Uphononongo lwase-US lubonisa ukutshintshela kukutya okune-organic kunokukhawuleza kucace ukubulala izitshabalalisi kwimizimba yethu

ushicilelo Imeyli isabelo Ukufuna

Isifundo esitsha epapashwe ngoLwesibini ifumanise ukuba emva kokutshintshela kukutya okune-organic kwiintsuku nje ezimbalwa, abantu banokuwanciphisa amanqanaba esibulali-zinambuzane esihambelana nomhlaza ofunyenwe kumchamo wabo ngaphezulu kwama-70 epesenti.

Abaphandi baqokelela iisampulu zomchamo ezili-158 eziphuma kwiintsapho ezine –abadala abasixhenxe nabantwana abasithoba - kwaye bavavanya iisampulu zobukho bokubulala ukhula glyphosate, nesisithako esisebenzayo kwiRoundup kunye neminye imichiza yokutshabalalisa ukhula ethandwayo. Abathathi-nxaxheba bachitha iintsuku ezintlanu kukutya okungekho organic ngokupheleleyo kunye neentsuku ezintlanu kukutya okune-organic ngokupheleleyo.

"Olu phononongo lubonisa ukuba ukutshintshela kwindlela yokutya eyi-organic yindlela efanelekileyo yokunciphisa umthwalo we-glyphosate… Olu phando longeza kumzimba okhulayo woncwadi obonisa ukuba ukutya okunezinto eziphilayo kunokunciphisa ukubekeka kwizibulali zinambuzane kubantwana nakubantu abadala," utshilo. isifundo, esapapashwa kwijenali UPhando lwezeNdalo.

Ngokukodwa, abaphandi bafumanise ukuba abantwana abakwisifundo banamanqanaba aphezulu kakhulu e-glyphosate kumchamo wabo kunabantu abadala. Bobabini abantu abadala kunye nabantwana babone amathontsi amakhulu phambi kwesiyobisi sokubulala izitshabalalisi kulandela ukutshintsha kokutya. Amanqanaba okuchama e-urinary glyphosate kuzo zonke izifundo ehle ngepesenti ye-70.93.

Ngaphandle kobukhulu bayo obuncinci, olu phononongo lubalulekile kuba lubonisa ukuba abantu banokunciphisa ukubhengeza kwabo ukubulala izitshabalalisi ekutyeni nangaphandle komthetho, utshilo uBruce Lanphear, uNjingalwazi weSayensi yezeMpilo kwiYunivesithi yaseSimon Fraser.

U-Lanphear uqaphele ukuba isifundo sibonisa ukuba abantwana babonakala bevezwe kakhulu kunabantu abadala, nangona isizathu singacacanga. "Ukuba ukutya kungcoliswe zizibulali zinambuzane, baya kuba nomthwalo ophezulu emzimbeni," utshilo uLanphear.

I-Roundup kunye nezinye i-glyphosate herbicides zihlala zitshizwa ngqo ngaphezulu kwamasimi okulima umbona, iimbotyi zesoya, isweet beet, icanola, ingqolowa, ihabile kunye nezinye izityalo ezininzi ezisetyenziselwa ukwenza ukutya, kushiya umkhondo kwimveliso yokutya egqityiweyo etyiwe ngabantu nezilwanyana.

Ulawulo lokutya kunye neziyobisi lufumene i-glyphosate nkqu kwi-oatmeal  kwaye sithandwa, phakathi kwezinye iimveliso. Kwaye amaqela abathengi anamaxwebhu ashiyekileyo e-glyphosate kuluhlu lwamashwamshwam kunye nokutya okuziinkozo.

Kodwa i-glyphosate kunye ne-glyphosate-based herbicides enje ngeRoundup inxulunyaniswe nomhlaza kunye nokunye ukugula kunye nezifo kwizifundo ezininzi kule minyaka kunye nokwanda kolwazi lophando kukhokelele ekukhuleni koloyiko malunga nokuchazwa kwichiza lokubulala izitshabalalisi ngokutya.

Amaqela amaninzi abhale ubukho be-glyphosate kumchamo womntu kule minyaka idlulileyo. Kodwa bekukho izifundo ezimbalwa ngokuthelekisa amanqanaba e-glyphosate kubantu abatya ukutya okuqhelekileyo xa kuthelekiswa nokutya okwenziwe kuphela kukutya okulinywe ngokwendalo, ngaphandle kokusebenzisa izitshabalalisi ezifana ne-glyphosate.

"Iziphumo zolu phando ziqinisekisa uphando lwangaphambili apho izidlo eziphilayo zinokunciphisa ukungena kwe-agrochemicals, njenge-glyphosate," utshilo uChensheng Lu, unjingalwazi odibeneyo weSikolo seYunivesithi yaseWashington seMpilo kaRhulumente kunye noprofesa wokuhlonipha, kwiYunivesithi yase Mzantsi-ntshona, eChongqing China .

Ngokoluvo lwam, umyalezo osisiseko weli phepha kukukhuthaza ukuvelisa ukutya okuninzi okungafunekiyo kwabantu abafuna ukuzikhusela ekuvezweni ziiagrochemicals. Eli phepha liyingqinile kwakhona le ndlela ichanekileyo yokuthintela kunye nokukhusela, ”utshilo uLu.

Isifundo yabhalwa nguJohn Fagan noLarry Bohlen, bobabini iZiko loPhando ngezeMpilo e-Iowa, kunye no-Sharyle Patton, umlawuli we-Commonweal Biomonitoring Resource Centre eCalifornia no-Kendra Klein, isazinzulu sabasebenzi kwi-Friends of the Earth, iqela elikhuthaza abathengi.

The Iintsapho ezithatha inxaxheba Kwisifundo bahlala e-Oakland, California, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Baltimore, Maryland nase-Atlanta, Georgia.

Isifundo sesibini seprojekthi enamacandelo amabini ophando. Eyokuqala, amanqanaba e-14 yezibulali zinambuzane ezahlukileyo alinganiswa kumchamo wabathathi-nxaxheba.

IGlyphosate yeyona nto ixhalabisayo kuba sesona sibulala ntsholongwane sisetyenziswa kakhulu emhlabeni kwaye sitshizwa kwizityalo ezininzi zokutya. I-Arhente yaMazwe ngaMazwe yoPhando ngomhlaza, eyinxalenye ye-World Health Organisation, ithe ngo-2015 olo phando lubonakalise i-glyphosate to unokuba ngumhlaza womntu onokwenzeka.

Amashumi amawaka abantu baye bamangalela iMonsanto besithi ukuboniswa kwi-Roundup kubangele ukuba baphuhlise i-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, kwaye amazwe amaninzi kunye neendawo kwihlabathi liphela kutshanje ziye zathintela okanye zathintela i-glyphosate herbicides okanye bacinga ukwenza njalo.

I-Bayer, eyathenga iMonsanto kwi-2018, yiyo ukuzama ukuhlala ngaphezu kwama-100,000 amabango anjalo aziswa eMelika. Abamangali kwizimangalo zelizwe lonke bathi iMonsanto kudala ifuna ukufihla umngcipheko weyeza layo.

Inkundla yezibheno yaseCalifornia Ulawule kwinyanga ephelileyo ukuba bekukho ubungqina "obuninzi" bokuba i-glyphosate, kunye nezinye izithako kwiimveliso zeRoundup, zabangela umhlaza.