Nā Pepa Paraquat

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Ke kali nei nā hoʻopiʻi he nui ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hoʻopiʻi nei i ka paraquat kemikal weedkilling i kumu no ka maʻi o Parkinson, a ʻo ka hihia mua e hoʻokolokolo ʻia no nā ʻōlelo kūʻē e pili ana iā Syngenta no paraquat a ua hoʻonohonoho mua ʻia ʻo Parkinson no ʻApelila 12 akā ua hoʻoponopono hou ʻia no Mei 10 ma St. Clair Aha Kaapuni Apana ma Ilinoi. Manaʻo ʻia e hoʻopaneʻe ka hoʻokolokolo ma muli o nā akahele e pili ana i ka maʻi Covid-19.

ʻO kēlā hihia ʻo Ilinoi - Hoffman V. Syngenta - ʻo ia kekahi o 14 mau hihia i pau e kūʻē iā Syngenta e hoʻopiʻi nei i nā huahana paraquat o ka hui e hana i ka maʻi ʻo Parkinson. Ua kapa ʻia ka hihia ʻo Hoffman iā Chevron Phillips Chemical Co. a me Growmark Inc. i mau mea i hoʻopiʻi ʻia. Ua hāʻawi aku ʻo Chevron a kūʻai aku i ka huahana paraquat Gramoxone i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i kahi ʻaelike me kekahi mea ma mua o Syngenta i kapa ʻia ʻo Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI), nāna i hoʻolauna iā Gramoxone i hoʻokumu ʻia no paraquat i ka makahiki 1962. Ma lalo o kahi ʻaelike laikini, he kuleana ko Chevron e hana, hoʻohana, a kūʻai aku i nā form paraquat ma ka US

Hoʻolaha nā loio a puni ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i nā mea hoʻopiʻi, e ʻimi nei e huki i nā kaukani mau kānaka i ʻike ʻia i ka paraquat a ʻehaʻeha ʻia mai iā Parkinson.

Ua lawe ʻia mai kekahi o nā hihia i hoʻopiʻi ʻia i loko o nā ʻaha pekelala ma Kaleponi a me ʻIlino. Aia i waena o kēlā mau hihia ʻO Rakoczy V. Syngenta,  ʻO Durbin V. Syngenta a me Kearns V. Syngenta.

Ua pili nā ʻepekema ʻepekema paraquat iā Parkinson, a a hoʻopaʻa haʻawina nui o nā mahiʻai US kiaʻi like ʻia e nā hui aupuni nui o US. Hoʻohana nā mahiʻai i ka paraquat i ka hana ʻana i nā mea kanu he nui, e like me ka palaoa, ka soy a me ka pulupulu. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia e ka Study Health Health (AHS) ua ʻike ʻia e "hoʻonui ʻia ka makaʻu o ke kanaka i ka maʻi maʻi Parkinson i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā pesticides ahupuaʻa." I ka makahiki 2011, ua hōʻike nā kānaka noiʻi o ka AHS "ʻo ka poʻe komo i hoʻohana i ka paraquat a i ʻole ka rotenone he ʻelua paha manawa e hoʻomohala i ka maʻi o Parkinson ma ke ʻano he poʻe i hoʻohana ʻole i kēia mau kemika.

ʻO kahiʻoi aku pepa pepa hou mai ka poʻe noiʻi a ka AHS ua ʻōlelo ʻo “Nā puke ākea ākea e hōʻike i kahi hui ma waena o ka hoʻohana ʻana o nā pesticide āpau a me ka maʻi ʻo Parkinson (PD). Eia nō naʻe, me nā mea ʻē aʻe, ʻike iki ʻia e pili ana i nā hui ma waena o nā pesticides a me PD. ”

ʻO Parkinson kahi ʻōnaehana ʻōnaehana holomua i hiki ʻole ke hoʻōla ʻia i ka hiki i ke kanaka ke kaohi i ka neʻe ʻana, ke kumu o ka haʻalulu, ka nalowale o ke kaulike a waiho pinepine i nā mea i moe ʻia a me / a i ʻole hoʻopaʻa ʻia i kahi noho huila. ʻAʻole make ka maʻi akā lilo pinepine i nāwaliwali.

