Palapala ʻo University State ʻo Colorado ma ka noiʻi bat pathogen

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Hōʻike kēia pou i nā palapala o ke Kulanui ʻo Colorado State University (CSU) ʻo Rebeka Kading lāua ʻo Tony Schountz, kahi a US Right to Know i loaʻa mai kahi noi palapala lehulehu. ʻO Kading lāua ʻo Schountz he mau virologist e aʻo i nā pathogens pili i ka ʻōpeʻe i nā wahi wela o ka honua. Hana pū lākou me EcoHealth Alliance, ka US Department of Defense (DoD) a me ka Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), ka ʻimi noiʻi a me ka lima hoʻomohala o ka pūʻali koa US.

Hāʻawi nā palapala i kahi ʻike i ka pūʻali koa-kālaiʻike paʻakikī o nā ʻepekema ka mea e hoʻopaʻa naʻau pehea e pale ai i ka wai o nā pathogens pandemic kūpono mai nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa Hāpai nā palapala i nā nīnau e pili ana i nā pilikia contagion, no ka laʻana, no ka hoʻouna ʻana i nā opeapea a me nā ʻiole i loaʻa i nā maʻi maʻi weliweli. Loaʻa iā lākou kekahi mau mea koʻikoʻi ʻē aʻe, e like me:

  1. I Pepeluali 2017, nā mea hoʻonohonoho o DoD o ka Polokalamu Hoʻolālā Hoʻolālā Kūlohelohe ʻo Defense Threat Reduction Agency hai mai la kahi kuʻikahi ʻōpeʻapeʻa honua hou "e kūkulu a leverage i ka ʻāina a me nā pono āpana e hoʻonui i ka ʻike i ka ʻōpeʻapeʻa a me kā lākou kaolaola i loko o ka pōʻaiapili o nā pathogens o ka palekana. Pili pū me kēia, nā leka uila hoike kahi laulima ma waena o CSU, EcoHealth Alliance a me nā National Institutes of Health's Rocky Mountain Laboratories e kūkulu i kahi kahua noiʻi ʻōpeʻapeʻa ma CSU e hoʻonui i nā noiʻi maʻi ʻōpeʻapeʻa.
  2. Ua lilo ke kuikahi ʻōpeʻapeʻa honua i hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Bat One Health Research Network (BOHRN). Ma ka 2018, e hana pū ana nā ʻepekema BOHRN me DARPA ma kahi papahana i kapa ʻia ʻo PREEMPT. Nā moʻolelo CSU ma PREEMPT e hōʻike i nā Rocky Mountain Laboratories, CSU a me Montana State University ke hoʻomohala nei i nā lāʻau lapaʻau "scalable vectored" e hoʻolaha ʻia ma waena o nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa "e pale i ka puka ʻana a me ka ninini ʻana" o nā maʻi pandemi kūpono mai nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa i nā heluna kanaka. ʻO kā lākou pahuhopu ka hoʻomohala ʻana “pakuhi hoʻolahalaha pilikino iho ” - i pālahalaha nui ʻia ma waena o nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa - me ka lana o ka manaʻo e hoʻopau i nā pathogens i loko o kā lākou waihona wai holoholona ma mua o ka ninini ʻana i loko o ke kanaka. Hāpai kēia noiʻi nā mea pili e pili ana i nā hopena i makemake ʻole ʻia o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana i nā ʻenekini hoʻolaha pilikino iā ia iho i kahi ākea, a me nā pōpilikia kaiaola o kā lākou ʻike ʻole i ka hoʻomohala, virulence a hoʻolaha.
  3. ʻO ka hoʻouna ʻana i nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa a me nā ʻiole i loaʻa i nā pathogens weliweli e hana i ka hiki ke hiki ke ninini ʻole ʻia i loko o ke kanaka. Ua kākau ʻo Tony Schountz iā EcoHealth Alliance VP Jonathan Epstein ma Malaki 30, 2020: "Ua lawe ʻo RML [Rocky Mountain Labs] i ka waihona wai maʻi Lassa ma o ka hānau ʻia ʻana i ʻApelika, a laila lawe pono ʻia nā keiki iā RML. Mai ʻike inā hiki ke hānau ʻia nā ʻōpeʻapeʻa lio ma ke pio, akā he ala ia e hōʻemi ai i nā hopohopo CDC. ” Virus Lassa ua pālahalaha ʻia e nā ʻiole i hopena i ʻApelika komohana. Hoʻokumu ia i kahi maʻi maʻi i kapa ʻia ʻo Lassa fever i nā kānaka, a hiki i kahi o 5,000 mau make i kēlā me kēia makahiki (1% ka helu make).
  4. Ma Pepeluali 10, 2020, Pelekikena ʻo EcoHealth Alliance Peter Daszak i hoʻouna leka uila noi i nā mea kau inoa no kahi kikoʻī o ka Lancet olelo "E hōʻahewa ikaika i nā manaʻo kipi kipi e hōʻike nei ʻaʻohe kumu kūlohelohe o 2019-nCoV." I ka leka uila, ua kākau ʻo Daszak: “Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Dr. Ua kākau ʻo Linda Saif, Jim Hughes, Rita Colwell, William Karesh a me Hume Field i kahi ʻōlelo maʻalahi o ke kākoʻo no nā ʻepekema, ke olakino olakino a me nā kauka olakino o Kina e hakakā nei i kēia ʻōpala (hoʻopili ʻia), a ke kono aku nei iā ʻoe e hui pū me mākou ma ke ʻano he inoa mua. ” ʻAʻole ʻo ia i haʻi i kāna hana ponoʻī i ke kākau ʻana i kēia ʻōlelo.  ʻO kā mākou hōʻike mua ʻana hoike mai i ʻO Daszak kope i ka ʻōlelo i paʻi ʻia ma ʻO ka Lancet.
  5. Ua kālepa ʻo Tony Schountz i nā leka uila me nā ʻepekema nui Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV) ʻo Peng Zhou, Zhengli Shi a me Ben Hu. I loko o he leka uila i kākau ʻia ma ʻOkakopa 30, 2018, Ua noi aku ʻo Schountz iā Zhengli Shi i kahi "hui kaawale" ma waena o ka CSU's Arthropod-driven a me ka Infectious Disease Laboratory a me WIV, e pili pū ana me "ka laulima ʻana i nā papahana pili (e laʻa me nā arboviruse a me nā virus i hōʻali ʻia) a me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā haumāna. Zhengli Shi pane maikaʻi i kā Schountz manaʻo. ʻAʻole hōʻike nā moʻolelo i ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o kahi ʻano like.

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