Ua ʻimi nā ʻepekema Kina e hoʻololi i ka inoa o ka coronavirus make e hoʻokaʻawale iā ia mai Kina

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I nā lā mua o ka maʻi maʻi COVID-19, ua hoʻāʻo kahi hui o nā ʻepekema e pili ana me ke aupuni o Kina e hoʻokaʻawale i ka coronavirus mai Kina ma o ka hoʻohuli ʻana i kāna inoa inoa. ʻAʻole i ʻike ʻia ua ʻike mua ʻia ka maʻi ma Wuhan, Kina, ua ʻōlelo nā ʻepekema ua makaʻu lākou e ʻike ʻia ka maʻi ʻo "Wuhan coronavirus" a i ʻole "Wuhan pneumonia," nā leka uila i loaʻa na US Pono e ʻike i ka hōʻike.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i mua i ke kaua ʻike i hoʻokumu ʻia e ke aupuni Kina e hoʻokino i ka moʻolelo e pili ana i ke kumu o ka nūhou coronavirus.

ʻO ka inoa o ka maʻi "he mea nui i ka poʻe Kina" a me nā kuhikuhi e pili ana i ka maʻi i hōʻike iā Wuhan "stigmatize and insid" Wuhan mau kamaʻāina, nā leka mai nā lā ʻo Pepeluali 2020.

ʻO ka mea kikoʻī ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā ʻepekema Kina i ka inoa loea kūhelu i hāʻawi ʻia i ka maʻi - "koʻikoʻi respiratory respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)" - ʻaʻole wale "paʻakikī e hoʻomanaʻo a ʻike" akā "" hoʻopunipuni maoli nō "no ka mea pili ia ka mea hoʻomaʻi hou i ka maʻi SARS-CoV 2003 i hoʻomaka ma Kina.

Ua kapa ʻia ka maʻi e ka Coronavirus Study Group (CSG) o ke Kōmike Hoʻomalu e pili ana iā Virus Taxonomy (ICTV).

ʻO Wuhan Institute of Virology ʻepekema ʻo Zhengli Shi, ka mea nāna i alakaʻi i ka inoa hou hana, i ho'ākāka ʻia i loko o kahi leka uila i ke Kulanui o North Carolina virologist ʻo Ralph Baric, "kahi kūkākūkā ikaika i waena o nā virologists Kina" ma luna o ka inoa SARS-CoV-2.

ʻO Deyin Guo, ka mea ma mua o ke Kula Nui o Biomedical Science o Wuhan University a me ka mea kākau o ka noi hoʻololi hoʻololi inoa, kakau iho la i nā lālā CSG ua hōʻole lākou i ke kūkākūkā ʻana i kā lākou koho inoa ʻana me "virologists me nā ʻike mua loa [ili] o ka maʻi maʻi a me nā mea wehewehe mua o ka maʻi ”mai Kina ʻāina nui.

"ʻAʻole kūpono i ka hoʻohana ʻana i hoʻokahi inoa virus ma muli o ka maʻi (e like me SARS-CoV) e inoa i nā maʻi kūlohelohe ʻē aʻe āpau o ka ʻano like akā he ʻokoʻa loa nā waiwai," kākau ʻo ia i ka leka i hoʻouna ʻia ma kona ʻaoʻao a ʻelima mau ʻepekema ʻē aʻe o Kina.

Ua hoʻolālā ka hui i kahi inoa koho - "Transmissible respiratory respiratory coronavirus (TARS-CoV). ʻO kekahi koho ʻē aʻe, i ʻōlelo ʻia, ʻo ia ka "Human acute respiratory coronavirus (HARS-CoV)."

Ua kākau ʻia ka pae leka uila e hōʻike kikoʻī nei i ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka inoa iā CSG Chair John Ziebuhr.

Hōʻike nā leka i kūʻē ʻo Ziebuhr i ka manaʻo o ka hui Kina. Ua pane ʻo ia "ʻo ka inoa ʻo SARS-CoV-2 e hoʻopili ana i kēia maʻi i nā mea ʻino ʻē aʻe (i kapa ʻia ʻo SARS-CoVs a i ʻole SARSr-CoVs) i kēia ʻano e like me ka virus prototype o nā mea ulu ma mua o ka maʻi i hoʻouluulu i ka inoa o kēia prototype virus ma kahi o 20 mau makahiki i hala. Hoʻohana ʻia ka suffix -2 ma ke ʻano he mea ʻike kū hoʻokahi a hōʻike ʻia ʻo SARS-Co V-2 he ANOTHER (akā pili loa) i kēia maʻi. "

ʻO kā China hui kūʻāina nona ka mokuʻāina ʻo CGTN hoike hooikaika hou ana i Malaki 2020 e nā virologists Kina e kapa hou i ka inoa SARS-CoV-2 ma ke ʻano he coronavirus kanaka 2019 (HCoV-19), ʻaʻole pū kekahi i hui pū ʻia me ka CSG.

Ke kapa nei i ka maʻi hoʻomaʻamaʻa ahulau - ke kuleana o ka World Health Organization (WHO) - he pinepine ia hoʻopiʻi politika hoʻoikaika kino i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻauhau ʻana.

I ka wā i laha mua o ka H5N1 flu ʻo ka virus i kū aʻe ma Kina, ua hoʻokau ke aupuni Kina i ka WHO e hana i nomenclature e hoʻopaʻa ʻole i nā inoa virus i kā lākou mōʻaukala a i ʻole nā ​​wahi i hele mai ai.

No ka mea, 'ike hou aku

Nā leka uila a ke Kulanui o North Carolina ʻo Professor Ralph Baric, kahi a US Right to Know i loaʻa mai ma o kahi noi moʻolelo lehulehu, hiki ke loaʻa ma aneʻi: ʻO nā leka uila Baric # 2: Ke Kulanui o North Carolina (Nānā 332)

Ke waiho nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā palapala mai kā mākou mau palapala lehulehu i noi ai no kā mākou noiʻi biohazards. E nānā: Nā palapala FOI e pili ana i ke kumu o ka SARS-CoV-2, nā mea weliweli o ka noiʻi loaʻa hana hou a me nā labs biosafety..

ʻAoʻao kāʻei kua ma ka US Right to Know ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e pili ana i ke kumu o SARS-CoV-2.