ʻO International Institute of Science Institute (ILSI) kahi ʻoihana Lobby ʻoihana ʻona

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ʻO ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI) kahi hui nonprofit i hoʻolako kālā ʻia i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Wakinekona DC, me 17 mokuna pili a puni ka honua. ILSI hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he hui e alakaʻi i ka "ʻepekema no ka pono lehulehu" a "hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino a me ke olakino kanaka a palekana i ke kaiapuni." Eia nō naʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā noiʻi ʻana e nā poʻe kālaiʻike, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea noiʻi hoihoi i ka lehulehu he hui lobby ia e pale ana i nā pono o ka ʻoihana meaʻai, ʻaʻole ke olakino lehulehu.

Nūhou hou

  • Ua uhaʻi ʻo Coca-Cola i kona mau pilina lōʻihi me ILSI. ʻO kēia neʻe "kahi hahau i ka ʻoihana meaʻai ikaika i ʻike ʻia no kāna noiʻi pro-kō a me nā kulekele," Hōʻikeʻiaʻo Bloomberg i Ianuali 2021.  
  • Ua kōkua ʻo ILSI i ka hui ʻo Coca-Cola i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i ka kulekele momona ma Kina, e like me kahi noiʻi o Kepakemapa 2020 i ka Ka Nūpepa o nā politika politika, nā kulekele a me nā kānāwai na Harvard Polofesa ʻo Susan Greenhalgh. "Ma lalo o ka haʻiʻōlelo a ka lehulehu o ka ʻepekema kaulike ʻole o ILSI a ʻaʻohe mea e pili ana i ke kulekele e waiho i kahi maze o nā ʻoihana huna huna ʻia i hoʻohana ʻia e holomua i ko lākou mau pono. Ke hana nei ma waena o kēlā mau kahawai, ua hoʻohuli ʻo Coca Cola i ka ʻepekema a me ka hana ʻana a Kina i kēlā me kēia pae i ke kaʻina kulekele, mai ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pilikia a hiki i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā kulekele kūhelu, "pau ka pepa.

  • Loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hoʻohui i nā hōʻike hou aʻe ʻo ILSI kahi hui ʻoihana meaʻai mua. A Mei 2020 hoʻopaʻa i ka Nutr Health Health ma muli o nā palapala i hōʻike ʻia "kahi ʻano o ka hana a ILSI i ʻimi ai e hoʻohana i ka hilinaʻi o nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaiʻike e hoʻoikaika i nā kūlana ʻoihana a hoʻonui i nā ʻike i hoʻolālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana i loko o kāna mau hālāwai, puke pai, a me nā hana ʻē aʻe." E ʻike i ka uhi ʻana ma The BMJ, Ua ʻimi ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu e hoʻohuli i nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaihana, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila  (5.22.20)

  • ʻO ka hōʻike hōʻike moʻokalaleo ʻo ʻApelila 2020 ninaninau pehea i hoʻohana ai nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu i ka ILSI e komo i loko o ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kālā Alakaʻi US, a holomua i ke kulekele ʻai pono a puni ka honua. E ʻike i ka uhi ʻana ma The BMJ, ʻOi aku ka mana o ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu momona ma luna o nā kulekele papaʻai US, wahi a ka hōʻike (4.24.20) 

  • Ke noiʻi nei ʻo New York Times na Andrew Jacobs e hōʻike nei i kahi kahu o ka ʻoihana hoʻopukapuka ʻole ILSI aʻoaʻo i ke aupuni India e kūʻē i ka hele mua ʻana me nā lepili hōʻailona no nā meaʻai pono ʻole. Ka Manawa ho'ākāka 'ia ILSI ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana malu" a "ʻo ka hui ʻoihana meaʻai ikaika loa āu i lohe ʻole ai." (9.16.19) ʻO ka Times i kuhikuhi ʻia a Iune hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ma Globalization a me Health i kākau ʻia e Gary Ruskin o US Right to Know e hōʻike nei e hana ana ʻo ILSI ma ke ʻano he lobby arm no kāna mea kālā a me nā mea kōkua kālā pesticide.

  • ka Hōʻike ʻo New York Times ʻo ka pili ILSI i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o Bradley C. Johnston, kahi mea kākau o ʻelima mau noi hou e koi ana i ka ʻulaʻula a me kaʻiʻo i hana ʻia ʻaʻole pilikia pilikia olakino. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Johnston i nā ʻano hana like i loko o kahi noi i kālā kālā ʻia e ILSI e koi ai i ka kō ʻaʻole pilikia. (10.4.19)

  • ʻO kā blog blog politika a Marion Nestle, ILSI: hōʻike ʻia nā kala maoli (10.3.19)

Pili ʻo ILSI iā Coca-Cola 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo ILSI ma 1978 e Alex Malaspina, he pelekikena hope poʻokela ma Coca-Cola i hana no Coke mai 1969-2001. Ua mālama paʻa ʻo Coca-Cola i ka pilina me ILSI. ʻO Michael Ernest Knowles, ka VP a Coca-Cola o ka ʻepekema a me nā hana hoʻoponopono honua mai 2008-2013, i pelekikena o ILSI mai 2009-2011. I 2015, Peresidena o ILSI ʻO Rhona Applebaum, ʻo wai ua hoʻomaha loa mai kāna hana ma ke ʻano he luna olakino a ʻepekema hoʻi ʻo Coca-Cola (a mai ILSI) i ka 2015 ma hope o ka New York Times a hui pu Press ua hōʻike ʻo Coke i kālā kālā no ka nonprofit Global Energy Balance Network e kōkua i ka hoʻohuli i ka hōʻino no ka momona mai nā mea inu momona.  

Kālā kālā 

Hāʻawi kālā ʻia ʻo ILSI e kāna nā lālā ʻoihana a me nā kākoʻo o ka ʻoihana, me ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kemika. Hoʻomaopopo ʻo ILSI i ka loaʻa kālā ʻana mai ka ʻoihana akā ʻaʻole ia e hōʻike ākea i ka poʻe nāna e hāʻawi a i ka nui o kā lākou hāʻawi. Hōʻike kā mākou noiʻi:

  • Nā hāʻawi ʻoihana i ka ILSI Global i $ 2.4 miliona i ka makahiki 2012. Ua komo pū kēia me $ 528,500 mai CropLife International, kahi $ 500,000 hāʻawi mai Monsanto a $ 163,500 mai Coca-Cola.
  • A draft 2013 hoʻihoʻi ʻauhau ILSI hōʻike iā ILSI i loaʻa iā $ 337,000 mai Coca-Cola a ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 100,000 i kēlā me kēia mea mai Monsanto, Syngenta, Dow Agrisciences, Pioneer Hi-Bred, Bayer CropScience a me BASF.
  • A draft 2016 hoʻihoʻi ʻauhau ʻo ILSI ʻAmelika Hema hōʻike i kahi hāʻawi $ 317,827 mai PepsiCo, nā hāʻawi i ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 200,000 mai Mars, Coca-Cola, a me Mondelez, a me nā hāʻawi i ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 100,000 mai General Mills, Nestle, Kellogg, Hershey, Kraft, Dr. Pepper, Snapple Group, Starbucks Coffee, Cargill, Uniliver lāua ʻo Campbell Soup.  

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka ʻimi ʻana o ILSI e hoʻohuli i ke kulekele e hoʻolaha i nā ʻike ʻoihana 

A Mei 2020 hoʻopaʻa haʻawina i ka Nutr Health Health hoʻohui i hōʻike i ka ILSI kahi hui ʻoihana meaʻai mua. ʻO ke aʻo ʻana, e pili ana i nā palapala i loaʻa i ka US Right to Know ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu o ka mokuʻāina, e hōʻike ana i ka paipai ʻana o ka ILSI i nā makemake o nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, e like me ko ILSI kuleana i ka pale ʻana i nā mea hana kontroversial a me ke kāohi ʻana i nā manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole i ka ʻoihana. hiki i nā ʻoihana e like me Coca-Cola ke hāʻawi i nā kōkua i ka ILSI no nā papahana kikoʻī. a, pehea e hoʻohana aiʻo ILSI i nā kālaihana no kā lākou mana akā eʻae i ka mana hūnāʻia o kaʻoihana i kā lākou puke pai.

Hōʻike ka noiʻi i nā kikoʻī hou e pili ana i kahi kālā e hoʻolako kālā ai iā ILSI a me kāna mau lālā, me nā haneli he mau kaukani kālā i nā hāʻawi i hoʻopaʻa ʻia mai ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā mea ʻai, soda a me nā hui kemika

A Iune 2019 pepa ma Globalization a me ke olakino hāʻawi i kekahi mau laʻana o ka holomua o ka ILSI i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana meaʻai, keu hoʻi e ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka ʻepekema ʻoluʻolu ʻoihana a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā mea hana politika. Hoʻokumu ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know ma o nā kānāwai moolelo lehulehu lehulehu.  

Ua hoʻopau nā mea noiʻi: "ʻImi ʻo ILSI i ka hoʻohuli ʻana i nā kanaka, nā kūlana, a me nā kulekele, ma ka pae ʻāina a me ka honua, a me kāna mau lālā ʻoihana e hoʻolilo iā ia i mea hana e paipai i ko lākou mau pono āpau. Mālama ko mākou kālailai ʻana o ka ILSI i ka poʻe e pili ana i ka noho olakino olakino e makaʻala i nā hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, a e hoʻomaʻamaʻa pono ma mua o ka hilinaʻi ʻana i kā lākou noi kālā kālā ʻia a / a i ʻole ke komo ʻana i ka pilina me ia mau hui. "   

Ua hōʻino ʻo ILSI i ka hakakā momona ma Kina

I Ianuali 2019, ʻelua mau pepa e ʻO Harvard Professor Susan Greenhalgh ua hōʻike i ko ILSI mana nui i ke aupuni Kina e pili ana i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka momona. Palapala nā pepa i ka hana ʻana a Coca-Cola a me nā hui ʻē aʻe ma o ka lālā Kina o ILSI e hoʻohuli ai i nā makahiki he 2 o ka ʻepekema Kina a me nā kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i ka momona a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka papaʻai e like me Type XNUMX diabetes a me hypertension. Heluhelu i nā pepa:

Ua hoʻonohonoho maikaʻi ʻia ʻo ILSI ma Kina e hana ia mai loko mai o ka Center o ke aupuni no ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi a me ka pale ʻana ma Beijing.

Ua kākau nā pepa a Professor Geenhalgh i ke ʻano o ke kōkua ʻana o Coca-Cola a me nā mea nui ʻē aʻe o ke komohana a me nā mea inu mea inu "i ke kōkua ʻana i nā makahiki he umi o ka ʻepekema Kina a me nā kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i ka momona a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka papaʻai" e ka hana ʻana ma o ILSI e mahi i nā luna nui Kina "i ka hoʻāʻo e kāpae i ka ke neʻe nei ka neʻe no ka hoʻoponopono meaʻai a me nā ʻauhau soda i hala i ke komohana, "i hōʻike ʻia e ka New York Times.  

Nā noiʻi noiʻi hou aʻe mai US Right to Know e pili ana iā ILSI 

Ua pau ka UCSF ʻoihana Paka ʻOihana Paka 6,800 palapala e pili ana iā ILSI.  

Ke aʻo ʻana i ke kō ILSI “mai loko mai o ka puke pāʻani ʻoihana paka”

Hoʻāhewa nā loea olakino lehulehu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ILSI hoʻopaʻa haʻawina kō i paʻi ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai lapaʻau koʻikoʻi i ka makahiki 2016 kahi "hōʻeha hōʻeha i nā ʻōlelo aʻo olakino honua e ʻai i ke kō," ua hōʻike ʻo Anahad O'Connor ma The New York Times. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ka noiʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ILSI e pili ana nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e hōʻoki i ke kō i nā hōʻike nāwaliwali a ʻaʻole hiki ke hilinaʻi ʻia.  

ʻO ka moʻolelo Times i haʻi ʻia ʻo Marion Nestle, he polofesa ma ke Kulanui o New York nāna i aʻo i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka noiʻi meaʻai, ma ke aʻo ʻana a ILSI: "He laʻana maʻamau kēia o ka pehea e kākoʻo ai ke kākoʻo kālā i nā ʻoihana. He mea hoʻohilahila. ” 

Ua hoʻohana nā ʻoihana paka i ka ILSI e kāpae i ke kulekele 

ʻO kahi hōʻike o Iulai 2000 e kahi kōmike kūʻokoʻa o ka World Health Organization i hōʻike ʻia i kekahi mau ala a kahi ʻoihana paka i hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hana kūpaʻa WHO, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pūʻulu ʻepekema e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻoholo ʻana a WHO a me ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e pili ana i nā hopena olakino. o ka paka. Ua hana nui ʻo ILSI i kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, e like me kahi hōʻike hihia ma ILSI i hele pū me ka hōʻike. "Hōʻike nā mea i ʻike ʻia ua hoʻohana ʻia ʻo ILSI e kekahi mau ʻoihana paka e keakea i nā kulekele mālama paka. Ua pili pololei nā mea lawe keʻena kiʻekiʻe ma ILSI i kēia mau hana, ”e like me ka hōʻike hihia. E nānā: 

Aia i ka UCSF ʻoihana Paka ʻoihana Paka ma mua o 6,800 palapala e pili ana iā ILSI

Ua kōkua nā alakaʻi o ILSI i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he mau noho o ka panela kī 

I ka Mei 2016, ua nānā ʻia ʻo ILSI ma hope o nā hōʻike e hōʻike ana i ka pelekikena hope o ILSI ʻEulopa, ʻo Professor Alan Boobis, he luna hoʻomalu nō hoʻi no ka papa UN no ka loaʻa ʻana o ka kemikala o Monsanto. Glyphosate ʻaʻole paha e kū i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai ma o ka papaʻai. ʻO ka luna noho o ka UN Joint Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR), ʻo Professor Angelo Moretto, he lālā o ka hui ʻo ILSI's Health and Environment Services Institute. ʻAʻole kekahi o nā noho JMPR i hōʻike i ko lākou alakaʻi alakaʻi ILSI ma ke ʻano he hakakā o ka hoihoi, ʻoiai ka nā hāʻawi kālā koʻikoʻi i loaʻa i ka ILSI mai Monsanto a me ka hui kālepa ʻoihana pesticide. E nānā: 

Nā pilina ʻoluʻolu a ILSI ma nā Kikowaena ʻAmelika no ka Mōʻī a me ka Kāohi ʻana i ka maʻi  

I ka mahinaʻo Iune 2016, Ua hōʻike ʻo US Right to Know ʻo Kauka Barbara Bowman, ka luna o kahi mahele CDC i hoʻopiʻi ʻia me ka pale ʻana i nā maʻi puʻuwai a me ka hahau, ua hoʻāʻo e kōkua i ka mea hoʻokumu a ILSI ʻo Alex Malaspina e hoʻohuli i nā luna o ka World Health Organization e kāpae i nā kulekele e hoʻemi i ka ʻai kō. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bowman i ka poʻe a me nā hui no Malaspina e kamaʻilio pū, a noi i kāna mau manaʻo e pili ana i kekahi hōʻuluʻulu o nā hōʻike a CDC, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila. (Bowman hele i lalo ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kā mākou ʻatikala mua e hōʻike nei i kēia pili.)

Kēia Ianuali 2019 hoʻopaʻa i ka Milbank Quarterly wehewehe i nā leka uila nui o Malaspina e ʻoluʻolu ana iā Dr. Bowman. No ka hōʻike hou aku e pili ana i kēia kumuhana, e nānā: 

Hoʻolaha ʻo ILSI ma ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kālā Alakaʻi US

hōʻike e ka hui ʻāpono ʻole Hui Pūʻali palapala e pili ana i ka mana o ka ILSI ma luna o nā kulekele papaʻaiʻai US ma o ke komo ʻana o ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kūkā Alakaʻi ʻAmelika. Nānā ka hōʻike i ka hoʻopili politika nui o nā transnationals meaʻai a me nā mea inu e like me Coca-Cola, McDonald's, Nestlé, a me PepsiCo, a pehea i hoʻonui ai kēia mau ʻoihana i ka International Life Science Institute e hōʻino i ka holomua ma ke kulekele meaʻai ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

Ka mana ILSI ma India 

Ua hōʻike ka New York Times e pili ana i ka mana o ILSI ma India ma kāna ʻatikala i kapa ʻia, "ʻO kahi hui ʻoihana Shadowy e hoʻohālikelike i nā kulekele ʻai a puni ka honua. "

He pilina pili loa ko ILSI i kekahi mau luna aupuni ʻInia a, e like me Kina, ua hoʻokau ka mea kōkua ʻole i nā leka like a me nā noi kulekele e like me Coca-Cola - hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ke kuleana o ke kō a me ka papaʻai ma ke kumu o ka momona, a me ka paipai ʻana i ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka hoʻoikaika kino ʻana ma ke ʻano he hopena. , e like me ka India Resource Center. 

ʻO nā lālā o ka papa kahu o ka hui ʻo ILSI India e pili pū ana me kā Coca-Cola India luna hoʻokele a me nā ʻelele mai Nestlé a me Ajinomoto, kahi hui hoʻohui meaʻai, me nā luna aupuni e lawelawe ana i nā ʻepekema ʻepekema e hana ʻia me ka hoʻoholo ʻana e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana meaʻai.  

Nā hopohopo lōʻihi e pili ana iā ILSI 

Koi ʻo ILSI ʻaʻole ia he hui lobby ʻoihana, akā lōʻihi nā hopohopo a me nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i nā kūlana pro-ʻoihana o ka hui a me nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i waena o nā alakaʻi o ka hui. E ʻike, no ka laʻana:

Hoʻoponopono i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana meaʻai, Nā Lapaʻau Kūlohelohe (2019)

Hōʻole ka ʻoihana meaʻai i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi-of-interest. Akā ʻo ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i nā pilina ʻoihana e hōʻino paha i ka hanohano o ke kino o ʻEulopa, Kūlohelohe (2010)

Nā Meaʻai Nui vs. ʻO Tim Noakes: Ke Kaua Hope loa, Mālama i ke Kānāwai Kino, na Russ Greene (1.5.17) 

Mea ʻai maoli ma ka hoʻāʻo, na Kauka Tim Noakes lāua ʻo Marika Sboros (Columbus Publishing 2019). Ua wehewehe ka puke "i ka hoʻopiʻi mua ʻole ʻia a me ka hoʻomaʻau ʻia o Professor Tim Noakes, he ʻepekema hanohano a me ke kauka lapaʻau, i kahi hihia nui miliona i hoʻonui ʻia ma mua o ʻehā mau makahiki. ʻO nā mea a pau no kahi leka hoʻokahi e hāʻawi ana i kona manaʻo no ka meaʻai. "

Neonicotinoids: kahi ulu e ulu nei

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Ma Ianuali 10, ua paʻi ka The Guardian kēia moʻolelo e pili ana i kahi kaiāulu liʻiliʻi ʻo Nebraska kaiāulu e hakakā nei no ʻelua mau makahiki me ka haumia i nakinaki ʻia i nā hua kulina i uhi ʻia me neonicotinoid. ʻO ke kumuwaiwai kahi eranol mea kanu i kūʻai aku iā ia iho me he manuahi lā “Hana hou” kahi no nā ʻoihana hua e like me Bayer, Syngenta a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e pono ai kahi e hemo ai i nā lako i ʻoi aku o kēia mau lāʻau hua kanu pesticide. ʻO ka hopena, wahi a nā kamaʻāina, he ʻāina i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me nā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe o nā koena neonicotinoid, a lākou i ʻōlelo ai ua hoʻomaka nā maʻi i nā kānaka a me nā holoholona. Makaʻu lākou i ko lākou ʻāina a me ka wai i kēia manawa ua haumia ʻole.

Ua hoʻopaʻa nā luna hoʻomalu o ka mokuʻāina i nā pae o nā neonicotinoids ma a haʻohaʻo ia i nā ʻāpana 427,000 i kēlā me kēia piliona (ppb) i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i kekahi o nā puʻu nui o nā ʻōpala ma ka pūnaewele o ka waiwai o ka mea kanu ethanol. Hoʻohālikelike ia i nā pae hoʻohālikelike e kuhikuhi ana i nā pae ma lalo o 70 ppb e manaʻo ʻia he palekana.

ike keia palapala no nā kikoʻī a me nā palapala hou aku.

ʻO ka moʻolelo o ka nui o ke kaiāulu ma Mead, Nebraska, akā ʻo ia ka hōʻailona hou loa e pono e hoʻoikaika ʻia ka mālama aupuni ʻana a me ka pekelala o nā neonicotinoids, e like me nā mea kākoʻo i ke kaiapuni a me nā mea noiʻi mai nā kula nui o US.

ʻO ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o ka papa o nā insecticides i kapa ʻia he neonicotinoids, a neonicot, e ulu nei i nā makahiki i hala aku nei a ua lilo i hakakā ma waena o nā behemoth ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i nā neonics a me nā hui a me nā hui mea kūʻai aku e ʻōlelo nei he kuleana nā insecticides no ka nui o ka nohona a me ke olakino kanaka. hana ʻino.

Mai ka wā i hoʻolauna ʻia i nā makahiki 1990, ua lilo nā neonicotinoids i ka papa o nā mea nui i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua, kūʻai ʻia ma 120 mau ʻāina e kōkua i ka mālama ʻana i nā mea ʻinoʻino a pale i ka hana mahiʻai. ʻAʻole kāpīpī wale nā ​​insecticides i nā mea kanu akā uhi ʻia nō hoʻi i nā ʻanoʻano. Hoʻohana ʻia nā Neonicotinoids i ka hana ʻana i nā ʻano mea kanu like ʻole, e laʻa me ka laiki, ka pulupulu, ka palaoa, kaʻuala a me ka soybeans. E like me ka 2014, neonicotinoids i hōʻike ma mua o 25 pākēneka o ka pesticide honua mākeke, e like me ka mea noiʻi.

Ma loko o ka papa, ʻo clothianidin a me imidacloprid ka mea i hoʻohana pinepine ʻia ma United States, e like me kahi pepa 2019 i paʻi ʻia i ka puke pai. Ka Ola Ola.

I Ianuali 2020, ua hoʻokuʻu ka Agency Environmental Protection Agency i ua hoʻoholo ʻia i nā koho no ka acetamiprid, ka lole lole, dinotefuran, imidacloprid, a me thiamethoxam, insecticides kikoʻī i loko o ka papa neonicotinoid. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo EPA ke hana nei ia e hōʻemi i ka nui i hoʻohana ʻia ma nā mea kanu i pili i nā "pōpilikia kaiaola" hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia nā pesticides i nā mea ulu.

Ke hōʻike nei kahi kino o nā hōʻike ʻepekema e ulu nei he neonicotinoids kekahi mea i hoʻolaha ʻia maʻi kīpē koloni, ʻo ia nā mea pono pollinators i ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai. ʻIke ʻia lākou ma ka liʻiliʻi i ka ʻāhewa no ka "Apocalypse insect.". Hoʻopili pū ʻia nā insecticides i nā kīnā koʻikoʻi i nā dia huelo keʻokeʻo, ka hohonu o nā hopohopo no ka hiki o ka kemika e hōʻeha i nā māmela nunui, me nā kānaka.

Ua pāpā ka European Union i ka hoʻohana waho o neonics loleianidin, imidacloprid a me thiamethoxam i ka makahiki 2018, a me ka ʻLelo ʻo United Nations weliweli loa ka neonics e "kapu loa" lākou. Akā ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, hoʻohana mau ʻia nā neonics.

ʻO Bayer's Shady PR Firms: FleishmanHillard, Ketchum, Kūkākūkā FTI

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Hoʻouna mua ʻia Mei 2019; Hoʻohou Nowemapa 2020

Ma kēia kūlana, ke kiaʻi nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā hōʻino hoʻopunipuni lehulehu e pili ana i nā ʻoihana PR i hilinaʻi nui ʻia e nā mea nunui mahiʻai Bayer AG a me Monsanto no kā lākou pale kaua pale huahana: ʻo FTI consulting, Ketchum PR a me FleishmanHillard. ʻO kēia mau ʻoihana he mau mōʻaukala lōʻihi o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni e hāpai i nā papa politika o kā lākou mea kūʻai aku, e like me ka pesticide, ka paka a me nā ʻoihana pale pale ʻaila.

Nā hana hōʻino hou

Hōʻike ʻo NYT i nā ʻano hana malu a ka FTI Consulting firm no ka ʻoihana aila: i ka Nowemapa 11, 2020 New York Times ʻatikala, Hōʻike ʻo Hiroko Tabuchi i ke kōkua ʻana o FTI Consulting i ka hoʻolālā ʻana, nā limahana a me ka holo ʻana o nā ʻoihana a me nā pūnaewele i uku kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana ikehu i hiki ke hōʻike i ke kākoʻo o ka mauʻu mauʻu no nā hanana wahie fossil. Ma muli o kāna mau ninaninau ʻana me ka ʻumikūmālua mau limahana FTI ma mua a me nā haneli o nā palapala kūloko, hōʻike ʻo Tabuchi e pili ana i ka nānā ʻana o ka FTI i nā mea hana kaiapuni, holo i nā hoʻolaha politika astroturf, limahana i nā pūnaewele a me nā ʻike ʻelua a kākau i nā ʻatikala ʻoihana e pili ana i ka fracking, nā lawsuits a me nā mea wela -pili pihi me ke kuhikuhi mai Exxon Mobile.

Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Monsanto a me kāna mau ʻoihana PR i ka hana GOP e hoʻoweliweli i nā mea noiʻi maʻi maʻi. ʻO Lee Fang i hōʻike ʻia no The Intercept i ka 2019 ma nā palapala e hōʻike ana i ka Monsanto antagonized reg regulator a hoʻohana i ka kaomi e hoʻohālikelike i ka noiʻi o ka honua nei i ka lāʻau make, glyphosate. Hōʻike ka moʻolelo i nā hana hoʻopunipuni PR hoʻopunipuni, e like me ke kākau ʻana o FTI Consulting i kahi leka e pili ana i ka ʻepekema glyphosate i kau inoa ʻia e kahi ʻelele nui o GOP.

Hōʻike nā palapala a Monsanto i nā ʻano hana e hōʻino ai i ka hoʻokolokolo hoihoi lehulehu. Ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala Monsanto kūloko ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ʻAukake 2019 i ka nui o nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana PR e hoʻokele i nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea hoʻohuli ʻē aʻe i hāpai i ka hopohopo e pili ana i nā pesticides a me GMO, a hoʻāʻo e pale i kahi hoʻokolokolo i kā lākou hana e US Right to Know.

E ʻike i nā pepa pono a USRTK, ma muli o nā palapala i loaʻa mai kā mākou noiʻi ʻana, e hōʻike ana i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu i komo i ka pale ʻoihana pesticide: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Pesticide.

I ka Mei 2019, ua hōʻike mākou i nā hōʻino e pili ana i nā ʻoihana PR a Bayer:

Nā hōʻino a 'Monsanto File'

Mea kākau moʻolelo ma Ua hōʻike ʻo Le Monde iā Mei 9 ua loaʻa iā lākou kahi “Monsanto File” i hana ʻia e ka hui pili lehulehu FleishmanHillard e helu ana i kahi "lehulehu o ka ʻike" e pili ana i 200 mau mea nūpepa, nā luna politika, nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma glyphosate ma Palani. Le Monde ua hoʻopiʻi me ka keʻena hoʻokolokolo o Palisa e ʻōlelo nei e pili ana ka palapala i ka hōʻiliʻili hewa ʻana a me ka hana ʻana i ka ʻikepili pilikino, e hoʻopiʻi ana i ka keʻena hoʻokolokolo i wehe i kahi ʻimi kalaima. "He mea nui loa kēia i ʻike ʻia no ka mea ke hōʻike ʻia aia he mau pahuhopu pahuhopu e hāmau i nā leo ikaika. ʻIke wau i kā lākou hoʻāʻo ʻana e hoʻokaʻawale iaʻu, ” ʻO ke Kuhina Kaiapuni mua o Farani ʻo Segolene Royal, ka mea ma ka papa inoa, haʻi iā Palani 24 TV.

"He mea nui kēia e ʻike ʻia no ka mea hōʻike ia aia kekahi mau kumumanaʻo kumumanaʻo e hoʻopau i nā leo ikaika."

ʻO Francois Veillerette, kahi mea mālama i ka nohona ma ka papa inoa hoʻi, i haʻi aku iā Palani 24 i loko o ia mea he kikoʻī pilikino pilikino, nā manaʻo a me ka pae o ka pili e pili ana iā Monsanto. "He haʻalulu nui kēia ma Palani," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. "ʻAʻole mākou e manaʻo he mea maʻamau kēia." Ua ʻae ʻo Bayer ua huki ʻo FleishmanHillard "'papa inoa kiaʻi 'o nā pro-a anti-pesticides huahelu"I nā ʻāina ʻehiku ma waena o ʻEulopa, ua hōʻike ka AFP. Aia i loko o nā papa inoa nā ʻike e pili ana i ka poʻe nūpepa, nā luna politika a me nā hui hoihoi ʻē aʻe. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ka AFP ua waiho aku ʻo ia i kahi hoʻopiʻi me kahi keʻena hoʻokele Farani no ka mea aia kekahi o kāna mau mea nūpepa ma ka papa inoa i hōʻike ʻia ma Palani.

ʻO Bayer mihi a ʻōlelo ʻia ua kāpae i kāna pilina me nā ʻoihana e pili ana, me FleishmanHillard a me Publicis Consultants, e kali ana i kahi hoʻokolokolo. "ʻO ka mea nui a mākou e hoʻokumu i ka transparency," Wahi a Bayer. "ʻAʻole mākou e ʻae i ka lawena unethical i kā mākou hui." (Ua hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia nā ʻoihana i ka hana hewa ʻole e ka loio loio i hoʻolimalima ʻia e Bayer.)

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Ke kau nei ma ke ʻano he mea nūpepa ma ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai Monsanto

Ke hoʻohui nei i nā pilikia PR a Bayer, ua hōʻike ʻo AFP ma Mei 18 i kahi limahana o kekahi "hoʻokele pilikia" PR paʻa i kēlā hana pū me Bayer lāua ʻo Monsanto - FTI Consulting - ua hopu ʻia posing ma ke ʻano he freelance journalist i kahi hoʻokolokolo pekelala ma Kapalakiko i hoʻopau me ka $ 80 miliona hoʻoholo kūʻē iā Bayer no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate.

