Ua pāpālua ʻo Gates Foundation i ka hoʻoili hewa ma Cornell e like me ke kāhea o nā alakaʻi ʻApelika no agroecology 

Print enamel Share Tweet

ʻO ka Hoʻolālā Pili a me Melinda Gates Foundation makana hou ʻia he $ 10 miliona i ka pule i hala i ka hakakā ʻo Cornell Alliance no Science, a ka hoʻolauna kūkā kamaʻilio ʻana ma Cornell e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā hoa ma ʻApelika a me nā wahi ʻē aʻe e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered, nā mea kanu a me nā mahiʻai. Hāʻawi ka hāʻawi hou i nā hāʻawi BMGF i ka hui i $ 22 miliona.

Ua hele mai ka hoʻopukapuka PR i kahi manawa i lalo o ka ahi o ka Gates Foundation no ka hoʻolilo ʻana i mau piliona kālā ma nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai ma ʻApelika i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka poʻe loiloi e hoʻokomo i nā ʻano mahiʻai e pono ai nā ʻoihana ma mua o ka poʻe. 

Hoʻopiʻi nā alakaʻi hilinaʻi i ka Gates Foundation 

Ma Kepakemapa 10, ua alakaʻi ʻia nā alakaʻi manaʻoʻiʻo ma ʻApelika palapala wehe i ka Gates Foundation e noi ana iā ia e nānā hou i kāna mau hana hāʻawi hāʻawi no ʻApelika. 

"ʻOiai mākou e mahalo nei i ka Bill a me Melinda Gates Foundation no kāna kūpaʻa i ka pale ʻana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai, a me ka ʻae ʻana i ke kōkua kōkua kanaka a me nā kōkua i hoʻolako ʻia i nā aupuni o kā mākou ʻāina, kākau mākou no ka hopohopo nui no ke kākoʻo o ka Gates Foundation no ka hoʻonui ʻana o ke hoʻonui nei i ka mahiʻai pālākiō ʻoihana i ka ulia pōpilikia kanaka, "wahi a ka leka hōʻailona i hoʻohui ʻia e ka Ke Kula Kaiapuni ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻĀina Hema (SAFCEI).  

Kuhi ka leka i ka Alakaʻi alakaʻi ʻia ʻo Gates no kahi Green Revolution (AGRA) no kāna kākoʻo "pilikia nui" o nā ʻōnaehana hua kalepa i mālama ʻia e nā ʻoihana nui, ke kākoʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hou ʻana i nā kānāwai hua e hoʻomalu i nā hua i hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻia a hana hewa i nā hua i hōʻoia ʻole ʻia, a me kāna Kākoʻo i nā mea kūʻai hua laha e hāʻawi i ka ʻōlelo aʻo e pili ana i nā huahana ʻoihana ma mua o nā lawelawe ʻoihana lehulehu e pono ai. 

Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi nūpepa nui loa o Uganda i kēlā me kēia lā e pili ana i ka hana hewa a AGRA

"Nonoi aku mākou i ka Gates Foundation a me AGRA e hoʻōki i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā ʻenehana i kūleʻa ʻole a me nā hana hoʻonui lōʻihi a hoʻomaka i ka hoʻolohe ʻana i nā mahiʻai e hoʻomohala nei i nā hopena kūpono no kā lākou pōʻaiapili," wahi a nā alakaʻi o ka manaʻoʻiʻo.

Me nā piliona kālā i lilo a me 14 mau makahiki o ka hoʻohiki, ʻaʻole i hoʻokō ʻo AGRA i kāna mau pahuhopu o ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka ilihune a me ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā loaʻa kālā no nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi, e like me ka Hōʻike ʻo Iulai i nā ʻōlelo hoʻohiki wahaheʻe. Ua alakaʻi ʻia ka noiʻi e kahi hui ʻana o nā hui ʻApelika a me Kelemania a hui pū me ka ʻikepili mai a pepa keʻokeʻo hou paʻi ʻia e Tufts Global Development and Environment Institute. 

ʻAʻole pane ʻo ka Gates Foundation i nā noi no ka manaʻo no kēia ʻatikala akā i ʻōlelo ʻia i kahi leka uila ma mua, "Kākoʻo mākou i nā hui e like me AGRA no ka mea hui pū lākou me nā ʻāina e kōkua iā lākou e hoʻokō i nā mea nui a me nā kulekele i loko o kā lākou papa hana hoʻomohala ʻāina."

