ʻIke hou ʻia nā kaula Coca-Cola i loko o nā kikowaena o US no ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi

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I Iune, ʻo Kauka Barbara Bowman, kahi luna kiʻekiʻe ma waena o nā Centers for Disease Control and Prevent, haʻalele haʻalele i ka ʻoihana, ʻelua mau lā ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana e hōʻike ana e kamaʻilio mau ana ʻo ia me - a hāʻawi i ke alakaʻi i - kahi alakaʻi nui Coca-Cola e ʻimi nei e hoʻohuli i nā luna olakino honua e pili ana i nā mea pili i ka kō a me ka mea inu.

I kēia manawa, manaʻo hou aʻe nā leka uila e pili like ka pili o kahi luna koa CDC kahiko i ka pilikua inu palupalu o ka honua. ʻO Michael Pratt, Kūkākūkā Kākoʻo no ka Health Global ma ka National Center for Prevent Disease Prevention and Health Promotional ma ka CDC, kahi moʻolelo o ka hoʻolaha ʻana a me ke kōkua ʻana i nā noiʻi alakaʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola. Hana pū ʻo Pratt me kahi hui hoihoi ʻoihana hui ʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia e Coca-Cola i kapa ʻia ʻo International Life Science Institute (ILSI), nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o ke noi ʻana o Freedom of Information.

ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Pratt i nā nīnau e pili ana i kāna hana, e hoʻopili ana i kahi kūlana ma ke ʻano he polofesa ma Emory University, he kulanui noiʻi pilikino ma Atlanta i loaʻa miliona miliona kālā mai ka Coca-Cola Foundation a ʻoi aʻe ma mua o $ 100 miliona mai ke alakaʻi kaulana loa o Coca-Cola ʻo Robert W. Woodruff a ʻo ko Woodruff kaikuaʻana ʻo George. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻo kā Coca-Cola kākoʻo kālā no Emory ikaika loa i ke kulanui ʻōlelo ma kāna pūnaewele ia "manaʻo ʻole ʻia he ʻuhane kula ʻilihuna e inu i nā lama kopa ʻē aʻe ma ka pā kula."

Ua haʻi aku ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo CDC ʻo Kathy Harben iā Pratt ma kahi "manawa hana" i ke Kulanui ʻo Emory akā ua pau kāna hana ma Emory "a ua hoʻi hou ʻo ia ma luna o nā limahana ma CDC." Hōʻike mau nā pūnaewele ʻo Emory University iā Pratt e like me ke ʻano i hāʻawi ʻia ma ke ʻano he polopeka ma laila.

Nānā ʻole, noiʻi e ka hui hoʻolaha hoʻolaha ʻo US Right to Know e hōʻike ana iā Pratt kekahi luna kiʻekiʻe o ka CDC kiʻekiʻe me nā pili kokoke iā Coca-Cola. A ʻōlelo ka poʻe loea i ka papaʻai meaʻai no ka mea ʻo ka misiona a ka CDC ke pale nei i ke olakino lehulehu, pilikia ia no nā luna ʻoihana e hana pū me kahi hoihoi ʻoihana e hōʻike i ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi o nā pilikia olakino o kāna huahana.

"Weliweli kēia mau hoʻopili ʻana no ka mea kōkua lākou i ka hāʻawi i ke kūpono i ka wili ʻana o ka ʻoihana," i ʻōlelo ʻia e Andy Bellatti, he mea mālamaʻai a me ka mea hoʻokumu o Dietitians no Professional Integrity.

ʻO kahi leka nui a Coca-Cola e kāohi nei "Koena ikehu."ʻO ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu i lawe ʻia i kō a me nā mea inu ʻaʻole ia e hoʻopiʻi ʻia no ka momona a i ʻole nā ​​pilikia olakino ʻē aʻe. ʻo ka hemahema o ka hoʻoikaika kino ka mea hewa mua, hele ka manaʻo. "Ke māhuahua nei ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka momona a me ka momona ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa, a ʻoiai nā kumu he nui i pili, ʻo ke kumu kumu i ka hapanui o nā hihia ke kaulike ʻole ma waena o nā calorie i pau a me nā calorie i lilo. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Coca-Cola ma kāna pūnaewele.

"ʻIke nui ka ʻoihana soda i ka pale ʻana i ke kamaʻilio ʻana mai nā hopena olakino maikaʻi maikaʻi ʻole o nā mea inu kō a me nā hana kino," wahi a Bellatti.

Hele mai ka leka uila i kahi manawa ke koi nei nā luna olakino olakino ākea e hana i ka ʻai kō a me nā mea inu, a ke hoʻokō nei kekahi mau kūlanakauhale i nā ʻauhau i hoʻohui ʻia i nā soda e hoʻāʻo e hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻai ʻana. Ke hakakā nei ʻo Coca-Cola i kekahi ʻāpana ma o ka hāʻawi kālā ʻana no nā ʻepekema a me nā hui i kākoʻo i ka ʻoihana me ka noiʻi a me nā hōʻike ʻike.

ʻO kā Pratt hana me ka ʻoihana e kūpono i loko o kēlā hana leka. ʻO ka makahiki i hala ua kākau pū ʻo ia kahi noiʻi olakino a me ka meaʻai Lākina Latin Americaa me nā pepa e pili ana i kālā kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola a me ILSI e noiʻi i nā papaʻai o kēlā me kēia kanaka ma nā ʻāina ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a e hoʻokumu i kahi waihona no ke aʻo ʻana i ka “pili paʻakikī e kū nei ma waena o ka palaka ʻole o ka ikehu, ka momona a me nā maʻi maʻi e pili pū ana…” ʻo Pratt kekahi e hana nei. ma ke ʻano he "aʻoaʻo" ʻepekema iā ILSI ʻAmelika Hema, e lawelawe ana ma ke kōmike ILSI no ka "koena ikehu a me ka nohona hana." A he lālā ʻo ia no ka ʻO ka Papa Kālā Kālā Research Foundation ʻo ILSI. Ua lawelawe ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he aʻoaʻo ma kahi aʻo honua o ka momona keiki i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola.

ʻO ko ILSI lālā ʻAmelika Hema, nona nā lālā e pili ana iā Coca-Cola, PepsiCo Inc., Dr Pepper Snapple Group a ʻoi aku ma mua o ʻelua mau kakini mau mea ʻoihana ʻoihana meaʻai, nā mokuʻāina ʻo ia ka holomua o ka "ʻike a me ka noi ʻana o ka ʻepekema e pili ana i ka maikaʻi o ka nutritional a palekana o ka lako meaʻai. ” Akā manaʻo kekahi mau ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa a me nā mea hana ʻoihana mea ʻai i ka ILSI kahi hui mua i manaʻo ʻia e holomua i nā pono o ka ʻoihana meaʻai. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia e Coca-Cola ʻepekema a me nā alakaʻi o ka hoʻoponopono alakaʻi Alex Malaspina i ka makahiki 1978. He pilina lōʻihi loa ko ILSI me ka World Health Organisation, e hana pū ana me kekahi manawa me kāna Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) a me ka WHO International Agency. no ka noiʻi e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me ka papahana o ka honua e pili ana i ka palekana kimia.

aka, he hōʻike na ke kākāʻōlelo iā WHO ua ʻike ʻo ILSI e hoʻokomo ana iā WHO a me FAO me nā ʻepekema, kālā a me nā noiʻi e loaʻa ai ka makemake no nā huahana ʻoihana a me nā hoʻolālā. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo ILSI ke hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohiolo i nā hana kaohi paka WHO ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻoihana paka.

Hoʻokahi ʻApelila 2012 hoʻololi leka uila i loaʻa ma o ke noi a Freedom of Information e hōʻike iā Pratt ma ke ʻano he pōʻai o nā polopeka e kamaʻilio pū ana me Rhona Applebaum, a laila ʻo ka luna ʻepekema a me nā luna hoʻomalu o Coca-Cola, e pili ana i nā pilikia e loaʻa ka launa ʻana ma kahi noiʻi ma Mekiko mai ka National Institute of Health Public. ʻAʻole makemake ka Institute e "pāʻani kinipōpō ma muli o ka mea nāna i kākoʻo i ke aʻo ʻana," e like me ka leka uila a Peter Katzmarzyk, he polofesa ʻepekema hoʻoikaika kino ma ka Pennington Biomedical Research Center ma ke Kulanui o Louisiana State, i hoʻouna ʻia i ka hui. Ua pale aku ʻo Appelbaum i ke kūpaʻa o ka noiʻi a hōʻike i ka huhū i ke kūlana, ke kākau ʻana "No laila inā lawe ka ʻepekema maikaʻi iā $$$ mai Coke - he aha? - ua hanaʻino lākou? ʻOiai ke holomua nei lākou i ka pono o ka lehulehu? ” I ka pānaʻi leka uila a Pratt i hāʻawi aku ai i ke kōkua

Hōʻike nā leka uila i kā Pratt kamaʻilio ʻana me Applebaum, ʻo ia ka mea i lawelawe i kahi manawa ma ke ʻano he pelekikena ʻo ILSI, i hoʻomau ʻia ma waena o 2014, me ke kūkākūkā ʻana no ka hana no “Exercise is Medicine,” ua hoʻokumu ʻia kahi hana i 2007 na Coca-Cola a no ia mea He lālā aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻo Pratt.

Ua haʻalele ʻo Applebaum i ka ʻoihana ma 2015 ma hope o ka Pūnaewele Balance Energy Energy ua kōkua ʻo ia e hoʻokumu i lalo o ka nānā ākea ma waena o nā hoʻopiʻi i ka mea ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o kahi hui hoʻolaha Coca-Cola. Ua ninini ʻo Coca-Cola ma kahi o $ 1.5 miliona i ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o ka hui, me kahi makana he $ 1 miliona i ke Kulanui o Colorado. Akā ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻia ʻana o kā Coca-Cola pili i ka hui i kahi ʻatikala ma The New York Times, a ma hope o kekahi mau ʻepekema a me nā luna olakino lehulehu i hoʻopiʻi i ka pūnaewele o "peddling science scientist," ua hoʻihoʻi ke kulanui i ke kālā iā Coca-Cola. ʻO ka pūnaewele ua hoʻopau ʻia i ka hopena o 2015 ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā leka uila i hōʻike nui ʻia ka hana a Coca-Cola e hoʻohana i ka pūnaewele e hoʻohuli i ka noiʻi ʻepekema i nā mea inu momona.

Kūleʻa nui ʻo Coca-Cola i nā makahiki i hala aku nei i ka hana ʻana e pale i ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka inu ʻana i nā mea inu me ka nui o ke kō a me nā loulou ma waena o nā mea inu momona a me nā maʻi ʻē aʻe. Ua hōʻike ʻo The New York Times i ka makahiki i hala aku nei ua ʻae ka luna nui o Coke, ʻo Muhtar Kent, ua lilo ka ʻoihana aneane he $ 120 miliona mai ka makahiki 2010 e uku no ka noiʻi olakino olakino a me nā pilina me nā hui olakino nui a me nā hui kaiāulu e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ʻōpona.

ʻO Marion Nestle, he polofesa no ka meaʻai pono, nā haʻawina meaʻai a me ke olakino lehulehu ma ke Kulanui o New York a me ka mea kākau o "Soda Politics," i ʻōlelo ʻia ke hana pū nā luna o ka CDC me ka ʻoihana, aia ka hakakā o ka hoihoi hoihoi e noʻonoʻo ai ka CDC.

"Ke holo nei nā luna o nā keʻena olakino lehulehu i ka makaʻu o ka cooptation, hopu ʻana, a i ʻole kūʻē o ka hoihoi ke pili pono lākou me nā ʻoihana nona ka hana e kūʻai aku i nā huahana meaʻai, me ka nānā ʻole i nā hopena o ia huahana i ke olakino," wahi a Nestle.

Pili nā pilina o Pratt iā Coca-Cola a me ILSI me nā mea i ʻike ʻia me Bowman. ʻO Bowman, nāna i alakaʻi i ka CDC's Division no ka maʻi puʻuwai a me ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ahulau, ua hana mua ʻo ia i kāna ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he nutristiano nui loa no Coca-Cola a ma hope ma ke CDC hui pū ʻia kahi puke o kahi puke i kapa ʻia ʻo Present Knowledge in Nutrite ma ke ʻano “kahi paʻi o ka International Life Science Institute."Ua hōʻike nā leka uila ma waena o Bowman a me Malaspina i nā kamaʻilio mau e pili ana iā ILSI a me nā makemake o nā mea inu.

I ko Bowman noho ʻana, i Mei 2013, ua kono ʻo ILSI a me nā mea hoʻonohonoho ʻē aʻe iā Bowman a me ka CDC i komo i kahi papahana Ua hana pū ʻia ʻo ILSI me ka US Department of Agriculture e hoʻomohala i kahi “database hōʻaiʻē inoa”. E uku ʻia nā kumukūʻai huakaʻi no Bowman e ILSI, i ʻōlelo ʻia i ke kono. Ua ʻae ʻo Bowman e komo a hāʻawi ka CDC i ke kālā, ma ka liʻiliʻi he $ 25,000, ua hōʻoia ʻo Harben, e kākoʻo i ka papahana database. ʻO ke kōmike hoʻokele lālā he 15 mau lālā no ka papahana i mālama ʻia i ʻeono mau ʻelele ILSI, hōʻike ʻia nā palapala.

Ua hana ʻo Bowman lāua ʻo Pratt ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a Ursula Bauer, ka luna o ka National Center for Prevent Disease Prevent and Health Promotional. Ma hope o ke kuleana pono o US e ʻike i nā leka uila e pili ana i ka pili o Bowman iā ILSI a me Coca-Cola, pale aku ʻo Bauer i ka pilina. i kahi leka uila i kāna mau limahana, ʻ sayinglelo ana "ʻaʻole ia he mea maʻamau no Barbara - a i ʻole kekahi o mākou- e kūlike me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i like ka hoihoi i kā mākou wahi o ka hana ..."

Akā, Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Bowman kahi hoʻomaha loa i manaʻo ʻole ʻia mai CDC i ʻelua mau lā ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻia ʻana o nā leka uila. Ua hōʻole mua ʻo CDC ua haʻalele ʻo ia i ua ʻoihana nei, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻo Harben i kēia pule no ka mea ua liuliu ka manawa e "hana" i ka hoʻololi a Bowman i ka hoʻomaha loa.

Hāpai nā pilina i nā nīnau pili e pili ana i kahi kokoke loa ke hana pū nā luna lehulehu me nā pono ʻoihana e hiki ke hakakā me nā makemake o ka lehulehu.

ʻO Yoni Freedhoff, MD, he loea kōkua no ka lāʻau lapaʻau ʻohana ma ke Kulanui o Ottawa a me ka mea hoʻokumu o ka Bariatric Medical Institute, ua ʻōlelo ʻia aia he pilikia maoli ke pili loa nā luna olakino lehulehu me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana.

"A hiki i ko mākou ʻike ʻana i nā pilikia kūlohelohe o nā hakakā o ka hoihoi me ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me ke olakino lehulehu, aia kahi kokoke i kēia mau hakakā e hoʻohuli i ke ʻano a me ka ikaika o nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a me nā papahana i nā ala e ʻoluʻolu ai i nā ʻoihana nāna nā huahana e hāʻawi i ka ukana. o ka maʻi ʻo ia mau ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo like a me nā papahana i manaʻo ʻia e kamaʻilio, "wahi a Freedhoff.

(Ua puka mua ka pou ma Ka Huffington Post )

E hāhai iā Carey Gillam ma Twitter: