ʻO International Institute of Science Institute (ILSI) kahi ʻoihana Lobby ʻoihana ʻona

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ʻO ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI) kahi hui nonprofit i hoʻolako kālā ʻia i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Wakinekona DC, me 17 mokuna pili a puni ka honua. ILSI hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he hui e alakaʻi i ka "ʻepekema no ka pono lehulehu" a "hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino a me ke olakino kanaka a palekana i ke kaiapuni." Eia nō naʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā noiʻi ʻana e nā poʻe kālaiʻike, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea noiʻi hoihoi i ka lehulehu he hui lobby ia e pale ana i nā pono o ka ʻoihana meaʻai, ʻaʻole ke olakino lehulehu.

Nūhou hou:

  • Ua uhaʻi ʻo Coca-Cola i kona mau pilina lōʻihi me ILSI. ʻO kēia neʻe "kahi hahau i ka ʻoihana meaʻai ikaika i ʻike ʻia no kāna noiʻi pro-kō a me nā kulekele," Hōʻikeʻiaʻo Bloomberg i Ianuali 2021.  
  • Ua kōkua ʻo ILSI i ka hui ʻo Coca-Cola i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i ka kulekele momona ma Kina, e like me kahi noiʻi o Kepakemapa 2020 i ka Ka Nūpepa o nā politika politika, nā kulekele a me nā kānāwai na Harvard Polofesa ʻo Susan Greenhalgh. "Ma lalo o ka haʻiʻōlelo a ka lehulehu o ka ʻepekema kaulike ʻole o ILSI a ʻaʻohe mea e pili ana i ke kulekele e waiho i kahi maze o nā ʻoihana huna huna ʻia i hoʻohana ʻia e holomua i ko lākou mau pono. Ke hana nei ma waena o kēlā mau kahawai, ua hoʻohuli ʻo Coca Cola i ka ʻepekema a me ka hana ʻana a Kina i kēlā me kēia pae i ke kaʻina kulekele, mai ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pilikia a hiki i ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā kulekele kūhelu, "pau ka pepa.

  • Loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hoʻohui i nā hōʻike hou aʻe ʻo ILSI kahi hui ʻoihana meaʻai mua. A Mei 2020 hoʻopaʻa i ka Nutr Health Health ma muli o nā palapala i hōʻike ʻia "kahi ʻano o ka hana a ILSI i ʻimi ai e hoʻohana i ka hilinaʻi o nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaiʻike e hoʻoikaika i nā kūlana ʻoihana a hoʻonui i nā ʻike i hoʻolālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana i loko o kāna mau hālāwai, puke pai, a me nā hana ʻē aʻe." E ʻike i ka uhi ʻana ma The BMJ, Ua ʻimi ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu e hoʻohuli i nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaihana, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila  (5.22.20)

  • ʻO ka hōʻike hōʻike moʻokalaleo ʻo ʻApelila 2020 ninaninau pehea i hoʻohana ai nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu i ka ILSI e komo i loko o ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kālā Alakaʻi US, a holomua i ke kulekele ʻai pono a puni ka honua. E ʻike i ka uhi ʻana ma The BMJ, ʻOi aku ka mana o ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea inu momona ma luna o nā kulekele papaʻai US, wahi a ka hōʻike (4.24.20) 

  • Ke noiʻi nei ʻo New York Times na Andrew Jacobs e hōʻike nei i kahi kahu o ka ʻoihana hoʻopukapuka ʻole ILSI aʻoaʻo i ke aupuni India e kūʻē i ka hele mua ʻana me nā lepili hōʻailona no nā meaʻai pono ʻole. Ka Manawa ho'ākāka 'ia ILSI ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana malu" a "ʻo ka hui ʻoihana meaʻai ikaika loa āu i lohe ʻole ai." (9.16.19) ʻO ka Times i kuhikuhi ʻia a Iune hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ma Globalization a me Health i kākau ʻia e Gary Ruskin o US Right to Know e hōʻike nei e hana ana ʻo ILSI ma ke ʻano he lobby arm no kāna mea kālā a me nā mea kōkua kālā pesticide.

  • ka Hōʻike ʻo New York Times ʻo ka pili ILSI i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o Bradley C. Johnston, kahi mea kākau o ʻelima mau noi hou e koi ana i ka ʻulaʻula a me kaʻiʻo i hana ʻia ʻaʻole pilikia pilikia olakino. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Johnston i nā ʻano hana like i loko o kahi noi i kālā kālā ʻia e ILSI e koi ai i ka kō ʻaʻole pilikia. (10.4.19)

  • ʻO kā blog blog politika a Marion Nestle, ILSI: hōʻike ʻia nā kala maoli (10.3.19)

Pili ʻo ILSI iā Coca-Cola 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo ILSI ma 1978 e Alex Malaspina, he pelekikena hope poʻokela ma Coca-Cola i hana no Coke mai 1969-2001. Ua mālama paʻa ʻo Coca-Cola i ka pilina me ILSI. ʻO Michael Ernest Knowles, ka VP a Coca-Cola o ka ʻepekema a me nā hana hoʻoponopono honua mai 2008-2013, i pelekikena o ILSI mai 2009-2011. I 2015, Peresidena o ILSI ʻO Rhona Applebaum, ʻo wai ua hoʻomaha loa mai kāna hana ma ke ʻano he luna olakino a ʻepekema hoʻi ʻo Coca-Cola (a mai ILSI) i ka 2015 ma hope o ka New York Times a hui pu Press ua hōʻike ʻo Coke i kālā kālā no ka nonprofit Global Energy Balance Network e kōkua i ka hoʻohuli i ka hōʻino no ka momona mai nā mea inu momona.  

Kālā kālā 

Hāʻawi kālā ʻia ʻo ILSI e kāna nā lālā ʻoihana a me nā kākoʻo o ka ʻoihana, me ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kemika. Hoʻomaopopo ʻo ILSI i ka loaʻa kālā ʻana mai ka ʻoihana akā ʻaʻole ia e hōʻike ākea i ka poʻe nāna e hāʻawi a i ka nui o kā lākou hāʻawi. Hōʻike kā mākou noiʻi:

  • Nā hāʻawi ʻoihana i ka ILSI Global i $ 2.4 miliona i ka makahiki 2012. Ua komo pū kēia me $ 528,500 mai CropLife International, kahi $ 500,000 hāʻawi mai Monsanto a $ 163,500 mai Coca-Cola.
  • A draft 2013 hoʻihoʻi ʻauhau ILSI hōʻike iā ILSI i loaʻa iā $ 337,000 mai Coca-Cola a ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 100,000 i kēlā me kēia mea mai Monsanto, Syngenta, Dow Agrisciences, Pioneer Hi-Bred, Bayer CropScience a me BASF.
  • A draft 2016 hoʻihoʻi ʻauhau ʻo ILSI ʻAmelika Hema hōʻike i kahi hāʻawi $ 317,827 mai PepsiCo, nā hāʻawi i ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 200,000 mai Mars, Coca-Cola, a me Mondelez, a me nā hāʻawi i ʻoi aku ma mua o $ 100,000 mai General Mills, Nestle, Kellogg, Hershey, Kraft, Dr. Pepper, Snapple Group, Starbucks Coffee, Cargill, Uniliver lāua ʻo Campbell Soup.  

Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka ʻimi ʻana o ILSI e hoʻohuli i ke kulekele e hoʻolaha i nā ʻike ʻoihana 

A Mei 2020 hoʻopaʻa haʻawina i ka Nutr Health Health hoʻohui i hōʻike i ka ILSI kahi hui ʻoihana meaʻai mua. ʻO ke aʻo ʻana, e pili ana i nā palapala i loaʻa i ka US Right to Know ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu o ka mokuʻāina, e hōʻike ana i ka paipai ʻana o ka ILSI i nā makemake o nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, e like me ko ILSI kuleana i ka pale ʻana i nā mea hana kontroversial a me ke kāohi ʻana i nā manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole i ka ʻoihana. hiki i nā ʻoihana e like me Coca-Cola ke hāʻawi i nā kōkua i ka ILSI no nā papahana kikoʻī. a, pehea e hoʻohana aiʻo ILSI i nā kālaihana no kā lākou mana akā eʻae i ka mana hūnāʻia o kaʻoihana i kā lākou puke pai.

Hōʻike ka noiʻi i nā kikoʻī hou e pili ana i kahi kālā e hoʻolako kālā ai iā ILSI a me kāna mau lālā, me nā haneli he mau kaukani kālā i nā hāʻawi i hoʻopaʻa ʻia mai ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā mea ʻai, soda a me nā hui kemika

A Iune 2019 pepa ma Globalization a me ke olakino hāʻawi i kekahi mau laʻana o ka holomua o ka ILSI i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana meaʻai, keu hoʻi e ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka ʻepekema ʻoluʻolu ʻoihana a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā mea hana politika. Hoʻokumu ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know ma o nā kānāwai moolelo lehulehu lehulehu.  

Ua hoʻopau nā mea noiʻi: "ʻImi ʻo ILSI i ka hoʻohuli ʻana i nā kanaka, nā kūlana, a me nā kulekele, ma ka pae ʻāina a me ka honua, a me kāna mau lālā ʻoihana e hoʻolilo iā ia i mea hana e paipai i ko lākou mau pono āpau. Mālama ko mākou kālailai ʻana o ka ILSI i ka poʻe e pili ana i ka noho olakino olakino e makaʻala i nā hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, a e hoʻomaʻamaʻa pono ma mua o ka hilinaʻi ʻana i kā lākou noi kālā kālā ʻia a / a i ʻole ke komo ʻana i ka pilina me ia mau hui. "   

Ua hōʻino ʻo ILSI i ka hakakā momona ma Kina

I Ianuali 2019, ʻelua mau pepa e ʻO Harvard Professor Susan Greenhalgh ua hōʻike i ko ILSI mana nui i ke aupuni Kina e pili ana i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka momona. Palapala nā pepa i ka hana ʻana a Coca-Cola a me nā hui ʻē aʻe ma o ka lālā Kina o ILSI e hoʻohuli ai i nā makahiki he 2 o ka ʻepekema Kina a me nā kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i ka momona a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka papaʻai e like me Type XNUMX diabetes a me hypertension. Heluhelu i nā pepa:

Ua hoʻonohonoho maikaʻi ʻia ʻo ILSI ma Kina e hana ia mai loko mai o ka Center o ke aupuni no ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi a me ka pale ʻana ma Beijing.

Ua kākau nā pepa a Professor Geenhalgh i ke ʻano o ke kōkua ʻana o Coca-Cola a me nā mea nui ʻē aʻe o ke komohana a me nā mea inu mea inu "i ke kōkua ʻana i nā makahiki he umi o ka ʻepekema Kina a me nā kulekele lehulehu e pili ana i ka momona a me nā maʻi e pili ana i ka papaʻai" e ka hana ʻana ma o ILSI e mahi i nā luna nui Kina "i ka hoʻāʻo e kāpae i ka ke neʻe nei ka neʻe no ka hoʻoponopono meaʻai a me nā ʻauhau soda i hala i ke komohana, "i hōʻike ʻia e ka New York Times.  

Nā noiʻi noiʻi hou aʻe mai US Right to Know e pili ana iā ILSI 

Ua pau ka UCSF ʻoihana Paka ʻOihana Paka 6,800 palapala e pili ana iā ILSI.  

Ke aʻo ʻana i ke kō ILSI “mai loko mai o ka puke pāʻani ʻoihana paka”

Hoʻāhewa nā loea olakino lehulehu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ILSI hoʻopaʻa haʻawina kō i paʻi ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai lapaʻau koʻikoʻi i ka makahiki 2016 kahi "hōʻeha hōʻeha i nā ʻōlelo aʻo olakino honua e ʻai i ke kō," ua hōʻike ʻo Anahad O'Connor ma The New York Times. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ka noiʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ILSI e pili ana nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e hōʻoki i ke kō i nā hōʻike nāwaliwali a ʻaʻole hiki ke hilinaʻi ʻia.  

ʻO ka moʻolelo Times i haʻi ʻia ʻo Marion Nestle, he polofesa ma ke Kulanui o New York nāna i aʻo i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i ka noiʻi meaʻai, ma ke aʻo ʻana a ILSI: "He laʻana maʻamau kēia o ka pehea e kākoʻo ai ke kākoʻo kālā i nā ʻoihana. He mea hoʻohilahila. ” 

Ua hoʻohana nā ʻoihana paka i ka ILSI e kāpae i ke kulekele 

ʻO kahi hōʻike o Iulai 2000 e kahi kōmike kūʻokoʻa o ka World Health Organization i hōʻike ʻia i kekahi mau ala a kahi ʻoihana paka i hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hana kūpaʻa WHO, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pūʻulu ʻepekema e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻoholo ʻana a WHO a me ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e pili ana i nā hopena olakino. o ka paka. Ua hana nui ʻo ILSI i kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, e like me kahi hōʻike hihia ma ILSI i hele pū me ka hōʻike. "Hōʻike nā mea i ʻike ʻia ua hoʻohana ʻia ʻo ILSI e kekahi mau ʻoihana paka e keakea i nā kulekele mālama paka. Ua pili pololei nā mea lawe keʻena kiʻekiʻe ma ILSI i kēia mau hana, ”e like me ka hōʻike hihia. E nānā: 

Aia i ka UCSF ʻoihana Paka ʻoihana Paka ma mua o 6,800 palapala e pili ana iā ILSI

Ua kōkua nā alakaʻi o ILSI i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he mau noho o ka panela kī 

I ka Mei 2016, ua nānā ʻia ʻo ILSI ma hope o nā hōʻike e hōʻike ana i ka pelekikena hope o ILSI ʻEulopa, ʻo Professor Alan Boobis, he luna hoʻomalu nō hoʻi no ka papa UN no ka loaʻa ʻana o ka kemikala o Monsanto. Glyphosate ʻaʻole paha e kū i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai ma o ka papaʻai. ʻO ka luna noho o ka UN Joint Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR), ʻo Professor Angelo Moretto, he lālā o ka hui ʻo ILSI's Health and Environment Services Institute. ʻAʻole kekahi o nā noho JMPR i hōʻike i ko lākou alakaʻi alakaʻi ILSI ma ke ʻano he hakakā o ka hoihoi, ʻoiai ka nā hāʻawi kālā koʻikoʻi i loaʻa i ka ILSI mai Monsanto a me ka hui kālepa ʻoihana pesticide. E nānā: 

Nā pilina ʻoluʻolu a ILSI ma nā Kikowaena ʻAmelika no ka Mōʻī a me ka Kāohi ʻana i ka maʻi  

I ka mahinaʻo Iune 2016, Ua hōʻike ʻo US Right to Know ʻo Kauka Barbara Bowman, ka luna o kahi mahele CDC i hoʻopiʻi ʻia me ka pale ʻana i nā maʻi puʻuwai a me ka hahau, ua hoʻāʻo e kōkua i ka mea hoʻokumu a ILSI ʻo Alex Malaspina e hoʻohuli i nā luna o ka World Health Organization e kāpae i nā kulekele e hoʻemi i ka ʻai kō. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bowman i ka poʻe a me nā hui no Malaspina e kamaʻilio pū, a noi i kāna mau manaʻo e pili ana i kekahi hōʻuluʻulu o nā hōʻike a CDC, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila. (Bowman hele i lalo ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kā mākou ʻatikala mua e hōʻike nei i kēia pili.)

Kēia Ianuali 2019 hoʻopaʻa i ka Milbank Quarterly wehewehe i nā leka uila nui o Malaspina e ʻoluʻolu ana iā Dr. Bowman. No ka hōʻike hou aku e pili ana i kēia kumuhana, e nānā: 

Hoʻolaha ʻo ILSI ma ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kālā Alakaʻi US

hōʻike e ka hui ʻāpono ʻole Hui Pūʻali palapala e pili ana i ka mana o ka ILSI ma luna o nā kulekele papaʻaiʻai US ma o ke komo ʻana o ke Kōmike Aʻoaʻo Kūkā Alakaʻi ʻAmelika. Nānā ka hōʻike i ka hoʻopili politika nui o nā transnationals meaʻai a me nā mea inu e like me Coca-Cola, McDonald's, Nestlé, a me PepsiCo, a pehea i hoʻonui ai kēia mau ʻoihana i ka International Life Science Institute e hōʻino i ka holomua ma ke kulekele meaʻai ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

Ka mana ILSI ma India 

Ua hōʻike ka New York Times e pili ana i ka mana o ILSI ma India ma kāna ʻatikala i kapa ʻia, "ʻO kahi hui ʻoihana Shadowy e hoʻohālikelike i nā kulekele ʻai a puni ka honua. "

He pilina pili loa ko ILSI i kekahi mau luna aupuni ʻInia a, e like me Kina, ua hoʻokau ka mea kōkua ʻole i nā leka like a me nā noi kulekele e like me Coca-Cola - hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ke kuleana o ke kō a me ka papaʻai ma ke kumu o ka momona, a me ka paipai ʻana i ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka hoʻoikaika kino ʻana ma ke ʻano he hopena. , e like me ka India Resource Center. 

ʻO nā lālā o ka papa kahu o ka hui ʻo ILSI India e pili pū ana me kā Coca-Cola India luna hoʻokele a me nā ʻelele mai Nestlé a me Ajinomoto, kahi hui hoʻohui meaʻai, me nā luna aupuni e lawelawe ana i nā ʻepekema ʻepekema e hana ʻia me ka hoʻoholo ʻana e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana meaʻai.  

Nā hopohopo lōʻihi e pili ana iā ILSI 

Koi ʻo ILSI ʻaʻole ia he hui lobby ʻoihana, akā lōʻihi nā hopohopo a me nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i nā kūlana pro-ʻoihana o ka hui a me nā hakakā o ka hoihoi i waena o nā alakaʻi o ka hui. E ʻike, no ka laʻana:

Hoʻoponopono i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana meaʻai, Nā Lapaʻau Kūlohelohe (2019)

Hōʻole ka ʻoihana meaʻai i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi-of-interest. Akā ʻo ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i nā pilina ʻoihana e hōʻino paha i ka hanohano o ke kino o ʻEulopa, Kūlohelohe (2010)

Nā Meaʻai Nui vs. ʻO Tim Noakes: Ke Kaua Hope loa, Mālama i ke Kānāwai Kino, na Russ Greene (1.5.17) 

Mea ʻai maoli ma ka hoʻāʻo, na Kauka Tim Noakes lāua ʻo Marika Sboros (Columbus Publishing 2019). Ua wehewehe ka puke "i ka hoʻopiʻi mua ʻole ʻia a me ka hoʻomaʻau ʻia o Professor Tim Noakes, he ʻepekema hanohano a me ke kauka lapaʻau, i kahi hihia nui miliona i hoʻonui ʻia ma mua o ʻehā mau makahiki. ʻO nā mea a pau no kahi leka hoʻokahi e hāʻawi ana i kona manaʻo no ka meaʻai. "

E wehe i ka leka i STAT: ʻO kēia ka manawa no nā Kūlana Transparency ʻoi aku ka ikaika

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E Rick Berke a me Gideon Gil,

I ka manawa e nīnau ana ka lehulehu i ka pono o ka nūhou - a me ka ʻepekema ponoʻī - he mea nui ia no nā hoʻopuka olakino a ʻepekema e like me STAT e lawelawe i ka lehulehu me ka nui o ka ʻoiaʻiʻo a me ka transparency i hiki. Kākau mākou e noi iā ʻoe e neʻe i mua ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi e hoʻoponopono i kahi pilikia koʻikoʻi i ka uhi ʻepekema: ke hoʻoweliweli ʻia nei nā mea heluhelu e nā ʻoihana e hoʻokuʻi nei i nā papahana kulekele ma o nā mea kākau PR e hoʻohālikelike nei i ke kūʻokoʻa akā ʻaʻole.

Ma Pepeluali 26, ua hōʻole ʻo STAT i kāna kuleana i ka lehulehu e hāʻawi i ka transparency ke hoʻopuka ʻia kahi manaʻo kolamu na Henry Miller, ʻoiai ua paʻa ʻo Miller i ka paʻi ʻana i ka hana a Monsanto-ghostwritten ma lalo o kona inoa ponoʻī ma Forbes.

Ma hope o ka New York Times Ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻōlelo hōʻino a Miller i ʻAukake 2017, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo Forbes iā Miller ma ke ʻano he kolamu a kāpae i kāna mau ʻatikala āpau no ka mea ua haki ʻo ia i ke kulekele a Forbes e koi ana i nā mea kākau manaʻo e hōʻike i nā hakakā o ka hoihoi, a e hoʻopuka wale i kā lākou hana ponoʻī - pono e hoʻohana pū kekahi kahi kulekele STAT. (Hoʻohou: Loaʻa i ka STAT ka hakakā o ka hoihoi kulekele hoʻolaha ma aneʻi a haʻi mai iā mākou ʻaʻole i haʻi ʻo Miller i nā hakakā.)

Ma hope o ka māhele ghostwriting, ua hoʻomau ka hana a Miller e hāpai i nā hae ʻulaʻula koʻikoʻi.

ʻO kāna kolamu hou e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika i Newsweek ua lawe ʻia me ka ʻike i hāʻawi ʻia e kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo Monsanto mua, ʻo Jay Byrne, ka mea i hōʻike ʻole ʻia kona pilina me Monsanto, a ua ukali loa ke kolamu a Miller i ka leka ʻana a Byrne i hana pū me Monsanto ʻoiai e hana pū ana e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hui mua o nā kālaiʻike e hoʻouka i nā loiloi ʻoihana, e like me leka uila wehe 'ia na US Pono e ʻike. I loko o kāna nūhou Newsweek, ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Miller e hōʻino iā Danny Hakim, ka mea haʻi nūhou o New York Times nāna i hōʻike iā Miller's Monsanto ghostwriting scandal - me ka haʻi ʻole ʻana i ka hōʻino.

Ma waho aʻe o kēia mau hemahema hou o ka hōʻike ʻana i kāna mau hakakā hakakā, he a Miller lōʻihi, paʻa moʻolelo ma ke ʻano he pilina lehulehu a me kahi lobbying pani no nā ʻoihana.

Ma ka 1994 Memo hoʻolālā PR iā Phillip Morris, ua kapa ʻia ʻo APCO Associates iā Miller ma ke ʻano he "kākoʻo nui" i ka hoʻouka kaua honua e hakakā me nā kānāwai paka. I ka makahiki 1998, ʻo Miller hoʻokumu i kāna lawelawe PR i nā hui i loko o kahi "Plan Plan Promoting Sound Science in Health, Environmental and Biotechnology Policy." A 2015 Hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto PR e "orchestrate outcry" kūʻē i nā ʻepekema o ka IARC kanulau maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he hoʻopakele kūwaho mua loa: "Hoʻopili iā Henry Miller."

ʻO nā kuleana ʻoihana pū kekahi ma hope o ka manaʻo o Miller, i paʻi ʻia i kēia pule e STAT, ʻaʻole pono nā National Institutes of Health e hoʻolako kālā hou i nā noiʻi olakino integrative?

Mahalo no ka ʻatikala a Miller's STAT mai nā makemake o ʻO Jeff Stier, ka mea e hana nei no ka Koch-pili pili Koho Koho pili pili Koch, a Rhona Applebaum, ka luna mua o Coca-Cola nāna hoʻonohonoho i kahi hui mua e wili i ka ʻepekema ma ka momona, hana i ka ʻatikala me he mea lā e like me kahi ʻano o ka hui mua i kū i ka ʻāpana.

