ʻO ka hakakā o ka hoihoi e pili ana i ka nānā ʻana ʻo Cloud Glyphosate

Print enamel Share Tweet

Na Carey Gillam

Ua hala iki aku ia i hoʻokahi makahiki mai ko ka World Health Organization (WHO) ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai i hāpai i ke keiki punahele a ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻO ka hui, ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) i hoʻolaha aku i ka honua nei i ka lāʻau make (glyphosate) i hoʻohana nui ʻia e ka honua.

Mai ia manawa, ʻo Monsanto Co., ka mea e huki ana i ka hapakolu o kāna $ 15 biliona i loaʻa kālā makahiki mai kāna huahana huaʻai lāʻau Roundly branded glyphosate, (a me ka hapa nui o ke koena mai nā ʻenehana kanu ahonui-glyphosate-tolerant) i kahi mikiona e hoʻopau i ka ʻIke ʻIARC. Ma o ka pūʻali koa koa i komo pū me nā luna ʻoihana, nā loea pili i ka lehulehu a me nā ʻepekema o ke kulanui lehulehu, ua kāhea ka ʻoihana e pāpā i kā IARC hana ma glyphosate.

Pehea e kūleʻa ʻole ai kēlā mau hoʻoikaika ʻana he nīnau ākea ia. Akā manaʻo ʻia kekahi mau pane ma hope o ka hālāwai i mālama ʻia i kēia pule ma Geneva, Switzerland. An "Hui ʻepekema loea kūwaho" ʻike ʻia ʻo JMPR ke nānā nei i kā IARC hana ma glyphosate, a ke manaʻo ʻia nei nā hopena e hāʻawi i nā mea hoʻokele a puni ka honua i alakaʻi no ka pehea e ʻike ai i ka glyphosate.

ʻO ka hui, i ʻike kūhelu ʻia ʻo ka Hui Joint FAO-WHO ma nā Pesticide Residues (JMPR), lawelawe pū ʻia e ka Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) a me WHO. Hui pinepine ʻo JMPR e nānā i nā koena a me nā ʻanalike o nā pesticides, e koho ai i nā koena koena kiʻekiʻe, a me ka nānā ʻana i ka ʻikepili toxological a kuhi i nā ʻai i kēlā me kēia lā (ADI) no nā kānaka.

Ma hope o ka hālāwai o kēia pule, e hoʻomaka ana e holo mai Mei 9-13, manaʻo ʻia e hoʻopuka ʻo JMPR i kahi moʻo ʻōlelo e hele aku i ka FAO / WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka Codex Alimentarius e FAO a hoʻomohala ka World Health Organization i nā kaulike kaulike o ka honua ma ke ʻano he mea e pale aku ai i ke olakino mea kūʻai aku a paipai i nā hana kaulike i ke kālepa meaʻai.

Ka hālāwai hele mai ʻoiai e hakakā ana nā mea hoʻokele ʻEulopa a me US me kā lākou loiloi ponoʻī a pehea e pane ai i ka hoʻohālikelike IARC. Hele mai nō ʻo ia e like me kā Monsanto nānā ʻana no ke kākoʻo ʻana i kāna mau koi no ka palekana glyphosate.

ʻAʻole wale ʻo Glyphosate i kahi lynchpin no ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā lāʻau make o ka hui akā no kāna mau ʻanoʻano genetically i hoʻolālā ʻia e hoʻomanawanui i ka pīpī ʻia me ka glyphosate. Ke pale aku nei ka ʻoihana iā ia iho kekahi mau hoʻokolokolo kahi a ka poʻe mahiʻai a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ʻōlelo ai ua ʻaelike lākou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i pili i ka glyphosate a ua ʻike ʻo Monsanto, akā hūnā, i nā pilikia. A, kahi ʻōlelo hōʻeuʻeu o kā IARC papa inoa glyphosate hiki ke kōkua i ka ʻoihana i kona hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka mokuʻāina ʻo Kaleponi, ʻo ia ka mea e hōʻoki i ka mokuʻāina mai ka hāhai ʻana i ka hoʻonohonoho IARC me kahi inoa like.

Aia i ka hopena o ka JMPR, e hoʻoholo ka Codex i nā hana e pili ana i ka glyphosate, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka haʻi ʻōlelo o WHO ʻo Tarik Jasarevic.

