ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema kahi hoʻolaha PR no ka ʻoihana Agrichemical

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ʻOiai ʻo ia ka inoa kani a me ka pilina me kahi ʻoihana Ivy League, ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema (CAS) kahi hoʻolaha kaiāulu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe a puni ka honua e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā mea kanu i hana ʻia me nā mahiʻai i ko lākou mau home home. Ua kāhea nā loea he nui, nā loea kulekele ʻai, nā hui ʻai a me nā mahiʻai i nā hana kūpono ʻole a me nā hana hoʻopunipuni a nā CAS hoa e hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana.

I Kepakemapa, CAS hai mai la $ 10 miliona i ke kālā hou mai ka Gates Foundation, e lawe ana i ka huina o Gates kālā i $ 22 miliona mai ka 2014. Loaʻa ke kālā hou e like me Gates Foundation ke kū nei i ka pushback mai nā hui mahiʻai ʻApelika, nā meaʻai a me nā hilinaʻi no ka hoʻolilo kālā ʻana i mau piliona kālā ma nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala ma ʻApelika hōʻike ʻole nā ​​hōʻike i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka pōloli a hāpai ʻana paha i nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi, ʻoiai lākou e hoʻokau nei i nā ʻano mahiʻai e pono ai nā ʻoihana ma mua o ka poʻe. 

Kākau kēia pepa palapala i nā laʻana he nui o ka misinformation mai CAS a me nā poʻe i pili me kēia hui. ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona i hōʻike ʻia ma aneʻi e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻohana ʻana o CAS i ka inoa o Cornell, ka inoa a me ka mana e holomua i ka PR a me ka papahana politika o nā hui kemika a me nā hua hua nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO ka mikiona a me ka leka uila i hoʻopili ʻia me nā ʻoihana

Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo CAS i ka makahiki 2014 me ka hāʻawi kālā Gates Foundation he $ 5.6 miliona a hoʻohiki ʻia i "depolarize ”ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a puni GMOs. ʻO ka hui wahi a na misionari ʻo ia e "paipai i ke komo ʻana" i nā mea kanu a me nā meaʻai a GMO e ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā "ʻepekema" a puni ka honua e aʻo i ko lākou kaiāulu e pili ana i nā pono o ka biotechnology mahiʻai.

Paipai ka hui ʻoihana Pesticide iā CAS 

ʻO kahi ʻāpana nui o ka hoʻolālā CAS e hoʻopaʻa inoa a hoʻomaʻamaʻa Nā hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua i nā kamaʻilio a me nā hana hoʻolaha, e kia ana i nā wahi kahi e kūʻē ai ka lehulehu i ka ʻoihana biotech, ʻo ia hoʻi nā ʻāina ʻApelika i pale aku i nā mea kanu GMO.

He ʻano like ka mikiona CAS me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology (CBI), kahi ʻoihana pesticide-fund i kālā kālā i ka pilina pilina i loaʻa hana pū ʻia me CAS. Hana ka hui ʻoihana i kūkulu i nā kuʻikahi ma ʻō aku o ke kaulahao meaʻai a hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā kolu-ʻaoʻao, ʻo ia hoʻi nā kālaiʻike a me nā mahiʻai, e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu e ʻae iā GMOs.

Hoʻohālikelike ka leka uila CAS me PR pesticide ʻoihana PR: kahi myopic e nānā nei i ka hiki ke loaʻa nā pōmaikaʻi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered ʻoiai e hoʻoliʻiliʻi ana, nānā ʻole a hōʻole paha i nā pilikia a me nā pilikia. E like me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana o ka ʻoihana PR, nānā nui ʻo CAS i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino i nā mea hōʻino no nā huahana mahiʻai, e like me nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hāpai i nā olakino a i ʻole nā ​​pili kaiapuni.

Hoʻohalahala ākea

Ua huki ʻo CAS a me kāna mau mea kākau i nā loiloi mai nā kālaihana, nā mahiʻai, nā haumāna, nā hui kaiāulu a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka mana o ka meaʻai e ʻōlelo nei e hoʻolaha ana ka hui i nā leka kūpono ʻole a hoʻopunipuni ʻole a hoʻohana i nā hana unethical. E ʻike ma kahi laʻana:

Nā laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni leka ʻana

Ua kākau nā loea i ka ʻenekinia, ka biology, agroecology a me nā kulekele meaʻai i nā hiʻohiʻona he nui o nā koi pololei ʻole a Mark Lynas i ʻōlelo ai, he hoa kipa ma Cornell nāna i kākau he mau ʻatikala e pale ana i nā huahana mahiʻai ma ka inoa o CAS; ʻike e like me kāna hāpai ʻia nā ʻatikala he nui e ka Genetic Literacy Project, he hui PR kēlā hana pū me Monsanto. Kūkā ʻo Lynas 'puke 2018 no nā ʻāina ʻApelika e ʻae i nā GMO, a hāʻawi i kahi mokuna e pale aku iā Monsanto.

Nā koi kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO

Ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe ʻepekema he nui iā Lynas no ka hana ʻana nā ʻōlelo hoʻopunipuni, “ʻAʻole ʻepekema, kūpono ʻole a lapuwale”Nā paio, paipai dogma ma luna o ka ʻikepili a me ka noiʻi ma nā GMO, ke kuhi nei i nā mea kamaʻilio, a ke hana nei i nā kuleana kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā pesticides "hōʻike i ka naʻaupō ʻepekema hohonu, a i ʻole kahi hana ikaika e hana i ka kānalua. "

"ʻO ka papa inoa holoi o nā mea i hewa ai ʻo Mark Lynas e pili ana i nā GMO a me ka ʻepekema nui, a ua hōʻole ʻia e kekahi o nā agroecologists a me nā biologists alakaʻi o ka honua." Ua kākau ʻo Eric Holt-Giménez, luna hoʻomalu o Food First, i ʻApelila 2013 (Ua hui ʻo Lynas iā Cornell ma ke ʻano he hoa kipa ma hope o kēlā makahiki).  

"Disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole"

Ua hoʻohewa nui nā hui ʻo ʻApelika iā Lynas i ka lōʻihi. ʻO ka Alliance for Soichness Food ma ʻApelika, kahi hui pū o 40 a me nā hui mahiʻai ma waena o ʻApelika i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma he "lele-i pundit" nona ka "hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe ʻApelika, hiki ʻole ke kuhihewa ʻia ka loina a me ka moʻomeheu." ʻO Million Belay, ka luna o AFSA, i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma ke ʻano he "racist e hoʻokau nei i kahi moʻolelo e hiki ai i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana ke hoʻopakele iā ʻApelika."

I kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi 2018, ka South Africa-based Africa Center for Biodiversity i ho'ākāka ʻia nā hana kūʻē ʻole a Lynas i hoʻohana ai e hoʻolaulaha i ka papa hana lobby biotech ma Tanzania. "Aia kekahi pilikia e pili ana i ka kuleana a me [pono no] ka nohoaliʻi ʻana i ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, no ka hewa o ka ʻike hewa a me ke ʻano o kā lākou disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole," ʻo Mariam Mayet, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Center Africa no Biodiversity, i ʻōlelo i ka a Iulaiinar webinar webinar.

No nā loiloi piha o kā Lynas hana, e ʻike i nā ʻatikala ma ka hopena o kēia wahi a me kā mākou ʻO Mark Lynas pepa maoli.

Ke hoʻouka nei i ka agroecology

ʻO kahi laʻana o ka leka uila kūpono ʻole kahi ʻatikala panned ākea ma ka CAS paena e Lynas e koi ana, "agro-ecology e hōʻeha i ka poʻe hune." ?? Ua wehewehe ka poʻe ʻatikala i ka ʻatikala ma ke ʻano he “ka wehewehe demagogic a me ka ʻole ʻepekema o kahi pepa ʻepekema, ""hohonu unserious, ""kumumanaʻo kūlohelohe "a" kahi hilahila no ka mea makemake e koi ʻepekema, ”a“kālailai hewa maoli“?? hana “kahili laulaha“?? a “nā hopena hihiu.”Kekahi poʻe loiloi Kāheaʻia a hoʻihoʻi ʻana.

2019 kikokikona na CAS hoa Nassib Mugwanya i hāʻawi i kahi hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o nā ʻike kuhihewa e pili ana i ke kumuhana agroecology. ʻO ka ʻatikala, "No ke aha e hiki ʻole ai i nā hana mahiʻai kuʻuna ke hoʻololi i ka mahiʻai ʻApelika," e hōʻike ana i ke ʻano leka maʻamau i nā mea CAS. 'kumu ʻole a hoʻopōʻino hoʻi, ” mamuli o ke kaanaki e ka Alakaʻi kaiāulu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Seattle no Global Justice.

"Kaulike nui ʻia i ka ʻatikala nā hoʻohana ikaika o nā metaphors (e laʻa me ka agroecology i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā kūpeʻe lima), nā laulaha ʻana, ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻike a me ka nui o nā pololei ʻole maoli," wahi a ka hui.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka puke pāʻani Monsanto e pale aku i nā pesticides

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni CAS leka uila ʻoihana hiki ke loaʻa i ka pale o ka hui o Roundly glyphosate. ʻO nā lāʻau herbicides kahi kī nui o nā hua GMO me 90% o ka kulina a me ka soy i ulu i ka United States ʻenekini genetically e hoʻomanawanui iā Roundup. I ka makahiki 2015, ma hope o ka panel noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization i ʻōlelo ai ʻo glyphosate kahi kino kanaka paha, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Monsanto i nā mea kōkua e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup, e like me nā palapala Monsanto kūloko.

ʻO ka puke pāʻani PR a Monsanto: e hoʻouka nei i ka poʻe loea i ke kanesa ma ke ʻano he 'activists'

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Mark Lynas i ka Anuu CAS e hoʻonui i ka leka ʻana o Monsanto, e wehewehe ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai e like me ke "kilokilo kilokilo" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e "anti-Monsanto activists" nāna i "hana ʻino i ka ʻepekema" a ua hana "kahi ʻike maopopo ʻole ʻia o ka ʻepekema ʻelua a me ka hoʻopono kūlohelohe" e ka hōʻike ʻana i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka glyphosate. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i ka mea like nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kīnā ʻole a me nā kumu waiwai ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, a uku ka hui mua o Monsanto e kōkua i ka wili i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻOiai e koi ana aia ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema, ʻaʻole nānā ʻo Lynas i nā hōʻike he nui mai nā palapala a Monsanto, i hoʻolaha nui i ka nūpepa, kēlā Hoʻopilikia ʻo Monsanto me ʻike'enekema, hoʻoponopono i nā keʻena hoʻokele a hoʻohana i nā mea ʻē aʻe nā hana lima kaumaha e hoʻoponopono i ke kaʻina ʻepekema i mea e pale aku ai iā Roundup. I ka 2018, ua loaʻa i kahi jure ka Monsanto “hana me ka hana ʻino, hoʻoluhi a hoʻopunipuni paha"I ka uhi ʻana i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai o Roundup.

Lobbying no nā pesticides a me nā GMO ma Hawaii

ʻOiai ʻo ʻApelika ka nānā nui ʻana i ka ʻāina, kōkua pū kekahi ʻo CAS i nā hana pesticide e pale aku i nā pesticides a hōʻino i nā mea kōkua olakino lehulehu ma Hawaii. He ʻāina hoʻokolohua koʻikoʻi ko Hawaiʻi Paeʻāina no nā mea kanu GMO a me kahi e hōʻike ai i ke kiʻekiʻe hōʻike i nā pesticides a hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino pili pesticide, me nā kīnā hānau, ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me ka hānō. Ua alakaʻi ʻia kēia mau pilikia nā kamaʻāina e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hakakā he mau makahiki e hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai ʻoi aku ka ikaika e hōʻemi i nā hōʻike pesticide a hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hōʻike ʻana o nā kemika i hoʻohana ʻia ma nā māla mahiʻai.

"Hoʻouka kaua hōʻino"

I ka loaʻa ʻana o kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, ua komo ʻo CAS i loko o kahi "hōʻike ākea e pili ana i ka pilina lehulehu i hoʻolālā ʻia e hūnā i nā hopohopo kaiāulu" e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā pesticides, e like me ka haʻi a Fern Anuenue Holland, kahi mea hoʻonohonoho kaiāulu no ka Hawaii Alliance for Progressive Action. I ka Cornell Daily Sun, Ua wehewehe ʻo Holland pehea ka "uku ʻana iā Cornell Alliance no nā hoa ʻepekema - ma lalo o ke ʻano o ka ʻepekema loea - ua hoʻouka i nā hōʻeha hōʻino. Ua hoʻohana lākou i nā pāpili kaiaulu a kākau i nā hanana blog he nui e hoʻohewa ana i nā lālā kaiāulu a me nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe i loaʻa ka wiwo ʻole e ʻōlelo ai. "

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Holland ua hoʻokau ʻia ʻo ia a me nā lālā ʻē aʻe o kāna hui i "ka pepehi kanaka ʻana, nā kuhi hewa ʻana a me nā hōʻeha ʻana i ka hilinaʻi pilikino a me ka ʻoihana" e nā lālā CAS. "Ua ʻike maka wau i nā ʻohana a me nā aloha aloha i wāwahi ʻia," i kākau ai ʻo ia.

Kūʻē i ka pono o ka lehulehu e ʻike     

Luna Hoʻokele CAS ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, 'ōlelo kāna hui kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana: "ʻAʻole mākou e kākau no ka ʻoihana, a ʻaʻole mākou e kākoʻo a paipai paha i nā huahana o ka ʻoihana. E like me kā mākou pūnaewele e hōʻike nei me ka maopopo a hōʻike piha hoʻi, ʻaʻole loaʻa iā mākou nā kumuwaiwai mai ka ʻoihana. " Eia nō naʻe, loaʻa nā kakini o nā leka uila e US Right to Know, i kau ʻia i kēia manawa i loko o ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS a me Evanega e launa pū me ka ʻoihana pesticide a me nā hui o mua e pili ana i nā hana pili lehulehu. ʻO nā laʻana me:

Hōʻike ʻia nā laʻana hou aʻe o ka launa pū CAS me nā hui ʻoihana ma lalo o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.  

Ke hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā hui i mua a me nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole

I kāna mau hana e hoʻolaha i nā GMO ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema" hopena no ka mahiʻai, ua hāʻawi ʻo Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i kāna papa i nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana a me kahi skeptic ʻepekema kaulana.

ʻO Trevor Butterworth a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS: Nā CAS hoa me Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS e hāʻawi iā “ke kūkā kamaʻilio helu no nā mea nūpepa”A hāʻawi aku he launa i ka luna o ka hui ʻo Trevor Butterworth, nāna i kūkulu kāna ʻoihana pale i nā huahana nui i ka Nine Inch, fracking, meaʻai maikaʻi 'ole i ke kino a nā ʻoihana lāʻau. ʻO Butterworth ke alakaʻi o Sense About Science USA, kahi āna i hoʻohui ai me kāna paepae mua, ʻo Statistics Analysis Service (STATS).

Ua wehewehe nā mea kākau moʻolelo i nā STAT a me Butterworth ma ke ʻano he mea pāʻani nui i nā pāʻina pale pale huahana ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā mea lapaʻau (e nānā Hōʻike nūhou, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ʻO ke kuʻina a ʻO ʻAkelanika). Hoʻomaopopo nā palapala Monsanto ʻO Sense About Science i waena o ka "hoa hana" ua hilinaʻi ia e pale aku iā Roundup e kūʻē i nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻOwen Paterson: I ka 2015, ua hoʻokipa ʻo CAS iā Owen Paterson, he kālaiʻāina Pelekane Pelekane Conservative a kaulana kaulana skeptic ʻepekema aniau ka mea hōʻemi i ke kālā no nā hana hoʻoliʻiliʻi hoʻomehana honua i kona manawa ma ke ʻano he Kuhina Kaiapuni ʻo UK. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Paterson i ka pae Cornell e koi i nā hui kaiapuni e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMOʻae i nā miliona e make.”Ua hoʻohana nā hui ʻoihana Pesticide i ka leka uila like 50 mau makahiki i hala aku nei e hoʻāʻo hōʻino iā Rachel Carson no ka hāpai ʻana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā DDT.

ʻO Lynas a me ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema: Pili pū ʻo Lynas o CAS me Sense About Science ma ke ʻano he lālā aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo lōʻihi. I ka 2015, ua hui pū ʻo Lynas me ka skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻo Owen Paterson Paterson ʻo Sense e pili ana i ka luna ʻepekema ʻo Tracey Brown i hoʻolana i kāna mea i kāhea ai ka "neʻe ʻana o ka ecomodernism," kahi hui like, ʻāpana anti-rula o ka "environmentism."

Hawaii Alliance no nā ʻelele ʻEpekema

Ma 2016, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo CAS i kahi ka hui hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Hawaii Alliance for Science, ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻo kāna kumu e "kākoʻo i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka hoʻoholo a me nā hana hou o ka mahiʻai i nā mokupuni." Loaʻa i kāna mau ʻelele:

ʻO Sarah Thompson, a ka limahana o Dow AgroSciences, hoʻohui ʻia ka Hawaii Alliance no ka ʻepekema, ka mea i hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "hui i pili i nā kamaʻilio kumu waiwai ʻole pili pili i ka Cornell Alliance for Science." (ʻAʻole ʻike hou ʻia ka pūnaewele, akā mālama ka hui a Facebook palapala.)

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā hoʻolaha pāʻoihana kaiaulu mai ka Hawaii Alliance no ʻEpekema a me kāna mea hoʻonohonoho ʻo Thompson i wehewehe i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e like me poʻe haʻaheo a naʻaupō, hoʻolauleʻa nā mea kanu kulina a me nā soya a pale i nā pesticides neonicotinoid ka mea ʻike nui a ʻ saylelo mai nā ʻepekema he mau meli hōʻino.

ʻO Joan Conrow, Luna Hoʻoponopono o CAS, kākau ʻatikala ma luna ona pūnaewele pūnaewele, kela mea Pūnaewele “Kauai Eclectic” a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino nā kānaka olakino, nā hui kaiaulu a nā kālaiʻāina ma Hawaii nāna e kākoʻo i ka pale ʻana i nā pesticide ikaika, a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e kākau e pili ana i nā hopohopo pesticide. Loaʻa iā Conrow hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā hui kaiapuni o ka pale ʻauhau a me hoʻohālikelike i kahi hui palekana meaʻai i ka KKK.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo Conrow i kāna pili ma waena o Cornell. Ua hoʻohalahala ka nūpepa ʻo Beat Beat o Hawaiʻi iā Conrow nona nele i ka transparency a ʻōlelo iā ia i 2016 ma ke ʻano he kumu no ke kumu e hoʻololi nei ka pepa i kāna mau manaʻo hoʻopuka. ʻO Conrow "hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine i ka kuanaʻike pro-GMO me ka ʻōlelo ʻole ʻana i kāna hana ma ke ʻano he mea aloha i ka GMO," i kākau ʻo Polopeka journalism Brett Oppegaard. "Ua nalowale ʻo Conrow i kāna kūʻokoʻa nūhou (a me ka hilinaʻi) e hōʻike kūpono e pili ana i nā pilikia GMO, no ka leo o kāna hana i kēia mau pilikia."

ʻO Joni Kamiya, he 2015 CAS ʻO ka hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā rula pesticide ma kāna pūnaewele Ke kaikamahine a ka mahiai o Hawaii, i ka Media a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic. ^ E Ha yM. Aia ʻo ia "Luna ʻelele" no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pūnaewele pāʻoihana GMO Nā Pane. E like me Conrow, ʻōlelo ʻo Kamiya i nā hōʻike pesticide ma Hawaii ʻaʻole pilikia, a e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino i nā luna i koho ʻia a "Nā mea hana kaiapuni" ka poʻe makemake e hoʻoponopono i nā pesticides.

ʻO Cornell Alliance no nā limahana ʻEpekema, nā aʻoaʻo

Ua wehewehe ʻo CAS iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "papahana i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell, kahi ʻoihana loaʻa kālā ʻole." ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hui i kāna moʻohelu kālā, nā hoʻolilo a me nā uku o nā limahana, a ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻo Cornell University i kekahi ʻike e pili ana iā CAS i kāna faila ʻauhau.

Papa inoa ka pūnaewele Nā lālā o ka 20, me Luna Hoʻokele ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, a me Luna Hooponopono ʻO Joan Conrow (ʻaʻole papa inoa ʻo Mark Lynas a i ʻole kekahi mau hoa e loaʻa pū ka uku). ʻO nā lālā limahana ʻē aʻe i helu ʻia ma ka pūnaewele me:

Aia i ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo CAS nā kālaiʻike e kōkua mau i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai me kā lākou mau hana PR.

ʻO Gates Foundation: nā loiloi o nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai 

Mai ka 2016, ua hoʻolilo ka Gates Foundation ma kahi o $ 4 biliona no nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai, ʻo ka hapa nui o ia mea i kau ʻia ma ʻApelika. ʻO nā hoʻolālā hoʻolālā mahiʻai o ke kahua alakaʻi ʻia e Rob Horsch (ua hoʻomaha loa), a ʻO Monsanto veteran o 25 makahiki. Ua huki ka hoʻolālā i ka hoʻopiʻi no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai ma ʻApelika ma luna o ka ke kūʻē ʻana i nā pūʻulu hoʻokumu ʻApelika a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka nohona, a me nā hopohopo a me nā kānalua e pili ana i nā mea kanu ʻenekene a puni ʻApelika.

ʻO nā loiloi a ka Gates Foundation e hoʻokokoke nei i ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai a me ke kālā.

ʻO nā hui like ʻoihana CAS hou aku 

Loaʻa nā leka uila ma o FOIA e US Right to Know, a ua kau ʻia i kēia manawa i ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS e launa pū ana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui pili lehulehu e hoʻonohonoho i nā hanana a me ka leka ʻana:

ʻO nā loiloi hou aʻe a Mark Lynas 

ʻAʻole kūpono ʻo Mark Lynas ', hoʻolaha hoʻopunipuni no ka papahana mahiʻai

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ʻO Mark Lynas he mea kākau moʻolelo mua i hoʻohuli i ka mea hoʻolaha hoʻolaha no nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻino ʻia e haʻi pololei ʻole ai e pili ana i kēlā huahana mai kāna perch ma ka ʻO Cornates Alliance i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Gates Foundation. Kau ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell mai ka makahiki 2014, ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema kahi hoʻolaha lehulehu e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā mea haʻi ʻōlelo a hana i nā pūnaewele o ka mana, keu hoʻi i nā ʻāina ʻApelika, e paipai i ka ʻae ʻana i nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai. 