Ua ʻike ʻia ka limahana FTI Consulting ʻo Sylvie Barak e kamaʻilio kūkākūkā ana e pili ana i nā manaʻo moʻolelo i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hana no ka BBC a ʻaʻole ia i hōʻike ua hana ʻo ia no kahi ʻoiaʻiʻo PR.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Holo ʻo Ketchum lāua ʻo FleishmanHillard i ka salto GMO PR

I ka makahiki 2013, ua kī ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa iā FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum, nā ʻona na Omnicom, e poʻo i kahi Hoʻāhewa ʻo PR e hoʻoponopono hou i ke kiʻi o kāna GMO a me nā huahana pesticide. Ua koho ʻia ʻo Monsanto FleishmanHillard e "hōʻano hou" i kona kaulana ma waena o ka "kūʻēʻē nui" i nā meaʻai i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically, e like me ka Holmes Report. Ma ka manawa like, ua lilo ʻo FleishmanHillard ka ʻO ka ʻoihana PR moʻohelu no Bayer, a me ka Council for Biotechnology Information (CBI) - kahi hui kālepa i ukuʻia e ʻO Bayer (Monsanto), Corteva (DowDuPont), Syngenta a me BASF - hoʻolimalima iā Ketchum firm pili aupuni e hoʻomaka i kahi ua hoʻolaha ʻia ka pāʻoihana marketing me nā GMO Nā Pane.

Hoʻokomo ʻia nā hana spin i hoʻohana ʻia e kēia ʻoihana.e aloha ana i nā mea kākau blog makuahine"A me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā leo o nā loea i manaʻo ʻia he" kūʻokoʻa "i"hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka huikau a me ka hilinaʻi ʻole”E pili ana i nā GMO. Eia naʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā hōʻike e hoʻoponopono ana nā ʻoihana PR a kākau ʻia kekahi o nā loea "kūʻokoʻa". ʻO kahi laʻana, nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know e hōʻike i kēlā Palapala ʻia ʻo Ketchum nā pou no nā pane GMO i kau inoa ʻia e a Kumu Kulanui o Florida ka mea i koi kūʻokoʻa iā ia e hana ana ma hope o nā hanana me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR. He pelekikena hope poʻokela ma FleishmanHillard hoʻoponopono i ka haʻiʻōlelo o a ʻO Polofesa ʻo UC Davis a ua aʻo iā ia pehea e "lanakila ai i ka poʻe i loko o ka lumi" ma an Kūkākūkā IQ2 e hōʻoia i ka lehulehu e ʻae i nā GMO. ʻO Ketchum kekahi hāʻawi i ke polopeka i nā manaʻo no ka ninaninau lekiō e pili ana i kahi noiʻi ʻepekema.

He ʻelele koʻikoʻi nā ʻatikala no ka hana lobbying ʻoihana e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO, i hōʻike ʻia ka New York Times ma 2015. "He pāpale keʻokeʻo nui nā polopeka / mea noiʻi / ʻepekema i kēia hoʻopaʻapaʻa a me ke kākoʻo i kā lākou mokuʻāina, mai nā mea kālaiʻāina i nā mea hana," ʻo Bill Mashek, kahi pelekikena hope ma Ketchum, i kākau aku ai i ke Kulanui o Polopeka polofesa. “E hoʻomau!” Ua hoʻolilo aku ka hui kālepa ʻoihana CBI ma kahi o $ 11 miliona ma Ketchum's GMO Answers mai ka 2013, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau.

GMO Pane i ka 'hoʻokele pilikia' kūleʻa

Ma ke ʻano he hōʻailona o kona kūleʻa ma ke ʻano he mīkini milo PR, ʻo GMO Answers ka papa inoa ʻia no kahi makana hoʻolaha CLIO i ka 2014 i ka mahele o "Crisis Management & Issue Management." I loko o kēia wikiō no CLIO, ua kaena ʻo Ketchum e pili ana i ka aneane pālua o ka nānā ʻana o ka media i nā GMO a me "kaulike 80% o nā pilina" ma Twitter. ʻO ka hapa nui o kēlā mau pilina pūnaewele mai nā waihona i kū kūʻokoʻa a ʻaʻole hōʻike i kā lākou pili i ka hoʻolaha PR o ka ʻoihana.

ʻOiai ʻo ka wikiō Ketchum i koi ʻia ʻo GMO Answers e "hōʻano hou i ka transparency" me ka ʻike mai ka poʻe loea me ka "ʻaʻohe mea i kānana ʻia a censored ʻia, a ʻaʻohe leo i hāmau ʻia," kahi papa hana ʻo Monsanto PR e hōʻike ana i ka hui i helu ʻia ma nā pane GMO e kōkua i ka wili ʻana i kāna huahana i kahi kukui maikaʻi. ʻO ka palapala mai 2015 papa inoa Nā pane GMO ma waena o nā "hoa hana" hiki iā ia ke pale aku iā Roundup mai ka hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. i loko o kahi ʻāpana "kumuwaiwai" ma ka ʻaoʻao 4, ua papa inoa ʻia ka papahana i nā loulou i nā pane GMO me nā palapala a Monsanto i hiki ke kamaʻilio i ka leka o ka ʻoihana "ʻaʻole ʻo Glyphosate he carcinogenic."

Ua kau ʻia kēia wikiō Ketchum i ka pūnaewele CLIO a hemo ʻia ma hope o kā mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā iā ia.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Nā moʻolelo o ka hoʻopunipuni: FleishmanHillard, Ketchum

No ke aha e hoʻokau ai kekahi ʻoihana iā FleishmanHillard a i ʻole Ketchum, nona ʻelua e ka PR conglomerate Omnicom, i mua o nā hana e hoʻoulu ai i ka hilinaʻi he paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo. He mau moʻolelo lōʻihi ko nā ʻoihana ʻelua o ka hoʻopunipuni i kākau ʻia. O kahi laʻana:

A hiki i ka 2016, ʻo Ketchum ka ʻO PR paʻa no Rūsia a me Vladimir Putin. Wahi a nā palapala i loaʻa iā ProPublica, Ua hopu ʻia ʻo Ketchum e hoʻokau ana iā pro-Putin op-eds ma lalo o nā inoa o nā "ʻoihana kūʻokoʻa" me he mea lā i nā nūhou like ʻole. I ka 2015, ka ua hoʻolimalima ke aupuni Honduran iā Ketchum e hoʻāʻo e hoʻōla hou i kona kūlana maikaʻi ma hope o ka hoʻowahāwahā he miliona miliona.

Ua kī pū ʻia nā palapala iā Mother Jones e hōʻike ana ua hana ʻo Ketchum me kahi ʻoihana pilikino pilikino "i kiu iā Greenpeace a me nā hui kaiaulu ʻē aʻe mai ka hopena o 1990s ma o ka liʻiliʻi 2000, e ʻimi ana i nā palapala mai nā ipu ʻōpala, e hoʻāʻo ana e kanu i nā mea hana hūnā ma waena o nā hui, nā waihona kālā, hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā moʻolelo kelepona o nā mea hoʻouluulu, a komo i loko o nā hālāwai kūkā. ” Ua hopu ʻia ʻo FleishmanHillard me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana spionage kūpono ʻole e kūʻē i ke olakino lehulehu a me nā mea kākoʻo i ka paka no ka ʻoihana paka ʻo RJ Reynolds, e like me kahi noiʻi a Ruth Malone i ka Ka PepaʻAlaʻAmelika o ke Aupuni. Ua audiotaped hoʻi ka firm PR i nā hālāwai kūkā paka a me nā ʻaha kūkā.

ʻO FleishmanHillard ʻo ia ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu no The Tobacco Institute, ʻo ka ʻoihana paka ʻoihana lobbying nui, no ʻehiku mau makahiki. I loko o kahi ʻatikala 1996 Washington Post, Morton Mintz haʻi moʻolelo o pehea i hoʻololi ai ʻo FleishmanHillard a me ka Tobacco Institute i ka Healthy Buildings Institute i hui i mua no ka ʻoihana paka i kāna hana e hoʻohuli i ka hopohopo lehulehu e pili ana i ka pilikia o ka uahi lua. Ketchum ua hana pū no ka ʻoihana paka.

Ua hana nā ʻoihana ʻelua i kekahi manawa i nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua o kahi pilikia. ʻO FleishmanHillard i hala hoʻolimalima ʻia no nā pāʻālua puhipaka. I ka makahiki 2017, ua hemo ʻo Ketchum a firm-off firm i kapa ʻia ʻo Cultivate e loaʻa kālā ma ka mākeke ʻai mea ulu e ulu nei, ʻoiai ʻo Ketchum's GMO Answers i hōʻino i nā meaʻai meaola, e ʻōlelo ana ua uku ka poʻe kūʻai i kahi "uku nui" no nā meaʻai i ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o nā meaʻai i ulu mau ʻia e ka ʻaha.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Kūkākūkā FTI: ke hoʻopunipuni i ke aniau, nā pili paka

ʻO FTI Consulting, ka "hoʻokele pilikia" ʻO PR firm e hana pū ana me Bayer a ʻo ka mea nāna ka hana hopu ʻia e hoʻohālike ana i kahi mea kākau moʻolelo ma ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup ma Kapalakiko, kaʻana like i kekahi mau like me FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana huna, nele i ka moakaka a me ka mōʻaukala o ka hana pū ʻana me ka ʻoihana paka.

Ua ʻike ʻia ke kūpaʻa ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻokani nui i kā ExxonMobil mau hana e pale ai i ke kuleana no ka loli. As Elana Schor lāua ʻo Andrew Restuccia i hōʻike ʻia ma Politico ma 2016:

"Ma waho o [Exxon] ponoʻī, ke kūʻē leo nui ʻana i nā ʻōmaʻomaʻo mai FTI Consulting, kahi paʻa i hoʻopiha ʻia me nā mea kōkua Repubalika ma mua i kōkua i ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka GOP i ka pale ʻana i nā wahie fossil. Ma lalo o ka hae o Energy ma Depth, kahi papahana e holo nei no ka Independent Petroleum Association of America, ua kīwī ʻo FTI i nā mea kūkala nūhou me nā leka uila e hōʻike ana i ka "collusion" ma waena o nā mea hana ʻōmaʻomaʻo a me nā AGs mokuʻāina, a ua hāpai ʻia nā nīnau e pili ana i ka hāʻawi kālā a InsideClimate's Rockefeller. "

Ua hopu ʻia nā limahana ʻo FTI Consulting e hoʻohālike ana i nā mea kākau moʻolelo ma mua. Ua hōʻike ʻo Karen Savage ma Ianuali 2019 i ka Nūhou Liability News, "ʻElua mau mea hoʻolālā pili i ka lehulehu e kū nei no Exxon i hala aku nei ma ke ʻano he nūpepa i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e ninaninau i kahi loio e kū ana i nā kaiāulu ʻo Colorado e hoʻopiʻi nei iā Exxon no nā pohō e pili ana i ka huliau. ʻO nā mea hoʻolālā — Michael Sandoval lāua ʻo Matt Dempsey — hana ʻia e FTI Consulting, kahi ʻoihana i pili lōʻihi me ka ʻoihana aila a me nā ʻaila. ” Wahi a ka Climate Liability News, ua helu ʻia nā kāne ʻelua ma ke ʻano he mea kākau no Western Wire, kahi pūnaewele i holo ʻia e nā makemake aila a me nā limahana me ka FTI Consulting, kahi e hāʻawi nei i nā limahana iā Energy In Depth, kahi wahie pro-fossil "noiʻi, aʻo a me hoʻolaha hoʻolaha hoʻolaha ākea. ”

Ua hōʻike ʻo Energy In Depth iā ia iho ma ke ʻano "mom and pop shop" e hōʻike ana i nā mea lawelawe ikehu liʻiliʻi akā ua hoʻokumu ʻia e nā ʻoihana aila a me nā ʻaila nui e lobby no deregulation, Ua hōʻike ʻia ka blog DeSmog ma 2011. Ua wehe ka hui Greenpeace i Memo ʻoihana 2009 e wehewehe nei ʻO ka Energy In Depth ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana hou ākea ākea ... e hakakā i nā lula hou o ke kaiapuni, keu hoʻi e pili ana i ka haki nehe" ʻaʻole hiki ke hana ʻia me ka ʻole o nā hoʻokō kālā mua "o nā pono nui o ka aila a me ke kinoea me BP, Halliburton, Chevron, Shell, XTO Energy (ʻona iā ExxonMobil).

ʻO kekahi hiʻohiʻona e laulā me kēia mau ʻoihana āpau ʻo kā lākou ʻoihana pili paka. ʻO FTI Consulting he "moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka hana ʻana me ka ʻoihana paka," e like me ʻO ka Taka ʻAka paka. Ka hulina o ka waihona puke ʻoihana ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF lawe mai i 2,400 palapala e pili ana iā FTI Consulting.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

ʻO ka hōʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hōʻino PR a Bayer

ʻO Coverage ma Palani

ʻO Coverage ma ka ʻōlelo Pelekania

ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema kahi hoʻolaha PR no ka ʻoihana Agrichemical

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ʻOiai ʻo ia ka inoa kani a me ka pilina me kahi ʻoihana Ivy League, ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema (CAS) kahi hoʻolaha kaiāulu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe a puni ka honua e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā mea kanu i hana ʻia me nā mahiʻai i ko lākou mau home home. Ua kāhea nā loea he nui, nā loea kulekele ʻai, nā hui ʻai a me nā mahiʻai i nā hana kūpono ʻole a me nā hana hoʻopunipuni a nā CAS hoa e hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana.

I Kepakemapa, CAS hai mai la $ 10 miliona i ke kālā hou mai ka Gates Foundation, e lawe ana i ka huina o Gates kālā i $ 22 miliona mai ka 2014. Loaʻa ke kālā hou e like me Gates Foundation ke kū nei i ka pushback mai nā hui mahiʻai ʻApelika, nā meaʻai a me nā hilinaʻi no ka hoʻolilo kālā ʻana i mau piliona kālā ma nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala ma ʻApelika hōʻike ʻole nā ​​hōʻike i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka pōloli a hāpai ʻana paha i nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi, ʻoiai lākou e hoʻokau nei i nā ʻano mahiʻai e pono ai nā ʻoihana ma mua o ka poʻe. 

Kākau kēia pepa palapala i nā laʻana he nui o ka misinformation mai CAS a me nā poʻe i pili me kēia hui. ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona i hōʻike ʻia ma aneʻi e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻohana ʻana o CAS i ka inoa o Cornell, ka inoa a me ka mana e holomua i ka PR a me ka papahana politika o nā hui kemika a me nā hua hua nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO ka mikiona a me ka leka uila i hoʻopili ʻia me nā ʻoihana

Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo CAS i ka makahiki 2014 me ka hāʻawi kālā Gates Foundation he $ 5.6 miliona a hoʻohiki ʻia i "depolarize ”ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a puni GMOs. ʻO ka hui wahi a na misionari ʻo ia e "paipai i ke komo ʻana" i nā mea kanu a me nā meaʻai a GMO e ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā "ʻepekema" a puni ka honua e aʻo i ko lākou kaiāulu e pili ana i nā pono o ka biotechnology mahiʻai.

Paipai ka hui ʻoihana Pesticide iā CAS 

ʻO kahi ʻāpana nui o ka hoʻolālā CAS e hoʻopaʻa inoa a hoʻomaʻamaʻa Nā hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua i nā kamaʻilio a me nā hana hoʻolaha, e kia ana i nā wahi kahi e kūʻē ai ka lehulehu i ka ʻoihana biotech, ʻo ia hoʻi nā ʻāina ʻApelika i pale aku i nā mea kanu GMO.

He ʻano like ka mikiona CAS me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology (CBI), kahi ʻoihana pesticide-fund i kālā kālā i ka pilina pilina i loaʻa hana pū ʻia me CAS. Hana ka hui ʻoihana i kūkulu i nā kuʻikahi ma ʻō aku o ke kaulahao meaʻai a hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā kolu-ʻaoʻao, ʻo ia hoʻi nā kālaiʻike a me nā mahiʻai, e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu e ʻae iā GMOs.