Nā ʻōlelo hoʻohiki e nalo ana o ka ʻōuli ʻōmaʻomaʻo 

Hoʻomaka ʻia ma 2006 e nā Gates a me nā Rockefeller Foundation, ua hoʻohiki ʻo AGRA e hoʻolālua i nā hua a me nā loaʻa no 30 miliona mau home mahiʻai ma ʻApelika e 2020. Akā ua wehe mālie ka hui i kēlā mau pahu hopu mai kāna pūnaewele i kekahi manawa i ka makahiki i hala. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Luna Nui o AGRA ʻo Andrew Cox ma o ka leka uila ʻaʻole i hoʻemi ka hui i kāna makemake akā ke hoʻomaʻemaʻe nei i kāna mau ala a me kona noʻonoʻo e pili ana i nā metric. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hana ana ʻo AGRA i kahi loiloi piha i nā hopena i kēia makahiki e hiki mai ana. 

Ua hōʻole ʻo AGRA e hāʻawi i ka ʻikepili a pane paha i nā nīnau nui mai nā mea noiʻi o ka hōʻike wahaheʻe False, haʻi nā mea kākau. ʻO nā Lunamakaʻāinana mai BIBA Kenya, PELUM Zambia a me HOMEF Nigeria i hoʻouna aku i leka iā Cox Sept. 7 ke noi nei i kahi pane i kā lākou noiʻi noiʻi. ʻO Cox pane ʻo Sept. 15 me ka mea a kekahi kānaka noiʻi i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "ʻekolu mau ʻaoʻao o PR." (ʻIke piha nā leka ma aneʻi me ka pane o BIBA's ʻOkakopa 7.)

"Pono nā mahiʻai ʻApelika i kahi pane nui mai AGRA," i ʻōlelo ʻia ka leka iā Cox mai Anne Maina, Mutketoi Wamunyima a me Ngimmo Bassay.  "Pēlā nō nā mea kōkua o ka lehulehu o AGRA, ka mea e like me ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi hoʻihoʻi ʻilihune loa i kā lākou hoʻokomo kālā. Pono nō hoʻi nā aupuni ʻApelika e hāʻawi i kahi moʻohelu kālā maopopo no nā hopena o kā lākou waihona kālā ponoʻī e kākoʻo ana i nā papahana Green Revolution. "

Hoʻolilo nā aupuni ʻApelika ma kahi o $ 1 biliona i kēlā me kēia makahiki ma nā kōkua kālā e kākoʻo i nā ʻano hua pāʻoihana a me nā mahiʻai. I loko nō naʻe o nā hoʻopukapuka nui i loaʻa nā huahana mahiʻai, ua hoʻonui ka pōloli i kanakolu pākēneka i loko o nā makahiki AGRA, e like me ka hōʻike wahaheʻe.

He mana koʻikoʻi ko Gates Foundation hoʻopukapuka i ke ʻano o ka ʻōnaehana meaʻai i ʻApelika, e like me kahi Iune hōʻike mai ka International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES). Ua hōʻike ka hui i nā piliona kālā ma nā hāʻawi kālā Gates Foundation i hoʻoulu i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana i ʻApelika a kāohi i nā hoʻopukapuka i nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai kūpono a kaulike hoʻi.  

"Nānā ʻo BMGF no ka hoʻihoʻi wikiwiki, hiki ke ʻike ʻia ma ka hoʻopukapuka, a no laila makemake i nā pahuhopu, nā ʻenehana ʻenehana," i ʻōlelo ʻo IPES.

Nā mea hana kūloko a me nā kaulahao meaʻai pōkole 

ʻO ke kūkulu ʻana o ka mahiʻai mahiʻai ʻo Gates Foundation no ke kūkulu ʻana i nā mākeke no nā mea kanu ʻoi aku ka nui a me ka hoʻokomo nui e waiho ana i ka mea kūlike ʻole me ka noʻonoʻo ʻana e pili ana pehea e hana pono ai i nā kūlana kūpikipiki i hana ʻia e nā māhoe ʻelua o ka hoʻololi o ke aniau a me ka pandov Covid-19.

