Nā hālāwai EPA e hiki mai ana ma ka palekana o Monsanto Weed Killer Drawing Scrutiny

Print enamel Share Tweet

Na Carey Gillam

E nānā pono ʻo Bayer i kēia.

ʻO ka hui Kelemania manaʻo ʻia $ 66 biliona loaʻa o Monsanto Co. hele mai i waena o ka ulu ʻana o ka hopohopo no ka wā e hiki mai ana o ka mea kūʻai aku mau loa o ka ʻoihana, kahi kemika i kapa ʻia ʻo glyphosate a Monsanto i hoʻolauna ai i ka honua 40 mau makahiki i hala aku nei ma ke ʻano he mea hana i loko o kāna lāʻau make Roundup. Hōʻiliʻili ʻo Monsanto i mau piliona kālā i kēlā me kēia makahiki, ma kahi o ka hapakolu o kāna kūʻai aku, mai kēlā huahana.

No laila ʻaʻole ia he mea liʻiliʻi i ka waenakonu o ʻOkakopa ua hoʻolālā ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) e lilo i ʻehā mau lā mālama ʻana i nā hālāwai lehulehu me kahi ʻepekema aʻoaʻo ʻepekema e pili ana i ke kumuhana inā hiki i ka glyphosate a i ʻole ke kumu i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. ʻO ka manaʻo o ka hoʻomālamalama ʻana i kahi nānā i ka lehulehu e pili ana i kēia hopohopo nui e pili ana i ka herbicide hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua ʻaʻole i hoʻonohonoho maikaʻi ʻia me Monsanto a me ke koena o ka ʻoihana e loaʻa nā waiwai mai nā huahana glyphosate e like me Roundup. Ua hele a makemake ʻo Agrichemical i e haʻi i ka EPA ʻaʻole pono e mālama ʻia nā hālāwai, a ua ʻōlelo ʻia inā lākou, he nui nā ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe o ka honua e kāpae ʻia i ke komo ʻana.

ʻAʻole ʻoluʻolu ka ʻoihana i ka nānā ākea a ka lehulehu e lawe ai i nā hālāwai, akā pono e māʻona i ka maopopo ʻana o ka EPA ʻaʻohe ona manaʻo e kūʻē i nā hoʻopiʻi a Monsanto no ka palekana glyphosate. Ma hope o nā mea āpau, i kahi hōʻike o Sepatemaba 12 i hāʻawi ʻia i ka lehulehu, ua hāʻawi ka EPA i Loiloi ʻaoʻao 227 o ka maʻi 'aʻai o glyphosate i hiki ke hoʻopau ʻia me kahi hopena "manaʻo ʻia" ʻo glyphosate "" ʻaʻole paha he carcinogenic i nā kānaka' ma nā lāʻau e pili ana i ka loiloi olakino olakino kanaka. " ʻO kēia mau mea āpau ma mua o ka mālama ʻia ʻana o nā hālāwai.

I kāna hōʻaiʻē, ua hoʻopuka ka EPA i kekahi mau ana i loko o kēlā hōʻike, e ʻae nei e pili ana kekahi noiʻi i ka glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, akā e hāʻawi ana i nā wehewehe like ʻole no ke kumu i manaʻo ʻole ʻole ai ka ʻoihana i kēlā mau hopena noiʻi he koʻikoʻi, a / a i ʻoi aku paha i kekahi. hoʻopaʻa haʻawina. Ua hoʻohui pū ka ʻoihana i kahi pūʻali koa o nā pono, e ʻōlelo ana e pili ana i nā noiʻi epidemiological, ua kaupalena ʻia a ʻelemakule nā ​​ʻikepili. Ma muli o ka "hoʻonui ʻia o ka hoʻohana ʻana o glyphosate ma hope o ka hoʻolauna ʻana o nā mea kanu glyphosate-tolerant i ka makahiki 1996, aia kahi pono no nā noiʻi hou loa mai ka nui o nā noiʻi i mālama ʻia ma mua o ka 1996," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka EPA. Ua ʻōlelo pū ka ʻoihana e pono e hana noiʻi ma nā form glyphosate, ʻaʻole wale ka glyphosate wale nō.

A ua hoʻokomo ke keʻena i kahi ana kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ka glyphosate i non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), e ʻōlelo ana: "Aia nā manaʻo kūlike ʻole i ka wehewehe ʻana i nā hopena holoʻokoʻa no ka NHL. Manaʻo kekahi he hōʻailona ka ʻikepili i kahi hui kūpono ma waena o ka hōʻike glyphosate a me ka makaʻu o ka NHL. " Ua hoʻohui ka ʻoihana: "Ma muli o nā palena hoʻopaʻa haʻawina a me nā hopena contradictory ma waena o nā noiʻi… ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻoholo ʻia kahi hopena e pili ana i ka hui ma waena o ka hōʻike glyphosate a me ka makaʻu o ka NHL ma muli o ka ʻike i loaʻa."

ʻIke ʻia ka nui o nā mea nui - ke hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo Monsanto i kēia manawa e nā poʻe he nui e ʻōlelo ana ua hāʻawi aku ka lāʻau make Roundup iā lākou a i ʻole nā ​​lālā o ko lākou ʻohana NHL, a ke hakakā nei ka ʻoihana i kahi hakakā o ka ʻaha me ka mokuʻāina o Kaleponi no nā hana hoʻomalu e hoʻohui glyphosate i kahi papa inoa o nā carcinogens paha a ʻike ʻia paha. A ke koe nei ka mea o ka loiloi ʻia o ka pōʻaiapili a me ka olakino olakino o ka EPA no ka glyphosate, kahi e hiki ai i ka EPA ke hoʻohui i nā kapu i ka hoʻohana ʻana o glyphosate inā manaʻo ka ʻoihana he pono. ʻO kēlā loiloi pilikia i hoʻomaka ʻia ma 2015. A laila ʻōlelo ka ʻoihana e hoʻokuʻu ʻia ia ma 2016. I kēia manawa ua ʻōlelo ka ʻākena e hoʻopau ʻia paha e ka puna o 2017.

Me ka loaʻa ʻana o Bayer, nā lawsuits a me ka loiloi loiloi e hiki mai ana, ua huki ʻo Monsanto i nā kūʻē āpau e pale aku iā glyphosate. Ua hoʻomaka koke ke kaomi o ka EPA e pale aku i ka glyphosate ma hope koke iho o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ma Malaki 2015 i hōʻike ʻia ka noiʻi glyphosate. "Paha" carcinogenic i nā kānaka. Ua hoʻolaha ʻia ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka IARC ma ka Pōʻalima, Malaki 20, 2015 a i ke kakahiaka Pōʻakahi aʻe, ʻo Monsanto's Dan Jenkins, ke alakaʻi o nā ʻoihana hoʻokele o ka hui. ke kāhea ʻana a me ka leka uila ʻana i nā luna o EPA ke koi nei lākou e "hoʻoponopono" i ka moʻolelo ma glyphosate. Ua hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o ke noi Freedom o ka ʻikepili “Mau wahi kamailio” i ka EPA e hoʻāʻo e kūʻē iā IARC. A mai ia manawa ua hoʻoikaika ʻo Monsanto i kāna mau hana e kāpae i nā hopena o ka hui IARC, e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema veteran ma ke ʻano he "unelected, undemocratic, unaccountable a haole kino. "

Ua hoʻouna ʻia ʻo Monsanto i mau leka uila a me nā moʻolelo ʻē aʻe mai ka luna o kēlā kōmike IARC, Aaron Blair, he ʻepekema emeritus ma ka National Cancer Institute, ka mea i noho pelekikena o ka hui IARC. He wā lōʻihi ʻo Blair o nā accolades a me nā mea i koho ʻia e hōʻoia i kona mākaukau, a ua lawelawe ʻo ia ma nā hui loiloi ʻepekema a lehulehu a me ka honua, e like me ka EPA Akā ua manaʻo ʻo Monsanto i kā Blair manaʻo hana.

A ua hana ʻo Monsanto i kahi wili lima i ka ʻahaʻōlelo. Ma ka Pōʻakahi, ua kākau ka luna o ke Kōmike o ka Hale no ka nānā ʻana a me ka hoʻoponopono aupuni ʻana i ka Nā Papa Hoʻonaʻauao o Nā Aupuni, e heluhelu ana i nā nui o nā hoʻopiʻi a Monsanto a me kāna mau mea kōkua i hana e pili ana iā IARC a me nā hāʻawi kūʻē i hāʻawi ʻia e ka NIH iā IARC.

ʻO ka hiʻohiʻona o ka EPA o ke kaulike ʻana me Monsanto huhū ka hapanui o ke kaiāulu ʻepekema e ʻōlelo nei e hele hewa ana ka EPA mai nā loina ʻepekema i hoʻokumu ʻia a nānā ʻole i nā hōʻike nui i hiki ai ke mālama i nā pono ʻoihana e loaʻa kālā mai nā glyphosate herbicides hauʻoli.

"Kēia kemikala mea paha he carcinogen kanaka e kekahi wehewehe kūpono. He ʻōlelo lapuwale ka ʻōlelo ʻana ʻē aʻe, ”i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻO Christopher Portier, ka luna mua o ka National Center for Environmental Health and Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry ma nā US Centers for Disease Control and Prevent (CDC). Ma mua o kēlā kuleana, ua hoʻolilo ʻo Portier i 32 mau makahiki me ka National Institute of Environmental Health Science (NIEHS), kahi i lawelawe ai ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi hoa no NIEHS, ka luna o ka Polokalamu Toxicology Environmental, a me ka luna hui o ka National Toxicology Program. I ka wā hoʻomaha, ʻo Portier, ʻo ia ka "loea i kono ʻia" i ka loiloi IARC ma glyphosate, ua hana i kahi hana hapa manawa no ka Fund Defense Defense Fund.

Ua hoʻopuka ʻo Portier a ʻoi aku ma mua o 90 mau ʻepekema ʻē aʻe a hōʻike kikoʻī ke kau nei i ka noiʻi kikoʻī e hoʻopaʻa i ka glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai ma nā aʻo holoholona a me nā ʻike kanaka. Ua ʻōlelo nā ʻepekema ʻo ke ala wale no e hoʻoponopono ai nā luna hoʻomalu i nā hōʻike e kūlou i nā lula i hoʻokumu pono ʻia no nā loiloi ʻepekema. Wahi a lākou e hōʻike ana nā hōʻike kanaka i kahi pilina ma waena o glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma, ʻoiai e ʻike ʻia nā hopena carcinogenic nui i loko o nā holoholona keʻena hoʻokolohua no nā puʻupaʻa laha ʻole a me nā ʻano tumors ʻē aʻe. Aia kekahi "ʻike ikaika o ka genotoxicity a me ke koʻikoʻi oxidative," me nā ʻike o ka hōʻino ʻia o DNA i ke koko ākea o nā poʻe i kū i ka glyphosate, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻepekema.

"ʻO ka loiloi kūpono loa a me ka ʻepekema e pili ana i nā kanesa i hōʻike ʻia i loko o nā kānaka a me nā holoholona hale hana a me nā ʻikepili mechanistic kākoʻo ʻo ia ka glyphosate i kahi carcinogen kanaka paha," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka hōʻike. "Ma ke kumu o kēia hopena a me ka loaʻa ʻole o nā hōʻike i ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, he mea kūpono e hoʻopau ʻia e noʻonoʻo pono ʻia nā form glyphosate e like paha me nā carcinogens kanaka."

