Izazinzulu zaseTshayina zazifuna ukutshintsha igama le-coronavirus ebulalayo ukuyisusa e-China

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Kwiintsuku zokuqala zobhubhane we-COVID-19, iqela lezazinzulu elidibene norhulumente wase-China lazama ukumisa kude i-coronavirus e-China ngokuphembelela ukubizwa kwayo ngokusemthethweni. Ukuqinisekisa ukuba intsholongwane yafunyanwa okokuqala eWuhan, China, izazinzulu zathi boyika ukuba intsholongwane izakubizwa ngokuba yi "Wuhan coronavirus" okanye "Wuhan pneumonia," ii-imeyile ezifunyenweyo ngu-US ilungelo lokwazi umboniso.

Ii-imeyile zityhila kwangaphambili kwimfazwe yolwazi eqhutywa ngurhulumente wase-China ukuyila ibali malunga nemvelaphi yenoveli coronavirus.

Ukuthiwa kwale ntsholongwane "yinto ebaluleke kakhulu kubantu baseTshayina" kunye nezalathiso zentsholongwane ekhankanya uWuhan "ukubekwa amabala kunye nokuthuka" abahlali baseWuhan, imbalelwano esuka kuFebruwari 2020 ithi.

Ngokukodwa izazinzulu zaseTshayina zathi igama lobuchwephesha elinikezelwe intsholongwane- "isifo esiqatha sokuphefumla isifo coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)" - kwakungekho nje "kunzima ukuyikhumbula okanye ukuyibona" ​​kodwa "yayilahlekisa ngokwenyani" kuba yayihambelana intsholongwane entsha kuqhambuko lukaSARS-CoV lowama-2003 olwavela eChina.

Le ntsholongwane yathiywa liQela loFundo lweCoronavirus (CSG) leKomiti yeHlabathi yeRhafu yeTholongwane (ICTV).

Iziko lase-Wuhan leVirology sisazinzulu esiphezulu uZhengli Shi, okhokele ukubizwa kwakhona umzamo, echazwe nge-imeyile kwiYunivesithi yaseNorth Carolina i-virologist uRalph Baric, "ingxoxo eyoyikisayo phakathi kweentsholongwane zaseTshayina" ngegama leSARS-CoV-2.

UDeyin Guo, owayesakuba ngumphathi weSikolo seYunivesithi yaseWuhan seNzululwazi yezoBomi kunye nombhali-mbhali wesindululo sokutshintsha igama, wabhala kumalungu e-CSG athe asilela ukubonisana nesigqibo sawo sokuqamba amagama “neengcali zentsholongwane kubandakanya nezokuqala ukufumanisa [Sic] yentsholongwane kunye nabachazi bokuqala besifo ”abasuka kwilizwe lase China.

“Akufanelekanga ukusebenzisa igama lentsholongwane elisekwe kwisifo elinye (njenge-SARS-CoV) ukubiza zonke ezinye iintsholongwane zendalo ezikulohlobo olunye kodwa ezineempawu ezahlukileyo,” ubhale watsho kwimbalelwano ethunyelwe yena ezinye izazinzulu ezintlanu zamaTshayina.

Iqela licebise elinye igama- “Ukudluliselwa kwe-coronavirus ebuhlungu yokuphefumla (i-TARS-CoV). Olunye ukhetho, bathi, inokuba yi- "Human acute coronavirus (HARS-CoV)."

Umsonto we-imeyile ochaza utshintsho lwegama obhaliweyo wacelwa uSihlalo we-CSG uJohn Ziebuhr.

Imbalelwano ibonisa ukuba uZiebuhr akavumelani nengcinga yeqela laseTshayina. Uphendule ngelithi “igama elithi SARS-CoV-2 linxibelelanisa le ntsholongwane nezinye iintsholongwane (ezibizwa ngokuba zii-SARS-CoVs okanye ii-SARSr-CoVs) koluhlobo kubandakanya nentsholongwane yohlobo lwesi sifo endaweni yesifo esakha sakhuthaza ukubizwa kwale prototype intsholongwane phantse kwiminyaka engama-20 eyadlulayo. Isimamva -2 sisetyenziswa njengesazisi esikhethekileyo kwaye sibonisa ukuba i-SARS-Co V-2 iseyeNYE (kodwa inxulumene ngokusondeleyo) nentsholongwane kolu hlobo. ”

Imithombo yeendaba kaRhulumente yase China CGTN umbiko omnye umzamo Nge-Matshi 2020 ngama-virologist aseTshayina abiza i-SARS-CoV-2 njenge-coronavirus yabantu i-2019 (i-HCoV-19), engakhange idlule kwi-CSG.

Ukuthiya intsholongwane ebangela ubhubhane-uxanduva lwe-World Health Organisation (i-WHO) -kuhlala kuyinto ityala lezopolitiko ukuzivocavoca kuluhlu lwetaxonomic.

Ukuqhambuka kwangaphambili kwefayile ye- Umkhuhlane weH5N1 intsholongwane eyavela e-China, urhulumente wase-China watyhala i-WHO ukuba yenze i-nomenclature engazukubopha amagama e-virus kwiimbali okanye kwiindawo ezivela kuyo.

Ukuze ufumane inkcazelo engakumbi

Iimeyile zeYunivesithi yaseNorth Carolina uNjingalwazi uRalph Baric, ethi i-US Right to Know ifunyenwe ngesicelo seerekhodi zoluntu, inokufumaneka apha: I-baric imeyile ibatch # 2: iYunivesithi yaseNorth Carolina (Iphepha le-332)

Ilungelo lase-US lokwazi ukuthumela amaxwebhu avela kwizicelo zethu zeerekhodi zoluntu zophando lwethu lwee-biohazards. Bona: Amaxwebhu e-FOI kwimvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2, iingozi zokufumana umsebenzi kunye neelebhu zokutya.

Iphepha elingasemva kuphando lwase-US lweLungelo lokwazi ngemvelaphi ye-SARS-CoV-2.