulukana kukaMonsanto noJohnson kwaphawula ilahleko yokuqala yokulahleka kweRoundup kwinkampani, eyafunyanwa yiBayer AG yaseJamani ngoJuni 2018 kanye njengoko ityala likaJohnson laqala.

Ijaji kwityala likaJohnson lafumanisa ngokukodwa - phakathi kwezinye izinto - ukuba uMonsanto wayengakhathali ngokusilela ukulumkisa uJohnson ngomngcipheko womhlaza wemichiza yokubulala ukhula. Kodwa uMonsanto uthi esi sigwebo sasineempazamo ngenxa yokungabandakanywa kobungqina obubalulekileyo kunye noko abameli benkampani bakubiza ngokuba “kukugqwethwa kwesayensi ethembekileyo.”

Ukuba inkundla yezibheno ayiyaleli ukuba kuxoxwe ityala elitsha, uMonsanto wacela ukuba abagwebi okungenani banciphise isahlulo sebhaso lejaji "ngomonakalo ongekhoyo kwixesha elizayo" ukusuka kwi-33 yezigidi zeedola ukuya kwi-1.5 yezigidi zeerandi kwaye kususwe umonakalo owohlwayo ngokupheleleyo.

Amagqwetha kaJohnson alingo ukuba kufuneka afumane i-1 yezigidi zeedola ngonyaka ngentlungu kunye nokubandezeleka ngaphezulu kweminyaka engama-33 eyongezelelekileyo anokuhlala kuyo ukuba ebengenawo umhlaza.

Kodwa amagqwetha kaMonsanto athe uJohnson kufuneka afumane kuphela i-1 yezigidi zeedola ngonyaka ngentlungu kunye nokubandezeleka ngexesha lakhe lokuphila okanye i-1.5 yezigidi zeedola kwisithuba sexesha elizayo seenyanga ezili-18.

NgoLwesibini, u-Axelrad waphinda loo ngongoma: "Ngokuqinisekileyo ummangali angaphinde aphile ngexesha lokudla kwakhe iintlungu kunye nokubandezeleka okunokubangelwa kukwazi ukuba ubomi bakhe bufutshane," uxelele iphaneli yezomthetho. "Kodwa awungekhe uchache ngenxa yeentlungu nokubandezeleka okungenakulindeleka kwiminyaka apho ungasayi kuphila khona kwaye yiloo nto ummangalelwa ayifumanayo kwelityala."

U-Axelrad uxelele iijaji ukuba inkampani ibipeyintwe ngobuxoki njengokuziphatha gwenxa kodwa inyani ilandele isayensi kunye nomthetho. Uthe, umzekelo, nangona igqwetha likaJohnson latyhola uMonsanto ngokubhala ngesiporho amaphepha enzululwazi, oososayensi beenkampani benze "iingcebiso zokuhlela" zamaphepha aliqela apapashwe kuncwadi lwenzululwazi.

"Nokuba ingaba iMonsanto ibinokubakho na ngaphambili ekuchongeni ukuzibandakanya kwayo kwezi zifundo eyona nto iphambili kukuba ezo zifundo azivelisanga lwazi olungeyonyani okanye olulahlekisayo kwaye akukho nto ibonisa ukuba nabaphi na ababhali bezo zifundo babeza kutshintsha uluvo lwabo ukuba babe neMonsanto khange unike izimvo zomhleli, ”utshilo.

U-Axelrad uthe akukho bubi kwaye akukho sizathu sokwenzakaliswa kwetyala eliza kwenziwa ngokuchasene neMonsanto. Ukukhuselwa yinkampani ye-glyphosate-based herbicides kule minyaka ibisengqiqweni kwaye kuthembekile, utshilo.

“Akukho bungqina bokuba iMonsanto isasaza ulwazi olungeyonyani, olulahlekisayo okanye olungaphelelanga, akukho bungqina bokuba isenzo sayo sithintele ukuhanjiswa kolwazi kwiiarhente zolawulo ezifunekayo ukuphonononga ubungqina benzululwazi, akukho bungqina bokuba isenzo sayo sonakalise isigqibo sokugqibela kwaye akukho bungqina ukuba uMonsanto wenqabile ukwenza uvavanyo okanye ukufundisisa ngenjongo yokufihla ulwazi malunga nomngcipheko wengozi okanye ukuthintela ukufunyanwa kolwazi olutsha malunga nesayensi ye-glyphosate, utshilo.

Igqwetha likaJohnson uMike Miller uthe amagqwetha kaMonsanto azama ukufumana inkundla yezibheno ukuba iphinde izame inyani zelo tyala, ayiyondima yayo.

“IMonsanto ayiwuqondi umsebenzi wesibheno. Asikokuzijonga kwakhona iinyani. Iinyani ezaziphikiswa nje ligqwetha likaMonsanto zaliwa ngokupheleleyo lijaji zaza zaliwa ngumgwebi wetyala… ”utshilo uMiller.

Inkundla yesibheno kufuneka ixhase umonakalo owanikwa ijaji, kubandakanya nomonakalo owohlwayayo, kuba indlela yokuziphatha kukaMonsanto ejikeleze isayensi kunye nokukhuseleka kweyeza layo le-glyphosate "lalibalasele," utshilo uMiller.

Ubungqina obunikwe kwityala likaJohnson lubonise uMonsanto ebandakanyeka ekubhaleni ngesiporho kwamaphepha enzululwazi ngelixa isilele ukuvavanya ngokwaneleyo i-glyphosate herbicides yomngcipheko we-carcinogenicity. Inkampani ke iqale uhlaselo "olungazange lubonwe" malunga nokuthembeka kwezazinzulu zomhlaza wamazwe aphesheya ezazichaza i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu kwi-2015, uxelele iphaneli yezomthetho.

Kumonakalo owehlayo, njengoko uvavanya ukugwenxa kweMonsanto kufuneka ubandakanye kubutyebi beMonsanto. Kwaye iwonga kufuneka lanele ukuhlaba, ”utshilo uMiller. "Phantsi komthetho waseCalifornia ngaphandle kokuba utshintshe indlela yokuziphatha ayihambelani nezohlwayo."

Iphaneli yezibheno ineentsuku ezingama-90 zokukhupha isigwebo.

Ngamana 26, 2020

Intetho entsha malunga nokuhlala phakathi kweBayer kunye nezigulana ezinomhlaza weRoundup

Kwakukho intetho ehlaziyiweyo malunga nokulungiswa okunokubakho kule veki phakathi kweBayer AG kunye namashumi amawaka ezigulana ezinomhlaza njengeyona nkundla iphambili yokumamela kwinkundla kwiveki ezayo.

Ngokutsho ingxelo eBloomberg, Amagqwetha aseBayer afikelele kwizivumelwano zomlomo namagqwetha ase-US amele abammangali abayi-50,000 XNUMX abamangalela uMonsanto ngenxa yamabango athi i-Roundup kunye nezinye i-Monsanto herbicides zibangele ukuba abamangali baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Iinkcukacha njengoko zixeliwe yiBloomberg zibonakala ngathi azitshintshanga kwizivumelwano zomlomo zangaphambili phakathi kweBayer kunye negqwetha labamangali elahlayo ngexesha lokuvalwa kwenkundla enxulumene neCoronavirus. Ngeenkundla zivaliwe, iintsuku zetyala ziye zahlehliswa, kususwa uxinzelelo eBayer.

Kodwa indawo yoxinzelelo entsha iyavela kwindlebe yeveki ezayo kwisibheno solingo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup. Inkundla yezibheno yaseCalifornia ISithili sokuBhena sokuqala imiselwe ukumamela iingxoxo zomlomo kwizibheno ezinqamlezileyo kwimeko kaJohnson v Monsanto ngoJuni 2.

Elo tyala, elalixabanise umgcini-ndawo waseCalifornia uDewayne “Lee” Johnson ngokuchasene neMonsanto, kukhokelele kwi- $ 289 yezigidi zomonakalo kaJohnson ngo-Agasti ka-2018. I-jury ayifumananga kuphela ukuba i-Roundup kaMonsanto kunye nemveliso ezinxulumene ne-glyphosate ibonise ingozi enkulu kubantu abayisebenzisayo, kodwa ukuba "kukho ubungqina obucacileyo nobukholisayo" bokuba amagosa kaMonsanto asebenze "ngobubi okanye ingcinezelo" ukusilela ukulumkisa ngokufanelekileyo ngomngcipheko.

Ijaji yetyala kwityala likaJohnson kamva wehlisa umonakalo ukuya kwizigidi ezingama-78.5 zeedola. UMonsanto ubhenele nakwibhaso elincitshisiweyo, kwaye uJohnson wenza isibheno efuna ukubuyiselwa kwibhaso elipheleleyo lejaji.

In Ukubhengeza isigwebo, UMonsanto wacela inkundla ukuba isijike isigqibo sokulingwa kwaye ingene kwisigwebo seMonsanto okanye iguqule kwaye ibuyisele ityala kwityala elitsha. Okona kuncinci, iMonsanto yacela inkundla yezibheno ukuba inciphise isahlulo sebhaso lejaji "ngomonakalo ongekhoyo kwixesha elizayo" ukusuka kwi-33 yezigidi zeedola ukuya kwi-1.5 yezigidi zeedola kunye nokucima umonakalo owohlwayo ngokupheleleyo.

Abagwebi benkundla yezibheno ndinike uluvo kwangoko malunga nendlela ababoyame ngayo etyaleni, besazisa amagqwetha amacala omabini ukuba kufanelekile ukuba balungele ukuxoxa ngombuzo womonakalo kwityala le-2 kaJuni. Amagqwetha abamangali athabathe oko njengophawu olukhuthazayo lokuba iijaji zisenokungacwangcisi ukuyalela ityala elitsha.

Ngaphantsi kwemigqaliselo yentlawulo ekuxoxwe ngayo kwiinyanga ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo, iBayer iya kuhlawula i-10 yezigidigidi zeedola ukuzisa ukuvalwa kwamatyala agcinwe ziifemu ezinkulu ezininzi, kodwa ayizukuvuma ukubeka iilebhile zokulumkisa ngokhula olusekwe kwiglphosate. ababulali, njengoko bekufunwa ngamanye amagqwetha abamangali.

Ukuhlawulwa akuyi kugubungela bonke abamangali ngamabango alindileyo. Ayizukugubungela uJohnson okanye abanye abamangali abathathu abasele bephumelele amabango abo enkundleni. IMonsanto kunye neBayer babhenele kuko konke ukulahleka kwetyala.

Amagqwetha kumafemu amakhulu abandakanyeka kwisimangalo ale ukuxoxa ngemeko yangoku.

Amagosa aseBayer akhanyela ukuba bukhona ubungqina benzululwazi obudibanisa i-glyphosate herbicides kunye nomhlaza, kodwa abatyali mali bafuna ukusombulula isisombululo. Iya kuba luncedo iBayer ukuwasombulula amatyala phambi kwaso nasiphi na isigqibo esichasene nenkundla yesibheno, esinokuthi siqhubekeke siphazamise abanini zabelo benkampani. I-Bayer ithenge iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018. Ukulandela ukulahleka kwetyala likaJohnson ngo-Agasti ka-2018, ixabiso lesabelo lenkampani lehlile kwaye lihleli liphantsi koxinzelelo.

Abamangali abakhathazekileyo

Amacala okuqala kumatyala omhlaza we-Roundup afayiliswa ngasekupheleni kuka-2015, oko kuthetha ukuba uninzi lwabamangali belinde iminyaka yokusonjululwa. Abanye babamangali babhubhile ngelixa belindile, amatyala abo ngoku esiwa phambili ngamalungu osapho ekhathazekile kukungabikho kwenkqubela phambili ekuziseni amatyala.

Abanye babamangali bebesenza imiyalezo yevidiyo ejolise kubaphathi beBayer, befuna ukuba bavumelane ngokuhlala kunye nokwenza utshintsho lokulumkisa abathengi malunga nemingcipheko yomhlaza ezinokubangelwa yimichiza yokubulala ukhula eglyphosate enje ngeRoundup.

UVincent Tricomi, oneminyaka engama-68, ngummangali onjalo. Kwividiyo ayenzileyo, awabelana ngayo ne-US Right to Know, uthe uye wajongana nemijikelo eli-12 yechemotherapy kunye nokuhlala esibhedlele ezintlanu elwa nomhlaza wakhe. Emva kokufumana ukuxolelwa okwethutyana, umhlaza uphinde wabuya ekuqaleni kwalo nyaka, utshilo.

UTricomi uthi: “Baninzi kakhulu njengam abasokolayo nabadinga ukukhululeka. Jonga umyalezo wakhe wevidiyo apha ngezantsi:

Ngamana 14, 2020

Inkundla yezibheno ijolise kumonakalo kumbuzo ophambi kwetyala likaJohnson v. Monsanto

Inkundla yezibheno yaseCalifornia ijongeka ikulungele ukukhupha isigqibo esiza kuxhasa uloyiso lokuqala e-US olubandakanya izityholo zokuba umbulali we-Roundup wokhula uMonsanto ubangela umhlaza.

Iinkundla zezibheno zaseCalifornia ISithili sokuBhena sokuqala NgoLwesithathu wazise amagqwetha ommangali uDewayne "Lee" Johnson kunye nomcebisi wezomthetho weMonsanto ukuba kufanelekile ukuba bakulungele ukugxila kumbuzo womonakalo owenziwe kwimeko kwityala elimiselwe uJuni 2.

Inyaniso yokuba inkundla ibonisa ukuba inomdla ekuxoxeni ukuba leliphi inani lomonakalo elifanelekileyo endaweni yemicimbi ephathelene nesicelo sikaMonsanto sokuguqula ukulahleka kwetyala ngokupheleleyo emzimbeni wecala lommangali, batsho ababukeli bezomthetho.

Ukuphulukana neMonsanto nge-Agasti ka-2018 kuJohnson, umgcini wezikolo waseCalifornia, waphawula eyokuqala kweelahleko ezintathu zovavanyo lweRoundup kwinkampani, eyafunyanwa yiBayer AG yaseJamani phantse kwiminyaka emibini eyadlulayo. Ijaji kwityala likaJohnson lafumanisa ukuba uMonsanto wayengakhathali ngokusilela ukulumkisa uJohnson ngomngcipheko womhlaza wamayeza akhe okubulala ukhula kwaye wanika uJohnson i-289 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo, kubandakanya i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayayo. Ijaji yetyala kamva yehlisa ibhaso kwi-78.5 yezigidi zeedola. Kodwa ilahleko ithumele izabelo zikaBayer ezantsi kunye nokugxininisa kubatyali zimali okuye kwaqhubeka njengoko inani lamabango omhlaza we-Roundup afakwe kwiMonsanto likhulile.

In Ukubhengeza isigwebo, UMonsanto wacela inkundla ukuba isijike isigqibo sokulingwa kwaye ingene kwisigwebo seMonsanto okanye iguqule kwaye ibuyisele ityala kwityala elitsha. UMonsanto wathi isigwebo sasineempazamo ngenxa yokungabandakanywa kobungqina obuphambili kunye "nokugqwethwa kwesayensi ethembekileyo." Ukuba akukho nto yimbi, uMonsanto wacela inkundla yezibheno ukuba inciphise isahlulo sebhaso lejaji "ngomonakalo ongekhoyo kwixesha elizayo" ukusuka kwi-33 yezigidi zeedola ukuya kwi-1.5 yezigidi zeerandi kwaye kususwe umonakalo owohlwayo ngokupheleleyo. Ingxoxo kaMonsanto yokunciphisa ukonakaliswa kwexesha elizayo okungekho kwezoqoqosho isekwe kwimeko yenkampani yokuba uJohnson kungenzeka ukuba afe kungekudala kwaye ngenxa yoko akazukufumana zintlungu zexesha elizayo kunye nokubandezeleka.

UJohnson wenza isibheno efuna ukubuyiselwa kwi-jury bhaso elipheleleyo le- $ 289 yezigidi.

Ngaphambi kokuchotshelwa kwalo mbandela, iphaneli yezomthetho yathi: "Amaqela kufuneka akulungele ukujongana nale miba ilandelayo kwingxoxo yomlomo, ngoku icwangciselwe uJuni 2, 2020. Thatha ukuba le nkundla iyavumelana neNkampani iMonsanto ukuba ukunikezelwa komonakalo ongekhoyo kwezoqoqosho kwixa elizayo kufanele kuncitshiswe. Ukuba inkundla iyalela ukuncitshiswa okunje, kufanele ikwanciphise ukunikezelwa kwembuyekezo ukuze kugcinwe inkundla yenkundla yamatyala i-1: 1 ratio yomonakalo ohlawulelwayo kumonakalo owohlwayo? ”

Kwityala elahlukileyo, inkundla kwinyanga ephelileyo yathi iyasikhaba isicelo esenziwe yiGqwetha Jikelele laseCalifornia lokuba lifake isishwankathelo se-amicus kwicala likaJohnson.

Ityala likaJohnson lagutyungelwa ngamajelo eendaba kwihlabathi liphela kwaye libeka ukuqaqanjelwa kokuziphatha okungathandabuzekiyo kweMonsanto. Amagqwetha kaJohnson abonisa abagwebi ii-imeyile zenkampani yangaphakathi kunye nezinye iirekhodi ezibonisa oososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngemibhalo yezenzululwazi yokubhala ghost ukuzama ukuxhasa inkxaso kukhuseleko lweemveliso zenkampani, kunye nonxibelelwano oluchaza izicwangciso zokuhlazisa abagxeki, kunye nokuphelisa uvavanyo lukarhulumente. Ityhefu ye-glyphosate, ikhemikhali ephambili kwiimveliso zeMonsanto.

Kwisibheno sayo, uMonsanto wathi ama-jorors ayesebenza kwiimvakalelo kunakwinyani yesayensi kwaye "akukho bungqina bokuba iMonsanto yayinolwazi lokwenyani lokuba i-glyphosate-based herbicides ibangela umhlaza. Kwaye akunakubakho, xa isivumelwano sobunzululwazi, esamkelweyo rhoqo yi-EPA kunye nabanye abalawuli kwihlabathi liphela, siyasiphikisa eso sigqibo. Kwakungenabungozi kubalawuli ukufikelela kwesi sigwebo, kwaye kwakungeyonto imbi ukuba iMonsanto ivakalise uluvo lwabo ngesayensi. ”

Amashumi amawaka abamangali bafaka isimangalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto besenza amabango afanayo nakaJohnson, kwaye ezinye izilingo ezongezelelweyo zenzekile ukusukela kwityala likaJohnson. Zombini ezo zilingo zakhokelela kwizigwebo ezinkulu ngokuchasene neMonsanto.

I-Bayer kunye namagqwetha angaphezulu kwama-50,000 XNUMX abamangali bezama ukuthetha-thethana ngesivumelwano sikazwelonke kunyaka ophelileyo kodwa iBayer kutshanje ibuyile kwimali esele kuxoxiswene ngayo. Ngeenkundla ezivaliweyo kwilizwe liphela, amagqwetha abamangali aphulukene nesigqibo sexesha elisondeleyo ababenalo xa kwakusetyekwa izilingo ezininzi ezitsha ukuba zenzeke ehlotyeni nasekwindla.

Ngamana 1, 2020

Intlanganiso yabanini zabelo eBayer itsala uqhanqalazo, izibongozo kwizigulana ezinomhlaza

Intlanganiso ye-Bayer AG yonyaka yabanini zabelo iqhubeke ngolwe-Lwesibini eJamani, inika ingqwalaselo kungekuphela nje abatyali mali kunye nabahlalutyi kodwa nabaphembeleli, amagqwetha kunye nezigulana ezinomhlaza abafuna ukubona iBayer ilungisa iziphene ezenziwa nguMonsanto, eyathengwa yiBayer kwiminyaka emibini edlulileyo.

Intlanganiso yayizakuba sisiganeko somntu buqu eBonn, eJamani kodwa ngenxa yokoyika malunga neendibano ezinkulu ezazinokusasaza intsholongwane kaCovid-19, iBayer endaweni yayo ibamba ividiyo yewebhu  yentlanganiso.

NgoMvulo inkampani ibhengezeukuqala kakuhle ku-2020, ” Ukunika ingxelo ngentengiso ephezulu kunye neenzuzo kuwo onke amacandelo aqhutywa ngokuyinxalenye yimfuno enamandla kwicandelo leMpilo yabathengi elinxulumene nesifo sikaCovid-19.

Intlanganiso yabanini zabelo iza njengoko iBayer ijongene namabango asemthethweni e-United States aziswe ngabangqina abangama-52,500 betyhola ngelithi ukubhencwa kwimichiza yokutshabalalisa ukhula esekwe eglosfosate esekwe kuMonsanto enje ngeRoundup ibangele bona okanye abo babathandayo ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Batyhola uMonsanto ebebazi ubungozi kwaye kufanele ukuba babalumkisile abathengi kodwa endaweni yoko bafuna ukusebenzisa irekhodi lesayensi kunye nabalawuli.

Izilingo ezintathu zibanjiwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwaye iBayer ilahlekelwe zontathu njengamajaji anikezela ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi kwabamangali abane, nangona abagwebi bamatyala kamva banciphisa amabhaso. Ukuphulukana nokulingwa kwacaphukisa abatyali mali kwaye kwatyhala amaxabiso ezabelo ukuya kumaqondo asezantsi kwiminyaka esixhenxe, ecima ngaphezu kwe-40 ipesenti yexabiso lentengiso likaBayer ngexesha elinye. Abanye abatyali mali bafuna i-CEO ye-Bayer u-Werner Baumann ukuba bagxothwe ngenxa yokuxhasa ukufunyanwa kwe-Monsanto, eyavalwa ngoJuni ka-2018 kanye njengoko ityala lokuqala laliqhubeka.

Amagqwetha ka-Bayer kunye nabamangali bebesoloko bethethathethana ngeentlawulo zonyaka ophelileyo kwaye babonakala besondele kwisivumelwano esiza kusombulula uninzi lwamabango ngaphambi kokuqala kwe-Covid-19.

Ukuvalwa kukarhulumente okunxulumene nentsholongwane, kubandakanya inkundla yase-US, kuphelisile ukubakho kwezilingo ezongezelelweyo kungekudala, kwaye iBayer ibambe amandla ayo buya umva kwezinye zeendawo zokuhlala ekuxoxiswene ngazo, ngokwemithombo esondeleyo kwiintetho.

U-Bayer uthe ngoMvulo "uzakuqhubeka nokujonga isisombululo kuphela xa kufanelekile ngokwasezimalini kwaye ebeka indlela yokusombulula ngokufanelekileyo amabango exesha elizayo. Ngokuchasene nemeko yokudodobala koqoqosho okujongeka, ngokuyinxalenye, kwimiceli mngeni emikhulu yokuhlawula amatyala, oku kusebenza ngoku kunakuqala. ”

Ngaphandle kokungabikho kwentlanganiso ngaphakathi kwabantu, abantu abaliqela kunye nemibutho banethemba lokwenza ukugxekwa kwenkampani kwaziwe. Iqela elinye emele abafuyi bezinyosi ithe yayiqhuba iintengiso ezikwi-Intanethi ezithunyelwa ngqo kubantu abafuna iBayer AGM kuGoogle kumjelo okwi-intanethi obonisa abagcini nyosi bethetha ngefuthe lezibulali zinambuzane zikaBayer kwiinyosi.

Abantu abaliqela ababandakanyekayo kwityala leRoundup nabo bathethile.

"Lixesha lokuba ibhodi yabalawuli beBayer inyuke kwaye yenze into elungileyo," utshilo uThomas Bolger, indoda eneminyaka eyi-68 yaseTexas eyafunyaniswa ukuba ayinayo iHodgkin lymphoma kwi2013 emva kokusebenzisa iRoundup ukusukela nge1982. UBolger urekhodile i vidiyo umyalezo eBayer, echaza ingxaki yakhe yomhlaza.

URobyndee Laumbach, ibhinqa elineminyaka engama-50 ubudala laseTexas elathi umsebenzi walo kwimfuza yomqhaphu yamveza ngokuphindaphindiweyo kwiRoundup, naye wenza umyalezo wevidiyo YeBayer. “Umhlaza awulunganga, nokuba uyijonga njani. Ndonakele kwaphela kwaye ndinamanxeba kwaye ndiza kuba sisiphelo sobomi bam, ”utshilo.

Zombini iLaumbach kunye neBolger ziphakathi kwabantu abamangalela iMonsanto.

Ummangali wecala lokujikeleza UMichelle Taranto naye wenza umyalezo wevidiyo egameni lomyeni wakhe ukuba abelane noBayer. URose uthe umyeni wakhe kungekudala uza kungena kumjikelo wesithathu wonyango "olunethemba lokusindisa ubomi bakhe." Ucele iBayer ukuba iyeke ukuthengisa iRoundup.

"Ubomi bethu buncitshisiwe kukutyelelwa okungapheliyo esibhedlele, unyango olungenakubalwa olubuhlungu kunye nokuhlala esibhedlele koyikeka kakhulu," utshilo uTaranto.

Maine umqhubi wefama yomthi weKrisimesi UJim Hayes wenza ividiyoo umyalezo Ukuchaza ukufumanisa ukuba une-Stage 4 NHL kwi-2016 emva kokusebenzisa i-Roundup kwifama yakhe iminyaka. U-Hayes uthe wadlula imijikelo emithandathu ye-chemotherapy kunye nokufakelwa kwe-cell stem ngaphambi kokubhengezwa kuxolelo. Ngoku woyika ukuba umhlaza wakhe uza kubuya.

"Ndiyabuthanda ubomi bam. Ndiyaluthatha usapho lwam. Ndiyithembile imveliso. Ngokucacileyo akukhuselekanga ukuba wonke umntu angayisebenzisa, ”utshilo uHayes.

Ummangali omnye wecala leRoundup owayefuna ukuchongwa ngegama lakhe, u-Chuck, naye wenza umyalezo wevidiyo YeBayer.

"Ndiyakholelwa ukuba iBayer kufanele ukuba yenze konke okusemandleni ayo ukulungisa ingxaki yokuba iMonsanto kunye nemveliso yazo iRoundup ibangele amawaka abantu abafana nam ababecinga ukuba sisebenzisa umbulali wokhula ongenabungozi," utshilo. “Nangona umhlaza wam unganyangeki, iBayer ingathintela abantu bangomso ekuphuhliseni esi sifo soyikekayo ngokuthatha le mveliso iRoundup eshelfini ngoku. IBayer kufanelekile ukuba iphendule kuye wonke umntu ekufuneka ajongane nesi sifo mihla le. ”

Aprili 9, 2020

Isibheno kwisilingo sokuqala somhlaza seMonsanto Roundup ukuba siviwe ngoJuni

Inkundla yezibheno yaseCalifornia iseti uviwo lwangoJuni Izibheno ezinqamlezileyo ezibangelwa lityala lokuqala malunga nezityholo zokuba i-Monsanto's herbicides ibangela umhlaza.

INkundla yeziBheno yesiThili sokuQala seZibheno saseCalifornia ithe ngoLwesine ukuba yayilungiselela ukuxoxwa kwetyala ngoJuni 2 kwityala likaDewayne "Lee" Johnson v. Monsanto. Ukuchotshelwa kwetyala kuyakwenzeka phantse kwiminyaka emibini emva kokuqala kwetyala likaJohnson kunye neminyaka emibini emva kokuba uBayer AG ethengile iMonsanto.

Ijaji enye unike uJohnson i-289 yezigidi zeedola ngo-Agasti 2018, kubandakanya i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayayo, ukufumanisa ukuba ayenzanga kuphela i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides eyabangela ukuba uJohnson aphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kodwa ukuba inkampani ibazi umngcipheko womhlaza kwaye yasilela ukulumkisa uJohnson.

Ijaji yetyala lasithoba isigwebo esiyi- $ 78 yezigidi kodwa uMonsanto wabhenela kwisixa esincitshisiweyo. Umnqamlezo uJohnson ubhenele ekubuyiseleni isigwebo se-289 yezigidi.

Ukulungiselela iingxoxo zomlomo kwisibheno sikaJohnson, inkundla yesibheno yathi iyasikhaba isicelo esenziwe yiGqwetha Jikelele laseCalifornia lokuba lifake isishwankathelo se-amicus kwicala likaJohnson.

Ityala likaJohnson lagutyungelwa ngamajelo eendaba kwihlabathi liphela kwaye libeka ukuqaqanjelwa kokuziphatha okungathandabuzekiyo kweMonsanto. Amagqwetha kaJohnson abonisa abagwebi ii-imeyile zenkampani yangaphakathi kunye nezinye iirekhodi ezibonisa oososayensi baseMonsanto bexoxa ngemibhalo yezenzululwazi yokubhala ghost ukuzama ukuxhasa inkxaso kukhuseleko lweemveliso zenkampani, kunye nonxibelelwano oluchaza izicwangciso zokuhlazisa abagxeki, kunye nokuphelisa uvavanyo lukarhulumente. Ityhefu ye-glyphosate, ikhemikhali ephambili kwiimveliso zeMonsanto.

Amaxwebhu angaphakathi akwabonisa ukuba iMonsanto ilindele ukuba i-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza ihlukanise i-glyphosate njengento enokwenzeka okanye enokubangela i-carcinogen yabantu ngo-Matshi ka-2015.

Amashumi amawaka abamangali bafaka isimangalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto besenza amabango afanayo nakaJohnson, kwaye ezinye izilingo ezongezelelweyo zenzekile ukusukela kwityala likaJohnson. Zombini ezo zilingo zakhokelela kwizigwebo ezinkulu ngokuchasene neMonsanto.

Ukumisela umhla wesibheno sikaJohnson, inkundla yezibheno yathi "iyayiqonda imeko ethathela ingqalelo la matyala kwaye iye yaqhubeka nokuwunika eyona nto iphambili ngaphandle kweemeko zangoku ezingxamisekileyo" ezenziwe kukusasazeka kwe-coronavirus.

Intshukumo yenkundla yezibheno kwityala likaJohnson iza njengoko kubikwa iBayer ukuzama ukuziphindezela kwiindawo zokuhlala ekuxoxiswene ngazo namafemu aliqela aseMelika abamele uninzi lwabamangali.

Aprili 3, 2020

U-Bayer uthe uza kuphinda ahlawule isivumelwano se-Roundup njengoko intsholongwane ivala izindlu zenkundla

I-Bayer AG ibuyela umva kwiindawo ekuxoxiswene ngazo kunye neefemu zomthetho ezininzi zase-US ezimele amawaka abamangali abathi babhencwa kwi-Mousanto's Roundup herbicides kubangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, imithombo ebandakanyekayo kwityala lithe ngoLwesihlanu.

Ukuguqulwa kuza njengoko iinkundla zase-US zivaliwe eluntwini ngenxa yokusasazeka kwe-coronavirus, ishenxisa ukubonwa kolunye uvavanyo lomhlaza we-Roundup kungekudala.

I-Bayer, eyathenga iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018, ibikhe yathethathethana ngokusombulula isithuba esingangonyaka, ifuna ukuphelisa isimangalo esixhokonxe isitokhwe senkampani, sikhuthaza ukungavisisani kwabatyali-mali, kwaye siqhuba nokuziphatha okuthandabuzekayo eluntwini. ukujonga. Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zakhokelela kwilahleko ezintathu zeBayer kunye namabhaso amajaji ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi, nangona iijaji zetyala kamva zanciphisa amabhaso.

Bayer yenziwe ingxelo kawonke-wonke kule veki kusithiwa iintetho zokuhlala zacothiswa ngubhubhane we-coronavirus, kodwa amagqwetha aliqela athi ayiyonyani leyo.

Ngokwamagqwetha abamangali, iBayer ibibuyele kumafemu ezomthetho ebesele egqibile uthethathethwano ngeendawo zokuhlala ezithile kubathengi babo, besithi inkampani ayizukuzihlonipha izixa ekuvunyelwene ngaso.

"Uninzi lwamagqwetha kwilizwe liphela babecinga ukuba banento yokwenza," utshilo igqwetha laseVirginia uMike Miller, inkampani yakhe emele abathengi abangama-6,000 kwaye waphumelela izilingo ezimbini zeRoundup ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. I-Bayer ngoku ifuna "ukusikwa kweenwele" kwezi zivumelwano, utshilo uMiller.

Nokuba ngaba iifemu ezahlukeneyo ziya kuthatha izibonelelo ezincitshisiweyo zihlala zibonwa. "La ngamaxesha onqabileyo ezoqoqosho," utshilo uMiller. "Abantu kufuneka bacinge ngeyona nto ilungele abathengi babo."

Ukuphendula isicelo sokwenza izimvo, isithethi seBayer sinike le ngxelo ilandelayo: "Senze inkqubela kwiingxoxo zokulamla iRoundup, kodwa amandla e-COVID-19, kubandakanya nezithintelo ezibekwe kwezi veki zidlulileyo, zibangele ukurhoxiswa kweentlanganiso kwaye zilibazisile le nkqubo. … Ngenxa yoko, inkqubo yolamlo icothe kakhulu, kwaye ngokwenyani, silindele ukuba oku kuya kuqhubeka kunjalo kwixesha elizayo. Ngeli xesha, sizakuqhubeka nokwenza konke esinako ukunceda ukulwa ubhubhane we-COVID-19 jikelele, ngokuhambelana nombono wethu 'wezempilo kubo bonke, ukulambela mntu.' Asinakho ukuthelekelela malunga neziphumo ezinokubakho kuthethathethwano okanye ixesha, ngokujonga ukungaqiniseki okujikeleze ubhubhane kunye nokugcinwa okuyimfihlo kwale nkqubo, kodwa sizimisele ekubandakanyeni ulamlo ngokuthembekileyo. ”

Ilungelo lase-US lokwazi uxelwe ekuqaleni kukaJanuwari ukuba amaqela ebesebenza kwisivumelwano esikwi- $ 8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-10 yezigidigidi zeedola. U-Bayer uvumile ukuba bajongane namabango angaphezulu kwe-40,000 yabamangali, kodwa amagqwetha abamangali athe inani elipheleleyo lamabango liphezulu kakhulu.

Phakathi kweefemu ebezithethathethane ngeendawo zokuhlala kubaxumi bazo kukho inkampani yeAndrus Wagstaff esuka eDenver, eColorado nakwifemu yaseLos Angeles yaseBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman. Zombini zafikelela kwizivumelwano kunyaka ophelileyo neBayer.

Ukongeza, inkampani ye-Weitz kunye neLuxenberg evela eNew York kunye nekaMike Miller ngokuqinile bafikelele koko babecinga ukuba zizivumelwano ngokwemiqathango. Ifemu nganye imele amawaka abamangali.

Amagqwetha abamangaleli aphambili ayesebenzisa kuthethathethwano lokuhlala yayisisongelo solunye ityala loluntu. Kwizilingo ezintathu zokuqala, ukugwetywa Amaxwebhu angaphakathi eMonsanto babonisa ubungqina bokuba inkampani iyabazi ubungozi bomhlaza kwimichiza yokubulala ukhula eglyphosate kodwa isilele ukulumkisa abathengi; babhala ghost amaphepha enzululwazi evakalisa ukhuseleko lwamayeza okubulala ukhula; basebenze namagosa athile olawulo ukuphelisa uphononongo lukarhulumente lwe-glyphosate toxicity; kunye neenzame zobunjineli zokujongela phantsi abagxeki.

Ukutyhilwa kuye kwabangela ingqumbo kwihlabathi liphela kwaye kwanyanzeleka ukuba kuthintelwe i-glyphosate-based herbicides.

Izilingo ezininzi ebezizakubanjwa kwiinyanga ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo zarhoxiswa kwakamsinya nje phambi kokuba zicwangciselwe ukuqala xa iBayer ivumayo ukuhlala kwabantu abathile kwabo balingo. Amabini ala matyala abandakanya abantwana ababethwe yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye owesithathu waziswa ngumfazi ophethwe yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Abo bamangali, kunye nabanye abavumelene nokuhlaliswa endaweni yezilingo kwiinyanga ezidlulileyo, bakhuselwe kwaye abayonxalenye yomzamo wokubuyela umva ngoku yiBayer, ngokwemithombo emininzi ebandakanyekayo.

I-Bayer icwangciselwe ukubamba intlanganiso yabanini zabelo yonyaka ngo-Epreli 28. Ngethuba lokuqala kwimbali yenkampani, intlanganiso iya kuba ibanjwe ngokupheleleyo kwi-intanethi.

Abamangali abathathu bokuqala ukuphumelela amabhaso amajaji ngokuchasene neMonsanto kusafuneka bafumane nayiphina imali njengoko iBayer ibhengeza isigwebo.

Matshi 24, 2020

Iifilitha ezintsha zomthetho ngaphezulu kweengozi zeRoundup phakathi kokulibaziseka kwenkundla

Nangona ukusasazeka kwe-coronavirus kuvala iminyango yenkundla kuluntu kunye namagqwetha, ukuqhutywa komthetho kuyaqhubeka kumabango obungozi obunxulunyaniswa ne-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides.

Amaqela amabini enkxaso engenzi nzuzo, iZiko loKhuseleko loKutya (i-CFS) kunye neZiko lokwahluka kweBiological (CBD), ifayilishe i-amicus emfutshane egameni lesigulana somhlaza uEdwin Hardeman ngo-Matshi 23. UHardeman uphumelele isigwebo sejaji ngokuchasene neMonsanto ye- $ 80 yezigidi Nge-Matshi ka-2019, uba ngummangali wesibini ophumeleleyo kwisimangalo seRoundup. Ijaji yetyala yalinciphisa ibhaso lejaji laba ngu zizonke ezizigidi ezingama-25 zeedola. IMonsanto ibhenele ibhaso nangona kunjalo, ukubuza inkundla yezibheno ukuguqula isigwebo.

Isishwankathelo esitsha somthetho esixhasa izixhobo zokubala zikaHardeman enye efayilishwe yi-Arhente yoKhuseleko lwezeNdalo (EPA) exhasa iMonsanto kwisibheno seHardeman.

Isishwankathelo se-CFS kunye ne-CBD sithi iMonsanto kunye ne-EPA zombini azilunganga ukubanga ukuba ukwamkelwa kwe-EPA ye-glyphosate herbicides izame umngeni kukhuseleko lweemveliso:

        Ngokuchasene nezimangalo zikaMonsanto, ityala likaMnu Hardeman alinakulungiswa kwisigqibo se-EPA ngokumalunga ne-glyphosate kuba i-Roundup yinkqubo ye-glyphosate i-EPA engazange ivavanye i-carcinogenicity. Ngapha koko, iziphene kunye nokucalucalula kujongela phantsi ukuvavanywa kwe-EPA ye-glyphosate's carcinogenicity kunye nenkundla yesithili yayichanekile ngokuvumela ubungqina bokuba kunjalo, "sitsho ngokufutshane.

         "IMonsanto ifuna le Nkundla ikholelwe ukuba" i-glyphosate "iyafana 'neRoundup.' Isizathu silula: ukuba la magama ayatshintshana, ke, bathi, ukufumanisa kwe-EPA ukuba i-glyphosate "ayinakubangelwa yi-carcinogenic" iya kusebenza kwi-Roundup kwaye inokuthi inyanzele ityala likaMnu Hardeman. Nangona kunjalo njengoko ubungqina oboniswe kuvavanyo luboniswa, "i-glyphosate" kunye ne "Roundup" azifani kwaphela, kwaye iRoundup inetyhefu kakhulu kune-glyphosate. Ngaphaya koko, i-EPA ayikaze ivavanye i-Roundup ye-carcinogenicity. Iifomathi zeGlyphosate, ezinje ngeRoundup, ziqulathe izithako ezongezelelweyo (co-formulants) ukuphucula ukusebenza ngandlela thile. I-EPA iyayiqonda le mixube ukuba iyityhefu kune-glyphosate iyodwa, kodwa ijolise kuvavanyo lomhlaza kwi-glyphosate emsulwa… ”

Yahlula amagama okugweba i-EPA 

Kwisenzo somthetho esahlukileyo, kwiveki ephelileyo iZiko loKhuseleko loKutya lifake isimangalo somthetho ngokuchasene ne-EPA ngaphezulu kwenkxaso yayo eqhubekayo ye-glyphosate. Ibango, elenzelwe umanyano lwabasebenzi basezifama, amafama, kunye nabalondolozi bendalo, ityhola i-EPA kukwaphula umthetho weFederal Insecticide, Fungicide, kunye neRodenticide Act kunye ne-Endangered Species Act ngokuqhubeka nokuvumela ukusetyenziswa gabalala kwe-glyphosate herbicides.

"Ngelixa i-EPA ikhusela i-glyphosate, amatyala amatyala aliqela afumanise ukuba abangela umhlaza, elawula abo bachaphazeleka kukuvezwa," utshilo uCFS kwimithombo yeendaba. “Iifomathi zeGlyphosate ezinje ngeRoundup nazo zimiselwe kakuhle njengezinefuthe elinobungozi kwindalo esingqongileyo. Emva kovavanyo lobhaliso olwenziwe kwisithuba seminyaka elishumi, i-EPA yavumela intengiso eqhubekayo yesibulali zinambuzane nangona iarhente isilele ukuvavanya ngokupheleleyo ukuphazamiseka kwencindi yamadlala eglyphosate okanye iziphumo zayo kwizilwanyana ezisengozini nasengozini. ”

UBill Freese, umhlalutyi womgaqo-nkqubo wezenzululwazi kwiCFS uthe: "Endaweni yokubonana 'nesayensi efumanekayo,' njengoko i-EPA isitsho, iarhente ixhomekeke phantse ngokupheleleyo kwizifundo zeMonsanto, ukukhetha idatha ehambelana nenjongo yayo kunye nokugxotha ezinye."

Ukuphazamiseka kwenkundla okunxulumene nentsholongwane

IMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG bebesebenza ukuzama ukulungisa inani elikhulu lamashumi amawaka amabango omhlaza we-Roundup angeniswe kwiinkundla zase-US. Lo mzamo uyaqhubeka, kwaye iindawo zokuhlala sele zifikelelwe kubamangali abathile, ngokokutsho kwemithombo ebandakanyekayo kwezi ntetho. Ilungelo lase-US lokwazi uxelwe ekuqaleni kukaJanuwari Amaqela ebesebenza kwisivumelwano esikwi- $ 8 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-10 yezigidi zeedola.

Nangona kunjalo, amanye amatyala amaninzi ayaqhubeka nokusebenza ngendlela yenkqubo yenkundla, kubandakanya isibheno sikaDewayne "Lee" Johnson, ummangali wokuqala ukuphumelela ngokuchasene neMonsanto kwityala leRoundup. Amagqwetha kaJohnson ayenethemba lokuba iNkundla yeziBheno yaseCalifornia izakubamba iingxoxo zomlomo kwisibheno sikaMonsanto sokuphumelela kukaJohnson ngaxa lithile ngo-Epreli. Kodwa ngoku kubonakala kungenakulindeleka njengoko amanye amatyala acwangciselwe uMatshi ngoku atyhalelweyo ku-Epreli.

Kananjalo, zonke iiseshoni zomntu buqu zeempikiswano zomlomo kwinkundla yezibheno okwangoku zimisiwe. Umcebisi okhetha ukunikezela ingxoxo yomlomo kufuneka enze njalo ngomnxeba, inkundla ithi.

Ngeli xesha, iinkundla kumacandelo amaninzi aseCalifornia zivaliwe kwaye amatyala ejaji amisiwe ukuzama ukukhusela abantu ekusasazeni intsholongwane. Inkundla yomanyano eSan Francisco, apho isigwebo se-Roundup sisembindini, ivaliwe eluntwini, kubandakanya nokumiswa kwamatyala, kude kube ngoMeyi 1. Iijaji zisakwazi ukukhupha izigwebo, nangona kunjalo, kwaye zibambe ukuxoxwa ngefowuni.

EMissouri, apho uninzi lwenkundla yamatyala e-Roundup esekwe, zonke iinkqubo zenkundla yomntu (ngaphandle kwezimbalwa) zinqunyanyisiwe ngo-Epreli 17, ngokweNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseMissouri umyalelo. 

Ityala elinye laseMissouri elalimiselwe ukuxoxwa nge-Matshi 30 kwiNkundla yesiXeko saseSt. Louis ngoku linomhla wetyala obekelwe umhla we-27 ku-Epreli. Ityala nguSeitz v Monsanto # 1722-CC11325.

Ukuyalela olu tshintsho, iJaji uMichael Mullen ubhale wathi: “NGENXA YOKUXHAPHAZWA KWESIZWE KWI-COVID-19 VIRUS KUNYE NOKUFUMANEKA KWEJURORS KWELI CIRCITIT INKUNDLA EBHEKILEYO IYASUSA ELI Tyala KUMATSHI 30, 2020 TRIAL DOCKET. UNOBANGELA UPHINDE WABEKA INKOMFA YOKULUNGISELELA UVAVANYO NGOMVULO, APRILI 27, 2020 @ 9:00 AM. ”

Matshi 6, 2020

Iifayile zabanini zabelo zichasene neBayer ngaphezulu kokufumana "okuyintlekele" kweMonsanto

Umnini zabelo waseCalifornia weBayer AG ngolwe-Sihlanu wafaka ityala ngokuchasene nabaphathi abaphezulu beenkampani bebanga ukuba bophule uxanduva lwabo "lobulumko" kunye "nokunyaniseka" kwinkampani nakubatyali mali ngokuthenga iMonsanto Co kwi2018, ukufunyanwa kwesimangalo sebango kuye "kwabangela iibhiliyoni zeedola zomonakalo" kwinkampani.

Ummangali u-Rebecca R. Haussmann, umphathiswa we-Konstantin S. Haussmann Trust, nguye yedwa ummangali ogama lakhe lifakwe kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseNew York. Abatyholwa abachongiweyo babandakanya iBayer U-Werner Baumann, owalungiselela ukuthengwa kweMonsanto eyi- $ 63 yezigidigidi, kunye noSihlalo weBayer uWerner Wenning, owabhengeza kwinyanga ephelileyo ukuba ukuhla ukusuka kwinkampani ngaphambili kunokuba bekucwangcisiwe. Isimangalo sithi isigqibo sikaWenning size emva kokuba uBayer efumene ngokungafanelekanga ikopi yomnini zabelo owayesayilwa emva koko "ngokusebenzisa ubugqwetha obuhlangeneyo."

Isimangalo sikwatsho ukuba isibhengezo sika-Bayer kutsha nje sokuphicothwa kwamanyathelo asetyenzisiweyo okufumana izinto ezithile "yinto engekhoyo" kwaye "yinxalenye yokugquma okuqhubekayo kwaye ijonge ukudala isithintelo esisemthethweni kweli tyala ukukhusela abatyholwa ekuphenduleni kwabo ..."

Intshukumo sisikhalazo esivela kumnini zabelo, esithetha ukuba siziswa egameni lenkampani ngokuchasene nabangaphakathi kwinkampani. Ifuna umonakalo wembuyekezo kubanini zabelo kunye nokususwa gwenxa “kwayo yonke imbuyekezo ehlawulwe kuBaphathi beBayer nakwiiSuphavayiza ezithathe inxaxheba ekuziseni le Ntengo…” Isimangalo sikwafuna imbuyekezo yemali ehlawulwe ezibhankini nakwiifemu zomthetho ezichaphazelekayo ekufumaneni.

Abamangalelwa ababandakanyi kuphela iBaumann kunye neWenning, kodwa nabanye abakhoyo kunye nabaphathi beBayer kunye nabaphathi abaphezulu, kunye ne-BOFA Securities, Inc., iBhanki yaseMelika, iCredit Suisse Group AG kunye neenkampani zomthetho zaseSullivan naseCromwell LLP nakwiLinklaters LLP .

Isithethi seBayer asiphendulanga kwisicelo sokuphawula.

Ityala liza ngaphezulu nje kwenyanga ngaphambi kwentlanganiso ka-Bayer ka-Epreli 28 yonyaka yabanini zabelo eBonn, eJamani. Kwintlanganiso yonyaka ophelileyo, iipesenti ezingama-55 zabanini zabelo babhalisa ukungonwabi kwabo kunye noBaumann kunye nabanye abaphathi kwisivumelwano seMonsanto kunye nelahleko elandelayo ye- $ 40 yezigidigidi kwixabiso lentengiso.

Ukuthengwa kweBayer kweMonsanto kugutyungelwe ngamashumi amawaka amatyala abanga ukuba i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides ibangela ukuba ingeyo-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye inkampani yabakhohlisa abathengi malunga nomngcipheko. U-Bayer uqhubeke nokufumana kwanasemva kokuba i-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza kwi-2015 yahlulahlula i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yomntu enokwenzeka kunye nomanyano olungileyo kwi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kwaye ngaphandle kolwazi lwamabango asasazwayo asemthethweni.

U-Bayer wagqiba ukuthengwa kweMonsanto kwiinyanga nje ezimbini ngaphambi kokuba ulingo lokuqala lomhlaza lwe-Roundup luphele Isigwebo se- $ 289 yezigidi ngokuchasene nenkampani. Ukusukela ngelo xesha ezinye iimvavanyo ezimbini ziphelile kwiziphumo ezifanayo ngokuchasene nenkampani ngezigqibo ezingaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi, nangona iijaji zetyala kwityala ngalinye ziye zathoba izigwebo. Bonke ngoku bakwibheno.

U-Bayer uthe bangaphezulu kwe-45,000 abamangali abenza amabango afanayo ngoku. Inkampani ibisebenza ukulungisa ityala ngenxa yamanani axelwe ngokubanzi ukuba ayi- $ 10 yezigidigidi kodwa ukuza kuthi ga ngoku ayiphumelelanga ekupheliseni isimangalo.

Isimangalo esithi ngexesha le-2017 kunye ne-2018, njengoko ukufakwa kwamatyala amatsha omhlaza we-Roundup kwakusanda, amandla olawulo lweBayer lokuqhuba ngenkuthalo eMonsanto kunye nomngcipheko wokumangalelwa "wawuthintelwe kakhulu." Ngenxa yoko, "iBayer ayinakho ukuqhuba inyani kwaye inyanzelise ngokufanelekileyo ishishini likaMonsanto kunye nemicimbi yezomthetho ebifunwayo phantsi kweemeko."

Isimangalo esithi iMonsanto khange ibhengeze umngcipheko wezinto ezivela kwiRoundup kwaye isilele ukulinganisa nayiphi na ifuthe elinokubakho kwezemali. Abaphathi beMonsanto "babenezikhuthazi zonke zokunciphisa umngcipheko weRoundup ukuze iBayer ivale isivumelwano," Isimangalo somthetho.

Isimangalo sabanini zabelo sithi "ezi ntlobo zamatyala anobunzima… angayitshabalalisa inkampani."

Isimangalo sikhomba kwinyani yokuba i-glyphosate herbicides yeMonsanto ngoku iyathintelwa kwaye / okanye iyathintelwa kwiindawo ezininzi zehlabathi, kubandakanya neJamani.

“Ukufunyanwa kweMonsanto yintlekele. I-Roundup iyatshabalala njengemveliso yorhwebo, ”utshilo umthetho.

Februwari 26, 2020

Isimangalo sikaDicamba ngokuchasene neBayer, i-BASF ikulungele ukuqhuma, utsho amagqwetha

Amawakawaka amafama aphuma kumazwe amaninzi kulindeleke ukuba ajoyine amatyala amakhulu kulindelwe kwinkundla yomanyano malunga namabango okuba iimveliso zokubulala ukhula eziphuhliswe yi-Monsanto Co yangaphambili kunye nezinye iinkampani zamachiza zitshabalalisa kwaye zingcolisa izityalo, kubandakanya imveliso yemveliso, iqela lamagqwetha kunye batsho abalimi ngoLwesithathu.

Inani lamafama afuna ukumelwa ngokusemthethweni ukuba afake isimangalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto kunye ne-BASF inyukile kwiveki ephelileyo enesiqingatha emva kwebhaso le-jury yezigidi ezingama-265 Umlimi wepesika waseMissouri otyhola ukuba ezi nkampani zimbini zazibekek 'ityala ngokuphulukana nobomi bakhe, ngokukaJoseph Peiffer wenkampani yamagqwetha yasePeiffer Wolf Carr & Kane. U-Peiffer uthe ngaphezulu kwama-2,000 amafama kulindeleke ukuba babe ngabangqina.

Sele kukho ngaphezulu kwamafama ali-100 enza amabango ngokuchasene neenkampani ezidityanisiweyo Isimangalo semimandla emininzi kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US eKapa Girardeau, eMissouri.

Kwangoko kule nyanga bellwether ityala Kweso simangalo siphele nge-juri evumelekileyo yokunikezela ngeefama zosapho lwe-Bader Farms eyi- $ 15 yezigidi kumonakalo wembuyekezo kunye ne-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayayo, eza kuhlawulwa yiBayer AG, inkampani yaseJamani eyathenga iMonsanto kwi-2018, kunye ne-BASF. Ijaji yagqiba ukuba iMonsanto kunye ne-BASF baceba ukwenza izinto ababesazi ukuba ziya kukhokelela ekonakaleni kwezityalo kuba babelindele ukuba iyonyusa inzuzo yabo.

"Ngoku sinemephu yendlela yokufumana ubulungisa kumaxhoba edicamba. Isigwebo seBader eMissouri sathumela umqondiso ocacileyo wokuba awunakufumana nzuzo ngokwenzakalisa amafama amsulwa uze uphume kuwo, ”utshilo uPeiffer. "Uphando lomonakalo wezityalo kunye nezikhalazo ezandayo zabalimi zixela ingxaki enkulu kunokuba iMonsanto / Bayer kunye neBASF befuna ukuyamkela."

Ilungelo laseMelika laseMelika lokucela i-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA), evume i-dicamba herbicides ngaphandle kobungqina besayensi bobungozi, ukubonelela ngesibalo sikazwelonke senani elipheleleyo lezikhalazo ze-dicamba drift. Kodwa ngelixa i-EPA isithi ithatha iingxelo "ngokungathí sina," iyalile ukubonelela ngamanani kwaye yathi i-arhente zikarhulumente ukusingatha ezo zikhalazo.

I-EPA ikwabonakalise ukuba akuqinisekanga ukuba umonakalo ochazwe ngamafama, phofu, ubangelwa yicicamba.

"Oonobangela beziganeko ezahlukeneyo zomonakalo abakazicaci, nanjengoko uphando lusaqhubeka," utshilo isithethi se-EPA. “Kodwa i-EPA ijonga lonke ulwazi olufumanekayo ngononophelo.

"Ukukhahlela ibhombu yexesha"

Njengokuba iMonsanto kunye neBayer beye bajongana nokulahla amaxwebhu angaphakathi ekulahlekelweni kwezilingo ezintathu ngenxa yamabango e-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides abangela umhlaza, maninzi amaxwebhu enkampani angaphakathi afunyenwe kwisimangalo se-dicamba esincede ukukholisa inkundla yecala lenkampani, ngokuka Bader Ummeli weefama uBill Randles.

IRandles ifumene amakhulu eerekhodi zangaphakathi zeMonsanto kunye ne-BASF ezibonisa ukuba iinkampani beziyazi ingozi eziyakuthi ziveliswe ziimveliso zabo nanjengoko bebexele esidlangalaleni okuchasene noko. Uthe olunye uxwebhu lwe-BASF lubhekisa kwizikhalazo zomonakalo we-dicamba njengesiqhushumbisi sexesha "esele liqhushumbe."

I-Bader kunye namanye amafama atyhola ukuba iMonsanto yayingakhathali ekukhupheleni umqhaphu wobunjineli kunye neembotyi zesoya ezinokusinda zitshizwe nge-dicamba herbicides kuba kwakusaziwa ukuba ukusebenzisa izityalo kunye neekhemikhali njengoko ziyilelwe kungakhokelela kumonakalo.

I-Dicamba isetyenziswe ngamafama ukusukela nge1960s kodwa ngemida ethathela ingqalelo ubungakanani bemichiza yokubalekela kude apho wafafazwa khona. Xa imveliso yokhula yokubulala ukhula eMonsanto efana neRoundup yaqala ukuphulukana nokusebenza kwayo ngenxa yokuxhathisa ukhula, iMonsanto yathatha isigqibo sokumilisela inkqubo yokulima i-dicamba efana nenkqubo yayo eyaziwayo yeRoundup Ready, eyayibhangqa imbewu enganyamezelekiyo ye-glyphosate ne-glyphosate herbicides.

Abalimi abathenga imbewu entsha ye-dicamba enganyamezelekiyo ngokulula inokunyanga ukhula olunenkani ngokutshiza amasimi onke nge-dicamba, nokuba ngeenyanga ezishushu ezishushu, ngaphandle kokonakalisa izityalo zabo, ngokweMonsanto, ethi Yazisa ngentsebenziswano yedicamba kunye ne-BASF ngo-2011. Iinkampani zithe i-dicamba herbicides yabo iya kuba mbalwa kakhulu kwaye ingathambekisi kangako kuneendlela ezindala zedicamba. Kodwa bala ukuvumela uvavanyo oluzimeleyo lwenzululwazi.

I-EPA yavuma ukusetyenziswa kweMonsanto's dicamba herbicide "XtendiMax" ngo-2016. I-BASF yavelisa eyayo i-dicamba herbicide eyibiza ngokuba yi-Engenia. Zombini iXtendiMax kunye ne-Engenia zathengiswa okokuqala eMelika ngo-2017.

IDuPont nayo yazisa iyeza lokubulala ukhula i-dicamba kwaye unokujongana nezimangalo ezininzi zamafama, ngokwegqwetha labamangali.

Kumabango abo asemthethweni, amafama atyhola ukuba bafumene umonakalo kokubini ukusuka ekuguqulweni kweenguqulelo ezindala ze-dicamba kunye nokukhupha iinguqulelo ezintsha ngokunjalo. Amafama athi iinkampani zinethemba loloyiko lokonzakala okunganyanzela amafama ukuba athenge imbewu ekhethekileyo ye-GMO dicamba ukuze ikhusele amasimi abo omqhaphu kunye neembotyi zesoya.

Abalimi abakhulisa ezinye iintlobo zezityalo abanazo iindlela zokukhusela amasimi abo.

Umlimi waseNyakatho Carolina uMarty Harper, okhula malunga neehektare ezingama-4,000 200,000 zecuba kunye namandongomane, umqhaphu, umbona, iimbotyi zesoya, ingqolowa kunye neebhatata, utshilo umonakalo onxulumene nedicamba kumasimi akhe wecuba ungaphezulu kwe- $ XNUMX. Uthe inxalenye yesityalo sakhe samandongomane sonakalisiwe.

Ngaphezulu kweefama ezingama-2,700 XNUMX ezinazo wafumana umonakalo wedicamba, ngokutsho kweYunivesithi yaseMissouri uprofesa wezesayensi uKevin Bradley.

Februwari 20, 2020

Njengoko iintetho zokuhlala ziqhubeka, olunye ulingo lweMonsanto Roundup lusondela

Ukuqhubeka nokuswela isisombululo kwityala elikhulu lomhlaza we-Roundup kwilizwe liphela, inkampani yabammeli baseMelika ekhokelayo iqhubela phambili ngamalungiselelo olingo lwaseCalifornia olubandakanya isiguli somhlaza esigula kakhulu kunye nenkosikazi yakhe abamangalela inkampani yangaphambili yeMonsanto ebanga ukuba isifo sale ndoda ngenxa yeminyaka yokusebenzisa kwakhe Roundup herbicide.

I-Miller Firm, enamalunga ne-6,000 ye-Roundup plaintiffs, ngoku ilungiselela ukuya kwityala ngokuchasene nomnini-Monsanto wase-Germany u-Bayer AG nge-5 kaMeyi kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseMarin County eCalifornia. Ityala linikwe inqanaba lokukhetha-elithetha umhla wokuvavanywa ngokukhawuleza-kuba ummangali uVictor Berliant ugula kakhulu. Ukufakwa kwindawo eBerliant kucwangciselwe iveki ezayo.

UBerliant, indoda ekwiminyaka yama-70, sele efunyanisiwe nge-Stage IV T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye iceba ukwenza utyando lomongo wethambo ngo-Matshi emva kwemijikelo emininzi ye-chemotherapy isilele. Amagqwetha akhe athi kunyanzelekile ukuba athathe isikhundla sakhe ngaphambi kokuba afakwe njengoko kukho umngcipheko wokuba angaphili kwinkqubo okanye angabinakho ukuthatha inxaxheba kwityala lika-Meyi.

IBerliant isebenzise iRoundup ukusukela malunga ne-1989 ukuya kwi-2017, ngokwetyala lakhe. Umfazi wakhe, uLinda Berliant, ukwabizwa njengommangali, eqinisekisa ukuphulukana komanyano kunye neminye imonakalo.

Amanye amatyala aneentsuku zokuxoxwa kwetyala alindelwe eSt. Ukuxoxwa kwetyala bekufanele ukuba kubanjwe namhlanje kwityala, u-Seitz v. Monsanto, kodwa warhoxiswa.

Ifemu yaseMiller yenye yeefemu zabamangali eziphambili kwityala leRoundup kwaye yabangela isiphithiphithi kwinyanga ephelileyo ngokucima ityala laseSt.Louis kungekudala ngaphambi kokuba kuvulwe iingxelo ukulungiselela iintetho zokuhlala.

Inyaniso yokuba inkampani kaMiller iyaqhubeka nokuvavanywa ngakumbi kugxininisa ukunqongophala kwesivumelwano phakathi kweBayer kunye namagqwetha echibini labamangali abathi eminye imithombo ithi ngoku bangaphezulu kwe-100,000.

Zombini iinkampani zeMiller kunye neWeitz neLuxenberg, ezinabamangali abamalunga nama-20,000 XNUMX zidityanisiwe, bebephambili kuthethathethwano, imithombo ekufutshane nesimangalo ithi.

Abanye abamangali abaye bavuma ukurhoxisa amatyala abo bafumene izivumelwano kwiimali ezithile zokuhlala, imithombo ebandakanyekayo kwisimangalo ithe, ngelixa amanye amaqela kusithiwa axoxa ngezivumelwano ezixhomekeke ekuphumeleleni kokugqitywa kwenani elikhulu lesimangalo saseMelika.

Kodwa ukuzinziswa okubanzi kokubeka ibango leRoundup ekuphumleni ixesha elide kuhlala kungumngeni, itsho imithombo. Ukuhlala echibini langoku labamangali akuyi kuyikhusela iBayer kwisimangalo sangomso kumabango abangela umhlaza we-Roundup.

Ijenali yeWall Street ibize iinzame zokwakha indawo yokuhlala "Ngumceli mngeni omkhulu." 

Abatyalomali abaninzi beBayer banethemba lesisombululo kungadlulanga kwintlanganiso yonyaka ka-Bayer ngo-Epreli 28 eBonn, eJamani.

Amanani ezigidi zeedola ezi-8 zeedola- i-10 yeebhiliyoni sele edadisiwe iiveki ngemithombo yesimangalo njengendawo yokuhlawula amatyala ngobuninzi bamatyala athe abamba iBayer okoko yathenga iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018 nge-63 yezigidigidi zeedola.

Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zahamba kakubi eMonsanto naseBayer njengamajaji anomsindo inikwe ngaphezulu kwebhiliyoni yeedola kumonakalo kubamangali abane. Iijaji zetyala ziye zathoba amabhaso ejaji ukuya kuthi ga kwi-190 yezigidi zeedola, kwaye bonke baphantsi kwesibheno kodwa amaxabiso ezabelo enkampani acinezeleke kakhulu kukulahleka kwetyala okuphindaphindiweyo.

Izilingo ziye zajika ukubonwa ngabantu Ingxelo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto  Oko kwabonisa indlela iMonsanto eyenze ngayo amaphepha enzululwazi evakalisa ukhuseleko lweeherbicides zayo ezibonakala ngathi zenziwe kuphela ngoososayensi abazimeleyo; basebenzise abantu besithathu ukuzama ukujongela phantsi izazinzulu ezixela ukwenzakaliswa kwe-glyphosate herbicides; kwaye sasebenzisana namagosa e-Arhente yoKhuselo lokusiNgqongileyo ukukhusela imeko kaMonsanto yokuba iimveliso zayo azibanga ngumhlaza.

"Into yokugqibela uBayer ayifunayo yenye into engeyiyo kwityala leRoundup" utshilo uMarine Chriqui, umhlalutyi wentengiso waseLondon. “Ndicinga ukuba kubaluleke kakhulu kubo ukuba bangabikho kwimeko enzima ngexesha lentlanganiso. "

Abanye ababonayo kushishino bacebisa ukuba iBayer inokuqhubeka nokusombulula ityala ngalinye ngaphambi kwetyala kangangeenyanga ezininzi njengoko izibheno zidlalwa.

Amagqwetha omabini amacala ngoku alindele umhla weengxoxo zomlomo phambi kwenkundla yezibheno kwityala lika UJohnson v. Monsanto, eyayiye okokuqala ukulingwa ngehlobo lowe-2018.

Abanye bamagqwetha abamangali bacinga ngokuvela eBonn kwiveki yentlanganiso yabanini zabelo ukuba isivumelwano asiphumelelanga, itsho imithombo yesimangalo.

Februwari 3, 2020

Uvavanyo lomhlaza waseSt. Kulindelwe iindaba zokuhlala

Uvavanyo lomhlaza we-Roundup eSt. kufutshane.

Ijaji yenkundla yesekethe iSt. Louis City, u-Elizabeth Hogan wakhupha isaziso ngoMvulo emva kwemini, eguqula isikhokelo esinikwe abagwebi kunye noonondaba kwiveki ephelileyo ukuba mabacwangcise iingxelo zokuvula kwityala eliqala ngoLwesithathu. Abasasazi abalinde ukubonisa inkqubo yolingo olulindelweyo baxelelwa ukuba mabapakishe izixhobo zabo.

Ityala lase-St. Louis, elibizwa ngokuba yi-Wade v. Monsanto, ibandakanya abamangali abane, kubandakanya nomfazi omnye owabulawa ngumyeni wakhe ngenxa ye-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Iingxelo zokuvula zazilindelwe ngoJan. Inkundla yathi ityala liza kuvulwa ngoFebruwari 24. Ngoku, lihlala ixesha elingenammiselo.

Abamangali kwityala lika-Wade batyhola ukuba bona okanye abo babathandayo bakhulisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngenxa yokuvezwa kweyeza likaMonsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides, kubandakanya neRoundup brand. Ngaphezulu kwabantu abangama-50,000 XNUMX benza izityholo ezifanayo nxamnye nenkampani, kwaye bangezelela ngelithi iMonsanto iyayazi imingcipheko kodwa yahluleka ukulumkisa abathengi bayo.

Izilingo ezininzi zikhutshiwe kwidokethi kwezi veki zigqithileyo njengoko iBayer, eyathenga iMonsanto kwi2018, isondele ekusonjululweni kwesimangalo. I-Bayer ijonge ukuhlawula phantse i-10 yezigidigidi zeedola ukuhlawula uninzi, ukuba ayingawo onke, amabango, ngokutsho kwemithombo ekufutshane nothethathethwano.

Kwiveki ephelileyo, ityala laseCalifornia Roundup elinesihloko esithi Caballero v. Monsanto yahlehliswa ngokusemthethweni emva ngaphezulu kweveki yemisebenzi yokukhetha ijaji kunye nokuhlala kwabagwebi abali-16. Imithombo esondele kwisimangalo ithi imiqathango yokuhlaliswa kwabantu ngoku kuvunyelwene ngayo eCaballero.

Imithombo ikwatsho ukuba abamangali kwityala leRoundup elicwangciselwe ukuqala nge-24 kaFebruwari kwinkundla yomanyano eSan Francisco - uStevick v. Monsanto-baxelelwa ukuba ityala labo akunakulindeleka ukuba liqhubeke.

Abatyalomali be-Bayer banomdla kwinkampani ukuba iphelise isimangalo kwaye ishiye izilingo ezininzi kunye noluntu oluziswa ngumntu ngamnye. Amagqwetha ka-Bayer axele ukuba kuxoxiswene ngentlawulo yokuhlawulwa kwabaxumi beenkampani ezininzi zabamangali, kodwa abakwazanga ukufikelela kwisivumelwano nababini - iMiller Firm yaseVirginia kunye neWeitz & Luxenberg yaseNew York.

