Ke ukali nei i kahi ala leka uila: Pehea kahi Polokalamu Kulanui o ke Kulanui i laulima ai i kahi ʻOihana PR Huakaʻi

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Na Carey Gillam

ʻO ke Kumu ʻEpekema ʻepekema ʻai o ke Kulanui o ʻIlino ʻo Bruce Chassy ka mea i ʻike ʻia no kāna gravitas ʻoihana. I kēia manawa ua hoʻomaha ʻo ia ma kahi o ʻehā mau makahiki, kākau mau ʻo Chassy a kamaʻilio pinepine e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana meaʻai, e hōʻike ana iā ia iho me ke kaumaha piha o nā makahiki he 2012 i loaʻa ma ke kulanui lehulehu a ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi ma National Institutes of Health. Ua haʻi aku ʻo Chassy i ka poʻe i lohe ma mua o kona haʻalele ʻana i XNUMX, ua hana ʻo ia i "manawa holoʻokoʻa" e hana ana i ka noiʻi a me ke aʻo ʻana.

ʻO ka mea a Chassy e kamaʻilio nui ʻole ai no nā hana ʻē aʻe āna i hana ai ma ke Kulanui o ʻIlino - e paipai ana i nā makemake o Monsanto Co. ʻAʻole nō ʻo ia e kamaʻilio nui e pili ana i nā haneli he mau kaukani kālā a Monsanto i hāʻawi ai i ke kulanui ʻoiai ʻo Chassy e kōkua ana i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO, a i ʻole ko Monsanto kuleana hūnā i ke kōkua ʻana iā Chassy e hoʻokumu i kahi hui nonprofit a me ka pūnaewele e hōʻino ai i nā poʻe a me nā hui e hāpai ana i nā nīnau e pili ana i nā GMO .

Akā nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ke noi Freedom of Information Act e hōʻike ana he lālā ʻeleu ʻo Chassy o kahi hui o nā kālaiʻike US i hana pū malū me Monsanto e pili ana i nā kumumanaʻo no ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi wale ʻana i nā huahana mea kanu biotech, akā ke kāpae nei hoʻi i ke kānāwai no kēia huahana a me ka pale ʻana. nā loiloi ʻoihana. Hōʻike nā leka uila i ke kālā e kahe ana i ke kula nui mai Monsanto ʻo Chassy i hana pū i nā papahana he nui me Monsanto e pale aku i ka hopohopo lehulehu e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻoponopono ʻia (gen) (GMO)

ʻO kahi ʻatikala ʻo New York Times na Eric Lipton i paʻi ʻia i Kepakemapa i hala iho nei e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻouka kaua i hana ʻia e Monsanto a me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana i ka hilinaʻi o nā kālaiʻike koʻikoʻi e pahu i ka papahana politika o ka ʻoihana. ʻO ka ʻatikala Times i nānā nui ʻia ma ke Kulanui o Florida kālaiʻike Kevin Folta, ka luna o ke Keʻena ʻepekema Hortikultural, a me ka hana a Folta ma luna o Monsanto. Akā ʻo ka ninaninau ʻana i nā hoʻololi leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma waena o Monsanto lāua ʻo Chassy e hōʻike ana i ka hohonu hou i nā hana ʻoihana.

Ua hele mai nā laulima i kahi manawa koʻikoʻi ma United States e pili ana i nā kulekele lehulehu GMO. Hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka lepili GMO Mandatory i Vermont ma Iulai 1; Ke hakakā nei ka ʻahaʻōlelo ma ke kānāwai lepili pekelala no GMOs; a ke ʻimi nei kekahi mau mokuʻāina ʻē i kā lākou mau pane ponoʻī i ka piʻi ʻana o ka noi o ka poʻe kūʻai no ka transparency e pili ana i kēia kumuhana.

Makemake ka hapa nui o nā hui a me nā hui kaiapuni e ʻike i nā mea i kapu ʻia a me ka hoʻoponopono ʻana ma nā mea kanu GMO a me ka lāʻau hoʻomake glyphosate i ʻike ka poʻe he Roundup, i hoʻohana ʻia ma GMO. Akā hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku nei i nā mea kanu a me nā kemika i kā lākou huahana palekana a aia ka liʻiliʻi o ka rula, ʻaʻole nui aku. ʻO $ 15 biliona ka nui o ka loaʻa kālā makahiki a Monsanto ma kahi o ka ʻenehana GMO a me nā kemika e pili pono ana.

Ma waena o ka huhū, nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana me nā ʻepekema o ke kula nui e hoʻolaha i nā GMO i hāpai i kahi paio hou e pili ana i ka nele o ka transparency i nā pilina ma waena o nā kālaiʻike a me ka ʻoihana.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Chassy ʻaʻole ia i hana i kekahi mea kūpono ʻole a kūpono ʻole paha i kāna hana e kākoʻo ana iā Monsanto a me ka ʻoihana huaʻai biotech. "Ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema noiʻi ʻāpana lehulehu, ua manaʻo ʻia… e hana pū wau me a noi i ka hana a ka poʻe e hana nei i kaʻu ʻoihana loea," Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Chassy.

Eia nō naʻe, ʻo ka mea āu e ʻike ai i ka heluhelu ʻana ma o nā kaulahao leka uila kahi hoʻonohonoho i ʻae i nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana e ʻaʻe i ka leka pro-GMO i loko o ka pale o ke kūʻokoʻa. akamai, a liʻiliʻi, inā loaʻa, ka hoʻolaha ākea o ka pili o hope.

NA HUAKAI HELE

  • I loko o kahi leka uila o Nowemapa 2010, Ua haʻi aku ʻo Monsanto ke poʻokela o nā hana ʻepekema honua a Eric Sachs iā Chassy ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Monsanto i kahi "makana o $ 10,000" i ke kulanui "no laila aia nā kālā ma laila." A laila haʻi aku ʻo ia iā Chassy e hana nei ʻo ia i kahi hoʻolālā no Monsanto a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ka ʻoihana agribusiness e kākoʻo i kahi pūnaewele "loiloi i ka ʻimi naʻauao" i hiki iā Chassy ke hoʻohana e pale i nā hopohopo a me nā hoʻopiʻi i hāpai ʻia e nā poʻe loiloi o GMO. "Mai kuʻu manaʻo o ka pilikia kekahi o ka hana akamai a hiki ke hoʻonā ʻia e ka uku ʻana i ka poʻe loea e hāʻawi i nā pane," kākau ʻo Sachs. "E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike."
  • I kahi hoʻokaʻawale 2010 kūʻokoʻa, ʻo Jay Byrne, ka pelekikena o ka v-Fluence pilina pili lehulehu a me ke poʻo mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto, haʻi iā Chassy e hoʻāʻo nei e neʻe i ka papahana Review Academics. ʻLelo ʻo ia "hana mākou i ke kālā (no mākou āpau)." ʻ sayslelo ʻo Byrne he papa inoa kāna no nā loiloi GMO no ka Academics Review e māka. ʻLelo ʻo ia iā Chassy i nā kumuhana kumuhana "Ke kālā no ka hui o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi."
  • I hoʻokahi pānaʻi leka uila mai Kepakemapa 2011, Hōʻike ʻo Chassy pehea ka ʻoihana mea kanu biotech paha "wili" i kahi noiʻi aupuni i loaʻa nā pae koʻikoʻi o ka glyphosate kemika, ka mea nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup herbicide, i ka lewa a me nā wai.
  • I nā leka uila mai 2012, ʻO Chassy lāua ʻo Monsanto's Sachs a me Monsanto ʻo John Swarthout, ka mea nāna i alakaʻi i ka "ʻepekema hoʻolaha a me ka hoʻokele pilikia," e kūkākūkā i kahi hōʻike e hiki mai ana e hoʻomākaukau nei ʻo Chassy e hana i Kina. Kūkākūkā lākou me kā Monsanto loiloi ʻana, a hoʻololi i ka hōʻike. Kauoha ʻo Monsanto Sachs iā Swarthout e hoʻouna i nā pāheʻe paheʻe iā Chassy ma ke ʻano he mea no kāna hōʻike.
  • I ʻApelila 2012, ua nīnau aku ʻo Monsanto, ka mea ʻona, Bruce Hammond, i kahi leka uila inā hiki ke hana ʻia i mau wikiō pōkole e pili ana i ka "palekana o nā hua GM." Wahi a Chassy ke noi nei ʻo ia no ke kālā mai ka Mokuʻāina Mokuʻāina a "ʻimi pū kekahi i nā kumuwaiwai kākoʻo ʻē aʻe" a hiki ke hoʻohana i nā pono o ke kulanui e hana i nā wikiō. Nīnau aku ʻo Chassy iā Monsanto's Hammond no kahi papa inoa o nā wikiō e “manaʻo ʻoe e lilo i mea kōkua. ” 'Tellslelo akuʻo Chassy iā Hammond i ka hui V-fluence a Byrne i kōkua i ka hana a hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā hanana wikiō.

Leka uila e pili ana i ke kālā 

Kūkākūkā pū nā leka uila i ke kālā.

  • I loko o kahi leka uila ʻOkakopa 2010, haʻi aku ʻo Chassy i nā hoa hana ma ke kula nui ua haʻi ʻo Monsanto iā ia e hana ana ia i “Hāʻawi nui” i kāna moʻokāki biotech ma ke kulanui.
  • I kahi kūkaʻi ʻo ʻOkakopa 2011, ua noi aku ʻo Chassy iā Sachs e pili ana i kahi makana no ke kālā biotech kahua kulanui. Ua pane ka luna o Monsanto ʻo ia e "hāʻawi i kahi makana i ke kahua manawa koke" inā ʻaʻole i hana ʻia. Kauoha ʻo Chassy iā Monsanto e leka uila i ke poʻo o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema meaʻai o ke kulanui a e hoʻopili i kahi leka e ʻōlelo ana he "hāʻawi palena ʻole ia ke kākoʻo ... no ke kākoʻo ʻana i ka hoʻolaha biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo a Polofesa Bruce M. Chassy."
  • Ma Mei 2012 hoʻi, ua hana ʻo Monsanto he $ 250,000 hāʻawi i ke kula nui e kōkua i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i kahi noho mahiʻai mahiʻai. ʻO kēlā makana he kulu wale nō ia o ka bakeke o nā makana mai Monsanto - ma kahi o $ 1.9 miliona i loko o nā makahiki he ʻelima i hala, e like me ke kulanui, - no nā papahana pili i ka mahiʻai.

KAUOHA PANI HOU

ʻO ka pilina pili loa ma waena o Monsanto lāua ʻo Chassy i hoʻomau i ka hoʻomaha loa o Chassy i Iune 2012 mai ke kulanui. Ma o 2013 a me 2014 hōʻike pinepine ʻia ʻo Chassy ma ke ʻano he "loea kūʻokoʻa" ma ka Pūnaewele Pane ʻo GMO, kahi pūnaewele pro-GMO i uku kālā ʻia e Monsanto a me nā kānaka nunui agribusiness. I kēlā kuleana, pane ʻo ia i nā nīnau a me nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMO.

Ua hoʻomau ʻo Chassy i ka hana Nānā ʻImi, ka hoʻopuka ʻana i nā ʻatikala koʻikoʻi e pili ana i kēlā me kēia a me nā hui, me nā ʻO ka poʻe loea o ka World Health Organization hōʻike maikaʻi ʻole i kēlā hōʻike hōʻike no ka ʻoihana huaʻai GMO. (ʻO wau ke kumuhana o ʻelua mau hoʻouka kaua like ma 2014. Ua kūʻē ʻo Chassy i kaʻu hōʻike ʻana i nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa palekana GMO ma hoʻokahi ʻatikala Reuters a kue ke taiʻole ʻatikala Reuters ʻelua i kikoʻī i nā hopena o kahi hōʻike USDA i loaʻa nā pōmaikaʻi ʻelua akā pili pū kekahi i nā pili me nā GMO.)

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i ka launa pū ʻana me Chassy, ​​ua ʻōlelo ʻo Monsanto ʻaʻohe mea kūpono ʻole me kāna "hana" ʻana me "nā loea ʻoihana lehulehu," a ʻo ia mau hana like ʻana e kōkua i ke aʻo ʻana i ka lehulehu i nā kumuhana nui. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia ke kulanui ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia he hewa i nā pilina. Wahi a kekahi wahaʻōlelo o ke kulanui "he hilinaʻi ʻepekema ikaika kā Chassy." Ua haʻi pū ʻo ia ua hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto i ke kula nui ma kahi o $ 1.9 miliona i loko o nā makahiki he ʻelima i hala.

Akā haʻi ʻē aʻe i kamaʻāina me nā pilikia he pilikia ka nele o ka transparency.

"He mea nui kēia mau hōʻike e pili ana i nā pilina," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo George Kailrell, ka loio kiʻekiʻe me ka Center for Food Safety, kahi hui hoʻolaha kōkua kūʻē ʻole. "ʻO ka hōʻike kumu i hōʻike ʻia e uku ʻia ai kekahi mau kālaiʻike a me nā mea haʻi ʻōlelo kūlike ʻole ʻē aʻe i ka ʻaoʻao ākea / e hana pololei nei me nā ʻoihana kemika i ka lehulehu, no ka mea ke alakaʻi hewa ʻia lākou."

ʻO nā hōʻike e like me kēia mau mea e pili ana i ke Kulanui o Florida ʻO kā Kevin Folta pili pili iā Monsanto ua hoʻā ʻia kahi backlash lehulehu ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā leka uila iā Folta i loaʻa ka hāʻawi kālā palena ʻole $ 25,000 a haʻi iā Monsanto e "kākau i nā mea āu e makemake ai. ” Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Folta i kahi blog Ianuali 18 ʻaʻole ʻo ia e hana hou me Monsanto ma muli o ka wela i hoʻihoʻi ʻia.

ʻO Chassy lāua ʻo Folta ua kākau pinepine a ua ʻōlelo ʻia paha i nā ʻatikala nūhou i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ko lākou pili iā Monsanto a me ka ʻoihana GMO. I kahi laʻana hou, ua kākau pū ʻo Chassy a moʻo of waiwai e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei ʻo ka inoa GMO he "pōʻino i ke kali ʻana, "Hou me ka hōʻike ʻole o kāna hana pū ʻana me ka mea hoʻomohala GMO ʻo Monsanto. ʻO kāna hoa kākau ʻo Jon Entine, ka mea hoʻokumu o ka PR firm ESG MediaMetrics, nona ua hoʻokomo nā mea kūʻai aku iā Monsanto, pili ʻole Entine hoʻokomo i ka ʻatikala.

ʻO nā hōʻike i nā leka uila e pili ana iā Chassy, ​​Folta a me nā ʻano ʻatikala like ʻole, waiho i nā nīnau he nui e pili ana i ka mea e hilinaʻi ai, a pehea e hilinaʻi ai, ka ʻike koʻikoʻi e hoʻomaopopo ai i kā mākou ʻōnaehana meaʻai e ulu nei. Me nā pilikia lepili ʻana o ka meaʻai i ka mua o ka paio, ʻo ka manawa kēia no ka nui o ka transparency.

ʻO Carey Gillam ua hana ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he mea nūpepa, mea noiʻi a me kahi mea kākau e loea ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mahiʻai no nā makahiki he 20 a ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea paʻi nīhou a me nā mahiʻai i luna o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, e lanakila ana i mau makana he nui no kāna uhi ʻana i ka ʻoihana. Ua haʻalele ʻo ia i kāna ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he mea kākau moʻolelo no ka lawelawe nūhou honua ʻo Reuters e lilo i Luna Hoʻokele ma Pono ʻo US e ʻike, kahi hui hoihoi lehulehu e hana ana i e hoʻomaopopo i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai US a me kāna kuleana hūnā pinepine ʻia i ke kulekele lehulehu.