Alukho uphononongo loontanga lwesongezo kwisifundo se-coronavirus semvelaphi?

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Ijenali indalo khange kuvavanye ukuthembeka kwamabango abalulekileyo enziwe nge-17 kaNovemba sihlomelo iya ku isifundo kwimvelaphi ye-bat yenoveli coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, imbalelwano ne indalo Abasebenzi bacebisa.

Ngo-Februwari 3, 2020, iZiko laseWuhan leSayensi yeVirology lafumanisa esona salamane sisondeleyo saziwayo seSARS-CoV-2, i-bat coronavirus ebizwa ngokuba yiRaTG13. I-RaTG13 iye yangumbindi kwingcinga yokuba i-SARS-CoV-2 ivela kwizilwanyana zasendle.

Idilesi yezihlomelo engaphendulwanga imiba malunga nemvelaphi yeRaTG13. Ababhali, uZhou et al., Bacacisa ukuba bafumene i-RaTG13 kwi-2012-2013 "kwindawo encinci yokulahla umzuzu kwi-Mojiang County, kwiPhondo lase-Yunnan," apho abasebenzi-mgodini abathandathu beva ubunzima uxinzelelo olukhulu lokuphefumla emva kokuvezwa lilindle, yaye abathathu babhubha. Uphando lwe Iimpawu zabavukuzi abagulayo zinokunika imikhondo ebalulekileyo malunga nemvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2. UZhou et al. baxela ukuba abafumananga i-coronaviruses ezinxulumene ne-SARS kwiisampuli ze-serum ezigciniweyo zabasebenzi-mgodini abagulayo, kodwa abawaxhasi amabango abo ngedatha nangeendlela malunga novavanyo lwabo kunye nolawulo lokulinga.

Ukungabikho kwedatha ephambili kwisihlomelo kuye iphakamise eminye imibuzo malunga nokuthembeka kweZhou et al. ukufunda. Nge-27 kaNovemba, i-US Right to Know yabuza indalo imiba malunga namabango esihlomelo, kwaye wacela ukuba indalo papasha yonke idatha exhasayo ethi Zhou et al. inokuba inikezele.

NgoDisemba 2, indalo Intloko yezoNxibelelwano uBex Walton phendula ukuba u-Zhou et al. Isifundo “besichanekile kodwa singacacanga,” kwaye isihlomelo besifanelekile iqonga emva kokupapashwa Ingcaciso. Wongeze wathi: “Malunga nemibuzo yakho, singakuyalela ukuba uye kubabhali bephepha ukufumana iimpendulo, njengoko le mibuzo ayibhekiseli kuphando esilupapashileyo kodwa kolunye uphando olwenziwe ngababhali, apho singenakho ukuphawula ”(ugxininiso lwethu). Ukusukela imibuzo yethu enxulumene nophando oluchazwe kwisihlomelo, i indalo Isiteyitimenti sommeli sicebisa ukuba iZhou et al.isihlomelo asivavanywanga njengophando.

Sibuze Umbuzo olandelayo Nge-2 kaDisemba: “ingaba esi sihlomelo besiphantsi koqwalaselo loontanga kunye / okanye ukonganyelwa kokuhlelwa ngu indalo? ” UNks Walton akazange aphendule ngqo; yena phendula: "Ngokubanzi, abahleli bethu baya kuvavanya izimvo okanye iinkxalabo eziphakanyiswe nathi okokuqala, bebuza ababhali, kwaye befuna iingcebiso kubavavanyi boontanga nakwezinye iingcali zangaphandle ukuba sikubona kufanelekile. Umgaqo-nkqubo wethu wokugcina imfihlo uthetha ukuba asinakho ukugqabaza ngendlela ethile yokuphathwa kwamatyala. ”

ukusukela indalo uthathela ingqalelo isihlomelo njenge iposiuhlaziyo loshicilelo, kwaye ayisixhomekisi eso sithuba sokupapashwa kwezihlomelo kwimigangatho efanayo yokujonga oontanga njengopapasho lwantlandlolo, kubonakala ngathi uZhou et al. isihlomelo asikhange sijongwe kwakhona.

Ababhali uZhengli Shi noPeng Zhou abaphendulanga imibuzo yethu malunga nabo indalo isihlomelo.