Ifemu yaseMiller imele abamangali kumatyala eCaballero, eWade naseStevick. Inyani yokuba la matyala ngoku ayamiswa okanye ayacinywa ibonisa ukuba iBayer kunye ne-Miller ngokuqinileyo kungenzeka ukuba bafikelele kwisivumelwano, okanye bakufutshane nenye, batsho njalo.

Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zahamba kakubi eMonsanto naseBayer njengamajaji anomsindo inikwe ngaphezulu kwebhiliyoni yeedola kumonakalo kubamangali abane. Iijaji zetyala ziye zathoba amabhaso amajaji ukuya kuthi ga kwi-190 yezigidi zeedola, kwaye bonke baphantsi kwesibheno.

Ingxelo zeReuters ukuba iBayer ithathela ingqalelo indawo yokuhlala enokuthintela amagqwetha abandakanyekayo kumangalelwano kwizimangalo kwintengiso yabathengi abatsha.

Umlamli uKen Feinberg walile ukuphawula. UFeinberg wonyulwa ngoMeyi ophelileyo nguMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria ukuququzelela inkqubo yokuhlala. Kwinyanga ephelileyo, uFeinberg wathi "wayenethemba lokulumka" ukuba "ukubanjwa kukazwelonke" kwamatyala aseMelika akufuphi.

January 31, 2020

Uvavanyo lomhlaza waseSt

Idrama iyaqhubeka kwidabi elibukhali elibukele phakathi kwamagqwetha akhusela i-Monsanto Co yangaphambili kunye nabo bamele amawaka amaxhoba omhlaza abathi babhencwe kwi-Roundup herbicide kaMonsanto abanike yona okanye ilungu losapho elingelilo iHodgkin lymphoma.

NgoLwesihlanu, ityala laseCalifornia lahlehliswa ngokusesikweni emva kweveki ngaphezulu kwemisebenzi yokukhetha ijaji kunye nokuhlala kwabagwebi abali-16. Endaweni yokuqhubeka neengxelo zokuvula, eli tyala ngoku limiselwe elinye ixesha ngokungenammiselo, kunye nenkomfa yolawulo lwamatyala ebekelwe uMatshi 31.

Okwangoku, ityala labamangali abaninzi elamiswa ngaphambi nje kokuba kuvulwe iingxelo kwiveki ephelileyo eSt.Louis limiselwe ukuba livulwe ngoLwesithathu olandelayo, imithombo ekufutshane nesimangalo ithe.

Ulingo lwaseSt. Inethiwekhi yokujonga iNkundla nangokusondeza kwizikhululo zikamabonakude nakunomathotholo. Amagqwetha omnini waseMonsanto waseJamani uBayer AG baphikisana nokusasaza ityala, besithi ukupapashwa kubeka engozini abaphathi kunye namangqina.

Izilingo ezininzi zikhutshiwe kwidokethi kwezi veki zidlulileyo njengoko iBayer, eyathenga iMonsanto kwi2018, isondele kufutshane nokuhlaliswa kwehlabathi malunga noko kungaphezulu kwamabango angama-50,000 100,000 - olunye uqikelelo lungaphezulu kwe-10. I-Bayer ijonge ukuhlawula phantse i-XNUMX yezigidigidi zeedola ukuhlawula amabango, ngokwemithombo esondeleyo kuthethathethwano.

Amacala onke atyhola ukuba iMonsanto yayilwazi kakuhle uphando lwenzululwazi olubonisa ukuba kukho umngcipheko kwimpilo yabantu ebotshelelwe kwimichiza yokubulala ukhula eglyphosate kodwa ayenzanga nto ukulumkisa abathengi, endaweni yoko basebenzise irekhodi lenzululwazi ukukhusela ukuthengisa kwenkampani.

Abatyalomali be-Bayer banomdla kwinkampani ukuba iphelise isimangalo kwaye ishiye izilingo ezininzi kunye noluntu oluziswa ngumntu ngamnye. Amagqwetha ka-Bayer axele ukuba axoxisene ngentlawulo yokuhlawulwa kwabaxhamli beenkampani ezininzi ezinkulu, kodwa abakwazanga ukufikelela kwisivumelwano neenkampani ezimbini zabamangali-iMiller Firm yaseVirginia kunye neWeitz & Luxenberg yaseNew York. Ifemi yeMiller imele abamangali kumacala amabini aseCalifornia asandula ukukhutshwa kwidokethi kwaye kwityala laseSt.

Izabelo ziphakame kwiveki ephelileyo xa ityala laseSt. Louis lahlehliswa ngesiquphe njengamagqwetha akhokelayo avela kumashishini amabini abamangali - uMike Miller noPerry Weitz - bayishiya inkundla ngaphambi nje kokuba kuvulwe iingxelo zokuvula ukuze kuqhubeke intetho zomzuzu wokugqibela kunye neBayer amagqwetha.

Ukumiswa kwetyala kuye kwabakhathaza ababukeleyo, kubandakanya neqela elivela kwiNkundla yokujonga iNkundla, elihlala enkundleni yamatyala kule veki lilindele iindaba zokuba lingaqhubeka nini ityala. Baxelelwe kusasa ngolwesiHlanu kuphela ukuba ityala alizukuqhubeka ngoMvulo. Bafunde kamva ukuba izakuqhubeka kwakhona ngolwesiThathu endaweni yoko.

Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zahamba kakubi eMonsanto naseBayer njengamajaji anomsindo inikwe ngaphezulu kwebhiliyoni yeedola kumonakalo kubamangali abane. Iijaji zetyala ziye zathoba amabhaso amajaji ukuya kuthi ga kwi-190 yezigidi zeedola, kwaye bonke baphantsi kwesibheno.

Ezo zilingo zajika zanikwa iliso ngabantu Iirekhodi zangaphakathi zeMonsanto  ezibonisa indlela iMonsanto eyenze ngayo amaphepha enzululwazi evakalisa ukhuseleko lweeherbicides zayo ezibonakala ngathi zenziwe kuphela ngoososayensi abazimeleyo; basebenzise abantu besithathu ukuzama ukujongela phantsi izazinzulu ezixela ukwenzakaliswa kwe-glyphosate herbicides; kwaye sasebenzisana namagosa e-Arhente yoKhuselo lokusiNgqongileyo ukukhusela imeko kaMonsanto yokuba iimveliso zayo azibanga ngumhlaza.

January 28, 2020

Ukuhlaliswa kweBayer yamabango omhlaza weRoundup asephezulu emoyeni

Amajaji akhethwe ukuba aphulaphule ityala laseSt. Ukumangalelwa malunga nokukhuseleka kwemichiza yokubulala ukhula i-Roundup kusaqhubeka.

Kwesinye isibonakaliso sokuba isivumelwano asikakhuselwa, ukhetho lwejaji kwiilingo ezahlukeneyo zomhlaza we-Roundup- le yaseCalifornia-yayiqhubeka kule veki. Izilingo eSt. Louis naseCalifornia zibandakanya abamangali abathi bona okanye abo babathandayo baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngenxa yokuvezwa kwe-glyphosate-based herbicides eyenziwe nguMonsanto, kubandakanya neRoundup brand. Amashumi amawaka abamangali benza amabango afanayo kwizimangalo ezifakwe kwi-United States.

I-Bayer ithenge iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018 kanye njengoko ityala lokuqala kwityala lobundlobongela beliqhubeka. Ixabiso lesabelo sikaBayer lacothwa emva kokuba ijaji evumayo ifumanise ukuba ukubulala izitshabalalisi zeMonsanto kwakungunobangela womhlaza wommangali kuloo meko nokuba iMonsanto yayifihle ubungqina bomngcipheko womhlaza kuluntu.

Izilingo ezimbini ezongezelelekileyo zikhokelela kwiziphumo ezifanayo zejury kwaye zatsala ingqalelo yamajelo eendaba kwilizwe lonke ukuba kugxothwe amaxwebhu eMonsanto angaphakathi abonisa ukuba inkampani ibandakanyeka kwizenzo zenkohliso kumashumi eminyaka ukukhusela nokukhusela inzuzo yemichiza yokutshabalalisa ukhula.

Abatyalomali be-Bayer banomdla kwinkampani ukuba iphelise isimangalo kwaye ishiye izilingo ezininzi kunye noluntu oluziswa ngumntu ngamnye. Izabelo ziphakame kwiveki ephelileyo xa ityala laseSt. Louis lahlehliswa ngesiquphe njengamagqwetha abamangali ababexinene namagqwetha aseBayer kwaye abonisa ukuba umhlaba wonke wokumangalelwa wawusondele.

Amanani ezi-8 zeebhiliyoni- $ 10 yezigidigidi ahanjisiwe iiveki ngemithombo yolwaphulo-mthetho njengendawo yokuhlawula amatyala ngobuninzi bamatyala athe abamba iBayer okoko ithenge iMonsanto nge $ 63 yezigidigidi.

I-Bayer sele ithethathethane ngemiqathango yokuhlawula kunye neenkampani ezininzi zomthetho ezikhokela isimangalo, kodwa khange ikwazi ukufikelela kwisivumelwano neenkampani zabamangali ze-Weitz & Luxenberg kunye neMiller Firm. Ngokudibeneyo ezi femu zimbini zimele abamangali abasondeleyo abangama-20,000 XNUMX, besenza ukuba bathathe inxaxheba kwisivumelwano njengeyona nto ibalulekileyo kwisivumelwano esiya kuthi sixolise abatyali-mali, itsho imithombo ekufutshane nesimangalo.

Imithombo ithi la macala mabini "asondele kakhulu" kwisivumelwano.

Ngokwahlukeneyo, kodwa iindaba ezinxulumene noko, Inkampani yeKellogg yatsho iveki ukuba yayihamba isebenzisa iinkozo ezifafazwe ngeglyphosate kungekudala ngaphambi kokuvuna njengezithako kubathengi bayo kunye nokutya okuziinkozo. Isenzo sokusebenzisa i-glyphosate njenge-desiccant yayithengiswa yi-Monsanto iminyaka njengesiqhelo esinokunceda amafama ukuba azomise izityalo zawo ngaphambi kokuvuna, kodwa ukuvavanywa kwemveliso yokutya kubonise ukuba isenzo eso sishiya intsalela yombulali wokhula kukutya okugqityiweyo njenge-oatmeal.

AbakwaKellogg bathe "sisebenzisana nabanikezeli ngeenkonzo ukuphelisa ukusebenzisa i-glyphosate njenge-arhente yokomisa ngaphambi kokuvuna kwingqolowa yethu kunye ne-oat kwiimarike zethu ezinkulu, kubandakanya ne-US, ukuphela kuka-2025."

January 24, 2020

Uvavanyo lwaseSt.Louis Roundup lumisiwe njengoko indawo enkulu yokuhlala ibonakala kufutshane

Uhlaziyo-Ingxelo evela eBayer: “Amaqela afikelele kwisivumelwano sokuqhubeka netyala likaWade kwiNkundla yeSekethe yaseMissouri yaseSt. Ukuqhubeka kwenzelwe ukubonelela ngamagumbi okuqhubeka kwenkqubo yolamlo ngokuthembekileyo phantsi kolawulo lukaKen Feinberg, kwaye kuthintelwe iziphazamiso ezinokuvela kwizilingo. Ngelixa iBayer ibandakanyeka ngendlela eyakhayo kwinkqubo yolamlo, akukho sivumelwano sibanzi ngeli xesha. Akukho siqinisekiso okanye ithayimthebhile yesisombululo esibanzi. ”

Ukuvulwa okulindelwe kakhulu kwento eyayiza kuba luvavanyo lwesine lomhlaza we-Roundup kwahlehliswa ngokungenammiselo ngolwe-Sihlanu phakathi kokuthethathethana ngokusombulula phakathi komnini weMonsanto uBayer AG kunye namagqwetha amele amawaka abantu ababanga ukuba umhlaza wabo ubangelwe kukuvezwa yimichiza yokubulala ukhula egazini iMonsanto's glyphosate-based.

Ijaji yeNkundla yeSekethe iSt. Louis City, u-Elizabeth Hogan wakhupha umyalelo othi kuphela “isizathu siqhubekile.” Umyalelo uza emva kwamagqwetha akhokelayo avela kumafemu abamangali e-Weitz & Luxenberg eNew York kunye neMiller Firm yaseVirginia ashiye inkundla yaseHogan engalindelwanga kungekudala ngaphambi kokuba kuvulwe iingxelo bekufanele ziqale ngentsasa yangoLwesihlanu. Imithombo esondeleyo kumaqela ezomthetho ekuqaleni ithi iingxelo zokuvula zityhalelwe kude kube semva kwemini ukuvumela ixesha lokuba babone ukuba amagqwetha abameli kunye namagqwetha aseBayer angasigqiba isigqibo esiza kulungisa amatyala amashumi amawaka. Kodwa ngenjikalanga inkqubo yayiyekisiwe kwaye bekucingelwa ngokubanzi ukuba isivumelwano sifezekisiwe.

Amanani ezigidi zeedola ezi-8 zeedola- $ 10 yezigidigidi atyibilikisiwe iiveki ngemithombo yesimangalo njengendawo yokuhlawula amatyala ngobuninzi bamatyala athe abamba iBayer okoko ithenge iMonsanto ngoJuni ka-2018 nge-63 yezigidigidi zeedola. Amaxabiso ezabelo zenkampani axinezeleke kabukhali yilahleko ephindaphindiweyo yamatyala kunye namabhaso amakhulu ejaji ngokuchasene nenkampani kwizilingo ezintathu ezigcinwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku.

Olunye uvavanyo oluninzi lwaluza kubanjwa kwiiveki neenyanga ezimbalwa ezizayo, becinezela iBayer ukuba ixazulule amatyala kwangexesha ukuze kuqinisekiswe abatyali mali kwintlanganiso yabo yabanini zabelo ngo-Epreli.

Amagosa aseBayer aqinisekisile ukuba ngaphezulu kwe-42,000 yabamangali bafaka isimangalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto. Kodwa imithombo yesimangalo ithi ngoku bangaphezulu kwama-100,000 XNUMX abamangali abaklelweyo kunye namabango, nangona inani elipheleleyo lamabango afakiweyo lingacacanga.

Ifemi yeWeitz kunye nefemi yaseMiller xa zidityanisiwe zimela amabango amalunga nama-20,000 XNUMX abamangali, ngokutsho kwemithombo ekufutshane neefemu. UMike Miller, okhokela inkampani kaMiller, ligqwetha elikhokelayo kwityala laseSt.

UMiller ubambe isikhundla esiphezulu kwiingxoxo zokuhlala no-Bayer njengoko amanye amagqwetha abaphambili abatyikityiweyo sele etyikitye isivumelwano kunye nesiyobisi esikhulu saseJamani. IBayer kufuneka ikwazi ukufezekisa isisombululo ngesininzi samabango angekahlawulwa ukuze incede abatyali zimali abangenelisekanga.

Umlamli uKen Feinberg uthe kwiveki ephelileyo akucaci ukuba kungabakho isisombululo sehlabathi ngaphandle kokuphumelela uMiller. UMiller wayefuna "into acinga ukuba yimbuyekezo efanelekileyo," utshilo uFeinberg. UMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria wonyula uFeinberg ukuba asebenze njengomlamli phakathi kweBayer kunye negqwetha labamangali ngoMeyi ophelileyo.

Ijaji yetyala laseSt.

Amagqwetha kaMonsanto enze i-bid kwangoko ngolwesiHlanu ukuvimba ukusasazwa kwetyala ngoonomathotholo basekuhlaleni nakwizikhululo zikanomathotholo kodwa ijaji Hogan yagweba ngokuchasene nenkampani. Ityala langoLwesihlanu beliya kuba lelokuqala ukwenzeka kwindawo yaseSt. Louis, apho iMonsanto yayinekomkhulu layo ngaphezulu kweminyaka eyi-100.

Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zahamba kakubi kuMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG njengamajaji acaphuka inikwe ngaphezulu kwebhiliyoni yeedola kumonakalo kubamangali abane. Iijaji zetyala ziye zathoba amabhaso amajaji ukuya kuthi ga kwi-190 yezigidi zeedola, kwaye bonke baphantsi kwesibheno.

Izilingo ziye zajika ukubonwa ngabantu Ingxelo yangaphakathi yeMonsanto  Oko kwabonisa indlela iMonsanto eyenze ngayo amaphepha enzululwazi evakalisa ukhuseleko lweeherbicides zayo ezibonakala ngathi zenziwe kuphela ngoososayensi abazimeleyo; basebenzise abantu besithathu ukuzama ukujongela phantsi izazinzulu ezixela ukwenzakaliswa kwe-glyphosate herbicides; kwaye sasebenzisana namagosa e-Arhente yoKhuselo lokusiNgqongileyo ukukhusela imeko kaMonsanto yokuba iimveliso zayo azibanga ngumhlaza.

January 23, 2020

Uthuli phezulu kwimithombo yeendaba ngaphambi kokuvulwa kwetyala lomhlaza weRoundup

Amagqwetha amele amacala achaseneyo okuzayo Uvavanyo lomhlaza weMonsanto Roundup ngenxa yokuvulwa kwangoLwesihlanu eSt. Louis babexinene kwindlu yamatyala ngoLwesine phakathi kwentelekelelo yokuba iingxoxo zokuhlala phakathi kwabamangali kunye nomnini weMonsanto uBayer AG zazikwimeko emaxongo.

Ukungabikho kwamagqwetha, ukudideka malunga nokufikelela kumajelo eenkqubo zetyala kwavela kwityala elalibizwa ngokungxama kwiNkundla yeSekethe yaseSt. Louis emva kokuba umabhalana weJaji uElizabeth Hogan ngempazamo wazisa oonondaba ukuba xa beceba ukujonga iinkqubo zetyala ngokuhlala Ukutya kwiCourtroom View Network (i-CVN) baya kufuna imvume yomntu ngamnye evela kwinkundla. Iintatheli zaxelelwa ukuba kufuneka zenze isicelo sokuxoxwa kwenkundla malunga nokuba bangayibukela na into yokudlalela inkundla ivumile ukuvumela iCVN ukuba ibonelele.

I-CVN emva koko yathumela isaziso kwiintatheli ibazisa ngento yokuba banokuthintelwa ekujongeni iinkqubo zisekude. “Siye saxelelwa ukuba iNkundla ibonakala ngathi inyanzelise naliphi na ilungu losasazo elifuna ukubukela Isondlo sevidiyo seRoundup ngeCVN kufuneka ifumane imvume ethile enkundleni ukwenza njalo. Igqwetha lethu lizama ukuqhakamshelana nejaji i-ASAP ukusombulula le nto, kwaye sinethemba lokuba izakusonjululwa, ”yatsho i-imeyile ethunyelwe kwiCVN kwiintatheli.

Ukongeza, ukuva kwakuza kuthatha umcimbi wokuba i-CVN ingabonelela ngokufikelela kwizikhululo zeendaba ezithile zosasazo. Unomathotholo kunye nomabonakude abafuna ukwabelana ngezinye zeenkqubo kunye nabaphulaphuli babo kuya kufuneka benze izibongozo zabo kwijaji.

Ukuchotshelwa kwetyala kwagqitywa ngenxa yokuba amagqwetha kaBayer, athe akukhaba ngawo omane ukusasaza ityala, abekho. Ngoku umba wokufikelela echibini uza kuthathwa ngoLwesihlanu kusasa ngaphambi kokuvula iingxelo kwityala, utshilo uGross.

Ukusikelwa umda ekubukeleni nje ityala elichazwe ngunobhala wejaji kufumanise ukuba alichanekanga, ngokutsho kwesithethi senkundla uThom Gross. Kukho imida ebukhali kwabo bazakubukela, nangona kunjalo. Akukho "ukukhuphela, ukurekhoda, ukuphinda usasaze ngokutsha okanye ukuthunyelwa kwakhona kwawo nawuphi na umxholo, kubandakanya nescreen shots" esivumelekileyo.

Ingxoxo-mpikiswano malunga nokuba angabonakala kangakanani amatyala ibiyinkxalabo yeBayer njengoko ifuna ukusombulula amashumi amawaka amatyala afakwe ngokuchasene neyunithi yayo yeMonsanto etyhola iRoundup kunye nezinye izinto zokubulala ukhula ezisisiseko se-glyphosate ezibangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Abamangali bongeza ukuba iMonsanto bekufanele ukuba ibalumkisile abasebenzisi kodwa endaweni yoko bagqume umngcipheko weyeza layo.

Ubungqina kwizilingo ezithathu ezigqityiweyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku buye babangela ingqumbo kwihlabathi lonke malunga nokuziphatha kweMonsanto, njengoko amagqwetha abhengeza ukwazisa iingxelo zangaphakathi zeMonsanto apho abaphathi beenkampani bexoxa ngemibhalo yezenzululwazi, bethumela ngokufihlakeleyo abantu besithathu ukuba badelele izazinzulu ezizimeleyo, kwaye baxhamle kubudlelwane obumnandi namagosa kwi-Arhente yoKhuseleko lwezeNdalo.

U-Bayer uthe umabonwakude kwetyala laseSt inokuba sengozini abasebenzi bayo, kubandakanya nabaphathi beMonsanto.

Iifemu zabammangali ezininzi ezazikhokele umlo kwisimangalo kwilizwe liphela zivumile ukurhoxisa okanye ukuhlehlisa izilingo ezininzi, kubandakanya ezimbini ezazibandakanya abantwana abancinci abanomhlaza, njengenxalenye yentetho yokuhlawula kunye neBayer.

U-Bayer wayengakhange ayifihle iminqweno yakhe yokulungisa amatyala amakhulu ngaphambi kokuba kuphinde kuvavanywe. Kodwa enye yezona zinto zinkulu zabamangaleli zibanjwe ligqwetha laseVirginia uMike Miller, kwaye uMiller ukwalile ukuza kuthi ga ngoku ukulingisa amatyala akhe kubamangali, ekubonakala ukuba ebenqabela ukuhlawulwa kwetyala. Ifemi kaMiller ibonelela ngengcebiso ekhokelayo kwityala laseSt.Louis nakwenye eCarlifonia esekwinkqubo yokhetho lwejaji.

Ifemi yeMiller ineemvavanyo ezininzi ezizayo zabamangali.

January 22, 2020

Izibalo ziphezulu kunye novavanyo lomhlaza we-Roundup ukuqala phakathi kweentetho zokuhlala

Kuphantse kube yiminyaka emihlanu ukusukela oko izazinzulu zomhlaza wamazwe aphesheya zabeka ikhemikhali ethandwayo yokubulala ukhula njenge-carcinogenic, iindaba ezakhokelela kuqhushumbo lwamatyala aziswe zizigulana ezinomhlaza ezisola owayesakuba ngumenzi weekhemikhali uMonsanto Co ngokubandezeleka kwabo.

Amashumi amawaka abamangali base-US-amanye amagqwetha abandakanyeka kwisimangalo athi ngaphezulu kwe-100,000-bathi ibango likaMonsanto's Roundup herbicide kunye nabanye ababulali bokhula base-glyphosate babangela ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, ngelixa iMonsanto ichithe iminyaka ifihla umngcipheko kubathengi.

Izilingo ezintathu zokuqala zahamba kakubi kuMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG njengamajaji acaphuka inikwe ngaphezulu kwebhiliyoni yeedola kumonakalo kubamangali abane. Iijaji zetyala ziye zathoba amabhaso amajaji ukuya kuthi ga kwi-190 yezigidi zeedola, kwaye bonke baphantsi kwesibheno.

Izilingo ezimbini ezitsha-enye eCarlifonia kwaye enye eMissouri-ngoku ikwinkqubo yokukhetha amajuri. Iingxelo zokuvula zicwangciselwe uLwesihlanu kulingo lwaseMissouri, olwenzeka eSt. Louis, idolophu yakudala yaseMonsanto. Ijaji kwelo tyala ivumela ubungqina ukuba bubukelwe kumabonakude kwaye busasazwe ngu Inethiwekhi yokujonga iNkundla.

Bayer Ebenomdla wokuthintela ukubonwa kwezilingo ezininzi kwaye aphelise isaga ethe yafaka imali kwintengiso enkulu, kwaye kutyhilwe emhlabeni Incwadi yokudlala yangaphakathi kaMonsanto yokuxhaphaza isayensi, imithombo yeendaba kunye nabalawuli.

Kubonakala ngathi eso siphelo siza kufika kungekudala.

"Le nzame yokufumana ukuhlawulwa ngokupheleleyo kwamatyala eRoundup inamandla," utshilo umlamli uKen Feinberg kudliwanondlebe. Uthe "unethemba lokulumka" ukuba "ukubekwa kwelizwe lonke" ekuhlawuleni amatyala aseMelika kunokwenzeka kwiveki okanye ezimbini ezizayo. UFeinberg wonyulwa ngoMeyi ophelileyo nguMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria ukuququzelela inkqubo yokuhlala.

Akukho nalinye icala elifuna ukulinda kwaye libone ukuba izibheno ezifakiweyo malunga nezigwebo zetyala zidlala njani, ngokukaFeinberg, kwaye iBayer inethemba lokuba neendaba ezimnandi zokuxela intlanganiso yabanini zabelo yonyaka NgoAprili.

"Uhambisa idayisi ngezi zibheno," watsho uFeinberg. "Andiqondi ukuba kukho umntu ofuna ukulinda de ezo zibheno zisonjululwe."

Kumqondiso osandula ukwenziwa wokuhlawulwa kwetyala, ityala elicwangciselwe ukuqala kwiveki ezayo eCarlifonia - Cotton v. Monsanto - limisiwe. Umhla wovavanyo omtsha ngoku usetelwe uJulayi.

Kwaye ngoLwesibini, Chhabria ikhuphe umyalelo ongqongqo ukukhumbuza omabini amacala ngemfuneko yokufihla xa kuqhubeka iintetho zokuhlala.

"Ngokwesicelo somlamli, amaqela ayakhunjuzwa ukuba iingxoxo malunga nokuhlaliswa kwabantu… ziyimfihlo kwaye iNkundla ayizukuthandabuza ukunyanzelisa iimfuno zobumfihlo ngezohlwayo xa kukho imfuneko," ubhale watsho uChhabria.

Amanani ezigidi zeedola ezisi-8 ukuya kwi-10 yezigidi zeerandi afakwe kwimithombo yesimangalo, nangona uFeinberg esithi "akazukuliqinisekisa elo nani." Abanye abahlalutyi bathi i-8 yezigidigidi zeedola kunokuba nzima ukuyithethelela kubatyali mali beBayer, kwaye balindele isixa esisezantsi kakhulu sokuhlawula.

Iifemu zabammangali ezininzi ezazikhokele isimangalo kwilizwe liphela zivumile ukurhoxisa okanye ukuhlehlisa izilingo ezininzi, kubandakanya ezimbini ezazibandakanya abantwana abancinci abanomhlaza, njengenxalenye yeentetho zokuhlala. Kodwa njengoko beyekelela umva, ezinye iinkampani zemidyarho ziye zabaleka ukusayina abamangali abatsha, into edibanisa iintetho zokuhlala ngokunyibilika kwentlawulo nganye.

Ukuthetha kuye kwanzima ngenxa yokuba omnye wabakhokheli be-Roundup-igqwetha laseVirginia uMike Miller, igqala ekuthatheni iinkampani ezinkulu enkundleni-ukuza kuthi ga ngoku akavumanga ukumisa amatyala, kubonakala ngathi uyarhoxa kwisibonelelo sokuhlawula. Ifemi kaMiller imele amawaka abamangali kwaye ibonelela ngengcebiso ekhokelayo kwezi zilingo zimbini ziyaqhubeka ngoku.

IMiller Firm ibiyinxalenye ebalulekileyo yeqela elikwabandakanye neBaum Hedlund Aristei kunye neGoldman inkampani yaseLos Angeles eyemba Iirekhodi zangaphakathi zeMonsanto Ngokufumanisa, kusetyenziswa ubungqina ukufezekisa amatyala amathathu ophumeleleyo. Ezo ngxelo zivelise ingxoxo-mpikiswano malunga nokhuseleko lwe-Roundup, zibonisa indlela amaphepha enzululwazi awenze ngayo uMonsanto abonakala ngathi ayinyani kuphela zizazinzulu ezizimeleyo; basebenzise abantu besithathu ukuzama ukujongela phantsi izazinzulu ezixela ukwenzakaliswa kwe-glyphosate herbicides; kwaye sasebenzisana namagosa e-Arhente yoKhuselo lokusiNgqongileyo ukukhusela imeko kaMonsanto yokuba iimveliso zayo azibanga ngumhlaza.

Abanye babathengi bakaMiller bayamvuyisa, ngethemba lokubamba uMiller angayalela intlawulo enkulu yebango lomhlaza. Abanye banoloyiko lokuba angaphazamisa amathuba okufumana indawo yokuhlala enkulu, ngakumbi ukuba inkampani yakhe ilahlekelwe lolunye uvavanyo.

UFeinberg uthe akucaci ukuba isisombululo esipheleleyo sinokufezekiswa ngaphandle kukaMiller.

"UMike Miller ligqwetha elilunge kakhulu," utshilo uFeinberg. Uthe uMiller wayefuna into acinga ukuba yimbuyekezo efanelekileyo.

UFeinberg uthe zininzi iinkcukacha ekufuneka zilungisiwe, kubandakanya nokuba ityala liza kwabiwa njani kubamangali.

Ukulandela kweentatheli, abathengi, izazinzulu kunye nabatyali mali kwihlabathi lonke bajonge le nkqubela phambili, belindele isiphumo esinokuthi sichaphazele intshukumo kumazwe amaninzi yokuthintela okanye yokuthintela iimveliso zeyeza zokutshabalalisa ukhula.

Kodwa abo banefuthe kakhulu ngamaxhoba omhlaza angabalekiyo kunye namalungu osapho abo akholelwa ukuba ukubekwa phambili kubutyebi beenzuzo ngaphezulu kwempilo yoluntu kufuneka kubanjelwe ukuphendula.

Nangona abanye abamangali beyinyange ngempumelelo imihlaza yabo, abanye basweleke ngelixa belinde isisombululo, kwaye abanye bayakhula ngokugula ngakumbi njengoko usuku ngalunye ludlula.

Imali yokuhlala ayizokuphilisa mntu okanye ibuyise umntu omthandayo odlulileyo. Kodwa inokunceda abanye ukuhlawula iindleko zonyango, okanye ukuhlawula iindleko zekholeji zabantwana abaphulukene nomzali, okanye bavumele ubomi obulula phakathi kwentlungu eziswa ngumhlaza.

Kungangcono kakhulu ukuba besingadingi matyala amaninzi, amaqela amagqwetha kunye neminyaka enkundleni ukufuna iintlawulo zokulimala okubangelwa yimveliso eyingozi okanye yentengiso ekhohlisayo. Kungangcono kakhulu ukuba ube nenkqubo engqongqo yolawulo ekhusela impilo yoluntu kunye nemithetho yohlwaya inkohliso yequmrhu.

Kungangcono ukuba besihlala kwilizwe apho kulula ukufumana ubulungisa. Kude kube lelo xesha, siyajonga kwaye silinde kwaye sifunde kumatyala afana nesimangalo seRoundup. Kwaye sinethemba elingcono.

January 17, 2020

Ukuhlaliswa eMonsanto Roundup kumatyala esifo somhlaza esenziwe nzima ligqwetha eliphumayo

Kuya kuthatha ntoni ukwenza ukuba uMike Miller azinzise? Lowo ngumbuzo oxinzelelweyo njengomnye wamagqwetha akhokelayo kwityala lesizwe lomhlaza we-Roundup ukuza kuthi ga ngoku akavumanga ukulungelelanisa nabanye abantu ukuba bavume ukulungisa amatyala egameni lamawaka ezigulana ezinomhlaza ezibanga ukuba izifo zazo zibangelwe kukuvezwa kwemveliso yokubulala intsholongwane kaMonsanto .

UMike Miller, oyintloko yeOrange, eFlorida esekwe kwifemu yezomthetho enegama lakhe, ebengathandi ukwamkela imiqathango yokuhlawulwa kweengxoxo ezixoxwa phakathi kweengxoxo phakathi komnini waseMonsanto waseJamani uBayer AG kunye negqwetha labamangali. Oko kuphinda kubekhona kwakhona yindawo ebambekayo ephazamisayo nesisisombululo, imithombo esondeleyo kwisimangalo ithi.

Endaweni yokuba inkampani kaMiller isungule izilingo ezimbini kule nyanga, kubandakanya enye eqale namhlanje eContra Costa, eCalifornia, kunye neqala ngoLwesibini eSt. Louis, eMissouri. Kungenzeka ukuba uMiller angavuma ukuhlawulwa nangaliphi na ixesha, aphazamise iinkqubo zetyala, nangona kunjalo. UMiller naye unetyala elisetelwe uFebruwari kwiNkundla yeSithili saseMelika eSan Francisco. Elo tyala, elethwe sisigulana esinomhlaza u-Elaine Stevick, iya kuba lityala lesibini ukubanjwa kwinkundla yomanyano.

Ukuhamba kukaMiller kokuqhubeka nokuzama amatyala kuyazahlula kwezinye iifemu zabamangali baseRoundup, kubandakanya neBaum Hedlund Aristei kunye negqwetha laseGoldman laseLos Angeles kunye neDenver, e-Colorado esekwe nguAndrus Wagstaff. Njengenkampani iMiller, uBaum Hedlund kunye noAndrus Wagstaff bamele amawaka abamangali.

Ezo femu zivumile ukurhoxisa okanye ukuhlehlisa ulingo oluninzi, kubandakanya ezimbini ezazibandakanya abantwana abancinci abanomhlaza, ukulungiselela ukubonelelwa.

Eminye imithombo ikhombise inani lokuhlawula elinokubakho kwi-8 yezigidigidi zeedola- i-10 yezigidigidi, nangona abanye abahlalutyi bathe eli nani linganzima ukuthethelela abatyali mali beBayer, abagcina iliso elibukhali kuphuhliso.

Abagxeki batyhola uMiller ngokwenza into enokuthi yenzakalise amandla amawaka abamangali ukuba bafumane intlawulo evela eBayer, kodwa abaxhasi bathi uyayilwela imidla yabathengi bakhe kwaye uyala ukwamkela imigaqo ayifumana ingaphantsi. UMiller ligqala lomchasi elinembali ende yokuthatha iinkampani ezinkulu, kubandakanya iziyobisi ezinkulu, ngaphezulu kokulimala kwabathengi okunxulumene nemveliso.

Umlamli uKen Feinberg uthe akucaci ukuba kungabakho isisombululo sehlabathi ngaphandle kwe Miller.

"UMike Miller unombono wokuba axabisa ntoni amatyala akhe kwaye ufuna into acinga ukuba yimbuyekezo efanelekileyo," utshilo uFeinberg. UMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria wonyula uFeinberg ukuba asebenze njengomlamli phakathi kweBayer kunye negqwetha labamangali ngoMeyi ophelileyo.

IMonsanto ilahlekile zontathu izilingo ibanjwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. IMiller Firm iphathe ezibini kwezi zilingo-bezisa iBaum Hedlund igqwetha ukunceda kwityala lika  UDewayne "Lee" Johnson (emva kokuba uMike Miller enzakaliswe kabuhlungu engozini ngaphambi nje kwetyala) nakwimeko yabamangaleli bendoda nomfazi. Alva kunye neAlberta Pilliod. UJohnson wanikwa i-289 yezigidi zeedola kwaye ii-Pilliods zanikwa ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi nangona iijaji zetyala kwityala ngalinye zathoba amabhaso. Elinye ityala esele lenziwe, kumabango aziswe ngu-Edwin Hardeman, liphethwe yinkampani ka-Andrus Wagstaff kunye negqwetha uJennifer Moore.

Umzamo kaMiller wokutyhala izilingo ezintsha ubeka umngcipheko omninzi, kubandakanya nento yokuba iMonsanto inokuphumelela kwityala elinye okanye nangaphezulu, elinokuthi libonelele ngeBayer kwiingxoxo zokuhlala. Ngokuchaseneyo, nangona kunjalo, ukuba uMiller wayeza kuphumelela izilingo ezinokuthi zibonelele ngendlela entsha kubamangali ukuba bacele imali ethe kratya.

Uxinzelelo lokuhlala kuye kwaxatyiswa phezulu kuwo omabini amacala. Izinto ezintsonkothileyo zibandakanya ukubhaliswa kwenani labamangali 'elityikitywe ziifemu zamagqwetha eUnited States phakathi kolwazi lwentlawulo enokwenzeka. Ezinye iingxelo zosasazo ziye zalikhaba inani labamangali abangama-80,000 ngelixa eminye imithombo ithe eli nani lingaphezulu kwe-100,000. Inxalenye enkulu yelo nani, nangona kunjalo, ibonisa abamangaleli abasayiniweyo kodwa abangafaki manyathelo enkundleni, kwaye abanye bagcwalisile kodwa abanayo imihla yokuvavanywa kwetyala. Nakuphi na ukuhlaliswa ngoku kuya kubonisa ipesenti enkulu yabamangali, kodwa kungenzeki konke oku, imithombo ithe.

Onke la matyala atyhola ukuba umhlaza ubangelwe kukuvezwa yimichiza yokutshabalalisa ukhula esekwe kwi-glyphosate esekwe eMonsanto, kubandakanya neRoundup brand esetyenziswa ngokubanzi. Kwaye bonke abantu bathi iMonsanto yayazi malunga nayo, kwaye igqunyiwe, umngcipheko.

Phakathi kobungqina obuye bavela ngenxa yesimangalo ngamaxwebhu angaphakathi eMonsanto abonisa ukuba inkampani yenze uxwebhu lokupapashwa kwamaphepha enzululwazi abonakala ngobuxoki ukuba enziwe kuphela zizazinzulu ezizimeleyo; Inkxaso mali, kunye nokusebenzisana, amaqela angaphambili abesetyenziselwa ukuzama ukunyelisa izazinzulu ezixela ukwenzakala ngamayeza okubulala ukhula kaMonsanto; kunye nokusebenzisana namagosa athile ngaphakathi kwi-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) ukukhusela kunye nokukhuthaza isikhundla sikaMonsanto sokuba iimveliso zayo azibanga ngumhlaza.

Kwilingo laseCalifornia eliqale namhlanje, uKathleen Caballero utyhola ukuba uphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva kokutshiza iRoundup ukusukela ngo-1977 ukuya ku-2018 njengenxalenye yomsebenzi wakhe kwishishini lokulima nokulungisa umhlaba, nasekusebenzeni kwakhe kwifama.

Kwityala elimiselwe ukuqala ngoLwesibini eSt. Louis, kukho abamangali abane- uChristopher Wade, uGlen Ashelman, uBryce Batiste no-Ann Meeks.

Ityala lesithathu limiselwe le nyanga kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseRiverside County. Elo tyala laziswa nguTreesa Cotton, owasetyhini owafunyaniswa ukuba une-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngo-2015 esithi utyhola ngokuvezwa kuka-Monsanto's Roundup.

January 16, 2020

IMonsanto iphulukana nomzamo wokuphelisa ityala laseSt. Louis eliqala kwiveki ezayo

Umnini waseMonsanto waseJamani uBayer AG akaphumelelanga kwimizamo yokuphelisa ityala laseMissouri malunga namabango aziswe zizigulana ezinomhlaza ukuba ukubulala ukhula okubulala iintsholongwane kukaMonsanto kubangele izifo zabo kwaye uMonsanto wazifihla iingozi.

Kwisigwebo esinikezelwe ngolwe-Lwesithathu, iJaji yase-St. Louis City u-Elizabeth Byrne Hogan weSekethe yama-22 yaseMissouri lawula ukuba inkampani ayinalungelo lokushwankathela isigwebo kwityala lika-Wade v. Monsanto, ekucwangciselwe ukuba kuxoxwe ngolwe-Lwesibini.

UHogan waphinda wakhathaza uMonsanto ngoku-odola uLwesine ukuba ityala linokurekhodwa ngevidiyo kunye nevidiyo kwaye lisasazwe kuluntu. Amagqwetha kaMonsanto aphikise ukuba ityala malingasasazwa kuba ukwazisa kungabeka engozini amangqina kunye nababesakuba ngabaphathi beMonsanto.

Ujaji Hogan ugwebe ukuba ityala liya kuvulelwa ukurekhodwa kweaudiyo kunye nevidiyo kwaye zisasazwe ukusuka ekuqaleni kwayo ngoJan 21 ukuya esiphelweni setyala, ngaphandle kwemeko ezininzi, kubandakanya ukungabandakanywa kukhetho lwejaji.

Ityala liya kuba lelokuqala ukwenzeka eSt. Louis, idolophu eyayisakuba yidolophu yaseMonsanto ngaphambi kokuba inkampani ifunyenwe yiBayer ngoJuni 2018.

IMonsanto yaphulukana nezilingo ezintathu zokuqala ezenzekileyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. Kwezi zilingo zintathu, inani labamangali abane babanga ukubhengezwa kwe-glyphosate-based herbicides yabangela ukuba ngamnye aphuhlise iintlobo ze-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye iMonsanto igubungele ubungqina bomngcipheko.

Abameli bamacala omabini bebesebenza nomlamli otyunjwe yinkundla ukusukela ngoMeyi ophelileyo ukuzama ukusombulula isimangalo. Njengokuba ziqhubekile iintetho, iBayer iphumelele ekuxoxisaneni namanye amafemu omthetho ukuba ahlehlise kunye / okanye arhoxise amatyala, kubandakanya elinye elalilungiselelwe ukuba liqhubeke kwindawo yaseSt. Louis kwiveki ephelileyo kaJanuwari. Phakathi kwamatyala akhutshwe kwishedyuli yolingo ngamatyala amabini abandakanya abantwana abahlaselwe ngumhlaza kunye netyala elibandakanya umfazi ngubani oye wahlupheka kakhulu ngenxa yokuphuma kwakhe kunye ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Kodwa ngelixa ezinye iifemu zibuyela umva kwizicwangciso zetyala, iMiller Firm esekwe eVirginia, nesisikhokelo seqela labamangali kwityala likaWade, liye laqhubela phambili. IMiller Firm sele iphumelele amatyala amabini phantsi kwebhanti, imele ummangali wokuqala kwetyala, UDewayne "Lee" Johnson, kunye nabamangaleli bamatyala akutshanje, Alva kunye neAlberta Pilliod. Elinye ityala elithe laqhubeka okwangoku, kumabango aziswe ngu-Edwin Hardeman, laphathwa ziifemu ezimbini ezahlukeneyo.

Ukongeza kwityala likaWade, inkampani yaseMiller inolunye uvavanyo ngenxa yokuqala eCalifornia oluya kugqibela kwityala likaWade ukuba bobabini baqhubeka njengoko bekucwangcisiwe.

Uninzi lweefemu zomthetho ezikhokelayo ezibandakanyekayo kwisimangalo ziyekile ukwamkela abathengi abatsha kwiinyanga ezidlulileyo, kodwa amanye amagqwetha ajikeleze i-United States aqhubekile nokubhengeza, etsala uninzi lwabamangali. Eminye imithombo ithi uluhlu lwabamangali ngoku luphelele kubantu abangaphezu kwe-100,000. Kunyaka ophelileyo uBayer uxele kubatyali mali ukuba uluhlu lwabamangali kwityala leRoundup lifikelele ngaphezulu kwama-42,000.

In ukugweba ngokuchasene neMonsanto Ibhanti yesigwebo esishwankathelweyo, iJaji uHogan idubule uluhlu lweengxoxo eziqinisekiswe ngamagqwetha enkampani, kubandakanya nokuzama okuphindaphindiweyo kukaMonsanto ukubanga ukuba ngenxa yokuba i-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) iqukumbela i-glyphosate ayisiyongo yomhlaza, umthetho okhoyo ngokusemthethweni womthetho.

"Ummangalelwa khange akhankanye nelinye ityala elibonisa ukuba inkqubo elawula i-EPA ivumela amabango afana nabamangaleli," utshilo uJaji Hogan kwisigwebo sakhe. Inkundla nganye ithiwe thaca lo mbandela. ”

Ngokubhekisele kwingxoxo yenkampani yokuba ijaji ayifanelanga ukuba nelungelo lokuthatha isohlwayo, umgwebi wathi iya kuba ngumcimbi oza kuqwalaselwa emva kokubona ubungqina obuzisiweyo. Ubhale wathi: “Ummangalelwa uthi ngenxa yokuba i-Roundup iye yamkelwa rhoqo yi-EPA kunye nezinye iiarhente zolawulo, indlela yokuziphatha kwayo ayinakuthathwa njengabom, ngokungathandekiyo okanye ngokungakhathali njengomthetho. Abamangali baphendula ngelithi bazakuveza ubungqina bokungakhathali kukaMonsanto kukhuseleko lwabanye, kunye nokuziphatha okucekisekayo kunye nokubi, okuye kwabanjwa kwanele ukungenisa ibango lomonakalo wokohlwaya kwijaji kwamanye amatyala athe azanywa. Ummangalelwa akanalungelo lokushwankathela isigwebo kumonakalo owohlwayo. ”

January 14, 2020

Ukulindelwa kuyakha ukuHlaliswa kwamabango omhlaza we-Roundup

Ukulangazelela kwakha malunga nenkolelo yokuba kungekudala kungabhengezwa ubuncinci bokuhlawulwa kwamatyala ase-US abeka amawaka ezigulana ezinomhlaza wase-US ngokuchasene neMonsanto Co ngezityholo zokuba inkampani ifihle imingcipheko yezempilo yeeroundcic herbicides.

Abatyalomali kwi-Bayer AG, inkampani yaseJamani eyathenga iMonsanto kwi-2018, bagcina iso elibukhali kwisimo sezilingo ezintathu okwangoku ezisese-dokethi ukuze ziqhubeke kule nyanga. Amatyala amathandathu ekuqaleni ayemiselwe ukuba aqhubeke ngoJanuwari, kodwa amathathu kutsha nje "amisiwe". Imithombo ithi ukumiswa kwetyala yinxalenye yenkqubo yokufumana isisombululo xa sisonke kunye negqwetha labamangali elinamanani amaninzi alindileyo.

Ezi zilingo zintathu zisadokothweni kule nyanga zezi zilandelayo: Caballero v. Monsanto, isetelwe ukuqala ngoJan. 17 kwiContra Costa Superior Court eCalifornia; Wade v. Monsanto, eqala ngoJanuwari 21 kwiNkundla yeSekethe yaseSt. kunye neCotton v. Monsanto, ehlelwe ngoJanuwari 24 kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseRiverside eCalifornia.

Ityala elalihlelelwe inamhlanje kwityala laseCaballero laye lacinywa, kodwa elinye ityala limiselwe uLwesine ngaphambi kokuba kuqale ukuxoxwa kwetyala ngolwe-Sihlanu, ngokwefayile yenkundla. Ngokunokwenzeka egxininisa ubumdaka bemeko, ubuncinci elinye lamangqina aphambili ekulindeleke ukuba anike ubungqina kwityala axeliwe ukuba akazokufuneka, ngokutsho komthombo osondele kwityala.

ELouis, idolophu yakudala yaseMonsanto, ikhalenda yenkundla ifuna ityala likaWade liqhubeke phambi kweJaji u-Elizabeth Byrne Hogan kwiveki ukusukela namhlanje, utshilo isithethi senkundla uThom Gross.

Igqwetha labamangali uMike Miller, omele ummangali uKathleen Caballero kunye nabamangaleli abaninzi kwityala likaWade, uthe ujonge phambili kulingo lwala "maxhoba enkohliso kaMonsanto." UMiller uthe amarhe okuba ityala lakhe liza kumiswa lixoki kwaye uzimisele ngokupheleleyo ukuba izilingo ziqhubele phambili.

UMiller kunye namanye amagqwetha abandakanyekayo kwisimangalo benqabile ukuphendula imibuzo malunga nokuhlala okunokwenzeka.

Kodwa abahlalutyi abalandela iBayer bathi iingxoxo malunga nokuhlawulwa zijonge isivumelwano esinokubakho se- $ 8 yezigidigidi ukulungisa amatyala akhoyo nge-2 yezigidigidi zeedola ebekelwe iimfuno zexesha elizayo.

Emva kokuphulukana nezilingo ezintathu kwezintathu kunye nokujongana namawaka amabango ngamaxhoba omhlaza atyhola ukuba izifo zawo zibangelwe kukuvezwa kweyeza likaMonsanto's glyphosate-based, Umnini waseMonsanto waseJamani uBayer AG usebenze iinyanga ukuthintela naziphi na izilingo ezongezelelweyo. I-Bayer yaphumelela ekulibaziseni izilingo ezininzi ezazenzelwe ukuphela kuka-2019 kwaye ezintathu ezazicwangciselwe uJanuwari ngaphambi kokumiswa. Amabini ala matyala abandakanya abantwana ababethwe yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye owesithathu waziswa ngumfazi ophethwe yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Zininzi izinto ezintsonkothileyo ezithintela ukusonjululwa kwetyala, kubandakanya into yokuba amagqwetha abamangali angenalo unxibelelwano neqela lobunkokheli labamangali bayaqhubeka nokubhengeza abathengi abatsha ukongeza echibini, oko ke kunganciphisa intlawulo yabamangali ebebelindile. usuku lwabo enkundleni iminyaka.

Ekusebenzeni ekuhlaleni iBayer inethemba lokuxolisa abatyali mali abangonwabanga ngoxanduva oluninzi uBayer aluthathileyo ekufumaneni iMonsanto, kwaye unethemba lokuthintela ubhengezo obuninzi obujikeleze ubungqina bokulahlwa obuziswe ngexesha lezilingo zangaphambili ezibonisa ukuba iMonsanto iyayazi umngcipheko womhlaza wayo iimveliso zokubulala ukhula kodwa zasilela ukulumkisa abathengi. Ukutyhilwa kuye kwabangela ingqumbo kwihlabathi liphela kwaye kwanyanzeleka ukuba kuthintelwe i-glyphosate-based herbicides.

Kwangoko kulenyanga idolophu yaseDennis, eMassachusetts ibhengeze njalo ayisayi kuvumela Ukusetyenziswa kweyeza lokutshabalalisa ukhula kumhlaba ophethwe yidolophu. Olunye loluntu kummandla weCape Cod Kutshanje bathe baya kuthintela okanye bathintele ukusetyenziswa kwe-glyphosate herbicides. Zininzi ezinye izixeko kunye nezithili zesikolo ujikeleze i-United States bathe bajonge, okanye sele begqibe kwelokuba, bathintele okanye bathintele ukusetyenziswa kwe-glyphosate-based herbicides.

Ngaphakathi, Vietnam kwaye Ostriya  bathe bayakwenza ban glyphosate ngelixa iJamani isitsho iyakuyivala imichiza ngo-2023. Iinkokheli zase-France zikwatsho ukuba bayayinqanda i-glyphosate-based herbicides.

I-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) ikwicala leMonsanto kunye neBayer besithi abukho ubungqina obuxhasa amabango okuba i-glyphosate-based herbicides inokubangela umhlaza.

January 8, 2020

Isilingo saseSt. Louis Monsanto sokuGqitywa kwetyala sihlehlisiwe, isitokhwe seBayer sinyuka

Ityala elalilindelwe kakhulu lomhlaza eRoundup eliza kuqala ngasekupheleni kwale nyanga kwindawo yaseSt. Louis lakhutshwa edokothweni, utshilo umphathi wenkundla ngoLwesithathu.

Ityala, elaliza kugxotha umfazi ogama linguSharlean Gordon ngokuchasene nomenzi weRoundup uMonsanto Co, lalizakuqala nge-27 kaJan eSt. Louis County kwaye yayiza kusasazwa eluntwini. Ngokukodwa, amagqwetha kaGordon acwangcise ukubeka i-CEO ye-Monsanto u-Hugh Grant. I-St. Louis yayilikhaya lekomkhulu le-Monsanto de inkampani yathengwa yi-Bayer AG yaseJamani ngoJuni we-2018.

Ekususeni ityala kwikhalenda, ijaji kwelo tyala iye yayalela ukuba kubanjwe inkomfa yobume inyanga ukusukela ngoku, utshilo isithethi seNkundla yaseSt. Louis County uChristine Bertelson.

Ityala likaGordon lalisele limisiwe kube kanye-ekuqaleni lalicwangciselwe u-Agasti. Olunye lwezilingo ezininzi eziye zahlehliswa kwiinyanga ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo njengoko iBayer izama ukufumana isisombululo kubuninzi bamabango afakwe eMonsanto ngabantu ababethwe yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abathi babangelwa kukuvezwa kweMonsanto Roundup kunye nenye i-glyphosate --bulala ukhula. Amagosa aseBayer athe iMonsanto ijongene nabangaphezulu kwe-42,700 eMelika.

UGordon uphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva kokusebenzisa i-Roundup herbicides iminyaka engama-25 ehlala kwakhe eSouth Pekin, eIllinois, kwaye uye wabandezeleka ngenxa yokugula. Utata ka-Gordon, owayesebenzisa i-Roundup kwikhaya losapho, wabulawa ngumhlaza.  Ityala  Ngokwenyani ifunyenwe kwityala elikhulu elifakwe ngoJulayi 2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezulu kwama-75. UGordon wayeza kuba ngowokuqala kwelo qela ukuya kuthethwayo.

IMonsanto kunye neBayer bayaphika ukuba ukubulawa kweyeza kweMonsanto kunokubangela umhlaza, kwaye bathi isimangalo asinakulunga kodwa sinyanzeliswa ngamagqwetha amangali.

Ngokwimithombo ekufutshane nesimangalo, iingxoxo ziyaqhubeka ukuhlehlisa ngaphezulu izilingo zomhlaza we-Roundup, ngokunokwenzeka kubandakanya iseti enye ukuqala ngoJanuwari 21 kwiNkundla yesiXeko saseSt. Amagqwetha eMonsanto kunye nabamangali kwizilingo ezizayo zikaJanuwari benqabile ukuphawula.

Izabelo eBayer zibethe iiveki ezingama-52 eziphakamileyo kwaye bezisondele kwipesenti ezintathu ngoLwesithathu. Abatyalomali bebenyanzela inkampani ukuba ifumane indlela yokuthintela ukulingwa kwexesha elizayo kunye nokuzinzisa isimangalo.

Kwimvavanyo emithathu yomhlaza we-Roundup ebibanjelwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, amajaji afanayo afumanise ukuba ukubhencwa kwi-Monsanto's herbicides kubangela ukuba ingeyo-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye inkampani yagquma ubungozi kwaye yasilela ukulumkisa abathengi. Abagwebi abathathu banikezela inani labamangali abangaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi kumonakalo, kodwa abagwebi kwityala ngalinye anciphise amabhaso kakhulu.

Akukho monakalo ungekahlawulwa njengoko iMonsanto ibhena kwizigwebo.

Intlanganiso ka-Bayer yonyaka yabanini zabelo imiselwe u-Epreli 28 kwaye abahlalutyi bathi abatyali mali bangathanda ukubona ukuhlawulwa kwetyala ngelo xesha, okanye ubuncinci inkqubela phambili enentsingiselo ekuqulathe uxanduva. IBayer isitokhwe sithathe ukuntywila, Ukuphulukana neebhiliyoni zeedola ngexabiso, emva kwesigwebo sokuqala sejaji ngo-Agasti 2018, kwaye amaxabiso okwabelana ahlala edandathekile.

January 7, 2020

Iimvavanyo ezingakumbi zomhlaza we-Monsanto Roundup kulindeleke ukuba zihlehliswe

(QAPHELA uJan. 8, 2020- NgoLwesithathu, isithethi seNkundla yaseSt. Louis County uChristine Bertelson uqinisekisile ukuba ityala elinye eliza kuqala uJan 27 lihlehlisiwe ngokusesikweni kungekho umhla omtsha wokuvavanywa kwetyala. Elo tyala yayikukufaka umfazi ogama linguSharlean Gordon ngokuchasene neMonsanto. )

Iingxoxo ziyaqhubeka zokuhlehlisa olunye okanye ngaphezulu kulindeleke ukuba izilingo zomhlaza we-Roundup zisetelwe ukuqala ngoJanuwari, kubandakanya novavanyo olucwangciselwe iSt. Louis, idolophu eyayisakuba ngumzi waseRoundup umenzi wokubulala ukhula iMonsanto Co, ngokwemithombo ekufutshane nesimangalo.

Iidokethi zenkundla zisabonisa izilingo icwangciselwe kamva kule nyanga eLouis nakwiinkundla zaseCalifornia, kwaye amagosa enkundla athi asacwangcisa amatyala ukuba aqhubeke ngemihla ebekiweyo. Kodwa imithombo emininzi yezomthetho ithe la macala aphikisanayo ebekufutshane nezivumelwano eziza kuzimisa izilingo ngeenyanga ezininzi, ukuba azikho ngaphezulu. Amagqwetha eMonsanto kunye nabamangali kwizilingo ezizayo zikaJanuwari benqabile ukuphawula.

Intetho yokulibaziseka kwetyala ayilindelwanga. I-Bayer AG, inkampani yaseJamani eyathenga iMonsanto ngoJuni 2018, yaxoxisana ngempumelelo ukumiswa kwamatyala aliqela eyayimiselwe ukuwa kwe-2019 emva kokuphulukana nesinye sezilingo ezintathu ezazibanjiwe ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. Umntu ngamnye ochaphazelekayo obanga ukuba umhlaza wabo ubangelwe kukuvezwa kwe-Roundup kunye nezinye i-Monsanto glyphosate-based herbicides.

Amajaji  akafumananga nje ukuba i-herbicides yenkampani inokubangela umhlaza, kodwa ukuba uMonsanto wayesazi malunga nemingcipheko kwaye wayifihla ulwazi kubathengi. I-Bayer iqikelele ukuba ngaphezulu kwe-42,700 yabantu bafaka amabango e-United States ngokuchasene neMonsanto, ngoku eyiyunithi ye-Bayer epheleleyo.

U-Bayer kunye negqwetha labamangali bebesoloko befuna ukuzinziswa kwesimangalo esinokufikelela ngaphezulu kwe-8 yeebhiliyoni zeedola, utshilo umthombo wezomthetho.

I-Bayer iye yangonwabi ngakumbi malunga nezilingo ezicwangciselwe iSt.Louis, apho owayesakuba yi-CEO yeMonsanto uHugh Grant ubizwe ukuba anikezele ubungqina kwaye ityala lommangali uSharlean Gordon lizakusasazwa eluntwini. Kumatyala amathathu angaphambili, onke abanjelwe eCalifornia, abaphathi baseMonsanto banike ubungqina ngokudiphozitha kwaye akunyanzelekanga ukuba beme phambi kwamajaji.

"Ukuhlehliswa kwezilingo kunengqondo ngoku," utshilo umhlalutyi weqela lezemali uSusquehanna, uTom Claps. "Ndiyakholelwa ekubeni kulomdla wonke umntu ukuhlala ngaphandle kwenkundla ngeli xesha, ngakumbi xa uthethathethwano lubonakala luqhuba kakuhle."

Phakathi kokuhamba, iimeko ezininzi ziyaqhubeka nokuxinana. Amagqwetha eMonsanto ayesenkundleni ngoMvulo e-Independence, eMissouri ukuseta ishedyuli kunye nomhla wokuvavanywa kwetyala elitsha elisandula ukuziswa ngumfazi onesifo esingeyi-Hodgkin lymphoma athi uyiphuhlisile ngenxa yokuhlala kwakhe eRoundup.

UGregory Chernack waseWashington, DC, wase-Hollingsworth osemthethweni, omnye weefemu ezikhuselekileyo zeMonsanto, uxelele ijaji kwi-Independence ukuba iMonsanto ifuna ukuba eli tyala lidityaniswe nabanye abangama-30 ababekwe esweni yijaji eyahlukileyo eKansas City, Mo. Amagqwetha ommangali uSheila Carver aphikisile esi siphakamiso, kwaye wacela ijaji ukuba iqhubeke kwaye isete umhla wokuvavanywa kwetyala. Ijaji yenkundla yesekethe yaseJackson County uJennifer Phillips uthathe isigqibo sokunika amaqela iintsuku ezingama-30 ukuba zifake izindululo ngalo mbandela.

Intlanganiso ka-Bayer yonyaka yabanini zabelo imiselwe u-Epreli 28 kwaye abahlalutyi bathi abatyali mali bangathanda ukubona ukuhlawulwa kwetyala ngelo xesha, okanye ubuncinci inkqubela phambili enentsingiselo ekuqulathe uxanduva. IBayer isitokhwe sithathe ukuntywila, Ukuphulukana neebhiliyoni zeedola ngexabiso, emva kwesigwebo sokuqala sejaji ngo-Agasti 2018, kwaye amaxabiso okwabelana ahlala edandathekile.

“Isitokhwe sikaBayer sisabele gwenxa kwisigwebo ngasinye kwezi zintathu zetyala. Ke ngoko, iBayer ayifuni ukujongana nemixholo engemibi yezilingo ngenxa yokuphulukana nolunye uvavanyo, ngakumbi ngelixa ibambe iingxoxo zokulungiswa kokholo, ”utshilo uClaps.

Zininzi izinto ezidlalayo, nangona kunjalo, kubandakanya ukungaqiniseki malunga nesiphumo sezibheno ezilindelekileyo kuvavanyo ngalunye kwezi zintathu. Ukuba inkundla yesibheno ibinokukuguqula okufunyenwe lijaji kwimbopheleleko kaMonsanto, oko bekuya kubenza buthathaka amandla okuxoxisana nabamangali kulungiselelo lwehlabathi. Kwelinye icala, indawo yenkampani iya kuba buthathaka ukuba izigwebo zejaji ziyagcinwa kwisibheno. Kodwa akukho sigqibo silindelweyo kwizibheno iinyanga ezimbalwa ubuncinci.

NgoDisemba, iSebe lezoBulungisa laseMelika lathatha inyathelo elinqabileyo lika ukungenelela kwetyala ukuba kwicala leMonsanto kunye neBayer kwisibheno sesinye sezigwebo.

Disemba 18, 2019

Igqwetha labamangali abajongene nomhlaza abanjwe kwizityholo zolwaphulo-mthetho

Umdlalo weqonga osemthethweni ojikeleze ubunzima besityholo somhlaza we-Roundup umane ufumane i-notch.

Izityholo zolwaphulo mthetho bafakwa kule veki ngokuchasene negqwetha uTimothy Litzenburg bethetha igqwetha elineminyaka engama-37 lifune i-200 yezigidi zeedola "kwimirhumo yokubonisana" endaweni yokuthula malunga nolwazi aloyikisayo ukuba lunokuba yingozi kumthengisi wemichiza eMonsanto.

I-Litzenburg yahlawuliswa ngenani elinye lokuzama ukuphanga, iyelenqe kunye nokusasaza unxibelelwano lwangaphakathi ngenjongo yokuphanga. Ebe ubanjiwe ngolwesibini kodwa ukhululwe kwi bond.

U-Litzenburg wayeligqwetha lika-Dewayne “Lee” Johnson elikhokelela kwityala lika-Johnson lika-2018 nxamnye neMonsanto, elakhokelela $ 289 yezigidi zeerandi ngokuthanda kukaJohnson. Ityala belilelokuqala kwezintathu ezenzekileyo ngokuchasene neMonsanto ngenxa yezityholo zokuba i-glyphosate-based herbicides efana neRoundup ibanga i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. IMonsanto, kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG, baphulukene nazo zontathu izilingo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kodwa babhengeza isigwebo.

Nangona i-Litzenburg yayijongene nokulungiselela uJohnson ukulingwa, akazange avunyelwe ukuthatha inxaxheba ngexesha lomcimbi ngenxa yokukhathazeka malunga nokuziphatha kwakhe okwakubanjwe yiMiller Firm, eyayingumqeshi wakhe ngelo xesha.

Ifemi yeMiller emva koko wagxothwa ILitzenburg kwaye wafaka isimangalo etyhola uLitzenburg ekuziphatheni, kunye "nokunganyaniseki nokungaziphathi kakuhle." ILitzenburg iphendule ngo counter-ibango. Amaqela kutsha nje athethathethane ngesivumelwano esiyimfihlo.

Inkathazo entsha yeLitzenburg yeza ngohlobo lwesikhalazo solwaphulo-mthetho esifakwe ngoMvulo kwinkundla yomanyano eVirginia. Isikhalazo asiyichazi inkampani i-Litzenburg ukuba ifuna imali kuyo, ibhekisa kuyo njenge “Inkampani 1.” Ngokwentlawulo, uLitzenburg uqhakamshelane neNkampani 1 ngoSeptemba walo nyaka echaza ukuba ulungiselela ityala eliza kutyhola iNkampani 1 kunye neenkampani ezinxulumene nokubonelela ngemixube yemichiza esetyenziswe yiMonsanto ukwenza igama layo elibizwa ngokuba yiRoundup herbicide kwaye iNkampani 1 ibisazi ukuba izithako zingumhlaza kodwa asilele ukulumkisa uluntu. Wazama ukubandakanya iqumrhu ekubhekiselwe kulo kwisikhalazo njengeNkampani 2, echazwe ngabatshutshisi njengenkampani ethengisa esidlangalaleni yaseMelika ethe yathenga iNkampani 1 kwi2018.

Kwangoko kulo nyaka u-Litzenburg uxelele i-US Right to Know ukuba wayesenza esi sikhalazo ngokuchasene nomthengisi weekhemikhali Huntsman wamanye amazwe  kunye nezinto ezinxulumene noko, kodwa akucaci ukuba ngaba uHuntsman uyabandakanyeka na kwesi senzo.

I-Litzenburg, ngoku eliqabane lenkampani ye IKincheloe, iLitzenburg kunye nePendleton, Khange aphendule kwisicelo sokuphawula. Kwaye neqabane lakhe lomthetho uDan Kincheloe. I-Litzenburg ibanga ukuba imele abathengi abangama-1,000 abamangalela iMonsanto malunga nezityholo zomhlaza we-Roundup.

Ngokwesi sikhalazo, u-Litzenburg uxelele igqwetha leNkampani 1 ukuba uyakholelwa ukuba angafaka isimangalo kwasekuqaleni ezinye ezininzi ziya kulandela. Ukuthintela loo nto, iNkampani 1 inokungena "kulungiselelo lokubonisana" neLitzenburg, igqwetha lathi laxelela inkampani. Njengomcebisi u-Litzenburg uya kuba nokungqubana kwemidla eya kumthintela ekufakeni isimangalo esisongelwayo.

Ngokwengcaciso, isikhalazo sathi sanikezelwa ligqwetha leNkampani 1, u-Litzenburg wathi uzakufuna imali ezizigidi ezi-5 zeerandi zamatyala abhaliweyo kunye nelungiselelo lokubonisana ne-200 yezigidi zeedola kuye kunye nomlingane. Isikhalazo solwaphulo-mthetho sithi uLitzenburg uyibhale phantsi igqwetha le-imeyile kwigqwetha lenkampani, elumkisa ngelithi ukuba inkampani ayiyithobeli, iLitzenburg izakudala "Roundup Two," enokuthi ibangele "ingxaki eqhubekayo kwaye ekhulayo" yeNkampani 1.

U-Litzenburg wabhala nge-imeyile ukuba i-200 yezigidi zeerandi zesivumelwano sakhe kunye nomlingane "lixabiso elifanelekileyo," ngokwesikhalazo solwaphulo-mthetho. Ubuncinci ababini "abahlobo" ababandakanyekayo kwesi sikimu, ngokwesikhalazo.

Igqwetha leNkampani 1 liqhakamshelane neSebe lezoBulungisa e-US ngo-Okthobha kwaye emva koko abaphandi barekhodile umnxeba kunye neLitzenburg bexoxa nge-200 yezigidi zeedola awayezifuna, isikhalazo sithi

Ngokwesi sikhalazo, i-Litzenburg yarekhodwa isithi: “Indlela endicinga ukuba niyakucinga ngayo kwaye besicinga ngayo kukonga icala lenu. Andiqondi ukuba le nto iyafayilwa ize ijike ibe yintsokolo enkulu, nokuba niyaphumelela amatyala kwaye niyeke ixabiso ... andicingi ukuba ikhona indlela eninokuphuma ngayo ngaphantsi kweebhiliyoni zeerandi. Kwaye, niyazi, kum, eh, eli lixabiso lokuthengisa umlilo ekufuneka nilithathele ingqalelo… ”

Ngethuba lolunye unxibelelwano neNkampani 1, uLitzenburg utyhola ukuba xa efumene i-200 yezigidi zeedola, wayezimisele "ukuthatha indawo" ngexesha lokufakwa kwezidalwa ezinetyhefu kwiNkampani 1 ukujongela phantsi amathemba abamangali bexesha elizayo ukuzama ukumangalela inkampani.