ʻAʻole ia ka manawa mua e haʻalele ai ka ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau me ka hoʻohana ʻana iā STAT e hāpai i kāna papahana politika a me nā kūʻai aku. I Ianuali i hala, ua ʻae ʻo STAT i ʻelua mau lālā o ka hui mua o ka ʻoihana ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) i opera ʻaʻole ʻae ʻia ke aupuni e hoʻokapu i nā kauka mai ke kuhikuhi ʻana iā OxyContin. Akā ʻaʻole ka ʻatikala i hōʻike e loaʻa iā ACSH kālā mai nā hui lāʻau a hoʻokumu i kāna lawelawe i nā ʻoihana i nā ʻaelike quid pro quo e pale aku i kā lākou huahana a me nā papahana kulekele.

I Kepakemapa, ua kiʻi hou ʻo STAT i kahi ʻatikala i paʻi ʻia ma lalo o ka inoa o ke kauka nāna i hoʻomaikaʻi i nā mea kūʻai aku i nā ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau, ma hope o kā Kevin Lomangino kākau ʻana. i HealthNewsReview.org ua loaʻa i ke kauka he $ 200,000 mai nā ʻoihana lāʻau. Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi hoʻokolokolo ma kahi ʻo PR firm i kākau ʻia i ka ʻatikala a ke kauka.

"ʻO ka hoʻāʻo nui a pharma e hana ghostwrite ma STAT i hoʻopau maikaʻi ʻole - akā ʻaʻole lawa maikaʻi," i kuhikuhi ʻia e ka mea kākau puke kākau moʻolelo ʻo Charles Seife. i Slate. "Ua hoʻihoʻi ʻo STAT i ka moʻolelo, akā no nā kumu hewa a me ka ʻole o ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i ka pilikia maoli."

ʻO ka manawa kēia no STAT e hoʻoponopono i ka pilikia, a lilo i ʻāpana o ka hopena i ka lawe ʻana i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo a me ka maopopo i ka hōʻike ʻepekema. He kuleana ko ka lehulehu e ʻike i ka wā e kākau ai ka ʻuhane, a i ʻole ko lākou manamana lima nā mea āpau nā manaʻo o nā kālaiʻike e koi ana he kūʻokoʻa.

"E like me ka hoʻomaka ʻana o nā puke pai lapaʻau e hoʻopaʻa i nā lula e pili ana i nā paio o ka hoihoi, e koi ana i ka nui o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā kumu huna ma hope o kekahi mau ʻatikala noiʻi, pono e helu pū kekahi nā nūpepa," i kākau ʻo Seife ma Slate.

"Pono lākou e aʻo e hōʻoki i ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā leka o nā hui mua a winking i nā hana e like me ka kākau ʻana i ka ʻuhane i kā lākou ʻaoʻao hoʻoponopono. I ka pōkole, pono e ʻike ka pāpāho i kēlā me kēia manawa a lākou e ʻōlelo hou ai i kahi leka a ka puppet sock, hoʻohaʻahaʻa pono ia i ka hilinaʻi o ka puka. "

No ka hilinaʻi o STAT, a no ka hilinaʻi o kāna poʻe heluhelu, ke noi aku nei iā ʻoe e hoʻokō i kahi kulekele mōakāka a ikaika hoʻi e koi ai i nā mea kākau a pau e hōʻike piha e pili ana i nā hakakā hoihoi, e like me nā uku i loaʻa iā lākou mai nā ʻoihana, a me ka hana a lākou e hana ai ma hope. nā hiʻohiʻona me nā ʻoihana a i ʻole kā lākou ʻoihana PR e hoʻolaha i nā papahana ʻoihana.

me ka manao pono,
ʻO Stacy Malkan
ʻO Gary Ruskin
Nā Luna Hoʻokele, US kuleana e ʻike

Kiʻi hou: Eʻike mai Kevin Lomangino, luna hoʻoponopono o HealthNewsReview.org: “Mahalo no ke kāhea ʻana mai i kā mākou hana a me kēia pukana, aʻu e ʻae nei he mea nui. E maopopo, @statnews ua hoʻokūpaʻa i kā lākou mau kulekele COI / transparency i ka pane i kā mākou hōʻike ʻana e like me kā mākou i kākau ai ma aneʻi, "Lilo ʻo STAT i hui ʻekolu e hoʻoponopono i nā kulekele ma hope o kā mākou nānā ʻana. ” Eia nō naʻe, ma kēia hihia, ua hoka paha ka mea kākau i ka hōʻike ʻana i ke kuleana o nā ghostwriters i kāna hana i hala aku nei, no laila ʻaʻole maopopo iaʻu hiki i ka STAT ke hilinaʻi i kekahi hōʻoia āna i hāʻawi ai he kumu maoli ka ʻike. 

ʻO ka pane a USRTK: Hauʻoli mākou i ka ʻike ʻana i ka STAT paʻakikī i kāna kulekele COI akā pono lākou e ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi, e like me ka hōʻike a ka hihia Miller. ʻO waun hoʻohui i ka 2017 hoʻohenehene kākau ʻuhane, Ua loaʻa iā Miller nā hōʻike hewa hou a me ka ka wā lōʻihi o ka ʻoihana ʻoihana. E nānā pū aku i kā mākou pane i nā hoʻoponopono STAT e pili ana i kā lākou kulekele hōʻike COI. 

E hāhai i ka kuleana ʻo US e ʻike i nā hoʻokolokolo ma ke kau inoa ʻana no kā mākou nūpepa ʻaneʻi, a e ʻoluʻolu e noʻonoʻo e hana ana i kahi haʻawina e kākoʻo i kā mākou hōʻike ʻana.  

ʻO nā manamana lima o Monsanto ma kahi o Newsweek's Hit ma ka Mea ʻAi Meaola

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Kiʻi hou: ʻO ka pane ʻano ʻē a Newsweek

Na Stacy Malkan

"ʻO ka hoʻokūkū no ka meaʻai meaola he hoʻopunipuni, hoʻopunipuni pipiʻi," e like me ka Ianuali 19 Newsweek Haawina i kākau ʻia e Dr. Henry I. Miller o ka Hoover Institution.

Inā kamaʻāina paha kēlā inoa - Henry I. Miller - no ka mea paha ka New York Times nei hōʻike i kahi hōʻino e pili ana iā Miller: ua hopu ʻia ʻo ia e paʻi ana i kahi ʻatikala i kākau ʻia e Monsanto ma lalo o kāna inoa ponoʻī i Forbes. ʻO ka ʻatikala, i aniani nui i kahi kikoʻī i hāʻawi ʻia iā ia e Monsanto, ua hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema o ka World Cancer Organization's cancer panel (IARC) no kā lākou hoʻoholo i ka papa inoa ʻO ka kemika kūʻai nui ʻo Monsanto, glyphosate, ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha.

Ke hōʻike nei ma ka an hoʻokaʻaʻike email hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi me Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai, ka Lā ' Ua kākau ʻo Danny Hakim:

"Ua noi aku ʻo Monsanto iā Mr. Miller inā makemake ʻo ia e kākau i kahi ʻatikala e pili ana i ke kumuhana, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka mai kahi hoʻolālā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe. '

Ua ʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma lalo o ka inoa o Mr. Miller, a me ka ʻōlelo i manaʻo ʻia e nā manaʻo ʻo Forbes Contributors kā lākou ponoʻī. ' ʻAʻole i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka makasina ka pili ʻana o Monsanto i ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana i ka ʻatikala ...

Ua wehe ʻo Forbes i ka moʻolelo mai kāna pūnaewele i ka Pōʻakolu a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua pau kāna pilina me Mr. Miller i waena o nā hōʻike. "

Ka uea manaʻo Polokalamu ʻlelo ukali, ma hope o ka hoʻohui mua ʻana i kahi hōʻole i nā ʻōlelo a Miller e hōʻike ana e hōʻole ʻia lākou inā ʻike ʻia kāna hana pū ʻana me Monsanto.

Hopena e hōʻino kino

ʻAʻole i lohi loa ka hana ʻino a ke kākau ʻōlelo ʻuhane iā Miller. ua hoʻomau ʻo ia e wili i ka ʻike hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai mai nā wahi e like me Newsweek a Ka Wall Street Pai, me ka hōʻike ʻole i ka poʻe heluhelu i kona pilina me Monsanto.

ʻO Miller naʻe Newsweek ku i nā meaʻai meaola a nā manamana lima o Monsanto i ʻike maka ʻia ma ʻō.

No ka poʻe hoʻomaka, hoʻohana ʻo Miller i nā kumuwaiwai pesticide e hana i nā koi unsubstantiated (a ludicrous) e pili ana i ka mahiʻai meaola - no ka laʻana, ʻo ka mahiʻai ʻokanika he "ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka pōʻino i ke kaiapuni" ma mua o ka mahiʻai maʻamau, a i ʻole ua hoʻohana nā mea kōkua ʻokanika i $ 2.5 biliona i hoʻokahi makahiki o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana. kū'ē i nā meaʻai ʻenekinia genetically ma ʻAmelika Hema.

ʻO ke kumu ma ka hoʻopiʻi kūpono ʻole ʻo Jay Byrne, he alakaʻi mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto (ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia e like me ia i ka Newsweek ʻatikala), ka mea e alakaʻi nei i kahi paʻa PR i kapa ʻia v-Fluence Interactive.

Hōʻike nā kūkākūkā leka uila pehea e hana ai ʻo Monsanto me nā poʻe e like me Jay Byrne - a me Byrne kikoʻī - e hoʻokuʻi pololei i kēia ʻano hoʻouka kūʻē i ko Monsanto ʻenemi ʻoiai e hūnā nei i ka ʻoihana.

Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa i kaʻu hui ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike, Ua hana nui ʻo Byrne i ke kōkua ʻana iā Monsanto e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hui mua i kapa ʻia ʻo Academics Review nāna i paʻi kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana olakino ma ke ʻano he scam marketing. Newsweek 'ōlelo.

ʻO ka papa inoa kaulana a Jay Byrne o nā ʻenemi Monsanto. 

ʻO ka manaʻo o ka hui mua - wehewehe i nā leka uila aʻu i hōʻike ai ma aneʻi - e hoʻokumu i kahi kahua kani kani hilinaʻi ʻia e hiki ai i nā kālaiʻike ke hoʻouka i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e ʻimi nei he kūʻokoʻa, akā loaʻa malū ʻia nā kālā mai nā hui ʻoihana. Wink, wink, ha, ha.

"E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," i kākau ʻo Monsanto executive pili i ka hoʻolālā.

ʻO kā Byrne kuleana, e like me nā leka uila, e lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e kōkua i ka loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana. Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Byrne e hōʻuluʻulu ana ʻo ia i kahi papa inoa "manawa kūpono" o nā pahuhopu - nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hiki ke "inoculated" mai ka pae o nā kālaihana.

ʻO kekahi mau poʻe ma ka papa inoa hit "manawa kūpono" na Byrne, a i ʻole hoʻouka ʻia e Academics Review, he pahuhopu ia ma Miller Newsweek ʻatikala, pū kekahi.

Miller Newsweek ua hoʻāʻo pū kekahi e hōʻino i ka hana o New York Times ' ʻO ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Danny Hakim, me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana na Hakim ka mea nāna i hōʻike i ka hana ʻino a Millan ma Monsanto.

E like me nā mea hou loa hoʻouka kaua i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika, kuhikuhi nā manamana lima āpau i nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e lilo ka hapa nui inā hoʻomau ka piʻi ʻana o ka makemake o nā mea kūʻai no nā meaʻai me ka ʻole o nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻO Monsanto's “Independent Academic” Ruse

ʻO Henry Miller kahi ka wā lōʻihi o ka launa pū ʻana me - a ke kū nei i kāna lawelawe PR i - nā hui e pono e kōkua i ka hōʻoia ʻana i ka lehulehu i kā lākou huahana ʻaʻole weliweli a ʻaʻole pono e hoʻoponopono ʻia.

A hilinaʻi nui ʻo Monsanto i ka poʻe me ka ʻepekema hōʻoiaʻiʻo a i ʻole nā ​​hui kani ʻole e hana i kēlā mau paio - ka poʻe makemake e kamaʻilio i ka palapala ʻoihana ʻoiai e koi nei he poʻe kūʻokoʻa lākou. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mea i ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma ka New York Times, Le Monde, WBEZ, ka e holumua ai a mau papa ʻē aʻe he nui i nā makahiki i hala iho nei.

Hāʻawi kahi palapala Monsanto hou i hāʻawi ʻia i nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hana a Monsanto's propaganda a me ka hana lobbying, a me ke kuleana nui a Henry Miller e hoʻokani ai i loko.

ʻO kēia 2015 “mākaukau hoʻomākaukau"- hoʻokuʻu ʻia e nā loio i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate - waiho i ka hoʻolālā PR a Monsanto e" orchestrate outcry "kūʻē i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no kā lākou hōʻike e pili ana i ka glyphosate. ʻO ka mea lawe mua i waho: "Hoʻopili iā Henry Miller."

Hoʻomau ka papa inoa i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" - he ʻumikūmālua mau hui kalepa, nā hui aʻo a me nā hui kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic - hiki ke kōkua iā "inoculate" e kūʻē i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai a "pale i ka kaulana ... o Roundup."

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Miller no Monsanto me Malaki 2015 Haawina i Forbes - ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma hope e like me kā Monsanto kākau ʻana - e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema IARC. Ke hoʻokau nei nā hoa ʻoihana i nā paio like ma o nā kaha like ʻole hou hou aʻe, mai ia manawa mai, e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO ka hapa nui o kēia mau loiloi i hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu ma ke ʻano he kipi kūpilikiʻi o ka hopohopo, me ka ʻole o ka haʻi ʻana i ko Monsanto kuleana ma ke ʻano he haku mele a me ka mea alakaʻi o ka moʻolelo: he hoodwink ʻoihana hui ʻoihana.

E like me ka hāʻule ʻana o nā palapala i ka honua ākea - ma o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto a nā noiʻi a nā lehulehu - e ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o ka ruse "kūʻokoʻa kula" e mālama no nā mea lawelawe ʻoihana e like me Henry I. Miller, a no nā mea pāpāho a me nā mea hana kulekele e nānā ʻole.

No ka mea, ano, Newsweek ʻaʻole hoʻi e kua ʻana i lalo. ʻOiai ma hope o ka loiloi ʻana i nā palapala e hōʻike ana i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo i kēia ʻatikala, Newsweek Ua kākau ʻo Opinion Editor Nicholas Wapshott i kahi leka uila, "Maopopo iaʻu he moʻolelo lōʻihi ko kāua me Miller e pili ana i kēia kumuhana. Hōʻole maikaʻi ʻo ia i kāu ʻōlelo. ”

ʻAʻole nō ʻo Miller a me Wapshott i pane i nā nīnau hou aʻe.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ke alakaʻi hui o ka kiaʻi kiaʻi a me ka transparency, US Right to Know. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry" (New Society, 2007). Hōʻike: Kālā kālā ʻo US Right to Know i ʻāpana e ka Organic Consumers Association i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ka ʻatikala a Miller a hōʻike ʻia ma ka papa inoa kaulana a Byrne.

Hoʻopiʻi kā CDC New CDC koho i nā pilina paʻa iā Coca Cola

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E nānā i kekahi:

  • New York Times, na Sheila Kaplan, 7/22/2017: "Uaʻike ke Aliʻi CDC hou iā Coca-Cola ma ke ʻano he Ally i ka hakakā ʻo Obesity"
  • Forbes, ʻĀpana 2 na Rob Waters, "ʻO ka Coca-Cola Network: ʻo Soda Giant Mines e pili ana me nā luna a me nā ʻepekema e hoʻopili i ka hopena"

Na Rob Waters

Mahele 1 o nā moʻolelo 2 

No nā makahiki he nui, ua ʻimi ʻo The Coca-Cola Company, ka mea kūʻai aku i nā mea inu momona nui loa o ka honua, e hoʻohuli i ke kulekele olakino a me ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu ma o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pilina me nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi a me nā luna, e like me ke keʻena olakino olakino lehulehu o ka ʻāina, nā Centers for Disease Control a me ka Kāohi (CDC).

I kēia manawa ua loaʻa i ke keʻena ʻo Trump ua koho ʻia i aliʻi CDC hou, ʻO Kauka Brenda Fitzgerald, ka mea, ma ke ʻano he komikina olakino lehulehu no Georgia no ʻeono mau makahiki i hala, i hana pū me Coke e holo i kahi papahana e kūʻē i ka momona o nā keiki. ʻO Coca-Cola KO + 0.00% hāʻawi he $ 1 miliona iā SOPA KUMU, ka mea e ʻimi nei e hoʻonui i ka hoʻoikaika kino i nā kula akā hāmau e pili ana i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka inu soda, ʻoiai ua ʻike ʻia e nā noiʻi he nui ke kō ʻana o ke kō, ʻo ia hoʻi ma ke ʻano wai, he mea kalaiwa ia no ka momona a me ka maʻi kō, a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā maʻi puʻuwai.

Ma kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou 2013, ua hoʻomaikaʻi ʻo Fitzgerald iā Coke no kāna “makana hāʻawi manawaleʻa. ” Ua kākau ʻo ia i commentary e pili ana i ke ahulau obesity no kā Coca-Cola pūnaewele e hōʻike nei i ka pono e "hoʻoneʻe i kā mākou haumāna." A i kahi nīnauele me a kahua kīwī kūloko, ua wehewehe ʻo ia i kāna mau mea nui. ʻO Georgia SHAPE, i ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "e noʻonoʻo ana i ka mea āu e ʻai ai" -ʻoiai ʻaʻole e ʻōlelo iki e pili ana i ka mea pono ʻole.

E holo ʻē aʻe ke keʻena ʻo Fitzgerald i nā pilina ʻoluʻolu me Coca-Cola. Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kēia mau pilina i loko o nā leka uila i hoʻolaha ʻia ma waena o nā luna o Coke, nā luna o ka CDC a me kahi pūnaewele o nā poʻe mai nā kula nui a me nā ʻoihana i kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana me Coke, Nestlé, Mars Inc. a me Mondelez, i ʻike ʻia ma mua ʻo Kraft. ʻO nā leka uila, i hoʻokuʻu ʻia e ka CDC no ka pane ʻana i nā noi a nā lehulehu i waiho ʻia e US Right to Know, he kamaʻilio, kekahi manawa maʻalahi, aloha pinepine a huhū a makemake pinepine hoʻi.

i ka ʻOkakopa 2015 leka uila, Barbara Bowman, kahi luna CDC i haʻalele mai ia manawa, hāʻawi i kāna mahalo i ka luna mua o Coca-Cola ʻo Alex Malaspina no kahi ʻaina ahiahi hou. "He manawa maikaʻi loa kā mākou i nā pō Pōʻaono, mahalo nui, e Alex, no kou hoʻokipa."

Ma kahi leka uila 2015 ʻē aʻe i kahi hui ʻepekema, ua loaʻa i nā poʻe āpau nā kālā noiʻi mai Coca-Cola a i ʻole nā ​​hui ʻē aʻe i kākoʻo ʻia me nā ʻoihana, noi ʻo Malaspina no "nā manaʻo e pili ana pehea e hiki ai iā mākou ke pale" i nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ke kōmike o ka poʻe loea e aʻoaʻo nei i ke aupuni US. . Makemake ke kōmike i ke aupuni e koi aku i nā poʻe ʻAmelika e hōʻemi i kā lākou ʻai ʻana i ke kō, ka ʻiʻo a me ka sodium. Ma kāna leka uila, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo Malaspina i kēia mau manaʻo "ʻaʻole hoʻokumu ʻia i ka ʻepekema."

A iloko palapala ʻē aʻe, Kākau ʻo Coca-Cola Rhona Applebaum i kahi luna o ka CDC a me kahi kanaka noiʻi University of Louisiana State e alakaʻi nei i kahi noi nui e pili ana i ka momona o nā keiki. Ua aʻo wale ʻo ia e hōʻole ana ʻo Mekiko e komo i ke aʻo ʻana ma muli o ke kālā ʻana a Coke iā ia, a ua pee ʻo ia. "No laila inā lawe nā ʻepekema maikaʻi i $$$ mai Coke – he aha – ua hana hewa lākou?" kākau ʻo ia.

'No ke aha ʻo Coke e kamaʻilio nei me CDC?'

Hāʻawi nā leka uila i kahi ʻano o nā ala a Coca-Cola e hoʻohana ai i nā pilina me nā luna olakino a me nā ʻepekema e hoʻohuli i nā mea hana politika a me nā mea nūpepa. Loaʻa nā hana i ke kumu kūʻai o ke olakino lehulehu, e like me ka mea noiʻi noiʻi i nīnau i ka pono o nā pilina ma waena o Coke a me CDC.

"No ke aha ʻo Coke e kamaʻilio pū ana me CDC? No ke aha kekahi laina o ke kamaʻilio ʻana? ” i nīnau aku ai ʻo Robert Lustig, he endocrinologist pediatric ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi ʻo Kapalakiko nāna i noiʻi i nā hopena o ke kō i nā keiki a me nā mākua. "Kūpono ʻole ka launa ʻana a maopopo ke hoʻāʻo nei lākou e hoʻohana ia mea e hoʻokau i ka mana ma luna o kahi keʻena aupuni."

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā leka uila ʻaʻole i kamaʻilio pololei ʻia i kekahi ma CDC, akā ua hoʻohuli ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hoʻolohe i nā noi palapala lehulehu. Hōʻike kēia i kekahi mau luna o ka CDC i hoʻouna ʻia i bcc: nā kope makapō paha.

Hāʻawi nā leka uila i kahi nānā i ka pūnaewele puni honua i hoʻokumu ʻia e Malaspina, kahi pelekikena hope poʻokela o nā ʻoihana kūwaho ma Coca-Cola. Aia i loko o ka pūnaewele:

  • ʻO ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI), kahi hui honua nona nā lālā, e like me kona pūnaewele "ʻO nā hui mai ka meaʻai, nā mahiʻai, nā kemika, nā lāʻau lapaʻau, a me nā biotechnology a me nā ʻoihana kākoʻo." ʻO Coca-Cola i waena o nā kumu waiwai kālā o ILSI a ʻo Malaspina kona pelekikena hoʻokumu. A palapala moʻohelu kālā i loaʻa e US Right to Know e ʻōlelo nei ua hāʻawi ʻo Coca-Cola iā ILSI $ 167,000 ma 2012 a me 2013.
  • ʻO ka International Food Information Council (IFIC), kahi pono ʻole ʻo Wakinekona i kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā hui kālepa e like me Coca-Cola, ka American Beverage Association, ka Hershey Company a me Cargill Inc. Wahi a kāna pūnaewele, hana ʻo IFIC e "kamaʻilio kūpono i ka ʻepekema. -ʻikepili pili "e pili ana i ka meaʻai a" kōkua i ka poʻe nūpepa a me nā mea nūpepa e kākau e pili ana i ke olakino, meaʻai a me ka palekana o ka meaʻai. "
  • Kahi hui o nā ʻepekema ʻepekema me kahi mōʻaukala o ka mālama ʻana i nā noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e Coca-Cola a i ʻole ILSI.

ʻO Malaspina, ka mea i pili mau me Coca-Cola a me ILSI ma hope o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻoihana soda, puka i loko o nā leka uila ma ke ʻano he kumu nui e hoʻopili ana i ka pūnaewele. ʻO kahi laʻana, ma hope o ke noi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo no ka hōʻino ʻana i ka Nā'ōleloʻo 2015 o ke Kōmike aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo alakaʻi, mahalo ʻo ia i ka hana a ka ʻAha ʻAi Meaʻai e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo e pili ana iā lākou.

'E hele mai ana no ka ʻoihana'

Ua kāhea wale aku ka ʻAha Kūkā me kahi mau nūpepa 40 e hōʻino i nā ʻōlelo a ke kōmike, a IFIC i nānā aku ai he "hoʻomāinoino" ʻana i ke kō, ka ʻiʻo a me kaʻuala. Ma hope o ke kāhea ʻana o ka pāpāho, ua kaena nā lunamakaʻāinana IFIC i kahi memo kūloko e pili ana i ka uhi ʻana o kekahi mau nūpepa. Loaʻa iā Malaspina kahi kope o ka memo a hāʻawi i mua i kāna mau hoapili ma Coke a me kāna mau pilina ma ka CDC.

"Ke hele mai nei ʻo IFIC no ka ʻoihana," kākau ʻo Malaspina.

Ua haʻi ʻia kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo no ka CDC, ʻo Kathy Harben, i loko o kahi leka uila e hana pū ana kāna ʻoihana me nā ʻāpana pilikino no ka mea ʻo nā hui lehulehu-pilikino e holomua i ka misiona a CDC no ka pale ʻana i nā ʻAmelika. Mālama ʻo CDC, ke hana pū mākou me nā lālā pilikino, he puʻukū maikaʻi mākou no nā kālā i hāʻawi ʻia iā mākou a mālama i kā mākou ʻepekema kūpaʻa ma ke komo ʻana i kahi hakakā o ke kaʻina loiloi hoihoi manaʻo ʻia e ikaika a mālamalama hoʻi ia. ”

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā pili kālā a me nā pilina kānalua ma waena o Coca-Cola, nā mea noiʻi kālaiʻike a me ka CDC i nā hōʻike he nui i nā makahiki ʻelua i hala.

'Pūnaewele Balance Energy'

I ka 2015, ka New York Times a ma hope ka Associated Press ua hōʻike ʻo Rhona Applebaum, ka luna olakino a me ka ʻepekema nui o Coke, i hoʻonohonoho i nā hāʻawi i ke Kulanui o Colorado a me ke Kulanui o South Carolina e hoʻomaka i kahi hui nonprofit, ka Global Energy Balance Network, ka mea e "hoʻopili i ka noʻonoʻo a me ke kumu" i nā kūkākūkā e pili ana i ka momona.

ʻO ka pahuhopu ka pahu ʻana i ka manaʻo ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kaupaona ka mea pili i ka lawa ʻole o ka hana kino a ka poʻe e like me kā lākou ʻai ʻana i ke kō a me nā calorie. Ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana o kā Coca-Cola kālā, ua hemo ka pūnaewele hoʻoliʻiliʻi ikehu a ua hoʻolaha ke Kulanui o Colorado e hoʻihoʻi ʻia he $ 1 miliona iā Coke. Ua hoʻomaha ʻo Applebaum ʻekolu mau mahina ma hope o ka moʻolelo Times.

I ka makahiki i hala, ʻo Barbara Bowman kūkala i kona hoʻomaha loa mai ka CDC i ʻelua mau lā ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana a US Right to Know ua aʻo ʻo ia iā Malaspina e pili ana i nā ala e hoʻohuli ai i ka World Health Organization a me kāna Luna Hoʻokele-General ʻo Margaret Chan. ʻO ka WHO i hoʻopuka aku nei kulekele ke koi nei i ka hōʻemi loa ʻana i ke kō, a ua manaʻo ʻo Malaspina i kēia mau mea he "hoʻoweliweli i kā mākou ʻoihana."

ʻO nā moʻolelo ʻē aʻe i loaʻa i ka makahiki i hala e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ʻo Michael Pratt, he kākāʻōlelo no ka olakino honua ma ka CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotional, ua alakaʻi i ka noiʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola a he kākāʻōlelo no ILSI.

'E ʻoi aku kā mākou hana'

I ʻAukake 2015, ʻelua mau pule ma hope o ka moʻolelo Times, ʻo ka Luna Hoʻokele ʻo Coca-Cola a me ka luna nui ʻo Muhtar Kent ʻae ʻia i loko o kahi Wall Street Journal op-ed i kapa ʻia ʻo "E Hana Maikaʻi ʻOi" ʻo kā ke kālā kālā kālā a ka ʻimi noiʻi ʻepekema, i nā manawa he nui, "lawelawe wale ai e huikau a hilinaʻi ʻole hoʻi." Ua hōʻike ka hui ma hope mai ka 2010 a hiki i ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua hoʻolilo ʻia he $ 138 miliona i ke kālā ma waho o nā mea noiʻi a me nā papahana olakino a hana i kahi “mäliko”Ka papa inoa pūnaewele i nā mea e loaʻa ana i kāna kālā.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Coca-Cola Kākoʻo ʻo ia i kēia manawa i nā ʻōlelo a ka WHO i makemake ai ʻo Malaspina e hōʻino - e kaupalena ka poʻe i kā lākou lawe ʻana i ke kō i 10% o nā calorie a lākou e ʻai ai i kēlā me kēia lā. "Ua hoʻomaka mākou i kā mākou huakaʻi i kēlā pahuhopu ke hoʻomohala i kā mākou papa hana ʻoihana e lilo i hui inu inu piha," i ʻōlelo ai ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo a Coca-Cola, ʻo Katherine Schermerhorn, i kahi leka uila.

Ua hoʻohiki ʻo Coca-Cola e hāʻawi i kahi ʻoi aku ma mua o 50% o ke kumukūʻai o nā noiʻi ʻepekema. E hoʻololi paha kēlā i ka hopena o nā noi? Kūpono nā mea loiloi ʻo Coca-Cola, ke hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā haʻawina i mālama mua ʻia e Coke i hōʻemi i nā hopena olakino maikaʻi ʻole o nā kō a me nā mea inuʻai. E nānā pono ana au i ka lā ʻapōpō ma kekahi o nā haʻawina a Coke i kālā ai - a laila hāʻawi ʻia i kāna mau pilina ma ka CDC.

ʻO Rob Waters kahi mea kākau olakino a ʻepekema hoʻi i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Berkeley, Kaleponi a me kahi mea noiʻi noiʻi no US Right to Know. Ua puka mua kēia moʻolelo i Forbes ma Iulai 10.

ʻO ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole hōʻaiʻē kālā e hoʻolaha nei i nā Propaganda Nine Toxic

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Paipai lākou i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, pale aku i nā kemikonaʻawahia a me nā meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole, a hoʻouka kaua i ka poʻe e hāpai nei i ka hopohopo e pili ana i kēlā huahana me he "anti-science." Akā ʻo Jon Entine, Trevor Butterworth a me Henry Miller i kālā kālā ʻia e nā hui like e kālā kālā hōʻole ʻana i ke aniau.

Na Stacy Malkan

He ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo kā ka mea kākau Pelekane ʻo George Monbiot no kā mākou e hoʻāʻo nei e hopu i nā ʻoihana politika hou i ka US a me ke UK: "ʻAʻohe o mākou manaʻolana i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā mea e hiki mai ana a hiki i ka manawa e hoʻomaopopo ai mākou i ka hana ʻana o ka pūnaewele kālā ʻeleʻele," kākau ʻo ia i ka Guardian.

Ua lohi paha ʻo Corporate America e hoʻomehana iā Donald Trump, akā i ka manawa i hoʻopaʻa ai ʻo Trump i ke koho ʻana, "ua hoʻomaka ke kālā nui e ʻike i kahi manawa kūpono ʻole ma mua," i kākau ʻo Monbiot. "ʻAʻole kuleana kāna incoherence, akā he wehe: hiki ke hoʻonohonoho ʻia kāna papa kuhikuhi. A ʻo ka pūnaewele kālā ʻeleʻele i hoʻomohala ʻia e kekahi mau hui ʻo ʻAmelika ua hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia e hana ia. ”

ʻO kēia pūnaewele, a i ʻole kālāʻeleʻele ATM e like me kā Mother Jones i wehewehe ai, pili i ka nui o ke kālā paʻakikī e loaʻa mai nā piliona piliona, e like me Charles a me David Koch a me nā mea kōkua, a me nā hui i nā hui i mua e hāpai ana i nā manaʻo mākeke manuahi loa - no ka laʻana, hakakā i nā kula lehulehu, nā ʻuniona, ka pale ʻana i ke kaiapuni, nā kulekele hoʻololi i ke aniau a me ka ʻepekema e hoʻoweliweli i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

"ʻAʻohe o mākou manaʻolana o ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka mea e hiki mai ana a hiki i ka wā e hoʻomaopopo ai mākou i ka holo ʻana o ka pūnaewele kālā ʻeleʻele."

Nā mea kākau noiʻi ʻO Jane Mayer, ʻO Naomi Oreskes, ʻo Erik Conway a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i hōʻike pehea "ka moʻolelo o ke kālā ʻeleʻele a me ka moʻolelo o ka hōʻole ʻana i ke aniau i ka moʻolelo like: ʻelua ʻaoʻao o ke kālā like," e like me kā Senatoa US Sheldon Whitehouse i hōʻike ai i ka makahiki i hala. he'ōlelo.

ʻO nā kumumanaʻo o ka "alakaʻi ʻia e Koch, alakaʻi-kūʻai hana" - me nā hana propaganda e wili nei i ka ʻepekema me ka nānā ʻole i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo - "ʻo ia nō paha ke kumu nui i loaʻa ʻole ai iā mākou kahi bila aniani piha ma ka ʻAhaʻolelo," wahi a Whitehouse.

ʻOiai ua mākaukau maikaʻi ʻia kēia mau papa hana i loko o ke aniau, i hōʻike iki ʻole ʻia ʻo ka mea kālā ma hope o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema i hōʻole pū kekahi i kahi pūnaewele o nā limahana PR i kūkulu i nā ʻoihana e wili nei i ka ʻepekema e hōʻole i nā pilikia olakino o nā lāʻau ʻona i loko o ka meaʻai a mākou ʻai a me nā huahana a mākou e hoʻohana ai i kēlā me kēia lā.

He kiʻekiʻe nā pili no ke olakino o ko mākou lāhui. Uku o maʻi wā maʻi i kēia manawa 50% ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe ma mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ke "kaua i ka maʻi ʻaʻai" i mau makahiki i hala aku nei, a ʻo ka mea kaua maikaʻi loa kahi mea a mākou e paʻakikī nei e hoʻohana nei:

"Inā makemake mākou e lanakila i ke kaua ma ka maʻi ʻaʻai, pono mākou e hoʻomaka me nā kaukani kino a me nā ʻākena kemika i loiloi ʻia e like me ka hiki, a i ʻole ʻike ʻia nā kānaka make kino kanaka e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer of the World Health Organization" i kākau ʻia e ka ʻepekema a me ka mea kākau ʻo Devra. ʻO Lee Davis, PhD, MPH, i The Hill.

ʻO ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā ʻelele o ka ʻino i ʻike ʻia ua "ʻaʻole pili iki me ka ʻepekema, a me nā mea e pili ana i ka mana o nā ʻoihana waiwai nui e hilinaʻi nei i nā pilina lehulehu e pale aku i nā hōʻike ʻepekema o nā pilikia," wahi a Davis.

Ke pale nei i nā kemikona ʻino a me nā meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole 

Ke pilikia nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻai nui i nā pilikia me ka ʻepekema, ʻike ʻia kahi mea i kuhi ʻia o nā huapalapala a me nā hui ma ke kahua, e hoʻohana ana i nā hoʻolālā media i hoʻoluhi ʻia e hoʻopakele i nā ʻoihana e pono ai kahi PR hoʻonui.

ʻO ko lākou mau inoa a me nā hana a lākou e hoʻohana ai - nā ʻatikala lōʻihi lōʻihi, i hana pinepine ʻia e nā hōʻeha pilikino - e kamaʻāina i nā ʻepekema he nui, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea kākoʻo mea kūʻai aku i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā huahana ʻawahia i nā makahiki he 15 i hala.

Noi nā moʻolelo lehulehu e Pono ʻo US e ʻike i ʻākoakoa i nā palapala he mau kaukani, me nā hōʻike hou o ka Uliuli malu,'O Ke kuʻi a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, e hoʻomālamalama nei i kēia pūnaewele hoʻolaha.

ʻO nā mea pāʻani pū kekahi me Jon Entine, Trevor Butterworth, Henry I. Miller a me nā hui e pili pū ana me lākou: STATS, Center for Media and Public Affairs, Genetic Literacy Project, Sense About Science and the Hoover Institute.

ʻOiai nā moʻolelo i kākau maikaʻi ʻia e like me nā hana a PR, Entine, Butterworth a me Miller i hōʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema koʻikoʻi ma nā paepae pāpaho he nui, e ʻike ʻia ma ka Wall Street Pai, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Newsweek, ʻO Philadelphia Enquirer, ʻO Harvard Pakihi Pūʻai a, loa pinepine, Forbes - me ka hōʻike ʻole ʻia o kā lākou kumuwaiwai kālā a i ʻole ka papahana e hoʻopau ai i nā ʻoihana hoʻohaumia e paipai iā lākou.

Kūlana kiʻekiʻe kā lākou mau ʻatikala ma Google e ʻimi nei i nā mea nui o ka ʻenehana kemika a me nā mea maikaʻi ʻole i nā mea maikaʻi ʻole - ka hoʻokuʻi ʻana i nā moʻolelo e palekana nā GMO, nā pesticides, nā kemikolo ea, kō a me nā mea kō i kō, a ʻo kēlā me kēia mea ʻē aʻe he "anti-science."

I kekahi mau hihia, ke loaʻa nei ka mana i ke kūlike me nā hui hoʻokumu e like me ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Cornell University a me ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Davis.

Eia nō naʻe ke hoʻi nei kā lākou kumuwaiwai kālā i nā ideologues "ultra free market" like mai ka aila, lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā waiwai kemika e hōʻaiʻē nei i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema - Hilinaʻi Searle Freedom, Nā kumu kumu Scaife, John Templeton Foundation a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ʻike ʻia ma waena o nā mea hoʻolako kālā nui a kūpaʻa mau o nā hui hōʻole ʻepekema kaiāulu, e like me a 2013 like na Drexel University sociologist Robert Brulle, PhD.

ʻO ka poʻe e ʻimi nei e hoʻomaopopo i nā pahuhopu kulekele o ka ʻeleʻele kālā no ka hōʻoki ʻana i nā pale olakino no kā mākou ʻōnaehana meaʻai e nānā pono i kēia mau mea. nā mea hoʻolaha hou a me kā lākou leka uila ʻana.

ʻO Jon Entine - Polokalamu Heluhelu Genetic / STATS

ʻO Jon Entine, he mea kākau moʻolelo ma mua, hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he mana koʻikoʻi i ka ʻepekema. Eia naʻe manaʻo nui He loea pili lehulehu ʻo ia me nā pilina hohonu i nā ʻoihana kemika i hoʻopiʻi ʻia me nā nīnau e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino.

I nā makahiki i hala, loaʻa iā Entine ua hooukaʻia ʻepekema, nā kauka, ka poʻe kālā, lawmakers a nā kānaka moʻolelo nāna i hāpai aʻe nā hopohopo e pili ana kūpilikiʻi, ka mana kīkī, pesticidesNine Inch hoʻohanaʻia ʻōmole pēpē a mea pāʻani a nā keiki. A 2012 Mother Jones moʻolelo by Tom Philpott describes Entine as a “apologist hana agribusiness, "A me Greenpeace mau kikoʻī i kāna moʻolelo ma kā lākou Pūnaewele Polluter Watch.

ʻO Entine ka luna o ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, kahi hui e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻenekini. Wahi a ka pūnaewele he kūlike ʻole, akā "ua hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia e hāpai i kahi kūlana pro-ʻoihana a ʻaʻole e hoʻāʻo e nānā kūleʻa i nā pilikia," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Michael Hansen, PhD, he ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma Consumers Union.

"ʻO ka leka ka maikaʻi o ka hana ʻenekini a ʻo nā mea e kūʻē iā ia he ideologue weliweli ia, akā ʻaʻole ia he hōʻailona no kahi o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema maoli."

Hoʻohui kuleana, ʻo kahi laʻana, ʻo ka "ʻepekema ʻikepili i ka palekana o GMO ʻoi aku ka ikaika ma mua o ka hoʻomehana honua" - kahi hoʻopiʻi i kūʻē ʻia e ka World Health Organization, e ʻōlelo nei ʻaʻole hiki ke hana i nā ʻōlelo ākea e pili ana i ka palekana GMO, a na nā ʻepekema he haneli i ʻōlelo ʻaʻohe ʻae ʻae ʻepekema ma ka palekana GMO.

ʻAʻole maopopo ka papahana Genetic Literacy e pili ana i kāna pili iā Monsanto. Ma ke ʻano he laʻana hoʻokahi, ua paʻi ka pūnaewele i kekahi mau pepa kula kākoʻo pro-GMO i hōʻike ʻia ma hope nā leka uila hāʻawi ʻia i nā polopeka e kahi luna Monsanto nāna i hāʻawi i nā helu kamaʻilio no nā pepa a hoʻohiki ʻia e pauma iā lākou a puni ka Pūnaewele.

ʻO kekahi laʻana: ʻO nā hoa hana papahana Genetic Literacy Project me ka Academics Review ma ka Papahana Heluhelu Biotechnology, ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio-ʻoihana e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e pili ana pehea e "hana maikaʻi i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO me ka lehulehu kānalua."

"E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike."

Nānā Kālā, nāna i paʻi a hoike i ka 2014 e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika, hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he hui kūʻokoʻa, akā hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia me ke kōkua o kahi luna o Monsanto nāna i hoʻohiki e loaʻa kālā "ʻoiai e mālama ana iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike." Nā Leka Uila ua hōʻike pūʻia e loaʻa ana i ka mea hoʻokumu hoʻokumu loiloi o Academics Review ʻo Bruce Chassy kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto ma o ke Kulanui o ʻImioka Foundation.

No laila ʻo wai e hāʻawi kālā i ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project a me Entine?

E like me ko lakou paena, ka hapa nui o ke kālā mai nā kumu ʻelua - Searle lāua ʻo Templeton - ʻike ʻia i ka Drexel hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi kālā o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole. Ua helu pū ka pūnaewele i ka waihona kālā mai ka Winkler Family Foundation a "hele i ke kākoʻo no ke Kulanui o Kaleponi-Davis Biotech Literacy Bootcamp" mai ka Academics Review Charities Association.

Hoʻopili pū kekahi nā kumuwaiwai kālā mua i nā mea kākoʻo hōʻole ʻepekema o ke aniau a me ka loaʻa kālā ʻole i hōʻike ʻia.

ʻO ka Genetic Literacy Project a me Entine i hana mua ma lalo o ka malu o nā Heluhelu ʻImi Heluhelu (STATS), kahi hui ma Ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason, kahi i hui pū ʻia ʻo Entine ma ke kikowaena no ka Health and Risk Communication mai 2011-2014.

Ua kākoʻo kālā nui ʻia ʻo STATS e ka Scaife Foundation a me Searle Freedom Trust ma waena o 2005 a me 2014, e like me kahi noiʻi Greenpeace o Kālā kālā STATS.

ʻO Kimberly Dennis, ka pelekikena a me CEO o Searle Freedom Trust, ʻo ia nō ka luna o ka papa o Donors Trust, ka mea kaulana loa. Kālā kālā ʻeleʻele pili Koch ʻaʻole hiki ke huli i nā mea hāʻawi. Ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana a Dennis, ua hoʻouna ʻo Searle a me Donors Trust i kahi hui $ 290,000 i STATS i ka makahiki 2010, ua hōʻike ʻo Greenpeace.

In 2012 a 2013, STATS i loaʻa nā hōʻaiʻē mai kāna hui kaikuahine, ka Center for Media and Public Affairs, kahi loaa donations i loko o kēlā mau makahiki mai ka George Mason University Foundation, ka mea ʻaʻole hōʻike i nā kumuwaiwai kālā.

Ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Entine i kekahi manawa e hoʻokaʻawale iā ia iho a me GLP mai kēia mau hui; akā naʻe, nā moʻolelo ʻauhau hōʻike Ua uku ʻia ʻo Entine i $ 173,100 e ka Center for Media and Public Affairs no ka makahiki e pau ana iā Iune 30, 2015.

Na 2014, Hōʻike nā leka uila, Ke hoʻāʻo nei ʻo Entine e loaʻa kahi home hou no ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, a makemake e hoʻokumu i kahi "pilina kūpono" me ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Davis, World Food Center. Ua lilo ʻo ia i Fellow Senior ma ke kula ʻo Ke Kula no ka Meaʻai a me ka Mahiai Mahiai a ua kuhikuhi ʻia ma ke ʻano he hoa mua. Aia ʻo GLP ma lalo o ka malu o kahi hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Science Literacy Project.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Entine ʻaʻole ia e pane i nā nīnau no kēia moʻolelo.

ʻO Trevor Butterworth - ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema USA / STATS

He hilinaʻi ʻo Trevor Butterworth ʻelele ʻenehana no nā makahiki he nui, ke pale aku nei i ka palekana o nā huahana pilikia āpau i mea nui i nā ʻoihana kemika a me nā mea ʻai, e like me nā phthalates, ʻO BPA, vinyl ea, huapalapala, nā soka sugary a nā mea hoʻonani ʻimi hoʻopunipuni. He mea hāʻawi ma mua ʻo ia ma Newsweek a ua kākau i nā loiloi puke no ka Wall Street Pai.

Mai ka 2003 a i ka 2014, he luna hoʻoponopono ʻo Butterworth ma STATS, i kālā nui ʻia e Scaife Foundation a me Searle Freedom Trust. I ka 2014, lilo ʻo ia i alakaʻi hoʻokumu o ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema USA a pelu ʻia nā STAT i loko o kēlā hui.

He hōʻike hou na Liza Gross ma ʻO ke kuʻina i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Sense About Science, kona alakaʻi ʻo Tracey Brown, Butterworth, STATS a me nā mea nāna i hoʻokumu i kēlā mau hui ma ke ʻano he "kahu ponoʻī no ka ʻepekema kani" nāna e kuhikuhi i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana.

ʻO Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema "makemake e kōkua i ka lawehala hewa ʻana i ka lehulehu ma o nā ʻōlelo hoʻopiʻi weliweli e pili ana i ke olakino a me ke kaiapuni" akā "he moʻolelo mōʻaukala o ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka poʻe loea i huli i ka pili i nā ʻoihana i hoʻoponopono ʻia," i kākau ai ʻo Gross.

"Ke nīnau pono nā mea nūpepa i ka mea nāna e kākoʻo i ka noiʻi ʻana i nā pilikia o, e ʻōlelo, asbestos, a i ʻole kemikala synthetic, e aʻo maikaʻi ʻia lākou e nīnau i nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema.

ʻO Sense About Science USA i kau ʻia kēia pane i ka ʻāpana, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo Butterworth ma o ka leka uila ua "hoʻohoka ʻia ʻo ia i ka ʻatikala hoʻopunipuni a ka Intercept, ka mea i hoʻopili ʻia ka poʻe a me nā hui me ka pili ʻole o Sense About Science USA." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻaʻole lawe kālā kāna hui a kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa ia mai ka UK Sense About Science.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "ʻAʻole wau i komo i loko o nā hoʻolaha leka ʻoihana - i kēlā me kēia hiki, uku ʻia a ʻaʻole."

Ua hoʻopau ʻē aʻe kekahi mau mea nūpepa. 

Ka poʻe hoʻopuka ma ka Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ka 'Akelanika' a Ka Mea Hōʻaikaʻi Hōʻike ʻia ʻo Butterworth ma ke ʻano he mea nui i ka hana PR ikaika a ka ʻoihana kemika e pale aku i ka BPA Nine.

I ka 2009, nā mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Susanne Rust lāua ʻo Meg Kissinger o ka Journal Sentinel i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Butterworth ma ke ʻano he pale pale ʻo BPA "mea nui loa", a he laʻana o "nā ʻoihana kemika ʻoihana pili lehulehu" ʻaʻole hōʻike i kā lākou pili.

 "ʻO ka pale ʻoi loa o ka BPA ma nā blog mai Trevor Butterworth mai ia."

KANAKA, kākau lākou, "Koi he kiaʻi kiaʻi kūʻokoʻa" akā "uku kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana kulekele lehulehu e hāpai ana i ka hana hewa." ʻO kona hui kaikuahine, ʻo ka Center for Media and Public Affairs, "he moʻolelo no ka hana ʻana no nā ʻoihana e hoʻāʻo nei e pale i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka palekana o kā lākou huahana." Ua haʻi ʻo Butterworth i kāna hōʻike ʻana ma BPA i hōʻike ʻia ka hōʻike i kēlā manawa mai nā kumu mana, a ua kau ʻia e STATS nā pane maanei a maanei i ka hōʻike loiloi ʻana.

ʻO kahi laʻana hou loa e pili ana i ka hana a nā kākau a Butterworth i kuleana nui i ka hana lobby ʻoihana e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema pilikia hiki ke ʻike ʻia i kāna hana ma ka sucralose sweetener.

Ma 2012, ua kākau ʻo Butterworth i No ka mea Forbes ke hoʻohewa nei i kahi noiʻi e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o sucralose. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i nā kānaka noiʻi, ʻo Kauka Morando Soffritti a me ka Ramazzini Institute, "he mea hoʻomākeʻaka."

I ka 2016, kahi hui mua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai i hōʻike ʻia i ka ʻatikala a Butterworth's 2012 a me "kahi mea hoʻomākeʻaka" loiloi i a nūʻike hoʻōla ke hoʻouka nei i kahi "panic study" Soffritti hou i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka sucralose. Nā mea hōʻike ma ke kūʻokoʻaʻO ka leka uilaThe Telegraph i ka desereta News ua huki i nā huaʻōlelo a Butterworth e hōʻino ana i nā mea noiʻi, a ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he mea haʻi moʻolelo mai Forbes.

Pēlā nō, i ka makahiki 2011, he loea akamai ʻo Butterworth ma ka ʻAha Kūkā ʻAha Sweeteners International, a koi ʻia i loko o kā lākou nūʻike hoʻōla ʻaʻohe "hōʻike o kahi pilikia i ke olakino" mai ka sucralose. Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he "mea kākau moʻolelo e kōkua mau i ka Financial Times a me ka Wall Street Journal."

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e USRTK hōʻike iā Coca Cola VP Rhona Applebaum i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Butterworth i nā alakaʻi o ka Global Energy Balance Network - a ʻO ka hui mua o Coca-Cola e hana ana i ka wili i ka ʻepekema i ka momona - as “mākou hoa aloha"A me kahi mea kākau moʻolelo"mākaukau a hiki”E hana pū me lākou. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Butterworth ʻaʻole ʻo ia i hana pū me kēlā hui.

Pili ʻo Butterworth i kēia manawa me ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell ma ke ʻano he kipa hoa ma ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hui i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 2014 me kahi $ 5.6 miliona Gates Foundation i hāʻawi ʻia iā paipai i nā GMO. Ke hui pū nei ʻo Gates-funded group me Sense About Science USA ma kahi papa hana e aʻo ai i nā ʻepekema ʻōpio i "Kū i luna no ka ʻepekema. "

ʻO Sense About Science USA holo pū kekahi i ka lehulehu nā papa hana no nā ʻepekema ma nā wahi e like me ke Kulanui o Wakinekona, Ke Kulanui o Pittsburg, Carnegie Melon, Ke Kulanui ʻo Rockefeller, Caltech a me Ke Kulanui o Massachusetts, ʻo Bosetona.

ʻO Henry I. Miller - Ke keʻena ʻo Hoover

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, he hoa ma ka Hoover Institution, ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea pale nui loa o nā meaʻai genetically engineered a me nā mea kūʻē ikaika o ka lepili ʻana iā lākou. Ua kākau ʻo ia i nā hōʻeha he nui i ka ʻoihana olakino, e like me "The Colossal Hoax of Organic Agriculture" (Forbes), "ʻAʻole hiki ke mahiʻai mahiʻai" (Wall Street Pai) a me "The Dirty Truth About Organic Produce" (Newsweek).

Ua kākau pū ʻo Miller i ka pale ʻana iā nā pesticides ʻinoʻino i ka nalo meli, kemika kemika a radiation mai nā mea kanu mana nukelea, a ua paio pinepine no ka hoʻolauna hou o DDT. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i pane i nā noi e haʻi manaʻo no kēia moʻolelo.

ʻAʻole like me Butterworth a me Entine, he ʻike ʻepekema kā Miller a me nā ʻike aupuni; He kauka lapaʻau ʻo ia a ʻo ia ka luna hoʻokumu o ka keʻena biotechnology o ka FDA.

E like me Butterworth a me Entine, hele mai ke kālā a Miller mai nā hui e kālā kālā hōʻole ʻepekema - ka Hoover Institute's luna hoʻolewa ʻo ia ka Sarah Scaife Foundation, a ua lawe pū ka pūʻulu i ke kālā mai ka Searle Freedom Trust, Exxon Mobile, American Chemistry Council, Charles Koch Foundation a me Donors Trust.

E like me nā mea hoʻokumu o Nā STATS a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, Pili pū kekahi ʻo Miller i nā pāʻina PR ʻoihana ʻāpana paka. I kahi makahiki 1994 Memo hoʻolālā PR no ka ʻoihana paka ʻo Phillip Morris, Ua kapa ʻia ʻo Miller ma ke ʻano he "kākoʻo nui" o ka hoʻoulu kaua honua e hakakā me nā kānāwai paka. I ka 2012, Ua kākau ʻo Miller ʻaʻole maikaʻi maikaʻi kēlā nikotine iā ʻoe i nā kālā i hāʻawi ʻia e nā paka a nā huahana puhipaka ʻole. "

ʻO Miller kekahi lālā o ka "papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema" o ka Ke Kula ʻo George C. Marshall, ʻo ia ka mea i kaulana no kāna ʻoihana aila a me kinoea i kākoʻo kālā ʻia no ka hōʻole ʻana i ke aniau i hoʻololi ʻia, a he kahu mua o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, "hilinaʻi nui i ke kālā mai nā ʻoihana i loaʻa kahi kuleana kālā i nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e manaʻo ana e hana," e like me ʻO Jones Jones.

Maliʻa paha ke hoʻomaopopo nei ʻaʻole nā ​​kāne pontificating i kumu waiwai maikaʻi loa e hoʻohuli ai i nā wahine e kūʻai ana i ka meaʻai, ke hāʻawi nei ʻo Miller i nā byline me nā wahine protege i hui pū me kāna hoʻouka kaua i nā mea kākoʻo olakino a me nā mahiʻai meaola.

ʻO nā laʻana me kahi ʻāpana i kākau ʻia me Kavin Senapathy, ka mea hui pū o he hui e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohaunaele i nā hanana haʻi ʻōlelo o nā loiloi GMO, poʻo inoa ʻia “Hoʻopili i nā mea hana; ” a hoʻokahi me ʻO Julie Kelly, he kumu aʻo kuke na kāna kāne he lobbyist no ka agribusiness nunui ADM, e wehewehe nei i ka mahiʻai meaola ma ke ʻano heka manaʻino. "

ʻO nā hana hou a Kelly e hoʻokomo ai i kahi ʻāpana ʻO ka'ōiwi kūkā ke kānalua nei i nā noiʻi ʻepekema aniau, a me kahi ʻatikala i The Hill e kāhea ana i ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e hoʻopōpō i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer, ka mea āna i hoʻopiʻi ai no ka "cancer collusion" a me "ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ʻepekema shoddy e hāpai i kahi papahana politika i hoʻoikaika ʻia."

I ko mākou komo ʻana i ka ʻelima mau makahiki o ka lilo ʻana o ke kaua ma ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ʻoiai ka hoʻoweliweli o ke aniau i nā kaiaolaola a me kā mākou ʻōnaehana meaʻai, ua hiki i ka manawa e wehe i ka pūnaewele o nā ʻepekema hōʻole e koi i ka ʻahuʻepekema a hōʻike iā lākou no nā mea lākou: nā mea hoʻolaha e hana ka hana pelapela o ka ʻoihana.

Ua paʻi mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma ʻO ʻEkōlani.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna hui o ka pūʻulu kiaʻi lehulehu nonprofit ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry," kahi mea hui pū o ka Campaign aupuni no Safe Cosmetics a me kahi mea paʻi nūpepa ma mua.

ʻIke hou ʻia nā kaula Coca-Cola i loko o nā kikowaena o US no ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi

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I Iune, ʻo Kauka Barbara Bowman, kahi luna kiʻekiʻe ma waena o nā Centers for Disease Control and Prevent, haʻalele haʻalele i ka ʻoihana, ʻelua mau lā ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana e hōʻike ana e kamaʻilio mau ana ʻo ia me - a hāʻawi i ke alakaʻi i - kahi alakaʻi nui Coca-Cola e ʻimi nei e hoʻohuli i nā luna olakino honua e pili ana i nā mea pili i ka kō a me ka mea inu.

I kēia manawa, manaʻo hou aʻe nā leka uila e pili like ka pili o kahi luna koa CDC kahiko i ka pilikua inu palupalu o ka honua. ʻO Michael Pratt, Kūkākūkā Kākoʻo no ka Health Global ma ka National Center for Prevent Disease Prevention and Health Promotional ma ka CDC, kahi moʻolelo o ka hoʻolaha ʻana a me ke kōkua ʻana i nā noiʻi alakaʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola. Hana pū ʻo Pratt me kahi hui hoihoi ʻoihana hui ʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia e Coca-Cola i kapa ʻia ʻo International Life Science Institute (ILSI), nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o ke noi ʻana o Freedom of Information.

ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Pratt i nā nīnau e pili ana i kāna hana, e hoʻopili ana i kahi kūlana ma ke ʻano he polofesa ma Emory University, he kulanui noiʻi pilikino ma Atlanta i loaʻa miliona miliona kālā mai ka Coca-Cola Foundation a ʻoi aʻe ma mua o $ 100 miliona mai ke alakaʻi kaulana loa o Coca-Cola ʻo Robert W. Woodruff a ʻo ko Woodruff kaikuaʻana ʻo George. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻo kā Coca-Cola kākoʻo kālā no Emory ikaika loa i ke kulanui ʻōlelo ma kāna pūnaewele ia "manaʻo ʻole ʻia he ʻuhane kula ʻilihuna e inu i nā lama kopa ʻē aʻe ma ka pā kula."

Ua haʻi aku ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo CDC ʻo Kathy Harben iā Pratt ma kahi "manawa hana" i ke Kulanui ʻo Emory akā ua pau kāna hana ma Emory "a ua hoʻi hou ʻo ia ma luna o nā limahana ma CDC." Hōʻike mau nā pūnaewele ʻo Emory University iā Pratt e like me ke ʻano i hāʻawi ʻia ma ke ʻano he polopeka ma laila.

Nānā ʻole, noiʻi e ka hui hoʻolaha hoʻolaha ʻo US Right to Know e hōʻike ana iā Pratt kekahi luna kiʻekiʻe o ka CDC kiʻekiʻe me nā pili kokoke iā Coca-Cola. A ʻōlelo ka poʻe loea i ka papaʻai meaʻai no ka mea ʻo ka misiona a ka CDC ke pale nei i ke olakino lehulehu, pilikia ia no nā luna ʻoihana e hana pū me kahi hoihoi ʻoihana e hōʻike i ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi o nā pilikia olakino o kāna huahana.

"Weliweli kēia mau hoʻopili ʻana no ka mea kōkua lākou i ka hāʻawi i ke kūpono i ka wili ʻana o ka ʻoihana," i ʻōlelo ʻia e Andy Bellatti, he mea mālamaʻai a me ka mea hoʻokumu o Dietitians no Professional Integrity.

ʻO kahi leka nui a Coca-Cola e kāohi nei "Koena ikehu."ʻO ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu i lawe ʻia i kō a me nā mea inu ʻaʻole ia e hoʻopiʻi ʻia no ka momona a i ʻole nā ​​pilikia olakino ʻē aʻe. ʻo ka hemahema o ka hoʻoikaika kino ka mea hewa mua, hele ka manaʻo. "Ke māhuahua nei ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka momona a me ka momona ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa, a ʻoiai nā kumu he nui i pili, ʻo ke kumu kumu i ka hapanui o nā hihia ke kaulike ʻole ma waena o nā calorie i pau a me nā calorie i lilo. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Coca-Cola ma kāna pūnaewele.

"ʻIke nui ka ʻoihana soda i ka pale ʻana i ke kamaʻilio ʻana mai nā hopena olakino maikaʻi maikaʻi ʻole o nā mea inu kō a me nā hana kino," wahi a Bellatti.

Hele mai ka leka uila i kahi manawa ke koi nei nā luna olakino olakino ākea e hana i ka ʻai kō a me nā mea inu, a ke hoʻokō nei kekahi mau kūlanakauhale i nā ʻauhau i hoʻohui ʻia i nā soda e hoʻāʻo e hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻai ʻana. Ke hakakā nei ʻo Coca-Cola i kekahi ʻāpana ma o ka hāʻawi kālā ʻana no nā ʻepekema a me nā hui i kākoʻo i ka ʻoihana me ka noiʻi a me nā hōʻike ʻike.

ʻO kā Pratt hana me ka ʻoihana e kūpono i loko o kēlā hana leka. ʻO ka makahiki i hala ua kākau pū ʻo ia kahi noiʻi olakino a me ka meaʻai Lākina Latin Americaa me nā pepa e pili ana i kālā kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola a me ILSI e noiʻi i nā papaʻai o kēlā me kēia kanaka ma nā ʻāina ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a e hoʻokumu i kahi waihona no ke aʻo ʻana i ka “pili paʻakikī e kū nei ma waena o ka palaka ʻole o ka ikehu, ka momona a me nā maʻi maʻi e pili pū ana…” ʻo Pratt kekahi e hana nei. ma ke ʻano he "aʻoaʻo" ʻepekema iā ILSI ʻAmelika Hema, e lawelawe ana ma ke kōmike ILSI no ka "koena ikehu a me ka nohona hana." A he lālā ʻo ia no ka ʻO ka Papa Kālā Kālā Research Foundation ʻo ILSI. Ua lawelawe ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he aʻoaʻo ma kahi aʻo honua o ka momona keiki i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola.

ʻO ko ILSI lālā ʻAmelika Hema, nona nā lālā e pili ana iā Coca-Cola, PepsiCo Inc., Dr Pepper Snapple Group a ʻoi aku ma mua o ʻelua mau kakini mau mea ʻoihana ʻoihana meaʻai, nā mokuʻāina ʻo ia ka holomua o ka "ʻike a me ka noi ʻana o ka ʻepekema e pili ana i ka maikaʻi o ka nutritional a palekana o ka lako meaʻai. ” Akā manaʻo kekahi mau ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa a me nā mea hana ʻoihana mea ʻai i ka ILSI kahi hui mua i manaʻo ʻia e holomua i nā pono o ka ʻoihana meaʻai. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia e Coca-Cola ʻepekema a me nā alakaʻi o ka hoʻoponopono alakaʻi Alex Malaspina i ka makahiki 1978. He pilina lōʻihi loa ko ILSI me ka World Health Organisation, e hana pū ana me kekahi manawa me kāna Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) a me ka WHO International Agency. no ka noiʻi e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me ka papahana o ka honua e pili ana i ka palekana kimia.

aka, he hōʻike na ke kākāʻōlelo iā WHO ua ʻike ʻo ILSI e hoʻokomo ana iā WHO a me FAO me nā ʻepekema, kālā a me nā noiʻi e loaʻa ai ka makemake no nā huahana ʻoihana a me nā hoʻolālā. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo ILSI ke hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohiolo i nā hana kaohi paka WHO ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻoihana paka.

Hoʻokahi ʻApelila 2012 hoʻololi leka uila i loaʻa ma o ke noi a Freedom of Information e hōʻike iā Pratt ma ke ʻano he pōʻai o nā polopeka e kamaʻilio pū ana me Rhona Applebaum, a laila ʻo ka luna ʻepekema a me nā luna hoʻomalu o Coca-Cola, e pili ana i nā pilikia e loaʻa ka launa ʻana ma kahi noiʻi ma Mekiko mai ka National Institute of Health Public. ʻAʻole makemake ka Institute e "pāʻani kinipōpō ma muli o ka mea nāna i kākoʻo i ke aʻo ʻana," e like me ka leka uila a Peter Katzmarzyk, he polofesa ʻepekema hoʻoikaika kino ma ka Pennington Biomedical Research Center ma ke Kulanui o Louisiana State, i hoʻouna ʻia i ka hui. Ua pale aku ʻo Appelbaum i ke kūpaʻa o ka noiʻi a hōʻike i ka huhū i ke kūlana, ke kākau ʻana "No laila inā lawe ka ʻepekema maikaʻi iā $$$ mai Coke - he aha? - ua hanaʻino lākou? ʻOiai ke holomua nei lākou i ka pono o ka lehulehu? ” I ka pānaʻi leka uila a Pratt i hāʻawi aku ai i ke kōkua

Hōʻike nā leka uila i kā Pratt kamaʻilio ʻana me Applebaum, ʻo ia ka mea i lawelawe i kahi manawa ma ke ʻano he pelekikena ʻo ILSI, i hoʻomau ʻia ma waena o 2014, me ke kūkākūkā ʻana no ka hana no “Exercise is Medicine,” ua hoʻokumu ʻia kahi hana i 2007 na Coca-Cola a no ia mea He lālā aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻo Pratt.

Ua haʻalele ʻo Applebaum i ka ʻoihana ma 2015 ma hope o ka Pūnaewele Balance Energy Energy ua kōkua ʻo ia e hoʻokumu i lalo o ka nānā ākea ma waena o nā hoʻopiʻi i ka mea ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o kahi hui hoʻolaha Coca-Cola. Ua ninini ʻo Coca-Cola ma kahi o $ 1.5 miliona i ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o ka hui, me kahi makana he $ 1 miliona i ke Kulanui o Colorado. Akā ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻia ʻana o kā Coca-Cola pili i ka hui i kahi ʻatikala ma The New York Times, a ma hope o kekahi mau ʻepekema a me nā luna olakino lehulehu i hoʻopiʻi i ka pūnaewele o "peddling science scientist," ua hoʻihoʻi ke kulanui i ke kālā iā Coca-Cola. ʻO ka pūnaewele ua hoʻopau ʻia i ka hopena o 2015 ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā leka uila i hōʻike nui ʻia ka hana a Coca-Cola e hoʻohana i ka pūnaewele e hoʻohuli i ka noiʻi ʻepekema i nā mea inu momona.

Kūleʻa nui ʻo Coca-Cola i nā makahiki i hala aku nei i ka hana ʻana e pale i ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka inu ʻana i nā mea inu me ka nui o ke kō a me nā loulou ma waena o nā mea inu momona a me nā maʻi ʻē aʻe. Ua hōʻike ʻo The New York Times i ka makahiki i hala aku nei ua ʻae ka luna nui o Coke, ʻo Muhtar Kent, ua lilo ka ʻoihana aneane he $ 120 miliona mai ka makahiki 2010 e uku no ka noiʻi olakino olakino a me nā pilina me nā hui olakino nui a me nā hui kaiāulu e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ʻōpona.

ʻO Marion Nestle, he polofesa no ka meaʻai pono, nā haʻawina meaʻai a me ke olakino lehulehu ma ke Kulanui o New York a me ka mea kākau o "Soda Politics," i ʻōlelo ʻia ke hana pū nā luna o ka CDC me ka ʻoihana, aia ka hakakā o ka hoihoi hoihoi e noʻonoʻo ai ka CDC.

"Ke holo nei nā luna o nā keʻena olakino lehulehu i ka makaʻu o ka cooptation, hopu ʻana, a i ʻole kūʻē o ka hoihoi ke pili pono lākou me nā ʻoihana nona ka hana e kūʻai aku i nā huahana meaʻai, me ka nānā ʻole i nā hopena o ia huahana i ke olakino," wahi a Nestle.

Pili nā pilina o Pratt iā Coca-Cola a me ILSI me nā mea i ʻike ʻia me Bowman. ʻO Bowman, nāna i alakaʻi i ka CDC's Division no ka maʻi puʻuwai a me ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ahulau, ua hana mua ʻo ia i kāna ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he nutristiano nui loa no Coca-Cola a ma hope ma ke CDC hui pū ʻia kahi puke o kahi puke i kapa ʻia ʻo Present Knowledge in Nutrite ma ke ʻano “kahi paʻi o ka International Life Science Institute."Ua hōʻike nā leka uila ma waena o Bowman a me Malaspina i nā kamaʻilio mau e pili ana iā ILSI a me nā makemake o nā mea inu.

I ko Bowman noho ʻana, i Mei 2013, ua kono ʻo ILSI a me nā mea hoʻonohonoho ʻē aʻe iā Bowman a me ka CDC i komo i kahi papahana Ua hana pū ʻia ʻo ILSI me ka US Department of Agriculture e hoʻomohala i kahi “database hōʻaiʻē inoa”. E uku ʻia nā kumukūʻai huakaʻi no Bowman e ILSI, i ʻōlelo ʻia i ke kono. Ua ʻae ʻo Bowman e komo a hāʻawi ka CDC i ke kālā, ma ka liʻiliʻi he $ 25,000, ua hōʻoia ʻo Harben, e kākoʻo i ka papahana database. ʻO ke kōmike hoʻokele lālā he 15 mau lālā no ka papahana i mālama ʻia i ʻeono mau ʻelele ILSI, hōʻike ʻia nā palapala.

Ua hana ʻo Bowman lāua ʻo Pratt ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a Ursula Bauer, ka luna o ka National Center for Prevent Disease Prevent and Health Promotional. Ma hope o ke kuleana pono o US e ʻike i nā leka uila e pili ana i ka pili o Bowman iā ILSI a me Coca-Cola, pale aku ʻo Bauer i ka pilina. i kahi leka uila i kāna mau limahana, ʻ sayinglelo ana "ʻaʻole ia he mea maʻamau no Barbara - a i ʻole kekahi o mākou- e kūlike me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i like ka hoihoi i kā mākou wahi o ka hana ..."

Akā, Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Bowman kahi hoʻomaha loa i manaʻo ʻole ʻia mai CDC i ʻelua mau lā ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻia ʻana o nā leka uila. Ua hōʻole mua ʻo CDC ua haʻalele ʻo ia i ua ʻoihana nei, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻo Harben i kēia pule no ka mea ua liuliu ka manawa e "hana" i ka hoʻololi a Bowman i ka hoʻomaha loa.

Hāpai nā pilina i nā nīnau pili e pili ana i kahi kokoke loa ke hana pū nā luna lehulehu me nā pono ʻoihana e hiki ke hakakā me nā makemake o ka lehulehu.

ʻO Yoni Freedhoff, MD, he loea kōkua no ka lāʻau lapaʻau ʻohana ma ke Kulanui o Ottawa a me ka mea hoʻokumu o ka Bariatric Medical Institute, ua ʻōlelo ʻia aia he pilikia maoli ke pili loa nā luna olakino lehulehu me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana.

"A hiki i ko mākou ʻike ʻana i nā pilikia kūlohelohe o nā hakakā o ka hoihoi me ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me ke olakino lehulehu, aia kahi kokoke i kēia mau hakakā e hoʻohuli i ke ʻano a me ka ikaika o nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a me nā papahana i nā ala e ʻoluʻolu ai i nā ʻoihana nāna nā huahana e hāʻawi i ka ukana. o ka maʻi ʻo ia mau ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo like a me nā papahana i manaʻo ʻia e kamaʻilio, "wahi a Freedhoff.

(Ua puka mua ka pou ma Ka Huffington Post )

E hāhai iā Carey Gillam ma Twitter: