ʻO Monsanto, ʻEPA e ʻimi e hūnā i nā kamaʻilio ʻana ma ka loiloi ʻia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai maʻi Glyphosate

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Na Carey Gillam

Ke hakakā nei ʻo Monsanto Co. a me nā luna i loko o ka Environmental Protection Agency i nā hana kū kānāwai e mākaʻikaʻi ai i ka mana o Monsanto ma luna o ka loiloi i nā loiloi koʻikoʻi o ka kemika Roundup o ka hui, hōʻike ʻia nā hoʻopiʻi faila pekelala hou.

Aia nā hōʻike i loko o ke ʻano o nā faila i hana ʻia i loko o nā lā i hala iho nei ma ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo ʻAmelika no ka ʻĀkau ʻĀkau o Kaleponi ma ke ʻano he hihia i lawe ʻia e nā poʻe he 50 a ʻoi ka hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto. Wahi a ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi ua hoʻomohala lākou a i ʻole nā ​​mea aloha i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin (NHL) ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana i ka lāʻau make o Roundup, a ua hala nā makahiki he nui i ka uhi ʻana o Monsanto i nā pilikia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pili ana i ka kemika.

Makemake nā loio no ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻaha e hāpai i kahi sila ma nā palapala kikoʻī e pili ana i ka launa pū ʻana o Monsanto me ke keleawe ʻo EPA kiʻekiʻe ʻo Jess Rowland e pili ana i ka loiloi palekana o ka EPA o ka glyphosate, ʻo ia ka mea nui i Roundup. Ua hoʻohuli ʻo Monsanto i nā palapala i ka loaʻa ʻana akā ua kahakaha ʻia iā lākou he "hūnā," kahi ʻōlelo a nā loio o ka mea hoʻopiʻi i kūpono ʻole. Makemake pū lākou e kipaku iā Rowland. Akā hōʻole ʻo Monsanto a me ka EPA i nā noi, hōʻike ʻia nā palapala o ka ʻaha.

Ua hala ka EPA i nā makahiki i hala iho nei e nānā ana i ke olakino a me nā ʻano palekana o ke kaiapuni o glyphosate ma hoʻopaʻapaʻa honua ma luna o ka kemika i kau ʻia. Ua hoʻolaha ʻo World Agency Organisation's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) i ka mahina ʻo Malaki 2015 ka glyphosate a kino kanaka make paha, me kahi hui maikaʻi i loaʻa ma waena o glyphosate a me NHL. Ke hakakā nei ʻo Monsanto e hōʻole i kēlā hoʻohālikelike ʻana.

He kī nui ʻo Rowland i kā Monsanto mau hana e hōʻole i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka IARC no ka mea a hiki i ka makahiki i hala he luna hoʻomalu hope ʻo ia ma waena o ka ʻāpana hopena olakino o ka EPA Office of Pesticide Programs, ke hoʻomalu nei i ka hana a nā ʻepekema nāna i loiloi i nā hopena olakino kanaka o nā hōʻike pesticides e like me glyphosate. A, ʻo ka mea nui, ua alakaʻi ʻo ia i ke Kōmike loiloi i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e EPA (CARC) nāna i hoʻopuka i kahi hōʻike kūloko i ʻOkakopa 2015 e ʻaelike ana i nā hopena a IARC. ʻO kēlā hōʻike ʻaoʻao 87, i kau inoa ʻia e Rowland, ua hoʻoholo ʻo ia ka glyphosate "ʻaʻole paha he carcinogenic i nā kānaka."

ʻO ka loaʻa ʻana o ka EPA i waiwai nui ʻia e Monsanto, e kōkua ana i ke kākoʻo ʻana i ka pale o ka hui nā hoʻopiʻi kuleana kuleana Roundup, a me ke kōkua ʻana i ke kākoʻo mākeke no kahi huahana e lawe mai i nā piliona kālā i loaʻa kālā i ka ʻoihana i kēlā me kēia makahiki. ʻO ka peʻa a ka EPA o ka ʻae no ka palekana o glyphosate i loko o nā makahiki i hala aku nei i kī i ka kūleʻa o nā huahana genetically engineered, glyphosate-tolerant a Monsanto, i makemake ʻia e nā mahiʻai.

