Ka mālama ʻana i nā mea huna mai nā mea kūʻai aku: Labeling Law a Win for Industry-Academic Collaborations

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Ua lohe pinepine ʻoe i ka mantera - ʻaʻohe hopohopo palekana e pili ana i nā mea kanu ʻenekini. ʻO kēlā pale, mele i ka pepeiao ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā biotech, mele ʻia pinepine ʻia e nā luna kānāwai o US i hala i kahi kānāwai aupuni e ʻae i nā ʻoihana e hōʻole i ka haʻi ʻana i nā pūʻulu meaʻai inā loaʻa nā huahana genetically engineered i kēlā mau huahana.

ʻO Sen. Pat Roberts, nāna i hānai i ke kānāwai ma o ka Senate, ua hoʻopau i nā hopohopo a me nā noiʻi ʻana i hānai i ka makaʻu e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino e pili ana i nā mea i hana ʻia me nā genetically engine, i ka lobbying no ka bila.

"Ua hōʻoia hou ka ʻepekema i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka biotechnology mahiʻai he 100 pakeneka ka palekana," Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Roberts ma ka papahele o ka Senate ma ka lā 7 Iulai ma mua o ka hala ʻana o ka bila. Apono ka hale i ke ana ma ka lā 14 o Iulai i ke koho balota 306-117.

Ma lalo o ke kānāwai hou, i kēia manawa e hele nei i ka pākaukau o Pelekikena Obama, ua hoʻopau ʻia nā kānāwai mokuʻāina e kauoha ana i ka lepili ʻana o GMO, a ʻaʻole pono nā ʻoihana meaʻai e haʻi maopopo aku i ka poʻe kūʻai inā loaʻa nā meaʻai i nā ʻenekini genetically; akā hiki iā lākou ke kau i nā code a i ʻole nā ​​helu pūnaewele i nā huahana e pono ai nā mea kūʻai aku e kiʻi no ka ʻike o ka mea hoʻohui. Hoʻonāukiuki iki ke kānāwai i ka paʻakikī i nā mea kūʻai aku e loaʻa ka ʻike. Wahi a nā luna kau kānāwai e like me Roberts, maikaʻi ke kapua i nā pilikia no nā mea kūʻai aku no ka mea palekana ʻo GMO.

Akā ua hakakā nā mea kūʻai aku he nui i mau makahiki no nā meaʻai e kapa inoa ʻia no ka ʻike GMO no ka mea ʻaʻole lākou e ʻae i nā kuleana palekana. ʻO nā hōʻike o ka hopena o nā ʻoihana ma luna o nā kaiāulu ʻepekema nāna i mālama i ka palekana o GMO i mea paʻakikī i nā mea kūʻai aku e ʻike i ka mea e hilinaʻi ai a me nā mea e manaʻoʻiʻo ai e pili ana i nā GMO.

"Ua lilo ka 'ʻepekema" i politika a kālele nui ʻia i ka lawelawe ʻana i nā mākeke, "i ʻōlelo ʻo Pamm Larry, ka luna o ka hui mea kūʻai aku ʻo LabelGMO. "Mālama ka ʻoihana i ka moʻolelo, ma ka liʻiliʻi ma ka pae politika." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Larry a me nā hui lepili pro-label he nui nā noiʻi e hōʻike ana hiki i nā GMO ke loaʻa nā hopena weliweli.

Kēia pule, tʻo ia ka nūpepa Palani Le Monde ua hoʻohui hou i ke kumu no ka skepticism e pili ana i nā kuleana palekana GMO ke hōʻike ʻia nā kikoʻī o ke Kulanui o ʻO Kumu Nebraska ʻo Richard Goodman's hana e pale a hoʻolaha i nā mea kanu GMO ʻoiai e loaʻa kālā ana ʻo Goodman mai ka mea hoʻomohala hua nui GMO honua nui ʻo Monsanto Co. a me nā ʻoihana biotech a me nā hui kemika. ʻO nā kamaʻilio leka uila i loaʻa ma o ke noi o Freedom of information e hōʻike pinepine ana iā Goodman me Monsanto e pili ana i ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻi i nā hana labo GMO koi a me ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā hopohopo palekana GMO e like me kā Goodman i alakaʻi ai i ka "ʻike ʻepekema a me ke kūkākūkā ʻana no ka palekana GM" ma United States, Asia a me ka European Union. .

ʻO Goodman kekahi o nā ʻepekema ʻepekema lehulehu i komo i loko o ia hana. Ua hōʻike ʻia nā hana like like e pili ana i nā ʻepekema lehulehu ma nā kula nui, e like me ke Kulanui o Florida a me ke Kulanui o ʻIlino. ʻO Cumulative, nā pilina e kuhikuhi i ka hana a Monsanto a me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i ka hopena ʻepekema o GMO a me nā pesticides e pahu i nā kiko e pale ai i kā lākou loaʻa kālā.

I kāna hoʻokolokolo ʻana i kēlā mau hopohopo, ka ʻatikala Le Monde hoʻomālamalama kahi kukui e pili ana iā Goodman, ka mea i hana ma Monsanto no ʻehiku mau makahiki ma mua o kona neʻe ʻana i ke kula nui i ka makahiki 2004, a ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia ka luna hoʻoponopono o ka puke pai ʻepekema. Nā Mea ʻai a me nā Toxicology Kemika (FCT) e kiaʻi i nā hōʻike noiʻi pili i ka GMO. ʻO kā Goodman inoa ʻana i ka papa hoʻoponopono FCT i hele koke mai ma hope koke iho o ka manawa o ka nūpepa i huhū ai ʻo Monsanto me ka paʻi 2012 o kahi noi na ka biologist Palani ʻo Gilles-Eric Séralini i loaʻa nā GMO a me Monsanto's glyphosate herbicide hiki ke hoʻoweliweli i nā tumors i nā ʻiole. Ma hope o ke komo ʻana o Goodman i ka papa hoʻoponopono FCT ua hoʻihoʻi ka puke pai i ke aʻo ʻana i ka makahiki 2013. (ʻO ia hope hoʻopuka hou ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai.) Nā loiloi i kēlā manawa i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo ka hoʻi hou ʻana ua nakinaki ʻia i ke koho ʻia a Goodman i ka papa hoʻoponopono o ka puke pai. Ua hōʻole ʻo Goodman i ke komo ʻana i ka retraction, a haʻalele iā FCT i Ianuali 2015.

Hoike a Le Monde ua ʻōlelo ʻia nā kamaʻilio leka uila i loaʻa e ka hui hoʻolaha hoʻolaha o US US Right to Know (kahi aʻu e hana nei). ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e ka hui e hōʻike iā Goodman e kamaʻilio pū ana me Monsanto e pili ana i ka maikaʻi loa e hōʻino ai i ka noi Séralini ma hope koke iho o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana "paʻi mua" i Kepakemapa 2012. I loko o kahi leka uila ʻo 19 Kepakemapa 2012, Ua kākau ʻo Goodman iā Monsanto, ka mea ʻimi kino iā Bruce Hammond: "Ke loaʻa iā ʻolua kekahi mau kikoʻōlelo, a i ʻole ka loiloi poka, mahalo wau iā ia."

Hōʻike pū nā leka uila i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana o FCT ma Aliʻi Wallace Hayes i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o Goodman i luna hoʻoponopono no FCT e ka lā 2 o Nowemapa 2012, i ka mahina like i paʻi ʻia ai ka noi Séralini ma ka paʻi, ʻoiai ʻo Goodman ua ʻōlelo ʻia ma hope e ʻōlelo ana ʻaʻole i noi ʻia iā ia e hui pū me FCT a Ianuali 2013. I kēlā leka uila, Ua noi ʻo Hayes iā Monsanto's Hammond e hana ma ke ʻano he loiloi no kekahi mau palapala i waiho ʻia i ka puke pai. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Hayes ʻo ke noi no ke kōkua o Hammond ʻo ia hoʻi ma “ka inoa o Professor Goodman.”

Hōʻike nā kamaʻilio leka uila i nā launa pū he nui ma waena o nā luna o Monsanto a me Goodman e like me kā Goodman hana ʻana e pale i nā loiloi like ʻole o GMO. Uhi nā leka uila i nā ʻano kumuhana, e like me ka noi a Goodman no ko Monsanto manaʻo e pili ana i kahi noiʻi Sri Lankan i waiho ʻia iā FCT; kona kūʻē ʻana i kahi noiʻi ʻē aʻe i loaʻa nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole mai kahi kānana Monsanto GMO; a me ke kālā papahana mai Monsanto a me nā ʻoihana huaʻai biotech e hana ana i ka hapalua o ka uku o Goodman.

ʻOiaʻiʻo, kahi hoʻololi leka uila ʻOkakopa 2012 hōʻike e pili ana i ka manawa e kau inoa ana ʻo Goodman i ka puke pai FCT a e hōʻino ana i ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana o Seralini, e hōʻike pū ana ʻo Goodman i kāna mea mālama kālā ʻoihana e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i kāna kahawai loaʻa ma ke ʻano he "polopeka kālā palupalu."

I ka ʻOkakopa 6, 2014 leka uila, Ua kākau ʻo Goodman iā Monsanto Food Safety Scientific Affairs Lead John Vicini e ʻōlelo e nānā ana ʻo ia i kahi "anti-paper" a lana ka manaʻo no kekahi alakaʻi. ʻO ka pepa i nīnau ʻia i hōʻike ʻia i kahi hōʻike 2014 mai Sri Lanka e pili ana i kahi "hiki ke hōʻike / hoʻopili a me kahi ʻano i manaʻo ʻia no ka hoʻoweliweli glyphosate e pili ana i nā maʻi puʻupaʻa." ʻO Glyphosate ka mea nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup herbicide a hoʻohana ʻia ma Roundup Ready i hoʻohua ʻia me nā genetically engineered. ʻO ka World Health Organization ma 2015 i ʻōlelo ʻia he glyphosate kino kanaka paha ia ma hope o kekahi mau ʻepekema noiʻi i pili iā ia i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Akā mālama ʻo Monsanto i ka palekana o ka glyphosate.

I loko o ka leka uila iā Vicini, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Goodman ʻaʻohe ona mākaukau e pono ai a noi aku iā Monsanto e hāʻawi i "kekahi mau manaʻo ʻepekema maikaʻi no ke kumu a he kūpono ʻole paha kēia."

Hōʻike nā leka uila i nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o ko Goodman makemake iā Monsanto. E like me kā Le Monde ʻatikala i kuhikuhi ai, i Mei 2012, ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kekahi mau ʻōlelo a Goodman i kahi ʻatikala ma kahi pūnaewele i pili me ka mea kaulana ʻo Oprah Winfrey, ʻo Goodman ka alo ʻia e kahi luna Monsanto no ka "waiho ʻana i kahi mea heluhelu e manaʻo nei ʻaʻole lawa kā mākou ʻike e pili ana i kēia huahana e ʻōlelo inā lākou" palekana. "Ua kākau ʻo Goodman i kekahi poʻe ma Monsanto, DuPont, Syngenta, BASF a me Dow a me Bayer a me ua kala aku "iā ʻoe a me kāu mau hui āpau," saying ua kuhi hewa ʻia ʻo ia a kuhi hewa ʻia.

Ma hope i hoʻokahi Iulai 30, 2012 leka uila, Ua hoʻolaha aku ʻo Goodman i nā luna ma Monsanto, Bayer, DuPont, Syngenta a me BASF ua noi ʻia ʻo ia e hana i kahi nīnauele me National Radio Radio e pili ana inā he pilina paha ma waena o nā mea kanu GMO a me ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā meaʻai āpau. Ma ka pane Aug 1, 2012, ua hāʻawi aku kahi luna ma Bayer iā ia i ka "hoʻomaʻamaʻa media" manuahi ma mua o kāna nīnauele.

Hōʻike pū nā leka uila i kā Goodman hana hui pū ʻana me Monsanto e hoʻāʻo e hoʻokahuli i nā hana lepili GMO. I hoʻokahi ʻOkakopa 25, 2014 leka uila iā Monsanto ke poʻokela o nā hana ʻepekema honua ʻO Eric Sachs lāua ʻo Vicini, hōʻike ʻo Goodman i kekahi mau "manaʻo a me nā manaʻo" no nā hoʻolaha e hiki ke aʻo i nā "mea kūʻai / koho balota." Ua kākau ʻo ia he mea nui e hōʻike i ka "paʻakikī o kā mākou lako meaʻai" a pehea e hoʻonui ai ka lepili koi i nā kumukūʻai inā pane nā ʻoihana e ka ʻimi ʻana i nā mea kūʻai aku ʻole GMO. Ua kākau ʻo ia i ke koʻikoʻi o ka lawe ʻana i kēlā mau manaʻo i ka Senate a me ka Hale, a me kona manaʻolana "ua holo pono ʻole nā ​​hoʻolaha lepili ʻana."

Hoʻomaopopo pū nā leka uila i ka hilinaʻi nui o Goodman i ke kākoʻo kālā mai Monsanto-i hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Monsanto a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai biotech ʻē aʻe e hāʻawi kālā no kahi “Ka hōkeo ʻikepili Allergen” kiaʻi ʻia e Goodman a holo ma waena o ka Polokalamu ʻImi ʻAi Pīʻai a me ka Polokalamu Kumuwaiwai ma ke Kulanui o Nebraska. Nānā i ka ʻaelike kākoʻo no ka hōkeo ʻikepili allergen no 2013 i hōʻike i kēlā me kēia o nā hui kākoʻo ʻeono e uku ma kahi o $ 51,000 no kahi hōʻuluʻulu kālā o $ 308,154 no kēlā makahiki. Hiki i kēlā me kēia mea kākoʻo ke "hāʻawi i kā lākou ʻike i kēia hana nui," i ʻōlelo ʻia ka ʻaelike. Mai ka 2004-2015, me Monsanto, nā hui kākoʻo me Dow AgroSciences, Syngenta, DuPont's Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Bayer CropScience a me BASF. Hoʻokahi invoice 2012 iā Monsanto no ka Database Allergen Meaʻai i noi ʻia e uku ʻia $ 38,666.50.

Kuhi ʻia ke kumu o ka waihona pūnaewele i ka "loiloi i ka palekana o nā protein i hoʻolauna ʻia i loko o nā meaʻai ma o ka hana ʻenehana a i ʻole ma o ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai." ʻO ka hiki ke loaʻa nā mea pale ʻole i manaʻo ʻole ʻia i kekahi mau meaʻai ʻenekini genetically kekahi o nā makaʻu maʻamau i hōʻike ʻia e nā pūʻulu mea kūʻai a me kekahi poʻe loea olakino a olakino.

I nā manaʻo ma ka papahele o ka Hale, Ua haʻi ʻo Rep. Jim McGovern (D-Mass.) ʻo ka QR code kahi makana i kahi ʻoihana meaʻai e ʻimi nei e hūnā i ka ʻike mai ka poʻe kūʻai aku. ʻAʻole ke kānāwai "he aha ka makemake o ka mea kūʻai ʻAmelika, akā he aha nā makemake kūikawā e makemake ai," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. "He kuleana nui ko kēlā me kēia ʻAmelika e ʻike i nā mea i loko o ka meaʻai a lākou e ʻai ai."

ʻO Goodman, Monsanto a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka ʻoihana biotech ag hiki ke hoʻolauleʻa i kā lākou lanakila ma ka ʻAhaʻōlelo akā ʻo ke kānāwai lepili hou e hoʻonui wale i ka manaʻo kānalua o nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i nā GMOs no ka mea hōʻole i ke ʻano o ka transparency e ʻimi nei nā mea kūʻai aku - he mau huaʻōlelo maʻalahi wale nō inā "hana ʻia kahi huahana me ka ʻenekinia."

ʻO ka hū ʻana ma hope o ka QR code ʻaʻole ia e hoʻoulu i ka hilinaʻi.