Ke ʻimi nei i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo a me ka transparency no ke olakino lehulehu

Blog Biohazards

Print enamel Share Tweet

Ke hoʻonui nei ʻo US Right to Know i kāna hana noiʻi i loko o nā mea olakino e pono ai, e like me ke kumu o ka moʻolelo coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, ke kumu o ka maʻi COVID-19. O mākou e ʻimi nei i nā pane i nā nīnau hoʻokumu e pili ana pehea, kahi a me ke kumu i hoʻopili mua ai ka maʻi i nā kānaka, a me ka ʻike e pili ana i nā kahe a me nā pōʻino ʻē aʻe ma nā labs biosafety a me nā pilikia o ka noiʻi ʻana i loaʻa ka hana, ka mea e manaʻo ai e hoʻonui i ka lethality a i ʻole infectivity o nā pathogens pandemic hiki. ʻAʻole maopopo iā mākou ka mea e hiki ai i kēia hoʻokolokolo ke hōʻike, akā manaʻo mākou he koʻikoʻi ia i ka pale o ke olakino lehulehu e kaomi ai no ka transparency. Hiki iā ʻoe ke kākoʻo i kā mākou hana ma ka hāʻawi manawaleʻa ʻana ma aneʻi.

I kēia blog ke kau nei mākou i nā palapala a me nā mea hou ʻē aʻe mai kā mākou noiʻi biohazards, i alakaʻi ʻia e Sainath Suryanarayanan, Ph.D. E nānā pū aku i kā mākou papa inoa heluhelu ma kēia kumuhana.

February 17, 2021

Ua ʻimi nā ʻepekema Kina e hoʻololi i ka inoa o ka coronavirus make e hoʻokaʻawale iā ia mai Kina

I nā lā mua o ka maʻi maʻi COVID-19, ua hoʻāʻo kahi hui o nā ʻepekema e pili ana me ke aupuni o Kina e hoʻokaʻawale i ka coronavirus mai Kina ma o ka hoʻohuli ʻana i kāna inoa inoa. ʻAʻole i ʻike ʻia ua ʻike mua ʻia ka maʻi ma Wuhan, Kina, ua ʻōlelo nā ʻepekema ua makaʻu lākou e ʻike ʻia ka maʻi ʻo "Wuhan coronavirus" a i ʻole "Wuhan pneumonia," nā leka uila i loaʻa na US Pono e ʻike i ka hōʻike.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i mua i ke kaua ʻike i hoʻokumu ʻia e ke aupuni Kina e hoʻokino i ka moʻolelo e pili ana i ke kumu o ka nūhou coronavirus.

ʻO ka inoa o ka maʻi "he mea nui i ka poʻe Kina" a me nā kuhikuhi e pili ana i ka maʻi i hōʻike iā Wuhan "stigmatize and insid" Wuhan mau kamaʻāina, nā leka mai nā lā ʻo Pepeluali 2020.

ʻO ka mea kikoʻī ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā ʻepekema Kina i ka inoa loea kūhelu i hāʻawi ʻia i ka maʻi - "koʻikoʻi respiratory respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)" - ʻaʻole wale "paʻakikī e hoʻomanaʻo a ʻike" akā "" hoʻopunipuni maoli nō "no ka mea pili ia ka mea hoʻomaʻi hou i ka maʻi SARS-CoV 2003 i hoʻomaka ma Kina.

Ua kapa ʻia ka maʻi e ka Coronavirus Study Group (CSG) o ke Kōmike Hoʻomalu e pili ana iā Virus Taxonomy (ICTV).

ʻO Wuhan Institute of Virology ʻepekema ʻo Zhengli Shi, ka mea nāna i alakaʻi i ka inoa hou hana, i ho'ākāka ʻia i loko o kahi leka uila i ke Kulanui o North Carolina virologist ʻo Ralph Baric, "kahi kūkākūkā ikaika i waena o nā virologists Kina" ma luna o ka inoa SARS-CoV-2.

ʻO Deyin Guo, ka mea ma mua o ke Kula Nui o Biomedical Science o Wuhan University a me ka mea kākau o ka noi hoʻololi hoʻololi inoa, kakau iho la i nā lālā CSG ua hōʻole lākou i ke kūkākūkā ʻana i kā lākou koho inoa ʻana me "virologists me nā ʻike mua loa [ili] o ka maʻi maʻi a me nā mea wehewehe mua o ka maʻi ”mai Kina ʻāina nui.

"ʻAʻole kūpono i ka hoʻohana ʻana i hoʻokahi inoa virus ma muli o ka maʻi (e like me SARS-CoV) e inoa i nā maʻi kūlohelohe ʻē aʻe āpau o ka ʻano like akā he ʻokoʻa loa nā waiwai," kākau ʻo ia i ka leka i hoʻouna ʻia ma kona ʻaoʻao a ʻelima mau ʻepekema ʻē aʻe o Kina.

Ua hoʻolālā ka hui i kahi inoa koho - "Transmissible respiratory respiratory coronavirus (TARS-CoV). ʻO kekahi koho ʻē aʻe, i ʻōlelo ʻia, ʻo ia ka "Human acute respiratory coronavirus (HARS-CoV)."

Ua kākau ʻia ka pae leka uila e hōʻike kikoʻī nei i ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka inoa iā CSG Chair John Ziebuhr.

Hōʻike nā leka i kūʻē ʻo Ziebuhr i ka manaʻo o ka hui Kina. Ua pane ʻo ia "ʻo ka inoa ʻo SARS-CoV-2 e hoʻopili ana i kēia maʻi i nā mea ʻino ʻē aʻe (i kapa ʻia ʻo SARS-CoVs a i ʻole SARSr-CoVs) i kēia ʻano e like me ka virus prototype o nā mea ulu ma mua o ka maʻi i hoʻouluulu i ka inoa o kēia prototype virus ma kahi o 20 mau makahiki i hala. Hoʻohana ʻia ka suffix -2 ma ke ʻano he mea ʻike kū hoʻokahi a hōʻike ʻia ʻo SARS-Co V-2 he ANOTHER (akā pili loa) i kēia maʻi. "

ʻO kā China hui kūʻāina nona ka mokuʻāina ʻo CGTN hoike hooikaika hou ana i Malaki 2020 e nā virologists Kina e kapa hou i ka inoa SARS-CoV-2 ma ke ʻano he coronavirus kanaka 2019 (HCoV-19), ʻaʻole pū kekahi i hui pū ʻia me ka CSG.

Ke kapa nei i ka maʻi hoʻomaʻamaʻa ahulau - ke kuleana o ka World Health Organization (WHO) - he pinepine ia hoʻopiʻi politika hoʻoikaika kino i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻauhau ʻana.

I ka wā i laha mua o ka H5N1 flu ʻo ka virus i kū aʻe ma Kina, ua hoʻokau ke aupuni Kina i ka WHO e hana i nomenclature e hoʻopaʻa ʻole i nā inoa virus i kā lākou mōʻaukala a i ʻole nā ​​wahi i hele mai ai.

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

Nā leka uila a ke Kulanui o North Carolina ʻo Professor Ralph Baric, kahi a US Right to Know i loaʻa mai ma o kahi noi moʻolelo lehulehu, hiki ke loaʻa ma aneʻi: ʻO nā leka uila Baric # 2: Ke Kulanui o North Carolina (Nānā 332)

Ke waiho nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala mai kā mākou mau palapala lehulehu i noi ai no kā mākou noiʻi biohazards. E nānā: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

ʻAoʻao kāʻei kua ma ka US Right to Know ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2.

February 15, 2021

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka poʻe ʻepekema i kūkākūkā e pili ana i kā lākou komo ʻana i ka palapala puke pai e pili ana i nā kumu o Covid

ʻO ka pelekikena ʻo EcoHealth Alliance Peter Daszak, ke poʻo o kahi hui i pili i ka noiʻi ʻana i genetically manipulate coronaviruses, ua kūkākūkā e hūnā i kāna kuleana i kahi ʻōlelo i paʻi ʻia i ka makahiki i hala i ʻO ka Lancet i hoʻohewa ʻia ma ke ʻano he "thepirates theories" hopohopo e pili ana ka maʻi virus COVID-19 i loko o kahi keʻena noiʻi, ua loaʻa nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know.

ʻO ka ʻōlelo Lancet, i pūlima ʻia e 27 ʻepekema koʻikoʻi, he mea nui i ka hoʻopau ʻana i nā manaʻo kānalua e kekahi poʻe ʻepekema e hiki i ka COVID-19 ke pili i ka Wuhan Institute of Virology o Kina, a he pili pili noiʻi kēia na ka EcoHealth Alliance.

Ua kākau ʻo Daszak i ka ʻōlelo a hoʻolaha iā ia i nā ʻepekema ʻē aʻe e kau inoa. Akā ʻo ka leka uila hōʻike iā Daszak a me ʻelua mau ʻepekema ʻē aʻe e pili ana iā EcoHealth i manaʻo ʻaʻole pono e kau inoa i ka ʻōlelo i mea e uhi ai i kā lākou komo pū i loko. Ke waiho nei i ko lākou inoa mai ka ʻōlelo e hāʻawi iā ia "kahi mamao mai iā mākou a no laila ʻaʻole holo i kahi ala counterproductive," kākau ʻo Daszak.

Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo Daszak hiki iā ia ke "hoʻouna a puni" i nā ʻepekema ʻē aʻe e kau inoa. "E hoʻokuʻi mākou i kahi ala i ʻole e hoʻopili iā ia i kā mākou hana pū ʻana no laila e hoʻonui mākou i kahi leo kūʻokoʻa," i kākau ʻo ia.

Ua kākau nā ʻepekema ʻelua ʻo Daszak e pili ana i ka pono e hōʻike kūʻokoʻa ka pepa iā EcoHealth, he loea coronavirus ʻo Ralph Baric lāua ʻo Linfa Wang.

Ma nā leka uila, ua ʻae ʻo Baric me kā Daszak manaʻo e ʻaʻole pūlima ʻO ka Lancet ʻōlelo, kākau ʻana "Inā ʻaʻole ia e nānā pono iā ia iho, a lilo kā mākou hopena."

Ua kau inoa ʻo Daszak i ka ʻōlelo iā ia iho, akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi alakaʻi a mea hoʻomalu paha o ka hana.

ʻO nā leka uila kahi ʻāpana o kahi tranche o nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana i ka hana ʻana ʻo Daszak mai ka wā ma mua o ka makahiki i hala e hōʻino ai ke kuhiakau i kulu paha ka SARS-CoV-2 mai ka Ke Kula ʻo Wuhan.

ʻO ka hōʻike mua ʻia o COVID-19 ma ke kūlanakauhale ʻo Wuhan.

Pono ʻo US e ʻike mamua ua hōʻike ua kākau ʻo Daszak i ka ʻōlelo no ʻO ka Lancet, a hoʻonohonoho ʻia ia i "ʻAʻole e ʻike ʻia e hele mai ana mai kekahi hui a kanaka paha" akā e ʻike ʻia ma "Kahi leka mai nā ʻepekema alakaʻi".

ʻO EcoHealth Alliance kahi hui nonprofit ma Nu Ioka i loaʻa he miliona miliona o ka ʻauhau ʻauhau US no ka genetically manipulate coronaviruses, me nā ʻepekema ma Wuhan Institute.

ʻO ka mea nui, ua puka mai ʻo Daszak ma ke ʻano he kikowaena kikoʻī i ka hoʻokolokolo kūhelu ʻana o kā SARS-CoV-2 kumu. He lālā ʻo ia o ka Pūnaewele o ka Honuake kime o ka poʻe loea e huli nei i ke kumu o ka coronavirus, a ʻO ka Lancet COVID 19 Komisina.

E ʻike i kā mākou hōʻike mua ʻana i kēia kumuhana: 

E kau inoa no kā mākou leka pepa manuahi e loaʻa ai nā lono hou i kā mākou noiʻi biohazards. 

Ianuari 21, 2021

Palapala ʻo University State ʻo Colorado ma ka noiʻi bat pathogen

Hōʻike kēia pou i nā palapala o ke Kulanui ʻo Colorado State University (CSU) ʻo Rebeka Kading lāua ʻo Tony Schountz, kahi a US Right to Know i loaʻa mai kahi noi palapala lehulehu. ʻO Kading lāua ʻo Schountz he mau virologist e aʻo i nā pathogens pili i ka ʻōpeʻe i nā wahi wela o ka honua. Hana pū lākou me EcoHealth Alliance, ka US Department of Defense (DoD) a me ka Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), ka ʻimi noiʻi a me ka lima hoʻomohala o ka pūʻali koa US.

Hāʻawi nā palapala i kahi ʻike i ka pūʻali koa-kālaiʻike paʻakikī o nā ʻepekema ka mea e hoʻopaʻa naʻau pehea e pale ai i ka wai o nā pathogens pandemic kūpono mai nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa Hāpai nā palapala i nā nīnau e pili ana i nā pilikia contagion, no ka laʻana, no ka hoʻouna ʻana i nā opeapea a me nā ʻiole i loaʻa i nā maʻi maʻi weliweli. Loaʻa iā lākou kekahi mau mea koʻikoʻi ʻē aʻe, e like me:

  1. I Pepeluali 2017, nā mea hoʻonohonoho o DoD o ka Polokalamu Hoʻolālā Hoʻolālā Kūlohelohe ʻo Defense Threat Reduction Agency hai mai la kahi kuʻikahi ʻōpeʻapeʻa honua hou "e kūkulu a leverage i ka ʻāina a me nā pono āpana e hoʻonui i ka ʻike i ka ʻōpeʻapeʻa a me kā lākou kaolaola i loko o ka pōʻaiapili o nā pathogens o ka palekana. Pili pū me kēia, nā leka uila hoike kahi laulima ma waena o CSU, EcoHealth Alliance a me nā National Institutes of Health's Rocky Mountain Laboratories e kūkulu i kahi kahua noiʻi ʻōpeʻapeʻa ma CSU e hoʻonui i nā noiʻi maʻi ʻōpeʻapeʻa.
  2. Ua lilo ke kuikahi ʻōpeʻapeʻa honua i hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Bat One Health Research Network (BOHRN). Ma ka 2018, e hana pū ana nā ʻepekema BOHRN me DARPA ma kahi papahana i kapa ʻia ʻo PREEMPT. Nā moʻolelo CSU ma PREEMPT e hōʻike i nā Rocky Mountain Laboratories, CSU a me Montana State University ke hoʻomohala nei i nā lāʻau lapaʻau "scalable vectored" e hoʻolaha ʻia ma waena o nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa "e pale i ka puka ʻana a me ka ninini ʻana" o nā maʻi pandemi kūpono mai nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa i nā heluna kanaka. ʻO kā lākou pahuhopu ka hoʻomohala ʻana “pakuhi hoʻolahalaha pilikino iho ” - i pālahalaha nui ʻia ma waena o nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa - me ka lana o ka manaʻo e hoʻopau i nā pathogens i loko o kā lākou waihona wai holoholona ma mua o ka ninini ʻana i loko o ke kanaka. Hāpai kēia noiʻi nā mea pili e pili ana i nā hopena i makemake ʻole ʻia o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana i nā ʻenekini hoʻolaha pilikino iā ia iho i kahi ākea, a me nā pōpilikia kaiaola o kā lākou ʻike ʻole i ka hoʻomohala, virulence a hoʻolaha.
  3. ʻO ka hoʻouna ʻana i nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa a me nā ʻiole i loaʻa i nā pathogens weliweli e hana i ka hiki ke hiki ke ninini ʻole ʻia i loko o ke kanaka. Ua kākau ʻo Tony Schountz iā EcoHealth Alliance VP Jonathan Epstein ma Malaki 30, 2020: "Ua lawe ʻo RML [Rocky Mountain Labs] i ka waihona wai maʻi Lassa ma o ka hānau ʻia ʻana i ʻApelika, a laila lawe pono ʻia nā keiki iā RML. Mai ʻike inā hiki ke hānau ʻia nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa lio ma ke pio, akā he ala ia e hōʻemi ai i nā hopohopo CDC. ” Virus Lassa ua pālahalaha ʻia e nā ʻiole i hopena i ʻApelika komohana. Hoʻokumu ia i kahi maʻi maʻi i kapa ʻia ʻo Lassa fever i nā kānaka, a hiki i kahi o 5,000 mau make i kēlā me kēia makahiki (1% ka helu make).
  4. Ma Pepeluali 10, 2020, Pelekikena ʻo EcoHealth Alliance Peter Daszak i hoʻouna leka uila noi i nā mea kau inoa no kahi kikoʻī o ka Lancet olelo "E hōʻahewa ikaika i nā manaʻo kipi kipi e hōʻike nei ʻaʻohe kumu kūlohelohe o 2019-nCoV." I ka leka uila, ua kākau ʻo Daszak: “Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Dr. Ua kākau ʻo Linda Saif, Jim Hughes, Rita Colwell, William Karesh a me Hume Field i kahi ʻōlelo maʻalahi o ke kākoʻo no nā ʻepekema, ke olakino olakino a me nā kauka olakino o Kina e hakakā nei i kēia ʻōpala (hoʻopili ʻia), a ke kono aku nei iā ʻoe e hui pū me mākou ma ke ʻano he inoa mua. ” ʻAʻole ʻo ia i haʻi i kāna hana ponoʻī i ke kākau ʻana i kēia ʻōlelo.  ʻO kā mākou hōʻike mua ʻana hoike mai i ʻO Daszak kope i ka ʻōlelo i paʻi ʻia ma ʻO ka Lancet.
  5. Ua kālepa ʻo Tony Schountz i nā leka uila me nā ʻepekema nui Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV) ʻo Peng Zhou, Zhengli Shi a me Ben Hu. I loko o he leka uila i kākau ʻia ma ʻOkakopa 30, 2018, Ua noi aku ʻo Schountz iā Zhengli Shi i kahi "hui kaawale" ma waena o ka CSU's Arthropod-driven a me ka Infectious Disease Laboratory a me WIV, e pili pū ana me "ka laulima ʻana i nā papahana pili (e laʻa me nā arboviruse a me nā virus i hōʻali ʻia) a me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā haumāna. Zhengli Shi pane maikaʻi i kā Schountz manaʻo. ʻAʻole hōʻike nā moʻolelo i ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o kahi ʻano like.

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

Hiki ke loaʻa kahi loulou i ka pūʻulu holoʻokoʻa o ke Kulanui Makahiki ʻo Colorado ma aneʻi: Nā moʻolelo CSU

Ke waiho nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala i loaʻa ma o ke noi ākea kūʻokoʻa o ka lehulehu (FOI) kā mākou noiʻi Biohazards i kā mākou pou: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

Pehea ka palekana o nā biolabs ma ka Mokuʻāina ʻo Colorado?

manaʻo hoʻopukapuka kikoʻī fa i ʻole ke kūkulu ʻia ʻana o kahi biolab hou ma ke Kulanui o Colorado State i hāpai i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka palekana ma kāna biolabs e noho nei ma Fort Collins, Colorado.

ʻImi ke noi i ka waihona kālā mai ka National Institutes of Health e pani i ka hana ʻelemakule ma waena o CSU's Ke kikowaena no nā maʻi kūlohelohe Vector-Borne, ʻo ia ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo ka Arthropod-bear and Infectious Disease Laboratory (AIDL). Hoʻokumu ke kikowaena i nā kolone insect a me nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa no nā hoʻokolohua maʻi lele me nā pathogens weliweli e like me nā maʻi maʻi SARS, Zika, Nipah a me Hendra. Hana ʻia nā hoʻokolohua pathogen ola ma kahi ʻāpana i loko BSL-3 nā keʻena hana, ʻo ia nā hale hana paʻa lewa me nā ʻenehana kūikawā e pale ai i nā mea noiʻi mai ka maʻi a hoʻolaha ʻana i nā maʻi.

Ua kākau nā mea kākau o ka noi (Tony Schountz a me Greg Ebel mai CSU a me Jonathan Epstein, he pelekikena hope ma EcoHealth Alliance), "ua hala kekahi o ko mākou mau hale i ko lākou ola pono." Hoʻopili lākou i nā kiʻi o ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i ka popopo a me nā palu ma ke ʻano he hōʻoia o nā pono "hoʻohaʻahaʻa wikiwiki" i "kahe ke ua."

Hoʻomaopopo pū ka noi i ka hoʻolālā o ka hale hana e koi nei i nā laʻana o ka ʻōpeʻapeʻa i loaʻa ʻia a me nā mea kolo e "lawe ʻia i nā hale like ʻole ma mua o ka hoʻohana." Ua ʻōlelo ʻia aia nā autoclaves e kū nei, ka mea e sterilize i nā mea biohazardous, "hana pinepine ʻole a aia kahi hopohopo kūpono e hoʻomau lākou i ka hana pēlā."

Hiki paha ke hōʻike ʻia nā pilikia no ka mea kākoʻo lākou i kahi noi kālā. Eia kahi ʻāpana mai ka noi kālā me nā kiʻi.

Ua hāpai aʻe kēia noi i nā nīnau he nui: Aia i ka makaʻu nā ola kanaka mai nā lako hana hewa a AIDL? Hoʻonui paha kēia decpitude i ka likelihood o kahi kiki hewa ʻole o nā pathogens weliweli? Aia kekahi mau ʻoihana e pili ana i ka EcoHealth Alliance a puni ka honua i hoʻohaʻahaʻa like a palekana ʻole? ʻAʻole palekana nā kūlana, no ka laʻana, ka Wco Institute of Virology i uku kālā ʻia e EcoHealth Alliance? ʻO kēlā keʻena ua ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai hiki o SARS-CoV-2, ka mea hoʻomaʻi nāna i hoʻokumu iā Covid-19.

Nā moʻolelo o ke kōmike biosafety hui o CSU (IBC), i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu, me he mea lā e hoʻokūpaʻa i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka palekana o nā biolabs CSU. ʻO kahi laʻana, nā minuke hālāwai mai Mei 2020 kuhikuhi i kahi mea noiʻi CSU i loaʻa i ka maʻi Zika virus a me nā ʻōuli ma hope o ka lawelawe ʻana i nā makika i hoʻokolohua ʻia. Ua hoʻomaopopo ka IBC: "He nahu makika paha kēia i ʻike ʻole ʻia i ka manawa chaotic ma muli o COVID-19 pani ʻia a me nā loli."

ʻO ka mea mahalo, ʻo ka hoʻonui ʻia ʻana o ka noiʻi maʻi ʻoi loa ma SARS-CoV-2 ua hoʻonui paha i ka makaʻu o nā lapana biosafety a me nā pōʻino ma CSU. Nā minuke IBC hōʻike kākoʻo no "Nā hopohopo i hāpai ʻia e pili ana i ka nui o nā papahana noiʻi e pili ana iā SARS-CoV-2 i hoʻokau i nā ʻano kumuwaiwai e like me PPE, kahi keʻena, a me nā limahana."

Inā makemake ʻoe e loaʻa i nā hoʻohou mau e pili ana i kā mākou noiʻi biohazards, hiki iā ʻoe kau inoa no kā mākou leka pepa pule ma aneʻi

Ianuari 8, 2021

Ua noi ʻo USRTK iā ODNI e hoʻolaha i nā palapala e pili ana i nā ulia ma nā hale hōʻikeʻike e mālama nei i nā pathogens weliweli

US kuleana e ʻike (USRTK) i nīnau aku ai ka Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) e hoʻolaha i ʻekolu mau palapala e pili ana i nā lapalapa biosafety e hana ʻia i nā hale hana e mālama nei i nā maʻi ʻino weliweli.

ʻO ka noi koi koi decassification (MDR) e pane i kā ODNI olelo hooholo e hoʻopaʻa ʻekolu mau palapala hoʻolaha e pane i he noi Freedom of Information Act noi ʻia ʻo USRTK i waiho ʻia maʻAukake 2020.

Ua noi ka FOIA "ua ʻimi i ka ʻike i hoʻopau ʻia i hana ʻia mai Ianuali 2015 e pili ana i ka hoʻokuʻu kuhihewa a kolohe paha o nā mea ola biology, nā hoʻokō ʻole i ka pae biosafety-level (BSL) -2, BSL-3 a i ʻole BSL-4 mau wahi noiʻi, a me nā hanana ʻē aʻe e pili ana i ka ʻimi noiʻi biosafety pālua i BSL-2, BSL-3 a i ʻole BSL-4 hale noiʻi ma Kanada, Kina, ʻAikupita, Palani, Kelemania, ʻInikia, ʻIrana, ʻIlani, Netherlands, Lūkia, nā ʻāina ma mua o ka Soviet Union, ʻApelika Hema. , Taiwan, ke Aupuni Hui Pū ʻIa, a me Thailand. ”

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ODNI i kāna pane ua loaʻa ʻekolu mau palapala, a hoʻoholo i kēia mau "pono ​​e mālama ʻia i kā lākou holoʻokoʻa e like me ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o FOIA" e pili ana i ka pale o nā mea i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia e pili ana i nā ʻike ʻike a me nā kumuwaiwai o ka pili aupuni palekana. ʻAʻole wehewehe ʻo ODNI a hōʻike ʻano paha i ke ʻano o nā palapala ʻekolu a i ʻole nā ​​ʻike i loko, ʻē aʻe ma mua o ka pane ʻana i ka noi a FOIA.

I loko o kāna noi MDR, noi ʻo USRTK e hoʻokuʻu ʻo ODNI i nā ʻāpana i hoʻokaʻawale ʻole ʻia o nā palapala ʻekolu.

Manaʻo ʻo USRTK he kuleana ko ka lehulehu e ʻike i ka ʻikepili e pili ana i nā ulia pōpilikia, nā kahe a me nā pōʻino ʻē aʻe ma nā keʻena hoʻokolohua kahi e mālama ʻia ai a hoʻololi ʻia nā pathogens o ka maʻi ahulau, a inā paha ua hoʻopili ʻia kekahi ʻano liu i nā kumu o COVID-19, ka mea i hoʻokumu i ka nā make o nā ʻAmelika he 360,000.

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

Ke waiho nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala mai kā mākou mau palapala lehulehu i noi ai no kā mākou noiʻi biohazards. E nānā: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

ʻAoʻao kāʻei kua ma ka US Right to Know ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2.

December 29, 2020

Hāpai nā ʻikepili i loli i nā nīnau hou aʻe e pili ana i ka hilinaʻi o nā kī nui i nā kumu coronavirus

ʻO nā loiloi i nā ʻikepili genomic e pili ana i nā ʻike nui ʻehā e pili ana i nā kumu coronavirus e hoʻohui i nā nīnau hou e pili ana i ka hilinaʻi o kēia mau aʻo ʻana, e hāʻawi ana i ke kākoʻo kumu no ke kuhiakau. i hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo SARS-CoV-2 i ka holoholona lōhiu. Nā haʻawina, Peng Zhou et al., Hong Zhou et al., Lam et al., a Xiao et al., ʻike ʻia nā coronavirus pili pili iā SARS-CoV-2 i nā opeapea lio a me nā pangolin Malayan.

Ua waiho nā mea kākau noiʻi i ka ʻikepili hōʻiliʻili DNA i kapa ʻia Heluhelu ke kaʻina, a lākou i hoʻohana ai e hōʻiliʻili i nā genome bat a me pangolin-coronavirus, ma ka National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) kaʻina heluhelu waihona (SRA). Ua hoʻokumu ʻo NCBI i ka waihona kikowaena lehulehu e kōkua i ka hōʻoia kūʻokoʻa o nā aniani genomic e pili ana i nā ʻenehana hoʻonohonoho kiʻekiʻe.

Ua kuleana ʻo US e ʻike i nā palapala i noi ʻia e nā moʻolelo lehulehu hōʻike i nā hoʻoponopono i kēia mau noiʻi SRA ʻikepili mahina ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana. ʻAno kēia mau loiloi no ka mea ua hana ʻia ma hope o ka paʻi ʻana, a me ka ʻole o ke kumu, ka wehewehe a me ka hōʻoia.

ʻo kahi laʻana, Peng Zhou et al. a Lam et al. hōʻano hou i kā lākou ʻikepili SRA ma nā lā ʻelua like. ʻAʻole wehewehe nā palapala i ke kumu a lākou i hoʻololi ai i kā lākou ʻikepili, akā ua hana ʻia kekahi mau hoʻololi. Xiao et al. ua hoʻololi he nui i kā lākou SRA ʻikepili, me ka holoi ʻia ʻana o ʻikepili ʻelua ma Malaki 10, ka hoʻohui o kahi hōkeo hou ma Iune 19, kahi 8 o Nowemapa i hoʻololi hou ʻia i ka ʻikepili i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma ʻOkakopa 30, a me kahi hoʻololi hou o ka ʻikepili ma Nowemapa 13 - ʻelua lā ma hope Nature pākuʻi ʻia i kahi “palapala hopohopo” a ka Luna Hoʻoponopono. e pili ana i ke aʻo ʻana. Hong Zhou et al. e kaʻana like i ka huina SRA holoʻokoʻa e hiki ai i ka hōʻoia kūʻokoʻa. ʻOiai nā puke pai e like Nature koi i nā mea kākau e hana i nā ʻikepili āpau.loaʻa koke”I ka manawa o ka paʻi ʻana, hiki ke hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka ʻikepili SRA mahope iho o paipalapala; akā ʻano ʻokoʻa ka hana ʻana i nā hoʻololi i kēlā me kēia mahina ma hope o ka paʻi ʻana.

ʻO kēia mau hoʻololi ʻano ʻē o ka ʻikepili SRA ʻaʻole ia e hana maʻalahi i nā ʻehā mau aʻo a me kā lākou ʻikepili e pili pono ana. Eia nō naʻe, nā lohi, nā hemahema a me nā loli o ka ʻike SRA ua hoʻohoka i ka hui kūʻokoʻa a me ka hōʻoia o nā kaʻina genome i paʻi ʻia, a hoʻohui i ninau a nā mea pili e pili ana i ka kūpono o nā aʻo ʻehā, e like me:

  1. He aha nā hoʻoponopono hou ma hope o ka paʻi ʻana i ka ʻikepili SRA? No ke aha i hana ʻia ai? Pehea lākou i hoʻopili ai i nā anamanaʻo a me nā hopena genomic e pili ana?
  2. Ua hōʻoia ʻia kēia mau hoʻoponopono SRA? Inā pēlā, pehea? ʻO ka ʻO kā NCBI hōʻoia wale nō ke ana hoʻohālikelike no ka paʻi ʻana i kahi SRA BioProject– ma ʻō aku o ka ʻike kumu e like me "inoa meaola" - ʻaʻole hiki ke kope ʻia ia.

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

ka National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) hiki ke loaʻa nā palapala ma aneʻi: Nā leka uila NCBI (Nānā 63)

Ke waiho nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala mai kā mākou mau palapala lehulehu i noi ai no kā mākou noiʻi biohazards. E nānā: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

ʻAoʻao kāʻei kua ma ka US Right to Know ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2.

December 18, 2020

ʻAʻohe manaʻo loiloi o nā hoa no ka hoʻohui i ka ʻike kumu coronavirus koʻikoʻi?

Ka mangalepa Nature ʻaʻole i loiloi i ka hilinaʻi o nā kuleana koʻikoʻi i hana ʻia i Nowemapa 17 hoʻohui a like ma nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa kumu o ka moʻolelo coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, nā leka me Nature manaʻo nā limahana.

Ma Pepeluali 3, 2020, ua hōʻike ka ʻepekema Wuhan Institute of Virology i ka ʻike ʻana i kahi pili kokoke loa o ka SARS-CoV-2, kahi cor corona virus i kapa ʻia ʻo RaTG13. Kahiwa13 ua lilo i kikowaena i ke kuhiakau i hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo SARS-CoV-2 i ka holoholona lōhiu.

ʻO nā helu ʻōlelo hoʻohui pane ʻole ʻia ninau e pili ana i ka hōʻoia o RaTG13. Ua wehewehe nā mea kākau, Zhou et al., Ua loaʻa iā RaTG13 ma 2012-2013 "i kahi mineshaft i haʻalele ʻia ma ka moku ʻo Mojiang, ka moku ʻo Yunnan," kahi ʻeono mau minia i ʻeha. huʻihuʻi respiratory respiratory syndrome ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻia i nā f bat bathes, a ʻekolu i make. Nā noiʻi ʻana o ka hiki i nā hōʻailona o nā mea minia maʻi ke hāʻawi i nā hōʻailona koʻikoʻi e pili ana i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2. Zhou et al. ua hōʻike i ka loaʻa ʻole o nā coronavirus e pili ana i ka SARS i nā laʻana serum i mālama ʻia o nā mea miners maʻi, akā ʻaʻole lākou i kākoʻo i kā lākou mau koi me nā ʻikepili a me nā ʻano e pili ana i kā lākou hoʻokolohua a me nā hoʻokolohua hoʻokolohua.

Loaʻa ka ʻole o ka ʻikepili koʻikoʻi i ka addendum hāpai hou i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka hilinaʻi o ka Zhou et al. hoʻopaʻa haʻawina. Ma Nowemapa 27, Ua noi ʻo US Right to Know Nature ninau e pili ana i nā kuleana o ka addendum, a noi ʻia i kēlā Nature paʻi i nā ʻikepili kākoʻo āpau a Zhou et al. ua hāʻawi paha.

Ma Kekemapa 2, Nature Ke poʻo o nā kamaʻilio Bex Walton wahi a ʻo ia ke kumu Zhou et al. ua "pololei akā maopopo ʻole" ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana, a ua kūpono ka hoʻohui anuu hope-paʻi no ka wehewehe ʻana. Ua hoʻohui ʻo ia: "E pili ana i kāu mau nīnau, e kuhikuhi mākou iā ʻoe e hoʻokokoke i nā mea kākau o ka pepa no nā pane, e like me ʻaʻole pili kēia mau nīnau i ka noiʻi a mākou i paʻi ai akā i nā noiʻi ʻē aʻe i mālama ʻia e nā mea kākau, ʻaʻole hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo ”(koʻikoʻi iā mākou). ʻOiai ʻo kā mākou nīnau e pili ana i ka noiʻi i wehewehe ʻia i ka addendum, ka Nature Hōʻike ka ʻōlelo a ka lunamakaʻāinana ʻaʻole i loiloi ʻia kā addendum a Zhou et al. ma ke ʻano he noiʻi.

Ua nīnau mākou he nīnau nīnau ma Kēkēmapa 2: "ua kau ʻia kēia addendum i kekahi loiloi ʻia e nā hoa a me / a i ʻole ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono ʻana e Nature? ” ʻAʻole i pane pololei ʻo Ms. Walton; ʻo ia wahi a: "Ma ka laulā, e loiloi kā mākou mea hoʻoponopono i nā manaʻo a i ʻole nā ​​hopohopo i hāpai ʻia me mākou i ka manawa mua, e nīnau ana i nā mea kākau, a e ʻimi ana i nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo mai nā loiloi hoa a me nā loea ʻē aʻe inā manaʻo mākou he pono. ʻAʻole hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo i ka mālama pilikino ʻana i nā hihia pākahi.

No ka Nature manaʻo i ka hoʻohui he a ka hope-hoʻopuka hou, a ʻaʻole ia e hoʻokau i ka post post addenda i nā kūlana loiloi loiloi like e like me nā paʻi mua, me he mea lā ʻo Zhou et al. ʻAʻole i hoʻomoe ʻia e addendum.

ʻAʻole pane nā mea kākau ʻo Zhengli Shi lāua ʻo Peng Zhou iā ia mākou nīnau e pili ana i ko lakou Nature pākuʻi

December 14, 2020

Hōʻike nā leka uila hou i nā kūkākūkā ʻepekema e pili ana i ke kūkā kamaʻilio ʻana no ke kumu ʻo SARS-CoV-2 

Hāʻawi i nā leka uila hou i nā ʻike i ka hoʻomohala ʻia ʻana o kahi moʻolelo e pili ana i nā kumu kūlohelohe o ka puke coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, ʻoiai e waiho ana nā nīnau ʻepekema nui. ʻO nā kūkākūkā kūloko a me kahi ʻōkuhi mua o ka leka a ka ʻepekema e hōʻike ana i ka poʻe loea e kūkākūkā ana i nā hemahema o ka ʻike a me nā nīnau i pane ʻole ʻole ʻia e pili ana i ke kumu lab, ʻoiai e ʻimi ana kekahi e hōʻemi i nā manaʻo "fringe" e pili ana i ka hiki ʻana o ka maʻi virus mai kahi keʻena hana

Ua wehewehe nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi a me nā nūhou he nui i nā hōʻike e like me "nui loa”I hoʻomaka ʻia ka maʻi ma ka holoholona lōhiu, ʻaʻole mai kahi keʻena hoʻokolohua. Eia nō naʻe, hoʻokahi makahiki ma hope o ka hōʻike mua ʻia ʻana o nā hihia o SARS-CoV-2 ma ke kūlanakauhale Kina o Wuhan. ʻike iki ʻia pehea a ma hea ua hoʻomaka ka maʻi virus. ʻO ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2, ke kumu o ka maʻi COVID-19, he mea nui paha ia e pale aku ai i ka maʻi maʻi e hiki mai ana.

Nā leka uila a ka loea coronavirus ʻO Professor Ralph Baric - i loaʻa ma o nā moʻolelo lehulehu i noi ʻia e US Right to Know - e hōʻike i nā kamaʻilio ma waena o nā ʻelele o National Academy of Science (NAS), a me nā loea i ka biosecurity a me nā maʻi lele mai nā kula nui o US. Hui ʻEcoHealth.

Ma Pepeluali 3, ke Keʻena Keʻokeʻo o ka ʻEpekema a me nā Kālā ʻEpekema Ua nīnau ʻo (OSTP) ka National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine (NASEM) e "hoʻākoakoa i ka hālāwai o ka poʻe loea ... e loiloi i ka ʻikepili, ka ʻike, a me nā laʻana e pono ai e kamaʻilio i nā mea ʻike ʻole ʻia, i mea e maopopo ai i nā kumu hoʻomohala o 2019-nCoV, a me ka pane maikaʻi aku. i ka maʻi ahulau a me nā hopena hewa e pili ana i ka hopena. "

ʻO Baric a me nā loea maʻi maʻi ʻē aʻe i pili i ka hoʻolālā ʻana ka pane. Hōʻike nā leka uila i nā kūkākūkā kūloko o ka poʻe loea a me kahi ʻōkuhi mua hana ʻia Pepeluali 4.

Ua wehewehe ka ʻōkuhi mua i "nā manaʻo mua o ka poʻe loea" e "kūlike ka ʻike genomic me ka evolution kūlohelohe a ʻaʻohe hōʻike i kēia manawa e ʻenekini ʻia ka maʻi e hoʻolaha koke aku i waena o nā kānaka." Ua nīnau ʻia kēia huaʻōlelo kikoʻī i nā nīnau, i loko o nā panakū: "[noi aku i ka poʻe loea e hoʻohui i nā kikoʻī e hoʻopaʻa hou ana i nā pūnaewele?]" Ua komo pū kekahi ma ka palapala hemahema i loko o nā mākeke: evolution o nā coronaviruses e pili ana.]

In hoʻokahi leka uila, i ka lā 4 o Pepeluali, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Trevor Bedford, ka loea maʻi maʻi: "ʻAʻole wau e ʻōlelo i nā pūnaewele paʻa ma aneʻi. Inā ʻoe e hoʻomaka i ke kaupaona ʻana i nā hōʻike he nui nā mea e noʻonoʻo ai no nā hanana ʻelua. ” Na "nā hanana ʻelua," ʻike ʻia ʻo Bedford i nā hanana lab-origin a me nā kūmole kūlohelohe.

He mea nui ka nīnau no nā pūnaewele paʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2. Nā pūnaewele paʻa paʻa ma ka hāʻawi pūnaehana spike protein o SARS-CoV-2 "Kokoke-maikaʻi loa" ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana a me ke komo ʻana o ka maʻi i loko o nā huna kanaka, a hoʻonui i ka maʻi ʻo SARS-CoV-2 ma mua o ka SARS-CoV. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā kānaka ʻepekema ua hiki ke hoʻokumu ʻia nā pūnaewele paʻa paʻa o SARS-CoV-2 ma muli o kahi hopena o maoli hoʻoheheʻe wai i ka hihiu a i ʻole ʻike keʻena hoʻokolohua hoʻohui hou ʻana o kahi kūpuna kūlohelohe i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o SARS-CoV-2.

ka leka hope loa i paʻi ʻia ma Pepeluali 6 ʻaʻole i haʻi ʻia nā pūnaewele paʻa a i ʻole ka hiki ke loaʻa kahi kahua kahua. Hoʻomaopopo pono ia i ka nui o ka ʻike e pono ai e hoʻoholo i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2. Wahi a ka leka, "Ua haʻi mai ka poʻe loea iā mākou i ka ʻike hou ʻia ʻana o ka ʻikepili genomic mai ka hulihonua - a me ka manawa - pono nā laʻana viral like ʻole e hoʻoholo i ke kumu a me ka ulu ʻana o ka maʻi. ʻO nā laʻana i hōʻiliʻili ʻia e like me ka hiki ke hiki i ka W outbreak ma Wuhan a me nā laʻana mai nā holoholona l?

Hōʻike nā leka uila i kekahi mau loea e kūkākūkā ana i ka pono o ka ʻōlelo moakaka e pale ai i ka mea i wehewehe ʻia ma ke ʻano he "the crackpot theories" o ke kumu lab. Kristian Andersen, mea kākau alakaʻi o an pepa Kauka Lapaʻau Manaʻo koʻikoʻi ke ʻōlelo nei i kahi kumu kūlohelohe o SARS-CoV-2, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ke kumu he "maikaʻi loa ia, akā noʻonoʻo wau inā pono mākou e ʻoi aku ka paʻa i ka nīnau o ka ʻenehana." Ua hoʻomau ʻo ia, "Inā ʻo kekahi o nā kumu nui o kēia palapala ka mea e kūʻē ai i kēlā mau ʻaoʻao pili, manaʻo wau he mea nui e hana ikaika a ma ka ʻōlelo maʻamau ..."

In kana pane, Hoʻonohonoho ʻo Baric i ka lawe ʻana i kahi kumu ʻepekema no ko SARS-CoV-2 kūlohelohe. "Manaʻo wau pono mākou e ʻōlelo ʻo ka pili kokoke loa i kēia maʻi (96%) i ʻike ʻia mai nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa e kahe ana i kahi ana ma Yunnan, Kina. He ʻōlelo ikaika kēia no ke kumu o ka holoholona. ”

ʻO ka hope palapala mai nā pelekikena ʻo NASEM ʻaʻole e kū i kahi kūlana ma ke kumu o ka maʻi virus. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia, "Ua mālama ʻia nā noiʻi noiʻi e hoʻomaopopo pono i ke kumu o 2019-nCoV a pehea e pili ai i nā mea ʻino i loaʻa i nā opeapea a me nā ʻano ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka pili pili kokoke loa o 2019-nCoV ʻike ʻia he coronavirus i ʻike ʻia mai nā laʻana mai nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma Kina. " Ua kuhikuhi ʻia ka leka ʻelua haʻawina i alakaʻi ʻia e EcoHealth Alliance a me Wuhan Institute of Virology. ʻO nā mea ʻelua kahi kumu kūlohelohe no SARS-CoV-2.

I kekahi mau pule ma hope mai, ua ʻike ʻia ka leka a nā pelekikena NASEM ma ke ʻano he kumu mana no kekahi mea koʻikoʻi ʻōlelo a nā ʻepekema i paʻi ʻia i loko ʻO ka Lancet i hōʻike hou aku i ka maopopo e pili ana i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2. Ua hōʻike ʻo USRTK ma mua ua kākau ʻo Pelekikena EcoHealth Alliance Peter Daszak i kēlā ʻōlelo, i ʻōlelo ʻo "ʻepekema mai nā ʻāina he nui ... ua hoʻoholo nui loa ʻia ua hoʻomaka kēia coronavirus i ka holoholona lōhiu." ʻO kēia kūlana, nā ʻōlelo i kākau ʻia, "kākoʻo hou ʻia e kahi leka mai nā pelekikena o ka US National Academy of Science, Engineering, and Medicine."

ʻO nā mea i koho ʻia ma hope o Peter Daszak a me nā mea kōkua ʻē aʻe ʻo EcoHealth i ʻO ke Komisina Lancet COVID19 a ʻo Daszak i ka ʻO nā noiʻi a ka World Health Organization o nā kumu kumu o SARS-CoV-2 ʻo ka hilinaʻi o kēia mau hana i hoʻohiolo ʻia e nā paio o ka hoihoi, a ma ka hiohiona ua hoʻokolokolo mua lākou i ka hihia ma ka lima.

---

"Nā pilikia e pale paha mākou"

Hōʻike pū nā leka uila Baric i kahi lunamakaʻāinana NAS e'ōlelo ana i nā ʻepekema US pono lākou e "hōʻalo" i nā nīnau e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2 i nā hālāwai kūkā ʻelua a lākou e hoʻolālā nei me nā loea COVID-19 Kina. Ua kūkākūkā nā leka uila i Mei a me Iune 2020 i nā hoʻolālā no nā hālāwai. Ke komo nei i ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika, he hapa nui o lākou he lālā no ka NAS Komite kūpaʻa e pili ana i nā maʻi lele e kū nei a me nā hoʻoweliweli olakino kenekulia 21, me Ralph Baric, Peter Daszak, David Franz, James Le Duc, Stanley Perlman, David Relman, Linda Saif, a me Peiyong Shi.

ka komo ʻepekema ʻē aʻe ʻo George Gao, Zhengli Shi, a me Zhiming Yuan. ʻO George Gao ka luna o Kina CDC. Alakaʻi ʻo Zhengli Shi i ka noiʻi coronavirus ma Wuhan Institute of Virology, a ʻo Zhiming Yuan ka luna o WIV.

In email i ka poʻe komo ʻAmelika e pili ana i kahi kau hoʻolālā, ua wehewehe ʻo NAS Rusmeek Polokalamu Senior Program i ke kumu o ka hālāwai: "e hoʻopihapiha iā ʻoe ma ke kamaʻilio kamaʻilio, kūkā i nā kumuhana / nā nīnau (papa inoa i kāu leka kono a hoʻopili ʻia) a me nā pilikia a mākou paha e pale (nā nīnau kumu, nā politika)… ”

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

Loulou i ke Kulanui o North Carolina ʻO kā Professor Ralph Baric mau leka uila hiki ke loaʻa ma aneʻi: Nā leka uila Baric (Nānā 83,416)

Ke waiho nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala mai kā mākou mau palapala lehulehu i noi ai mākou hoʻokolokolo biohazards. E nānā: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

Nā huahana mai nā leka uila a ka loea ʻo coralavirus ʻo Ralph Baric 

Papa ʻia kēia ʻaoʻao i nā palapala i loko o nā leka uila a Professor Ralph Baric, i loaʻa iā US Right to Know i loaʻa ma o ka noi palapala lehulehu. ʻO Kauka Baric He loea coronavirus ma ke Kulanui o North Carolina, Chapel Hill (UNC). Loaʻa iā ia hoʻomohala i nā ʻenehana i e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hiki ke ahulau o nā coronaviruses ʻōpeʻapeʻa e kū nei in hana pū ʻana me Dr. Zhengli Shi ma ka Wuhan Institute of Virology a me EcoHealth Alliance.

Hōʻike nā leka uila nā kūkākūkā kūloko a me kahi ʻōpala mua o kahi leka ʻepekema nui e pili ana i nā kumu coronavirus, a hoʻomālamalama i ka pilina ma waena o ka US a me ka poʻe loea Kina i ka biodefense a me nā maʻi lele, a me nā kuleana o nā ʻoihana e like me EcoHealth Alliance a me National Academy of Science (NAS).

E ʻoluʻolu e leka uila i nā mea hoihoi a mākou i ʻike ai sainath@usrtk.org, i hiki iā mākou ke hoʻohui iā lākou ma lalo.

Nā huahana mai nā leka uila Baric

  1. ʻO Tracy McNamara, Polofesa o Pathology ma ke Kulanui o Health Health ma Pomona, Kaleponi kakau iho la ma Malaki 25, 2020:: "Ua hoʻohana ke Aupuni Pekelala ma kahi o $ 1 biliona kālā no ke kākoʻo ʻana i ka Global Health Security Agenda e kōkua i nā lāhui e hoʻomōhala ana i ka hiki ke ʻike / hōʻike / pane i nā hoʻoweliweli pandemika. Hoʻohana ʻia he $ 200 miliona hou aʻe ma ka papahana PREDICT ma o USAID e ʻimi nei i nā mea hōʻeuʻeu e puka mai ana ma nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa, nā ʻiole a me nā mōʻī ma nā ʻāina ʻē A i kēia manawa makemake ka Global Virome Project i $ 1.5 biliona kālā e holo a puni ka honua e ʻimi nei i kēlā me kēia virus ma ka ʻili o ka honua. E loaʻa kālā paha kā lākou. Akā ʻaʻole kekahi o kēia mau papahana i palekana i ka poʻe ʻauhau ma aneʻi ma ka home. ” (ke koʻikoʻi i ka mea kumu)
  2. ʻO Kauka Jonathan Epstein, Hope Pelekikena no ʻEpekema a me waho ma EcoHealth Alliance, imi alakaʻi no kahi noi mai ka US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) e pili ana i ke kamaʻilio ʻana me ka "ʻike maʻalahi i ka hoʻohana lua" (Malaki 2018).
  3. Hui ʻEcoHealth uku ia ʻO Kauka Baric kahi kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma ke ʻano he honorarium (Ianuali 2018).
  4. kono i ka US National Academy of Science, Engineering and Medicine (NASEM) a me ka Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science (CAAS) ʻO US Kūkākūkā Kūkākūkā a me Workshop e pili ana i nā pilikia o nā maʻi e kū mai ana, ka palekana Laboratory, ka palekana olakino ākea a me nā hana kūpono i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka hoʻoponopono ʻana o Gene i ka noiʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi., Harbin, Kina, Ian 8-10, 2019 (Nowemapa 2018-Ianuali 2019). Mākaukau leka uila a me ka memo huakaʻi hōʻike i ka ʻike o ka poʻe komo ʻAmelika.
  5. Kono kono NAS i kahi hālāwai o ka US a me ka poʻe loea Kina e hana nei e pale i nā maʻi infectious a hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino honua (Nowemapa 2017). Ua hoʻākoakoa ʻia ka hālāwai e ka NAS a me ka Galveston National Laboratory. Ua mālama ʻia ma Ianuali 16-18, 2018, ma Galveston, Texas. A memo huakaʻi hōʻike i ka ʻike o ka poʻe komo ʻAmelika. Hope leka uila hōʻike i ka WIV's Kauka Zhengli Shi aia ma ka hālāwai.
  6. Ma Pepeluali 27, 2020, Baric kakau iho la, "I kēia manawa ʻo ke kumu o ke kumu he ʻōpeʻapeʻa ia, a ke hoʻomaopopo nei au he hewa ke kuhi ʻana he pono ka hoʻokipa waena."
  7. Ma Malaki 5, 2020, Baric kakau iho la, "ʻAʻole loa he hōʻike e pili ana kēia maʻi i ka bioengineered."

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

Hiki ke loaʻa kahi loulou i nā leka uila a Professor Ralph Baric ma aneʻi: Nā leka uila Baric (~ 83,416 ʻaoʻao)

Ke kau nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala mai kā mākou noiʻi Biohazards. E nānā: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

Nowemapa 24, 2020

ʻO ka ʻepekema me ka hakakā o ka hoihoi e alakaʻi ana iā Lancet COVID-19 Commission task force ma nā kumu virus

I ka pule aku nei, Ua hōʻike ʻo US Right to Know ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia kahi ʻōlelo koʻikoʻi ma The Lancet e nā ʻepekema olakino olakino lehulehu e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-27 i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e nā limahana o EcoHealth Alliance, kahi hui loaʻa kālā ʻole i loaʻa he miliona mau kālā o ka ʻauhau ʻauhau a US e hoʻohana maoli ai i nā coronavirus. me nā ʻepekema ma Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV). 

ka Pepeluali 18 ʻōlelo hoʻohewa ʻia nā "thepirates conspiracy" e hōʻike nei no COVID-19 i hele mai kahi keʻena hana, a ʻōlelo nā ʻepekema "hoʻopau nui" i hoʻomaka ʻia ka maʻi ma ka holoholona lōhiu. Loaʻa nā leka uila e USRTK Ua hōʻike ʻia ua kākau ʻo Pelekikena EcoHealth Alliance Peter Daszak i ka leka a hoʻonohonoho iā ia e "pale i ke ʻano o kahi ʻōlelo politika." 

ʻAʻole hiki i ka Lancet ke hōʻike aku he mau kūlana ʻehā ʻē aʻe o ka ʻōlelo me nā kūlana me EcoHealth Alliance, a he kuleana kālā kā lākou i ka pale ʻana i nā nīnau mai kahi hiki ke hoʻomaka ʻia ka maʻi ma kahi keʻena hoʻokolohua.

I kēia manawa, ke hāʻawi nei ka Lancet i nā mea hou aʻe i ka hui i loaʻa nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka nīnau olakino lehulehu o nā kumu pandemi. Ma Nowemapa 23, kapa ʻia ka Lancet a paneli hou he 12 mau lālā i ke Keʻena Lancet COVID 19 Komisina. ʻO ka luna hoʻomalu o ka pūʻulu hana hou e noiʻi i nā “Origins, Early Spread of the Pandemic, and One Health Solutions to Future Pandemic Threats” ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe ma mua o ka EcoHealth Alliance's Peter Daszak. 

ʻO ka hapalua o nā lālā hana - e like me Daszak, Hume Field, Gerald Keusch, Sai Kit Lam, Stanley Perlman a me Linda Saif - he mau mea kau inoa pū kekahi i ka ʻōlelo i ka lā 18 Fep. Ua hoʻolaha ka ʻahahui e kapa ʻia ka maʻi i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka novel coronavirus ʻo COVID-19. 

I nā huaʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, ma ka liʻiliʻi o ka hapalua o ka hana a ka Lancet's COVID Commission e pili ana i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2 i mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka hoʻokolokolo. Hoʻohaʻahaʻa kēia i ka hilinaʻi a me ka mana o ka pūʻali hana.

ʻO nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2 he mea pohihihi nō naʻe a ʻo ka hoʻokolokolo pono a hilinaʻi paha he mea nui ia e pale ai i ka maʻi ahulau e hiki mai ana. Kūpono ka lehulehu i kahi hoʻokolokolo ʻaʻole i poke ʻia e nā hakakā o ka hoihoi.

Hōʻano hou (Nowemapa 25, 2020): Ua koho ʻia ʻo Peter Daszak i ka ʻO ka hui 10-kanaka o ka World Health Organization Ke ʻimi nei i nā kumu o SARS-CoV-2.

Nowemapa 18, 2020

Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo EcoHealth Alliance i ka ʻōlelo ʻepekema nui e pili ana i ka “kumu kūlohelohe” o SARS-CoV-2

Hoʻohou 2.15.21 - Ua leka hou ʻia ka leka uila Daszak: “ʻAʻole pono ʻoe e kau inoa i ka 'Statement' Ralph !!

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hōʻike ana i a ʻōlelo ma ʻO ka Lancet i kākau ʻia e 27 ʻepekema olakino olakino lehulehu e hoʻāhewa nei i nā "kipi kipi e hōʻike nei ʻaʻole he kumu kūlohelohe ʻo COVID-19" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e nā limahana o EcoHealth Alliance, kahi hui waiwai ʻole i loaʻa loaʻa nā kālā he miliona of Luna ʻauhau US kālā i manipulate genetically aihua me nā ʻepekema i ka ʻO Wuhan Institute o Virology.

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu e hōʻike ana ua koho ʻo Pelekikena Pelekikena ʻo EcoHealth Peter Daszak i ka Lancet olelo, a ua manao ia e "ʻAʻole e ʻike ʻia e hele mai ana mai kekahi hui a kanaka paha" akā e ʻike ʻia ma "Kahi leka mai nā ʻepekema alakaʻi". Ua kākau ʻo Daszak ua makemake ʻo ia “e hōʻalo ai i ke ʻano o kahi ʻōlelo politika".

Ua ʻike ʻia ka leka a ka poʻe ʻepekema i ʻO ka Lancet ma Pepeluali 18, hoʻokahi pule wale nō ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka World Health Organization e kapa ʻia ka maʻi i hōʻea ʻia e ka novel coronavirus COVID-19.

"Kuhi ikaika nā mea kākau 27 i nā manaʻo kipi kipi e hōʻike nei ʻaʻole he kumu kūlohelohe ʻo COVID-19," a ua hōʻike ʻia ua hana ʻepekema mai nā ʻāina he nui "ua hoʻomaka kēia coronavirus i ka holoholona lōhiu." ʻAʻole pili ka leka i nā ʻepekema e hōʻole i ke kumumanaʻo kumu o ka maʻi. Hoʻokahi ʻepekema, ʻo Linda Saif, i nīnau ʻia ma o ka leka uila inā he pono "E hoʻohui i hoʻokahi a i ʻole 2 mau ʻōlelo i kākoʻo i ke kumu o ka nCOV ʻaʻole kahi lab i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka maʻi virus a ke hana maʻamau nei? ʻIke he koʻikoʻi e hōʻole ʻepekema i kēlā mau koi! ” Pane ʻo Daszak, “Manaʻo wau e pili paha mākou i kahi ʻōlelo ākea. "

Ke heahea nei e noiʻi i ka Wuhan Institute of Virology ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai kūpono o SARS-CoV-2 i alakaʻi ʻia i hoʻonui i ka loiloi o EcoHealth Alliance. Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka hana a nā lālā o ka EcoHealth Alliance i ka hana mua ʻana i ka waiho ʻana i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka hiki ʻana o kahi lab o SARS-CoV-2 ma ke ʻano he "crackpot theories e pono e kamaʻilio ʻia," e like me ʻLelo ʻo Daszak ke Kahu.

ʻOiai ʻo ka huaʻōlelo "EcoHealth Alliance" hoʻokahi wale nō manawa i kū ai i loko ʻO ka Lancet ʻōlelo, i ka hui pū ʻana me ka mea kākau kākau ʻo Daszak, he mau pilina pili ʻē aʻe kekahi mau hoa kākau ʻē aʻe i ka hui i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma ke ʻano he hakakā o ka hoihoi. ʻO Rita Colwell lāua ʻo James Hughes lala o ka Papa Hoʻokele o EcoHealth Alliance, ʻO William Karesh ʻo ia ka Pelekikena Hope Pelekikena o ka hui no ke olakino a me nā kulekele, a Kahua Hume ʻo ia ka ʻepekema a me ka aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo.

Ua ʻōlelo pū nā mea kākau o ka ʻōlelo, ʻo ka "hoʻokaʻawale wikiwiki ʻana, a me ka moakāka ʻole o ka ʻikepili e pili ana i kēia laha ke hoʻoweliweli ʻia nei e nā lono a me nā ʻike hewa e pili ana i kāna kumu. I kēia lā naʻe, ʻike iki ʻia e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2, a me nā noiʻi ʻana i ke kumu o ka Pūnaewele o ka Honua a ʻO ka Lancet Komisina COVID-19 ʻē uhi ʻia i ka hūnā a mired ʻia e nā paio o nā makemake.

ʻO Peter Daszak, ʻo Rita Colwell, a ʻO ka Lancet ʻAʻole hāʻawi ʻo Lunahooponopono Richard Horton i mau manaʻo ma ka pane ʻana i kā mākou noi no kēia moʻolelo.

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

Hiki ke loaʻa kahi loulou i ka pūʻulu holoʻokoʻa o nā leka uila EcoHealth Alliance ma aneʻi: Nā leka uila ʻo EcoHealth Alliance: Kulanui o Maryland (Nānā 466)

Ke waiho nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala i loaʻa ma o ke noi ākea kūʻokoʻa o ka lehulehu (FOI) kā mākou noiʻi Biohazards i kā mākou pou: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

Pākuʻi pili

Nowemapa 12, 2020

Pākuʻi ʻia ka puke pai ʻo Nature i ka “note a ka Luna Hoʻoponopono” e hōʻike ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka hilinaʻi o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā coronavirus pangolin i kumu no SARS-CoV-2

Ma Nowemapa 9, 2020, US Right to Know hoʻokuʻuʻia nā leka uila me nā mea kākau kiʻekiʻe o Liu et al. a Xiao et al., a me nā limahana a me nā luna hoʻoponopono ma Nā Polokalamu PLoS a Nature puke pai. Ua hāʻawi kēia mau noiʻi i ka hilinaʻi ʻepekema i ke kuhiakau zoonotic e pili kokoke ana nā coronavirus i ka SARS-CoV-2 i ka nahelehele, a he kumu holoholona holoholona kā ka SARS-CoV-2. Ma Nowemapa 11, 2020, Nature ua hoʻohui i ka leka aʻe i ka pepa a Xiao et al. E hana ʻia nā hana hoʻoponopono kūpono ke hoʻoholo ʻia kēia hihia. ”

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia ka memo ma aneʻi: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2313-x

Nowemapa 9, 2020

ʻO ke kūlohelohe a me PLoS Pathogens ʻimi i ka ʻepekema ʻoiaʻiʻo o nā noi nui e pili ana i nā corolavirus pangolin i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2

Kākau iā loaʻa nā hōʻike hou mai ka Biohazards Blog.

Na Sainath Suryanarayanan, PhD 

Maʻaneʻi, hāʻawi mākou i kā mākou leka uila me nā mea kākau kiʻekiʻe o Liu et al. a Xiao et al., a me nā luna hoʻoponopono o Nā Polokalamu PLoS a Nature. Hōʻike pū kekahi mākou i kahi kūkākūkā hohonu o nā nīnau a me nā hopohopo i hāpai ʻia e kēia mau leka uila, kahi i kanalua ai i ka pono o kēia mau noiʻi nui e pili ana i ke kumu o ka moʻolelo coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 i kumu ʻo COVID-19. E ʻike i kā mākou hōʻike ʻana i kēia mau leka uila, Ke kūpono o nā noi nui e pili ana i ke kumu o ka coronavirus me ke kānalua; nā puke pai ʻepekema e ʻimi nei (11.9.20)


Nā leka uila me Dr. Jinping Chen, mea kākau kiʻekiʻe o Liu et al:


ʻO nā leka uila a Kauka Jinping Chen e hāpai nei i kekahi mau hopohopo a me nā nīnau: 

1– Liu et al. (2020) hōʻuluʻulu i kā lākou panolin coronavirus genome series i hoʻokumu ʻia e pili ana i nā coronaviruses i ʻāpana ʻia mai ʻekolu mau pangolins, ʻelua mau laʻana mai kahi pūʻulu i hoʻopuka ʻia i Malaki 2019, a me hoʻokahi laʻana mai kahi hui ʻē aʻe i komo ʻia i Iulai 2019. , kahi e koi ʻia ai ka ʻepekema e waiho i ka ʻikepili hoʻonohonoho e hōʻoia i ka hōʻoia kūʻokoʻa a me ka hana hou ʻana o nā hopena i paʻi ʻia, loaʻa ka ʻikepili heluhelu waihona (SRA) ʻikepili no ʻelua mau lā Malaki Malaki 2019 akā ua nalowale nā ​​ʻike no ka laʻana o Iulai 2019. Ma ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i kēia hāpana nalo, a Kauka Jinping Chen i hōʻike ai ma ke ʻano he F9, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kauka Jinping Chen: "Ua ʻike ʻia ka ʻike maka o kēia mau laʻana ʻekolu ma lalo o ka helu helu NCBI PRJNA573298, a ʻo ka ID BioSample ʻo SAMN12809952, SAMN12809953, a SAMN12809954, eia hoʻi, pākahi (F9) mai nā pūʻulu like ʻole he maikaʻi hoʻi, hiki ke ʻike ʻia ka ʻike maka ma NCBI SRA SUB 7661929, e hoʻokuʻu koke ʻia no ka mea he MS hou aʻe kā mākou (ma lalo o ka loiloi)”(Ko mākou koʻikoʻi).

E pili ana ia Liu et al. ʻaʻole i paʻi i ka ʻikepili e pili ana i ka 1 o nā laʻana o 3 pangolins a lākou i hoʻohana ai e hōʻuluʻulu i kā lākou kaʻina genome coronavirus pangolin. ʻAʻole ʻo Kauka Jinping Chen i kaʻanalike i kēia ʻikepili ke nīnau ʻia. ʻO ka maʻamau i ka ʻepekema ka hoʻopuka a / a kaʻana like ʻana i nā ʻikepili āpau e ʻae ai i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hōʻoia kūʻokoʻa a hana hou i nā hopena. Pehea Nā Polokalamu PLoS e hoʻokuʻu iā Liu et al. ʻalo i ka paʻi ʻana i ka ʻike ikepili koʻikoʻi? No ke aha ʻo Kauka Jinping Chen e kaʻana ʻole nei i ka ʻikepili e pili ana i kēia hāpana pangolin ʻekolu? No ke aha ʻo Liu et al. makemake e hoʻokuʻu i nā ʻikepili i hoʻopuka ʻole ʻia e pili ana i kēia hāpana pangolin ʻekolu ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kahi noi ʻē aʻe i waiho ʻia i kahi puke pai ʻē aʻe? ʻO ka hopohopo ma aneʻi e kuhi hewa nā ʻepekema i ka hāpana pangolin e nalo nei mai Liu et al. i kahi noiʻi ʻokoʻa, e paʻakikī ana i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e huli hope i nā kikoʻī nui e pili ana i kēia hāpana pangolin, e like me ka pōʻaiapili i ʻohiʻohi ʻia ai ka hāpana pangolin.

2– Ua hōʻole ʻo Kauka Jinping Chen ʻaʻole ʻo Liu et al. ua pili kekahi me Xiao et al.'s (2020) Nature hoʻopaʻa haʻawina. Ua kākau ʻo ia: "Ua hāʻawi mākou i kā mākou PLOS Pathogens pepa ma Pep. 14, 2020 ma mua o ka pepa Nature (ka Reference 12 i kā mākou PLOS pepa pathogens, ua waiho lākou ma Pep. 16, 2020 mai kā lākou lā i waiho ai ma Nature), kā mākou PLOS pathogens pepa. wehewehe ʻaʻole ʻo SARS-Cov-2 mai ka pangolin coronavirus pololei a ʻaʻole ʻo pangolin ma ke ʻano he kikowaena waena. Ua ʻike mākou i kā lākou hana ma hope o kā lākou haʻi ʻōlelo nūhou ma Pepeluali 7, 2020, a he ʻokoʻa ko mākou mau manaʻo me lākou, ua helu ʻia nā pepa ʻē aʻe ʻelua (Virus and Nature) i ka pepa PLOS Pathogen ma ke ʻano he pepa kūmole (helu kuhikuhi 10 a me 12), he mau hui noiʻi ʻokoʻa mākou mai nā mea kākau pepa ʻo Nature, a ʻaʻohe pilina o kekahi me kekahi, a ua lawe mākou i nā mea laʻana me ka ʻike kikoʻī kikoʻī mai ke kikowaena hoʻopakele holoholona ola Guangdong me nā kōkua mai Jiejian Zou a me Fanghui Hou ma ke ʻano he mea kākau pū mākou. a ʻaʻole maopopo iā mākou kahi o nā laʻana o ka pepa Natura. ” (ko mākou koʻikoʻi)

ʻO nā mea aʻe e hāpai nei i nā kānalua no nā ʻōlelo a Kauka Chen ma luna: 

a– Liu et al. (2020), Xiao et al (2020) a me Liu et al. (2019) kaʻana like i kēia mau mea kākau: Ping Liu lāua ʻo Jinping Chen he mau mea kākau ma ka 2019 Nā Virus pepa a me ka 2020 Nā Polokalamu PLoS pepa, mea kākau kiʻekiʻe ʻo Wu Chen ma Xiao et al. (2020) he mea kākau kākau o ka 2019 Nā Virus pepa, a ʻo Jiejian Zhou a me Fanghui Hou nā mea kākau ma Xiao et al. a me Liu et al. 

b– Waiho ʻia nā palapala ʻelua i ka pūnaewele preprint lehulehu bioRxiv ma ka lā like: Pepeluali 20, 2020. 

c– Xiao et al. "Kapa inoa hou ʻia nā laʻana pangolin e Liu et al. [2019] Nā Virus me ka helu ʻole ʻana i kā lākou hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ma ke ʻano he ʻatikala kumu i wehewehe ai i kēia mau laʻana, a hoʻohana i ka ikepili metagenomic mai kēia mau laʻana i kā lākou kālailai ”(ʻO Chan lāua ʻo Zhan). 

d– Liu et al.'s full pangolin coronavirus genome is 99.95% kūlike i ka pae nucleotide a hiki i ka genomine coronaavirus pangolin piha i paʻi ʻia e Xiao et al. Pehea e hiki ai iā Liu et al. ua hana i kahi genome āpau i 99.95% kūlike (ʻokoʻa ~ 15 ʻokoʻa nā nukleotide) iā Xiao et al. me ka kaʻana like ʻole ʻana i nā ʻikepili a me nā kālailai?

Ke hiki kūʻokoʻa i nā pūʻulu noiʻi like ʻole i nā hopena like e pili ana i kahi nīnau noiʻi i hāʻawi ʻia, hoʻonui ia i ka likelike o ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o nā hoʻopiʻi i pili. ʻO ka hopohopo ma aneʻi ʻo Liu et al. and Xiao et al. ʻaʻole alakaʻi kaʻawale ʻia e like me ka ʻōlelo a Dr. Chen. Aia kekahi pilina ma waena o Liu et al. and Xiao et al. e pili ana i kā lākou kālailai a me nā paʻi? Inā pēlā, he aha ka nui a me ke ʻano o kēlā hoʻohui ʻana? 

3– No ke aha ʻo Liu et al. ʻaʻole e hoʻolaha ākea i ka ʻikepili hōʻuluʻulu mana paʻa a lākou i hoʻohana ai e hōʻuluʻulu i ko lākou pangolin coronavirus genome? Me ka ʻole o kēia ʻikepili maka, ʻo ka genolism coronaavirus pangolin i hoʻākoakoa ʻia e Liu et al., ʻAʻole hiki i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe ke hōʻoia kūʻokoʻa a hana hou i nā hopena o Liu et al. E like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia ma mua, ʻo ka maʻamau o ka ʻepekema ka hoʻopuka a / a kaʻana like ʻana i nā ʻikepili āpau e ʻae ai i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hōʻoia kūʻokoʻa a hana hou i nā hopena. Ua noi mākou iā Kauka Jingping Chen e kaʻana like i ka ʻike o Liu et al. Ua pane ʻo ia ma ke kaʻana like ʻana i nā hopena o ka huahana RT-PCR a Liu et al. No ke aha e makemake ʻole ai ʻo Kauka Jinping Chen e hoʻokuʻu i ka ʻikepili maka e ʻae ai i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hōʻoia kūʻokoʻa iā Liu et al.

4- Liu et al. Nā Virus (2019) i paʻi ʻia ma ʻOkakopa 2019 a ua waiho aku kāna mau mea kākau i kā lākou pangolin coronavirus (waihona heluhelu waihona) ʻikepili SRA me NCBI ma ka lāʻo Ianuali 23, 2019, akā kali a hiki Ianuari 22, 2020 e hoʻike ākea i kēia ʻike. Hoʻokuʻu pinepine nā ʻepekema i ka ʻikepili o ke kaʻina genomic ma luna o ka waihona i hiki i ka lehulehu ke loaʻa koke ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kā lākou noi. Hōʻoia kēia hana i hiki i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe ke komo kūʻokoʻa, hōʻoia a hoʻohana i ia ʻikepili. No ke aha ʻo Liu et al. Kali ʻo 2019 i 4 mau mahina e hiki ai i kā lākou ʻikepili SRA ke ākea ākea? Ua koho ʻo Kauka Jinping Chen ʻaʻole e pane pololei i kēia nīnau a mākou i kāna pane ma Nowemapa 9, 2020.

Ua launa pū mākou me Dr. Stanley Perlman, Nā Polokalamu PLoS Lunahooponopono o Liu et al. a ʻo kēia kāna i ʻōlelo ai.

ʻOiaʻiʻo, ua ʻae ʻo Kauka Perlman e:

  • "Ke noiʻi nei ʻo PLoS Pathogens i kēia pepa i nā kikoʻī hou aʻe" 
  • ʻAʻole ʻo ia i "hōʻoia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka laʻana o Iulai 2019 i ka wā o ka loiloi mua ʻia e nā hoa"
  • “[C] oncerns e pili ana i ka like ma waena o nā noi ʻelua [Liu et al. a ʻo Xiao et al.] i ʻike ʻia ma hope wale nō o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o nā noiʻi ʻelua. ”
  • ʻAʻole ʻo ia “ʻike i kekahi ʻikepili amplicon i ka wā o ka loiloi 'ana o nā hoa. Ua hāʻawi nā mea kākau i kahi helu komo no ka genome i ʻākoakoa… ʻoiai ma hope o ka paʻi ʻana ua ʻike ʻia ua hewa ka helu komo i helu ʻia i loko o ka ʻatikala Ka ʻIke ʻIke ʻIke o ka ʻatikala. ʻO kēia kuhi hewa a me nā nīnau e pili ana i ka ʻikepili helu contig sequencing ʻike ʻia i kēia manawa ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o ka hihia post-publication. "

Ke kāhea aku nei mākou Nā Polokalamu PLoS me ko mākou hopohopo e pili ana iā Liu et al. ua loaʻa iā mākou ka mea aʻe pane mai ka Luna Hooponopono o ka hui PLoS Publication Ethics:

Nā leka uila mai Xiao et al.

Ma ʻOkakopa 28, ka Luna Hooponopono Koiolo Ola o Nature pane (ma lalo) me ka huaʻōlelo kī "lawe mākou i kēia mau pilikia a koʻikoʻi a e nānā pono i ka mea āu e hāpai ai ma lalo nei me ke akahele." 

Ma ʻOkakopa 30, Xiao et al. hope loa hoʻokuʻu ākea ʻO kā lākou ʻikepili moʻo amplicon. Eia nō naʻe, e like me ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kēia ʻāpana, ua hāʻawi ʻia nā ʻikepili hōʻuluʻulu mana e Xiao et al. ke nalo nei i nā faile ʻike maka maoli e ʻae ai i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e ʻākoakoa a hōʻoia i kā lākou kaʻina genome virus coronavirus pangolin.

ʻO nā nīnau nui i koe e pono e kamaʻilio ʻia. 

  1. He ʻoiaʻiʻo nā coronaviruses pangolin? ʻO ka lepe kiʻi no Hōʻike 1e ma Xiao et al. ʻ stateslelo: "ʻIke ʻia nā huehue Viral i nā vesicle membrane pālua i ke kiʻi microscopy electron hoʻoili i lawe ʻia mai ka moʻomeheu cell Vero E6 i hoʻopili ʻia me ka supernatant o nā kiko o ka homogenized lung mai hoʻokahi pangolin, me ka morphology e hōʻike ana i ka coronavirus." Inā Xiao et al. hoʻokaʻawale i ka coronavirus pangolin, e kaʻana like lākou i ka hāpana virus i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia me nā mea noiʻi ma waho o Kina? Hiki i kēia ke hele ma kahi lōʻihi loa i ka hōʻoia ʻana e kū nei kēia maʻi a hele mai mai nā aʻa pangolin.
  2. Pehea ka mua o 2020, a ʻo 2019 paha Liu et al., Xiao et al., Lam et al. a Zhang et al. e hoʻomaopopo nei e paʻi ana lākou i nā hopena e pili ana i ka ʻikepili like.
    a. Aia kekahi hoʻonohonoho e noʻonoʻo nei i paʻi ʻia kekahi ma Pepeluali 18 a ʻekolu i paʻi ʻia ma Pepeluali 20?
    b. No ke aha ʻo Liu et al. (2019) mai hana i kā lākou kaʻina heluhelu i ka ʻikepili archive ākea ākea ma ka lā a lākou i waiho ai ma ka NCBI database? No ke aha lākou i kali ai a hiki i Ianuali 22, 2020 e hoʻolaha i kēia ʻikepili kaʻina coronavirus pangolin.
    c. Ma mua o ka Liu et al. 2019 Nā Virus ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka ʻike ma NCBI ma Ianuali 22, 2020, ua hiki i kēia ʻikepili i nā kānaka noiʻi ʻē aʻe ma Kina? Inā pēlā, he aha ka pūnaewele i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ai ka ʻikepili ma ka pangolin coronavirus, a ʻo wai ka loaʻa, a i ka manawa hea i waiho ʻia ai ka ʻikepili a hiki ke maʻalahi ʻia?
  3. E hui pū anei nā mea kākau i kahi hoʻokolokolo kūʻokoʻa e nānā i ke kumuwaiwai o kēia mau hiʻohiʻona pangolin e ʻike inā hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā virus hou aʻe e like me ka SARS-CoV-2 i loko o Malaki a Iulai Iulai ke ola nei nō ia ma ka Guangdong Wildlife Rescue Center?
  4. A e hui pū paha nā mea kākau i kahi hoʻokolokolo kūʻokoʻa e ʻike ai inā loaʻa nā mea hoʻopuka pōpilikia (i hoʻopaʻa ʻia lākou i ka hale paʻahao? A i ʻole i hoʻopaʻi ʻia a hoʻokuʻu ʻia?) I loaʻa nā mea ʻino i ka maʻi SARS mai ka hōʻike mau ʻana i kēia mau maʻi?

Nowemapa 5, 2020

Welina i ka Blog Biohazards

I Iulai 2020, ua hoʻomaka ʻo US Right to Know i ka waiho ʻana i nā palapala a ka lehulehu i ka ʻimi ʻana i ka ʻikepili mai nā keʻena lehulehu i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e ʻike i nā mea i ʻike ʻia e pili ana i ke kumu o ka novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, ke kumu o ka maʻi Covid-19. Ke ʻimi pū nei nō hoʻi mākou i nā ulia pōpilikia, nā kulu a me nā pōʻino ʻē aʻe ma nā hale hana kahi e mālama ai a hoʻoponopono ʻia ai nā pathogens o ka maʻi pandemi, a me nā pilikia o ke olakino o ka noiʻi loaʻa (GOF), e pili ana i nā hoʻokolohua ma ia ʻano pathogens e hoʻonui ai i kā lākou pae hoʻokipa, ka hoʻoili ʻia ʻana. a i ʻole ka make ʻana.

I kēia blog, e kau mākou i nā mea hou i nā palapala i loaʻa iā mākou a me nā mea hoʻomohala ʻē aʻe mai kā mākou noiʻi ʻana.

ʻO US kuleana e ʻike he pūʻulu noiʻi noiʻi kia nui i ka paepae i ka transparency no ke olakino lehulehu. Hana mākou ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa e hōʻike i nā hewa o nā ʻoihana a me nā hemahema o ke aupuni e hoʻoweliweli i ka pono o kā mākou ʻōnaehana meaʻai, ko mākou kaiapuni a me ko mākou olakino. Mai ka 2015, ʻo mākou ua loaʻa, like online no a hōʻike ʻia ma nā kaukani ʻoihana a me nā palapala aupuni, me nā mea he nui i loaʻa ma o ka hoʻokō ʻana i nā kānāwai o nā moʻohelu hāmama.

Ke alakaʻi ʻia nei kā mākou noiʻi e pili ana i nā biohazards e Sainath Suryanarayanan, Ph.D. ʻO kāna leka uila sainath@usrtk.org.

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i kā mākou noiʻi biohazards, e ʻoluʻolu e ʻike:

E hoʻomoe i kā mākou leka uila. E kiʻi i nā hoʻohou i kēlā me kēia pule i kāu pahu pahu komo.