Pono ka loiloi koʻikoʻi e like me ka ʻimi ʻana o EPA i nā pilina maʻi ʻaʻai i Monsanto herbicide

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Na Carey Gillam

Ke ʻākoakoa nei nā geeks glyphosate ma Wakinekona i kēia pule. Ma hope o ka lohi o ʻelua mau mahina, mālama ʻo ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i ʻehā mau lā o nā hālāwai e pili ana i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i nā hōʻike e paʻa a i ʻole nākiʻi ʻole i ka lāʻau hoʻomake nui loa - glyphosate - i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO nā kānaka ʻepekema, nā mea hoʻouluulu a me nā alakaʻi ʻoihana mahiʻai e manaʻo ʻia e hōʻike a pale aku a hōʻeha paha i nā kemika e kū nei i waenakonu o nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kūwaho. Ma mua o 250,000 mau manaʻo lehulehu i waiho ʻia me ka EPA ma mua na halawai Dec. 13-16, a ke kāʻei nei ke ʻoihana i 10 mau hola o ka hoʻolaha pilikino ʻana i ka lehulehu ma mua o ka iho ʻana o ka papa ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo ʻepekema i koho ʻia e hana.

ʻO ka papa kuhikuhi: No ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e pili ana i ka EPA e loiloi ai a wehewehe i ka ʻikepili pili a pehea e unuhi ai nā mea āpau i ka EPA “carcinogen risk” classification for glyphosate.

Hoʻolālā ka hana ma ka hoʻolālā, akā paʻakikī ka ikaika o ka hoʻokele waiwai i ka hana me ka manaʻo e hoʻohuli i ka hopena. ʻO Glyphosate ka biliona-kālā-pēpē, ke poʻo nui o ka Monsanto Co.'s Roundup herbicide a me nā haneli he nui o nā lāʻau make i kūʻai ʻia a puni ka honua. ʻO ia nō hoʻi ka lynchpin i ko Monsanto kūʻai aku kiʻekiʻe, glyphosate-tolerant, nā mea hana ʻenekini.

ʻO kahi kuʻi luna hoʻomalu i ka hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai ka mea weliweli i ka laina o Monsanto, ʻaʻole e haʻi ʻia i hoʻolālā ʻia he $ 66 biliona me Bayer AG, a me nā hui mahiʻai ʻē aʻe e kūʻai aku i nā huahana glyphosate. Ke kū nei ʻo Monsanto i nā hoʻopiʻi he ʻekolu a ʻoi paha no ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate a pono iā EPA e kākoʻo i nā hana a ka ʻaha.

ʻAʻole nā ​​nīnau e pili ana i ka glyphosate a me nā pilikia olakino. Ua hāpai ka nui o nā noiʻi ʻepekema i nā makahiki he nui i ka hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena glyphosate weliweli. Kūʻē mau ʻo Monsanto me kāna mau noiʻi ponoʻī a me ka ʻāpana o nā ʻepekema kākoʻo e ʻōlelo ana ʻaʻole glyphosate i ke kino kino a ʻo ia kekahi o nā pesticides palekana loa i lawe ʻia mai i ka mākeke.

I ka makahiki i hala aku nei ua wela ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma hope o ka hui o nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai kūwaho e hana pū ana me ka World Health Organization (WHO) ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua lawa nā hōʻike i ke kino o ka noiʻi e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he he kino kanaka make paha. Ua hopohopo nui kēlā nūhou i nā mea kūʻai aku no ka mea hoʻohana nui ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka glyphosate i nā palapala noiʻi a ke aupuni i palapala i ka kemikela e like me "laha i ke kaiapuni, ”Loaʻa i loko o nā meaʻai maʻamau e like me ka meli a oatmeal. Ua loaʻa nō i nā laʻana mimi o nā mahiʻai a me nā poʻe noho kūlanakauhale.