"ʻO kā JMPR hana e alakaʻi i ka loiloi no ka mahiʻai a me ka loiloi ʻana i nā pōʻino olakino i nā mea kūʻai mai nā koena i loaʻa i ka meaʻai," i ʻōlelo ʻo Jasarevic

Ke nānā pono ʻia nei ka hopena o ka hālāwai JMPR e kekahi mau kaiaulu a me nā hui e makemake ana e ʻike i nā kūlana palekana hou no glyphosate. A ʻaʻole me ka hopohopo ʻole. ʻO ka hui ʻana, ʻo ia hoʻi ka ʻAha Kūkākūkā Kūlohelohe Kūlohelohe a me nā Hoa o ka Honua, ua hōʻike ʻo ia i ka hopohopo e pili ana i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka ʻaha aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo loea. ʻIke ʻia kekahi mau pilikino i ka pili kālā a me ka ʻoihana iā Monsanto a me ka ʻoihana kemika, e like me ka hui ʻana.

ʻO ka hoʻohuihui hōʻike kikoʻī i nā hopohopo me nā pili lālā i ka mea ʻole International Life Science Institute (ILSI), i kālā kālā ʻia e Monsanto a me nā hui kemika ʻē aʻe, nā meaʻai a me nā lāʻau. ʻO kā Institute papa kahu komo pū nā luna mai Monsanto, Syngenta, DuPont, Nestle a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, ʻoiai ʻo kāna papa inoa o nā lālā a me nā hui kākoʻo e komo pū me kēlā a me nā mea hou aku nā hopohopo no ka ʻai a puni ka honua.

Nā palapala ILSI kūloko, i loaʻa ʻia e kahi noi palapala lehulehu mokuʻāina, e ʻōlelo ana ua hāʻawi kālā ʻia ʻo ILSI e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻO kahi palapala i hōʻike ʻia he papa inoa hāʻawi nui ʻo ILSI 2012 e hōʻike nei i ka nui o nā hāʻawi o $ 2.4 miliona, me ka ʻoi aku o $ 500,000 pākahi mai CropLife International a mai Monsanto.

"Nui ko mākou hopohopo e hoʻohuli hewa ʻole ʻia ke kōmike e nā ʻoihana pesticide āpau a me Monsanto- ka mea hana nui loa o glyphosate ma ka honua," i haʻi aku ai ka hui ʻana iā WHO i kahi leka i ka makahiki i hala.

ʻO Alan Boobis kekahi loea ʻo ia ʻo Alan Boobis, ka polofesa o ka lāʻau pono lāʻau biochemical a me ka luna o ke keʻena ʻona ma ke kumu o ka lāʻau lapaʻau ma Imperial College London. He lālā ʻo ia a he luna hoʻomalu i hala o ka papa lunakiaʻi o ILSI, pelekikena hope o ILSI ʻEulopa a me ka noho o ILSI.

ʻO kekahi lālā ʻo Angelo Moretto, Luna Hoʻokele o ka International Center for Pesticides and Health Risks Prevention at "Luigi Sacco" Hospital of the ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, in Milan, Italia. Ua ʻōlelo ka hui ʻana ua pili ʻo Moretto i nā papahana like ʻole me ILSI a ua lawelawe ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he lālā o ke kime hoʻokele no kahi papahana ILSI e pili ana i nā pilikia o nā hōʻike kemika i uku kālā ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai i hoʻopili pū ʻia me Monsanto.

ʻO Aldert Piersma kekahi, he ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe loa ma ka National Institute for Public Health and the Environment in the Netherlands a he kākāʻōlelo no nā papahana o Ke Keʻena Ola Ola Ola o ILSI.

I nā āpau ʻo ka papa inoa o nā loea JMPR he 18. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Jasarevic ua koho ʻia ka papa inoa o ka poʻe loea mai kahi hui o kēlā me kēia kanaka i hōʻike i ka hoihoi i ke komo ʻana, a ʻo nā mea āpau he "kūʻokoʻa a koho ʻia e pili ana i ka maikaʻi o ka ʻepekema, a me ko lākou ʻike i ke kahua o ka loiloi i ka pilikia o ka pesticide."

ʻO Aaron Blair, he ʻepekema emeritus ma National Cancer Institute a me ka luna o ka hui IARC nāna i hana i ka papa glyphosate, ua pale aku i ka hana a IARC ma ke ʻano o ka loiloi ʻepekema piha. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻaʻohe ona hopohopo e kūkākūkā e pili ana i ka loiloi o JMPR o kā IARC hana.

"Manaʻo wau e hōʻike ka loiloi e ka hui FAO / WHO hui pū i nā kumu no kā lākou loiloi, ʻo ia ka mea koʻikoʻi no ka nūpepa a me ka lehulehu," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

Ke kali nei ka honua.