ʻO ka neurologist Dutch Bastiaan Bloem, ʻo ka mea nāna i kākau kahi puke e pili ana iā Parkinson, hoʻopiʻi i ka hoʻolaha ākea i nā lāʻau make e like me paraquat, me nā mea ʻona ʻona ʻē aʻe i hoʻohana ʻia i ka mahiʻai a me ka hana ʻana, no ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka maʻi.

Toxic loa 

Me nā makaʻu e pili ana i nā loulou ma waena o paraquat a me Parkinson's, ʻike ʻia ka paraquat he kemikona ʻawahia loa ia i hiki ke pepehi koke i ka poʻe i ʻai i nā mea liʻiliʻi loa. Ma ʻEulopa, ua pāpā ʻia ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā paraquat mai ka makahiki 2007, akā i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ua kūʻai ʻia aku ka pesticide ma ke ʻano he “Restrected Use Pesticide” ma muli o "ʻIno nui."

Ma ke ʻāpana o ka loaʻa ʻana i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana o Parkinson, ua loaʻa i nā loio i nā moʻolelo kūloko mai Syngenta a me nā hui ʻoihana mua e pili ana i nā makahiki 1960. Hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka hapa nui o kēia mau palapala, akā ua hoʻomaka kekahi e hele i ka mālamalama.

ʻO kēlā mau palapala ʻike i hūnā ʻole ʻia, e hoʻopili ana i nā kope o nā leka, nā minuke o nā hālāwai, nā hōʻuluʻulu hoʻopaʻa haʻawina, a me nā leka uila, ke loaʻa nei ma kēia ʻaoʻao.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā palapala i wehe ʻole ʻia i kēia lā e kūkākūkā me nā kūkākūkā hui e pili ana i ka mālama ʻana i nā lāʻau make paraquat ma ka mākeke me ke ʻano make ʻole, ma o nā hana i hoʻolālā ʻia e hōʻemi i nā mea make ʻino. ʻO ke kikoʻī, ka hapa nui o nā palapala e kikoʻī i ka hakakā ʻana o nā ʻoihana kūloko ma luna o ka hoʻohui ʻana o kahi emetic, kahi mea hoʻohana i ka luaʻi, i nā huahana paraquat. I kēia lā, hoʻopili nā huahana Syngenta paraquat a pau i kahi emetic i kapa ʻia "PP796." Hoʻokomo pū ʻia nā Liquid paraquat-form formulated mai Syngenta i kahi ʻala pilau e hana i kahi pilau, a me kahi kala polū e ʻokoʻa i ka lāʻau hoʻomake ʻeleʻele ʻeleʻele mai ka ti a cola a i ʻole nā ​​mea inu ʻē aʻe.

Nānā EPA 

Ke hana nei ʻo Paraquat i ke kaʻina hana loiloi o ka EPA, a ma ʻOkakopa 23, 2020, ua hoʻokuʻu ka ʻoihana i hoʻoholo pālua i hāpai ʻia (PID) no paraquat, ka mea e noi nei i nā hana hoʻoliʻiliʻi e hōʻemi i ke olakino a me nā pilikia pōʻino o ke kaiaola i ʻike ʻia i loko o ka ʻoihana ʻoihana 2019 olakino olakinopōpilikia kaiaola nā loiloi.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo EPA ma o ka laulima ʻana me ka Polokalamu Toxicology National ma ka National Institute of Environmental Health Science, ua hoʻopau ke keʻena i kahi "loiloi piha" o ka ʻike ʻepekema e pili ana i ka paraquat a me ka maʻi ʻo Parkinson a ua hoʻoholo ʻia ʻaʻole lawa ke kaumaha o nā hōʻike e hoʻohui i ka paraquat i ka maʻi o Parkinson. Ua paʻi ka 'oihana i kēia.Nānā ʻōnaehana o ka moʻokalaleo e loiloi i ka pilina ma waena o Paraquat Dichloride Exposure a me ka maʻi ʻo Parkinson.. "

E hoʻohui ʻo USRTK i nā palapala i kēia ʻaoʻao ke loaʻa.