Akā ʻo ka mālama ʻana i ka hōʻike a ka CARC i hāpai i nā nīnau i ka wā i kau ʻia ai i kahi pūnaewele EPA lehulehu ma ʻApelila 29, 2016 a mālama ʻia ma ka pūnaewele no ʻekolu mau lā wale nō ma mua o ka huki ʻia ʻana i lalo. Wahi a ka ʻoihana ʻaʻole he hopena ka hōʻike a ʻaʻole pono e kau ʻia, akā Ua mahalo ʻo Monsanto i ka hōʻike ma ke ʻano he hōʻoia lehulehu i kāna mau koi palekana no glyphosate. Ua lawe pū ka hui i kahi kope o ka hōʻike i kahi hālāwai hoʻolohe manaʻo o ka ʻaha Mei i ka hoʻopiʻi Roundup ma ke ʻano he helu counter i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻia ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC. Ma hope iki o ka hemo ʻana o ka hōʻike a ka CARC mai ka pūnaewele EPA, ua haʻalele ʻo Rowland i kāna ʻoihana 26 makahiki ma ka EPA.

Nā loio hoʻopiʻi ua noi e haʻalele iā Rowland e aʻo e pili ana i kēlā kūlana a me nā hana ʻē aʻe me Monsanto. Akā, me ke kūʻē ʻana o Monsanto i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana i nā palapala e pili ana i kāna kamaʻilio ʻana me Rowland, ua kikoʻī ka EPA hōʻole i ka noi waiho, e ʻōlelo ana "ʻaʻole maopopo ia no ka pono o EPA" e ʻae ai i nā loio e nīnau iā Rowland e pili ana i ka loiloi ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā pilina me Monsanto.

Ua huli ʻo Monsanto i ʻeono miliona ʻaoʻao o nā palapala ma o ka hana i kauoha ʻia e ka ʻaha, akā ua koho ʻia ma kahi o 85 pākēneka o ka ʻike ma ke ʻano he "hūnā," ʻo ia hoʻi nā loio o nā mea hoʻopiʻi e ʻeleʻele i ka ʻike mai kēlā mau palapala i nā faila ʻaha āpau i hiki e kiʻi ʻia e nā mea kūkala nūhou a i ʻole nā ​​lālā ʻē aʻe o ka lehulehu. ʻAʻole kūpono kēlā inoa no nā palapala he nui, keu hoʻi nā mea e pili ana i ka launa pū ʻana o ka hui, a e hoʻohuli i nā hoʻāʻo ʻana, nā luna o ka EPA, hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi. 

Ua ʻōlelo nā loio i nā palapala i loaʻa ma o ka loaʻa ʻana e hōʻike ana "ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i ka manawa āpau e hoʻomau ʻo EPA i ke kākoʻo ʻana i ka glyphosate, nā mea āpau a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e paʻa ʻē aʻe." Wahi a ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo e nā loio hoʻopiʻi, hōʻike ʻia nā palapala "maopopo leʻa ua hauʻoli ʻo Monsanto i ka mana i loko o ka EPA o ka OPP, a ua pili pū me Mr. Rowland. Ua hōʻike ikaika nā hōʻike palapala e hōʻike ana i ka pahuhopu nui a Mr. Rowland e lawelawe i ka pono o Monsanto."

ʻO ka EPA kahi ʻauhau ʻauhau ʻauhau ʻia, ʻĀpana lehulehu a me kāna hana pū ʻana me Monsanto e pono e nānā ʻia e ka lehulehu, ke hāʻawi ʻia i ka hoʻohana ākea o nā huahana glyphosate herbicide a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa kūwaho e kū nei no ka palekana o nā kemika.

"ʻO ke olakino a me ka palekana o nā miliona o nā kamaʻāina o US ka makaʻu," i ʻōlelo ʻia kahi faila Ianuali 16 hoʻopiʻi. "ʻAʻole pono e hoʻokumu ʻia nā hoʻoholo e pili ana i ke olakino lehulehu i nā kamaʻilio malū ma waena o Monsanto a me nā luna o EPA. Inā makemake ʻo Monsanto e kākoʻo ma ka inoa o ka glyphosate i nā limahana o ka EPA, pono lākou e hana ākea, i loaʻa i nā kamaʻāina hopohopo ka manawa kūpono e kākoʻo no ko lākou olakino a me ke olakino o ko lākou mau ʻohana. He mea nui loa kēia pilikia e ʻae iā Monsanto e hoʻohuli kūpono ʻole i ka EPA, a laila e hūnā i kēlā kamaʻilio ʻana ma hope o kahi inoa 'pilikino' kūpono ʻole. ”

"Ke olakino nei ke olakino a me ka palekana o nā miliona o nā kamaʻāina US. ʻAʻole pono e hoʻokumu ʻia nā hoʻoholo e pili ana i ke olakino lehulehu i nā kamaʻilio malū ʻana ma waena o Monsanto a me nā luna o EPA. "

Ua kūpaʻa ʻo Monsanto ʻaʻole e hoʻolaha ʻia kāna mau palapala, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana iā lākou he "premature and improper." ʻAe ʻana i ka hoʻolaha lehulehu ʻana "o kekahi mau palapala i koho ʻia kūloko i lawe ʻia i waho o ka pōʻaiapili ... e lilo i prejudicial iā Monsanto a hiki ke hōʻeha i ka hanohano," nā loio o ka hui i kākau i kā lākou pane.

Ua ʻōlelo nā loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi he ʻehā paha mau palapala kikoʻī i loaʻa iā lākou i ka pono o ka lehulehu a "hoʻomālamalama i kekahi o nā hoʻolālā ʻoihana nui a Monsanto ʻo ia ka mea huna a me ka mana ʻole ma EPA." Aia nā palapala i nā memo kūloko a me nā kaulahao leka uila, e like me nā wehewehe ʻana o nā palapala.

"Ma muli o ka hūnā o kā Monsanto kamaʻilio pū ʻana me ka EPA, ʻo kēia mau hana lobbying i ʻike ʻia he piko wale nō ia o ko iceanto hui pū ʻana me ka EPA. ʻO nā hana maikaʻi ʻole a Monsanto i ka ʻaihue ʻana i nā lula o US ma o nā kamaʻilio malū ʻana me ka EPA ʻaʻole pono e uku ʻia e ka ʻae ʻana iā lākou e hūnā i kēia mau kamaʻilio ʻana ma o ka haki ʻana iā lākou "Confidential," "ʻōlelo a ka loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi. "ʻO kēia mau palapala e hōʻuluʻulu i nā kamaʻilio me EPA i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma nā wahi ʻē aʻe; ʻaʻole lākou he mea huna kālepa a he hoihoi nui ka lehulehu i ka hōʻike. ”

Kūkākūkā ʻo Monsanto ma kahi ʻano ʻē aʻe, e ʻōlelo ana i nā palapala ʻehā i hoʻopuka ʻia "he mau ʻikepili pāʻoihana koʻikoʻi ʻole, e pili ana i kahi noi e ʻimi nei e loaʻa ka loaʻa ʻana mai kahi ʻaoʻao ʻole, a e lawe wale i kahi tangential, i ka maikaʻi loa, e pili ana i nā nīnau i hoʻopuka ʻia ma keia hihia; no laila, ʻo ka hoihoi o ka lehulehu “he mea liʻiliʻi ia. '”

ʻO ka luna kānāwai ʻAmelika ʻo Vince Chhabria, ka mea nāna e kiaʻi i ka hoʻopiʻi Roundup, e manaʻo ʻia e noho aliʻi i nā mea i loko o kekahi mau lā e hiki mai ana.

I kekahi hihia kaʻawale, nā mea hoʻoponopono hoʻokele nohona Monsanto a me Kaleponi alo i ka lā 27 Ian ma luna o nā hoʻolālā a nā mea hoʻokele mokuʻāina e helu ai i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen. ʻO ka Office State of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) i ʻōlelo e hoʻohui i ka glyphosate i kāna papa inoa o nā carcinogens i ʻike ʻia ma hope o ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o IARC. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Monsanto e pale i ka papa inoa. E hāpai ana ka hoʻolohe ʻana i ke noi a OEHHA e kāpae aku i kā Monsanto hoʻopiʻi.

ʻO Carey Gillam kahi mea kākau moʻolelo kahiko a me ka luna noiʻi no US Right to Know, kahi hui aʻo mea kūʻai waiwai ʻole. Ua hōʻike mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala i ka Ka Post Huffington.