I Kepakemapa, ka Ua ʻōlelo ʻo UN Food and Agriculture Organization pono ia e kūkulu i nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai kūloko hou aʻe e like me ka maʻi pandemia "i hoʻokau i nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai kūloko i nā pilikia ma nā kaulaʻai holoʻokoʻa." Ua hōʻike ka hōʻike i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka maʻi ahulau a me nā haʻawina mai kahi ana honua i mālama ʻia ma ʻApelila a Mei i huki ʻia ai nā 860 pane. 

"ʻO ka leka maopopo, i mea e pale aku ai i nā haʻalulu e like me COVID-19, nā kūlanakauhale me nā kūlana o ka nohona a me ka agroclimatic kūpono e pono ai e hoʻohana i nā kulekele a me nā papahana e hoʻoikaika i nā mea hana kūloko e ulu i nā meaʻai, a paipai i nā kaulahao pōkole e hiki ai i nā kamaʻāina kūlanakauhale. e kiʻi i nā huahana meaʻai, "i pau ai ka hōʻike. "Pono nā kūlanakauhale e hoʻokaʻawale i kā lākou lako meaʻai a me nā kumuwaiwai, e hoʻoikaika ana i nā kumuwaiwai kūloko i kahi e hiki ai, akā me ka hoʻopau ʻole ʻana i nā lako aupuni a me ka honua."

ʻOiai ke hoʻoweliweli nei ka maʻi ahulau i nā kaiāulu mahiʻai e hakakā nei me ka hoʻololi i ke aniau, aia ʻo ʻApelika ma ke alahaka, kākau ʻo Million Belay, ka mea hoʻonohonoho o ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika, a ʻo Timothy Wise, ka mea noiʻi alakaʻi o ka anamanaʻo Tufts o AGRA, i kahi Sepatemaba 23 op-ed. "E hoʻomau anei kona poʻe a me ko lākou aupuni i ka hoʻāʻo e hana kope i nā hana mahiʻai ʻenehana e hoʻolauna ʻia e nā ʻāina kūkulu? A i ʻole e neʻe wiwo ʻole i ka wā e maopopo ʻole ana, e ʻapo ana i ka mahiʻai kaiaola? "

Ua wehewehe ʻo Belay lāua ʻo Wise i kekahi mau nūhou maikaʻi mai ka noiʻi hou ʻana; "ʻElua o nā ʻāina AGRA ʻekolu i hōʻemi i ka helu a me ka mahele o ka poʻe ʻai ʻole - ʻo ʻAitiopa a me Mali - i hana ʻē aʻe ma muli o nā kulekele e kākoʻo ana i ka mahiʻai kaiaola."

ʻO ka moʻolelo kūleʻa nui loa, ʻo Mali, ua ʻike i ka hāʻule ʻana o ka pōloli mai ka 14% a i ka 5% mai ka 2006. Wahi a kahi hihia hihia i ka Hōʻike hoʻohiki wahaheʻe, "ʻAʻole hiki mai ka holomua ma muli o ka AGRA akā no ka mea ua kūʻē ke aupuni a me nā hui o nā mahiʻai i kāna hoʻokō ʻana," kākau ʻo Belay lāua ʻo Wise, e kuhikuhi ana i nā kānāwai ʻāina a me nā hua e hōʻoiaʻiʻo i nā pono o nā mahiʻai e koho i kā lākou mea kanu a me nā hana mahiʻai, a me nā papahana aupuni paipai ʻaʻole wale i ka maize akā ʻo nā ʻano mea kanu meaʻai like ʻole.

"ʻO ka manawa kēia no nā aupuni ʻApelika e hoʻi i hope mai ka hala ʻole ʻana o Green Revolution a pakuhi i kahi ʻōnaehana meaʻai hou e mahalo i nā moʻomeheu kūloko a me nā kaiāulu e ka paipai ʻana i ka mahiʻai haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa," i kākau lākou. 