Hoʻohālikelike ka leka uila CAS me PR pesticide ʻoihana PR: kahi myopic e nānā nei i ka hiki ke loaʻa nā pōmaikaʻi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered ʻoiai e hoʻoliʻiliʻi ana, nānā ʻole a hōʻole paha i nā pilikia a me nā pilikia. E like me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana o ka ʻoihana PR, nānā nui ʻo CAS i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino i nā mea hōʻino no nā huahana mahiʻai, e like me nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hāpai i nā olakino a i ʻole nā ​​pili kaiapuni.

Hoʻohalahala ākea

Ua huki ʻo CAS a me kāna mau mea kākau i nā loiloi mai nā kālaihana, nā mahiʻai, nā haumāna, nā hui kaiāulu a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka mana o ka meaʻai e ʻōlelo nei e hoʻolaha ana ka hui i nā leka kūpono ʻole a hoʻopunipuni ʻole a hoʻohana i nā hana unethical. E ʻike ma kahi laʻana:

Nā laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni leka ʻana

Ua kākau nā loea i ka ʻenekinia, ka biology, agroecology a me nā kulekele meaʻai i nā hiʻohiʻona he nui o nā koi pololei ʻole a Mark Lynas i ʻōlelo ai, he hoa kipa ma Cornell nāna i kākau he mau ʻatikala e pale ana i nā huahana mahiʻai ma ka inoa o CAS; ʻike e like me kāna hāpai ʻia nā ʻatikala he nui e ka Genetic Literacy Project, he hui PR kēlā hana pū me Monsanto. Kūkā ʻo Lynas 'puke 2018 no nā ʻāina ʻApelika e ʻae i nā GMO, a hāʻawi i kahi mokuna e pale aku iā Monsanto.

Nā koi kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO

Ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe ʻepekema he nui iā Lynas no ka hana ʻana nā ʻōlelo hoʻopunipuni, “ʻAʻole ʻepekema, kūpono ʻole a lapuwale”Nā paio, paipai dogma ma luna o ka ʻikepili a me ka noiʻi ma nā GMO, ke kuhi nei i nā mea kamaʻilio, a ke hana nei i nā kuleana kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā pesticides "hōʻike i ka naʻaupō ʻepekema hohonu, a i ʻole kahi hana ikaika e hana i ka kānalua. "

"ʻO ka papa inoa holoi o nā mea i hewa ai ʻo Mark Lynas e pili ana i nā GMO a me ka ʻepekema nui, a ua hōʻole ʻia e kekahi o nā agroecologists a me nā biologists alakaʻi o ka honua." Ua kākau ʻo Eric Holt-Giménez, luna hoʻomalu o Food First, i ʻApelila 2013 (Ua hui ʻo Lynas iā Cornell ma ke ʻano he hoa kipa ma hope o kēlā makahiki).  

"Disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole"

Ua hoʻohewa nui nā hui ʻo ʻApelika iā Lynas i ka lōʻihi. ʻO ka Alliance for Soichness Food ma ʻApelika, kahi hui pū o 40 a me nā hui mahiʻai ma waena o ʻApelika i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma he "lele-i pundit" nona ka "hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe ʻApelika, hiki ʻole ke kuhihewa ʻia ka loina a me ka moʻomeheu." ʻO Million Belay, ka luna o AFSA, i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma ke ʻano he "racist e hoʻokau nei i kahi moʻolelo e hiki ai i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana ke hoʻopakele iā ʻApelika."

I kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi 2018, ka South Africa-based Africa Center for Biodiversity i ho'ākāka ʻia nā hana kūʻē ʻole a Lynas i hoʻohana ai e hoʻolaulaha i ka papa hana lobby biotech ma Tanzania. "Aia kekahi pilikia e pili ana i ka kuleana a me [pono no] ka nohoaliʻi ʻana i ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, no ka hewa o ka ʻike hewa a me ke ʻano o kā lākou disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole," ʻo Mariam Mayet, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Center Africa no Biodiversity, i ʻōlelo i ka a Iulaiinar webinar webinar.

No nā loiloi piha o kā Lynas hana, e ʻike i nā ʻatikala ma ka hopena o kēia wahi a me kā mākou ʻO Mark Lynas pepa maoli.

Ke hoʻouka nei i ka agroecology

ʻO kahi laʻana o ka leka uila kūpono ʻole kahi ʻatikala panned ākea ma ka CAS paena e Lynas e koi ana, "agro-ecology e hōʻeha i ka poʻe hune." ?? Ua wehewehe ka poʻe ʻatikala i ka ʻatikala ma ke ʻano he “ka wehewehe demagogic a me ka ʻole ʻepekema o kahi pepa ʻepekema, ""hohonu unserious, ""kumumanaʻo kūlohelohe "a" kahi hilahila no ka mea makemake e koi ʻepekema, ”a“kālailai hewa maoli“?? hana “kahili laulaha“?? a “nā hopena hihiu.”Kekahi poʻe loiloi Kāheaʻia a hoʻihoʻi ʻana.

2019 kikokikona na CAS hoa Nassib Mugwanya i hāʻawi i kahi hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o nā ʻike kuhihewa e pili ana i ke kumuhana agroecology. ʻO ka ʻatikala, "No ke aha e hiki ʻole ai i nā hana mahiʻai kuʻuna ke hoʻololi i ka mahiʻai ʻApelika," e hōʻike ana i ke ʻano leka maʻamau i nā mea CAS. 'kumu ʻole a hoʻopōʻino hoʻi, ” mamuli o ke kaanaki e ka Alakaʻi kaiāulu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Seattle no Global Justice.

"Kaulike nui ʻia i ka ʻatikala nā hoʻohana ikaika o nā metaphors (e laʻa me ka agroecology i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā kūpeʻe lima), nā laulaha ʻana, ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻike a me ka nui o nā pololei ʻole maoli," wahi a ka hui.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka puke pāʻani Monsanto e pale aku i nā pesticides

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni CAS leka uila ʻoihana hiki ke loaʻa i ka pale o ka hui o Roundly glyphosate. ʻO nā lāʻau herbicides kahi kī nui o nā hua GMO me 90% o ka kulina a me ka soy i ulu i ka United States ʻenekini genetically e hoʻomanawanui iā Roundup. I ka makahiki 2015, ma hope o ka panel noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization i ʻōlelo ai ʻo glyphosate kahi kino kanaka paha, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Monsanto i nā mea kōkua e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup, e like me nā palapala Monsanto kūloko.

ʻO ka puke pāʻani PR a Monsanto: e hoʻouka nei i ka poʻe loea i ke kanesa ma ke ʻano he 'activists'

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Mark Lynas i ka Anuu CAS e hoʻonui i ka leka ʻana o Monsanto, e wehewehe ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai e like me ke "kilokilo kilokilo" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e "anti-Monsanto activists" nāna i "hana ʻino i ka ʻepekema" a ua hana "kahi ʻike maopopo ʻole ʻia o ka ʻepekema ʻelua a me ka hoʻopono kūlohelohe" e ka hōʻike ʻana i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka glyphosate. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i ka mea like nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kīnā ʻole a me nā kumu waiwai ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, a uku ka hui mua o Monsanto e kōkua i ka wili i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻOiai e koi ana aia ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema, ʻaʻole nānā ʻo Lynas i nā hōʻike he nui mai nā palapala a Monsanto, i hoʻolaha nui i ka nūpepa, kēlā Hoʻopilikia ʻo Monsanto me ʻike'enekema, hoʻoponopono i nā keʻena hoʻokele a hoʻohana i nā mea ʻē aʻe nā hana lima kaumaha e hoʻoponopono i ke kaʻina ʻepekema i mea e pale aku ai iā Roundup. I ka 2018, ua loaʻa i kahi jure ka Monsanto “hana me ka hana ʻino, hoʻoluhi a hoʻopunipuni paha"I ka uhi ʻana i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai o Roundup.

Lobbying no nā pesticides a me nā GMO ma Hawaii

ʻOiai ʻo ʻApelika ka nānā nui ʻana i ka ʻāina, kōkua pū kekahi ʻo CAS i nā hana pesticide e pale aku i nā pesticides a hōʻino i nā mea kōkua olakino lehulehu ma Hawaii. He ʻāina hoʻokolohua koʻikoʻi ko Hawaiʻi Paeʻāina no nā mea kanu GMO a me kahi e hōʻike ai i ke kiʻekiʻe hōʻike i nā pesticides a hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino pili pesticide, me nā kīnā hānau, ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me ka hānō. Ua alakaʻi ʻia kēia mau pilikia nā kamaʻāina e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hakakā he mau makahiki e hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai ʻoi aku ka ikaika e hōʻemi i nā hōʻike pesticide a hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hōʻike ʻana o nā kemika i hoʻohana ʻia ma nā māla mahiʻai.

"Hoʻouka kaua hōʻino"

I ka loaʻa ʻana o kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, ua komo ʻo CAS i loko o kahi "hōʻike ākea e pili ana i ka pilina lehulehu i hoʻolālā ʻia e hūnā i nā hopohopo kaiāulu" e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā pesticides, e like me ka haʻi a Fern Anuenue Holland, kahi mea hoʻonohonoho kaiāulu no ka Hawaii Alliance for Progressive Action. I ka Cornell Daily Sun, Ua wehewehe ʻo Holland pehea ka "uku ʻana iā Cornell Alliance no nā hoa ʻepekema - ma lalo o ke ʻano o ka ʻepekema loea - ua hoʻouka i nā hōʻeha hōʻino. Ua hoʻohana lākou i nā pāpili kaiaulu a kākau i nā hanana blog he nui e hoʻohewa ana i nā lālā kaiāulu a me nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe i loaʻa ka wiwo ʻole e ʻōlelo ai. "

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Holland ua hoʻokau ʻia ʻo ia a me nā lālā ʻē aʻe o kāna hui i "ka pepehi kanaka ʻana, nā kuhi hewa ʻana a me nā hōʻeha ʻana i ka hilinaʻi pilikino a me ka ʻoihana" e nā lālā CAS. "Ua ʻike maka wau i nā ʻohana a me nā aloha aloha i wāwahi ʻia," i kākau ai ʻo ia.

Kūʻē i ka pono o ka lehulehu e ʻike     

Luna Hoʻokele CAS ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, 'ōlelo kāna hui kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana: "ʻAʻole mākou e kākau no ka ʻoihana, a ʻaʻole mākou e kākoʻo a paipai paha i nā huahana o ka ʻoihana. E like me kā mākou pūnaewele e hōʻike nei me ka maopopo a hōʻike piha hoʻi, ʻaʻole loaʻa iā mākou nā kumuwaiwai mai ka ʻoihana. " Eia nō naʻe, loaʻa nā kakini o nā leka uila e US Right to Know, i kau ʻia i kēia manawa i loko o ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS a me Evanega e launa pū me ka ʻoihana pesticide a me nā hui o mua e pili ana i nā hana pili lehulehu. ʻO nā laʻana me:

Hōʻike ʻia nā laʻana hou aʻe o ka launa pū CAS me nā hui ʻoihana ma lalo o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.  

Ke hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā hui i mua a me nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole

I kāna mau hana e hoʻolaha i nā GMO ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema" hopena no ka mahiʻai, ua hāʻawi ʻo Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i kāna papa i nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana a me kahi skeptic ʻepekema kaulana.

ʻO Trevor Butterworth a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS: Nā CAS hoa me Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS e hāʻawi iā “ke kūkā kamaʻilio helu no nā mea nūpepa”A hāʻawi aku he launa i ka luna o ka hui ʻo Trevor Butterworth, nāna i kūkulu kāna ʻoihana pale i nā huahana nui i ka Nine Inch, fracking, meaʻai maikaʻi 'ole i ke kino a nā ʻoihana lāʻau. ʻO Butterworth ke alakaʻi o Sense About Science USA, kahi āna i hoʻohui ai me kāna paepae mua, ʻo Statistics Analysis Service (STATS).

Ua wehewehe nā mea kākau moʻolelo i nā STAT a me Butterworth ma ke ʻano he mea pāʻani nui i nā pāʻina pale pale huahana ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā mea lapaʻau (e nānā Hōʻike nūhou, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ʻO ke kuʻina a ʻO ʻAkelanika). Hoʻomaopopo nā palapala Monsanto ʻO Sense About Science i waena o ka "hoa hana" ua hilinaʻi ia e pale aku iā Roundup e kūʻē i nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻOwen Paterson: I ka 2015, ua hoʻokipa ʻo CAS iā Owen Paterson, he kālaiʻāina Pelekane Pelekane Conservative a kaulana kaulana skeptic ʻepekema aniau ka mea hōʻemi i ke kālā no nā hana hoʻoliʻiliʻi hoʻomehana honua i kona manawa ma ke ʻano he Kuhina Kaiapuni ʻo UK. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Paterson i ka pae Cornell e koi i nā hui kaiapuni e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMOʻae i nā miliona e make.”Ua hoʻohana nā hui ʻoihana Pesticide i ka leka uila like 50 mau makahiki i hala aku nei e hoʻāʻo hōʻino iā Rachel Carson no ka hāpai ʻana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā DDT.

ʻO Lynas a me ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema: Pili pū ʻo Lynas o CAS me Sense About Science ma ke ʻano he lālā aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo lōʻihi. I ka 2015, ua hui pū ʻo Lynas me ka skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻo Owen Paterson Paterson ʻo Sense e pili ana i ka luna ʻepekema ʻo Tracey Brown i hoʻolana i kāna mea i kāhea ai ka "neʻe ʻana o ka ecomodernism," kahi hui like, ʻāpana anti-rula o ka "environmentism."

Hawaii Alliance no nā ʻelele ʻEpekema

Ma 2016, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo CAS i kahi ka hui hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Hawaii Alliance for Science, ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻo kāna kumu e "kākoʻo i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka hoʻoholo a me nā hana hou o ka mahiʻai i nā mokupuni." Loaʻa i kāna mau ʻelele:

ʻO Sarah Thompson, a ka limahana o Dow AgroSciences, hoʻohui ʻia ka Hawaii Alliance no ka ʻepekema, ka mea i hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "hui i pili i nā kamaʻilio kumu waiwai ʻole pili pili i ka Cornell Alliance for Science." (ʻAʻole ʻike hou ʻia ka pūnaewele, akā mālama ka hui a Facebook palapala.)

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā hoʻolaha pāʻoihana kaiaulu mai ka Hawaii Alliance no ʻEpekema a me kāna mea hoʻonohonoho ʻo Thompson i wehewehe i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e like me poʻe haʻaheo a naʻaupō, hoʻolauleʻa nā mea kanu kulina a me nā soya a pale i nā pesticides neonicotinoid ka mea ʻike nui a ʻ saylelo mai nā ʻepekema he mau meli hōʻino.

ʻO Joan Conrow, Luna Hoʻoponopono o CAS, kākau ʻatikala ma luna ona pūnaewele pūnaewele, kela mea Pūnaewele “Kauai Eclectic” a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino nā kānaka olakino, nā hui kaiaulu a nā kālaiʻāina ma Hawaii nāna e kākoʻo i ka pale ʻana i nā pesticide ikaika, a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e kākau e pili ana i nā hopohopo pesticide. Loaʻa iā Conrow hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā hui kaiapuni o ka pale ʻauhau a me hoʻohālikelike i kahi hui palekana meaʻai i ka KKK.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo Conrow i kāna pili ma waena o Cornell. Ua hoʻohalahala ka nūpepa ʻo Beat Beat o Hawaiʻi iā Conrow nona nele i ka transparency a ʻōlelo iā ia i 2016 ma ke ʻano he kumu no ke kumu e hoʻololi nei ka pepa i kāna mau manaʻo hoʻopuka. ʻO Conrow "hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine i ka kuanaʻike pro-GMO me ka ʻōlelo ʻole ʻana i kāna hana ma ke ʻano he mea aloha i ka GMO," i kākau ʻo Polopeka journalism Brett Oppegaard. "Ua nalowale ʻo Conrow i kāna kūʻokoʻa nūhou (a me ka hilinaʻi) e hōʻike kūpono e pili ana i nā pilikia GMO, no ka leo o kāna hana i kēia mau pilikia."

