Hoʻomaha ʻo FDA i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana no nā koena Glyphosate i ka meaʻai

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Na Carey Gillam

Ua kāohi ʻia nā hoʻāʻo aupuni no nā koena o kahi lāʻau make i hoʻopili ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai, e hoʻolohi ana i ka hana mua loa a ka Food and Drug Administration e kiʻi i ka lima o ka mea nui o nā kemikona i loko o nā meaʻai a US.

ʻO ka FDA, ka luna hoʻomalu palekana meaʻai no ka lāhui, i hoʻokumu i ka mea i kapa ʻia he "hana kūikawā" i ka hoʻomaka o kēia makahiki e kālailai i kekahi mau meaʻai no nā koena o ka mea hoʻomake mauʻu i kapa ʻia ʻo glyphosate ma hope o ka ʻoihana. ua hoʻāhewa ʻia  na ka US Accountability Office no ka hoʻokomo ʻole ʻana i ka glyphosate i nā papahana hoʻāʻo makahiki e nānā ana i nā pesticides hoʻohana liʻiliʻi ʻia. ʻO Glyphosate ka mea kanu lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia i ka honua, a ʻo ia ka mea nui i ka laina huaʻai Roundup herbicide ʻo Monsanto Co.

Ke nānā ʻia nei ʻo Glyphosate i kēia manawa ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka poʻe loea i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization i ka makahiki i hala i ka kemikū a kino kanaka make paha. Ke hana nei kekahi mau pūʻulu ponoʻī a me nā pono ʻole i kā lākou hoʻokolohua ponoʻī, a ke loaʻa nei nā koena glyphosate i nā pae like ʻole i nā ʻano meaʻai like ʻole, e hāpai ana i ka hopohopo o nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka pesticide i ka papaʻai ʻAmelika.

Ua hui pū ʻia ka koena o ke koena o ka FDA no glyphosate me kahi papahana loiloi herbicides ākea a ka FDA i hoʻonohonoho ai i ka neʻe ʻana i Pepeluali o kēia makahiki. Akā he paʻakikī nui ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ka glyphosate no ka FDA. Ua hoʻokau ʻia ka ʻoihana e waiho i ke koena glyphosate hoʻāʻo ʻāpana o ka hoʻolālā hana e paʻa nei ma waena o ka huikau, ka ʻaelike ʻole a me nā pilikia me ka hoʻokumu ʻana i kahi hana maʻamau e hoʻohana ai ma nā keʻena hoʻokolohua he nui a US o nā ʻoihana. Ua pilikia kekahi pilikia o ka lakohana, me kekahi mau keʻena e hōʻike ana i ka pono no nā mea hana maʻalahi hou aʻe, i ʻōlelo ʻia ma loko o FDA.

Ua hoʻokūpaʻa ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻo FDA ʻo Megan McSeveney i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o ka hoʻāʻo ʻana a ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻaʻole maopopo i ka ʻoihana i ka manawa e hoʻomaka hou ai.

"E hoʻonui ana ka hoʻāʻo ʻana no glyphosate i nā wahi he nui, ke hana nei mākou i kēia manawa e hōʻoia i ka hōʻoia ʻana o nā hana no ka hoʻohana ʻana i kēia labs. Ke pau ka hōʻoia ʻana, hoʻomaka hou ka hoʻāʻo ʻana no ka glyphosate, "i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. "ʻAʻole hiki iā mākou ke kuhi manawa i kēia manawa."

Ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka hoʻāʻo ʻana no ka glyphosate, ua kālailai pū ʻia nā hale hana o FDA no nā meaʻai no 2,4-D a me nā "lāʻau hoʻomake waikawa," nā palapala i loaʻa mai ka hōʻike FDA. ʻO ka mahele o nā lāʻau herbicides acid ʻelima o nā top 10 mea hana i hoʻohana ʻia i nā home a me nā māla. Hoʻohālikelike ka hoʻohana ʻana o 2,4-D i ka pākolu i ka makahiki e hiki mai ana, e like me ka FDA.

Koi ʻia ka kikoʻī hana o ka FDA no ka ninaninau ʻia ʻana o 1,340 mau mea ʻai, 82 pākēneka o lākou e lilo i home a 18 pākēneka e lawe ʻia mai. E hōʻiliʻili ʻia nā meaʻai mai nā hale ukana a me nā hale kūʻai liʻiliʻi wale nō, a e hoʻopili ʻia i nā ʻano hua cereal, nā mea kanu a me nā mea ʻono ʻole, ka waiū a me nā hua manu. Nā palapala i loaʻa mai i ka ʻoihana ma o ke noi ʻana o Freedom of Information e hōʻike i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ka ʻoihana ka palaoa a me ka soybeanska palaoa, ka palaoa, nā beets kō, raiki, a me nā laʻana o popcorn melemele a me "popcorn keʻokeʻo kūlohelohe." 

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo McSeveney e nānā wale ʻia nā koena glyphosate i ka soy, ka palaoa, ka waiū a me nā hua manu a me nā mea popcorn, ʻoiai e hoʻāʻo ʻia nā meaʻai ʻē aʻe no nā koena o nā mea lāʻau ʻē aʻe.

I ka hoʻomaka ʻana o kēia makahiki, ua kālailai kekahi o nā chemist kiʻekiʻe o ka ʻoihana i nā koena glyphosate i ka meli a oatmeal a hōʻike i kāna hopena i ka ʻoihana. Aia kekahi mau laʻana meli i ke koena pae maikaʻi ma luna o ka palena ʻae ʻia i ka European Union. ʻAʻohe ʻae ʻia ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka glyphosate i ka meli, ʻoiai ʻo ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i ʻōlelo ʻia i kēia manawa ua hoʻonohonoho paha ia i hoʻokahi no nā mea i loaʻa i ka FDA. ʻAʻole i manaʻo ʻia nā hopena no ka meli a me ka oatmeal e lilo i ʻāpana o ka hana luna, akā naʻe, e like me kā McSeveney.

Me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e paʻa ana, ʻaʻole maopopo leʻa ke loaʻa nā hopena hope loa i ka ʻoihana ma ka ʻikepili koena glyphosate. Ua haʻi ʻo McSeveney i nā hopena mua i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i ka hōʻeha ʻia o nā pae hoʻomanawanui kū kānāwai i ʻae ʻia no glyphosate i nā meaʻai i hoʻāʻo ʻia. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i hoʻolako i nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka, inā loaʻa, nā pae o ke koena i loaʻa. Hoʻonohonoho ʻia nā pae ahonui e ka EPA no nā ʻano pesticides i manaʻo ʻia e loaʻa i nā meaʻai. Ke ʻike ʻia nā koena i koe ma luna o nā pae ahonui, hiki ke hana ʻia i ka hana hoʻokō kūʻē i ka mea hana meaʻai.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Monsanto i ka mua o kēia makahiki ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻia kahi ʻikepili i ke koena o nā pae i ʻae ʻia, a he mea hilinaʻi e hōʻoia ana ka hōʻoia ʻana o ka FDA i ka palekana o kāna lāʻau make.

ʻOiai ʻo FDA e hoʻāʻo nei i kēlā me kēia makahiki i nā meaʻai home a lawe ʻia mai no nā koena o nā pesticides ʻē aʻe, ʻaʻole ia i hoʻāʻo no ka glyphosate ma mua. ʻAʻole ia i hoʻāʻo pinepine ʻia no 2,4-D paha, kahi mea i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e ka GAO. ʻO ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ka FDA no nā koena 2,4-D ke hele mai ka hoʻohana ʻana o 2,4-D me nā mea kanu meaʻai e hoʻomaka e ala aʻe ana ma muli o ke kūʻai ʻia ʻana o nā huahana herbicide formulated hou e hoʻohui i ka glyphosate a me 2,4-D. Nā nīnau palekana ua hānai ʻia e pili ana i ka hoʻohui ʻana. Akā ua hāʻawi ka EPA i ke kukui ʻōmaʻomaʻo ma Nowemapa 1 i kahi lāʻau make lāʻau a Dow AgroSciences hui pū ʻia o glyphosate a me 2,4-D. Hoʻohālikelike nā huahana hou e pale aku i ka pale nāhelehele ākea i ka glyphosate, a hoʻohana ʻia me nā ʻano hou o nā mea kanu i hoʻomohala pono ʻia me nā genetically engineered.

Hōʻike ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i nā koena o ka glyphosate, 2,4-D a me ke ʻano o nā kemika ʻē aʻe i hoʻohana ʻia i ka mahiʻai o kēia mau lā ʻaʻole ia he mea weliweli i ke olakino kanaka, akā ʻo ka nele o ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻoholo ai i nā koena maoli o kekahi o nā mea nui -nā kemikona hoʻohana ʻia, e like me glyphosate a me 2,4-D, ke hoʻopilikia nei i nā hui lehulehu.

ʻO ka loaʻa ʻana o ka ʻikepili paʻa ma ke alo o glyphosate i ka lako meaʻai ʻAmelika ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o kēia manawa e like me ka hoʻopau ʻana o ka EPA i kahi loiloi weliweli no glyphosate a hoʻāʻo e hoʻoholo inā e kau ʻia nā palena i ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka lāʻau make. Uhi ka hana a ka FDA i kekahi mau meaʻai wale nō, akā he hana nui ia e pono ai, kahi maikaʻi mua. Hiki i nā mea kūʻai ke manaʻolana e hoʻomaka hou ana ka hoʻāʻo.

Ua paʻi mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma ka Huffington Post