ʻIke ʻo FDA i ka Mea Pepe Weed a Monsanto ma ka meli US

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Na Carey Gillam

ʻO ka Food and Drug Administration, ma lalo o ka kaomi o ka lehulehu e hoʻomaka e hoʻāʻo i nā laʻana o ka meaʻai a US no ke kū ʻana o kahi pesticide i hoʻopili ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai, he mau ʻike mua loa i ʻono ʻole.

I ka nānā ʻana i nā laʻana meli mai nā wahi like ʻole o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ua loaʻa i ka FDA nā hōʻike hou e hiki ai i nā koena o ka mea hoʻomake mauʻu i kapa ʻia ʻo glyphosate hiki ke laha ʻia - loaʻa nō i kahi meaʻai i hana ʻole ʻia me ka hoʻohana ʻia o glyphosate. ʻO nā laʻana a pau a ka FDA i hoʻāʻo ai i kahi ninaninau hou i loaʻa nā koena glyphosate, a ua hōʻike kekahi o ka meli i nā koena pae i pālua ʻia ka palena i ʻae ʻia i ka Europa Union, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa ma o ke noi Freedom of Information Act. ʻAʻohe pae ʻae hoʻomanawanui no ka glyphosate i ka meli ma United States.

ʻO Glyphosate, ʻo ia ka mea nui i loko o ka Monsanto Co.'s Roundup herbicide, ʻo ia ka mea make nui loa i ka honua āpau, a me nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā koena glyphosate i nā meaʻai i spiked ma hope o ka World Health Organization ma 2015 i ʻōlelo ʻia ua hoʻoholo nā loea o ka maʻi ʻaʻai he glyphosate kahi. kino kanaka make paha. Ua hāpai nā ʻepekema ʻē aʻe i ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka hoʻohana nui ʻana o ka glyphosate i ka olakino kanaka a me ke kaiapuni.

Ua loaʻa nā moʻolelo mai ka FDA, a ʻo ka Environmental Protection Agency a me ka US Department of Agriculture, e hōʻike kikoʻī ana i nā ʻano hōʻike e pili ana i ka hana a ke aupuni pekelala e loaʻa ai ka lima i kēia mau hopohopo e piʻi nei. Ma waho aʻe o ka meli, hōʻike nā moʻolelo i nā poʻe koena aupuni e kūkākūkā ana i ka glyphosate i loaʻa i nā soybean a me nā laʻana palaoa, "nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa glyphosate," a me ka manaʻo he hiki "i ka nui hewahewa no ka glyphosate ” koena i nā mea kanu US.

ʻOiai ke nānā nei ka FDA i kēlā me kēia makahiki i nā meaʻai no ke koena o nā pesticides he nui, ua haʻalele ʻo ia i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana no nā koena glyphosate no nā makahiki he XNUMX. Aia wale nō i Pepeluali o kēia makahiki kēlā i ʻōlelo ai ka ʻoihana e hoʻomaka ia i kahi koena glyphosate residues. Ua hele mai ia ma hope o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o nā kānaka noiʻi kūʻokoʻa ke alakaʻi nei i kā lākou hoʻokolohua ponoʻī a loaʻa ka glyphosate i kahi o nā huahana meaʻai, me ka palaoa, cereal, a me ka oatmeal. Ua mālama ke aupuni a me Monsanto i kēlā me kēia koena glyphosate i ka meaʻai e liʻiliʻi e hiki ke palekana. Akā ʻōlelo nā loiloi me ka ʻole o ka hoʻokolohua ikaika, ʻike ʻole ʻia nā pae glyphosate i ka meaʻai. A ʻōlelo lākou he mea ʻino paha ke kuhi ʻana no ka mea ʻai pinepine ʻia lākou i nā meaʻai he nui.

Ke hele mai nei nā pilikia i koe i ke aniani i ka manawa like e hoʻopau ana ka EPA i kahi loiloi weliweli e hoʻoholo ai inā e kaupalena ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana i kēia lāʻau make. Ua hoʻonohonoho ka ʻoihana halawai lehulehu ma ka mea Oct. 18-21 ma Wakinekona. Ua hoʻomaka mua ʻia ka hōʻike loiloi pilikia o ka EPA ma 2015, akā ʻaʻole naʻe i hoʻopau ʻia. ʻ sayslelo ke ʻoihana i kēia manawa e hoʻopau ʻia i ka "spring 2017."

I nā moʻolelo i hoʻokuʻu ʻia e ka FDA, hoʻokahi leka uila o loko wehewehe i ka pilikia ma ka ʻimi ʻana i ka meli i loaʻa ʻole ka glyphosate: “He paʻakikī e loaʻa i ka meli hakahaka i loaʻa ʻole nā ​​koena. Hōʻiliʻili au ma kahi o 10 mau laʻana o ka meli ma ka mākeke a loaʻa iā lākou āpau i ka glyphosate, "i ʻōlelo ʻia e kahi mea noiʻi o FDA. ʻOiai ʻo ka "meli mauna mauna" i loaʻa nā haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa o glyphosate, e hōʻike ana nā palapala FDA.

Wahi a nā moʻolelo a ka FDA, nā laʻana i hoʻāʻo ʻia e ka kauka kemika o FDA ʻo Narong Chamkasem i hōʻike i ke koena o nā pae ma 107 ppb i nā laʻana i pili ka FDA me ka Honey o Carmichael i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Louisiana; 22 ppb i loko o ka meli ka FDA i hoʻopili aku iā Leighton's Orange Blossom Honey ma Florida a me nā koena ma 41 ppb i nā laʻana i pili ka FDA me Iowa i hoʻokumu ʻia me Sue Bee Honey, kahi i kūʻai ʻia e kahi hui o nā ʻāpana hānai holoholona ʻAmelika ma ke ʻano he "maʻemaʻe, kūlohelohe" a “Ka meli ʻAmelika.” ʻO nā mea kūʻai aku "hiki ke hōʻoia ʻo Sue Bee Honey he 100% maʻemaʻe, 100% kūlohelohe a me 100% ʻAmelika," ka ʻAhahui Mele ʻo Sioux 'ōlelo.

In a Ianuali 8, 2016 leka uila Ua kuhikuhi ʻo Chamkasem i nā hoa ʻepekema FDA ʻo ka pae hoʻomanawanui o EU he 50 ppb a ʻaʻohe nui o ka glyphosate i ʻae ʻia i ka meli i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa. Akā ʻo Chris Sack, he kauka kemika ʻo FDA nāna e kiaʻi i nā koena pesticide residence o ua ʻoihana nei, i pane ʻia e ka hōʻoia ʻana iā Chamkasem a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ʻike ʻia nā koena glyphosate he "hana ʻino wale nō ia."

"ʻAʻole i uhai nā mea mahiʻai pi i nā kānāwai; ke hoʻolauna ʻia nei ʻo glyphosate e nā pi, "kākau ʻo Sack i ka pane. "ʻOiai ke kuʻina o ka glyphosate i ka meli he hana hewa i ka ʻenehana, ʻaʻole ia kahi pilikia palekana."

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Sack ua "hoʻomaopopo ʻia ka EPA i ka pilikia" a manaʻo ʻia e hoʻonohonoho i nā pae hoʻomanawanui no ka meli. I ka manawa e kau ʻia nā pae hoʻomanawanui e EPA - inā hoʻonoho kiʻekiʻe ʻia lākou - ʻaʻole nā ​​mea i koe i hana hewa hou. Ke kāhea ʻia i kēia pule, ua ʻōlelo ka EPA ʻaʻohe mea e kali nei i kēia manawa e hoʻonohonoho i nā pae hoʻomanawanui no ka glyphosate i ka meli. Akā, ua ʻōlelo pū ka ʻoihana: "ʻaʻohe hopohopo e pili ana i ka papaʻai mai ka hōʻike ʻana i nā koena glyphosate i ka meli i kēia manawa."

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Pelekikena Pelekikena ʻo Sioux Honey Bill Huser e hoʻohana mau ʻia ka glyphosate ma nā māla mahiʻai i hele pinepine ʻia e nā pi, a hoʻi hou ka pesticide me nā pi i nā hives i hana ʻia ai ka meli.

"ʻAʻohe o kā ka ʻoihana kaohi i nā hopena o ke kaiapuni e like me kēia," i ʻōlelo ʻo Huser. ʻO ka hapa nui o kā Sue Bee meli e hele mai ana mai nā pi e pili ana i clover a me alfalfa i ka Midwest luna, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia. Aia nā beekeepers ma ka Hema i nā meli e pili kokoke ana i ka māla pulupulu a me ka soybean. ʻO Alfalfa, nā soybeans a me ka pulupulu i hana ʻenekini ʻia e kāpīpī pololei ʻia me ka glyphosate.

ʻAʻole nā ​​hopena o ka FDA ka mea i loaʻa mua i ka glyphosate i ka meli. Hana ʻia ka laʻana i ka makahiki 2015 e ka ʻimi noiʻi ʻepekema ʻo Abraxis loaʻa nā koena glyphosate i 41 o 69 mau laʻana meli me nā pae glyphosate ma waena o 17 a me 163 ppb, me ka mean mean 64 ppb.

Wahi a ka poʻe mālama pipi he poʻe lawehala hewa ʻole lākou e ʻike maʻalahi i kā lākou huahana meli no ka mea aia lākou i loko o kekahi mau mile o nā mahiʻai kahi e hoʻohana ʻia ai ka glyphosate.

"ʻAʻole maopopo iaʻu pehea wau e kaohi ai i ka pae o ka glyphosate i loko o kaʻu meli ke ʻaʻole wau e hoʻohana ana iā Roundup," wahi a kahi hui ʻoihana meli. “Ua puni iaʻu. ʻAʻole kūpono ia. ”

ʻAʻole pane ka FDA i kahi nīnau e pili ana i ka nui o kāna kamaʻilio ʻana me Monsanto e pili ana i ke koena o ka hoʻāʻo ʻana, akā hōʻike nā hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ua loaʻa iā Monsanto kekahi mau pilina me ka FDA ma kēia pilikia. I ʻApelila o kēia makahiki, ka luna hoʻokele hoʻokele hoʻokele honua a Monsanto ʻo Amelia Jackson-Gheissari leka uila iā FDA ke noi nei e hoʻonohonoho i kahi manawa e kamaʻilio ai e pili ana i ka "hoʻokō ʻana i nā pae i koe ma USA, keu hoʻi glyphosate."

Nānā maʻamau ka FDA no nā koena o nā pesticides i hoʻohana pinepine ʻia akā ʻaʻole glyphosate. ʻO ka nānā no glyphosate i kēia makahiki i manaʻo ʻia he "hana kūikawā" a hele mai ma hope o ka ʻoihana ua hoʻāhewa ʻia e ka US Accountability Office Office ma 2014 no ka hōʻole ʻole e hoʻāʻo no glyphosate.

ʻAʻole i hoʻokuʻu ka FDA i nā hopena kūlana o kāna hoʻolālā hoʻolālā a i ʻole nā ​​hopena, akā ua hana ʻo Sack i hōʻike ma Iune i ka California Crops Special Crops Council nāna i ʻōlelo e nānā ana ka ʻoihana i 300 mau laʻana o ke kulina; 300 mau laʻana o ka soy; a me 120 mau laʻana o kēlā me kēia waiū a me nā hua. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i kekahi mau hopena i loaʻa i loko o ʻApelila i hōʻike ʻia i nā pae glyphosate i loaʻa ma 52 mau laʻana o ke kulina a me 44 mau laʻana o nā soybeans akā ʻaʻole ma luna o nā pae i ʻae ʻia e ke kānāwai. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ka hōʻike i ka meli. Ua hōʻike pū ʻia ka hōʻike e hoʻonui ʻia ka hoʻokolohua glyphosate ma ka FDA i "loiloi maʻamau."

E hoʻomaka ana ka USDA e hoʻāʻo no glyphosate, akā ʻaʻole a hiki i ka makahiki e hiki mai ana, e like me ka ʻike i hāʻawi ʻia e ka ʻoihana i ka hui nonprofit Beyond Pesticides i kahi hālāwai ma Wakinekona i Ianuali. Hōʻike nā palapala i loaʻa ma o FOIA hōʻike kahi hoʻolālā e hoʻāʻo i nā syrups a me nā aila ma 2017.

Soybeans a me ka palaoa

E like me ka FDA, kauō ka USDA i kona mau wāwae i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana. Hoʻokahi wale nō manawa, i ka 2011, ua hoʻāʻo ka USDA no nā koena glyphosate ʻoiai ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka ʻoihana e hana ākea ana no nā koena o nā pesticides hoʻohana liʻiliʻi ʻia. I ka mea a ka USDA i kāhea ai he "papahana kūikawā" ua hoʻāʻo ka ʻoihana e hana i nā laikini soybean he 300 no glyphosate a ua ʻike ʻia ma mua o 90 pākēneka - 271 o nā laʻana - halihali ʻia nā koena mea hoʻomake nāhelehele. Ua ʻōlelo ka ʻoihana i ia manawa ʻo ka hoʻāʻo hou ʻana no ka glyphosate "ʻaʻole ia he makakoho kiʻekiʻe" no ka mea, ua manaʻo ʻia he palekana loa ka glyphosate. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia ʻoiai ke koena o nā pae i kekahi mau laʻana kokoke i nā kiʻekiʻe loa o ka "ahonui" glyphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia e EPA, ʻaʻole lākou i ʻoi aku i kēlā mau pae.

Ua ʻōlelo lōʻihi ʻo USDA a me FDA he pipiʻi loa ia a he mea pono ʻole e hoʻāʻo no nā koena glyphosate. Eia nō naʻe ka māhele ma waena o ka USDA i ʻike ʻia ʻo ka Grain Inspection, Packers & Stockyards Administration (GIPSA) e hoʻāʻo nei i ka palaoa no nā koena glyphosate no nā makahiki he nui no ka mea he nui nā mea kūʻai aku haole e hopohopo nui e pili ana i nā koena glyphosate. ʻO kā GIPSA hoʻokolohua kahi ʻāpana o kahi “Sampling cargo sampling program,” nā palapala i loaʻa mai GIPSA hōʻike. Ua hōʻike ʻia kēlā mau hoʻāʻo i nā koena glyphosate i ʻike ʻia ma mua o 40 pākēneka o nā haneli haneli o nā laʻana palaoa i nānā ʻia i ka makahiki kālā 2009, 2010, 2011 a me 2012. Kūlike ʻole nā ​​pae, hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili. Ke kōkua nei ʻo GIPSA iā FDA i ke komo ʻana i ka soybeans e hoʻāʻo. I loko o kahi leka uila o Mei 2015, Ua haʻi aku ke kauka kemika o GIPSA ʻo Gary Hinshaw i kahi luna hoʻomalu palekana mea ʻai o FDA, “ʻaʻole paʻakikī ka loaʻa ʻana o ka soybeans i loaʻa ka glyphosate.” I ka a Kekemapa 7, 2015 leka uila mai ka chemist o FDA ʻo Terry Councilell iā Lauren Robin, a me kahi chemist a me kahi luna palekana mea kūʻai aku ʻo FDA, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Councilell aia ʻo glyphosate i loko o nā huahana i hana ʻia, ʻoiai "ma lalo o ke ahonui."

ʻO ka ʻike o ke aupuni i nā koena glyphosate i ka meaʻai, akā kauō i kona mau wāwae i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana no ka manawa lōʻihi, hoʻonāukiuki i ka poʻe e hopohopo nei e pili ana i ka pesticide.

"ʻAʻohe manaʻo o ka wikiwiki e pili ana i kēia mau hōʻike a mākou e noho nei me ka lā i kēlā me kēia lā," i ʻōlelo ʻia e Jay Feldman, ka luna hoʻomalu o Beyond Pesticides.

(ʻIke mua ʻia i Ka Huffington Post)