ʻO Joni Kamiya, he 2015 CAS ʻO ka hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā rula pesticide ma kāna pūnaewele Ke kaikamahine a ka mahiai o Hawaii, i ka Media a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic. ^ E Ha yM. Aia ʻo ia "Luna ʻelele" no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pūnaewele pāʻoihana GMO Nā Pane. E like me Conrow, ʻōlelo ʻo Kamiya i nā hōʻike pesticide ma Hawaii ʻaʻole pilikia, a e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino i nā luna i koho ʻia a "Nā mea hana kaiapuni" ka poʻe makemake e hoʻoponopono i nā pesticides.

ʻO Cornell Alliance no nā limahana ʻEpekema, nā aʻoaʻo

Ua wehewehe ʻo CAS iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "papahana i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell, kahi ʻoihana loaʻa kālā ʻole." ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hui i kāna moʻohelu kālā, nā hoʻolilo a me nā uku o nā limahana, a ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻo Cornell University i kekahi ʻike e pili ana iā CAS i kāna faila ʻauhau.

Papa inoa ka pūnaewele Nā lālā o ka 20, me Luna Hoʻokele ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, a me Luna Hooponopono ʻO Joan Conrow (ʻaʻole papa inoa ʻo Mark Lynas a i ʻole kekahi mau hoa e loaʻa pū ka uku). ʻO nā lālā limahana ʻē aʻe i helu ʻia ma ka pūnaewele me:

Aia i ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo CAS nā kālaiʻike e kōkua mau i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai me kā lākou mau hana PR.

ʻO Gates Foundation: nā loiloi o nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai 

Mai ka 2016, ua hoʻolilo ka Gates Foundation ma kahi o $ 4 biliona no nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai, ʻo ka hapa nui o ia mea i kau ʻia ma ʻApelika. ʻO nā hoʻolālā hoʻolālā mahiʻai o ke kahua alakaʻi ʻia e Rob Horsch (ua hoʻomaha loa), a ʻO Monsanto veteran o 25 makahiki. Ua huki ka hoʻolālā i ka hoʻopiʻi no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai ma ʻApelika ma luna o ka ke kūʻē ʻana i nā pūʻulu hoʻokumu ʻApelika a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka nohona, a me nā hopohopo a me nā kānalua e pili ana i nā mea kanu ʻenekene a puni ʻApelika.

ʻO nā loiloi a ka Gates Foundation e hoʻokokoke nei i ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai a me ke kālā.

ʻO nā hui like ʻoihana CAS hou aku 

Loaʻa nā leka uila ma o FOIA e US Right to Know, a ua kau ʻia i kēia manawa i ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS e launa pū ana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui pili lehulehu e hoʻonohonoho i nā hanana a me ka leka ʻana:

ʻO nā loiloi hou aʻe a Mark Lynas 

ʻO GMO Answers kahi hoʻolaha a me PR Campaign no nā Pesticide Company

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Kiʻi hou i nā:

ketchum gmo pane

Nā Pane GMO uku ʻia ma ke ʻano he kolamu kahi e hiki ai i nā mea kūʻai ke loaʻa pololei nā pane mai ka poʻe loea kūʻokoʻa e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia, a ʻo kekahi poʻe nūpepa e lawe ia mea me he kumu kaulike ʻole. Akā ʻo ka pūnaewele kahi pono ʻoihana kūʻai aku ʻoihana pono e wili i nā GMO i kahi kukui maikaʻi.

ʻO nā hōʻike i nā pane a GMO kahi mea hana propaganda hoʻopilikia pilikia i nele i ka hilinaʻi ʻole.

Ua hana ʻia nā pane GMO ma ke ʻano he kaʻa e hoʻohuli ai i ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu no GMOs. Ma hope koke iho o ka hahau ʻana o Monsanto a me kāna mau mea kōkua i ka hana balota 2012 e kapa inoa i nā GMO ma Kaleponi, ʻo Monsanto Ho'olaha i nā māla e hoʻokumu i kahi hoʻolaha pili lehulehu e hoʻoponopono hou i ka inoa o GMO. Ua hoʻolimalima lākou i ka ʻoihana pili aupuni ʻo FleishmanHillard (nona ʻo Omnicom) no kahi hoʻouka kaua ʻehiku.

Ma ke ʻāpana o ka hoʻoikaika ʻana, ua hoʻolimalima ʻia ka firm PR Ketchum (nona pū ʻo Omnicom) e ka ʻaha kūkāʻike no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology - i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e Monsanto, BASF, Bayer, Dow, Dupont a me Syngenta - e hana iā GMOAnswers.com. Ua hoʻohiki ka pūnaewele i hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka huikau a hoʻopau i ka hilinaʻi ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO e hoʻohana nei i nā leo i hoʻoponopono ʻole ʻia o nā mea i kapa ʻia he "loea kūʻokoʻa."

Akā pehea ke kūʻokoʻa o kēlā poʻe loea?

Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ka pūnaewele i nā kikoʻī e kamaʻilio pono e haʻi i kahi moʻolelo maikaʻi e pili ana i nā GMO i ka wā e hoʻoliʻiliʻi a nānā ʻole paha i nā pilikia olakino a me ka nohona. ʻO kahi laʻana, ke nīnau ʻia inā e hāpai ana nā GMO i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pesticides, hāʻawi ka pūnaewele i kahi no convolulate, ʻoiai me ka ʻike ʻia ʻana o ka ʻike o nā hoa. ʻae, i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo lākou nō.

"Hoʻomākaukau Roundup" Ua hoʻonui nā huahana GMO i ka glyphosate, a kino kanaka make paha, by haneli miliona mau paona. Ua alakaʻi ʻia kahi hoʻolālā GMO / pesticide hou e pili ana i ka dicamba i ka luku ʻia o nā mea kanu soybean a puni ka US, a ke hoʻomākaukau nei ʻo FDA i kēia makahiki no pākolu ʻia ka hoʻohana o 2,4-D, kahi lāʻau make make ʻona kahiko, ma muli o nā mea kanu GMO hou i ʻenekinia e kūʻē iā ia. ʻAʻohe mea e hopohopo ai kēia mau mea āpau, e like me nā pane a GMO.

Pane ʻia nā nīnau e pili ana i ka palekana me nā ʻōlelo wahaheʻe e like me "kēlā me kēia hui olakino alakaʻi i ka honua kū i hope o ka palekana o nā GMO." ʻAʻole i loaʻa iā mākou kahi ʻōlelo i kau inoa ʻia e nā ʻepekema 300, nā kauka a me nā kālaiʻike e ʻōlelo nei aia he "ʻaʻohe ʻae ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO,”A ʻaʻole i loaʻa iā mākou nā pane i nā nīnau a mākou i kau ai e pili ana i ka ʻōlelo.

Ua hele mai nā hiʻohiʻona e ʻike i kēlā Ua kākau ʻo Ketchum PR i kekahi o nā pane GMO ua kau inoa ʻia e "nā loea kūʻokoʻa."

Papa inoa ʻia no ka makana PR hoʻokele kūpilikiʻi

Ma ke ʻano he hōʻike hou aʻe he kaʻa wili ka pūnaewele: ma 2014, ʻO GMO Nā Pane papa inoa ʻia no kahi makana hoʻolaha CLIO i ka mahele o "Nā pilina lehulehu: Crisis Management & Issue Management."

A ʻo ka firm PR i hana i nā GMO Answers i kaena aʻe e pili ana i ka mana o ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo. I loko o kahi wikiō i kau ʻia i ka pūnaewele CLIO, ua kaena ʻo Ketchum no ka pane ʻana o GMO Answers "kokoke i pālua ka pāpaho ʻana o ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO." Ua wehe ʻia ke wikiō ma hope o ka US Right to Know i kāhea ʻia i ka nānā ʻana iā ia, akā ʻo mākou mālama iā ia ma aneʻi.

No ke aha e hilinaʻi ai ka poʻe kūkala nūhou i kahi kaʻa kālepa i hoʻolālā ʻia e Ketchum ma ke ʻano he kumu hilinaʻi paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo. Ketchum, a hiki i ka 2016 ka ʻO PR paʻa no Rūsia, ua hoʻopili ʻia i nā hana spionage kūʻē i nā nonprofits hopohopo e pili ana iā GMOs. ʻAʻole pololei kahi moʻolelo e hāʻawi iā ia iho e hoʻopau i ka hilinaʻi ʻole.

Hāʻawi ʻia ʻo GMO Answers kahi mea kūʻai aku i hoʻokumu ʻia a hāʻawi kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku ana i nā GMO, manaʻo mākou he pāʻani kūpono ke nīnau: ʻO ia anei nā "loea kūʻokoʻa" nāna i hōʻaiʻē i ka pūnaewele - ʻo kekahi o lākou e hana nei no nā kula nui a uku ʻia e nā ʻauhau. - kūʻokoʻa maoli a hana i ka pono o ka lehulehu? A i ʻole ke hana pū nei lākou i ka hui me nā ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana pili lehulehu e kōkua i ke kūʻai aku i ka lehulehu i kahi moʻolelo wili?

I ka ʻimi ʻana i kēia mau pane, kuleana ʻo US e ʻike waiho i nā noi Freedom of Information Act e ʻimi nei i ka leka a nā polopeka i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu i kākau no GMOAnswers.com a i hana paha ma nā hana hoʻoikaika GMO ʻē aʻe. He noi ʻiʻī ka FOIA e uhi ʻole i ka ʻike pilikino a i ʻole ka ʻikepili, akā e ʻimi e hoʻomaopopo i nā pilina ma waena o nā polopeka, nā ʻoihana mahiʻai e kūʻai aku nei i nā GMO, kā lākou mau hui kālepa a me nā PR a me nā ʻoihana lobbying i hoʻolimalima ʻia e hoʻolaha i nā GMO a hakakā i ka lepili no laila mālama mākou i ka pouli e pili ana i ka mea a mākou e ʻai nei.

E hāhai i nā hopena o ka Pono ʻo US e ʻike hoʻokolokolo ma aneʻi.

E nānā i kā mākou ʻOihana Pesticide ʻoihana Propaganda Tracker no ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā mea pāʻani i ka hana kemika i nā hana pili lehulehu.

Hiki iā ʻoe ke kōkua i ka hoʻonui ʻana i ke kuleana e ʻike ai i nā noiʻi e ke hana nei i kahi manawaleʻa ʻauhau hiki i kēia lā

Hoʻonohonoho ʻo Bayer i ka US Roundup, dicamba a me ka hoʻopiʻi PCB ma mua o $ 10 biliona

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I loko o kahi hoʻomaʻemaʻe makamae o nā ʻino o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana ʻo Monsanto, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer AG i ka Pōʻakolu e ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o $ 10 biliona e hoʻoponopono ai i nā ʻumi tausani o nā koi a US i lawe kūʻē iā Monsanto no kāna lāʻau make Roundup, a me $ 400 miliona e hoʻonā i nā hoʻopiʻi ma luna o Monsanto. dicamba herbicide a me $ 650 miliona no ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi PCB.

Na olelo hooholo hele mai i ʻelua mau makahiki ma hope o ke kūʻai ʻana a Bayer iā Monsanto no $ 63 biliona a aneane ʻike koke i ka hāʻule ʻana o nā kumukūʻai ma muli o ke kuleana o Roundup.

Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Bayer e uku ʻia he $ 10.1 biliona a $ 10.9 biliona e hōʻalo ai ma kahi o 75 pākēneka o nā hoʻopiʻi e kahi poʻe 125,000 i manaʻo ʻia e pili ana i ka make ʻana o nā pua mauʻu ʻo Monsanto Roundup iā lākou e hoʻomohala i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin. ʻO ka ʻaelike me nā mea hoʻopiʻi i mālama i nā loio me ka manaʻo e hoʻopiʻi akā ʻaʻole i waiho ʻia nā hihia. Ma loko o kēlā huina, uku o $ 8.8 biliona a $ 9.6 biliona e hoʻonā i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana o kēia manawa a ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia he $ 1.25 biliona e kākoʻo i nā hihia e hiki mai ana, wahi a ka ʻoihana.

ʻO nā mea hoʻopiʻi i loko o ka noho ʻana, ʻo ia ka poʻe i kau inoa ʻia me nā keʻena loio e alakaʻi nei i ka Roundup federal multi-district litigation (MDL) a komo pū me The Miller Firm o Virginia, ka Baum Hedlund Aristei & Goldman firm o Los Angeles a me ka Andrus Wagstaff firm. o Denver, Kolorado.

"Ma hope o nā makahiki o ka hakakā hakakā ʻana me ka makahiki a me hoʻokahi makahiki o ka mediation ikaika hauʻoli wau i ka ʻike ʻana e uku ʻia kā mākou mea kūʻai aku," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Mike Miller, ʻo ka ʻoihana loio Miller.

Ua hana pū ka firm Miller a me ka firm Baum Hedlund e lanakila i ka hihia mua e hele i ka hoʻokolokolo, ʻo ia ke kahu o Kaleponi ʻo Dewayne "Lee" Johnson. Ua lanakila ʻo Andrus Wagstaff i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻelua a ua lanakila ʻo The Miller Firm i ka hihia ʻekolu e hele i ka hoʻokolokolo. Ma nā mea āpau, ua hopena nā hoʻokolokolo ʻekolu i nā ʻōlelo hoʻoholo jure i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma mua o $ 2.3 biliona, ʻoiai nā luna kānāwai hoʻokolokolo i kēlā me kēia hihia i hoʻohaʻahaʻa i nā ʻōlelo hoʻoholo.

Ua ʻike nā jure i nā hoʻokolokolo ʻekolu a pau ʻo Monsanto's glyphosate herbsicides, e like me Roundup, i hana i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin a ua uhi ʻo Monsanto i nā pilikia a hōʻole ʻole i ka poʻe hoʻohana.

Ke hele nei kēlā me kēia ʻōlelo hoʻoholo hoʻokolokolo ʻekolu i ke kaʻina hoʻopiʻi i kēia manawa a ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo ʻia nā mea hoʻopiʻi i kēlā mau hihia i ka hoʻoponopono.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer i kēia manawa ʻo ka hoʻopiʻi Roundup he ʻāpana o ka ʻaelike papa e ʻae ʻia e ka luna kānāwai ʻo Vince Chhabria o ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka ʻĀkau ʻAkau o Kaleponi, nāna i kauoha i ke kaʻina mediasi o hoʻokahi makahiki i alakaʻi i ka hoʻoponopono.

E lawe ka ʻaelike i nā hopena e hiki mai ana e pili ana i nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa mai ka lima o nā kiure, i ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer. Ma kahi o, e hoʻokumu ʻia ana kahi "ʻepekema ʻepekema papa." E hoʻoholo ka Papa ʻEpekema Papa inā Roundup hiki ke hana i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, a inā pēlā, ma nā pae hōʻike liʻiliʻi loa. E hoʻopaʻa ʻia nā mea hoʻopiʻi i ka hana papa a me Bayer e ka hoʻoholo a ka Papa ʻEpekema Papa. Inā hoʻoholo ka papa ʻepekema papa ʻaʻohe kumu pili ma waena o Roundup a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma a laila pāpā ʻia nā lālā o ka papa mai ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i nā hihia ʻē aʻe e kūʻē iā Bayer.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer e manaʻo ʻia ka lōʻihi o ka hoʻoholo ʻana o ka papa ʻepekema papa e hala i mau makahiki a ʻaʻole ʻae ʻia nā lālā o ka papa e hana me nā hoʻopiʻi Roundup ma mua o kēlā hoʻoholo. ʻAʻole hiki iā lākou ke ʻimi i nā uku hoʻopaʻi, wahi a Bayer.

"Ua hoʻolālā ʻia nā ʻaelike Roundup ™ ma ke ʻano he kūpono kūpono i kahi hoʻopiʻi kū hoʻokahi," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Kenneth R. Feinberg, ka mea i koho ʻia e ka ʻaha no nā kūkā kamaʻilio ʻana.

ʻOiai lākou i hoʻolaha i ka noho ʻana, hoʻomau ka hōʻole ʻana o nā luna o Bayer i kā Monsanto's glyphosate herbicides i loaʻa i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

"ʻO ke kino ākea o ka ʻepekema e hōʻike nei ʻaʻole ʻo Roundup ke kumu o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a no laila, ʻaʻole kuleana no nā maʻi i hoʻopiʻi ʻia i kēia hihia," i ʻōlelo ʻo CEO ʻo Bayer Werner Baumann i loko o kahi ʻōlelo.

Hana Dicamba

Ua hoʻolaha aku ʻo Bayer i kahi ʻaelike tort nui e hoʻonā i ka hoʻopiʻi drift dr US, kahi e pili ana i nā kuleana mai nā mahiʻai e hoʻohana ana i nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba i hoʻomohala ʻia e Monsanto a me BASF e kāpīpī ʻia ma luna o nā mea kanu dicamba-tolerant i hoʻomohala ʻia e Monsanto i lilo i ka nui o nā hua a me ka ʻeha.

I kahi hoʻokolokolo ma mua o kēia makahiki, ʻo Monsanto Kauoha ʻia e uku $ 265 miliona i kahi mahiʻai peach Missouri no ka dramba drift hōʻino i kāna māla.

Ma mua o 100 mau mahiʻai i hana i nā hoʻopiʻi kū kānāwai like. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer e uku ʻia a $ 400 miliona no ka hoʻonā ʻana i ka hoʻopiʻi dicamba multi-district e kali ʻia nei i ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo ʻAmelika no ka ʻĀpana Hikina o Missouri, me nā koi no nā makahiki kanu 2015-2020. Koi ʻia nā mea koi e hāʻawi i ka hōʻoia o ka hōʻino i nā hua a me nā hōʻike e pili ana ia i ka dicamba i mea e ʻohiʻohi ai. Ke manaʻo nei ka ʻoihana i kahi kōkua mai kāna mea i hoʻopiʻi ʻia, BASF, i kēia noho ʻana.

Hāʻawi ka hoʻonā i "nā waiwai e pono ai no nā mahiʻai" i ʻeha i nā lilo o nā mea kanu ma muli o ka heʻe ʻana o ka lāʻau make lāʻau dicamba, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka loio ʻo Joseph Peiffer o ka loio loio ʻo Peiffer Wolf, ka mea e hōʻike ana i nā mahiʻai me nā koi dicamba.

"ʻO ka hoʻonohonoho i hoʻolaha ʻia i kēia lā he hana nui ia e hana i nā mea kūpono i nā mahiʻai e makemake wale ana e kau i ka meaʻai ma ka papaʻaina o ʻAmelika a me ka honua," wahi a Peiffer.

Ma mua o kēia mahina a Ua hoʻoholo ka ʻaha pekelala ua uhaki ka 'Oihana Hoʻomalu Kūlohelohe i ke kānāwai i ka wā i ʻae ai i nā lāʻau lāʻau dicamba i hana ʻia e Monsanto, BASF a me Corteva Agriscience. Ua ʻike ka ʻaha i ka nānā ʻole ʻana o ka EPA i nā pilikia o ka hōʻino ʻia dicamba.

Hoʻonohonoho Pololei PCB

Ua hoʻolaha pū ʻo Bayer i kahi mau ʻaelike e hoʻoholo i nā hihia i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hōʻike ana i ka hapa nui o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka wai e PCB, a Monsanto i hana ai a hiki i ka makahiki 1977. Hoʻokahi aelike i hoʻokumu i kahi papa e komo pū me nā aupuni kūloko me nā ʻae EPA e pili ana i ka hoʻokuʻu wai i hoʻopilikia ʻia e Nā PCB. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer e uku ʻia he $ 650 miliona i ka papa, a e ʻae ʻia ia e ka ʻaha.

Hoʻohui ʻia, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer ua hana ʻo ia i loko o nā ʻaelike ʻokoʻa me ka Loio Kuhina Nui o New Mexico, Wakinekona, a me ka Apana o Columbia e hoʻoponopono i nā koi a PCB. No kēia mau ʻaelike, he ʻokoʻa ka papa, e uku ʻo Bayer i kahi $ 170 miliona.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer ʻaʻole e ʻoi aku ka nui o ke kahe o ke kālā ma waho o $ 5 biliona ma 2020 a me $ 5 biliona ma 2021 me ke koena i koe e uku ʻia ma 2022 a i ʻole ma hope.

Nā Pepa Dicamba: Nā Palapala Nui a me ka ʻIkepili

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Ke hoʻopiʻi nei nā haneli o nā mahiʻai a puni ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i ka Monsanto Co. ma mua, i kūʻai ʻia i ka makahiki 2018 e Bayer AG, a me ka conglomerate BASF i ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻopaʻa i nā ʻoihana no nā miliona o nā ʻeka o nā hua i hōʻino ʻia i koi ʻia e nā mahiʻai ma muli o ka hoʻohana ākea ʻana o ke kānāwai. ka ka mauʻu e luku nei i ka dicamba kemika, hoʻohana i paipai ʻia e nā ʻoihana.

ʻO ka hihia mua e hele i ka hoʻokolokolo ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo Bader Farms a Missouri e kūʻē i nā ʻoihana a ua hopena i kahi hoʻoholo $ 265 miliona e kūʻē i nā ʻoihana. ʻO ka ua hāʻawi ʻia ke kiure $ 15 miliona i nā uku hoʻopaʻi a me $ 250 miliona i nā uku hoʻopaʻi.

Ua waiho ʻia kēia hihia ma ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻĀpana Hikina o Missouri, ʻĀkau Hema, ʻĀpana Kivila # 1: 16-cv-00299-SNLJ. Ua ʻōlelo ka poʻe nona nā Bader Farms ua kipi nā hui e hana i kahi "pōpilikia kaiaola" e hoʻowalewale i nā mahiʻai e kūʻai i nā ʻano dicamba-tolerant. Hiki ke loaʻa nā palapala nui mai ia hihia ma lalo.

Ke Keʻena ʻo EPA o ka Luna Nana (OIG) hoʻolālā e hoʻokolokolo ua ʻae nā ʻāpana i nā mea kanu lāʻau dicamba hou e hoʻoholo inā pili ka EPA i nā koi pekelala a me nā "ʻepekema maikaʻi ʻepekema" i ka wā i hoʻopaʻa inoa ai i nā lāʻau lāʻau dicamba hou.

Hana Pekelala

Ma kahi kaʻawale, i ka lā 3 o Iune, 2020. ua ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo no ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka ʻĀiwa Kaapuni ua hōʻeha ka ʻĀina Hoʻomalu Kūlohelohe i ke kānāwai i ka ʻae ʻana i nā lāʻau make dicamba a Bayer, BASF a me Corteva Agrisciences a me ua hoʻokahuli i ka ʻae ʻana o ka ʻoihana o nā lāʻau herbicides hoʻokumu ʻia dicamba i hana ʻia e nā pilikua ʻekolu. Ua pāpā ʻia ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo no ka hoʻomau ʻana o ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka huahana.

Akā ua hoʻopiʻi ka EPA i ka ʻaha i hoʻoholo ʻia, e hāʻawi ana i kahi leka hoʻomaopopo ma Iune 8 i ʻōlelo ʻia hiki i nā mea kanu ke hoʻomau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lāʻau make lāʻau dicamba a hiki i Iulai 31, ʻoiai ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka ʻaha i ʻōlelo kikoʻī ʻia i kāna kauoha ʻaʻole makemake ia e hoʻopaneʻe i ka waiho ʻana i kēlā mau ʻae ʻia. Ua hōʻike ka ʻaha i ka hōʻino i hana ʻia e dicamba e hoʻohana ai i nā kauwela i hala i nā miliona o nā eka o nā mea kanu, nā māla a me nā mea kanu i nā ʻāina mahiʻai o US.

Ma ka Iune 11, 2020, na mea hoopii i ka hihia waiho i kahi noi ulia pōpilikia e ʻimi nei e hoʻokō i ka ʻōlelo a ka ʻaha a e hoʻowahāwahā ʻia ka EPA. Ua hui pū kekahi mau hui mahiʻai me Corteva, Bayer a me BASF i ke noi ʻana i ka ʻaha e hoʻokō ʻole i ka pāpā. Loaʻa nā palapala ma lalo.

kāʻei kua

Hoʻohana ʻia ʻo Dicamba e nā mahiʻai mai nā makahiki 1960 akā me nā palena i noʻonoʻo ai i ka makemake o ke kemika e heʻe a volatilize- neʻe mamao aku kahi i pīpī ʻia. I ka hoʻomaka ʻana o Monsanto's glyphosate lau nahele mau mau mea luku i nā mea kanu, e like me Roundup, i ka lilo ʻana o ka pono ma muli o ke kūpaʻa mau ʻana o ka mauʻu, ua hoʻoholo ʻo Monsanto e hoʻokumu i kahi ʻōnaehana dicamba e like me kāna ʻōnaehana Roundup Ready i makemake nui ʻia, ka mea i hoʻopili ʻia me nā ʻano ahonui me ka glyphosate. ʻO ka poʻe mahiʻai e kūʻai ana i nā ʻano hua dicamba-tolerant ʻenekini hou e hiki ke maʻalahi i ka mālama ʻana i nā nāhelehele paʻakikī e ka pīpī ʻana i nā māla holoʻokoʻa me ka dicamba, ʻoiai i nā mahina ulu mahana, me ka hōʻeha ʻole i kā lākou mea kanu. Monsanto kūkala i kahi laulima me BASF i ka makahiki 2011. Ua ʻōlelo nā hui e emi ana ka maʻalahi a me ka liʻiliʻi o ka neʻe ma mua o nā formulate kahiko o ka dicamba.

Ua ʻae ka Agency Environmental Protection Agency i ka hoʻohana ʻana o Monsanto's dicamba herbicide "XtendiMax" ma 2016. Ua hoʻomohala ʻo BASF i kāna lāʻau kanu dicamba ponoʻī e kapa ʻia ʻo Engenia. ʻO XtendiMax lāua ʻo Engenia i kūʻai mua ʻia ma United States i 2017.

Hoʻomaka ʻo Monsanto e kūʻai aku i kāna mau ʻano dicamba-tolerant i ka makahiki 2016, a ʻo kahi koi nui e ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi ka kūʻai aku ʻana i nā hua ma mua o ka ʻae ʻana o ka rula hou o nā lāʻau herbabide dicamba i paipai i nā mahiʻai e pīpī i nā māla me nā formamba dicamba ʻāwīwī loa. Wahi a ka hoʻopiʻi Bader: "ʻO ke kumu o ka luku ʻia ʻana i nā mea kanu a Plaintiff Bader Farms ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana a Defendant Monsanto i kahi ʻōnaehana kīnā hema - ʻo ia nō kona ʻano genetically Roundup Ready 2 Xtend soybeans and Bollgard II Xtend cotton seed (" Xtend plants " ) - me ka hele pū ʻole ʻia, ʻāpono ʻia e EPA e ka laau make lāʻau dicamba. ”

Ua ʻōlelo nā mahiʻai ua ʻike a manaʻo ka poʻe i nā hua hou e hoʻoulu i ka hoʻohana nui ʻia ʻana o ka dicamba e hōʻino ana i nā māla o nā mahiʻai i kūʻai ʻole i nā ʻano hua dicamba-tolerant. Wahi a nā mahiʻai, he ʻāpana kēia o kahi hoʻolālā e hoʻonui i ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā ʻano hua dicamba-tolerant ʻenekini. Hoʻopiʻi ka hapa nui i nā formamba dicamba hou i kūʻai ʻia e nā ʻoihana e ʻauheʻe ana a hōʻino i nā hua e like me ka hana ʻana o nā mana kahiko.

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ka dicamba, e ʻoluʻolu e ʻike i kā mākou pepa ʻo dicamba.

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā hui ʻo Big Ag ʻaʻole hiki i ka ʻaha ke haʻi iā EPA i ka wā e pāpā iā dicamba

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Ua haʻi aku ka mea kaumaha loa o Big Ag's hitters kaumaha i ka ʻaha pekelala ʻaʻole pono e hoʻāʻo e kāpae i nā mahiʻai pulupulu GMO a me nā mea kanu soya mai ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā mea pepehi lāʻau palu dicamba kū ʻole i ka hopena o Iulai, ʻoiai ke kauoha a ka ʻaha i ka mua o kēia mahina no ka pāpā koke ʻia.

ʻEono mau hui kalepa kūloko, a ʻo nā mea āpau e pili ana i ka pili kālā lōʻihi iā Monsanto a me nā hui ʻē aʻe e kūʻai aku ana i nā huahana dicamba i nīnau ʻia, ua waiho ʻia kahi ʻōlelo pōkole ma ka Pōʻakolu me ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo ʻAmelika no ka Apana ʻEiwa e koi ana i ka ʻaha e hoʻāʻo ʻole e hoʻopilikia me ka hoʻolaha a ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i hiki i nā mahiʻai ke hoʻomau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā huahana dicamba a hiki i Iulai 31.

Ua noi lākou i ka ʻaha ʻaʻole e hoʻowahāwahā ʻia ka EPA e like me ka mea i noi ʻia e nā hui i lanakila i ka Iune 3 kauoha ʻaha ka hoʻopuka ʻana i ka pāpā.

"E makaʻu nui ka poʻe soya a me nā mea kanu pulupulu i ka ʻino kālā inā pale ʻia mai ka hoʻohana ʻana iā Dicamba Products i kēia wā ulu," i ʻōlelo ʻia e kahi pōkole i waiho ʻia e ka American Farm Bureau Federation, American Soybean Association, National Cotton Council of America, National Association of Wheat Growers, National. ʻO ka hui ʻo Growers Growers, a me nā mea hoʻolaha ʻo Sorghum National.

Hoʻokaʻawale, ʻo CropLife ʻAmelika, kahi lobbyist mana no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, waiho i kahi pōkole  e ʻōlelo ana ua makemake ia e hāʻawi i ka “ʻIkepili Kōkua i ka ʻAha.” Ua ʻōlelo ʻo CropLife i ka faila ʻana ʻaʻohe mana o ka ʻaha ma kahi e holo ai ka EPA e hoʻopau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā huahana pesticide e like me nā mea make lāʻau dicamba.

ʻO nā neʻe wale nō ka mea hou loa i loko o kahi hanana nui o nā hanana i ukali ma hope o ke kaapuni ʻo Ninth Circuit, i ʻike ʻia ua hōʻeha ka EPA i ke kānāwai i ka wā i ʻae ai i nā huahana dicamba i hoʻomohala ʻia e Monsanto - nona e Bayer AG, a me nā huahana i kūʻai ʻia e BASF, a ʻO DuPont, na Corteva Inc.

Ua kauoha ka ʻaha e pāpā koke ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana o kēlā me kēia huahana a nā hui, i ka ʻike ʻana ua "hoʻoliʻiliʻi nui ka EPA" i kēlā mau huahana i kū i nā mahiʻai e ulu ana i nā mea kanu ma mua o ka pulupulu a me ka soy.

Ua ʻike ka EPA e hoʻokau i ke kauoha, eia naʻe, i ka wā haʻi i nā mahiʻai pulupulu a me ka soy hiki iā lākou ke hoʻomau i ka pīpī i nā lāʻau make i nīnau ʻia a Iulai 31.

ʻO ke kikowaena no ka palekana meaʻai (CFS) a me nā hui ʻē aʻe i lawe mua i ka EPA i ka ʻaha no kēia mea i hoʻi i ka ʻaha i ka pule i hala, e koi ana i ka 9th Circuit e hoʻowahāwahā i ka EPA. Noonoo ka aha i keia noi.

"Ua hoʻāʻo ʻo EPA a me nā ʻoihana pesticide e huikau i ka pilikia a hoʻāʻo e hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻAha," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo George Kimbrell, ka luna loio a me ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a CFS no nā mea noi. "Ua paʻa ka ʻaha i ka huahana me ke kānāwai kū ʻole i ke kānāwai a ʻaʻole hiki i nā manamana ʻana o EPA ke hoʻololi i kēlā."

ʻO ke kauoha e pāpā ana i nā huahana dicamba a ka hui i hoʻomaka i ka haunaele i ka ʻāina mahiʻai no ka mea he nui nā mea kanu soybean a me nā pulupulu i kanu i miliona mau ʻeka o nā hua kanu dicamba-tolerant e hoʻololi ʻia e Monsanto me ka manaʻo e mālama i nā nāhelehele i kēlā mau māla me nā lāʻau kanu dicamba i hana ʻia e ka ʻekolu hui. ʻAe nā mea kanu i ka dicamba ʻoiai e make ka mauʻu.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia nā hui lobby mahiʻai i loko o kā lākou pōkole he 64 miliona mau eka i kanu ʻia me nā ʻano dicamba-hoʻomanawanui i kēia kau. ʻLelo lākou inā ʻaʻole hiki i kēlā mau mahiʻai ke pīpī ma luna o kā lākou māla me nā huahana dicamba e "pale ʻole lākou i ka nāhelehele e kūʻē i nā mea lāʻau make ʻē aʻe,
hopena waiwai nui paha ka hopena o ka lilo. "

I ka wā a Monsanto, BASF a me DuPont / Corteva i ʻōwili ai i kā lākou lāʻau kanu lāʻau dicamba i kekahi mau makahiki i hala aku nei ua ʻōlelo lākou ʻaʻole e hoʻoliʻiliʻi nā huahana a neʻe aku i nā mahinaʻai e pili kokoke ana ʻoiai ua ʻike ʻia nā mana kahiko o ka make ʻana i ka nāhelehele lāʻau dicamba. Akā ua hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole kēlā mau hōʻoia i waena o nā hoʻopiʻi ākea o ka dramba drift hōʻino.

Ma mua o hoʻokahi miliona mau eka o nā mea kanu i ʻenekini ʻole ʻia e hoʻomanawanui i ka dicamba i hōʻike ʻia ua hōʻino ʻia i ka makahiki i hala ma 18 mau mokuʻāina, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻaha pekelala i kāna hoʻoholo ʻana.

"ʻO ka pahuhopu a ka EPA e pale aku i ke olakino kanaka a me ke kaiapuni ..." i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka pelekikena o ka Papa Hoʻohui Hui ʻohana ʻo Family Good Jim Jimman. "ʻAʻole hiki ke hōʻike akāka ʻia ko lākou hoʻowahāwahā ʻia no kēia mikiona ma mua o kā lākou mālama nui ʻole ʻana i ka ʻaha a ka Aha Hoʻokolokolo Kaapuni ʻeiwa e kāpae koke nei i nā noi kiʻekiʻe loa o ka dicamba e pale aku i nā miliona o nā eka o nā mahiʻai mai hoʻopau luku ʻia."

I Feberuari, a Kauoha ʻia ke jure o Missouri Bayer a me BASF e uku i kahi mahiʻai peach $ 15 miliona i nā uku pohō a me $ 250 miliona i nā uku hoʻopaʻi no ka hōʻino dicamba i nā māla mahiʻai. Ua hoʻoholo ka jure e kipi ʻo Monsanto a me BASF i nā hana a lākou i ʻike ai e alakaʻi i ka hōʻino ʻana o ka hua no ka mea ua manaʻo lākou e hoʻonui ana i kā lākou pono ponoʻī.

Ke ʻimi nei nā pilikua pīhoihoi panaced i kahi kaʻawale i ka pāpā i pāpā ʻia ma luna o kā lākou mea pepehi kanaka mauʻu

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Ke noi nei i kahi "pilikia," ua noi aku nā pilikua nunui ʻo BASF a me DuPont i ka ʻaha pekelala e ʻae iā lākou e komo i kekahi hihia i kauoha ai ka ʻaha i kēia mahina e pāpā koke ʻia kā lākou lāʻau lāʻau dicamba me kahi huahana dicamba i hana ʻia e ka mea nona Monsanto ʻo Bayer AG. .

ʻO ka hana a nā hui kemika e ukali nei a Iune 3 e hoʻoholo ana e ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo ʻAmelika no ka Circuit Ninth nāna i ʻōlelo ua hōʻino ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i ke kānāwai ke ʻae ʻia nā huahana dicamba i hoʻomohala ʻia e Monsanto / Bayer, BASF a me DuPont, na Corteva Inc.

Ua kauoha ka ʻaha e pāpā koke ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻia ʻana o kēlā me kēia huahana dicamba o ka hui, i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka EPA "ua hoʻokahakaha nui i nā makaʻu" o nā lāʻau make dicamba a "ʻaʻole i ʻike piha i nā pilikia ʻē aʻe."

ʻO ka EPA ua lana kēlā kauoha, akā naʻe, e haʻi ana i nā mahiʻai hiki iā lākou ke hoʻomau i ka pīpī ʻana i nā lāʻau make i nīnau ʻia a i ka hopena o Iulai.

ʻO ka consortium o ka mahiʻai a me nā hui mea kūʻai i waiho mua i ka hihia e kūʻē iā EPA i ka pule i hala aku nei, ke noi nei i kahi kauoha pilikia e hoʻowahāwahā nei i ka EPA. Ua hāʻawi ka ʻaha i ka EPA a hiki i ka hopena o ka lā Poalua, Iune 16, e pane.

Piʻi i ka ʻāina mahiʻai

ʻO ke kauoha e pāpā ana i nā huahana dicamba a nā hui i hoʻomaka i ka haunaele i ka ʻāina mahiʻai no ka mea he nui nā mea kanu soybean a me nā mea mahi pulupulu i kanu i miliona mau eka o nā hua kanu ahonui dicamba i hoʻomohala ʻia e Monsanto me ka manaʻo e mālama i nā nāhelehele i kēlā mau māla me nā lāʻau kanu dicamba i hana ʻia e nā ʻekolu. nā hui.

Hāʻawi ka "ʻōnaehanaʻohi dicamba" i nā mahiʻai e kanu i kā lākou mau māla me nā mea kanu hoʻomanawanui dicamba, a laila hiki iā lākou ke pīpī i ka "over-the-top" me ka mea make mauʻu dicamba. Ua hoʻonui ka ʻenehana i nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku ana i nā ʻanoʻano a me nā kemika a kōkua i nā mahiʻai e ulu ana i ka pulupulu dicamba-tolerant kūikawā a me ka hana soy me nā nāhelehele paʻakikī e kūʻē i nā huahana Roundup glyphosate.

Akā no ka nui o nā mahiʻai i kanu ʻole i nā hua kanu dicamba-ʻenekini genetically, ʻo ka hoʻohana ākea ʻia ʻana o nā lāʻau herbabides dicamba ka mea i hōʻino ʻia a me nā pohō o nā mea kanu no ka mea ʻo ka dicamba e hoʻonui a neʻe i kahi mamao kahi e hiki ai ke pepehi i nā mea kanu, nā kumu lāʻau a me nā laʻalāʻau. ʻaʻole i loli ʻia e pale i ka kemika.

Ua koi nā ʻoihana i kā lākou mana hou o dicamba ʻaʻole e volatize a ʻauheʻe e like me nā mana kahiko o ka dicamba weed pepehi huahana i ʻike ʻia e hana. Akā ua hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole kēlā mau hōʻoia i waena o nā hoʻopiʻi ākea o ka dramba drift hōʻino. Ma mua o hoʻokahi miliona mau ʻeka o nā hua i hōʻino ʻia i hōʻike ʻia i ka makahiki i hala ma 18 mau mokuʻāina, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻaha pekelala i kāna hoʻoholo ʻana.

Ua hoʻolauleʻa ka nui o nā mahiʻai i ka hoʻoholo ʻana o ka ʻaha a ua ʻoluʻolu lākou e mālama ʻia kā lākou mahiʻai a me nā māla i kēia kauwela mai ka hōʻino dicamba a lākou i ʻike ai i nā kauwela ma mua. Akā ua pōkole ke ola i ka wā a ka EPA i ʻōlelo ai ʻaʻole ia e hoʻokō koke i ka pāpā i kauoha ʻia e ka ʻaha.

I kahi faila i hana ʻia i ka Pōʻalima, Ua noi ʻo BASF me ka ʻaha ʻaʻole e hoʻokō i kahi pāpā koke a haʻi aku i ka ʻaha e pono e hoʻopau i kahi hale hana ma Beaumont, Texas, i kēia manawa "hana 24 mau hola i ka lā kokoke i ka makahiki" inā ʻaʻole hiki ke hana i kāna dicamba herbicide brand i kapa ʻia ʻO Engenia. Ua hoʻolilo ka BASF i $ 370 miliona i nā makahiki i hala iho nei e hoʻomaikaʻi ana i ka mea kanu a hoʻohana i nā poʻe he 170 ma laila, wahi a ka hui.

Ke hoʻomaopopo nei i nā "hoʻopukapuka koʻikoʻi" i kāna huahana, ua haʻi pū aku nō hoʻi ʻo BASF i ka ʻaha i ka lawa o kāna huahana i kēia manawa ma kāna "kalepa mea kūʻai" e mālama ai i ka 26.7 miliona mau ʻeka o ka soya a me ka pulupulu. Loaʻa iā BASF he $ 44 miliona hou aʻe o ka huahana Engenia dicamba i loaʻa iā ia, lawa i ka mālama ʻana i 6.6 miliona mau ʻeka o nā soya a me ka pulupulu, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻoihana.

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa like ʻo DuPont / Corteva, e haʻi ana i ka ʻaha i kāna faila "hōʻino pololei" ka pāpā i ka ʻoihana "a me nā mahiʻai he nui a puni kēia ʻāina i waena o ka wā ulu." E hōʻino ia i ka "kūlana maikaʻi" o ka hui inā pāpā ʻia kāna lāʻau make, ua haʻi ka ʻoihana i ka ʻaha.

Eia kekahi, ke manaʻo nei ʻo DuPont / Corteva e hoʻokumu i nā "waiwai nui" mai ke kūʻai aku ʻana i kāna lāʻau kanu lāʻau dicamba, i kapa ʻia ʻo FeXapan a e lilo ana kēlā kālā inā hoʻokō ʻia ka pāpā.

Ua hana ʻo Monsanto i ka hihia e kākoʻo ana i nā ʻae o ka EPA ma mua o ka hoʻoholo ʻana, akā ua hōʻike hewa nā BASF a me DuPont ua pili ka hihia o ka ʻaha i nā huahana a Monsanto wale nō a ʻaʻole i kā lākou. Ua akāka ka ʻaha, ua ʻae pono ʻole ka EPA i nā huahana i hana ʻia e nā ʻoihana ʻekolu.

Ua alakaʻi ʻia e ke kikowaena no ka palekana o ka meaʻai, ua lawe ʻia ka palapala noi e kūʻē i ka EPA e ka National Family Farm Coalition, Center for Biological Diversity, a me Pesticide Action Network ʻo ʻAmelika Hema.

I ke noi ʻana i ka ʻaha e ʻike i ka hoʻowahāwahā ʻia o ka EPA, ua aʻo ka consortium no ka hōʻino ʻana i ka hua e hiki mai inā ʻaʻole i pāpā koke ʻia nā huahana dicamba.

"ʻAʻole hiki i ka EPA ke hele aku me ka ʻae ʻana i ka pīpī ʻana o 16 miliona mau paona o dicamba a loaʻa ka hopena i nā miliona o nā ʻeka, a me nā pilikia nui i nā ʻano haneli he haneli," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka consortium i kāna faila. "ʻO kekahi mea ʻē aʻe paha e pili ana: ʻo ka lula o ke kānāwai. Pono ka ʻaha e hana e pale aku i ka pono ʻole a hoʻokūpaʻa i ka pono o ka hana hoʻokolokolo. A no ka hōʻike hewa loa ʻana o ka EPA i hōʻike ʻia no ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻAha, ua noi aku nā mea noi i ka ʻaha e hoʻowahāwahā iā EPA. "

Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo Dicamba

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Nūhou hou: ʻO ka US Environmental Protection Agency i hoʻolaha ʻia ʻOkakopa 27 e ʻae ia i nā mahiʻai US e hoʻomau i ka pīpī ʻana i nā mea kanu me ka weedkiller a Bayer AG i hoʻohana ʻia ma nā kedy-resistence GMO soybeans a me ka pulupulu, me ke kauoha a ka ʻaha e pāpā ana i nā kūʻai aku. I Iune an Ua hoʻoholo ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi i kēlā "Ua hoʻoliʻiliʻi nui ʻo EPA i nā makaʻu" o ka poʻe pepehi kanaka lāʻau dicamba. Ke hoʻopiʻi nei nā haneli o nā mahiʻai a puni ka US iā Bayer (ma mua ʻo Monsanto) a me BASF i ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻopaʻa i nā ʻoihana no nā miliona o nā eka o nā hua i hōʻino ʻia e nā mea mahiʻai no ka hoʻohana ākea o ka dicamba. Ke kau nei mākou i nā palapala ʻike a me ke kālailai ʻana i nā hoʻāʻo ma kā mākou ʻAoʻao Pepa Dicamba.

Overview

ʻO Dicamba (3,6-dichloro-2-methoxybenzoic acid) kahi ākea-ākea herbicide hoʻopaʻa inoa mua ʻia i ka makahiki 1967. Hoʻohana ʻia ka lāʻau make ma luna o nā mea kanu mahiʻai, ka ʻāina fallow, nā wahi hānai, ka honu a me ke kahawai. Ua hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia ʻo Dicamba no ka hoʻohana ʻole ʻana i ka mahiʻai i nā wahi noho a me nā wahi ʻē aʻe, e like me nā papa kolepa kahi e hoʻohana nui ʻia ai e kaohi i nā nāhelehele ākea e like me dandelions, chickweed, clover and ground ivy.

Ma mua o nā huahana 1,000 i kūʻai ʻia i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hoʻopili ana i ka dicamba, e like me ka National Pesticide Information Center. ʻO ke ʻano o ka hana a Dicamba ma ke ʻano he agonist auxin: hana ia i ka ulu hiki ʻole ke alakaʻi ʻia i ka make o nā mea kanu.

Nā Kauka pili i ke Environment 

ʻO nā mana kahiko o dicamba i ʻike e neʻe mamao aku mai kahi a lākou e noi ai, a ʻaʻole hoʻohana maʻamau ʻia i nā mahina ulu ulu ʻana ke hiki iā lākou ke pepehi i nā mea kanu a i ʻole nā ​​kumu lāʻau.

Ua ʻae ka Agency Environmental Protection Agency i ke kākau inoa ʻana o nā formamba dicamba hou ma ka 2016, eia naʻe, e ʻae ana i kahi hoʻohana hou o nā noi "over-the-top" i ka ulu ʻana o ka pulupulu dicamba-ahonui a me nā mea kanu soybean. Ua hoʻolaha ka ʻepekema i ka hoʻohana hou ʻana e hopena i ka hōʻino ʻia o dicamba drift.

ʻO ka hoʻohana hou no ka dicamba no ka ulu ʻana o ka pale ākea nāhelehele i nā lāʻau make-glyphosate, e like me ka inoa kaulana ʻo Roundup, i hoʻolauna ʻia e Monsanto i nā makahiki 1970. I nā makahiki 1990, ua hoʻolauna ʻo Monsanto i nā mea kanu ahonui-glyphosate, a paipai i nā ʻohana e hoʻohana i nā ʻōnaehana ʻoki "Roundup Ready". Hiki i nā mahiʻai ke kanu i nā ʻohana solybeans glyphosate-tolerant i hoʻomohala ʻia e Monsanto, ka kulina, ka pulupulu a me nā mea kanu ʻē aʻe, a laila e pīpī i nā lāʻau make glyphosate e like me Roundup ma luna pono o nā mea ulu e ulu nei me ka luku ʻole ʻia. Ua maʻalahi ka ʻōnaehana i ka mālama ʻana i ka nāhelehele no ka mea hiki iā lākou ke pīpī pololei i nā kemikū ma luna o kā lākou māla holoʻokoʻa i ka wā ulu, holoi i nā mauʻu i hoʻokūkū ʻia me nā mea kanu no ka momona a me ka momona o ka lepo.

ʻO ke kaulana o ka ʻōnaehana Roundup Ready i alakaʻi i kahi kūpaʻa i ka nāhelehele kūʻē, akā naʻe, e waiho ana i nā mahiʻai me nā māla o nā nāhelehele ʻoʻoleʻa e make hou ke pīpī ʻia me ka glyphosate.

Ma 2011 ua hoʻolaha ʻo Monsanto i kēlā glyphosate, ua "I hilinaʻi nui ʻia e ia iho" a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hoʻolālā e hana pū me BASF a hoʻomohala i kahi ʻōnaehana cropping o nā mea kanu ʻenekini e ʻae i ka pīpī ʻana me ka dicamba. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia e hoʻolauna i kahi ʻano lāʻau hou o dicamba herbicide ʻaʻole e neʻe mamao aku mai nā māla kahi i pīpī ʻia.

Mai ka hoʻolauna ʻana o ka ʻōnaehana hou, ua piʻi aʻe nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i ka hōʻino dramba dramba i nā moku'āina he nui, e like me nā hoʻopiʻi he haneli mai Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri a me Arkansas.

I loko o kahi hōʻike i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma Nowemapa 1, 2017, ua ʻōlelo ka EPA ua piʻi aʻe ia i kahi 2,708 kūhelu e pili ana i ka dicamba i nā ʻimi noiʻi ʻeha mea kanu (e like me ka mea i hōʻike ʻia e nā keʻena mahiʻai o ka mokuʻāina). Ua ʻōlelo ka ʻoihana i ʻoi aku ma mua o 3.6 miliona mau ʻeka o nā soya i hoʻopili ʻia i kēlā manawa. ʻO nā mea kanu i hoʻopilikia ʻia, ʻo ia nā tōmato, watermelon, cantaloupe, māla waina, ʻumeke, nā mea kanu, paka, nā māla noho, nā lāʻau a me nā kumulāʻau.

I ka mahina ʻo Iulai 2017, ua hoʻopuka iki ka Keʻena ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻo Missouri no "Stop Sale, Use or Removal Order," ma nā huahana dicamba a pau ma Missouri. Ua hāpai ka mokuʻāina i ke kauoha i Kepakemapa 2017.

Eia kekahi mau huahana dicamba:

Ma ʻOkakopa 31, 2018, ua hoʻolaha ka US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i ka hoʻolōʻihi ʻia ʻana o nā kākau inoa o Engenia, XtendiMax a me FeXapan ma o ka makahiki 2020 no ka hoʻohana "over-the-top" i ka pulupulu tolerant dicamba-tolerant a me nā ʻāina soybean. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo EPA ua hoʻonui ia i nā lepili o mua a kau i nā palekana hou aʻe i kahi hana e hoʻonui i ka kūleʻa a me ka hoʻohana palekana o ka huahana i ka māla.

Kūpono ka papa inoa ʻelua makahiki a hiki i Kēkēmapa 20, 2020. Ua ʻōlelo ka EPA i kēia mau mea aʻe:

  • ʻO nā mea noi palapala hōʻoia wale nō e noi i dicamba ma luna (ʻo ka poʻe e hana ana ma lalo o ka nānā a kahi mea noi i hōʻoia ʻia ʻaʻole e hana hou i nā noi)
  • Pāpā i ka noi ʻoi loa o ka dicamba ma ka soybeans 45 mau lā ma hope o ke kanu ʻana a i ʻole a hiki i ka wā ulu R1 (mohala mua), ʻo kēlā me kēia mea e hele mua.
  • Pāpā i ka noi over-the-top o dicamba ma ka pulupulu 60 mau lā ma hope o ke kanu ʻana
  • No ka pulupulu, e kaupalena i ka helu o nā noi ʻoi loa mai ʻehā a ʻelua
  • No ka soybeans, koe ka helu o nā noi ʻoi loa i ʻelua
  • E ʻae ʻia nā noi ʻana mai hoʻokahi hola ma hope o ka puka ʻana o ka lā a i ʻelua mau hola ma mua o ka napoʻo ʻana o ka lā
  • I nā kalana kahi e noho ai nā lāhulu ʻaneʻane pau, e waiho ka buffer downwind ma 110 kapuai a aia kahi buffer 57 kapuaʻi hou a puni nā ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe o ke kula (pili ka buffer downwind 110-foot i nā noi āpau, ʻaʻole wale ma nā kalana kahi aia paha nā ʻano mea ʻaneʻane e make)
  • Nā ʻōkuhi hoʻomaʻemaʻe hoʻomaʻemaʻe pahu wai hoʻonui no ka ʻōnaehana holoʻokoʻa
  • ʻO ka lepili hoʻonui e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka ʻike o ka mea hoʻopili i ka hopena o ka haʻahaʻa o ka pH ma ka hiki ʻole o ka dicamba
  • Hoʻomaʻemaʻe ka lepili a me ke kūlike e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hoʻokō a me ka hoʻokō

Na ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hoʻopiʻi i ka 9th Circuit Ruling 

Ma Iune 3, 2020. ua ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo no ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka huakaʻi Kaapuni ʻĀiwa ua hana hewa ka ʻĀina Hoʻomalu Kūlohelohe i ke kānāwai i ka ʻae ʻana i nā lāʻau make dicamba a Bayer, BASF a me Corteva Agrisciences. ʻO ka ʻaha ua hoʻokahuli i ka ʻae ʻana o ka ʻoihana o nā lāʻau herbicides hoʻokumu ʻia dicamba i hana ʻia e nā pilikua ʻekolu. Ua pāpā ʻia ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo no ka hoʻomau ʻana o ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka huahana.

Akā ua hoʻopiʻi ka EPA i ka ʻaha i hoʻoholo ʻia, e hāʻawi ana i kahi leka hoʻomaopopo ma Iune 8 i ʻōlelo ʻia hiki i nā mea kanu ke hoʻomau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lāʻau make lāʻau dicamba a hiki i Iulai 31, ʻoiai ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka ʻaha i ʻōlelo kikoʻī ʻia i kāna kauoha ʻaʻole makemake ia e hoʻopaneʻe i ka waiho ʻana i kēlā mau ʻae ʻia. Ua hōʻike ka ʻaha i ka hōʻino i hana ʻia e dicamba e hoʻohana ai i nā kauwela i hala i nā miliona o nā eka o nā mea kanu, nā māla a me nā mea kanu i nā ʻāina mahiʻai o US.

Ma ka Iune 11, 2020, na mea hoopii i ka hihia waiho i kahi noi ulia pōpilikia e ʻimi nei e hoʻokō i ka ʻōlelo a ka ʻaha a e hoʻowahāwahā ʻia ka EPA.

Hiki ke ʻike hou aʻe i nā kikoʻī Loaʻa maʻaneʻi.

Nā koena ʻai 

E like me nā noi glyphosate i nā māla mahiʻai i loaʻa e waiho i nā koena o ka glyphosate ma a i nā meaʻai i hoʻopau ʻia, e like me ka oatmeal, nā berena, nā palaʻai, a pēlā aku, e waiho ana nā koena dicamba i nā koena i ka meaʻai. ʻO nā mahiʻai nona nā huahana i hoʻohaumia ʻia me nā koena dicamba ma o ka ʻauheʻe, ua hōʻike lākou i nā hopohopo no ka hōʻole ʻia ʻana o kā lākou huahana a i ʻole hana ʻino ʻia ma ke ʻano kālepa no ka hopena koena.

Ua hoʻonohonoho ka EPA i nā pae hoʻomanawanui no ka dicamba kekahi mau hua a no ka ʻiʻo o nā holoholona e ʻai i nā hua, akā ʻaʻole no nā ʻano huaʻai a me nā mea kanu. Hoʻonohonoho ʻia kahi hoʻomanawanui no ka dicamba i ka soybeans ma 10 mau ʻāpana no ka miliona, no ka mea, ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, a me kahi ʻāpana 2 no ka palaoa palaoa. Hiki ke ahonui e ʻike ʻia ma aneʻi. 

Ua hoʻopuka ka EPA kēia pane e pili ana i nā koena dicamba i ka meaʻai: "Ua hana ʻo EPA i ka hoʻokalakupua e koi ʻia e ka Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) a ua hoʻoholo ʻia he" palekana "nā koena i ka meaʻai - ʻo ia hoʻi he ʻike kūpono ʻole e hōʻeha ʻole i ka poʻe, me nā mea āpau ʻike ʻia nā subpopulation hiki ke ʻike ʻia, e like me nā pēpē a me nā keiki, mai ka papaʻai a me nā hana ʻē aʻe ʻē aʻe i ka dicamba. "

Kanesa a me Hypothyroidism 

Wahi a ka EPA ʻaʻole hiki ke carcinogenic i ka dicamba, akā ua ʻike kekahi mau noiʻi i ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai no nā mea hoʻohana i ka dicamba.

E ʻike i kēia mau noiʻi ʻana e pili ana i nā hopena olakino kanaka o dicamba:

Hoʻohana a Dicamba a me nā hanana maʻi ʻaʻai i ke aʻo olakino mahiʻai: kahi loiloi hou International Journal of Epidemiology (05.01.2020) "Ma waena o 49 922 mea noi, 26 412 (52.9%) hoʻohana dicamba. Hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā mea noi e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻohana ʻole ʻia o dicamba, ʻo ka poʻe o ka quartile kiʻekiʻe loa o ka hōʻike ʻana ua hoʻonui ʻia ka makaʻu o ke akepaʻa a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai intrahepatic bile a me ka leukemia lymphocytic mau a hoʻemi i ka makaʻu o ka leukemia myeloid. "

Hoʻohana Pesticide a me ka Hypothyroidism hanana i nā mea hoʻohana Pesticide i ke aʻo olakino mahiʻai. Nāʻike o ke olakino olakino (9.26.18)
"I loko o kēia cohort prospective nui o nā mahiʻai i hōʻike hewa ʻia i nā pesticides, ua ʻike mākou i ka hoʻohana mau ʻia ʻana o ʻehā mau insecticides organochlorine (aldrin, chlordane, heptachlor, a me lindane), ʻehā mau insecticides organophosphate (coumaphos, diazinon, dichlorvos, a me malathion), a ʻekolu mau lāʻau make (dicamba, glyphosate, a me 2,4-D) i pili me ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka pilikia o ka hypothyroidism. "

Hoʻohana ka hypothyroidism a me ka pesticide ma waena o nā kāne a me nā mea hoʻohana pesticide pilikino pilikino i ka noiʻi olakino mahiʻai. Ka Nūpepa o ka Medicine Environmental Occupational (10.1.14)
"ʻO nā lāʻau herbicides 2,4-D, 2,4,5-T, 2,4,5-TP, alachlor, dicamba, a me ka aila ʻaila i hoʻopili ʻia me ka piʻi ʻana o ka hypothyroidism"

He loiloi i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā pesticide a me nā maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o ka cohort Study Health Agricultural. Nānaina Heath Environmental (8.1.10)
"Ua loiloi mākou i nā noi he 28; ʻo ka hapa nui o nā pesticides 32 i nānā ʻia ʻaʻole i pili ikaika i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i nā mea hoʻohana pesticide. Hoʻohālikelike ʻia nā lakio hoʻonui (a i ʻole nā ​​helu kaulike) a me nā hōʻike maikaʻi – no nā pesticides he 12 i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia ma Kanada a me / a i ʻole ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa (alachlor, aldicarb, carbaryl, chlorpyrifos, diazinon, dicamba, S-ethyl-N, N- dipropylthiocarbamate, imazethapyr, metolachlor, pendimethalin, permethrin, trifluralin). "

Loaʻa ka maʻi ʻaʻai ma waena o nā mea hoʻohana Pesticide i Dicamba i ke olakino Mahiʻai Hoʻoikaika. Nāʻike o ke olakino olakino (7.13.06)
"ʻAʻole pili ka hōʻike ʻana me nā hanana maʻi ʻaʻai āpau a ʻaʻohe hui ikaika me kekahi ʻano maʻi ʻaʻai. I ka hui ʻana o ka hui kūloko me nā mea noi haʻahaʻa i hōʻike ʻole ʻia, ua ʻike mākou i kahi hanana maikaʻi i ka makaʻu ma waena o nā lā e hōʻike ana i ke ola a me ka maʻi ʻaʻa maʻi (p = 0.02), akā ʻaʻole kekahi o nā kuhi kikoʻī i hāpai nui ʻia. Ua ʻike pū mākou i nā loina nui o ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka makaʻu no ka maʻi ʻaʻai kolone no nā lā hōʻike i ke ola āpau a me nā lā lōʻihi o ke kaumaha o ke ola, ʻoiai kēia mau hopena ma muli o ka piʻina kiʻekiʻe ma ka pae kiʻekiʻe loa.

ʻO Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin a me nā hōʻike pesticide kikoʻī i nā kāne: ʻO CroKe aʻo ʻo Kanada-Kanada i nā Pesticides a me ke olakino. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers a me Kāohi ʻana (11.01)
"Ma waena o kēlā me kēia hui, i nā kālailai multivariate, ua hoʻonui nui ʻia ka makaʻu o ka NHL e ka hōʻike ʻana i nā lāʻau make… dicamba (OR, 1.68; 95% CI, 1.00-2.81); .... I nā hiʻohiʻona multivariate hou aʻe, i hoʻopili ʻia i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā papa kemika nui ʻē aʻe a i ʻole nā ​​pesticides pākahi, ka maʻi ʻaʻai antecedent pilikino, kahi moʻolelo o ka maʻi ʻaʻai ma waena o nā ʻohana pili kekelē mua, a me ka hōʻike ʻana i nā hoʻohuihui i loaʻa me ka dicamba (OR, 1.96; 95% CI, 1.40– 2.75)… he mau wānana kūʻokoʻa koʻikoʻi i ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka makaʻu no ka NHL ”

Litigation 

ʻO ka hopohopo no ka hōʻino ʻia dicamba ua hoʻāla ʻia ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana mai nā mahiʻai ma nā mokuʻāina he nui o US. Nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana hiki ke loaʻa maʻaneʻi.