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'Okakopa 28, 2019

Ka Ikepili Unappetizing mai ka FDA

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I ka mahina i hala ua paʻi ka Food & Drug Administration i kāna loiloi hou makahiki o nā pae o nā koena pesticide e hoʻohaumia i nā hua a me nā mea ʻai a me nā meaʻai ʻē aʻe a mākou ʻAmelika e kau maʻa mau ai i kā mākou papa ʻaina awakea. Hoʻohui ka ʻikepili hou i ka ulu ʻana o ka hopohopo o nā mea kūʻai aku a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e pili ana i ka hopena o nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai - a i ʻole ʻole - i nā maʻi, nā maʻi a me nā pilikia hānau.

Ma kahi o 55 ʻaoʻao o ka ʻikepili, nā pakuhi a me nā pakuhi, ka hōʻike a ka FDA “Pesticide Residue Monitoring Program” hōʻike i kahi hiʻohiʻona hiʻohiʻona ʻole o ke kekelē a nā mea mahiʻai US i hilinaʻi ai i nā insecticides synthetic, fungicides a me nā herbicides i ka ulu ʻana i kā mākou meaʻai.

ʻIke mākou, e laʻa, i ka heluhelu ʻana i ka hōʻike hou loa, ua loaʻa nā līlū o nā pesticides ma 84 pakeneka o nā huahana home o nā huaʻai, a me 53 pākēneka o nā mea kanu, a me 42 pākēneka o nā huaʻai a me 73 pākēneka o nā mea ʻai i helu wale ʻia ma ke ʻano " ʻē aʻe. ” Ua huki ʻia nā laʻana mai ka ʻāina holoʻokoʻa, e laʻa me Kaleponi, Texas, Kansas, New York a me Wisconsin.

Ma kahi o ka 94 pākēneka o nā hua waina, ka wai hua waina a me nā hua puaʻa i hoʻāʻo maikaʻi no nā koena pesticide e like me 99 pakeneka o nā strawberry, 88 pakeneka o nā ʻāpala a me nā wai ʻāpala, a me 33 pākēneka o nā huahana laiki, e like me ka ʻike o ka FDA.

Ua hōʻike maoli nā huaʻai a me nā lau i lawe ʻia i ka heluna haʻahaʻa o nā pesticides, me 52 pākēneka o nā huaʻai a me 46 pākēneka o nā mea kanu mai nā ʻāina ʻē e hoʻāʻo maikaʻi ana i nā pesticides. Ua hele mai kēlā mau laʻana mai nā ʻāina he 40 a ʻoi, me Mekiko, Kina, ʻInia a me Kanada.

Ua aʻo pū mākou no ka laʻana hou ʻana i hōʻike ʻia, ma waena o nā haneli he nui o nā pesticides ʻokoʻa, ua loaʻa i ka FDA nā hiʻona o ka DDT insecticide lōʻihi loa ʻia i loko o nā laʻana meaʻai, a me chlorpyrifos, 2,4-D a me glyphosate. Pili ʻo DDT i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o ka umauma, infertility a me ka hāʻule ʻole ʻana, ʻoiai ʻo chlorpyrifos - kekahi insecticide - ua hōʻike ʻepekema ʻia e hana i nā pilikia neurodevelopmental i nā keiki ʻōpio.

He mea weliweli loa ʻo Chlorpyrifos i koi aku ai ka European Food Safety Authority i kahi pāpā o ʻEulopa e ʻike ai aia aia ʻaʻohe pae palekana. ʻO nā mea kanu lāʻau make 2,4-D a me glyphosate pili pū ʻia i nā maʻi ʻino a me nā pilikia olakino ʻē aʻe.

Thailand iho nei i ʻōlelo ʻia e pāpā ana glyphosate a me chlorpyrifos ma muli o nā pilikia ʻepekema i hoʻokumu ʻia o kēia mau pesticides.

ʻOiai ka laha o nā pesticides i loaʻa i nā meaʻai o US, ʻo ka FDA, me ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) a me ka US Department of Agriculture (USDA), ke ʻōlelo nei ʻaʻole he mea hopohopo nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai. Ma waena o ka lobbying kaumaha e ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa ua kākoʻo maoli ka EPA i ka hoʻomau mau ʻana o ka glyphosate a me ka chlorpyrifos i ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai.

Hoʻolālā nā luna hoʻomalu i nā huaʻōlelo a nā luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka ʻoihana kemika ma ke koi ʻana i nā koena pesticide ʻaʻole ia he mea hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino o ke kanaka ke hāʻule nā ​​pae o kēlā me kēia ʻano koena ma lalo o kahi pae "ahonui" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka EPA.

I ke kālailai hou loa ʻana a ka FDA, he 3.8 pakeneka o nā meaʻai home wale nō i koe nā pae i manaʻo ʻia he kiʻekiʻe kū ʻole i ke kānāwai, a i ʻole "violative." No nā meaʻai i lawe ʻia mai, he 10.4 ka pākēneka o nā meaʻai i laana ʻia i hōʻino ʻia, e like me ka FDA.

ʻO ka mea a ka FDA i ʻōlelo ʻole ai, a he aha nā keʻena hoʻonohonoho e hōʻalo pinepine ai i ka haʻi ʻana i ka lehulehu, ʻo ka piʻi ʻana o nā pae hoʻomanawanui no kekahi mau pesticides ua piʻi aʻe i loko o nā makahiki e like me nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i nā pesticides e noi ana i nā palena kānāwai kiʻekiʻe a kiʻekiʻe. Ua ʻae ka EPA i kekahi mau hoʻonui i ʻae ʻia no nā koena glyphosate i ka meaʻai, e like paha. Pēlā nō hoʻi, hoʻoholo pinepine ka ʻoihana i ka hoʻoholo e pono ʻole e hoʻokō i kahi koi kū kānāwai e ʻōlelo ana i ka EPA "e hoʻopili i kahi palena he ʻumi mau palekana o nā pēpē a me nā keiki" i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i nā pae kū kānāwai no nā koena pesticide. Ua hoʻokahuli ka EPA i kēlā koi i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i nā hoʻomanawanui pesticide he nui, e ʻōlelo ana ʻaʻole pono kēlā me kēia palena o ka palekana e pale ai i nā keiki.

Ke laina lalo: ʻO ke kiʻekiʻe o ka EPA i hoʻonohonoho i ka "hoʻomanawanui" i ʻae ʻia e like me ka palena o ke kānāwai, ʻo ka haʻahaʻa ka manawa e hōʻike ai nā luna hoʻomalu i nā koena "violative" i kā mākou meaʻai. ʻO ka hopena, ʻae mau ka US i nā kiʻekiʻe o nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai ma mua o nā lāhui i hoʻomohala ʻia. ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo ka palena kānāwai no ka mea pepehi kanaka nāhelehele glyphosate ma ka ʻāpala he 0.2 mau ʻāpana no ka miliona (ppm) ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa akā ʻo ka hapalua wale nō o kēlā pae - 0.1 ppm - ʻae ʻia i ka ʻāpala i ka European Union. Pēlā nō, ʻae ka US i nā koena o glyphosate ma ke kulina ma 5 ppm, ʻoiai e ʻae ʻo EU i 1 ppm wale nō.

Ke piʻi nei nā palena o ke kānāwai no nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai, hoʻonui nui nā ʻepekema i ka hoʻāla ʻana e pili ana i nā pilikia o ka hoʻohana mau ʻana o nā koena, a me ka nele o ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i nā hopena kumulative kūpono o ka ʻai ʻana i kahi lūlū a me nā mea hoʻomake mauʻu me kēlā me kēia pāʻina. .

He kime o ka ʻepekema ʻo Harvard ke kāhea nei no noiʻi hohonu e pili ana i nā loulou hiki i waena o ka maʻi a me ka ʻai ʻana o ka pesticide i ko lākou manaʻo he ʻoi aku ma mua o 90 pākēneka o ka poʻe ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i nā koena pesticide i ko lākou mimi a me ke koko ma muli o ka ʻai ʻana o nā meaʻai pesticide-laced. A like pili iā Harvard ua ʻike ʻia ka hōʻike ʻana o ka pesticide pesticide i loko o kahi pae "ʻano" me nā pilikia e hāpai ana nā wahine a me ka hānau ʻana i nā pēpē ola.

Ua loaʻa nā noiʻi hou i nā pilikia olakino ʻē aʻe i pili i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā papaʻai i nā pesticides, me ka glyphosate.  ʻO Glyphosate ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia i ka honua a ʻo ia ka mea hana i ka Monsanto's Roundup branded a me nā huahana hoʻomake nāhelehele ʻē aʻe.

ʻOihana Pesticide Push Back 

Akā i ka piʻi ʻana o ka hopohopo, ke hoʻihoʻi nei nā ʻaoʻao ʻoihana mahiʻai i hope. I kēia mahina he hui o ʻekolu mau kānaka noiʻi me nā pilina pili lōʻihi i nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i nā pesticides mahiʻai i hoʻokuʻu i kahi hōʻike e ʻoluʻolu i nā hopohopo o nā mea kūʻai aku a hōʻemi i ka noiʻi ʻepekema.

ʻO ka hōʻike, i hoʻopuka ʻia ʻOkakopa 21, i ʻōlelo ʻia "ʻaʻohe hōʻike ʻepekema pololei a lāʻau lapaʻau paha e hōʻike ana i ka hōʻike maʻamau ʻana o nā mea kūʻai aku i nā koena pesticide e waiho ana i kahi olakino olakino. Hōʻike ka ʻikepili koena pesticide a me nā kuhi hōʻike e hōʻike ʻia nā mea kūʻai aku i nā pae o nā koena pesticide i nui nā kauoha o ka nui ma lalo o nā mea e pili ana i ka olakino olakino. "

ʻAʻole he mea kupanaha, pili paʻa nā mea kākau ʻekolu o ka hōʻike i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻO Steve Savage kekahi o nā mea kākau o ka hōʻike, kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai Point a limahana DuPont mua. ʻO Carol Burns kekahi, he ʻepekema mua no Dow Chemical a me ke kākāʻōlelo no Cortevia Agriscience, kahi wili o DowDuPont. ʻO ke kolu o ka mea kākau ʻo Carl Winter, ka luna o ka ʻOihana ʻEpekema Meaʻai a me ʻenehana ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi ma Davis. Ua loaʻa i ke kula nui $ 2 miliona o ka makahiki mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, e like me ka mea noiʻi kulanui, ʻoiai ʻaʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia ka pololei o kēlā kiʻi.

Ua lawe pololei nā mea kākau i kā lākou hōʻike i ka ʻahaʻōlelo, e paʻa ana ʻekolu mau hōʻike ʻokoʻa i Wakinekona, DC, i hoʻolālā ʻia e hoʻolaha i kā lākou leka o ka palekana pesticide no ka hoʻohana ʻana ma "nā moʻolelo palekana meaʻai pāpāho, a me nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ka poʻe kūʻai e pili ana i nā meaʻai e pono ai nā mea kūʻai (a i ʻole pono ʻole) ke hoʻohana."

Ua mālama ʻia nā kau pesticide ma nā keʻena o nā keʻena no nā lālā o ka ʻAhaʻōlelo a me he mea lā, ma ke keʻena nui no ʻO America CropLife, ka lobbyist no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.