"Aia ka EPA ma kahi maikaʻi ʻole me kēia. Ua puka maoli ka pushback mai ka ʻoihana e pili ana i nā mea maikaʻi ʻole ʻepekema, "i ʻōlelo ʻia e Maarten Bosland, kekahi o nā mea kākau o ka hōʻike e pili ana i ka noiʻi glyphosate. ʻO Bosland ka luna o ka Center for Global Health Outreach Department of Pathology ma Ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Chicago, a loaʻa iā ia kahi Ph.D. i nā pathology hoʻokolohua. "ʻO ka nui o ke kālā e pili ana i kēia hui nui. He hui pili honua ia o nā pono kālā i hoʻopili ʻia e kēia. ”

Me he mea lā he kumu kūpono aʻe ia no ke kipaku ʻana i nā noiʻi ʻepekema a IARC i hōʻike ai i nā loulou maʻi ʻaʻai me nā hopena o ka paneli 16 i uku ʻia e Monsanto. ʻO kēlā hui ʻepekema 16, a ʻo lākou ʻehā wale nō ua hana mua ma ke ʻano he limahana a kūkā paha no Monsanto, hoʻopuka ʻia kahi hōʻike i Kēkēmapa i kākoʻo i ka manaʻo o Monsanto ʻaʻole he hōʻike maoli e hiki i ka glyphosate ke kumu i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Alakaʻi i ka hana ʻo ia ʻO Gary M. Williams, Luna Hoʻokele o nā maʻi pilikino a me nā mea ʻona ma New York Medical College, a me kahi kākāʻōlelo no Monsanto. He moʻolelo ko Williams no ka paʻi ʻana i nā hopena maikaʻi e pili ana i ka glyphosate; he mea kākau o kekahi o Monsanto nā noiʻi i manaʻo nui ʻia, kahi hōʻike noiʻi 2000 i hoʻopau i ka glyphosate ʻaʻole wale ia he carcinogen, akā "manaʻo ʻia he nontoxic kokoke."

Ke hoʻomākaukau nei kēlā panela e hoʻokuʻu i nā ʻatikala ʻelima e kākoʻo ana i ka palekana glyphosate i ka puke pai Nā loiloi koʻikoʻi o Toxicology koke, e like me ka Intertek Scientific & Regulatory Consultancy, i uku ʻia e Monsanto e hoʻonohonoho i ka panela.

I ka hōʻike EPA, ʻo kahi wahi mālamalama no nā loiloi o glyphosate ka mea e kāhea ai ka EPA no ka hoʻāʻo hou. ʻO ke kikoʻī, ʻae ka ʻoihana i ka pono e mākaʻikaʻi i nā makaʻu e ʻoi aku ka ʻona o nā glyphosate form form ma mua o glyphosate wale nō. Ke hoʻomohala nei ka EPA i kahi "papa noiʻi" me ka National Institute of Environmental Health Science e "loiloi i ke kuleana o ka glyphosate i nā huahana huahana a me nā ʻokoʻa i ka hoʻoweliweli."

ʻAʻole hiki ke pane koke ʻia nā pane hou no nā mea kūʻai e hopohopo e pili ana i nā pae hoʻomau mau o ka glyphosate i ka meaʻai a lākou e ʻai ai. Ua loaʻa ka FDA i kēia makahiki kiʻekiʻe o nā glyphosate ma ka meli US, kekahi mau pae ma mua o ka pālua ʻana i ka mea i manaʻo ʻia he palekana i ka European Union.

ʻO nā hālāwai ma Wakinekona e holo nei ma ʻOkakopa 18-21, a manaʻo ʻia e kahakiʻi i nā ʻano like ʻole o ka poʻe i hele pū - nā loio, nā mea hoʻouluulu, nā mahiʻai, nā mea mālama i ke kaiapuni a me nā hui āpau e hana nei i kā lākou huakaʻi huakaʻi.

He hoihoi paha ia.

(Paukū i hōʻike mua ʻia ma Ka Huffington Post)