Hoʻohui ka noiʻi hou i ka hōʻike e hōʻoki ka glyphosate mauʻu i ka homone

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Ke hoʻohui nei ka noiʻi hou i nā hōʻike hopohopo i nā hopohopo e pili ana ka weedkilling hoʻohana ākea glyphosate kemika loaʻa paha i ka hiki ke hoʻopilikia i nā homone kanaka.

I kahi pepa i paʻi ʻia ma ka puke pai Kimimepera kapaʻia ʻO Glyphosate a me nā ʻano nui o ka endocrine disruptor: He loiloi, he ʻekolu o ka poʻe ʻepekema i kuhi ua ʻike ʻia he glyphosate he ʻewalu o nā ʻano koʻikoʻi he ʻumi e pili pū ana hoʻohaunaele endocrine i nā kemika . Ua aʻo aku naʻe nā mea kākau, pono nō naʻe nā noiʻi cohort prospective e pono e hoʻomaopopo pono i nā hopena o glyphosate ma ka ʻōnaehana endocrine kanaka.

ʻO nā mea kākau, ʻo Juan Munoz, Tammy Bleak a me Gloria Calaf, ua pili kēlā me kēia me ke Kulanui o Tarapacá ma Chile, i kā lākou pepa ka loiloi mua e hoʻohui i nā hōʻike mīkini ma glyphosate ma ke ʻano he endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDC).

Hōʻike kekahi o nā hōʻike e hiki iā Roundup, ʻo Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicide, hiki ke hoʻololi i ka biosynthesis o nā hormones moekolohe, e like me ka mea noiʻi.

Hiki paha i nā EDC ke mimic a hoʻopilikia paha i nā hormones o ke kino a pili pū ʻia me nā pilikia ulu a me nā hānau a me ka lolo a me ka ʻōnaehana pale maʻi.

ʻO ka pepa hou ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ma mua o kēia makahiki o ka assortment o holoholona hoʻopaʻa haʻawina i hōʻike i nā hōʻike glyphosate i nā hopena i nā mea hānau a hoʻoweliweli i ka momona.

ʻO Glyphosate kahi lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua, kūʻai ʻia i nā ʻāina he 140. Hoʻokomo ʻia ma ke kālepa ma 1974 e Monsanto Co, ka kemika ka mea hana i nā huahana makemake nui ʻia e like me Roundup a me nā haneli mau mea pepehi kanaka nāhelehele ʻē aʻe i hoʻohana ʻia e nā mea kūʻai aku, nā kaona, nā pono hana, nā mahiʻai, nā mea hana kolepa, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe a puni ka honua.

ʻO Dana Barr, ʻO kahi polofesa ma ke Kula ʻo Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia nā hōʻike e hōʻike ana he "endocrine" ka mea nāna e hoʻopilikia i nā waiwai. "

"ʻAʻole ia he mea i manaʻo ʻole ʻia ma muli o ka loaʻa ʻana o kekahi o nā ʻano like o ka glyphosate me nā endocrine e hoʻopau ana i nā pesticides; Eia nō naʻe, pili nui ia no ka hoʻohana ʻo glyphosate ma mua o nā pesticides ʻē aʻe, "i ʻōlelo ʻo Barr, nāna e alakaʻi i kahi papahana ma loko o kahi keʻena noiʻi hōʻikeʻike kanaka i loaʻa kālā ʻia e National National i mālama ʻia ma Emory. "Hoʻohana ʻia ka Glyphosate ma nā mea kanu he nui a ma nā noi noho he nui e like me ka hōʻuluʻulu a me nā hōʻike kumulative hiki ke nui."

ʻO Phil Landrigan, ka luna o ka Global Observatory ma Pollution a me ke olakino, a me kahi polofesa o ka biology
ma ke Kulanui ʻo Bosetona, i ʻōlelo ʻia ua huki pū ʻia ka loiloi i nā "hōʻike ikaika" ʻo ka glyphosate kahi mea hoʻopukapuka endocrine.

"Kūlike ka hōʻike me kahi hui nui o nā puke e hōʻike ana he nui nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole o ka glyphosate - nā hopena i hoʻokahuli i ko Monsanto noho lōʻihi ʻana. Hōʻike ʻia ke glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kemikala maikaʻi me ka ʻole o nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole i ke olakino kanaka, "wahi a Landrigan.

He kumuhana hopohopo nā EDC mai ka makahiki 1990 ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana o kahi moʻo o nā puke i manaʻo ʻia kekahi mau kemika i hoʻohana pinepine ʻia i nā pesticides, solvent solvents, plastic, detergents, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i hiki ke hoʻohaunaele i nā pilina ma waena o nā homone a me kā lākou mau pane.

Hoʻomaopopo ka poʻe ʻepekema i nā pono hana he ʻumi o nā ʻākena e hoʻololi i ka hana hormone, e kuhikuhi ana i kēia mau mea he ʻumi "ʻano nui" o nā endocrine-disruptor. ʻO nā ʻano he ʻumi penei:

Hiki iā EDC ke:

  • Hoʻololi ʻia ka hormonone hoʻololi o nā pae e holo nei o nā hormoni
  • Hoʻopili i nā hoʻololi i ka metabolism o ka hormone a me ka ʻae
  • Hoʻololi i ka hopena o ka hana ʻana o ka hōmona a i ʻole nā ​​ʻono pane pane-ʻone
  • Hōʻike ʻikepili receptor hormone
  • Nā mea loaʻa homone antagonize
  • Hana pū a i ʻole hoʻoulu i nā mea loaʻa nā homone
  • Hoʻololi hōʻailona hōʻailona i nā hunaola pane-hormon
  • Hoʻopili i nā hoʻololi epigenetic i nā hana hana hormone a i ʻole nā ​​ʻono pane pane-ʻone
  • ʻO ke synthesist hormon alter
  • Lawe ka hormone alter ma o nā membrane cell

Ua haʻi nā mea kākau o ka pepa hou i kahi loiloi o ka ʻikepili mīkini ʻike ʻia ua hui ka glyphosate i nā ʻano kī āpau me ka ʻokoʻa o ʻelua: "No glyphosate, ʻaʻohe hōʻike e pili ana me ka antagonistic hiki o nā hormonal receptor," wahi a lākou. Pēlā nō hoʻi, "ʻaʻohe hōʻike o ka hopena o ka hopena i ka hormonal a me ka ʻae ʻana," e like me nā mea kākau.

Ua nānā nui ka noiʻi ʻana i nā makahiki he hala i hala aku nei i nā loulou i loaʻa ma waena o glyphosate a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai, ʻo ia hoʻi ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin (NHL.) I ka makahiki 2015, ka International Agency for the Research on Cancer glyphosate ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha.

ʻOi aku ma kahi o 100,000 poʻe ua hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā lāʻau ʻino glyphosate a ka hui i hoʻokumu iā lākou a i ʻole nā ​​mea aloha e hoʻomohala iā NHL.

Wahi a ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi i ka hoʻopiʻi kūloko āpau ua ʻimi ʻo Monsanto e hūnā i nā pilikia o kāna lāʻau make. Ua nalowale ʻo Monsanto ʻekolu o ʻekolu mau hoʻāʻo a ua hoʻohana ka mea nona Kelemania ʻo Bayer AG i ka makahiki a me ka hapa i hala ke hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻoponopono ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana ma waho o ka ʻaha.

Ua hoʻomaopopo nā mea kākau o ka pepa hou i ke ʻano o ka glyphosate ma nā wahi a pau, e ʻōlelo ana "ka hoʻohana nui" ʻana o ka kemika "i alakaʻi ʻia i kahi pālahalaha ākea," e like me ka piʻi ʻana o nā hōʻike i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i ka ʻai kanaka o ka mea make mauʻu ma o ka meaʻai.

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi inā ʻoi aku ka haʻahaʻa o ka nui o ke koena glyphosate i loaʻa i nā meaʻai e lawa ai ka palekana, ʻaʻole "hiki iā lākou ke kāpae" i kahi "pilikia" i ka poʻe e ʻai ana i nā meaʻai i loko o ka kemikū, ke ʻano hoʻi me nā hua a me nā mea kanu ʻē aʻe. nā meaʻai i hoʻokumu ʻia, i loaʻa pinepine nā pae kiʻekiʻe ma mua o ka waiū, ka ʻiʻo a i ʻole nā ​​huahana iʻa.

Hōʻike nā palapala aupuni a US i nā koena glyphosate i ʻike ʻia ma nā ʻano meaʻai like ʻole, me ka meli meaola, a granola a me nā pahū.

Ua hōʻike pū kekahi nā kānaka noiʻi aupuni ʻo Kanada i nā koena glyphosate i nā meaʻai. Hoʻokahi hōʻike i hoʻopuka ʻia ma 2019 e nā ʻepekema mai nā Laboratory Laboratory Agri-Food a Kanada ma ke Keʻena ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā ululāʻau ʻo Alberta i loaʻa he glyphosate ma 197 o 200 mau laʻana o ka meli a lākou i nānā ai.

ʻOiai nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena glyphosate i ke olakino kanaka, e like me ka hōʻike ʻana i ka papaʻai, ua kūpaʻa mau nā luna hoʻomalu o US i ka palekana o ka lāʻau. ʻO ka Mālama ka ʻĀina Hoʻomalu Kūlohelohe i loaʻa ʻole "i kekahi pilikia o ke olakino kanaka mai ke kū ʻana i ka glyphosate. ”