Ke ʻimi nei i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo a me ka transparency no ke olakino lehulehu

ʻO kā Russia paʻa PR paʻa paʻa i ka salvo ʻoihana PR ma luna o GMO

ʻO kahi aʻe kahi ʻāpana mai ka Mokuna 5, “ʻOihana Seedy: He aha ka mea a Big Food e hūnā nei me kāna paheʻe PR ma GMOs, ”Na Gary Ruskin, ka luna hui o ka hui kiaʻi makaʻala ʻo US Right to Know. 

Kiʻi hou i nā:

Kū ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i nā pilikia nui o ka pilina lehulehu, no laila pono ke kōkua PR kiʻekiʻe loa. ʻAʻole paha ia he mea kupanaha ua hoʻolimalima lākou i ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu e kū ana iā Rūsia, Ketchum, e hana i ka wili e pono ai lākou e mālama i kāna mau waiwai nui e kahe ana mai ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā ʻano ʻenekini a me nā pesticides e pili ana.

He kumu kūpono ko mākou ʻAmelika e hilinaʻi ʻole i nā ala a Lūkia a me kāna PR firm Ketchum e wili ai i kā Rusia kulekele kūwaho kūwaho. No laila, no ke aha mākou e hilinaʻi ai iā Ketchum a me kāna hana nui e pili ana i ka pilina lehulehu e kūʻai aku i ka manaʻo e palekana nā meaʻai ʻenekini no nā kānaka a me ke kaiapuni?

ʻO Ketchum kekahi o nā ʻoihana pili lehulehu o ka honua. Na ia ka hui hoʻolaha nunui ʻo Omnicom.

Hoʻomaka ʻo Ketchum e hana no Rūsia ma 2006. Wahi a ʻO ProPublica, Uku nui ʻo Rūkia iā Ketchum: “Mai ka waena o 2006 a i ka waena o 2012, ua loaʻa iā Ketchum he $ 23 miliona ma nā uku a me nā lilo ma ka waihona Lūkia a me kahi $ 17 miliona hou aʻe ma ka waihona o Gazprom, ka pilikua ikaika a ka mokuʻāina Lūkia…”[1] E like me ka New York Times, He ʻumi mau limahana o Ketchum e hana nei ma ka waihona Lūkia.[2]

Kaulana ka hana a Ketchum ma ko Russia. ʻO kahi laʻana, i loko o kahi hōʻike nūhou hou, Reuters ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Ketchum ma ke ʻano he "Hui US e lawelawe ana i nā pilina lehulehu no Lūkia ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa."[3] Eia keʻano o ka Hawaii Post hoʻolauna aku i kāna poʻe heluhelu iā Ketchum: “E hui me Ketchum, kahi ʻo PR i hoʻokumu ʻia ma New York e nānā nei no ko Rusia mau pono i ka US”[4] I ka manawa i makemake ai ka Pelekikena Lūkia ʻo Vladimir V. Putin e hoʻokau i kahi op-ed hoʻopunipuni nani[5] i ka New York Times e pili ana i Suria, aia iā Ketchum kahi i waiho ai.[6]

He aha hou aʻe ka hana a Ketchum no Rūsia? Wahi a ka Hawaii Post, "Hoʻolālā ʻo Ketchum i ka manawa he nui i ka hoʻouna ʻana i nā hoʻokuʻu nūhou, hoʻonohonoho ʻana i nā hālāwai me nā mākaʻikaʻi Lūkini, a me ke kamaʻilio pū ʻana me nā mea nūpepa e pili ana i nā mea e like me ko G20 pelekikena pelekikena a me ka pili o US-Russia ..."[7]

I nā mahina i hala iho nei, ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Ketchum e wili iā ia iho mai nā pilina i ka kulekele ʻē aʻe o Rūsia. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia "ʻAʻole mākou e ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo i ka Lūkini Hui Pū ʻIa e pili ana i nā kulekele ʻē aʻe, e like me ke kūlana i kēia manawa ma Ukraine.[8]

Ma waho o kāna hana no Rūsia, he moʻolelo ko Ketchum o nā hana kūpono ʻole. ʻO kahi laʻana ua hoʻolimalima ʻo Ketchum i kahi ʻoihana noiʻi pilikino kaulana ʻo Beckett Brown International (BBI) e hana i kahi hana spionage nui e kūʻē iā Greenpeace, e like me ka hoʻolimalima ʻana i nā mākaʻi e kiʻi i ka ʻōpala o Greenpeace, e hoʻolimalima ana i kahi limahana i hana ʻia e nā limahana National Security Agency (NSA) e alakaʻi i ke kamepiula. ka hoʻokomo a me ka nānā ʻana uila, a me ka loaʻa ʻana o nā moʻolelo kelepona o nā limahana Greenpeace a i ʻole nā ​​mea hana.[9]

Hoʻokumu pū ʻia ʻo Ketchum i mea kūʻai aku, palekana i ka meaʻai a me nā hui kaiapuni me ka spionage e pili ana i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka meaʻai genetically engineered. Wahi a kahi leka uila mai ka limahana BBI ʻo Jay Bly iā Tim Ward, kahi mea hana ma ka mokuʻāina ʻo Maryland State e hana pū ana no BBI.

Loaʻa i hea kāhea mai Ketchum i nehinei ahiahi hou ʻekolu mau pūnaewele ma DC. Me he mea lā ua huli ʻo Taco Bell i kahi huahana i hana ʻia mai ka palaoa bioengineered. ʻAʻole ʻae ʻia nā kemika i hoʻohana ʻia i ke kulina no ka ʻai ʻana o kānaka. No laila ua hana ʻo Taco Bell i nā tacos glow-in-the-dark hiki ke kūpono. No Kraft ʻo Taco Bell. Aia i ke Keʻena Ketchum, Nu Ioka, ka pōpō. Manaʻo lākou e hoʻokumu ʻia ka papahana mai hoʻokahi o ʻekolu mau wahi:

1. Ke kikowaena no ka palekana o ka meaʻai, 7 & Penn SE

2. Nā Hoa o ka Honua, 1025 Vermont Ave (Ma waena o nā Alanui K & L)

3.ge Alert Mea ʻai, 1200 18th St NW (18th & M)

Aia ka # 1 ma ka papahele 3. ʻO ke komo nui ke kāleka kī. Ua laka ʻia ke ala e nā puka hao. 7 dempsters [sic] ma ke alaloa — e koho i kāu koho.

Aia ʻo # 2 i ka hale like me ka Embassy o Chile. ʻO ka mea kiaʻi mākaukau i ka hale hoʻokipa a me nā kāmela i nā wahi āpau. Aia kahi ʻōpala i ke alaloa ma hope o ka hale. Mai ʻike inā pili ia i bldg. aiʻole kahi waiwai kaiāulu. Nā kāmera ma nā wahi āpau.

Hiki ke hana ʻo # 3 akā ma hope o nā puka hao laka ma hope o bldg.[10]

Ua komo pū ʻo Ketchum i nā hana ʻino ʻē aʻe. ʻO kahi laʻana, ua hoʻohewa ka Office Accountability Government US iā Ketchum i ka makahiki 2004 a me ka 2005 no ka hana ʻana i nā nūhou wikiō i hōʻino i nā pāpā aupuni e kūʻē i nā "propaganda hūnā" no ka mea ʻaʻole lākou i hōʻike e loaʻa kālā iā lākou e ke aupuni pekelala.[11]

ʻO ka mea a ko Russia R PR e hana ai e wili i nā GMO

ʻO nā ʻoihana pili lehulehu e like me Ketchum he mea hūnā hūnā, no laila aia kahi ʻike lehulehu e pili ana i nā lawelawe a lākou e hāʻawi maoli ai i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. Eia kā mākou ʻike.

Ua koho ʻo ka Council for Biotechnology iā Ketchum e hana i kahi papahana pili i ka lehulehu: ʻo ka GMO Answers a me ka pūnaewele,[12] e kōkua i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka manaʻo o ka ʻoihana e pili ana i ka meaʻai genetically engineered. Wahi a ka St. Louis Post-Dispatch, "E kiaʻi ʻo Ketchum i ka pūnaewele" a nā hui mahiʻai "lana e kōkua i ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe - a hoʻopau i ka hilinaʻi ʻole - e pili ana i kā lākou huahana."[13]

Noʻeau ʻo Ketchum e wili nei no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i mea papa inoa pōkole ʻia i ka makahiki 2014 no kahi makana CLIO ma ka mahele o ka “Public Relations: Crisis and Issue Management.”[14]

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Ketchum he hopena nui kāna hana ma GMO. Wahi a kahi wikiō Ketchum, "ua pāpālua ka uhi ʻana o ka pāpāho maikaʻi. Ma Twitter, kahi e nānā pono ai i ke kamaʻilio ʻana, ua kaulike maikaʻi mākou i 80% o ka launa pū ʻana me nā mea hōʻemi. ”[15] ʻO Cathleen Enright, ka luna hoʻomalu no ka ʻaha kūkā no ka ʻikepili ʻo Biotechnology, ua hōʻoia pū kekahi i ka mana o ka hoʻokūkū i Reuters. Ua "nānā i nā hōʻike pāpāho e pili ana i nā GMO mai ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka hoʻouka kaua a ʻike ʻia ka loli hiki ke ana ʻia," wahi a Enright. 'Ua ʻike mākou i ke kani maikaʻi ... hoʻonui. 'Thatlelo mai iā mākou he hopena kā mākou.' "[16]

Hoʻohanohano pū ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika i kā Ketchum mau hana kaiaulu i ke kākoʻo ʻana i nā GMO a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. Wahi a Andrew Walmsley o ka American Farm Bureau Federation, Ketchum "ʻimi i nā tweet (pili pili i ka biotech) ma Twitter. Ua hoʻomaka mākou i kēlā mua o kēia makahiki. E nānā lākou no nā tweets maikaʻi ʻole a laila e nīnau (ka mea kākau) e nānā iā GMOanswers. … Ma hope o ko mākou hoʻomaka ʻana aia ma kahi o 80 mau keneta e hoʻemi ana i ka huakaʻi Twitter maikaʻi ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO. ”[17]

ʻAʻole he mea kupanaha, no ka hopena i loaʻa i ka Ketchum's GMO Answers i loaʻa, ua ʻae ʻo Council for Biotechnology Information e hoʻolilo miliona mau makahiki i kēlā me kēia makahiki no kēia neʻe ʻana, "e like me Reuters, ʻoiai ʻaʻole ia e hōʻike pololei i ka nui o kāna kālā i lilo ai. Reuters ua hōʻike ʻia he "miliona miliona kālā ia."[18]

Manaʻo ka pūnaewele GMO Answers e lilo i wahi e hiki ai i nā mea kūʻai ke loaʻa nā "pane" mai nā alakaʻi ʻoihana a me nā "loea kūʻokoʻa" e pili ana i ka meaʻai genetically engineered.

ʻAʻole lawa ka hakahaka ma aneʻi e kuhikuhi ai i nā hoʻopunipuni āpau ma ka pūnaewele ʻo GMO Answers a Ketchum. Akā i waena o nā hoʻopunipuni kaulana loa - kahi hoʻolālā pili i ka lehulehu - e hāʻawi i nā ʻōlelo i nā "loea kūʻokoʻa" ke kūʻokoʻa lākou. ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻike ka pūnaewele iā Bruce M. Chassy ma ke ʻano he "loea kūʻokoʻa."[19] ʻAʻole ia he ʻano like, a he moʻolelo kona no ka hūnā ʻana i kāna pili i nā ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā meaʻai.[20] ʻO kekahi mea ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia he "loea kūʻokoʻa" ʻo Hans Sauer, ka mea ʻoiaʻiʻo "Deputy General Counsel for Intellectual Property for the Biotechnology Industry Organization," kahi hui kālepa nui no nā ʻoihana ʻenehana biotechnology a me nā mahiʻai.[21] ʻO kekahi mea i manaʻo ʻia he "loea kūʻokoʻa" ʻo Kent Bradford, ka luna o ka Seed Biotechnology Center ma UC Davis.[22] I nā makahiki ʻelua i hala aku nei, ua kāhea ke loio olakino lehulehu Michele Simon iā Bradford no ka haʻi ʻana i ka huaʻōlelo i ka huaʻōlelo i nā mea kamaʻilio o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ma kahi anti-GMO labeling op-ed i paʻi ʻia ka ʻO Woodland Democrat Daily.[23]

ʻO Ketchum kekahi ma hope o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ma mua o ka US Farmers a me Ranchers Alliance. Wahi a ka St. Louis Post-Dispatch,

I ka 2011 halawai nā alakaʻi o nā hui ukana he 12 ma St. Louis ma ke kono a Rick Tolman, ke poʻo o ka National Corn Growers Association, e hoʻoholo ana e hana i kahi mea e hoʻopili maikaʻi aku me nā mea kūʻai aku. Ua hoʻokumu lākou i ka US Farmers and Ranchers Alliance, a laila ua hoʻokumu i ka "Food Dialogues," kahi o nā kūkākūkā papa a me nā papahana ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia e kiʻi i nā mea kūʻai aku me kahi leka uila hou aku. Ua hōʻuluʻulu nā lālā o ka hui i kā lākou kumuwaiwai a hoʻolimalima iā New York PR firm, Ketchum, e kōkua i ke alakaʻi alakaʻi.[24]

No ke kumu kūpono he nui, makemake ʻole mākou ka poʻe ʻAmelika e hilinaʻi iā Ketchum ke ʻōlelo ʻo ia no Rūsia a me kona pelekikena, ʻo Vladimir Putin. He kaʻao ka hilinaʻi ʻole o Rūsia. No ke aha mākou e hilinaʻi ai iā Ketchum ke kamaʻilio ia e pili ana i nā GMO ma mua o ka hilinaʻi ʻana iā ia ke ʻōlelo nei no Rūsia?

Nāʻaoʻao hemahema

[1] ʻO Justin Elliott, “Mai Russia me PR. " ʻO ProPublica, September 12, 2013.

[2] ʻO Ravi Somaiya,ʻO PR Firm no Putin ʻo Rukia I kēia manawa ke hele nei i kahi laina maikaʻi. " New York Times, ʻAukake 31, 2014. E nānā pū ʻo Rosie Gray, “Kūkā ʻo Putin Kākauʻōlelo iā Kremlin Kight End Ketchum Contract. " BuzzFeed, September 2, 2014.

[3] ʻO Andy Sullivan, “ʻO Rist US PR Firm Distances iho mai ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa o Ukraine. " Reuters, Malaki 6, 2014.

[4] ʻO Holly Yeager,ʻO wai e hana no Russia? Kēia poʻe. " Hawaii Post, Malaki 7, 2014. David Teather, “ʻO nā hui PR i loaʻa kālā ma ka hoʻokūkū Lūkia. " kahu,ʻAukake 23, 2009.

[5] Vladimir V. Putin, “He noi no ke akahele mai Lūkia: He aha kā Putin e ʻōlelo ai i ko ʻAmelika e pili ana iā Suria. " New York Times, September 11, 2013.

[6] ʻO Rosie Gray,Ua hoʻonoho ʻo Ketchum iā Controversial Putin Op-Ed: ʻO ka pāʻina ʻo Russia nui loa o PR ma mua?" Pūʻulu BuzzFeed, Kepakemapa 12, 2013. Justin Elliott, “Mai Russia me PR. " ʻO ProPublica, September 12, 2013.

[7] ʻO Holly Yeager,ʻO wai e hana no Russia? Kēia poʻe. " Hawaii Post, Malaki 7, 2014. ʻO kā Ketchum hana hou no Rūsia e hōʻike hauʻoli nei i kāna faila i koi ʻia e ke kānāwai hoʻopaʻa inoa o nā Agena ʻē. E ʻike, no ka laʻana, Ketchum's ʻōlelo hoʻonui i ka hui hoʻopaʻa inoa FARA o ka US Department of Justice, Iulai 11, 2014. E nānā hou aku iā Eamon Javers, "ʻO wai ma ka uku uku ʻAmelika ʻo Putin? ” CNBC, Malaki 5, 2014.

[8] ʻO Andy Sullivan, “ʻO Rist US PR Firm Distances iho mai ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa o Ukraine. " Reuters, Malaki 6, 2014.

[9] ʻO James Ridgeway, “ʻO nā Ops ʻeleʻele, nā hui ʻōmaʻomaʻo. " ʻO Jones Jones, ʻApelila 11, 2008. ʻO Gary Ruskin, ʻOihana Spooky: ʻOihana Espionage e kūʻē i nā hui waiwai ʻole. Nowemapa 20, 2013. Spencer S. Hsu, “Hoʻopiʻi ʻo Greenpeace iā Dow Chemical, Sasol a me PR Allies o ka kiu ʻoihana. " Hawaii Post, Nowemapa 29, 2010. Ralph Nader, “Nānā nā ʻoihana i nā Nonprofits me ka Impunity. " Huffington Post, ʻAukake 22, 2014. No nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hoʻopiʻi a Greenpeace iā Ketchum a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, e ʻike iā Greenpeace's Puka Kiu palapala pūnaewele.

[10] ʻO James Ridgeway, “ʻO ka mōʻaukala lepo o ke kiu ʻoihana. " kahu, Fepeluali 15, 2011.

[11] "Nā mea o: Ke Keʻena ʻOlakino a me nā lawelawe kanaka, Nā kikowaena no Medicare &

Nā lawelawe Medicaid — Hoʻolaha ʻia nā nūhou wikiō. ” US General Accounting Office, Mei 19, 2004. GAO faile # B-302710. Nā leka me nā Kenekoa ʻAmelika ʻo Frank R. Lautenberg lāua ʻo Edward M. Kennedy. “Kumuhana: Keʻena ʻOihana Hoʻomaʻamaʻa — ʻAʻohe keiki i haʻalele ma hope o ke kiʻi wikiō i hoʻokuʻu ʻia a me ka loiloi Media. ” Keʻena Luna Wailele Aupuni o US, Kepakemapa 30, 2005. Kōnae GAO # B-304228. ʻO Sebastian Jones lāua ʻo Michael Grabell, “Pā paʻa ʻo PR ma hope o nā wikiō hoʻolaha hoʻolaha lanakila i ka ʻaelike stimulus. " ʻO ProPublica, Malaki 30, 2010. ʻO Robert Pear, “Kau ʻia nā wikiō Medicare o ka White House me ka ʻole. " New York Times, Mei 20, 2004.

[12] http://www.gmoanswers.com.

[13] ʻO Georgina Gustin,ʻO Monsanto, Nā ʻoihana Biotech ʻē aʻe, pūnaewele pūnaewele e pane i nā nīnau pili i ka GMO. " St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Iulai 29, 2013. Dan Flynn, “Hoʻolālā aku ka ʻoihana Biotechnology Plant i kahi pūnaewele e kamaʻilio i nā nīnau no nā mea kūʻai aku kiʻekiʻe. " Nuhou Palekana Mea ʻai, Malaki 20, 2014.

