ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema kahi hoʻolaha PR no ka ʻoihana Agrichemical

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ʻOiai ʻo ia ka inoa kani a me ka pilina me kahi ʻoihana Ivy League, ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema (CAS) kahi hoʻolaha kaiāulu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe a puni ka honua e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā mea kanu i hana ʻia me nā mahiʻai i ko lākou mau home home. Ua kāhea nā loea he nui, nā loea kulekele ʻai, nā hui ʻai a me nā mahiʻai i nā hana kūpono ʻole a me nā hana hoʻopunipuni a nā CAS hoa e hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana.

I Kepakemapa, CAS hai mai la $ 10 miliona i ke kālā hou mai ka Gates Foundation, e lawe ana i ka huina o Gates kālā i $ 22 miliona mai ka 2014. Loaʻa ke kālā hou e like me Gates Foundation ke kū nei i ka pushback mai nā hui mahiʻai ʻApelika, nā meaʻai a me nā hilinaʻi no ka hoʻolilo kālā ʻana i mau piliona kālā ma nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala ma ʻApelika hōʻike ʻole nā ​​hōʻike i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka pōloli a hāpai ʻana paha i nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi, ʻoiai lākou e hoʻokau nei i nā ʻano mahiʻai e pono ai nā ʻoihana ma mua o ka poʻe. 

Kākau kēia pepa palapala i nā laʻana he nui o ka misinformation mai CAS a me nā poʻe i pili me kēia hui. ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona i hōʻike ʻia ma aneʻi e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻohana ʻana o CAS i ka inoa o Cornell, ka inoa a me ka mana e holomua i ka PR a me ka papahana politika o nā hui kemika a me nā hua hua nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO ka mikiona a me ka leka uila i hoʻopili ʻia me nā ʻoihana

Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo CAS i ka makahiki 2014 me ka hāʻawi kālā Gates Foundation he $ 5.6 miliona a hoʻohiki ʻia i "depolarize ”ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a puni GMOs. ʻO ka hui wahi a na misionari ʻo ia e "paipai i ke komo ʻana" i nā mea kanu a me nā meaʻai a GMO e ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā "ʻepekema" a puni ka honua e aʻo i ko lākou kaiāulu e pili ana i nā pono o ka biotechnology mahiʻai.

Paipai ka hui ʻoihana Pesticide iā CAS 

ʻO kahi ʻāpana nui o ka hoʻolālā CAS e hoʻopaʻa inoa a hoʻomaʻamaʻa Nā hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua i nā kamaʻilio a me nā hana hoʻolaha, e kia ana i nā wahi kahi e kūʻē ai ka lehulehu i ka ʻoihana biotech, ʻo ia hoʻi nā ʻāina ʻApelika i pale aku i nā mea kanu GMO.

He ʻano like ka mikiona CAS me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology (CBI), kahi ʻoihana pesticide-fund i kālā kālā i ka pilina pilina i loaʻa hana pū ʻia me CAS. Hana ka hui ʻoihana i kūkulu i nā kuʻikahi ma ʻō aku o ke kaulahao meaʻai a hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā kolu-ʻaoʻao, ʻo ia hoʻi nā kālaiʻike a me nā mahiʻai, e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu e ʻae iā GMOs.

Hoʻohālikelike ka leka uila CAS me PR pesticide ʻoihana PR: kahi myopic e nānā nei i ka hiki ke loaʻa nā pōmaikaʻi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered ʻoiai e hoʻoliʻiliʻi ana, nānā ʻole a hōʻole paha i nā pilikia a me nā pilikia. E like me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana o ka ʻoihana PR, nānā nui ʻo CAS i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino i nā mea hōʻino no nā huahana mahiʻai, e like me nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hāpai i nā olakino a i ʻole nā ​​pili kaiapuni.

Hoʻohalahala ākea

Ua huki ʻo CAS a me kāna mau mea kākau i nā loiloi mai nā kālaihana, nā mahiʻai, nā haumāna, nā hui kaiāulu a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka mana o ka meaʻai e ʻōlelo nei e hoʻolaha ana ka hui i nā leka kūpono ʻole a hoʻopunipuni ʻole a hoʻohana i nā hana unethical. E ʻike ma kahi laʻana:

Nā laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni leka ʻana

Ua kākau nā loea i ka ʻenekinia, ka biology, agroecology a me nā kulekele meaʻai i nā hiʻohiʻona he nui o nā koi pololei ʻole a Mark Lynas i ʻōlelo ai, he hoa kipa ma Cornell nāna i kākau he mau ʻatikala e pale ana i nā huahana mahiʻai ma ka inoa o CAS; ʻike e like me kāna hāpai ʻia nā ʻatikala he nui e ka Genetic Literacy Project, he hui PR kēlā hana pū me Monsanto. Kūkā ʻo Lynas 'puke 2018 no nā ʻāina ʻApelika e ʻae i nā GMO, a hāʻawi i kahi mokuna e pale aku iā Monsanto.

Nā koi kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO

Ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe ʻepekema he nui iā Lynas no ka hana ʻana nā ʻōlelo hoʻopunipuni, “ʻAʻole ʻepekema, kūpono ʻole a lapuwale”Nā paio, paipai dogma ma luna o ka ʻikepili a me ka noiʻi ma nā GMO, ke kuhi nei i nā mea kamaʻilio, a ke hana nei i nā kuleana kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā pesticides "hōʻike i ka naʻaupō ʻepekema hohonu, a i ʻole kahi hana ikaika e hana i ka kānalua. "

"ʻO ka papa inoa holoi o nā mea i hewa ai ʻo Mark Lynas e pili ana i nā GMO a me ka ʻepekema nui, a ua hōʻole ʻia e kekahi o nā agroecologists a me nā biologists alakaʻi o ka honua." Ua kākau ʻo Eric Holt-Giménez, luna hoʻomalu o Food First, i ʻApelila 2013 (Ua hui ʻo Lynas iā Cornell ma ke ʻano he hoa kipa ma hope o kēlā makahiki).  

"Disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole"

Ua hoʻohewa nui nā hui ʻo ʻApelika iā Lynas i ka lōʻihi. ʻO ka Alliance for Soichness Food ma ʻApelika, kahi hui pū o 40 a me nā hui mahiʻai ma waena o ʻApelika i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma he "lele-i pundit" nona ka "hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe ʻApelika, hiki ʻole ke kuhihewa ʻia ka loina a me ka moʻomeheu." ʻO Million Belay, ka luna o AFSA, i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma ke ʻano he "racist e hoʻokau nei i kahi moʻolelo e hiki ai i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana ke hoʻopakele iā ʻApelika."

I kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi 2018, ka South Africa-based Africa Center for Biodiversity i ho'ākāka ʻia nā hana kūʻē ʻole a Lynas i hoʻohana ai e hoʻolaulaha i ka papa hana lobby biotech ma Tanzania. "Aia kekahi pilikia e pili ana i ka kuleana a me [pono no] ka nohoaliʻi ʻana i ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, no ka hewa o ka ʻike hewa a me ke ʻano o kā lākou disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole," ʻo Mariam Mayet, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Center Africa no Biodiversity, i ʻōlelo i ka a Iulaiinar webinar webinar.

No nā loiloi piha o kā Lynas hana, e ʻike i nā ʻatikala ma ka hopena o kēia wahi a me kā mākou ʻO Mark Lynas pepa maoli.

Ke hoʻouka nei i ka agroecology

ʻO kahi laʻana o ka leka uila kūpono ʻole kahi ʻatikala panned ākea ma ka CAS paena e Lynas e koi ana, "agro-ecology e hōʻeha i ka poʻe hune." ?? Ua wehewehe ka poʻe ʻatikala i ka ʻatikala ma ke ʻano he “ka wehewehe demagogic a me ka ʻole ʻepekema o kahi pepa ʻepekema, ""hohonu unserious, ""kumumanaʻo kūlohelohe "a" kahi hilahila no ka mea makemake e koi ʻepekema, ”a“kālailai hewa maoli“?? hana “kahili laulaha“?? a “nā hopena hihiu.”Kekahi poʻe loiloi Kāheaʻia a hoʻihoʻi ʻana.

2019 kikokikona na CAS hoa Nassib Mugwanya i hāʻawi i kahi hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o nā ʻike kuhihewa e pili ana i ke kumuhana agroecology. ʻO ka ʻatikala, "No ke aha e hiki ʻole ai i nā hana mahiʻai kuʻuna ke hoʻololi i ka mahiʻai ʻApelika," e hōʻike ana i ke ʻano leka maʻamau i nā mea CAS. 'kumu ʻole a hoʻopōʻino hoʻi, ” mamuli o ke kaanaki e ka Alakaʻi kaiāulu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Seattle no Global Justice.

"Kaulike nui ʻia i ka ʻatikala nā hoʻohana ikaika o nā metaphors (e laʻa me ka agroecology i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā kūpeʻe lima), nā laulaha ʻana, ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻike a me ka nui o nā pololei ʻole maoli," wahi a ka hui.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka puke pāʻani Monsanto e pale aku i nā pesticides

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni CAS leka uila ʻoihana hiki ke loaʻa i ka pale o ka hui o Roundly glyphosate. ʻO nā lāʻau herbicides kahi kī nui o nā hua GMO me 90% o ka kulina a me ka soy i ulu i ka United States ʻenekini genetically e hoʻomanawanui iā Roundup. I ka makahiki 2015, ma hope o ka panel noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization i ʻōlelo ai ʻo glyphosate kahi kino kanaka paha, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Monsanto i nā mea kōkua e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup, e like me nā palapala Monsanto kūloko.

ʻO ka puke pāʻani PR a Monsanto: e hoʻouka nei i ka poʻe loea i ke kanesa ma ke ʻano he 'activists'

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Mark Lynas i ka Anuu CAS e hoʻonui i ka leka ʻana o Monsanto, e wehewehe ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai e like me ke "kilokilo kilokilo" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e "anti-Monsanto activists" nāna i "hana ʻino i ka ʻepekema" a ua hana "kahi ʻike maopopo ʻole ʻia o ka ʻepekema ʻelua a me ka hoʻopono kūlohelohe" e ka hōʻike ʻana i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka glyphosate. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i ka mea like nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kīnā ʻole a me nā kumu waiwai ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, a uku ka hui mua o Monsanto e kōkua i ka wili i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻOiai e koi ana aia ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema, ʻaʻole nānā ʻo Lynas i nā hōʻike he nui mai nā palapala a Monsanto, i hoʻolaha nui i ka nūpepa, kēlā Hoʻopilikia ʻo Monsanto me ʻike'enekema, hoʻoponopono i nā keʻena hoʻokele a hoʻohana i nā mea ʻē aʻe nā hana lima kaumaha e hoʻoponopono i ke kaʻina ʻepekema i mea e pale aku ai iā Roundup. I ka 2018, ua loaʻa i kahi jure ka Monsanto “hana me ka hana ʻino, hoʻoluhi a hoʻopunipuni paha"I ka uhi ʻana i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai o Roundup.

Lobbying no nā pesticides a me GMO

ʻOiai ʻo ʻApelika ka nānā nui ʻana i ka ʻāina, kōkua pū kekahi ʻo CAS i nā hana pesticide e pale aku i nā pesticides a hōʻino i nā mea kōkua olakino lehulehu ma Hawaii. He ʻāina hoʻokolohua koʻikoʻi ko Hawaiʻi Paeʻāina no nā mea kanu GMO a me kahi e hōʻike ai i ke kiʻekiʻe hōʻike i nā pesticides a hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino pili pesticide, me nā kīnā hānau, ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me ka hānō. Ua alakaʻi ʻia kēia mau pilikia nā kamaʻāina e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hakakā he mau makahiki e hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai ʻoi aku ka ikaika e hōʻemi i nā hōʻike pesticide a hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hōʻike ʻana o nā kemika i hoʻohana ʻia ma nā māla mahiʻai.

"Hoʻouka kaua hōʻino"

I ka loaʻa ʻana o kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, ua komo ʻo CAS i loko o kahi "hōʻike ākea e pili ana i ka pilina lehulehu i hoʻolālā ʻia e hūnā i nā hopohopo kaiāulu" e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā pesticides, e like me ka haʻi a Fern Anuenue Holland, kahi mea hoʻonohonoho kaiāulu no ka Hawaii Alliance for Progressive Action. I ka Cornell Daily Sun, Ua wehewehe ʻo Holland pehea ka "uku ʻana iā Cornell Alliance no nā hoa ʻepekema - ma lalo o ke ʻano o ka ʻepekema loea - ua hoʻouka i nā hōʻeha hōʻino. Ua hoʻohana lākou i nā pāpili kaiaulu a kākau i nā hanana blog he nui e hoʻohewa ana i nā lālā kaiāulu a me nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe i loaʻa ka wiwo ʻole e ʻōlelo ai. "

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Holland ua hoʻokau ʻia ʻo ia a me nā lālā ʻē aʻe o kāna hui i "ka pepehi kanaka ʻana, nā kuhi hewa ʻana a me nā hōʻeha ʻana i ka hilinaʻi pilikino a me ka ʻoihana" e nā lālā CAS. "Ua ʻike maka wau i nā ʻohana a me nā aloha aloha i wāwahi ʻia," i kākau ai ʻo ia.

Kūʻē i ka pono o ka lehulehu e ʻike     

Luna Hoʻokele CAS ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, 'ōlelo kāna hui kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana: "ʻAʻole mākou e kākau no ka ʻoihana, a ʻaʻole mākou e kākoʻo a paipai paha i nā huahana o ka ʻoihana. E like me kā mākou pūnaewele e hōʻike nei me ka maopopo a hōʻike piha hoʻi, ʻaʻole loaʻa iā mākou nā kumuwaiwai mai ka ʻoihana. " Eia nō naʻe, loaʻa nā kakini o nā leka uila e US Right to Know, i kau ʻia i kēia manawa i loko o ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS a me Evanega e launa pū me ka ʻoihana pesticide a me nā hui o mua e pili ana i nā hana pili lehulehu. ʻO nā laʻana me:

Hōʻike ʻia nā laʻana hou aʻe o ka launa pū CAS me nā hui ʻoihana ma lalo o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.  

Ke hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā pūʻulu o mua, nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole

I kāna mau hana e hoʻolaha i nā GMO ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema" hopena no ka mahiʻai, ua hāʻawi ʻo Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i kāna papa i nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana a me kahi skeptic ʻepekema kaulana.

ʻO Trevor Butterworth a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS: Nā CAS hoa me Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS e hāʻawi iā “ke kūkā kamaʻilio helu no nā mea nūpepa”A hāʻawi aku he launa i ka luna o ka hui ʻo Trevor Butterworth, nāna i kūkulu kāna ʻoihana pale i nā huahana nui i ka Nine Inch, fracking, meaʻai maikaʻi 'ole i ke kino a nā ʻoihana lāʻau. ʻO Butterworth ke alakaʻi o Sense About Science USA, kahi āna i hoʻohui ai me kāna paepae mua, ʻo Statistics Analysis Service (STATS).

Ua wehewehe nā mea kākau moʻolelo i nā STAT a me Butterworth ma ke ʻano he mea pāʻani nui i nā pāʻina pale pale huahana ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā mea lapaʻau (e nānā Hōʻike nūhou, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ʻO ke kuʻina a ʻO ʻAkelanika). Hoʻomaopopo nā palapala Monsanto ʻO Sense About Science i waena o ka "hoa hana" ua hilinaʻi ia e pale aku iā Roundup e kūʻē i nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻOwen Paterson: I ka 2015, ua hoʻokipa ʻo CAS iā Owen Paterson, he kālaiʻāina Pelekane Pelekane Conservative a kaulana kaulana skeptic ʻepekema aniau ka mea hōʻemi i ke kālā no nā hana hoʻoliʻiliʻi hoʻomehana honua i kona manawa ma ke ʻano he Kuhina Kaiapuni ʻo UK. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Paterson i ka pae Cornell e koi i nā hui kaiapuni e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMOʻae i nā miliona e make.”Ua hoʻohana nā hui ʻoihana Pesticide i ka leka uila like 50 mau makahiki i hala aku nei e hoʻāʻo hōʻino iā Rachel Carson no ka hāpai ʻana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā DDT.

ʻO Lynas a me ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema: Pili pū ʻo Lynas o CAS me Sense About Science ma ke ʻano he lālā aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo lōʻihi. I ka 2015, ua hui pū ʻo Lynas me ka skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻo Owen Paterson Paterson ʻo Sense e pili ana i ka luna ʻepekema ʻo Tracey Brown i hoʻolana i kāna mea i kāhea ai ka "neʻe ʻana o ka ecomodernism," kahi hui like, ʻāpana anti-rula o ka "environmentism."

Pale hana ma Hawaii

Ma 2016, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo CAS i kahi ka hui hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Hawaii Alliance for Science, ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻo kāna kumu e "kākoʻo i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka hoʻoholo a me nā hana hou o ka mahiʻai i nā mokupuni." Loaʻa i kāna mau ʻelele:

ʻO Sarah Thompson, a ka limahana o Dow AgroSciences, hoʻohui ʻia ka Hawaii Alliance no ka ʻepekema, ka mea i hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "hui i pili i nā kamaʻilio kumu waiwai ʻole pili pili i ka Cornell Alliance for Science." (ʻAʻole ʻike hou ʻia ka pūnaewele, akā mālama ka hui a Facebook palapala.)

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā hoʻolaha pāʻoihana kaiaulu mai ka Hawaii Alliance no ʻEpekema a me kāna mea hoʻonohonoho ʻo Thompson i wehewehe i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e like me poʻe haʻaheo a naʻaupō, hoʻolauleʻa nā mea kanu kulina a me nā soya a pale i nā pesticides neonicotinoid ka mea ʻike nui a ʻ saylelo mai nā ʻepekema he mau meli hōʻino.

ʻO Joan Conrow, Luna Hoʻoponopono o CAS, kākau ʻatikala ma luna ona pūnaewele pūnaewele, kela mea Pūnaewele “Kauai Eclectic” a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino nā kānaka olakino, nā hui kaiaulu a nā kālaiʻāina ma Hawaii nāna e kākoʻo i ka pale ʻana i nā pesticide ikaika, a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e kākau e pili ana i nā hopohopo pesticide. Loaʻa iā Conrow hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā hui kaiapuni o ka pale ʻauhau a me hoʻohālikelike i kahi hui palekana meaʻai i ka KKK.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo Conrow i kāna pili ma waena o Cornell. Ua hoʻohalahala ka nūpepa ʻo Beat Beat o Hawaiʻi iā Conrow nona nele i ka transparency a ʻōlelo iā ia i 2016 ma ke ʻano he kumu no ke kumu e hoʻololi nei ka pepa i kāna mau manaʻo hoʻopuka. ʻO Conrow "hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine i ka kuanaʻike pro-GMO me ka ʻōlelo ʻole ʻana i kāna hana ma ke ʻano he mea aloha i ka GMO," i kākau ʻo Polopeka journalism Brett Oppegaard. "Ua nalowale ʻo Conrow i kāna kūʻokoʻa nūhou (a me ka hilinaʻi) e hōʻike kūpono e pili ana i nā pilikia GMO, no ka leo o kāna hana i kēia mau pilikia."

ʻO Joni Kamiya, he 2015 CAS ʻO ka hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā rula pesticide ma kāna pūnaewele Ke kaikamahine a ka mahiai o Hawaii, i ka Media a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic. ^ E Ha yM. Aia ʻo ia "Luna ʻelele" no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pūnaewele pāʻoihana GMO Nā Pane. E like me Conrow, ʻōlelo ʻo Kamiya i nā hōʻike pesticide ma Hawaii ʻaʻole pilikia, a e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino i nā luna i koho ʻia a "Nā mea hana kaiapuni" ka poʻe makemake e hoʻoponopono i nā pesticides.

Nā limahana, nā kākāʻōlelo

Ua wehewehe ʻo CAS iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "papahana i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell, kahi ʻoihana loaʻa kālā ʻole." ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hui i kāna moʻohelu kālā, nā hoʻolilo a me nā uku o nā limahana, a ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻo Cornell University i kekahi ʻike e pili ana iā CAS i kāna faila ʻauhau.

Papa inoa ka pūnaewele Nā lālā o ka 20, me Luna Hoʻokele ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, a me Luna Hooponopono ʻO Joan Conrow (ʻaʻole papa inoa ʻo Mark Lynas a i ʻole kekahi mau hoa e loaʻa pū ka uku). ʻO nā lālā limahana ʻē aʻe i helu ʻia ma ka pūnaewele me:

Aia i ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo CAS nā kālaiʻike e kōkua mau i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai me kā lākou mau hana PR.

ʻO nā loiloi Gates Foundation  

Mai ka 2016, ua hoʻolilo ka Gates Foundation ma kahi o $ 4 biliona no nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai, ʻo ka hapa nui o ia mea i kau ʻia ma ʻApelika. ʻO nā hoʻolālā hoʻolālā mahiʻai o ke kahua alakaʻi ʻia e Rob Horsch (ua hoʻomaha loa), a ʻO Monsanto veteran o 25 makahiki. Ua huki ka hoʻolālā i ka hoʻopiʻi no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai ma ʻApelika ma luna o ka ke kūʻē ʻana i nā pūʻulu hoʻokumu ʻApelika a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka nohona, a me nā hopohopo a me nā kānalua e pili ana i nā mea kanu ʻenekene a puni ʻApelika.

ʻO nā loiloi a ka Gates Foundation e hoʻokokoke nei i ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai a me ke kālā.

ʻO nā hui like ʻoihana CAS hou aku 

Loaʻa nā leka uila ma o FOIA e US Right to Know, a ua kau ʻia i kēia manawa i ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS e launa pū ana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui pili lehulehu e hoʻonohonoho i nā hanana a me ka leka ʻana:

ʻO nā loiloi hou aʻe a Mark Lynas 

Nānā Hou: ʻO ka hana ʻana i kahi hui ʻo Monsanto Front

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Nānā ʻImi, kahi hui 501 (c) nonprofit nonprofit i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka makahiki 3, koi ʻia he hui kūʻokoʻa akā ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know he hui mua ia i hoʻonohonoho ʻia me ke kōkua o Monsanto a me kāna hui pili lehulehu e hoʻouka i ka mahiʻai. ʻo nā loiloi ʻoihana ʻoiai e kūʻokoʻa ana.

e pili pū ana: Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, Ua kapa ʻo Monsanto i kāna mau “ʻoihana ʻoihana, " Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project
"Ua loaʻa ʻo Monsanto Fingerprints i nā hoʻouka kaua āpau ma nā meaʻai meaola, ”Na Stacy Malkan, Huffington Post (2016)

ʻOihana kālā Covert Covert 

ʻO ka pūnaewele Review Review ho'ākāka i nā mea hoʻokumu iā "ʻElua polofesa kūʻokoʻa," Bruce Chassy, ​​PhD, polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Urbana-Champaign, a me David Tribe, PhD, haʻi ʻōlelo ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne, Australia. E like me Mei 2018, ka pūnaewele kuleana, "ʻAe wale ka loiloi Academics i nā makana palena ʻole ʻia mai nā kumu ʻoihana ʻole e kākoʻo i kā mākou hana."

Eia nō naʻe, hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau i ka mea leʻaleʻa mua o ka Hoʻomaopopo Hou ʻana ʻo ia ka ʻaha kūkāʻike no ka ʻikepili ʻo Biotechnology, kahi hui kalepa ʻo ia kālā a holo ʻia e nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa nui loa: BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont, Monsanto a me Syngenta.

Wahi a nā moʻolelo ʻauhau CBI, ua hāʻawi ka pūʻulu kālā i hoʻolako ʻia i ka Academics Review he $ 650,000 i ka 2014 a 2015-2016. Hōʻike ʻauhau ʻauhau no AcademicsReview.org i nā lilo o $ 791,064 mai ka 2013-2016 (ʻike 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016). Hoʻolilo ʻia ke kālā i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i nā ʻaha kūkā a paipai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau.

ʻO Kauka Chassy kekahi mau makahiki e loaʻa kālā ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto ma o kāna kulanui. ʻIke, “No ke aha i pono ʻole ai i kahi Kulanui o Ilinoi e hōʻike i kāna kālā GMO?”Na Monica Eng, WBEZ (Malaki 2016)

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ke kumu huna o ka hui mua o ka ʻike

Loaʻa nā leka uila e Pono ʻo US e ʻike ma o ka noi ʻana a ka mokuʻāina Freedom of information i hōʻike ʻia i ka hana o loko o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he hui mua me ke kōkua o Monsanto, nā mea kōkua PR a me nā kālā kālā ʻoihana. Nā ʻike nui a me nā leka uila:

  • E like me ka 11 Malaki 2010 kaulahao leka uila, Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka loiloi Academics me ke kōkua o nā luna ʻo Monsanto me ʻO Jay Byrne, Ko Monsanto luna mua o nā ʻoihana hui; a ʻO Val Giddings, VP mua o ka ʻoihana biotech hui kālepa BIO, ma ke ʻano he paepae e hoʻouka i nā poʻe loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.
  • Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Eric Sachs, he luna pili lehulehu ma Monsanto, e kōkua ʻo ia i ka loaʻa kālā ʻana o ka ʻenehana no ka Academics Review. "E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," ua kākau ʻo Sachs iā Chassy ma Nowemapa 30, 2010.
  • Ua hoʻohālikelike ʻo Byrne i ka manaʻo e like me ka like - akā ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o - kahi hui mua i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Rick Berman, kahi lobbyist i kapa ʻia ʻo "Kauka ʻino»A ka "Mōʻī o nā hui mua ʻoihana a me nā hoʻolaha"No kāna hana e paipai i nā pono ʻoihana paka a me ka aila ma lalo o ka uhi o nā hui kū leo ʻole. ʻO Berman's "'Center for Consumer Freedom' (ActivistCash.com) i hāʻawi aku i kēia i ka hopena loa; a ke manaʻo nei wau he manaʻo maikaʻi aʻe kā mākou, "kākau ʻo Byrne iā Chassy ma March 11, 2010.
  • Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Byrne e hoʻomōhala ana ʻo ia i "Papa inoa kūpono me nā pahuhopu" no Monsanto i loko o "nā hui pilikino, nā ʻikepili a me nā kumuhana kumuhana" i koʻikoʻi no ag-biotech e "manaʻo kālā no kahi hui o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi."
  • Ua hōʻike ʻo Chassy ua makemake nui ʻo ia e hele ma hope o ka ʻoihana ʻokanika. "Makemake au e loaʻa kahi inoa poʻokela ma waena o ke aura ʻokanika e hoʻomaka ai nā missiles ballistic," ua kākauʻo ia ma Malaki 2010. I ka 2014, hoʻouka kaua ʻo Academics Review i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika me a Hoike wahahee ka hana a nā kālaihana kūʻokoʻa me ka hakakā ʻole o ka hoihoi.

Hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto PR i ka inoa ʻo Review Academics ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana". 

ʻO ka loiloi ʻĀkekema he "ʻoihana ʻoihana" e like me ka pilikino Palapala Monsanto PR e wehewehe nei i nā hoʻolālā a ka ʻoihana e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi kanesa o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. Ma Malaki 20, 2015, hoʻolaha ʻo IARC ua loaʻa hoʻolaha ʻia glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Pūʻulu 2A, "Carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka."

ʻO ka papa inoa palapala Monsanto PR ʻehā papa o nā hoa hana e komo i kāna hana e pili ana i ka lehulehu e hōʻino i ka hōʻike a ka panel cancer. Ua helu ʻia ʻo Review Academics ma ke ʻano he Tier 2 "hoa hana" me Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, Biofortified, A me ka ʻO AgBioChatter kālaiʻike papa inoa lawelawe.

ʻO kahi loiloi Academics Haawina i kākau ʻia ma Malaki 25, 2015 i koi ʻia ʻo "IARC glyphosate cancer cancer review failed on many front." Pili ka ʻatikala i ka ʻoihana i uku kālā ʻia Nā Pane GMO, ka hui mua ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a kahi ʻatikala Forbes na Henry Miller ʻo ia kau ʻia e Monsanto.

ʻO ka pilina o Bruce Chassy i ka ʻoihana a me nā hui mua

ʻO Professor Bruce Chassy, ​​ka mea hui pū o Academics Review a me ka pelekikena o ka papa, i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ka pāpāho ma ke ʻano he loea kūʻokoʻa ma GMO, ʻoiai ʻo ia e loaʻa ana nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto.

Ua loaʻa iā Chassy $ 57,000 i nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma kahi o ʻelua mau makahiki mai Monsanto e huakaʻi, kākau a kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā GMO, e like me WBEZ. Ua hōʻike ʻia ka moʻolelo i hoʻouna aku ʻo Monsanto ma kahi o $ 5.1 miliona ma o ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Foundation i nā limahana o ke kulanui a me nā papahana ma waena o 2005 a 2015.

ʻO Chassy ma ka "Papa ʻEpekema ʻepekema a me nā Kūkā aʻoaʻo" o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui mua i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e Monsanto a me nā hui ʻē aʻe nāna ka huahana i pale aku. ʻO Chassy kekahi “ke kūkā kūʻokoʻa"No Nā Pane GMO, kahi pūnaewele kālepa no GMO a me nā pesticides i kālā kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Nā ʻatikala e pili ana i ka pili ʻoihana ʻo Bruce Chassy:

  • New York Times, "Nā ʻenehana i komo i loko o GMO Lobbying War, Hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila," na Eric Lipton (9/5/2015)
  • Waihona leka uila o New York Times, "He Kulanui o Ilinoi Kumu Hoʻohui i ka hakakā," (9/5/2015)
  • WBEZ, "No ke aha i pono ʻole ai i kahi Polofesa ʻo Illinois e hōʻike i ke kālā GMO," na Monica Eng (3/15/2016)
  • ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike, "Ke ukali nei i kahi ala leka uila: Pehea kahi Polokalamu Kulanui o ke Kulanui i laulima ai ma kahi Campaign PR Corporate," na Carey Gillam (1/29/2016)

ʻO David Tribe / Review Academics / Biofortified

ʻO David Tribe ka mea hui pū o ka Academics Review, hope pelekikena o ka Papa Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha, a he loiloi ma ka hōʻike hōʻike 2014 Academics Review e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana ola. He lālā ʻo Tribe kekahi o ka papa hoʻokele o ʻO Biology Fortified Inc., a i ʻole Biofortified, kahi hui kōkua ʻole e kōkua i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai me ka lobbying a me nā pilina lehulehu.

ʻO nā papahana Boot Camps Biotech i hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana: hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻolaha i nā GMO 

ʻO ka Biotech Literacy Project boot camps kahi mau ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka Academics Review a Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, kekahi pūʻulu mua pili like kēlā me Monsanto ma nā papahana pili lehulehu ʻoiai e koi ana he kūʻokoʻa. Ua hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā kahua hoʻomoana i nā ʻepekema a me nā nūpepa pehea hoʻolaha i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, a loaʻa i nā pahuhopu koʻikoʻi e kāpae i ka lepili GMO a kākoʻo i ka hae kākoʻo no nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ua ʻōlelo wahaheʻe nā luna hoʻomoana Boot i nā mea nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema i ke kālā no nā Biotech Literacy Project boot camps i hele mai ke aupuni a me nā kumuwaiwai kumuwaiwai, a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, akā ʻo ke kumuwaiwai loaʻa wale nō i hiki ke loaʻa ʻia mai nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a hōʻole nā ​​kumuwaiwai ʻoihana ʻole i ke kālā hanana, Paul Thacker hōʻike i ʻO ka holomua.

"Hāʻawi ʻia mai iaʻu kahi $ 2,000 hoʻohanohano, a me nā lilo. Ua kākau wau i hope a nīnau i ka mea e hāʻawi i ka honorarium a haʻi ʻia wau he hui kālā ia mai UC Davis, USDA, kālā mokuʻāina, a me ka ʻOihana ʻOihana ʻOihana Biotechnology (BIO). " (Mea kākau moʻolelo Brooke Borel, ʻEpekema Kaulana)

"Pono wau e akāka i mua e pili ana kā mākou kākoʻo mai BIO, USDA, mokuʻāina-USAID a me kekahi kālā hoʻokumu no laila ʻo ka ʻoihana ke kākoʻo. 100% mōakāka e pili ana i ke kākoʻo. ” (ka mea hoʻonoho hoʻomoana kīpaku ʻo Bruce Chassy leka uila i nā ʻepekema)

ʻO ka Council for Biotechnology Information, kahi hui kalepa i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont a me Monsanto Company i hoʻolilo ʻia ma kahi o $ 300,000 ma nā kahua hoʻomoana ʻelua i mālama ʻia ma UC Davis a me ke Kulanui o Florida, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau.

'ōlelo ma ka 2015 Biotech Literacy Project boot camp i komo pū me nā luna ʻoihana biotech a me nā mea lawelawe i ka lehulehu, e like me ke poʻo mua o ka kamaʻilio ʻana o Monsanto. ʻO Jay Byrne (nāna i kōkua e hoʻonohonoho ʻO ka loiloi Academics ma ke ʻano he hui mua e hoʻouka i nā loiloi ʻoihana), ʻo Hank Campbell o ka hui mua ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, a me Yvette dʻEntremont ka "SciBabe"; me nā kālaiʻike e pili ana i ka ʻoihana ʻO Kevin Folta o ke Kulanui o Florida, Pamela RonaldʻO Alison Van Eenennaam o UC Davis; a me nā mea nūpepa pū kekahi Keith Kloor a ʻO Brooke Borel.

More 'ikepili:

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana a me nā kālaiʻike e pili ana i nā pilikia meaʻai, e nānā mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa iā US kuleana e ʻike i nā palapala i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika i mālama ʻia e ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Kapalakiko.

Ua loaʻa ʻo Monsanto Fingerprints i nā hoʻouka kaua āpau ma nā meaʻai meaola

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Ua hōʻike mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala i ka Huffington Post.

Na Stacy Malkan

I ka wā i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ai kahi hui kaulana ʻole nonprofit i kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka kaua ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai meaola i ʻApelila 2014, ua hele a lōʻihi ka hui e hoʻokau i kona kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO 30-ʻaoʻao hoike by Nānā ʻImi, i wehewehe ʻia ma ke ʻano he "waiwai ʻole e alakaʻi ʻia e nā poʻe loea kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa i ka mahiʻai a me nā ʻepekema meaʻai," ʻike ʻia e hoʻopunipuni ʻia ana nā mea kūʻai aku i ka hoʻolilo kālā hou aku no nā meaʻai meaola ma muli o nā hana hoʻopunipuni hoʻopunipuni a ka ʻoihanaola.

Pākuʻi ʻia nā poʻomanaʻo nūhou pāʻoihana: “Wehe ʻia nā meaola!” (Nūhou Brownfield) a me "ʻOihana Uihana e hoʻonui ʻia ana e ka hoʻopunipuni ʻana i nā mea kūʻai aku" (Ka Nūhou ʻenehana palekana palekana meaʻai), ke kuhi nei i nā mea i loaʻa ʻia e nā loea kūʻokoʻa i manaʻo ʻia.

"Ua kākoʻo ʻia e nā hui kūwaho o ka ʻepekema mahiʻai kūʻokoʻa, nā ʻepekema meaʻai, nā loea hoʻokele waiwai a me nā loio mai nā hui kūwaho i mahalo nui ʻia," e like me kā ka hui nūʻike hoʻōla.

Inā ʻaʻole maopopo ka kikoʻī e pili ana i ke kūʻokoʻa, pau ka hoʻolaha nūhou i kēia memo: "ʻAʻohe hakakā o ka nānā ʻana o ka Academics Review e pili ana i kēia paʻi, a me nā kumukūʻai pili āpau i uku ʻia no ka hoʻohana ʻana i kā mākou kālā laulā me ka ʻole o kekahi kikoʻī. mana a mea kuhikuhi paha.

ʻO ka mea i haʻi ʻole ʻia i loko o ka hōʻike, ka hoʻokuʻu nūhou a i ʻole ma ka pūnaewele: ʻO nā luna hoʻomalu no Monsanto Co., ka mea nāna e mālama i nā mahiʻai a me nā hua i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered genetically, a me nā mea kōkua nui ʻo Monsanto, e hana nei i ka ʻohi kālā ʻana no ka Review Academics, hana pū ʻia me ka hoʻolālā. a kūkākūkā pū nō hoʻi i nā hoʻolālā e hūnā i ke kālā ʻoihana, e like me nā leka uila i loaʻa mai iā US Right to Know ma o nā noi a ke Aupuni Freedom of Information (FOIA).

Maopopo ke kumu o Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka ʻoihana meaola: pāpā ʻia nā hua a me nā kemika o Monsanto mai ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka mahiʻai meaola, a ʻo kahi ʻāpana nui o ka leka ʻana a Monsanto ka mea ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o kāna huahana ma mua o nā meaola i mea hana e hoʻonui ai i ka hanaʻai honua.

Hāʻawi ka ʻatikala i kā Message a Monsanto 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia a loiloi ʻia e "ʻelua polofesa kūʻokoʻa ... ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe o ka honua," Bruce Chassy, ​​Ph.D., polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o ʻIlino, a me David Tribe, Ph.D., haʻi ʻōlelo ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne. . ʻO lākou koi ana ʻo ka hui "ʻae wale i nā makana palena ʻole mai nā kumu ʻoihana ʻole."

Eia naʻe ʻelua mau leka uila i ka makahiki 2010 e hōʻike ana i nā hoʻolālā e loaʻa kālā kālā no ka Review Academics ʻoiai e hūnā ʻia nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

I ka 11 Malaki 2010 hoʻokaʻaʻike email me Chassy, ​​Jay Byrne, ke poʻo o ka kamaʻilio ma Monsanto e holo nei i kēia manawa PR a me ka hale noiʻi noiʻi mākeke, hāʻawi ʻia e hana ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e kōkua i ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kālā ʻoihana no ka Review Academics.

Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Chassy i kona hoihoi i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka ʻokanika i loko o nā leka uila. "Makemake wau e loaʻa kahi inoa poʻokela ma waenakonu o ke aura ʻokanika e hoʻomaka ai nā missiles ballistic ..." kākau ʻo ia, "ʻAʻohe oʻu kālā."

Pane maila ʻo Byrne,

"ʻĀ, ʻōlelo wau e hana mua mākou i ke kālā (no mākou āpau) ma mua a me ka wikiwiki. Ua noi wau iā Val [Giddings, pelekikena hope o BIO, ka ʻahahui kālepa ʻoihana biotech] e hui ʻo ia a ʻoiai wau ma DC i kēia pule aʻe e hiki ai iā mākou (ʻaʻole ma o ka leka uila) ke kiʻi i kahi kiʻi maopopo o nā koho. no ka lawe ʻana i ka papahana Review Academic Review a me nā manawa kūpono i mua. ʻO ke "Center for Consumer Freedom" (ActivistCash.com) i hāʻawi i kēia kālā a hiki i ka ʻoi loa. "

Ua alakaʻi ʻia ʻo Center for Consumer Freedom e Rick Berman, kahi lobbyist i kapa ʻia ʻo “Kauka ʻino"A me ka"mōʻī o nā hui mua a me nā hoʻolaha"No kāna hana e paipai i ka ʻoihana paka a me nā pono ʻoihana ʻē aʻe ma lalo o ka uhi o nā hui leo ʻole.

"Manaʻo wau he manaʻo maikaʻi aʻe kā mākou," i haʻi aku ʻo Byrne iā Chassy.

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Byrne i kahi papa inoa “manawa kūpono” o nā pahuhopu i komo i loko o ka poʻe, nā hui a me nā ʻike koʻikoʻi o GMO a me Monsanto: Vandana Shiva, Andrew Kailrell, Ronnie Cummins, Sierra Club, Greenpeace, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, kā Michael Pollan puke “In Defense of ʻO ka meaʻai, "nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni" ʻAi, Inc "a me" The World Wahi a Monsanto, "a me ke" kumuhana kea i nā wahi pōpilikia āpau o ag-biotech (i waho o ke keʻa / haumia, nā pi, nā pepeiao, palekana kanaka, a pēlā aku ...) . ”

"ʻO kēia mau kānaka āpau, nā hui, nā ʻikepili a me nā kumuhana kumuhana ke ʻano o ke kālā no kahi ʻoihana o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi, ua kākau ʻo Byrne, me ka hoʻohui pū ʻana:

ʻO kēia mau kānaka āpau, nā hui, nā ʻikepili a me nā kumuhana kumuhana ke ʻano o ke kālā no kahi ʻoihana o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi.

"Manaʻo wau hiki iā Val a hiki iaʻu ke ʻike a lawelawe ma ke ʻano he kūpono (ʻaʻole aʻo) nā kaʻa kalepa e hiki ai iā mākou ke hoʻohui i kēia mau mea me ka papahana ma ke ʻano e kōkua ai e hōʻoia i ka hilinaʻi a me ke kūʻokoʻa (a no laila waiwai) o nā mea kōkua nui / nā mea nona… Manaʻo wau hiki i kā mākou lumi kuke lumi kuke ma aneʻi ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he kiaʻi puka (i kekahi mau manawa lawe i nā ʻauhau) no nā pane kūpono, hilinaʻi ʻia, nā inoculation a me nā hana proactive e hoʻohana nei i kēia papahana papahana ...

"Maikaʻi ke kani iaʻu," i pane aku ʻo Chassy. “Maopopo iaʻu e hōʻike mai ʻoe iaʻu i kāu mea e kūkākūkā ai.”

i ka hoʻololi leka uila me Chassy i kākau ʻia ma Nowemapa 30, 2010, ʻo Eric Sachs, kahi mea pili i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka hana no Monsanto, i kūkākūkā e ʻike i ke kākoʻo ʻoihana no ka Review Academics ʻoiai e "waiho ana iā Monsanto ma hope."

Ua kākau ʻo Sachs iā Chassy:

"ʻO ʻoe a me aʻu e pono e kamaʻilio hou e pili ana i ka" loiloi i kālaiʻike "pūnaewele a me ka manaʻo. Manaʻo wau aia kahi ala i kahi hana e pane maikaʻi ai i nā hopohopo ʻepekema a me nā hoʻopiʻi. Ua kaʻana like wau me Val i nehinei. Mai kuʻu kuanaʻike ʻo ka pilikia kekahi o ka hana loea a hiki ke hoʻonā ʻia e ka uku ʻana i ka poʻe loea e hāʻawi i nā pane. Ua kūkākūkā ʻoe me ʻoe i kēia i ka wā ma mua. Ua wehewehe ʻo Val i ka ʻanuʻu ʻekahi e hoʻokumu ana i kahi kūlana 501 (c) 3 no ka loaʻa kālā ʻole e kōkua ai i ka hōʻiliʻili kālā. Maopopo kēlā akā he mea hou aku. Ua kūkākūkā wau me Jerry Steiner i kēia lā (Kālā Hoʻokele Monsanto) a hiki ke kōkua i ka hoʻoulu ʻana iā CLI / BIO / CBI a me nā hui ʻē aʻe e kākoʻo. E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike. "

E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike.

Pili ʻo CLI / BIO / CBI i ʻekolu mau hui kālepa ʻoihana - Crop Life International, ka Biotechnology Innovation Organization a me ka ʻaha kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology - e hōʻike ana i nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa.

Ua pane aku ʻo Chassy iā Sachs, "ʻAe, pono mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka loiloi ʻo Academics. Manaʻo wau aia mākou ma ka ʻaoʻao like. ”

Ke nīnau pololei ʻia e pili ana i ke kālā, ua pane ʻo Chassy ma o ka leka uila: "ʻAʻole noi a ʻae paha ka loiloi Academics i nā kālā mai kekahi kumu no ka noiʻi kikoʻī a i ʻole nā ​​hana ʻē aʻe e pili ana i nā huahana, nā lawelawe a me nā ʻoihana. ʻAe wale ka loiloi Academics i nā makana palena ʻole ʻia mai nā kumu ʻoihana ʻole e kākoʻo i kā mākou hana. "

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua hoʻopili ʻia ka loiloi Academics a hōʻike ʻole i kahi loaʻa kālā ma 2012 a ua hāʻawi ʻo ia i ka palapala IRS 990s no 2013 a 2014 (ʻānō i kau ʻia ma ka pūnaewele). Hōʻike kēlā mau palapala i $ 419,830 i nā loaʻa kālā akā ʻaʻole i pili kahi ʻike e pili ana i nā mea hāʻawi. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Chassy i nā noi e hāʻawi i kēlā ʻike.

ʻO ka Press Press "Kūʻokoʻa" Attack on Organic

Hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka loiloi ʻana i ka Academics Marketing i loko o ʻApelila 2014 i kahi kolepa paʻa o ka pāheka ʻoihana kālepa e hōʻike nei i nā mea i loaʻa i nā "noiʻi kūʻokoʻa".

• "Ua komo ka ʻoihana ʻAi Meaola i loko o ka hōʻike hōʻike koi 'Multisade Decade Public Disinformation Campaign" (Mea Hoʻokele Meaʻai)

• "Hōʻike: ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa Loaʻa 25 mau makahiki o ka ulu wikiwiki ʻana ma o ka makaʻu a me ka hoʻopunipuni" (Nuhou Palekana Mea ʻai)

• "Kahi hoʻopiʻi weliweli o ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā meaʻai meaola" (Hoard's Dairyman)

• "Ke hoʻohana nei i ka makaʻu ma ke ʻano he hokona" (Nūhou Pāʻoihana ʻAi)

I ka New York Post, Ua kūkulu ʻo Naomi Schaffer Riley i kahi hihia kūʻē iā "tyranny of the organic mommy mafia" ka mea i hoʻopunipuni ʻia e nā hana kalepa disingenuous o ka ʻoihana ʻokanika. ʻO kāna mau kumuwaiwai ka hōʻike o ka Academics Review a me Julie Gunlock, ka mea kākau o kahi puke e pili ana i ka "moʻomeheu hoʻoweliweli."

ʻAʻole i haʻi aku ʻo Riley iā Gunlock, a ʻo Riley ponoʻī nō hoʻi luna mau hoa ma ka Independent Women Forum, kahi hui nā kālā nui na Donors Trust, ka mea i hoʻouka ʻoihana hui panakō ma nā ʻuniona, nā kula lehulehu a me nā ʻepekema aniau.

I ka Nā inoa o Des Moines, ʻO John R. Block, kahi mea kākau o ka mahiʻai ma mua o ʻAmelika e hana nei no kahi keʻena loio e lobbies no nā pono agribusiness, i hōʻike ʻia ma ka “blockbuster report” na Academics Review a me nā mea i loaʻa i ka ʻā huna a ka ʻenehana ke kūleʻa i ke kūleʻa ʻo “marketing black. ”

ka hui pūʻulu mua ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, ka mea loaʻa kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a ma kahi a Chassy e lawelawe ai ma ke ʻano he aʻoaʻo ʻepekema, ua hoʻokau i ke kumuhana "ʻeleʻele kūʻai" i nā ʻatikala na ka pelekikena o ACSH. Lākana Hank a ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa Hoover Institute i lawelawe ma ke ʻano he waha ʻōlelo i nā pāʻoihana no ka hoʻāʻo e pepehi i ka lepili GMO ma Kaleponi, a ʻo Monsanto ka kēpau kēpau.

Miller, ka mea i lōʻihi kona mōʻaukala o ka hana ʻana kūpono ʻole nā ​​koi ʻepekema i ke kākoʻo o nā pono ʻoihana, ua hoʻohana pū ʻia ka hōʻike loiloi ʻo Academics Review ma ke ʻano he kumu no ka hoʻouka kauaola i Newsweek a me ka ʻO ka'ōiwi kūkā, a koi ma ka Wall Street Pai ʻaʻole kūpaʻa kēlā mahiʻai ʻokanika.

Holo nā poʻomanaʻo anti-organic like me nā kahawai PR ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe.

Nā Pane GMO, a pūnaewele puni honua kūʻai hāʻawi kālā ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai nui ʻEono (a ma hea Chassy a Nā lāhui lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "loea kūʻokoʻa"), paipai i nā manaʻo i nā meaola ʻaʻohe ʻoi aku ke olakinoʻaʻole maikaʻi no ke kaiapuni he polokalamu kālepa wale nō - ʻoiai, ʻo ka mea kupanaha, ua hoʻokumu ʻo PR firm e holo nei i nā pane GMO i kahi hui kūikawā ma Kapalakiko e hoʻāʻo ai kālā ma ka makeke kūlohelohe.

ʻO ka waha ʻōlelo kiʻekiʻe o Monsanto, ʻO Robb Fraleyno hoi pinepine trashes ka ke aloha hana on kona Twitter ʻai.

Hele ka lehulehu i ke kahe kālā; Hele mālie ka hōʻike loiloi 

Ma Malaki 2016, ua hōʻike ʻo Monica Eng no WBEZ ma nā palapala e hōʻike ana ua uku ʻo Monsanto iā Professor Bruce Chassy ma mua o $ 57,000 ma kahi o 23 mau mahina e huakaʻi, kākau a kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā GMO - kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i ka lehulehu.

Wahi a ka noiʻi a Eng, ʻo ke kālā he ʻāpana o $ 5.1 miliona ma ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i hoʻouna ʻia e Monsanto ma o ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Foundation i nā limahana o ke kulanui a me nā papahana ma waena o 2005 a 2015.

"ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Chassy i kāna pili kālā me Monsanto e pili ana i nā mokuʻāina a i ʻole ke kula nui e ʻimi ana i nā hakakā kūlia paha," i hōʻike aku ai ʻo Eng.

"Hōʻike hou nā palapala i ke kuhikuhi ʻana o Chassy a me ke kula nui iā Monsanto e waiho i nā uku ma o ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Foundation, kahi kino nona nā moʻolelo i pale ʻia mai ka nānā lehulehu ʻana. He hiki nō i ke kahua ke lawe i kālā pilikino a hāʻawi aku iā ia i kekahi kanaka ma ke ʻano he 'uku kulanui' - hoʻokuʻu ʻia mai ka hōʻike ʻana.

I Ianuali 2016, ʻo Carey Gillam, ka luna noiʻi o US Right to Know, haʻi ʻia ma nā leka uila e hōʻike ana i kahe mai he mau haneli haneli mau kālā mai Monsanto a i ke Kulanui o ʻIlino “ʻoiai ʻo Chassy i hana pū i nā papahana he nui me Monsanto e kūʻē i nā hopohopo lehulehu e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻoponopono ʻia i nā genetically (GMO) - ʻoiai lākou e kū ana ma ke ʻano he kula kūʻokoʻa no kahi ʻaha lehulehu. ”

"ʻO ka mea āu e ʻike ai i ka heluhelu ʻana ma o nā kaulahao leka uila kahi hoʻonohonoho i ʻae ʻia i nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana e ʻahuʻula i ka leka pro-GMO i loko o kahi pale o ka ʻike kūʻokoʻa, a liʻiliʻi, inā he mea, e hōʻike ākea i ka pili o hope." .

ka i ka leka hope ma ka Pūnaewele Nānā ʻImi, ma ka lā 2 Kepakemapa 2015, kahi blog e Chassy e wehewehe ana e hoʻolaha ʻia kekahi o kāna mau leka uila ma muli o nā noi a FOIA o US Right to Know, kahi āna i hōʻike ai he hōʻeha i kāna 40 mau makahiki o ʻepekema lehulehu, ka noiʻi a me ke aʻo ʻana.

ʻO ke kākoʻo kālā mai ka ʻāpana pilikino no ka noiʻi ʻāpana lehulehu a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana he "kūpono, maʻa mau a pono e hoʻonui i ka pono o ka lehulehu," i kākau ʻo Chassy. "Pono ia kākoʻo, a ma kaʻu mau ʻike āpau a pau, aniani moakaka a hana ʻia ma lalo o nā kulekele kūpili koʻikoʻi o nā keʻena lehulehu e pōmaikaʻi nei mai nā ʻāpana pilikino a i ʻole nā ​​hāʻawi kālā pilikino."

I ʻekolu mau lā ma hope mai, ua hoʻolaha mua ʻia kekahi o nā leka uila a Chassy i kahi ʻaoʻao mua New York Times ʻatikala na ka mea kākau moʻolelo lanakila ʻelua Pulitzer Prize ʻo Eric Lipton. Ua hōʻike ʻo Lipton ua hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto iā Chassy i kahi kālā no kahi kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma 2011 no "ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo."

Ua haʻi aku ʻo Chassy iā Lipton ʻo ke kālā i loaʻa iā ia mai Monsanto "ua kōkua ʻo ia e hāpai i kona leo ma o ka huakaʻi ʻana, kahi pūnaewele āna i hana ai a me nā mea ʻē aʻe."

Ke kiʻi mau nei i ka Press ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa 

ʻOiai nā hōʻike i nā leka uila a me ka hōʻike ʻana o kā Chassy pili kālā iā Monsanto, ka Pūnaewele Nūhou Review a me kāna hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana olaola i kau ʻia ma ka pūnaewele me nā wehewehe āpau e koi ana i ke kūʻokoʻa.

A ʻoliʻoli mau ʻo Chassy i ka uhi kaomi ma ke ʻano he loea "kūʻokoʻa" ma GMO. I Mei 2016, ʻelua kaʻawale hui pu Press moʻolelo Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Chassy e pili ana i kēlā kumuhana. ʻAʻole kekahi moʻolelo i haʻi ʻia i kā Chassy pili pili kālā lehulehu i kēia manawa iā Monsanto.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai ʻo US Right to Know. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke lanakila, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry" (New Society 2007). 

Ke kikowaena no ka Freedom Consumer - nā mea nui

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hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo

* Hoʻokumu ʻia ma 1995 ma ke ʻano he Network Choice Guest

* Hāʻawi ʻo Phillip Morris i $ 600,000 i ke kālā hua no ka hui

* Hoʻohana ʻia nā kālā ʻoihana paka, e hakakā me nā pāpā puhi paka

* Ma kahi o 40% o nā lilo i hoʻolilo ʻia i Center for Consumer Freedom (CCF) mea hoʻokumu lobbying a Rick Berman

* Ua alakaʻi ʻia nā uku i ke keʻena lobbying Berman iā Charity Navigator e hoʻokau i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ka mea hāʻawi kokua iā CCF

* MANAWA: Attacks on Humane Society "kahi haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa"

ʻO ke kikowaena no ke kūʻokoʻa mea kūʻai aku i kākoʻo mua ʻia e ka ʻaka a me nā ʻoihana ʻAiʻaina e hakakā i nā pāpā ma ka puhipaka ʻana i nā hale ʻāina

E like me ka Hawaii Post, ke kikowaena no ke kūʻokoʻa o nā mea kūʻai aku - a laila kapa ʻia ʻo ka Guest Choice Network - i loaʻa kālā mua ʻia me ka "ʻoihana paka a me nā kālā hale ʻaina e hakakā me nā puhi paka ʻana i nā hale ʻaina."

ka Post ua hōʻike ʻo "Philip Morris USA Inc. ua hoʻohiki ʻo ia i $ 600,000 - ka hapa nui o nā kālā hua - no ka hui a Berman i ka makahiki 1995. Ua ʻōlelo ka hui e pono i kahi kākāʻōlelo ʻo ia ka 'insider ʻoihana hoʻokipa a me kahi kanaka akamai i ka hana kānāwai." i hōʻiliʻili ʻia ma ke ʻano he hoʻopiʻi o ka mokuʻāina kūʻē i nā hui paka. " [Hawaii Post, 4 / 27 / 05]

TIME ua hōʻike ʻia i ka 2013 ua kālā kālā ʻia ka hui e ke kālā mai Philip Morris, a ua hana ʻia e hāpai i nā “pono puhipaka” i nā hale ʻaina a me nā ʻoihana hoʻokipa. [TIME, 8 / 12 / 13]

Mai nā aʻa i kākoʻo kālā ʻia i ka paka, ua hoʻonui ʻo CCF i nā wahi hoihoi ʻē aʻe o ka hoihoi

Ma hope o ka hoʻololi ʻana o kona inoa i ka Center for Consumer Freedom i ka makahiki 2001, ua hōʻike ʻo Wakinekona Post e "ua hoʻololi i ka nānā ʻana i nā pilikia meaʻai a me nā mea inu, i hāpai ʻia e nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka momona, nā maʻi bipi mad a me nā huahana i hoʻoponopono hou ʻia." [Hawaii Post, 4 / 27 / 05]

TIME ua hōʻike ʻia ma 2013 ua hoʻonui ʻia ʻo CCF e hoʻolaulaha i ka ʻai ʻana i ka ʻiʻo, a me ke kūʻē ʻana i nā hōʻike ʻepekema e pili ana i nā pilikia o ka mercury a me ka syrup kānana fructose kiʻekiʻe. [TIME, 8 / 12 / 13]

Ma luna o 40% o nā lilo a CCF i hele iā Berman a me ka hui mai 2002-2012

ʻO ka papa ma lalo nei e kikoʻī ana i ka nui o nā lilo a CCF a uku ʻia e CCF iā Berman a me ka Hui mai ka makahiki ʻauhau 2002 a hiki i ka makahiki ʻauhau 2012.

I loko o kēlā wā, ma mua o 40% o nā lilo CCF a pau i hele i Berman a me Company, a i loko o ʻelima o kēlā mau makahiki (2002, 2007, 2008, 2010 a me 2011) ʻoi aku i ka hapalua o nā lilo a CCF i hele iā Berman a me Kamupene.

auhauMakahiki Ka huinaNā lilo Uku uku i Berman a me Kamupene % o na Lilo iBerman a me Kamupene
2012 $1,024,582 $246,874 24.10%
2011 $2,121,780 $1,294,488 61.01%
2010 $2,640,780 $1,682,126 63.70%
2009 $8,831,659 $1,461,597 16.55%
2008 $1,594,299 $1,043,604 65.46%
2007 $1,951,753 $1,562,280 80.04%
2006 $3,291,050 $1,190,512 36.17%
2005 $3,818,769 $1,623,186 42.51%
2004 $3,246,452 $1,435,056 44.20%
2003 $2,752,519 $1,252,344 45.50%
2002 $1,970,803 $1,044,553 53.00%
TOTAL $33,244,446 $13,836,620 41.62%

[CCF IRS palapala 990 waiho inoa]

Nā uku nui a CCF iā Berman Led Charity Navigator e hoʻopuka i kahi aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo

ʻO Charity Navigator, ka mea loiloi loiloi kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa nui o ʻAmelika, i kēia manawa he Kūkākūkā Donorory e pili ana iā CCF.

Ma ke aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Charity Navigator ua hōʻike kā lākou kālailai ʻana i ka CCS 2011 IRS Form 990 i ka hapa nui o nā lilo a CCF i uku ʻia iā Berman a me Company, a "ʻike mākou i ka hana o kahi hana manawaleʻa no nā lawelawe hoʻokele me kahi ʻoihana i mālama ʻia e kēlā aloha at CEO o ke aloha ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia i ka hana ʻana o nā limahana manawaleʻa ʻē aʻe. ” [Aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo hāʻawi manawaleʻa]

ʻO kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka hana ʻana i nā hana hewa i nā hui i mahalo ʻia

ʻO ka Center for Consumer Freedom kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka hana hewa ʻana a kūwaho hoʻi i nā hui hanohano, e like me ka Humane Society, Mothers Against Drunk Driving a ʻo Trout Unlimited hoʻi.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Berman he ʻaoʻao kolohe kā lākou mau hui. " [Hawaii Post, 4 / 27 / 05]

TIME: ʻO Attacks ma Humane Society kahi "Low Blow"

IʻAukake 2013, TIME ua hōʻike e pili ana i ke kālā a CCF o nā hoʻolaha e hoʻouka nei i ka Humane Society.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia nā hoʻolaha he 1% wale nō o nā loaʻa kālā a Humane Society i hele i nā hale kūloko, kahi hoʻouka kaua TIME i kapa ʻia ʻo "haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa." [TIME, 8 / 12 / 13]