ʻO kā Thailand hoʻohuli ʻana i ka pāpā glyphosate i hiki mai ma hope o ke kākau ʻana o Bayer script US, hōʻike ʻia nā palapala

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ʻO Thailand i hoʻokahi makahiki i hala i hoʻonoho ʻia e pāpā ʻo ka mauʻu mauʻu e luku nei i ka glyphosate Nine Inch, kahi neʻe i hoʻomaikaʻi ʻia e nā mea kākoʻo olakino lehulehu no ka mea he hōʻike ka lāʻau i kumu i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a me nā mea ʻino ʻē aʻe i ka poʻe a me ke kaiapuni.

Akā ma lalo o ke kaomi koʻikoʻi mai nā luna o US, ua hoʻohuli ke aupuni o Thailand i ka pāpā papa ʻia ma glyphosate i ka mahina ʻo Nowemapa i hala a hoʻolohi i ka pāpā ʻana i nā lāʻau pesticides ʻelua ʻē aʻe me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka ʻōlelo a ke Kōmike Kālā Meaʻāina National National Hazardous i ʻōlelo ʻia he pāpā e pono e pale aku i nā mea kūʻai aku.

ʻO kahi pāpā, keu hoʻi i ka glyphosate, e "hoʻopilikia loa" i ka lawe mai ʻana mai o ka soybeans, ka palaoa a me nā mea mahiʻai ʻē aʻe, ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo US Department of Agriculture Undersecretary Ted McKinney i ke Kuhina Nui o Thailand ʻo Prayuth Chan-Ocha i ka hoʻokau ʻana i ka hoʻololi. Hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia nā lawe mai ma muli o kēlā mau ukana, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe he nui, i hoʻopili ʻia me nā koena o glyphosate.

Ano, nā leka uila hou i hōʻike ʻia ma waena o nā luna aupuni a me Monsanto makua Bayer AG hōʻike i ka hana a McKinney, a me nā mea i lawe ʻia e nā luna aupuni o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hoʻomaopopo iā Thailand ʻaʻole e pāpā i ka glyphosate, ua kākau ʻia a paipae ʻia e Bayer.

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila ma o kahi Freedom of Information Act i noi ʻia e ka Center for Biological Diversity, kahi hui mālama nonprofit. ʻO ka hoʻopiʻi ka hui ka US Department of Agriculture (USDA) a me ka US Department of Commerce i ka Pōʻakolu e ʻimi nei i nā moʻolelo lehulehu e pili ana i nā hana a nā keʻena o ke kālepa a me ka mahiʻai i ka kaomi ʻana iā Thailand e pili ana i ka pilikia glyphosate. Aia kekahi mau palapala a ke aupuni i hōʻole ai e hoʻokuʻu e pili ana i nā kamaʻilio me Bayer a me nā hui ʻē aʻe, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka hui.

"He mea maikaʻi ʻole ka nānā ʻana o kēia hoʻomalu i ka ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa e kākoʻo makapō ai i kā Bayer manaʻo ponoʻī no ka palekana o glyphosate," wahi a Nathan Donley, he ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma ka Center for Biological Diversity. "Akā e hana ma ke ʻano he luna ʻo Bayer e kaomi i nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe e lawe i kēlā kūlana he mea huhū loa."

ʻO Glyphosate ka mea hoʻohana i nā herbicides Roundup a me nā mana ʻē aʻe i hoʻomohala ʻia e Monsanto, i waiwai ʻia he mau piliona kālā i nā kūʻai makahiki. Ua kūʻai ʻo Bayer iā Monsanto i ka makahiki 2018 a ke ʻumeʻume nei ʻo ia mai ka wā e kāohi ai i ka piʻi ʻana o ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema noiʻi e hōʻike ana hiki i nā gicphosate herbicides ke kumu i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai koko i kapa ʻia ʻo non-Hodgkin lymphoma. ʻO ka hui pū kekahi e hakakā ana i nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana ma mua o 100,000 mau mea hoʻopiʻi i koi i ko lākou ulu ʻana o ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin i kumu ʻia e ka hōʻike ʻana iā Roundup a me nā lāʻau herbicides a Monsanto glyphosate.

ʻO nā mea hoʻomake mauʻu Glyphosate ka mea kanu lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua, ma ka hapa nui no ka mea ua hoʻomohala ʻo Monsanto i nā mea kanu ʻenekini e ʻae pono e pīpī pololei ʻia me ka kemika. ʻOiai he mea pono i nā mahiʻai i ka mālama ʻana i nā māla i nā nāhelehele ʻole, ʻo ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i ka lāʻau make ma luna o nā piko o nā mea ulu e ulu ana nā lau i nā pae like ʻole o ka pesticide i loko o ka palaoa maka a me ka pau ʻana o nā meaʻai. Mālama ʻo Monsanto a me nā mea hoʻokele US i nā pae pesticide i ka meaʻai a me nā hānai holoholona ʻaʻole pilikia i nā kānaka a i nā holoholona, ​​akā nui nā ʻepekema e kūlike ʻole a ʻōlelo ʻoiai he mea weliweli ka nui o nā helu.

Hoʻonohonoho nā ʻāina ʻokoʻa i nā pae kū kānāwai like ʻole no ka mea a lākou e hoʻoholo ai he mau palekana o ka mea hoʻomake mauʻu i ka meaʻai a me nā mea kūʻai maka. Kuhi ʻia kēlā mau "koena koina kiʻekiʻe" ma ke ʻano he MRL. ʻAe ka US i nā MRL kiʻekiʻe loa o glyphosate i ka meaʻai ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia i nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe.

Inā pāpā ʻia ʻo Thailand i ka glyphosate, ʻaʻohe o ka pae o ka glyphosate e ʻae ʻia i ka meaʻai, haʻi aku ʻo Bayer i nā luna o US.

Kōkua pae kiʻekiʻe

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka mahina ʻo Kepakemapa 2019 a i ka hoʻomaka mua o ʻOkakopa o 2019 ʻO James Travis, ka luna nui no nā hana aupuni o Bayer a me ke kālepa, ua ʻimi i ke kōkua i ka hoʻohuli ʻana i ka pāpā glyphosate mai nā luna kiʻekiʻe he nui mai ka USDA a me ka Office of the United States. Lunamakaʻāinana Kālepa (USTR).

Ma waena o kēlā mau poʻe Bayer i ʻimi ai i ke kōkua mai Zhulieta Willbrand, ʻo ia ka luna o nā limahana o ke kālepa a me nā mea mahiʻai haole ma ka US Department of Agriculture. Ma hope o kā Thailand hoʻoholo e hoʻohuli i ka pāpā ma glyphosate, ua hoʻolimalima ʻia ʻo Willbrand e hana pololei no Bayer ma nā mea kalepa kūwaho.

I ka nīnau ʻana inā kōkua ke kōkua mai iā Willbrand ʻoiai ʻo ia he luna aupuni i kōkua iā ia e loaʻa kahi hana ma Bayer, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ka hui e "hoʻoikaika ikaika" e hoʻolimalima i ka poʻe mai "nā ʻano āpau" a me nā "ʻo ka manaʻo ua hoʻolimalima ʻia ʻo ia no nā kumu ʻē aʻe ma mua o ke kālena nui āna i lawe ai iā Bayer he wahaheʻe. "

Ma kahi leka uila iā Willbrand i hana ʻia ma Sepatemaba 18, 2019, ua haʻi ʻo Travis iā Bayer i ka manaʻo he "waiwai maoli" no ke komo ʻana o ke aupuni US ma ka pāpā glyphosate, a ua ʻike ʻo ia e hoʻonohonoho ana ʻo Bayer i nā hui ʻē aʻe e kūʻē pū i ka pāpā.

"Ma ko mākou hopena, ke aʻo aku nei mākou i nā hui mahiʻai, nā mea kanu a me nā hoa ʻoihana i hiki ai iā lākou ke haʻi i nā hopohopo a me ka pono no kahi hana ʻepekema paʻakikī," i kākau ʻo Travis iā Willbrand. Ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Willbrand i ka leka uila iā McKinney, ke kākāʻōlelo o ka USDA ma lalo no ke kālepa a me nā mea mahiʻai haole.

I loko o kahi lā 8 ʻOkakopa 2019, ke aho leka uila me ka laina kumuhana "Hōʻuluʻulu Manaʻo o Thailand Ban - Hoʻolālā e neʻe wikiwiki nei," ua kākau ʻo Travis iā Marta Prado, ka hope kōkua US Trade Representative no ka Hikina Hema ʻo Asia a me ka Pākīpika, e kope ʻana iā Willbrand a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, e hoʻohou. iā lākou ma ke kūlana.

Ua kākau ʻo Travis ua mākaukau ʻo Thailand e pāpā i ka glyphosate i ka wikiwiki o ka wikiwiki, e Kēkēmapa 1, 2019. Me ka glyphosate, ke hoʻolālā nei ka ʻāina e pāpā pū kekahi Nāpūlani, kahi insecticide i hana nui ʻia e Dow Chemical i ʻike ʻia e hōʻino i ka lolo o nā pēpē; a paraquat, Wahi a nā ʻepekema lāʻau hoʻomake lāʻau i ke kumu o ka maʻi ʻōnaehana i kapa ʻia ʻo Parkinson's.

Ua kuhikuhi ʻo Travis i ka makaʻu i kahi pāpā glyphosate e lilo i nā kūʻai aku o nā huahana US ma muli o ka pilikia MRL a hāʻawi i nā kumuwaiwai i hiki i nā luna ke hoʻohana e hui pū me Thailand.

"Ma muli o nā hanana hou, ke ulu nei mākou i ka hopohopo nui e holo wikiwiki ana kekahi o nā mea kālaiʻāina a me nā luna kau kānāwai i ke kaʻina hana a ʻaʻole e kūkākūkā pono i nā mea kuleana mahiʻai a pau a ʻaʻole hoʻi e noʻonoʻo pono i ka hopena o ka hoʻokele a me ke kaiapuni o ka pāpā ʻana i ka glyphosate," i kākau ai ʻo Travis i nā luna o ka US.

Hōʻike nā kūkaʻi leka uila ua kūkākūkā nā luna o Bayer a me US i nā manaʻo pilikino i hiki i nā luna Thai a pehea e pono ai ka ʻike. "ʻO ka ʻike ʻana i ka mea e hoʻonāukiuki iā ia e kōkua paha me ka USG counter arguments," hoʻokahi luna o ka US i kākau aku ai iā Bayer e pili ana i kahi alakaʻi Thai.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Travis e hana like nā luna o US e like me lākou me Vietnam ke neʻe kēlā ʻāina i ʻApelila 2019 e pāpā iā glyphosate.

Ma hope iki o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana mai Bayer, ua kākau ʻo McKinney i ke Kuhina Nui Thailand no kēia mea. I loko o kahi ʻOkakopa 17, 2019 leka ʻO McKinney, ka mea ma mua hana no Ua kono ʻo Dow Agrosciences i nā luna o Thailand i Wakinekona no ke kūkā kamaʻilio pilikino ʻana e pili ana i ka palekana glyphosate a me ka manaʻo o ka Environmental Protection Agency e glyphosate "ʻaʻole ia he pilikia kūpono i ke olakino kanaka ke hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka mana."

"Inā hoʻokō ʻia kahi pāpā e hana nui ia i ka lawe ʻia mai o nā mea kūʻai mai Thailand e like me ka soybean a me ka palaoa," i kākau ai ʻo McKinney. "Koi aku au iā ʻoe e hoʻopaneʻe i kahi hoʻoholo ma glyphosate a hiki i ka manawa e hiki ai iā mākou ke hoʻonohonoho i kahi manawa kūpono no ka poʻe loea loea o US e kaʻana like i ka ʻike pili e pili ana i ka hopohopo o Thailand."

Ma kahi o hoʻokahi mahina ma hope aku, ma Nowemapa 27, Thailand hoʻohuli i ka pāpā glyphosate i hoʻolālā ʻia. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia e hoʻopaneʻe i nā pāpā ma ka paraquat a me ka chlorpyrifos no kekahi mau mahina.

Ua hoʻopau ʻo Thailand i nā pāpā o paraquat a me chlorpyrifos ma Iune 1, o kēia makahiki. Akā hoʻohana mau ʻia ka glyphosate. 

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i kāna hana me nā luna o US no kēia pilikia, ua hoʻopuka ʻo Bayer i kēia ʻōlelo:

"E like me nā hui a me nā hui e hana ana i nā ʻoihana i hoʻoponopono nui ʻia, hāʻawi mākou i ka ʻike a hāʻawi i ka hana ʻana i ka politika a me nā hana hoʻoponopono. ʻO kā mākou hana pū ʻana me nā mea āpau i ka ʻoihana lehulehu he maʻa mau, ʻoihana, a kūlike me nā kānāwai a me nā rula āpau.

ʻO ka hoʻohuli a ka mana Thai i ka pāpā ma glyphosate e kūlike me nā hoʻoholo ʻepekema e nā kino hoʻomalu a puni ka honua, e like me ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIaʻEulopaKelemāniaNuhōlaniKoreaKanakaAotearoaIapana a ma nā wahi ʻē aʻe i hoʻopau pinepine i ka hiki ke hoʻohana palekana ʻia kā mākou huahana glyphosate e like me ke kuhikuhi.

 Ua hoʻohana maluhia nā mahiʻai Thai i ka glyphosate me ka palekana a me ka kūleʻa no nā makahiki he nui e hana i nā mea kanu pono e like me ka cava, kānana, kō, kō, hua ʻaila, a me ka pākeke. Ua kōkua ʻo Glyphosate i nā mahiʻai e hoʻomaikaʻi i kā lākou nohona ola a hui i nā mea i manaʻo ʻia e nā kaiāulu e pili ana i ka palekana, nā meaʻai kūpono e hana paʻa ʻia. "