[14] "Ke hoʻomau nei ʻo Ketchum i ka moʻomeheu lanakila ma CLIO me nā makana ʻekolu, hoʻokahi ʻōlelo pōkole. ” Hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka nūhou Ketchum, ʻOkakopa 2, 2014.

Kōkua ʻo Ketchum i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e pane i nā ʻōlelo maikaʻi ʻole ma ka pāpili kaiaulu. He ʻatikala ma ka Hale Paʻi ʻo Delta Farm Press ʻōlelo ʻo Andrew Walmsley o ka American Farm Bureau Federation i ʻōlelo ʻo Ketchum "ʻimi i nā tweet (pili i ka biotech) ma Twitter. Ua hoʻomaka mākou i kēlā mua o kēia makahiki. E nānā lākou no nā tweets maikaʻi ʻole a laila e nīnau (ka mea kākau) e nānā iā GMOanswers. … Mai ka wā i hoʻokumu ʻia aia ma kahi o 80 mau keneta e hoʻemi ana i ka huakaʻi Twitter maikaʻi ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO. ”[15]

[15] Nā Palapala CLIO, mahele pili pilina, 2014 ʻaoʻao lanakila ma Nā Pane GMO.

[16] ʻO Carey Gillam,Pālua ʻO US GMO Crop Company ma nā hana anti-labeling. " Reuters, Lulai 29, 2014.

[17] ʻO David Bennett,Ke kaua ma luna o ka Biotech Food Labeling Heating Up. " Hale Paʻi ʻo Delta Farm Press,ʻAukake 4, 2014.

[18] ʻO Carey Gillam,Pālua ʻO US GMO Crop Company ma nā hana anti-labeling. " Reuters, Lulai 29, 2014.

[19] "Kūʻokoʻa Kūʻokoʻa: Bruce M. Chassy, ”Nā pane a GMO.

[20] "Ua loaʻa iā Bruce Chassy nā haʻawina noiʻi noiʻi mai nā ʻoihana meaʻai nui a ua alakaʻi ʻo ia i nā papa no Monsanto, Mills Labs (Minneapolis, MN, USA), Unilever (Gaithersburg, MD, USA), Genencor (S. San Francisco, CA, USA), Amgen (Thousand Oaks, CA, USA), Connaught Labs (ʻāpana o Aventis, Strasbourg, Palani) a me Transgene (Strasbourg, Palani). " ʻO Virginia A. Sharpe lāua ʻo Doug Gurian-Sherman, “Nā Loaʻa Kū'ē. " ʻO Nature Biotechnology 21, 1131 (2003) doi: 10.1038 / nbt1003-1131a.

[21] "Kūʻokoʻa Kūʻokoʻa: Hans Sauer. ” Nā Pane GMO. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo kā Sauer meaola he "18 mau makahiki o ka ʻike i loko o ka hale ma ka ʻoihana biotechnology. "

[22] "Kūʻokoʻa Kūʻokoʻa: Kent Bradford. ” Nā Pane GMO.

[23] ʻO Kent J. Bradford, “Prop. 37: Ma mua o ka hālāwai ʻana me ka maka. " ʻO Woodland Democrat Daily, Kepakemapa 30, 2012. Michele Simon, “Ua kākau anei ʻo Monsanto i kēia anti-GMO Labeling Op-Ed Kākau ʻia e ke Kumu UC Davis?" Treehugger,ʻOkakopa 4, 2012.

[24] ʻO Georgina Gustin,Hoʻopiʻi ʻia e PR a me Ag a me Biotech Industries kahi mea huna huna: Māmā. " St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Mei 3, 2013.

E kiʻi i ka Pono e ʻike i ka loiloi

E hoʻomoe i kā mākou nūpepa no ka haki ʻana i nā nūhou mai ka Pono e ʻike i nā ʻimi noiʻi, ka nūpepa olakino olakino maikaʻi loa a me nā nūhou hou aʻe no ko mākou olakino.