ʻO ka American Council on Science and Health kahi ʻoihana ʻoihana mua

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Hoʻohou i Iulai 2019

ʻO ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) kāhea iā ia iho he "ʻahahui kākoʻo aʻoaʻo ʻohana-ʻepekema" a hoʻolaha pinepine nā hoʻolaha media i ka hui ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa. Eia nō naʻe, nā palapala i wehewehe ʻia i loko o kēia pepa hōʻike i hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo ACSH kahi hui mua ʻoihana e noi kālā mai ka paka, kemika, cosmetic, pharmaceutical a me nā hui ʻē aʻe i pānaʻi no ka pale ʻana a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kā lākou huahana. ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hui i kāna kālā.

Nā palapala nui:

Hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto iā ACSH e pale aku i nā huahana Monsanto

Hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma ʻApelila 2019 Ua ʻae ʻo Monsanto e hoʻolako kālā iā ACSH ma 2015 a noi i ka hui e kōkua i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate mai ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i hāpai ʻia e ka International Agency for Research. ʻAe ʻo ACSH e hana pēlā, a ma hope hoʻouka kaua i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma ke ʻano hehoʻopunipuni ʻepekema. ” Mālamalama nā leka uila i ka hilinaʻi o ACSH i ke kālā ʻoihana a me nā hana e hōʻoluʻolu i kāna poʻe kālā. ʻO ka luna hoʻokele mua o ACSH ʻo Gil Ross (ʻo wai hoʻolimalima manawa i ka hale paʻahao no ka hoʻopunipuni Medicaid) i kākau aku i kahi luna ʻo Monsanto, "I kēlā me kēia lā, hana nui mākou e hōʻoia i ko mākou waiwai i nā ʻoihana e like me Monsanto." Ua kākau ʻo Ross:

Hōʻike pū nā leka uila i kēlā Ua uku nā luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto iā ACSH ʻoiai ko lākou hōʻoluʻolu ʻole me ka hui. Ua alakaʻi ikaika ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein iā ACSH i kāna mau hoa hana, a hoʻouna iā lākou i nā loulou i nā ʻatikala 53 ACSH, ʻelua mau puke a me kahi loiloi pesticide āna i hōʻike ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL." Ua kākau ʻo Goldstein:

ʻO ka mea pāʻani nui i ka pūnaewele hoʻolaha a Monsanto

He hoʻokolokolo lanakila lanakila na Le Monde i loko o Monsantokaua ma ka ʻepekema"E pale aku i ka glyphosate i kapa ʻia ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino ma waena o nā" pūnaewele hoʻolaha kaulana "i hana nui i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. I Mei 2017, hoʻopiʻi nā loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate i ʻōlelo ʻia i loko o kahi pōkole: "Hoʻomoe mālie ʻo Monsanto i ke kālā e 'manaʻo wai' e like me ka" Genetic Literacy Project "a me ka" American Council on Science and Health, "nā hui i manaʻo e hoʻohilahila i nā ʻepekema a hoʻomālamalama i ka ʻike e kōkua ana iā Monsanto a me nā mea hana kemika ʻē aʻe."

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ua koho mua ʻo Monsanto iā ACSH e paʻi i kahi papa o nā pepa pro-GMO i hāʻawi ʻia i nā polofesa e Monsanto a "kalepa ʻia" e kahi ʻo PR e paipai nui iā lākou ma ke ʻano kūʻokoʻa. Ua kākau ʻo Monsanto executive Eric Sachs i nā polopeka: "I mea e loaʻa ai ka hopena nui o nā pepa, ʻo ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino e hana pū nei me CMA Consulting e hoʻokele i kēia papahana. E hāʻawi ʻia nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e pili ana i nā kulekele ma ka pūnaewele ACSH… E kūʻai aku nō hoʻi ʻo CMA a me ACSH i nā haʻiʻōlelo pili kulekele, e like me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā pono kikoʻī o ka pāpāho, e like me nā op-ed, nā blog, nā haʻi ʻōlelo, nā hanana, nā webinar, a pēlā aku. ʻO ka ua paʻi ʻia nā pepa by Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic me ka hōʻike ʻole o kā Monsanto kuleana.

i ka Hoike mai ka Hale Ahaolelo o US, ua ʻimi nā kānaka noiʻi ʻahaʻōlelo i ka hoʻohana ʻana o Monsanto i nā "hui kālepa ʻoihana, e like me CropLife a me nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana, e like me ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he kākoʻo no nā haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