ʻEpekema, ʻōlelo ka poʻe loea i ka ʻai hewa ʻo Lynas ma ka ʻepekema

Ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe ʻepekema a me nā loea i nā kulekele ʻai iā Lynas no ka hana ʻana i nā ʻōlelo kūpono ʻole a ʻepekema hoʻi i kāna mau hana e hāpai i nā pono agribusiness. Ma ke ʻano he laʻana hoʻokahi, hoʻomake ʻia nā kālaiʻike i Iulai 2020 Haawina Ua kākau ʻo Lynas no Cornell Alliance no ka ʻepekema e koi ana i ka agroecology "pilikia e hōʻeha i ka poʻe hune." Ua wehewehe ka poʻe loiloi i ka ʻatikala a Lynas ma ke ʻano he “ka wehewehe demagogic a me ka ʻole ʻepekema o kahi pepa ʻepekema"A me"kālailai hewa maoli"ʻO"hoʻopili hewa i ka mālama ag me agroecology a laila hana i nā hopena hihiu. "

ʻO ka agronomist Marc Corbeels, nona ka pepa a Lynas i manaʻo ai e wehewehe i loko o ka ʻatikala, i ʻōlelo ʻo Lynas i hana.kahili laulaha. ” Ua kāhea ʻo Marcus Taylor, he kālaimeaola kālaiʻāina ma ke Kulanui o Queen, no ka hoʻi hou ʻana; "ʻO ka mea kūpono e hana ai huki i kāu ʻāpana kīnā ʻole e huikau ai nā mea maʻamau o nā hoʻolālā mahiʻai, "i hoʻopaʻa aku ai ʻo Taylor iā Lynas. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ka ʻatikala e like me "Ideology maʻemaʻe" a "kahi hilahila no kekahi e makemake e koi iā ia he 'ʻepekema'. "  

ʻO nā loiloi hou aʻe mai nā ʻepekema a me nā loea kulekele e pili ana i kā Lynas hana (hoʻoikaika iā mākou):

  • "Hiki iaʻu ke kīnā ʻole ʻaʻohe ʻae ʻae ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO a me kēlā ʻo ka hapa nui o (Lynas ') mau ʻōlelo he wahaheʻe, ” kākau ʻo David Schubert, PhD, poʻo, Cellular Neurobiology Laboratory & Professor ma The Salk Institute, i kahi leka i ka ʻO San Diego Union Tribune.
  • "Eia kekahi o nā kuhi hewa a kuhi hewa paha ʻO Lynas e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a i ʻole ke hoʻomohala ʻana o GE, "i kākau ai ʻo Doug Gurian-Sherman, PhD, he ʻepekema kahiko loa, Union o nā ʻepekema hopohopo. "Ma kahi o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a kūkākūkā ʻana paha i ka ʻepekema maoli, hoʻolei ʻo Lynas i nā aspersions a nā hokele i ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka mana ma mua o ka ʻikepili a noiʻi paha. " 
  • ʻO kā Lynas mau koi e pili ana i ka maopopo o ka palekana o GMO “ʻaʻole ʻepekema, kūpono ʻole a naʻaupō, ” e like me kā Belinda Martineau, PhD, he ʻenekinia genetika nāna i kōkua i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka meaʻai GMO mua loa (e nānā leka iā NYT a ʻO Salon Biotech).
  • Ma ka hōʻike he Puke a Lynas Nā ʻano ʻepekema, ua wehewehe ʻo ka anthropologist ʻo Glenn Davis Stone i ka puke ma ke ʻano he “rehash amateurish o nā kamaʻilio kamaʻilio maʻamau. " 
  • "The papa inoa holoi o ka mea i hewa ai ʻo Mark Lynas e pili ana i nā GMO ʻelua a me ka ʻepekema nui, a ua hōʻole ʻia e ke poʻo e kekahi o nā alakaʻi o ka honua nā mea kanu agroecologists a biologists,"I kākau ʻo Eric Holt-Giménez, PhD, ka luna mua ʻo Food First, ma ka Ka Post Huffington.
  • ʻO Mark Lynas he "hana 'oihana mai o ... demona," kakau ʻo Timothy A. Wise, ka luna o ka noiʻi ma mua ma ka Global Development and Environment Institute ma ke Kulanui ʻo Tufts.
  • "Hōʻike hewa ʻole kā Lynas moʻolelo,”E like me ka a Ho'ōkāka'ānō 2018 mai ka ʻApelika Waena Center no Biodiversity, kahi hui ma South-Africa. 
  • “Maka Hōʻike kā Lynas mau koi i ka naʻaupō ʻepekema hohonu, a i ʻole kahi hana ikaika e hana i ka kānalua. E nānā ʻole ʻoe iā ia, ” ʻO tweet ʻo Pete Myers, PhD, poʻo ʻepekema ʻepekema ma ka ʻepekema ʻĀina Ola, ka mea hoʻopuka o EHN.org.

'Manipulative, misleading and unethical' tactics 

Wahi a nā hui ma ʻApelika, ua hōʻike hewa ʻole ʻo Lynas i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāpai i kahi papahana politika. Wahi a kahi hōʻike o Kekemapa 2018 na ka Center for Biodiversity o ʻApelika, ʻo Lynas a me ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i hoʻohana i nā kiʻi o nā mahiʻai ʻApelika me ka ʻole o kā lākou ʻike a me ka ʻae, hoʻohana ʻana i nā kiʻi i nā ala kuhi hewa e koi ai i nā mahiʻai e pono iā GMO.

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i kēia kiʻi o kahi mahiʻai Tanzania, ʻo Mrs. R, i waho o ka pōʻaiapili a me ka ʻole o kāna ʻae.

Ma ke ʻano he laʻana hoʻokahi, ua kau ʻo Lynas i kēia kiʻi o kahi mahiʻai Tanzania, ʻo Mrs. R, me ka ʻae ʻole a me ka ʻole o ka pōʻaiapili, e ʻōlelo ana ua ʻeha ʻo ia i ka "pono ​​kaulike honua." ʻO Mrs. R he mea mahiʻai kūleʻa nāna e hoʻokūkū i nā hana agroecological a ola maikaʻi, e like me ka hōʻike a ACBio. Ua noi ʻo ia iā Lynas e hemo kāna kiʻi, akā ʻo ia noho ma kāna hānai twitter. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ACBio i loko o kāna hōʻike i nā hana a Lynas "i hele i kekahi laina ʻulaʻula a pono e hoʻopau."  

ʻO ka pūʻulu koa meaʻai i'ōleloʻia ma kahi hoʻokuʻu pāʻani he "mōʻaukala kolohe" ko Lynas ma Tanzania "no ka hale loea ʻoihana biotech mahiʻai. "Ua hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia kāna mau kipa ʻana i ka ʻāina e ka lobby, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā paepae e like me nā hālāwai maʻamau o ka Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa (OFAB), kahi e noho ana nā nūhou e hōʻike i kāna mau kamaʻilio. Ua kuhikuhi nui ʻia kāna mau hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā kānāwai biosafety o ka ʻāina, e like me ke ʻano o ka makaʻala a me nā ʻāpana o ke kuleana koʻikoʻi. "

ʻO ka Alliance for Food Sovereignty (AFSA), kahi hui hui e kū ana i nā mahiʻai a me nā hui mea kūʻai ma 35 a puni ʻo ʻApelika, ua hoʻopiʻi pū ʻo ia iā Lynas e hoʻolaha nei "hoʻohiki wahaheʻe, hōʻike wahaheʻe, a me nā ʻike ʻē aʻe. ” I loko o kahi ʻatikala 2018, ua wehewehe lākou iā Lynas ma ke ʻano he "lele-in pundit" nona ka "hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe ʻApelika, ʻaʻole hiki ke kuhihewa ka loina a me ka moʻomeheu."

Hoʻouna ʻia nā leka pesticide ma muli o nā kuhi ʻōlelo ʻoihana, ʻaʻole ka ʻepekema

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hōʻike pololei ʻole na Lynas nāna 2017 kikokikona no ka Cornell Alliance no ka ʻepekema e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization no ka hōʻike ʻana i ka glyphosate kahi kino kanaka paha. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Lynas ʻo ka hōʻike a ka ʻaha loea he "kilokilo kilokilo" a "ʻike hewa maoli ʻia i ka ʻepekema a me ka hoʻoponopono kūlohelohe," i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka poʻe i lanakila me ka "hysteria a me ka naʻau." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻo ka glyphosate ka "kemika maikaʻi loa i ka mahiʻai honua." 

A ʻike maoli ʻia e US Right to Know ʻike ʻo ia ua hana like ʻo Lynas i nā manaʻo hoʻopunipuni like ʻole a hilinaʻi hoʻi i nā kumuwaiwai hemahema ʻelua e like me kahi blog i kau ʻia i hoʻokahi mahina ma mua e ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui ʻo Monsanto e uku nei e kōkua i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate a me nā huahana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe. 

I ka hoʻokuʻi ʻana kana hihia "hana ʻino nā hui ʻepekema i ka ʻepekema a me nā kulekele pili i ka hōʻike i ka glyphosate saga," ʻaʻole i hilinaʻi wale ʻo Lynas i nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa o nā ʻoihana a me nā kumuwaiwai, akā nānā ʻole i ka nui o nā hōʻike, i hōʻike ākea ʻia ma ka pāpāho, ua hoʻohana ʻo Monsanto i ka ʻepekema a me nā loiloi i ka glyphosate. no nā makahiki hoʻohana i nā hana huna hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ghostwriting a waiwai, hoʻomake aʻo ʻana, kaomi ʻana i ka ʻepekema kānalua, hoʻouka ʻepekema a nā keʻena hoʻokele ikaika-mākaukau i mea e pale aku ai i kāna loaʻa kālā mai nā huahana glyphosate. 

Paipai ʻia e, nakinaki ʻia i ka pūnaewele hoʻolaha ʻoihana pesticide

Paipai pinepine nā ʻoihana Agrichemical a me kā lākou mau mea pili i ka lehulehu iā Mark Lynas a me kāna hana. E ʻike ma kahi laʻana Pūnaewele ʻo Monsanto, nā tweets hoʻolaha he nui e ka ʻoihana pesticide nā hui kālepa, nā pūʻulu lobby, ʻoihana kākoʻo nā kālaiʻike a nā mea kākau, a likeʻole Monsanto limahana, a me nā ʻumi o nā ʻatikala a Lynas paipai ʻia e Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, a pūʻulu propaganda pili like kēlā me Monsanto.

Hana pū ʻo Lynas a me Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema me nā mea pāʻani ʻē aʻe i ka lobbying a me ka pūnaewele propaganda o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Kūkākūkā i ka hui hoa Monsanto Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema

He hūnā Hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto PR i ʻōlelo ʻia Pepeluali 2015 i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema ma ke ʻano he hui i hiki ke kōkua i ke alakaʻi ʻana i ka hana a ka ʻoihana i ka pāpāho e hōʻino i ka hōʻike maʻi maʻi WHO e pili ana i ka glyphosate. Ke lawelawe nei ʻo Lynas ma ka ʻaha kūkā aʻoaʻo o ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. Ua hōʻike ʻo Intercept i ka makahiki 2016 "ʻaʻole e hōʻike mau ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema ke loaʻa nā kumuwaiwai i nā kumuhana hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā ʻepekema me nā pilina i nā ʻoihana e nānā ʻia," a "ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana e kūleʻa i ka ʻepekema ʻae a i ʻole e hōʻoki i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha." ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema nā hoa me ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e hāʻawi iā “kūkākūkā helu no nā mea nūpepa” ma o ka luna o ka hui ʻO Trevor Butterworth, ka mea i wehewehe ʻia e ka poʻe nūpepa ma ke ʻano he “ʻoihana kemika ʻoihana pili lehulehu.

e pili pū ana: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

Kūlike ʻia me ka ʻepekema ʻepekema skeptic e hoʻokumu i pro-fracking, pro-nuke, GMO "neʻe"

Ua kāhea ʻo Lynas iā ia iho he hoa hui o ka "neʻe" o ka "ecomodernism," kahi ʻano hui i hoʻopili ʻia o "environmentism" a ka mea kākau Pelekane ʻo George Monbiot i wehewehe ai "ʻaʻole e lawe i kahi hana politika e pale aku i ka honua kūlohelohe." Paipai ka eco-modernists i ka fracking, ka mana nukelea a me nā huahana mahiʻai e like me nā hopena kaiaola. Wahi a nā alakaʻi eco-modernist ʻO Ted Nordhaus lāua ʻo Michael Shellenberger o ka Breakthrough Institute, nā ʻenehana ʻenehana i makemake ʻia e ka pilionaiona Koch mau hoahānau "ke hana nei i nā mea i ʻoi aku ka nui e hōʻemi ai i nā kinoea hoʻomehana hale hoʻomehana honua ma mua o nā mea i makemake ʻia e ka hema-apocalyptic Left." 

ma kekahi hanana hoʻokō ʻole i holomua no ka ecomodernism i Kepakemapa 2015, ua hoʻopili ʻo Lynas iā ia iho me Owen Paterson, kahi mea koʻikoʻi denianist ʻepekema aniau ma UK ʻo wai hōʻemi kālā no nā hana e hoʻomākaukau i ka ʻāina no ka hoʻomehana honua ʻoiai ʻo ia ke kākau ʻōlelo o ke kaiapuni. ʻO ka mahina like nō ia, ʻo Paterson ua kamaʻilio ma Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi i hoʻolaha ai ʻo ia i nā GMO i kahi hyperbolic olelo hoʻopiha ʻia me nā koi i kākoʻo ʻole ʻia, a ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā kaiāulu e ʻae ana i nā keiki e make i ʻApelika. "ʻO nā pāʻani ʻōmaʻomaʻo biliona kālā e pepehi i nā keiki ʻilihune," i ʻōlelo ʻia a ke poʻo e hōʻike ana ma ka haʻi ʻōlelo a Paterson's Cornell mai ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a ʻo ka hui mua ʻo Monsanto e uku nei e pale aku i kāna huahana. 

ʻO Mark Lynas kāʻei kua

Ua kākau ʻo Lynas i kekahi mau puke e pili ana i ka huliau (ʻo kekahi o ia mau puke i ʻike ʻia e ka Royal Society) ma mua o kona ʻume ʻana me ka "Hoʻololi" mai kahi anti-GMO activist i kahi mea hoʻolaha o ka ʻenehana me kahi hoʻolaha 2013 i hoʻolaha nui ʻia ma Oxford ia nā mea ho'ākāka i weheweheia me hoʻopunipuni. Ma hope o kēlā makahiki ua lilo ʻo Lynas i hoa ma Cornell University Office o International Programs ma ke Kulanui o ka mahiʻai a me ke ola ʻepekema, a hoʻomaka e hana ana no ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha kamaʻilio i hoʻomohala ʻia ma 2014 e hoʻolaha i nā GMO me kālā mai ka Gates Foundation.

E nānā i: No ke aha ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻokau nei i kahi hoʻolaha hoʻolaha GMO?

Ua hōʻike ʻo Lynas iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "alakaʻi politika" no Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i kahi 2015 New York Times op-ed. ʻAʻole wehewehe ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i ke ʻano o kāna papahana politika, akā ʻo ka leka ʻana a ka hui a me nā pahuhopu e alualu pono i ka papa hana kalepa ʻoihana mahiʻai: e hoʻonui i ka ʻae ʻana i nā mea kanu a me nā pesticides a puni ka honua, ʻo ia hoʻi ma ʻApelika.

Pahu aku iā Lynas PR Mysterious, a hoʻopuka aku i ka memo EuropaBio

ʻO ka hoʻolaha pālahalaha nui o ka hoʻololi ʻana o Lynas 'pro-GMO i ka makahiki 2013 i hāpai i kahi kānalua no ke kōkua ʻana o kahi pāʻoihana PR e hoʻokiʻekiʻe iā ia ma hope o nā hanana. A pūnāwai memo 2011 mai kahi ʻoihana ʻoihana PR - e wehewehe nei i nā hoʻolālā e hōʻiliʻili i nā "ʻelele" kiʻekiʻe e lobby no ka ʻae ʻia o GMO - ua hoʻonui ʻia nā kānalua no ke kākoʻo ʻana o ka ʻoihana no ka mea ʻo Lynas ka inoa i kuhikuhi ʻia. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia i ka hui ʻaʻole i hoʻokokoke iā ia.

E like me ka Hoike kahu, EuropaBio, kahi hui kalepa nona nā lālā i hui pū ʻia me Monsanto lāua ʻo Bayer, i hoʻolālā e ʻimi i nā ʻelele PR e kōkua i nā mea hoʻoholo e "noʻonoʻo hou i ke kūlana o ʻEulopa ma nā mea kanu GM." ʻAʻole e uku pololei ʻia nā ʻelele akā e loaʻa nā lilo o ka huakaʻi a me ke "kākoʻo kūkaʻa hoʻolaʻa" mai ke kālā kālā ʻoihana. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ka loio o ka PR firm e "loaʻa ka hoihoi mai" Lynas, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, i ka ʻelele. Ua hōʻole ʻo Lynas i ka launa ʻole ʻana me lākou. "ʻAʻole wau i noi ʻia e lilo i ʻelele, ʻaʻole hoʻi wau e ʻae i kēlā noi inā noi ʻia," i haʻi ʻo ia i ka Guardian.

ʻO Gates Foundation, GMOs & Monsanto

ʻO ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, ka mea hoʻolewa nui no ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema me Hāʻawi kālā $ 12 miliona, ua hoʻohewa ʻia no kāna mau hoʻolālā kālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai e makemake i nā ʻāpana agribusiness ʻoihana. A ʻImi 2014 mai ka pūʻulu noiʻi GRAIN ʻike ua lilo ka Gates Foundation i ka hapa nui o kāna kālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai "e hānai i ka poʻe hune ma ʻApelika" - kokoke $ 3 biliona i hoʻolilo ʻia i loko o nā makahiki he ʻumi - i waihona kālā ʻepekema a me nā mea noiʻi i nā lāhui waiwai. Kōkua pū ke kālā i ke kūʻai ʻana i ka mana politika ma waena o ʻApelika, hōʻike ʻo GRAIN. A Hōʻike 2016 e ka hui hoʻolaha Global Justice Now ua hoʻoholo ʻo ia nā papahana hoʻomohala mahiʻai a ka Gates Foundation e "hoʻonui i ka like ʻole o ka honua a me ka hoʻokū ʻana i ka mana ʻoihana ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa."

Ua hoʻonui ākea ka Gates Foundation i kāna kālā no nā papahana mahiʻai ma kahi o XNUMX mau makahiki i hala aku nei iā Rob Horsch, ʻO ke poʻo mua o Monsanto o ka ulu ʻana o ka honua i hui pū me ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai o ke kahua ka hui alakaʻi. ʻO kā Lynas puke hou "Seeds of Science" e hoʻolilo ai i kahi mokuna ("The True History of Monsanto") e hoʻāʻo ana e wehewehe i kekahi o nā lawehala o ka hui a mahalo iā Rob Horsch i ka lōʻihi. Hoʻolilo ia i kahi mokuna ʻē aʻe ("ʻApelika: E ʻAi iā lākou e ʻai i ka ʻāpana pēpē Organic") me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pono i nā ʻApelika pono nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai e hānai iā lākou iho.

ʻO nā loiloi o ko ka Gates Foundation kolonial i ʻApelika

  • Nā hua o Neo-Colonialism: No ke aha i hewa ai nā mea hoʻolaha GMO e pili ana iā ʻApelika, ʻōlelo a ka Alliance no ke Aliʻi Mea ʻai ma ʻApelika, 5/7/2018
  • Ke hoʻohana nei ʻo Gates a me Rockefeller i ko lākou mana e hoʻonoho i ka papa kuhikuhi ma nā mokuʻāina ʻilihune?"Hoʻomaopopo ka noiʻi iā Bill a me Melinda Gates a me Rockefeller i nā kumu i waena o nā mea hāʻawi waiwai e kokoke ana i ke aupuni a e ʻimi ana paha i nā mea nui," na John Vidal, Tʻo ia kahu, 1/15/2016
  • Mana Philanthropic a me Hoʻolālā. Na wai e hoʻolālā i ka papa kuhikuhi? na Jens Martens lāua ʻo Karolin Seitz, Hōʻike 2015 (ʻaoʻao 48).
  • Philanthrocapitalism: ʻAʻole aloha nā papahana ʻApelika Waena, na Philip L Bereano, Polofesa Emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Wakinekona, Ke ala hou ʻana o ka honua ʻekolu, 2017
  • Pehea ʻo Bill Gates e kōkua nei iā KFC e lawe iā ʻApelika, na Alex Park, Mother Jones, 1/10/2014
  • ʻO ka Gates Foundation Seed Agenda ma ʻApelika 'ʻO kekahi ʻano o ke koloneialista,' Warns Protestants, na Lauren McCauley, Nā Moemoeā Kaulike, 3/23/2015
  • Ke alakaʻi nei ʻo Gates Foundation i ka hao waiwai neoliberal o ka mahiʻai ʻApelika, na Colin Todhunter, ʻO ka Ecologist, 1/21/2016
  • Pehea ka Gates Foundation e hoʻolilo ai i kāna kālā e hānai i ka honua?Hōʻike GRAIN, 2014
  • ʻO Bill Gates kahi mikiona e kūʻai aku i nā GMO i ʻApelika, akā ʻaʻole ia e haʻi i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, na Stacy Malkan, Alternet, 3/24/2016

Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa: Mālama ʻo Koch-Funded Group i Pesticide, ʻaila, ʻoihana paka

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ka ʻAha Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa he hui waiwai ʻole kēlā nā hoapili me Monsanto, pale aku i nā mea make ʻino i nā meaʻai a me nā huahana mea kūʻai aku, a hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā kānāwai e kāohi ana i ka mana o nā ʻoihana. Hāʻawi kālā nui ʻia e nā ʻaoʻao ʻēheu ʻākau e hoʻohuli i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole, IMF ua hoʻomaka i ka 1991 ma ke ʻano he hoʻāʻo e pale aku i kēia manawa ʻo ka Lunakanawai o ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo Kiʻi (a ʻo ka loio ʻo Monsanto mua). ʻO Clarence Thomas i kona alo ʻana i nā uku hoʻomāinoino kolohe. I ka 2018, ka hui pū kekahi hoʻopakele ʻO ka luna kānāwai kiʻekiʻe o ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo Brett Kavanaugh i mua o nā hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi kolohe, a ua wehewehe ʻia ʻo Kavanaugh ma ke ʻano he "Poʻokela wahine."

E nānā: “E hālāwai me nā 'Feminists' e hana nei i nā hana maʻemaʻe ʻole ʻo Koch Brothers, ” na Joan Walsh, ka Lahui 

me he puu dala o $ 2 miliona paha i kēlā me kēia makahiki, ua ʻōlelo ka Independent Women's Forum i kēia manawa ke hana nei no nā kulekele e "hoʻonui i ke kūʻokoʻa." Hoʻokomo ʻia kāna mau papahana me ka lobbying a me ke kākoʻo ʻana no ka hoʻopau ʻia ʻana o nā huahana ʻona, a me ka pale ʻana i ka hewa no ke olakino a me nā mea e pili ana i ka nohona mai nā hui haumia a i nā kuleana pilikino. I ka 2017, ka hui gala makahiki ma Wakinekona DC, ʻo ia ka mea i hoʻolauleʻa ai i ka lālā o ka papa IWF ʻo Kellyanne Conway ma ke ʻano he poʻokela o nā wahine, i kākoʻo ʻia e nā hui kemika a me nā paka.

E heluhelu hou aʻe e pili ana i ka gala a me nā mea kākoʻo iā HuffPost,ʻO nā politika o ka infertility a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai, ”Na Stacy Malkan. 

ʻO ke kālā e nā piliona piliona a me nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā mea hāʻawi i ʻike ʻia o ka Independent Women Forum he mau kāne, e like me Lisa Graves i hōʻike ʻia no ka Center for Media and Democracy. Ua loaʻa iā IWF ma kahi o $ 15 miliona mai nā ʻaoʻao ʻēheu ʻākau e hāpai ana i ka deregulation a me ka hoʻokuʻu manuahi ʻana o nā ʻoihana, e like me ʻikepili i hōʻiliʻili ʻia e Greenpeace USA. ʻO nā mea kōkua nui o IWF, me $ 5 miliona ka nui o nā makana, ʻo Donors Trust a me Donors Capital Funds, ka malu kālā "kālāʻeleʻele" kālā pili pū me nā aila mogul ʻO Charles lāua ʻo David Koch. Kuhi kēia mau kālā i nā kālā mai nā mea hāʻawi inoa ʻole, me nā ʻoihana, i nā hui ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e ʻoluʻolu no nā pono ʻoihana.

ʻO ka mea leʻaleʻa kiʻekiʻe o IWF: kālā ʻeleʻele mai nā mea hāʻawi ʻole i hōʻike ʻia

Ua hāʻawi pololei nā kumu ʻohana Koch ma mua o $ 844,115 a me nā mea kālā ʻē aʻe i hui pū ʻia me Sarah Hoʻokumuʻo Scaife, ka ʻO Bradley Foundation, ka Randolph Foundation (kahi lālā o ka ʻO Richardson Foundation), A Hilinaʻi Searle Freedom - nā mea alakaʻi kālā āpau o hōʻole-ʻepekema hōʻole hooikaika a hooikaika i pale i nā pesticides a mālama iā lākou i ka ʻole. 

ExxonMobil a ʻO Philip Morris ua loaʻa kālā iā IWF, a ʻo ka ʻoihana paka i kapa ʻia ʻo IWF i kahi papa inoa o “nā kūmole ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe"A me"ka poʻe mahalo i ko mākou manaʻo. ” Ua hāʻawi ʻo Rush Limbaugh ma kahi o ka hapahā o miliona kālā i ka IWF, a “pale iā ia i nā manawa a pau e hoʻouka i kahi sexist tirade, "E like me kahi ʻatikala na Eli Clifton ma The Nation.

Nā alakaʻi o IWF

ʻO Heather Richardson Higgins, Lunahoomalu o ka Papa IWF a me CEO o ka Independent Women's Voice, ka ʻaoʻao lobby o IWF, i paʻa i nā kūlana kiʻekiʻe i nā kumu ʻēheu ʻākau, e like me ka ʻO Randolph Foundation, ka Kumukanawai ʻo Smith Richardson a me ka Pākaukau Poepoe Philanthropy.

ʻO Kellyanne Conway, ʻO ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ka White House a me ka luna hoʻolaha o Trump mua, he Lālā lālā o IWF. Nā Luna Hoʻokele Emeritae komo pū ʻO Lynne V.Cheney, wahine a Dick Cheney a ʻO Kimberly O.Dennis, pelekikena o ka papa kuhikuhi o Hilinaʻi Kākoʻo a pelekikena a me CEO o Hilinaʻi Searle Freedom.

ʻO Nancy M. Pfotenhauer, Ua haʻalele ʻo Koch Industries i kahi mea lobbyist o Koch Industries ma mua pelekikena o IWF i 2001 a ua lawelawe ʻo ia ma hope ma ke ʻano he Hope Pelekikena o ka Papa Hoʻokele o IWF. He moʻolelo lōʻihi kona hāpai i ka ikehu haumia a me ka hoʻokau ʻana no ka hoʻopau hou ʻia o nā ʻoihana haumia.

ʻO ka papahana a IWF e ukali pono nei i ka papa kuhikuhi lobbying a me ka leka ʻana i ka pono no ka paka, aila a me nā pono ʻenehana. Eia kekahi mau laʻana:

Hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau

A 2019 tweet a me ka ʻatikala mai ka Independent Women Forum mahalo iā Pelekikena Trump "pragmatism" i ka hana ʻole ʻana e kāohi i ka huliau. 

Uliuli malu wehewehe ʻo IWF ma ke ʻano he "Koch Industries Climate Denial Group" ua "hoʻolaha i nā hewa e pili ana i ka ʻepekema aniau a hoʻokau i ka hana a ka poʻe hōʻole i ke aniau." 

Ua hōʻike ʻo Jane Mayer i ʻO ka New Yorker i ka makahiki 2010: "Ua hāʻawi aku nā hoahānau (Koch) i ke kālā i nā hui pohihihi hou aku, e like me ka Independent Women Forum, ke kūʻē nei i ka hōʻike ʻana o ka hoʻomehana honua ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema ma nā kula aupuni o ʻAmelika. A hiki i ka 2008, ua holo ʻia ka hui e Nancy Pfotenhauer, kahi lobbyist ma mua no Koch Industries. ʻO Mary Beth Jarvis, he pelekikena hope o kahi hui Koch, aia ma ka papa o kēia hui. "

Kūʻē i ke aʻo ʻana i ka ʻepekema aniau i nā kula

ka Denver Post ua hōʻike ʻia i ka makahiki 2010 ʻo IWF "manaʻo ʻo ka hoʻomehana honua ka 'ʻepekema junk' a ke aʻo nei ia mea he mea pono ʻole e makaʻu i nā keiki kula." Ma o kahi papahana i kapa ʻia ʻo "Balanced Education for All," ua kūʻē ʻo IWF i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema aniau i nā kula, kahi o ka hui i weheweheia me "Indoctrination hoʻomehana honua hoʻomākalakala."

ʻO Pelekikena IWF Carrie Lucas kākauʻia e pili ana ʻo ka "skepticism e ulu nei e pili ana i ka huliau" a hoʻopaʻapaʻa "hiki i ka lehulehu ke uku nui no ka hysteria."

Pāhana me Monsanto

I kahi noi 21 ʻApelila 2016 iā Monsanto, Ua noi ʻo IWF iā Monsanto e hāʻawi kālā $ 43,300 no nā hanana "Super Women of Science" i hoʻolālā ʻia e hōʻoki i ke kākoʻo politika no Proposition 65, kahi kānāwai Kaleponi e pāpā ana i nā ʻoihana mai ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana i nā kemika weliweli i nā waikahe a koi iā lākou e hoʻomaopopo i nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i nā hōʻike kemikona ʻawahia. ʻO nā hanana i hāpai ʻia he ʻāpana ia o ka papahana "Culture of Alarmism" a IWF i hana ʻia "e debunk media hype e pili ana i nā pilikia a ʻAmelika e kū ai mai nā huahana a mākou e hoʻohana ai, nā meaʻai a mākou e ʻai ai a me ke kaiapuni e pili ana i ko mākou mau ʻohana." 

I Pepeluali 2017, ua hui pū ʻo Monsanto me IWF ma kahi hanana i kapa ʻia ʻo “ʻAi a me ka Makaʻu: Pehea e ʻike ai i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo i kēia lā Culture of Alarmism,” a me Podcast IWF ua kūkākūkā kēlā mahina "Pehea ʻo Monsanto e Vilified e Activists."

Hoʻopiʻi ʻo IWF i nā wahi kamaʻilio a Monsanto a me ka ʻoihana kemika: ke hoʻolaha nei i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻokanika a me nā makuahine e koho ana i ka meaʻai meaola, a me ke kūʻē ʻana i ka transparency i nā lepili meaʻai. ʻO nā laʻana me:

  • Lapuwale ke kānāwai lepili GMO a Vermont. (ʻO ka Spectator)
  • ʻO ka lepili GMO Sinister ka mea e hoʻonui ai i nā kumukūʻai kūʻai. (IMF)
  • ʻO ka anti-GMO hype ka mea hoʻoweliweli maoli i ke ola o nā ʻohana. (ʻO ka'ōiwi kūkā)
  • Pono nā makuwahine kūpono e hoʻi i hope i ka hilahila a ka makuahine a me ka lawehala ʻana i ka haʻi ʻana i nā meaʻai meaola. (Podcast IWF)
  • Kino, lapuwale, kiʻekiʻe a ʻimi nā poʻe loiloi GMO e hōʻole i ka poʻe nele. (New York Post)

ʻO ka papahana "Culture of Alarmism", mai ka inoa i kapa ʻia ʻo "Project for Progress and Innovation," e Julie Gunlock, nāna i kākau i nā blog pinepine e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i nā pale olakino lehulehu a pale ʻana i nā hui. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ka hōʻole ʻana a FDA e hoʻolaha i nā e-cigareki ma ke ʻano he "kahi pilikia olakino lehulehu.

Nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa 'Philips Morris PR'

I ʻAukake 2017, IWF lobbied FDA e ʻae iā Philip Morris ' ʻO nā uahi paka IQOS, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei e pono i nā wahine nā huahana no nā kumu olaola like ʻole e kōkua iā lākou e haʻalele i ka puhipaka maʻamau ʻana.

"ʻIke loa, ʻaʻole makemake ka FDA e hoʻopaʻi i nā wahine, no kā lākou kāne wale nō. Eia nō naʻe, ʻo ia ka mea e hiki mai ana inā palena nā wahine i nā huahana hoʻomaha puhipaka i hiki ʻole i ka biologically ke hāʻawi iā lākou i ke kōkua e pono ai e haʻalele i nā kūpaka maʻamau, ”i kākau ʻo IWF.

I ka pane ʻana i ka leka IWF, ʻo Stanton Glantz, PhD, Polofesa o ka lāʻau lapaʻau ma ka UCSF Center for Tobako Control Research and Education, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia: "ʻO Philip Morris PR maʻamau kēia. ʻAʻohe hōʻoia kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoi aku o ka palekana o ka IQOS ma mua o ka pīpaka a i ʻole kōkua lākou i ka poʻe e haʻalele i ka puhipaka. "

ʻO ka hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū ʻoihana.

Hoʻopilikia ʻo IWF i ka US Food and Drug Administration ma ke ʻano he “nannies o ke aupuni,” e laʻana me ka wehewehe ʻana i ka ʻoihana ʻo “mea ʻai Marxists"A me"pau ʻole i ke kāohi”No ka hoʻopuka ʻana alakaʻi kōkua manawaleʻa i nā mea hana meaʻai e ʻoki i nā pae sodium.

Ua hoʻāʻo kahi hanana IWF Iune 2017 e hoʻokau i ka makaʻu e pili ana i ke alakaʻi olakino lehulehu

I ka 2012, ua hoʻokumu ʻo IWF i kahi “Nā Wahine no ke Kuokoa ʻAi"Papahana e" hoʻokau i ka moku nanny a paipai i ke kuleana pilikino "no nā koho meaʻai. ʻO ka papa kuhikuhi e pili ana i ke kūʻē ʻana i nā "rula ʻai, soda a me nā ʻauhau meaʻai māmā, nā ʻepekema junk a me nā meaʻai a me nā makaʻi home-huahana, nā ʻike hewa e pili ana i ka momona a me ka pōloli, a me nā papahana meaʻai pekelala ʻē aʻe, me nā ʻaina awakea o ke kula."

Ma ka momona, hoʻāʻo ʻo IWF e hoʻohuli i ka nānā mai ka kuleana ʻoihana a i nā koho pilikino. I kēia ninaninau me Thom Hartmann, Hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo IWF ʻo Julie Gunlock i ka hewa ʻole o nā hui no ka pilikia momona o ʻAmelika akā akā “ke hana hewa nei nā kānaka a manaʻo wau e nānā pono ana nā mākua.” ʻO ka hopena, i ʻōlelo ʻo ia, no ka kuke ʻana o nā mākua i nā mea hou aku, keu hoʻi nā mākua ʻilihuna ʻoiai he pilikia ʻoi loa ko lākou me ka momona.

Hoʻouka i nā mākuahine no ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻemi i nā hōʻike pesticide

Hoʻokomo ʻo IWF i ka leka ʻana o ka ʻoihana, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana huna, i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e kipaku aku i nā makuahine e hopohopo nei e pili ana i nā pesticides; ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona nui loa kēia 2014 New York Post Haawina, "Tyranny o ka Organic Mommy Mafia" na Naomi Schafer Riley. Ma lalo o ke ʻano o ka namunamu e pili ana i ka "hilahila makuahine," ʻo Riley - ʻo wai ia ʻO IWF hoa akā ʻaʻole i hōʻike i kēlā i ka poʻe heluhelu - hoʻāʻo e hoʻohilahila a hōʻino i nā makuahine i koho i ka meaʻai meaola. Ua ʻimi holoʻokoʻa ʻia ka ʻatikala a Riley e nā ʻoihana mua o ka ʻoihana a me nā kumuwaiwai āna i hōʻike wahaheʻe ai he kūʻokoʻa, e like me Nānā ʻIkepili, kahi hui mua o Monsanto; ka Alliance no ka meaʻai a me ka mahiʻai a me Julie Gunlock o ka "Culture of Alarmism Project" o ka IWF, ka mea i ʻike ʻole ʻia i loko o ka ʻatikala ma ke ʻano he limahana o IWF. No ka mea hou aʻe e pili ana i kēia kumuhana, e ʻike i ka “Ka hōʻeha ma nā meaola: Ke nānā ʻole i ka ʻepekema e hana i ka hihia no ka mahiʻai kemika”(FAIR, 2014).

Nā hoa me nā hui ʻenehana kemika mua

Nā hoa IWF me nā hui ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e like me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi pale pale nui o nā kemika ʻino i hala i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto a Syngenta, a me kekahi kemika, lāʻau lapaʻau a me ka paka nā hui a me nā hui ʻoihana.

  • I ka Pepeluali 2017 Podcast IWF, Ua "hoʻopau ʻo ACSH a me IWF" i kā alarmism a Rachel Carson no nā kemika ʻino.
  • ʻO ACSH he "hope loa" o IWF's "moʻomeheu o ka leka alarmism”Ke kūʻē nei i nā hana e hemo i nā kemika weliweli mai nā huahana mea kūʻai aku.
  • ʻO nā hanana IWF e hoʻouka nei i nā makuahine e hopohopo nei e pili ana i nā mea make ʻino, e like me kēia "makua makua hazmat" ka hopena, Hoʻolaha ʻO Josh Bloom o ACSH a me ka ʻoihana kemika mea kākau pili lehulehu ʻO Trevor Butterworth.

No ka heluhelu hou ana

ʻO ke kuʻina, "Koch Brothers Operatives hoʻopiha i nā kūlana keʻokeʻo kiʻekiʻe," na Lee Fang (4/4/2017)

ʻO ka Nation, "E hui i nā" Feminists "Hana i nā Hana Maikaʻi Koch Brothers", na Joan Walsh (8/18/2016)

Ke kikowaena no Media a me Demokalaka, "ʻO nā mea kōkua i ʻike nui ʻia o ka Forum Wahine Kūʻokoʻa he mau kāne," na Lisa Graves (8/24/2016)

Ke kikowaena no Media a me Demokalaka, "Hōʻoia: Ua hānau ʻia ka Forum Women-ʻole-Kūʻokoʻa i ka pale ʻana iā Clarence Thomas a me ka ʻĀkau Hema," na Lisa Graves lāua ʻo Calvin Sloan (4/21/2016)

Slate, "Bias Confirmation: Pehea ʻo" Women for Judge Thomas "i lilo i hale mana conservative," na Barbara Spindel (4/7/2016)

Truthout, "Hoʻohana ka Forum Wahine Kūʻokoʻa i nā Mana Kuhihewa e Pahu aku ai i ka ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻākau," na Lisa Graves, ʻo Calvin Sloan lāua ʻo Kim Haddow (8/19/2016)

Ma loko o Philanthropy,"ʻO ke kālā ma hope o nā pūʻulu wahine conservative e hakakā nei i ke kaua moʻomeheu," na Philip Rojc (9/13/2016)

ʻO ka Nation, "Kuhi ʻo wai ka pūʻulu wahine ʻo Rush Limbaugh i hāʻawi i nā haneli he mau kaukani kālā? Kaha: ʻo ia ka mea pale iā ia i nā manawa a pau e lele i loko o kahi moe kolohe, "na Eli Clifton (6/12/2014)

ʻO ka New Yorker, "The Koch Brothers Covert Operations," na Jane Mayer (8/30/2010)

Oxford University Press, "Ka Pono Hana wahine: Conservative Women and American Politics," na Ronnee Schreiber (2008)

Ma loko o Philanthropy, "E nānā ʻO wai ke kālā i kēia Pūʻulu Wahine Conservative Top," na Joan Shipps (11/26/2014)

ʻO ke kūpono a me ke kūpono i ka hōʻikeʻana, "Pono nā Wahine Conservative no Media Mainstream; Ua Loaa Loa ka Media i Kekahi Wahine e Aloha, "na Laura Flanders (3/1/1996)

i kau mua ʻia ʻOkakopa 6, 2018 a hōʻano hou ʻia i Pepeluali 2020

Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

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e pili pū ana: Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila, na Stacy Malkan

Hōʻike kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo i nā ʻike o Monsanto pelekikena pilikino pili pilikino e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo ka hui o nā loea o ka honua ma ka papa IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻonohonoho ka Monsanto i nā inoa ʻoi aku ma kahi o ʻumikūmālua mau "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna o ka ʻoihana e "hoʻomaopopo / inoculate / komo" i kā lākou mau hana e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi uhi no nā keʻena hoʻokele. " Hoʻopili nā hoa i nā kālaihana e like me nā hui kemika a me nā ʻoihana mua, nā hui kālepa a me nā hui lobby - e hāhai i nā loulou i lalo i nā pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāʻawi i ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hui hoa.

Hoʻolako pū kēia mau pepa pono i kahinse o ka hohonu a me ka laulā o ka corporaʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka poʻe akamai i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i ka lanakila ʻananse o Mlāʻau make-ʻona ʻo Onsanto.

Nā pahuhopu a Monsanto no ka hana ʻana me ka helu ʻana o ka carcinogenicity IARC no glyphosate (ʻaoʻao 5).

kāʻei kua

ʻO kahi palapala nui i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2017 i kaʻina kānāwai Ke kūʻē nei ʻo Monsanto i ka “mākaukau a me ka hoʻolālā hoʻoweliweli” a ka ʻoihana no ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no glyphosate ʻo ka mahiʻai pono loa. ʻO ka palapala Monsanto kūloko - i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 23, 2015 - hāʻawi i nā limahana he nui a ʻoi aku ma mua o 20 mau limahana o Monsanto i nā pahuhopu e pili ana i ka “neenee i ka hopena o ka hoʻoholo ʻana,” “ka hoʻokele hoʻokonukonu,” “e hōʻoia iā MON POV” a me ka “leo alakaʻi i loko ʻo wai ʻo IARC a me ka huhū 2B. Ma Malaki 20, 2015, ua hoʻolaha ʻo IARC i kāna hoʻoholo e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Pūʻulu 2A, "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka. "

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike: “Pehea i hana ai ʻo Monsanto i ka huhū ma ka Classical Cancer Classification i manaʻo ʻia,”Na Carey Gillam, Huffington Post (9/19/2017)

ʻO Monsanto's Tier 1-4 "ʻOihana Hana"

ʻAoʻao 5 o ka palapala Monsanto hōʻike i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna hoʻokō ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna papahana hoʻomākaukau IARC. Loaʻa ka laulā a me ka hopena o kēia mau pūʻulu i ka hoʻokau ʻana i kahi moʻolelo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pale ai i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana 1 kahi lobby-ʻohana kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia a me nā hui PR.

ʻO nā hoa hana ʻoihana 2 kahi hui mua i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, akā hana pū me ka ʻoihana kemika ma hope o nā hanana i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

ʻO nā ʻoihana ʻoihana 3 ʻoihana ka ʻoihana-ʻai kālā kālā kālā ʻole a me nā hui kālepa. Ua kālele ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu iā, "ʻO nā hui meaʻai Alert ma o ka hui ʻo Stakeholder Engagement (IFIC, GMA, CFI) no ka 'inoculation strategy' e hoʻolako i ka ʻike mua i nā pae koena glyphosate, e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema a me nā kuhiakau i kipaku ʻia e ka papahana. panela.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻehā ʻo “nā hui a ka mea ulu nui.” ʻO kēia nā hui kālepa like ʻole e kū ana i ke kō, ka soy a me nā mea ulu ʻenehana a me nā mea hana meaʻai.

Ke hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hoʻopiʻi kūʻē ʻana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma glyphosate

Ua wehewehe ka palapala PR a Monsanto i kā lākou manaʻo e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orchestrate outcry with the IARC decision."

Pehea e pāʻani ai i waho e hiki ai ke ʻike ʻia ma nā kākau a ka hoa ʻoihana nā hui i hoʻohana i nā leka maʻamau a me nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka hana hewa ʻole a hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema i hana ma ka hōʻike glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā laʻana o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project. Ke koi nei kēia hui he kumu kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻepekema, akā naʻe. nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know show hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēlā mau hana like. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Jon Entine i ka hui ma 2011 ke lilo ʻo Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. ʻO kahi taktika hui mua mua kēia; ke neʻe nei i ka leka ʻana o kahi hui ma o kahi hui e koi nei he kūʻokoʻa akā ʻaʻole.

Hōʻike ka manaʻo iā Sense About Science e "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana"

Kūkākūkā ka palapala PR a Monsanto i nā hoʻolālā e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orctrate outcry with the IARC decision." Hōʻike ka papahana i ka hui Sense About Science (i nā paʻa me kahi māka nīnau) no "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana a hāʻawi i ka pae no nā mea nānā IARC a me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

ʻO Sense About Science kahi aloha lehulehu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Ladana kēlā kiki ana i paipai i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo ka hui “ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana ʻae i ka ʻae ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha, "I hōʻike ʻo Liza Gross ma The Intercept. I ka 2014, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science i kahi mana US ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a  ʻO Trevor Butterworth, kahi mea kākau me ka moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka ʻae ʻole ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i nā kinikini ʻona.

Pili ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, he ʻoihana ʻepekema PR ma Ladana e loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana a ʻike ʻia no e hoʻokuke nei i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema. He mea kākau moʻolelo me pili pili loa i ka Science Media Center, ʻO Kate Kelland, i paʻi i kekahi mau ʻatikala ma Reuters e loiloi ana i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i hoʻokumu ʻia nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni a kūpono ʻole o ka hōʻike piha ʻana. Ua hoʻolaha nui ʻia nā ʻatikala Reuters e nā hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻo “Monsanto” a ua hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka kumu no hoʻouka politika kūʻē iā IARC.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

  • "Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters," ʻLelo ʻo IARC (3 / 1 / 18)
  • Hoʻolālā ʻo Reuters 'Aaron Blair IARC moʻolelo i ka moʻolelo wahaheʻe, USRTK (7 / 24 / 2017)
  • Wahi a Reuters i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o IARC "hoʻoponopono ʻia" he wahaheʻe pū kekahi ia, USRTK (10 / 20 / 2017)
  • "Ke hoʻopili nei nā pilina ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema?" ʻO ke kūpono a me ke kūpono i ka hōʻikeʻana (7 / 24 / 2017)

"Hoʻokomo iā Henry Miller"

Kuhi ka ʻaoʻao 2 o ka Monsanto PR palapala i ka lawe waho mua no ka hoʻolālā a me ka hoʻomākaukau: "E hoʻopili iā Henry Miller" e "hoʻokomo / hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu e pili ana i ka IARC a me nā loiloi."

"Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoo kiʻekiʻe."

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa ma ka Hoover Institution a me ka luna hoʻokumu o ka Office of Biotechnology a ka FDA, he moʻolelo lōʻihi i kākauʻia o ka hana pū ʻana me nā hui e pale aku i nā huahana weliweli. Kuhi ka papahana Monsanto i ka "MON nona" o ka hana ma ke ʻano ʻo Eric Sachs, ka ʻepekema, ʻenehana a me ke alakaʻi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana iā Monsanto.

Nā palapala ma hope i hōʻike ʻia e The New York Times hōʻike i kēlā Sachs leka uila iā Miller hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka hōʻike a ka IARC glyphosate e nīnau ai inā makemake ʻo Miller e kākau e pili ana i ka "hoʻoholo kūʻē." Pane maila ʻo Miller, "Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoʻī kiʻekiʻe." Ma Malaki 23, Miller kau ʻia kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes i "aniani nui" i ka hoʻolālā i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto, e like me ka Times. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Forbes i kona pilina me Miller i ke ala ʻana o ka hana ʻino a me ka holoi i kāna mau ʻatikala mai ka pūnaewele.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ʻOiai ʻo ka inoa ʻo Monsanto PR ʻaʻole inoa ka Hui Kālā ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka hui (ACSH) i waena o kāna mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana," nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hōʻike ana iā Monsanto Ua uku kālā ʻia i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a noi aku i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike Glyphosate IARC. Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻaʻole ʻoluʻolu nā luna o Monsanto e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana me ACSH akā pēlā nō no ka mea, "ʻaʻohe nui o kā mākou poʻe kākoʻo a hiki ʻole ke lilo i kekahi mau mea i loaʻa iā mākou."

Ua kākau ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein i kāna mau hoa, "Hiki iaʻu ke hōʻoia iā ʻoe ʻaʻole wau a pau i ka maka e pili ana i ka ACSH Ua hoʻouna ʻo Goldstein i nā loulou i nā hanana ACSH he nui e hāpai a pale ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL."

E nānā i kekahi: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Agrichemical 

E hāhai i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kālaiʻike ma mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa nā palapala USRTK i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika mālama ʻia e UCSF.

Pehea ʻo Tamar Haspel e alakaʻi hewa ai i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka Wakinekona Post

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ʻO Tamar Haspel kahi mea kākau nūhou manuahi nāna e kākau nei i nā kolamu meaʻai no ka Wakinekona Post mai ka lā ʻOkakopa 2013. Hāpai pinepine nā kolamu a Haspel i nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai, ʻoiai e loaʻa iā ia nā uku e ʻōlelo ai i nā hanana kūlike i ka ʻoihana, a i kekahi manawa mai nā hui ʻoihana - kahi hana i kapa ʻia ʻo "buckraking" e hāpai i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka objectivity.

ʻO kahi loiloi o nā kolamu ʻo Haspel's Washington Post e hoʻohuli i nā hopohopo hou: i nā manawa he nui, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel a wehewehe piha paha i nā pilina ʻoihana o kāna kumuwaiwai, i ka hilinaʻi i nā noiʻi slanted i hana ʻia, nā mea i koho ʻia e nā cherry i mea e kākoʻo ai i nā kūlana ʻoihana a i ʻole e kuhikuhi kūʻē ʻana i ka ʻoihana. . E nānā i ka loiloi kumu a me kekahi mau laʻana ʻē aʻe i hōʻike ʻia ma lalo. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Haspel i nā nīnau no kēia ʻatikala.

ʻO Buckraking ma luna o ka meaʻai kuʻi: he hakakā o ka hoihoi?

Ma kahi kūkākūkā pūnaewele 2015 e ka Wakinekona Post, e pane ana i kahi nīnau e pili ana inā loaʻa kālā iā ia mai nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, Haspel ua kākauʻo ia, "ʻ speaklelo wau a kaulike i nā panela a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine, a he hana ia e uku ʻia ai au." Hōʻike ʻo ia i kāna mau ʻōlelo pili iā ia pūnaewele pūnaewele, akā ʻaʻole ia e hōʻike i nā ʻoihana a i ʻole nā ​​hui kālepa e hoʻolako kālā iā ia a i nā kālā a lākou e hāʻawi ai.

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana i ke kālā i loaʻa iā ia mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui o mua, Ua kākau ʻo Haspel, "No ka mea ʻo kekahi hui e manaʻoʻiʻo i ka biotech he mea e hāʻawi ai kahi 'mua pūʻulu,' nui!"

E like me ka Nā kūlana a me nā loina o Wakinekona, ʻaʻole hiki i ka poʻe nūpepa ke ʻae i nā makana, nā huakaʻi manuahi, ka mālama makemake ʻana a i ʻole ke ʻae manuahi ʻana mai nā kumuwaiwai nūhou, a "pono ​​e hana i nā hana āpau e noho i ka lehulehu, e noho ma waho o ke kahua, e hōʻike i ka nūhou, ʻaʻole e hana i ka nūhou." ʻAʻole pili kēia mau lula i nā freelancer, akā waiho ka pepa iā ia i nā luna hoʻoponopono e hoʻoholo.

Ua wehewehe ʻo Haspel i kāna pae hoʻohālikelike no ka ʻae ʻana i nā hana i ʻōlelo ʻia ma luna ona pūnaewele pilikino: ʻo nā hanana he mau hoʻopaʻapaʻa kūpono e pili ana i nā pilikia meaʻai e pili ana i nā leo ma mua o nā ʻoihana loaʻa kālā. ʻAʻole kūpono nā hanana āpau ma kāna papa inoa i kēlā mau pae hoʻohālikelike (e ʻike i nā hanana hoʻomaʻamaʻa leka i hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana "biotech literacy" i wehewehe ʻia ma lalo). ʻO ka luna hoʻoponopono o Haspel ʻo Joe Yonan Ua'ōleloʻo ia ʻoluʻolu ʻo ia me kā Haspel hoʻokokoke ʻana i nā hana haʻi ʻōlelo i uku ʻia a loaʻa iā ia he "kaulike kūpono." 

Hōʻike ʻia nā manaʻo hou aʻe mai Haspel a me Yonan ma aneʻi, "Ke kī ʻana i ka Beat Food: I ka manawa hea ia e hakakā ai ka hoihoi?" na Stacy Malkan (Ke kaulike a me ka pololei i ka hōʻike ʻana, 2015). E nānā pū, "ʻO kahi hōʻike pōkole e pili ana i nā mea nūpepa ʻekolu i haʻi ʻia i loko o kā mākou FOIA noi," na Gary Ruskin (Pono ʻo US e ʻike, 2015). No nā kuanaʻike mai ka poʻe nūpepa a me nā luna hoʻoponopono ma ke kuʻi ʻana, e ʻike i ka hōʻike a Ken Silverstein (ʻO Harper's, 2008).

Lawe i ka paʻi GMO

Ua hoʻomaka ʻo Haspel i ke kākau ʻana e pili ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically i March 2013 i ka Huffington Post ("E hele Frankenfish! No ke aha mākou e pono ai iā GM Salmon"). Ua hoʻomaka ʻia kāna mau kākau e pili ana i nā kumuhana pili i ka meaʻai i ka Washington Post a me HuffPo ma 2011 a me nā wahi ʻē aʻe mai ka waena waena o 1990. ʻO kā Haspel hope loa moʻo o nā ʻatikala no Huffington Post hoʻomau ʻia ma ke kumuhana o nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai, me nā blog e hoʻopuka nei i nā noiʻi e pili ana i nā mea e hiki ke loaʻa i nā pilikia Glyphosate a Hānai holoholona GMO, he paio kūʻē Nā hoʻolaha hoʻolaha GMO a he ʻāpana puff e pili ana i ka pūnaewele ʻoihana ʻoihana mahiʻai, Nā pane a GMO.

GMOAnswers.org he ʻāpana ia o kahi hoʻolālā pilina lehulehu lehulehu miliona ka Hoʻolaha ʻia ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i ka puna o 2013 e hakakā i nā hopohopo o nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically i ka hopena o nā hoʻolaha e lepili i nā GMO.

HuffPo Iulai 2013: ʻO kahi laʻana o pehea Haspel i hoʻolaha ai i nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana me ke ʻano ʻole. Nā laʻana hou aʻe ma lalo. 

WaPo Unearthed kolamu: e ʻeli ana i nā kuanaʻike ʻoihana

Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Haspel i kāna kolamu meaʻai "Unearthed" i kēlā me kēia mahina ma ka Wakinekona Post ma 'Okakopa 2013  ("Nā meaʻai i hoʻololi maoli ʻia: He aha ka mea a ʻaʻole ʻoiaʻiʻo") me kahi hoʻohiki e "ʻeli hohonu e hoʻāʻo e ʻike i ka mea ʻoiaʻiʻo a me nā mea ʻaʻole i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i kā mākou lako meaʻai." Ua aʻo ʻo ia i nā mea heluhelu e noʻonoʻo "ʻo wai ka mea āu e hilinaʻi ai" i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO a ʻike i kekahi mau hui i hala ʻole i kāna hōʻike kūlike ʻole (ka Union of Concerned Scientists i waena o lākou).

Nā Haspel November 2013 kolamu ("kahua maʻamau o GMO: Ma kahi e ʻae ai nā mea kākoʻo a me nā mea kūʻē mai") ​​i hāʻawi ʻia i ka laulā o nā kuanaʻike mai ka hoihoi o ka lehulehu a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana; Eia nō naʻe, i nā kolamu e hiki mai ana, ʻaʻole ʻike pinepine ʻo Haspel i nā pūʻulu hoihoi o ka lehulehu a hāʻawi i kahi wahi liʻiliʻi loa i nā loea olakino lehulehu a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻikepili ma mua o kāna hana i nā kumuwaiwai e pili ana i ka ʻoihana a i ʻole nā ​​loea i ka loiloi weliweli a i ʻole ka "ʻike ʻike maka" e hoʻowahāwahā i ke olakino a me ka palekana o ka lehulehu. nā hopohopo, a me nā ʻike ʻoihana echo. I kekahi mau hanana, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel e wehewehe a wehewehe piha paha i nā pilina ʻoihana i nā kumuwaiwai.

ʻO ke kolamu 'neʻe' ʻai 'hana ʻenehana

ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona e hōʻike ana i kekahi o kēia mau pilikia ʻo Haspel's Ianuari 2016 kolamu ("ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo kupaianaha e pili ana i ka neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai"), kahi āna i hoʻopaʻapaʻa ai ʻo ka poʻe e mālama nei i ka ʻenekini a me nā ʻano ʻē aʻe o ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai - ka "neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai" - he ʻāpana palena ʻole ia o ka lehulehu. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i nīnau i nā nīnauele me nā mea kūʻai mai, olakino, kaiapuni a i ʻole nā ​​hui kaulike e manaʻo iā lākou iho he ʻāpana o ka neʻe o ka meaʻai

Ua kiʻi ʻo Haspel i ke kolamu me ʻelua mau pūʻulu wili i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana, ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai a Ketchuma, ka hui pili lehulehu e holo i nā pane GMO. ʻOiai ʻo ia e wehewehe iā Ketchum ma ke ʻano he PR firm e "hana nui me ka ʻoihana meaʻai," ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel ua hoʻolimalima ʻia ʻo Ketchum e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e hoʻololi i nā manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai aku i nā meaʻai GMO (a ʻaʻole nō hoʻi ʻo ia i haʻi i ka mōʻaukala weliweli a Ketchum o ke lele nei no Rusia a alakaʻi ʻana i ke kiu kue i nā hui kaiapuni).

ʻO ke kolu o nā kumuwaiwai no kāna kolamu kahi ana kelepona makahiki ʻelua mau makahiki i alakaʻi ʻia e William Hallman, kahi loiloi manaʻo lehulehu mai Rutgers nāna i hōʻike mai mālama ʻole ka hapa nui o ka poʻe i ka lepili ʻana o GMO. (I hoʻokahi makahiki ma mua, ua kūkākūkā ʻo Hallman lāua ʻo Haspel i nā manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i nā GMO ma kahi aupuni i kākoʻo ʻia panela lākou i kaʻana like ai me Eric Sachs o Monsanto.)

Nā laulima me nā hui milo ʻoihana

ʻO kā Tamar Haspel aloha a me ka hana pū ʻana me nā mea pāʻani nui o ka ʻoihana pili i ka lehulehu i nā hana pili lehulehu e hāpai i nā hopohopo hou e pili ana i kāna kumuhana.

A ʻōlelo hoʻolaha mai Haspel ʻike ʻia ma ka homepage o STATS / Sense About Science, e wehewehe nei i nā STATS ma ke ʻano he "waiwai" i kāna hōʻike ʻana. Ua wehewehe nā mea nūpepa ʻē aʻe iā STATS ma ke ʻano he pale-huahana “hoʻouka kaua disinformation”Hoʻohana nā hana paka i ka hana kānalua e pili ana i ka pōpilikia a me ke ʻano nui i ka “ʻoihana politika kinipōpō o ka hoʻoponopono kemika. ” A 2016 moʻolelo ma The Intercept ua wehewehe ʻia nā pili paka o STATS a me Sense About Science (i hui ʻia i ka 2014 ma lalo o ke alakaʻi o Trevor Butterworth) a me ke kuleana a lākou e pāʻani ai i ka ʻimi ʻana i nā ʻike ʻoihana e pili ana i ka ʻepekema.

A 2015 lehulehu pili palapala hoʻolālā kapa ʻia ʻo Sense About Science i waena o nā “nā hoa hana ʻoihana ”Hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna huakaʻi e "orchestrate outcry" kūʻē i ka ʻimi noiʻi kanesa o ka World Health Organization e hōʻino i kahi hōʻike e pili ana i ka carcinogenicity o glyphosate.

ʻO nā hanana spinic ʻoihana Agrichemical

I Iune 2014, ʻo Haspel a Lālā “kumu” (ma kahi o kekahi mau ʻelele ʻoihana) ma kahi hanana hoʻomaʻamaʻa leka i kapa ʻia ʻo ʻO Camp Campot Biotech Literacy Project i kālā kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi, ʻelua mau hui mua o ka ʻoihana i hōʻike pū ʻia e Monsanto ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana" ma kāna Hoʻolālā 2015 PR.

ʻO ka Genetic Literacy Project kahi ma mua papahana o STATS, a ʻo Academics Review ka hoʻonohonoho me ke kōkua o Monsanto i hōʻino i nā loiloi ʻoihana ʻoiai e mālama ʻana i ka ʻoihana hūnā ʻia nā manamana lima, e like me nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi moʻohelu lehulehu.

ʻO ke kahua hoʻomoana kīpaku ʻo Haspel i hele aku i manaʻo ʻia e "hōʻano hou i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO," e like me ka papahana Ua hōʻike ʻo Paul Thacker e pili ana i ka hanana i Ka Holomua, "Ua hāʻawi malū ʻoihana i kahi ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā mea ʻino o glyphosate ... ”

ʻO nā mākaukau i kamaʻilio ʻia me nā ʻōnaehana spin hui i loiloi i nā palapala hoʻomoana boot ma ke noi a Thacker. "He mau mea kaumaha kēia," wahi a Naomi Oreskes, polofesa o ka mōʻaukala ʻepekema ma ke Kulanui ʻo Harvard. "Ua manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe i nā hua o GMO he pono, pono, a ʻaʻole lawa ka makaʻu e hōʻoia i ka lepili ʻana." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Marion Nestle, ke polofesa no ka mālama pono ʻana i ka meaʻai, ke aʻo ʻana i ka meaʻai, a me ke olakino lehulehu ma ke Kulanui o New York, "Inā hele ka poʻe nūpepa i nā ʻaha kūkā e uku ʻia lākou e hele, pono lākou e kānalua loa mai ka hoʻomaka.

ʻO Cami Ryan, kahi limahana hoʻomoana kīpaku nāna i hana ma hope no Monsanto, i kākau ʻia ma ka loiloi loiloi i makemake ai nā poʻe komo, "More Haspel-ish, Ropeik-ish kau." ʻO David Ropeik kahi kākāʻōlelo ʻike maka pilikia nona ka komo nā mea kūʻai aku iā Bayer a me nā hui kemika ʻē aʻe, a ʻo wai ʻo Haspel hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he kumu i kahi kolamu āna i kākau ai e pili ana i ka glyphosate.

ʻO 2015 lā heluhelu biotech me Kevin Folta 

I Mei 2015, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel ma kahi “ka lā heluhelu a me ka launaʻike biotechnology"Ma ke Kulanui o Florida i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Kevin Folta, he polofesa i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ka pilina o ke aupuni a hooikaika lobbying. Ua hoʻokomo ʻo Folta iā Haspel i kahi ua hoʻouna ʻo ia iā Monsanto e ʻimi kālā ana no nā hanana āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "hopena i ka pilikia pili kamaʻilio biotech" i hopena ʻia mai ka "kāohi ʻana i ka ʻike lehulehu" a me kā lākou "hoʻoikaika ikaika ʻana i nā hana lepili ʻai pono ʻole a pono ʻole." ʻAoʻao 4 o ka olelo ua wehewehe i kahi hanana e hōʻike i nā polofesa UF "a me kekahi mau mea ʻē aʻe i lawe ʻia mai waho me nā ʻelele o nā ʻoihana, nā loea kākau moʻolelo ma ka ʻepekema kamaʻilio (eg Tamar Haskel [sic], Amy Harmon), a me nā loea i ka ʻike maka maka a me ka noʻonoʻo (e like me Dan Kahan) . ”

Monsanto kākoʻo kālā a kā Folta noi, ke kāhea nei iā ia "kahi ala 3-ʻaoʻao maikaʻi loa e hoʻomohala i ke ʻano o ke kākoʻo a mākou e nānā nei e hoʻomohala." (ʻO ke kālā hâʻawi wale i kahi hale mālama meaʻai i ʻAukake 2015 ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ke kālā.)

I ʻApelila 2015, Folta i kākau aku ai iā Haspel me nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hanana hoʻomaʻamaʻa leka ʻana, "E uhi mākou i nā kumukūʻai a me kahi honorary, nā mea a pau e pono ai. ʻO nā mea ʻepekema, nā kauka a me nā loea ʻē aʻe e pono e aʻo pehea e kamaʻilio ai i ka lehulehu. "

Ua pane ʻo Haspel, "Aia nō wau i loko," a ua hāʻawi hou ʻo ia i kahi moʻolelo mai kekahi panela hou "kamaʻilio ʻepekema" i hoʻololi i ka manaʻo o kekahi e pili ana iā Monsanto. "He hiki nō ke hele i ke ala, akā ua maopopo iaʻu ma o nā kamaʻilio ʻana a kekahi me kekahi kanaka," i kākau ai ʻo Haspel iā Folta.

ka papahana mālama no ka lā kamaʻilio o Florida i helu ʻia nā mea ʻōlelo ma ke ʻano he Haspel, Folta, ʻekolu mau kumu ʻē aʻe o ka UF, ka limahana ʻo Monsanto ʻo Vance Crowe a me nā ʻelele mai Biofortified a Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono (ʻelua mau hui hou aku i kapa ʻia ʻo Monsanto nā hoa hana ʻoihana i kāna papahana PR e pale aku i ka glyphosate). I kekahi leka uila iā Folta, Ua hauʻoli ʻo Haspel e pili ana i ka hui ʻana me Crowe, “Ke nānā nei i mua i kēia. (Ua makemake wau e launa me Vance Crowe - hauʻoli loa wau e hiki ana ʻo ia i laila.) ”

Hōʻike Ethics a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana

I Kepakemapa 2015, hōʻike ʻia ka New York Times Folta i kahi moʻolelo ʻaoʻao mua na Eric Lipton e pili ana i ka hilinaʻi o nā pūʻulu ʻoihana i nā kālaiʻike e hakakā i ke kaua lepili GMO. Ua hōʻike ʻo Lipton e pili ana i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi kālā a Folta iā Monsanto, a e ʻōlelo ākea ana ʻo Folta ʻaʻohe ona pili me Monsanto.

Ua kākau ʻo Haspel iā Folta i kekahi mau mahina ma hope mai, "Minamina loa wau i ka mea āu i hele ai, a kaumaha loa ia i ka wā o ka naʻau ʻino, ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka ʻaoʻao i uhi i nā pilikia maoli - ma ka ʻepekema a me ka moakaka, nā mea nui ʻelua." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel e hana pū ana ʻo ia me ka National Press Foundation e hoʻomohala i nā kūlana ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoihoi no nā mea nūhou kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO Haspel kahi 2015 hoa no ka National Press Foundation (kahi hui i uku kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana, me ʻO Bayer lāua ʻo DuPont). I loko o kahi ʻatikala ua kākau ʻo ia no NPF e pili ana nā loina no nā freelancers, Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Haspel i ke koʻikoʻi o ka hōʻike ʻana a wehewehe i kāna mau pae hoʻohālikelike no ke kamaʻilio ʻana i nā hanana inā pili wale nā ​​mea hoʻopukapuka ʻole ʻoihana a me nā manaʻo like ʻole - nā pae i kū ʻole ʻia e nā hanana biotech literacy. ʻO ka ʻaoʻao hoʻolaha ma kona pūnaewele ʻaʻole hōʻike pololei i ka nā ʻaha kūkā a me nā mea hoʻopukapuka kālā o ke kahua hoʻomoana literacy biotech 2014. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Haspel i nā nīnau e pili ana i nā hanana literacy biotech.

Loiloi kumu: hōʻike hoʻopunipuni e pili ana i nā pesticides

ʻO kahi loiloi kumu o ʻekolu o nā kolamu Washington Post a Tamar Haspel e pili ana i ke kumuhana o nā pesticides i loaʻa he mau mea e pili ana i nā laʻana o nā kumuwaiwai pili pili ʻole i hōʻike ʻia, nā haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻikepili a me nā hōʻike ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili i lawelawe ʻia e kākoʻo i nā leka pesticide ʻoihana pesticides ʻaʻole hopohopo a ʻAʻole waiwai nui ke aloha. Uhi ka loiloi kumu i kēia mau kolamu ʻekolu:

  • "ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o ka meaola no kou olakino? ʻO ka nānā ʻana i ka waiū, ka ʻiʻo, nā hua manu, nā huahana a me nā iʻa ”(April 7, 2014)
  • “ʻO ka kemiko ʻo Monsanto kaukaʻi. Pehea ka weliweli? ” ('Okakopa 2015)
  • "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā huahana a me nā pesticides" (E 21, 2018)

Hilinaʻi ʻia i nā kumuwaiwai e pili ana i ka ʻoihana; ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i kā lākou pili pili ʻoihana

I nā kolamu ʻekolu a pau i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kēia loiloi kumu, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel i ka pili o ka pesticide ʻoihana o nā kumu waiwai nui i hoʻowahāwahā i ka pilikia o nā pesticides. ʻAʻole kekahi o nā pilina ʻoihana i ʻōlelo ʻia i kāna kolamu mai ʻAukake 2018 i ka wā i paʻi ʻia ai kēia loiloi.

I loko o kāna hōʻike 2018 e pili ana i ka "ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā huahana a me nā pesticides," hāʻawi ʻo Haspel i nā mea heluhelu i "ka manaʻo o ka nui o ka makaʻu" mai nā hōʻike pesticide pino. he hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ua hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka makaʻu o ka ʻai ʻana i nā pesticides mai ka meaʻai a inu i ka waina. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel he ʻehā o nā mea kākau ʻelima o kēlā noi i hoʻohana ʻia e Bayer Crop Science, kekahi o nā mea hana pesticide nui loa o ka honua. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i hōʻike i ka hōʻike mua ʻana i loko kahi kuhi hewa i hoʻoponopono ʻia ma hope (ʻoiai ua pili ʻo ia i ka loiloi kumu a me ka hoʻopaʻa pono ʻana). Ua hōʻike mua ka noiʻi i ka makaʻu e like me ka inu ʻana i hoʻokahi kīʻaha waina i kēlā me kēia makahikiʻehiku; ua hoʻoponopono ʻia i hoʻokahi kīʻaha waina i kēlā me kēia ʻekolu mahina; Ua kuhi ʻia kēlā kuhi hewa a me kekahi mau mea ʻē aʻe i loko leka i ka puke pai e kekahi mau ʻepekema nāna i wehewehe i ka hoʻopaʻa waina ʻana ma ke ʻano he "simplistic loa a kuhi hewa hoʻi."

E hoʻokuʻu i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena synergistic o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā pesticides he nui, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel i kekahi like mai ka mea kākau pili ʻole ʻole Bayer wale nō o ke aʻo hoʻohālikelike ʻana i ka waina, a "a 2008 moʻolelo"I hana i ka loiloi like." ʻO Alan Boobis lāua ʻo Angelo Moretto nā mea kākau o kēlā hōʻike 2008 i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko o kahi hakakā hoʻowahāwahā i ka 2016 no ka mea ua alakaʻi lākou i kahi UN panel i exonerated glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai maʻi maʻi i ka manawa like e like me kā lākou mau kūlana alakaʻi i ka Ke KeʻenaʻEpekema Ola Ola International, kahi hui kōkua ʻole i loaʻa nui nā makana mai ka ʻoihana pesticide.

I loko o kāna kolamu 2015 e pili ana i ka maka o ka glyphosate, ka "kemikala Monsanto kaukaʻi," ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel i ʻelua mau kumuwaiwai me nā pilina pesticide āna i hōʻike ʻole ai: ʻo Keith Solomon, kahi lāʻau ʻona i kākau i nā pepa e pili ana i ka glyphosate. i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto (aʻo wai ʻo Monsanto ke hoʻolaha nei ma ke ʻano he kumu); a ʻo David Ropeik, he kākāʻōlelo ʻike pilikia e pili pū ana me Harvard a he paʻa paʻa PR kekahi nona ʻO nā mea kūʻai aku me Dow, DuPont a me Bayer. Ua kamaʻilio pū ʻo Haspel lāua ʻo Ropeik ma ka mahiʻai leka uila kālā-ʻoihana aʻo kahua hoʻomoana ma ke Kulanui o Florida ma 2014.

I loko o kāna kolamu 2014 e pili ana inā he koena pesticide i ka meaʻai i kahi pilikia i ke olakino, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel i ka kānalua e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā organophosphates, kahi papa o nā pesticides e pili ana poino neurological i nā keiki, Me ka manual ka mea i loaʻa "ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo nui nā noiʻi epidemiological i kekahi pesticide e like me ka mea e pili ana i nā hopena ulu neurological maikaʻi ʻole i nā pēpē a me nā keiki." ʻO ka mea kākau nui ka ʻO Carol Burns, he ʻepekema ma Dow Chemical Company, kekahi o nā mea hana nui o nā organophosphates.

Ua hoʻohana pū kēlā kolamu i ka ʻoihana ʻona helehelena i loko o ka hoʻoilo kino ʻo Carl Winter ma ke ʻano he kumu e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana no ka palekana o nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai e pili ana i nā loiloi pilikia o EPA ʻO Monsanto nō ka paipai ʻana i kā Winter hana i kēlā manawa i nā helu kamaʻilio, a ʻo Winter hoʻi i lawelawe ma ka papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema o ka hui i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, ka mea haʻaheo i loko o kahi blog post i kekahi mau mahina ma mua e pili ana i ka uhi nūhou anti-organic i ʻōlelo i kā lākou kāne, "Kauka aʻoaʻo ACSH ʻo Kauka Carl Winter."

Kuhi hewa ʻia me ka hōʻike ʻana ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili

Ma kāna kolamu 2014, ua hoʻohana ʻo Haspel i kahi pepa 2012 e ka American Academy of Pediatrics ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili e hoʻokūpaʻa i kāna paio e hāʻawi ʻole ka ʻai ʻana i nā meaola i nā pono olakino, akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i hoʻomaopopo i ka poʻe heluhelu i ka piha o ka noiʻi a me kāna hopena. ʻO ka Pepa AAP hoʻopuka ʻia i kahi ākea o nā ʻike ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i ka hōʻeha i nā keiki mai nā hōʻike ākea a me nā maʻi hoʻomau i nā pesticides like ʻole, a ua hoʻopau ʻia, "Pono e kaupalena ʻia nā hōʻike a nā keiki i nā pesticides i hiki." Ua hōʻike ʻia ka hōʻike i kahi hōʻike e pili ana i ka "hōʻemi koke ʻana o ka urinary excretion of pesticide metabolites" i nā keiki e ʻai ana i ka papaʻai. Ua hoʻopuka pū kekahi ʻo AAP ʻōlelo paipai aʻoaʻo e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā keiki i nā pesticides.

Ua haʻalele ʻo Haspel i kēlā ʻano pōʻaiapili āpau a hōʻike wale nō i ka hōʻike AAP, "ua hoʻomaopopo ʻia ka pilina ma waena o ka hōʻike ʻana o ka organophosphate a me nā pilikia neurological i loaʻa i loko o kekahi mau noiʻi akā ua hoʻoholo ʻia he" maopopo ʻole "ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka hōʻike ʻana ma ka ʻai ʻana i nā meaola. pili. '”

I loko o kāna kolamu 2018, ua hōʻike hewa ʻo Haspel i ke ʻano o ka pesticide chlorpyrifos "he kumu hakakā ma waena o nā hui kaiaulu, makemake lākou e pāpā ʻia, a me ka EPA, ʻaʻole" ka EPA ua paipai e pāpā chlorpyrifos ma muli o ke kau ʻana i nā hōʻike e hiki ai i ka prenatal hōʻike ke hiki loaʻa nā hopena mau loa i ka lolo o nā keiki. Ua hoʻohuli ke ʻoihana i ka papa ma hope wale nō o ka Hoʻopilikia ʻo Trump EPA. Ua loaʻa ʻo Haspel i kāna ʻōlelo hoʻopunipuni "nā hui kaiaulu vs EPA" me kahi loulou i kahi New York Times ʻaoʻao palapala hāʻawi i ka pōʻaiapili liʻiliʻi e pili ana i ka hoʻoholo EPA, ma mua o ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka moʻolelo NYT i wehewehe i ka ka pōʻaiapili politika o ka hopena ʻoihana.

Hilinaʻi ʻia i nā kumuwaiwai i ʻaelike kekahi i kekahi 

I loko o kāna kolamu 2018, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Haspel i kāna paio e pili ana nā hōʻike pesticide i ka meaʻai i kahi mea hopohopo ʻole me kahi ʻano hōʻike hoʻopunipuni āna i hoʻohana ai i nā manawa ʻē aʻe: e hōʻike ana i ka ʻaelike ma waena o nā kumuwaiwai he nui āna i ʻike ai. I kēia hihia, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel i nā pae pesticide i loko o ka meaʻai “haʻahaʻa loa” a “ʻaʻole pono ʻoe e hopohopo iā lākou,” e like me ka “USDA a me ka Agency Protection Environmental (me nā mea ʻimi ʻona i kamaʻilio pū me aʻu mau makahiki). " ʻOiai ua hōʻike ʻo ia, "ʻAʻole manaʻo ka poʻe āpau i kēlā mau loiloi," ʻaʻole ʻo Haspel i ʻōlelo i nā kumu kūlike ʻole a nānā ʻole i ka Hōʻike ka American Academy of Pediatrics i paipai i ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻana i nā hōʻike a nā keiki i nā pesticides, āna i ʻōlelo ai ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili i kāna kolamu 2014. Ma kāna kolamu 2015 e pili ana i ka glyphosate ua ʻōlelo hou ʻo ia i nā kumuwaiwai like manaʻo, e hōʻike ana i kēlā me kēia "ʻepekema" āna i kamaʻilio ai me "ua hoʻomaopopo a hiki i ka wā e ala ai nā nīnau, ua kaulana ʻo glyphosate no kona palekana."

Ua nalowale nā ​​ʻikepili pili 

Ua hala i ka ʻikepili ʻo Haspel i kāna hōʻike e pili ana i nā pilikia a i ʻole nā ​​pesticides a me nā pōmaikaʻi o nā mea ola i hoʻopili ʻia e nā hui olakino koʻikoʻi a me nā ʻepekema hou.

Nā manaʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i kā Haspel hōʻike

ʻO Trevor Butterworth, ʻike e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me STATS Spin Science no ka ʻoihana

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Ua kākau ʻo Trevor Butterworth a me kona mau hoapili ma Sense About Science / STATS no nā nūhou kaulana a ua ʻōlelo ʻia ma ke ʻano he loea kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻepekema a me ka pāpaho. Hāʻawi kēia pepa hōʻike i nā hōʻike i kēia mau pūʻulu a me nā mea kākau moʻolelo i lōʻihi nā mōʻaukala o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana paka i mea e kanalua ai e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a hoʻokuke ʻia no ka hoʻopau ʻana i nā huahana i mea nui i nā ʻoihana kemika, lāʻau a me nā meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole.

Nā hui pili: ʻO Jon Entine / Papahana Heluhelu Pono, Pūnaewele Pāhana ʻEpekema, ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema

Overview

Intercept Exposé ma Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema: E makaʻala nā mea hōʻike

ʻO kahi hōʻike o Nowemapa 2016 ma The Intercept, "Kanalua kanikani: Pehea i koho ʻia ai nā kiaʻi o 'Science Science" e kuhikuhi ai i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana, "kikoʻī i nā pili paka a me nā pili ʻoihana o Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema.

"ʻO Sense About Science koi i ka champion transparency" akā "ʻaʻole hōʻike mau i ka wā o kāna kumuwaiwai e pili ana i nā mea hoʻopaʻapaʻa he ʻepekema me nā pilina i nā ʻoihana e nānā ʻia," i kākau ʻo Liza Gross. "Ke nīnau pono nā mea nūpepa i ka mea nāna e kākoʻo i ka noiʻi ʻana i nā pilikia o, e ʻōlelo, asbestos, a i ʻole kemikala synthetic, e aʻo maikaʻi ʻia lākou e nīnau i nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka ʻepekema Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema i kēia mau hoʻopaʻapaʻa.

Mōʻaukala o ka pale ʻana i nā kemika, nā meaʻai a ka Junk a me nā lāʻau 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Sense About Science e like me kahi hui lobby ma UK ma 2002 e Dick Taverne, he mea kālaiʻāina Pelekane a me kahi kālepa me nā pilina i ka ʻoihana paka a me nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe ʻo Sense About Science i pale aku.

ʻO ka mana US o ka hui i hoʻouka ʻia ma 2014 ma Brooklyn ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a Trevor Butterworth. Mai ka 2003 a i ka 2014, he luna hoʻoponopono ʻo Butterworth ma KANAKA, ka mea i kēia manawa hoʻohui ʻia me Sense About Science USA.  Ma luna o kāna ʻoihana, ua ʻākoakoa ʻo Butterworth i kahi kino nui o ka hana e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana no ka hoʻopau ʻana a me ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hāpai nei i ka hopohopo e pili ana i nā huahana nui i ka kemika, nā mea ʻai a me nā ʻoihana lāʻau. nā phthalates, ʻO BPA, ʻepa vinyl, kūpilikiʻi, kēpau i ka lipstick, formaldehyde i nā kopa pēpē, huapalapala, sodas kō, nā meaʻala a ʻOxycontin.

ʻO Butterworth kekahi kipa hoa ma Cornell University Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha kūkā kamaʻilio ʻia ma Cornell University i uku kālā ʻia e ka Gates Foundation i paipai i nā GMO. Holo ʻo Butterworth he hale hana ma Cornell e aʻo i kāna laikini o nā pilina pāpaho i nā haumāna a me nā ʻepekema ʻōpio.

ʻO Rebeka Goldin, he polofesa makemakika o ke Kulanui o George Mason, ʻo ia ka Luna Hoʻokele o STATS a kū ma ka Sense About Science USA. ʻaoʻao limahana.

Ua noho ʻia ʻo STATS ma ke Kulanui ʻo George Mason a waiho ʻia i ka hoʻihoʻi ʻauhau hui pū ʻana me ka Center of Media and Public Affairs (CMPA), kahi hui i hoʻolimalima ʻia e Phillip Morris i nā makahiki 1990 e koho kaʻawale nā ​​hōʻike pāpāho e pili ana i ka paka. Maopopo ʻole ka STATS a me ka CMPA e pili ana i kā lākou kālā. ʻO ka nui o kālā no STATS ua hele mai kahi hui liʻiliʻi o nā kumu anti-rula e alakaʻi nei i nā kālā kālā o nā hui hōʻole hoʻololi i ke aniau.

Pale Kaua OxyContin

ʻO nā hana a Butterworth, Goldin a me LIKE ʻike maopopo ʻia i kā lākou hana e pale aku iā Oxycontin; ua kākau lākou i nā ʻatikala e hōʻole ana i ka pilikia o ka lāʻau opioid i kuhikuhi ʻia e ke kauka, ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia e ka pāpāho a ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā lula e noho aliʻi i nā kauka. E ʻike i nā ʻatikala ma Forbes (Butterworth), LIKE.org (Goldin), a Hawaiian AmericanHuffington Post a Slate (kahiko LIKE ʻO Fellow Maia Szavalitz). He loiloi hou na Nā kānaka noiʻi Harvard a me CNN ua ʻike he pilikia maoli nā kauka opioid kauka: "uku nā mea hana opioid i nā kauka i nā kālā he nui, a ʻo ka nui o nā opioids a ke kauka i kau ai, ʻo ka nui o kāna kālā e loaʻa ai."

Hōʻole ʻepekema hōʻole

A 2002 buke na STATS / CMPA hoʻokumu Robert Lichter, ʻo David Murray o STATS a me Joel Schwartz o ka Hudson Institute i hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau, i waena o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema ʻē aʻe, a ua hoʻohana i nā "maneuvers disingenuous" he nui e hoʻouka i ka pāpāho, me ke kāpae ʻana i nā ʻike i kū ʻole i kā lākou papahana a me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā loiloi helu pāpaʻu, e like me a loiloi ʻia ma Salon e David Appell. Ke kākau hou nei i ka puke, ua kākau ʻo Appell: “Ke hopohopo nei paha ʻoe no ka make ʻana o nā laha ma muli o ka hoʻomehana honua? Mai hana. ʻO kēlā mau moʻolelo hoʻoweliweli ke hana nei nā scribblers ʻōmaʻomaʻo nāna e ʻohiʻohi i nā puke pai ʻepekema no nā factoid weliweli a e hana pū nei me nā mea ʻepekema ʻo Volvo e hoʻohuli i kā lākou hopena i kahi hana e kūʻē i ka holomua a me ke kapitalism. " E ʻike ma lalo no ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana ʻO STATS kālā kālā mai ke aniau hoʻololi hōʻole kālā pūnaewele.

ʻO ka mea kākau ʻoihana pili hana kemika

ʻO Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema USA Hoʻokele ke alakaʻi ʻo Trevor Butterworth i ka paepae hoʻolaha o ka ʻenehana kemika e hōʻino i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i ka bisphenol A (BPA) i kona wā ma STATS, e like me ka 2009 ʻike na ka Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.

ʻO nā mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Meg Kissinger lāua ʻo Susanne Rust i wehewehe iā Butterworth ma ke ʻano he laʻana o "nā ʻoihana kemika ʻoihana pili lehulehu" ʻaʻole i wehewehe i kā lākou kūlike. Ua wehewehe lākou i ke kūlana stealth āna i hana ai i loko o ka "blitz pili lehulehu i ʻike ʻole ʻia e hoʻohana nei i nā ʻano hana like ʻole - a me nā poʻe - ka ʻoihana paka i hoʻohana ʻia i loko o kāna mau makahiki he iwakālua e hakakā ana me nā kānāwai.":

"ʻO ka pale ʻoi loa o ka BPA ma nā blog mai Trevor Butterworth mai ... Hoʻopili mau ʻo ia i ka Pūnaewele no nā moʻolelo e pili ana i ka BPA a hāʻawi i nā manaʻo me ka hōʻike ʻole i kāna pili i ka ʻoihana."

I ka ʻatikala hoa, ʻo Kissinger lāua ʻo Rust i hoakakaia STATS ma ke ʻano "mea hoʻokani nui i ka hoʻolaha lehulehu e hōʻino i nā hopohopo" e pili ana i ka BPA. ʻOiai ʻo ka hui, "e ʻōlelo nei he kiaʻi kiaʻi kūʻokoʻa lākou," ua kākau lākou:

"Kahi loiloi i kāna kālā a me kāna pūnaewele e hōʻike nei ua kākoʻo kālā ʻia ʻo STATS e nā hui kulekele lehulehu e hāpai ana i ka deregulation. Ua loaʻa i ka Journal Sentinel nā palapala e hōʻike ana i ka uku ʻia ʻana o kāna hui makua, ʻo ka Center for Media and Public Affairs, i ka makahiki 1990 e Philip Morris, ka ʻoihana paka, e hōʻiliʻili i nā moʻolelo e kūʻē ana i ka puhipaka. "

Ua hoʻomaopopo lākou i ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana o ka ʻōlelo STATS he 27,000 mau huaʻōlelo a Butterworth e hōʻino ana i ka uhi ʻia ʻana o ka media BPA - i hōʻike nui ʻia ma nā pūnaewele ʻoihana palakiko - "ua like me ke ʻano o ke kaʻina hana paka."

"Hoa" o Coke

I ka makahiki 2014, ua wehewehe kahi luna ʻo Coca-Cola iā Butterworth ma ke ʻano he "hoa aloha" na mākou o nā hui o Coke i uku kālā ʻia, a hoʻonoho iā ia ma ke ʻano he kanaka i hiki ke kōkua i ka hoʻokō ʻana i kā lākou "pono ​​no nā mea nūpepa ʻepekema maikaʻi," i loaʻa mai iā US Right to Know.

ʻO ka hoʻololi ʻana o ka leka uila iā Rhona Applebaum, ke poʻo ʻepekema nui a me ka luna olakino no Coca-Cola, a me nā alakaʻi o ka Global Energy Balance Network (GEBN), i hōʻike ʻia e The New York Times a hui pu Press ma ke ʻano he hui mua ʻo Coca-Cola i hana pū me nā alakaʻi o Coke e hoʻohuli i ka hewa no ka momona mai nā mea inu momona. ʻO Applebaum haʻalele i kona kūlana ma Coke a Ua pani ʻo GEBN ma hope o ka haki ʻana o ka hōʻino ma 2015.

i ka Malaki 2014 leka uila, Ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Applebaum i nā alakaʻi o GEBN i kahi loiloi ʻo Harvard Business ʻatikala na Butterworth e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino i ka noiʻi ʻana e hoʻopili ana i ke kō i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka paona, a wehewehe iā ia ʻo "kā mākou hoa aloha." I ka a Nowemapa 2014 kaulahao leka uila, Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Applebaum a me nā alakaʻi o GEBN i ka pono e kiʻi i nā ʻepekema ʻepekema a hoʻonui i nā ʻepekema "ma ke kaapuni." Ua paipai ʻo Applebaum i ka pono no nā mea kākau ʻepekema maikaʻi ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o GEBN e kia ana i nā hōʻike. Ke hōʻike ʻia nei no Trevor Butterworth. Pono i kēlā ʻano keʻa keʻa. "

Ua kākau ʻo GEBN hope pelekikena ʻo Steven Blair, "ʻAe like wau me Rhona e pili ana iā Trevor. Maikaʻi loa wau aia ʻo ia ma kaʻu papa inoa o nā lālā hiki. " Pane aku ʻo Applebaum, "Mākaukau ʻo ia a hiki."

Ally o nā hui ʻoihana ʻoihana he nui

ʻO nā palapala ākea a Butterworth e pale aku nei i nā kemika, ke kō a me nā mea pani kō i ʻume ʻia ka mahalo o nā hui ʻoihana he nui i nā makahiki i hala.

ʻO nā hui kālepa i hoʻolaha i kā Butterworth hana me ka ʻAmelika ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ka ʻOihana ʻĀina ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika Hema, ka ʻAhahui ʻ Bottmole wai ʻōmole, ka ʻO ka International Sweeteners Association, ka ʻAhahui Kalepa ʻOihana Plastics, ka ʻO ka hui kālepa ʻoihana cosmetics, ka ʻoihana kemika o kahua pūnaewele kulekele, ka ʻOihana Hoʻokūkū Hana, ka ʻO Cato Institute a me ka Ke kikowaena no ke kūʻokoʻa o nā mea kūʻai.

ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi ʻoihana mua ʻoihana kēlā paipai pinepine ʻO kā Butterworth hana, ua wehewehe ʻo ia iā ia ma ke ʻano he "master junk science debunker" a ʻo "kā mākou hoa aloha."

Ua helu ʻia ʻo Butterworth ma he hoa o National Press Foundation. ʻO ka noho o Sense About Science USA, Heather Dahl, ʻo “noho hala mua”O ka National Press Foundation, a noho ma ke kōmike hoʻokō o NPF.

ʻO Chambralose Echo Chamber

He pale kūpilikiʻi ʻo Butterworth o nā mea ʻono hoʻopunipuni nona ka nīnau kānalua no ka palekana. I ka 2011, ua kamaʻilio ʻo Butterworth ma ka ʻAha Kūkākūkā o nā Sweeteners International a hōʻike ʻia i ko lākou nūʻike hoʻōla me ke poʻo inoa, "Paipai ka poʻe loea i nā mea hoʻohaʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa-calorie e like me Sucralose e kōkua i ka mālama ʻana i ke kaupaona."

ʻIke ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea kākau moʻolelo e hāʻawi mau i ka Financial Times a me ka Wall Street Journal, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Butterworth e pili ana i ka sucralose, "ʻO ke kaupaona o nā ʻike ʻepekema i manaʻo ʻia, ka hopena o ke akahele, kūʻokoʻa, loiloi loea, hou a hōʻike hou hoʻi ʻaʻohe hōʻike o kahi pilikia i ke olakino. "

Ma ke ʻano he laʻana e pili ana i ka hana ʻana o ka lumi echo e hana i nā mea nūpepa: i ka 2012, ʻo Butterworth i kākau i kahi ʻatikala no Forbes ke hoʻouka nei i kahi noiʻi e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā sucralose na Kauka Morando Soffritti, ka luna o ka Ramazzini Institute, a ua hōʻike ʻo ia he "mea hoʻomākeʻaka."

Ma ka 2016 nūʻike hoʻōla, i ka pane ʻana i kahi noi Soffritti ʻē aʻe, ka mua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai hiʻona ʻo Butterworth's 2012 ʻāpana a me nā ʻōlelo hoʻouka kaua, a ua kiʻi ʻia lākou e nā mea kūkala nūhou ma ka ke kūʻokoʻaʻO ka leka uilaThe Telegraph a i ka desereta News, ʻo lākou āpau i ʻike ʻia ʻo Butterworth ma ke ʻano he kumu waiwai mai Forbes.

ʻO kahi ʻimi Google no ka Ramazzini Institute huli iā Butterworth's 2012 Forbes hit ʻāpana e like me ka huahana mua.

Hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka Change Change Denier Dark Money Network

ʻOiai ʻo STATS e koi nei he nonpartisan, ʻo ka hapa nui o ke kālā i loaʻa mai i kahi lima o nā conservative, anti-regigation hoʻokumu i hana nui i ka hoʻokumu kālā ʻana i nā hui e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema.

Wahi a ʻO ka hoʻokolokolo Intercept:

"Ma waena o 1998 a me 2014, ua loaʻa iā STATS $ 4.5 miliona, 81 pākēneka o kāna mau makana, mai ka Searle Freedom Trust, ka Sarah Scaife Foundation, ka John M. Olin Foundation, Donors Trust (kahi waihona i kākoʻo nui ʻia e Charles Koch), a me nā kuleana ʻē aʻe -ke kahua paʻa. Searle, ka mea wehewehe i kāna nuʻukia i ke kākoʻo ʻana i 'nā kūʻokoʻa hoʻokele waiwai,' hāʻawi iā STATS $ 959,000 ma waena o 2010 a me 2014.

ʻO nā kumu anti-regulate, e like me kēia, i hoʻolilo ʻia ma mua o ka hapalua biliona kālā ma waena o 2003 a me 2010 e 'manipulate a alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu ma ke ʻano o ka ʻepekema aniau a me ka hoʻoweliweli i kau ʻia e ka aniau,' e like me kahi noiʻi 2013 e ka mea kālaimeaola o Drexel University Robert Brulle. ”

I ka nūʻike hoʻōla e pili ana i kāna aʻo ʻana, ua hōʻike ʻo Brulle i ke kahua ʻo Scaife a me Searle ma waena o nā "mea hoʻolako kālā nui a kūpaʻa mau o nā hui e hoʻonohonoho ana i ka hōʻole ʻana i ke aniau" a me nā kumu e "hāpai i nā manaʻo mākeke ultra-manuahi i nā ʻāina he nui."

ʻO ka Scaife Foundation a me Searle Freedom Trust nā mea kōkua kālā nui o STATS, me Scaife e hāʻawi kokoke ana i nā kālā āpau no ka hui ma waena o 2005 a 2007, e like me kahi Greenpeace ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i ke kālā STATS, a me Searle e hoʻonui nei me ka aneane miliona miliona i ke kālā ma waena o 2010 a me 2014.

ʻO ka Pelekikena a me CEO o Searle Freedom Trust, ʻO Kimberly Dennis, ʻo ia hoʻi ka luna o ka papa alakaʻi o Donors Trust, ka hui ʻo Mother Jones i kapa ʻia ka "ʻeleʻele-kālā ATM o ka neʻe conservative, ”A a alakaʻi funder o nā hui hōʻole a me nā hui skeptic. Ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana a Dennis, ua hoʻouna ka Searle Foundation a me Donors Trust i kahi hui $ 290,000 i STATS ma 2010, Greenpeace hoike.

ʻO Koch Industries / George Mason Kulanui Kulanui

ʻO Charles Koch, Luna Nui o ka petrochemical conglomerate Koch Industries, i hāʻawi aku ma kahi o $ 100 miliona i 361 pā kula mai 2005 a 2014, e like me kahi Greenpeace Ka Ikepili o nā faila IRS. ka Ke Kulanui o George Mason University, i loaʻa he $ 45.5 miliona, ʻo ia ka mea pōmaikaʻi nui loa o kēia nui.

Ua hāpai nā haumāna ma GMU i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ke kālā Koch i kahi leka 2014 i ka pelekikena GMU, e hoʻomaopopo ana ua "hoʻohewa ʻia ke kulanui ma ke ʻano he lālā o Koch Industries." I ka pane ʻana i kahi noi palapala lehulehu no ka ʻike e pili ana i ke kālā Koch, ua haʻi ʻia nā haumāna e hāʻawi ʻia nā makana kālā āpau ma o ka GMU Foundation, kahi e pane ʻole ai i kā mākou noi a FOIA ma ke ʻano he hui pilikino ʻokoʻa.

Hāʻawi ka GMU Foundation iā STATS hui kaikuahine CMPA $ 220,990 ma 2012, a me $ 75,670 ma 2013, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau. I kēlā mau makahiki ua kōkua ʻo CMPA i ke kālā iā STATS. Ma ka 2012, Ua hōʻike ʻo STATS i kahi hōʻaiʻē $ 203,611 mai ka CMPA "no ka lawa ʻole o ke kālā" ʻaʻole "i uku ʻia." Ma ka 2013, Ua hōʻike ʻo STATS i kahi hōʻaiʻē mai CMPA no $ 163,914.

ʻAʻole hōʻike nā ʻauhau ʻauhau no 2014 i nā hōʻaiʻē ma waena o nā hui a i ʻole nā ​​makana mai ka GMU Foundation. ʻO ka faila ʻauhau CMPA's 2014 hōʻike i ka uku no $ 97,512 no Butterworth a me $ 173,100 no Jon Entine, kahi lōʻihi loa hana pili lehulehu me nā pilina hohonu i ka ʻoihana kemika, nāna e holo ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, he hui mua ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Kūʻokoʻa piha?

Māhele ʻo STATS i kahi pūnaewele me Sense About Science USA, a hāʻawi i kēia e pili ana i ke kālā:

“Ke holo ʻia nei ʻo STATS.org e Sense About Science USA; Hāʻawi kālā ʻia ia kālā kālā kōkua mai ka Searle Freedom Trust a me kahi manawaleʻa mai ka ʻAmelika ʻImi Helu. Hāʻawi ʻia ʻo Sense About Science USA e ka Laura a me John Arnold Foundation a me nā makana mai nā lālā o ka lehulehu. ʻAʻole ʻae ʻo Sense About Science USA i ka kālā ʻoihana a kākoʻo paha. Kūʻokoʻa ʻo Sense About Science USA i nā kula nui, nā kaiāulu, a i ʻole nā ​​hui ʻē aʻe. "

ka hoʻoili pūnaewele ke ʻano o ke kākoʻo mauʻu, me ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i kāna hoʻolaha e kāhea ana i ka hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻana o nā hoʻokolohua lāʻau lāʻau lapaʻau ua huki ʻia nā mea hāʻawi 30,000. “ʻAʻohe o mākou keʻena makemake. ʻO Sense About Science USA ma hope o kahi bakery a me cafe. Hoʻokomo mākou i kā mākou kālā i ka hana, a kōkua kēlā me kēia mea liʻiliʻi. "

Nā Paka paka

He aʻa nā STATS a me Sense About Science i ka ʻoihana paka ʻo PR kaua.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo STATS a me CMPA e Robert Lichter, PhD, kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo nūhou a he polopeka o Fox ma GMU. Ua ʻaelike ʻo Phillip Morris me CMPA a me Lichter i nā makahiki 1990, e like me nā palapala mai ka Tobako Institute i hoʻolako ʻia e ka waihona waihona palapala ʻoihana UCSF.

I ka makahiki 1994, ua ʻimi ʻo Phillip Morris i ke kōkua o CMPA e pili ana i ka “hoʻouka kaua hou ʻana i ka ʻoihana paka” i ka pāpāho, e like me ka memo kūloko ke noi nei i nā hoʻolālā e "hōʻano hou i ka nānā ʻana o ka pāpāho i ka pono o ka objectivity."

Ma kahi leka uila i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 8, 1999, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Pelekikena Pelekikena ʻo Phillip Morris iā CMPA ma ke ʻano he "hui kiaʻi kiaʻi i hāʻawi ʻia e mākou i nā makahiki i hala iho nei," Milwaukee Journal Sentinel i hōʻikeʻia.

ʻO ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science, ʻo Dick Taverne, i loko o nā faila ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF. E like me kā Liza Gross wehewehe ʻana i loko ʻO ke kuʻina:

"Wahi a nā palapala kūloko i hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e nā mea hana paka, ua kōkua ke hui kūkā o Taverne, PRIMA Europe, i ka British American Tobako. hoʻomaikaʻi i nā pilina me kāna mea hoʻopukapuka a hahau i nā lula ʻEulopa ma ka uahi i nā makahiki 1990. Ua hana ʻo Taverne iā ia iho i ka papahana hoʻopukapuka: I kahi memo pili ʻole, PRIMA i hōʻoia i ka ʻoihana paka e "hana ʻia ka hana e Dick Taverne," no ka mea ua hoʻonohonoho maikaʻi ʻia ʻo ia e ninaninau i nā alakaʻi o ka ʻenehana a ʻimi e hōʻoia i ka pono o nā ʻoihana i nā manaʻo o ka poʻe. "

I loko o nā makahiki he XNUMX, ua noho ʻo Taverne ma ka papa o ka lālā Pelekania o ka hale pili pilina lehulehu ʻo Burson-Marsteller, ka mea i koi iā Philip Morris ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku. ʻO ka manaʻo no kahi hui "ʻepekema kani", i hoʻokumu ʻia i kahi pūnaewele o nā ʻepekema e ʻōlelo kūʻē ana i nā lula i nele i ka poʻe haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana i ka hilinaʻi e ʻaʻa ai, he pitch ʻo Burson-Marsteller i hana iā Philip Morris i kahi Memo 1994. "

Ua iho ʻo Taverne ma ke ʻano he lunahoomalu no Sense About Science i ka makahiki 2012. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Sense About Science USA ma 2014 ma Brooklyn ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a Butterworth. Ua wehewehe ʻia nā hui ʻelua ma ke ʻano he hui kaikuahine me "nā pilina pili loa a me nā pahuhopu like."

Ke hōʻike nei i ka 'Bogus Science' ma o ka Living Marxism Network 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Lord Taverne iā Sense About Science i ka makahiki 2002 e "hōʻike i ka ʻepekema bogus," e like me kāna memoira. E like me kā Liza Gross i wehewehe ai i loko ʻO ke kuʻina, nā mea kākoʻo mua o ka hui i komo pū kekahi o nā mea kūʻai aku ʻo Taverne ma mua a me nā ʻoihana kahi nona nā waihona.

Ma ke ʻano he papahana mua, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Sense About Science i kahi leka mai 114 ʻepekema lobbying the British government to "contradict false claims" e pili ana i nā GMO, a ua hana i kahi noiʻi e hōʻike ana i ka pilikia o ka hōʻino kūʻē i nā mea kanu GMO.

I ka makahiki 2000, ua kōkua ʻo Taverne e hana i ka “Kaʻina Hana: Nā Kuhi ma ka ʻepekema a me ke kamaʻilio olakino, "Kahi manifesto mai ka Social Institute Research Center a me ka Royal Institution e pili ana i nā kaʻina hana a nā mea kākau moʻolelo a me nā ʻepekema e pono ai e hōʻalo i nā" moʻolelo hoʻoweliweli "kūpono ʻole i ka pāpāho.

ʻO nā Kumumanaʻo ka palapala hoʻokumu no Sense About Science a me kāna hui kaikuahine, ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, kahi hui i kāhea ʻia “ʻOihana ʻenehana PR ʻoihana ʻepekema.” Hāʻawi kālā hapa ʻia e nā hui, hoʻolaha pinepine ka Science Media Center i ka manaʻo o nā ʻepekema e hoʻoliʻiliʻi nei i ka makaʻu e pili ana i nā ʻenehana hoʻopaʻapaʻa a me nā kemika, a me kāna hana mua i pili. ke pale nei i nā GMO e hoʻohana nei i nā hana stealth.

Ma ke ʻano he mea kākau ʻO George Monbiot, ʻO Zac Goldsmith, ʻO Jonathan Matthews a ua kākau ʻia kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe, ʻo Sense About Science a me ka Science Media Center kahi i hoʻokumu ʻia a alakaʻi ʻia e kahi pūnaewele o nā poʻe e pili ana i ka Revolutionary Communist Party, a ma hope ua morphed i loko o ʻO Marxism Ola, Mākeke LM, Nūpepa Spiked a me ka Ke Kulanui o nā Manaʻo, ka mea e hāpai i ka ʻike kūpono o ka ʻenehana, nā manaʻo mākeke manuahi loa a hoʻowahāwahā i nā mea hana kaiapuni.

As Ua kākau ʻo Monbiot i ka makahiki 2003, "ʻo ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema, he naive kālaiʻāina i nā manawa āpau, i hōʻike ʻole ʻia me ka ʻike ʻole e ʻae ʻia i kona mau kuleana e hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu e nā lālā o kahi hui politika a ʻano ʻē."

Pākuʻi hou aku:

 ʻO ke kuʻina: Pehea i koho ʻia ai nā kiaʻi ponoʻī o ka 'ʻepekema kani' ʻ Tiplelo aʻoaʻo i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana

ka 'Akelanika': Pehea ka loiloi ʻana o nā Lobbyist i ka ʻepekema nāwaliwali e pale aku ai iā BPA

Hōʻikeʻike ʻatikala ʻo Columbia: BPA, Health a me Nuance: hōʻike ʻo STATS i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka pāpāho akā aia nā hewa ponoʻī

Ka Mea Hōʻaikaʻi: Hana ʻoihana i nā hōʻike mea kūʻai aku ʻO ka hōʻike BPA

CJR: E hui me ke kāne e makemake ana e kōkua i ka poʻe nūpepa me nā helu

USRTK: Jon Entine: ʻO ka ʻelele a ka ʻenehana kemika

ʻO ʻEkōlani: No ke aha ʻo Ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻokipa nei i kahi GMO Propaganda Campaign?

Nā mea hou aʻe e pili ana i nā mea kālā:

Hawaii Post: Scaife: Kālā Waiwai o ka Pono

Drexel University: ʻAʻole wale nā ​​kaikuaʻana Koch: Hōʻike ka loiloi Drexel hou i nā mea kālā ma hope o ka hana hōʻole ʻana i ka huliau

Blog DeSmog: Nā kumu ʻohana Scaife

Blog DeSmog: Charles G. Koch; Richard Mellon Sciafe; Searle Freedom Trust; Kaukaʻi Kākoʻo: Kaʻikepili kikoʻī e kahe ana i ka ʻepekema hōʻole kino

hui pu Press: Ua lilo ʻo George Mason University i punahele na Charles Koch

Huffington Post: Iā Charles Koch, he loea loea nā Kumu

ʻO ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole hōʻaiʻē kālā e hoʻolaha nei i nā Propaganda Nine Toxic

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Paipai lākou i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, pale aku i nā kemikonaʻawahia a me nā meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole, a hoʻouka kaua i ka poʻe e hāpai nei i ka hopohopo e pili ana i kēlā huahana me he "anti-science." Akā ʻo Jon Entine, Trevor Butterworth a me Henry Miller i kālā kālā ʻia e nā hui like e kālā kālā hōʻole ʻana i ke aniau.

Na Stacy Malkan

He ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo kā ka mea kākau Pelekane ʻo George Monbiot no kā mākou e hoʻāʻo nei e hopu i nā ʻoihana politika hou i ka US a me ke UK: "ʻAʻohe o mākou manaʻolana i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā mea e hiki mai ana a hiki i ka manawa e hoʻomaopopo ai mākou i ka hana ʻana o ka pūnaewele kālā ʻeleʻele," kākau ʻo ia i ka Guardian.

Ua lohi paha ʻo Corporate America e hoʻomehana iā Donald Trump, akā i ka manawa i hoʻopaʻa ai ʻo Trump i ke koho ʻana, "ua hoʻomaka ke kālā nui e ʻike i kahi manawa kūpono ʻole ma mua," i kākau ʻo Monbiot. "ʻAʻole kuleana kāna incoherence, akā he wehe: hiki ke hoʻonohonoho ʻia kāna papa kuhikuhi. A ʻo ka pūnaewele kālā ʻeleʻele i hoʻomohala ʻia e kekahi mau hui ʻo ʻAmelika ua hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia e hana ia. ”

ʻO kēia pūnaewele, a i ʻole kālāʻeleʻele ATM e like me kā Mother Jones i wehewehe ai, pili i ka nui o ke kālā paʻakikī e loaʻa mai nā piliona piliona, e like me Charles a me David Koch a me nā mea kōkua, a me nā hui i nā hui i mua e hāpai ana i nā manaʻo mākeke manuahi loa - no ka laʻana, hakakā i nā kula lehulehu, nā ʻuniona, ka pale ʻana i ke kaiapuni, nā kulekele hoʻololi i ke aniau a me ka ʻepekema e hoʻoweliweli i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

"ʻAʻohe o mākou manaʻolana o ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka mea e hiki mai ana a hiki i ka wā e hoʻomaopopo ai mākou i ka holo ʻana o ka pūnaewele kālā ʻeleʻele."

Nā mea kākau noiʻi ʻO Jane Mayer, ʻO Naomi Oreskes, ʻo Erik Conway a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i hōʻike pehea "ka moʻolelo o ke kālā ʻeleʻele a me ka moʻolelo o ka hōʻole ʻana i ke aniau i ka moʻolelo like: ʻelua ʻaoʻao o ke kālā like," e like me kā Senatoa US Sheldon Whitehouse i hōʻike ai i ka makahiki i hala. he'ōlelo.

ʻO nā kumumanaʻo o ka "alakaʻi ʻia e Koch, alakaʻi-kūʻai hana" - me nā hana propaganda e wili nei i ka ʻepekema me ka nānā ʻole i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo - "ʻo ia nō paha ke kumu nui i loaʻa ʻole ai iā mākou kahi bila aniani piha ma ka ʻAhaʻolelo," wahi a Whitehouse.

ʻOiai ua mākaukau maikaʻi ʻia kēia mau papa hana i loko o ke aniau, i hōʻike iki ʻole ʻia ʻo ka mea kālā ma hope o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema i hōʻole pū kekahi i kahi pūnaewele o nā limahana PR i kūkulu i nā ʻoihana e wili nei i ka ʻepekema e hōʻole i nā pilikia olakino o nā lāʻau ʻona i loko o ka meaʻai a mākou ʻai a me nā huahana a mākou e hoʻohana ai i kēlā me kēia lā.

He kiʻekiʻe nā pili no ke olakino o ko mākou lāhui. Uku o maʻi wā maʻi i kēia manawa 50% ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe ma mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ke "kaua i ka maʻi ʻaʻai" i mau makahiki i hala aku nei, a ʻo ka mea kaua maikaʻi loa kahi mea a mākou e paʻakikī nei e hoʻohana nei:

"Inā makemake mākou e lanakila i ke kaua ma ka maʻi ʻaʻai, pono mākou e hoʻomaka me nā kaukani kino a me nā ʻākena kemika i loiloi ʻia e like me ka hiki, a i ʻole ʻike ʻia nā kānaka make kino kanaka e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer of the World Health Organization" i kākau ʻia e ka ʻepekema a me ka mea kākau ʻo Devra. ʻO Lee Davis, PhD, MPH, i The Hill.

ʻO ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā ʻelele o ka ʻino i ʻike ʻia ua "ʻaʻole pili iki me ka ʻepekema, a me nā mea e pili ana i ka mana o nā ʻoihana waiwai nui e hilinaʻi nei i nā pilina lehulehu e pale aku i nā hōʻike ʻepekema o nā pilikia," wahi a Davis.

Ke pale nei i nā kemikona ʻino a me nā meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole 

Ke pilikia nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻai nui i nā pilikia me ka ʻepekema, ʻike ʻia kahi mea i kuhi ʻia o nā huapalapala a me nā hui ma ke kahua, e hoʻohana ana i nā hoʻolālā media i hoʻoluhi ʻia e hoʻopakele i nā ʻoihana e pono ai kahi PR hoʻonui.

ʻO ko lākou mau inoa a me nā hana a lākou e hoʻohana ai - nā ʻatikala lōʻihi lōʻihi, i hana pinepine ʻia e nā hōʻeha pilikino - e kamaʻāina i nā ʻepekema he nui, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea kākoʻo mea kūʻai aku i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā huahana ʻawahia i nā makahiki he 15 i hala.

Noi nā moʻolelo lehulehu e Pono ʻo US e ʻike i ʻākoakoa i nā palapala he mau kaukani, me nā hōʻike hou o ka Uliuli malu,'O Ke kuʻi a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, e hoʻomālamalama nei i kēia pūnaewele hoʻolaha.

ʻO nā mea pāʻani pū kekahi me Jon Entine, Trevor Butterworth, Henry I. Miller a me nā hui e pili pū ana me lākou: STATS, Center for Media and Public Affairs, Genetic Literacy Project, Sense About Science and the Hoover Institute.

ʻOiai nā moʻolelo i kākau maikaʻi ʻia e like me nā hana a PR, Entine, Butterworth a me Miller i hōʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema koʻikoʻi ma nā paepae pāpaho he nui, e ʻike ʻia ma ka Wall Street Pai, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Newsweek, ʻO Philadelphia Enquirer, ʻO Harvard Pakihi Pūʻai a, loa pinepine, Forbes - me ka hōʻike ʻole ʻia o kā lākou kumuwaiwai kālā a i ʻole ka papahana e hoʻopau ai i nā ʻoihana hoʻohaumia e paipai iā lākou.

Kūlana kiʻekiʻe kā lākou mau ʻatikala ma Google e ʻimi nei i nā mea nui o ka ʻenehana kemika a me nā mea maikaʻi ʻole i nā mea maikaʻi ʻole - ka hoʻokuʻi ʻana i nā moʻolelo e palekana nā GMO, nā pesticides, nā kemikolo ea, kō a me nā mea kō i kō, a ʻo kēlā me kēia mea ʻē aʻe he "anti-science."

I kekahi mau hihia, ke loaʻa nei ka mana i ke kūlike me nā hui hoʻokumu e like me ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Cornell University a me ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Davis.

Eia nō naʻe ke hoʻi nei kā lākou kumuwaiwai kālā i nā ideologues "ultra free market" like mai ka aila, lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā waiwai kemika e hōʻaiʻē nei i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema - Hilinaʻi Searle Freedom, Nā kumu kumu Scaife, John Templeton Foundation a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ʻike ʻia ma waena o nā mea hoʻolako kālā nui a kūpaʻa mau o nā hui hōʻole ʻepekema kaiāulu, e like me a 2013 like na Drexel University sociologist Robert Brulle, PhD.

ʻO ka poʻe e ʻimi nei e hoʻomaopopo i nā pahuhopu kulekele o ka ʻeleʻele kālā no ka hōʻoki ʻana i nā pale olakino no kā mākou ʻōnaehana meaʻai e nānā pono i kēia mau mea. nā mea hoʻolaha hou a me kā lākou leka uila ʻana.

ʻO Jon Entine - Polokalamu Heluhelu Genetic / STATS

ʻO Jon Entine, he mea kākau moʻolelo ma mua, hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he mana koʻikoʻi i ka ʻepekema. Eia naʻe manaʻo nui He loea pili lehulehu ʻo ia me nā pilina hohonu i nā ʻoihana kemika i hoʻopiʻi ʻia me nā nīnau e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino.

I nā makahiki i hala, loaʻa iā Entine ua hooukaʻia ʻepekema, nā kauka, ka poʻe kālā, lawmakers a nā kānaka moʻolelo nāna i hāpai aʻe nā hopohopo e pili ana kūpilikiʻi, ka mana kīkī, pesticidesNine Inch hoʻohanaʻia ʻōmole pēpē a mea pāʻani a nā keiki. A 2012 Mother Jones moʻolelo by Tom Philpott describes Entine as a “apologist hana agribusiness, "A me Greenpeace mau kikoʻī i kāna moʻolelo ma kā lākou Pūnaewele Polluter Watch.

ʻO Entine ka luna o ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, kahi hui e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻenekini. Wahi a ka pūnaewele he kūlike ʻole, akā "ua hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia e hāpai i kahi kūlana pro-ʻoihana a ʻaʻole e hoʻāʻo e nānā kūleʻa i nā pilikia," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Michael Hansen, PhD, he ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma Consumers Union.

"ʻO ka leka ka maikaʻi o ka hana ʻenekini a ʻo nā mea e kūʻē iā ia he ideologue weliweli ia, akā ʻaʻole ia he hōʻailona no kahi o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema maoli."

Hoʻohui kuleana, ʻo kahi laʻana, ʻo ka "ʻepekema ʻikepili i ka palekana o GMO ʻoi aku ka ikaika ma mua o ka hoʻomehana honua" - kahi hoʻopiʻi i kūʻē ʻia e ka World Health Organization, e ʻōlelo nei ʻaʻole hiki ke hana i nā ʻōlelo ākea e pili ana i ka palekana GMO, a na nā ʻepekema he haneli i ʻōlelo ʻaʻohe ʻae ʻae ʻepekema ma ka palekana GMO.

ʻAʻole maopopo ka papahana Genetic Literacy e pili ana i kāna pili iā Monsanto. Ma ke ʻano he laʻana hoʻokahi, ua paʻi ka pūnaewele i kekahi mau pepa kula kākoʻo pro-GMO i hōʻike ʻia ma hope nā leka uila hāʻawi ʻia i nā polopeka e kahi luna Monsanto nāna i hāʻawi i nā helu kamaʻilio no nā pepa a hoʻohiki ʻia e pauma iā lākou a puni ka Pūnaewele.

ʻO kekahi laʻana: ʻO nā hoa hana papahana Genetic Literacy Project me ka Academics Review ma ka Papahana Heluhelu Biotechnology, ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio-ʻoihana e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e pili ana pehea e "hana maikaʻi i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO me ka lehulehu kānalua."

"E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike."

Nānā Kālā, nāna i paʻi a hoike i ka 2014 e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika, hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he hui kūʻokoʻa, akā hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia me ke kōkua o kahi luna o Monsanto nāna i hoʻohiki e loaʻa kālā "ʻoiai e mālama ana iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike." Nā Leka Uila ua hōʻike pūʻia e loaʻa ana i ka mea hoʻokumu hoʻokumu loiloi o Academics Review ʻo Bruce Chassy kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto ma o ke Kulanui o ʻImioka Foundation.

No laila ʻo wai e hāʻawi kālā i ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project a me Entine?

E like me ko lakou paena, ka hapa nui o ke kālā mai nā kumu ʻelua - Searle lāua ʻo Templeton - ʻike ʻia i ka Drexel hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi kālā o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole. Ua helu pū ka pūnaewele i ka waihona kālā mai ka Winkler Family Foundation a "hele i ke kākoʻo no ke Kulanui o Kaleponi-Davis Biotech Literacy Bootcamp" mai ka Academics Review Charities Association.

Hoʻopili pū kekahi nā kumuwaiwai kālā mua i nā mea kākoʻo hōʻole ʻepekema o ke aniau a me ka loaʻa kālā ʻole i hōʻike ʻia.

ʻO ka Genetic Literacy Project a me Entine i hana mua ma lalo o ka malu o nā Heluhelu ʻImi Heluhelu (STATS), kahi hui ma Ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason, kahi i hui pū ʻia ʻo Entine ma ke kikowaena no ka Health and Risk Communication mai 2011-2014.

Ua kākoʻo kālā nui ʻia ʻo STATS e ka Scaife Foundation a me Searle Freedom Trust ma waena o 2005 a me 2014, e like me kahi noiʻi Greenpeace o Kālā kālā STATS.

ʻO Kimberly Dennis, ka pelekikena a me CEO o Searle Freedom Trust, ʻo ia nō ka luna o ka papa o Donors Trust, ka mea kaulana loa. Kālā kālā ʻeleʻele pili Koch ʻaʻole hiki ke huli i nā mea hāʻawi. Ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana a Dennis, ua hoʻouna ʻo Searle a me Donors Trust i kahi hui $ 290,000 i STATS i ka makahiki 2010, ua hōʻike ʻo Greenpeace.

In 2012 a 2013, STATS i loaʻa nā hōʻaiʻē mai kāna hui kaikuahine, ka Center for Media and Public Affairs, kahi loaa donations i loko o kēlā mau makahiki mai ka George Mason University Foundation, ka mea ʻaʻole hōʻike i nā kumuwaiwai kālā.

Ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Entine i kekahi manawa e hoʻokaʻawale iā ia iho a me GLP mai kēia mau hui; akā naʻe, nā moʻolelo ʻauhau hōʻike Ua uku ʻia ʻo Entine i $ 173,100 e ka Center for Media and Public Affairs no ka makahiki e pau ana iā Iune 30, 2015.

Na 2014, Hōʻike nā leka uila, Ke hoʻāʻo nei ʻo Entine e loaʻa kahi home hou no ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, a makemake e hoʻokumu i kahi "pilina kūpono" me ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Davis, World Food Center. Ua lilo ʻo ia i Fellow Senior ma ke kula ʻo Ke Kula no ka Meaʻai a me ka Mahiai Mahiai a ua kuhikuhi ʻia ma ke ʻano he hoa mua. Aia ʻo GLP ma lalo o ka malu o kahi hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Science Literacy Project.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Entine ʻaʻole ia e pane i nā nīnau no kēia moʻolelo.

ʻO Trevor Butterworth - ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema USA / STATS

He hilinaʻi ʻo Trevor Butterworth ʻelele ʻenehana no nā makahiki he nui, ke pale aku nei i ka palekana o nā huahana pilikia āpau i mea nui i nā ʻoihana kemika a me nā mea ʻai, e like me nā phthalates, ʻO BPA, vinyl ea, huapalapala, nā soka sugary a nā mea hoʻonani ʻimi hoʻopunipuni. He mea hāʻawi ma mua ʻo ia ma Newsweek a ua kākau i nā loiloi puke no ka Wall Street Pai.

Mai ka 2003 a i ka 2014, he luna hoʻoponopono ʻo Butterworth ma STATS, i kālā nui ʻia e Scaife Foundation a me Searle Freedom Trust. I ka 2014, lilo ʻo ia i alakaʻi hoʻokumu o ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema USA a pelu ʻia nā STAT i loko o kēlā hui.

He hōʻike hou na Liza Gross ma ʻO ke kuʻina i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Sense About Science, kona alakaʻi ʻo Tracey Brown, Butterworth, STATS a me nā mea nāna i hoʻokumu i kēlā mau hui ma ke ʻano he "kahu ponoʻī no ka ʻepekema kani" nāna e kuhikuhi i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana.

ʻO Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema "makemake e kōkua i ka lawehala hewa ʻana i ka lehulehu ma o nā ʻōlelo hoʻopiʻi weliweli e pili ana i ke olakino a me ke kaiapuni" akā "he moʻolelo mōʻaukala o ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka poʻe loea i huli i ka pili i nā ʻoihana i hoʻoponopono ʻia," i kākau ai ʻo Gross.

"Ke nīnau pono nā mea nūpepa i ka mea nāna e kākoʻo i ka noiʻi ʻana i nā pilikia o, e ʻōlelo, asbestos, a i ʻole kemikala synthetic, e aʻo maikaʻi ʻia lākou e nīnau i nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema.

ʻO Sense About Science USA i kau ʻia kēia pane i ka ʻāpana, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo Butterworth ma o ka leka uila ua "hoʻohoka ʻia ʻo ia i ka ʻatikala hoʻopunipuni a ka Intercept, ka mea i hoʻopili ʻia ka poʻe a me nā hui me ka pili ʻole o Sense About Science USA." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻaʻole lawe kālā kāna hui a kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa ia mai ka UK Sense About Science.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "ʻAʻole wau i komo i loko o nā hoʻolaha leka ʻoihana - i kēlā me kēia hiki, uku ʻia a ʻaʻole."

Ua hoʻopau ʻē aʻe kekahi mau mea nūpepa. 

Ka poʻe hoʻopuka ma ka Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ka 'Akelanika' a Ka Mea Hōʻaikaʻi Hōʻike ʻia ʻo Butterworth ma ke ʻano he mea nui i ka hana PR ikaika a ka ʻoihana kemika e pale aku i ka BPA Nine.

I ka 2009, nā mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Susanne Rust lāua ʻo Meg Kissinger o ka Journal Sentinel i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Butterworth ma ke ʻano he pale pale ʻo BPA "mea nui loa", a he laʻana o "nā ʻoihana kemika ʻoihana pili lehulehu" ʻaʻole hōʻike i kā lākou pili.

 "ʻO ka pale ʻoi loa o ka BPA ma nā blog mai Trevor Butterworth mai ia."

KANAKA, kākau lākou, "Koi he kiaʻi kiaʻi kūʻokoʻa" akā "uku kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana kulekele lehulehu e hāpai ana i ka hana hewa." ʻO kona hui kaikuahine, ʻo ka Center for Media and Public Affairs, "he moʻolelo no ka hana ʻana no nā ʻoihana e hoʻāʻo nei e pale i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka palekana o kā lākou huahana." Ua haʻi ʻo Butterworth i kāna hōʻike ʻana ma BPA i hōʻike ʻia ka hōʻike i kēlā manawa mai nā kumu mana, a ua kau ʻia e STATS nā pane maanei a maanei i ka hōʻike loiloi ʻana.

ʻO kahi laʻana hou loa e pili ana i ka hana a nā kākau a Butterworth i kuleana nui i ka hana lobby ʻoihana e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema pilikia hiki ke ʻike ʻia i kāna hana ma ka sucralose sweetener.

Ma 2012, ua kākau ʻo Butterworth i No ka mea Forbes ke hoʻohewa nei i kahi noiʻi e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o sucralose. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i nā kānaka noiʻi, ʻo Kauka Morando Soffritti a me ka Ramazzini Institute, "he mea hoʻomākeʻaka."

I ka 2016, kahi hui mua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai i hōʻike ʻia i ka ʻatikala a Butterworth's 2012 a me "kahi mea hoʻomākeʻaka" loiloi i a nūʻike hoʻōla ke hoʻouka nei i kahi "panic study" Soffritti hou i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka sucralose. Nā mea hōʻike ma ke kūʻokoʻaʻO ka leka uilaThe Telegraph i ka desereta News ua huki i nā huaʻōlelo a Butterworth e hōʻino ana i nā mea noiʻi, a ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he mea haʻi moʻolelo mai Forbes.

Pēlā nō, i ka makahiki 2011, he loea akamai ʻo Butterworth ma ka ʻAha Kūkā ʻAha Sweeteners International, a koi ʻia i loko o kā lākou nūʻike hoʻōla ʻaʻohe "hōʻike o kahi pilikia i ke olakino" mai ka sucralose. Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he "mea kākau moʻolelo e kōkua mau i ka Financial Times a me ka Wall Street Journal."

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e USRTK hōʻike iā Coca Cola VP Rhona Applebaum i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Butterworth i nā alakaʻi o ka Global Energy Balance Network - a ʻO ka hui mua o Coca-Cola e hana ana i ka wili i ka ʻepekema i ka momona - as “mākou hoa aloha"A me kahi mea kākau moʻolelo"mākaukau a hiki”E hana pū me lākou. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Butterworth ʻaʻole ʻo ia i hana pū me kēlā hui.

Pili ʻo Butterworth i kēia manawa me ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell ma ke ʻano he kipa hoa ma ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hui i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 2014 me kahi $ 5.6 miliona Gates Foundation i hāʻawi ʻia iā paipai i nā GMO. Ke hui pū nei ʻo Gates-funded group me Sense About Science USA ma kahi papa hana e aʻo ai i nā ʻepekema ʻōpio i "Kū i luna no ka ʻepekema. "

ʻO Sense About Science USA holo pū kekahi i ka lehulehu nā papa hana no nā ʻepekema ma nā wahi e like me ke Kulanui o Wakinekona, Ke Kulanui o Pittsburg, Carnegie Melon, Ke Kulanui ʻo Rockefeller, Caltech a me Ke Kulanui o Massachusetts, ʻo Bosetona.

ʻO Henry I. Miller - Ke keʻena ʻo Hoover

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, he hoa ma ka Hoover Institution, ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea pale nui loa o nā meaʻai genetically engineered a me nā mea kūʻē ikaika o ka lepili ʻana iā lākou. Ua kākau ʻo ia i nā hōʻeha he nui i ka ʻoihana olakino, e like me "The Colossal Hoax of Organic Agriculture" (Forbes), "ʻAʻole hiki ke mahiʻai mahiʻai" (Wall Street Pai) a me "The Dirty Truth About Organic Produce" (Newsweek).

Ua kākau pū ʻo Miller i ka pale ʻana iā nā pesticides ʻinoʻino i ka nalo meli, kemika kemika a radiation mai nā mea kanu mana nukelea, a ua paio pinepine no ka hoʻolauna hou o DDT. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i pane i nā noi e haʻi manaʻo no kēia moʻolelo.

ʻAʻole like me Butterworth a me Entine, he ʻike ʻepekema kā Miller a me nā ʻike aupuni; He kauka lapaʻau ʻo ia a ʻo ia ka luna hoʻokumu o ka keʻena biotechnology o ka FDA.

E like me Butterworth a me Entine, hele mai ke kālā a Miller mai nā hui e kālā kālā hōʻole ʻepekema - ka Hoover Institute's luna hoʻolewa ʻo ia ka Sarah Scaife Foundation, a ua lawe pū ka pūʻulu i ke kālā mai ka Searle Freedom Trust, Exxon Mobile, American Chemistry Council, Charles Koch Foundation a me Donors Trust.

E like me nā mea hoʻokumu o Nā STATS a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, Pili pū kekahi ʻo Miller i nā pāʻina PR ʻoihana ʻāpana paka. I kahi makahiki 1994 Memo hoʻolālā PR no ka ʻoihana paka ʻo Phillip Morris, Ua kapa ʻia ʻo Miller ma ke ʻano he "kākoʻo nui" o ka hoʻoulu kaua honua e hakakā me nā kānāwai paka. I ka 2012, Ua kākau ʻo Miller ʻaʻole maikaʻi maikaʻi kēlā nikotine iā ʻoe i nā kālā i hāʻawi ʻia e nā paka a nā huahana puhipaka ʻole. "

ʻO Miller kekahi lālā o ka "papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema" o ka Ke Kula ʻo George C. Marshall, ʻo ia ka mea i kaulana no kāna ʻoihana aila a me kinoea i kākoʻo kālā ʻia no ka hōʻole ʻana i ke aniau i hoʻololi ʻia, a he kahu mua o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, "hilinaʻi nui i ke kālā mai nā ʻoihana i loaʻa kahi kuleana kālā i nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e manaʻo ana e hana," e like me ʻO Jones Jones.

Maliʻa paha ke hoʻomaopopo nei ʻaʻole nā ​​kāne pontificating i kumu waiwai maikaʻi loa e hoʻohuli ai i nā wahine e kūʻai ana i ka meaʻai, ke hāʻawi nei ʻo Miller i nā byline me nā wahine protege i hui pū me kāna hoʻouka kaua i nā mea kākoʻo olakino a me nā mahiʻai meaola.

ʻO nā laʻana me kahi ʻāpana i kākau ʻia me Kavin Senapathy, ka mea hui pū o he hui e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohaunaele i nā hanana haʻi ʻōlelo o nā loiloi GMO, poʻo inoa ʻia “Hoʻopili i nā mea hana; ” a hoʻokahi me ʻO Julie Kelly, he kumu aʻo kuke na kāna kāne he lobbyist no ka agribusiness nunui ADM, e wehewehe nei i ka mahiʻai meaola ma ke ʻano heka manaʻino. "

ʻO nā hana hou a Kelly e hoʻokomo ai i kahi ʻāpana ʻO ka'ōiwi kūkā ke kānalua nei i nā noiʻi ʻepekema aniau, a me kahi ʻatikala i The Hill e kāhea ana i ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e hoʻopōpō i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer, ka mea āna i hoʻopiʻi ai no ka "cancer collusion" a me "ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ʻepekema shoddy e hāpai i kahi papahana politika i hoʻoikaika ʻia."

I ko mākou komo ʻana i ka ʻelima mau makahiki o ka lilo ʻana o ke kaua ma ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ʻoiai ka hoʻoweliweli o ke aniau i nā kaiaolaola a me kā mākou ʻōnaehana meaʻai, ua hiki i ka manawa e wehe i ka pūnaewele o nā ʻepekema hōʻole e koi i ka ʻahuʻepekema a hōʻike iā lākou no nā mea lākou: nā mea hoʻolaha e hana ka hana pelapela o ka ʻoihana.

Ua paʻi mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma ʻO ʻEkōlani.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna hui o ka pūʻulu kiaʻi lehulehu nonprofit ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry," kahi mea hui pū o ka Campaign aupuni no Safe Cosmetics a me kahi mea paʻi nūpepa ma mua.

No ke aha ʻo Ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻokipa nei i kahi GMO Propaganda Campaign?

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Ke kū nei i luna no ka ʻepekema - a i ʻole propaganda?

Ke kū nei i luna no ka ʻepekema - a i ʻole propaganda?

Ua hōʻike ʻia kēia ʻatikala na Stacy Malkan kumu i ʻO ʻEkōlani

ʻO nā mea hoʻokumu o ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell, ʻo Andrew D. White lāua ʻo Ezra Cornell, i moemoeā no ka hoʻokumu ʻana i kahi kulanui maikaʻi i lawe i kahi ala i ka aʻo ʻana. ʻO ko lākou ʻuhane kipi, a me ka hoʻohiki e ʻimi i ka ʻike no ka pono ʻoi aku i'ōleloʻia ma ka puʻuwai o ke kula ʻo Ivy League i lilo ai kā lākou moemoeā.

He paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo pehea ka lawelawe ʻia ʻana o kēia mau manaʻo e kahi ʻāpana o Cornell e hana nei ma ke ʻano he lima pili i ka lehulehu no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Eia naʻe ka mea e hana ʻia ma ka Cornell Alliance for Science (CAS), kahi papahana ee i ka 2014 me kahi $ 5.6 miliona hāʻawi mai ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation a me kahi pahuhopu e "hoʻopau i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa i hoʻopiʻi ʻia" e pili ana i nā GMO.

Kuhi ʻia kahi loiloi o nā mea a me nā papahana o ka hui e hōʻike ana ma lalo o kāna hoʻohiki e "hoʻihoʻi i ke koʻikoʻi o ka ʻike ʻepekema i ka hoʻoholo ʻana," hoʻolaha ʻo CAS i nā GMO e hoʻohana nei i nā leka pono ʻole a me nā hana PR i hoʻomohala ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai me kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi o ke alakaʻi hewa ʻana i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. .

Ke kamaʻilio ʻepekema a hoʻolaha paha?

ʻO CAS kahi hoʻolaha kamaʻilio i hoʻolaʻa ʻia no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā meaʻai me nā ʻenekini genetically (ʻo GMO kekahi) a puni ka honua. Hoʻomaopopo ʻia kēia i ka hui kiʻi wikiō.

Luna Hoʻokele CAS ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, wehewehe i kāna hui ma ke ʻano he "hui hoʻokumu nonprofit i hoʻokumu ʻia e nā ʻepekema, nā mahiʻai, nā NGO, nā mea nūpepa a me nā kamaʻāina hopohopo" e hoʻohana ana i nā "papaho pūnaewele pūnaewele, nā kumuwaiwai multimedia a me nā papahana hoʻomaʻamaʻa kamaʻilio e kūkulu i kahi neʻe honua e kākoʻo no ke komo ʻana i ka biotechnology. . ”

Ma kēia ala, ʻōlelo lākou e kōkua lākou i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka momona a me ka pōloli i nā ʻāina kūkulu, e like me ka wikiō.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kauka Evanega ʻaʻohe pili o kāna hui i ka ʻoihana a loaʻa ʻole kahi waiwai mai ka ʻoihana. "ʻAʻole mākou i kākau no ka ʻoihana, a ʻaʻole mākou e kākoʻo no a hoʻolaha paha i nā huahana o ka ʻoihana," kākau ʻo ia i loko o ka moʻomanaʻo mo'omana'o Pūnaewele me ke poʻo inoa "He Pono e ʻike ʻia (Pololei) kahi āna i pahu aku ai i nā kūʻē mai kaʻu hui, US Right to Know.

Eia nō naʻe nā papahana hae o CAS - kahi papa he 12 mau pule no Nā hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua a ʻelua mau lā ikaika papa kamaʻilio - aʻo i nā mākau kamaʻilio i ka poʻe i "kūpaʻa i ke koi ʻana no ka hoʻonui ʻana i ke komo ʻana i ka biotechnology" kikoʻī i hiki ai iā lākou ke "alakaʻi i nā hana hoʻoikaika i kā lākou kūloko."

He hana maʻamau kā ka hui me nā mea nūpepa. He aha ka manaʻo, e like me ka hōʻike a ka wikiō CAS, ua "pani ʻia e" nā mea nūpepa?

Hāʻawi ʻo CAS launa pū nūpepas me nā makana kālā no nā mea nūpepa koho e "hoʻoulu i ka hōʻike hohonu hohonu" e pili ana i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai, hana hua, biotechnology a me ka mahiʻai hoʻomau.

ʻO kēia mau mea nūpepa pū kekahi nā mea kākoʻo iā GMO? Pehea ke ʻano kūpono o nā mea nūpepa e pani i nā kūlana kulekele o kahi hui pro-mahiʻai-ʻoihana?

Ka leka uila ʻana no nā pono ʻoihana

Hoʻokahi mea i maopopo mai ka leka uila CAS i loaʻa i ka lehulehu: ʻo ka pōʻaiapili a lākou e hāʻawi ai ma ke kumuhana o nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered ʻaʻole ia i ka hohonu a me ka laulā akā koho nui ʻia a mākaukau ʻia i ka holomua i nā pono o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

ʻO kahi laʻana, ke wikiō: Hoʻopiha me ka manaolana e pili ana i nā mea hiki i nā GMO ke hoʻoponopono i ka pōloli o ka honua i ka wā e hiki mai ana, nānā ʻole ʻia kahi kino nui o ka noiʻi ʻepekema i hoʻopaʻa i nā pilikia e pili ana i nā GMO - i loaʻa i nā mea kanu GMO kipaku ʻia i luna ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka glyphosate, kahi lāʻau make pili i ka maʻi kanesa e nā loea o ka maʻi ʻaʻai nui o ka honua; a hoʻonui ʻia pale ʻaʻ weana ma nā miliona o nā ʻeka o ka ʻāina mahiʻai o ʻAmelika, kahi e ʻoi aku ai ka paʻakikī o ka hana ʻana i nā mea mahiʻai, ʻaʻole maʻalahi.

ʻAʻohe mea e pili ana i ka holo pono ʻole o nā mea kanu GMO i hoʻolālā ʻia i pale aku i nā mea ʻinoʻino, a i ʻole ka piʻi ʻana o ka hopohopo o nā kauka lapaʻau e pili ana i nā lauana o nā maʻi ma nā wahi like Hawaii a Argentina kahi e kaumaha ai nā hōʻike i nā kemika e pili ana i nā GMO.

ʻAʻohe ʻike i ka nui ʻepekema a ai alakaʻi Ua ʻōlelo ʻo GMOs ʻaʻole ia he mea nui no ka hānai ʻana i ka honua, kahi hoʻopaʻapaʻa kahi kumu nui ʻaʻole i apo nui ʻia nā huaʻai GMO ma waho o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a me Latin America.

Pili kēia mau mea āpau i ke kūkā kamaʻilio e pili ana inā e ʻapo paha nā ʻāina e ulu nei i nā mea kanu ʻenekini a me nā meaʻai. Akā haʻalele ʻo CAS i kēia mau kikoʻī a hoʻonui i ka manaʻo wahaheʻe ua hoʻokau ʻia ka ʻepekema i ka palekana a me ka pono o GMO.

ʻO ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka ʻike koho o kahi ʻano kolohe a kuhi hewa paha e hāpai i kahi papahana kikoʻī ua ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he hana propaganda.

Ke hana nei mai ka puke pāʻani PR ʻoihana

 ʻO ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema ka mea i manaʻo ʻia keia "Kahi hihiʻo hou no nā kamaʻilio biotechnology," akā hilinaʻi ka hui i kahi hoʻonohonoho o nā leka a me nā hana kamaʻilio e kamaʻāina i nā poʻe e pili ana i nā hoʻolaha PR o ka ʻoihana agribusiness.

ʻO ka hōʻike Nā kīʻaiʻai, aʻu i kākau pū ai me Kari Hamerschlag lāua ʻo Anna Lappé, nā palapala e pili ana i nā agribusiness a me nā ʻoihana mea kālā i loaʻa kālā e hoʻolilo nei he ʻumi miliona mau kālā i kēlā me kēia makahiki e paipai nā leka hoʻopunipuni e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka pono o nā ʻoihana-ʻenehana, ka kemikiko-koʻikoʻi, mahiʻai genetically engineered.

ʻO nā ʻoihana e loaʻa pono ana ka waiwai mai kēia ʻōnaehana - Monsanto, Dow, DuPont a me nā kānaka nunui mahiʻai ʻē aʻe - ua hana hewa pinepine i ka hilinaʻi me ke alakaʻi hewa ʻana i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, e like me kā Gary Ruskin i hōʻike ai i kāna hōʻike. ʻOihana ʻoihana. No laila lākou i hilinaʻi ai nā pūʻulu mua a ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe e like me nā ʻepekema a me nā polopeka e hoʻolaha i kā lākou leka uila na lākou.

ʻO kahi moʻolelo ʻoihana nui ʻo ia ka ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO. Nānā nā ʻelele Pro-ʻoihana i ka hoʻohana hiki ʻia o ka ʻenehana i ka wā e iho ana i lalo, nānā ʻole a hōʻole paha i nā pilikia. hana i nā kuleana kūpono ʻole e pili ana i ka pae o ka ʻaelike ʻepekema ma GMO; a hoʻouka i nā loiloi i hāpai i nā hopohopo e like me "anti-science."

E like me kahi laʻana, ua kākau ʻo Mark Lynas, ka luna politika o CAS, i kahi New York Times op-ed e hoʻopiʻi nei i nā ʻāina he 17 i ʻUulopa i pāpā aku ai i ka mahiʻai ʻana o GMO e "hoʻohuli i ka ʻepekema." Ua kapa ʻo ia iā lākou he "hui lōkahi o ka naʻaupō."

Kaumaha kēia ʻatikala ma ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a me ka mālamalama o ka ʻepekema, ka palaki ʻana i ke kumuhana me ka hoʻopiʻi kūpono ʻole e pili ana i kahi ʻae palekana he nui nā ʻepekema i hoʻopaʻapaʻa.

E like me ka kākau ʻana o ka molekiola Belinda Martineau, PhD, i kākau ai i loko pane iā Lynas, "Ke koi nei i nā kuleana āpau e pili ana i ka palekana o ka hana ʻenekini.

ʻO ka Health Health Organization Hui Pūʻia, "ʻAʻole hiki ke hana i nā ʻōlelo ākea e pili ana i ka palekana o nā meaʻai GM āpau."

Eia nō naʻe, ke koi nei e kū i luna no ka ʻepekema, hana pinepine ʻo CAS i nā ʻōlelo maʻamau - a ʻoi loa hoʻi - nā koi e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO.

Mai kā ka hui NPP:

  • "E loʻohia ʻoe e ka asteroid ma mua o ka ʻeha ʻia e ka meaʻai GE - a ʻaʻole ia he hoʻonui."
  • "ʻO nā mea kanu GE i kēia manawa i loaʻa i ka lehulehu no ka nui o nā pilikia olakino a i ʻole nā ​​hopohopo nohona ma mua o kā lākou mau ʻenekini ʻole ʻenekinia. ʻAʻole kēia he manaʻo. ”

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, he propaganda.

Ke kaua ʻana i ka transparency i ka ʻepekema

I ka puna o 2014, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo CAS i palapala hoopii ke hoʻouka nei i kaʻu hui US Right to Know no ka faila ʻana i ke Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) i nā noi e loaʻa nā leka uila o nā polopeka i kākoʻo kālā ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kā mākou ʻike i loko o nā meaʻai a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kā lākou hana PR.

Ua kāhea ʻo CAS i kā FOIA noi ʻana i kahi "kilokilo kilokilo," eia naʻe nā palapala i loaʻa ma o kēia mau noi ʻana ʻo FOIA i nā moʻolelo nūhou i loko o kekahi mau papaho ʻoi loa e pili ana i nā kālaiʻike e hana nei me nā ʻoihana PR ʻoihana i nā hoʻolaha e hoʻolaha i nā GMO me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēlā pili i ka lehulehu.

Ua haki ka moʻolelo i kahi ʻaoʻao mua o New York Times Haawina e ka mea lanakila Pulitzer Prize ʻelua manawa ʻo Eric Lipton, nāna i wehewehe i ke ʻano o Monsanto, ke alo nei i ka manaʻo kānalua o nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i nā GMOs, hele mai ia me ka moʻokūʻauhau a kahi polofesa. ”

I kekahi hihia, hoike na Laura Krantz i ka Boston Globe, ua haʻi aku kahi luna Monsanto i ke kumu ʻo Harvard ʻo Calestous Juma e kākau i kahi pepa e pili ana i ka pono o nā GMO e hānai iā ʻApelika.

"ʻAʻole wale ʻo Monsanto i hōʻike i ke kumuhana i ke polofesa ʻo Calestous Juma. Ua hele a hiki i ka hāʻawi ʻana i kahi hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo o ka mea a ka pepa e ʻōlelo ai a me kahi poʻo manaʻo i manaʻo ʻia. Ua hoʻohui ka ʻoihana i ke polopeka me kahi ʻoihana kūʻai e pana iā ia ma waho o ka Pūnaewele ma ke ʻano he mahele o kā Monsanto hoʻolālā e lanakila ai i ka lehulehu a me nā luna kau kānāwai, ”i kākau ai ʻo Krantz.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Juma, ʻaʻole ʻo ia i lawe kālā mai Monsanto aku akā ua hoʻomaopopo ʻia ua loaʻa kālā iā ia mai ka Gates Foundation, ka mea i hana pū me Monsanto no nā makahiki he nui ma nā papahana pro-GMO ma hope. ʻO Rob Horsch, Ka luna poʻokela poʻokela poʻokela o Monsanto no ka hoʻomohala honua, ua komo i ka Foundation ma 2006. Horsch alakaʻi i kēia manawa ʻO ka hui noiʻi mahiʻai a Gates (A Hōʻike 2014 e ka hui noiʻi Grain loaʻa ma kahi o 90% o $ 3 biliona ka Gates Foundation i lilo e hānai i ka poʻe ʻilihune ma ʻApelika hele i nā lāhui waiwai, nā kula nui a me nā kikowaena noiʻi.)

He kuleana ko ka lehulehu inā ʻike ka hana ʻona ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai kūʻokoʻa me nā ʻoihana a me kā lākou ʻoihana PR ma nā hoʻolaha leka uila i hoʻohui ʻia e pahu i kahi papahana ʻoihana.

Ua kū ʻo CAS i ke kūlana i loko o kāna palapala noi ʻaʻohe kuleana o ka lehulehu e ʻike e pili ana i ka pilina ma waena o nā ʻoihana PR ʻoihana a me nā ʻepekema lehulehu he 14 i kōkua i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o nā GMO.

Aia pū ka palapala noi a Cornell me kahi kiʻi paʻi kiʻi e hōʻike nei iā Carl Sagan, ʻo Madame Curie, ʻo Albert Einstein a me nā ʻepekema ʻē aʻe i hala ʻole i kau inoa i ka palapala noi, i haki ʻia me ka huaʻōlelo, "Ke kū nei wau me ka # Science14" - kahi wahi o PR flair i aniani ka hoʻolaha hoʻopunipuni hoʻohana ʻia e kūʻē i ka lepili GMO.

Ke kaulike ʻana me nā mea kākau PR ʻoihana

Ma kahi kula i makemake nui ʻia e like me Cornell, manaʻo paha ʻoe e ʻike i ka poʻe loea i ka ʻepekema a i ʻole ka loina e aʻo nei i nā papa kamaʻilio e hoʻohiki e hoʻihoʻi i ka pono ʻepekema i nā kamaʻilio lehulehu. Ma kahi o, ma CAS, e ʻike ai ʻoe i ka poʻe loea i ka kamaʻilio hoʻokele pilikia ʻana i loea i ka kūʻē ʻana i nā rula olakino lehulehu.

ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo Trevor Butterworth, kahi hoa kipa ma Cornell a me ka luna o Sense About Science (kahi "non-partisan, non-profit organisation that advocates for sense about science!") aia me CAS e aʻo i nā haumāna a me nā ʻepekema pehea e kamaʻilio ai me nā mea nūhou e pili ana i nā GMO.

He moʻolelo lōʻihi ko Butterworth o ke kamaʻilio ʻepekema no ka pono o nā ʻoihana e makemake nei e mālama ʻole i kā lākou huahana. ʻO ka 2009 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel Haawina na Meg Kissinger lāua ʻo Susanne Rust e pili ana i ka hana lobbying ma bisphenol A (BPA) i hoʻomaopopo ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he "mea kākau pilina ʻāpana kemikal."

Ma ke ʻano he hoʻoponopono o STATS ma ke Kulanui ʻo George Mason, he mea pale nui ʻo Butterworth no ka BPA nāna "e hoʻopili pinepine i ka Pūnaewele no nā moʻolelo e pili ana i ka BPA a hāʻawi i nā manaʻo me ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana i kāna pili i ka ʻoihana," i kākau ʻo Kissinger lāua ʻo Rust.

