ʻO Trevor Butterworth, ʻike e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me STATS Spin Science no ka ʻoihana

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Ua kākau ʻo Trevor Butterworth a me kona mau hoapili ma Sense About Science / STATS no nā nūhou kaulana a ua ʻōlelo ʻia ma ke ʻano he loea kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻepekema a me ka pāpaho. Hāʻawi kēia pepa hōʻike i nā hōʻike i kēia mau pūʻulu a me nā mea kākau moʻolelo i lōʻihi nā mōʻaukala o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana paka i mea e kanalua ai e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a hoʻokuke ʻia no ka hoʻopau ʻana i nā huahana i mea nui i nā ʻoihana kemika, lāʻau a me nā meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole.

Nā hui pili: ʻO Jon Entine / Papahana Heluhelu Pono, Pūnaewele Pāhana ʻEpekema, ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema

Overview

Intercept Exposé ma Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema: E makaʻala nā mea hōʻike

ʻO kahi hōʻike o Nowemapa 2016 ma The Intercept, "Kanalua kanikani: Pehea i koho ʻia ai nā kiaʻi o 'Science Science" e kuhikuhi ai i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana, "kikoʻī i nā pili paka a me nā pili ʻoihana o Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema.

"ʻO Sense About Science koi i ka champion transparency" akā "ʻaʻole hōʻike mau i ka wā o kāna kumuwaiwai e pili ana i nā mea hoʻopaʻapaʻa he ʻepekema me nā pilina i nā ʻoihana e nānā ʻia," i kākau ʻo Liza Gross. "Ke nīnau pono nā mea nūpepa i ka mea nāna e kākoʻo i ka noiʻi ʻana i nā pilikia o, e ʻōlelo, asbestos, a i ʻole kemikala synthetic, e aʻo maikaʻi ʻia lākou e nīnau i nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka ʻepekema Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema i kēia mau hoʻopaʻapaʻa.

Mōʻaukala o ka pale ʻana i nā kemika, nā meaʻai a ka Junk a me nā lāʻau 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Sense About Science e like me kahi hui lobby ma UK ma 2002 e Dick Taverne, he mea kālaiʻāina Pelekane a me kahi kālepa me nā pilina i ka ʻoihana paka a me nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe ʻo Sense About Science i pale aku.

ʻO ka mana US o ka hui i hoʻouka ʻia ma 2014 ma Brooklyn ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a Trevor Butterworth. Mai ka 2003 a i ka 2014, he luna hoʻoponopono ʻo Butterworth ma KANAKA, ka mea i kēia manawa hoʻohui ʻia me Sense About Science USA.  Ma luna o kāna ʻoihana, ua ʻākoakoa ʻo Butterworth i kahi kino nui o ka hana e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana no ka hoʻopau ʻana a me ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hāpai nei i ka hopohopo e pili ana i nā huahana nui i ka kemika, nā mea ʻai a me nā ʻoihana lāʻau. nā phthalates, ʻO BPA, ʻepa vinyl, kūpilikiʻi, kēpau i ka lipstick, formaldehyde i nā kopa pēpē, huapalapala, sodas kō, nā meaʻala a ʻOxycontin.

ʻO Butterworth kekahi kipa hoa ma Cornell University Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha kūkā kamaʻilio ʻia ma Cornell University i uku kālā ʻia e ka Gates Foundation i paipai i nā GMO. Holo ʻo Butterworth he hale hana ma Cornell e aʻo i kāna laikini o nā pilina pāpaho i nā haumāna a me nā ʻepekema ʻōpio.

ʻO Rebeka Goldin, he polofesa makemakika o ke Kulanui o George Mason, ʻo ia ka Luna Hoʻokele o STATS a kū ma ka Sense About Science USA. ʻaoʻao limahana.

Ua noho ʻia ʻo STATS ma ke Kulanui ʻo George Mason a waiho ʻia i ka hoʻihoʻi ʻauhau hui pū ʻana me ka Center of Media and Public Affairs (CMPA), kahi hui i hoʻolimalima ʻia e Phillip Morris i nā makahiki 1990 e koho kaʻawale nā ​​hōʻike pāpāho e pili ana i ka paka. Maopopo ʻole ka STATS a me ka CMPA e pili ana i kā lākou kālā. ʻO ka nui o kālā no STATS ua hele mai kahi hui liʻiliʻi o nā kumu anti-rula e alakaʻi nei i nā kālā kālā o nā hui hōʻole hoʻololi i ke aniau.

Pale Kaua OxyContin

ʻO nā hana a Butterworth, Goldin a me LIKE ʻike maopopo ʻia i kā lākou hana e pale aku iā Oxycontin; ua kākau lākou i nā ʻatikala e hōʻole ana i ka pilikia o ka lāʻau opioid i kuhikuhi ʻia e ke kauka, ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia e ka pāpāho a ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā lula e noho aliʻi i nā kauka. E ʻike i nā ʻatikala ma Forbes (Butterworth), LIKE.org (Goldin), a Hawaiian AmericanHuffington Post a Slate (kahiko LIKE ʻO Fellow Maia Szavalitz). He loiloi hou na Nā kānaka noiʻi Harvard a me CNN ua ʻike he pilikia maoli nā kauka opioid kauka: "uku nā mea hana opioid i nā kauka i nā kālā he nui, a ʻo ka nui o nā opioids a ke kauka i kau ai, ʻo ka nui o kāna kālā e loaʻa ai."

Hōʻole ʻepekema hōʻole

A 2002 buke na STATS / CMPA hoʻokumu Robert Lichter, ʻo David Murray o STATS a me Joel Schwartz o ka Hudson Institute i hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau, i waena o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema ʻē aʻe, a ua hoʻohana i nā "maneuvers disingenuous" he nui e hoʻouka i ka pāpāho, me ke kāpae ʻana i nā ʻike i kū ʻole i kā lākou papahana a me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā loiloi helu pāpaʻu, e like me a loiloi ʻia ma Salon e David Appell. Ke kākau hou nei i ka puke, ua kākau ʻo Appell: “Ke hopohopo nei paha ʻoe no ka make ʻana o nā laha ma muli o ka hoʻomehana honua? Mai hana. ʻO kēlā mau moʻolelo hoʻoweliweli ke hana nei nā scribblers ʻōmaʻomaʻo nāna e ʻohiʻohi i nā puke pai ʻepekema no nā factoid weliweli a e hana pū nei me nā mea ʻepekema ʻo Volvo e hoʻohuli i kā lākou hopena i kahi hana e kūʻē i ka holomua a me ke kapitalism. " E ʻike ma lalo no ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana ʻO STATS kālā kālā mai ke aniau hoʻololi hōʻole kālā pūnaewele.

ʻO ka mea kākau ʻoihana pili hana kemika

ʻO Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema USA Hoʻokele ke alakaʻi ʻo Trevor Butterworth i ka paepae hoʻolaha o ka ʻenehana kemika e hōʻino i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i ka bisphenol A (BPA) i kona wā ma STATS, e like me ka 2009 ʻike na ka Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.

ʻO nā mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Meg Kissinger lāua ʻo Susanne Rust i wehewehe iā Butterworth ma ke ʻano he laʻana o "nā ʻoihana kemika ʻoihana pili lehulehu" ʻaʻole i wehewehe i kā lākou kūlike. Ua wehewehe lākou i ke kūlana stealth āna i hana ai i loko o ka "blitz pili lehulehu i ʻike ʻole ʻia e hoʻohana nei i nā ʻano hana like ʻole - a me nā poʻe - ka ʻoihana paka i hoʻohana ʻia i loko o kāna mau makahiki he iwakālua e hakakā ana me nā kānāwai.":

"ʻO ka pale ʻoi loa o ka BPA ma nā blog mai Trevor Butterworth mai ... Hoʻopili mau ʻo ia i ka Pūnaewele no nā moʻolelo e pili ana i ka BPA a hāʻawi i nā manaʻo me ka hōʻike ʻole i kāna pili i ka ʻoihana."

I ka ʻatikala hoa, ʻo Kissinger lāua ʻo Rust i hoakakaia STATS ma ke ʻano "mea hoʻokani nui i ka hoʻolaha lehulehu e hōʻino i nā hopohopo" e pili ana i ka BPA. ʻOiai ʻo ka hui, "e ʻōlelo nei he kiaʻi kiaʻi kūʻokoʻa lākou," ua kākau lākou:

"Kahi loiloi i kāna kālā a me kāna pūnaewele e hōʻike nei ua kākoʻo kālā ʻia ʻo STATS e nā hui kulekele lehulehu e hāpai ana i ka deregulation. Ua loaʻa i ka Journal Sentinel nā palapala e hōʻike ana i ka uku ʻia ʻana o kāna hui makua, ʻo ka Center for Media and Public Affairs, i ka makahiki 1990 e Philip Morris, ka ʻoihana paka, e hōʻiliʻili i nā moʻolelo e kūʻē ana i ka puhipaka. "

Ua hoʻomaopopo lākou i ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana o ka ʻōlelo STATS he 27,000 mau huaʻōlelo a Butterworth e hōʻino ana i ka uhi ʻia ʻana o ka media BPA - i hōʻike nui ʻia ma nā pūnaewele ʻoihana palakiko - "ua like me ke ʻano o ke kaʻina hana paka."

"Hoa" o Coke

I ka makahiki 2014, ua wehewehe kahi luna ʻo Coca-Cola iā Butterworth ma ke ʻano he "hoa aloha" na mākou o nā hui o Coke i uku kālā ʻia, a hoʻonoho iā ia ma ke ʻano he kanaka i hiki ke kōkua i ka hoʻokō ʻana i kā lākou "pono ​​no nā mea nūpepa ʻepekema maikaʻi," i loaʻa mai iā US Right to Know.

ʻO ka hoʻololi ʻana o ka leka uila iā Rhona Applebaum, ke poʻo ʻepekema nui a me ka luna olakino no Coca-Cola, a me nā alakaʻi o ka Global Energy Balance Network (GEBN), i hōʻike ʻia e The New York Times a hui pu Press ma ke ʻano he hui mua ʻo Coca-Cola i hana pū me nā alakaʻi o Coke e hoʻohuli i ka hewa no ka momona mai nā mea inu momona. ʻO Applebaum haʻalele i kona kūlana ma Coke a Ua pani ʻo GEBN ma hope o ka haki ʻana o ka hōʻino ma 2015.

i ka Malaki 2014 leka uila, Ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Applebaum i nā alakaʻi o GEBN i kahi loiloi ʻo Harvard Business ʻatikala na Butterworth e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino i ka noiʻi ʻana e hoʻopili ana i ke kō i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka paona, a wehewehe iā ia ʻo "kā mākou hoa aloha." I ka a Nowemapa 2014 kaulahao leka uila, Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Applebaum a me nā alakaʻi o GEBN i ka pono e kiʻi i nā ʻepekema ʻepekema a hoʻonui i nā ʻepekema "ma ke kaapuni." Ua paipai ʻo Applebaum i ka pono no nā mea kākau ʻepekema maikaʻi ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o GEBN e kia ana i nā hōʻike. Ke hōʻike ʻia nei no Trevor Butterworth. Pono i kēlā ʻano keʻa keʻa. "

Ua kākau ʻo GEBN hope pelekikena ʻo Steven Blair, "ʻAe like wau me Rhona e pili ana iā Trevor. Maikaʻi loa wau aia ʻo ia ma kaʻu papa inoa o nā lālā hiki. " Pane aku ʻo Applebaum, "Mākaukau ʻo ia a hiki."

Ally o nā hui ʻoihana ʻoihana he nui

ʻO nā palapala ākea a Butterworth e pale aku nei i nā kemika, ke kō a me nā mea pani kō i ʻume ʻia ka mahalo o nā hui ʻoihana he nui i nā makahiki i hala.

ʻO nā hui kālepa i hoʻolaha i kā Butterworth hana me ka ʻAmelika ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ka ʻOihana ʻĀina ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika Hema, ka ʻAhahui ʻ Bottmole wai ʻōmole, ka ʻO ka International Sweeteners Association, ka ʻAhahui Kalepa ʻOihana Plastics, ka ʻO ka hui kālepa ʻoihana cosmetics, ka ʻoihana kemika o kahua pūnaewele kulekele, ka ʻOihana Hoʻokūkū Hana, ka ʻO Cato Institute a me ka Ke kikowaena no ke kūʻokoʻa o nā mea kūʻai.

ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi ʻoihana mua ʻoihana kēlā paipai pinepine ʻO kā Butterworth hana, ua wehewehe ʻo ia iā ia ma ke ʻano he "master junk science debunker" a ʻo "kā mākou hoa aloha."

Ua helu ʻia ʻo Butterworth ma he hoa o National Press Foundation. ʻO ka noho o Sense About Science USA, Heather Dahl, ʻo “noho hala mua”O ka National Press Foundation, a noho ma ke kōmike hoʻokō o NPF.

ʻO Chambralose Echo Chamber

He pale kūpilikiʻi ʻo Butterworth o nā mea ʻono hoʻopunipuni nona ka nīnau kānalua no ka palekana. I ka 2011, ua kamaʻilio ʻo Butterworth ma ka ʻAha Kūkākūkā o nā Sweeteners International a hōʻike ʻia i ko lākou nūʻike hoʻōla me ke poʻo inoa, "Paipai ka poʻe loea i nā mea hoʻohaʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa-calorie e like me Sucralose e kōkua i ka mālama ʻana i ke kaupaona."

ʻIke ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea kākau moʻolelo e hāʻawi mau i ka Financial Times a me ka Wall Street Journal, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Butterworth e pili ana i ka sucralose, "ʻO ke kaupaona o nā ʻike ʻepekema i manaʻo ʻia, ka hopena o ke akahele, kūʻokoʻa, loiloi loea, hou a hōʻike hou hoʻi ʻaʻohe hōʻike o kahi pilikia i ke olakino. "

Ma ke ʻano he laʻana e pili ana i ka hana ʻana o ka lumi echo e hana i nā mea nūpepa: i ka 2012, ʻo Butterworth i kākau i kahi ʻatikala no Forbes ke hoʻouka nei i kahi noiʻi e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā sucralose na Kauka Morando Soffritti, ka luna o ka Ramazzini Institute, a ua hōʻike ʻo ia he "mea hoʻomākeʻaka."

Ma ka 2016 nūʻike hoʻōla, i ka pane ʻana i kahi noi Soffritti ʻē aʻe, ka mua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai hiʻona ʻo Butterworth's 2012 ʻāpana a me nā ʻōlelo hoʻouka kaua, a ua kiʻi ʻia lākou e nā mea kūkala nūhou ma ka ke kūʻokoʻaʻO ka leka uilaThe Telegraph a i ka desereta News, ʻo lākou āpau i ʻike ʻia ʻo Butterworth ma ke ʻano he kumu waiwai mai Forbes.

ʻO kahi ʻimi Google no ka Ramazzini Institute huli iā Butterworth's 2012 Forbes hit ʻāpana e like me ka huahana mua.

Hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka Change Change Denier Dark Money Network

ʻOiai ʻo STATS e koi nei he nonpartisan, ʻo ka hapa nui o ke kālā i loaʻa mai i kahi lima o nā conservative, anti-regigation hoʻokumu i hana nui i ka hoʻokumu kālā ʻana i nā hui e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema.

Wahi a ʻO ka hoʻokolokolo Intercept:

"Ma waena o 1998 a me 2014, ua loaʻa iā STATS $ 4.5 miliona, 81 pākēneka o kāna mau makana, mai ka Searle Freedom Trust, ka Sarah Scaife Foundation, ka John M. Olin Foundation, Donors Trust (kahi waihona i kākoʻo nui ʻia e Charles Koch), a me nā kuleana ʻē aʻe -ke kahua paʻa. Searle, ka mea wehewehe i kāna nuʻukia i ke kākoʻo ʻana i 'nā kūʻokoʻa hoʻokele waiwai,' hāʻawi iā STATS $ 959,000 ma waena o 2010 a me 2014.

ʻO nā kumu anti-regulate, e like me kēia, i hoʻolilo ʻia ma mua o ka hapalua biliona kālā ma waena o 2003 a me 2010 e 'manipulate a alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu ma ke ʻano o ka ʻepekema aniau a me ka hoʻoweliweli i kau ʻia e ka aniau,' e like me kahi noiʻi 2013 e ka mea kālaimeaola o Drexel University Robert Brulle. ”

I ka nūʻike hoʻōla e pili ana i kāna aʻo ʻana, ua hōʻike ʻo Brulle i ke kahua ʻo Scaife a me Searle ma waena o nā "mea hoʻolako kālā nui a kūpaʻa mau o nā hui e hoʻonohonoho ana i ka hōʻole ʻana i ke aniau" a me nā kumu e "hāpai i nā manaʻo mākeke ultra-manuahi i nā ʻāina he nui."

ʻO ka Scaife Foundation a me Searle Freedom Trust nā mea kōkua kālā nui o STATS, me Scaife e hāʻawi kokoke ana i nā kālā āpau no ka hui ma waena o 2005 a 2007, e like me kahi Greenpeace ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i ke kālā STATS, a me Searle e hoʻonui nei me ka aneane miliona miliona i ke kālā ma waena o 2010 a me 2014.

ʻO ka Pelekikena a me CEO o Searle Freedom Trust, ʻO Kimberly Dennis, ʻo ia hoʻi ka luna o ka papa alakaʻi o Donors Trust, ka hui ʻo Mother Jones i kapa ʻia ka "ʻeleʻele-kālā ATM o ka neʻe conservative, ”A a alakaʻi funder o nā hui hōʻole a me nā hui skeptic. Ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana a Dennis, ua hoʻouna ka Searle Foundation a me Donors Trust i kahi hui $ 290,000 i STATS ma 2010, Greenpeace hoike.

ʻO Koch Industries / George Mason Kulanui Kulanui

ʻO Charles Koch, Luna Nui o ka petrochemical conglomerate Koch Industries, i hāʻawi aku ma kahi o $ 100 miliona i 361 pā kula mai 2005 a 2014, e like me kahi Greenpeace Ka Ikepili o nā faila IRS. ka Ke Kulanui o George Mason University, i loaʻa he $ 45.5 miliona, ʻo ia ka mea pōmaikaʻi nui loa o kēia nui.

Ua hāpai nā haumāna ma GMU i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ke kālā Koch i kahi leka 2014 i ka pelekikena GMU, e hoʻomaopopo ana ua "hoʻohewa ʻia ke kulanui ma ke ʻano he lālā o Koch Industries." I ka pane ʻana i kahi noi palapala lehulehu no ka ʻike e pili ana i ke kālā Koch, ua haʻi ʻia nā haumāna e hāʻawi ʻia nā makana kālā āpau ma o ka GMU Foundation, kahi e pane ʻole ai i kā mākou noi a FOIA ma ke ʻano he hui pilikino ʻokoʻa.

Hāʻawi ka GMU Foundation iā STATS hui kaikuahine CMPA $ 220,990 ma 2012, a me $ 75,670 ma 2013, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau. I kēlā mau makahiki ua kōkua ʻo CMPA i ke kālā iā STATS. Ma ka 2012, Ua hōʻike ʻo STATS i kahi hōʻaiʻē $ 203,611 mai ka CMPA "no ka lawa ʻole o ke kālā" ʻaʻole "i uku ʻia." Ma ka 2013, Ua hōʻike ʻo STATS i kahi hōʻaiʻē mai CMPA no $ 163,914.

ʻAʻole hōʻike nā ʻauhau ʻauhau no 2014 i nā hōʻaiʻē ma waena o nā hui a i ʻole nā ​​makana mai ka GMU Foundation. ʻO ka faila ʻauhau CMPA's 2014 hōʻike i ka uku no $ 97,512 no Butterworth a me $ 173,100 no Jon Entine, kahi lōʻihi loa hana pili lehulehu me nā pilina hohonu i ka ʻoihana kemika, nāna e holo ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, he hui mua ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Kūʻokoʻa piha?

Māhele ʻo STATS i kahi pūnaewele me Sense About Science USA, a hāʻawi i kēia e pili ana i ke kālā:

“Ke holo ʻia nei ʻo STATS.org e Sense About Science USA; Hāʻawi kālā ʻia ia kālā kālā kōkua mai ka Searle Freedom Trust a me kahi manawaleʻa mai ka ʻAmelika ʻImi Helu. Hāʻawi ʻia ʻo Sense About Science USA e ka Laura a me John Arnold Foundation a me nā makana mai nā lālā o ka lehulehu. ʻAʻole ʻae ʻo Sense About Science USA i ka kālā ʻoihana a kākoʻo paha. Kūʻokoʻa ʻo Sense About Science USA i nā kula nui, nā kaiāulu, a i ʻole nā ​​hui ʻē aʻe. "

ka hoʻoili pūnaewele ke ʻano o ke kākoʻo mauʻu, me ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i kāna hoʻolaha e kāhea ana i ka hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻana o nā hoʻokolohua lāʻau lāʻau lapaʻau ua huki ʻia nā mea hāʻawi 30,000. “ʻAʻohe o mākou keʻena makemake. ʻO Sense About Science USA ma hope o kahi bakery a me cafe. Hoʻokomo mākou i kā mākou kālā i ka hana, a kōkua kēlā me kēia mea liʻiliʻi. "

Nā Paka paka

He aʻa nā STATS a me Sense About Science i ka ʻoihana paka ʻo PR kaua.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo STATS a me CMPA e Robert Lichter, PhD, kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo nūhou a he polopeka o Fox ma GMU. Ua ʻaelike ʻo Phillip Morris me CMPA a me Lichter i nā makahiki 1990, e like me nā palapala mai ka Tobako Institute i hoʻolako ʻia e ka waihona waihona palapala ʻoihana UCSF.

I ka makahiki 1994, ua ʻimi ʻo Phillip Morris i ke kōkua o CMPA e pili ana i ka “hoʻouka kaua hou ʻana i ka ʻoihana paka” i ka pāpāho, e like me ka memo kūloko ke noi nei i nā hoʻolālā e "hōʻano hou i ka nānā ʻana o ka pāpāho i ka pono o ka objectivity."

Ma kahi leka uila i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 8, 1999, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Pelekikena Pelekikena ʻo Phillip Morris iā CMPA ma ke ʻano he "hui kiaʻi kiaʻi i hāʻawi ʻia e mākou i nā makahiki i hala iho nei," Milwaukee Journal Sentinel i hōʻikeʻia.

ʻO ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science, ʻo Dick Taverne, i loko o nā faila ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF. E like me kā Liza Gross wehewehe ʻana i loko ʻO ke kuʻina:

"Wahi a nā palapala kūloko i hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e nā mea hana paka, ua kōkua ke hui kūkā o Taverne, PRIMA Europe, i ka British American Tobako. hoʻomaikaʻi i nā pilina me kāna mea hoʻopukapuka a hahau i nā lula ʻEulopa ma ka uahi i nā makahiki 1990. Ua hana ʻo Taverne iā ia iho i ka papahana hoʻopukapuka: I kahi memo pili ʻole, PRIMA i hōʻoia i ka ʻoihana paka e "hana ʻia ka hana e Dick Taverne," no ka mea ua hoʻonohonoho maikaʻi ʻia ʻo ia e ninaninau i nā alakaʻi o ka ʻenehana a ʻimi e hōʻoia i ka pono o nā ʻoihana i nā manaʻo o ka poʻe. "

I loko o nā makahiki he XNUMX, ua noho ʻo Taverne ma ka papa o ka lālā Pelekania o ka hale pili pilina lehulehu ʻo Burson-Marsteller, ka mea i koi iā Philip Morris ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku. ʻO ka manaʻo no kahi hui "ʻepekema kani", i hoʻokumu ʻia i kahi pūnaewele o nā ʻepekema e ʻōlelo kūʻē ana i nā lula i nele i ka poʻe haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana i ka hilinaʻi e ʻaʻa ai, he pitch ʻo Burson-Marsteller i hana iā Philip Morris i kahi Memo 1994. "

Ua iho ʻo Taverne ma ke ʻano he lunahoomalu no Sense About Science i ka makahiki 2012. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Sense About Science USA ma 2014 ma Brooklyn ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a Butterworth. Ua wehewehe ʻia nā hui ʻelua ma ke ʻano he hui kaikuahine me "nā pilina pili loa a me nā pahuhopu like."

Ke hōʻike nei i ka 'Bogus Science' ma o ka Living Marxism Network 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Lord Taverne iā Sense About Science i ka makahiki 2002 e "hōʻike i ka ʻepekema bogus," e like me kāna memoira. E like me kā Liza Gross i wehewehe ai i loko ʻO ke kuʻina, nā mea kākoʻo mua o ka hui i komo pū kekahi o nā mea kūʻai aku ʻo Taverne ma mua a me nā ʻoihana kahi nona nā waihona.

Ma ke ʻano he papahana mua, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Sense About Science i kahi leka mai 114 ʻepekema lobbying the British government to "contradict false claims" e pili ana i nā GMO, a ua hana i kahi noiʻi e hōʻike ana i ka pilikia o ka hōʻino kūʻē i nā mea kanu GMO.

I ka makahiki 2000, ua kōkua ʻo Taverne e hana i ka “Kaʻina Hana: Nā Kuhi ma ka ʻepekema a me ke kamaʻilio olakino, "Kahi manifesto mai ka Social Institute Research Center a me ka Royal Institution e pili ana i nā kaʻina hana a nā mea kākau moʻolelo a me nā ʻepekema e pono ai e hōʻalo i nā" moʻolelo hoʻoweliweli "kūpono ʻole i ka pāpāho.

ʻO nā Kumumanaʻo ka palapala hoʻokumu no Sense About Science a me kāna hui kaikuahine, ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, kahi hui i kāhea ʻia “ʻOihana ʻenehana PR ʻoihana ʻepekema.” Hāʻawi kālā hapa ʻia e nā hui, hoʻolaha pinepine ka Science Media Center i ka manaʻo o nā ʻepekema e hoʻoliʻiliʻi nei i ka makaʻu e pili ana i nā ʻenehana hoʻopaʻapaʻa a me nā kemika, a me kāna hana mua i pili. ke pale nei i nā GMO e hoʻohana nei i nā hana stealth.

Ma ke ʻano he mea kākau ʻO George Monbiot, ʻO Zac Goldsmith, ʻO Jonathan Matthews a ua kākau ʻia kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe, ʻo Sense About Science a me ka Science Media Center kahi i hoʻokumu ʻia a alakaʻi ʻia e kahi pūnaewele o nā poʻe e pili ana i ka Revolutionary Communist Party, a ma hope ua morphed i loko o ʻO Marxism Ola, Mākeke LM, Nūpepa Spiked a me ka Ke Kulanui o nā Manaʻo, ka mea e hāpai i ka ʻike kūpono o ka ʻenehana, nā manaʻo mākeke manuahi loa a hoʻowahāwahā i nā mea hana kaiapuni.

As Ua kākau ʻo Monbiot i ka makahiki 2003, "ʻo ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema, he naive kālaiʻāina i nā manawa āpau, i hōʻike ʻole ʻia me ka ʻike ʻole e ʻae ʻia i kona mau kuleana e hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu e nā lālā o kahi hui politika a ʻano ʻē."

Pākuʻi hou aku:

 ʻO ke kuʻina: Pehea i koho ʻia ai nā kiaʻi ponoʻī o ka 'ʻepekema kani' ʻ Tiplelo aʻoaʻo i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana

ka 'Akelanika': Pehea ka loiloi ʻana o nā Lobbyist i ka ʻepekema nāwaliwali e pale aku ai iā BPA

Hōʻikeʻike ʻatikala ʻo Columbia: BPA, Health a me Nuance: hōʻike ʻo STATS i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka pāpāho akā aia nā hewa ponoʻī

Ka Mea Hōʻaikaʻi: Hana ʻoihana i nā hōʻike mea kūʻai aku ʻO ka hōʻike BPA

CJR: E hui me ke kāne e makemake ana e kōkua i ka poʻe nūpepa me nā helu

USRTK: Jon Entine: ʻO ka ʻelele a ka ʻenehana kemika

ʻO ʻEkōlani: No ke aha ʻo Ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻokipa nei i kahi GMO Propaganda Campaign?

Nā mea hou aʻe e pili ana i nā mea kālā:

Hawaii Post: Scaife: Kālā Waiwai o ka Pono

Drexel University: ʻAʻole wale nā ​​kaikuaʻana Koch: Hōʻike ka loiloi Drexel hou i nā mea kālā ma hope o ka hana hōʻole ʻana i ka huliau

Blog DeSmog: Nā kumu ʻohana Scaife

Blog DeSmog: Charles G. Koch; Richard Mellon Sciafe; Searle Freedom Trust; Kaukaʻi Kākoʻo: Kaʻikepili kikoʻī e kahe ana i ka ʻepekema hōʻole kino

hui pu Press: Ua lilo ʻo George Mason University i punahele na Charles Koch

Huffington Post: Iā Charles Koch, he loea loea nā Kumu