Ukuba iNkampani 1 ingene kwisivumelwano naye, uLitzenburg kuthiwa uthe, oko kuya kuthetha ukuba iNkampani 1 "iyakuthintela umngcelele wezothuso eziye zamangalelwa yiBayer / Monsanto."

Ukutshutshisa ityala kwiSebe lezoBulungisa laseMelika nguMncedisi oyiNtloko uL. Rush Atkinson kunye neNtloko enguMncedisi oyiNtloko uHenry P. Van Dyck weCandelo loLwaphulo-mthetho.

Disemba 7, 2019

Owayesakuba ngumphathi we-Monsanto wayalelwa ukuba angqine kwi-Roundup Cancer Trial

OwayenguSihlalo neMonsanto UHugh Grant Kuya kufuneka ndinike ubungqina buqu kwityala lase-St. Louis elisetelwe uJanuwari kwityala elilethwe ngumfazi ohlaselwe ngumhlaza obanga ukuba isifo sakhe sibangelwe kukuvezwa yinkcenkceshe ye-Roundup yenkampani kwaye iMonsanto igubungele ubungozi endaweni yokulumkisa abathengi .

UGrant, owayekhokele iMonsanto ese-St. Louis ukusuka e-2003 de inkampani yathengiswa kwi-Bayer AG yase-Germany ngoJuni ka-2018, kwaye ichithe iminyaka engama-37 iyonke esebenzela iMonsanto, wabanjwa ngamagqwetha. ummangali uSharlean Gordon, ukunikela ubungqina kwityala ekulindeleke ukuba liqale ngoJan. 27 kwiNkundla yeSekethe yaseSt.

Ityala likaGordon ekuqaleni lalicwangciselwe u-Agasti walo nyaka kodwa lalibaziseka njengenxalenye yeenzame zokwenza intetho zothethwano phakathi kweBayer namagqwetha amashumi amawaka abamangali abamangalela iMonsanto ngamabango afana nakaGordon.

Ezinye izilingo ezimbini ezibekelwe uJanuwari, zombini kwiinkundla zaseCalifornia kwaye zombini zibandakanya abantwana abafunyaniswe benomhlaza, babenjalo kutshanje kumiswe elinye ixesha ngenxa yeengxoxo eziqhubekayo zokuhlala.

U-Bayer uqikelela ukuba kungokunje ngaphezulu kwe-42,000 yabamangali abathi ukuvezwa kwe-Roundup ye-Monsanto kunye nezinye i-glyphosate-based herbicides ezenziwe yi-Monsanto zibangele bona okanye abo babathandayo ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

UGrant bekunganyanzelekanga ukuba angqine bukhoma kwizilingo ezintathu zomhlaza weRoundup ezenzekileyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kuba zonke zazibanjelwe eCalifornia. Kodwa ngenxa yokuba uGrant ehlala eSt. Louis County, amagqwetha abamangali abone ithuba lokummisa ngokwakhe.

Amagqwetha kaGrant ebesilwela isupina, ephikisa ngelithi akasosazinzulu okanye ingcali kwezomthetho kwaye sele ebonisile ngolwazi kubungqina bendawo. UGrant ukwathethile ukuba akunyanzelekanga ukuba anike ubungqina kuba uceba ukungabikho elizweni ukuqala nge-9 kaFebruwari.

Kodwa kwisigqibo esanikezelwa ngomhla wama-5 kuDisemba, inkosi ekhethekileyo eyatyunjwa kwelo tyala yema ngakwigqwetha likaGordon Walawula loGrant wayengenalungelo lokuyalelwa ukurhoxisa isamani ngenxa yobungqina bolingo.

"Mr. UGrant uvele kudliwanondlebe nonomathotholo woluntu emele ukuba iRoundup ayisiyo i-carcinogen; kwiminxeba ekufunwa abatyali mali uMnu Grant uphendule ngokwakhe ukuba ukuhlelwa kwe-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen enokwenzeka yayiyinzululwazi ye-junk; Ngo-2016 uMnu Grant wazicengezela ngokwakhe uMlawuli we-EPA kunye noSihlalo weKomiti yezoLimo ngesihloko se-glyphosate, ”utshilo umyalelo okhethekileyo.

“Nangona uMnu Grant engenalo ulwazi lwezenzululwazi ngokungathandabuzekiyo oluza kuba yinxalenye ebalulekileyo yeli tyala, wayeyi-CEO yeMonsanto kangangeminyaka eli-15 kwaye wathabatha inxaxheba kwimiboniso, iingxoxo, udliwanondlebe nokunye ukubonakala kweMonsanto njenge-CEO apho izihloko I-Roundup kunye ne-glyphosate zacaciswa, kwaxoxwa ngazo kwaye kwavikelwa, ”utshilo u-Special Master u-Thomas Prebil kwisigqibo sakhe.

UGordon uphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva kokusebenzisa i-Roundup herbicides iminyaka engama-25 ehlala kwakhe eSouth Pekin, eIllinois, kwaye uye wabandezeleka ngenxa yokugula. Utata ka-Gordon, owayesebenzisa i-Roundup kwikhaya losapho awayehlala kulo uGordon ebudaleni, wabulawa ngumhlaza.  Ityala  Ngokwenyani ifunyenwe kwityala elikhulu elifakwe ngoJulayi 2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezulu kwama-75. UGordon ngowokuqala kwelo qela ukuya enkundleni.

Kwizilingo ezintathu ezidlulileyo, amajaji afanayo afumanise ukuba ukubhencwa kwi-Monsanto's herbicides kubangela ukuba ingeyo-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye inkampani iye yafihla umngcipheko kwaye isilele ukulumkisa abathengi. Abagwebi abathathu banikezele ngabamangali abane ngaphezulu kweedola ezi-2 zezigidigidi kumonakalo, kodwa abagwebi abathathu beli tyala anciphise amabhaso kakhulu kwimeko nganye.

Bonke bayabhena kwaye akukho namnye kubamangali ophumeleleyo osele efumene naliphi na ibhaso lemali elayalelwa ngamajaji.

ISIBHENO SEJOHNSON SILIBazise

Ummangali wokuqala ukuphumelela ngokuchasene neMonsanto ngumgcini wesikolo waseCalifornia ovela eCalifornia. UDewayne "Lee" Johnson wanikwa i-289 yezigidi zeedola yi-jury ngo-Agasti 2018. Ijaji yetyala kamva yehlisa umonakalo kwi-78 yezigidi zeedola. UMonsanto wabhena efuna ukuguqula isigqibo sejaji kwaye uJohnson wabhena efuna ukubuyisela ibhaso elipheleleyo lezigidi ezingama- $ 289.

Inkundla yezibheno yase-California yase-California yathi izakusebenza ngokukhawuleza ekugwebeni kwizibheno ezihlanganisiweyo kunye namagqwetha omabini amacala anethemba lokuqala lokuba nesigwebo ngasekupheleni kwalo nyaka. Kodwa ityala lilityazisiwe iiveki ezininzi njengoko omabini amacala elinde umhla wempikiswano yomlomo. Ngomhla ka-Disemba 1, amagqwetha kaMonsanto acela inkundla ukuba ingazicwangcisi iingxoxo zomlomo ngoJanuwari okanye ngoFebruwari, njengoko izilingo ezininzi zeRoundup zisetelwe ezo nyanga. Amagqwetha kaJohnson aphikisana neso sicelo sokulibaziseka.

NgoLwesihlanu, inkundla ikhuphe umyalelo ocacisa ukuba ngelixa ivumelana noJohnson malunga nesidingo sokwenza oko
"Cwangcisa ingxoxo yomlomo ngokukhawuleza," bekungenakwenzeka ukuba iingxoxo zomlomo zibanjwe de kube ngu-Epreli ka-Epreli "ngokunikwa inani kunye nobude bazo zonke izishwankathelo eziza kuthathelwa ingqalelo, izindululo ezingekagqitywa inkundla ekufuneka ithathe isigqibo ngazo xa iqwalasela ukufaneleka isibheno, ”nezinye izinto.

Novemba 26, 2019

Uvavanyo lweCancer Monsanto Roundup Cancer lubekelwe uJanuwari

Emva kweenyanga ezininzi kuphuma kwimixholo ephambili, amagqwetha omabini amacala omgaqo-nkqubo wesifo somhlaza kwilizwe liphela azilungiselela izilingo ezigqagqeneyo kunyaka omtsha njengoko uninzi lwezigulana ezinomhlaza zifuna ukusola iMonsanto ngezifo zazo.

Izilingo ezintandathu okwangoku imiselwe ukuba yenzeke ukuqala ngeyoMqungu, enye ngoFebruwari, emibini ngo-Matshi kunye nolingo olongezelelweyo olucwangcisiweyo phantse inyanga nenyanga ukusukela ngo-Epreli ukuya ku-Okthobha ka-2021. Amawakawaka abamangali abongezelelweyo asasebenza ukufumana imihla yolingo ebekelwe amabango abo.

Abamangali kwizilingo ezizayo zikaJanuwari baquka abantwana ababini ababethwa yi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngetyala emva kokuvezwa kaninzi kwiMonsanto herbicides besebancinci kakhulu. Kwakhona kulungiselelwe uJanuwari kukuxoxwa kwetyala lomntu obizwa ngegama USharlean Gordon oye wahlupheka ephindaphinda umhlaza wakhe. Olunye uvavanyo luza kuzisa amabango abenzi bamangalelwa abahlanu abathi amabango ka Monsanto abulala umhlaza.

Ngokukodwa, ezimbini zezilingo ngoJanuwari ziya kwenzeka eSt. Louis, eMissouri indawo - apho iMonsanto yayihlala khona amashumi eminyaka ngaphambi kokufunyanwa kwayo ngoJuni 2018 yi-Bayer AG yaseJamani. Ezo zilingo zimbini ziya kuba zezokuqala ukuya phambi kweejaji kwidolophu yasekhaya yaseMonsanto. Ityala likaGordon bekufanele ukuba lixoxwe kule ndawo ngo-Agasti ophelileyo kodwa lahlehliswa, njengoko abanye babemiselwe kwisiqingatha sesibini sonyaka we-2019, njengoko iBayer kunye negqwetha labamangali baqala iingxoxo zokuhlala.

Kusenokwenzeka ukuba uhlobo oluthile lokuhlala - ityala elithile, okanye elikhulu - linokwenzeka ngaphambi kukaJanuwari, kodwa amagqwetha kumacala omabini alungiselela ishedyuli ebonisa imiceli mngeni emininzi. Ityala ngalinye kulindeleke ukuba lihlale iiveki ezininzi, kwaye ayisiyiyo kuphela igqwetha elithile elibandakanyekayo ekuzameni amatyala ngeeshedyuli zolingo ezigqagqeneyo, kodwa iqela elincinci lamangqina aziingcali liya kungqina kumatyala amaninzi enzeka ngaxeshanye.

Izilingo ezintathu zenzekile ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kwityala lokuhlanjululwa kwabantu, eliqale ngo-2015 emva kokuba i-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza (IARC) ichaze ikhemikhali ebizwa ngokuba yi-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen enokwenzeka yomntu kunye nombutho othile kwi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ukusukela ngeminyaka yoo-1970, i-glyphosate ibisisithako esisebenzayo kwiMonsanto branded herbicides, kwaye kungoku nje ithathwa njengesona silwanyana sisetyenziswa kakhulu emhlabeni.

Amagqwetha abamangali athi ulungelelwaniso lwamatyala olukhoyo ngoku lubonisa ukomelela ngakumbi kumabango omonakalo kunamalinge amathathu angaphambili. "La ngamatyala anamandla kakhulu," latsho igqwetha uAimee Wagstaff, omele uGordon. Ngo-Matshi, umthengi waseWagstaff uEdwin Hardeman uphumelele Isigwebo sejaji eyi-80 yezigidi ovela kwijaji yaseSan Francisco kwityala lakhe nxamnye neMonsanto.

Kwityala likaGordon, uWagstaff ubambe kwisikhundla sokuba ngusihlalo weMonsanto uHugh Grant ukuba angqine ngqo kwityala. UGrant ukuza kuthi ga ngoku unike ubungqina kuphela ngokufaka imali kwaye bekunganyanzelekanga ukuba anike ubungqina phambi kwejaji; kwaye abanabo abanye abaphathi abaphezulu beMonsanto ngenxa yokuba izilingo zabanjwa eCalifornia. Kodwa ngetyala eliseSt. Louis, amagqwetha abamangali banethemba lokufumana izazinzulu kunye nabaphathi beMonsanto kwindawo yokubuza imibuzo. Amagqwetha kaGrant aphikisile ukumenza avele buqu, kwaye omabini amacala alindele isigqibo malunga naloo nto.

Kwelona tyala lisandula ukwenzeka, ijaji e-Oakland, California iyalele iMonsanto ukuhlawula ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi kumonakalo e-Alberta nase-Alva Pilliod, isibini esitshatileyo bobabini abanengxaki ye-NHL abasola ngokubhengeza i-Roundup. Ityala lokuqala laphela ngo-Agasti 2018 xa abagwebi kwinkundla yelizwe eSan Francisco bayalela iMonsanto ukuhlawula i-289 yezigidi zeedola  kumonakalo kumgcini wesikolo uDewayne “Lee” Johnson, ofunyenwe enohlobo lwesiphelo se-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Abagwebi kuwo omathathu loo matyala bagwebe ukuba amabhaso agqithisile kwaye anciphisa inani lomonakalo, nangona izigwebo ngoku ziphantsi kwesibheno.

Ngaphezulu kwabantu be-42,000 e-United States ngoku bamangalela iMonsanto besithi i-Roundup kunye nezinye i-Monsanto's herbicides zibangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Amatyala atyhola ukuba inkampani ibizazi kakuhle izoyikiso iminyaka emininzi kodwa khange yenze nto ukulumkisa abathengi, isebenza endaweni yokukhohlisa irekhodi lenzululwazi ukukhusela ukuthengisa kwenkampani.

Novemba 13, 2019

Umhlaza Ukuthatha irhafu Njengezilingo ezintsha zeRoundup kufutshane

Kule minyaka mihlanu idlulileyo, uChris Stevick uncede unkosikazi wakhe u-Elaine kwidabi lakhe lokulwa uhlobo lomhlaza olukhohlakeleyo olukholelwa sisibini ukuba lubangelwe kukusetyenziswa okuphindaphindiweyo kuka-Elaine kweMonsanto's Roundup herbicide ejikeleze ipropathi yaseCalifornia esi sibini sasinaso. Ngoku iindima zibuyisiwe njengoko uElaine kufuneka ancede uChris ajongane nomhlaza wakhe.

UChris Stevick, owayehlala exuba i-Roundup yomfazi wakhe kwaye avavanye isitshizi esasisebenzisa ukuhambisa umbulali wokhula, wafunyanwa kwinyanga ephelileyo ene-lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), uhlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ngokungafaniyo nohlobo luka-Elaine olunobundlongondlongo lwe-NHL eyaziwa ngokuba yi-central system ye-lymphoma, umhlaza kaChris luhlobo oluthanda ukukhula kancinci. Wafunyaniswa emva kovavanyo lomzimba lubonisa ukungaqheleki egazini lakhe kwaye wakhuthaza olunye uvavanyo.

Ukuchongwa kwesifo kuye kwabangela ukungavisisani phakathi kwamagqwetha abandakanyekayo kwimveliso ye-Roundup yematyala enetyala enikwa ukuba ityala likaStevick ngokuchasene neMonsanto lisetwe njengelilandelayo ityala lokuya enkundleni.

Ngomhla wokuvavanywa kukaFebruwari 24, 2020, amagqwetha kaElaine Stevick wabuza amagqwetha kaMonsanto ukuba inkampani ingavuma ukuba amabango omhlaza kaChris Stevick angadityaniswa nenkosikazi yakhe kwityala likaFebruwari eSan Francisco. Amagqwetha athi ubuncinci bokuchongwa kukaChris Stevick bubungqina obamkelekileyo kwityala lomkakhe njengobungqina obongezelelekileyo bebango labo lokuba ukubonakaliswa kweRoundup kunokubangela ukuba ingeyo-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Amagqwetha kaMonsanto aphikisa ukudityaniswa kwamabango kwaye athi ityala lika-Elaine Stevick kufuneka liqhubeke kuphela ngoFebruwari ukuba akukho nto ikhankanyiweyo ngomhlaza womyeni wakhe. Ngenye indlela, iMonsanto icela ukuba ityala likaFebruwari lilibaziseke kwaye inkampani inikwe ixesha lokufumanisa isifo sikaChris Stevick.

Umcimbi kufuneka uxoxwe kwinkomfa yolawulo lwamatyala ngoLwesine, nesicwangciso sikaSevicks sokuzimasa. Umgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria uthe phambi kwetyala ukuba "ngokujonga ngokokujonga" ukuba ukuqhubeka kwetyala kuya kufuneka ukuba isibini sifuna ukuzama amabango kunye. Ukwathe ukuba u-Elaine Stevick uyaqhubeka nezimangalo zakhe, ubungqina bokuba umyeni wakhe unesifo somhlaza “ngekhe bamkelwe….”

Ukuba ijaji iyakuqinisekisa ukuba ukujoyina amabango ngenene kuya kufuna ukuqhubeka, u-Elaine Stevick uyakukhetha ukuqhubeka yedwa ngoFebruwari, latsho igqwetha uMike Miller.

Kwasekuqaleni konyaka omnye umyeni nenkosikazi abaphethwe ngumhlaza, uAlva noAlberta Pilliod, bawongwa ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi kumonakalo Kwityala labo ngokuchasene neMonsanto, nangona ijaji kwityala lehlise umvuzo we-$ 87 yezigidi. Ityala likaPilliod yayililinge lesithathu lemveliso yoxanduva lwe-Roundup ukuba lwenzeke kwaye okwesithathu apho iijaji zafumanisa ukuba i-Monsanto's Roundup herbicides ibangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye inkampani ibufihlile ubungozi kubathengi. Umhlaza wase-Alberta Pilliod usandula ukubuya kwaye akucaci ukuba uzakuphila ixesha elide, ngokutsho kwamagqwetha akhe.

Akukho namnye wabantu ukuza kuthi ga ngoku abanikezele ngemali kwezi zilingo zintathu abafumene nayiphi na intlawulo evela eMonsanto njengoko umnini wayo uBayer AG ebhengeza izigqibo.

Okwangoku bangaphezulu kwama-42,000 abantu abamangalela iMonsanto eMelika, betyhola ukuba iMonsanto's herbicides ibangela ukuba ingeyo-Hodgkin lymphoma. Izityholo zongeza ukuba inkampani ibizazi kakuhle iingozi kodwa khange yenze nto ukulumkisa abathengi, endaweni yoko basebenzise irekhodi lenzululwazi.

Ityala likaStevick linye kuphela kweendawo ezintandathu kwiindawo ezintlanu ezibekelwe uJanuwari noFebruwari, nganye nganye kulindeleke ukuba ihlale iiveki ezininzi. Amagqwetha amaninzi ayabandakanyeka ngaphezulu kwetyala elinye, kwaye onke anamangqina aziingcali, ebeka imiceli mngeni kwimibutho nakwizixhobo kumacala omabini. Izilingo ezininzi ebezicwangciselwe oku kuwa zilibazisekile kude kube ngunyaka olandelayo.

Okwangoku, omabini amacala esimangalo agcina iso kwiNkundla Yezibheno yaseCalifornia, apho amagqwetha ommangali UDewayne "Lee" Johnson kwaye amagqwetha eMonsanto alinde umhla weengxoxo zomlomo kwizibheno zabo zomnqamlezo. I-Monsanto ifuna ukuguqula isigqibo esivumelanayo senkundla ngokuchasene nenkampani ngo-Agasti 2018. Ijaji yetyala kwelo tyala yehlisa ibhaso lejaji ukusuka kwi- $ 289 yezigidi ukuya kwi-78 yezigidi zeedola kwaye uJohnson ubongoza ukuba kubuyiselwe imali eyi- $ 289 yezigidi.

UJohnson waba ngowokuqala ukuya kulingo ngokuchasene noMonsanto kwaye ukuphumelela kwakhe kwathumela amaxabiso ezabelo eBayer ukuhla kakhulu kwiinyanga nje ezimbini emva kokuba iBayer ivalile ukuthengwa kweMonsanto ngoJuni 2018. UJohnson wanikwa "ukuthanda ityala" ngenxa yoqikelelo loogqirha bakhe ukuba akazange yide uphile. UJohnson uludlulile olo qikelelo, nangona impilo yakhe iqhubeka ukwehla.

Njengokuqhubeka kwesimangalo, abamangali abaliqela babhubhile okanye basondela ekufeni, okanye bafumana ubunzima kwezempilo kangangokuba amandla abo okufumana ubunzima bokufakwa kwemali kunye novavanyo luye lwancipha.

Ngamanye amaxesha, amalungu osapho athatyathelwa indawo njengabamangali babantu abaswelekileyo. Ngokwentetho yezomthetho, izaziso eziya kwiinkundla zithi "Ingcebiso ngokufa. "

Oktobha 30, 2019

Njengokuba kugqitywa ukugwetywa ngumhlaza kwi-Roundup, iMonsanto ilwa ukugcina umsebenzi we-PR uyimfihlo

Njengokuba iMonsanto iqhubeka nokulwa amabango asemthethweni malunga neengozi zokurhwaphiliswa kwayo kweeroundup, inkampani izama ukuthintela iiodolo zokuguqula iirekhodi zangaphakathi malunga nomsebenzi wayo nobudlelwane noluntu kunye neekhontraktha zokubonisana ngobuchule.

Kwi uthotho lweefilitha Inkundla yeSekethe yaseSt. Louis, iMonsanto ithi akufuneki ukuba ihambelane nezicelo zokufumanisa ezibandakanya ukusebenzisana okuthile phakathi kwayo kunye nenkampani yoluntu UmfundiHillard, nangona inkosi ekhethekileyo ifumene iMonsanto kufuneka ihambise loo maxwebhu. IMonsanto iyangqina ukuba unxibelelwano lwayo neFleishmanHillard kufuneka ithathelwe ingqalelo "njengelungelo," ngokufana nokunxibelelana negqwetha-nomxhasi, kwaye iMonsanto akufuneki ukuba ivelise njengenxalenye yokufumanisa kumagqwetha amele abaguli abanomhlaza abammangalela uMonsanto.

UFleishmanHillard waba yiarhente yerekhodi yeMonsanto "yomsebenzi wegama elidumileyo" kwi2013, kwaye abasebenzi bayo bazibandakanya ngokunzulu nenkampani, besebenza "kwiiofisi zikaMonsanto phantse yonke imihla" kwaye bafumana "ukufikelela kwizitokhwe zekhompyuter zolwazi oluyimfihlo olungeyoluntu," yatsho inkampani. "Inyaniso yokuba ezinye zonxibelelwano zibandakanya ukwenziwa kwemiyalezo eluntwini ayizukuhlutha ilungelo labo," utshilo uMonsanto kwinkundla yayo yokufayilisha.

UFleishmanHillard usebenze kwiiprojekthi ezimbini zeMonsanto eYurophu malunga nokubhaliswa kwakhona kwe
glyphosate kwaye wasebenza namagqwetha eMonsanto "kwiprojekthi ethile yophando lwejaji." Uhlobo lomsebenzi owenziwe yinkampani yonxibelelwano noluntu "ifuna unxibelelwano olunelungelo" nomcebisi wezomthetho kaMonsanto, inkampani ithe.

Kwangoko kulo nyaka umnini weMonsanto uBayer AG wathi iphelisa ubudlelwane bukaMonsanto noFleishmanHillard emva koko iindaba zaqhekeka ukuba inkampani yobudlelwane noluntu ibandakanyeke kwinkqubo yokuqokelelwa kwedatha eYurophu ngokubanzi yeMonsanto, ijolise kwiintatheli, abezopolitiko nabanye abachaphazelekayo ukuzama ukuphembelela umgaqo-nkqubo wokubulala izitshabalalisi.

IMonsanto ithathe indawo efanayo ngokubhekisele kunxibelelwano olubandakanya umsebenzi wayo kunye nenkampani yolawulo lwemifanekiso yenkampani Ukubonisana ne-FTI, apho uMonsanto waqesha ngoJuni 2016. "Ukungabikho kwegqwetha kuxwebhu olunelungelo nako akunikezi ngokuzenzekelayo olo xwebhu lube semngciphekweni womceli mngeni," utshilo uMonsanto ekubhaleni.

Kwangoko kulo nyaka, umqeshwa we-FTI waye wabanjwa ekulingiseni intatheli kolunye uvavanyo lomhlaza we-Roundup, ukuzama ukucebisa ngemigca yamabali kwezinye iintatheli ukuba zilandele iMonsanto.

Inkampani ifuna ukunqanda ukunikezela ngamaxwebhu abandakanya ubudlelwane bayo kunye neNkampani yeScotts Miracle-Gro, Ebithengisa kwaye ithengisa iMonsanto's Roundup ingca kunye neemveliso zegadi ukusukela nge1998.

Ngaphezulu kwamaxhoba omhlaza angama-40,000 okanye amalungu eentsapho zawo ngoku amangalela uMonsanto etyhola ukubhencwa kumgca wenkampani weeRoundup herbicides kwizifo zabo, ngokukaBayer. Amacala atyhola ukuba ukubhencwa kwi-Monsanto's herbicides kubangele ukuba abamangali baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye nangona iMonsanto ibisazi ngomngcipheko womhlaza, ngenjongo ayizange ibalumkise abathengi.

Bayer ibambe umnxeba wenkomfa kunye nabatyali-mali ngoLwesithathu ukuxoxa ngeziphumo zekota yesithathu kunye nokuhlaziya abanini zabelo kwityala leRoundup. Ebetha ithoni eqinisekisayo, u-CEO we-Bayer u-Werner Baumann uthe ngelixa abatyali mali bengothuka linani eliphezulu lezimangalo, "ayothusi loo nto." Uthe amagqwetha abamangali eMelika echithe amashumi ezigidi zeedola kwintengiso kubathengi.

"Ukonyuka kwenani lamatyala akutshintshi ukukholelwa kwethu kwiprofayili yokhuseleko lwe-glyphosate kwaye ayibonisi ukufaneleka kwesi simangalo," utshilo uBaumann. Izibheno ziyaqhubeka emva kokuba inkampani ilahlekelwe zizilingo ezintathu zokuqala, kwaye inkampani "iyakha" ngokuzibandakanya kulamlo, ngokukaBaumann. U-Bayer uyakuvuma kuphela kwisivumelwano "esifanelekileyo ngokwasemalini" kwaye siza kuzisa "ukuvalwa okufanelekileyo kwisimangalo sisonke," utshilo.

Nangona inkampani ibhekisa kuyo njenge- "glyphosate", abamangali batyhola ukuba umhlaza wabo awubangelwa kukuvezwa yi-glyphosate yodwa, kodwa kukuvezwa yimveliso esekwe kwi-glyphosate eyenziwe yiMonsanto.

Izifundo ezininzi zesayensi zibonise ukuba ukwenziwa kunetyhefu ngakumbi kune-glyphosate ngokwayo. I-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo yase-US (i-EPA) ayifunanga zifundo zexesha elide kukhuseleko kwiifom Roundup kuyo yonke iminyaka engama-40 kunye nemveliso ibisemarikeni, kwaye unxibelelwano lwangaphakathi lwenkampani phakathi kwezazinzulu zeMonsanto zifunyenwe ngamagqwetha abamangali apho Oososayensi baxoxa ngokusilela kovavanyo lwe-carcinogenicity kwiimveliso zeRoundup.

Izilingo ezininzi ebezicwangciselwe oku kuwa eSt. Louis, eMissouri indawo ziye zalibaziseka kwade kwangunyaka olandelayo.

Oktobha 7, 2019

Olunye Uvavanyo lweCancer Roundup Cancer luhlehlisiwe ngokusesikweni kude kube ngu-2020

Ityala elicwangciselwe ukuqala kwiveki ezayo malunga nokubanga ukuba iMonsanto's Roundup ngokhula ababulali babangela umhlaza umiselwe elinye ixesha de ubuncinci kunyaka olandelayo, ngokwesigwebo sejaji ngolwe-Sihlanu.

Ityala beliya kuba lelokuqala ukwenzeka kwindawo yaseSt. Louis, idolophu yakuloMonsanto ngaphambi kokuba inkampani ithengisele inkampani yezamayeza yaseJamani iBayer AG kunyaka ophelileyo.

Izilingo ezimbini ebezicwangcisiwe ngaphambili eSt. Louis nazo zahlehliselwa unyaka olandelayo. Ubume betyala ebelifanele ukuqala kwiveki ezayo- uWalter Winston, et al v. Monsanto-had sele kuthandabuza iiveki kodwa ulibaziseko lwenziwe ngolwesiHlanu ngokusemthethweni:

“Ngelixa amaqela akweli tyala lingasentla acele ukuba iNkundla mayisuse ityala kwityala elinikwe apha ngasentla ngaphandle kwekhalenda, ngako oko KUYALELWA ukuba ityala, elimiselwe umhla we-15 ku-Okthobha u-2019 lingaqali njengoko bekucwangcisiwe. Isizathu sibekelwe inqanaba ngoFebruwari 10, 2020 @ 9:00 kusasa. NGOKUYALELWE NGOKU:

Ityala likaWinston belicombulula umsonto ngexesha lemicimbi yendawo. Ityala lafakwa kwiNkundla yesiXeko saseSt. Kodwa kwinyanga ephelileyo uMullen, onguJaji weNkundla yeSekethe yaseSt.  kugqithiselwe bonke abamangali ngaphandle kukaWinston ukusuka kwinkundla yesixeko esiya eSt. Amagqwetha abamangali emva koko afuna ukuba ityala liqhubeke kwinkundla yaseburhulumenteni ngo-Okthobha u-15, isikhundla esaphikiswa nguMonsanto. Kwiveki ephelileyo, ijaji kwingingqi kulwe ngokuchasene Abamangali bayabhida ngalo mhla wokuvavanywa kwetyala.

Amagqwetha abamangali ngoku acela usuku lokuvavanywa kwetyala kamva kulo nyaka okanye ekuqaleni konyaka olandelayo. Ngokudluliselwa kwabamangali abali-13 bephuma kwityala likaWinston eSt. Louis City, ityala eliseSt.Louis County ngoku libizwa ngokuba nguKyle Chaplick, et al v. Monsanto.

"Iinzame eziphindaphindiweyo zikaMonsanto zokuphepha ukuxoxwa kwetyala ... kufuneka zenqatshwe, kwaye ityala kufuneka lisethelwe ukuxoxwa kwetyala ngo-2019 okanye ngokukhawuleza emva koko," utshilo amagqwetha abamangali ngokuhamba Ifayilishwe u-Okthobha 3.

Abamangali abali-14 ababekwimeko ka-Winston baphakathi kwabantu abangaphaya kwe-18,000 e-United States betyhola uMonsanto besithi ukubhencwa kwi-glyphosate-based herbicides kubangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye iMonsanto ifihle iingozi ezinxulunyaniswa nababulali bayo bokhula. .

Amajaji amathathu kwizilingo ezintathu ngaphezulu kwamabango afanayo afunyenwe ngummangali kwaye ayalele umonakalo omkhulu kwisohlwayo ngokuchasene neMonsanto.

UBayer kunye namagqwetha abamangali abandakanyeka kwiingxoxo malunga ne Ulungelelwaniso olunokubakho lwehlabathi  lokumangalelwa. I-Bayer ijongene nexabiso lesabelo elinoxinzelelo kunye nabatyali mali abonileyo ukusukela nge-10 ka-Agasti, isigqibo sejaji kwi-Roundup yomhlaza. Ijaji yanikezela umgcini-ndawo waseCalifornia UDewayne "Lee" Johnson $ 289 yezigidi kwaye yafumanisa ukuba iMonsanto yasebenza ngolunya ekucinezeleni ulwazi malunga nemingcipheko yeherbicides yayo.

Septemba 23, 2019

IMonsanto yenza iBhidi eNtsha yokuVimba ityala laseSt

Ngaphantsi nje kwenyanga kude kube luvavanyo lwesine lomhlaza we-Roundup lokuphosa amaxhoba omhlaza ngokuchasene ne-agrochemical giant Monsanto Co, amagqwetha amacala aphikisayo aqhubeke nokulwa ukuba ityala liza kuba nini, phi kwaye phi ndivile.

Amagqwetha eMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG, uthumele ileta lngeveki e-jaji eyongameleyo kwiNkundla yeSekethe yase-St. Louis efuna isenzo esiza kuqhekeza iqela labamangali libe ngamaqela amancinci kwaye libambezele umhla wokuvavanywa kwetyala ka-Okthobha u-15 owawubekwe ngaphambili kubamangali abali-14 ababeqokelelwe kwityala. UWinston V. Monsanto.

Ummangali owayekhokele uWalter Winston kunye nabanye abali-13 abasuka kwilizwe liphela babekelwa inkundla eSt. UMichael Mullen udlulise bonke abamangali ngaphandle kukaWinston baya eSt. Louis County kwi NgoSeptemba 13 ukuyalelwa.  Isigwebo seNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseMissouri ekuqaleni kwalo nyaka sifumanise ukuba akulunganga kumagqwetha abamangali ukumisa abamangali abasuka ngaphandle kwendawo baye kumntu onendawo efanelekileyo yokuzisa isimangalo eSt.

Amagqwetha abamangali asebenze ukugcina bonke abamangali abali-14 behlangene kwaye belandela ityala le-Okthobha 15, befuna imvume kuJaji Mullen ukuba bathathe isabelo sethutyana kwi-county ngeenjongo zokuzama ityala leRoundup. Kodwa iMonsanto yaqhankqalaza loo mzamo, iwubiza ngokuba "sisindululo esingaqhelekanga" kwileta yenkampani eyabhalwa ngoSeptemba 19 isiya eSt.

Inkampani ithi amagqwetha wabamangali “banecala labo lokuzibek 'ityala ngesikhundla abakuso ngoku. Ngeli xesha bafaka amabango abo, indawo yabo kwisiXeko sase-St. Louis ibingafanelekanga… Isigqibo seNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseMissouri… siqinisekise ngokuqinisekileyo ukuba isiphelo. ”

Ukongeza, amagqwetha kaMonsanto aphikisa kwileta yakhe esithi naliphi na ityala malingabi nabangqina abangaphezulu kwesibini: “Ityala elidibeneyo lamabango angafaniyo abamangali abalishumi elinesithathu - amabango avela phantsi komthetho wamazwe amathathu ahlukeneyo - ngokungathandabuzekiyo kwaye ngokungathandabuzekiyo bayaliphambanisa ijaji IMonsanto yolingo olungenamkhethe. ”

Isimangalo sikaWinston, esenziwe ngoMatshi we-2018, yayiza kuba lityala lokuqala ukwenzeka kwindawo yaseSt. Izilingo ezimbini ezazicwangciselwe ukuqala eSt. Louis ngo-Agasti nangoSeptemba ziye zalibaziseka.

Ngaphambi kokuthengisa eBayer kunyaka ophelileyo, iMonsanto yayizinze kwidolophu yaseCreve Coeur kwaye yayingomnye wabaqeshi abakhulu baseSt. Izilingo zomhlaza we-Roundup ezazisetelwe indawo yaseSt. Louis ngo-Agasti nangoSeptemba zombini sele zilibazisekile kude kube ngunyaka olandelayo. Inkqubo ye- ngapha nangapha esilwa ngaphezulu nokuba ityala likaWinston linokwenzeka okanye lingenzeki liqhubeka ngaphezulu konyaka.

Abamangali kwityala lika Winston baphakathi kwabantu abangaphaya kwe-18,000 e-United States betyhola uMonsanto besithi ukubhencwa kwi-glyphosate-based herbicides kubangele ukuba bakhulise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye iMonsanto ifihle iingozi ezinxulunyaniswa nababulali bayo bokhula. Amajaji amathathu kwizilingo ezintathu ngaphezulu kwamabango afanayo afunyenwe ngummangali kwaye ayalele umonakalo omkhulu kwisohlwayo ngokuchasene neMonsanto.

UBayer kunye namagqwetha abamangali abandakanyeka kwiingxoxo malunga ne Ulungelelwaniso olunokubakho lwehlabathi  lokumangalelwa. I-Bayer ijongene nexabiso lesabelo elinoxinzelelo kunye nabatyali mali abonileyo ukusukela nge-10 ka-Agasti, isigqibo sejaji kwi-Roundup yomhlaza. Ijaji yanikezela umgcini-ndawo waseCalifornia UDewayne "Lee" Johnson $ 289 yezigidi kwaye yafumanisa ukuba iMonsanto yasebenza ngolunya ekucinezeleni ulwazi malunga nemingcipheko yeherbicides yayo.

Septemba 19, 2019

UPDATED- Uvavanyo lwaseSt. Louis malunga neMonsanto Roundup Cancer Claims in Limbo

(UPHANDO) -Ngo-Septemba 12, iNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseMissouri yalivala eli tyala, yavumelana nabameli bommangali ukuba isicelo sikaMonsanto sokuba inkundla ephakamileyo ithathe umcimbi weso sigqibo sasiyimpikiswano. Louis. Ijaji yeNkundla yeSekethe uMichael Mullen emva koko wagqithisela bonke abamangali ngaphandle kukaWinston baya eSt NgoSeptemba 13 ukuyalela.)

Uvavanyo lwango-Okthobha lokufaka iqela lezigulana ezinomhlaza ngokuchasene neMonsanto kwinkampani eyayisakuba likhaya laseMissouri lurhintyelwe kwiwebhu yezenzo ezixakekileyo ezisongela ukulihlehlisa ngokungapheliyo ityala.

Ukugcwaliswa kweenkundla ezintsha kubonisa ukuba amagqwetha omabini amacala kaWalter Winston, et al v. UMonsanto bebebandakanyeka kuthotho lweendlela ezinokuthi zibabuyisele kubo ezikhokelela kumhla wokuvavanywa komhla we-15. isethwe ngu Louis iJaji yeNkundla yeSekethe uMichael Mullen. Amagqwetha abamangali abali-14 abakhankanywe kwityala likaWinston bebenyanzelisa ukugcina ityala labo ukuze bakwazi ukubonisa amabango amaxhoba omhlaza kwiJaji yaseSt. Louis kwinyanga ezayo. Kodwa amagqwetha eMonsanto abekhona ukusebenza ukulibazisa ukulingwa kunye nokuphazamisa ukudityaniswa kwabamangali.

Isimangalo sikaWinston, esenziwe ngoMatshi we-2018, yayiza kuba lityala lokuqala ukwenzeka kwindawo yaseSt. Ngaphambi kokuthengisa kwinkampani yaseJamani iBayer AG kunyaka ophelileyo, iMonsanto yayizinze kwidolophu yaseCreve Coeur kwaye yayingomnye wabaqeshi abakhulu baseSt. Izilingo zomhlaza we-Roundup ezazisetelwe indawo yaseSt.

Abamangali kwityala lika Winston baphakathi kwabantu abangaphaya kwe-18,000 e-United States betyhola uMonsanto besithi ukubhencwa kwi-glyphosate-based herbicides kubangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye iMonsanto ifihle iingozi ezinxulunyaniswa nababulali bayo bokhula.

Ukubuyela umva nangaphaya malunga nokuba ityala likaWinston linokwenzeka phi okanye lingenzeki nini laqala ngaphezulu konyaka ophelileyo kwaye alibandakanyekanga inkundla yaseSt. Louis kuphela kodwa nenkundla yezibheno eMissouri nakwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yelizwe.

Ngo-Matshi walo nyaka iMonsanto Ifayile isindululo ukuqhawula nokususa abommangali abali-13 kwali-14 kwityala likaWinston lisuka kwiNkundla yesiXeko iSt. Louis lisiya kwiNkundla yeSekethe yeLizwana laseSt. Louis, apho yayikhona iarhente ebhalisiweyo yenkampani nalapho “indawo ifanelekile.” Isindululo saliwe. Inkampani ifake isimangalo esifanayo ngo-2018 kodwa sakhatywa.

Amagqwetha abamangali bakuchasa ukwahlulwa nokutshintshelwa ebutsheni balo nyaka, kodwa ngoku bayitshintshile loo meko kuba phakathi kwayo yonke le ntshukumo, uMonsanto ebefuna ungenelelo yiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseMissouri. Inkundla ephakamileyo yombuso Ulawule ekuqaleni kwalo nyaka kwityala elingadibananga nokuba bekungafanelekanga ukuba abamangali ababekwe ngaphandle kweSt. Louis City bajoyine amatyala abo kubahlali besixeko ukuze bafumane indawo eSt. Inkundla yaseSt kudala kuthathelwa ingqalelo indawo efanelekileyo yabamangali kwizenzo zobunzima

Isicelo sikaMonsanto sokungenelela yiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseMissouri savuzwa nge-3 kaSeptemba xa iNkundla ePhakamileyo yakhupha Uxwebhu lokuqala lwesithintelo”Evumela ityala likaWalter Winston“ ukuba liqhubeke njengoko bekucwangcisiwe ”kwiNkundla Yesekethe yaseSt. Kodwa inkundla yathi amatyala abanye abamangali abali-13 abajoyine isimangalo sikaWinston awanakho ukuqhubekeka ngeli xesha njengoko ithathela ingqalelo indlela yokusingatha amatyala. Inkundla yayalela ukunqunyanyiswa kwayo nayiphi na into eyenziwayo yiNkundla yesiXeko iSt. Louis, de kwawiswa omnye umthetho wale Nkundla.

Esoyika ukuba ityala labo liza kwaphulwa kunye / okanye ukulibaziseka belinde isigqibo seNkundla ePhakamileyo ngendawo, amagqwetha abamangali ngo-Septemba 4 athi Ukurhoxisa inkcaso yabo kwisicelo sikaMonsanto sokudluliselwa kwetyala kwiSt.

Kodwa ngoku uMonsanto akasafuni ukuba ityala lihanjiswe linikezwe inyathelo leNkundla ePhakamileyo. Kwifayile Kwiveki ephelileyo le nkampani ithe: “Abamangali balwa indawo ngalo naliphi na ithuba, endaweni yokuvuma ukuhambisa amabango abo eSt. Louis County kwaye bafune ukuxoxwa kwetyala kwakudala. Ukuwongwa kwabamangali bakaWinston kolu khetho kuzakukhuthaza umdlalo wokudlala wodwa. ”

NgoMvulo, amagqwetha abamangali wafaka impendulo bethetha ukuba abamangali baseWinston kufuneka badluliselwe eSt. Louis County njengoko uMonsanto wayecelile ngaphambili kwaye oko kuyakwenza umba wendawo phambi kwenkundla. Bona phikisanad ukuba ijaji eSt. Louis City ebichophele ityala likaWinston kufuneka iqhubeke nokusingatha eli tyala ngaphakathi kwinkundla yenkundla.

“Ngokurhoxa kwenkcaso yabo kwisindululo sikaMonsanto, abamangali bavumile ukukhululeka kwezicelo zeMonsanto zale Nkundla - ukutshintshelwa kwabamangali baseWinston eSt. Louis County,” bafaka amaphepha abo babamangali. Ityala labamangaleli bakaWinston lilungele ukuxoxwa kwetyala. Ukuba ityala ligqithiselwe eSt. Louis County ngokufutshane, abaMangali bangaqala ukuxoxwa kwetyala okanye ngokusondela kwishedyuli ekhoyo ngoku. ”

Nokuba ityala lisaqhubeka phakathi ku-Okthobha e-St. Louis usengumbuzo ovulekileyo.

Septemba 4, 2019

Itekhnoloji, oNyango kunye namaQela aseFama Buza iNkundla yeziBheno ukuba isiGwebe isigwebo ngokuchasene neMonsanto

Amaqela amele ifama, ezonyango kunye ne-biotechnology inzala efayilishe kwiNkundla yezibheno yaseCalifornia, ehambelana neMonsanto ngokucela inkundla ukuba isichithe isigwebo segqwetha lasehlotyeni eliphelileyo elithe lafumana i-glyphosate-herbicides kaMonsanto ibangela umhlaza kwaye yafumanisa ukuba inkampani ichithe iminyaka igubungela umngcipheko. .

La maqela abongoza inkundla yezibheno ukuba iphose uloyiso kwijaji yaseSan Francisco eyanikezela umgcini wesikolo uDewayne "Lee" Johnson ngo-Agasti ka-2018 okanye ukuchitha umyalelo wokuba uMonsanto ahlawule isohlwayo kuJohnson. Ityala likaJohnson yaba yeyokuqala ngokuchasene neMonsanto ngaphezulu kwamabango okuba i-glyphosate-based herbicides efana neRoundup inokubangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

UJohnson ngomnye wabamangali abangaphezu kwe-18,000 abenza amabango afanayo. Amacala atyhola ukuba iMonsanto yayilwazi uphando lwenzululwazi olubonisa umanyano phakathi kwemichiza yokubulala ukhula nomhlaza kodwa endaweni yokulumkisa abathengi inkampani isebenze ukucinezela uphando kunye nokusebenzisa uncwadi lwenzululwazi.

Ijaji kwityala likaJohnson ligqibe kwelokuba uMonsanto kufuneka ahlawule i-289 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo, kubandakanya i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayayo. Ijaji yetyala kwityala kamva yanciphisa isixa somonakalo, yanciphisa ibhaso lilonke lafikelela kwi-78 yezigidi. Amanye amajaji amabini kwizilingo ezilandelayo ngaphezulu kwamabango afanayo nawo afumene ukuthanda kwabamangali kwaye bayalela umonakalo omkhulu wezohlwayo ngokuchasene neMonsanto.

IMonsanto yabhena isigwebo kunye UJohnson wabhena, Ukufuna ukubuyiselwa kwemali eyi- $ 289 yezigidi. Iingxoxo zomlomo kulindeleke kule nkundla yezibheno ukuwa kunye nesigqibo esivela kwinkundla yezibheno ngaphambi kokuphela konyaka.

Elinye lamaqela afaka ingxelo emfutshane exhasa isikhundla sikaMonsanto nguGenentech Inc., inkampani yaseSan Francisco enebhayoloji enembali yokwenza uphando kunyango lomhlaza. Kwisibheno sayo enkundleni, UGenentech uphikisa ukuba inobungcali "njengenkampani yesayensi" kwaye isibona isigwebo sikaJohnson njengesoyikiso kwinkqubela phambili kwezenzululwazi. “Iinkundla maziqinisekise ukusetyenziswa ngokufanelekileyo kwesayensi kwigumbi lenkundla khon'ukuze izinto ezintsha zikhule kwindawo yentengiso…” le ngcaciso imfutshane yaseGenentech ithi.

Genentech ibhengezwe ebutsheni balo nyaka uphononongo olukhawulezayo oluvela kuLawulo lokutya kunye noLawulo lweziyobisi kunyango lweziyobisi kubantu abangenayo iHodgkin lymphoma.

Ukuxhasa isibheno sikaMonsanto, uGenentech uphindaphinda izikhalazo zikaMonsanto zokuba amagqwetha kaJohnson awazichazanga ngokufanelekileyo ubungqina bezobunzululwazi: “UGenentech ubhala egxininisa ukubaluleka kohlolisiso olufanelekileyo lobungqina bobuchwephesha beenkampani kwiinkampani ezineemveliso zenzululwazi kunye nabathengi abathembele kubuchule babo. ”

Inkampani ikwahlanganyele neMonsanto kumcimbi wokonakaliswa kwesohlwayo, isithi iinkampani akufuneki zibe phantsi komonakalo wesohlwayo ukuba imveliso yabo iphinde yajongwa yiarhente yolawulo enje nge-Arhente yoKhuselo lweNdalo (i-EPA) kwaye yafumanisa ukuba ayinabungozi. impilo yabantu.

"Ukuvumela amajaji ukuba anikezele ngomonakalo owohlwayo weemveliso ezivavanywe ngokukodwa zaza zamkelwa ziiarhente zolawulo kudala umngcipheko omkhulu wokudideka kwiinkampani ezisekwe kubunzululwazi kwaye zinokuthintela inkqubela phambili yesayensi," utshilo u-Genentech. "Ukuba amabhaso omonakalo ovunyiweyo ayavunyelwa, iinkampani zijamelana nomngcipheko wokonakaliswa komvuzo omkhulu ngaphandle kokuba zihlala ziqikelela izigqibo zokhuseleko zabalawuli."

NgoLwesibini i-California Farm Bureau Federation yafaka ingxelo isishwankathelo sayo ukuxhasa iMonsanto. Iofisi yasefama, ethi imele amalungu angama-36,000, ithe eli tyala “libaluleke kakhulu” kumafama nakwabafuyi abaxhomekeke kwizixhobo zokukhusela izityalo ukukhulisa ukutya kunye nefayibha.

Nangona isigqibo sikaJohnson singachaphazeli umgaqo we-glyphosate herbicides, i-ofisi yeefama ithi kwisishwankathelo sayo ukuba umzi-mveliso woyika ukuthintelwa kwimichiza. Iqela lasefama longeze ngelithi "isigqibo senkundla yovavanyo siyayityeshela imithetho yomanyano, kunye nomthetho wombuso…" kuba iyangqubana nokufumanisa kwe-EPA ukuba i-glyphosate ayinakubangela umhlaza.

Ukongeza, imibutho yaseCalifornia emele oogqirha, oogqirha bamazinyo kunye nezibhedlele singene ngaphakathi egameni likaMonsanto esithi isigqibo sejaji kwityala likaJohnson "sasixhomekeke ekunyanzelweni ngokweemvakalelo" kwaye singasekelwanga "kwimvumelwano yesayensi."

“Impendulo yombuzo ontsonkothileyo wezobunzululwazi kwakufuneka isonjululwe kwelityala kwakumele ukuba isekelwe kubungqina obamkelweyo bezenzululwazi kunye nengqiqo engqongqo yezenzululwazi, hayi ukhetho lomthetho wejaji. Okubi nangakumbi, kukho isizathu sokukrokrela uhlalutyo lwejaji lusekwe kwintelekelelo nakwimvakalelo, ”utshilo umbutho kwisishwankathelo sabo.

Igqwetha likaJohnson, uMike Miller, uthe uziva "elunge ngokwenyani" ngamathuba okuphumelela kwinkundla yezibheno kwaye uchaze isishwankathelo esivela kwiCalifornia Medical Association "njengesifinyezo esifutshane abasifaka nxamnye nalo lonke ixhoba lokungakhathali."

Uvavanyo lwaseMissouri luya kuqhubeka

Kwisenzo esahlukileyo eMissouri, inkundla ephakamileyo yaseburhulumenteni ithe ngoLwesibini ityala lihleliwe ukuqala ngo-Okthobha u-15 kwisixeko saseSt. Louis ungaqhubeka njengoko bekucwangcisiwe egameni lommangali uWalter Winston. Abanye abamangali abaye bajoyina isikhalazo sikaWinston malunga neMonsanto kulindeleke ukuba bahlulwe kunye / okanye babambezeleke, ngokwesigqibo yiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseMissouri. UMonsanto wayecele inkundla ephakamileyo ukuba ithintele ukuvela kwetyala ngenxa yokuba abamangali abaninzi abahlali kuloo ndawo.

INkundla ePhakamileyo yayalela iSt. Louis City iJaji uMichael Mullen ukuba "angaphindi athabathe manyathelo" ngeli xesha kumatyala abamangali abali-13.

IMonsanto yafunyanwa nguBayer AG ngoJuni ka-2018, kwaye amaxabiso ezabelo zeBayer awela kabukhali emva kwesigwebo sikaJohnson kwaye ahlala edandathekile. Abatyalomali bacinezela umhlaba wonke ukuba kupheliswe isimangalo.

Agasti 23, 2019

I-imeyile ityhila umpapashi weSayensi eFunyenweyo Amaphepha oKhuseleko lweHerbicide kufuneka arhoxiswe ngenxa yeMonsanto Meddling

Impembelelo eyimfihlo nguMonsanto kwiseti yamaphepha apapashwe kwijenali yesayensi Uphengululo oluBalulekileyo kwiToxicology kwakungekho semthethweni kangangokuba uphando olwenziwa ngumshicileli lwafumanisa ukuba amaphepha amathathu ubuncinci kufuneka arhoxiswe, ngokokulandelelana konxibelelwano lwejenali langaphakathi. Umhleli wephephancwadi wenqabile ukurhoxisa amaphepha, awabhengeza ukuba awunangxaki yomhlaza kwinkampani yokubulala ukhula, esithi ukurhoxa kunokuba nefuthe kuvavanyo lokuqala lweRoundup lwasehlotyeni kunye nokwenzakalisa ababhali, ii-imeyile zibonisa.

Unxibelelwano lwejenali lwafunyanwa ngokufunyanwa ngamagqwetha amele amawaka aliqela abantu Ukumangalela uMonsanto ngaphezulu kwamabango okuba i-glyphosate-based herbicides yenkampani ibangela umhlaza kwaye iMonsanto ifihlile ubungqina bengozi.

Ngokungafaniyo Ii-imeyile zangaphakathi zeMonsanto esele ifikile ukuza kuthi ga ngoku ityhila ukusetyenziswa kweenkampani zenzululwazi malunga nonobumba wayo, ezi imeyile zineenkcukacha zedabi langaphakathi kwindlu enkulu yopapasho lwezenzululwazi malunga nendlela ekufuneka ijongane ngayo nokuzibandakanya kukaMonsanto. Bafunyenwe njengenxalenye yokufakwa kukaRoger McClellan, umhleli wexesha elide oyintloko kwiphephancwadi elihlaziyiweyo lontanga UkuHlola okuPhambili kwiToxicology (CRT.)

Amaphepha ekubhekiswa kuwo apapashwa yiCRT ngoSeptemba 2016 njengo “Ukujongwa Okuzimeleyo ” Ubunzima be-carcinogenic ye-arhente yokubulala ukhula i-glyphosate, esona sithako siphambili kwi-Roundup herbicide yeMonsanto kunye nezinye iimveliso. Amaphepha amahlanu apapashwe njengenxalenye yophononongo ngokuthe ngqo aphikisana nokufunyenwe kwi-Arhente yeHlabathi yezeMpilo yoPhando ngomhlaza (IARC), ethi ngo-2015 yafumanisa ukuba i-glyphosate yinto enokubangela i-carcinogen yabantu. Ababhali abali-16 bamaphepha baqukumbele ukuba ubunzima bobungqina babonisa ukuba umbulali wokhula wayengenakulindeleka ukuba abeke emngciphekweni we-carcinogenic ebantwini.

Ekupheleni kwamaphepha ababhali bathi izigqibo zabo zazingenelele kungenelelo lukaMonsanto. Ukugxininisa ukuzimela komsebenzi, isibhengezo secandelo lomdla sathi: "Akukho namnye umsebenzi wenkampani yaseMonsanto okanye amagqwetha awahlolisisa nayiphi na imibhalo yesandla yePhaneli yeNgcali ngaphambi kokuba ingeniswe kulindixesha."

Eso sigqibo sangqinwa sibubuxoki ekwindla ye-2017 emva kokuba iirekhodi zangaphakathi zeMonsanto zivelile kubonisa ukubandakanyeka ngokubanzi ngoosonzululwazi beMonsanto ekuyileni nasekuhleleni amaphepha kunye nokuzibandakanya kwenkampani ekukhetheni ababhali. Ukongeza, iirekhodi zangaphakathi zibonise iintlawulo ngqo kubabini ababizwa ngokuba ngababhali abazimeleyo. IMonsanto yayinesivumelwano kunye nombhali uLarry Kier, umzekelo, Ukuhlawula i- $ 27,400 ukusebenza kumaphepha.

Ukuphendula ezo zityhilelo kunye nemibuzo evela kumajelo eendaba, umshicileli weCRT  Iqela likaTaylor noFrancis  Uqalise uphando ekwindla ka-2017. Unxibelelwano olusandula ukukhutshwa lutyhila ukuba emva kokuchitha iinyanga bebuza ababhali malunga nendlela amaphepha ahlangana ngayo, iqela leengcali zomthetho nezokuziphatha ezidityaniswe nguTaylor noFrancis bagqiba kwelokuba ababhali bakufihlile ukubandakanyeka ngqo kukaMonsanto emaphepheni, kwaye wayenze oko esazi. Ewe, abanye bababhali khange bachaze ngokupheleleyo ukubandakanyeka kweMonsanto kwimibuzo yokuqala nguTaylor noFrancis ngexesha lophando, ii-imeyile zibonisa.

Iziphumo "ezinokubakho kuphela kukurhoxisa amanqaku ama-3; Ngokukodwa isishwankathelo, i-epidemiology kunye nephepha le-genotoxicity, ”uTaylor noFrancis 'uCharles Whalley ubhalele uMcClellan ngoMeyi 18, 2018. UWhalley wayephethe umhleli weqela lokupapasha amayeza kunye neejenali zezempilo ngelo xesha.

Iimeyile zangaphakathi zibonisa uMcClellan wala ukwamkela uluvo lokurhoxisa, esithi ukholelwa ukuba amaphepha "avakala ngokwenzululwazi" kwaye aveliswe "ngaphandle kwempembelelo yangaphandle" evela eMonsanto. Uthe ukurhoxa kuya kungcolisa igama lababhali, ijenali kunye negama lakhe.

"Andivumelani nesindululo sokurhoxa osinike sona kwimemo yakho kaMeyi we-18, UMcClellan wabhala ephendula.  Kuluhlu lwee-imeyile uMcClellan wabeka iingxoxo zakhe ngokuchasene nokurhoxiswa, esithi "Ukurhoxiswa kwamaphepha kuya kwenza ingozi engenakulungiseka kumaqela amaninzi kubandakanya, uninzi lwabo bonke, ababhali, Ijenali, umpapashi kunye nabasebenzi abaphambili njengawe kwaye, ukongeza , kwindima yam njengoMhleli weSayensi weCRT. ”

Ku imeyile kaJuni 5, 2018, UMcClellan wabhengeza ukuba wayesazi ukuba uMonsanto "unomdla" ekupapashweni kwamaphepha kwaye wayezazi ngobuhlobo beMonsanto, kubandakanya nezivumelwano zembuyekezo, nababhali, kwaye nangoku wanelisekile kukuba amaphepha "avakala ngokwenzululwazi."

"Ngokoluvo lwam lobuchwephesha, amaphepha amahlanu eGlyphosate ngamaxwebhu emisebenzi yokufunda abonisa ngokucacileyo inkqubo esetyenzisiweyo ukugxeka ingxelo ye-IARC kunye nokubonelela ngolunye uhlobo lobungozi," utshilo uMcClellan. “La maphepha mahlanu avakala ngokwenzululwazi. Kungangukophula imigaqo yokuziphatha kwezenzululwazi kunye nemilinganiselo yam yemfezeko yesayensi ukuvuma ukurhoxisa nawaphi na amaphepha eGlyphosate… ”

UWhalley wabuya umva, esithi ababhali bamaphepha babenetyala "lokungaziphathi kakuhle kunye nokwaphula imigaqo yokuziphatha," ebukhali kangangokuba kurhoxiswe. "Ukophulwa kwemigaqo yokuziphatha esichongiweyo kule meko kukwaphula ngokucacileyo imigangatho esisiseko kwaye icaciswe gca, kwaye ayibangelwa kukungaqondani kweenkcukacha okanye ukungafani," uWhalley ubhalele uMcClellan. Uthe umpapashi uphonononge izikhokelo ezivela kwiKomiti yeeNqobo eziseSikweni kuPapasho (COPE) ngaphambi kokwenza isigqibo. "Ukurhoxiswa bubungqina bokuba imigaqo-nkqubo yokuhlela iyasebenza, ayikuko ukuba isilele," ubhale watsho.

UWhalley noMcClellan baphikisana ngokurhoxiswa iinyanga, iirekhodi zibonisa. Ngenye Nge-22 kaJulayi, i-imeyile ye-2018 UMcClellan uchaze ukuba Ityala lokuqala nxamnye neMonsanto ngaphezulu kwamabango omhlaza we-Roundup wawusenzeka ngelo xesha ke iingxoxo zejenali zokurhoxa "zazinovakalelo okokoko ityala likaJohnson vs Monsanto liqhubeka eSan Francisco." Ucebise ukuba endaweni yokurhoxisa amaphepha, bavele balungise icandelo ekupheleni kwamaphepha apho ababhali beveza ukungqubana okunokubakho.

"Ndiyanibongoza ukuba nivume kwisincomo sam sokupapasha ingxelo echanekileyo kunye neyandisiweyo yeSibhengezo seNzala kwaye niyeke indlela" esinayo "yokurhoxiswa kwamaphepha," uMcClellan ubhalele uWhalley nge-imeyile kaJulayi 2018. "Andizukuvumela igama lam endilizuze kakuhle ukuba lingcoliswe zizenzo ezikhohlakeleyo nezokungakhathali ezenziwa ngabanye abantu."

"Kule meko, kufuneka sizame ngokudibeneyo ukufikelela kwisivumelwano kwisiphumo esilinganayo esiyi-FAIR kubabhali, abapapashi, abafundi beCRT, uluntu kunye nam njengoMhleli oyiNtloko kunye nebhodi yabaHleli beCRT. Akufuneki sithathe indlela emisela abaphumeleleyo nabangaphumelelanga kumatyala asemthethweni ngokusekwe kwinto evunyelweyo ukuvela kuncwadi olujongwa ngoontanga, ”ubhale watsho uMcClellan.

Akukho noMcClellan okanye uWhalley abaphendulanga kwisicelo sokuphawula malunga nelinqaku.

Uchungechunge lweCRT glyphosate lwathathelwa ingqalelo lubaluleke kangangokuba iziphumo zalo zaxelwa ngokubanzi ngamajelo eendaba kwihlabathi liphela kwaye zaphikisa ukuqinisekiswa kolwahlulo lwe-IARC. Amaphepha apapashwa ngexesha elinzima njengoko iMonsanto yayijamelene namathandabuzo ngabalawuli baseYurophu malunga nokuvumela i-glyphosate ukuba ihlale kwintengiso kunye nokukhula kungazinzi kwiimarike zase-US ngokunjalo. Uchungechunge lwe-2016 "lufikeleleke ngokubanzi," kunye nelinye lamaphepha kuloluhlu olufikeleleke "ngaphezu kwe-13,000 yexesha," ngokubhaliweyo kwangaphakathi kwiphephancwadi.

Ukubaluleka kwamaphepha eMonsanto kwabekwa kuxwebhu oluyimfihlo lwangoMeyi 11, 2015, apho izazinzulu zaseMonsanto zazithetha ngezicwangciso "zokubhala iziporho" ezaziza kunika ukuthembeka kumaphepha "azimeleyo" inkampani efuna ukuyenza emva koko iya kupapashwa yiCRT. IMonsanto ubhengezile Ngo-2015 yayiqesha i-Intertek Scientific & Regulatory Consultancy ukuze kudityaniswe iqela lezazinzulu elizimeleyo eliya kuthi liphonononge udidi lwe-IARC lwe-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen enokwenzeka. Kodwa inkampani ibithembisile ukuba ayizukubandakanyeka kuphononongo.

Nangona ukubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto kutyhilwe kwi-2017 Taylor noFrancis zange bathathe manyathelo eluntwini de kwangoSeptemba 2018 njengoko umpapashi kunye nomhleli babambana malunga nomba wokurhoxa. UMcClellan ekugqibeleni wayiphumelela imbambano kwaye akukho zirhoxiso zenziweyo. Ii-imeyile zangaphakathi zibonisa ukuba uWhalley wazise ababhali abali-16 bamaphepha e-glyphosate ngesigqibo sokupapasha izilungiso kumanqaku kunye nokuhlaziya ukubhengezwa komdla ekupheleni kwamaphepha. Nge-Agasti 31, 2018 imeyile ithi:

            “Siyaqaphela ukuba, ngaphandle kwezicelo zokuxelwa okupheleleyo, iiNkcazo zokuqala kunye neNkcazo yeSitatimenti soMdla khange ibonakalise ngokupheleleyo ukubandakanyeka kweMonsanto okanye abasebenzi bayo okanye iikontraki kubhali bamanqaku. Njengoko kukhankanyiwe kwiimemo zethu zangaphambili eziza kuwe, oku kuhambelana ngqo nengxelo:

           'Akukho namnye inkampani yenkampani iMonsanto okanye naliphi na igqwetha eliqwalasele nayiphi na iPhaneli leNgcali imibhalo ebhaliweyo ngaphambi kokungeniswa kwiphephancwadi. ' kwaye oko 'IiNgcali zePhaneli zazibandakanyeka, kwaye zasebenza njengabacebisi ku, lntertek, kwaye azange kuqhakamshelwe nabo ngokuthe ngqo yiNkampani yeMonsanto. ' 

          Ngokwengcaciso osinike yona, ngoku siyakholelwa ukuba akukho nanye kwezi ngxelo ebichanekile ngexesha lokungeniswa. Oku kuyangqubana nesibhengezo osenzileyo xa usingenisile kunye nakwiziqinisekiso ozenzileyo kwizivumelwano zokupapasha umbhali malunga nokuthobela kwakho imigaqo-nkqubo kaTaylor noFrancis. Ukubonelela ngokucacileyo kubafundi bethu, siya kupapasha izilungiso kumanqaku akho ukuze sihlaziye iiNkcazo kunye neNkcazo yeNkcazo yeNzala ngokubhekiselele kumbandela owunike wona.

Ngo-Septemba ka-2018 amaphepha ahlaziywa ukuze enze "ukuBonisa ukukhathazeka" kunye nohlaziyo kulwamkelo kunye nokubhengezwa komdla. Kodwa nangona kufunyenwe ukubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto, amaphepha asabizwa ngegama "elizimeleyo."

UWhalley ushiye uTaylor noFrancis ngo-Okthobha ka-2018.

Indlela elisebenza ngayo eli phephancwadi iye yanxunguphalisa ezinye izazinzulu.

"Izimvo zikaMcClellan zokuba kutheni engalirhoxisanga iphepha zazinganyanisekanga, zisebenza yedwa, kwaye zayaphula isenzo sokuhlelwa kwesandi," utshilo uSheldon Krimsky, unjingalwazi weYunivesithi yaseTufts kunye nomlingane weZiko laseHastings, iziko lophando lwe-bioethics elizimeleyo. UKrimsky ukwangumhleli odibeneyo kwiphephancwadi likaTaylor noFrancis elibizwa ngokuba “kukuphendula ngoPhando”

UNathan Donley, usosayensi omkhulu oqeshwe liziko elingenzi nzuzo kwi-Biological Diversity uthe ukungaphumeleli koolindixesha kukurhoxisa elubala. "Esi sesinye seziganeko ezihlazo kupapasho lwezenzululwazi endakha ndazibona," utshilo uDonley. “Into esishiyeke nayo sisibonakaliso senkxalabo yokuba akukho mntu uzakufunda kunye nokubonisa gwenxa ukuba le nto ibiyindlela 'ezimeleyo'. Olu loyiso lwaba lolona mdlali unamandla kwishishini lokubulala izinambuzane, kodwa oko kwaphumela kwimilinganiselo yesayensi. ”

Cofa apha ukuze ufunde amaphepha angama-400 kunye ne-imeyile.  

Agasti 19, 2019

"Inzondo enkulu, ebulalayo" Icacisiwe kwiNkundla yeZibheno eNtsha yokuGcwalisa amaBango oMhlaza weRoundup

 Inkundla yezibheno yaseCalifornia kufuneka iyala imizamo kaMonsanto yokuguqula isigwebo sejaji esinikezela izigidi zeedola kumgcini wesikolo kwaye samkele i-250 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwaywe ngumthetho kunyaka ophelileyo kule nyanga kuvavanyo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup, ngokufutshane ityala lifakwe ngoMvulo.

Ngokufutshane efakwe ngamagqwetha kaDewayne "Lee" Johnson uyaphendula Iimpikiswano ezenziwe nguMonsanto lenziwe kwisibheno nakwisibheno esiphambeneyo esifakwe kwinkundla yezibheno yombuso. Isibheno saqaliswa kunyaka ophelileyo nguMonsanto kulandela u-Agasti 10, 2018 Isigqibo sejaji ephawule eyokuqala kwezintathu iilahleko zenkundla ngenxa ye-agrochemical giant kunye nomnini wayo uBayer AG. Ijaji kwityala likaJohnson unikwe i- $ 289 yezigidi kumonakalo wonke, kubandakanya i $ 250 kumonakalo owohlwayayo. Ijaji yetyala yehlisa isohlwayo ukuya kwi-39 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo weedola ezingama-78 zezigidi.

Ngelixa iMonsanto ifuna ukuba sonke isigqibo sejaji siphoselwe ngaphandle, amagqwetha kaJohnson acela ukuba zizonke i-289 yezigidi zeedola ukuba zibuyiselwe yinkundla yezibheno.

UJohnson ngomnye wabantu abamalunga ne-18,400 yabantu abamangalela uMonsanto ngenxa yezityholo zokuba i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides efana ne-Roundup ibanga i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) kwaye ibanga ukuba iMonsanto ichithe amashumi eminyaka ifihla umngcipheko.

Omabini amacala kwisibheno sikaJohnson alindele ukucwangciswa kweengxoxo zomlomo, ezilindelweyo kwiinyanga ezimbalwa ezizayo. Isigqibo esenziwe yinkundla yezibheno sinokuza ngaphambi kokuphela konyaka.

Isigqibo sesibheno sinokubaluleka. Izabelo zeBayer zehlile emva kwesigwebo sikaJohnson kwaye ziye zaqhubeka nokusindwa zizigqibo ezimbini zokugweba ngokuchasene neMonsanto kwizilingo ezimbini ezilandelayo. U-Bayer ubonakalisile ukuba ukulungele ukuthetha malunga nokuhlawulwa kwehlabathi kumatyala omhlaza e-Roundup, kwaye isigqibo senkundla yezibheno sinokuchaphazela kakhulu isikhokelo kunye nesiphumo seengxoxo zokuhlala.

Kwisishwankathelo esifakwe ngoMvulo, amagqwetha kaJohnson athi indlela uMonsanto aziphethe ngayo “ibubutyala” ngokugunyazisa "ukubethwa esihlahleni", kwaye wacaphula izigqibo zenkundla zangaphambili ezifumanisa ukuba amabhaso omonakalo ozohlwayo alingana neepesenti ezintlanu zexabiso lilonke lommangalelwa. ifanelekile "ekuziphatheni okungafanelekanga."

Ngokusekwe kumnatha we-Monsanto we-6.8 yezigidi zeedola, isohlwayo somonakalo owenzekileyo se- $ 250 yezigidi silingana ne-3.8% kwaye "sisigwebo esilula xa kuthathelwa ingqalelo isimilo esibi kakhulu sikaMonsanto," abameli bakaJohnson bachaza ngokufutshane. Umvuzo owohlwayo we-250 yezigidi zeedola "ayisiyongqondo kwaye isebenza ngokufanelekileyo kwiinjongo zaseCalifornia zokukhusela impilo yoluntu, ukuthintela ukunganyaniseki kwikamva kunye nokuwohlwaya iMonsanto," itsho ngokufutshane.

Impikiswano kaJohnson iya kwiinkcukacha ezininzi malunga nobungqina obufunyenwe ngokufumanisa, kubandakanya ii-imeyile zangaphakathi zeMonsanto apho izazinzulu zenkampani zaxoxa ngokuloba ngokubhala uncwadi, iMonsanto iyakhathazeka malunga nendlela yokulwa ubungqina bokwakha ubuchwephetsha kunye namayeza okubulala ukhula, ukusilela kwenkampani ukwenza uvavanyo lwe-carcinogenicity yendlela eyakhiwe ngayo , Ukulima kweMonsanto kwamagosa anobuhlobo ngaphakathi kwe-Arhente yokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) yokuxhasa, kunye nentlawulo eyimfihlo yenkampani kumaqela angaphambili afana neBhunga laseMelika lezeNzululwazi kunye neMpilo (ACSH) ukukhuthaza ukhuseleko lweziyobisi ezibulala ukhula iMonsanto.

Amagqwetha kaJohnson athi inkohliso kaMonsanto iye yafana naleyo yecuba.

"Ukonzakala Okubi, Okubulalayo Okukhathazwe nguJohnson kuxhasa ukufumanisa ukuba indlela uMonsanto aziphethe ngayo ibibekek 'ityala," utshilo u-Johnson. Isigulo sikaJohnson sokuphela kwesifo kunye nemeko yakhe ebuhlungu iqinisekisa imbasa yejaji eyi- $ 289 yezigidi, abhala amagqwetha akhe.

"UJohnson unesifo esibuhlungu kakhulu, esenza ukuba umzimba ube nezilonda emzimbeni wonke, sisiphumo sokubulawa kweNHL okubangelwa yiRoundup," itsho ngokufutshane. "Ngenxa yokugxeka okukhulu kokuziphatha kukaMonsanto, ingozi ebulalayo kuJohnsonson, kunye nexabiso eliphezulu le-Monsanto, isohlwayo somonakalo owenziwe nge-250 yezigidigidi zeedola ezinikezelwe liqela lezomthetho ngenkqubo efanelekileyo kwaye kufuneka igcinwe."

Isishwankathelo sikaMonsanto siyaphikisana nesikhundla sikaJohnson kwindawo nganye kwaye sitsho ukuba akukho sizathu sasemthethweni sokubuyisela ibhaso lomonakalo owe $ 250 yezigidi. Inkampani iqinisekisa ukuba ngenxa yokuba i-EPA kunye nabanye abalawuli bamanye amazwe babuya bekhuselekile kwimichiza yokubulala ukhula, iinkundla kufuneka zenze njalo.

"I-Monsanto yayingenamsebenzi wokulumkisa ngomngcipheko wokuba, kude kube luvo oluqhelekileyo lwesayensi, abalawuli behlabathi bayavuma ukuba abukho," Isishwankathelo seMonsanto. "Ukubuyiselwa kwesigwebo somonakalo esixabisa i-250 yezigidi kungakhokelela kwelona gunya likhulu livunyiweyo lomthetho lokohlwaya kwimbali yaseCalifornia, kwimeko enobungqina obugqithisileyo" obucekeceke "bobubi okanye ingcinezelo. Akukho sizathu sokunikezelwa kwetyala lokohlwaya kule meko, kungasathethwa ke ngezigidi ezingama-250 zeerandi ezinikezelwe lijaji. ”

UJohnson uye wasilela ukongeza ekuqinisekiseni ukuba iRoundup "ibangele umhlaza wakhe," ngokukaMonsanto. "Nokuba uMmangali wazisa ubungqina obuxhasa ukungaphumeleli ukulumkisa, ukuvumelana komhlaba jikelele ukuba i-glyphosate ayiyiyo i-carcinogenic kumisela ukungabikho kobungqina obucacileyo nobukholisayo bokuba uMonsanto wenza ububi," ingxelo emfutshane yenkampani.

“Ibhaso lejaji elinembuyekezo elikhulu ngokungaqhelekanga linempazamo. Isekwe kwimpazamo yomthetho ethe ngqo-yokuba ummangali angafumana kwakhona iintlungu kunye nokubandezeleka okwenzekileyo amashumi eminyaka ngaphezulu kobude bexesha lokuphila kwakhe-oko kwabangelwa ngamalinge abukhali egqwetha labaphembeleli bejaji.

"Ngamafutshane, phantse yonke into kweli tyala yahamba gwenxa," Isishwankathelo seMonsanto. "Ummangali unelungelo lovelwano, kodwa hayi kwisigwebo esingayinanziyo inzululwazi ephilileyo, egqwetha inyani, egqwetha umthetho."

Agasti 13, 2019

Umgwebi waseSt. Louis uyala uMonsanto ukuba acothise elinye ixesha lokuvavanywa komhlaza

Umnqweno kaMonsanto wokumisa olunye uvavanyo oluzayo lomhlaza kwi-Roundup eSt. Louis aluphumelelanga- ubuncinci okwangoku- njengejaji uyalele ukuba ityala elisetelwe u-Okthobha liza kuqhubeka.

Emva kokuva impikiswano kaMonsanto kwiveki ephelileyo efuna ukuqhubeka kwityala likaWalter Winston v. Monsanto, iJaji yeNkundla yeSekethe iSt. Louis uMichael Mullen wasikhaba isicelo sikaMonsanto wathi ityala liza kuqala ngo-Okthobha 15. UMgwebi uMullen uthe ukufakwa kunye nokufunyanwa kwelityala kufuneka iqhubeke kude kube ngu-Septemba 16 ngenkqubo yokukhetha ijaji ukuqala ngo-Okthobha u-10.

Ityala, ukuba liyenzeka, iya kuba lixesha lesine uMonsanto kuye kwafuneka ajongane nezigulana ezinomhlaza kwinkundla yokuphendula izityholo zokuba iimveliso zayo zokubulala ukhula ziRoundup zibangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye inkampani iye yafuna ukufihla ulwazi malunga nomngcipheko. IMonsanto waphulukana nezilingo ezintathu zokuqala kwaye abagwebi banikezela ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi kumonakalo, nangona amabhaso amathathu ejaji ancitshisiwe ngabagwebi bamatyala.

Ityala likaWinston liza kuba lityala lokuqala ukwenzeka kwidolophu yakudala yaseMonsanto yaseSt. Ngaphambi kokuthengisa kwinkampani yaseJamani iBayer AG kunyaka ophelileyo, iMonsanto yayingomnye wabaqeshi abakhulu baseSt.

Ityala elalilindeleke ukuba liqale eSt.

Emva kokuqhubeka kwetyala kubhengezwe kwiveki ephelileyo, imithombo ithi inkampani kunye namagqwetha abamangali baya kwiingxoxo ezinzulu malunga Ulungelelwaniso olunokubakho lwehlabathi. Okwangoku, ngaphezulu kwe-18,000 yabantu bayamangalela iMonsanto, bonke betyhola ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngenxa yokuvezwa kweRoundup kwaye iMonsanto yagquma ubungqina bengozi. Umntu othile udadile ngobuxoki isibonelelo sokuhlawula esinokubakho se- $ 8 yezigidigidi, sibangela ukuba izabelo zeBayer zinyuke ngokukhawuleza.

I-Bayer ijongene nexabiso lesabelo elinoxinzelelo kunye nabatyali mali abonileyo ukusukela nge-10 ka-Agasti, isigqibo sejaji se-2018 kwilingo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup. Ijaji yanikezela umgcini-ndawo waseCalifornia UDewayne "Lee" Johnson $ 289 yezigidi kwaye yafumanisa ukuba iMonsanto yasebenza ngolunya ekucinezeleni ulwazi malunga nemingcipheko yeherbicides yayo.

IMonsanto babhena isigwebo kwiiNkundla zezibheno zaseCalifornia, kwaye uJohnson wenze isibheno ngokunqamleza efuna ukubuyisela ibhaso lakhe lama- $ 289 ezigidi kwibhaso elincitshisiweyo le- $ 78 yezigidi ebekwe ngumgwebi wetyala. Eso sibheno Iyaqhubeka kunye neengxoxo zomlomo kulindeleke ngoSeptemba okanye ngo-Okthobha.

Ngokubhekisele kwimeko yaseSt. Louis, ityala likaWinston lisengaphoswa. Ityala linabamangali abaninzi, kubandakanya nabanye abavela ngaphandle kwendawo, kwaye loo nto inokubeka ityala kwizinwele ezinqamlezileyo zoluvo olukhutshwe kwangoko kulo nyaka yiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseMissouri, enokubopha ityala likaWinston ngokungapheliyo, ngokutsho kwababukeli bezomthetho .

I-EPA yeTrump ine "Monsanto's Back"

Kwiindaba ezahlukeneyo, i-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) kwiveki ephelileyo ikhuphe upapasho ndaba zekhampani ukwazisa ukuba ayizukuvuma iilebhile zokulumkisa ngomhlaza ezifunwa ngurhulumente waseCalifornia malunga neemveliso ezithile zeherbicide ezisekwe kwi-glyphosate. I-EPA ithe ilebheli ethi i-glyphosate "yaziwa ngokubangela umhlaza," ayiyonyani kwaye ayikho semthethweni, kwaye ayizukuvunyelwa ngaphandle kolawulo lwaseCalifornia oluyalela ukuba kufakwe iilebheli.

“Kukungakhathali ukufuna iilebheli kwiimveliso ezingachanekanga xa i-EPA isazi ukuba imveliso ayibeki mngcipheko womhlaza. Asizukuyivumela inkqubo yaseCalifornia enesiphene ukuba inyanzelise imigaqo-nkqubo yomanyano, utshilo uMlawuli we-EPA u-Andrew Wheeler.

Uluhlu lwaseCalifornia lwe-glyphosate njengesixhobo esaziwa ngokubangela umhlaza safika emva kwe-Arhente yeHlabathi yezeMpilo kwiHlabathi yoPhando ngomhlaza (IARC) yabeka i-glyphosate ngo-2015 njenge- “mhlawumbi i-carcinogenic ebantwini.”

Inyani yokuba i-EPA ithatha le meko, kwaye yafumanisa kunyanzelekile ukuba ikhuphe ingxelo, kubonakala ngathi iqinisekisa amaxwebhu angaphakathi eMonsanto afunyenwe ngokufumanisa isimangalo esibonisa ukuba i-EPA yayikholelwa ukuba "ndinomqolo kaMonsanto”Xa kuthethwa ngeglyphosate.

Kwi umbiko iqhotyoshelwe kwi-imeyile kaJulayi ka-2018 kwisicwangciso-qhinga sehlabathi seMonsanto esisemthethweni uTodd Rands, icandelo lezobuntlola lobuchule kunye nenkampani yeengcebiso Hakluyt  uxele kuMonsanto oku kulandelayo:

"Umcebisi womgaqo-nkqubo wasekhaya kwi-White House wathi, umzekelo: 'Sinomqolo kaMonsanto kummiselo wezibulali zinambuzane. Sikulungele ukuya ku-toe-to-toe nakweyiphi na imbambano abanokuba nayo, umzekelo, i-EU. IMonsanto akufuneki yoyike nawuphi na umgaqo owongezelelweyo kolu lawulo. ”

Agasti 7, 2019

Uqikelelo malunga nokuHanjiswa njengovavanyo lweCancer ye-Roundup kumisiwe

Ukulibaziseka okungummangaliso kwento ebekufanele ukuba ijongwe ngamehlo abukhali eSt.Louis malunga nokubanga ukuba iMonsanto's Roundup herbicides ibangela umhlaza kukhuthaze intelekelelo yokuba indawo yokuhlala inokuba kubatyali zimali abanomdla kuMninimzi waseJamani uBayer, owoyika ityala lesine .

Ityala eSt. Louis, idolophu eyayisakuba lidolophu yakudala yeMonsanto, yayimiselwe ukuqala nge-19 ka-Agasti kwaye inika ubungqina obuphilayo obuvela kubaphathi abaliqela baseMonsanto ababanjwa liqela lezomthetho elimele ummangali uSharlean Gordon. UGordon ngomnye wabamangali abamalunga ne-18,000 abamangalela uMonsanto esithi ayisiyiyo kuphela into yokuba inkampani ye-glyphosate esekwe kwi-herbicides ibangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye ukuba inkampani iyazi malunga nemingcipheko kodwa endaweni yokulumkisa abasebenzisi endaweni yoko bacinezele kwaye basebenzise uphando lwezenzululwazi.

The izilingo ezintathu zangaphambili, elahlekileyo iMonsanto, zonke zazibanjelwe kwiinkundla zaseCalifornia apho abaphathi beMonsanto babengenakunyanzelwa ukuba bangqine phambi kwejaji. Kodwa eSt. Louis ngokuqinisekileyo baya kunyanzelwa ukuba bavele. Igqwetha lommangali linezicwangciso zokubiza owayenguSihlalo weMonsanto uHugh Grant, kunye neenkampani zenzululwazi uWilliam Heydens, uDonna Farmer, kunye noWilliam Reeves. ULarry Kier, umcebisi weMonsanto ngubani obanjwe kwi I-scandal yokubhala, Kwakukwoluhlu lwommangali ukuze abizwe njengengqina.

UBayer wayenamandla akhe okucima umlilo eSt. Louis ngohlobo lwegqwetha elaziwayo UPhil Beck. Inkampani izame amaqela amathathu ezomthetho kwizilingo ezintathu ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, ukongeza u-Beck kwimeko yehlobo. U-Beck, we-Barlit Beck osemthethweni eChicago, wakhokela iqela likaGeorge W. Bush kwityala laseFlorida elichaza isimangalo esamisela unyulo luka-2000. U-Beck wabethelwa ukumela i-United States e-United States v. I-Microsoft, kwinqanaba elinye lesenzo se-Microsoft.

KwakungoMvulo emva kwemini xa iJaji yeNkundla yaseSt. Louis County, uBrian May, yazisa abasebenzi benkundla ukuba ityala likaGordon v. Monsanto liza kumiselwa kude kube nguJanuwari. UMay uthe uzakukhupha umyalelo kamva, ngokutsho kwesithethi senkundla uChristine Bertelson.

UMgwebi uMeyi useholideyini kule veki kodwa ebefuna ukwenza ukuba iinjongo zakhe zicace ngoku kuba inkqubo yokuqokelela iqula lamatyala kwityala beliqhubeka. Wayefuna ukuba le nkqubo imiswe ukunqanda ukuchitha ixesha lenkundla kunye nezixhobo kunye nexesha labo babezokujongwa ekubeni ityala lilibazisekile, utshilo uBertelson.

Abaqwalaseli bezomthetho bathi ijaji ayinakulibazisa ukuxoxwa kwetyala kufutshane nokuvulwa ngaphandle kokuba omabini amaqela avumile ngokuqhubeka. Kwaye ngekhe ndithethe esidlangalaleni malunga nokuba kuyaxoxwa okanye hayi kuyaxoxwa malunga necala likaGordon.

Omabini la maqela ayazisile ukuba anqwenela ukuthetha-thethana ngesivumelwano sehlabathi kwisigqibo seRoundup, nangona imithombo enxulumene neBayer kunye negqwetha labamangali lithe iintetho ezinokubakho zokuhlawula zingajolisa kwityala likaGordon kuphela, okanye amabango kaGordon kunye no-St. Abamangali bakaLouis.

Kumnxeba nabatyali zimali nge-30 kaJulayi, umphathi weBayer uWerner Baumann uthe inkampani "ibandakanyeka ngendlela eyakhayo kwinkqubo yolamlo" kwaye "izakujonga kuphela ukuhlawulwa kwemali ukuba kufanelekile ngokwasemalini kwaye ukuba singakwazi ukufikelela kwisigqibo esipheleleyo sesimangalo."

UBaumann ungene phantsi kokugxekwa ngenxa yokubamba kwakhe i-63 yezigidigidi zokufumana iMonsanto. Kwisithuba nje seenyanga ezimbini emva kokuvala isivumelwano, amaxabiso ezabelo zeBayer zehla xa ityala lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup likhokelela kwisivumelwano Isigwebo sejaji se- $ 289 yezigidi ngokuchasene nenkampani. Amabhaso ewonke amatyala kwizilingo ezintathu ukuza kuthi ga ngoku agqithile kwi-2 yezigidigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayo kuphela, nangona iijaji kula matyala mathathu ziye zathoba amabhaso esohlwayo.

Abatyalomali bafaka ivoti yokungazithembi ngokuchasene neBaumann ebutsheni balo nyaka ngenxa yeepesenti ezingama-40 ezaye zehla kwixabiso lesabelo elibangelwe kukumangalelwa kweMonsanto.

Abatyalomali ngokubanzi bayakwamkela ukuhlawulwa kwetyala lonke, ngokutsho kwabahlalutyi botyalo mali abalandela iBayer. Kubekho intelekelelo kwindawo yabahlalutyi yokuba indawo yokuhlala inokuphakama nge-10 yezigidigidi zeedola.

UGordon, 52, bekulindeleke ukuba abe ngummangali onyanisekileyo, ngokwegqwetha lakhe u-Aimee Wagstaff. UGordon, umama wabantwana ababini, uye wajongana nemijikelo emininzi yonyango lomhlaza olungaphumelelanga lokusasaza i-B-cell lymphoma kunye ne-follicular lymphoma, njengoko umhlaza usasazeke emzimbeni wakhe kwiminyaka emininzi. Kutshanje uye waphulukana nengxaki yokufumanisa isifo se-myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).

UGordon wakhulisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva kokusebenzisa i-Roundup herbicides iminyaka engama-25 yokuhlala kwakhe eSouth Pekin, eIllinois. Utata ka-Gordon, owayesebenzisa i-Roundup kwikhaya losapho, wabulawa ngumhlaza.  Ityala  Ngokwenyani ifunyenwe kwityala elikhulu elifakwe ngoJulayi 2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezulu kwama-75. UGordon ngowokuqala kwelo qela ukuya enkundleni.

Isilingo saseSt. Louis Roundup sokuLinga ukuCwangcisa kwakhona ngoJanuwari, Ukuthetha ngokuHlaliswa kweBayer

Ityala elalilindelwe kakhulu lomhlaza we-Roundup elisetwe ukuba liqhubeke kwiiveki ezimbini kwidolophu yakudala yaseMonsanto yaseSt. Louis iyahlengahlengiswa, ngokutsho kwesithethi seNkundla yaseSt. Louis County apho ityala lalimiselwe ukuqala ngo-Agasti 19.

Isithethi senkundla uChristine Bertelson uthe iJaji uBrian May, owongamele ityala likaGordon v. Monsanto, wazisa kade ngoMvulo ukuba ityala liyaqhubeka, kodwa akukabikho myalelo usemthethweni. Amaphepha emibuzo ejaji kwakufuneka abekhona kwiveki ezayo kwaye ukhetho olonyanzelekileyo lwejaji lwalucwangciselwe u-Agasti 18 ngeengxelo zokuvula u-Agasti 19.

Ujaji uMeyi uhlehla ityala ngoJanuwari kwaye uzakukhupha umyalelo kwiintsuku ezimbalwa ezizayo, ngokuka Bertelson.

U-Aimee Wagstaff, igqwetha elikhokelayo lommangali u-Sharlean Gordon, uthe ukuqhubeka oku kunokwenzeka kodwa akukho nto igosa lizimisele okwangoku.

"Ijaji ayikhange ingenise myalelo wokuqhubeka kwetyala," utshilo uWagstaff. “Ewe kunjalo, njengakuwo onke amatyala, ukuqhubeka kwezinto kuhlala kuyinto enokwenzeka kwizinto ezingaphaya kolawulo lwamaqela. UNks Gordon ukulungele ukuxoxa ityala lakhe ngo-Agasti 19 kwaye uyakuphoxeka ukuba ityala liyaqhubeka. Sikulungele nangaluphi na usuku ukuqala kwetyala. ”

UGordon wakhulisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva kokusebenzisa i-Roundup herbicides iminyaka engama-25 yokuhlala kwakhe eSouth Pekin, eIllinois. UGordon ukhathaze kakhulu ngenxa yesifo. Utata ka-Gordon, owayesebenzisa i-Roundup kwikhaya losapho awayehlala kulo uGordon ebudaleni, wabulawa ngumhlaza.   Ityala  Ngokwenyani ifunyenwe kwityala elikhulu elifakwe ngoJulayi 2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezulu kwama-75. UGordon ngowokuqala kwelo qela ukuya enkundleni.

Ngaphambi kokuthengisa kwi-Bayer AG esekwe eJamani kwihlobo ephelileyo, iMonsanto yayikwikomkhulu laseSt. Louis, eMissouri amashumi eminyaka, kwaye igcina ingqesho enkulu kunye nobukho bobubele phaya. Kutshanje iBayer ibhengeze ukuba izakongeza i-500 imisebenzi emitsha kummandla waseSt.

Kwiveki ephelile, Ujaji uMeyi wakhanyela Isindululo sikaMonsanto sifuna isigwebo esishwankathela iMonsanto, kwaye sayikhaba isicelo senkampani sokukhuphela ngaphandle amangqina aziingcali zommangali.

I-Bayer ibiphantsi koxinzelelo olukhulu lokulungisa amatyala, okanye ubuncinci kuthintelwe ukubonwa kwenye ilahleko yenkundla ephezulu emva kwayo ukuphulukana bobathathu kwezilingo zokuqala zomhlaza we-Roundup. Inkampani ngoku ijongene ngaphezulu kwe Abamangali abayi-18,000 Ukutyhola ukuba ukubhencwa kwimichiza yokutshabalalisa ukhula esekwe kuMonsanto's glyphosate-based, efana neRoundup, kubangele ukuba bakhulise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Amatyala athi uMonsanto wayeyazi ingozi yomhlaza kodwa wasilela ukulumkisa abasebenzisi kwaye wasebenza ekunciphiseni ulwazi lwesayensi malunga nomngcipheko womhlaza.

Akuqhelekanga ukuba amaqela axoxe ngokuhlala phantsi ngaphambi kwetyala, kwaye akuyi kumangalisa iBayer ukunikezela ityala kwiGordon yodwa inikwe ubungqina obubi obudibene nesilingo ngasinye sesithathu. Ubungqina obubhengezwe kwizilingo buveze iminyaka yokuziphatha ngokufihlakeleyo nguMonsanto ukuba abagwebi bafumanise ukuba ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi kumonakalo owohlwayayo. Abagwebi kula matyala baye bagxeka kabukhali oko kuboniswe bubungqina malunga nokuziphatha kukaMonsanto.

Ijaji yeNkundla yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria uthe le nto malunga nenkampani: "Kukho ubungqina obufanelekileyo bokuthi ekuphela kwento uMonsanto ayikhathaleleyo yayikukujongela phantsi abantu ababephakamisa inkxalabo malunga nokuba iRoundup ibangele umhlaza. IMonsanto yayibonakala ingakhathazeki kwaphela malunga nokufumana inyani yokuba ingaba i-glyphosate ibangela umhlaza na. ”

Kwiveki ephelile, IBroomberg yabika ukuba Bayer AG IGosa eliLawulayo eliyiNtloko uWerner Baumann uthe uza kuthathela ingqalelo ityala “elifanelekileyo”. Izabelo zenkampani ziye zehla okokoko isigwebo sokuqala sejaji sathi sehla ngo-Agasti 10 Ukunikezela nge- $ 289 yezigidi kumgcini wezikolo waseCalifornia uDewayne “Lee” Johnson. UMonsanto ubhenile kwisigqibo.

Abanye ababukeli bezomthetho bathi iBayer inokuba ibambezela ukulibazisa ityala kunye / okanye ukuphazamisa nje amagqwetha ommangali ngengqikelelo yokuhlala.

Julayi 29, 2019

IMonsanto iyasilela ekuzameni ukugxotha iingcali eSt

I-Monsanto ayifumani ncedo lwasekhaya lakudala njengoko ilungiselela ityala elilandelayo lomhlaza we-Roundup emva kokuba umgwebi wase-St. Louis oza kujonga ityala azikhanyele izimvo zika-Monsanto zokugweba ngesishwankathelo kwaye wasikhaba isicelo senkampani sokuthintela iingcali ezicwangciselwe ukunikela ubungqina kummangali.

Ngaphambi kokuthengisa kwi-Bayer AG esekwe eJamani kunyaka ophelileyo, iMonsanto yayikwikomkhulu laseSt. Louis, eMissouri amashumi eminyaka, kwaye isabambe ingqesho enkulu apho. Abanye ababukeleyo bacinge ukuba ijaji yaseSt.Louis inokunika uMonsanto umpu olungileyo kwityala labo lokuqala kwityala elinabileyo. Inkampani ilahlekelwe zizilingo ezintathu zokuqala, zonke ezenzeke eCalifornia.

Kodwa umgwebi waseSt. Louis County uBrian May akenzi Monsanto. Ngamawele, ngoMeyi wakhanyela isindululo sikaMonsanto Isishwankathelo somgwebo phambi kwetyala kunye yasikhaba isicelo senkampani ukungazikhuphi izimvo zamangqina asixhenxe aziingcali ukuba amagqwetha ommangali acwangcise ukubiza ubungqina.

Ujaji May naye wayalela ukuba ityala lingachotshelwa okurekhodiweyo kunye nomabonakude ngeNethiwekhi yokujonga iNethiwekhi ukusuka ekuqaleni kwayo ngo-Agasti 19 de kube kugqityiwe.

Ummangali kweli tyala nguSharlean Gordon, umfazi ohlaselwe ngumhlaza okwiminyaka yama-50 owayesebenzisa i-Roundup herbicides ngaphezulu kweminyaka eli-15 ehlala kwakhe eSouth Pekin, eIllinois.  Gordon v. Monsanto Ngokwenyani ifunyenwe kwityala elifakwe ngoJulayi 2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezulu kwama-75. UGordon ngowokuqala kwelo qela ukuya enkundleni.

Ityala lakhe, njengaleyo yamanye amawaka afakwe e-United States, ityhola ukuba i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides inokubangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye iMonsanto kudala yazi malunga nobungozi kodwa endaweni yokulumkisa abasebenzisi basebenze ngenkuthalo ukucinezela ulwazi.

UGordon wafunyaniswa enesifo esikhulu se-B-cell lymphoma, isuntswana le-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, ngo-2006. Waxelelwa ukuba umhlaza wakhe uxolile ngo-2007 kodwa wabuya ngo-2008. ixesha elide kwikhaya lokunyamekela. Uhlala enengxaki kakhulu, ngokwegqwetha u-Aimee Wagstaff.

UWagstaff wayeligqwetha eliphumeleleyo kwityala lesibini lomhlaza we-Roundup, UEdwin Hardeman v. Monsanto. Kwityala lenkundla yomanyano, ijaji yaseSan Francisco ibuyise isigwebo esimalunga ne-80 yezigidi zeedola kuHardeman, kubandakanya nomonakalo owohlwayo we-75 yezigidi. Isithili sase-US UJaji Vince Chhabria ncitshiswa Umonakalo owohlwayo onikwe uHardeman ukuya kwi-20 yezigidi zeedola ukusuka kwi-75 yezigidi zeedola, ebeka ibhaso lilonke ku  $ 25,313,383.02.

Amabhaso amajaji kwezinye izilingo ezimbini zomhlaza we-Roundup nawo ancitshisiwe ngabagwebi bezetyala. Kwilingo lakutshanje ijaji usike umonakalo wanikezela isibini esikhulileyo esimalunga ne- $ 2 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-86 yezigidi zeedola. Kwilingo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup, ijaji yasika isigidi seedola ezingama-289 isigwebo esinikwe umgcini wesikolo saseCalifornia ukuya kuthi ga kwi-78 yezigidi zeedola.  

Julayi 16, 2019

Abantwana abagulayo Phakathi kwamaxhoba omhlaza Ukuhlasela iMonsanto ngaphezulu kweRoundup

Inkwenkwana eneminyaka eli-12 ubudala enesifo somhlaza iphakathi kwabamangali abatsha abathatha iMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG ekukhuliseni isimangalo malunga nokhuseleko lweeRoundup herbicides kunye nokusingathwa kweMonsanto kwezenkxalabo zesayensi malunga neemveliso.

Amagqwetha kaJake Bellah ayesenkundleni ngoMvulo kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseLake County eLakeport, eCalifornia esithi iminyaka yobudala kaBellah kunye nokuxilongwa kwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) yamenza ukuba afaneleke "kukhetho lokulingwa," okanye ityala elikhawulezayo. Ekuhambeni kwabo, Amagqwetha e-Baum Hedlund eqinile e-Los Angeles acele ityala eliza kuqala phambi kokuphela kwalo nyaka, kwiintsuku ezingama-120 emva komyalelo wejaji ukuba isindululo sabo sinikiwe.

Amagqwetha aseMonsanto asichasa esi sicelo, esithi inkampani iyakudinga ixesha elininzi ukulungiselela ukuzikhusela kunikwa imiba engaqhelekanga yenzululwazi ejikeleze ukubangwa komhlaza emntwaneni.

Abamangali abane abasele benezilingo ngokuchasene neMonsanto bonke babengabantu abadala abafunyaniswa bengenayo iHodgkin lymphoma, kwaye bonke baboyisile. U-Bellah uya kuba yimeko yokuqala yomntwana onomhlaza ukuba acele umngeni kuMonsanto ngaphambi kwejaji.

Ngo-Meyi, ijaji e-Oakland, California iyalele iMonsanto ukuhlawula ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi kumonakalo e-Alberta nase-Alva Pilliod, isibini esitshatileyo bobabini abaphethwe yi-NHL basola ngokuvezwa kwi-Roundup. Oko kwalandela isigwebo ngo-Matshi apho iSan Francisco jury yayalela uMonsanto ukuba ahlawule malunga ne-80 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo kummangali uEdwin Hardeman naye onengxaki yeNHL. NgoJulayi 15, ijaji kwelo tyala yalinciphisa eli bhaso laya kutsho kwizigidi ezingama-25 zeedola. Kunyaka ophelileyo amajaji kwinkundla yaseburhulumenteni eSan Francisco ayalele iMonsanto ukuhlawula i-289 yezigidi zeedola  kumonakalo kumgcini wesikolo uDewayne “Lee” Johnson, ofunyenwe enohlobo lwesiphelo se-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ijaji kwelo tyala yehlisa isigwebo esipheleleyo saya kwi-78 yezigidi zeedola kwaye isigwebo ngoku sesibheno.

Amagqwetha amele uBellah athi umntwana ubonakalisiwe kwimveliso ye-herbicide esekwe eMonsanto ngokuphindaphindiweyo kwiminyaka emininzi njengoko wayedlala eyadini yosapho lwakhe nakwindawo ejikeleze igadi apho utata wakhe wayefafaza rhoqo imichiza.

U-Bellah wenza i-B-cell lymphoma kwaye uye walaliswa esibhedlele wanyangwa nge-chemotherapy kwaye ngoku uxolelwe, ngokuka-Pedram Esfandiary, elinye lamagqwetha osapho.

Sijonge phambili ekufumaneni ezinye izilingo, ”utshilo u-Esfandiary. Kulusizi ukuba amaxhoba angabandakanyi kuphela abantu abasebenza nzima njengoLee kunye neePilliods kodwa nabantu ekuqaleni kobomi babo. Unelungelo lokufumana usuku lwakhe enkundleni. ”

Isigwebo kwisicelo sikaBellah sokulingwa ngokukhawuleza sikulindeleke ukuphela kukaJulayi.

Elinye ityala eliziswe egameni lomntwana ogulayo lafakwa nge-12 kaJulayi kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Alameda eCalifornia, ikwakhona nakwinkampani yeBaum Hedlund.

Kwimeko apho, ummangali uchongwa kuphela njenge-GB Bargas. Uyise uRichard Bargas udweliswe njengommangali ngokukodwa egameni lentombi yakhe. Umama womntwana uRonza Bargas ukwangummangali. Isikhalazo Utyhola ukuba umntwana kwafunyaniswa ukuba une-NHL ngenxa yokuvezwa kwi-Roundup.

Ukongezwa kwabantwana kwiimbambano ezininzi kuza njengoko iBayer iphonononga ukuba ingaba izama ukulungisa amatyala na. Izabelo zenkampani ziye zangqubana nelahleko ephindaphindwayo enkundleni, kunye nokutyhilwa kokuziphatha okuthandabuzekayo kweMonsanto ngokubhekisele kuphononongo lwenzululwazi noluntu kwiimveliso zalo.

Kwisigwebo sakhe senkundla esinciphisa umonakalo owanikwa kwityala likaHardeman, iJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria wathi ukuba izenzo zikaMonsanto "zazinetyala." Uthe ubungqina bubonakalisile "Abasebenzi baseMonsanto bezama ngenkani ukulwa, ukujongela phantsi okanye ukucacisa umngeni kukhuseleko lukaRoundup."

Uthe inkampani ibonise ukungabikho kwenkxalabo malunga nomngcipheko wokuba imveliso yayo inokuba ngumhlaza.

Julayi 15, 2019

Ijaji isika isixa seMonsanto Umnini weBayer Owesixhoba somhlaza

Ijaji yomdibaniso iwuphelisile umonakalo owohlwaywa yijaji eyalela uMonsanto ukuba ahlawule kwixhoba lomhlaza u-Edwin Hardeman ukusuka kwi-75 yezigidi ukuya kwi-20 yezigidi zeedola, nangona ijaji ichaza indlela uMonsanto aziphethe ngayo malunga nemibuzo malunga nokhuseleko lweRoundup herbicide njenge “inetyala.”

UMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria Ulawule ngoMvulo Isigqibo sejaji kwi Ityala likaHardeman ukunikezela ngomonakalo owohlwayo wama-75 ezigidi zeedola “kwakungavumelekanga ngokomgaqo-siseko.” Ngokuyihlisa iye kuthi ga kwi-20 yezigidi zeedola, idityanisiwe nomonakalo owanikezelwa yijaji, iyonke inkampani ye-agrochemical ayityala uHardeman yi- $ 25,267,634.10, utshilo umgwebi. Isigwebo sokuqala esanikezelwa ngamalungu amathandathu ejaji yayiyi- $ 80 yezigidi.

Ujaji Chhabria wayenamagama amaninzi arhabaxa ngeMonsanto, eyathengwa kunyaka ophelileyo nguBayer AG. Wabhala kwisigwebo sakhe esithi "ubungqina obuziswe etyaleni malunga nokuziphatha kukaMonsanto kubonisa ukungabikho kwenkxalabo malunga nomngcipheko wokuba imveliso yayo inokuba ngumhlaza."

"Ngaphandle kweminyaka yamabango anemibala kwindawo yezenzululwazi yokuba iRoundup ibangela i-NHL, iMonsanto ibonise ubungqina obuncinci obucebisa ukuba inomdla wokufikelela emazantsi kula mabango… Ngelixa iMonsanto iphindaphinda intones ukuba imi ngokhuseleko lwemveliso yayo, ubungqina Ityala lapeyinta umfanekiso wenkampani egxile ekuhlaseleni okanye ekusingeleni phantsi abantu abaphakamise iinkxalabo, ngaphandle kokuba ngumlamli wokhuseleko lukaRoundup, ”utshilo uJaji Chhabria kwisigqibo sakhe.

"Umzekelo, ngelixa ijaji yaboniswa ii-imeyile zabasebenzi baseMonsanto bezama ngenkani ukulwa, ukujongela phantsi okanye ukucacisa imiceli mngeni kukhuseleko lweRoundup, zange nakanye kuboniswe i-imeyile ebonisa ukuba amagosa aseMonsanto azinikele ekwenzeni uvavanyo olunenjongo kwimveliso yalo. Ngaphezu koko, ngenxa yokuba ijaji yayisazi ukuba uMonsanto uye wathengisa kaninzi-kwaye uyaqhubeka nokuthengisa-i-Roundup ngaphandle kwayo nayiphi na indlela yeleyibhile yesilumkiso, kwacaca ukuba "indlela yokuziphatha kaMonsanto ibandakanya amanyathelo aphindaphindiweyo," kunokuba "isehlo esizimeleyo," yabhala ijaji.

Ujaji Chhabria unikezele ngamagama axhasayo kwisikhundla sikaMonsanto, ebhala ukuba akukho bungqina bokuba uMonsanto wabufihla ubungqina kwi-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo, okanye "wakwazi ukubamba i-EPA."

Kwaye, ijaji yaphawula ukuba akukho bungqina bunikiweyo obubonisa ukuba iMonsanto "yayisazi ukuba i-glyphosate ibangela umhlaza kodwa wawusifihla, oko ke kwahlula eli tyala kumatyala amaninzi agweba indlela iinkampani zecuba eziziphatha ngayo."

Ityala likaHardeman lelinye lamawaka alindileyo ngokuchasene neMonsanto iBayer enoxanduva lwayo emva kokuthenga inkampani ngoJuni ka-2018. Ukusukela oko kuthengiweyo, abamangali abane kwizilingo ezintathu baphumelele umonakalo kwinkampani. Zonke izityholo zavelisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva kokubhencwa kwi-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides, enje ngeRoundup. Baye batyhola ngelithi inkampani iyabazi ubungqina besayensi obubonisa umngcipheko womhlaza onxulunyaniswa neemveliso zayo, kodwa isebenze ukucinezela ulwazi ukukhusela inzuzo yayo.

UMichael Baum, elinye lamagqwetha akhokela ukumangalelwa ngeRoundup, uthe isigqibo sejaji besingalunganga.

“Abachopheli-tyala baseHardeman babulinganisa ngobunono ubungqina kwaye bakhupha isigwebo esisengqiqweni ngokuhambelana nemiyalelo eyaziwayo yejaji kunye nomthetho wamatyala. Akukho sizathu sivakalayo sokuphazamisa isohlwayo somvuzo wabo- kutheni ungazihluphi ngokuba namajoni ancama iiveki zobomi babo ukuba ijaji inokufaka nje isigwebo sayo endaweni yabo nangona kukho ubungqina obuninzi obuxhasa izigqibo zabo, utshilo uBaum kwingxelo.

Juni 13, 2019

IMonsanto, umzabalazo weBayer wokuqhubeka nokuKhula kokuLungisa umhlaza

Ingxubakaxaka ngaphakathi nangaphandle kwamagumbi eenkundla kubonakala ngathi iyakhula iMonsanto, iyunithi yomnini waseJamani uBayer AG, njengoko inkampani isebenza ukuhlangabezana nexesha elibekiweyo lezenzo zesibheno kwizilingo ezintathu zomhlaza we-Roundup iMonsanto ilahlekile ukuza kuthi ga ngoku ngaxeshanye nenkampani kufuneka ndizilungiselele iimvavanyo ezintsha ekupheleni kweli hlobo.

Ubunzima bomthwalo wokumangalelwa babekwa ligqwetha laseMonsanto / Bayer kwinkundla yezibheno yaseCalifornia esandula ukufuna ixesha elingakumbi lokufaka Isibheno sikaMonsanto Kwimeko yokuqala ilahlekile kwihlobo ephelileyo.

Ummangali kwelo tyala, UDewayne "Lee" Johnson, wanikwa i-289 yezigidi zeedola yi-San Francisco jury eyafumanisa ukuba i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kaJohnson ibangelwe kukuvezwa kwakhe yimithi ye-glyphosate esekwe kwi-glyphosate. Njengengxenye yezigidi ezingama-289 zeedola, ijaji yayalela i-250 yezigidi zeedrama kumonakalo owohlwayo emva kokuba amagqwetha kaJohnson enike ubungqina bokuba iMonsanto ibucinezele ubungqina bengozi yemichiza yokubulala ukhula.

Ijaji yetyala yehlise ibhaso lomonakalo kwi-78 yezigidi zeedola, kwaye uJohnson kunjalo ukubhenela ngaphaya Buyisela isigwebo esipheleleyo.

Isibheno sikaMonsanto siphikisa, phakathi kwezinye izinto, ukuba ukuba inkundla iyala ukusijika isigwebo akufuneki kubekho mbuyekezo yomonakalo wohlwayo konke konke, nokuba uJohnson unikwe isixa esincinci somonakalo wembuyekezo.

Kwifayile yamva nje, igqwetha likaBryan Cave uK. Lee Marshall uxelele inkundla Ufuna ukongezwa kwexesha ukulungiselela isishwankathelo esilandelayo esifanelekileyo kwisibheno sikaJohnson ngenxa yeendlela ezahlukeneyo ezibekiweyo kumatyala amaninzi iMonsanto iyazikhusela. Ucacisile ixesha elisikiweyo lokuhamba kwesindululo IPilliod v. IMonsanto, apho ijaji yayalela ukuba iMonsanto ihlawule ngaphezulu kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi kumonakalo, kunye nexesha elibekiweyo UHardeman v. Monsanto, apho ijaji yayalela ukuba inkampani ihlawule malunga nezigidi ezingama-80 zeedola kumonakalo. IMonsanto ifuna ukubhukuqa zombini ezo zigwebo ngokunjalo.

Kwiveki ephelileyo, iMonsanto bafaka isaziso Kwinkundla yomdibaniso yokuba-kunye nomshuwalense weLiberty Mutual Insurance Co - babethumele i-100 yezigidigidi zeedola njengoko iceba ukubhena isigwebo sikaHardeman. Inkampani ine Julayi 2 ukuva kwisicelo sayo sokuba ijaji yetyala ibeke ecaleni isigwebo kwaye iyalele ityala elitsha.

“Ngenxa yesiphelo sendlela yokuxoxwa kwesindululo esisemva kwexesha likaHardeman noPilliod, ndihleli, kwaye ndiza kuba, ndichitha ixesha elininzi kwezi veki zimbalwa zizayo kwiziphakamiso zasemva kwetyala ezicela umngeni kwizigwebo ezinkulu kula matyala. Ezi zibophelelo zichaphazela ixesha zinokuphazamisa ukubanakho kwam ukuchitha ixesha ukulungiselela… kwesi sibheno, ”utshilo uMarshall enkundleni.

Kananjalo wabhala wathi, ityala likaJohnson "lintsokothe ​​ngokungaqhelekanga kwaye linika imiba emininzi enzima." Umcebisi wangaphakathi e-Bayer ufuna ukuphonononga, aphawule kwaye ahlele impendulo emfutshane ngaphambi kokuba afayilishwe, wongeze watsho.

Isibheno sikaJohnson siphathwa ngendlela ekhawulezileyo ngenxa yokwehla kukaJohnson kwezempilo kunye nokuxilongwa komhlaza kwisifo. Amagqwetha kaJohnson athe balindele ukuba iingxoxo zomlomo zibekwe kwizibheno ngoSeptemba okanye ngo-Okthobha, ngesigqibo sokugqibela esilindelweyo kwiintsuku ezingama-90 emva kwengxoxo yomlomo, ngokunokwenzeka ngumbulelo.

Ukuba iMonsanto iphulukene nesicelo sayo kwityala elitsha kwityala likaHardeman inkampani kulindeleke ukuba ifake isibheno kwiNkundla yeSibheno yeThoba yezibheno kwinkqubo enokuthi itsalwe kwintwasahlobo elandelayo, amagqwetha abandakanyekayo kwityala litshilo.

Ngelo xesha, i ityala elilandelayo kulindeleke ukuba iqhubeke ngo-Agasti 19 eSt. USharlean Gordon, ngumfazi obanjwe ngumhlaza kwiminyaka yakhe yama-50. Ityala lafakwa ngoJulayi ka-2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezulu kwama-75 kwaye uGordon ngowokuqala kwelo qela ukuya kuthethwa enkundleni.

Ngaphezulu kwe-13,000 yabamangali baye bafaka isimangalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto e-United States besithi batyhola i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngenxa yokuvezwa kwababulali bokhula base-Monsanto glyphosate, njenge Roundup.

Njengokuqhubeka kwesimangalo, abatyali mali beBayer bakhula bengazinzanga kwaye uninzi lunyanzela iBayer ukuba ithathele ingqalelo nzulu indawo yokuhlala jikelele, itsho imithombo. Abahlalutyi abohlukeneyo babeka inani lokuhlawula elinokubakho phakathi kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi ukuya kwi-3 yezigidigidi kwicala eliphantsi, ukuya kuthi ga kwi-10 yezigidigidi zeedola okanye kancinane ngaphezulu njengokuphela koluhlu.

Izabelo zikaBayer ziwile ngeepesenti ezingama-44 okoko isigwebo sikaJohnson sanikezelwa ngo-Agasti ophelileyo.

I-Bayer yangaphakathi imeyile yomhla kaJuni 13 kutyhilwe ukuba inkampani isungula iinzame ezintsha zokuthengisa ezijolise ekuhlukaneni nokuziphatha okungathandabuzekiyo kukaMonsanto.

I-imeyile ethunyelwe ivela kwi-CEO yeBayer uWerner Baumann yathi: “Kungoku sijamelene nemibuzo yentembelo yoluntu. Lo mngeni ukwalithuba lethu lokuba sibonise ukuba simeleni. Kungenxa yoko le nto sikhona
ukuphakamisa ibha njengoko siqala uhambo lokuphakamisa iinzame zethu ekuhleni,
uzinzo kunye nendlela esidibana ngayo nabachaphazelekayo. Njengenkokeli entsha kwezolimo, thina
Sijonge ukuseta imigangatho engahambelani kuphela nemilinganiselo yamashishini ethu, kodwa isityhalele sonke ukuba sibe njalo
ngcono. ”

Ukungafihlisi sisiseko sethu. Siza kuguqula imigaqo-nkqubo yethu yokubandakanya eyibeka yonke into yethu
Unxibelelwano nososayensi, intatheli, abalawuli kunye nomgaqo wezopolitiko ekuhleni,
isidima nembeko, ”i-imeyile yangaphakathi yeBayer ithi.

Ngamana 17, 2019

Elandelayo Okulandelayo-Ukuvavanywa kwisiXeko saseMonsanto ngo-Agasti Emva kwesiGwebo seCancer Roundup se- $ 2

Emva kwelahleko ezintathu zenkundla eCarlifonia, umlo osemthethweni malunga nokukhuseleka kwe-Roundup herbicide eMonsanto ubhekise kwidolophu yenkampani, apho amagosa amanyeneyo anokunyanzelwa ukuba avele kwindawo yokuma kwengqina, kwaye ukulandelwa kwezomthetho kubonisa imbali yokulwa- imigwebo yequmrhu.

USharlean Gordon, umfazi ohlaselwe ngumhlaza okwiminyaka yama-50, ngummangali olandelayo okwangoku olungiselelwe ukuxoxwa kwetyala.  Gordon v. Monsanto iqala nge-19 ka-Agasti eSt. Louis County Circuit Court, ebekwe nje iimayile ezimbalwa ukusuka eSt. Ityala lafakwa ngoJulayi ka-2017 egameni labamangali abangaphezu kwama-75 kwaye uGordon ngowokuqala kwelo qela ukuya kuthethwa enkundleni.

Ngokwesikhalazo, uGordon wathenga wasebenzisa iRoundup iminyaka eli-15 eqhubekayo malunga nonyaka ka-2017 kwaye wafunyaniswa enohlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngo-2006. UGordon uhambe izihlandlo ezibini zokufakelwa kweseli kwaye wachitha unyaka kwikhaya labongikazi. inqaku elinye kunyango lwakhe. Unesiphene kangangokuba kunzima ukuba ahambe.

Ityala lakhe, njengaleyo yamanye amawaka afakwe e-United States, ityhola ukusetyenziswa kwe-herbicides esekwe kwi-glyphosate esekwe kuMonsanto yabangela ukuba akhulise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Ugqithile esihogweni, utshilo igqwetha laseSt. Louis uEric Holland, elinye lamalungu egqwetha abamele uGordon. “Wenzakele kakhulu. Umrhumo wabantu apha mkhulu. Ndicinga ukuba uSharlean uza kuyibeka ngqo into eyenziwe nguMonsanto ebantwini. ”

UGordon uthe elona candelo linzima malunga nokulungiselela ukuxoxwa kwetyala kukumisela obuphi ubungqina obuza kuboniswa kwijaji ngaphakathi kweeveki ezintathu zexesha elibekwe yijaji kulingo.

"Obu bungqina ngokuchasene nabo, indlela abaziphethe ngayo, sesona senzo sibi kakhulu endikhe ndabona kule minyaka ingama-30 ndenza oku," utshilo uHolland "Izinto eziqhubeke apha, ndifuna amajaji aseSt. Louis ukuba ave le nto."

Elo tyala likaGordon liza kulandelwa lityala likaSeptemba 9 nalo eSt. Louis County kwityala eliziswe ngabamangali UMaurice Cohen kunye neMvana yeBurrell.

Iingcambu ezinzulu zikaMonsanto eluntwini, kubandakanya indawo yokuqesha enkulu kunye neminikelo yesisa yokubonelela kuyo yonke le ndawo, inokuxhasa amathuba ayo kubameli basekuhlaleni. Kodwa kwicala elisezantsi, iSt ithathelwa ingqalelo kwizangqa zomthetho njengenye yezona ndawo zintle kakhulu zabamangali zokuzisa amatyala ngokuchasene neenkampani kwaye kukho imbali ende yezigqibo ezinkulu ezichasene neenkampani ezinkulu. Inkundla yesiXeko saseSt. Louis ithathwa njengeyona ilungileyo kodwa iSt. Louis County nayo iyafunwa ngamagqwetha abamangali.

Inkqubo yesilingo sika-Agasti nese-Septemba iza emva kwesigwebo esimangalisayo se-2 yezigidigidi zeerandi ekhutshwe ngokuchasene neMonsanto ngoMeyi 13. Kwimeko enjalo, ijaji e-Oakland, California yanika isibini esitshatileyo u-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod, bobabini abanesifo somhlaza, i-55 yezigidi zeedola. kwimbuyekezo yomonakalo kunye ne-1 yezigidigidi zeedola kumonakalo ngamnye. Ijaji lafumanisa ukuba iMonsanto ichithe iminyaka igubungela ubungqina bokuba i-herbicide yayo ibangela umhlaza.

Esi sigwebo safika nje ngaphezulu kwenyanga emva kwejaji yaseSan Francisco yayalela uMonsanto ukuba ahlawule i-80 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo ku-Edwin Hardeman, owaphuhlisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva kokusebenzisa i-Roundup. Kwaye kwihlobo ephelileyo, ijaji yayalela uMonsanto ukuba ahlawule i-289 yezigidi zeedola kumgcini-mhlaba uDewayne "Lee" Johnson owafumana isifo somhlaza esibulalayo emva kokusebenzisa i-Monsanto herbicides emsebenzini wakhe.

U-Aimee Wagstaff, owayengumcebisi okhokelayo ku-Hardeman, kulindeleke ukuba azame ityala lika-Gordon eSt. UWagstaff uthe uceba ukubiza oosonzululwazi abaninzi beMonsanto ukuba bavele kwindawo yokuma ukuze baphendule imibuzo ngqo phambi kwejaji. Yena namanye amagqwetha azama amatyala aseCalifornia abakwazanga ukunyanzela abasebenzi baseMonsanto ukuba bangqine bukhoma ngenxa yomgama.

INTLANGANISO YOLONYULO NGOMEYI

Ukulahleka kwetyala kushiye iMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG engqingiwe. Abatyalomali abanomsindo batyhale amaxabiso ezabelo ukuya kumaqondo asezantsi kwiminyaka esixhenxe, besula ngaphezu kwe-40 ipesenti yexabiso lentengiso likaBayer. Kwaye abanye abatyali mali bafuna i-CEO ye-Bayer u-Werner Baumann ukuba bagxothwe ngokuxhasa ukufunyanwa kwe-Monsanto, eyavalwa ngoJuni wonyaka ophelileyo kanye njengoko ityala lokuqala laliqhubeka.

Bayer kugcina ukuba abukho ubungqina obubambekayo bokubangelwa ngumhlaza obunxulunyaniswa nokubulala i-Monsanto, kwaye ithi iyakholelwa ukuba iyakuphumelela kwisibheno. Kodwa uMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria Uyalele iBayer Ukuqala iingxoxo zokulamla ezijolise ekunikezeleni ekusombululeni ubunzima bezinto zamatyala ezibandakanya abamangali abamalunga ne-13,400 e-United States kuphela. Bonke abamangali bangamaxhoba omhlaza okanye amalungu osapho kwaye bonke batyhola uMonsanto esenza izinto ngeendlela zokukhohlisa umngcipheko wokutshabalalisa ukhula, kubandakanya nokwenza irekhodi lobunzululwazi ngezifundo ezibhaliweyo, ukudibana nabalawuli, kunye nokusebenzisa abantu bangaphandle kunye nemibutho ukukhuthaza. ukhuseleko lweemveliso zalo ngelixa liqinisekisa ukuba zibonakala ngathi zisebenza ngaphandle kwenkampani.

Ukuxoxwa kwetyala ngoMeyi 22 kuyinxalenye yokuchaza iinkcukacha zenkqubo yolamlo. Bayer ibonakalisile ukuba iya kuwuthobela lo myalelo, kodwa ingekakulungeli ukuqaphela ukuhlawula amatyala ngaphandle kwelahleko yenkundla.

Okwangoku, isimangalo esivela e-United States siwele umda saya e-Canada apho umfama wase-Saskatchewan akhokele ityala lesenzo seklasi ngokuchasene neBayer neMonsanto benza izityholo ezibonisa abo bakumatyala aseMelika.

“UKUMKANIKAZI WEROUNDUP”

U-Elaine Stevick wasePetaluma, eCalifornia wayefanele ukuba abe lilandelayo emgceni wokuthatha iMonsanto xa kuvavanywa ityala. Kodwa kulandelelwano lwakhe lokulamla, iJaji uChhabria uphume naye ngomhla we-20 kaMeyi. Umhla wokuxoxwa kwetyala elitsha kuya kuxoxwa ngawo kwindibano ngoLwesithathu.

UStevick kunye nomyeni wakhe uChristopher Stevick wamangalela uMonsanto Ngo-Epreli ka-2016 kwaye bathi kudliwanondlebe banomdla wokufumana ithuba labo lokujongana nenkampani ngomonakalo omkhulu abathi ukusetyenziswa kuka-Elaine kweRoundup kuyenzile kwimpilo yakhe. Wafunyaniswa ngo-Disemba 2014 eneminyaka engama-63 ene-tumors ezininzi zobuchopho ngenxa yohlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ebizwa ngokuba yi-central system ye-lymphoma (CNSL). U-Alberta Pilliod, ophumelele nje kuvavanyo lwamva nje, naye ubenethumba lobuchopho kwi-CNSL.

Esi sibini sathenga indlu yakudala yama-Victoria kunye nepropathi eyongezekileyo ngo-1990 kwaye ngexa uChristopher wayesebenza ekulungiseni ingaphakathi lendlu, umsebenzi ka-Elaine yayikukutshiza umbulali wokhula phezu kokhula kunye netswele lasendle abathi esi sibini sithathe isahlulo esihle sepropathi. Wafafaza kaninzi ngonyaka de wafumanisa ukuba unomhlaza. Akazange anxibe iigloves okanye enye impahla yokukhusela kuba ekholelwa ukuba ikhuselekile njengoko ibhengeziwe, utshilo.

UStevick okwangoku uxolelwe kodwa waphantse wasweleka ngexesha elinye kunyango, utshilo uChristopher Stevick.

"Ndimbize 'ukumkanikazi waseRoundup' kuba wayehlala ehamba etshiza izinto, utshilo.

Esi sibini saya kwiindawo zovavanyo lukaPilliod noHardeman, kwaye bathi bayayibulela inyani malunga nezenzo zikaMonsanto zokufihla umngcipheko oza kuluntu. Kwaye bafuna ukubona iBayer neMonsanto beqala ukulumkisa abasebenzisi malunga nomngcipheko womhlaza we-Roundup kunye nezinye i-glyphosate-based herbicides.

"Sifuna ukuba iinkampani zithathe uxanduva lokulumkisa abantu-nokuba kunokubakho into yokuba inokuba yingozi okanye ibe yingozi kubo, abantu mabalumkiswe," utshilo u-Elaine Stevick.

(Ipapashwe kuqala kwi Iindaba zezeMpilo kokusiNgqongileyo)

landela @Ndiyabonga on Twitter

Ngamana 13, 2019

IMonsanto iyalelwe ukuba ihlawule i-2 yezigidigidi zeedola kumaxhoba omhlaza

Emva kweentsuku ezimbini ezingaphantsi kweengxoxo, ijaji yaseCalifornia yayalela uMonsanto ukuba ahlawule ngaphezulu nje kwe- $ 2 yezigidigidi kwimbuyekezo kunye nembuyekezo kwisibini esitshatileyo abathi bobabini bakhulisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abathi ibangelwe yiminyaka yabo emininzi yokusebenzisa iimveliso zeRoundup.

Emva kokuphulaphula iintsuku ezili-17 zobungqina bolingo, abagwebi bathi uMonsanto kufuneka ahlawule i-1 yezigidigidi ku-Alberta Pilliod, owafunyaniswa enesifo somhlaza wobuchopho esingenguHodgkin lymphoma kwi-2015, kunye nenye i-1 yezigidigidi kumyeni wakhe u-Alva Pilliod, owafunyaniswa ngo-2011 -Hodgkin lymphoma esasazeka emathanjeni akhe iye kumqolo kunye nomqolo. Esi sibini, bobabini bakwiminyaka yama-70s, baqala ukusebenzisa iRoundup kwiminyaka yoo-1970 kwaye baqhubeka nokusebenzisa iyeza lokubulala ukhula kwada kwaba yiminyaka embalwa edlulileyo. Ijaji yanikezela esi sibini isixa esiyi- $ 55 yezigidigidi kumonakalo kwiimali zangaphambili nezizayo zonyango kunye nezinye ilahleko.

Uku-odola ukonakaliswa kwetyala, ijaji kwafuneka ndiyifumene ukuba iMonsanto "ibandakanyeka ekuziphatheni ngenkohlakalo, ingcinezelo okanye ubuqhetseba obenziwe ligosa elinye okanye nangaphezulu, abalawuli okanye abalawuli beMonsanto" ababesebenza egameni lenkampani.

UPilliod v. UMonsanto lityala lesithathu lomhlaza weRoundup lokuya kulingo. Kwaye kungowesithathu ukugqiba ukuba i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides inokubangela umhlaza kwaye iMonsanto kudala yazi malunga-kwaye yagubungela-umngcipheko.

Ngo-Matshi, ijaji evumayo kwinkundla yomanyano eSan Francisco yayalela uMonsanto ukuba ahlawule malunga ne-80 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo ukusilela ukulumkisa ummangali uEdwin Hardeman ngomngcipheko womhlaza weRoundup herbicide. Kwinyanga ephelileyo ka-Agasti, abagwebi kwinkundla yaseburhulumenteni eSan Francisco bayalela iMonsanto ukuhlawula i-289 yezigidi zeedola  kumonakalo kumgcini wesikolo uDewayne “Lee” Johnson, obhubha ngenxa ye-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ijaji eyafunyanwa ibangelwe kukuvezwa kwakhe yimichiza yokubulala ukhula ye-glyphosate yeMonsanto. Ijaji kwelo tyala yehlisa isigwebo esipheleleyo saya kwi-78 yezigidi zeedola kwaye isigwebo ngoku sesibheno.

Bobabini uJohnson noHardeman baya kwiingxoxo zokugqibela kwityala likaPilliod.

Isigwebo se-Pilliod kulindeleke ukuba sonakalise kuphela ixabiso lentengiso leBayer AG, ethengwe iMonsanto kwihlobo elidlulileyo nge-63 yezigidigidi zeedola. Izabelo zehlile ngaphezulu kweepesenti ezingama-40 okoko kwagqitywa nge-Agasti ka-10 kaJohnson.

Ngaphezulu kwe-13,000 yabamangali bafaka isimangalo esifanayo nxamnye neMonsanto, betyhola ukuba iinkampani zokubulala ukhula zibangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye inkampani ibufihlile ubungozi.

Ubungqina obubekwe kwezi zilingo zintathu zazibandakanya izifundo ezininzi zesayensi ezibonisa ukuba zeziphi igqwetha labamangali abathi bubungqina bokuba i-Monsanto's herbicides inokubangela i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Kananjalo, amagqwetha azisa abagwebi kunxibelelwano oluninzi lwangaphakathi lweMonsanto olufunyenwe kwinkundla-eyaleleyo ukufumanisa ukuba iMonsanto isebenzise ngenjongo irekhodi loluntu ukufihla umngcipheko womhlaza.

Phakathi kwezityhilelo ezininzi ezivele kwizilingo:

* IMonsanto ayizange yenziwe Izifundo zesifo se-epidemiology seRoundup kunye nezinye izinto ezenziweyo ezenziwe ngesixhobo esisebenzayo se-glyphosate ukuvavanya umngcipheko womhlaza kubasebenzisi.

* UMonsanto wayeyazi ukuba abo basebenza eRoundup babenetyhefu ngakumbi kune-glyphosate yodwa.

* UMonsanto wasebenzisa izigidi zeedola kwimikhankaso yokufihla ubudlelwane noluntu ukuxhasa imali ngokubhala izifundo kunye namanqaku ajolise ekugxekeni izazinzulu ezizimeleyo umsebenzi wazo ufumene ingozi kumayeza okubulala ukhula kaMonsanto.

* Xa i-Arhente yase-US yeZinto ezinobuthi kunye neRegistry yeZifo ifuna ukuvavanya i-glyphosate toxicity kwi-2015, iMonsanto Ukubandakanya uncedo lwamagosa e-EPA ukulibazisa olo hlaziyo.

* UMonsanto wanandipha ubudlelwane obusondeleyo kunye namagosa athile kwi-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA), athe awaxhasa kaninzi amabango kaMonsanto malunga nokhuseleko lweemveliso zeglyphosate.

* Inkampani ngaphakathi yayineengcebiso ngokhuseleko lwabasebenzi ezazifuna ukunxiba uluhlu olupheleleyo lwezixhobo zokukhusela xa kusetyenziswa i-glyphosate herbicides, kodwa ayizange ibalumkise abantu ukuba benze njalo.

Igqwetha likaPilliod u-Brent Wisner ucebise kumagqwetha kwiingxoxo zakhe zokuvala ukuba bacinga ngomonakalo owohlwaywayo kuluhlu lweerandi ezi-1 zeerandi ukuthumela umyalezo eMonsanto naseBayer malunga nesidingo sokutshintsha iinkqubo zenkampani.

"Ijaji lazibonela ngokwalo amaxwebhu enkampani yangaphakathi abonisa ukuba, ukusukela ngomhla wokuqala, iMonsanto ayikaze ibenomdla wokufumanisa ukuba ingaba i-Roundup ikhuselekile na," utshilo uWisner kulandela isigwebo. "Endaweni yokutyala inzululwazi evakalayo, batyale izigidi ekuhlaseleni inzululwazi ezisongela i-ajenda yabo yeshishini."

UMichael Miller, owayesebenza noWisner njengegqwetha elikhokelayo elikhokelayo wathi: “Ngokungafaniyo namatyala amabini okuqala eMonsanto, apho iijaji zanciphisa kakhulu ubungqina babamangali, ekugqibeleni savunyelwa ukubonisa ijaji intaba yobungqina ebonisa ukuphathwa kakubi kukaMonsanto inzululwazi, amajelo eendaba kunye neearhente zolawulo ukuhambisa i-ajenda yabo ngaphandle kwengozi eyenzekileyo ku-Roundup kubukumkani bezilwanyana nasebantwini. ”

Bayer ikhishwe ingxelo emva kwesigwebo esithi sizakubhena: “U-Bayer uphoxekile sisigqibo sejaji kwaye uzakubhena isigwebo kule meko, esingqubana ngqo nesigqibo sokuphinda kubhaliswe kwethutyana sobhaliso lwe-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo esikhutshwe kwinyanga ephelileyo, isivumelwano phakathi kwabalawuli bezempilo abaphambili ukuba iimveliso ezisekwe kwi-glyphosate zinokusetyenziswa ngokukhuselekileyo kwaye i-glyphosate ayisiyo i-carcinogenic, kunye neminyaka engama-40 yophando olunzulu lwenzululwazi apho izigqibo zabo ezifanelekileyo zisekwe khona.

"Sinovelwano kakhulu kuMnu noNksk. Pilliod, kodwa ubungqina kweli tyala bucacile ukuba bobabini baneembali ezinde zokugula ezaziwa njengeyona nto ingumngcipheko we-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), uninzi lwe-NHL alunaso isizathu esaziwayo, kwaye abukho ubungqina benzululwazi obunokuthenjwa bokugqiba ukuba i-glyphosate-based herbicides ibingunobangela "kodwa" wesigulo sabo njengoko bekufunwa ukuba lijoni kule meko. "

Ibhaso lomonakalo liye laphuka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:

IAlva Pilliod

Uhlawulo:

Uqoqosho lwangaphambili- $ 47,296.01

Ilahleko yangaphambili yezoqoqosho engekhoyo- $ 8 yezigidi

Ukuphulukana noqoqosho kwixa elizayo- $ 10 yezigidi

Ukohlwaya isohlwayo- $ 1 yezigidigidi

I-Alberta Pilliod

Uhlawulo:

Uqoqosho lwangaphambili- $ 201,166.76

Kwixesha elidlulileyo elingezoqoqosho- $ 8 yezigidi

Uqoqosho lwexesha elizayo- $ 2,957,710

Ixesha elizayo elingezoqoqosho- $ 26 yezigidi

Ukohlwaya isohlwayo- $ 1 yezigidigidi

EYONKE- $ 2.055 yezigidigidi  

Ijaji yomanyano iyalele iBayer ukuba iqale ukulamla kunye negqwetha labamangali kwaye ukumanyelwa kulungiselelwe kwiveki ezayo eSan Francisco ngalo mbandela. Izilingo ezininzi zicwangcisiwe kunyaka olandelayo kwiinkundla ezijikeleze iUnited States.

Ukuhlaziya ngakumbi landela uCarey Gillam kwi-Twitter @iqosweb 

Kwizandla zabo -eJurors kwi-3 Monsanto Roundup Cancer Trial Silinganisa ubungqina

Iingxoxo zeJury zazicwangciselwe ukuba ziqhubeke kusasa ngoMvulo e-Oakland, eCalifornia kwimeko yesibini esitshatileyo esitshatileyo esithi iminyaka emininzi yokusebenzisa i-Roundup herbicide yeMonsanto ibangele ukuba ngamnye aphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Amagqwetha abamangali u-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod kunye nabameli bezomthetho be-Monsanto kunye nomnini wayo wase-Germany u-Bayer AG bachaze iimpikiswano zokugqibela ezichaseneyo kwiveki ephelileyo. AmaJurors ke abenosuku olunye lokuxoxa ngoLwesine ngaphambi kokuthatha uLwesihlanu kunye neveki.

IiJurors zinobungqina obuninzi bokuhluza emva kweentsuku ezili-17 zobungqina betyala obubandakanya amangqina aphilayo ayi-16 kunye ne-11 ngaphezulu engqina ngevidiyo. Umbhalo wolingo, njengoko kuphawuliwe ligqwetha laseMonsanto uTarek Ismail, lingaphezulu kwamaphepha angama-5,000 ubude.

Ijaji elinamalungu ali-12 sele linemibuzo eliqela, ithumela amanqaku kwiJaji yeNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Alameda uWinifred Smith enemibuzo malunga namanqaku athile ezonyango nangobungqina bengqina leengcali laseMonsanto uGqirha Celeste Bello, ugqirha wezamayeza oncologist osebenza kwi-Moffitt Cancer Iziko eFlorida. UBello wangqina idatha ye-epidemiological ayibonisi unxibelelwano olusebenzayo phakathi kwe-Roundup kunye ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Uthe bobabini u-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod babenembali yeengxaki zonyango kwaye babuthathaka amajoni omzimba, ekusenokwenzeka ukuba akhokelela kumhlaza wabo. U-Bello uxelele abagwebi ukuba uyavumelana nokuzimisela kwe-Arhente yoKhuselo lwezeNdalo ukuba i-glyphosate, eyona nto iphambili kwi-Roundup, ayinakuba ngumhlaza ebantwini.

Abagwebi bakwabuza ngamanye amanqaku ezonyango kunye nemibuzo malunga nokuba mangaphi amajaji ekufuneka avumelane ngemibuzo nganye iifom zesigwebo.  Lo mbuzo wenza ukuba igqwetha laseMonsanto u-Ismail anike uluvo kwijaji esithi "ngokucacileyo sino - kubonakala ngathi sinalo uhlobo lokwahlukana kwijaji."

Abasithoba kwabagwebi abali-12 kufuneka bavumelane ngesigwebo kodwa u-Ismail uqaphele ukuba imiyalelo eya kwijaji
ivumela amaqela ahlukeneyo amajaji alithoba ukuba avumelane kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zesigwebo. Nalu uhlobo lotshintshiselwano noJaji Smith kwinkxalabo yenkampani:

UMnu ISMAIL: “Ke, umzekelo, iiJurors 1 ukuya ku-9 zinokuthi ewe kumbuzo 1, kwaye iiJurors 4 ukuya ku-12 ziyavumelana - yithi ewe kumbuzo 2, kodwa unabantu abathandathu kuphela abacinga ukuba ityala liyafumaneka.

INKUNDLA: Lowo ngumsebenzi womthetho waseCalifornia.

MR. ISMAIL: Nguwo. Ndiyayiqonda loo nto. Ndiyazi ukuba awuzukuyitshintsha apha. Kodwa ndigcina inkcaso yokuba-

INKUNDLA: Ndiyayiqonda le nto uyithethayo.

MR. I-ISMAIL: Kubonakala ngathi kukungangqinelani kwindlela-apho kubhalwe ukuba isigwebo sifuna isithoba, kwaye isigwebo apha ngokuqinisekileyo asinakufuna isithoba; inokufuna ngaphantsi kwesithoba. Kwaye ndiyayiqonda iNhlonipho yakho ibotshiwe yindlela umthetho obhalwe ngayo kwi-CACI, kodwa siyayigcina inkcaso ngenxa yoko.

INKUNDLA: Kulungile, kufuneka ndilandele umthetho waseCalifornia, othi ngokucacileyo ayingabo bonke abasithoba ekufuneka bephendule umbuzo ngamnye ngendlela efanayo.

Zombini ii-Pilliods zinokusasaza i-B-cell lymphoma enkulu nangona i-Alberta ikhule kwingqondo yakhe ngelixa i-Alva yayihlasela i-pelvis kunye nomqolo. Igqwetha likaPilliod uBrent Wisner wabuza ijaji Ukunikezela malunga ne-37 yezigidi zeedola kwimbuyekezo ye-Alberta Pilliod kunye ne- $ 18 yezigidi ze-Alva Pilliod. Ucebise ukuba abagwebi mabaqwalasele isohlwayo somonakalo kwi-1 yezigidigidi zeedola.

Ngamana 9, 2019

"Hamba uye 'Em" -Iingxoxo zeJury eziqala kuvavanyo lweCancer yeRoundup

Emva kwempikiswano yemini emide yokuvala apho igqwetha labamangali lacebisa ukuba i-1 yezigidigidi kumonakalo ozohlwayayo kufanelekile, iingxoxo zejaji zaziqhubeka ngoLwesine kwityala lokufaka isibini esitshatileyo esinomhlaza ngokuchasene neMonsanto.

U-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod, ngamnye efunyenwe ene-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, bebekwi-Alameda County Superior Court e-Oakland, California, ngolwe-Lwesithathu njengoko igqwetha u-Brent Wisner ebongoza abagwebi ukuba bavumelane nezityholo zokuba ukukhula kwezifo ezityhafisayo zika-Pilliod kubangelwe Iminyaka yokusebenzisa i-Monsanto's Roundup herbicides.

IMonsanto iyikhaba ngamandla imveliso yayo ingumhlaza. Kodwa igqwetha likaPilliod uBrent Wisner uxelele abagwebi ukuba kukho ubungqina obaneleyo bokuxhalaba ngumhlaza kwaye endaweni yokuba alumkise abathengi ngemingcipheko, inkampani ibandakanyeke kwiminyaka engama-45 yamaqhinga akhohlisayo asebenzisa irekhodi lenzululwazi malunga nobungozi beemveliso zayo.

Uthe abagwebi mabaqwalasele uku-odola ubuncinci i-892 yezigidi zeedrama kumonakalo owohlwayayo njengoko oko kwakumele unyaka omnye wenzuzo yeMonsanto, ethe kunyaka ophelileyo yafunyanwa nguBayer AG. Uthe umntu ongcono unokuba yi-1 yezigidigidi zeedola ukuze athumele umyalezo eBayer naseMonsanto. Ukongeza, wacela malunga ne- $ 37 yezigidi kwimbuyekezo yomonakalo we-Alberta Pilliod kunye ne- $ 18 yezigidi zeAlva Pilliod.

"Babaphendule," U-Wisner uxelele abagwebi kwingxoxo yokuvala iiyure ezintathu. Ngexesha lokunika kwakhe amajaji, u-Wisner wabakhumbuza ubungqina obazisiweyo malunga netyala elide. Wahamba nabo kwizifundo ezininzi zesayensi wathi wabonisa unxibelelwano nomhlaza, wababonisa izicatshulwa ze-imeyile zangaphakathi zeMonsanto ezazithetha ngemibhalo yamaphepha obunzululwazi kunye nokuhlawula ngokufihlakeleyo amaqela angaphambili anje ngeBhunga laseMelika lezeNzululwazi kunye neMpilo (ACSH) ukukhuthaza esidlangalaleni ukhuseleko ukhula lwayo. Ukhumbuze abagwebi ngamaxwebhu abonisa ubudlelwane obuluqilima kumagosa athile e-Arhente yoKhuselo lokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) abuyisa ukhuseleko lweeMedicanto's glyphosate-based herbicides, kunye namaxwebhu abonisa izicwangciso zeMonsanto zokujongela phantsi izazinzulu zomhlaza wamazwe aphesheya ezibeka i-glyphosate njengento enokubangela i-carcinogen yabantu.

U-Wisner uthe iMonsanto yangcwaba izifundo ezafumana ingozi kwiimveliso zayo kwaye yakhuthaza izifundo ezibhalwe njengeziporho ezikhuthaza ukhuseleko, zibandakanya isimilo "esigwenxa"

"La manene namanenekazi yindlela oyisebenzisa ngayo inzululwazi," utshilo.

Ngokwahlukileyo, igqwetha laseMonsanto uTarek Ismail uxelele abagwebi kwingxoxo yakhe yokuvala ukuba bobabini iiPilliod babeneengxaki zempilo ezininzi kunye nokwenza buthathaka amajoni omzimba kunye nomhlaza wabo awunxibelelananga nabuphi na ubungqina obusemthethweni ekusebenziseni kwabo iRoundup.

"Emva kwalo lonke elixesha silapha kweli tyala, abamangali abakhange bakubonise xwebhu nokuba linye okanye ingxelo yonyango okanye uvavanyo oludibanisa iNHL yomMangali neRoundup," utshilo u-Ismail. “Kwaye eyona nto kukuba, awunyanzelekanga ukuba uvumelane nathi kuzo zonke ezi okanye ezinye, kuba, ukuba ulandela nayiphi na kwezi ndlela, ufika kwimpendulo efanayo, yokuba abamangali abawufumananga umthwalo wabo wobungqina . ”

U-Ismail uxelele abagwebi ukuba u-Wisner wayezilawula iimvakalelo zabo, ekhuthaza "uloyiko kwisayensi" kunye "novakalelo kubungqina." I-arhente zolawulo kwihlabathi liphela zibuyisela ukhuseleko lwe-glyphosate kunye ne-Monsanto herbicides, kwaye ecaleni kwezinye iindlela ezingalunganga zokukhetha ulwimi kwii-imeyile zangaphakathi, akukho bungqina bokuziphatha gwenxa kukaMonsanto. Uthe u-Wisner wayebandakanyeka "kwi-charade" engenangqondo kwaye "ezama ngobuqhetseba" xa efaka iiglavu ngexesha lokulingwa kwetyala lokuphatha ibhotile ye-Roundup engazaliswanga nge-herbicide kodwa ngamanzi.

“Nina bantu nisebenze nzima kakhulu, kudala nibalapha ukuvumela umntu ukuba anithuke ngoluhlobo. Kwaye ndiyathemba ukuba uyala le nto ibiyiyo, ”utshilo u-Ismail.

Iintlantsi zabhabha xa yayilixesha likaWisner lokuphika, njengoko wayephakamise ilizwi lakhe ngomsindo nangomsindo wathi unikwe yena ngoogxa bakhe bebonisa ubuxoki kwiingxelo ezahlukeneyo ezenziwe nguIsmail.

"Phuma apha!" U-Wisner ukhwaze, ecela u-Jaji uWinifred Smith ukuba amcebise ukuba azole. Uphelise ukuphinda kwakhe ukuphinda abeke abagwebi ukuba bafumane ii-Pilliods kunye noku-odola umonakalo kwisixa esikhulu njengokuthumela umyalezo eMonsanto naseBayer.

Amazwi akhe okugqibela kubagwebi- "Hambani niyokuma."

Jonga umbhalo we ukuvala iingxoxo apha. 

Ityala likaPilliod lityala lesithathu lomhlaza weRoundup lokuya kulingo. Ngehlobo lasehlotyeni ijaji yayalela uMonsanto ukuba ahlawule i-289 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo kwixhoba lomhlaza uDewayne "Lee" Johnson. Ijaji kwityala kamva yehlisa isixa esiyi- $ 78 yezigidi. Ityala lesibini, elabanjelwa eSan Francisco kwelinye icala, labangela Isigwebo se- $ 80.2 yezigidi kommangali uEdwin Hardeman.

Kukho ngaphezulu kwe-13,000 abanye abamangali abatyhola ukuba i-Monsanto's herbicides ibangela umhlaza kwaye inkampani ibufihlile ubungozi. Izabelo zeBayer bezikhona ndigungqiswa zizigwebo kwaye abatyali mali balindele uvalo ngeziphumo zolu vavanyo. Inkampani ilahlekelwe ngaphezulu kwe- $ 30 yezigidigidi kwixabiso lezabelo emva kokuthenga iMonsanto kwihlobo elidlulileyo.

Ngamana 8, 2019

Iintlantsi zokubhabha ngokuVala iingxoxo kwisilingo sesithathu somhlaza wokuvavanywa komhlaza

Emva kweelahleko ezimbini ezixabisekileyo zenkundla, amagqwetha kaMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG ngolwe-Lwesithathu babekwa ukuba benze iingxoxo zokuvala kwityala lesithathu elilethwe ngabantu abasola umhlaza wabo ekusebenziseni iMonsanto's Roundup kunye nezinye iimveliso zokubulala ukhula ezisekwe kwiglyphosate.

Iiplaintiffs Alva kunye neAlberta Pilliod, isibini esitshatileyo kwi-70s yabo bobabini abane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, bathi iMonsanto kufuneka ibenoxanduva kwizigulo zabo kuba ubungqina bezenzululwazi bubonisa ukuba i-Monsanto's herbicides inokubangela umhlaza kwaye ngenxa yokuba iMonsanto yahluleka ukulumkisa ngokufanelekileyo ngomngcipheko.

Ngelixa iMonsanto igcine ukuba ubunzima bobungqina besayensi abubonisi nxu lumano phakathi kwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kunye ne-glyphosate herbicides, amagqwetha ee-Pilliods athi thaca ubungqina besayensi ngexesha lolingo olubonisa ikhonkco lomhlaza. Ngapha koko, amagqwetha abamangali abonisa abachopheli-matyala konxibelelwano lwangaphakathi lweMonsanto kunye nezinye iirekhodi abathi zibonisa ukuxhaphaza kwenkampani kuncwadi lwezenzululwazi, kubandakanya ukubhala ghost amaphepha aliqela apapashwe kwiijenali zesayensi. Kwakhona phakathi kobungqina iirekhodi ezibonisa iinzame zeMonsanto zokuphembelela iiarhente ezilawulayo, ukuze tyala amabali aluncedo kwiziko leendaba lehlabathi iReuters, kunye nokujongela phantsi izazinzulu ezigqibe ukuba iimveliso zenkampani zinokubangela umdlavuza.

Ukuvala iimpikiswano kulindeleke ukuba kuthathe uninzi okanye yonke imini kunye noxinzelelo kumacala omabini aphezulu.

NgoLwesibini, iMonsanto Ifayile isindululo befuna ukuyeka into eyathethwayo kungenzeka ukuba "ayilunganga" ukuvala iingxoxo ngamagqwetha amele iiPilliods. Bachonge igqwetha uBrent Wisner kunye noMichael Baum ngokugxeka, becaphula amanyathelo awahlukeneyo.

"IMonsanto inenkxalabo yokwenene yokuba ingxoxo yokugqibela yegqwetha kule meko izakuqulatha ukungaziphathi kakuhle," sitsho isindululo.

Kwisindululo, amagqwetha eMonsanto athi amagqwetha ePilliod "sele eguqukile eli tyala laba yisekisi kwizihlandlo ezininzi," kubandakanya ngokufaka kabini iigloves ngaphambi kokuphatha ibhotile yeRoundup eyayinamanzi kuphela.

Ukongeza, amagqwetha "ajikeleza abantu abadumileyo kunye nabameli be-anti-Monsanto u-Neil Young no-Daryl Hannah ... bezibandakanya kwiifoto-ops kanye ngaphandle kwegumbi lejaji kwilinge elicace gca lokuchaphazela ijaji."

"Ukuba nawaphi na amalungu ejaji aya kwenza uphando olulula kuGoogle kuMnumzana uYoung okanye uNkskz. UHannah, baya kukhawuleza bafunde ngeemvakalelo zabo ezinamandla ezichasene neMonsanto," utshilo uMonsanto ekubhaleni kwakhe, ebonisa ukuba kwiminyaka emine eyadlulayo u-Young wavelisa icwecwe eligxeka inkampani ebizwa ngokuba yi "Monsanto Years."

Ukongeza, uMonsanto wathi, “Nks. Iakhawunti kaHannah ka-Twitter iqulethe ii-tweets ezininzi malunga nezilingo zeRoundup, kubandakanya enye apho wabhala ngokuthe ngqo ngamava akhe enkundleni ngexesha lokuvavanywa kwetyala: “Olo yayiluhambo! -Ndiyabazi aba bantu ukuba basebenzise ubuxoki kwaye baxoka - kodwa ukuyibona phambi kwamehlo akho kuyacaphukisa kwaye kuyothusa. ”

UMonsanto ukwathe ukubonakaliswa kwetyala likaWisner "njengembali" akufuneki kuvunyelwe kwakhona. Kwangokunjalo, akukho namnye kubammangali omele ukuvunyelwa ukuba acebise ukuba isigwebo "siyakutshintsha umhlaba okanye sisebenze ngaphandle kweli tyala," watsho uMonsanto.

Igumbi elincinci lenkundla e-Oakland, eCalifornia kulindeleke ukuba lipakishwe. UDewayne "Lee" Johnson, ophumelele ityala lokuqala ngokuchasene neMonsanto ehlotyeni eledlule, kulindeleke ukuba abekho, njengo-Edwin Hardeman, ophumelele ityala lesibini.

Njengezilingo ezimbini ezidlulileyo, iirekhodi zangaphakathi zeMonsanto zibonelele ngomdlalo othile. Ngolwesibini, unxibelelwano lwangaphakathi Ukusukela ngehlobo ephelileyo enziwe yinkundla ebonisa inkxaso ye-White House ecacileyo yeMonsanto. Kwi umbiko iqhotyoshelwe kwi-imeyile kaJulayi ka-2018 kwisicwangciso-qhinga sehlabathi seMonsanto esisemthethweni uTodd Rands, icandelo lezobuntlola lobuchule kunye nenkampani yeengcebiso Hakluyt  uxele kuMonsanto oku kulandelayo:

"Umcebisi womgaqo-nkqubo wasekhaya kwi-White House wathi, umzekelo: 'Sinomqolo kaMonsanto kummiselo wezibulali zinambuzane. Sikulungele ukuya ku-toe-to-toe nakweyiphi na imbambano abanokuba nayo, umzekelo, i-EU. IMonsanto akufuneki yoyike nawuphi na umgaqo owongezelelweyo kolu lawulo. ”

Ngamana 7, 2019

I-White House ine "Monsanto's Back on Pesticides," Uxwebhu olusandula ukutyhilwa luthi

Iirekhodi zangaphakathi zeMonsanto zifakwe nje enkundleni zibonisa ukuba iqela lezobuntlola eliqeshwe ukuba "lithathe ubushushu kwizimo zangoku zokulawula i-glyphosate" lixele ukuba iNdlu yeWhite ingabalwa ekukhuseleni i-Roundup herbicides yenkampani.

Kwi umbiko iqhotyoshelwe kwi-imeyile kaJulayi ka-2018 kwisicwangciso-qhinga sehlabathi seMonsanto esisemthethweni uTodd Rands, icandelo lezobuntlola lobuchule kunye nenkampani yeengcebiso Hakluyt  uxele kuMonsanto oku kulandelayo:

"Umcebisi womgaqo-nkqubo wasekhaya kwi-White House wathi, umzekelo: 'Sinomqolo kaMonsanto kummiselo wezibulali zinambuzane. Sikulungele ukuya ku-toe-to-toe nakweyiphi na imbambano abanokuba nayo, umzekelo, i-EU. IMonsanto akufuneki yoyike nawuphi na umgaqo owongezelelweyo kolu lawulo. ”

Kwi-imeyile ehamba nengxelo, uNick Banner kaHakluyt uxelele iiRandi ulwazi olunxulumene nemicimbi ye-United States kunye ne China. Ingxelo ithi abasebenzi "abaqeqeshiweyo" "abavisisani" ngokungavisisani nabasebenzi "bezopolitiko" kwezinye iindawo, kodwa ukuba iinkxalabo zabanye abaqeqeshiweyo bezingayi kuphazamisa.

"Sive imbono ngamxhelo mnye ukusuka kumanqanaba aphezulu e-EPA (kunye ne-USDA) yokuba i-glyphosate ayibonwa njenge-carcinogenic, kwaye oku akunakulindeleka ukuba kutshintshe phantsi kolawulo - nokuba liphi inqanaba lokuqhawulwa konxibelelwano phakathi kwabasebenzi bezopolitiko kunye nabasebenzi abaqeqeshiweyo."

Ingxelo yathi igqwetha langaphambili le-Arhente yoKhuselo lokusiNgqongileyo (i-EPA) kunye negosa le-USDA lezoLimo (i-USDA) baqinisekisile ukuba zombini ezi arhente zibona i-Arhente yeHlabathi yezeMpilo yoPhando ngomhlaza (IARC) yokuhlelwa kwe-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu "Inesiphene" kwaye ayigqitywanga.

“Akukho mathandabuzo okuba i-EPA iyakuxhasa ukusetyenziswa kweglyphosate,” itsho ingxelo. Icaphula igqwetha langoku le-EPA lisithi: Senze isigqibo malunga ne-glyphosate kwaye siziva sizithembile malunga nezibakala ezijikelezileyo. Eminye imibutho yamazwe aphesheya… ifikelele kwizigqibo ezahlukeneyo, kodwa ngokokubona kwethu idatha ayicacanga kwaye isigqibo sabo asilunganga. ”

Ingxelo ikwacebisa ukufana phakathi kwenkxaso yolawulo lukaTrump lwe-glyphosate kunye nezenzo zayo malunga nesibulali zinambuzane esibizwa ngokuba yi-chlorpyrifos esisithako esisebenzayo kwisibulali zinambuzane esenziwe yi-Dow Chemical, ngoku eyi-DowDupont. Kukho umzimba omkhulu wesayensi obonisa ukuba i-chlorpyrifos iyonakalisa kakhulu ukukhula kwengqondo yabantwana kwaye abantwana bahlala bevezwa kukutya namanzi abawasebenzisayo. I-Chlorpyrifos kwakufuneka ivinjelwe ekusebenziseni ezolimo ngo-2017 ngenxa yeengozi zayo kodwa ulawulo lukaTrump lurhoxise ukuvalwa ngokwesicelo sikaDow kwaye liyaqhubeka nokuvumela ukusetyenziswa kwalo kwimveliso yokutya. Iingxelo zeHakluyt zithi:

"Indlela i-EPA phantsi kolawulo lukaTrump ephethe ngayo iiChlorpyrifos isenokufundisa ukuba ingayiphatha njani inzululwazi okanye uphuhliso olutsha olunxulumene neglyphosate."

Ngexesha lokuhanjiswa kwengxelo eMonsanto ngoJulayi ophelileyo, iMonsanto yayisandula ukufunyanwa yinkampani yaseJamani iBayer AG kwaye yayiphakathi kokuzikhusela kwilingo lokuqala lomhlaza weRoundup. Ityala laseSan Francisco, elethwe lixhoba lomhlaza uDewayne “Lee” Johnson, labangela ukuba isigwebo sejaji siphume ngo-Agasti siyalela iMonsanto ukuba ihlawule i-289 yezigidi zeedola kwi umonakalo kuJohnson. Ijaji kwityala kamva yehlisa isixa esiyi- $ 78 yezigidi. Ityala lesibini, elabanjelwa eSan Francisco kwelinye icala, labangela Isigwebo se- $ 80.2 yezigidi kommangali uEdwin Hardeman.

Ityala lesithathu liyaqhubeka ngoku e-Oakland, California. Iingxoxo zokuvala zicwangciselwe ingomso kwityala elinjalo, ziziswe yindoda nomfazi bobabini bane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abathi ibangelwa ngamashumi eminyaka yokusebenzisa iRoundup.

Amaxwebhu afaka ingxelo kaHakluyt afakwa kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Alameda ngamagqwetha amele abamangali kwityala langoku- iAlva neAlberta Pilliod.

Ukugcwaliswa ngu ukuphendula kwiinzame zikaMonsanto zokuxelela amajaji malunga kutshanje kukhishwa Uvavanyo lwe-EPA glyphosate apho iarhente iphinde yaqinisekisa ukufunyanwa kwayo ukuba i-glyphosate ayibangeli mhlaza. Amagqwetha kaPilliod athi unxibelelwano lweHakluyt kunye neMonsanto luthetha "ngokuthe ngqo kuvavanyo lwe-EPA glyphosate ka-2019, ekhutshwe ngabaphathi abathi bayayithanda iMonsanto."

Ukwanda komsantsa kunikwe ingxelo phakathi kwabasebenzi bezopolitiko kunye nabasebenzi abaqeqeshiweyo kwiiarhente zolawulo

Ingxelo kaHakluyt eya eMonsanto ikwaphawula ukuba abasebenzi abaqeqeshekileyo ngaphakathi "uninzi" lweearhente zomdibaniso ziziva ziphikisana nabasebenzi bezopolitiko kwimiba efana nommiselo wokubulala izitshabalalisi, isayensi yemozulu kunye neminye imicimbi.

“Ngelixa oku kubonakala kuyinyani kwiiarhente ezahlukileyo- ezempilo kunye neeNkonzo zoLuntu, ezoRhwebo, ezeMfundo, iZangaphakathi, uLawulo lokutya kunye neziyobisi, njalo njalo- i-EPA inokuba ngumzekelo ophambili wale nton. ”

Ingxelo icaphula iqabane lezomthetho elidumileyo eWashington DC "elinonxibelelwano olubanzi kwi-EPA isithi:

“Eyona nto ibalulekileyo kukuba, iinkokheli zopolitiko ziyakuthanda ukupheliswa kwemithetho kwaye ziyalugxotha uhlalutyo lomngcipheko lobuchwephesha. Kubaluleke kakhulu kuhlalutyo lomngcipheko, umzekelo, kwimingcipheko ye-glyphosate, ekusafuneka kuvunyelwene ngayo malunga nesayensi… Ngokubhekisele kwi-glyphosate, ngokukodwa, umahluko phakathi kwabasebenzi bezopolitiko kunye nabasebenzi abaqeqeshiweyo ubukhali. ” 

Abasebenzi abaqeqeshiweyo, oososayensi kunye nabanye abathi bahlala kwi-arhente iminyaka emininzi kulawulo oluninzi.

Ngaphakathi kwi-EPA, abasebenzi abaqeqeshiweyo kuthiwa "banamathandabuzo malunga ne-glyphosate," kodwa loo mathandabuzo "awabelwanga zinkokheli ze-EPA."

Ingxelo ikwabonelela ngengxelo malunga nedumela likaMonsanto kwaye ibonelela ngesilumkiso kuBayer, eyayisandul 'ukuvala ukuthengwa kweMonsanto kwiiveki ezimbalwa ngaphambi konxibelelwano lukaJulayi 2018:

"Uphuhliso eCarlifonia kwi-glyphosate lubangela umdla kuluntu ... Inkampani iya rhoqo 'kwi-DEFCON 1' kumceli mngeni omncinci ovela kwindalo esingqongileyo, kwezemfundo okanye kwezenzululwazi."

Nokuba ngaphakathi kwe-EPA akukho buzaza malunga 'nokungaqondakali kwakho kwezenzululwazi.' ” 

Ngokwengxelo kaHakluyt, igosa eline-Ofisi ye-EPA yeeNkqubo zezibulali zinambuzane lathi: “Kuyakhula ukungakhululeki kule ofisi kwinto ebonakala ngathi kukungazinzi kwezobunzululwazi nguMonsanto ukunika ukuthembeka kubo nabuphi na ubungqina obungahambelaniyo nembono yabo. Singavumelana nabo ukuba obo bungqina abunasihlahla, kodwa oko akuthethi ukuba abunasiseko. ”

Ngolwazi oluthe kratya kunye nohlaziyo olulandelayo @careygillam kwi-Twitter.

Aprili 30, 2019

Ukudumisa kunye neehempe zePolo-Ubungqina obuninzi beFuthe leNzululwazi obonwe kwiiPhepha zeMonsanto ezisandula ukukhutshwa

(KUhlaziywa ngo-Epreli 30, 2019 ngamaxwebhu amatsha)

Iirekhodi ezisandula ukukhutshwa zangaphakathi zeMonsanto zibonisa ubungqina obutsha bamanyathelo athathwe yinkampani ukuphembelela uncwadi lwenzululwazi njengenxalenye yesicwangciso sokhuselo lokhuselo lomgca wabo babulali bokhula abaziwa kakhulu ngegama lophawu Roundup.

Obunye ubungqina boko kwabizwa zizazinzulu zeMonsanto "Ukubhala ghost" sele ityhilwe kwi amaxwebhu thaca njengenxalenye eqhubekayo iinkqubo zenkundla ngokuchasene neMonsanto, kodwa amaphepha aliqela e-imeyile enziwe esidlangalaleni ngolwe-Lwesithathu abonisa inkuthazo yenkampani kunye nemibhiyozo yabasebenzi bangaphakathi kwizenzo.

Omnye umzekelo obalulekileyo obonakaliswe kumaxwebhu e-imeyile kwimicimbi ye-1999 kunye ne-2000 xa izazinzulu zeMonsanto, iingcali kubudlelwane bakarhulumente kunye nabanye abaphathi bebegqibezela iprojekthi yeminyaka emininzi yokuphuhlisa umxholo wokupapashwa kwijenali yezenzululwazi eya kukhuthaza ukhuseleko lwezinto ezibulala ukhula kwinkampani. Iimeyile zibonisa ukubandakanyeka okukhulu kwabasebenzi baseMonsanto emsebenzini wokugqibela, kodwa akukho mqeshwa waseMonsanto wabizwa njengombhali. Ababhali abadwelisiweyo zizazinzulu ezintathu-uGary Williams, uRobert Kroes kunye no-Ian Munro - abangakhange basebenzele inkampani.

UWilliam Heydens, isazinzulu esiphezulu seMonsanto, ubonakala kwii-imeyile ukuba azibandakanye kakhulu ekubhaleni iphepha likaWilliams. Kwimeyile enye yomhla kaJulayi 30, 1999, wathumela uMunro uyilo lwombhalo wesandla wathi "uhlume iinwele ezintsha ezingwevu ngexesha lokubhalwa kwale nto…" Ukwabhale nokuba wayefaka "isicatshulwa, iitafile kunye nezalathiso" kwaye wazise uMunro ukuba "wonke umntu waseMonsanto uvumile ngokukufaka njengombhali…"

The iphepha elibangelwa yayinesihloko esithi “Uvavanyo lokhuselo kunye novavanyo lomngcipheko weRoundbicide Roundup kunye nesithako sayo esisebenzayo, iglyphosate, yabantu.” Eli phepha lathi "ukusetyenziswa kwe-Roundup herbicide akukhokeleli kwiziphumo ezibi kuphuhliso, ukuvelisa kwakhona, okanye iinkqubo ze-endocrine" ebantwini okanye ezilwanyaneni. "Kwagqitywa kwelokuba, phantsi kweemeko ezikhoyo nezilindelweyo zokusetyenziswa, i-Roundup herbicide ayibeki mngcipheko empilweni ebantwini."

IMonsanto ikhutshiwe ukukhululwa kweendaba Ukubonisa ububanzi nokubaluleka kokufunyenwe liphepha kodwa khange akhankanye ukubandakanyeka kweenzululwazi zalo.

Iphepha elinxulumene noko, elinesihloko esithi “Uvavanyo lomngcipheko weEcotoxicological kumngcipheko wokubulala ukhula, ” kwaye yabhalwa "ngoososayensi besithathu" uJohn Giesy, uStuart Dobson noKeith Solomon, kwalandelwa kwiinyanga ezimbalwa kamva. Ababhali balwamkele uncedo lukaMonsanto "uxhaso lobuchwepheshe."

Ngokwengxelo zenkampani, omabini la maphepha ayimizekelo yento iMonsanto eyayibiza ngokuba "yimodeli yokufikelela kubunzululwazi" ejolise kwi "Roundup FTO." I-FTO, njengoko amaxwebhu angaphakathi eMonsanto ebonisa, yayisisandla esifutshane sokwenza amanyathelo akhusela inkampani "yenkululeko yokusebenza".

Kwi-imeyile Ukulandela ukupapashwa kuka-Epreli 2000 wephepha likaWilliam, igosa lezemicimbi yaseburhulumenteni laseMonsanto uLisa Drake wachaza yonke "imisebenzi enzima" yoososayensi bakaMonsanto, kubandakanya noHeydens, abakwenzayo kumaphepha "azimeleyo".

Upapasho lweengcali ezizimeleyo lolona vavanyo lwenzululwazi lupheleleyo noluneenkcukacha oluye lwabhalwa kwi-glyphosate… lwalubangelwa kukuzingisa, ukusebenza nzima nokuzimisela kweli qela labantu lilandelayo, utshilo uDrake. Emva koko wadwelisa abasebenzi abasixhenxe beMonsanto, kubandakanya nezona nkampani ziphambili kwezenzululwazi uDonna Farmer noKatherine Carr kunye noHeydens. Eli qela laqhwatyelwa izandla “ngenxa yokusebenza kwabo nzima ngaphezulu kweminyaka emithathu yokuqokelela iinkcukacha, ukubhala, ukuphonononga nokwakha ubudlelwane nababhali bamaphepha.”

UDrake uqhubeke wagxininisa ukuba kutheni iphepha likaWilliams lalibaluleke kangaka kwizicwangciso zeshishini likaMonsanto: "Olu papasho lwempilo yabantu kwiRoundup herbicide kunye nopapasho lwayo kwi-ecotox nakwimeko yokusingqongileyo ngokungathandabuzekiyo luza kuthathwa njenge" ireferensi "kwiRoundup kunye nokhuseleko lweglyphosate," yena ubhale kwi-imeyile yomhla we-25 kaMeyi ka-2000. "Isicwangciso sethu ngoku siza kusisebenzisa ekukhuseleni iRoundup kunye neRoundup Ready izityalo kwihlabathi liphela nakwizakhono zethu zokuzahlula kukhuphiswano kwizixhobo zegeneric."

UCarr kamva ubhale i-imeyile ukubuza ukuba ingaba iihempe zepolo zeRoundup zinganikwa abantu abasibhozo abasebenza kumaphepha kaWilliams kunye noGeisy "njengomqondiso wokubulela ngomsebenzi owenziwe kakuhle."

Ukuphela kwee-1990s yayilixesha elibalulekileyo kwinkampani kuba iRoundup yayijamelene nokuqwalaselwa okwandayo njengoko iinkxalabo zazinyuka phakathi kwezazinzulu ezizimeleyo ezazifumana ubungqina bokuba iimveliso zinokubangela umhlaza. IMonsanto yayisandula ukukhupha imbewu ethi "Roundup Ready" eglyphosate eyinyamezelayo eyilelwe ukuvumela amafama ukuba atshize iyeza lokutshabalalisa ukhula ngqo kwizityalo zokutya, kwaye nayiphi na inkxalabo yezempilo enxulumene nombulali wokhula inokuthintela ukukhula kwishishini lembewu elitsha lenkampani. Ukongeza, ilungelo lomenzi lenkampani kwi-glyphosate laliphelelwa ngonyaka ka-2000 kwaye iMonsanto yayiza kujongana nokhuphiswano oluvela kwimveliso yohlobo oluqhelekileyo.

"Ngoku ukusebenza nzima kwemicimbi yoluntu kuyaqala ekusebenziseni la maxwebhu ekubhekiswa kuwo ngokupheleleyo - kulapho iqhinga lemicimbi yoluntu liqala ukukhaba kwihlabathi liphela," utshilo uDrake. “Ndiza kuyishiya ezandleni zikaLori Fisher ukuba athethe la manyathelo alandelayo njengoko yena neqela lonke besebenza ukufezekisa iziphumo zabo eziphambili. Ndinebhongo ngokuba yinxalenye yeli qela - into ebalulekileyo esiyenzileyo - ndiyavuyisana nabo bonke. ”

U-Hugh Grant wase Monsanto, ngelo xesha owayengumphathi omkhulu xa esiya ekubeni yi-CEO kunye nosihlalo, wongeza eyakhe indumiso, Ukubhala kwi-imeyile "Lo ngumsebenzi olunge kakhulu, wenziwe kakuhle kwiqela, ndicela undigcine ndisazi njengoko usakha ulwazi lwe-PR ukuhamba nalo."

Amaxwebhu afunyanwa ngokufunyanwa ngamagqwetha amele amawaka amaxhoba omhlaza abamangalela iMonsanto betyhola ukubhencwa kwabo kwimichiza yokubulala ukhula eglyphosate esekwe kwinkampani kubangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

I-Baum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman, enye yeefemu zomthetho ezikhokelayo kwisimangalo, ikhuphe i-cache yala maxwebhu okufumanisa kule veki. Ziyinxalenye yesitokhwe esimalunga ne-15 yezigidi zamaphepha eerekhodi zangaphakathi zeMonsanto eziqokelelwe kukufumanisa, uninzi lwazo lusetyenziswe kwizilingo ezimbini zokuqala ukuba zigqitywe kwaye eyesithathu eqhubeka ngoku eCarlifonia. Amaxwebhu ancede abamangali kwizilingo ezimbini zokuqala baphumelela amabhaso omonakalo omkhulu ngokuchasene neMonsanto.

Iphepha likaWilliam 2000, njengoko sele lisaziwa njalo, lisebenze njengoko uMonsanto wayenethemba lokuba liyakuba njalo. Abalawuli kwihlabathi liphela balikhankanyile iphepha njengobungqina bokhuseleko lwe-glyphosate herbicides, kubandakanya i-Arhente yokuKhusela iNdalo (i-EPA) kwi uvavanyo lwamva nje lweglyphosate.

IMonsanto kugcina ukuba akukho mntu uvela kwinkampani ghostwrote iphepha likaWilliams 2000. Kwaye inkampani yalatha kwinto yokuba icandelo "Lokubonga" ekupheleni kwephepha likaWilliams libulela "iingcali zetyhefu kunye nezinye izazinzulu eMonsanto ezenze igalelo elibonakalayo kuphuhliso lovavanyo lokuvezwa kunye nezinye iingxoxo ezininzi."

UMonsanto ukwalatha kwidiphozithi kaHeydens apho athi wenza "inxaso encinci yokuhlela" ephepheni.

Kwaye okwangoku, yayinguWilliams ngokwakhe ngubani owathi kwi-imeyile yenkampani yangaphakathi kwi-2015 yokuba izazinzulu zeMonsanto kufuneka "zibhale isiporho" iphepha elitsha njengoko babenzile ngaphambili. UMonsanto wayenokuhlawula ngaphandle kwezenzululwazi ukuba "bahlele kwaye batyikitye amagama abo" emsebenzini awayeza kubhala wona kunye nabanye, wabhala uHeydens. Khumbula ukuba yindlela esasiphatha ngayo uWilliam Kroes noMunro 2000. ”

Ngokukodwa, kubonakala ngathi kukho imizekelo emininzi yokubhala ghost kunxibelelwano lwangaphakathi lukaMonsanto. Ngo-2013, usosayensi wenkampani uJohn Vicini wabhalela abo wayesebenza nabo malunga nemibhalo ebhaliweyo awayeyilungiselela malunga nokusetyenziswa kwezilwanyana kwizityalo ezenziwe ngobunjineli. UVicini ubhale ukuba wayefuna ukuyingenisa njengombhali-mbhali ukuba angafumana umfundi ozimiseleyo ukuba abelane ngokubhala okanye "ayiguqulele kubo kwaye abe ngumbhali-ghost."

UVicini ubhale ukuba ucinga ukuba "imeko-bume ebalaseleyo" yayikukuba ibonakale "liphepha elingeyo-MON" kodwa wayexhalabile kukuba amalungu e-faculty "anokungafuni ukuthatha into angayivelisanga aze abethe amagama abo kuyo. yiyo. ”

IMonsanto iyaqhubeka nokuqhankqalaza ukuba ayizange ibhale ghost, kodwa kunzima ukuphikisana namazwi oososayensi.

Ezi kunye nezinye iirekhodi zeMonsanto zangaphakathi ziyinxalenye ephambili yobungqina obuboniswe kumlobi womhlaza weRoundup ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. Ityala lokugqibela libandakanya isibini esitshatileyo uAlva noAlberta Pilliod. Zombini zine-non-Hodgkin lymphoma batyhola ukuba zibangelwe yiminyaka yabo yokuvezwa kukaMonsanto's Roundup. Amagqwetha abo aphumle ityala labo kwangoko kule veki kwaye iMonsanto iqala ngokuveza amangqina ayo okhuselo ngoMvulo.

Umnini waseMonsanto waseJamani uBayer AG ujongene nayo abanini zabelo abanomsindo ngolwesiHlanu kwintlanganiso yonyaka yale nkampani.

Ukusukela ekuthengeni iMonsanto ehlotyeni elidlulileyo, inkampani ilahlekelwe ngaphezulu kwe-30 yezigidigidi zeerandi kwixabiso lesabelo ngenxa yesityholo seRoundup. Abangaphezulu kwe-11,000 abamangali banamatyala asalindelwe ngokuchasene neMonsanto, bonke betyhola ukubhencwa kwimichiza yokubulala ukhula yenkampani yabanika umhlaza.

Aprili 25, 2019

Amaxwebhu amatsha eMonsanto abhengeza uqhagamshelo olufudumeleyo nentatheli yeReuters

Besisazi kumaxwebhu asele ekhutshiwe ukuba intatheli yeReuters uKate Kelland ibilunxibelelwano oluphambili lweMonsanto kwiinzame zayo zokujongela phantsi kunye nokujongela phantsi i-Arhente yeHlabathi yezeMpilo yoPhando ngomhlaza (IARC) oososayensi abachaza i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen enokwenzeka ngo-2015. unobungqina obongezelelweyo bokuqina konxibelelwano.

UKelland akazange abhale nje ibali le-2017 uMonsanto wamcela ukuba abhale ngokuchanekileyo ngendlela uMonsanto olawulayo uSam Murphey amcela ukuba abhale ngayo, (ngaphandle kokuchazela abafundi ukuba iMonsanto yayingumthombo,) kodwa ngoku sibona ubungqina bokuba uyilo Ibali elahlukileyo uKelland alwenzileyo malunga neglyphosate zisiwe eMonsanto  Phambi kokuba ipapashwe, isenzo esiqhele ukujongwa ngamehlo ziindawo ezithengisa iindaba.

Ii-imeyile zibonisa ibali elibhalwe nguKelland lathunyelwa nge-imeyile eMurphey ngomxholo othi "Uyilo lwam oluyimfihlo."

Ibali, elinesihloko esithi "Isifundo esitsha sokubulala ukhula eMonsanto ukondla ivoti ebalulekileyo ye-EU," yayimalunga neziphumo zokuqala zophando olungashicilelwanga sisazinzulu sase-Italiya esibonisa ukuba iigundane zovavanyo ezivezwe kwi-glyphosate kumanqanaba alinganayo nalawo avunyelwe ebantwini awabonisanga kubi ekuqaleni. impendulo. Inguqulelo yokugqibela ya papashwa Ngo-Apreli 13, 2017.

kwaye enye i-imeyile esanda kukhutshwa Iinkcukacha malunga nokuba iminwe kaMonsanto yayinemigangatho emibini yamabali kaKelland. Ngomhla woku-1 ku-Matshi 2016 i-imeyile ithetha ngokuzibandakanya kweMonsanto Umkhankaso "weFlegi ebomvu"  Kwibali esele lipapashiwe leReuters ebeligxeka i-IARC kunye nomnqweno wokuphembelela ibali lesibini elifanayo iReuters yayicwangcisa. Iflegi ebomvu i-PR eseDublin kunye ne-lobbying firm esebenza ukukhusela ukhuseleko lwe-glyphosate kunye nokukhuthaza umyalezo we-pro-glyphosate ngomntu wesithathu onjengamaqela amafama.

Ngokwe-imeyile eyabelwe enye into, "kulandela ukubandakanyeka kweRed Flag kwiinyanga ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo, iqhekeza lokuqala laligxeka kakhulu i-IARC." I-imeyile iyaqhubeka: “Unokwazi ukuba iRed Flag iyanxibelelana neReuters ngokubhekisele kwingxelo yesibini kuthotho…”

Kwithuba elingaphezulu kwenyanga kamva, iReuters yapapasha ibali likaKelland "Ingxelo eKhethekileyo: Indlela i-arhente yomhlaza ye-World Health Organisation ebabhidisa ngayo abathengi." 

Ezi zityhilelo zilandela ukubhengezwa kwangoko kulo nyaka ngembalelwano ye-imeyile echaza ukuba uKelland wamnceda njani uMonsanto ukuba aqhube ingxelo engeyonyani malunga nososayensi womhlaza u-Aaron Blair kwindima yakhe njengentloko yeqela elisebenzayo le-IARC elahlula i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen enokwenzeka. KwiImbalelwano yeTernal Monsanto yomhla we-27 ka-Epreli 2017 ibonisa ukuba isigqeba seMonsanto uSam Murphey wathumela ingxelo yenkampani kuKelland kunye indawo yesilayidi yeendawo zokuthetha kunye nenxalenye yokufakwa kweBlair engafakwanga enkundleni.

NgoJuni 14, 2017, uKelland wabhala ibali elinempikiswano Ngokusekwe kwinto ayithethileyo “ngamaxwebhu enkundla,” eneneni ayengamaxwebhu awanikwa nguMurphey. Kuba amaxwebhu uKelland akhankanyiweyo ebenga fakwanga nyani enkundleni bezingafumaneki esidlangalaleni ukuze abafundi bawahlolisise. Ngokuxoka ngokuxela ulwazi ngokusekwe kumaxwebhu enkundla ukuthintele ekuchazeni indima kaMonsanto ekuqhubeni ibali.

Xa ibali laphuma, labonisa uBlair efihla "ulwazi olubalulekileyo" olungafumani makhonkco phakathi kwe-glyphosate kunye nomhlaza kwi-IARC. UKelland wabhala ukuba idiphozithi ibonise ukuba uBlair "uthe idatha yayiza kutshintsha uhlalutyo lwe-IARC" nangona uphononongo eyona diphozithi ibonisa ukuba uBlair khange ayitsho lonto.

U-Kelland akabonisanga khonkco kula maxwebhu awakhankanyileyo, isenza ukuba abafundi bangakwazi ukuzibona ngokwabo ukuba uziva kude kangakanani ngokuchaneka.

Ibali lathathwa ngamajelo eendaba kwihlabathi liphela, kwaye ezikhuthazwa yiMonsanto kunye neekhemikhali zokudibana. Iintengiso zikaGoogle zaze zathengwa zikhuthaza ibali. Eli bali lisetyenziswe nguMonsanto ukuhlasela i-IARC kwimida emininzi, kubandakanya umzamo weMonsanto ukufumana iCongress ukuba ihluthe imali ukusuka IARC.

Akukho nto iphosakeleyo ngokwendalo ekufumaneni iingcebiso zebali ezixhamla iinkampani ezivela kwiinkampani ngokwazo. Kwenzeka lonke ixesha. Kodwa oonondaba kufuneka bakhuthale ekuboniseni iinyani, hayi kubuxoki benkampani.

Umhleli weReuters uMike Williams ukhusele umsebenzi kaKelland kwaye wenqabile ukukhupha ingcaciso okanye ukulungiswa kwinqanaba lika-Aaron Blair. Uye wathi, "Ibilicwecwe elihle, kwaye ndimi kulo ngokugqibeleleyo." I-Reuters "umhleli weenqobo ezisesikweni" u-Alix Freedman ukwalixhasa ibali likaKelland likaBlair, ngaphandle kobungqina bokubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto kunye nokungabikho kokuchazwa kokubandakanyeka kubafundi. "Siyazingca ngayo kwaye simi emva kwayo," utshilo uFreedman nge-imeyile.

Kwinqaku lomntu, ndichithe iminyaka eyi-17 njengentatheli eReuters egubungela iMonsanto kwaye ndothukile kukwaphulwa kwemigangatho yobuntatheli. Kuyaphawuleka ngokukodwa ukuba u-Alix Freedman ikwangula mntu undixelele ukuba andivumelekanga ukuba ndibhale malunga nezifundo ezininzi ezizimeleyo zesayensi ye-glyphosate kaMonsanto eyayibonisa iimpembelelo ezinobungozi.

Okona kuncinci, uKelland wayefanele ukuba anyaniseke kubafundi kwaye avume ukuba iMonsanto yayingumthombo wakhe - kweli bali, kwaye kubonakala ngathi uninzi lwabanye. I-Reuters ityala umhlaba-kunye ne-IARC-uxolo.

Ngemvelaphi engaphezulu kwesi sihloko, jonga eli nqaku.

 

Aprili 24, 2019

IMonsanto iza ngokuSwinga kwiSibheno sikaJohnson Verdict

Kwi ukugcwaliswa kwenkundla entsha, IMonsanto ibeke uluhlu olude lwezizathu zokuba inkundla yezibheno yaseCalifornia ifanele ukuguqula i-78.5 yezigidi zomvuzo ezikhutshwe ngokuchasene nenkampani kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG ngehlobo ephelileyo kwityala lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup lokuya enkundleni.

Elo tyala, uJohnson v. Monsanto, waphela nge-289 yezigidi zeerandi kummangali u-Lee Johnson, owayesakuba ngumgcini wesithili sesikolo esivela kumantla eCalifornia. Ijaji kwityala kamva yanciphisa ibhaso laba yi- $ 78 yezigidi. Ijaji yongeze iMonsanto ukuba ihlawule i-519,772.18 yeedola kummangali.

UMonsanto uxoxa ngokufutshane ukuba eli tyala "lalibalulekile kokubini ukungabandakanywa kobungqina obuphambili kunye nokugqwethwa kwesayensi ethembekileyo." Akukho namnye umlawuli welizwe nakwamanye amazwe okhe wagqiba kwelokuba ezi mveliso zibangela umhlaza ebantwini, kwaye "isigwebo sejaji kunye nomonakalo owenziweyo awunakuba
ixolelaniswe nomthetho okanye isayensi elungileyo, "le nkampani iphikisana ngokufutshane.

Ezi ngxoxo ziza njengoko u-CEO we-Bayer u-Werner Baumann elungiselela ukujongana nabatyali-mali abangonelisekanga kwintlanganiso yabanini zabelo yonyaka ngoLwesihlanu. Inkampani ilahlekelwe phantse ngama-37 ezigidi zeerandi kwixabiso lentengiso okoko isigwebo sikaJohnson sanikezelwa sisigwebo samatyala ngo-Agasti 10.

Phakathi kwezizathu zokuba isigwebo sejaji kufuneka sichithwe, uMonsanto uthi "isigwebo sejaji ebusweni bayo sibonisa uthando kunye nokucalulwa;" "Iimpikiswano ezingafanelekanga" zamagqwetha kaJohnson "zayitshisa" ijaji; kwaye isigqibo sejaji sokunika uJohnson i-33 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo wexesha elizayo "ongezoqoqosho" "ayixhaswanga bubungqina" oboniswe kwityala lokuba imeko kaJohnson yayisisiphelo kwaye kwakungalindelwanga ukuba aphile ixesha elide.

Ijaji kwityala likaJohnson, iJaji yeNkundla ePhakamileyo yaseSan Francisco u-Suzanne Bolanos, wabonakala elungile ngo-Okthobha ophelileyo ukuba anike isicelo sika-Monsanto setyala elitsha, ekhupha isigwebo esingaqondakaliyo. Ekugqibeleni wasikhaba eso sicelo, nangona esinciphisile isahlulo sebhaso lejaji ukusuka kwi-250 yezigidi ukuya kwi-39 yezigidi.

UMonsanto uthe sisigqibo sesibheno ukuba isigqibo sokugqibela sikaJaji Bolanos size “emva komhla
umkhankaso wobudlelwane obungaqhelekanga nolungelelanisiweyo ”ngabachopheli-tyala kwimeko leyo kunye namagqwetha kaJohnson.

"Eyona nto iphambili," UMonsanto uxoxa ngokufutshane, "kukuba akukho bungqina bokuba iMonsanto yayinokwenyani
ulwazi ukuba i-glyphosate-based herbicides ibangela umhlaza. Kwaye akunakubakho, xa isivumelwano sobunzululwazi, esamkelweyo rhoqo yi-EPA kunye nabanye abalawuli kwihlabathi liphela, siyasiphikisa eso sigqibo. Kwakungenabungozi kubalawuli ukuba bafikelele kwesi sigwebo, kwaye kwakungekho nobubi kubo
IMonsanto yabelane nabanye ngezimvo zabo ngenzululwazi. ”

UJohnson ucenga isibhengezo sokugqibela, efuna i $ 289 yezigidi ezigcweleyo kwijaji. Imfutshane kaJohnson kulindeleke kwinyanga ezayo.

Ngokwahlukeneyo, amagqwetha Alva kunye neAlberta Pilliod, bobabini bane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, baliphumle ityala labo ngolwe-Lwesibini. 

Kwintetho yakhe yokuvala igqwetha labamangali u-Brent Wisner wabeka iindleko umhlaza awuzisileyo kwii-Pilliods, kwaye wabeka ubutyebi obuvunwe nguMonsanto.

Ixabiso likaMonsanto laliyi- $ 7.8 yezigidigidi kwi-2018, uxelele abagwebi, ngentengiso epheleleyo yeekhemikhali zezolimo ezinje ngeRoundup iyonke eyi- $ 3.7 yezigidigidi ngo-2017 ngengeniso epheleleyo ye- $ 892 yezigidi.

"Kwaye ngaloo nto, Mnumzana, enkosi kakhulu ngexesha lakho," utshilo uWisner. “Abamangali baphumle.”

Akukho tyala liphambi kwetyala kude kube ngoMvulo xa iMonsanto icwangciselwe ukuqala ukubonisa amangqina ukuzikhusela.

Amagqwetha omabini amacala aza kuphikisana enkundleni ngoLwesine-ngaphandle kobukho bejaji-ngesindululo esenziwe nguMonsanto ngesigwebo esiyalelweyo. Amacala amabini aya kuxoxa ngemiyalelo ye-jury ecetywayo yokuxoxa.

Aprili 22, 2019

Uvavanyo lwe-Roundup olubandakanya abantu abatshatileyo kunye noMhlaza osondela esiphelweni

(Umbhalo ovela kwiinkqubo zanamhlanje) 

Njengoko uvavanyo lwamva nje lomhlaza we-Roundup lungena kwiveki yesihlanu namhlanje, amagqwetha esibini esitshatileyo sika  Alva kunye neAlberta Pilliod Bebesondele esiphelweni sokwethulwa kwetyala labo, elixoxwa kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Alameda e-Oakland, California. Zombini ii-Pilliods zaphuhlisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abathi zibangelwa kukusetyenziswa kwabo okuthe gabalala kweMonsanto's Roundup herbicide.

Expert ubungqina Chadi Nabhan, Ugqirha we-hematologist kunye no-oncologist wezonyango owayengumphathi wezonyango kwi-Cardinal Health e-Chicago kude kube kutshanje ejoyina i-Aptitude Health, uthathe ukuma ngoMvulo ngobungqina obandiswe ngoLwesibini. Amagqwetha abamangali banobungqina obongezelelekileyo bokunikezela kwi-jurors ngevidiyo ezirekhodiweyo ngaphambi kokuba baphumle ityala labo. Amagqwetha eMonsanto kulindeleke ukuba anike amangqina awo ukuqala kwiveki ezayo. Iingxoxo zokuvala zilindeleke ngoMeyi 6.

NgoLwesine odlulileyo, abagwebi beva ubungqina beemvakalelo Ukusuka eAlva naseAlberta malunga nendlela umhlaza obutshintshe ngayo ubomi babo. U-Alva wafunyaniswa ngo-2011 kwaye ebengene kwimijikelo emininzi yonyango ngelixa u-Alberta Pilliod ebelaliswe esibhedlele kaninzi okoko wafunyaniswa ngo-2015. Ii-Pilliods zisebenzisa i-Roundup rhoqo ukusukela phakathi ku-1970 ukuya kwiminyaka embalwa edlulileyo kwiipropathi ezininzi ababenazo. Esi sibini sathi bakhethe iRoundup kuba bakholelwa ukuba kukhuselekile kubo nakwizilwanyana zasendle kwiipropathi zabo.

Ndinganxibanga mpahla zokuzikhusela, bangqina, kuba bakholelwa kwintengiso ezikhuthaza ukhuseleko lweyeza.

Nalu udaba lotshintshiselwano phakathi kwegqwetha uMike Miller kunye nommangali u-Alberta Pilliod:

Miller:  Ngaba uyifundile ilebhile yeRoundup?
UPhilodi:  Ewe.
Miller: Ngaba ileyibhile yeRoundup ikuxelele ukuba ngekhe unxibe iibhulukhwe ezimfutshane?
UPhilodi:  Hayi.
Miller: Ngaba ileyibhile yeRoundup ikuxelele ukuba awukwazi ukunxiba iiflipsi?
UPhilodi: Hayi.
Miller: Ngaba ileyibhile yeRoundup ikuxelele ukuba unxibe iiglavu?
UPhilodi: Hayi.
Miller: Ngaba ikuxelele ukuba unxibe imaski?
UPhilodi: Hayi.
Miller: Ngaba sasinaso isilumkiso malunga nomngcipheko womhlaza?
UPhilodi: Hayi.
Miller: I-Alberta, ukuba uMonsanto ngewayelumkisile ukuba kukho umngcipheko womhlaza nge-Roundup, wawuza kuwusebenzisa?
UPhilodi: Hayi.
Miller:  Ukuba nabani na ebekuxelele ukuba kukho izifundo ze-carcinogenicity ezibonisa ubudlelwane kunye
i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma kunye neRoundup, ubungayisebenzisa iRoundup?
UPhilodi: Hayi bendicinga ukuba kukhuselekile ukuyisebenzisa. Ndixelele umyeni wam ukuba ibingathi ngamanzi eswekile.
Miller: Kutheni ukholelwa ukuba iRoundup ikhuselekile?
UPhilodi: Ngenxa yeentengiso. Iintengiso zandenza ndaziva ndikhuselekile kakhulu.

Ityala likaPilliod lityala lesithathu lokufaka amaxhoba omhlaza ngokuchasene neMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo omtsha uBayer AG. IMonsanto ilahlekile zombini izilingo zangaphambili kwaye ijongene ngaphezulu kwe- $ 150 yezigidi kumabhaso omonakalo kwizigqibo ezihlanganisiweyo. Abanye abamangali abangama-11,000 banamabango asalindelwe. Onke la matyala atyhola iMonsanto's glyphosate-based-weed weed killers ibangela umhlaza kwaye iMonsanto ichithe amashumi eminyaka ifihla umngcipheko.

Aprili 15, 2019

Amaxhoba omhlaza ukungqina kule Veki kuvavanyo lweRoundup

Uvavanyo lwamva nje lomhlaza we-Roundup lungena kwiveki yesine namhlanje njengamagqwetha kwisibini esitshatileyo sika Alva kunye neAlberta Pilliod baqhubeke nokubeka ubungqina abathi babonisa ukuba indoda nomfazi bobabini baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngenxa yokusebenzisa kwabo ixesha elide iMonsanto's Roundup herbicide.

Omnye wabo okanye bobabini kulindeleke ukuba bathathe indawo ngolwe-Lwesine ukuxelela ii-jurors iiakhawunti zabo zomhlaza obuthathe ubomi babo. Aba babini basebenzise i-Monsanto's herbicides iminyaka emininzi, ukutshiza ukuqikelelwa kweentsuku ze-1,512 zizonke kwiipropathi ezine ezahlukeneyo. Ubungqina babo buza kulandela ubungqina obuhonjiswe ngevidiyo, amagqwetha abonisa amangqina ongezelelweyo kule veki.

Igqwetha labamangali liceba ukuwaxoxisa amatyala abo kwiveki ezayo, benika amagqwetha amele iMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo waseJamani uBayer AG ithuba lokuzisa iingcali namanye amangqina ukunikela ubungqina kukhuselo.

Ityala likaPilliod lityala lesithathu lomhlaza we-Roundup. Amajele kumatyala amabini okuqala afunyenwe ngabamangali, avumelana nezityholo zokuba ukubhencwa kwi-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides kubangela umhlaza kwaye iMonsanto isebenze ngenkuthalo ukufihla ulwazi malunga nomngcipheko weemveliso zayo amashumi eminyaka.

Amawaka amatyala ongezelelweyo alinde iMonsanto. Kwiveki ephelileyo iJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria, owongamele malunga ne-800 yamatyala, wayalela iBayer kunye negqwetha labamangali ukuba bangene kwiingxoxo zokulamla ngokubhekisele kwisivumelwano esinokubakho.

Phambi kokuba kumiswe ijaji kwiveki ephelileyo ngoLwesine beva ubungqina malunga nemiba "yokufunxwa kwesikhumba" ngeRoundup kunye nezinye izinto ezitshabalalisa ukhula ezisekwe kwi-glyphosate kunye nendlela ezenziwa ngayo izinto eziqhelekileyo zeMonsanto ezinesithako ekuthiwa yi-POEA, ikhemikhali enetyhefu efumaneke ukuba yomelele izihlandlo ezingama-40 kune-glyphosate iyodwa. Abalawuli abanjenge-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo khange bafune ukuba iMonsanto ibonelele ngezifundo zexesha elide malunga nendlela eziyithengisayo, kubandakanya nezo ze-POEA, eziye zavalwa eYurophu.

Ingqina labamangali UWilliam Sawyer, oyingcali yezobungozi kwezomthetho, uxelele abagwebi ukuba kunye nemveliso yeyeza ye-POEA Monsanto ithwele ukungcola okuyingozi, njenge-formaldehyde. Ngokubanzi, iRoundup imalunga namaxesha angama-50 ngaphezulu kwe-genotoxic kune-glyphosate iyodwa, kungqinwe nguSawyer.

Uye waxelela abagwebi malunga nendlela imveliso engena ngokulula kulusu lomntu, nokuba umntu ofafaza i-herbicide unxibe ihempe enemikhono emide okanye ijini.

“Ukuba umntu ubila kwaye ezo bhulukhwe zifumile, oko ke kunika uhlobo lomjelo wefayile ye
Izinto ezitshiziweyo kwimpahla yokuhamba ngengubo emanzi ingene kulusu olumanzi. Kwaye yonyusa into esiyibiza ngokuba bubuninzi bokuboniswa kwesikhumba…. ” USawyer wangqina.

Ekuxoxeni ngezifundo zokufunxa i-dermal, uSawyer wangqina ukuba kufundwa amanqanaba okufunxwa kwesikhumba kulusu lomntu kwenziwa ngokusebenzisa ikhemikhali kulusu oluthathwe kwi-cadaver yomntu okanye kwizicwili ezisuswe kwizigulana zotyando. Ulusu luyapholiswa ukuze kugcinwe ukusebenza. Kodwa kuvavanyo oluthile lokufunxwa kwesikhumba kwimveliso yeRoundup, uSawyer uthe uMonsanto wenza ilabhoratri ebhaka iisampulu zolusu ngaphambi kokufaka iyeza lokubulala ukhula kuvavanyo lokufunxa, emva koko amaxabiso okufunxa axelwa ukuba asondele ku-zero.

Ekubuzeni imibuzo, igqwetha likaBayer lacela ukuba uSawyer avume ukuba akaqinisekiswanga yiBhodi yaseMelika yeToxicology, kwaye iiPilliods zinokuphuhlisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngaphandle kokuvezwa kwiRoundup.

Aprili 12, 2019

UJaji Wenza Ummiselo osemthethweni woLamlo lukaBayer namaXhoba omhlaza

Emva kweveki ye iingxoxo zasemva kwemiboniso, US Umgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria ukhuphe ngokusemthethweni umyalelo wokulamla Ukufuna isisombululo phakathi kweBayer AG kunye namagqwetha amele amawaka amaxhoba omhlaza abamangalela iMonsanto betyhola ukubhencwa kwabo kwi-Roundup herbicide yenkampani kubangele ukugula kwabo.

I-Bayer, eyathenga iMonsanto ngoJuni wonyaka ophelileyo, ithembisile ukuba izokulwa ngamandla, nangona iphulukene nezilingo ezimbini zokuqala kwizigwebo zejaji kunye nomonakalo omkhulu owenziwe ngokuchasene neMonsanto. A Ityala lesithathu liyaqhubeka ngoku ise-Oakland, California.

Kodwa u-Chhabria ubone ngokwaneleyo kwaye ufuna ukuhambisa amaqela kufutshane nesivumelwano, ukuba kunokwenzeka. Umyalelo ka-Chhabria "wolamlo oluyimfihlo" uza emva kokuba abagwebi banike ummangali kwityala lesibini, u-Edwin Hardeman, i-80.2 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo. Ijaji eyahlukileyo kwinkundla eyahlukileyo phantsi kwejaji eyahlukileyo kwihlobo ephelileyo yanikezela umgcini-ndawo waseCalifornia i-289 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo, isixa kamva sancitshiswa saba yi- $ 78 yezigidi.

“Amaqela kufuneka acebise umlamli kwingxelo yawo yolawulo; ukuba abavumelani, iNkundla iyakonyula umntu, ”ibhale ijaji ngomyalelo wayo.

Bayer ithe iya kuthobela Ngeentetho zokulamla kodwa kugxilwe ekukhuseleni ukhuseleko lwe-glyphosate-based herbicides enkundleni.

Ukuhamba kukaChabbria kulamlo kuza emva kokuba ebonelele ngeMonsanto ngovavanyo olunqumamileyo olubuthintela ngokuthe ngqo ubungqina bokuba amagqwetha ommangali abenakho ukuwachaza kubameli. Abaqapheli babona ityala likaHardeman njengeluncedo kakhulu ekuzikhuseleni kukaMonsanto, ukanti inkampani ibingakwazi ukoyisa ubungqina besayensi obubopha iimveliso zayo kumhlaza nakumaxwebhu angaphakathi amagqwetha abamangali athi ibonisa ukuba inkampani iyazifihla ingozi yokutshabalalisa ukhula kubathengi nakulawulo.

Ujaji Chhabria, owongamele ukumangalelwa kwamacala amaninzi (MDL) okubandakanya ngaphezulu kwamatyala angama-800 kumawaka afayilweyo, uthe uphuma kumhla wetyala ngoMeyi 20 kwinto eyayiza kuba lityala lesine lomhlaza we-Roundup. Amatyala amaninzi afakwe ejikeleze i-United States agqithiselwe kwinkqubo ye-MDL yenkundla yomanyano, esetyenziselwa ukulungelelanisa nokudibanisa iinkqubo zangaphambi kokufunyanwa kwetyala kunye nokufumanisa, kodwa ngoku ziya kuthunyelwa kwakhona kwizithili zabo ukuze zisingathwe.

“Inkundla igqibe ekubeni, kweli nqanaba kwinkqubo, izixhobo zamaqela nenkundla zichithwe ngcono ekuhleleni amatyala aseleyo kwi-MDL. Oku kubandakanya ukumisela ukuba ngawaphi na amatyala ekufuneka egxothiwe, ukumisela ukuba ngawaphi na amatyala ekufuneka ebuyiselwe kwinkundla yelizwe, kunye nokulungiselela
amatyala ashiyekileyo ukuba abuyiselwe kwizithili zabo kuvavanyo lwenkundla yomdibaniso, ”kubhala uChhabria.

U-Chhabria usete ukuvavanywa kuka-Meyi 22 ukuxoxa ngamanyathelo alandelayo amatyala e-MDL.

Okwangoku, abagwebi kwityala lika-Pilliod v. Monsanto elalichotshelwa kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Alameda e-Oakland babenosuku lwango-Lwesihlanu kungakhange kuxoxwe ngetyala. I-jury ichithe kule veki ukuva isonzulu / amangqina aziingcali echaza uphando abathi ibonisa ukuba i-glyphosate-based herbicides ibangela ukuba ingeyo-Hodgkin lymphoma, uhlobo lomhlaza oluhlupheke ngabamangali, isibini esitshatileyo uAlva noAlberta Pilliod.

Ubungqina kule veki bukwabandakanya iimviwo zevidiyo zangaphambili ze-Monsanto toxicologist UMark Martens kunye noWilliam Reeves, isihloko sakhe "yiNkokeli yoLawulo lweMicimbi yezeMpilo noKhuseleko" kwiBayer Crop Science.

Aprili 8, 2019

I-Bayer yenza ibhidi ye "Trust" phakathi kwesithathu sovavanyo lwe-Monsanto Cancer

I-Bayer AG, eyathenga iMonsanto ehlotyeni elidlulileyo, utshilo uMvulo ukuba yayisenza ukuba izifundo zesayensi zifumaneke kuphononongo lukawonkewonke kumzamo wokulwa neenkxalabo ezikhulayo malunga nokhuseleko lweemveliso zeMosanto ezisisiseko se-glyphosate.

"Ukungafihli nto kukukhuthaza ukuthembana, ke ngoko ukwenza izinto elubala kuyinto entle kubathengi, abaqulunqi bomgaqo-nkqubo kunye namashishini, utshilo uLiam Condon, umongameli weBayer kwicandelo lezenzululwazi ngezityalo. Kwingxelo. Ukhuseleko, utshilo, yeyona nto iphambili kwinkampani.

Amagqabantshintshi eza njengoko uxinzelelo lonyuka kulawulo lweBayer njengoko abantu abamalunga ne-11,000 bemangalela iMonsanto betyhola i-glyphosate-based herbicides efana ne-Roundup ebangela ukuba ingeyo-Hodgkin lymphoma, kwaye iMonsanto ifihle umngcipheko kwaye yaxhaphaza irekhodi lesayensi. Uvavanyo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup lwakhokelela kwisigwebo se-jury se- $ 289 yezigidi kumonakalo ngokuchasene neMonsanto, nangona ijaji kamva yehlisela kwi- $ 78 yezigidi. Ityala lesibini elinjalo liphelile kwinyanga ephelileyo ngesigwebo sejaji se- $ 80.2 yezigidi ngokuchasene neMonsanto. Ityala lesithathu liyaqhubeka ngoku.

Kwiveki ephelileyo iJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria uxelele abameli be-Bayer kunye negqwetha labamangali ukuba angathanda ukuba amaqela angene kulamlo ukuze axoxe malunga nento enokwenzeka. ukuhlalisa. Uphumile kwityala lesine eliza kuqala ngoMeyi.

IMonsanto kunye neBayer bayaziphika izityholo kwaye bathi ubunzima besayensi buxhasa ukhuseleko lwe-glyphosate herbicides. Bayalikhanyela ibango lokuba oososayensi benkampani yesiporho-babhala ngathi babhala amaphepha enzululwazi abonakala ngathi azimele kwaye basebenzise irekhodi yesayensi.

“Ngokwenza iinkcukacha ezikhuselekileyo zenzululwazi zifumaneke, sikhuthaza nabani na onomdla wokuzibonela indlela esisebenza ngayo kukhuseleko. Samkela ithuba lokuthetha-thethana ukuze sakhe intembeko kwisayensi eyiyo, ”utshilo uCondon.

Inkampani ithi ibonelela ngokufikelela kwiingxelo ezili-107 zeBayer eziphantsi kolawulo lweglyphosate ezithunyelwe kwiGunya loKhuseleko loKutya laseYurophu njengenxalenye yenkqubo yokugunyazisa iziyobisi kwi-European Union. Izifundo ziyafikeleleka kwiBayer elubala.

Iindaba ezivela eBayer ziza phambi kwentlanganiso yabanini zabelo ngo-Epreli 26 apho abanye abatyali zimali bafuna intloko ye-Bayer CEO uWerner Baumann ngokukhokela inkampani ekufumaneni iMonsanto. Abaphathi abaphezulu beMonsanto bahamba nezigidi zeedola kwiipakethe zokuphuma ngaphambi nje kovavanyo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup, eshiya iBayer ibambe ibhegi yelahleko yesimangalo kunye noluntu olubi. Ukusukela ngehlobo ephelileyo, inkampani ibone ukufuduka kwabathengi njengabathengisi, iidolophu, izithili zezikolo kunye nabanye bathi bayabuya umva kwiMonsanto herbicides.

Njengoko iBayer igxile kwimiyalezo yayo ngaphandle kwegumbi lenkundla, ugqirha wezifo Ubeate Ritz, Unjingalwazi kwiYunivesithi yaseCalifornia eLos Angeles School of Public Health, kufanelekile ukuba eme namhlanje ePilliod v. Monsanto, ulingo lwesithathu lomhlaza weRoundup. URitz ungqinile kwizilingo ezimbini zangaphambili ukuba uhlalutyo lwezifundo ezininzi zesayensi lubonisa ukuba kukho "Unxibelelwano oluthembekileyo" phakathi kwe-glyphosate-based herbicides efana neMonsanto's Roundup kunye ne-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Ityala elikhoyo ngoku laziswa ngu-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod, isibini esitshatileyo bobabini abangenayo i-Hodgkin lymphoma abathi ibangelwa yiminyaka yokusetyenziswa kwe-Roundup.

Ukulandela uRitz kuya kuba bubungqina obuvela kuDennis Weisenburger, ugqirha wezifo ogxile ekufundeni oonobangela be-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Weisenburger wangqina kwityala lika-Edwin Hardeman v. Monsanto ukuba i-Roundup “sisizathu esibalulekileyo” somhlaza kubantu ababhengeziweyo.

Okwangoku, amagqwetha abamangali aqhubeka nokukhathazeka malunga nento abakholelwa ukuba “yi-geofencing” NguMonsanto.   I-geofencing yinkqubo eyaziwayo yentengiso ehambisa imiyalezo / umxholo othile kuye nakubani na ngaphakathi kwendawo ethile echongwe yinkampani okanye iqela elihlawulela intengiso. Indawo inokuba ncinci kakhulu, imayile engqonge idilesi ethile, umzekelo. Nabani na okwindawo ekhethiweyo usebenzisa i-app kwifowuni efanelekileyo-enje ngemozulu yesimo sezulu okanye umdlalo-uya kuthi asiwe kwintengiso. Abantu ekujoliswe kubo akufuneki bakhangele ulwazi; ibonakala nje kwifowuni yabo efanelekileyo.

Amagqwetha abamangali bawuphakamisa umba kwityala likaHardeman, kwaye babenexhala lokuba uMonsanto wayeqhubela umyalezo kwijurors ngokwenza ityala kwisilingo sokuqala somhlaza se-Roundup, esaziswa ngumgcini wezizathu uDewayne “Lee” Johnson.

Kwityala likaPilliod, umba kwaxoxwa ngawo ngoLwesine kwinkundla njengoko amagqwetha abamangali efuna isigwebo sokuthintela uMonsanto kwiqhinga, kodwa ijaji yayithandabuza kwaye yenqabile ukukhupha loo myalelo.

Nantsi inxenye yotshintshiselwano. Zonke ziyabonakala kwifayile ye- ingxelo ebhaliweyo. 

IGQWETHA LE-PLAINTIFFS 'UMLUMKISI OYINKCUKACHA: Mhlekazi, ndicinga ukuba ikho enye- kwaye ndiyayifumana ingongoma yakho. Ndicinga nje ukucacisa into enye yenkqubo eyinyani. Kunene? Ukuba ndingahamba ngegqwetha ndize ndithi kuwe, “Heyi, Juror Number 3, izinto zikaMonsanto zibangela umhlaza kwaye zonke ezi zifundo ziyayibonisa,” ndiyathetha, iyakuba yinto ephosakeleyo leyo. Ngokukhawuleza. Olo tyala luyaphazamisa. Kunene? Ngoku ukuba benza kwaloo nto inye- ukuba ndenze kwa into enye ngokujolisa umnxeba womntu wonke kule nkundla yamatyala okanye umnxeba womntu ngamnye kule nkundla kwaye ndityhala olo lwazi, kwa loo myalezo kubo kwifowuni yabo- kwaye kwenzeka ntoni-mna Andazi ukuba usebenzisa ifowuni yakho ukulungiselela olu hlobo, kodwa, umzekelo, xa ndijonga i-app yam ye-ESPN kwaye ndijonge amanqaku eqela le-UCLA lamanzi, okanye nantoni na, uyazi, kuncinci iintengiso ezivelayo.

INKUNDLA: Ngokuqinisekileyo.

MR. ISILUMKISO: Kwaye ezo ntengiso zithi "Ijaji yaseburhulumenteni ithi i-Roundup ikhuselekile." Luhlobo lwezinto
siyabona. Sikubonile oku kusenzeka ngamandla kwityala likaJohnson. Amajaji amaninzi ngexesha lohambo olunqabileyo akhankanye ukuba ezi zinto zityhalelwa kubo kamsinya nje bakuba behamba kwisakhiwo. Kwaye nokuba iMonsanto iyayenza okanye ayiyenzi loo nto, ndicinga ukuba ukuba kunjalo, kufanelekile
akuvumelekanga. Ayisiyonto yokwenene yoLungiso lokuQala. Oko ngoku kujolise ngqo ebantwini
Bayazi ukuba abanakuthetha.

INKUNDLA: Kwaye undicela ukuba ndinike into endiyaziyo ukuba ikho kwaye ikhona
nangokuthintela kwangaphambili. Ndithetha ukuthi, ubugcisa busithathile indawo mhlawumbi asizange sicinge ukuba buza kuhamba… Ndiyaqikelela ukuba bendikhetha amacala, ndingayikholelwa loo nto. Kodwa andikwazi ukukhetha amacala.

Aprili 5, 2019

Uvavanyo lweCancer Rounder Luthatha ikhefu, ubungqina buqala kwakhona ngoMvulo

Ityala likaPilliod v. Monsanto lalikwikhefu langoLwesihlanu, usuku olubizwa ngokuba "mnyama" kuwo onke amaqela.

Ubungqina buqala kwakhona ngoMvulo kunye negqwetha labamangali abonisa ubungqina bengcali ye-UCLA UGqr Beate Ritz.

Aprili 4, 2019

Ijaji laseMelika lifuna iMonsanto kunye neBayer ukuba iqale iiNtetho zoHlaliso kwi-Roundup Cancer Litigation

UMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria ucela uMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo omtsha uBayer AG ukuba baqale ukulamla namagqwetha amaxhoba omhlaza athe amangalela uMonsanto etyhola i-Roundup yayo kunye nezinye i-glyphosate-based herbicides ebangela ukuba ingeyo-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Intshukumo kaChhabria iza emva kokunikezelwa ngetyala leedola ezingama-80 ezigidi kummangali uEdwin Hardeman kwinyanga ephelileyo kwindlu yakhe yenkundla. Kwaye ummangali ophelileyo wasehlotyeni uDewayne "Lee" Johnson wanikwa i-289 yezigidi zeedola yijaji kwinkundla yelizwe, nangona ijaji kwelo tyala yehlisa lo monakalo ukuya kwi-78 yezigidi zeedola.

U-Chhabria wayelumkisile ukuba angathatha inyathelo elinje, kodwa wabonisa ukuba uyakulinda de kube kugqitywe amatyala amathathu ngaphambi kokunyanzeliswa. Uvavanyo lwesithathu lomhlaza we-Roundup lusanda kuqhubeka, nangona kunjalo.

Njengokuba etyhala amaqela ukuba azinzise, ​​uChabbria uwushiyile umhla wetyala ngoMeyi 20 owawumiselwe ityala elilandelayo lomdibaniso. Ityala elo, UStevick v. Monsanto  yafakwa ngo-Epreli ka-2016 ngu-Elaine Stevick, ongenayo i-Hodgkin lymphoma, kunye nomyeni wakhe uChristopher Stevick. Esi sibini saya kwinxalenye yetyala likaHardeman.

Ama-11,000 abamangali baye bamangalela iMonsanto, eyathengwa yiBayer ngehlobo elidlulileyo. Ngaphezulu kwama-800 ala matyala abekwa esweni yiChhabria njengemanyano yezopolitiko. Amawaka aliqela ngaphezulu asalindelwe kwiinkundla zikarhulumente kwilizwe liphela.

Abaqwalaseli bacinge ukuba indawo yokuhlala iyonke inokuhamba phakathi kwe- $ 3 yezigidigidi kunye ne-5 yezigidigidi.

I-Bayer iye yaphakamisa isikhundla esime ixesha elide seMonsanto sokuba i-Roundup kunye nezinye i-glyphosate-based herbicides ngaphakathi kwipotifoliyo yomdibaniso zikhuselekile kwaye azibangeli mhlaza. Kodwa abatyali mali eBayer bebesenza isitokhwe senkampani kwaye egxeka iBayer CEO uWerner Baumann  Ukuhlawula i-63 yezigidigidi zeedola kwiMonsanto kuphela ukuze ube noxanduva lobutyala. Abanye babongoza ivoti yokungamthembi uBaumann kwintlanganiso yonyaka yenkampani ecwangciselwe umhla wama-26 ku-Epreli. Izabelo zenkampani zilahlekelwe malunga neepesenti ezingama-40 ngexabiso- phantse i-39 yezigidigidi zeedola-ukusukela kwityala likaJohnson ehlobo.

Okwangoku, bekukho iintlantsi zakuqala ezibhabhayo kwityala le-Roundup lomhlaza eliqhubekayo ngoku kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Alameda County. Kwimeko apho, isibini esitshatileyo saseAlva kunye neAlberta Pilliod bobabini bane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abathi bayabangelwa kukusetyenziswa kwabo rhoqo kwemithi yokubulala ukhula kaMonsanto.

Igqwetha labamangali uMike Miller libuze iJaji uWinifred Smith ukuba khupha iodolo yokuthintela ixeshana ngokuchasene neMonsanto ngentengiso enzima inkampani ibisenza ukukhusela ukhuseleko lwayo, kubandakanya nentengiso epheleleyo kwiphepha leWall Street Journal ngo-Matshi 25, usuku olwalulungele ukhetho lwejaji kwityala likaPilliod.

IMonsanto iphikisiwe ngokuchaza ukuba amagqwetha abamangali aqhuba uninzi lwezaziso zabo befuna abathengi abatsha kwisimangalo seRoundup. Isindululo siya kuthi sifane nomgaqo-siseko "womyalelo we-gag" kwaye "uvuza uhanahaniso," amagqwetha kaMonsanto aphikisa.

Kwimpikiswano ngokuchasene nomyalelo, amagqwetha kaMonsanto axelele ijaji ukuba iMiller Firm, emele iiPilliods kunye nabanye abamangali abaninzi, baqhuba isibhengezo kwiSan Francisco Chronicle besithi "ukuphindaphindeka okanye ukuphindeka kathathu" komngcipheko we-non-Hodgkin lymphoma Ukuvezwa kweRoundup kwiintsuku nje ezisixhenxe ngaphambi kokuba ityala likaPilliod liqale. UMonsanto uthe kubekho "i-2,187 ye-anti-Roundup yeentengiso zikamabonwakude nonomathotholo ukusukela nge-1 Disemba 2018 ukuya nge-Matshi 21, 2019" kwimakethi yeendaba yaseSan Francisco.

Ujaji Smith wafumanisa ukuba ingxoxo kaMonsanto iyacenga kwaye usikhabe isicelo sabamangali umda kwintengiso.

Aprili 3, 2019

Isazinzulu sase-US sime ngokuLinga kovavanyo lweCancer ye-Roundup

(Umbhalo ovela kwiinkqubo zanamhlanje)

Emva kosuku olupheleleyo lobungqina ngolwe-Lwesibini, isazinzulu esidla umhlala-phantsi kurhulumente wase-US uChristopher Portier ubuyile kwindawo yokuma ngolwesiThathu ukuba abeke abagwebi kuphando lwenzululwazi oluye lwamqinisekisa ukuba i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides ibangela umhlaza, kunye nokusilela kolawulo lwaseYurophu naseMelika. iinkqubo zokunika ingxelo ngokufanelekileyo ngobungqina benzululwazi.

Amagqwetha abamangali kweli tyala ayenemibuzo embalwa eshiyekileyo yobungqina ngqo bukaPortier phambi kokuba amagqwetha kaMonsanto anikwe ithuba lokuwela uPortier.

Portier, umhla wokuzalwa kwakhe namhlanje, usuka e-Australia ukuza kunika ubungqina.

UPortier "wayeyingcali emenyiwe" kwi-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza (IARC) xa iyunithi yoMbutho wezeMpilo weHlabathi yahlulahlula i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu ngo-Matshi 2015.

Abamangali sisibini esitshatileyo esigama linguAlva kunye noAlberta Pilliod bobabini abaphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva kweminyaka yokusetyenziswa kweRoundup. Ngokwamaxwebhu enkundla, U-Alva uxele usebenzisa iMonsanto's Roundup Ready-to-Use Weed & Grass Killer kunye / okanye Roundup Super Concentrate phantse kabini ngeveki kwiipropathi ezine yena kunye nenkosikazi yakhe ukusukela ngo-1982 ukuya ku-2016. Khange anxibe iimpahla zokuzikhusela. I-Alberta ixele ukusetyenziswa okufanayo.

Aprili 2, 2019

Isazinzulu esidla umhlala-phantsi kuRhulumente wase-US siyangqina namhlanje kuvavanyo lweCancer yeRoundup

(Umbhalo ovela kwiinkqubo zanamhlanje)

Isazinzulu kurhulumente wase-US esidla umhlala-phantsi uChristopher Portier uyakukhaba ubungqina namhlanje kwi-Roundup yesifo somhlaza ukuba aye enkundleni. Kulindeleke ukuba axelele abagwebi IPilliod v. IMonsanto indlela abalawuli abaye baphoswa ngayo ziimpawu eziphambili zokuba i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides ibangele umhlaza.

Ubungqina bukaPortier kulindeleke ukuba buqhubeke yonke imini namhlanje kwaye kude kube ngoLwesithathu. Ityala elikhoyo ngoku libandakanya isibini esitshatileyo-iAlva kunye neAlberta Pilliod- bobabini abaphuhlisa i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva kweminyaka emininzi yokusebenzisa iRoundup.

UPortier ngomnye wamangqina aziingcali zeenkwenkwezi zabamangali. Waye "yingcali emenyiwe" kwi-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza (IARC) xa iyunithi ye-World Health Organisation yadibana ngo-Matshi ka-2015 eLyon, e-France ukuphonononga iminyaka yokupapashwa kunye nokuphononongwa ngoontanga ngezifundo zesayensi malunga ne-glyphosate. Kule ntlanganiso, i-IARC ichaza i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu, nangona uPortier wayengenavoti kwisiphumo.

UPortier uhlala ngoku uninzi lwamaxesha kwilali esemagqagaleni eSwitzerland, kodwa ngaphambi kokuthatha umhlala-phantsi, wakhokela iZiko leSizwe lezeMpilo / iArhente yeZinto ezinobungozi kunye neRegistry yeZifo kumaZiko oLawulo lweNtsholongwane kunye nokuThintela (i-CDC). ISebe lezeMpilo laseMelika kunye neeNkonzo zoLuntu. Phambi kwale ndima, uPortier uchithe iminyaka engama-32 kwiZiko leSizwe lezeNzululwazi yezeMpilo, apho wayesebenza njengomlawuli onxulumene naye, kunye nomphathi weNkqubo yokuSetyenziswa kweziTyhefu, neyathi yahlanganiswa kwiNkqubo yeSizwe yetyhefu.

Amagqwetha kaMonsanto kunye nabalingane kumzi mveliso weekhemikhali baye bagxeka uPortier kwaye bafuna ukulucekisa uluvo lwakhe lokuba i-glyphosate herbicides ibangela umhlaza. Bacaphula umsebenzi wesingxungxo awenzileyo xa ethatha umhlalaphantsi kwiNgxowa-mali yoKhuselo lokusiNgqongileyo, kunye nendima yakhe njengengqina lobuchwephesha kumagqwetha abamangali kwityala leRoundup, nangona isimangalo saqala kuphela emva kokuhlelwa kwe-IARC.

Ukulandela ubungqina bukaPortier, amagqwetha abalindeli balindele ukubeka uCharles “Bill” Jameson kwindawo yokuma njengengqina lesibini eliyincutshe. UJameson ngusokhemisi kunye netyhefu egxile kwi-carcinogenesis. Usebenze njengekhemesti ephezulu kwiiNational Institutes of Health's National Cancer Institute kunye neZiko leSizwe lezeMpilo kwezeMpilo. Uye wadibana noMbutho wezeMpilo weHlabathi kwaye wakhonza njengelungu leqela elisebenzayo le-IARC.

Ityala kulindeleke ukuba liqhubeke phakathi ku-Meyi. Amagqwetha ee-Pilliods afayilishe uluhlu lwemiboniso baceba ukubonakalisa kulingo oluqhuba ngaphezulu kwamaphepha angama-280. IMonsanto Uluhlu lwemiboniso isebenza ngaphezu kwamaphepha angama-130.

Aprili 1, 2019

Uluhlu olude loBungqina kovavanyo olutsha lweCancer Roundup

NgoMvulo lolunye usuku lokuphumla kumaqela aphikisanayo kulingo lomhlaza lwakutshanje lwe-Roundup- uPilliod V. Monsanto. Abamangali kweli tyala, u-Alva no-Alberta Pilliod, bayindoda nomfazi kwaye bobabini bane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma abathi batyholwa ngenxa yokuvezwa kwabo kwiRoundup.

Iingxelo zokuvula kwelo tyala zasiwa kwijaji ngoLwesine kwaye ityala liza kuqhubeka ngolwe-Lwesibini ngobungqina obuvela kwingqina lengqina uChris Portier owayesisazinzulu kurhulumente wase-US. UPortier wayelingqina eliphambili kwizilingo zokuqala zomhlaza zeRoundup, zombini eziqukumbele ngomvuzo omkhulu ngokuchasene neMonsanto.

U-Portier uphikisile ukuba abalawuli bahlalutye ngokungachanekanga izifundo ze-glyphosate kwiigundane, kwaye uhlalutyo oluchanekileyo lobunzima obupheleleyo bobungqina besayensi lubonisa ukuba i-glyphosate kunye ne-glyphosate-based herbicides enjengeMonsanto's Roundup inokubangela umhlaza.

Amagqwetha abamangali afayile uluhlu lwemiboniso-Ubungqina abaceba ukububeka enkundleni. Uluhlu luqhuba ngaphezulu kwamaphepha angama-280.

IMonsanto Uluhlu lwemiboniso isebenza ngaphezu kwamaphepha angama-130.

Ngale mini 'imnyama' njengoko amagqwetha abiza usuku kungekho nkundla, jonga iqhekeza lam kwi-Guardian ebaleke ngempelaveki:

“Phakathi kwengxwabangxwaba yamagumbi asezinkundleni, umba omkhulu usondela: Isityholo seMonsanto sisebenzisa i-glyphosate herbicides esasazeke kangangokuba umkhondo ufumaneka ngokutya kwethu nakwiincindi zomzimba wethu, ngumzekelo nje omnye wendlela iingxilimbela zamashishini ezidala ngayo impilo yabantu kunye nezoqoqosho kwindalo esingqongileyo. I-Monsanto kunye nabazalwana bayo bajolise kubalimi ngokukodwa njengemarike ebaluleke kakhulu kwi-herbicides, i-fungicides kunye ne-insecticide, kwaye ngoku abalimi abaninzi emhlabeni jikelele bakholelwa ukuba abanako ukulima ngaphandle kwabo.

Uphononongo lubonisa ukuba kunye nokukhuthaza ukugula kunye nezifo ebantwini, ezi zinambuzane ziqhutywa yiBayer neMonsanto, iDowDuPont kunye nabanye abadlali, ingozi yezilwanyana zasendle, impilo yomhlaba, umgangatho wamanzi kunye nokuzinza kwexesha elide kwemveliso yokutya. Ukanti abalawuli baye bavumela le mibutho ukuba idibanise imikhosi, ibenza babe namandla ngakumbi kwaye bakwazi ukuhambisa imigaqo-nkqubo yoluntu evumela umdla wabo. Ngelixa iBayer inokukhupha iidola ezimbalwa kumonakalo, ngubani ngokwenene owenziwa ukuba ahlawule? Sonke sikho. ”

Matshi 29, 2019

Usuku olungenazilingo zomhlaza ezijikelezayo

Omabini la macala ayephefumla ngolwesiHlanu njengoko ityala elitsha lomhlaza le-Roundup linosuku 'olumnyama'.

Emva kokuvula ingxelo ngoLwesine, uPilliod v. Monsanto uza kuphinda aqale ngolwesiBini, ngo-Epreli 2, kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Alameda e-Oakland, California. I-Pilliod yinxalenye yeqela lamatyala aqokelelwe kunye phantsi kwe Inkqubo yokuQuquzelelwa kweKhansile yeJaji yaseCaliforniaJCCP). Abamangali balindele ukuvula ubungqina kwingcali yetyhefu UChris Portier, Isazinzulu saseburhulumenteni sase-US. Ityala kulindeleke ukuba liqhubeke phakathi ku-Meyi.

Ityala likaHardeman V. Monsanto eligqibe ngolwesiThathu ngesigwebo se-80 yezigidi zeedola yayilityala lokuqala ukuya kwinkundla yecala njengenxalenye yeqela lamatyala elisingathwa njengelityala lezithili ezininzi (MDL) kwinkundla yomanyano.

IMonsanto, eyathengwa yiBayer AG kwihlobo ephelileyo, ijongane nabamangali abayi-11,000 bonke abathi babhengeza ukubulawa kwe-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides kubangele ukuba kungabikho iHodgkin lymphoma kwaye iMonsanto ifihle ubungozi.

Abatyalomali be-Bayer batyhale amaxabiso ezabelo phantsi kakhulu Ukuxabiswa kweemarike zeBayer kuye kwawa ngaphantsi kweedola ezingama-63 zeebhiliyoni ezihlawulelwe iMonsanto.

Umhlalutyi weQela lezeMali laseSusquehanna uTom Claps ulumkise abanini zabelo kwiBayer ukuba balungiselele ulungiso lwehlabathi oluphakathi kwe- $ 2.5 yezigidigidi kunye ne- $ 4.5 yezigidigidi.

"Asikholwa ukuba (iMonsanto) izakuphulukana nesilingo ngasinye, kodwa sikholelwa ekubeni bangaphulukana nesininzi," utshilo.

Matshi 28, 2019

Uvavanyo lwesithathu lomhlaza wokujikeleza luqala namhlanje

Unomhlaza wobuchopho, ngelixa umyeni wakhe enesifo somhlaza esihlasele isinqe kunye nomqolo. Bobabini batyhola ukusebenzisa kwabo ixesha elide ikhemikhali eyaziwayo yokubulala ukhula eyaziwa ngokuba yiRoundup, kwaye isibini esitshatileyo eCalifornia namhlanje bafumana ithuba lokubeka ityala leMonsanto.

UAlva noAlberta Pilliod, bobabini bakwiminyaka yama-70s, ngummangali kwityala lesithathu nxamnye noMonsanto lokuya enkundleni. Abameli abalishumi elinambini kunye nezinye iindlela ezintlanu zikhethwe kwangoko kule veki, kwaye iingxelo zokuvula ziyaqhubeka ngale ntsasa kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Alameda County e-Oakland, California.

Ityala likaPilliod liphawula okutsha kuthotho lwebhola ekhatywayo kwimiceli mngeni kwilifa leMonsanto - inkampani eyazakhela udumo njengendawo yamandla agrochemical ngaphambi kokufunyanwa kwayo ngehlobo lasehlotyeni yiBayer AG yaseJamani.

Njengoko bekutshiwo kwizilingo ezimbini ezidlulileyo - bobabini baphumelela ngabamangali - iiPilliods zibanga ukusetyenziswa kwazo kweemveliso zeMonsanto's glyphosate-based herbicide zabangela ukuba bakhulise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kwaye iMonsanto iye yasilela ukulumkisa abathengi malunga nemingcipheko ngelixa becinezela kwaye bexhaphaza irekhodi yesayensi malunga neemveliso zalo.

 “Sinomsindo kakhulu. Sinethemba lokufumana ubulungisa, ”utshilo u-Alberta Pilliod uxelele uMgcini wokugqibela ukuwa, Eqaphela ukuba esi sibini asizisebenzisanga izixhobo zokuzikhusela xa besitshiza kuba bekholelwa ukuba ukuthengisa inkampani ukuba iimveliso zikhuselekile. Uthe ngekhe bayisebenzise i-Roundup ngendlela abenze ngayo ukuba bayabazi ubungozi. "Ukuba besinikwe ulwazi oluchanekileyo, ukuba besilunyukisiwe, ngekhe ibekho." U-Alva uthe umhlaza ubutshabalalisile ubomi babo: "Ibiyiminyaka embalwa ebuhlungu."

NgoLwesithathu, ijaji yamalungu amathandathu kwinkundla yomanyano eSan Francisco inike ummangali uEdwin Hardeman imali engaphezulu nje kwe-80 yezigidi zeedola, kubandakanya ne-75 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo owohlwayayo, kumabango afanayo nalawo enziwa ziiPilliods. Ngokukodwa ijaji yanikezela ilahleko kuqoqosho oludlulileyo lwama- $ 200,967.10, ilahleko eyilahlekileyo engeyiyo- $ 3,066,677 yexesha elidlulileyo, ilahleko yezoqoqosho yexesha elizayo ye- $ 2 yezigidi kunye nomonakalo owohlwayo we-75 yezigidi.

Kwaye ngo-Agasti ophelileyo, u-Dewayne "Lee" Johnson wanikwa i-289 yezigidi zeerandi ngamatyala afanayo nakwiziphumo zokuba ukusebenzisa kwakhe i-Monsanto's herbicides kwabangela ukuba i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kunye neMonsanto zigubungele ubungozi. Ijaji kwelo tyala yalithoba ibhaso lafikelela kwizigidi ezingama-78 zeerandi. IMonsanto ibhenile.

Umhlaza ubenzima kakhulu kwisibini sePilliod, esinabantwana ababini nabazukulwana abane. U-Alva wafunyaniswa ngo-2011 kwaye uye wajongana nonyango oluninzi. U-Alberta Pilliod ulaliswe esibhedlele kaninzi okoko wafunyanwa ngo-2015. Kwaye nangona uAlberta nomyeni wakhe kungokunje kuthathelwa ingqalelo ukuxolelwa, u-Alberta uthatha amayeza aqhubekayo awabiza ngokuba yi-'movie yesondlo, 'kwaye uye weva ukungaboni kakuhle, ukungaboni kakuhle kunye nokulahleka kokulingana -Konke kulindeleke ukuba kusisigxina, utshilo kudliwanondlebe.

IiPilliods zisebenzisa iRoundup rhoqo ukusuka phakathi -1970s ukuya kwiminyaka embalwa edlulileyo kwiipropathi ezininzi ababenazo. Esi sibini sathi bakhethe i-Roundup kuba bekholelwa ukuba kukhuselekile kubo nakwinyamazane, amadada kunye nezinye izilwanyana ezijikeleza ii-acreage ii-Pilliods ezanyangwa ngeemveliso zeRoundup. U-Alberta Pilliod uthe kudliwanondlebe wayecinga ukuba i-Roundup "yayingamanzi eswekile."

IGlyphosate, enegunya lobunikazi yiMonsanto kwi1974, sesona sisibulali sokhula esisetyenziswa kakhulu kwihlabathi kwaye sixabisa iibhiliyoni zeedola kwingeniso. Sisithako esisebenzayo kwiimveliso zikaMonsanto's Roundup kunye namakhulu ezinye iimveliso zokubulala ukhula ezithengiswa kwihlabathi liphela. Kodwa ngelixa iMonsanto kunye nezinye iinkampani zeekhemikhali zigxininisa ukuba iimveliso azibangeli mhlaza, ubungqina oboniswe kwizilingo ezimbini zokuqala kubandakanya uninzi olupapashiweyo kunye nophengululo olwenziwe ngontanga olwenziweyo olubonisa ukuba iimveliso zingumhlaza.

Isimangalo sikaPilliod siphinda abanye bathi "iMonsanto ikhokele umkhankaso othathe ixesha elide wolwazi olungelulo ukuqinisekisa iarhente zikarhulumente, amafama kunye noluntu ngokubanzi ukuba iRoundup ikhuselekile" nangona besazi ngobungqina benzululwazi obubonisa ukuba abukhuselekanga.

Umnini omtsha weMonsanto uBayer ugcina ukuba amabango abopha umchiza wokubulala iintsholongwane kumhlaza akanasiseko kwaye eqinisekisa ukuba iimveliso zawo zibhalwe ngezilumkiso ezifanelekileyo kunye nemiyalelo. Kwi impendulo yayo kwityala likaPilliod, IMonsanto "iyayiphika into yokuba abaMangali baqhubeke okanye baya kugcina ukonzakala, ukonakala okanye ilahleko ngenxa yaso nasiphi na isenzo okanye ukushiywa kweMonsanto."

Amagqwetha ommangali uEdwin Hardeman athi kudliwanondlebe lwevidiyo  ukuba iBayer neMonsanto kufuneka ziqale ukusebenza ngokufanelekileyo. "Ngexesha elithile le nkampani kufuneka ivele ihlambulule kwaye iqiniseke ukuba imveliso yayo iyingozi, utshilo igqwetha uJennifer Moore.

Ujaji Winifred Smith uchophele ityala lika Pilliod. Amagqwetha abamangali alindele ukuba ityala lihlale ixesha elingangenyanga. Kukhethwe ijaji ezilishumi elinambini kunye nezinye iindlela ezintlanu. I-Pilliod v. IMonsanto lityala lokuqala Inkqubo yokuQuquzelelwa kweKhansile yeJaji yaseCaliforniaJCCP). Uluhlu lwamaxwebhu wenkundla afanelekileyo anokufunyanwa kwi iphepha le-USRTK leMonsanto. 

Matshi 27, 2019

Emva kokubetha iMonsanto, Amagqwetha abiza izilumkiso zomhlaza kwi-Roundup

Bukela olu dliwanondlebe no-Aimee Wagstaff noJennifer Moore, iqela lezomthetho elithathe iMonsanto lahambisa isigwebo se-80 yezigidi kummangali uEdwin Hardeman kwilingo lomhlaza weRoundup. (UHardeman wenza ukubonakala nalapha)

Isigwebo sikhona-iMonsanto kufuneka ihlawule amaxhoba omhlaza kwi-80 yezigidi zeedola

(Umbhalo weenkqubo zanamhlanje)

(Jonga udliwanondlebe olukhethekileyo lwevidiyo nommangali uEdwin Hardeman kunye namagqwetha akhe)

Ityala lesibini lomhlaza we-Roundup ligqibe ngolwe-Lwesithathu ngesigwebo samatyala esiyalele uMonsanto ukuba ahlawule imali eyi- $ 80 yezigidi ngomonakalo ngenxa yokusilela ukulumkisa ummangali uEdwin Hardeman ngomngcipheko womhlaza weRoundup herbicide.

Isigwebo sejaji sasiquka i-200,967.10 yeedola kwilahleko yezoqoqosho eyadlulayo, kunye ne-5 yezigidi zeedola kumonakalo wangaphambili nolahleko olungeyoqoqosho. AmaJurors athi iMonsanto kufuneka ihlawule i-75 yezigidigidi kumonakalo owenzekileyo ngenxa yokungakhathali ngokusilela ukulumkisa ngomngcipheko womhlaza weeherbicides zayo ngaphandle kweminyaka yedatha epapashiweyo yenzululwazi ebonisa amandla e-carcinogenic ye-glyphosate-based herbicides.

Amagqwetha kaHardeman akhuphe ingxelo egxeka uMonsanto amashumi eminyaka koko bathi kukungakhathali nokuziphatha okuyingozi. Ngexesha lokulingwa kwenyanga yonke babonisa abagwebi kungengobungqina benzululwazi obubonisa ukunxibelelana komhlaza kwiimveliso zikaMonsanto, kodwa nobungqina bezicwangciso zeMonsanto ezijolise ekunciphiseni ulwazi malunga neengozi zeemveliso zalo, kubandakanya amaphepha obunzululwazi abhala ngokufihlakeleyo ukunceda ukukholisa abalawuli ngokhuseleko lwemveliso.

“Njengoko kubonisiwe kulingo lonke, ukusukela oko kwaqalwa i-Roundup ngaphezulu kweminyaka engama-40 eyadlulayo, uMonsanto uyala ukwenza ngendlela efanelekileyo. Kucacile kwizenzo zikaMonsanto ukuba ayikhathali nokuba i-Roundup ibangela umhlaza, ijolise endaweni yokukhohlisa uluvo loluntu kunye nokujongela phantsi nabani na ophakamisa inkxalabo yokwenyani nefanelekileyo malunga neRoundup. Iyathetha ukuba akukho namnye umsebenzi waseMonsanto, odlulileyo okanye okhoyo, oza kuphila kwilingo ukukhusela ukhuseleko lukaRoundup okanye isenzo sikaMonsanto. Namhlanje, ijaji iqinisekise ukuba iMonsanto iphendulile ngeminyaka yayo engama-40 yokunganyaniseki kwaye yathumela umyalezo eMonsanto ukuba kufuneka itshintshe indlela eqhuba ngayo ishishini. ”

I-Bayer AG, eyathenga iMonsanto ehlotyeni eledlule, yathi iyakubhena kwisigwebo. “Sidanile sisigqibo sejaji, kodwa esi sigwebo asibutshintshi ubunzima obungaphezulu kweminyaka engamashumi amane yesayensi ebanzi kunye nezigqibo zabalawuli kwihlabathi liphela ezixhasa ukhuseleko lweyeza lethu elisekwe kwi-glyphosate kwaye ayingomhlaza. Isigwebo kweli tyala alinampembelelo kumatyala nakwizilingo ezizayo, njengoko nganye inezimo zayo eziyinyani nezomthetho. Bayer uzakubhena esi sigwebo. Ityala kweli tyala laxoxa ngaphezulu kweentsuku ezine ngaphambi kokufikelela kwisigwebo kwisigaba sokuqala, into ebonakalisa ukuba kungenzeka ukuba yahlulwe kubungqina benzululwazi. ”

Ukuphunyezwa kweMonsanto ityhila uhlahlo-lwabiwo mali oluzizigidi ezili-17 zeedola kwi-Anti-IARC, iinzame zePro-Glyphosate

Ngaba uMonsanto wayefuna kakubi kangakanani ukujongela phantsi izazinzulu zomhlaza wamazwe aphesheya ezifumanise ukuba inkampani ye-glyphosate herbicide inokuba yinto enokubangela i-carcinogen yomntu kwaye ikhuthaze umyalezo ophikisayo wokhuseleko lwe-glyphosate endaweni yoko? Konakele ngokwaneleyo ukuba yabele malunga ne-17 yezigidi zeedola kwimishini, kunyaka nje omnye kuphelangokobungqina obufunyenwe ngamagqwetha amele amaxhoba omhlaza amangalela iMonsanto.

Ezi nkcukacha kunye nokunye malunga nokusebenza kwangaphakathi kwemisebenzi yobudlelwane boluntu neMonsanto kuye kwavela ngoJanuwari 22 Ukufakwa kwevidiyo-taped Isigqeba seMonsanto uSam Murphey. Umsebenzi kaMurphey eMonsanto ubandakanya ukuqondisa ubudlelwane beendaba zosasazo kunye "neenzame zokuxhasa ukuxhasa ukumangalelwa okukhulu, imiba yomgaqo-nkqubo, kunye nosongelo lokudumisa" kubandakanya ishishini lokutshabalalisa ukhula eglyphosate. Kwaye enye yezona zisongelo zinkulu zavela kwezo nzululwazi zomhlaza. UMurphey ngoku usebenzela iBayer emva kokuba inkampani yaseJamani ithenge iMonsanto kwihlobo elidlulileyo.

Umgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria akazange avume ukubhengezwa kuka-Murphey kohlahlo-lwabiwo mali lwe-IARC ukuba luziswe kubungqina kwityala likaHardeman V. Monsanto, elathi laya kwi-jury ukuyokuxoxa ngoLwesibini. AmaJaji kwityala laseSan Francisco sele enqume ukuba iMonsanto's glyphosate-based Roundup ibangele iHardeman's non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kodwa ngoku inobunzima.

Kodwa ubungqina beMurphey kulindeleke ukuba buziswe e Uvavanyo lukaPilliod V. Monsanto ogqibe ukhetho lweejaji kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Alameda County e-Oakland, California ngoLwesibini. Amaqela akhethe ijaji enamalungu ali-12 kunye nezinye iindlela ezintlanu. Iingxelo zokuvula kwityala kulindeleke ukuba zibe ngoLwesine.

Sele kuyiminyaka emine ukusukela oko i-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza (IARC) iphonononge uncwadi lwenzululwazi olupapashiweyo noluphononongwe malunga ne-glyphosate kwaye yafumanisa ukuba i-herbicide mhlawumbi i-carcinogenic, inombutho othile kwi-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. I-IARC yinxalenye yoMbutho wezeMpilo weHlabathi kwaye yahlulahlula izinto ezingaphezu kwe-1,000 XNUMX kumngcipheko womhlaza wabo, ngesiqhelo ngaphandle kwengxabano enkulu.

Kodwa i-glyphosate yahlukile. Ukulandela ulwahlulo luka-Matshi 2015, amakhulu, kunye namawaka, abantu abafunyaniswe ukuba bane-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva kokubhencwa kwi-Monsanto's herbicides efake isimangalo ngokuchasene ne-agrochemical giant.

Kwakamsinya nje emva kokuhlelwa kwe-glyphosate ye-IARC- kunye nokuqhubeka ukuza kuthi ga namhlanje-izazinzulu zomhlaza zaba yinto yokugwetywa ngokuqatha kwimibutho, abantu kunye nabenzi bomthetho baseMelika. Baye batyholwa ngokungasebenzi kwisayensi elungileyo kodwa egameni le-ajenda yezopolitiko, idatha yokukhetha i-cherry, kunye nokukhuthaza isayensi ye-junk, phakathi kwezinye izinto. Ukugxekwa kukhulisiwe kwaye kwaphindaphindwa kwihlabathi liphela kumanqaku eendaba, iziqwenga zembono, iibhlog, iintengiso zikaGoogle kwi-Intanethi nangaphezulu.

Amaxwebhu angaphakathi eMonsanto athe avela ngokufunyanwa kwamatyala angaphezulu kwe-11,000 afakwe kwinkampani abonisa ukuba phakathi kwezinye iindlela, iMonsanto ibisoloko isebenzisa umntu wesithathu ngasese ekuthumeleni imiyalezo ngokuchasene ne-IARC kuba abaphathi beenkampani kunye neearhente zobudlelwane boluntu babecinga ukuba ulwazi luza kubonakala ngakumbi ethembekileyo evela kumashishini ahlukeneyo neMonsanto.

Kwidiphozithi yakhe, uMurphey wabuzwa ukuba yimalini inkampani ayichithile ukuzama ukuthandabuza kuhlelo lwe-IARC.

Nantsi into yokutshintsha:

Ummangali uPedram Esfandiary: “Kuyinyani ukuba iMonsanto yabelwe izigidi zeedola ekuphenduleni kuhlelo lwe-IARC, kunjalo?”

UMurphey: Siye sanyanzeleka ukuba sichithe isixa esikhulu semithombo, kwiminyaka eliqela ngoku, silungisa ulwazi olungelulo, kwaye siphendula imibuzo esidlangalaleni malunga ne-glyphosate.

U-Esfandiary: "Ngaba iMonsanto yabele izigidi zeedola ukuphendula kuhlelo lwe-IARC?"

UMurphey: Ewe.

I-Esfandiary: "Ngaba uyazi malunga nokuba ingakanani iMonsanto eyabelwe yona kwi-2016?"

UMurphey: "Ndingathetha kuphela ngaphakathi kwemeko, uyazi, imisebenzi yemicimbi yoluntu, uyazi, izinto ebendinokuthi ndibandakanyeke kuzo ngqo. Kodwa ngo-2016, uyazi, ndiyakholelwa kwezinye zeeprojekthi ebendibandakanyeka kuzo. , zazimalunga nezigidi ezili-16 okanye ezili-17. ”

I-Esfandiary: “I-16 yezigidi okanye ezili-17 lezigidi… yabelwa ukuphendula ingcaciso (stet) ye-IARC?

UMurphey: Hayi, hayi ngokukodwa kwaye ijolise ngqo kwi-IARC. I-ibiya kugxila kuthethathethwano nakubudlelwane bamajelo eendaba kunye neminye imisebenzi kwi-glyphosate, ngokubanzi. ”

U-Esfandiary emva koko wabuza uMurphey ukuba ingabiza malini kwinkampani ukwenza uvavanyo lomhlaza lwe-bioassay lweemveliso zayo ezenziwe ngeglyphosate, into eyamkelweyo yinkampani ukuba ayikaze iyenze. UMurphey uthe wayengazi.

Unyaka we-2016 yayilixesha elibaluleke kakhulu kwiMonsanto kuba ukongeza ekujonganeni nesimangalo, ilayisensi yenkampani ye-glyphosate yayenzelwe ukuvuselelwa eYurophu, kwaye i-Arhente yokuKhuselwa kokusiNgqongileyo yase-US yayivavanya ubhaliso lwe-glyphosate.

YASETYENZISWA NJANI IMALI?

Kwidiphozithi, uMurphey wabuzwa malunga noxwebhu lwangaphakathi lweMonsanto lwangoJulayi 2015 olubizwa ngokuba "yi-IARC Follow Up" eyakhankanya injongo "yokungasebenzi kakuhle kwe-IARC" kunye "nokukhusela inkululeko yokusebenza" (FTO). Wabuzwa malunga nenqwaba yezenzo ezenziweyo ukunciphisa okanye ukujongela phantsi umsebenzi we-IARC owawubekwe kuloo nakunxibelelwano lwangaphakathi lweMonsanto. Amaphepha aliqela okufakwa asuswe ngokupheleleyo, ngokomyalelo wenkundla, ke akunakwenzeka ukuba ubone konke okwakuthethwe nguMurphey kwisikhundla sakhe. Kodwa nantsi imizekelo embalwa yento ekuxoxwe ngayo:

  • Ukuphucula umyalezo we-pro-glyphosate / Roundup ngokusebenzisa "amajelo eqela lesithathu." Omnye umzekelo wokusebenzisa iqela langaphandle ukwenza isikhwenene kwiindawo zokuthetha zeMonsanto yayilinqaku elivela kwiqonga labanikeli beForbes eyabonakala ibhaliwe nguHenry Miller, ngelo xesha owayengumlingane kwiZiko leHoover kwiYunivesithi yaseStanford.  Amaxwebhu angaphakathi eMonsanto bonisa isiqwenga esigxeka i-IARC sayilwa nguMonsanto kwaye sathunyelwa kuMiller ngesicelo sokuba apapashe izixhobo.
  • Olunye uhambiso lwe-Op-Ed. Phambi kolwahlulo lwe-IARC, isigqeba seMonsanto uDan Goldstein uxoxe ngezihlanu "ezinokubakho kuyilo u-Op Eds esithi ubhalele" oogqirha bezonyango ukuba basebenze "kubandakanya" imihlathi yokugxeka i-IARC. " UGoldstein wayethumela nge-imeyile amanqaku ooyilo koogqirha nakwinzululwazi ngethemba lokuba bayakwamkela uyilo njengolwabo kwaye bazipapashe, iirekhodi zibonisa. IMonsanto yayifumaneka "ukulungelelanisa iinguqulelo ze-Op Ed" ​​njengoko kufuneka, utshilo uMurphey kwidiphozithi yakhe.
  • Icebo lokungavumeli nantoni na ihambe. Ngokuka-Murphey, eli nyathelo libandakanya "ukubeka esweni ngononophelo ukusasazwa kweendaba" kugxilwe kwi-European Union. "Sinezinto ezininzi zentengiso ebesikuzo - besibeka phambili," utshilo uMurphey. Iprojekthi ifuna ukubekwa esweni kwamabali kunye nokuqaqambisa okanye ukuphawula ezo zinento ebonwa nguMonsanto njengolwazi olungachanekanga okanye ulwazi olungelulo malunga nenkampani okanye iimveliso zayo, okanye amabali angabandakanyi umbono wenkampani okanye umbono. Umntu othile wayeza kuthi abelwe ukuba alandele ezo ntatheli, "ngokubiza iintatheli kwezo meko, babelane ngesitatimende, babonelele ngomxholo owongezelelweyo, kwaye babakhuthaze abo basasazi ukuba banxibelelane nathi kwixa elizayo," utshilo uMurphey.
  • Ukuqinisekisa intatheli yeReuters Ukubhala ibali elijongela phantsi ubunyani bohlelo lwe-IARC ngomnye umzekelo womsebenzi kaMurphey. Iimeyile ezivela ngaphakathi kweMonsanto zibonise ukuba uMurphey uthumele a isilayidi somgangatho wamanqaku okuthetha kunye nengxelo ephakanyisiweyo kwintatheli yeReuters uKate Kelland emcela ukuba abhale ibali elityhola uAaron Blair, owayengusihlalo weqela elisebenzayo le-IARC kwi-glyphosate, ngokufihla idatha eyayinokutshintsha isiphelo se-IARC kwi-glyphosate. UMurphey uxelele uKelland nge-imeyile ka-Epreli 2017 ukuba "ulwazi olubaluleke kakhulu olufuna ukuxelwa." Wamxelela nokuba aphathe ulwazi awayemthumelele lona "njengemvelaphi," ethetha ukuba angakhankanyi ukuba unombono webali kunye nezinto ezivela eMonsanto. UKelland emva koko wabhala ibali elifunwa nguMonsanto. Ukufakwa kuka-Aaron Blair kubonise ukuba izityholo ezibekwe ebalini zingeyonyani, kodwa uKelland akazange afake ikopi yediphozithi kunye nebali lakhe. Ibali lakhuthazwa yiMonsanto kunye nemibutho yoshishino lweekhemikhali kunye neentengiso zeGoogle kwaye zathathwa kwaye zaphindwa ngamajelo eendaba kwihlabathi liphela. U-Murphey uthe ekubekeni kwakhe ukuba akabeki xinzelelo ku-Kelland, kwaye uMonsanto wayekholelwa ukuba ibali liyasebenza kwaye libalulekile. "Nje ukuba ndinike ulwazi lokuqala ku-Nksz. Kelland, wayenenkululeko yokwenza olo lwazi ngokubona kufanelekile," utshilo. "Kwaye isigqibo sokuphanda ibali kwaye ekugqibeleni-ekugqibeleni sipapashe sisigqibo sakhe, kunye nesigqibo sabahleli bakhe eReuters."

UMurphey uthe akukho nto ibambekayo kwimizamo eyenziwe nguMonsanto emva kokupapashwa koluvo lwe-IARC. Uthe isicwangciso senkampani sibandakanya "ukubandakanyeka nabantu besithathu ukubonelela ngolwazi, ukwabelana ngeendawo zokuthetha, kunye nezinye izixhobo" kunye "nokufikelela kumajelo eendaba, ukuqinisekisa ulungelelwaniso kunye nokuchaneka, kunye nomxholo olungileyo kunye nembono kwisayensi- ukugubungela imveliso yethu. ”

“Njengokuba sasiqhubela phambili, emva kokwahlulwa-hlulwa kwe-IARC, kwakhona, sasithetha phandle
ukuzibandakanya namaqela ezolimo, ukuzibandakanya nabacholacholi beendaba, ukubandakanyeka kumajelo onxibelelwano, ukwabelana - nokwabelana ngezimvo zenkampani, ”utshilo uMurphey kwingxoxo leyo. “Si - uyazi, sigcine i - sagcina amaqela ezolimo nabanye benolwazi. Sivuyile kukuba uninzi lwabo luqhubekile nokuthetha phandle malunga noko bakubonayo njengokwahlulahlula okungalunganga. Kodwa iMonsanto yayihlala ihleli, kwakhona, ndiza kuthi nje-ngokucacileyo ekuchazeni izimvo zethu malunga nolwahlulo. ”

Matshi 26, 2019

Ukuvala Iingxoxo Namhlanje, iiJurors zokonakalisa ngamabomu umhlaza obangelwa yiRoundup

(Umbhalo weenkqubo zanamhlanje) 

Amagqwetha kaEdwin Hardeman abonise ingxoxo yabo yokuvala namhlanje kwiNkundla yeSithili sase-US eSan Francisco, ebuza abagwebi ukuba bohlwaye uMonsanto ngokusilela ukulumkisa ngomngcipheko womhlaza we-Roundup herbicide.

Igqwetha uJennifer Moore wazisa ngokusondeleyo kwiqela lezomthetho lommangali, kwaye igqwetha lase Monsanto u-Brian Stekloff wenza ingxoxo yakhe yokuvala, egqiba ityala lenyanga esele libhalile isigwebo sokuqala senkundla efumanisa ukuba i-Roundup yayiyinto "ebalulekileyo" ebangela ukuba uHardeman anga- IHodgkin lymphoma.

Isigqibo sejaji ngoku yinto nje yemali-nokuba iMonsanto kufuneka ihlawule umonakalo, kubandakanya umonakalo owohlwayayo, kuHardeman. Nangona abagwebi sele begqibe kwelokuba i-Roundup ibangele ingozi ku-Hardeman, kusafuneka bagqibe ukuba ngaba iMonsanto kufuneka ibenoxanduva lwaloo monakalo. Inkqubo ye- Imiyalelo yejaji kubiza abagwebi ukuze Phendula imibuzo emithathu ukuze ube nakho ukufumanisa umonakalo: Ngaba uyilo lwe-Roundup lwalungalunganga? Ngaba i-Roundup yasilela kwisilumkiso esaneleyo somngcipheko onokubakho? Kwaye ngaba iMonsanto yayingakhathali ngokungasebenzisi inkathalo efanelekileyo ukulumkisa ngomngcipheko obangelwa yiRoundup?

Amagqwetha kaMonsanto awatshintshanga indawo yawo yokuba iRoundup ayibangeli mhlaza. Kodwa malunga nomcimbi woxanduva baye bathi ngexesha likaHardeman wasebenzisa i-Roundup-ukusuka kwi-1986 ukuya kwi-2012-akukho mthetho okanye umbutho wezempilo wawufuna isilumkiso kwiilebhile zeRoundup malunga nomhlaza, kwaye iMonsanto yayingenabungqina bukhokelela ekubeni bakholelwe ukuba isilumkiso sasiyimfuneko.

Kubungqina ngoMvulo, owayenguSihlalo weMonsanto uHugh Grant ukhusele indlela yokuziphatha kwenkampani ejikeleze iRoundup nangona wavuma inkampani ayizange yenze nasiphi na isifundo se-epidemiology seRoundup nangona inkampani ichithe ngaphezulu kwe- $ 1 yezigidigidi ngonyaka iphanda iimveliso ezintsha.

"IMonsanto yenza ngokuthembekileyo," igqwetha lenkampani UBrian Stekloff uxelele ijaji kwiveki ephelile. Ukuxelela ama-jurors "ayilulo ukhuphiswano lokuthandwa," watsho ukuba akukho bungqina uMonsanto wenza ngokungakhathali. "I-Monsanto, ehambelana nesayensi, ehambelanayo nendlela isayensi yayijongwa ngayo kwihlabathi lonke, yenza ngokufanelekileyo kwaye ayifanele ukuba ifumaneke ityala," watsho.

Amagqwetha kaHardeman axelele abagwebi ukuba kukho ubutyebi bobungqina benzululwazi obubonisa umngcipheko womhlaza onxulumene neRoundup kodwa uMonsanto wakhetha ukuzama ukucinezela kunye / okanye ukungcolisa ulwazi kunokuba alumkise abathengi abanjengoHardeman.

Ukuba abagwebi bafumanisa ukuba iMonsanto inoxanduva, amaqela sele evumile kwinani leedola ezingama-200,967.10 ngelahleko zoqoqosho. Kodwa abachopheli-tyala bebenokukhetha ukongeza 'umonakalo wezoqoqosho' kwisibalo, kwaye banokongeza isohlwayo sokohlwaya.

UJaji Vince Chhabria watsho kwisigwebo sangaphambili ukuba "bekukho ubungqina obuninzi" bokuxhasa isohlwayo sokulimaza iMonsanto kunye nokubonisa ukuba inkampani "ayikhange ithathe uxanduva, indlela efanelekileyo kukhuseleko lwemveliso yayo."

Ijaji yathi kukho "ubungqina obunamandla apho ijaji inokugqiba ukuba iMonsanto ayikhathali nokuba imveliso yayo inika abantu umhlaza, ijolise ekusebenziseni uluvo loluntu kunye nokujongela phantsi nabani na ophakamisa inkxalabo yokwenyani kunye esemthethweni ngalo mbandela."

Kwilingo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup, ijaji ngo-Agasti ophelileyo unikwe i- $ 289 yezigidi kummangali uDewayne "Lee" Johnson, nangona ijaji yasinciphisa isigwebo saya kwizigidi ezingama- $ 78.

Matshi 25, 2019

Ubungqina obunqunyuliweyo obusezantsi njengeMonsanto yeCancer Trial Winds Down

(Umbhalo weenkqubo zanamhlanje) 

Amagqwetha kaEdwin Hardeman zinqumle kakhulu Inani lamangqina kunye nobungqina bokuzazisa kumajaji ekufuneka enze isigqibo sokuba iMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo omtsha uBayer banoxanduva lokuphuhlisa uHardeman we-non-Hodgkin lymphoma emva kweminyaka yokusebenzisa iMonsanto's Roundup. Baneeyure ezimbalwa kuphela ezishiyekileyo benikwe yijaji, ethe ithe ilindele ukuvala iingxoxo ngolwesiBini.

Iqela lamalungu amathandathu ejaji ligqibe kwiveki ephelileyo ukuba i-Roundup ibiyinto ebalulekileyo ekubangeleni umhlaza kaHardeman. Ityala ngoku lijolise ekubeni uMonsanto angabekwa ityala na, kwaye ukuba kunjalo, ingakanani - ukuba kukho nantoni na - inkampani kufuneka ihlawule uHardeman kumonakalo.

Kodwa ukwenza elo tyala kunganzima xa kuthathwa ixesha elifutshane lamagqwetha ukuba lishiye “iwotshi yexesha” iyonke ebekwe nguJaji Vince Chhabria. Wanika icala ngalinye iiyure ezingama-30 ukuba zenze ityala labo.

Amagqwetha kaHardeman asebenzise uninzi lwexesha labo kwisiqingatha sokuqala setyala kwaye ngoku baneeyure ezimbalwa eziseleyo. Ngenxa yoko, banayo yazisa ijaji ukuba abayi kubiza ubungqina obucwangcisiweyo abaphathi beMonsanto uDaniel Goldstein, uSteven Gould, uDavid Heering, okanye uDaniel Jenkins. Kananjalo ngekhe babonise ubungqina obucwangcisiweyo obuvela kuRoger McClellan, umhleli wejenali yesayensi Uphengululo oluBalulekileyo kwiToxicology (CRT), namanye amangqina ubuncinane amane.

UMcClellan wayejonge i-CRT xa iphephancwadi lapapasha uthotho lwamaphepha ngoSeptemba 2016 owakhalimela ukufunyanwa yi-Arhente yeHlabathi yoPhando ngomhlaza (IARC) efumanisa ukuba i-glyphosate yinto enokubangela i-carcinogen yabantu. Amaphepha ekuthiwa abhalwe ngoososayensi abazimeleyo abafumanise ukuba ubunzima bobungqina babonisa ukuba umbulali wokhula wayengenakufane abeke emngciphekweni we-carcinogenic ebantwini. Kodwa Amaxwebhu angaphakathi eMonsanto bonisa ukuba amaphepha acacisiwe kwasekuqaleni njengesicwangciso seMonsanto sokuhlazisa i-IARC. Enye yeenzululwazi eziphambili zeMonsanto kungekuphela nje yahlaziya le mibhalo-ngqangi kodwa waba nesandla ekuyileni nasekuhleleni, nangona kunjalo oko akuzange kuchazwe yiCRT.

Isicwangciso samagqwetha kaHardeman malunga neeyure ezintathu zokungqina okuvela kumangqina awahlukeneyo, kubandakanya owayenguSihlalo weMonsanto kunye ne-CEO uHugh Grant, owafumana imali ephumayo eyi- $ 32 yezigidi xa iBayer AG yathenga iMonsanto kwihlobo elidlulileyo.

Ingxoxo ngomonakalo

Omabini la macala sele evumile ukuba uHardeman ufumene ilahleko malunga ne-200,000 yeedola kumonakalo wezoqoqosho, kodwa amagqwetha kaHardeman kulindeleke ukuba acele amashumi ezigidi zeedola, kwaye mhlawumbi amakhulu ezigidi zeedola kumonakalo opheleleyo, kubandakanya isohlwayo.

Amagqwetha eMonsanto aphikisile nakweyiphi na ingxoxo ngobutyebi bukaMonsanto kunye ne- $ 63 yezigidigidi zeBayer ezihlawulelwe iMonsanto, kodwa ijaji ivumele ulwazi oluthile lwemali ukuba kwabelwane ngalo namajoni.

AmaJurors ngekhe axelelwe ngokuchanekileyo ukuba yimalini iMonsanto ayenzileyo kule minyaka ithengiswayo ye-glyphosate herbicides, kodwa jonga unyaka nje omnye wemali-2012, unyaka u-Hardeman wayeka ukusebenzisa i-Roundup- ibonisa ukuba inkampani yenze phantse Iibhiliyoni ezi-2 zeedola kwinzuzo epheleleyo ngaloo nyaka.

UMgwebi Chhabria kuphawulwe kwiingxoxo kunye nabameli ngaphandle kobukho bejaji ukuba amagqwetha kaHardeman angafuna ukuphikisa ukuba uMonsanto uchithe imali eninzi kwintengiso kunye nokuhlawulwa kwabaphetheyo kunokwenza izifundo zokhuselo lwexesha elide kwiimveliso zalo. Imicimbi yemali inokubaluleka ekuxoxweni kwejurors malunga nomonakalo onokubakho, utshilo uChhabria.

"Inokuba kufanelekile kwisakhono sikaMonsanto sokuhlawula, kodwa kubonakala kufanelekile nangakumbi kumcimbi wento eyaziwayo-zombini uxanduva kunye nomonakalo owohlwayayo, nokuba indlela yokuziphatha kukaMonsanto yayigqithile kwaye inomsindo," utshilo uJaji Chhabria. "Kutheni bengenakuphikisana, jonga yonke imali iMonsanto ebezimisele ukuyichitha kwintengiso kwaye ayizimiselanga, uyazi, ukwenza naluphi na uhlobo lophando olunenjongo malunga nokhuseleko lwemveliso yalo."

"Ayisiyonto ingako malunga nokuhlawula kwenkampani kodwa malunga nokuziphatha kwenkampani ngokubhekisele kukhuseleko lwemveliso yayo," utshilo uChhabria. “Jonga zonke ezi zinto inkampani echitha imali kuzo, kwaye ayizimiselanga ukuphakamisa umnwe ukwenza naluphi na uhlobo lophando olunenjongo malunga nokhuseleko lwemveliso yalo. Oko, ndicinga ukuba yingxoxo yabo. ”

U-Chhabria uthe ubungqina bemali ye-Monsanto inokuba “bububungqina” “benkanuko yokuziphatha kwenkampani.”

Ukuqala kwesilingo sePilliod 

Uvavanyo lwesithathu lomhlaza we-Roundup luyaqhubeka kule veki kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Alameda County e-Oakland, California. IAlva kunye neAlberta Pilliod,  Umyeni nenkosikazi, bathathe iMonsanto kunye neBayer ngamabango abo bobabini banengxaki ye-non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngenxa yokuvezwa kwemveliso kaMonsanto's Roundup. I-Voir dire yokukhetha ijaji iqala namhlanje e-Oakland kwaye iingxelo zokuvula kulindeleke ukuba ziqale ngoLwesine. Jonga amaxwebhu ahambelana nelo tyala kule khonkco. 

Ijaji kwityala likaPilliod lasikhaba isicelo sikaMonsanto sokuhlanganisa ityala. Iqela lezomthetho elibonisa ityala likaPilliod libandakanya igqwetha laseLos Angeles uBrent Wisner, ofumene udumo ngenxa uphumelele ngummangali uDewayne “Lee” Johnson ngaphezulu kweMonsanto kuvavanyo lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup kwihlobo ephelileyo.

Matshi 22, 2019

Uhlaselo lomhlaza lubuyela umva eSt

(Umbhalo weenkqubo zanamhlanje)

Ummangali u-Edwin Hardeman uthathe unyawo namhlanje ukunikela ubungqina ngakumbi kummangalelwa wakhe malunga noMonsanto ngenxa yamabango okusebenzisa kwakhe i-Roundup herbicide yenkampani ebangele ukuba aphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

UHardeman sele enike ubungqina kwisigaba sokuqala setyala, esatsala isigwebo samacala afanayo sokuba uRoundup unetyala lomhlaza wakhe. Ubungqina bakhe namhlanje buqwalasele umbuzo woxanduva lweMonsanto kwaye ukuba inkampani kufuneka ihlawule umonakalo ngenxa yokulahleka kwempilo yakhe.

Amagqwetha kaHardman azama ukweyisela abagwebi ukuba uMonsanto wayebazi ubungozi beemveliso zawo kodwa wayesebenza ngenkuthalo ukucinezela olo lwazi ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo zendlela, kubandakanya abalawuli abanyanzelayo, ukubhala ghostwriting kwezenzululwazi, kunye nokulahlekisa abathengi abanjengoHardeman ngentengiso enzima malunga nokhuseleko I-glyphosate-based herbicides.

Kwisigaba sokuqala setyala, iJaji uVince Chhabria ubungqina obunqongophele malunga nonyango lukaHardeman kunye nokubandezeleka kwakhe. Kweli nqanaba, ubungqina obunjalo buvumelekile.

Amajaji nawo eve kuMary Hardeman, umfazi ka-Edwin, ngolwe-Sihlanu. Kwisigaba sokuqala, esasijongana nobungqina bokuba uRoundup ubangelwe sisifo somhlaza sika Mnumzana Hardeman, ijaji yakhalimela igqwetha likaHardeman u-Aimee Wagstaff ngokuzama ukwazisa uMary Hardeman kubagwebi kunye nokuchaza ukuthandana kwesi sibini kunye nomtshato omde.

Ukuthatha indawo yokuma kwakungummangali Ingqina eliyingcali uChadi Nabhan,  igosa lezonyango eliyintloko kwiCardinal Health eChicago.

Ubungqina bokuqala ngolwesiHlanu yayinguMonsanto ingcali yezetyhefu uDonna Farmer, obungqina bakhe baboniswa ngevidiyo. Amagqwetha kaHardeman aqale ubungqina ngoLwesithathu. Kwakungekho nkundla yabanjwa ngoLwesine.

Kwiveki ezayo, amagqwetha kaHardeman acwangcisa ukudlala ubungqina bevidiyo yowayenguSihlalo weMonsanto kunye ne-CEO uHugh Grant.

Matshi 21, 2019

Usuku olumnyama - Amagqwetha kunye neeJurors bafumana ikhefu

Amalungu ejaji kunye nomcebisi wezomthetho kumaqela aseHardeman V. Monsanto bebethatha ikhefu ngoLwesine njengoko iJaji uVince Chhabria ephethe ezinye izinto zekhalenda, kubandakanya nesindululo kwityala elahlukileyo elalichasene neMonsanto.

Ityala liyaqhubeka kwakhona kusasa ngolwesiHlanu, ngeempikiswano zokuvala ezilindelwe phakathi kwiveki ezayo.

Ngomhla wokungabikho namhlanje, amagqwetha ommangali uEdwin Hardeman abhiyozele inqanaba labo lokuphumelela kwetyala lokuqala ngoLwesithathu ebusuku. Ukulinda iveki yonke ukufumana isigwebo sokuba iMonsanto's Roundup ibangele ukuba umhlaza kaHardeman ubaphazamise.

Amagosa aphethe umnini weMonsanto uBayer AG ayibhiyozelanga kangako emva kokuba isigwebo sejaji sigqithisile ukuzithemba kwabatyali mali, sityhala amaxabiso ezabelo asezantsi. Izabelo zenkampani sele zithathe ukubetha okukhulu ngo-Agasti emva kwejaji kwityala lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup lafumanisa ukuba ukubulala ukhula kwenkampani kubangele umhlaza.

Matshi 20, 2019

Kuvavanyo lomhlaza we-Roundup, Ngoku iiGloves ziyavela

(Umbhalo ovela kwiinkqubo zanamhlanje)

Ukulandela ijaji yangoLwesibini ifumanisa ukuba ukusetyenziswa kweRoundup kubangele umhlaza kommangali uEdwin Hardeman, isigaba sesibini sikaHardeman V. Monsanto siqale ngale ntsasa eCalifornia sisuka kubungqina besayensi nakwizityholo zokuba uMonsanto uchithe iminyaka ethintela ulwazi malunga nobungozi iherbicides yayo esekwe kwi-glyphosate.

Ngelixa ingcebiso ekhokelayo kaHardeman uAimee Wagstaff wagwetywa Kwisigaba sokuqala sokunikezela ngokunqabileyo amabango anjalo, kwinqanaba lesibini kugxilwe ekuziphatheni kukaMonsanto ekufundeni, ekwenziweni nasekuthengiseni iimveliso zayo ezithandwayo zeRoundup.

"I-Roundup ibilusana lukaMonsanto oluziibhiliyoni zeedola amashumi eminyaka," utshilo uWagstaff kudliwanondlebe ngoLwesithathu kusasa. "Ubungqina bubonisa ukuba iMonsanto ibinomdla kakhulu ekukhuseleni umgca wayo ophantsi okanye ukuthengiswa okuqhubekayo kukaRoundup kunokuqinisekisa ukuba imveliso ikhuselekile. Okwangoku, abantu abanjengoMnumzana Hardeman baba nomhlaza kwaye bayafa. Siqinisekile ukuba ijaji iya kwenza into elungileyo kwisigaba sesibini kwaye ithumele iMonsanto umyalezo ekufuneka iwuva. ”

Isigwebo se-jury sokufumanisa ukuba i-Roundup ibangela umhlaza kukuzimisela kwesibini kwi-jury kwiinyanga ezisixhenxe, kwaye ibonisa iBayer, eyathenga iMonsanto ehlotyeni elidlulileyo, inendlela enzima yokuzikhusela kumawakawaka abamangali abathi bonke babhengeza ukubulawa kweyeza likaMonsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides kubangele umhlaza wabo. . Olunye uvavanyo luyaqhubeka kwiveki ezayo e-Oakland, California.

Izabelo zeBayer Iwile ngaphezulu kwe-12% Ekurhwebeni kwangoko ngoLwesithathu emva kokuzimisela kwejaji ukuba iRoundup "ibiyinto ebalulekileyo" ekubangeleni umhlaza kaHardeman.

UMgwebi uVince Chhabria uceba ukuqhubeka nokugcina ngokuthe nkqi kwinto eya kuvunyelwa lijaji, nangona kunjalo. Ngokubanzi uvumile ngezicelo ezivela eMonsanto zokuthintela ubungqina malunga nezenzo zikaMonsanto emva ko-2012, unyaka uHardeman wayeka ukusebenzisa iRoundup. Isizathu kukuba isenzo senkampani emva kokuba ummangali eyekile ukusebenzisa le mveliso ayinanto yakwenza nophuhliso lukaHardeman lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Amagqwetha ommangali athi zininzi ii-imeyile zangaphakathi zeMonsanto zangasemva kowe-2012 ezibonisa indlela yokuziphatha, ebonisa ukuba inkampani kudala isebenza njani ukubhala amaphepha enzululwazi, ukulawula abalawuli kunye nokuhlasela kunye nokuthula. Obo bungqina bubalulekile ekumiseleni uxanduva lukaMonsanto kunye nomonakalo, amagqwetha ommangali axelele uChabria.

Kwingxoxo ngoLwesibini malunga nobungqina besigaba sesibini, ijaji ibonise ukuba ibona umhlaba ophakathi, isithi "indlela yokuziphatha eyenzeka emva ko-2012 enika ukukhanya kwinto eyayisenzeka ngaphambi kuka-2012 kufuneka yamkelwe ngokubanzi, inokuthi ixhomekeke kumyalelo othintelayo ukuba iMonsanto iyayifuna . ” Kodwa ukwathe oku: “Nokuba isimilo sasemva ko-2012 siyasikhanyisela ngento eyayisenzeka ngaphambi kowama-2012, zisenokubakho ezinye izizathu zokuyikhupha.”

Ngokukodwa, ijaji ithintela ubungqina malunga nemizamo kaMonsanto yokujongela phantsi iArhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza, ethi ngo-2015 yahlulahlula i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yabantu. IMonsanto ichithe izigidi zeedola ezahlukeneyo amaqhinga ayimfihlo ajolise ekonakaliseni i-IARC. Amaxwebhu afunyenwe ngokufumanisa ukuba inkampani ixoxa isebenzisa abantu besithathu ababonakala ngathi bazimele kwiMonsanto ukugxeka esidlangalaleni i-IARC kunye nokutyhala amanqaku e-Monsanto. Iirekhodi zangaphakathi zeMonsanto zibonisa indima yenkampani ekubhaleni ghost inqaku elivela kwiqonga labanikeli beForbes, kwaye babonisa ukuba inkampani ibisemva Ibali elipapashwe yiReuters ngo-2017 elathi ngobuxoki isazinzulu se-IARC sabamba ulwazi kwi-IARC eyayinokutshintsha ukuhlelwa.

Ijaji ikwathintela ubungqina malunga nendlela uMonsanto asebenze ngayo ukunyelisa isazinzulu saseFrance uGilles--ric Séralini emva kokupapashwa kwiziphumo zophando zakhe zango-2012 malunga neempuku ezondla amanzi athathwe nge-Roundup. Iirekhodi zangaphakathi zeMonsanto zibonisa iinzame ezilungelelanisiweyo zokufumana iphepha laseSeralini lirhoxiswe, kubandakanya lo mtya we-imeyile.

Abasebenzi baseMonsanto kuyacaca ukuba babenebhongo ngoko bakubiza ngokuba "ngumnyhadala wemultimedia owawenzelwe ukuba usasazwe ngokungathandabuzekiyo" ngokuchasene neSeralini kangangokuba bayichonga njenge "mpumelelo" efanele ukwamkelwa.

Amagqwetha ommangali nawo akazukukwazi ukwazisa ubungqina beMonsanto iinzame zokubulala uphononongo lwetyhefu ye-glyphosate yi-Arhente yeZinto ezinobungozi kunye neRegistry yeZifo.

Ijaji ivumela izahlulo ze i-imeyile yangaphakathi ye-Monsanto ka-2015 apho inzululwazi yenkampani uBill Heydens exoxa ngezicwangciso zokubhala ghost uthotho lwamaphepha amatsha esayensi anokuphikisana nokuhlelwa kwe-IARC ye-glyphosate kuba kule imeyile, uHeydens uphawula ukuba esi sicwangciso siyafana njani nokubhala iphepha lesayensi yapapashwa ngo-2000 eyafumanisa ukuba i-glyphosate ikhuselekile.

Jonga lonke uhlaziyo kwi Uvavanyo lweBlog.

Matshi 19, 2019

KuBlow eBayer, iJury ifumana umjikelo woMmangali woMmangali

(Uhlaziyo lwevidiyo)

(Umbhalo weenkqubo zanamhlanje)

A Isigqibo sejaji NgoLwesibini unikezele uloyiso kummangali uEdwin Hardeman, njengoko amalungu amajaji amathandathu afumanise ukuba ukubonakaliswa kukaHardeman kwiRoundup "yinto ebalulekileyo" ekubangeleni i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Isigqibo sejaji sithetha ukuba ityala ngoku liya kwinqanaba lesibini apho amatyala aya kuthatha khona uxanduva kunye nomonakalo.

Amajaji aye athetha-thethana phantse iveki phambi kokulinganisa umbuzo omnye ekufuneka bewuphendulile kwisigaba sokuqala solingo olubanzi. UMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria ubuthintele kabukhali ubungqina obunokuviwa kwinqanaba lesibini kubungqina obujongana kuphela nesizathu esithile. Oko kwakuthetha ukuba isigaba sokuqala sasizaliswe ziingxoxo kunye neengxoxo malunga nezifundo ezahlukeneyo zesayensi. Isigaba sokuqala ubukhulu becala asibandakanyi ubungqina malunga nezenzo ezityholwayo zikaMonsanto zokulawula okanye ukusebenzisa irekhodi lezenzululwazi kunye namabango athi uMonsanto usebenze ukucinezela ubungqina bengozi ngamayeza akhe okubulala ukhula. Kodwa obo bungqina buya kuvunyelwa kwisigaba sesibini njengoko ijaji ithathela ingqalelo indlela yokuziphatha kwenkampani.

Emva kwesigwebo, iJaji uChhabria uxelele abagwebi malunga nenqanaba lesibini: “Imiba enizakuyiqwalasela yile yokuba ingaba iMonsanto inoxanduva ngokusemthethweni kusini na ngomonakalo owenziwe kuMnu. Nantso ke le micimbi oza kuqala ukuyiqwalasela ngomso. ”

Isigwebo sasiyimpumelelo ebalulekileyo kungekuphela nje kuHardeman, kodwa nakwamanye amawaka abamangaleli baseUnited States abaye bamangalela iMonsanto kwaye batyhola ukubonakaliswa kwe-glyphosate-based herbicides eyabangela ukuba i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Inkampani sele inelahleko enye ukusuka Isigwebo sejaji yokugqibela yehlobo Ndithanda umntu oza kufa eCalifornia. Elinye ityala liqala kwiveki ezayo e-Oakland, California.

Ukuphendula kwisigwebo sanamhlanje, u-Aimee Wagstaff ka-Andrus Wagstaff, u-PC no-Jennifer Moore we-Moore Law Group, i-PLLC, igqwetha lommangalelwa kwi-Plaintiff, bakhuphe le ngxelo ilandelayo:

 "Umnumzana Hardeman uyonwabile kukuba ijaji ibambe ngazwinye ukuba i-Roundup ibangele i-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Ngoku singagxila kubungqina bokuba iMonsanto ayithathanga uxanduva, indlela ejolise kukhuseleko lweRoundup. Endaweni yoko, kuyacaca kwizenzo zikaMonsanto ukuba ayikhathali nokuba imveliso yayo inika abantu umhlaza, ijolise ekusebenziseni uluvo loluntu kunye nokujongela phantsi nabani na ophakamisa inkxalabo yokwenyani kunye esemthethweni ngalo mbandela. Sijonge phambili ekuboniseni obu bungqina kwijaji kwaye sibambe iMonsanto ukuba iphendule ngezenzo zayo ezimbi. ”

Bayer ikhishwe ingxelo ngokunjalo: “Sidanile sisigqibo sokuqala sejaji, kodwa siyaqhubeka nokukholelwa ngokuqinisekileyo ukuba inzululwazi iyangqina ukuba i-glyphosate-based herbicides ayibangeli mhlaza. Siqinisekile ukuba ubungqina kwisigaba sesibini buza kubonisa ukuba isimilo sikaMonsanto besifanelekile kwaye nenkampani akufuneki ibenoxanduva lomhlaza kaMnu. Hardeman. Nokuba sithini na isiphumo, nangona kunjalo, isigqibo kwisigaba sokuqala soluvavanyo alunampembelelo kumatyala nakwizilingo ezizayo kuba elowo uneemeko zakhe eziyinyani nezisemthethweni. Sinovelwano kakhulu noMnu. Hardeman nosapho lwakhe, kodwa iqela lezenzululwazi lixhasa isigqibo sokuba iRoundup ™ yayingengonobangela womhlaza wakhe. IBayer ime ngasemva kwezi mveliso kwaye iza kuzikhusela ngamandla. ”

NjengamaJaji eNzululwazi, iSifundo esitsha sibonisa iiCancer Links kwiGlyphosate

Iijaji ziya kuqhubeka nokuxoxa namhlanje, ngelixa amagqwetha omabini amacala ebexakekile elungiselela isigaba sesibini kwimeko apho ijaji ifumana ummangali u-Edwin Hardeman kwesi sigaba sokuqala. Njengenxalenye yamalungiselelo, amagqwetha omabini amacala ebesoloko ejongana nemicimbi emininzi, kubandakanya nokuba mangaphi amangqina aza kuvunyelwa ukuba anike ubungqina kwisigaba sesibini, loluphi uhlobo lwamatyala amagqwetha kaHardeman anokuphikisana nawo, kwanokuba lingakanani ixesha amagqwetha kaHardeman bavunyelwe ukubonisa ubungqina babo.

Ujaji Chhabria usete iiparameter ezithile zexesha elinokuthi icala ngalinye libe nexesha elingakanani kwityala lilonke, kwaye amagqwetha kaHardeman asebenzise ixesha labo elininzi kunamagqwetha kaMonsanto kwisigaba sokuqala. Ukuma kwayo, icala likaHardeman linama-7-1 / 2 iiyure ezishiyekileyo ngelixa iMonsanto ishiye iiyure ezingaphezulu kwe-18.

Ujaji Chhabria uthe uyakuthathela ingqalelo ukongeza ixesha elithile lommangali, enikwe ukuba icala linomthwalo wobungqina kwaye usebenzise ixesha elininzi echaza imigaqo-nkqubo emininzi yezomthetho kwi-jury eyimfuneko ukuze baqonde ubungqina obubekwe ngamacala omabini.

Igqwetha laseMonsanto uBrian Stekloff uthe amagqwetha kaHardeman ebengakhange asebenze ngendlela ebekufaneleke ngayo, evula iiyure ezimbini kwisigaba sokuqala. "Andazi ukuba oko bekuyimfuneko," uxelele ijaji.

Amagqwetha kaHardeman nawo ayicacisile into yokuba baya kuba nobungqina obuninzi malunga nolwazi lukaMonsanto malunga neengozi zeefom zeRoundup. "Ummangali unenjongo yokwazisa ubungqina obungaphezulu kwesiGaba sesi-2 sokuba i-Roundup iyingozi kune-glyphosate kuba abaqhubi be-surfactants bonyusa umngcipheko we-glyphosate ngokucacileyo," amagqwetha ommangali uxelele ijaji. 

Chhabria uvumile - ngaphezulu kwezichaso zikaMonsanto- ukuvumela amagqwetha kaHardeman ukuba aqhubeke kwisigaba sesibini ngengxoxo "yesiphene kuyilo", nangona kukho imiqolomba emininzi.

Okwangoku, okwangoku esinye isifundo esitsha ipapashiwe ibonisa amakhonkco phakathi kwe-glyphosate herbicides kunye ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Isifundo ihlalutya idatha evela kumafama angaphezu kwama-300,000 kunye nabasebenzi bezolimo kwizifundo ezenziwe eFrance, eNorway naseMelika. Abaphandi bathi bafumene "ukuphakama emngciphekweni" we-non-Hodgkin lymphoma enxulunyaniswa namayeza athile okubulala izinambuzane kunye ne-glyphosate herbicides. Ngokubhekisele kwi-glyphosate, uhlobo oluthile lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma enxulunyaniswa nokuvezwa kwe-glyphosate yayisasaza i-B-cell lymphoma enkulu, uhlobo olufanayo lomhlaza onalo.

Matshi 18, 2019

AmaJuror afuna ukuva kuMmangali kwakhona

Namhlanje kuphawula ukuqala kweveki yesine yesilingo somhlaza seHardeman V. Monsanto Roundup, kwaye abagwebi bebesaxoxa ngombuzo ekuphela kwawo ekufuneka bewuphendule ukuvala isigaba sokuqala setyala kwaye banokungena kwisigaba sesibini.

Abagwebi abathandathu baxelele iJaji uVince Chhabria ngolwe-Sihlanu ukuba njengokuba bexoxa ngabom bafuna ukuba ubungqina bommangali u-Edwin Hardeman bufundwe kubo. U-Chhabria uthe le nto izakwenzeka kwindawo yokuqala kusasa ngoMvulo.

Ngokwesicelo sikaMonsanto, ityala lahlulwe langamacandelo amabini. Inqanaba lokuqala lijongana nombuzo wokuba ingaba amajoni afumanisa ukuba ukubonakaliswa kukaHardeman kwiRoundup "yinto ebalulekileyo" ekubangeleni i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Ukuba abagwebi baphendule ngazwi linye nguewe kulo mbuzo ityala liya kwisigaba sesibini apho amagqwetha kaHardeman aya kuthi abeke ubungqina obujolise ekuboniseni ukuba uMonsanto wayesazi umngcipheko womhlaza weRoundup kodwa wasebenza ngenkuthalo ukufihla olo lwazi kubathengi, ngokuyinxenye ingxelo yenzululwazi.

Ukuba ityala liya kwinqanaba lesibini, ummangali uyakwenza njalo ukuswela Ingqina elinye eliphambili- uCharles Benbrook - emva ijaji igwebe ukuba uya kubuthintela ngokuqatha ubungqina bukaBenbrook malunga nokuziphatha kukaMonsanto.

Umcebisi okhokelayo kaHardeman u-Aimee Wagstaff kunye nomcebisi wakhe u-Jennifer Moore baceba ukuchitha usuku kwinkundla yamatyala ngoMvulo njengoko ijaji ithe yaxoxa emva kokuphakamisa umsindo kaJaji Chhabria. U-Chhabria wacaphuka ngolwe-Sihlanu kuba amagqwetha ethathe ixesha elide kunokuba ebelindele ukufika enkundleni yamatyala emva kokuba bexelelwe ukuba onke amaqela kufuneka ahlangane ukujongana nesicelo samajoni sokuva ubungqina bukaHardeman kwakhona.

Chhabria wagstaff uWagstaff kwiveki yokuqala yokuxoxwa kwetyala loko wakubiza ngokuba "zizenzo ezininzi zokuziphatha gwenxa ngexesha lokuvula kwakhe ingxelo." Esinye sezikreqo zakhe, ngokuka-Chhabria, ukuchitha ixesha elininzi exelela abachopheli-mthetho malunga nomthengi wakhe kunye nokuxilongwa kwakhe ngumhlaza.

Matshi 15, 2019

Iintengiso zikaGoogle ziphakamisa inkxalabo malunga nokuGwetywa

(QAPHELA 3:30 pm ixesha lePasifiki- IJurors zithatha umhlala phantsi usuku emva kokusilela kwakhona ukufikelela kwisigwebo. Ubungqina obuvela kummangali uEdwin Hardeman ukuba bufundwe buye kwijaji kusasa ngoMvulo ngesicelo sabo. Ijaji uChhabria uhlala ecaphuka ngamagqwetha ommangali, ecatshukisiwe bafike enkundleni ngo-Lwesihlanu emva kwemini.)

Amajaji abuyile enkundleni namhlanje aqala iingxoxo emva kosuku lokuphumla ngoLwesine. Mnye kuphela umbuzo ekufuneka bewuphendulile: "Ngaba uMnu Hardeman wabonisa ngokungakhathali kobungqina bokuba ukubonakaliswa kwakhe kwiRoundup yayiyinto ebalulekileyo ekubangeleni i-lymphoma yakhe engeyiyo iHodgkin?"

Ijaji icebise abagwebi ukuba xa bewucinga lo mbuzo ngomhla wabo wokungabikho akufuneki bafune ulwazi malunga nokhuseleko lweRoundup okanye bafunde amanqaku eendaba okanye izifundo zesayensi ngalo mbandela. Kuya kufuneka bazivalele ekuqwalaseleni kuphela ubungqina obuzisiweyo etyaleni.

Into enomdla kukuba, izolo kwindawo yaseSan Francisco iintengiso zikaGoogle zazivela kwiifowuni ezikrelekrele kunye neekhompyuter ezikhuthaza ukhuseleko lweRoundup. Indawo enye ngokukodwa - Ukhula ngobulumko - ibingena phezulu kwezinye iisayithi zikaGoogle, inikezela ngezihloko ezinje "Ukoyikwa 'kweekhemikhali' ziziphumo zokungaqondani" kwaye "Jonga inzululwazi, ungoyiki amaqhinga, we-glyphosate herbicide." Nale ke - “Umbulali Wokhula Usilele Ukunqongophala Kwinkxaso Yesayensi.”

Intengiso kaGoogle ivuselele uloyiko ngabathile ukuba iMonsanto kunye neBayer inokuthi ibandakanyeke ekwenzeni i-geofencing, igama elisetyenziselwa ukuchaza iqhinga lokuhambisa imiyalezo ethile kubantu abakwiindawo ezithile zejografi.

Kwinyanga ephelileyo igqwetha likaHardeman uJennifer Moore uxelele iJaji uChhabria ngokoyika okugcinwe liqela lezomthetho likaHardeman lokuba uMonsanto kungenzeka ukuba ubekhe wabandakanyeka ekubanjweni kwegeof ngaphambili kwaye angaphinda enze njalo ukuzama ukuphembelela abagwebi.  UMoore uxelele ijaji  babecinga “ukuba ingaba siza kufaka ifayile yokuthintela okwethutyana ukuthintela iMonsanto kulo naluphi na uhlobo lokubiyela i-geofcing okanye i-joror ejolise kumajelo eendaba ezentlalo okanye kwiintengiso zonqakrazo. Kwaye ke ndiza kucela nje ukuba kungenzeki. Asikwenzi oko kwicala lethu, kodwa andifuni nakuphi na ukujongwa kwabagwebi, amajelo abo eendaba okanye iindlela ze-Intanethi. ”

U-Chhabria uphendule wathi, "ayisiyiyo, ayithandabuzeki ukuba ayizukufaneleka kwaphela? Ngokucacileyo akukho mntu ngapha nangapha - akukho mntu ungaphakathi kwekhulu leemayile macala omabini onokuzama ukujolisa kuwo nawuphi na umyalezo wejouror okanye umntu oza kuba netyala lakhe ngayo nayiphi na imiyalezo. ”

I-geofencing yinkqubo eyaziwayo yentengiso ehambisa umyalezo / umxholo othile kuye nakubani na ngaphakathi kwendawo ethile echongwe yinkampani okanye iqela elihlawulela intengiso. Indawo inokuba ncinci kakhulu, imayile engqonge idilesi ethile, umzekelo. Okanye inokuba nkulu kakhulu. Nabani na okwindawo ekhethiweyo usebenzisa i-app kwifowuni efanelekileyo-enje ngemozulu yesimo sezulu okanye umdlalo-uya kuthi asiwe kwintengiso.

Nokuba uMonsanto wenze okanye akazukusebenzisa iqhinga ukuzama ukuphembelela abagwebi kuya kuba nzima ukubonakalisa. Igqwetha lase Monsanto uBrian Stekloff uphendule kwiinkxalabo eziphakanyiswe kwinyanga ephelileyo kunye nesilumkiso sejaji malunga nokwenza i-geofencing ngelithi “Ndiyaqonda ukuba banokuba nezityholo, kodwa andizamkeli ezo zityholo… .. kunjalo sizakuhlala sizilandela…”

Ukubekwa kweentengiso zikaGoogle kumagama athile ophando akuthethi ukuba nabani na ebejolise kwijurors nge geofencing. Kwaye kubalulekile ukuba uqaphele ukuba ukuthengwa kweentengiso zikaGoogle bekukho- kwaye kuhlala-sisicwangciso esithandwayo esiqeshwe ngamagqwetha abamangali abafuna abathengi abatsha beRoundup.

Matshi 14, 2019

Uvavanyo kunye noMhla weJury

AmaJurors anosuku lokuphumla namhlanje kodwa amagqwetha awanalo. U-Chhabria ubambe indlebe kunye namagqwetha omabini amacala ngo-12: 30 emva kwexesha lePasifiki lokuxoxa ngobubanzi besigaba sesibini, ukuba isigaba sesibini sibanjiwe.

Phakathi kwemiba ekuza kuxoxwa ngayo, amagqwetha ommangali ahlaziya isicelo sabo ukuze bakwazi ukubonisa ubungqina ngemizamo kaMonsanto yokuhlazisa isazinzulu saseFrance uGilles-Éric Séralini emva kokupapashwa kwiziphumo zophando zakhe zango-2012 malunga neempuku ezondla amanzi athathwe nge-Roundup. Iirekhodi zangaphakathi zeMonsanto zibonisa iinzame ezilungelelanisiweyo zokufumana iphepha laseSeralini lirhoxiswe, kubandakanya lo mtya we-imeyile.

Abasebenzi baseMonsanto kuyacaca ukuba babenebhongo ngoko bakubiza ngokuba "ngumnyhadala wemultimedia owawenzelwe ukuba usasazwe ngokungathandabuzekiyo" ngokuchasene neSeralini kangangokuba bayichonga njenge "mpumelelo" efanele ukwamkelwa.

Ubungqina bubonisa ukuba "ibali lase-Séralini lisembindini wokusilela kuka-Monsanto kunye neenzame zokusebenzisa uluvo loluntu," utshilo amagqwetha ka-Edwin Hardeman. Kananjalo bathi Ukugcwaliswa kwenkundla yabo, "Ubungqina buveza ukuba uMonsanto uphendule kolu phando ngokuzama ukujongela phantsi nokujongela phantsi uGqirha Séralini, obubobunye ubungqina" bokuba iMonsanto ayikhathali nokuba imveliso yayo inika abantu umhlaza, "kodwa" [ijolise] endaweni sisebenzisa uluvo loluntu kwaye sijongela phantsi nabani na ophakamisa inkxalabo yokwenene nesemthethweni ngalo mbandela. ” ”

"Ibali laseSéralini liluncedo kwiinzame zikaMonsanto zokujongela phantsi iiNzululwazi eziphakamisa inkxalabo malunga neGlyphosate," abameli bakaHardeman bathi.

Amagqwetha kaHardeman afuna ingqina lengcali uCharles Benbrook ukuvunyelwa ukungqina ngalo mzekelo wokuziphatha ngokudibeneyo kweMonsanto "emva kokusetyenziswa," intsingiselo yesenzo sikaMonsanto esenzeka emva kokuba uHardeman eyekile ukusebenzisa iRoundup.

Ujaji Chhabria ngaphambili wagweba ukuba ubungqina obumalunga neenzame zokuhlazisa uSeralini babungenakwaziswa ngenxa yokuba ezo nzame zenzekile emva kokusetyenziswa kukaHardeman ngeRoundup kwaye ke ngekhe kumchaphazele.

NgoLwesithathu, Chhabria ikwalawula Obo bungqina bemizamo kaMonsanto yokujongela phantsi i-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza emva kokuba ichaze i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen enokwenzeka ukuba ayizukufakwa kwisigaba sesibini solingo kuba senzekile emva kokuphela kokusetyenziswa kuka-Hardeman's Roundup.

Njengamacala omabini alungiselela inqanaba lesibini, ukungabikho kwesigqibo esikhawulezileyo sejaji akukhombisi kakuhle kuHardeman. Amagqwetha akhe ayenethemba lokuthatha isigqibo ngamxhelo mnye ngabagwebi endaweni yabo. Nasiphi na isigqibo esenziwe yijaji masibe ngazwinye okanye ityala lingabhengezwa njengeliphambene.

Matshi 13, 2019

Ukuxoxa ngamatyala eJuri

(Uhlaziyo lwevidiyo)

(QAPHELA 5:45 pm ixesha lePasifiki-Ijaji ithathe umhlala-phantsi ngokuhlwa kungekho sigwebo. Iingxoxo zokuqhubeka kwakhona ngolwesiHlanu.)

Ujaji Chhabria uyalele amagqwetha omabini amacala ukuba akulungele ukwenza ingxelo yokuvula kwesigaba sesibini setyala namhlanje ukuba amajoni angabuya ngale ntsasa ngesigwebo. Isigaba sesibini senzeka kuphela, nangona kunjalo, ukuba abachopheli-tyala baqala ngokufumana ngazwi linye kummangali uEdwin Hardeman kwisigaba sokuqala, esasijongana kuphela nombuzo woko.

Umbuzo ekufuneka uphendulwe kwifom yesigwebo sejaji ichanekile ngokuthe ngqo:

Ngaba uMnu.Hardeman wangqina ubungqina bokuba ukubonakaliswa kwakhe kwiRoundup yayiyinto ebalulekileyo ekubangeleni i-lymphoma yakhe engeyiyo iHodgkin?

Kuya kuthatha bonke abagwebi abathandathu ukuba baphendule ewe kulo mbuzo ukuze ityala liqhubeke. Ukuba abagwebi bahlulelene ngendlela abawuphendula ngayo umbuzo, ijaji ithe iyakubhengeza ukungaziphathi kakuhle.

Ijaji ikhokele abagwebi kwindlela yokuwuthathela ingqalelo loo mbuzo kunye nendlela yokuvavanya ubungqina obunikwe bona kwi Uluhlu lwephepha le-17 yemiyalelo.

Amajaji avumelekile ukuba acele ukujonga kwimiboniso ethile kunye neziqwenga zobungqina kodwa abavumelekanga ukuba babone ukubhalwa kweentsuku zangaphambili zobungqina. Ijaji yathi ukuba amajoni afuna ukuphonononga ubungqina bengqina elithile angacela ukuba ubungqina belo ngqina, okanye inxenye yobungqina bengqina, bafundelwe wona kodwa amagqwetha nejaji kuya kufuneka babekhona kuloo nto.

Ukuba abagwebi babuyisa isigwebo esivuna uHardeman ngolwesiThathu emva kwemini, iingxelo zokuvula zesigaba sesibini ziya kwenzeka ngolwesiHlanu.

U-Chhabria uzibambe ngamandla kwiingxoxo zokuvala ngolwe-Lwesibini, ethintela igqwetha likaHardeman u-Aimee Wagstaff ekuboniseni ifoto ka-Hardeman kunye nenkosikazi yakhe kwintetho yakhe yokuvala isilayidi. Uxelele uWagstaff ukuba le foto "ayichaphazeleki" kwaye wathi "akafuni kuva."
ukuqhubeka nokuxoxa ngale nto. ” Xa wayecela ingqiqo yakhe, u-Chhabria waphindaphinda inkolelo yakhe yokuba ayifanelekanga.

IMonsanto yafaka ifayile ye- isindululo sesigwebo esithe ngqo NgoLwesibini, ephikisa ukuba uHardeman unike ubungqina "obaneleyo," kwaye uhlasele ngokuthembekileyo ugqirha wezifo uDennis Weisenburger, elinye lamangqina aziingcali zikaHardeman. UMgwebi Chhabria wasikhaba isindululo. 

Ngokwahlukeneyo, ezayo IPilliod V. Ityala leMonsanto KwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Alameda County e-Oakland yayijonge iqula lamatyala elinabantu abangaphezulu kwama-200. Baceba ukukhetha i-17, enejuri ezili-12 kunye nezinye iindlela ezintlanu. Ityala alinakuqala de kube ngoMatshi 27 okanye ngoMatshi 28 ngenxa yenkqubo ende yokukhetha ijaji.

Matshi 12, 2019

Inkxalabo malunga neMiyalelo yeJaji yeJaji

(Umbhalo ovela kwiinkqubo zanamhlanje)

(QAPHELA, nge-3 emva kwemini ixesha lePasifiki-Iingxoxo zokuvala zigqityiwe. Ijaji ifumene imiyalelo yengxoxo.)

Ukuvalwa kweengxoxo kuyaqhubeka ngoLwesibini. Kwisigaba sokuqala sikaHardeman V. Monsanto owamisa ummangali u-Edwin Hardeman amagqwetha akhupha isichaso esomeleleyo kwizicwangciso zikaJaji Vince Chhabria zokuyalela ijaji malunga nendlela yokuwujonga umba we-causation.

Indlela uChhabria ayibeke ngayo imiyalelo yakhe yenza ukuba "akunakwenzeka" ukuba uHardeman aphumelele, igqwetha uJennifer Moore wabhala encwadini kumgwebi. Umthetho waseCalifornia ubeka imiyalelo yokuba ukubangelwa kubangelwa xa into okanye isenzo "sisinto esibalulekileyo" ekubangeleni iziphumo. Kodwa imiyalelo yejaji ifuna abachopheli-tyala ukuba bafumane ukuba i-Roundup yayiyeyona nto yabangela ukuba i-Hardeman's non-Hodgkin lymphoma, u-Moore waphikisa.

Ujaji Chhabria uphendule ngokuthi akakwazi ukunika "umyalelo oqhelekileyo we-causation waseCalifornia" kuba amagqwetha ommangali ahlulekile ukubonisa ubungqina bokuba umhlaza kaHardeman ubangelwe zizinto ezininzi. Uye wathi, nangona kunjalo, angayiguqula kancinane imiyalelo ukuzama ukulungisa iingxaki. Kwi umyalelo wokugqibela U-Chhabria wongeze amagama athi into ebalulekileyo "akufuneki ibengoyena nobangela womonakalo."

UMonsanto uphikisile ukuba umhlaza kaHardeman awubangelwa kukuvezwa kweyeza elibulala iglosifosate kodwa kunokwenzeka ngenxa yesifo sesibindi uC Hardeman ebenaso iminyaka emininzi.

Esi sisixhobo esincinci esinomdla kwimiyalelo yejaji:

Okwangoku, kolandelayo IPilliod V. Ityala leMonsanto, ukumanyelwa kwesindululo kunye nokuxoxwa kwamabango obunzima kwabo baya kuba lijaji kuqala kwiveki ezayo kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Alameda County e-Oakland, hayi kude nedolophu yaseSan Francisco apho ityala likaHardeman lisenokuqhubeka ukuba liya kwinqanaba lesibini.

Iingxelo zokuvula kwityala le-Pilliod zingaqala ngo-Matshi 21 kodwa kunokwenzeka ukuba zenzeke ngo-Matshi 25 okanye kamva kuxhomekeke ekubeni inkqubo yokukhetha ijaji ithatha ixesha elingakanani.

Matshi 11, 2019

IHepatitis C kunye… noHugh Grant?

(Jonga uhlaziyo lwevidiyo apha)

(Umbhalo oqhubekayo kule mihlas)

Iqela lezomthetho likaMonsanto ngoMvulo libonise ubungqina bukaGqirha Alexandra Levine, ugqirha wezifo zegazi / oncologist kwiSixeko seThemba iZiko loMhlaza eliPheleleyo, efuna ukukholisa ijaji ukuba ukubhencwa kwi-glyphosate-based herbicides yayingengonobangela womhlaza kaHardeman, kwaye I-hepatitis C Hardeman yayineminyaka emininzi. U-Levine wangqina ukuba ubone “ezininzi, ezininzi, amawaka ezigulana ezine-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma,” kwaye uthathwa njengengcali kweso sifo.

Ujaji Chhabria uthe kwiveki ephelileyo angathanda ukubona inqanaba lokuqala letyala lisongwa kwiveki ephelileyo, ethetha ukuba ityala kufanele ukuba lixoxwe kungekudala. Isigwebo sifuna ukuba bonke abagwebi abathandathu bavumelane ekufumaneni kwabo malunga nokuba ukubonwa kukaHardeman kwiRoundup "bekuyinto ebalulekileyo" ebangela umhlaza wakhe. Ijaji iya kuchazela amajaji ukuba kuthetha ntoni oko. (Jonga ukungena kwangoLwesihlanu ngeenkcukacha ezithe kratya.)

Ukuba ijaji ayihambisani nesigqibo sokuba nguHardeman okanye uMonsanto ke ityala liya kuba yimpazamo. U-Chhabria ukwathe ukuba oko kuyenzeka ucinga ngokuzama kwakhona ngoMeyi.

Ukuba ijaji ifumene i-Hardeman kwi-causation, ityala liza kukhawuleza liye kwiSigaba II lisebenzisa i-jury efanayo. Kwaye kulapho izinto ziya kuqala khona ukuba nomdla. Amagqwetha kaHardeman cwangcisa ukubiza Abaphathi abaninzi beMonsanto kubungqina, kubandakanya owayenguSihlalo weMonsanto kunye ne-CEO uHugh Grant. UGrant uchithe ngaphezulu kweminyaka engama-35 kule nkampani kwaye wabizwa njenge-CEO ngo-2003. Wayekhokela le nkampani de yayokufunyanwa yiBayer AG kwihlobo ephelileyo.

Ukongeza, amagqwetha kaHardeman acwangcisa ukubiza uRoger McClellan, umhleli wephepha lezenzululwazi Uphengululo oluBalulekileyo kwiToxicology (CRT), epapashe uthotho lwamaphepha ngoSeptemba 2016 owakhalimela ukufunyanwa yi-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza (IARC) efumanisa ukuba i-glyphosate yinto enokubangela i-carcinogen yabantu. Amaphepha ekuthiwa abhalwe ngoososayensi abazimeleyo abafumanise ukuba ubunzima bobungqina babonisa ukuba umbulali wokhula wayengenakufane abeke emngciphekweni we-carcinogenic ebantwini.

kunjalo, Amaxwebhu angaphakathi eMonsanto bonisa ukuba amaphepha acacisiwe kwasekuqaleni njengesicwangciso seMonsanto sokuhlazisa i-IARC. Enye yeenzululwazi eziphambili zeMonsanto kungekuphela nje yahlaziya le mibhalo-ngqangi kodwa sasinesandla ekuyileni nasekuhleleni, nangona oko kungakhange kuvezwe yiCRT.

Amagqwetha kaHardeman ongezelelweyo athi acwangcise ukufowuna UDoreen Manchester, ye-CropLife America, umbutho we-agrochemical's lobbying umbutho. Indima kaManchester kwiCropLife ibisoloko inceda “ukukhokela kumanyano lwaseburhulumenteni nakwelikarhulumente ukuxhasa imiba yolawulo lwezinambuzane.”

Matshi 8, 2019

Isigaba soku-1 Sisondela esiphelweni, iijaji ziyacamngca ngemiyalelo yejaji

(Umbhalo ovela kwiinkqubo zanamhlanje)

Amagqwetha ommangali u-Edwin Hardeman aphumle ityala labo ngolwe-Sihlanu, enika uMonsanto ithuba lokubeka amangqina akhe kwesi sigaba sokuqala setyala.

Ujaji Chhabria uxele ukuba angathanda ukubona inqanaba lokuqala letyala lisongwa ekuqaleni kwiveki ezayo, kwaye uyalele amagqwetha omabini amacala ukuba akulungele ukuxoxa nokuxoxa. iiseti ezimbini zemiyalelo ecetywayo ukuze anike ijaji malunga neengxoxo malunga nenkcazo ye "causation."

Ityala likaHardeman ukuba livunyelwe ukuba liqhubele phambili kwiSigaba 2 apho kunokunikezelwa ngomonakalo, iqela lamajaji amathandathu kufuneka livume ngokufanayo ekufumaneni ukuba iRoundup ibangele ukuba ingeyo-Hodgkin lymphoma, ke imiyalelo yejaji malunga nendlela ichazwa ngayo into yingongoma ebalulekileyo.

Inketho yokuqala yejaji ifundeka ngolu hlobo lulandelayo: “Ukuphumelela kumbandela wonyango, Mnu. Hardeman kufuneka abonakalise ngokubonisa kwangaphambili ubungqina bokuba iRoundup yayiyeyona nto ibalulekileyo ekubangeleni i-lymphoma yakhe engeyiyo iHodgkin. Into ebaluleke kakhulu yinto umntu oqiqayo anokucinga ukuba ibenegalelo kulonzakalo. Imelwe kukuba ngaphezulu kokude okanye into encinci. Ukuba ugqiba kwelokuba uMnu.Hardeman ubonakalisile ukuba ukubonakaliswa kwakhe kwiRoundup yayiyinto ebalulekileyo ekubangeleni i-NHL yakhe, ke kuya kufuneka ufumanise uMnu Hardeman nokuba uyakholelwa nabanye oothunywashe abasemngciphekweni. ”

Ukhetho lwesibini lwejaji lunemigca emithathu yokuqala njengokhetho lokuqala kodwa ke longeze oku: “Ukuziphatha akuyonto ibalulekileyo ekonzakaleni ukuba ukwenzakala okufanayo bekuya kwenzeka ngaphandle kwendlela yokuziphatha. "

Ukhetho 2 lutshintsha umgca wokugqibela wemiyalelo kuthiwe: “Nangona kunjalo, ukuba ugqiba kwelokuba uMnu. Hardeman uqinisekisile ukuba ukubonakaliswa kwakhe kwiRoundup kwakwanele ukubangela i-NHL yakhe, kuya kufuneka ufumanise uMnu Hardeman nokuba uyakholelwa ukuba ezinye izinto ezinobungozi zazanele ukubangela i-NHL yakhe. ”

Inxalenye enkulu yokuzikhusela kukaMonsanto yile ukucebisa ukuba ezinye izinto zingangunobangela womhlaza kaHardeman, kubandakanya umzabalazo we-hepatitis C. Iqela likaHardeman lithe waphiliswa ngo-2006 wesifo sokudumba kwesibindi C kodwa iqela likaMonsanto lithi umonakalo weseli kwi-hepatitis wawunokuba negalelo kumhlaza wakhe.

Ingqina lengcali yeMonsanto uGqirha Daniel Arber  Kwingxelo yakhe yangaphambi kokuvavanywa kwetyala Ubhale ukuba uHardeman unemingcipheko emininzi ye-NHL, wathi: "Akukho nto ibonisa ukuba i-Roundup idlale nayiphi na indima kuphuhliso lwe-NHL yakhe, kwaye akukho zimpawu zibonisa ukuba unobangela we-lymphoma yakhe."

Ujaji Chhabria ugwebe ukuba u-Arber akanakho ukungqina ukuba i-hepatitis C ibangele i-NHL ka-Hardeman kodwa bulawula ngoLwesine ukuba u-Arber unokuchaza ukuba ukubonwa kukaHardeman ixesha elide kwi-hepatitis C kumshiye esemngciphekweni wokuphuhlisa i-NHL nasemva kokuba intsholongwane yakhe inyangwe ngempumelelo.

Amaxwebhu amatsha aliqela afayilisiwe ngawo omabini amaqela anxulumene nobungqina kunye nemiyalelo yejaji. Bona kwi Iphepha leMonsanto Amaphepha eHardeman.

Matshi 7, 2019

UMgwebi Unamagama Angqwabalala eMonsanto

UJaji Vince Chhabria ikhuphe impendulo ehlabayo Isindululo sikaMonsanto sokugweba ngesishwankathelo ngoLwesine, echaza ngokomyalelo wakhe wokuba kukho ubungqina obuninzi bokuba inkampani ye-glyphosate herbicides- eyile Roundup- inokubangela umhlaza kommangali uEdwin Hardeman. 

"Ukuthatha umzekelo omnye," ijaji yabhala, "isifundo seDe Roos (2003) sixhasa isigqibo sokuba iglyphosate iyinto enobungozi kwi-NHL, ukanti iMonsanto iyasilela ukuyikhankanya. IMonsanto ayinakuphumelela kwisindululo sesishwankathelo ngokutyeshela ubungqina obuninzi. ” 

Uye wathi "bukhona ubungqina obaneleyo" bokuxhasa isohlwayo somonakalo kwiMonsanto ukuba ijaji ifumana uHardeman. 

"Abamangali baveze ubungqina obuninzi bokuba iMonsanto ayikhange ithathe uxanduva, indlela ejongene nokhuseleko kwimveliso yayo," utshilo uJaji Chhabria kwisigwebo sakhe. 

Ijaji iqukumbele ngelithi: "Nangona ubungqina bokuba i-Roundup ibangela umhlaza bungalingani, bukhona ubungqina obunamandla apho ijaji inokugqiba kwelokuba iMonsanto ayikhathali nokuba imveliso yayo inika abantu umhlaza, ijolise ekusebenziseni uluvo loluntu kunye nokujongela phantsi Nabani na ophakamisa inkxalabo yokwenene nesemthethweni malunga nalo mbandela. ”

Akukho Tyala Namhlanje, kodwa ibali malunga novavanyo lokugqibela

(NGAPHAMBILI: Amaqela asombulule isimangalo ngaphandle kwenkundla ngoNovemba 2019.)

Ukuphumelela kwimbali ephelileyo kwihlobo lase-California u-Dewayne "Lee" Johnson ngaphezulu kweMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo omtsha uBayer wenza iindaba kwihlabathi liphela kwaye wenza amanye amagqwetha kaJohnson abadumileyo kwizangqa zomthetho, ewawonga amabhaso kunye nodumo lwamanye amazwe.

Kodwa ngasemva kwembonakalo yoloyiso, emva kwetyala lokuqala lokuqala lomhlaza eRoundup laphosa amagqwetha kaJohnson kwidabi elisemthethweni elilelabo, ngezityholo zokuzenzela izinto, "ukunganyaniseki nokungaziphathi kakuhle," kunye nokunyelisa. 

Kwityala nakwibango eliphikisayo elifakwe kwiNkundla yeSekethe yeOrange County eVirginia, iMiller Law Firm ityhola igqwetha uTim Litzenburg, umntu owayengummeli wokuqala kaJohnson, ngokubamba ulwazi lwabathengi oluyimfihlo ngenjongo yokuseka inkampani yakhe eyahlukileyo, nanjengoko wayengaphumeleli ukubonisa iintlanganiso zokulungiselela ityala likaJohnson. Isikhalazo sikwabonisa ukuba uLitzenburg uvumile ukusebenzisa iziyobisi ngexesha likaJohnson.

Isikhalazo sathi: "Amalungu aliqela eqela likaMnu. Johnson. “Xa wayevumelekile ukuphikisa isindululo phambi kweNkundla…. ukuhanjiswa kwakhe kwakudidekile kwaye kungahambelani. Amalungu eqela elichopheleyo ayenexhala lokuba uMnu. Litzenburg wayephantsi kwempembelelo yeziyobisi egumbini lenkundla… ”

Ityala ngokwalo laphela liphethwe ngamanye amagqwetha kwaye i-Litzenburg yayingekho xa kuvalwa ityala okanye umhla apho ijaji yabuyisa isigwebo se-289 yezigidi ngokuchasene neMonsanto.

Malunga nenyanga enye kamva, nge-11 kaSeptemba 2018, iMiller Firm yaphelisa ingqesho yaseLitzenburg, kugwetywa.

I-Litzenburg, ngoku eliqabane lenkampani ye IKincheloe, iLitzenburg kunye nePendleton, waziphika zonke izityholo kwaye wafaka ibango eliphikisayo elityhola ukungcoliswa komntu kunye nokuphazamiseka ngabom kwimicimbi yakhe yeshishini.  

I-Litzenburg iqinisekisa ukuba amabango e-The Miller Firm ngokuchasene naye "anomdla kwaye ahlala eyintsomi" kwaye kungenxa yokoyika kwe-Miller Firm ukuba bazakuphulukana nabathengi be-Roundup kwinkampani entsha ye-Litzenburg. Ubanga ukuba unikwe i-1 yezigidi zeedola ngumsunguli oqinileyo uMike Miller ukuba ahambe kude nabathengi bakhe beRoundup kodwa wasala isipho.

IMiller Firm kunye neLitzenburg bazakuqala ukubonakala kwityala labo e-Orenji, eVirginia ngoMeyi 28.  

Matshi 6, 2019

Kukusondela esiphelweni sesiGaba sokuQala

(Umbhalo osusela namhlanje inkqubo)

Ingqina lengcali lommangali uGqirha Dennis Weisenburger wayexilongwa ngolwe-Lwesithathu ngamagqwetha aseMonsanto emva kobungqina obuthe ngqo bexhoba lomhlaza uEdwin Hardeman. Amagqwetha kaHardeman athi sele eza kusondela esiphelweni sesigaba sokuqala sokuveza ityala labo.

U-Weisenburger, ugqirha wezifo ogxile ekufundeni oonobangela be-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, wangqina ngolwe-Lwesibini ngaphezulu kweeyure ezine, ehamba ngee-jurors ngobungqina benzululwazi athi ibonisa ukuba i-Roundup herbicide kaMonsanto "ingunobangela omkhulu" womhlaza kubantu abatyhilekileyo. Walandela ubungqina bukaHardeman, owayethethe ixesha elingaphantsi kweyure ephantsi kovavanyo oluthe ngqo malunga nokusebenzisa kwakhe iRoundup amashumi eminyaka ngaphambi kokuba afumane isifo somhlaza kwi-2016.

Guardian waphinda ubungqina bukaHardeman apho wathi watshiza iRoundup kanye ngenyanga kangangeeyure ezintathu ukuya kwezine ngexesha elijikeleze ipropathi yakhe kwaye ngamanye amaxesha wayeziva ngathi inkungu yemichiza iqhuma kulusu lwakhe.

Amagqwetha ommangali kulindeleke ukuba aphumle ityala labo namhlanje kodwa ubungqina buka Weisenburger bubaleke ixesha elide kangangokuba ngoku baceba ukuliphumula ityala xa inkundla iqhubeka ngolwe-Sihlanu. Akukho nkqubo icwangciselwe uLwesine.

Jonga amaxwebhu aphathelele kubungqina kwi Iphepha leMonsanto Papers.

Ngokwahlukeneyo, amagqwetha ahlanganisene kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Alameda ukuze amamele "uSargon" ngaphambi kokuqala kuka-Matshi 18 UPilliod V. Monsanto.Ityala likaPilliod liza kuba lelesithathu ukuya kwilingo elicela umngeni iMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo omtsha uBayer ngaphezulu kwesityholo se-carcinogenicity yeemveliso zeRoundup. Jonga amaxwebhu ePilliod kule khonkco.

Matshi 5, 2019

IHardeman yokuNgqina, iJuror yokuGula okanye hayi

(Umbhalo ovela kwiinkqubo zanamhlanje)

Emva kwekhefu lobungqina ngoMvulo ngenxa yejaji egulayo, ixhoba lomhlaza uEdwin Hardeman kulindeleke ukuba athathe indawo namhlanje kwityala eliqhubekayo lomhlaza eRoundup kwinkundla yomanyano eSan Francisco. Ubungqina bakhe kulindeleke ukuba bube ngaphantsi kweyure.

Ujaji Chhabria ubonise ukuba ityala liza kuqhubeka nanamhlanje ngaphandle kwegqwetha labasetyhini ukuba uyagula. Ngamajaji amathandathu kuphela ekufuneka ityala liqhubele phambili kwaye kungoku nje asixhenxe.

Uvavanyo olungqalileyo lukaHardeman, amagqwetha akhe acwangcise ukuzisa inkundla i-2-gallon, pump-up sprayer ukubonisa indlela ayisebenzisa ngayo i-Roundup kwipropathi yakhe iminyaka; indlela ukubonakaliswa kwakhe okuphindaphindiweyo kwenzeka ngayo. Amagqwetha eMonsanto ngoMvulo aye afuna ukusicwangcisa isicwangciso sokutshiza, esithi “iyakumema ijaji ukuba yenze naluphi na uhlobo lokuthelekelela malunga nokuba ukusetyenziswa kwesitshizi kunokuba nefuthe elinjani…” kodwa uChhabria wema kwicala lamagqwetha kaHardeman, esithi uyabavumela umboniso omfutshane ngesitshizi. Ude wenza isiqhulo:

INKUNDLA: Ndiyathetha, isikhokelo esinye esincedayo endinokukunika ngoku kukuba abaMangali abavumelekanga ukukutshiza ngesitshizi.
NKSK. UMATTHEWS (igqwetha leMonsanto): Kulungile.
INKUNDLA: Kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo abavumelekanga ukuba banditshize ngesitshizi.

Kwelinye inyathelo eliqhwatyelwe izandla liqela lezomthetho likaHardeman, uChhabria uthe ngoMvulo ubungqina malunga "nengxelo kaParry" bunokuziswa kubameli. UMonsanto wakhanyela kodwa ijaji yavumelana nommangali "ukuba kuvulwe umnyango kwingxelo kaParry" yimizamo kaMonsanto yokuphikisa ubungqina bokubulawa kwe-genotoxicity kunye ne-glyphosate herbicides. UGqirha James Parry wayengumcebisi oqeshwe yiMonsanto kwii-1990s ukujonga ubunzima bezinto ezinxamnye ne-genotoxicity eziphakanyiswe ngelo xesha ngoososayensi bangaphandle. Ingxelo kaParry yacebisa ukuba iMonsanto yenze izifundo ezongezelelweyo "ukucacisa umsebenzi onokubakho we-genotoxic" weglyphosate.

Jonga le snippet ukusuka Ingxoxo yangoMvulo kwesi sihloko:

INKUNDLA: Kulungile. Ewe, iMonsanto inengxelo evela kugqirha
ukuba iqeshe lonto- iphakamise inkxalabo malunga
genotoxicity yeglyphosate. Ke kubonakala kum ukuba u - sele uthethile into kwijaji-nangaphambi kokuba sifike kwesesibini
inqaku, sele uthethile into kwi-jury ephikisanayo kwinqanaba nguxwebhu lwangaphakathi lweMonsanto. Kwaye kutheni le nto bekungafanelekanga ukuba babeka ukungathandabuzeki kwisimangalo sikaMonsanto kwi-jury yokuba i-genotox ayinandaba nokuqinisekisa ukuba uMonsanto waqesha ugqirha- okanye waqesha
Ingcali yokujonga umba we-genotoxicity kwi-90s yasemva kwexesha kwaye ingcali yaphakamisa inkxalabo malunga ne-genotoxicity? … Ndiyathetha, iMonsanto yona iphande nge-genotox-yaqesha umntu oza kuphanda i-genotox, kwaye loo mntu wagqiba kwelokuba i-genotox -kungenzeka ukuba yi-genotoxic.

Emva kobungqina bukaHardeman, emva koko ube yingcali ingqina uDennis Weisenburger, Unjingalwazi weSebe lePathology leZiko lezeMpilo leSixeko sase-Omaha, Nebraska.

Matshi 4, 2019

Uxhoba lomhlaza ukuba ume endaweni yokuma (hayi.)

(Umbhalo ovela kwiinkqubo zanamhlanje)

Ummangali uEdwin Hardeman wayecwangciselwe ukuthatha indawo namhlanje kunye nengcali ingqina uDennis Weisenburger, Unjingalwazi weSebe lePathology leZiko lezeMpilo leSixeko sase-Omaha, Nebraska.

Kodwa elinye igqwetha kubonakala ngathi ligula kakhulu ukuba linyamezele usuku olude lokuvavanywa kobungqina.

U-Weisenburger, ojolise kakhulu kufundo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), wayelingqina eliphambili kwichibi labamangali kunyaka ophelileyo xa wayenikela ubungqina phambi kweJaji uVince Chhabria njengoko ijaji yayilinganisa ngoko okanye hayi ukuvumela ubunzima beRoundup amabango omhlaza aya phambili. I-Weisenburger ipapashe ngaphezulu kwama-50 amaphepha kwiijenali ezijongwe ngoontanga malunga nezizathu zeNHL.

Phambi kweendaba zokulibaziseka kwetyala, abamangali babelindele ukuba bayokulibeka kwakhona ityala labo ngolwe-Lwesibini, amangqina kaMonsanto ayemile ngoLwesithathu. Isigaba sokuqala setyala belilindelwe ukuba sigqitywe ngolwesiHlanu okanye ngoMvulo, utshilo amagqwetha.

Ityala liza kuhamba kwisigaba sesibini ukuba abagwebi baqale bavuma ukuba ukubonakaliswa kukaHardeman kwiRoundup yayingunobangela we-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

U-Hardeman wasebenzisa i-Roundup ukusuka ekunyangeni ukhula kunye nokugqithisa kwipropathi ye-acre ezingama-56 yena kunye nenkosikazi yakhe kwi-Sonoma County. Uye waxela ukuba usebenzisa iRoundup kunye / okanye nemveliso ezinxulumene neMonsanto ukusuka ngo-1986 ukuya ku-2012. UHardeman wafunyaniswa ene-B-cell NHL ngoFebruwari ka-2015.

Ngaphandle kwejaji ekhoyo ijaji ijolise kwingxoxo yobungqina obuninzi bamagqwetha kaHardeman afuna ukwazisa kwisigaba sokuqala, esithi uMonsanto "wavula umnyango" wobungqina bokuba kungenjalo akuvumelekanga. Bona i Ingxoxo yommangali yokwazisa ubungqina obunxulumene nesifundo sempuku esinempikiswano esivela kwii-1980s, kunye nobungqina obunxulumene iinkxalabo ze-genotoxicity ephakanyiswe ngumcebisi weMonsanto, ngokuchaseneyo, Isikhundla sikaMonsanto kwisifundo sempuku kunye Umcimbi wobuchwephesha.

Abantu kwihlabathi liphela bayalandela ukuxoxwa kwetyala, kwaye isigqibo sejaji kwiveki ephelileyo sokugweba igqwetha elikhokelayo likaHardeman u-Aimee Wagstaff kuthiwa libangele ukhukula kwe-imeyile evela kumagqwetha nakwabanye abantu ababonelela ngenkxaso kwaye bavakalise ingqumbo ngesenzo sejaji.

Matshi 1, 2019

Into yokuhlafuna

(Umbhalo ovela kwiinkqubo zanamhlanje)

Nantsi ingxoxo enomdla yokuhlafuna ngempelaveki. Ngokujonga ukuphathwa ngokungaqhelekanga kukaJaji Vince Chhabria kwityala lokuqala lomhlaza we-Roundup ukuba lize kwinkundla yomanyano, (jonga ungeniso lwangaphambili lokubhabha kunye neminye imvelaphi) kunye ne-vitriol awayethethe ngayo nommangali u-Edwin Hardeman kwezomthetho, uninzi lwababukeli ubuziwe- yintoni enika? Ukuqhekeka, isigqibo sakhe sokugweba umcebisi okhokelayo, isoyikiso sakhe sokuligxotha ngokupheleleyo eli tyala, kunye nezimvo zakhe eziphindaphindwayo malunga nendlela ubungqina "bentshutshiso" bommangali, ngokucacileyo obubonakala buxhasa ukuzikhusela kukaMonsanto, ubuncinci kumanqanaba okuqala olingo. Ngaba kunokwenzeka ukuba kubekho unxibelelwano phakathi kweChabria neMonsanto?

I-Chhabria inemvelaphi entle ye-stellar. Uzalelwe kwaye wakhulela eCalifornia, wafumana isidanga sakhe somthetho ngo-1998 kwiDyunivesithi yaseCalifornia, eBerkeley School of Law, waphumelela ngembeko. Usebenze njengonobhala wezomthetho kwiijaji ezimbini zomdibaniso kunye nakwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yezoBulungisa uStephen Breyer kwaye wasebenza njengendibaniselwano yeefemu ezimbini zomthetho ngaphambi kokujoyina iOfisi yeGqwetha leSan Francisco City apho ebesebenza khona ukusukela ngo-2005 ukuya ku-2013. Wonyulwa nguMongameli u-Obama esihlalweni uyibambe ngoku ngehlobo lowe-2013.

Kodwa okubangela umdla kukuba, enye yeefemu zomthetho apho uChhabria wayesebenza khona iphakamise iinkophe. ICovington kunye neBurling, I-LLP, ngumkhuseli owaziwayo weendlela ezahlukeneyo zomdibaniso, kubandakanya iMonsanto Co Covington Ingxelo yesixhobo ekuncedeni iMonsanto ikhusele ngokuchasene nayo iinkxalabo zeshishini lobisi ngaphezulu kwenkxaso yokwenziwa kweenkomo yokukhulisa i-bovine, eyaziwa ngokuba yi-rBGH (yehomoni ekhulayo yokukhulisa iinkomo) okanye igama lePosilac.

U-Chhabria wasebenza e-firm phakathi kwe-2002-2004, ixesha apho idabi laseMonsanto elisemthethweni malunga nePosilac lalikwigiya ephezulu. Ifemu yayi Kuxelwe ukuba ubandakanyekile kulo mbandela ngokuyinxenye "ngokuthumela iileta phantse kubo bonke abavelisi bezobisi baseMelika, belumkisa ukuba bajongane neziphumo ezinokubakho kwezomthetho ukuba babiza iimveliso zabathengi" njengeRBGH-Simahla. "

ICovington mhlawumbi yaziwa kakhulu ngomsebenzi wayo kwishishini lecuba. Ijaji eMinnesota ngo-1997 Walawula ukuba ifemu wayeyikhathalele ngabom imiyalelo yenkundla yokuguqula amaxwebhu athile aphathelele kumabango okuba ishishini lecuba lenze iyelenqe leminyaka engama-40 lokulahlekisa uluntu malunga nefuthe lezempilo lokutshaya nokufihla uphando lwezenzululwazi olonakalisayo kuluntu.

Kungekudala ngaphambi kokuba u-Obama akhethe i-Chhabria kwisigwebo sakhe sobumbano, uninzi lwamagqwetha ase-Covington nase-Burling athathe amabala kulawulo, kubandakanya iGqwetha Jikelele u-Eric Holder kunye nosekela-ntloko yabasebenzi UDaniel Suleiman. MnaKuxelwe ukuba abasebenzi beenkampani zomthetho banegalelo elingaphezulu kweedola ezingama-340,000 kwiphulo lika-Obama.

Ukuhlala kukaChhabria eCovington kwakumfutshane, ukuze uqiniseke. Akukho bungqina bubonakalayo I-Chhabria yakhe yamela iimfuno zikaMonsanto ngokuthe ngqo. Kodwa akangomntu ongaziwayo kwilizwe lamandla kunye nefuthe. Indlela amachaphaza adityaniswa ngayo kule meko akukacaci.

Februwari 28, 2019

Uvavanyo luthatha usuku

NgoLwesine ziintsuku 'ezimnyama' kuvavanyo lomhlaza we-Roundup, okuthetha ukuba amagqwetha, amagqwetha kunye namangqina banosuku lokubamba umoya kunye nokuzidibanisa. Kwaye emva kokukhawuleza kunye nomsindo kwiintsuku ezintathu zokuqala kwetyala, banokusebenzisa ikhefu.

Emva kokuphulukana nelinye igqwetha ngoLwesithathu ekuseni, laqhubeka ityala ngobungqina bengqina lobuchwephe lengqina kunye nososayensi wangaphambili wase-US uChristopher Portier. Ubungqina babonelelwa ngevidiyo erekhodwe e-Australia kwiveki ephelileyo.

Ngexesha lekhefu emva kwemini kubungqina bukaPortier, uJaji Chhabria uthathe umzuzwana ukuzichaza ngezimvo ezithile azenzileyo kummangali omkhulu u-Aimee Wagstaff ngolwe-Lwesibini phambi emgweba ngento ayithethileyo kukungaziphathi kakuhle kwingxelo yakhe yokuvula kwijaji. (jonga kuqala ukungena kwebhlog ngeenkcukacha.)

Oku kulandelayo yinkcazo emfutshane:

INKUNDLA: Phambi kokuba sizise ijaji, ndifuna njalo
yenza ingxelo ekhawulezayo kuNks. Wagstaff.
Bendibonisa ukuva kwe-OSC phezolo, kwaye mna
Ndifuna ukucacisa into ibenye. Ndinike uluhlu lwezizathu zokuba kutheni
ndicinga ukuba indlela oziphethe ngayo ibiyinjongo, kwaye esinye sezizathu
Ngaba ububonakala ngathi uzilungiselele kwangaphambili -
ungafumana ixesha elinzima lokophula umthetho
izigwebo. Ukuchaza oko, ndisebenzise igama elithi "steely," kwaye mna
Ndifuna ukuyicacisa into ebendithetha ngayo.
Ndisebenzisa ngokuzithemba njengesichazi sokuzi-ayina,
oko kukuthi uzilungiselele into enzima kwaye
engathandekiyo. Inqaku lam yayikukuba andibonanga ndothukile kuwe
inxalenye; nanjengoko amagqwetha esiba ngathi ayothuka xa ekho
ndityholwa ngokwaphula imithetho yamatyala, oko kwakufanelekile kum
kumcimbi wenjongo. Kodwa u "steely" unenye intsingiselo njenge
Kulungile, eyona nto imbi kakhulu. Kwaye ndifuna ukukuqinisekisa
ayisiyiyo intsingiselo ebendiyisebenzisa okanye nam bendingenguye
ukucebisa nantoni na malunga neempawu zakho ngokubanzi.
Ke ndiyazi ukuba uyaqhubeka ukungavumelani nomthetho wam kunye nowam
Iziphumo malunga nenjongo, kodwa bendifuna ukuyenza loo nto
kucace.
NKSK. WAGSTAFF: Enkosi, Mbeko.

Februwari 27, 2019

Izisongelo zoMthetho kunye neeJokes zeJaji

(QAPHELA-Elinye igqwetha lisandul 'ukugxothwa. Elinye lamatyala asixhenxe abasetyhini lagxothwa kwinkqubo yentsasa. Oko kushiya indoda enye kunye nabasetyhini abathandathu. Kufuneka abagwebi abathandathu kwaye bonke kufuneka babe ngazwinye kwisigwebo sabo.)

Njengomhla wesithathu uvulwa kwityala lokuqala lomdibaniso malunga neemveliso zikaMonsanto zeRoundup zinokubangela umhlaza, iJaji yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria ukwenze kwacaca ukuba akalithandi iqela lezomthetho lika-Edwin Hardeman.

Chhabria ngolwe-Lwesibini ikhuphe isigqibo Esohlwaya igqwetha elikhokelayo likaHardeman uAimee Wagstaff malunga noko ijaji ikubone “njengezinto ezininzi zokuziphatha gwenxa,” wamhlawulisa i-500 yeedola kwaye emyalela ukuba anike uluhlu lwabo bonke abanye kwiqela lakhe abathathe inxaxheba ekuyileni ingxelo yakhe yokuvula ukuze abo baqondisi-mthetho nabo bohlwaywe. .

Emngciphekweni-iintetho ezahlukeneyo ezenziwe nguWagstaff ezithi iJaji uChhabria zigqithile kwizithintelo ezibekiweyo kubungqina obunokuviwa lijaji. I-Chhabria ifuna abagwebi beve kuphela malunga nobungqina besayensi ngaphandle komxholo malunga nokuziphatha kukaMonsanto befuna ukuphembelela irekhodi lesayensi kunye nolwazi lweziphumo ezithile zesayensi. Ukongeza, nangona bekungekho zithintelo kwindawo yokungeniswa kommangali u-Hardeman kwijaji, ijaji yaphikisana nendlela ka-Wagstaff yokwazisa kunye nenkcazo yendlela afunde ngayo ukuba une-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Kwiinkqubo zangoMvulo Umgwebi wawucacisa umsindo wakhe kuWagstaff, wamphazamisa amaxesha amaninzi njengoko wayethetha nejaji kwaye emyalela ukuba atshintshe intetho yakhe. Uye wayalela ijaji ngaphezulu kwesihlandlo esinye ukuba ingakuqwalaseli oko kuthethwa nguWagstaff njengobungqina.

Kwinkundla ngolwe-Lwesibini, wamohlwaya uWagstaff kwaye wathi uyayazi ukuba isenzo sakhe sijolise ngenjongo zokutyeshela imiyalelo yakhe kuba khange abune phantsi "kokumhlasela kakhulu" enkundleni ngoMvulo ngexesha lokuvula kwakhe.

Apha ngezantsi kukho icandelo labo Inkqubo evela ngoLwesibini. (Ukubhekisa kuMoore kuthetha ukuba uJennifer Moore, ongumcebisi ngokubambisana kwityala likaHardeman.)

INKUNDLA: Zonke iintolo zalatha koku ukuba kukukholelwa okubi, kubandakanya, ngendlela, indlela abasabela ngayo uNks. Wagstaff kwizichaso. Wayecacile ukuba ukulungele oko. Uye wazicacisa kakuhle ukuba ndizokuhla nzima kuye. Kwaye waye-kwityala lakhe mhlawumbi, wayezimisele kakhulu ekuphenduleni kokuza kwam nzima kuye kuba wayesazi ukuba kuyeza kwaye wazilungiselela oko.

NKSK. MOORE: Ewe, ndi-Hlonipha, andicingi ukuba ayilunganga; kwaye oko kusekwe kuqikelelo kwinxalenye yeNkundla.

INKUNDLA: Oko kusekwe kuqwalaselo lwam lomzimba kunye nembonakalo yobuso.

NKSK. WAGSTAFF: Ewe, enyanisweni, Mbeko, ndingathanda ukuthetha malunga naloo mzuzu omnye. Inyani yokuba ndinokuphatha usiza phambi kwejaji mayingasetyenziselwa ngokuchasene nam. Kudala ndiza phambi kwakho ngoku, yintoni, iminyaka emithathu. Ke ndiqhele olu nxibelelwano ukubuyela umva. Kwaye inyani yokuba ndizilungiselele nantoni na oyithethileyo kum-kwaye uphazamise intetho yam yokuvula amaxesha ambalwa elandelelana- akufuneki isetyenziswe ngokuchasene nam. Inyani yokuba ndizolile xa undihlasela, akufuneki isetyenziswe nxamnye nam.

INKUNDLA: Bendingakuhlaseli. Ndinyanzelisa imigaqo, imithetho yangaphambi kokuthethwa kwangaphambili.

NKSK. WAGSTAFF: Utshilo nje into yokuba ndikwazile ukuzenza ubungqina benjongo, kwaye oko akulunganga.

Amagqwetha abamangali kweli tyala akholelwa kwelokuba umyalelo wejaji wokwahlula ityala libe ngamanqanaba amabini kwaye ubuthintele kabukhali ubungqina abanokuthi babunike kwi-jury iyathandeka kakhulu kuMonsanto kwaye ibonakalisa amandla abo wokuhlangabezana nomthwalo wobungqina kwityala. Bakwatsho ukuba isikhokelo sejaji kubuphi ubungqina obunokungena kwaye yintoni engenakudida. Kwaye bachaza ukuba igqwetha likaMonsanto nalo kwizitatimenti zokuvula lazisa ubungqina obabungavunyelwanga ngumgwebi, nangona wayengavunyelwanga.

Apha ngezantsi kukho okungakumbi okusuka Inkqubo yangoLwesibini:

INKUNDLA: Kwaye oko-oko kufanelekile kwinjongo. Oko kuyahambelana nokholo olubi. Into yokuba abaKhalazi bayenze yacaca gca into yokuba banomdla wokufumana olu lwazi kwiSigaba sokuQala bubungqina bokuba yayingeyompazamo nje ukuba kwenzeke ukuba babeke olu lwazi kwiingxelo zabo zokuqala.

NKSK. MOORE: Hlonipha, khange nditsho ukuba besiphelelwe lithemba. Into ebendizama ukuyicacisa kukuba indlela yokumiselwa kwetyala ayiqhelekanga. Kwaye ndiyacinga, Mhloniphekileyo, ukuba uyaqonda ukuba emva kokuphuma komyalelo wokwenza umsebenzi ukuba le yimeko eyahlukileyo apho ulinganisela khona ityala xa sithetha ngemeko enje ngale kwisayensi kuphela kwisigaba sokuqala, kwaye ibangele ukudideka kumacala omabini endlela.

Ngokuqinisekileyo.

Ihlaya lomhla - ndixelelwe ligqwetha elinqwenela ukuhlala lingachazwanga:

Q: "Ngubani elona gqwetha libalaseleyo likaMonsanto?"

A: "UMgwebi Chhabria."

Februwari 25, 2019

Ukunikezela Ingxelo Kwinkundla Yamatyala

Amaxwebhu avela kuSuku 1 kwityala likaHardeman athunyelwe apha.

Jonga iTranscript yenkqubo.

khangela Ummangali weSilayidi sokuVula iSilayidi kwaye Idesika yeSilayidi yokuVula iMonsanto

3: 30 pm -Ijaji igxothiwe yijaji kodwa amagqwetha kwityala lomhlaza i-Roundup asathetha ngokuba ubungqina bunokusetyenziswa okanye bungenakusetyenziswa njani. Usacaphuka ngenxa yegqwetha lommangali u-Aimee Wagstaff onesibindi sokuthetha malunga ne-1983 @EPA dox ebonisa ukukhathazeka komhlaza nge-glyphosate.

Ujaji utyhola u-Aimee Wagstaff kwakhona esithi ufuna ukumohlwaya i-1,000, XNUMX yeedola kwaye mhlawumbi neqela lezomthetho lommangali. Ukubiza isenzo sakhe "sisidenge ngokumangalisayo."

2: 30emva kwemini Thumela uhlaziyo lwasemini:

  • Njengokuba ityala likaMonsanto Roundup lomhlaza liqala kwakhona, ingqina lommangali u-Beate Ritz uthetha namajaji malunga nomngcipheko, ixesha lokuzithemba kunye nokubaluleka kwezibalo zesayensi yomhlaza. Ichaphazela ixabiso lohlalutyo lweemeta. @Bayer
  • Ugqirha Ritz unika ubungqina malunga nezifundo ezahlukeneyo ezibonisa ukwanda komngcipheko womhlaza kwi-glyphosate exposure.
  • Ummangali uEdwin Hardeman kunye nenkosikazi yakhe babukele ngokuzolileyo, kodwa ngexesha lekhefu bavakalise ukukhathazeka ngenxa yokuba ingakanani iJaji uChhabria enobungqina obulinganiselweyo bokuva kwejaji.
  • Indlela eqinisekileyo yomlilo yokubonisa inkcaso evela @Bayer Monsanto amagqwetha kulingo lomhlaza we-Roundup: khankanya @IARCWHO udidi lwesayensi lwe-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen enokwenzeka.
  • Usuku lokuqala @Bayer Monsanto Uvavanyo lomhlaza we-Roundup uqukunjelwa emva kobungqina obude obuvela kwisazinzulu u-Beate Ritz ohamba ngeejuri ngophando olubonisa umngcipheko we-NHL ekuvezweni kwi-glyphosate herbicides. Ijaji ibulela abagwebi ngokunikela ingqalelo; ibaxelela ukuba bahlale kude namajelo eendaba.

  • Inye kuphela imini kunye novavanyo lomhlaza we-Roundup ephulukana nejuror. Omnye wala madoda mabini akwi-jury uthi usebenza nzima; akanakho ukulahlekelwa ngumvuzo wakhe. Oko kushiya abafazi abasi-7 kunye nendoda e-1 yokuthatha isigqibo kwityala. Isigwebo kufuneka sibe ngamxhelo-mnye ukuze ummangali aphumelele.

11: 38 amUbungqina bomsindo wejaji xa kuvulwa umjikelo wesilingo somhlaza kumanyano: i-odolo yommangali yommangali ukubonisa isizathu sokuba kutheni engafanelekanga ukuba ahlwaywe ngentsimbi yesi-8 ngokuhlwanje.

11: 10 am IMonsanto / iBayer isongele ukuvulwa kwayo kwaye ngoku ilungiselela ubungqina bokuqala, isazinzulu sommangali uBeate Ritz. Olunye uhlaziyo kwisiteyitimenti sokuvula:

  • Igqwetha lommangali lifuna ibarbar esecaleni njengoko ezo ngxelo zazithintelwe yimiyalelo yaphambi kwetyala kodwa ijaji yamoyisa.
  • Ngoku igqwetha laseMonsanto libonisa itshathi ngelixa ukusetyenziswa kwe-glyphosate kuye kwanda ngaphezu kwamashumi eminyaka, amaxabiso eNHL akakhange enze njalo. Uthi emva koko @IARCWHO kudweliso njenge-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen enokwenzeka @EPA kunye nabalawuli bamanye amazwe abavumelani.
  • Igqwetha lezokhuselo leMonsanto @Bayer kuluhlu; Ukuxelela amajoni konke malunga neSifundo seMpilo yezoLimo, esingakhange sibonakalise manyano phakathi kwe-glyphosate kunye ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Igqwetha lenza ukuba iMonsanto ayinanto yakwenza nesifundo.

10: 45 amNgoku ngu @Bayer Ithuba likaMonsanto lokuvula iingxelo- igqwetha uBrian Stekloff uxelela ijaji "I-Roundup ayikhange ibangele ukuba uMnu Hardeman's non-Hodgkin lymphoma."

  • Ijaji iyalela nje enye iMonsanto @Bayer isilayidi sisusiwe, siphazamisa isitetimenti sokuvula igqwetha lezokhuselo. Ukudlala ibhola ekhatywayo ngamacala omabini.
  • Igqwetha lommangali liyaphikisa kwelinye lamagqwetha eMonsanto; Ijaji iyavuma kwaye isilayidi siyasuswa. Ityala elenza igqwetha kwimbali kaHardeman ye-Hepatitis C enokubekek 'ityala nge-NHL yakhe.
  • Uxelela ama-jurors i-NHL luhlobo oluqhelekileyo lomhlaza kwaye uninzi lwamaxhoba eNHL ayingabo abasebenzisi beRoundup; akukho vavanyo ugqirha anokuluqhuba axelele isigulana ukuba isifo sakhe okanye asibangelwa yiRoundup.

10: 15 Uhlaziyo kumazwi okuvula egqwetha lommangali u-Aimee Wagstaff:

  • Ngoku ijaji isongela isohlwayo segqwetha lommangali kunye nokucinga ukuba ingavumi na ukuvumela ijaji ukuba ibone izilayidi zommangali. Ugqwetha ka @Bayer Monsanto uthi ewe. U-Aimee ucela ukulungisa ingxaki yakhe; Ijaji iyamsika.
  • Ijaji ngoku iyayigxotha i-jury ngekhefu kwaye i-RIP igqwetha lommangali-ithi "iwele umda" kwaye "ayilunganga kwaphela" kwingxelo yayo yokuvula. Uthi esi "sisilumkiso sakhe sokugqibela". Ungaze umzuzu otyhafileyo kwi @Bayer Uvavanyo lomhlaza weMonsanto Roundup.
  • Ujaji ukwamxelela ukuba "aqhubeke" xa ezama ukucacisa ukuba @EPA kuvavanya kuphela i-glyphosate kwaye ayiyiyo yonke imveliso.
  • Uvumelekile ukukhankanywa ngokufutshane kwe @IARCWHO Udidi lwe-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yomntu enokwenzeka kodwa ijaji iyamsika ngaphambi kokuba athethe kakhulu.
  • Kwingxelo yokuvula ka @Bayer Igqwetha lommangali wommangalelwa iMonsanto Roundup likhomba kuhlalutyo lweemeta ezintsha ezibonisa ubudlelwane obunyanzelekileyo bomhlaza (jonga Ibali lomgcini).
  • Kwingxelo yokuvula yegqwetha lommangali lommangalelwa ojikelezayo ufunda ukusuka kwi1980s-era @EPA imemo "i-glyphosate ikrokrelwa" kwaye ihamba nebali lendlela iMonsanto eyenze ngayo inguquko yokuxhalaba kwe-EPA. Amajaji ajonge ukudideka yiyo yonke le nto yesayensi.

9: 35 am Ngoku igqwetha lommangali libalisa ibali lesifundo sempuku sowe-1983 esibangele @EPAscientists ukufumana umhlaza we-glyphosate obangela… phambi kokuba uMonsanto abaqinisekise ukuba bangakwenzi. yhu. Ujaji uyamsika kwakhona. Ibar esecaleni. @BayerMonsanto kufuneka ikuthande oku. Ngakumbi kuphononongo lwempuku luka-1983, jonga inqaku lika-2017, "Yeempuku, iMonsanto kunye neThumba eliMangalisayo."

9: 30 am Umxholo ophambili ngale ntsasa kukuba ijaji ayiniki ndlela igqwetha lommangali, nge @careygillam:

8: 49 am UMgwebi uChhabria ubonakalisa ukuqina kwangoko kolu vavanyo lomhlaza we-Roundup. Wayeka igqwetha lommangali u-Aimee Wagstaff kwimizuzu nje embalwa evulelwe ibar esecaleni. UWagstaff wavula ngokwazisa umfazi wommangali, waqala ukubalisa ibali lobomi babo kwaye uHardeman wafumana iqhuma entanyeni yakhe. Ijaji yaphazamisa ukuxelela uWagstaff ukuba abambelele kwizimvo ezijongana nengxaki kuphela.

8: 10 am "Inkundla ngoku iseshoni". Igumbi lenkundla lipakishwe ngenxa yeengxelo zokuvula kwilingo lomhlaza we-Roundup. Kwangoko kwilulwane, iMonsanto Bayer, kunye negqwetha lommangali sele zingquzulwano ngobungqina obuza kuziswa.

8: 00 am Kwaye sihambile. Kwiinyanga ezintandathu emva kwejaji yaseCalifornia yagqiba kwelokuba ababulali bokhula bakaMonsanto kubangele umhlaza womgcini wendawo, Elinye ijaji laseCalifornia lilungiselela ukuva iimpikiswano ezifanayo nxamnye neMonsanto.

Ngeli xesha kwimeko iyaxoxwa kwinkundla yomanyano, hayi inkundla yelizwe. Ngokubalulekileyo, ijaji ivumile ngesicelo esivela eMonsanto sokuba ityala lixoxwe kwizigaba ezibini ezinobungqina bokungakhathali kunye nokuziphatha okukhohlisayo okwenziwe nguMonsanto ngexesha lesigaba sokuqala ukuvumela ijaji ukuba ijolise kuphela kubungqina obunxulumene nombuzo wokuba ingaba okanye hayi iimveliso zenkampani zazibekek 'ityala ngomhlaza wommangali.

Ummangali u-Edwin Hardeman unesifo i-B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, eyafunyanwa ngoFebruwari 2015, kwinyanga enye phambi kokuba i-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza (IARC) ichaze i-glyphosate, eyona nto iphambili kwi-Roundup yaseMonsanto nakwezinye iintlobo zeherbicide. Umhlaza womntu onokwenzeka.

UHardeman wasebenzisa iimveliso zeRoundup rhoqo ukunyanga ukhula kunye nokugqitha kwephecana elinamahektare angama-56 awayenayo eSonoma County. Amaxwebhu afakwe kwinkundla yomdibaniso malunga nokuvavanywa kukaHardeman kunokuba njalo fu maneka apha.

Abasetyhini abasixhenxe kunye namadoda amabini bakhethwe njengamajoni ukumamela ityala likaHardeman. Ijaji ithe eli tyala kufuneka liqhubeke ukuphela kuka-Matshi. Izolo uJaji Chhabria usikhanyele uMonsanto isindululo sesishwankathelo.

Februwari 20, 2019

IJaji ikhethiweyo

Amagqwetha akachithanga xesha ngoLwesithathu ekukhetheni ijaji yokuqalisa kwetyala kwiveki ezayo. Ijaji lenziwe ngabafazi abasi-7 kunye namadoda amabini. Ukuze ummangali u-Edwin Hardeman aphumelele ityala lakhe, isigwebo sejaji kufuneka sivumelane.

Ityala liyaxoxwa kwizigaba ezibini. Ukuba iijaji azifumani kummangali kwisigaba sokuqala akusayi kubakho sigaba sesibini. Jonga ngezantsi, nge-10 kaJanuwari, iposti ye-2019, ukufumana ingcaciso engaphezulu ngomahluko kwizigaba ezibini.

Phambi kwamatyala amagqwetha omabini amacala afake uluhlu oluhlangeneyo lwemiboniso abaceba ukuyazisa, okanye "abanokungenisa", njengobungqina ngexesha lenkqubo. Uluhlu luqhuba amaphepha angama-463 kwaye lubandakanya iirekhodi ezisusela kumashumi eminyaka ye-EPA memos kunye nokutshintshiselana nge-imeyile neMonsanto ukuya kwizifundo zesayensi zamva nje.

Februwari 19, 2019

Umzuzu wokugqibela Ukuhamba

Ngaphantsi nje kweveki ukuba ihambe ngaphambi kokuvula ingxelo ngoFebruwari 25 kwityala laseburhulumenteni malunga nezityholo zokuba ababulali bokhula baseMonsanto base-glyphosate babangela umhlaza, amagqwetha omabini amacala ayelungiselela ukhetho lwejaji oluqala ngoLwesithathu.

Kwinkqubo yaphambi kokumanyelwa kwetyala ummangali u-Edwin Hardeman kunye neqela lezomthetho elimele iMonsanto, ngoku eyiyunithi ye-Bayer AG, sele bephikisana ngokukhethwa kwe-jury ngokusekwe kuphela kwiimpendulo ezibhaliweyo ezinikezwe ngabachopheli-tyala, kwaye uninzi sele lubethwe siSithili sase-US UMgwebi uVince Chhabria ngesizathu.

NgoLwesithathu, amagqwetha aya kubabuza buqu abaza kuba lijaji. Amagqwetha kaMonsanto axhalabile ngakumbi malunga nabameli abanokubakho abaziyo malunga nemeko yokuba iMonsanto ilahlekile ngehlobo elidlulileyo. Kwelo tyala, ummangali uDewayne “Lee” Johnson uphumelele isigwebo sejaji kumabango afana nekaHardeman - ukuba ukubulawa kweentsholongwane zikaMonsanto kwabangela ukuba ingeyo-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye uMonsanto wasilela ukulumkisa ngomngcipheko. UJohnson wanikwa iirandi ezingama-289 ezigidi ngamajoni, kodwa ijaji kwelo tyala yasinciphisa isigwebo saya kwi-78 yezigidi.

Izibonda kule meko ziphezulu. Ukulahleka kokuqala kwabetha iBayer nzima; Ixabiso lesabelo lalo liphantsi phantse ngama-30 eepesenti okoko isigwebo kunye nabatyali zimali behleli bengabalulekanga. Enye ilahleko enkundleni inokubonelela ngesinye isibetho kwimali yentengiso yenkampani, ngakumbi kuba kukho malunga ne9,000 yabanye abamangali abalinde usuku lwabo enkundleni.

Ukulungiselela ukuvulwa kwetyala ngoMvulo kusasa, Ujaji Chhabria uthe ngoFebruwari 15 ukuva ukuba uyakwahlula bonke abagqatswa bejaji kwiluhlu lweMonsanto abathi bavile ngecala likaJohnson lokubuza imibuzo ethile malunga nolwazi lwabo lwelo tyala.

Phakathi kwabo sele behluthiwe echibini lejaji ngokusekwe kwimibuzo yabo ebhaliweyo yayiliqela labantu ababonisa ukuba baneembono ezimbi malunga neMonsanto. Ngelixa umgwebi evumelana nesicelo sikaMonsanto sokususa abo bantu echibini lejaji, wasikhaba isicelo samagqwetha ommangali sokuba ahlasele umntu oza kuba lijaji owathi ngokuchaseneyo - igqwetha labhala livakalelwa kukuba "bona (iMonsanto) banyanisekile kwaye iluncedo eluntwini, ”watsho ekholelwa ukuba i-Roundup herbicide kaMonsanto ikhuselekile.

Ujaji Chhabria uthe “Khange ndicinge ukuba ukhona umntu kwi-Bay Area oziva ngale ndlela….”

Kwelinye inyathelo laphambi kokumanyelwa kwetyala, amagqwetha macala omabini ayese-Australia elungiselela ubungqina obuvela kwingqina lommangali uChristopher Portier. IPortier ibonelela ngobungqina oburekhodiweyo bevidiyo kwangaphambili ngokubuza ngokuthe ngqo nangokubuza imibuzo. Wayecwangciselwe ukuba abekhona enkundleni buqu kwityala kodwa wahlaselwa sisifo sentliziyo ngoJanuwari kwaye waye wacetyiswa ngokuchasene nohambo olude lomoya oluya kufuneka ukuba luvele buqu.

UPortier lelinye lamangqina eenkwenkwezi zommangali. Wayesakuba ngumlawuli weZiko leSizwe lezeMpilo yokusiNgqongileyo kunye ne-Arhente yeZinto ezinobungozi kunye neRegistry yeZifo kunye nososayensi wangaphambili kwiZiko leSizwe lezeNzululwazi yezeMpilo.

Kwelinye inyathelo eliphambi kwetyala, iJaji uChhabria uthathe isigqibo ngoMvulo ngezindululo ezivela kubo bobabini ababandakanyekayo bobuphi ubungqina obuza kuvunyelwa bangene kunye nokungazukubandakanywa. U-Chhabria ugwebe ukuba kuyakubakho isigaba sokuqala setyala apho ubungqina buya kuncitshiswa kwisizathu. Ukuba ijaji ifumanisa ukuba iimveliso zikaMonsanto zabangela umhlaza kaHardeman kuyakubakho isigaba sesibini apho ubungqina bunokwaziswa ngokunxulumene nezityholo ngamagqwetha ommangali ukuba uMonsanto ubandakanyeke ekufihleni umngcipheko weemveliso zawo.

phakathi Izigwebo zikaChhabria zobungqina:

  • Ubungqina begqwetha lommangali lithetha ukuba uMonsanto ubandakanyeka ekubhaleni ngomphefumlo uncwadi lwenzululwazi alufakwanga kwisigaba sokuqala setyala.
  • Ubungqina okanye izinto zentengiso zikaMonsanto azifakwanga kuzo zombini izigaba.
  • Thelekisa phakathi kweMonsanto kunye nomzi mveliso wecuba ngaphandle.
  • I-imeyile evela kuMonsanto exoxa ngomsebenzi kunye neBhunga laseMelika lezeNzululwazi nezeMpilo ayifakwanga kwisigaba sokuqala.
  • Iingxoxo zokuba i-glyphosate iyafuneka "ukondla umhlaba" ayifakwanga kuzo zombini izigaba.
  • Amaxwebhu athile e-EPA akafakwanga.
  • Uhlalutyo olwenziwe yi-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando malunga noMhlaza ohlela i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen yomntu enokwenzeka "ithintelwe."

Inqaku elinye lamagqwetha ommanqali aceba ukwazisa luhlalutyo lweemeta olubanzi uhlalutyo olutsha lwezesayensi Izinto ezinokubangela umhlaza kwi-glyphosate herbicides. Uphononongo lufumanise ukuba abantu abanokuchazwa okuphezulu kwi-herbicides banomngcipheko we-41% wokwanda kwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

Ababhali bokufunda, oososayensi abaphezulu abaye basebenzisa iArhente yoKhuseleko lwezeNdalo njengabacebisi, utshilo ubungqina "Ixhasa ikhonkco elinyanzelekileyo" phakathi kokuvezwa kwe-glyphosate-based herbicides kunye nokwanda komngcipheko we-NHL.

Februwari 8, 2019

Ubungqina kunye neMicimbi

Ngezikhundla eziphezulu, ulingo lokuqala lomhlaza kwi-Roundup olusondela ngokukhawuleza ngoFebruwari 25, amagqwetha eMonsanto- kunye nomnini wayo uBayer AG - babeke uluhlu olude lobungqina kunye nemiba abafuni ukwaziswa xa kuxoxwa ityala.

Phakathi kwezinto inkampani engafuni ukuba zivezwe ematyaleni zezi zilandelayo: Ukukhankanywa kolunye ulwaphulo-mthetho oluchasene neMonsanto; ubungqina malunga nemisebenzi yenkampani yoluntu; uthelekiso nomzi mveliso wecuba; ulwazi malunga nokudibana kwenkampani kunye "neemveliso ezinempikiswano" ezinje ngeAgent Orange kunye neePCB; ulwazi malunga "nobutyebi" bukaMonsanto; kunye nolwazi malunga "nendima kaBayer kwiMfazwe yesibini (II) yeHlabathi."

Akukho bungqina uMonsanto afuna ukukhutshelwa ngaphandle kwetyala linento yokwenza nokuba ngaba iyeza lokubulala izitshabalalisi libangele ukuba ummangali anga-Hodgkin lymphoma, amagqwetha enkampani axelele ijaji.

Amagqwetha abamangali anoluhlu lwabo lwezinto abanokukhetha ukungazinikwa kwijaji. Phakathi kwabo: Ulwazi malunga nentengiso yegqwetha labamangali kwityala leRoundup; "imbali yezonyango engahambelaniyo" yommangali uEdwin Hardeman; kunye nobungqina malunga nezigqibo zolawulo lwangaphandle.

Ngeli xesha, ngoFebruwari 6 omabini la maqela afake "uluhlu lokubonisa ulingo ngokudibeneyo" oluchaza ubungqina kunye nobungqina abaceba ukububeka-okanye banokubonisa-kwijaji. Uluhlu luqhuba amaphepha e-314 kwaye lubandakanya uxwebhu lwangaphakathi lweMonsanto kunye namaxwebhu olawulo, izifundo zesayensi, kunye neengxelo ngamangqina eengcali ezahlukeneyo.

UBayer wongeze elinye ilungu kwiqela lezokhuselo leMonsanto Roundup. Ngomhla kaFebruwari 8, u-Shook Hardy kunye nommeli we-Bacon uJames Shepherd wafaka isaziso sakhe sokuvela kwi-Roundup Products Liability Litigation kwinkundla yomanyano. UMelusi ukhusele iBayer ngokuchasene namatyala ohlukeneyo, kubandakanya amabango atyhola ukwenzakala okuboshwe kwiyeza likaBayer lokunciphisa amayeza, kunye nezityholo zokonzakala kwesixhobo se-intrauterine (IUD).

Ngokunjalo, omabini la macala kutshanje afake uluhlu oludibeneyo lwemiboniso yesicwangciso ngasinye sokuziswa kwityala, kubandakanya ukufakwa, iifoto, ii-imeyile, amaxwebhu olawulo, izifundo zesayensi kunye nokunye. Uluhlu lunamaphepha angama-320.

Ujaji Vince Chhabria ubonakalisile kwityala likaFebruwari 4 ukuba xa ijaji ifumana ummangali kwisigaba sokuqala setyala elihlukeneyo, okuthetha ukuba ijaji igqiba kwelokuba ukubulawa kweyeza kukaMonsanto kungunobangela womhlaza kaEdwin Hardeman, isigaba sesibini setyala qalisa ngosuku olulandelayo. Inqanaba lesibini liza kugxila kwindlela aziphatha ngayo uMonsanto kunye nakowuphi na umonakalo.

Onke amaxwebhu ahambelana noko anokufumaneka kuthi Iphepha leMonsanto Papers.

January 29, 2019

Amaxwebhu eMonsanto angaphakathi

Singaphantsi kwenyanga ukusuka ekuqaleni kwe Ityala lokuqala lomdibaniso Kwimveliso ye-Roundup ityala, kwaye omabini amacala alayisha iifayile zenkundla ngamanqaku okubongoza kunye nemiboniso. Okubandakanyiweyo kwiifilitha zamva nje ngamaxwebhu athile angaphakathi eMonsanto. Zimbalwa zigqanyisiwe apha ngezantsi. Ukuthunyelwa okupheleleyo kwamaxwebhu enkundla kunokufumaneka kwi-USRTK ephambili Iphepha leMonsanto Papers.

  • Sukuma kwaye ukhwaze iglyphosate: Iimeyile zangaphakathi zeMonsanto kubhalwe ngo-1999 iinkcukacha zenkampani “zokufikelela kubunzululwazi” kunye neenzame zokuphuhlisa uthungelwano lwehlabathi “lweengcali zenzululwazi zangaphandle ezinempembelelo ekuqhubeni inzululwazi, abalawuli, uluvo loluntu, njl. Isicwangciso sifuna ukuba abantu "ngokuthe ngqo okanye ngokungathanga ngqo / emva kwezigcawu" basebenze egameni leMonsanto. Inkampani yayifuna "abantu ukuba baphakame bakhwaze iGlyphosate ayiyityhefu," ngokwentambo ye-imeyile. Kwisicwangciso sokusebenza “kungafuneka baqhawule umtshato noMonsanto ngokunxulumana ngqo nengcali okanye siza kumosha i- $ 1,000 / ngosuku aba bantu bahlawulisayo.”
  • Le ntambo ye-imeyile inomdla ukusuka kuJanuwari 2015 uxoxa ngomsebenzi wezityalo wase Monsanto othathe umhlala-phantsi oxele kwinkampani ukuba ufumene ukuba une-leukemia yeseli esineenwele, uhlobo lwe-non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Ubhale ukuba "unegazi elingaqhelekanga" ngaphambi kokuba athathe umhlala-phantsi, kwaye wayezibuza ukuba ingaba ukuxilongwa kwakhe "kunxulumene nokusebenza kuyo yonke imichiza" kumzi-mveliso wale nkampani. Iqela lempembelelo "elibi" lajonga imeko yakhe kwaye uMonsanto "umongikazi wezempilo" wamxelela ukuba abafumananga unxibelelwano phakathi "kwemeko yakhe yonyango" kunye neekhemikhali kwisityalo awayesebenza kuso. Bakwabonisa ngentambo ye-imeyile ukuba akukho sidingo sokwazisa i-EPA. I-imeyile enye yomhla wama-21 ku-Novemba ngo-2014 ibhalwe ngokubanzi isiya kubasebenzi "beMonsanto" kwiqela elineziphumo ezibi lenza ukuba abasebenzi bazi ukuba nangona i-EPA ifuna ukuba kunikwe ingxelo malunga neziphumo ezibi zemveliso yezibulali zinambuzane ezinjengokwenzakala okanye iingxaki zempilo, abasebenzi akufuneki bazise i-EPA ngokwabo ukuba bayazazi naziphi na iingxaki ezinjalo. Abasebenzi kufuneka "bagqithisele kwangoko" ulwazi kwicandelo leziphumo ezibi zenkampani endaweni yoko.
  • Ngaba iMonsanto isebenzisane kwiSifundo se-AHS? UMonsanto kunye nomnini omtsha uBayer baphindaphinde ukufuna ukuphikisa amanqaku kwizifundo ezibonisa ubudlelwane phakathi kwe-glyphosate herbicides kunye nomhlaza ngokujonga isifundo esinye-Uhlaziyo kuRhulumente wase-US oxhaswe nguRhulumente weZolimo (AHS) ongafumananga manyano phakathi kwe-glyphosate kunye ne-non-Hodgkin lymphoma . I-AHS yinxalenye yesiseko sokhuselo lwenkampani kwityala leemveliso zeRoundup. Kodwa bekukho imibuzo emininzi malunga nexesha lokuhlaziywa kwe-AHS, ebaleke ngokujonga oontanga ngokukhawuleza kakhulu kunesiqhelo kumaphepha kwiijenali ezijongwe ngoontanga. Uhlaziyo ikhutshwe eluntwini kusasa nge-9 ka-Novemba ngo-2017-ngemini enye nenkundla yamatyala ebalulekileyo kumlo wesimangalo i-Roundup. Ibiyi icatshulwe nguMonsanto kuloo ngxoxo "njengophuhliso olubalulekileyo" kunye nesizathu sokulibazisa iinkqubo. Ngomhla we-11 kuMeyi 2015 yangaphakathi iMonsanto “Isindululo seeProjekthi zeNzululwazi ze-Post-IARCIxoxa ngokubakho kwe "AHS Intsebenziswano." UMonsanto wabiza isindululo esithi "sesona sinomtsalane" njengoko kubonakala ngathi iMonsanto "ibithe qelele" kolu phando.
  • Ngaphandle kwentetho eninzi malunga "nezifundo ezingama-800”Kubonisa ukhuseleko lwe-glyphosate Monsanto evunyiweyo kwifayile emfutshane ukuba "ayichonganga nayiphi na iinyanga ezili-12 okanye izifundo ezingapheliyo zetyhefu eziye zenziwa kwi-glyphosate equlethe iifom ezazifumaneka ukuthengiswa e-United States ngoJuni 29, 2017."

Iindaba ezahlukileyo zenqaku -

Ingqina lezenzululwazi labangqina uGqirha uChristopher Portier akazokuza eSan Francisco ukuzokungqina kwityala njengoko bekucetyiwe. UPortier wahlaselwa sisifo sentliziyo ngelixa wayehamba e-Australia ekuqaleni kukaJanuwari kwaye usaphila.

Kwintshukumo eyamkelweyo ngamagqwetha amangali, iJaji yaseMelika uVincent Chhabria ngoMvulo uthe yena inokuvumela ubungqina malunga nesiporho sokubhala kukaMonsanto kwizifundo zesayensi kwisigaba sokuqala solingo oluzayo ngaphandle kwemizamo kaMonsanto yokugcina ubungqina kude kube ngaphandle nangaphandle kwesigaba sesibini setyala. Ubungqina bemizamo kaMonsanto yokuphembelela abalawuli kunye nososayensi banokuthi bavunyelwe kwisigaba sokuqala, utshilo uChhabria. U-Chhabria uyalele ukuba ityala lihlukaniswe, oko kuthetha ukuba inqanaba lokuqala liza kujongana nesityholo sokubangelwa. Ukuba ijaji ifumanisa ukuba ukubulawa kweyeza kukaMonsanto kubangele ukuba umhlaza wommangali uEdwin Hardeman emva koko kubanjelwe isigaba sesibini ukuphonononga indlela yokuziphatha kukaMonsanto.

January 18, 2019

Iseti yokuva bungqina

Ixesha liyabaleka xa kusondela ityala elikhulu. Umgwebi weSithili sase-US u-Vince Chhabria usete ukuxoxwa kwe-anevidentiary nge-28 kaJanuwari nge-9 kusasa ngexesha lendawo kwinkundla yomanyano e-San Francisco ukuba ilandelwe yindibano ye-"Daubert" ngalo mini ngo-2 pm Iindibano kufuneka ziqwalasele ubungqina kunye neengcali eziya kuba yinto ephambili. Kwilingo lokuqala lomanyano lokuthatha amabango athi iMonsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides inokubangela umhlaza kwaye iMonsanto iwugubungele umngcipheko. Ukurekhodwa kwevidiyo kweenkqubo kuyavunyelwa.

I-Chhabria ithathe inyathelo elingaqhelekanga lokuvumelana nesicelo esivela kumagqwetha amele iMonsanto kunye nomnini wayo u-Bayer AG wokulichophela ityala. Isigaba sokuqala, ngesicelo sikaMonsanto, siya kujongana kuphela nobungqina bokubangela okukuko- ukuba ngaba iimveliso zayo zibangele ukuba umhlaza uhlaselwe ngummangali uEdwin Hardeman. Ubungqina bemizamo yeMonsanto yokulawula abalawuli kunye noncwadi lwenzululwazi kunye "nokubhala kwesiporho" amanqaku ahlukeneyo anokuboniswa kuphela kwisigaba sesibini setyala ukuba abagwebi kwisigaba sokuqala bafumanisa ukuba iyeza lokubulala ukhula lalinokubangela umhlaza kaHardeman.

Amaqela akavumelani malunga nobuphi ubungqina ekufuneka buvunyelwe kwinqanaba lesizathu.

IMonsanto icele ngokukodwa ijaji ukuba ingabandakanyi kubungqina:

  • I-imeyile ka-2001 echaza iingxoxo zangaphakathi ngokubhekisele kuphononongo oluzimeleyo lwezifo olupapashwe ngaloo nyaka.
  • I-imeyile yangaphakathi ka-2015 ngokubhekisele kubudlelane benkampani kunye nenkxaso mali kwiBhunga laseMelika lezeNzululwazi kunye neMpilo, iqela elizimeleyo ukuba lizimele kwimizi-mveliso njengoko likhuthaza umyalezo wokhuseleko malunga neemveliso zeglyphosate.
  • Ikhonkco le-imeyile le-2015 kubandakanya nengcaciso yangaphakathi yesazinzulu seMonsanto uBill Heydens malunga nendima abadlala kuyo abadlala kwimveliso ye-glyphosate.

Kwinqaku loku-1, amagqwetha kaHardeman athe azizimiselanga kuzisa ubungqina "ngaphandle kokuba umnyango uvulwe nguMonsanto."

Kwinqaku 2, bakwathi abananjongo zokwazisa imbalelwano ye-ACSH “ngaphandle kokuba iMonsanto ithembele kwi-ACSH's junk science positions ngokubhekisele kwi-carcinogenicity” ye-glyphosate-based formulations "okanye ukuhlaselwa kwe-IARC yokuhlelwa kwe-glyphosate."

Ngokubhekisele kwityathanga le-imeyile lika-Heydens ka-2015, igqwetha likaHardeman lithi imbalelwano iyakhanyisa kumbuzo osisizathu. I-imeyile ka-Heydens ibhekisa kwiziphumo zophononongo luka-2010 ekubhekiswa kulo njengoGeorge et al., Efumene ukwanda ngokwamanani amathumba kulusu lweempuku emva kokuvezwa kwimveliso yeRoundup eyenziweyo. Olu phononongo luxhomekeke kwiingcali zommangalelwa ngokubanzi.

Ileta emfutshane ibeka izikhundla ngamaqela aphikisayo ulapha.

Kwimicimbi eyahlukileyo-ukuvalwa umlomo kukarhulumente okuqhubekayo kunokuba nefuthe kumhla wokuvavanywa kwetyala likaHardeman. Ujaji Chhabria uthe akazimiselanga ukucela abagwebi ukuba bahlale kwilingo bengakhange bahlawulwe.

January 16, 2019

Amaxwebhu amatsha eMonsanto abhengeza uqhagamshelo olufudumeleyo nentatheli yeReuters

NguCarey Gillam 

(Hlaziya ngo-Epreli 25, 2019) 

Besisazi kumaxwebhu asele ekhutshiwe ukuba intatheli yeReuters uKate Kelland ibilunxibelelwano oluphambili lweMonsanto kwiinzame zayo zokujongela phantsi kunye nokujongela phantsi i-Arhente yeHlabathi yezeMpilo yoPhando ngomhlaza (IARC) oososayensi abachaza i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen enokwenzeka ngo-2015. unobungqina obongezelelweyo bokuqina konxibelelwano.

UKelland akazange abhale nje ibali le-2017 uMonsanto wamcela ukuba abhale ngokuchanekileyo ngendlela uMonsanto olawulayo uSam Murphey amcela ukuba abhale ngayo, (ngaphandle kokuchazela abafundi ukuba iMonsanto yayingumthombo,) kodwa ngoku sibona ubungqina bokuba uyilo Ibali elahlukileyo uKelland alwenzileyo malunga neglyphosate zisiwe eMonsanto  Phambi kokuba ipapashwe, isenzo esiqhele ukujongwa ngamehlo ziindawo ezithengisa iindaba.

Ii-imeyile zibonisa ibali elibhalwe nguKelland lathunyelwa nge-imeyile ngaphambi kokuba lishicilelwe eMurphey elinomxholo othi "Uyilo lwam oluyimfihlo."

Ibali, elinesihloko esithi "Isifundo esitsha sokubulala ukhula eMonsanto ukondla ivoti ebalulekileyo ye-EU," yayimalunga neziphumo zokuqala zophando olungashicilelwanga sisazinzulu sase-Italiya esibonisa ukuba iigundane zovavanyo ezivezwe kwi-glyphosate kumanqanaba alinganayo nalawo avunyelwe ebantwini awabonisanga kubi ekuqaleni. impendulo. Inguqulelo yokugqibela ya papashwa Ngo-Apreli 13, 2017.

kwaye enye i-imeyile esanda kukhutshwa Iinkcukacha malunga nokuba iminwe kaMonsanto yayinemigangatho emibini yamabali kaKelland. Ngomhla woku-1 ku-Matshi 2016 i-imeyile ithetha ngokuzibandakanya kweMonsanto Umkhankaso "weFlegi ebomvu"  Kwibali esele lipapashiwe leReuters ebeligxeka i-IARC kunye nomnqweno wokuphembelela ibali lesibini elifanayo iReuters yayicwangcisa. Iflegi ebomvu i-PR eseDublin kunye ne-lobbying firm esebenza ukukhusela ukhuseleko lwe-glyphosate kunye nokukhuthaza umyalezo we-pro-glyphosate ngokusebenzisa abantu besithathu njengamaqela abalimi. Ngokwenxalenye ye-imeyile eyabelwe enye into, "kulandela ukubandakanyeka kweRed Flag kwiinyanga ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo, iqhekeza lokuqala laligxeka kakhulu i-IARC." I-imeyile iyaqhubeka: “Unokwazi ukuba iRed Flag iyanxibelelana neReuters ngokubhekisele kwingxelo yesibini kuthotho…”

Kwithuba elingaphezulu kwenyanga kamva, iReuters yapapasha ibali likaKelland "Ingxelo eKhethekileyo: Indlela i-arhente yomhlaza ye-World Health Organisation ebabhidisa ngayo abathengi." 

Ezi zityhilelo zilandela ukubhengezwa kwangoko kulo nyaka ngembalelwano ye-imeyile echaza ukuba uKelland wamnceda njani uMonsanto ukuba aqhube ingxelo engeyonyani malunga nososayensi womhlaza u-Aaron Blair kwindima yakhe njengentloko yeqela elisebenzayo le-IARC elahlula i-glyphosate njenge-carcinogen enokwenzeka. KwiImbalelwano yeTernal Monsanto yomhla we-27 ka-Epreli 2017 ibonisa ukuba isigqeba seMonsanto uSam Murphey wathumela ingxelo yenkampani kuKelland kunye indawo yesilayidi yeendawo zokuthetha kunye nenxalenye yokufakwa kweBlair engafakwanga enkundleni. 

NgoJuni 14, 2017, uKelland wabhala ibali elinempikiswano Ngokusekwe kwinto ayithethileyo “ngamaxwebhu enkundla,” eneneni ayengamaxwebhu awanikwa nguMurphey. Kuba amaxwebhu uKelland akhankanyiweyo ebenga fakwanga nyani enkundleni bezingafumaneki esidlangalaleni ukuze abafundi bawahlolisise. Ngokuxoka ngokuxela ulwazi ngokusekwe kumaxwebhu enkundla ukuthintele ekuchazeni indima kaMonsanto ekuqhubeni ibali.

Xa ibali laphuma, labonisa uBlair efihla "ulwazi olubalulekileyo" olungafumani makhonkco phakathi kwe-glyphosate kunye nomhlaza kwi-IARC. UKelland wabhala ukuba idiphozithi ibonise ukuba uBlair "uthe idatha yayiza kutshintsha uhlalutyo lwe-IARC" nangona uphononongo eyona diphozithi ibonisa ukuba uBlair khange ayitsho lonto.

U-Kelland akabonisanga khonkco kula maxwebhu awakhankanyileyo, isenza ukuba abafundi bangakwazi ukuzibona ngokwabo ukuba uziva kude kangakanani ngokuchaneka.

Ibali lathathwa ngamajelo eendaba kwihlabathi liphela, kwaye ezikhuthazwa yiMonsanto kunye neekhemikhali zokudibana. Iintengiso zikaGoogle zaze zathengwa zikhuthaza ibali. Eli bali lisetyenziswe nguMonsanto ukuhlasela i-IARC kwimida emininzi, kubandakanya umzamo weMonsanto ukufumana iCongress ukuba ihluthe imali ukusuka IARC.

Akukho nto iphosakeleyo ngokwendalo ekufumaneni iingcebiso zebali ezixhamla iinkampani ezivela kwiinkampani ngokwazo. Kwenzeka lonke ixesha. Kodwa oonondaba kufuneka bakhuthale ekuboniseni iinyani, hayi kubuxoki benkampani.

Umhleli weReuters uMike Williams ukhusele umsebenzi kaKelland kwaye wenqabile ukukhupha ingcaciso okanye ukulungiswa kwinqanaba lika-Aaron Blair. Uthe "Yayiyinto entle, kwaye ndimi ecaleni kwayo ngokupheleleyo."

I-Reuters "umhleli weenqobo ezisesikweni" u-Alix Freedman ukwalixhasa ibali likaKelland likaBlair, ngaphandle kobungqina bokubandakanyeka kukaMonsanto kunye nokungabikho kokuchazwa kokubandakanyeka kubafundi. "Siyazingca ngayo kwaye simi emva kwayo," utshilo uFreedman nge-imeyile.

Kwinqaku lomntu, ndichithe iminyaka eyi-17 njengentatheli eReuters egubungela iMonsanto kwaye ndothukile kukwaphulwa kwemigangatho yobuntatheli. Kuyaphawuleka ngokukodwa ukuba u-Alix Freedman ikwangula mntu undixelele ukuba andivumelekanga ukuba ndibhale malunga nezifundo ezininzi ezizimeleyo zesayensi ye-glyphosate kaMonsanto eyayibonisa iimpembelelo ezinobungozi.

Okona kuncinci, uKelland wayefanele ukuba anyaniseke kubafundi kwaye avume ukuba iMonsanto yayingumthombo wakhe - kweli bali, kwaye kubonakala ngathi uninzi lwabanye. I-Reuters ityala umhlaba-kunye ne-IARC-uxolo.

Ngemvelaphi engaphezulu kwesi sihloko, jonga eli nqaku.

January 10, 2019

Iinkcukacha ezithe kratya kwiiMida eziMkhulu kakhulu zoBungqina

Kulabo bafuna iinkcukacha ezithe kratya malunga nokuqiqa kunye nokulungiswa kwesigqibo sejaji yenkundla yomdibaniso yokunciphisa ubuninzi bobungqina obunxulumene nokunxibelelana kwangaphakathi kukaMonsanto kunye nokuziphatha kwityala lokuqala lomdibaniso, oku kubhaliweyo Ukuxoxwa kwetyala ngoJan. 4 ngalo mbandela kuyafundisa.

Nalu ke utshintsho phakathi kwegqwetha lommangali u-Brent Wisner kunye ne-jaji u-Vince Chhabria ebonisa ukukhathazeka kunye noloyiko lwamagqwetha ommangali angaphaya komda wobungqina babo ekuqondiseni ukungqinisisa, ubungqina obuninzi obujongana nokuziphatha kuka-Monsanto kunye nonxibelelwano lwangaphakathi oluthintelweyo. Ijaji ithe ubungqina buza kungena kuphela kwisigaba sesibini setyala ukuba abagwebi kwisigaba sokuqala bafumanisa ukuba iimveliso zeMonsanto's Roundup zinegalelo ngqo kumhlaza wommangali.

MR. ISILUMKISO: Nanku umzekelo omkhulu: Ingcali yezobisi eyintloko kaMonsanto,
UDonna Farmer, ubhala kwi-imeyile: Asinakutsho ukuba nguRoundup
ayibangeli umhlaza. Khange silwenze uvavanyo oluyimfuneko
kwimveliso equlunqweyo.
INKUNDLA: Ayizukungena-impendulo yam esiswini
kukuba ayizukungena kwisigaba sokuqala.
MR. ISILUMKISO: Ke yiyo inkosi kaMonsanto
Isichazi magqirha - umntu onolwazi ngakumbi ngeRoundup
kunaye nabani na ehlabathini - esithi -
INKUNDLA: Umbuzo ngowokuba ingaba ubanga umhlaza,
hayi nokuba-hayi uluvo loMfama malunga nento enokuthethwa nguMonsanto okanye
ayitsho. Imalunga nento eboniswa sisayensi.
MR. ISILUMKO: Ngokuqinisekileyo. Uthetha ngokoqobo malunga
inzululwazi abangakhange bayenze.
INKUNDLA: Amathumbu am kukuba ngenene a
umbuzo olula, kunye nempendulo kuloo ilula
Umbuzo ngowokuba lo nto ayingeni kwisigaba sokuqala. ”

Hla umamele….

January 9, 2019

IShedyuli ebekwe nguMgwebi

Ityala lokuqala lomdibaniso kwi-Roundup Products Liability Litigation lisenokuba ngaphezulu kwenyanga kude, kodwa ikhalenda ixakekile ngamagqwetha kumacala omabini. Jonga ngezantsi kweshedyuli ebekwe yijaji ngokulandelelana ifayilishwe izolo:

ISIQINISEKISO SE-PREDRIAL ORDER NO. I-63: OKUZA KWIIMPAWU ZOKUQHUBA KWI-BELLWETHER TRIAL.

Ukumanywa kobungqina be-1/28/2019/09: 00: 04 eSan Francisco, kwigumbi lenkundla 17, kuMgangatho we-XNUMX phambi kweJaji uVince Chhabria.

Gqirha Shustov's UDaubert Iseti yokumamela i-1/28/2019/02: 00 PM eSan Francisco, kwigumbi lenkundla 04, kuMgangatho we-17 phambi kweJaji uVince Chhabria.

Ukukhethwa kweJury ukugcwalisa iphepha lemibuzo elongezelelweyo kwiofisi yejaji (engekho kwirekhodi okanye kwinkundla) ebekelwe 2/13/2019 08:30 AM eSan Francisco.

Ukukhethwa kweJury (ubunzima kunye nomceli mngeni kubangelwa ukuva ngegqwetha nakwiNkundla) ebekelwe umhla we-2/15/2019 ngo-10: 30 ekuseni eSan Francisco, kwigumbi lenkundla 04, kuMgangatho we-17 phambi kweJaji uVince Chhabria.

January 7, 2019

Unyaka oMtsha uqalile ngokuqinileyo kwiMonsanto

Unyaka omtsha uqalile ngamandla kwiMonsanto njengoko iyunithi yeBayer isiya kuvavanyo lwayo lwesibini malunga nezityholo zokuba iRoundup yayo kunye nezinye izinto zokubulala ukhula ezisisiseko se-glyphosate zibangela umhlaza. Kwi NgoJanuwari 3 ulawulaUMgwebi weSithili sase-US u-Vince Chhabria uzikhabile iingxoxo ngamagqwetha amele amaxhoba omhlaza kwaye axhasa iMonsanto ekuthatheni isigqibo sokuthintela abagwebi ekuveni ubungqina obuninzi bokuba abamangali bathi babonisa iinzame zeMonsanto zokukhohlisa nokuphembelela abalawuli kwisigaba sokuqala setyala. Ukuthatha isigqibo sokulichophela ityala, u-Chhabria uthe abachopheli-tyala baya kuva ubungqina obunjalo ukuba bayavuma kuqala ukuba umbulali wokhula waseMonsanto wenze igalelo elibalulekileyo ekubangeleni ummangali engekho-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).

“Inxalenye ebalulekileyo yecala labamangali ibandakanya uhlaselo eMonsanto lokuzama ukuphembelela iiarhente zolawulo kunye nokusebenzisa uluvo loluntu malunga neglyphosate. Le micimbi ifanelekile kumonakalo owohlwayayo kunye neminye imibuzo yoxanduva. Kodwa xa kuziwa ekubeni i-glyphosate ibangele i-NHL yommangali, le micimbi iphazamisa kakhulu, kwaye ibalulekile kuloo nto, ”utshilo umyalelo wejaji.

Ubonelele nge-caveat, ebhala, "ukuba abamangali banobungqina bokuba uMonsanto wenze impembelelo kwizifundo zesayensi, ngokuchaseneyo nezigqibo ze-arhente okanye uluvo loluntu malunga nezi zifundo, obo bungqina bunokwamkeleka kwinqanaba lesizathu."

Ukukhethwa kweJury kulindeleke ukuba kuqale ngoFebruwari 20 kunye neseti yovavanyo eza kuqhubeka ngoFebruwari 25 eSan Francisco. Ityala linjalo UEdwin Hardeman v. Monsanto.

Ngeli xesha, ummangali u-Lee Johnson,Ngubani owaba lixhoba lokuqala lomhlaza ukuthatha iMonsanto ematyaleni, ngokuphumelela isigwebo samatyala ngokuchasene nenkampani ngo-Agasti, naye uphumelele isicelo sakhe kwiNkundla yesiBheno ye-1 yeziBheno ngokuphathwa ngokukhawuleza kwesibheno sikaMonsanto kwelo bhaso lejaji. UMonsanto wasiphikisa isicelo sikaJohnson sokuba "kukhethwe ikhalenda," kodwa inkundla yasamkela isicelo ngoDisemba 27, inika iMonsanto iintsuku ezingama-60 ukuba ifayilishe imfutshane yayo yokuvula.

Disemba 20, 2018

UMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria akazukulawula kude kube nguJanuwari

UMgwebi weSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria uthe ngoLwesine akazukuphumeza isigwebo de kube nguJanuwari kumcimbi ophikisanayo wokuchotshelwa kwetyala lokuqala, neliza kuqhubeka ngoFebruwari. Amagqwetha abamangali nawaseMonsanto ziyalelwe ukufaka zonke iingxelo zabo zeengcali ngolwesiHlanu, nge-21 kaDisemba ukunceda uChabria kwisigqibo sakhe.

Disemba 18, 2018

Monsanto / Bayer Amagqwetha Phendula

Abameli beMonsanto / Bayer baphendule ngolwesiHlanu kwizicelo zokuchongwa malunga namakhulu aliqela eerekhodi zangaphakathi zeMonsanto, befuna ukugcina uninzi lwabo lutywinwe ngokuchasene nezicelo ezivela kumagqwetha abamangali. Amagqwetha enkampani avumile ukukhutshwa kwamaxwebhu angaphakathi, anokwaziswa esidlangalaleni kule veki.

Okwangoku omabini amacala alindele isigwebo esivela kwiJaji yeNkundla yeSithili sase-US uVince Chhabria nge-a isindululo esenziwe ngamagqwetha eMonsanto ukubuyisela umva ibifurcate kwinkundla yokuqala yenkundla kwityala lokulwa nomhlaza kwiRoundup. Elo tyala limiselwe ukuba liqale ngoFebruwari 25 kwaye lithathwa njengentsimbi eya kuthi ibeke inqanaba lendlela kwaye ukuba amanye amatyala ayaqhubeka kwaye / okanye asonjululwe.

UMonsanto angathanda ukuba inkundla yomanyano izilingo zenziwe ngezigaba ezibini- isigaba sokuqala esigxile kwisizathu sonyango- ngaba iyeza lokubulala ukhula lenkampani labangela umhlaza wommangali othile- kunye nesigaba sesibini sokujongana noxanduva kuphela xa abamangali boyisile kwisigaba sokuqala.

Imiba yesizathu kunye nomonakalo wembuyekezo "yahlukile kwaye yahlukile kwisityholo sokungakhathali kukaMonsanto kunye nokuziphatha kwenkampani kwaye bekuya kubandakanya ubungqina obuvela kumangqina ahlukeneyo," yatsho inkampani. Ukubhabha phakathi kuya kuthintela "ukulibaziseka okungafanelekanga ekusombululeni eli tyala…"

Igqwetha labamangali Inxamnye nokuhluthwa Ukuthi olu luvo "aluvakali" kwizimangalo zamanje zesithili (MDL), yiyo le nto uChabria ejongene nayo. Ngaphezulu kwamatyala e-600 asalindelwe kwinkundla yakhe ethetha ukuba i-Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicides ibangele umhlaza wabamangali, kwaye iMonsanto yahluleka ukulumkisa abathengi ngeengozi zeemveliso zayo.

"Ayikaze yenziwe, kwaye ngesizathu esihle," amagqwetha axoxa kwinkundla ye-13 kaDisemba. “Injongo yetyala le-bellwether kukuvumela icala ngalinye ukuba livavanye iingcinga zabo kunye nobungqina ngokuchasene nejaji yokwenyani yelizwe kwaye, ngethemba, bafunde ulwazi olubalulekileyo malunga namandla kunye nobuthathaka beli tyala ukwazisa isisombululo esidibeneyo. Ukubeka umqobo kwicala elinye-lenkqubo-eya kuba ngumthengisi we-facto kumatyala ayi-10,000 XNUMX aqhubeka kwilizwe liphela-ayiphumezi loo njongo. Inika nasiphi na isigwebo kule MDL, nokuba leliphi icala eliphumelelayo, alincedisi. ”

Ukumanyelwa kwetyala elilandelayo kulungiselelwe uJan. 4.

Disemba 14, 2018

Ummangali ufuna ukuPhathwa ngokuKhawulezileyo kweSibheno seMonsanto njengoko impilo yakhe isiba mandundu

UDewayne “Lee” Johnson, ummangali wokuqala ukuthatha uMonsanto ayokumangalela etyhola inkcenkceshela ngokubulala iintsholongwane ezibangela umhlaza, kucwangciselwe ukuba kwenziwe utyando namhlanje ukususa ukukhula komhlaza kwenye yeengalo zakhe.

Impilo kaJohnson iye yawohloka okoko kwagqitywa ityala ngo-Agasti kunye nokuphazamiseka kunyango ngenxa yokuphelelwa lixeshana kwi-inshurensi. Akafumananga nayiphi na imali evela kwisimangalo ngenxa yesibheno iMonsanto eyanyanzeliswa emva kokuphumelela kwenkundla kaJohnson. UMonsanto ubhenela kwisigwebo se- $ 78 yezigidi, esancitshiswa yijaji yetyala elivela kwi-jury's award of $ 289 yezigidi.

UJohnson wafaka inkundla ngo-Okthobha ukuba uyakwamkela ukuncitshiswa. Kodwa ngenxa yokuba uMonsanto ubhenile, amagqwetha kaJohnson nawo afake isibheno, efuna ukubuyisela ibhaso lejaji.

Inkundla yeziBheno yaseCalifornia. 1st Isibheno, inombolo yetyala  A155940.

Amagqwetha kaJohnson afuna ukusingathwa okukhawulezileyo kwesibheno kwaye banethemba lokuba bazokwaziswa kungekudala ngo-Epreli.

“Kukho… amathuba okuba uMnu Johnson uzakufa ngo-2019,” the Isindululo sommangali sithi.

UJohnson, oceba ukuqala kwakhona i-immunotherapy emva kotyando, ayimfuneko kwisivumelwano.

“Andikuthandi ukucinga ngokufa,” utshilo ku dliwano ndlebe epapashwe kwiTime Magazine. “Naxa ndiziva ngathi ndiyafa, ndiye ndizenzele ukudlula ngaphaya kwayo. Ndivakalelwa ngathi awunakukunikezela, ukuxilongwa, isifo, kuba emva koko ufile. Andizidibanisi nelifu lokufa, iingcinga ezimnyama, uloyiko. Ndiceba ubomi obumnandi. ”

Disemba 13, 2018

Izihlangu ezingaphezulu zeMonsanto (amaXwebhu) Cwangcisa ukuDrop

Ifemu yezomthetho yeBaum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman, eyadibana ne-The Miller Firm ekubhaleni uloyiso lwembali lommangali u-Dewayne Lee Johnson ngaphezulu kwe-Monsanto ngo-Agasti, ifuna ukutyunjwa kwamaphepha angamakhulu aliqela eerekhodi zangaphakathi zeMonsanto ezafunyanwa ngokufumanisa kodwa ukuza kuthi ga ngoku kugqityiwe ukutywinwa.

U-Baum Hedlund kunyaka ophelileyo wakhupha amakhulu ezinye iirekhodi zangaphakathi zeMonsanto ezibandakanya ii-imeyile, ii-memos, imiyalezo ebhaliweyo kunye nolunye unxibelelwano olunempembelelo kwisigwebo samacala afanayo sokufumanisa ukuba iMonsanto yasebenza "ngolunya" ngokungalumkisi abathengi malunga neenkxalabo zesayensi malunga ne-glyphosate-based herbicides . Imithombo yeJury ithi ezo rekhodi zangaphakathi zazinefuthe kakhulu kwimbasa yabo yokulimala ngezigidigidi ezingama-250 zeedola ngokuchasene neMonsanto, eyathi ijaji kwimeko yanciphisa yaya kuthi ga kwi-39 yezigidi zeedola kwiibhiliyoni ezingama-78 zeedola.

Amagqwetha abamangali kwizilingo ezimbini ezizayo athi iirekhodi zeMonsanto ezingakhange zibonwe esidlangalaleni ngaphambili ziya kuba yinxalenye yobungqina obutsha abaceba ukubazisa kwizilingo.

Namhlanje ikwangumhla wokugqibela wabamangali wokuphendula kwisindululo sikaMonsanto sokuba "sibuyise umva" ityala likaFebruwari 25 elimiselwe iNkundla yeSithili sase-US kwiSithili saseMantla eCalifornia. (jonga u-Disemba 11 ukungena ngezantsi ngeenkcukacha)

Disemba 12, 2018

IJaji eNtsha inyulwe kwiPillodi yeTyala

Umgwebi weNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Alameda County u-Ioana Petrou, ochithe ngaphezulu konyaka ebandakanyeka kwityala lomhlaza we-Roundup kwaye ehleli kwiintsuku ezininzi zokuboniswa kobungqina besayensi ngabamangali kunye neengcali zokhuselo kwinkundla yomanyano eva ngo-Matshi 2017, alikho ityala . Umphathi waseCalifornia uJerry Brown ubhengeze nge-21 kaNovemba ukuba uPetrou wonyulwe njengomthetho wobulungisa, iCandelo lesiThathu leNkundla yokuQala yeziBheno.

Ujaji Winifred Smith utyunjwe ukuba athathe indawo kaPetrou ukuba ajonge ityala lika-Pilliod V. Monsanto, nelicwangciselwe ukuba lixoxwe ngomhla wesibhozo kweyoKwindla e-Oakland, California. USmith wonyulwa yiRhuluneli uGrey Davis ngo-Novemba ka-8, kwaye phambi kokuqeshwa kwakhe, wasebenza njengosekela-gqwetha jikelele wesebe lezoBulungisa eSan Francisco.

Ityala likaPilliod liya kuba lelesithathu ukuya kuthethwa enkundleni kwityala lokutshutshisa iRoundup. U-Alva Pilliod kunye nenkosikazi yakhe u-Alberta Pilliod, bobabini abakwiminyaka yama-70 kunye nabatshatileyo iminyaka engama-48, batyhola ukuba umhlaza wabo - iifom ze-non-Hodgkin lymphoma- zibangelwa kukuvezwa kwabo ixesha elide kwiRoundup. Ubudala babo obuphambili kunye nokuxilongwa komhlaza kugunyazisa ityala elikhawulezayo, ngokwefayile yenkundla ngamagqwetha abo. UMonsanto wasichasa isicelo sabo somhla wokuvavanywa okhawulezileyo kodwa uPetrou wafumanisa ukuba izigulo zabo kunye neminyaka yabo ziyathandwa. U-Alberta unomhlaza wobuchopho ngelixa u-Alva enesifo somhlaza esihlasele i-pelvis kunye nomqolo. U-Alva wafunyaniswa ngo-2011 ngelixa i-Alberta yafunyaniswa ngo-2015. Basebenzisa i-Roundup ukusuka phakathi kwiminyaka yoo-1970 ukuya kwiminyaka embalwa edlulileyo.

Isimangalo sikaPilliod siphinda abanye bathi "iMonsanto ikhokele umkhankaso othathe ixesha elide wolwazi olungelulo ukuqinisekisa iarhente zikarhulumente, amafama kunye noluntu ngokubanzi ukuba iRoundup ikhuselekile."

Disemba 11, 2018

Amagqwetha aShukuma Phambi kovavanyo olulandelayo

Ngolingo olulandelayo kwisityholo sobunzima besifo somhlaza se-Roundup esibekelwe uFebruwari 25 eSan Francisco, amagqwetha eMonsanto kunye nabamangali bayangxama ukuthatha ngaphezulu kweshumi elinambini lokufakwa kwiiveki eziphelileyo zikaDisemba nangoJanuwari nanjengoko bexoxa ngendlela ityala elifanele zilungelelaniswe.

Amagqwetha eMonsanto nge-10 ka-Disemba afake isikhalazo "sokuguqula bifurcate" ityala elilandelayo, UEdwin Hardeman V. Monsanto (I-3: 16-cv-00525). IMonsanto ifuna ijaji kuphela ukuva ubungqina obujolise kwisizathu esithile sonyango kuqala - ngaba iyeza lokubulala ukhula lwayo labangela umhlaza kommangali - ngesigaba sesibini esiya kujongana noxanduva lukaMonsanto kunye nomonakalo kuphela xa ijaji ifunyenwe kummangali kwisigaba sokuqala. Yabona Ingxoxo kaMonsanto apha. Ujaji Chhabria unikezele ngesicelo esivela kumagqwetha ommangali ukuba avunyelwe de kube nguLwesine ukuba afake impendulo.

U-Edwin Hardeman kunye nenkosikazi yakhe bachitha iminyaka emininzi behlala kwihektare ezingama-56, indawo eyayibalekela izilwanyana eSonoma County, eCalifornia apho uHardeman wayehlala esebenzisa iimveliso zeRoundup ukunyanga ingca kunye nokhula ukusukela ngeminyaka yoo-1980. Wafunyaniswa ukuba une-B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma ngoFebruwari 2015, kwinyanga nje ngaphambi kokuba i-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza ibhengeze ukuba i-glyphosate yinto enokubangela i-carcinogen yabantu.

Ityala likaHardeman lakhethwa njengelokuqala ukuxoxwa kwinkundla yomanyano eSan Francisco (kwisiThili saseMantla saseCalifornia) phambi kweJaji uVince Chhabria. Igqwetha u-Aimee Wagstaff waseDenver, eColorado, ukhokele igqwetha lommangali kweli tyala. Igqwetha uBrent Wisner wenkampani yezomthetho iBaum Hedlund eLos Angeles, kunye negqwetha elikhokele uloyiso kwimbali ka-Agasti ka-Dewayne Lee Johnson yokuphumelela iMonsanto, bekulindeleke ukuba bancede ukuzama eli tyala kodwa ngoku elinye ityala liza kuqala ngoMatshi. Elo tyala nguPilliod, et al V. Monsanto kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo yase-Alameda. Bona amaxwebhu ahambelana nawo Amaphepha eMonsanto iphepha eliphambili.

Umnini omtsha kaMonsanto uBayer AG akonelisekanga kukuxhomekeka kwiqela letyala likaMonsanto elaphulukana netyala likaJohnson kwaye lizisa iqela lalo lezomthetho. Iqela leBayer, elincede inkampani yaseJamani ukuba iphumelele kumlo weXarelto ngegazi, ngoku kubandakanya uPamela Yates kunye noAndrew Solow weArnold & Porter Kaye Scholer noBrian Stekloff kaWilkinson Walsh Eskovitz.

Ukuchotshelwa kwemicimbi ethile yokuzibophelela kusetelwe kwityala likaHardeman ngoFebruwari 4, 6, 11, kunye no-13 ngokukhethwa kwejaji okucwangciselwe uFebruwari 20. Iingxoxo ezivulekileyo ziya kuthi emva koko ziqale ngoFebruwari 25, ngokweshedyuli yangoku.

Disemba 6, 2018

Imihla yokuvavanywa kweMonsanto ezayo

2/25/2019-Inkundla yomanyano-uHardeman
I-3/18/2019-CA JCCP-I-Pilliod (abamangali aba-2)
4/1/2019 - Inkundla yesiXeko iSt
4/22/2019-Inkundla yaseSt. Louis County-Gordon
Nge-5/25/2019-Inkundla yaseSweden-uStevick okanye uGebeyehou
9/9/2019-Inkundla yaseSt. Louis yeNkundla-abamangali aba-4
1/21/2020 - Inkundla yesiXeko iSt
3/23/2020 - Inkundla yesiXeko iSt

Novemba 21, 2018

Udliwanondlebe kaLee Johnson

UDewayne “Lee” Johnson wayengumntu wokuqala ukuthatha uMonsanto enkundleni esithi ukuvezwa kweyeza leRoundup kwabangela ukuba aphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma kwaye le nkampani yagquma ubungozi. Ngo-Agasti u-2018, ijaji e-San Francisco ngazwi linye yafumanisa ukuba iMonsanto yehlulekile ukulumkisa malunga neengozi ze-carcinogenic ye-Roundup herbicide kunye neemveliso ezinxulumene nayo, kwaye banika uJohnson i-289 yezigidi zeedola. Ijaji kamva lanciphisa eso sixa saya kwi-78 yezigidi zeedola. UCarey Gillam uthethe noJohnson malunga nemva kwetyala lakhe kudliwanondlebe neMagazini yeXESHA: Ndiphumelele ityala laseMbali kodwa ngeNgekhe ndigcine iMali

Fumana ilungelo lokwazi uphononongo

Bhalisa kwincwadana yethu yokwaphula iindaba ezivela kuphando lweLungelo loKwazi, eyona ntatheli yezempilo ilungileyo kunye neendaba ezingakumbi zempilo yethu.