Ua hoʻolohi ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa i ka hoʻoholo hou ʻana i nā hoʻoholo ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa wale nō, akā ma ʻEulopa hoʻi. Ua kāhea aku kekahi mau ʻāina ʻEulopa, e like me ʻItalia a me Palani, e pāpā loa i ka glyphosate ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā koena glyphosate i nā meaʻai he nui ma laila. ʻO nā koena i loaʻa i nā huahana berena i hōʻeuʻeu i kahi hoʻolaha "ʻAʻole i kā mākou berena" ma Pelekane.

Ua hāpai ka nui o nā noiʻi ʻepekema i nā makahiki he nui i ka hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena glyphosate weliweli.

Akā ʻoiai ʻo ka angst o ka mea kūʻai ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua o ka ʻAtelanika, ua maopopo ka EPA ua ʻae nui ia me ka leka a Monsanto e hewa nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai honua. ʻO ka ʻoihana ua hoʻopukaʻia kahi hōʻike i Kepakemapa e waiho ana i nā kumu i manaʻo ai e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano "ʻaʻole paha he carcinogenic i nā kānaka."

No ka loaʻa ʻana i kēlā ʻike, ua hoʻowahāwahā pono ʻole ka ʻoihana i nā hopena o ka nui o nā noiʻi kanaka a me nā holoholona e hōʻike ana i nā pilina o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, e like me ka nui o nā ʻepekema e noi nei i ka EPA e noʻonoʻo hou i kona kūlana.

"Nui nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa no ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o" Maliʻa paha e carcinogenic i nā kānaka "no ka mea he nui nā hopena maikaʻi i nā holoholona ... "Maarten Bosland, ke polofesa o nā pathology ma ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Kikako, i kākau ai i nā manaʻo i waiho ʻia i ka ʻoihana.

ʻO Bosland kekahi o nā ʻepekema ʻoi aku ma mua o 90 nāna i hoʻopuka kahi hōʻike kikoʻī ke hoʻomaopopo nei i ka noiʻi e pili ana i ka glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Wahi a lākou i loaʻa nā hōʻike kanaka e hōʻike i kahi pilina ma waena o glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma; ʻoiai e ʻike ʻia nā hopena carcinogenic koʻikoʻi i loko o nā holoholona laboratory no nā puʻupaʻa laha ʻole a me nā ʻano tumors ʻē aʻe.

Ua hāʻawi mai ka mōʻaukala iā mākou i nā laʻana he nui o nā kemika i ʻōlelo ʻia palekana no nā makahiki he iwakālua wale nō e hōʻoia ʻia weliweli ma hope o nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa lōʻihi e like me kā mākou e ʻike nei ma luna o glyphosate. He hana maʻa mau ia no nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana e loaʻa kālā i nā ʻākena kemika e hakakā i ka niho a me ke kui no kā lākou hoʻohana mau ʻana e like me ke aʻo ʻana ma hope o ke aʻo ʻana i kūkulu i kahi hihia o nā kumukūʻai olakino a me ke olakino kanaka i kekahi manawa. A ua like ka maʻamau o nā mea hoʻoponopono nāwaliwali-kneed e hana e like me nā ʻōlelo a ka ʻoihana.

ʻO ia ke ala i ukali ʻia e EPA me ka glyphosate. Mai ka manawa i hoʻolaha ai ka ʻoihana i Iulai i hala e mālama ʻia kēia mau hālāwai, ke hana nei ka hui kālepa ʻo CropLife ʻAmelika e hōʻoia i ka hōʻole ʻana o ka EPA i nā pilikia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua ʻōlelo mua ʻo CropLife e hoʻopau ʻo EPA i nā hālāwai āpau, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana ʻaʻole "Hoʻāpono ʻepekema" faiʻole kahi loiloi. Ua kuhikuhi ka hui i nā pae hoʻohālikelike no ka EPA e hoʻohana ai i ke koho ʻana i nā ʻepekema e lawelawe paha ma ka panela. A ma hope o ka paʻa ʻana o ka panela, haʻi ʻo CropLife i ka EPA iā ia pono e wehe i ka epidemiologist ʻo Kauka Peter Infante. Ua manaʻo ʻo CropLife iā ia e kūʻē i ka ʻoihana. Ua pane ka EPA ma o ka hemo ʻana iā Infante e like me kā CropLife i noi ai, a laila hōʻole e wehewehe i kāna hoʻoholo i ka lehulehu, e hāʻawi ana i kahi 'no comment ”i ka poʻe i nīnau e pili ana i kā Infante lawe ʻia ʻana.

ʻO Infante, ka mea i lawelawe ma ke ʻano he kākāʻōlelo loea i ka epidemiology no ka EPA a me kekahi mau kino honua, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia he kūpono ʻole ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana no ka bias, a ke hoʻolālā nei nō ʻo ia e hele akā i kahi kūlana ʻokoʻa. Ma hope o ka kipaku ʻia ʻana o ka EPA iā ia mai ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo, ua ʻae ka ʻoihana e hāʻawi iā ia i kekahi mau minuke e kamaʻilio ai i ka papa i ka manawa o ka ʻōlelo a ka lehulehu. Hāʻawi ʻia ʻo ia e ʻōlelo i ke kakahiaka Poʻahā.

I kahi hōʻailona ʻē aʻe i ka punahele ʻoihana, ma mua o kēia makahiki, ka Ua hoʻolaha ʻia ʻo EPA "me ka ʻike ʻole" kahi loiloi glyphosate kūloko ma kāna pūnaewele i hana i kahi hihia no ka palekana o glyphosate. Ua lōʻihi ka lōʻihi o ka palapala iā Monsanto e hoʻopuka i kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi ʻoluʻolu e nānā i nā mea i loaʻa i nā palapala a hāʻawi i kahi loulou i kahi kope o ka palapala ma mua o ka huki ʻana o ka ʻoihana i lalo, e wehewehe ana ʻaʻole ia he hopena.

Ua haʻalele nā ​​hana a ka ʻoihana i nā hana kūlohelohe a me nā mea kūʻai aku a kanalua ʻole e hoʻolohe ana ka EPA i kekahi nānā kūʻokoʻa koʻikoʻi o ka palekana glyphosate.

"He mea weliweli kā lākou mele mele," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Patty Lovera, ka luna kōkua o ka pūʻulu kākoʻo Food & Water Watch. “ʻAʻole mākou makemake e hoʻolei i ke kāwele holoʻokoʻa. Makemake mākou e hoʻāʻo e hoʻopaʻa iā lākou i kā lākou nuʻukia. Akā aia ka hōʻike maopopo o ka hopena o ka ʻoihana. ʻAʻole lākou e hana i kekahi mea e hoʻonāukiuki ai i ka hilinaʻi ke nānā pono nei lākou i kēia. ”

Kūpono nā mea kūʻai aku i ka EPA e hoʻonoho i mua o kā lākou mau pono ma mua o nā pono ʻoihana, a ʻaʻole pono e hoʻopoina ka EPA i ia, e like me ka waiho manaʻo lehulehu na Pamela Koch, luna hoʻomalu o ka Laurie M. Tisch Center no ka Meaʻai, Hoʻonaʻauao a me Kaupapa ma Ke Kula Kaiapuni, Kula Nui ʻo Columbia.

"Koi aku mākou iā EPA e noi i ke ʻano palekana i kēia loiloi ..." Ua kākau ʻo Koch. "Manaʻo mākou ʻo ka mālama ʻana i ke olakino lehulehu ka mea nui loa a pono i nā rula e pale ai i nā limahana mahiʻai, nā limahana e noi ana i ka glyphosate i nā wahi mahiʻai ʻole, a me ka lehulehu."

Ua kū mua kēia ʻatikala The Hill

ʻO Carey Gillam kahi mea kākau moʻolelo kahiko, me Reuters, ka mea nāna e alakaʻi i ka noiʻi no US Right to Know, kahi hui aʻo mea hoʻohana ʻole hoʻopōmaikaʻi e kia ana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me nā mea pili politika. hahai @CareyGillam ma Twitter