Hōʻike nā leka ACSH i hōʻike ʻia i ka hoʻolālā kālā hui-pale

A pū ʻia 2012 Hōʻuluʻulu kālā ACSH hoike e ʻO Jones Jones ua hōʻike ʻia ua loaʻa kālā iā ACSH mai kahi nui o nā hui a me nā hui ʻoihana me kahi kālā kālā i ka leka ʻepekema ACSH e paipai - a ua hōʻike i ka noi ʻana o ACSH i nā hāʻawi kālā a nā hui no ka quid pro quo huahana-pale kaua. ʻO kahi laʻana, outlines ka palapala:

  • Nā hoʻolālā e hoʻokumu i ka Vinyl Institute nāna i "kākoʻo mua i ka hōʻike mālamalama a me ke olakino"
  • Hoʻolālā e hoʻolālā i nā ʻoihana meaʻai no kahi hoʻolaha leka e kūʻē i ka lepili GMO
  • E hoʻolālā i nā ʻoihana cosmetic e kūʻē i nā "pressulate pressures" mai ka Campaign for Safe Cosmetics
  • Nā hana i ka ʻaha paka a me nā ʻoihana e-uahi paka

Ua hōʻike ʻo Mother Jones, "ʻO nā mea hāʻawi a ACSH a me nā mea hiki ke kākoʻo ʻia e ka pūʻulu e ʻimi nei ʻo ia ka mea o wai ka ikehu, ka mahiʻai, nā mea hoʻonani, nā meaʻai, nā soda, nā mea kemika, nā lāʻau lapaʻau, a me nā ʻoihana paka." Nā kikoʻī kālā:

  • ʻO nā mea hāʻawi ACSH i ka hapa lua o 2012 i komo pū me Chevron, Coca-Cola, ka Bristol Myers Squibb Foundation, Dr. Pepper / Snapple, Bayer Cropsains, Procter a me Gamble, Syngenta, 3M, McDonald's, a me Altria conglomerate paka. Ua alualu pū ka ACSH i ke kākoʻo kālā mai Pepsi, Monsanto, British American Tobako, DowAgro, ExxonMobil Foundation, Philip Morris International, Reynolds American, ka Koch ʻohana Claude R. Lambe Foundation i mālama ʻia e ka ʻohana, ka Dow-pili Gerstacker Foundation, ka Bradley Foundation a me Searle Freedom. Hilinaʻi
  • ʻO Reynolds ʻAmelika a ʻo Phillip Morris International nā mea hāʻawi nui ʻelua i helu ʻia i nā palapala.

ʻO Syngenta kālā, pale Syngenta

Ma 2011, ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kahi puke e pili ana i ka "chemophobia" i kākau ʻia e Jon Entine, ʻo ia ka luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻO ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, kahi hui mua hana kēlā me Monsanto. Ua pale aku ka puke a ACSH o Entine i atrazine, kahi pesticide i hana ʻia e Syngenta, ka mea e loaʻa kālā ana iā ACSH.

A 2012 ʻAtikala ʻo Mother Jones wehewehe i nā kūlana e pili ana i ka puke. ʻO ka ʻatikala na Tom Philpott, i hoʻokumu ʻia ma kahi ʻāpana i nā palapala ʻoihana kūloko i loaʻa ʻia e ka Center for Media and Democracy, e wehewehe ana Nā hana PR a Syngenta e kiʻi ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe e wili i ka uhi media o atrazine.

I hoʻokahi leka uila mai 2009, Ua noi aku nā limahana o ka ACSH iā Syngenta no kahi $ 100,000 hou aku - "ʻokoʻa a ʻokoʻa hoʻi mai ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki" - e hana i kahi pepa ʻoluʻolu atrazine a me ka "booklet friendly-book" e kōkua i ke aʻo ʻana i ka pāpāho a me nā ʻepekema.

ʻO ka leka uila mai ka limahana ASCH ʻo Gil Ross i Syngenta e pili ana i ka papahana atrazine i manaʻo ʻia.

I hoʻokahi makahiki a me ka hapa ma hope, ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kā Entine puke me kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi ʻano like ia me ka papahana a Ross i wehewehe ai i kāna noi leka uila iā Syngenta: "Ua ʻoluʻolu ka ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino e hoʻolaha i kahi puke hou a me ka hoa aloha, ka pepa kūlana pōkole" i ka pane ʻana i ka "makaʻu hilahila ʻole o nā kemika. Ua hōʻole ka mea kākau ʻo Jon Entine i ka pilina me Syngenta a haʻi iā Philpott ʻaʻohe ona "manaʻo" e loaʻa kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH.

Nā limahana ACSH

  • Ko ACSH mau lōʻihi “Luna Hoʻokele / Luna Hoʻokele" ʻO Kauka Gilbert Ross ua hoʻohewa ʻia i kahi hoʻolālā e hoʻopunipuni i ka ʻōnaehana Medicaid ma mua o ka komo ʻana i ACSH. E ʻike i nā palapala o ka ʻaha e pili ana iā Dr. Ross 'mau manaʻo paʻa wahaheʻe a hoʻopaʻi, a me ka ʻatikala ma Mother Jones “ʻO Paging Kauka Ross”(2005). Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Kauka Ross he "kanaka hilinaʻi nui ʻole" e kahi luna kānāwai nāna i kākoʻo i ke kāpae ʻia ʻana o Kauka Ross mai Medicaid no 10 mau makahiki (e ʻike i ka mea hou Nā kūmole a pepa hoʻokolokolo).
  • I ka mahinaʻo Iune 2015, Lākana Hank lawe i ke alakaʻi ACSH mai kekahi hana naʻaupō peresidena (a hewahewa felon) Kauka Gilbert Ross. Campbell hana no nā ʻoihana hoʻomohala polokalamu ma mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka pūnaewele ʻEpekema 2.0 i ka makahiki 2006. I ka kāna puke 2012 me Alex Berezow, "Haʻalele ʻepekema ma hope: ʻike maikaʻi i nā fallacies a me ke ala ʻana o ka Anti Science hema," ua wehewehe ʻo Campbell i kāna moʻolelo: "ʻeono mau makahiki i hala aku nei ... ua hoʻoholo wau e makemake wau e kākau i ka ʻepekema ma ka Pūnaewele… me ka hoihoi ʻole a me ka manaʻo wale nō, ua hele au i ka honua nā poʻe kaulana e pili ana i ke kōkua ʻana iaʻu i ka hana hou ʻana pehea e hana ʻia ai ka ʻepekema, a ua hana lākou no ka manuahi. " Ua haʻalele koke ʻo Campbell ma lalo o nā kūlana ʻike ʻole ʻia ma Kēkēmapa 2018. E heluhelu hou aʻe e pili ana iā Campbell ma aneʻi.
  • ʻO ka mea kākau puke puke a Campbell, Alex Berezow, i keia manawa hope pelekikena o nā hihia ʻepekema ma ACSH. He hoʻoponopono hoʻokumu ʻo ia o Real Clear Science a aia ma ka papa hoʻoponopono o USA Today o nā mea kōkua akā ʻo USA Today ʻaʻole hōʻike i ka pili o ACSH o Berezow a i ʻole ke kālā hui ʻo ACSH me ka hoʻopiʻi pinepine (ʻike hou aʻe ma lalo).

Nā alakaʻi a me nā aʻoaʻo: ka pilina paka a me ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻilikai  

ʻO ka ACSH papa kahuʻO Fred L. Smith Jr., hoʻokumu o ka hoʻokūkū ʻoihana Institute, he alakaʻi ka mea kākoʻo i ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻilikai a kahi hui i loaʻa loaʻa nā kālā he miliona mai Exxon Mobile a kaʻa kālā kālā pouli Hilinaʻi Kākoʻo.  ʻO Smith a me CEI kekahi moʻolelo o ka hakakā ʻana i nā kānāwai paka a me ka noi kālā ʻana mai ka ʻoihana paka, e like me nā palapala mai ka Pūʻulu ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF. 

ʻO James Enstrom a ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, ʻelua mau epidemiologists nāna i lawe ke kālā mai nā hui paka a kākau i nā noiʻi e pale ana i nā huahana paka, he mau pilina ACSH kekahi. He lālā ʻo Dr. Enstrom o ka ACSH papa kahu a lawelawe ʻo Kauka Kabat ma ka “papa olakino o nā aʻoaʻo ʻepekema". He ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ epehana ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ Pka ʻka ʻka ʻka ʻekepekika ʻelua e “kū lōkihi i ke kālā a me nā pilina hana me ka ʻoihana paka,” e like me a pepa ma ka BMJ Kāohi paka.

I kahi 2003 i ʻōlelo nui ʻia pepa i ka BMJ, ua hoʻoholo ʻo Kabat a me Enstrom ʻaʻole e hoʻonui ka uahi lua i ka makaʻu o ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā maʻi puʻuwai. Ua kākoʻo ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma kahi ʻāpana e ka Center for Indoor Air Research (CIAR), kahi hui ʻoihana paka. ʻOiai ua hōʻike ʻia kēlā kālā, he ukali kālailai ʻana i ka BMJ Kāohi Paka ua loaʻa i nā hoʻolaha a Enstrom a me Kabat "ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i ka mea heluhelu i ke kiʻi piha o ka pili ʻana o ka ʻoihana paka me nā mea kākau noiʻi." Hoʻomaopopo ka pepa i nā pilina kālā ma waena o Enstrom a me ka ʻoihana paka.

Ua kūʻē ʻo Enstrom i kēia mau koi ma a ʻO ka ʻatikala 2007 ma Epidemiological Perspectives a me ka Innovation, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei i kāna kālā a me nā hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū i mōakāka a wehewehe pono ʻia i ka pepa 2003 BMJ, a ʻaʻole pili ka kālā ʻoihana paka i kāna noiʻi. "I kēia lā, ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia kahi kūpono ʻole, bias a haʻalele paha i ke kaʻina loiloi a ʻaʻohe hewa i nā hopena i ʻike ʻia i loko o ka pepa," wahi a Enstrom.

Nā leka uila mai ka hiʻona 2014 e kūkākūkā ana ʻo Kauka Enstrom me ka manaʻo hoʻopale ʻepekema kaulana ʻo Fred Singer i hoʻouka a hōʻino i nā ʻepekema ʻelua i komo i loko o ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni “Nā mea kālepa o ke kanalua: Pehea ka lima o ka poʻe ʻepekema i hūnā i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ma nā pilikia mai ka uahi paka i ka hoʻomehana honua., "A inā e hoʻāʻo e hoʻōki i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o ke kiʻi me ka hoʻopiʻi. No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike i ka blog DeSmog, “ʻO ka Paka Paka no ka Hire ʻO James Enstrom, Willie Soon a me nā Hōkū Deniers e hoʻouka nei i nā mea kālepa o ka kānalua.”(Malaki 2015).

ʻO Kauka Kabat kekahi ma ka papa alakaʻi o ka hui makua o ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui mua hana pū me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR ʻoiai e koi ana he kūʻokoʻa. E heluhelu hou aʻe e pili ana i kāna hana i kā mākou pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻO kā Geoffrey Kabat mau pilina me ka paka a me nā hui ʻenehana

Nā ʻōlelo kūpono ʻole e pili ana i ka ʻepekema 

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino:

  • "ʻAʻohe mea i hōʻike ʻia e pili ana i ka uahi lua me ka puʻuwai a i ʻole ka hopu ʻia ʻana o ka naʻau." ʻO Winston-Salem Pai, 2012
  • "ʻAʻohe ʻae ʻepekema e pili ana i ka hoʻomehana honua." ACSH, 1998 (Greenpeace i ho'ākāka 'ia ACSH kahi "Koch Industries e hōʻole i ka hui mua")
  • "ʻAʻole i loaʻa kahi hihia o ke olakino e pili ana i ka hoʻohana ʻia, ʻae ʻia o nā pesticides i kēia ʻāina." Hale Waihona Puke Palapala Paka, UCSF, ka holomua o ka hui ʻepekema kani palapala palapala 9, 1995
  • "ʻAʻohe mea hōʻike e hōʻike ana ʻo BPA [bisphenol A] i nā huahana mea kūʻai mai o kēlā me kēia ʻano, e like me nā loaʻa kālā, hōʻino ʻia i ke olakino." ACSH, 2012
  • i ka mercury, he neurotoxin ikaika, "i ka iʻa iʻa iʻa ʻole e hōʻeha nā kānaka." ACSH, 2010.

Ke hoʻomau nei ka leka ʻana o ACSH ma ke kumuhana like, e hōʻole ana i ka makaʻu mai nā huahana i mea nui i ka kemika, ka paka a me nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe, a me ka hōʻeha pinepine ʻana i nā ʻepekema, nā mea nūpepa a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hāpai i ka hopohopo.

  • A 2016 "luna ʻepekema junk" lāʻau kū e ACSH hōʻole i ka hiki i nā kemika ke kumu i ka hoʻohaunaele endocrine; pale aku i ka e-kūka, ka vaping a me ka soda; a hoʻouka kaua i nā mea nūpepa a me ka Pai no ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika.

Hāʻawi ʻo USA I kēia lā iā ACSH i kahi anuu 

USA ke hoʻomau nei i ka paʻi kolamu e nā limahana o ACSH ʻo Hank Campbell lāua ʻo Alex Berezow me ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana i kā lākou pili kālā i nā ʻoihana a lākou e pale ai i nā makemake. I Pepeluali 2017, 30 hui olakino, nohona, hana a me nā pono hoihoi o ka lehulehu ua kākau aku i nā luna hoʻoponopono o USA I kēia lā e noi ana i ka pepa e hoʻōki i ka hāʻawi ʻana i kahi anuu o ka pono i ACSH a i ʻole ma ka liʻiliʻi e hāʻawi i nā hōʻike piha e pili ana i ka mea nāna e hoʻolilo kālā i ka hui.

Ua ʻōlelo ka leka:

  • "Ke kākau nei mākou e hōʻike i ko mākou hopohopo e hoʻomau ʻo USA Today i ka paʻi ʻana i nā kolamu i kākau ʻia e nā lālā o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), kahi hui i hoʻolako kālā ʻia me kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā papahana ʻoihana i kūlike ʻole me ka ʻepekema nui. . ʻAʻole pono ʻo USA i kēia lā e kōkua i kēia hui e paipai i kāna ʻike wahaheʻe ma ke ʻano he kumu hilinaʻi, kūʻokoʻa hoʻi i ka ʻepekema. Pono i kāu poʻe heluhelu ka ʻike pololei e pili ana i ka mea a me wai kēia pūʻulu e kū nei, ʻoiai lākou e noʻonoʻo nei i ka ʻike o nā kolamu. "
  • “ʻAʻole kēia he mau ʻōlelo hōʻino. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā pūʻulu olakino i kākau inoa ʻia ma lalo, ke nānā aku nei i ka hana a ACSH i nā makahiki i hala. Ua hoʻopaʻa mākou i nā hanana a ka hui i hana ai hoʻonāwaliwali ʻepekema hoʻololi aniau, a hōʻole i nā hoʻoweliweli olakino e pili ana i nā huahana like ʻole, e like me uahi luakūpilikiʻipesticides a hanalima Nine Inch - nā mea āpau me ka ʻole o ka mōakāka e pili ana i nā kākoʻo ʻoihana. "
  • Hoʻomaopopo mākou i kēlā pili palapala i loaʻa e Mother Jones e hōʻike ana ua loaʻa kālā i ka ACSH mai ka paka, nā kemika, nā lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā ʻoihana aila. Loaʻa i nā hui hoihoi o ka lehulehu hoike ua loaʻa iā ACSH ke kālā mai nā Koch Foundation ma waena o 2005-2011, a ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia palapala kūloko e hōʻike ana ua noi ʻo ACSH i $ 100,000 mai Syngenta i ka makahiki 2009 e kākau maikaʻi e pili ana i kāna huahana atrazine - kahi manawaleʻa e "kaʻawale a ʻokoʻa hoʻi mai ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki i hala."
  • "I ka manawa e nīnau ana ka lehulehu i ka pono o ka nūhou, manaʻo mākou he mea nui ia no nā paʻi e like me USA Today e hāhai i nā kūlana kiʻekiʻe o nā loina nūhou a lawelawe i ka lehulehu me ka nui o ka ʻoiaʻiʻo a me ka transparency i hiki. Nīnau aku mākou me ka mahalo iā ʻoe e hōʻole i ka paʻi ʻana i nā kolamu hou aʻe i kākau ʻia e nā lālā o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a i ʻole ma ka mea liʻiliʻi e koi pono i kēlā me kēia mea e ʻike pono i ka hui ma ke ʻano he pūʻulu kākoʻo kālā i kākoʻo kālā ʻia. "

Ma Kēkēmapa 2017, USA I kēia lā ua hōʻole ʻo Bill Sternberg ka mea hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono e hōʻoki i ka paʻi ʻana i nā kolamu ACSH a ua hāʻawi pinepine ka pepa i nā hōʻike kūpono ʻole ʻole no nā kolamu, a ʻaʻole i hōʻike aku i kāna poʻe heluhelu e pili ana i ke kālā a ACSH mai nā ʻoihana a lākou e hoʻolaha ai ka papahana.