Ke pāpālua nei i ka hoʻolaha PR i noho ʻia ma Cornell 

Ke kūʻē nei i kēia kāʻei kua, ke pāpālua nei ka Gates Foundation i kāna hoʻopukapuka kālā ma ka Cornell Alliance for Science (CAS), kahi hoʻolaha pili lehulehu i hoʻomaka ʻia ma 2014 me kahi hāʻawi Gates a hoʻohiki e "hoʻopau i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa" a puni GMO. Me ka $ 10 miliona hou, Hoʻolālā ʻo CAS e hoʻonui i kona nānā ʻana "E pale aku ai i nā kumumanaʻo kipi a me nā hoʻolaha disinformation e kāohi ana i ka holomua o ka aniau, ka biology synthetic, nā hana mahiʻai." 

Akā ʻo ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema ua lilo i polarizing ikaika a me kahi kumu o ka misinformation e like me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā poʻe a puni ka honua e paipai a me ka lobby no nā mea kanu i hana ʻia i ko lākou ʻāina home, a he hapa nui o lākou ma ʻApelika. 

Ua kāhea aku kekahi mau kālaiʻike, nā pūʻulu meaʻai a me nā loea loea i ka hui pololei ʻole a hoʻopunipuni hoʻi i ka leka ʻana. ʻO nā hui kaiaulu e hana nei e hoʻoponopono i nā pesticides a me biosafety ua hoʻopiʻi iā CAS o e hoʻohana nei i nā hana hoʻomāinoino ma Hawaii a ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā mahiʻai ma ʻApelika i kāna hoʻolaha paipai hōʻeuʻeu a me nā hoʻolaha lobby.  

A Hōʻikeʻo 30 i ka lā Iulai na Mark Lynas, kahi kipa ʻana iā Cornell e hana ana no CAS, hoʻomālamalama i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma o ka leka ʻana o ka hui. Ke kuhikuhi nei i kahi mea i hala iho nei hōʻike pākuʻina ma ka mālama ʻana i ka mahiʻai, i ʻōlelo ʻo Lynas,  "Pilikia ka agro-ecology i ka hōʻino ʻana i ka poʻe ʻilihune a hōʻemi hoʻi i ke kaulike kāne ma ʻApelika." Ua kālailai nui ʻia kāna kālailai e nā poʻe loea o ke kula.

ʻO Marc Corbeels, ka agronomist nāna i kākau i ka meta-analysis, i ʻōlelo ʻia ua hana ʻia ka ʻatikala.kahili laulaha. ” Ua wehewehe nā kālaiʻike ʻē aʻe i ka ʻatikala a Lynas ma ke ʻano “kīnā ʻole, ""hohonu unserious, ""demagogic a me ka ʻepekema ʻole, "Kahi ʻōlelo hewa hewa e lele i"hopena hopena hihiu, "A “Hoʻohilahila no kekahi e makemake e koi he ʻepekema ʻo ia. ”

ʻO ka mea kākau e hoʻokuʻu houʻia, i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Marci Branski, kahi loea ma mua o ke aniau o USDA ʻO Marcus Taylor, he kālaimeaola kālaiʻāina ma ke Kula Nui ʻo Queen.

Hoopaapaa ka 'agroecology hoʻomehana

Ua ala hou ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa i kēia pule ma luna o kahi webinar CAS e hoʻokipa nei Poaha ʻOkakopa 1 ma ke kumuhana o ka agroecology. Ke kuhikuhi nei i nā hopohopo ʻo ka hui ma Cornell-hoʻokumu "ʻaʻole lawa kūpono e komo i kahi hoʻopaʻapaʻa wehe ʻole", ua haʻalele ʻelua mau loea ʻōnaehana meaʻai mai ka webinar ma mua o kēia pule.

Ua ʻōlelo nā ʻepekema ʻelua ua ʻae lāua e komo i ka webinar ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana i ka inoa o kekahi i waena o nā panela. "Ua lawa ia na mākou ʻelua e hilinaʻi pū i ka hui ma hope o ka hanana," i kākau ai Pablo Tittonell, PhD, ʻEpekema ʻImi Nui ma Argentina's National Council for Science and Technology (CONICET) a ʻO Sieglinde Snapp, PhD, Polofesa o ka Honua a me Cropping Systems Ecology ma ke Kulanui Mokuʻāina ʻo Michigan, i ka luna moderator ʻo Joan Conrow, hoʻoponopono o CAS 

"Akā ʻo ka heluhelu ʻana i kekahi o nā blog a me nā ʻāpana manaʻo i hoʻopuka ʻia e ka Alliance, nā paʻi a nā panela ʻē aʻe, e aʻo e pili ana i nā hoʻopiʻi kūpaʻa ʻole ʻole. kū'ē i ka agroecology, ka push ideologically push no kekahi ʻenehana, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe. ua hoʻoholo mākou ʻaʻole lawa ka koʻikoʻi o kēia wahi e komo ai i kahi ākea, kūlike ʻole, kūkulu a, ʻo ka mea nui loa, ʻike maikaʻi ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema, "kākau ʻo Tittonell lāua ʻo Snapp i Conrow.

"No laila ua haʻalele mākou i kēia hoʻopaʻapaʻa." ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Conrow i nā noi no ka manaʻo.

 E hele i mua ka pūnaewele pūnaewele ʻO Nassib Mugwanya, he haumāna alakaʻi alakaʻi honua ma CAS 2015 a he haumāna kauka laeoʻo ma ke Kulanui ʻo North Carolina State, ka mea i hoʻopiʻi ʻia no ka hōʻeha kūpono ʻole i ka agroecology. I ka a 2019 kikokikona no ka Breakthrough Institute, hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo Mugwanya, "ʻaʻole hiki i nā hana mahiʻai kuʻuna ke hoʻololi i ka mahiʻai ʻApelika." 

Hōʻike ka ʻatikala i ka leka ʻana o ka ʻoihana biotech ʻoihana maʻamau: e hōʻike nei i nā hua GMO ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema" "e pena ana i" nā ʻano ʻē aʻe o ka hoʻomohala ʻana ma ke ʻano he "anti-science," kumu ʻole a weliweli hoʻi, " mamuli o ke kaanaki e ka Alakaʻi kaiāulu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Seattle no Global Justice.

"Kaulike nui ʻia i loko o ka ʻatikala," i ʻōlelo ai ka hui, "he hoʻohana ikaika o nā metaphors (e laʻa me ka agroecology i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā paʻa lima), nā laulaha ʻana, ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻike a me nā hewa kūpono he nui."

Me Tittonell lāua ʻo Snapp i ka papa inoa ma ka webinar o ka Pōʻalima, e hui pū ʻia ʻo Mugwanya e Pamela Ronald, he polofesa no ke ʻano lāʻau lāʻau ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, ʻo Davis, ka mea nāna ka nā hui i nā pūʻulu pesticide ʻoihana mua, a ʻO Frédéric Baudron, ʻepekema ʻepekema ma ka International Maize and Wheat hoʻomaikaʻi Center (CIMMYT), a Gates Pūʻulu hoʻokumu kālā. 

Ke noi nei i kahi 'hakakā maikaʻi'

Ua ʻike ʻo Mariam Mayet, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Center for Biodiversity o ʻApelika, i ka hoʻonui ʻia ʻana o nā hoʻolaha PR ma ke ʻano he "hōʻike o ka hopohopo" "ʻaʻole hiki ke loaʻa pololei ma ka ʻāina nui." 

Loaʻa i kāna hui no nā makahiki e kākau ana "Nā hana e hoʻolaha i ka Green Revolution ma ʻApelika, a me nā hopena make e alakaʻi ia i: ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi o ke olakino o ka lepo, ka nalowale ʻana o nā meaola mahiʻai, ka nalowale ʻana o ka noho aliʻi mahiʻai, a me ka laka ʻana o nā mahiʻai ʻApelika i kahi ʻōnaehana i hoʻolālā ʻole ʻia no kā lākou pono , akā no nā waiwai o ka hapa nui o nā ʻoihana multinational ʻĀkau. "

ʻO ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e pono e noho aliʻi i loko, wahi a Mayet i kahi webinar ʻAukake e pili ana i ka mana o ka Gates Foundation ma ʻApelika, “no ka hewa o ka ʻike hewa (a) ke ʻano o kā lākou disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole. Nīnau akula ʻo ia, "No ke aha ʻoe e hakakā ʻole ai me mākou?"

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka mea hoʻokumu a reporter no US Right to Know, kahi hui noiʻi noiʻi nonprofit e kia ana i nā pilikia olakino lehulehu. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke 2007, "ʻAʻole wale he helehelena nani: ka ʻaoʻao maikaʻi ʻole o ka ʻOihana Uʻi." E hāhai iā ia ma Twitter @StacyMalkan