"Wahi a STATS he kūʻokoʻa a nonpartisan. Akā he loiloi i kāna hōʻike kālā e hōʻike ana he lālā ia o ka Center for Media and Public Affairs. Ua uku ʻia kēlā hui e ka ʻoihana paka e nānā i nā moʻolelo nūhou e pili ana i ka makaʻu o ka paka. " (ʻO ka ʻoihana paka, wahi a lākou, e lobbying ana me ka ʻenehana kemika e mālama ʻole i ka BPA.)

Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Butterworth i nā kūlana ʻoihana e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i nā lula no ka vinyl plastic a nā phthalates, kūpilikiʻi, fructose kiʻekiʻe huapalapala a nā soka sugary.

Ua hui pū ʻo ia me CAS e aʻo i nā haumāna pehea e kamaʻilio ai e pili ana i nā GMO, a noho ʻo CAS ka luna kālaiʻāina ʻo Lynas ma ka papa aʻoaʻo o Sense About Science.

Hāpai hou ka hana a Lynas i nā nīnau hou aʻe: no ke aha e pono ai i kahi ʻepekema kahi alakaʻi politika? A no ke aha e koho ai ʻo CAS iā Lynas no ia kuleana? ʻAʻole ʻepekema ʻo Lynas akā he mea kākau i ke kaiapuni i kū i luna kaulana hikiwawe ma hope o ka ʻapo ʻana i nā GMO, a ua loiloi ʻia kona ʻepekema i ka lōʻihi ʻepekema, reporters a nā kauka.

Ke hoʻopau nei i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO?

Ua ʻike ʻia nā ʻoihana e hoʻolaha i nā leka uila ke holo ka pilikia i kā lākou huahana; nā hiʻohiʻona e hoʻopili me "DDT maikaʻi noʻu," "He nui nā kauka puhipuhi Kāmelo" a me ka paukū Dutch keiki e paipai i ka pena kēpau i nā keiki.

ʻO kahi kiko haʻahaʻa no ka hana ʻenehana kemikala kāna Pololako PR e pena iā "Silent Spring" ka mea kākau ʻo Rachel Carson (a me nā mea kaiapuni āpau) ma ke ʻano he poʻe pepehi kanaka miliona o nā keiki ma ʻApelika no ka hāpai ʻana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā DDT.

Ke hoʻi nei kēlā ʻano leka uila i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO.

I Kepakemapa 2015, ua hoʻokipa ka CAS Speakers Series iā Owen Paterson, lālā o ka Parliament mai UK, no a o anakuhi me ke poʻo inoa, "E nānā i kāu kuleana ʻōmaʻomaʻo: ʻAʻole ʻoluʻolu i ke kaiapuni ke ʻae i nā miliona e make."

ʻO Paterson's olelo ua hoʻopiha ʻia me nā koi hyperbolic e pili ana i nā GMO i nele i ke koʻikoʻi ʻepekema (GMO "ʻoiaʻiʻo lua pele ma mua o nā mea kanu i hānai ʻia… ʻo kekahi o nā holomua maikaʻi loa o ka nohona i ʻike ʻia ma kēia ao ... hiki ke hoʻopakele i nā ola he miliona i kēia lā i hoʻomāinoino ʻia e ka manaʻo o nā pūʻulu kaiāulu i kākoʻo nui ʻia. ")

Ua loaʻa ka haʻi ʻōlelo i nā mahalo mai ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi pūʻulu alo i ʻike nui ʻia, i ka moʻomanaʻo na Kauka Gil Ross i poʻo inoa ʻia, "Piliona Huahana Green Campaigns Kill i nā keiki maikaʻi ʻole."

Ua wehewehe ʻo Ross i loko o ka blog no ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o ka CAS Speakers Series, "e hoʻohana ai i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo e pale aku ai i ka ʻike ʻia o nā haumāna o ke koleke e ukali i ka mantra o ke kaiapuni me ka noʻonoʻo ʻole ʻole ... ʻo ka manaʻo o ka makaʻu i ka ʻenekinia genetical e like me ka nānā ʻana ma lalo o kahi moe. no nā hobgoblins e like me Godzilla, i ala aʻe e nā hoʻāʻo atomic o ke Kaua Anuanu. "

ʻAʻole kōkua ʻo Paterson lāua ʻo Ross i ke kiʻi o ka pono ʻepekema e hoʻāʻo nei ʻo CAS e hoʻolālā. He lawehala i hewa ʻo Ross i hoʻohana ai manawa i ka hale paʻahao no ka hoʻopunipuni Medicaid. ʻO Paterson, ke kākau ʻōlelo o ka nohona UK ma mua, ʻike ākea ʻia a skeptic hoʻololi i ke aniau nona ka manao o kūlike ʻole me ka ʻepekema.

Pehea e kōkua ai nā mea nūpepa ma Hawaii i ka hānai ʻana i ka poʻe hune ma ʻApelika?

 Me kona makahiki e ulu nei a puni, he pae hoʻāʻo nui ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻĀina no nā GMO. Pākuʻi ʻia lākou no ka nā mea pili e pili ana i nā pesticides e pili ana i nā GMO, a me ke kia nui o nā hoʻolaha propaganda pro-GMO ʻoihana a me nā mea kōkua e like me CAS.

ʻO Elif Bealle, ka luna hoʻokō o ka Hawaii Alliance no ka Holomua Holomua, ua ʻeleu i nā hana mauʻu no hōʻike pesticide, nā papa a nā wahi pale pale pesticide a puni nā mea kanu GMO. Ke kiai aku nei nō ʻo ia iā CAS, āna i ʻōlelo ai e hōʻuluʻulu ana i nā mea nūpepa kūloko a he mau hoa pū kekahi ma kekahi mau mokupuni.

"Hōʻike lākou iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he 'kamaʻāina kūloko wale nō' a i ʻole 'nūhou nūhou.' ʻAneʻane piha lākou i ka manawa piha e pili ana i nā ʻatikala nūpepa pūnaewele, ka waiho ʻana, Community Op-Eds, a pēlā aku. Lawe pinepine ʻia kā lākou mau pou moʻomanaʻo pūnaewele a hoʻolaha ʻia e ka pūnaewele hui kālepa biotech ma Hawaii, ka ʻAhahui Hoʻoholomua ʻo Crop Hawaii, "wahi a Bealle.

ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo Joni Kamiya, kahi CAS ʻO ka hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua, hoʻohana kona blog, Ke kaikamahine a ka mahiʻai ʻo Hawaii, e hāpai i ka “palekana a me ka ʻepekema” o nā GMO me ka leka uila ʻana i nā glosses ma luna o ka ʻepekema a hoʻowahāwahā i nā loiloi GMO.

ʻO Kamiya kekahi "loea kūʻokoʻa" no nā pane GMO, a Pūnaewele GMO PR hana ʻia e Ketchum PR firm a kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai. Kau ʻia kāna ʻatikala ʻO Jon Entine's ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi i kī ʻia e paʻi i nā pepa hoʻolaha GMO i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto a kākau ʻia e nā polopeka.

Ua kākau ʻia hoʻi kā Kamiya kākau ʻana ma ka ʻaoʻao home o Hui Mahiʻai a Mahi Hui ʻo Kauaʻi, kahi hui me nā kālā ʻike ʻole e koi ana "e hōʻike i ka nui o nā kānaka a me nā hui i ko mākou kaiāulu" a paipai i nā ʻatikala e Monsanto, Genetic Literacy Project a me nā ʻoihana meaʻai ʻē aʻe. nā pūʻulu mua e like me ke kikowaena no ka Freedom Consumer.

ʻO nā mea kōkua CAS ʻē aʻe ma nā Mokupuni ʻo Lorie Farrell, a Pili CAS nāna i kākau no GMO Nā Pane a kōkua hoʻohui pū ke kūʻē ʻana i ka pāpā ʻana o ka mahiʻai GMO ma ka Big Island no ka poʻe mahiʻai a me Ranchers United; a ʻo Joan Conrow, he kūkā kūkā kāna aelike me Cornell a kākau i ka blog ʻaʻano hoʻokūkū Eclectic Kauai.

Ma muli o kā lākou leka ʻana i kahi kumu maʻamau: koi lākou i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO a hoʻouka i ka poʻe e noi ana i ka transparency a me ka palekana ma ke ʻano he poʻe kūwaho e pepehi nei i ka "ʻuhane Aloha" o nā Mokupuni.

Ke kaua ʻana i ka hakakā

Ma kona Haawina, "The War on Genetically Modified Food Critics," ʻo Tufts Professor Timothy Wise i ka pāpāho i ka hana no ka hāʻule no nā hana PR ʻoihana a hōʻike hewa ʻole i ka ʻepekema ma GMO ma ke ʻano he "noho."

"ʻO ka mea a mākou e ʻike nei he hana hoʻokūkū ia e… pena i nā poʻe loiloi GMO ma ke ʻano he anti-ʻepekema ʻoiai ke hāʻawi ʻole nei i kahi kūkākūkā koʻikoʻi no ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e huhū mau nei," i kākau ʻo Wise.

ʻO kahi hōʻailona o kēlā hoʻolaha, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, ʻo ka makana Gates Foundation iā Cornell e "hoʻopau" i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa no nā meaʻai GM.

"Ke uku nei ka Gates Foundation i nā ʻepekema biotech a me nā mea kōkua ma Cornell e kōkua iā lākou e hōʻoia i ka poʻe naʻaupō a me ka lehulehu i holoi ʻia i ka lolo, ka mea" ʻaʻole paha e hoʻomaopopo maikaʻi ʻia, "he naʻaupō a holoi ʻia lākou i ka lolo. nā mea kaua hou aʻe, "i kākau ai ʻo Wise.

Ma kahi o ka mākaukau ʻana i nā kaua PR ma ka lawelawe ʻana i ka ʻoihana, pono ʻo Cornell University e kū i luna no ka ʻepekema ma ke kāhea ʻana i kahi kūkā kamaʻilio ʻoi aku e pili ana i nā GMO

ʻO kekahi e hōʻole i ka hoʻouka ʻana a ʻimi i kahi maʻamau me nā hui e noi ana i ka transparency a me ke olakino a me nā kūlana palekana.

Ua haʻi ʻo ka Luna Hoʻokele CAS ʻo Kauka Evanega e puʻunaue kāna hui i nā waiwai maʻamau a puni ke kuleana e ʻike a hiki i ka ʻike, a hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo ia i ka manaʻo ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo CAS e hāpai i nā GMO.

"ʻO nā mea i kapa ʻia ʻo" GMOs "ʻaʻole ia he mea monolithic," kākau ʻo Kauka Evanega i loko ona moʻomanaʻo. "Eia kekahi laʻana, ʻaʻohe kumu o ka hui pū ʻana i nā ʻenehana like ʻole e like me ka bacteria i hana ʻia e hana i ka insulin a me ka papaya i hoʻolālā ʻia e pale aku i kahi maʻi. Kākoʻo mākou i ke komo ʻana - i ka hana hou a me ka ʻike e kōkua ai i ka poʻe e hoʻoholo kūpono ma muli o ka ʻepekema a me nā hōʻike - ʻaʻole ka makaʻu, ka naʻau.

ʻOiaʻiʻo ʻaʻole nā ​​GMO kahi mea monolithic. ʻO ia ke kumu o ka pololei a pololei ʻole hoʻi o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hōʻeha ʻia ka poʻe e kahi asteroid ma mua o ka hōʻino ʻia e nā GMO.

ʻO ke kuʻikahi ʻepekema e pili maoli ana i ka hoʻihoʻi ʻana i ka pono i ka ʻepekema e hoʻomālamalama i kahi moʻohelu o ka noiʻi, ʻaʻole e like me nā kiko ʻōlelo o nā ʻoihana PR a me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai Pono ʻo US e ʻike. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry," (New Society Publishing, 2007). ʻO Stacy kahi mea hoʻopuka nūhou mua a me ka mea paʻi nūpepa a me ka mea kōkua lōʻihi no ke olakino olakino. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo ia i ka Campaign for Safe Cosmetics i ka makahiki 2002 a ua hana ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi kamaʻilio o ke ola mālama me ka ʻole o Harm no ʻewalu mau makahiki.

ʻAʻole hōʻike nā mea kākau moʻolelo i nā kumuwaiwai i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola: kahi hōʻike pōkole

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I ka wā o ka hoʻokolokolo a me ka hope 'opi o ka hui Coca-Cola mua Global Energy Balance Network, ka New York Times a hui pu Press ua ike kela Ua kākoʻo kālā ʻia nā polopeka nui e hana ana i nā pilikia momona. Na ka Coca-Cola Company.

ʻAʻole kēia wale kahi hōʻino olakino lehulehu. He mea paʻi puke pū kekahi ia.

Ua haʻi aku nā mea kākau moʻolelo i ʻelua mau loea i kēia manawa ma kahi o 30 mau manawa ma nā ʻatikala nūhou, ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o kā Coca-Cola kālā i nā polopeka, akā me ka ʻōlelo ʻole i kēlā kālā i kā lākou ʻatikala ʻO ka hapa nui o nā nūhou nāna i paʻi i kēia mau ʻatikala ka mea nui, e like me The New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, USA I kēia lā, ʻo Boston Globe, The Atlantic Monthly, US News and World Report, Newsweek a me National Radio Radio.

He hakakā ia o ka hoihoi no nā polopeka e hana nei i nā pilikia momona e ʻae i ke kālā mai Coca-Cola. Aia kekahi mau hōʻike olakino nui i kēia manawa aia ka soda a me ka ʻoihana soda - a ʻo Coca-Cola a me PepsiCo - hapa kuleana no kā mākou lāhui's obesity maʻi, a hoʻonui i nā hanana o diabetes a Puʻuwai maʻi.

Inā lawe kahi polofesa i kālā mai kekahi o kēia mau hui soda, ʻo ia ka pōʻaiapili koʻikoʻi no kā lākou manaʻo e pili ana i ka momona, a hoʻowahāwahā nā mea nūpepa i kā lākou poʻe heluhelu ma ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana. Pono nā mea heluhelu e ʻike i ka mea e uku i nā kumuwaiwai e loiloi i ka pono a me nā hoʻokala o kēia mau kumuwaiwai.

ʻO ka hopena net o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i kēia mau polofesa me ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana i kā lākou kālā Coca-Cola e hoʻonui pono ʻole ai i ko lākou hilinaʻi, ʻoiai e hōʻemi ana i ka hilinaʻi o ke olakino lehulehu a me nā mea kākoʻo mea kūʻai aku.

ʻO kēia hōʻike pōkole e hōʻike nei i ka nūhou e hōʻike ana i nā alakaʻi ʻelua o ka hui mua o Coca-Cola ʻo Global Energy Balance Network: ʻo Professor James O. Hill lāua ʻo Steven N. Blair.

James O. Hill ia peresidena o ka Ikehu Uila Pūnaewele kaulike. He polofesa ʻo ia no nā pediatrics a me nā lāʻau lapaʻau ma ke Kulanui o Colorado, a ʻo ia ka luna o ko lākou Center no ka meaʻai kanaka. Wahi a Associated Press, Ua kākau pilikino ʻo Professor Hill i kahi luna ʻo Coca-Cola, "Makemake au e kōkua i kāu ʻoihana e hōʻalo i ke kiʻi o ka pilikia i ke ola o ka poʻe a hoʻi i ka ʻoihana e lawe mai i nā mea nui a leʻaleʻa iā lākou."

E like me ka New York Times, ʻO Coca-Cola "i ka makahiki i hala aku nei i hāʻawi ʻia kahi 'makana kālā palena ʻole' $ 1 miliona i ke Kulanui o Colorado Foundation ... ua ʻōlelo ke kulanui ua hāʻawi ʻo Coca-Cola i ke kālā 'no nā kumu o ke kālā' ka Global Energy Balance Network."

Wahi a hui pu Press, "Mai ka 2010, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Coke ua hāʻawi ʻia he $ 550,000 iā Hill i pili ʻole i ka hui [Global Energy Balance Network]. ʻO kahi ʻāpana nui o ia noiʻi ʻo ia a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i pili pū, akā uhi ʻia ke kiʻi i nā lilo huakaʻi a me nā uku no ka hoʻopaʻa ʻōlelo ʻana a me nā hana ʻē aʻe. "

ʻO Steven N. Blair ia ka pelekikena hope o ka Pūnaewele Uila Koʻo Honua. He loea ʻo ia ma ke Kula ʻo Arnold o ka Health Public, ma nā keʻena o ka ʻepekema hoʻoikaika kino a me ka epidemiology a me ka biostatistics ma ke Kulanui o South Carolina. Wahi a ka New York Times, i ka wā a Polofesa Blair e hoʻolaha nei i ka Global Energy Balance Network, ua hana hewa hewa ʻo ia: "ʻO ka hapa nui o ka nānā ʻana i ka pāpāho kaulana a i loko o nā nūpepa ʻepekema," Auē, ke ʻai nui nei lākou, ke ʻai nui nei, ke ʻai pū nei nō hoʻi. nui '- ka hōʻino ʻana i ka meaʻai wikiwiki, ka hōʻino ʻana i nā mea inu momona a pēlā aku.… ʻAʻohe maoli he hōʻike paʻa e pili ana i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ke kumu. ”

E like me ka New York Times, "Kauka ʻo Dr. Ua loaʻa ʻo Blair ma mua o $ 3.5 miliona i ke kālā mai Coke no nā papahana noiʻi mai ka 2008. "

Eia ka papa inoa o nā ʻatikala he 30 i kākau ʻia ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kālā mai kā Professor Hill a me Blair mai Coca-Cola (ma hope o Ianuali 1, 2011 no Hill, a me Ianuali 1, 2009 no Blair) kahi i hōʻike ʻole ai nā mea nūpepa i ka loaʻa kālā ʻana o Profes Hill a me Blair. na Coca-Cola.

  1. Los Angeles Times: Nā ʻanuʻu, Manawa, Kahi mamao: Eia naʻe i ana ʻia, hiki i ka hele wāwae ke hiki i nā pahuhopu olakino. Na Mary MacVean, Kepakemapa 6, 2013.
  2. Los Angeles Times: Hoʻonāhewa ʻia ka palapala "Fed Up" Documentary no ka momona o ʻAmelika ma ka ʻoihana Mea ʻai. Na Mary MacVean, Mei 9, 2014.
  3. Los Angeles Times: ʻIke ʻia nā helu o ka nui o ka momona ma US. Na Shari Roan, Ianuali 17, 2012.
  4. Los Angeles Times: ʻO Halloween's Dilemma: Kāpena vs. Nā mālama olakino. Na Karen Ravn, ʻOkakopa 31, 2011.
  5. Los Angeles Times: ʻO kaʻauʻau ʻana me ka Fittest? Na Judy Foreman, Iulai 19, 2010.
  6. Los Angeles Times: E neʻe mau, ʻaʻole naʻe. Na Jeannine Stein, Iulai 13, 2009.
  7. Los Angeles Times: Ke hoʻāʻo nei nā kūlanakauhale e ʻokiʻoki i ka momona me nā papahana hoʻoliʻiliʻi kaumaha. Na Karen Ravn, Ianuali 31, 2011.
  8. USA I kēia lā: Ka hoʻomaha loa: nā uku o kahi ola ola. Na Nanci Hellmich, ʻApelila 16, 2015.
  9. USA I kēia lā: ʻAʻole hiki ke hōʻemi ʻia ke kaupaona hoʻoliʻiliʻi Holiday. Na Nanci Hellmich, Kekemapa 2, 2013.
  10. USA I kēia lā: Flex kou Metabolism a hoʻoheheʻe i nā paona. Na Nanci Hellmich, ʻAukake 19, 2013.
  11. USA I kēia lā: ʻO Adidas MiCoach, Nike +, Nā Pūnaewele Sensor e Hoʻolālā i ka poʻe. Na Janice Lloyd, Ianuali 27, 2010.
  12. USA I kēia lā: Ke hakakā nei nā ʻAmelika i ka momona, akā ua kūʻē ʻia nā kumu kūʻē iā lākou. Na Nanci Hellmich, Nowemapa 5, 2012.
  13. Radio Public National (NPR): Pehea mākou e mālama ai i ka meaʻai ma ka home i hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia i ka nui o kā mākou ʻai. Na Angus Chen, Mei 19, 2015.
  14. Radio Public National (NPR): ʻImi nā haʻawina hoʻoikaika kino i nā nūhou maikaʻi no nā kine. Na Allison Aubrey, Kepakemapa 5, 2009.
  15. Radio Public National (NPR): Noho i nā lā āpau: ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o kou noʻonoʻo ʻana. Na Patti Neighmond, ʻApelila 25, 2011.
  16. Hōʻike US a me ka Hōʻike Honua: He aha ka mea a nā Coloradans e ʻike ai e pili ana i ke olakino āu e hana ʻole ai? Na Elisa Zied, ʻOkakopa 8, 2013.
  17. Hōʻike US a me ka Hōʻike Honua: Pehea e noho liʻiliʻi ai neʻe hou aku. Na Elisa Zied, Kepakemapa 11, 2013.
  18. Poepoe honua ʻo Boston: Makemake e kiʻi i ke kinona? E neʻe wale! Na Gareth Cook, Ianuali 22, 2012.
  19. Poepoe honua ʻo Boston: Nā Papa Ola. Na Deborah Kotz, Iune 27, 2011.
  20. ʻO ka Atlantik Mahina: Pehea i lilo ai ka Obesity i kahi maʻi. Na Harriet Brown, Malaki 24, 2015.
  21. Moehena: ʻO nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo he 6 Kaumaha-Maʻalahi e ʻike maoli ka ʻepekema i ka hana. Na Alice G. Walton, Kepakemapa 4, 2013.
  22. Moehena: Pehea kahi hiʻohiʻona e ʻike ai i ka momona o ke keiki. Na Trevor Butterworth, ʻAukake 22, 2013.
  23. Newsweek: ʻO Viagra ka Pila Lilo Kaumaha Hou? Na Trevor Butterworth, Ianuali 29, 2013.
  24. ʻO ka Atlantik Mahina: ʻO ka Manaʻo Kūpono. Na David H. Freedman, Iune 2012.
  25. Ka New York Times: Ke kīloi ʻana i ka papaʻai a me ka ʻapo ʻana i ka momona. Na Mandy Katz, Iulai 15, 2009.
  26. Wakinekona Post: Hiki ke kūpono a momona? Na Rachael Rattner a me Live Science, Kekemapa 16, 2013.
  27. Associated Press (AP): ʻ Slelo ke aʻo ʻana ʻoiai kahi risky kahi momona. Na Stephanie Nano, Kekemapa 1, 2010.
  28. ʻO Denver Post: ʻO ka hakakā ʻana i ka momona ma nā ʻaoʻao he nui e kōkua i ke ʻano huli i Colorado. Na Ally Marotti, ʻAukake 7, 2013.
  29. ʻO Charleston Post a me ka ʻelele: Loulou Study Loiloi i ka hana. Na David Slade, Mei 28, 2011.
  30. ʻO Peoria Journal-Star: ʻO ke ʻano noho kūmau kahi pilikia olakino e pono ai e kamaʻilio ʻia i nā makahiki āpau. Na Steve Tarter, Iulai 24, 2015.

No ke aha i hōʻike ʻole ai ka nui o nā mea kūkala nūhou a me nā nūhou i ka hakakā o ka hoihoi o kēia mau polofesa koʻikoʻi ʻelua?

Pehea e hiki ai iā mākou ke pale i nā hāʻule nūhou like ʻole i ka wā e hiki mai ana. Maopopo hoʻokahi pane: pono ke kiaʻi nā mea kūkala nūhou a me nā luna hoʻoponopono no nā polopeka i loaʻa kālā i nā ʻoihana e kū nei ma ke ʻano he loea hoʻopuka akā ke hana nei lākou ma ke ʻano he waha waha no nā ʻoihana meaʻai e like me Coca-Cola.

ʻO ka poʻe heluhelu hoʻi, e makaʻala i kekahi mau nūhou mana e hōʻike ʻole i nā hakakā o kā lākou kumuwaiwai, kahi e hoʻoliʻiliʻi a kūpono ʻole ai kā lākou uhi ʻana i nā pilikia o ka meaʻai a me ka mahiʻai. Hāʻawi ia i nā mea heluhelu i kahi kumu kūpono e kānalua ai i kekahi ka hoʻolaha pāpāho nui o nā pilikia meaʻai a me nā mahiʻai ma muli o nā ʻoihana pro-ʻoihana i loko i kekahi manawa.

I Nowemapa, ua kākau mākou i kahi hōʻike like e pili ana i ka pehea o ka poʻe nūpepa ʻaʻole i hōʻike i ka pilina o nā kumuwaiwai i ka pilikua Monsmanical. Hōʻike kēia mau hōʻike ʻelua i ka pilikia like: nā kālaiʻike i ʻike ʻia ma ka pāpāho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa i ka wā e lawe maoli nei lākou i ke kālā mai nā ʻoihana e hoʻolaha i kekahi mau manaʻo. He kuleana ko ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo e ʻike a hōʻike inā e hana ana kā lākou kumuwaiwai ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻoihana.