ʻO ka holo wikiwiki gula neocolonial hou? ʻO nā ʻōnaehana ʻai ʻApelika ka 'aila hou,' i ʻōlelo nā palapala UN

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ʻO nā palapala hoʻolālā no ka 2021 United Nations Food Systems Summit e hoʻomālamalama i ka papa kuhikuhi ma hope o ka piko ʻai controversial kēlā mau haneli o mahi boycotting a me nā hui pono kīvila kanaka. ʻ saylelo nā hui i nā hoihoi agribusiness a me nā hoʻokumu elite ke hoʻomalu nei i ke kaʻina hana e pahu i loko o kahi papa kuhikuhi e hiki ai i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai honua, a ʻo ʻApelika hoʻi. 

Nā palapala, me a pepa kāʻei kua hoʻomākaukau ʻia no nā kamaʻilio piko a me ka hoʻolālā pōkole kōkuhi no ka piko, lawe i ka noonoo "Nā hoʻolālā no ka ʻoihana nui o nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai o ʻApelika," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Mariam Mayet, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Center for Biodiversity (ACB) ʻo ʻApelika, nāna i hāʻawi i nā palapala i ka US Right to Know.

"Kuli a makapō nā kamaʻilio i nā ʻōnaehana ʻōnaehana i hoʻohuli ʻia a mākou e kū nei i kēia lā, a manaʻo hou ka wikiwiki." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ACB i loko o kahi ʻōlelo.

Hoʻololi kūlohelohe

A pepa kāʻei kua i hoʻomākaukau ʻia e ka UN Economic Commission no ʻApelika, ke Komikina Union ʻApelika, ka UN Food and Agriculture Organization a me nā hui hui no a kūkā kamaʻilio āpana ma nā ʻōnaehana ʻai ʻApelika hāʻawi i nā kikoʻī e pili ana i nā hoʻolālā e holo nei. Kākau ka palapala i hāʻawi ʻia “me ka hoʻoponopono ʻole ʻia a ma ka ʻōlelo Pelekania wale nō no ka lohi o ka waiho ʻana. "

Wahi a ka pepa, e neʻe ʻia kahi hoʻololi hoʻololi maoli, e neʻe ʻo ʻApelika "mai nā doldrum o kēia manawa no ka lawe nui ʻana mai o nā meaʻai mai waho o ʻApelika." Hōʻike ka pepa i ke kūlana weliweli a koʻikoʻi hoʻi ma ʻApelika kahi e ʻeha nei ka 256 miliona mau kānaka i ka pōloli, a ʻoi aku i ka hapalua o ka heluna kānaka i nā ʻāpana o ʻApelika Hikina ka palekana o ka meaʻai. Ke hoʻonui nei ka maʻi maʻi Covid 19 i ka hemahema a hōʻike i ka nāwaliwali o ka ʻōnaehana ʻai o ʻApelika.

Ke hoʻokumu nei kēia mau dynamics i mea nui no nā aupuni ʻApelika e hana i kahi "ʻano e hiki ai ma o ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i nā kulekele a me nā hoʻopukapuka ʻana i nā waiwai lehulehu o ka mahiʻai, e hoʻonui i nā hopena uila no ka mahiʻai, a hoʻomohala i nā hoʻolālā kālā hou ma o nā hui lehulehu-pilikino."  

“ʻO ka manawa nō kēia e hoʻokau i nā hoʻopukapuka kālā ma kahi e pono nui ai lākou; ʻo kahi laʻana, nā aupuni ʻApelika e hoʻoili nei i mau miliona miliona i ke kākoʻo lehulehu i nā hoʻokele waiwai mahiai-akamai ... a, me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana i ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ʻikepili nui e hoʻokele i nā hoʻoholo pae kiʻekiʻe no ka mālama wai ʻana, hoʻohana mea hoʻomomona, hoʻoili i nā ʻano mea kanu kū ʻole i ka maloʻo a komo i nā mākeke. ” 

Kūlike kūpono kēia papa kuhikuhi me nā hoʻolālā o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ʻo ka Gates Foundation a me kāna papahana hoʻomohala mahiʻai nui, ʻo ka Alliance for a Green Revolution ma ʻApelika, kahi e paipai nei i nā ʻāina ʻApelika e hoʻoholo i nā kulekele pili aloha a hoʻonui i nā mākeke no nā ʻanoʻano i hoʻohua ʻia, nā mea hoʻomomona wahie a me nā hoʻokomo ʻenehana a lākou i ʻōlelo ai he pono. e hoʻonui i ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai. Wahi a kēia mau hui i nā ʻenehana hou ma lalo o ka hoʻomohala ʻana a me ka "sustainable intensification" o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ke ala i mua.  

ʻO nā papa hana i hāpai ʻia i loko o nā palapala he "hoʻopōʻaiapuni wānana ʻia" o nā "hāʻina wahaheʻe like ʻole ... me nā pōkole like e loaʻa ana i ka helu o nā mea hana keaka," i ʻōlelo ʻo ACB i kāna ʻōlelo. 

"ʻAʻole pili nā pahuhopu i ka hoʻololi ʻana i nā pilina o ka honua me ka maikaʻi o ko ʻApelika a me kā mākou ʻōnaehana kaiaola i waenakonu, akā e hoʻokūpaʻa paʻa iā ʻApelika i nā pilina pili honua a me nā loina hoʻomohala i ho'ākāka ʻia ma o ka colonialism a me ka neoliberal globalization."

Ka 'Aila Hou'

Heluhelu ʻia nā ʻāpana o ka pepa kāʻei kua UN e like me ke kūʻai aku no nā mea hoʻopukapuka a me nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai, akā me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike piha ʻana i nā pilikia o kēia huahana i kekahi manawa. 

"ʻO nā ʻoihana i nā makahiki he ʻehā i hala aku nei i kūleʻa i ʻApelika, ua hana pēlā ma o ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka waiwai mineral, ʻo ia hoʻi ka aila a me ke kinoea i kapa ʻia ma ke ʻano he" gula ʻeleʻele, "wahi a ka pepa. "I kēia manawa, ke neʻe nei ka ʻāina me kahi wikiwiki i ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka ʻāpana mahiʻai a me ka agribusiness e hoʻomaka wikiwiki nei i ka pīhoihoi a me kahi kikowaena nui no nā mea hoʻopukapuka a me ka prioritization hoʻopukapuka e hoʻololi i ka 'aila hou' i hoʻokau ʻia e hoʻokele i ka ʻāina. a hāʻawi i ka ʻO US $ 1 trillion e 2030. ” 

ʻO kahi ʻāpana i kapa ʻia "ka ʻōlelo hoʻohiki o ka uila a me ka biotechnologies a me ka loli ʻana o nā ʻōnaehana," e kūkākūkā ana "i ka hiki nui no ka hopu ʻana i nā uku waiwai nui, ka pilikanaka a me ke kaiapuni mai ka hoʻohana ʻia ʻana o nā huahana biotechnology ... ma ʻApelika Komohana, no ka laʻana, hiki i nā mahiʻai ke pōmaikaʻi nui. mai ka lawe ʻia ʻana o ka pulupulu Bt. ” 

ʻAʻole hōʻike ka pepa i ka hoʻokolohua Bt pulupulu i holo pono ʻole ʻia ma Burkina Faso, ka ʻāina mua ma ʻApelika i hoʻohana i kahi hua nui i hoʻolālā ʻia no nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi. Ua kūʻē aku ʻo Monsanto's Bt cotton i nā ʻūlū a hāʻawi i nā hua maikaʻi, akā ʻaʻole hiki ke hāʻawi i ke kūlana kiʻekiʻe e like me nā ʻano ʻōiwi, a me ka ʻāina. haʻalele i ka hua GM.  

Hōʻike ka moʻolelo Burkina Faso i kahi "ʻo ka quandary liʻiliʻi i ʻike ʻia e ke ʻenekinia, Ka hōʻike a Reuters. "No nā mea kanu pulupulu ʻo Burkina Faso, ua hoʻopau ʻo GM ma ke ʻano he kālepa ma waena o ka nui a me ka maikaʻi. No Monsanto, nona ka $ 13.5 biliona ma nā loaʻa kālā ma 2016 ma mua o ka Burkina Faso's GDP, ua hōʻoia he kūpono ʻole e hoʻopili pono i ka huahana i kahi niche mākeke. "

loiloi i 20 mau makahiki o ka ʻike ma ka Bt cotton ma India i paʻi ʻia i ka makahiki i hala aku nei ua ʻike ʻia ka pulupulu kahi hōʻailona maikaʻi ʻole o nā ʻano hana a ʻoiai ua hoʻoliʻiliʻi mua ia i ka pono o nā pesticides, "hoʻolilo nā mea mahiʻai i kēia manawa i nā pesticides i kēia lā ma mua o ka hoʻolauna ʻana o Bt."

'Hoʻokahi leo ʻApelika' 

"ʻO ke kūkulu hou ʻana i nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai o ka honua… he kūlana ma ka lawe ākea o nā ʻenehana kūpono a me nā hana hou," e like me ka hoʻolālā pōkole kōkuhi hana ʻia no ka piko. Ua wehewehe ka palapala i ʻelua mau pūnaewele pūnaewele a me kahi kūkākūkā pūnaewele e manaʻo ana e forge i "One Africa Voice" i ka piko meaʻai no "nā loli pāʻani nui e pono ai e hoʻoikaika i ka noiʻi mahiʻai ʻApelika a me ka hoʻomohala."   

Ua hoʻākoakoa ʻia ke kaʻina hana kū kaʻawale e ka Forum no ka Mahiʻai Mahiʻai ma ʻApelika, me ka Alliance no kahi Green Revolution ma ʻApelika, nā Pūnaehana ʻImi Mahiʻai National a me nā hui noiʻi a me nā kulekele. ʻAʻole pili ka neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai ʻApelika i ke kamaʻilio, wahi a Mayet. 

ʻO nā kī i ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka ʻōnaehana meaʻai, e like me ka pōkole kulekele, e hoʻopili ana i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i ka "koi kūpono no ka ʻepekema, ʻenehana a me nā hana hou" mai nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi, a me ka paipai ʻana i nā aupuni ʻApelika e hoʻopukapuka hou aku i nā kumuwaiwai i ka noiʻi mahiʻai "a me nā huahana a me nā ʻenehana a me nā hana hou." 

Kākau ka palapala "he pono e hāʻawi i ka nānā hou aku i ka hōʻiliʻili o ka ʻikepili a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā hiki no ke kālailai e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻihoʻi" i ka noiʻi mahiʻai no ka hoʻomohala ʻana a me ka "kaulike kaulike kaulike ʻana a me ka hoʻokō ʻana, ʻo ia hoʻi, nā kulekele no ka hoʻokō ʻana i nā kuleana waiwai, me nā waiwai ʻona. nā kuleana, uku i nā mahiʻai no nā lawelawe kaiaola, e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana i ka papaʻai palekana a me ke olakino i nā kumukūʻai kumukūʻai. ”

ʻO ke kamaʻilio "me he mea lā he wahi legitimating hou ia no ka elite-consensus hale a laila e hōʻike ʻia ma ka UN Food Systems Summit ma ke ʻano he" leo o ʻApelika "... Eia naʻe, mamao loa kēlā leo mai ka mea hana maʻamau o ʻApelika. ”Wahi a ACB. "Ma kahi e hōʻike ana i nā mea nui o ka poʻe loea hoʻomohala i kūlike i ka modernist, ʻike ʻia e ka ʻenehana i ka loli a me ka hoʻololi ʻana, nā ʻoihana biotechnology, agribusiness, a me ka neoliberal, papahana hoʻomohala honua.

"Pono e nīnau ʻo ʻApelika i nā manaʻo o ka hana ʻana, a me nā pilina pili kaiāulu e hiki ai i nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi ke hoʻokō pono i ka nui o ka huahana e pili ana i ka nohona waiwai a me ka nohona kaulike a me ka hoʻokele."

Hoʻokahi CGIAR

Ke hoʻoweliweli nei nā kaua kulekele i ka 2021 Food Systems Summit e hoʻoweliweli iā "e hanai ikaika i ka ʻōnaehana meaʻai ʻoihana i kūleʻa ʻole ʻia i ka ʻāpana lehulehu a me ka mahiʻai honua, e hoʻopaʻa ana i nā aupuni i kahi papa hana ʻoihana e hōʻemi i nā mahiʻai, nā kaiāulu, nā neʻe a me nā agroecology," e like me a Pepeluali 2020 hōʻike mai ka ETC Group i wehewehe i ka dinamika i ka pāʻani a puni ka piko. 

ʻO kahi kaua nui e pili ana i ka wā e hiki mai ana o CGIAR, kahi consortium o 15 mau kikowaena noiʻi mahiʻai me 10,000 nā ʻepekema a me nā ʻenehana ma kāna uku uku a kokoke i 800,000 mau ʻano hua i loko o kāna 11 mau panakō. ʻO ke poʻo o ka Gates Foundation a me ke alakaʻi mua o ka Syngenta Foundation ke poʻo nei a hoʻolālā e hoʻolālā ana i ka hoʻolālā e hoʻohui i ka pūnaewele i "One CGIAR" me kahi papa hoʻokahi me nā mana hoʻonohonoho hoʻonohonoho hou.

ʻO ka hoʻolālā hou ʻana, e like me ka leka Iulai mai ka International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems, makemake "Hoʻemi i ka mana kūʻokoʻa o nā papahana noiʻi āpau a hoʻokūpaʻa i ka paʻa o nā mea hāʻawi mana nui - ʻo ka hapanui o lākou e makemake e hoʻohuli i ke ala ʻo Green Revolution." 

ka kaʻina hanas, ua ʻōlelo ʻo IPES, "ua kipaku ʻia i mua i kahi ʻano coercive, me kahi kūʻai liʻiliʻi mai nā mea e pono ai nā pōmaikaʻi ma ka Hema o ka honua, me ka lawa ʻole o nā ʻano like ʻole i waena o ka pōʻai o loko o nā mea hoʻoponopono, a me ka noʻonoʻo ʻole ʻole i ka makemake nui e pono ai. hoʻololi i paradigm i nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai. "

ʻ expertslelo nā loea he nui a pono ka hoʻololi paradigm mai kahi mahiai hanalima a i nā ʻano ʻokoʻa, agroecological hiki ke hoʻoponopono i nā pilikia a me nā palena o ke ʻano ʻoihana ʻoihana i kēia manawa, me nā kaulike ʻole, hoʻonui i ka ilihune, ʻai ʻole a me ka hoʻowahāwahā kaiaola. 

Ma ka 2019, a pae kiʻekiʻe o ka poʻe loea i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka meaʻai no ka mea ua paipai ka UN i ka hoʻololi ʻana i nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai like ʻole, e hōʻike ana i ka ʻole o ka mana i nā ʻōnaehana ʻai, a me ka hoʻopukapuka ʻana i nā ʻōnaehana noiʻi e kākoʻo i ka agroecology ma ke ʻano i mua. 

palapala 

Kūkākūkā ʻĀpana: ʻApelika Mea ʻAi ʻApelika ʻAina Hiku o ka ʻApelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻApelika e pili ana i ka Hoʻomohala Malu ʻana 4 Malaki 2021, Brazzaville, Kongo Paʻa Papa Kongo, ECA, AUC, FAO, AUDA-NEPAD, WEP, UNICEF, IFAD, AfDB, Akademiya2063, RUFORUM (2021)  

Kūkākūkā kamaʻāina: Nā ʻAna Mea ʻAi ʻApelika (agenda helu 9), Pōʻahā Malaki 4, ʻAha Kālā Hoʻokele Waiwai a UN

Pōkole pōkole, ka hoʻoikaika ʻana i ka noiʻi mahiʻai ʻApelika a me ke kūkulu ʻana i kahi ʻōnaehana meaʻai ʻo Africa, "Hoʻokahi Leo ʻApelika" i ka 2021 UN Food Summit Summit, FARA, Sub Regional Research Organisations, NARS, AFAAS, AGRA, FANRPAN

Ka hana a ACB i ka Dialogue Regional ma nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai ʻApelika, i hana ʻia ma ka ʻehiku mau kau o ka Africa Regional Forum on Sustainable Development, 4 Malaki 2021

Hoʻolālā ʻo Bill Gates e hana hou i nā ʻōnaehana ʻai e hoʻopōʻino i ke aniau

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Na Stacy Malkan

I loko o kāna puke hou e pili ana i kahi e pale ai i kahi pōʻino o ke aniau, Billionaire mea aloha piliona Bill Gates e kūkākūkā ana i kāna mau hoʻolālā i hoʻohālikelike ʻōnaehana ʻai ʻApelika ma luna o ka "ʻōmaʻomaʻo ʻōmaʻomaʻo" o India kahi i hoʻonui ai kahi mea ʻepekema mea kanu i nā hua a mālama ʻia he piliona mau ola, e like me Gates. ʻO ka mea keakea i ka hoʻokō ʻana i kahi hoʻoponopono hou like ma ʻApelika, ʻōlelo ʻo ia, ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mahiʻai ma nā ʻāina ʻilihune ʻaʻohe waiwai kālā e kūʻai ai i nā mea momona.  

"Inā hiki iā mākou ke kōkua i nā mahiʻai ʻilihuna e hoʻāla i kā lākou hua ʻai, e loaʻa kālā hou iā lākou a ʻoi aku ka nui o kā lākou mea e ʻai ai, a ʻo nā miliona o nā kānaka ma nā ʻāina ʻilihune o ka honua e hiki ke loaʻa nā meaʻai a me nā meaʻai e pono ai," ʻo Gates hoʻopau. ʻAʻole ʻo ia e noʻonoʻo i nā ʻāpana maopopo he nui o ka pōloli pōloli, e like me kona kāpae ʻana i nā mea koʻikoʻi o ka paio ʻana o ke aniau, e like me kā Bill McKibben i kuhikuhi ai i loko o ka Hōʻikeʻike ʻo New York Times o kā Gates puke Pehea e hōʻalo ai i kahi ʻinoʻino. 

ʻAʻole haʻi ʻo Gates, no ka laʻana, no ka pōloli ka mea nui ka ilihune a me ke kaulike ʻole, ʻaʻole ka nele. A me he mea lā ʻaʻole ia i ʻike i ka nui o nā makahiki he umi makahiki o ka "hoʻokahuli ʻōmaʻomaʻo" kaomi no ka mahiʻai ʻoihana i India i haʻalele i hoʻoilina hoʻoilina o ka hōʻino no nā kaiaolaola a me nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi, i noho ʻia ke kūʻē nei i nā alanui mai ka makahiki i hala.   

"Ke kākau nei nā mea kūʻē mahiʻai ma India i kā obituary o ka Green Revolution," ʻo Aniket Aga i kākau ma Scientific American i ka mahina i hala. Mau makahiki i loko o ka ʻōnaehana kipi ʻōmaʻomaʻo, "maopopo ia ua hoʻohui nā pilikia hou o ka mahiʻai ʻoihana i nā pilikia kahiko o pololi a malnutrition, "Kākau ʻo Aga. "ʻAʻohe nui o ka tinkering ma ka hopena kūʻai e hoʻoponopono ai i kahi hana hoʻohua kumu ʻole a kūpono ʻole."

Kēia k .kohu e hoʻoneʻe i nā mahiʻai i nā ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻoi aku ka nui a me ka liʻiliʻi hilinaʻi i nā pesticides a me ka hōʻino-aniau mea hoʻomomona kemika - kahi a Gates Foundation e paipai nei ma ʻApelika no 15 mau makahiki, ma luna o ke kūʻē ʻana i nā neʻe o nā meaʻai ʻApelika e ʻōlelo nei ke hoʻokau nei ke kahua i nā mea nui o nā ʻoihana agribusiness multinational i mea e pōʻino ai ko lākou kaiāulu.  

Ke kūʻē nei nā haneli o nā hui kaiaulu ʻo ka Gates Foundation's nā hoʻolālā mahiʻai a me kona mana ma luna o ka UN World Summit e hiki mai ana. 'Saylelo nā Insiders ke hoʻoweliweli nei kēia alakaʻi i nā hana kūpono e hoʻololi i ka ʻōnaehana meaʻai, ma kahi manawa koʻikoʻi i ka nui o ka sub-Saharan ʻApelika ʻalalā mai nā haʻalulu he nui a me ka ulu ulia pōpilikia ana ma muli o ka maʻi ahulau a me nā ʻano huliau. 

Ua ʻike ʻole ʻia kēia mau mea āpau e nā hoʻolaha pāpāho nui e ʻōwili nei i ka moena ʻulaʻula no kā Gates puke. Eia kekahi o nā kumu i ʻōlelo ai nā loiloi he maikaʻi ʻole ka papahana hoʻomohala mahiʻai ʻo Gates Foundation no ke aniau. ʻAʻole pane ka kahua i nā noi he nui no ka ʻōlelo. 

Pili pili: No ke aha mākou e nānā nei i kā Bill Gates mau hoʻolālā e hana hou i ka ʻōnaehana meaʻai 

Hoʻopili hou i nā hoʻokuʻu kinoea hoʻomehana honua

ʻAʻole hilahila ʻo Gates e pili ana i kāna kuko no ka momona synthetic, ʻoiai ʻo ia wehewehe i kēia blog e pili ana i kāna kipa i ka ʻO Yara mea hoʻoili mea kanu kanu ma Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. ʻO ka mea kanu hou ka mea nui o kona ʻano ma ʻApelika Hikina. ʻO Fertilizer kahi "hana hoʻokalakupua i hiki ke kōkua i ka hāpai ʻana i nā miliona o nā kānaka mai ka ʻilihune," kākau ʻo Gates. "ʻO ka nānā ʻana i nā limahana e hoʻopiha nei i nā ʻeke me nā pellets keʻokeʻo liʻiliʻi e piha ana i ka nitrogen, phosphorous, a me nā mea kanu o nā mea kanu i mea hoʻomanaʻo nui e pili ana i kēlā me kēia ʻeke a me ka momona i hiki ke hoʻololi i nā ola ma ʻApelika."

Ua wehewehe ʻo Corp Watch iā Yara ma ke ʻano “ka pilikua mea hoʻomomona e hōʻino ana i ke aniau. ” ʻO Yara ka mea kūʻai ʻoihana nui o ʻEulopa o ke kinoea kūlohelohe, nā lobbies ʻeleu no ka fracking, a he mea hana kiʻekiʻe i nā mea synthetic synthetic i ʻepekema. haʻi he kuleana no ka mea, mahuahua ka hopohopo i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia o nitrous oxide. ʻO ka kinoea hoʻomehana honua ʻo ia 300 manawa hou aku ka mana ma mua o carbon dioxide i ka hoʻomehana ʻana i ka honua. E like me ka pepa Natura hou, nitrous oxide emissions i kipaku nui ʻia e ka mahiʻai e piʻi aʻe nei i kahi loop loop feedback e hoʻonui nei iā mākou ala hele hewa loa no ka hoʻololi i ke aniau.

Hoʻomaopopo ʻo Gates e hoʻopōʻino nā mea hoʻomomona synthetic i ke aniau. Ma ke ʻano he hopena, lana ka manaʻo o Gates no nā hana ʻenehana ma ka pae, me kahi papahana hoʻokolohua e genetically engineer microbes e hoʻoponopono i ka nitrogen i ka lepo. "Inā holo pono kēia mau hoʻokokoke ʻana," kākau ʻo Gates, "e hoʻoliʻiliʻi nui lākou i ka pono no ka momona a me nā emissions āpau nāna ke kuleana." 

I kēia manawa, ke kia nui o ka hoʻoikaika ʻōmaʻomaʻo ʻōmaʻomaʻo o Gates no ʻApelika e hoʻonui nei i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka mea hoʻomomona synthetic me ka manaʻo e hoʻonui i nā hua, ʻoiai ma laila ʻaʻole hōʻike e hōʻike ai ua kōkua ka 14 mau makahiki o kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana i nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi a i ʻole nā ​​ʻilihuna, a i ʻole hoʻohua i nā loaʻa nui.

Hoʻonui i nā monocultures ʻinoʻino 

Ua lilo ka Gates Foundation ma kahi o $ 5 biliona mai 2006 ia "kōkua i ka hoʻohuli ʻana i ka mahiʻai”Ma ʻApelika. ʻO ka nui o ka hele kālā i ʻimi noiʻi ʻenehana a me nā hana e hoʻololi i nā mahiʻai ʻApelika i nā ʻano mahiʻai mahiʻenehana a hoʻonui i ko lākou hiki i nā hua kalepa, nā mea hoʻomomona a me nā mea hoʻokomo. ʻ saylelo nā mea kākoʻo i kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana hāʻawi i nā mahiʻai i nā koho e pono ai e hoʻonui i ka hana a hapai ia lakou iho mai ka ilihune. Kuhi ka poʻe loiloi he "ʻōmaʻomaʻo ʻōmaʻomaʻo" ʻo Gates ʻinoʻino nā ʻōkuhi iā ʻApelika e ka hana ʻana ʻoi aku ka palupalu o nā kaiaolaola, ke waiho nei i nā mahiʻai i ka hōʻaiʻē, a hoʻohuli i nā kumuwaiwai lehulehu mai nā hoʻololi ʻōnaehana hohonu loa pono e kū i ke aniau a me nā pilikia pōloli. 

"Hāpai ka Gates Foundation i kahi hiʻohiʻona o ka mahiʻai mahiʻai monoculture a me ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai e kākoʻo ʻole ai i ko mākou poʻe," kahi hui o nā alakaʻi manaʻoʻiʻo mai ʻApelika kākau i loko o ka leka i ke kahua, ke hāpai nei i nā hopohopo no ke kākoʻo o ke kahua no ka hoʻonui ʻana o ka mahiʻai ʻoihana ikaika e hoʻonui ana i ka pilikia kanaka. 

ʻO ke kahua, ʻōlelo lākou, "Paipai i nā mahiʻai ʻApelika e hoʻohana i kahi ala hoʻokomo kiʻekiʻe – kiʻekiʻe i hoʻokumu ʻia ma kahi ʻano ʻoihana i hoʻomohala ʻia i kahi hoʻonohonoho Komohana" a "kau kaomi i nā mahiʻai e ulu wale i hoʻokahi a i ʻole kekahi mau mea kanu e pili ana i ka hana kiʻekiʻe a me nā genetically GM) mau hua. "

ʻO ka papahana mahiʻai hae ʻo Gates, ka Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), hoʻokele i nā mahiʻai i ka maize a me nā mea ulu nui me ka pahuhopu e hoʻonui i nā hua. Wahi a AGRA's hoʻolālā hana no Uganda (ke koʻikoʻi nei i kā lākou):

  • Hoʻomaopopo ʻia ka hoʻololi ahupuaʻa a ke kaʻina hana a nā mahiʻai e neʻe ai mai ka ʻokoʻa loa, ka hana i hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia i ka hana i hana nui ʻia kū i ka mākeke a i ʻole nā ​​ʻōnaehana o ka hoʻololi, e pili ana i ka hilinaʻi nui ʻana i ka ʻōnaehana hoʻokomo a me ka hoʻopuka ʻana a hoʻonui i ka hoʻohui ʻana o ka mahiʻai me nā ʻāpana ʻē aʻe o nā ʻoihana kūloko a me ka honua.

ʻO ka AGRA kumu nui ka nānā ʻana i nā papahana i hoʻonui i ka hiki ʻana o nā mahiʻai i nā ʻanoʻano kālepa a me nā mea momona e ulu i ka maize a me kekahi mau mea kanu. Kākoʻo hou ʻia kēia ʻenehana ʻenehana ʻōuli e $ 1 biliona i kēlā me kēia makahiki i nā kōkua mai nā aupuni ʻApelika, e like me noiʻi i paʻi ʻia i ka makahiki i hala ma ka ʻO Tufts Global Development and Environment Institute a hōʻike e Nā pūʻulu ʻApelika a me Kelemania

ʻAʻole i loaʻa i nā mea noiʻi kahi hōʻailona o kahi boom hoʻonui huahana; Hōʻike ka ʻikepili i nā loaʻa haʻahaʻa o 18% no nā mea kanu nui i nā ʻāina i kūlia i ka AGRA, ʻoiai nā stagnated stagnated a me nā mea ʻai i hoʻomāhuahua, me ka nui o ka poʻe pōloli a me nā mea ʻai ʻole 30%. AGRA hoʻopaʻapaʻa i ka noiʻi akā ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i ka hōʻike kikoʻī o kāna mau hopena ma mua o 15 mau makahiki. Ua haʻi mai kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo AGRA iā mākou i kahi hōʻike e hiki mai ana i ʻApelila.

ʻO nā kānaka noiʻi kūʻokoʻa kekahi ua hōʻike i ka emi ʻana o nā mea kanu kuʻuna, e like me ka mila, ʻo ia ke kūpaʻa i ke aniau a hoi kahi kumu waiwai nui o nā micronutrients no nā miliona o ka poʻe.

"ʻO ke ʻano AGRA i hoʻokau ʻia ma ka mahiʻai ʻana ma Rwanda ma mua ʻokoʻa a ʻaneʻane hoʻi e hoʻohiehie i kāna mau mea kanu mahiʻai mahiʻai kuʻuna, "Jomo Kwame Sundaram, ke kākau ʻōlelo kōkua mua o ka UN no ka hoʻomohala waiwai, i kākau i loko o kahi ʻatikala e wehewehe ana i ka noiʻi.  ʻO ka pūʻulu AGRA, kākau ʻo ia, ua "hoʻokau ʻia me he lima kaumaha "ma Rwanda, me" ke aupuni i hōʻike ʻia e pāpā ana i ka mahi ʻana i kekahi mau mea ulu i loko o kekahi mau wahi. "  

Hoʻololi i nā kumuwaiwai mai agroecology 

"Inā e lilo nā ʻōnaehana o ka honua āpau i mea e hoʻomau pono ai, pono e lilo nā monocultures huaʻai komo nui a me nā mea hānai pālākiō i mea lapuwale," i kākau ai nā alakaʻi alakaʻi ʻApelika i kā lākou hoʻopiʻi i ka Gates Foundation.

ʻOiaʻiʻo, he nui ʻōlelo nā loea a pono ka hoʻololi paradigm, mai ʻaʻano like, ʻōnaehana hoʻoulu monoculture i nā ʻano ʻokoʻa, agroecological kokoke i kēlā hiki ke hoʻoponopono i nā pilikia a me nā palena o ka mahiʻai ʻoihana me nā kaulike ʻole, hoʻonui i ka ilihune, hana maikaʻi ʻole a me ka hōʻino ʻana o ke kaiaola.

ka ʻO ka hōʻike 2019 e ka Intergovernmental Panel ma ka Huliau Hoʻomaopopo ʻo (IPCC) i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole o ka monocropping, a hōʻike i ka mea nui o ka agroecology, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka papa e hiki ai ke hoʻomaikaʻi i ka "hoʻomau a me ke kūpaʻa o nā ʻōnaehana mahiʻai e ka pale ʻana i nā ʻano aniau, e hoʻēmi nei i ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa o nā lepo, a me ka hoʻohuli ʻana i ka hoʻohana kūpono ʻole o nā kumuwaiwai; a no laila e hoʻonui i ka hua me ka ʻole e hōʻino i nā mea ola. ”

ʻO Rupa Marya, MD, he loea pili no ka lāʻau lapaʻau ma UCSF, e kūkākūkā i ka agroecology ma ka hālāwai kūkā 2021 EcoFarm

He Hui Hoʻolālā Meaʻai a UN hōʻike papa loea e pili ana i ka agroecology kāhea maopopo i ka neʻe ʻana mai ke kumu hoʻohālikelike ahupuaʻa ʻo "ʻōmaʻomaʻo ʻōmaʻomaʻo" a i nā hana agroecological i hōʻike ʻia e hoʻonui i ka nui o nā mea kanu meaʻai, hoʻemi i nā kumukūʻai a kūkulu i ke kū hou o ke aniau. 

Akā pōloli nā polokalamu e hoʻonui i ka agroecology no ke kālā ke lilo nā piliona i ke kōkua a hele nā ​​kōkua e hāpai i nā ʻano mahiʻai mahiʻai. ʻO nā pale nui e kāohi ana i nā hoʻopukapuka i ka agroecology me da ʻo kekahi makemake no ka pono, scalability a me nā hopena pōkole, e like me ka hōʻike 2020 mai ka International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES-Food).

No 85% o ka Gates Foundation i kālā kālā i nā papahana noiʻi hoʻomohala mahiʻai no ʻApelika i nā makahiki i hala iho nei i kaupalena ʻia i "ke kākoʻo ʻana i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana a me / a i ʻole ka hoʻonui ʻana i kona pono ma o nā hana i makemake ʻia e like me ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i nā hana pesticide, nā lāʻau āpau holoholona a i ʻole nā ​​hōʻemi i nā pohō ma hope o ka ʻohi ʻana ”Wahi a ka hōʻike. ʻO 3% wale nō o nā papahana i komo i nā mea o ka hoʻoponopono agroecological.

ʻO nā mea noiʻi kahakaha, "ʻaʻole agroecology ʻaʻole kūpono i loko o nā ʻano hana hoʻopukapuka e kū nei. E like me nā mea hāʻawi manawaleʻa he nui, nānā ka BMGF [Bill a me Melinda Gates Foundation] no ka hoʻihoʻi wikiwiki ʻana o ke kālā hoʻopukapuka, a no laila makemake i nā hopena ʻenehana. ” 

Kaupaona kēia mau makemake i nā hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka noiʻi no nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai o ka honua. ʻO ka mea loaʻa nui o ʻO ke kālā mahiʻai a Gates Foundation ʻo CGIAR, kahi consortium o 15 mau kikowaena noiʻi e hoʻohana ana i nā kaukukū ʻepekema a me ka mālama ʻana iā 11 o nā panakō nui o ka honua.. Ua nānā nui nā kikowaena i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kahi o nā mea kanu i hiki ke hana nui ʻia me ke kōkua o nā hoʻokomo kemika. 

I nā makahiki i hala iho nei, ua hana kekahi mau kikowaena CGIAR i nā ala e pili ana i ka ʻōnaehana ʻōnaehana a me nā pono e pili ana i nā pono. akā ʻo kahi hoʻolālā hoʻolālā i hāpai ʻia e hana i "One CGIAR" me kahi papa hoʻokahi a me nā mana hoʻonohonoho hoʻonohonoho hou e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo. Wahi a ka meaʻai IPES, ka noi hoʻoponopono hou hoʻoweliweli e "hōʻemi i ka mana kūʻokoʻa o nā papa noiʻi noiʻi āpana a hoʻoikaika i ka paʻa ʻana o nā mea hāʻawi mana nui loa," e like me ka Gates Foundation, ka mea "makemake e haʻalele i ke ala Green Revolution.

ka hoʻoponopono hana hou alakaʻi ʻia e ka ʻelele Gates Foundation a me ke alakaʻi mua o ka Syngenta Foundation, “AUa hoʻokau ʻia ʻo ppears i mua ma ke ʻano koi, "i ʻōlelo ʻo IPES," me ke kūʻai liʻiliʻi mai nā mea e pono ai nā pōmaikaʻi ma ka Hema o ka honua, me ka lawa ʻole o ka like ʻole ma waena o ka pōʻaiapuni o loko o nā mea hoʻoponopono, a me ka noʻonoʻo ʻole ʻole i ke ʻano e pono ai. neʻe i ka ʻōnaehana meaʻai. "

I kēia manawa, ʻo ka Gates Foundation kiki ʻia i $ 310 miliona hou aʻe iā CGIAR e "kōkua iā 300 miliona mau mahiʻai liʻiliʻi e hoʻomaʻa i ka loli." 

Ke kuhi nei i nā hoʻohana hou no nā mea kanu pesticide GMO

ʻO ka leka lawe o Gates puke hou kēlā nā holomua ʻenehana hiki ke hānai i ka honua a hoʻoponopono i ke aniau, inā hiki iā mākou ke hiki hoʻopukapuka lawa lawa i kēia mau mea hou. Ke hoʻolaha nei nā ʻoihana pesticide / seed nui loa o ka honua i ke kumumanaʻo like, ke kau hou ʻana iā lākou iho mai ka poʻe hōʻole i ke aniau i nā mea hoʻoponopono pilikia: ʻO ka holomua i ka mahiʻai uila, ʻo ka mahiʻai pono a me ka hana ʻenekini e hōʻemi i ka wāwae o ka mahiʻai a "hoʻoikaika i ka 100 miliona mau mahiʻai liʻiliʻi" e hoʻomaʻa i ka loli, "āpau i ka makahiki 2030," e like me ʻO Bayer CropSensya.

ʻO ka Gates Foundation a me ka ʻoihana kemika ʻo “ke kūʻai aku nei i ka wā i hala ma ke ʻano he mea hou i ʻApelika, "Hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo Timothy Wise, kahi hoa noiʻi me ka Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, i ka pepa hou no Tufts GDAE. "ʻO ka hana hou maoli," wahi a Wise, "ke hana nei i nā māla mahiʻai i kā lākou hana pū ʻana me nā ʻepekema e hoʻonui i ka hana ʻana i nā ʻano mea kanu o nā meaʻai, hoʻemi i nā kumukūʻai, a kūkulu i ke kūpaʻa o ke aniau ma o ka ʻae ʻana i nā hana agroecological." 

Ma ke ʻano he harbinger o nā ʻenehana breakthroughs e hiki mai ana, kuhikuhi ʻo Gates i kāna puke i ka Impossible Burger. Ma kahi mokuna i kapa ʻia "Pehea mākou e ulu ai i nā mea," wehewehe ʻo Gates i kona ʻoluʻolu me ka burger veggie toto (i ka ʻo ia ka mea hoʻopukapuka nui) a lana kona manaʻo ʻo nā burger-based burger a me nā iʻa pūnaewele ka hopena nui no ka hoʻololi i ke aniau. 

Pololei ʻo ia, ʻo ka neʻe ʻana mai kaʻiʻo i mahi ʻia i ka hale hana he mea nui ia no ke aniau. Akā he hopena paʻa ka Impossible Burger, a i ʻole he ala kūʻai wale ʻia e hoʻohuli i nā mea kanu i hana ʻia e ka ʻoihana nā huahana meaʻai pāloloAs Anna Lappe wehewehe, Nā Mea ʻai hiki ʻole "Ke hele nei i loko o ka GM soy," ʻaʻole wale ma ke ʻano o ka burger akā ʻo ke kumuhana o ka ʻo ka hoʻomau paʻa ʻana o ka ʻoihana.  

No 30 mau makahiki, ua hoʻohiki ka ʻoihana kemika i nā hua GMO e hoʻonui i nā hua, e hōʻemi i nā pesticides a hānai hānai ʻia ka honua, akā ʻaʻole naʻe pēlā. E like me kā Danny Hakim i hōʻike ai ma ka New York Times, ʻAʻole i hoʻohua nā hua GMO i nā hua i ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi. ʻO nā hua GMO kekahi kipaku aku i ka hoʻohana o nā lāʻau make, ʻo glyphosate hoʻi, pili i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i waena o nā olakino ʻē aʻe a me nā pilikia kaiapuni. I ka lilo ʻana o ka mauʻu i mea ulu, ua ulu ka ʻoihana i nā ʻanoʻano me nā pale kemika hou. ʻO Bayer, no ka laʻana, ke hoʻouka nei i mua me nā hua GMO ʻenekinia e ola i nā mea kanu ʻelima.

Ua hoʻolaha aku nei ʻo Mekiko hoʻolālā e pāpā i ka lawe mai ʻana mai o GMO i ka palaoa, e haʻi nei i nā mea kanu "ʻaʻole makemake ʻia" a "ʻaʻole pono."

Ma ʻApelika Hema, ʻo kekahi o nā ʻāina ʻApelika e ʻae i ka mahi ʻana i nā mea kanu GMO, ʻoi aku 85% o ka maize a me ka soy ʻenekini, a ʻo ka hapa nui ua kāpīpī ʻia me ka glyphosate. mahiʻai, nā hui kaiaulu, nā alakaʻi kālai'āina a ke hāpai nei nā kauka i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka piʻi ʻana o nā helu maʻi ʻaʻai. A me food palekana ke piʻi nei hoʻi.  ʻO ka ʻike ʻo ʻApelika Hema me nā GMO ʻo “23 mau makahiki o ka holo pono ʻole ʻana, ka pohō o nā mea ola a me ka pōloli nui, "E like me ka ʻApelika Waena Center for Biodiversity.

ʻO ka ʻōmaʻomaʻo ʻōmaʻomaʻo no ʻApelika, wahi a ka mea hoʻokumu o ka hui ʻo Mariam Mayet, kahi "hopena make" e alakaʻi ana i "ke emi nei ke olakino o ka lepo, ka nalowale ʻana o nā meaola mahiʻai, ka nalowale ʻana o ka noho aliʻi mahiʻai, a me ka laka ʻana o nā mahiʻai ʻApelika i kahi ʻōnaehana i hoʻolālā ʻole ʻia no ko lākou pono, akā no ka waiwai o nā hui multinational ʻĀkau nui. " 

"He mea nui ia i kēia manawa, i kēia manawa nui o ka mōʻaukala," wahi a ka ʻApelika Waena ʻAmelika no ka Biodiversity, "e hoʻololi mākou i ke ala hele, e hoʻopau ana i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana a hoʻololi i kahi ʻōnaehana mahiʻai a me ka meaʻai kūpono."  

Ke mālama nei ʻo Stacy Malkan i ka hoʻoponopono a me ka mea hoʻokumu o US Right to Know, kahi hui noiʻi noiʻi e kia ana i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka transparency no ke olakino lehulehu. E kau inoa no ka nūpepa Kākau e ʻike no nā mea hou hou.

e pili pū ana: E heluhelu e pili ana i kā Cargill $ 50 miliona iecaianoaaiiuo hale i genetically lunaʻenehana stevia, kahi waiwai nui a kūpaʻa ulu pono ʻia e nā mea mahiʻai he nui ma ka Hema Hema.

Ua pāpālua ʻo Gates Foundation i ka hoʻoili hewa ma Cornell e like me ke kāhea o nā alakaʻi ʻApelika no agroecology 

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Pili hōʻike: ʻO kā Gates Foundation ʻōuli ʻōmaʻomaʻo i ʻApelika (7.29.20)

ʻO ka Hoʻolālā Pili a me Melinda Gates Foundation makana hou ʻia he $ 10 miliona i ka pule i hala i ka hakakā ʻo Cornell Alliance no Science, a ka hoʻolauna kūkā kamaʻilio ʻana ma Cornell e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā hoa ma ʻApelika a me nā wahi ʻē aʻe e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered, nā mea kanu a me nā mahiʻai. Hāʻawi ka hāʻawi hou i nā hāʻawi BMGF i ka hui i $ 22 miliona.

Ua hele mai ka hoʻopukapuka PR i kahi manawa i lalo o ka ahi o ka Gates Foundation no ka hoʻolilo ʻana i mau piliona kālā ma nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai ma ʻApelika i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka poʻe loiloi e hoʻokomo i nā ʻano mahiʻai e pono ai nā ʻoihana ma mua o ka poʻe. 

Hoʻopiʻi nā alakaʻi hilinaʻi i ka Gates Foundation 

Ma Kepakemapa 10, ua alakaʻi ʻia nā alakaʻi manaʻoʻiʻo ma ʻApelika palapala wehe i ka Gates Foundation e noi ana iā ia e nānā hou i kāna mau hana hāʻawi hāʻawi no ʻApelika. 

"ʻOiai mākou e mahalo nei i ka Bill a me Melinda Gates Foundation no kāna kūpaʻa i ka pale ʻana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai, a me ka ʻae ʻana i ke kōkua kōkua kanaka a me nā kōkua i hoʻolako ʻia i nā aupuni o kā mākou ʻāina, kākau mākou no ka hopohopo nui no ke kākoʻo o ka Gates Foundation no ka hoʻonui ʻana o ke hoʻonui nei i ka mahiʻai pālākiō ʻoihana i ka ulia pōpilikia kanaka, "wahi a ka leka hōʻailona i hoʻohui ʻia e ka Ke Kula Kaiapuni ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻĀina Hema (SAFCEI).  

Kuhi ka leka i ka Alakaʻi alakaʻi ʻia ʻo Gates no kahi Green Revolution (AGRA) no kāna kākoʻo "pilikia nui" o nā ʻōnaehana hua kalepa i mālama ʻia e nā ʻoihana nui, ke kākoʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hou ʻana i nā kānāwai hua e hoʻomalu i nā hua i hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻia a hana hewa i nā hua i hōʻoia ʻole ʻia, a me kāna Kākoʻo i nā mea kūʻai hua laha e hāʻawi i ka ʻōlelo aʻo e pili ana i nā huahana ʻoihana ma mua o nā lawelawe ʻoihana lehulehu e pono ai. 

Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi nūpepa nui loa o Uganda i kēlā me kēia lā e pili ana i ka hana hewa a AGRA

"Nonoi aku mākou i ka Gates Foundation a me AGRA e hoʻōki i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā ʻenehana i kūleʻa ʻole a me nā hana hoʻonui lōʻihi a hoʻomaka i ka hoʻolohe ʻana i nā mahiʻai e hoʻomohala nei i nā hopena kūpono no kā lākou pōʻaiapili," wahi a nā alakaʻi o ka manaʻoʻiʻo.

Me nā piliona kālā i lilo a me 14 mau makahiki o ka hoʻohiki, ʻaʻole i hoʻokō ʻo AGRA i kāna mau pahuhopu o ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka ilihune a me ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā loaʻa kālā no nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi, e like me ka Hōʻike ʻo Iulai i nā ʻōlelo hoʻohiki wahaheʻe. Ua alakaʻi ʻia ka noiʻi e kahi hui ʻana o nā hui ʻApelika a me Kelemania a hui pū me ka ʻikepili mai a pepa keʻokeʻo hou paʻi ʻia e Tufts Global Development and Environment Institute. 

ʻAʻole pane ʻo ka Gates Foundation i nā noi no ka manaʻo no kēia ʻatikala akā i ʻōlelo ʻia i kahi leka uila ma mua, "Kākoʻo mākou i nā hui e like me AGRA no ka mea hui pū lākou me nā ʻāina e kōkua iā lākou e hoʻokō i nā mea nui a me nā kulekele i loko o kā lākou papa hana hoʻomohala ʻāina."

Nā ʻōlelo hoʻohiki e nalo ana o ka ʻōuli ʻōmaʻomaʻo 

Hoʻomaka ʻia ma 2006 e nā Gates a me nā Rockefeller Foundation, ua hoʻohiki ʻo AGRA e hoʻolālua i nā hua a me nā loaʻa no 30 miliona mau home mahiʻai ma ʻApelika e 2020. Akā ua wehe mālie ka hui i kēlā mau pahu hopu mai kāna pūnaewele i kekahi manawa i ka makahiki i hala. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Luna Nui o AGRA ʻo Andrew Cox ma o ka leka uila ʻaʻole i hoʻemi ka hui i kāna makemake akā ke hoʻomaʻemaʻe nei i kāna mau ala a me kona noʻonoʻo e pili ana i nā metric. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hana ana ʻo AGRA i kahi loiloi piha i nā hopena i kēia makahiki e hiki mai ana. 

Ua hōʻole ʻo AGRA e hāʻawi i ka ʻikepili a pane paha i nā nīnau nui mai nā mea noiʻi o ka hōʻike wahaheʻe False, haʻi nā mea kākau. ʻO nā Lunamakaʻāinana mai BIBA Kenya, PELUM Zambia a me HOMEF Nigeria i hoʻouna aku i leka iā Cox Sept. 7 ke noi nei i kahi pane i kā lākou noiʻi noiʻi. ʻO Cox pane ʻo Sept. 15 me ka mea a kekahi kānaka noiʻi i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "ʻekolu mau ʻaoʻao o PR." (ʻIke piha nā leka ma aneʻi me ka pane o BIBA's ʻOkakopa 7.)

"Pono nā mahiʻai ʻApelika i kahi pane nui mai AGRA," i ʻōlelo ʻia ka leka iā Cox mai Anne Maina, Mutketoi Wamunyima a me Ngimmo Bassay.  "Pēlā nō nā mea kōkua o ka lehulehu o AGRA, ka mea e like me ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi hoʻihoʻi ʻilihune loa i kā lākou hoʻokomo kālā. Pono nō hoʻi nā aupuni ʻApelika e hāʻawi i kahi moʻohelu kālā maopopo no nā hopena o kā lākou waihona kālā ponoʻī e kākoʻo ana i nā papahana Green Revolution. "

Hoʻolilo nā aupuni ʻApelika ma kahi o $ 1 biliona i kēlā me kēia makahiki ma nā kōkua kālā e kākoʻo i nā ʻano hua pāʻoihana a me nā mahiʻai. I loko nō naʻe o nā hoʻopukapuka nui i loaʻa nā huahana mahiʻai, ua hoʻonui ka pōloli i kanakolu pākēneka i loko o nā makahiki AGRA, e like me ka hōʻike wahaheʻe.

He mana koʻikoʻi ko Gates Foundation hoʻopukapuka i ke ʻano o ka ʻōnaehana meaʻai i ʻApelika, e like me kahi Iune hōʻike mai ka International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES). Ua hōʻike ka hui i nā piliona kālā ma nā hāʻawi kālā Gates Foundation i hoʻoulu i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana i ʻApelika a kāohi i nā hoʻopukapuka i nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai kūpono a kaulike hoʻi.  

"Nānā ʻo BMGF no ka hoʻihoʻi wikiwiki, hiki ke ʻike ʻia ma ka hoʻopukapuka, a no laila makemake i nā pahuhopu, nā ʻenehana ʻenehana," i ʻōlelo ʻo IPES.

Nā mea hana kūloko a me nā kaulahao meaʻai pōkole 

ʻO ke kūkulu ʻana o ka mahiʻai mahiʻai ʻo Gates Foundation no ke kūkulu ʻana i nā mākeke no nā mea kanu ʻoi aku ka nui a me ka hoʻokomo nui e waiho ana i ka mea kūlike ʻole me ka noʻonoʻo ʻana e pili ana pehea e hana pono ai i nā kūlana kūpikipiki i hana ʻia e nā māhoe ʻelua o ka hoʻololi o ke aniau a me ka pandov Covid-19.

I Kepakemapa, ka Ua ʻōlelo ʻo UN Food and Agriculture Organization pono ia e kūkulu i nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai kūloko hou aʻe e like me ka maʻi pandemia "i hoʻokau i nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai kūloko i nā pilikia ma nā kaulaʻai holoʻokoʻa." Ua hōʻike ka hōʻike i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka maʻi ahulau a me nā haʻawina mai kahi ana honua i mālama ʻia ma ʻApelila a Mei i huki ʻia ai nā 860 pane. 

"ʻO ka leka maopopo, i mea e pale aku ai i nā haʻalulu e like me COVID-19, nā kūlanakauhale me nā kūlana o ka nohona a me ka agroclimatic kūpono e pono ai e hoʻohana i nā kulekele a me nā papahana e hoʻoikaika i nā mea hana kūloko e ulu i nā meaʻai, a paipai i nā kaulahao pōkole e hiki ai i nā kamaʻāina kūlanakauhale. e kiʻi i nā huahana meaʻai, "i pau ai ka hōʻike. "Pono nā kūlanakauhale e hoʻokaʻawale i kā lākou lako meaʻai a me nā kumuwaiwai, e hoʻoikaika ana i nā kumuwaiwai kūloko i kahi e hiki ai, akā me ka hoʻopau ʻole ʻana i nā lako aupuni a me ka honua."

ʻOiai ke hoʻoweliweli nei ka maʻi ahulau i nā kaiāulu mahiʻai e hakakā nei me ka hoʻololi i ke aniau, aia ʻo ʻApelika ma ke alahaka, kākau ʻo Million Belay, ka mea hoʻonohonoho o ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika, a ʻo Timothy Wise, ka mea noiʻi alakaʻi o ka anamanaʻo Tufts o AGRA, i kahi Sepatemaba 23 op-ed. "E hoʻomau anei kona poʻe a me ko lākou aupuni i ka hoʻāʻo e hana kope i nā hana mahiʻai ʻenehana e hoʻolauna ʻia e nā ʻāina kūkulu? A i ʻole e neʻe wiwo ʻole i ka wā e maopopo ʻole ana, e ʻapo ana i ka mahiʻai kaiaola? "

Ua wehewehe ʻo Belay lāua ʻo Wise i kekahi mau nūhou maikaʻi mai ka noiʻi hou ʻana; "ʻElua o nā ʻāina AGRA ʻekolu i hōʻemi i ka helu a me ka mahele o ka poʻe ʻai ʻole - ʻo ʻAitiopa a me Mali - i hana ʻē aʻe ma muli o nā kulekele e kākoʻo ana i ka mahiʻai kaiaola."

ʻO ka moʻolelo kūleʻa nui loa, ʻo Mali, ua ʻike i ka hāʻule ʻana o ka pōloli mai ka 14% a i ka 5% mai ka 2006. Wahi a kahi hihia hihia i ka Hōʻike hoʻohiki wahaheʻe, "ʻAʻole hiki mai ka holomua ma muli o ka AGRA akā no ka mea ua kūʻē ke aupuni a me nā hui o nā mahiʻai i kāna hoʻokō ʻana," kākau ʻo Belay lāua ʻo Wise, e kuhikuhi ana i nā kānāwai ʻāina a me nā hua e hōʻoiaʻiʻo i nā pono o nā mahiʻai e koho i kā lākou mea kanu a me nā hana mahiʻai, a me nā papahana aupuni paipai ʻaʻole wale i ka maize akā ʻo nā ʻano mea kanu meaʻai like ʻole.

"ʻO ka manawa kēia no nā aupuni ʻApelika e hoʻi i hope mai ka hala ʻole ʻana o Green Revolution a pakuhi i kahi ʻōnaehana meaʻai hou e mahalo i nā moʻomeheu kūloko a me nā kaiāulu e ka paipai ʻana i ka mahiʻai haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa," i kākau lākou. 

Ke pāpālua nei i ka hoʻolaha PR i noho ʻia ma Cornell 

Ke kūʻē nei i kēia kāʻei kua, ke pāpālua nei ka Gates Foundation i kāna hoʻopukapuka kālā ma ka Cornell Alliance for Science (CAS), kahi hoʻolaha pili lehulehu i hoʻomaka ʻia ma 2014 me kahi hāʻawi Gates a hoʻohiki e "hoʻopau i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa" a puni GMO. Me ka $ 10 miliona hou, Hoʻolālā ʻo CAS e hoʻonui i kona nānā ʻana "E pale aku ai i nā kumumanaʻo kipi a me nā hoʻolaha disinformation e kāohi ana i ka holomua o ka aniau, ka biology synthetic, nā hana mahiʻai." 

Akā ʻo ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema ua lilo i polarizing ikaika a me kahi kumu o ka misinformation e like me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā poʻe a puni ka honua e paipai a me ka lobby no nā mea kanu i hana ʻia i ko lākou ʻāina home, a he hapa nui o lākou ma ʻApelika. 

Ua kāhea aku kekahi mau kālaiʻike, nā pūʻulu meaʻai a me nā loea loea i ka hui pololei ʻole a hoʻopunipuni hoʻi i ka leka ʻana. ʻO nā hui kaiaulu e hana nei e hoʻoponopono i nā pesticides a me biosafety ua hoʻopiʻi iā CAS o e hoʻohana nei i nā hana hoʻomāinoino ma Hawaii a ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā mahiʻai ma ʻApelika i kāna hoʻolaha paipai hōʻeuʻeu a me nā hoʻolaha lobby.  

A Hōʻikeʻo 30 i ka lā Iulai na Mark Lynas, kahi kipa ʻana iā Cornell e hana ana no CAS, hoʻomālamalama i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma o ka leka ʻana o ka hui. Ke kuhikuhi nei i kahi mea i hala iho nei hōʻike pākuʻina ma ka mālama ʻana i ka mahiʻai, i ʻōlelo ʻo Lynas,  "Pilikia ka agro-ecology i ka hōʻino ʻana i ka poʻe ʻilihune a hōʻemi hoʻi i ke kaulike kāne ma ʻApelika." Ua kālailai nui ʻia kāna kālailai e nā poʻe loea o ke kula.

ʻO Marc Corbeels, ka agronomist nāna i kākau i ka meta-analysis, i ʻōlelo ʻia ua hana ʻia ka ʻatikala.kahili laulaha. ” Ua wehewehe nā kālaiʻike ʻē aʻe i ka ʻatikala a Lynas ma ke ʻano “kīnā ʻole, ""hohonu unserious, ""demagogic a me ka ʻepekema ʻole, "Kahi ʻōlelo hewa hewa e lele i"hopena hopena hihiu, "A “Hoʻohilahila no kekahi e makemake e koi he ʻepekema ʻo ia. ”

ʻO ka mea kākau e hoʻokuʻu houʻia, i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Marci Branski, kahi loea ma mua o ke aniau o USDA ʻO Marcus Taylor, he kālaimeaola kālaiʻāina ma ke Kula Nui ʻo Queen.

Hoopaapaa ka 'agroecology hoʻomehana

Ua ala hou ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa i kēia pule ma luna o kahi webinar CAS e hoʻokipa nei Poaha ʻOkakopa 1 ma ke kumuhana o ka agroecology. Ke kuhikuhi nei i nā hopohopo ʻo ka hui ma Cornell-hoʻokumu "ʻaʻole lawa kūpono e komo i kahi hoʻopaʻapaʻa wehe ʻole", ua haʻalele ʻelua mau loea ʻōnaehana meaʻai mai ka webinar ma mua o kēia pule.

Ua ʻōlelo nā ʻepekema ʻelua ua ʻae lāua e komo i ka webinar ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana i ka inoa o kekahi i waena o nā panela. "Ua lawa ia na mākou ʻelua e hilinaʻi pū i ka hui ma hope o ka hanana," i kākau ai Pablo Tittonell, PhD, ʻEpekema ʻImi Nui ma Argentina's National Council for Science and Technology (CONICET) a ʻO Sieglinde Snapp, PhD, Polofesa o ka Honua a me Cropping Systems Ecology ma ke Kulanui Mokuʻāina ʻo Michigan, i ka luna moderator ʻo Joan Conrow, hoʻoponopono o CAS 

"Akā ʻo ka heluhelu ʻana i kekahi o nā blog a me nā ʻāpana manaʻo i hoʻopuka ʻia e ka Alliance, nā paʻi a nā panela ʻē aʻe, e aʻo e pili ana i nā hoʻopiʻi kūpaʻa ʻole ʻole. kū'ē i ka agroecology, ka push ideologically push no kekahi ʻenehana, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe. ua hoʻoholo mākou ʻaʻole lawa ka koʻikoʻi o kēia wahi e komo ai i kahi ākea, kūlike ʻole, kūkulu a, ʻo ka mea nui loa, ʻike maikaʻi ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema, "kākau ʻo Tittonell lāua ʻo Snapp i Conrow.

"No laila ua haʻalele mākou i kēia hoʻopaʻapaʻa." ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Conrow i nā noi no ka manaʻo.

 E hele i mua ka pūnaewele pūnaewele ʻO Nassib Mugwanya, he haumāna alakaʻi alakaʻi honua ma CAS 2015 a he haumāna kauka laeoʻo ma ke Kulanui ʻo North Carolina State, ka mea i hoʻopiʻi ʻia no ka hōʻeha kūpono ʻole i ka agroecology. I ka a 2019 kikokikona no ka Breakthrough Institute, hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo Mugwanya, "ʻaʻole hiki i nā hana mahiʻai kuʻuna ke hoʻololi i ka mahiʻai ʻApelika." 

Hōʻike ka ʻatikala i ka leka ʻana o ka ʻoihana biotech ʻoihana maʻamau: e hōʻike nei i nā hua GMO ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema" "e pena ana i" nā ʻano ʻē aʻe o ka hoʻomohala ʻana ma ke ʻano he "anti-science," kumu ʻole a weliweli hoʻi, " mamuli o ke kaanaki e ka Alakaʻi kaiāulu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Seattle no Global Justice.

"Kaulike nui ʻia i loko o ka ʻatikala," i ʻōlelo ai ka hui, "he hoʻohana ikaika o nā metaphors (e laʻa me ka agroecology i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā paʻa lima), nā laulaha ʻana, ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻike a me nā hewa kūpono he nui."

Me Tittonell lāua ʻo Snapp i ka papa inoa ma ka webinar o ka Pōʻalima, e hui pū ʻia ʻo Mugwanya e Pamela Ronald, he polofesa no ke ʻano lāʻau lāʻau ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, ʻo Davis, ka mea nāna ka nā hui i nā pūʻulu pesticide ʻoihana mua, a ʻO Frédéric Baudron, ʻepekema ʻepekema ma ka International Maize and Wheat hoʻomaikaʻi Center (CIMMYT), a Gates Pūʻulu hoʻokumu kālā. 

Ke noi nei i kahi 'hakakā maikaʻi'

Ua ʻike ʻo Mariam Mayet, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Center for Biodiversity o ʻApelika, i ka hoʻonui ʻia ʻana o nā hoʻolaha PR ma ke ʻano he "hōʻike o ka hopohopo" "ʻaʻole hiki ke loaʻa pololei ma ka ʻāina nui." 

Loaʻa i kāna hui no nā makahiki e kākau ana "Nā hana e hoʻolaha i ka Green Revolution ma ʻApelika, a me nā hopena make e alakaʻi ia i: ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi o ke olakino o ka lepo, ka nalowale ʻana o nā meaola mahiʻai, ka nalowale ʻana o ka noho aliʻi mahiʻai, a me ka laka ʻana o nā mahiʻai ʻApelika i kahi ʻōnaehana i hoʻolālā ʻole ʻia no kā lākou pono , akā no nā waiwai o ka hapa nui o nā ʻoihana multinational ʻĀkau. "

ʻO ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e pono e noho aliʻi i loko, wahi a Mayet i kahi webinar ʻAukake e pili ana i ka mana o ka Gates Foundation ma ʻApelika, “no ka hewa o ka ʻike hewa (a) ke ʻano o kā lākou disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole. Nīnau akula ʻo ia, "No ke aha ʻoe e hakakā ʻole ai me mākou?"

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka mea hoʻokumu a reporter no US Right to Know, kahi hui noiʻi noiʻi nonprofit e kia ana i nā pilikia olakino lehulehu. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke 2007, "ʻAʻole wale he helehelena nani: ka ʻaoʻao maikaʻi ʻole o ka ʻOihana Uʻi." E hāhai iā ia ma Twitter @StacyMalkan 

ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema kahi hoʻolaha PR no ka ʻoihana Agrichemical

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ʻOiai ʻo ia ka inoa kani a me ka pilina me kahi ʻoihana Ivy League, ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema (CAS) kahi hoʻolaha kaiāulu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe a puni ka honua e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā mea kanu i hana ʻia me nā mahiʻai i ko lākou mau home home. Ua kāhea nā loea he nui, nā loea kulekele ʻai, nā hui ʻai a me nā mahiʻai i nā hana kūpono ʻole a me nā hana hoʻopunipuni a nā CAS hoa e hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana.

I Kepakemapa, CAS hai mai la $ 10 miliona i ke kālā hou mai ka Gates Foundation, e lawe ana i ka huina o Gates kālā i $ 22 miliona mai ka 2014. Loaʻa ke kālā hou e like me Gates Foundation ke kū nei i ka pushback mai nā hui mahiʻai ʻApelika, nā meaʻai a me nā hilinaʻi no ka hoʻolilo kālā ʻana i mau piliona kālā ma nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala ma ʻApelika hōʻike ʻole nā ​​hōʻike i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka pōloli a hāpai ʻana paha i nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi, ʻoiai lākou e hoʻokau nei i nā ʻano mahiʻai e pono ai nā ʻoihana ma mua o ka poʻe. 

Kākau kēia pepa palapala i nā laʻana he nui o ka misinformation mai CAS a me nā poʻe i pili me kēia hui. ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona i hōʻike ʻia ma aneʻi e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻohana ʻana o CAS i ka inoa o Cornell, ka inoa a me ka mana e holomua i ka PR a me ka papahana politika o nā hui kemika a me nā hua hua nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO ka mikiona a me ka leka uila i hoʻopili ʻia me nā ʻoihana

Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo CAS i ka makahiki 2014 me ka hāʻawi kālā Gates Foundation he $ 5.6 miliona a hoʻohiki ʻia i "depolarize ”ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a puni GMOs. ʻO ka hui wahi a na misionari ʻo ia e "paipai i ke komo ʻana" i nā mea kanu a me nā meaʻai a GMO e ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā "ʻepekema" a puni ka honua e aʻo i ko lākou kaiāulu e pili ana i nā pono o ka biotechnology mahiʻai.

Paipai ka hui ʻoihana Pesticide iā CAS 

ʻO kahi ʻāpana nui o ka hoʻolālā CAS e hoʻopaʻa inoa a hoʻomaʻamaʻa Nā hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua i nā kamaʻilio a me nā hana hoʻolaha, e kia ana i nā wahi kahi e kūʻē ai ka lehulehu i ka ʻoihana biotech, ʻo ia hoʻi nā ʻāina ʻApelika i pale aku i nā mea kanu GMO.

He ʻano like ka mikiona CAS me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology (CBI), kahi ʻoihana pesticide-fund i kālā kālā i ka pilina pilina i loaʻa hana pū ʻia me CAS. Hana ka hui ʻoihana i kūkulu i nā kuʻikahi ma ʻō aku o ke kaulahao meaʻai a hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā kolu-ʻaoʻao, ʻo ia hoʻi nā kālaiʻike a me nā mahiʻai, e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu e ʻae iā GMOs.

Hoʻohālikelike ka leka uila CAS me PR pesticide ʻoihana PR: kahi myopic e nānā nei i ka hiki ke loaʻa nā pōmaikaʻi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered ʻoiai e hoʻoliʻiliʻi ana, nānā ʻole a hōʻole paha i nā pilikia a me nā pilikia. E like me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana o ka ʻoihana PR, nānā nui ʻo CAS i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino i nā mea hōʻino no nā huahana mahiʻai, e like me nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hāpai i nā olakino a i ʻole nā ​​pili kaiapuni.

Hoʻohalahala ākea

Ua huki ʻo CAS a me kāna mau mea kākau i nā loiloi mai nā kālaihana, nā mahiʻai, nā haumāna, nā hui kaiāulu a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka mana o ka meaʻai e ʻōlelo nei e hoʻolaha ana ka hui i nā leka kūpono ʻole a hoʻopunipuni ʻole a hoʻohana i nā hana unethical. E ʻike ma kahi laʻana:

Nā laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni leka ʻana

Ua kākau nā loea i ka ʻenekinia, ka biology, agroecology a me nā kulekele meaʻai i nā hiʻohiʻona he nui o nā koi pololei ʻole a Mark Lynas i ʻōlelo ai, he hoa kipa ma Cornell nāna i kākau he mau ʻatikala e pale ana i nā huahana mahiʻai ma ka inoa o CAS; ʻike e like me kāna hāpai ʻia nā ʻatikala he nui e ka Genetic Literacy Project, he hui PR kēlā hana pū me Monsanto. Kūkā ʻo Lynas 'puke 2018 no nā ʻāina ʻApelika e ʻae i nā GMO, a hāʻawi i kahi mokuna e pale aku iā Monsanto.

Nā koi kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO

Ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe ʻepekema he nui iā Lynas no ka hana ʻana nā ʻōlelo hoʻopunipuni, “ʻAʻole ʻepekema, kūpono ʻole a lapuwale”Nā paio, paipai dogma ma luna o ka ʻikepili a me ka noiʻi ma nā GMO, ke kuhi nei i nā mea kamaʻilio, a ke hana nei i nā kuleana kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā pesticides "hōʻike i ka naʻaupō ʻepekema hohonu, a i ʻole kahi hana ikaika e hana i ka kānalua. "

"ʻO ka papa inoa holoi o nā mea i hewa ai ʻo Mark Lynas e pili ana i nā GMO a me ka ʻepekema nui, a ua hōʻole ʻia e kekahi o nā agroecologists a me nā biologists alakaʻi o ka honua." Ua kākau ʻo Eric Holt-Giménez, luna hoʻomalu o Food First, i ʻApelila 2013 (Ua hui ʻo Lynas iā Cornell ma ke ʻano he hoa kipa ma hope o kēlā makahiki).  

"Disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole"

Ua hoʻohewa nui nā hui ʻo ʻApelika iā Lynas i ka lōʻihi. ʻO ka Alliance for Soichness Food ma ʻApelika, kahi hui pū o 40 a me nā hui mahiʻai ma waena o ʻApelika i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma he "lele-i pundit" nona ka "hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe ʻApelika, hiki ʻole ke kuhihewa ʻia ka loina a me ka moʻomeheu." ʻO Million Belay, ka luna o AFSA, i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma ke ʻano he "racist e hoʻokau nei i kahi moʻolelo e hiki ai i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana ke hoʻopakele iā ʻApelika."

I kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi 2018, ka South Africa-based Africa Center for Biodiversity i ho'ākāka ʻia nā hana kūʻē ʻole a Lynas i hoʻohana ai e hoʻolaulaha i ka papa hana lobby biotech ma Tanzania. "Aia kekahi pilikia e pili ana i ka kuleana a me [pono no] ka nohoaliʻi ʻana i ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, no ka hewa o ka ʻike hewa a me ke ʻano o kā lākou disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole," ʻo Mariam Mayet, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Center Africa no Biodiversity, i ʻōlelo i ka a Iulaiinar webinar webinar.

No nā loiloi piha o kā Lynas hana, e ʻike i nā ʻatikala ma ka hopena o kēia wahi a me kā mākou ʻO Mark Lynas pepa maoli.

Ke hoʻouka nei i ka agroecology

ʻO kahi laʻana o ka leka uila kūpono ʻole kahi ʻatikala panned ākea ma ka CAS paena e Lynas e koi ana, "agro-ecology e hōʻeha i ka poʻe hune." ?? Ua wehewehe ka poʻe ʻatikala i ka ʻatikala ma ke ʻano he “ka wehewehe demagogic a me ka ʻole ʻepekema o kahi pepa ʻepekema, ""hohonu unserious, ""kumumanaʻo kūlohelohe "a" kahi hilahila no ka mea makemake e koi ʻepekema, ”a“kālailai hewa maoli“?? hana “kahili laulaha“?? a “nā hopena hihiu.”Kekahi poʻe loiloi Kāheaʻia a hoʻihoʻi ʻana.

2019 kikokikona na CAS hoa Nassib Mugwanya i hāʻawi i kahi hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o nā ʻike kuhihewa e pili ana i ke kumuhana agroecology. ʻO ka ʻatikala, "No ke aha e hiki ʻole ai i nā hana mahiʻai kuʻuna ke hoʻololi i ka mahiʻai ʻApelika," e hōʻike ana i ke ʻano leka maʻamau i nā mea CAS. 'kumu ʻole a hoʻopōʻino hoʻi, ” mamuli o ke kaanaki e ka Alakaʻi kaiāulu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Seattle no Global Justice.

"Kaulike nui ʻia i ka ʻatikala nā hoʻohana ikaika o nā metaphors (e laʻa me ka agroecology i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā kūpeʻe lima), nā laulaha ʻana, ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻike a me ka nui o nā pololei ʻole maoli," wahi a ka hui.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka puke pāʻani Monsanto e pale aku i nā pesticides

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni CAS leka uila ʻoihana hiki ke loaʻa i ka pale o ka hui o Roundly glyphosate. ʻO nā lāʻau herbicides kahi kī nui o nā hua GMO me 90% o ka kulina a me ka soy i ulu i ka United States ʻenekini genetically e hoʻomanawanui iā Roundup. I ka makahiki 2015, ma hope o ka panel noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization i ʻōlelo ai ʻo glyphosate kahi kino kanaka paha, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Monsanto i nā mea kōkua e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup, e like me nā palapala Monsanto kūloko.

ʻO ka puke pāʻani PR a Monsanto: e hoʻouka nei i ka poʻe loea i ke kanesa ma ke ʻano he 'activists'

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Mark Lynas i ka Anuu CAS e hoʻonui i ka leka ʻana o Monsanto, e wehewehe ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai e like me ke "kilokilo kilokilo" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e "anti-Monsanto activists" nāna i "hana ʻino i ka ʻepekema" a ua hana "kahi ʻike maopopo ʻole ʻia o ka ʻepekema ʻelua a me ka hoʻopono kūlohelohe" e ka hōʻike ʻana i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka glyphosate. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i ka mea like nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kīnā ʻole a me nā kumu waiwai ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, a uku ka hui mua o Monsanto e kōkua i ka wili i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻOiai e koi ana aia ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema, ʻaʻole nānā ʻo Lynas i nā hōʻike he nui mai nā palapala a Monsanto, i hoʻolaha nui i ka nūpepa, kēlā Hoʻopilikia ʻo Monsanto me ʻike'enekema, hoʻoponopono i nā keʻena hoʻokele a hoʻohana i nā mea ʻē aʻe nā hana lima kaumaha e hoʻoponopono i ke kaʻina ʻepekema i mea e pale aku ai iā Roundup. I ka 2018, ua loaʻa i kahi jure ka Monsanto “hana me ka hana ʻino, hoʻoluhi a hoʻopunipuni paha"I ka uhi ʻana i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai o Roundup.

Lobbying no nā pesticides a me GMO

ʻOiai ʻo ʻApelika ka nānā nui ʻana i ka ʻāina, kōkua pū kekahi ʻo CAS i nā hana pesticide e pale aku i nā pesticides a hōʻino i nā mea kōkua olakino lehulehu ma Hawaii. He ʻāina hoʻokolohua koʻikoʻi ko Hawaiʻi Paeʻāina no nā mea kanu GMO a me kahi e hōʻike ai i ke kiʻekiʻe hōʻike i nā pesticides a hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino pili pesticide, me nā kīnā hānau, ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me ka hānō. Ua alakaʻi ʻia kēia mau pilikia nā kamaʻāina e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hakakā he mau makahiki e hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai ʻoi aku ka ikaika e hōʻemi i nā hōʻike pesticide a hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hōʻike ʻana o nā kemika i hoʻohana ʻia ma nā māla mahiʻai.

"Hoʻouka kaua hōʻino"

I ka loaʻa ʻana o kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, ua komo ʻo CAS i loko o kahi "hōʻike ākea e pili ana i ka pilina lehulehu i hoʻolālā ʻia e hūnā i nā hopohopo kaiāulu" e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā pesticides, e like me ka haʻi a Fern Anuenue Holland, kahi mea hoʻonohonoho kaiāulu no ka Hawaii Alliance for Progressive Action. I ka Cornell Daily Sun, Ua wehewehe ʻo Holland pehea ka "uku ʻana iā Cornell Alliance no nā hoa ʻepekema - ma lalo o ke ʻano o ka ʻepekema loea - ua hoʻouka i nā hōʻeha hōʻino. Ua hoʻohana lākou i nā pāpili kaiaulu a kākau i nā hanana blog he nui e hoʻohewa ana i nā lālā kaiāulu a me nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe i loaʻa ka wiwo ʻole e ʻōlelo ai. "

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Holland ua hoʻokau ʻia ʻo ia a me nā lālā ʻē aʻe o kāna hui i "ka pepehi kanaka ʻana, nā kuhi hewa ʻana a me nā hōʻeha ʻana i ka hilinaʻi pilikino a me ka ʻoihana" e nā lālā CAS. "Ua ʻike maka wau i nā ʻohana a me nā aloha aloha i wāwahi ʻia," i kākau ai ʻo ia.

Kūʻē i ka pono o ka lehulehu e ʻike     

Luna Hoʻokele CAS ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, 'ōlelo kāna hui kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana: "ʻAʻole mākou e kākau no ka ʻoihana, a ʻaʻole mākou e kākoʻo a paipai paha i nā huahana o ka ʻoihana. E like me kā mākou pūnaewele e hōʻike nei me ka maopopo a hōʻike piha hoʻi, ʻaʻole loaʻa iā mākou nā kumuwaiwai mai ka ʻoihana. " Eia nō naʻe, loaʻa nā kakini o nā leka uila e US Right to Know, i kau ʻia i kēia manawa i loko o ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS a me Evanega e launa pū me ka ʻoihana pesticide a me nā hui o mua e pili ana i nā hana pili lehulehu. ʻO nā laʻana me:

Hōʻike ʻia nā laʻana hou aʻe o ka launa pū CAS me nā hui ʻoihana ma lalo o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.  

Ke hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā pūʻulu o mua, nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole

I kāna mau hana e hoʻolaha i nā GMO ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema" hopena no ka mahiʻai, ua hāʻawi ʻo Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i kāna papa i nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana a me kahi skeptic ʻepekema kaulana.

ʻO Trevor Butterworth a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS: Nā CAS hoa me Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS e hāʻawi iā “ke kūkā kamaʻilio helu no nā mea nūpepa”A hāʻawi aku he launa i ka luna o ka hui ʻo Trevor Butterworth, nāna i kūkulu kāna ʻoihana pale i nā huahana nui i ka Nine Inch, fracking, meaʻai maikaʻi 'ole i ke kino a nā ʻoihana lāʻau. ʻO Butterworth ke alakaʻi o Sense About Science USA, kahi āna i hoʻohui ai me kāna paepae mua, ʻo Statistics Analysis Service (STATS).

Ua wehewehe nā mea kākau moʻolelo i nā STAT a me Butterworth ma ke ʻano he mea pāʻani nui i nā pāʻina pale pale huahana ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā mea lapaʻau (e nānā Hōʻike nūhou, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ʻO ke kuʻina a ʻO ʻAkelanika). Hoʻomaopopo nā palapala Monsanto ʻO Sense About Science i waena o ka "hoa hana" ua hilinaʻi ia e pale aku iā Roundup e kūʻē i nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻOwen Paterson: I ka 2015, ua hoʻokipa ʻo CAS iā Owen Paterson, he kālaiʻāina Pelekane Pelekane Conservative a kaulana kaulana skeptic ʻepekema aniau ka mea hōʻemi i ke kālā no nā hana hoʻoliʻiliʻi hoʻomehana honua i kona manawa ma ke ʻano he Kuhina Kaiapuni ʻo UK. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Paterson i ka pae Cornell e koi i nā hui kaiapuni e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMOʻae i nā miliona e make.”Ua hoʻohana nā hui ʻoihana Pesticide i ka leka uila like 50 mau makahiki i hala aku nei e hoʻāʻo hōʻino iā Rachel Carson no ka hāpai ʻana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā DDT.

ʻO Lynas a me ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema: Pili pū ʻo Lynas o CAS me Sense About Science ma ke ʻano he lālā aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo lōʻihi. I ka 2015, ua hui pū ʻo Lynas me ka skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻo Owen Paterson Paterson ʻo Sense e pili ana i ka luna ʻepekema ʻo Tracey Brown i hoʻolana i kāna mea i kāhea ai ka "neʻe ʻana o ka ecomodernism," kahi hui like, ʻāpana anti-rula o ka "environmentism."

Pale hana ma Hawaii

Ma 2016, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo CAS i kahi ka hui hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Hawaii Alliance for Science, ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻo kāna kumu e "kākoʻo i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka hoʻoholo a me nā hana hou o ka mahiʻai i nā mokupuni." Loaʻa i kāna mau ʻelele:

ʻO Sarah Thompson, a ka limahana o Dow AgroSciences, hoʻohui ʻia ka Hawaii Alliance no ka ʻepekema, ka mea i hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "hui i pili i nā kamaʻilio kumu waiwai ʻole pili pili i ka Cornell Alliance for Science." (ʻAʻole ʻike hou ʻia ka pūnaewele, akā mālama ka hui a Facebook palapala.)

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā hoʻolaha pāʻoihana kaiaulu mai ka Hawaii Alliance no ʻEpekema a me kāna mea hoʻonohonoho ʻo Thompson i wehewehe i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e like me poʻe haʻaheo a naʻaupō, hoʻolauleʻa nā mea kanu kulina a me nā soya a pale i nā pesticides neonicotinoid ka mea ʻike nui a ʻ saylelo mai nā ʻepekema he mau meli hōʻino.

ʻO Joan Conrow, Luna Hoʻoponopono o CAS, kākau ʻatikala ma luna ona pūnaewele pūnaewele, kela mea Pūnaewele “Kauai Eclectic” a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino nā kānaka olakino, nā hui kaiaulu a nā kālaiʻāina ma Hawaii nāna e kākoʻo i ka pale ʻana i nā pesticide ikaika, a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e kākau e pili ana i nā hopohopo pesticide. Loaʻa iā Conrow hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā hui kaiapuni o ka pale ʻauhau a me hoʻohālikelike i kahi hui palekana meaʻai i ka KKK.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo Conrow i kāna pili ma waena o Cornell. Ua hoʻohalahala ka nūpepa ʻo Beat Beat o Hawaiʻi iā Conrow nona nele i ka transparency a ʻōlelo iā ia i 2016 ma ke ʻano he kumu no ke kumu e hoʻololi nei ka pepa i kāna mau manaʻo hoʻopuka. ʻO Conrow "hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine i ka kuanaʻike pro-GMO me ka ʻōlelo ʻole ʻana i kāna hana ma ke ʻano he mea aloha i ka GMO," i kākau ʻo Polopeka journalism Brett Oppegaard. "Ua nalowale ʻo Conrow i kāna kūʻokoʻa nūhou (a me ka hilinaʻi) e hōʻike kūpono e pili ana i nā pilikia GMO, no ka leo o kāna hana i kēia mau pilikia."

ʻO Joni Kamiya, he 2015 CAS ʻO ka hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā rula pesticide ma kāna pūnaewele Ke kaikamahine a ka mahiai o Hawaii, i ka Media a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic. ^ E Ha yM. Aia ʻo ia "Luna ʻelele" no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pūnaewele pāʻoihana GMO Nā Pane. E like me Conrow, ʻōlelo ʻo Kamiya i nā hōʻike pesticide ma Hawaii ʻaʻole pilikia, a e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino i nā luna i koho ʻia a "Nā mea hana kaiapuni" ka poʻe makemake e hoʻoponopono i nā pesticides.

Nā limahana, nā kākāʻōlelo

Ua wehewehe ʻo CAS iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "papahana i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell, kahi ʻoihana loaʻa kālā ʻole." ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hui i kāna moʻohelu kālā, nā hoʻolilo a me nā uku o nā limahana, a ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻo Cornell University i kekahi ʻike e pili ana iā CAS i kāna faila ʻauhau.

Papa inoa ka pūnaewele Nā lālā o ka 20, me Luna Hoʻokele ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, a me Luna Hooponopono ʻO Joan Conrow (ʻaʻole papa inoa ʻo Mark Lynas a i ʻole kekahi mau hoa e loaʻa pū ka uku). ʻO nā lālā limahana ʻē aʻe i helu ʻia ma ka pūnaewele me:

Aia i ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo CAS nā kālaiʻike e kōkua mau i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai me kā lākou mau hana PR.

ʻO nā loiloi Gates Foundation  

Mai ka 2016, ua hoʻolilo ka Gates Foundation ma kahi o $ 4 biliona no nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai, ʻo ka hapa nui o ia mea i kau ʻia ma ʻApelika. ʻO nā hoʻolālā hoʻolālā mahiʻai o ke kahua alakaʻi ʻia e Rob Horsch (ua hoʻomaha loa), a ʻO Monsanto veteran o 25 makahiki. Ua huki ka hoʻolālā i ka hoʻopiʻi no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai ma ʻApelika ma luna o ka ke kūʻē ʻana i nā pūʻulu hoʻokumu ʻApelika a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka nohona, a me nā hopohopo a me nā kānalua e pili ana i nā mea kanu ʻenekene a puni ʻApelika.

ʻO nā loiloi a ka Gates Foundation e hoʻokokoke nei i ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai a me ke kālā.

ʻO nā hui like ʻoihana CAS hou aku 

Loaʻa nā leka uila ma o FOIA e US Right to Know, a ua kau ʻia i kēia manawa i ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS e launa pū ana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui pili lehulehu e hoʻonohonoho i nā hanana a me ka leka ʻana:

ʻO nā loiloi hou aʻe a Mark Lynas 

Gates Foundation's Failing 'Green Revolution' ma ʻApelika: Hōʻike Hou 

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ʻIke ʻia kahi noiʻi hou mai ka Tufts Global Development and Environment Institute i ka pilina piliona kālā no kahi Green Revolution ma ʻApelika ʻaʻole e kū i kāna mau ʻōlelo hoʻohiki. 

Ua holo kahi mana lōʻihi o kēia ʻatikala ʻAukake 14 ma The Ecologist

Na Stacy Malkan

ʻO nā hoʻopukapuka nui i hoʻolilo ʻia i ka hoʻolaha ʻana a me ka hāʻawi kālā ʻana i nā ʻanoano kalepa a me nā mahiʻai ma ʻApelika i hiki ʻole ke hoʻokō i kā lākou kumu o ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka pōloli a me ka hāpai ʻana i nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi mai ka ʻilihune, e like me ka pepa keʻokeʻo hou i paʻi ʻia e ka Ke Kulanui Hoʻolālā Honua ʻo Tufts University a me ke Kula Kaiapuni. ʻO kahi hōʻike e pili nui ana i ka noiʻi, “Nā ʻōlelo hoʻohiki wahaheʻe,"I paʻi ʻia ma ka lā 10 Iulai e nā hui ʻāpana ʻApelika a me Kelemania e kāhea nei no hoʻololi i ke kākoʻo i nā hana mahiʻai agroecological. 

ʻO ka noiʻi i alakaʻi ʻia e Timothy A. Wise e nānā i ka Alliance no kahi Green Revolution ma ʻApelika (AGRA), kahi hui kūwaho ʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia e Bill & Melinda Gates a me Rockefeller hoʻokumu i ka makahiki 2006 me nā hoʻohiki e pālua nā hua a me nā loaʻa no 30 miliona mau home mahiʻai i ka ʻokiʻoki ʻana. ka palekana o ka meaʻai i ka hapalua ma 20 mau ʻāina ʻApelika e 2020. 

I ke alualu ʻana i kēlā hihiʻo, ua ʻohi ʻo AGRA he $ 1 biliona kālā i nā manawaleʻa a hāʻawi ʻia he $ 524 miliona, ma nā ʻāina he 13 ma ʻApelika, ma nā papahana e paipai ana i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā ʻano hua pāʻoihana, nā mea kanu kemika a me nā pesticides. Kākoʻo hou ʻia kēia ʻenehana ʻo Green Revolution e nā kōkua kōkua; Ua hōʻike ʻo Wise ua hoʻolilo nā aupuni aupuni ʻApelika i kahi $ 1 biliona i kēlā me kēia makahiki i nā ʻāina kūloko e kākoʻo ana i ke kūʻai ʻana i nā hua a me nā mahiʻai.

ʻOiai ke kākoʻo o ka lehulehu, ʻaʻole i hāʻawi ʻo AGRA i kahi loiloi piha a hōʻike ʻana paha i kāna hopena. Ua hilinaʻi ka poʻe noiʻi ʻo Tufts i ka ʻikepili pae-pae no ka hana ʻana i ka mahiʻai, ka ʻilihune, ka pōloli a me ka hana maikaʻi ʻole e nānā i ka holomua

"ʻIke iki mākou i ka holomua o ka holomua ma luna o nā pahuhopu o AGRA, kahi e hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hāʻawi ʻia o nā pae kiʻekiʻe o nā kākoʻo aupuni no ka ʻenehana ʻenehana," i hōʻike ʻia e ka poʻe noiʻi. Hoʻomaʻamaʻa ka pepa i ka ulu ulu ʻana o ka huahana, ʻaʻohe piʻi nui o ka palekana o ka meaʻai a i ʻole nā ​​loaʻa mahiʻai mahiʻai liʻiliʻi i nā ʻāina i hoʻopaʻa ʻia, a me ka pōloli nui. 

“He kumu hoʻohālikelike ʻole ia, e hāʻule ana nā hopena; ua hiki i ka manawa e hoʻololi i ka papa. ”

"Hōʻike nā hōʻike e hāʻule ana ʻo AGRA ma kāna mau ʻōlelo ponoʻī," hoʻopau ka pepa. Ma kahi hālāwai ninaninau, ua hōʻuluʻulu ʻo Wise i kāna mau ʻike e pili ana i ka Alliance for a Green Revolution ma ʻApelika: "He hiʻohiʻona hemahema, hāʻule nā ​​hopena; ua hiki i ka manawa e hoʻololi i ka papa. ” 

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo AGRA "hoʻohilahila loa" ia i ka noiʻi. "I loko o 14 mau makahiki i hala iho nei, ua hoʻokō ʻo AGRA i kāna mau kūleʻa, akā ua aʻo nui nō hoʻi," ʻo ka hui i'ōleloʻia i loko o kahi hōʻike. Ua haʻi ʻo AGRA ʻaʻole hiki i ka pepa Tufts ke kūleʻa i nā "pae kula a me nā ʻoihana maʻamau o ka loiloi hoa a noi ʻana i ke kumuhana e ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā" mea i loaʻa, "" a hoʻopiʻi iā Wise no ka "moʻolelo o ke kākau ʻana i nā hoʻopiʻi kūpono ʻole a me nā hōʻike kūpono ʻole e pili ana iā AGRA a me kāna hana . ” I loko o kahi leka uila, ʻo Andrew Cox, ka luna o nā limahana a me ka hoʻolālā ma AGRA, i hoʻohewa hou aku i ke ʻano noiʻi me he "ʻaʻole ʻoihana a me ka loina," a ʻōlelo ʻo ia "makemake lākou i ka transparency a me ka hoʻopili ʻana me nā mea kūkala nūhou a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e pili pono ana i nā pilikia." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻo AGRA "e hana i kahi loiloi piha e kūʻē i kāna mau pahuhopu a me nā hopena" ma ka hopena o 2021.

Akamai, na wai Puke 2019 "ʻAi ʻApopo" ua loiloi ʻo ia i nā ala kōkua e kāomi i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana kumukūʻai no ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai ma ʻApelika, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia i hiki iā AGRA i nā manawa he nui e hoʻomaka ana i Ianuali me nā nīnau no kāna noiʻi. "Inā he ʻikepili ko AGRA a i ʻole ʻo Gates Foundation e kūʻē i kēia mau hopena, pono lākou e hoʻolako ia mau mea," wahi a Wise.

Ma waena o nā ʻike nui i hōʻike ʻia:   

  • Ua lele ka nui o ka poʻe pōloli i ka AGRA 13 mau ʻāina kia i ka 30 pākēneka i ka wā o ka AGRA ʻo Green Revolution i loaʻa kālā maikaʻi ʻia.
  • Ua hoʻonui ʻia ka hana 29% wale nō ma mua o 12 mau makahiki no ka maize, ka mea kanu i kākoʻo nui ʻia a kākoʻo ʻia - he pōkole loa o ka pahuhopu o ka hoʻonui 100%. 
  • He nui nā mea kū i ke aniau, nā mea kanu momona i hoʻoneʻe ʻia e ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā mea kanu i kākoʻo ʻia e like me ka maize. 
  • ʻOiai kahi i hoʻonui ʻia ai ka hana ʻana o ka maize, ua hoʻonui iki ka loaʻa kālā a me ka palekana o ka meaʻai no nā mea e pono ai ka AGRA: nā ʻohana mahiʻai liʻiliʻi.
  • ʻOiai ʻo ka Gates Foundation's hoʻohiki e kōkua i nā miliona o nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi, he hapa nui o lākou he mau wahine, ʻaʻohe mea hōʻike e hōʻea ana ʻo AGRA i kahi nui o nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi. ʻOiai paha e ʻike kekahi mau mahiʻai waena i ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana o ka hana, "ʻo kēlā mau mea mahiʻai nui loa - ka hapa nui o nā kāne - me ke komo i ka ʻāina, nā kumuwaiwai, a me nā mākeke."

Kuhi ʻo Wise iā Rwanda ma ke ʻano he laʻana o ka mea āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "AGRA's failings." Ua manaʻo nui ʻia kahi moʻolelo kūleʻa a AGRA, ua ʻike ʻo Rwanda i nā hua o ka maize e 66%. Eia nō naʻe, hōʻike ka ʻikepili i ka nāwaliwali o ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i nā huahana āpau i nā mea kanu nui e like me ka haʻalele ʻana o nā mahiʻai i nā mea kanu kūloko hou e ulu i ka nui. I kēia manawa ua hoʻonui ka nui o nā mea ʻai ʻole i ka 13% i nā makahiki AGRA. ʻO Rwanda ke Kuhina mua o ka mahiʻai, ʻo Agnes Kalibata, ke poʻo o AGRA i kēia manawa a ua koho ʻia e alakaʻi i kahi hoʻolālā ʻO ka UN World Food Summit ma 2021.

"He mea weliweli nā hopena o ke aʻo ʻana no AGRA a me nā kāula o ka Green Revolution," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Jan Urhahn, he loea mahiʻai ma ka Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung, nāna i kākoʻo kālā i ka noiʻi.

i kona hoike, ka hui a me nā hoa hana ʻona ʻole ma ʻApelika a me Kelemania i kāhea aku i nā aupuni hāʻawi manawaleʻa "ʻaʻole e hāʻawi hou i ke kākoʻo politika a me ke kālā no AGRA a hoʻololi i kā lākou kālā mai AGRA i nā papahana e kōkua i nā mea hana meaʻai liʻiliʻi, ʻo ia hoʻi nā wahine a me nā ʻōpio, a hoʻomohala i ke aniau. -e kūpaʻa i nā hana mahiʻai olaola e like me ka agroecology. " 

ʻO ke kumu kūʻai lehulehu, haʻahaʻa transparency

No laila ʻo wai e uku i ka Alliance for a Green Revolution ma ʻApelika? Ma kahi o $ 1 biliona i hāʻawi manawaleʻa ʻia i ka ʻoihana i kēia lā, ua hāʻawi ka Gates Foundation ma kahi o ʻelua hapakolu ($ 661 miliona a hiki i ka makahiki 2018), me ka hapa nui o nā koena i hāʻawi ʻia e ka poʻe ʻauhau ma US, UK a me nā wahi ʻē aʻe. Ua hāʻawi ke aupuni US i $ 90 miliona i AGRA mai ka 2006, e like me Cox. 

Ma ke ʻano he hōʻike o ka holomua a me ka transparency, kuhikuhi ʻo AGRA i kāna hōʻike makahiki e hāʻawi ana i ka ʻikepili ma nā pahuhopu wā pōkole, akā akāka ʻole. - ka hōʻike 2019 ʻo kahi laʻana "4.7 800 miliona mau mahiʻai liʻiliʻi i hōʻea i waena o nā hana like ʻole" a me "XNUMX miliona o nā kapikala pilikino i kōkua ʻia." ʻO ka hōʻike komo pū kekahi mau kikoʻī e pili ana i ka holomua i nā wahi o AGRA o ke kālele ana i ka hoʻolālā: hoʻoholo i nā kulekele e kōkua i ka ʻoihana, e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻonui i nā ʻenehana a me nā hoa komo. Hoʻomaopopo ka hōʻike i nā hui ʻoihana like ʻole a me nā hana e privatize mākeke.

No ke anamanaʻo Tufts, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Wise ua hoʻopili pinepine aku ʻo ia iā AGRA no ke alu like ʻana me nā noi no kā lākou nānā ʻana a me ka ʻike loiloi. Ua haʻi ka hui e hāʻawi i ka ʻike akā ua oki ka pane ʻana i nā noi. 

I loko o kāna rebuttal, ua wehewehe ʻo AGRA iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hāmama i ka loiloi a hauʻoli e kaʻana like i ka ʻike me nā mea noiʻi a me nā pāpāho," a hōʻike ua hoʻololi i ka noʻonoʻo ʻana i kekahi o kāna metric kumu. "He paʻakikī ka hana o ka catalyzing transform," i ʻōlelo nā ʻōlelo, "a pono i ka hoʻokō kūʻokoʻa, ka hoʻololi ʻana i nā hanana a me ka hoʻopukapuka. E hoʻomau ʻo AGRA e hoʻomaʻemaʻe i kāna ala e pili ana i nā pono o kā mākou hoa mahiʻai mahiʻai, SMEs [nā ʻoihana liʻiliʻi a me waena] a me nā mea nui o nā aupuni. "

Ua wehewehe hou aku ʻo Cox i kāna leka uila: "He hinai nā AGRA e kuhikuhi i nā hopena ma nā mahiʻai, nā ʻōnaehana, a me nā aupuni," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. "Ua hiki iā AGRA ke hōʻike i kēlā me kēia ʻohana e nā kumu o ka home, hoʻonui nui ka loaʻa kālā ke hāʻawi ʻia nā mahiʻai i nā ʻanoano a me nā hoʻokomo o kēia wā, i kākoʻo ʻia e ka pae pae kaiāulu." Eia naʻe, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, he nui nā kumu ʻē aʻe e pili ana i nā loaʻa kālā i ʻoi aku ma mua o ka mana o AGRA a me ka noʻonoʻo ʻana o AGRA i nā loaʻa kālā o ka mahiʻai "ua neʻe i kahi kikoʻī kikoʻī a pili i nā mea e hiki ai iā mākou ke hoʻololi pololei." 

Ua pane aku ka Gates Foundation i ka pepa ʻo Tufts me kahi ʻōlelo a kāna hui pāpāho, "Kākoʻo mākou i nā hui e like me AGRA no ka mea hui lākou me nā ʻāina e kōkua iā lākou e hoʻokō i nā mea nui a me nā kulekele i loko o kā lākou papa hana hoʻomohala ʻāina. Kākoʻo pū mākou i nā hana a AGRA e nānā mau i ka holomua a hōʻiliʻili i ka ʻikepili e hoʻomaopopo ai i nā mea e hana nei a me nā mea ʻole e holo nei. Paipai mākou iā ʻoe e nānā i ka hōʻike makahiki hou a AGRA no nā ʻike hou loa e pili ana i kāna mau pahuhopu a me ka hopena. “

Nā pūʻulu hoʻokumu ʻApelika: moe ka hopena me nā poʻe ʻApelika 

ʻO ka nele o ka holomua i nā kūlana maikaʻi i ka ilihune a me ka pōloli, ʻaʻole ia he mea e pīhoihoi ai i nā hui mahiʻai a me nā pūʻulu aliʻi o ʻApelika i kūʻē i ka "neocolonial logistic" o ka Gates Foundation's Green Revolution mai ka hoʻomaka. 

"No nā makahiki, ua kākau mākou i nā hana a ka poʻe makemake e like me AGRA e hoʻolaha i ka Green Revolution ma ʻApelika, a ʻo nā hopena make e alakaʻi ia i: ke emi ʻana o ke olakino o ka mahiʻai, ka lilo o ke kuleana mahiʻai, a me ka laka ʻana o nā mahiʻai ʻApelika. i loko o kahi ʻōnaehana ʻaʻole i hoʻolālā ʻia no ko lākou pono, akā no nā waiwai o ka hapa nui o nā hui multinational ʻĀkau, "i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Mariam Mayet, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Center Africa for Biodiversity. Ua loaʻa i ka South Africa-hoʻokumu noiʻi a me ka hoʻolaha hui paʻi ʻia ma mua o ʻelua mau kakini pepa mai ka 2007 e aʻoaʻo nei e pili ana i nā pilikia a me nā pilikia o ka hiʻohiʻona AGRA. 

"ʻAʻole pono nā ʻApelika i nā hui agro-kemika a me nā hui hua ʻAmelika a me ʻEulopa e hoʻomohala iā lākou," wahi a Mayet. "Pono mākou i ke kalepa honua, ka hoʻoponopono kālā a me ka hōʻaiʻē e hoʻokau hou i ke kūlana o ʻApelika i ka hoʻokele waiwai honua a hāʻawi iā mākou i ka manawa e kūkulu demokratika i kā mākou wā e hiki mai ana."

I loko o ka pōʻaiapili o ka pilikia COVID ʻoi loa, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "ua hoʻoikaika kēia hōʻike hou i ka manaʻo he ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ʻApelika me ka ʻole o AGRA a me kāna neocolonial logistic, a ʻo nā hopena e moe nei me nā poʻe ma ka ʻāina nui a me ka honua e kūkulu nei i nā ʻōnaehana i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka pono. , a me ke olakino a me ke olakino. "

ʻO Million Belay, ka mea nāna e hoʻonohonoho i ka Alliance for Food Soestyty ma ʻApelika (AFSA), kahi hui o 30 mau pūʻulu meaʻai a me nā mahiʻai i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Africa, i hoʻohālikelike i ke ʻano o ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai e hoʻohuli ʻia e ka mākeke i kahi "kuli ma ka ʻāʻī o ʻApelika." 

I kahi mana essay ma ke ala o ka pepehi kanaka o George Floyd a me ka ala ʻana o ka honua no ka hoʻoponopono lāhui, ua kūkākūkā ʻo Belay i kahi moʻolelo wahaheʻe e pili ana i nā ʻōnaehana ʻai ʻApelika i hoʻohua ʻia e "kahi hui o nā mea hana keaka e like me nā philanthrocapitalists, nā ʻĀpana Kōkua, nā aupuni, nā ʻoihana ʻepekema a me nā ʻelele... ke hana nei ke hana nei i mākeke no lākou iho ma ke ʻano akamai i kahi ʻōlelo kani maikaʻi. "   

"Ua haʻi ʻia mākou he kahiko kā mākou mau hua a ʻaʻole hiki iki ke hāʻawi iā mākou i ka meaʻai a pono lākou e hybridized a hoʻololi ʻia i genetically e hoʻohana ai; haʻi ʻia mai iā mākou ka mea e pono ai ʻoi aku ka nui o nā calorie a pono mākou e nānā i nā ʻanoʻano o nā mea kanu; haʻi ʻia mai ʻaʻole mākou e hoʻohana pono ana i ko mākou ʻāina a e hāʻawi ʻia ia i ka poʻe i hiki ke hana i kahi ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hana; haʻi ʻia mai iā mākou ko mākou ʻike e pili ana i ka mahiʻai ua hoʻi i hope a pono mākou e hōʻano hou me ka ʻike mai ke Komohana… haʻi ʻia mākou, pono mākou i ka ʻoihana e hoʻopukapuka i nā piliona kālā, a me ka ʻole o kēia mau mea hoʻopakele mai ka ʻĀkau, ʻaʻole hiki iā mākou ke hānai iā mākou iho. Hoʻomaopopo ʻia ko mākou ao i ka hana ʻana i nā mea hou aku, ʻaʻole i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka meaʻai olakino, momona a moʻomeheu kūpono hoʻi, hana ʻia me ka hōʻeha ʻole i ke kaiapuni, "kākau ʻo ia.

"ʻO ia ke kuli hoʻokahi i hoʻāpono i ka koloneialani ma ʻApelika. Manaʻo wau ʻo ke ala wale nō e hemo ai kēia kuli a hanu ka ʻike ʻana i ke kuli, hoʻomaopopo i kona ʻano hana a hoʻonohonoho e pale aku iā mākou iho, "kākau ʻo Belay. ʻO kāna hui nā mea kākoʻo no ka agroecology, i hoʻolaha ʻia i kēia manawa ma waena o nā hui lālā 30 o AFSA. Ua palapala ʻo AFSA i kekahi mau hihia hihia e hōʻike ana "pehea e pōmaikaʻi ai ka agroecology iā ʻApelika e pili ana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai, ka meaʻai, ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka ʻilihune, ka hoʻololi ʻana i ke aniau a me ka hoʻōmi ʻana, ka mālama ʻana i nā mea ola, ka ʻike moʻomeheu, ke aupuni a ka lehulehu, a me ka waiwai no ke kālā."

Nā hoʻohiki hoʻololi a AGRA

I hoʻokahi makahiki i hala aku nei, ʻo nā hoʻohiki wiwo ʻole o AGRA - e pāpālua i nā hua a me nā loaʻa no 30 miliona mau home mahiʻai ma ʻApelika e 2020 - ua ʻike nui ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao pūnaewele hāʻawi a ka hui. Ua nalo nā pahuhopu mai ka ʻaoʻao. I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i kēia, ua wehewehe ʻo Cox, "ʻAʻole mākou i hoʻemi i ko mākou moemoeā, akā ua aʻo mākou he kūpono nā mea kuhikuhi ʻē aʻe i kūpono."

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua hoʻopuka hou ʻo AGRA i kāna pūnaewele a “ʻaʻohe ona kumuwaiwai e hana ia ma ke ala a mākou e makemake ai” akā e hoʻomaikaʻi hou ana ia iā ia koke. ʻIke ʻia ka hui e hoʻonui i kāna PR hooikaika ana. A noi noi no kahi kūkākūkā kamaʻilio ʻekolu mau makahiki, i kau ʻia i Iune, e wehewehe ana i nā makemake e "hoʻonui i ka uhi pālahalaha maikaʻi o AGRA ma kahi o 35-50% ma luna o ka uhi 2017" (a hōʻike hōʻike kū ua loaʻa iā AGRA 80 mau pāpāho e ʻōlelo nei i hoʻokahi mahina me kahi uptick i Kepakemapa 2016 a 800 mau ʻatikala).

ʻO ka laulā o ka hana i kākau ʻia ma ka RFP i loko o "ma ka liʻiliʻi he 10 mau hoʻoponopono kiʻekiʻe" i hoʻonoho ʻia i "nā mana kuʻuna a kūwaho hoʻi i nā wahi ākea a me nā wahi e like me New York Times, Ventures Africa, The Africa Report, CNBC-Africa, Al Jazeera, etc. , "A me ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i" 25-30 manawa manawa nui e ninaninau ʻia ai nā poʻe loea AGRA ma ka pāpāho nui o ka honua. "

I hoʻokahi makahiki i hala aku nei, ua hui ka Alliance for a Green Revolution ma ʻApelika i kāna mau pahuhopu nui ʻaoʻao hāʻawi (hoʻonui i hoʻonui ʻia). ʻO Iulai 2020 ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia kēlā ʻōlelo ma ka ʻaoʻao.

Ke hoʻololi ʻana i ka papa 

Ua hōʻike ka Tufts i kahi ulu o ka noiʻi e hōʻike ana i nā palena o ke kuhi manaʻo nui ʻo Green Revolution o ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai a me ka hiki o ke ala agroecological. ʻO ka Hui Meaʻai a Mea mahiʻai o Nā Aupuni Hui Pū ʻIa ho'ākāka agroecology ma ke ʻano he "ʻano hoʻohui i hoʻopili ʻia e hoʻopili like i nā manaʻo a me nā loina pili kaiaola a me nā loina i ka hoʻolālā a me ka hoʻokele o nā ʻōnaehana mahiʻai." 

Nā Kumuwaiwai no ka ʻike hou aku: 

  • ka ʻO ka UN Intergovernmental Panel ma ka Huliau i ka makahiki 2019 i kākau i nā ala he nui i hāʻawi ʻia i ka mahiʻai mahiʻai i ka hoʻololi i ke aniau, e kāhea ana i nā loli hohonu i nā mea ʻelua e kōkua a kōkua i ka poʻe mahiʻai e hoʻomaʻa i nā haunaele.
  • Mei 2020 pepa, “Ke hoʻohui nei i nā kiko e hiki ai i nā hoʻololi agroecology, "I ka Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, i ʻōlelo ʻia:" Ke hele nei ʻo Agroecology i kāna ponoʻī ma ke ʻano he kumu hoʻohālikelike i nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai ʻoihana alakaʻi alakaʻi ʻia e nā ʻoihana. Nā hōʻike o nā maikaʻi, nā pono, nā hopena, a me nā hana he nui o ka agroecology lehulehu. No ka hapa nui o nā hōʻike e maopopo ai: agroecology, pū me ka 'meaʻai kai', hāʻawi i kahi ala no nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai kūpono a hoʻomau a me nā kaiāulu. " E nānā hou i kēia manawa Agroecology Hoʻopuka kūikawā o nā hoʻololi Agroecology.
  • Iulai ʻO ka hōʻike loea o 2019 e pili ana i ka agroecology mai ka UN Food and Agriculture Organization maopopo i kāna kāhea ʻana no ka hoʻomaha me ka hoʻohālikelike Green Revolution. “Aia nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai ma ke alahaka. Pono ka hoʻololi hohonu, "i ʻōlelo ʻia. Hōʻike ka hōʻike i ke koʻikoʻi o ka mahiʻai kaiaola, ka mea e kākoʻo ana i nā ʻōnaehana hana like ʻole a kūpaʻa hoʻi, e like me nā holoholona i hui ʻia, nā iʻa, nā mea kanu a me nā agroforestry, e mālama a hoʻonui i nā mea ola, a me ka waihona kumuwaiwai kūlohelohe.
  • ʻO ka hōʻike ʻo ʻOkakopa 2018 mai International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES-Food), "Ke kaʻawale nei mai nā ʻōnaehana Meaʻai Mea Pono: ʻEhiku ʻImi ʻImi o ka Hoʻololi Agroecological ”
  • Pepeluali 2018 pepa ma Ke Kumukanawai ʻAi, "Nānā: Ke lawe nei i nā papahana kōkua kōkuhi o ka hanauna lua o ʻApelika, ”Ana i nā hualoaʻa mai nā ʻāina ʻehiku me nā papahana hoʻokomo-hoʻokomo a loaʻa iki kahi hōʻike o ke kūpaʻa mau ʻana — a i ʻole ke kūpaʻa. "ʻO ka moʻoukala empirical e maopopo leʻa i ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka hua a me ka mea momona ʻaʻole lawa e hiki ai ke loaʻa pono, pono, a hoʻomau i nā ʻōnaehana mahiʻai i ka hapa nui o ʻApelika," pau nā mea kākau.
  • Iune 2016 hōʻike e ka International Panel o ka poʻe loea ma nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai hoʻomau (IPES-ʻAi), hoʻokumu ʻia e ka UN Rapporteur Kūloko ma mua no ka Pono i ka Meaʻai ʻo Olivier De Schutter, hōʻuluʻulu i nā palena o ke kuhi kipi Green Revolution o ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai, a me ka hiki o nā ala ʻē aʻe. "Koi ʻia kahi paradigm agroecological hou, i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā pilina ʻokoʻa ma waena o ka mahiʻai a me ke kaiapuni, a ma waena o nā ʻōnaehana meaʻai a me ke kaiāulu. Hāʻawi nā loiloi hihia ʻehiku i kēia hōʻike i nā laʻana paʻa o ka pehea, i loko o ka nui o nā ālai e loli, ua hiki i ka poʻe o ka honua a puni ke noʻonoʻo hou a hana hou i nā ʻōnaehana e pili ana i nā kumuhana agroecological.
  • Ua kākau ka Alliance for Food Soestyty ma ʻApelika (AFSA) i ka pono o ka agroecology, i hoʻolaha ʻia i waena o kāna mau hui lālā. E nānā i nā noi hihia a AFSA
  • Pepeluali 2006 Ke aʻo ʻana ma ke Kulanui o Essex ana ʻia ma kahi o 300 mau papahana mahiʻai kaiaola nui a ʻoi aku ma mua o 50 mau ʻāina ʻilihune a kākau ʻia i ka hoʻonui ʻana he 79% o ka hana me ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā kumukūʻai a me ka piʻi ʻana o ka loaʻa kālā. 

Nāʻike hou

No nā kikoʻī hou aʻe e pili ana i ka noiʻi hou loa i alakaʻi ʻia e Timothy A. Wise

ʻO ka hōʻike pili e ka US Right to Know

 

Pili ʻo Pamela Ronald i nā pūʻulu mua o ka ʻoihana kemika

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Hoʻohou i Iune 2019

ʻO Pamela Ronald, PhD, he polofesa o nā mea kanu pathology ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, ʻo Davis a me ka mea kākau o ka puke 2008, "Tomorrow's Table," kahi mea i kākoʻo nui ʻia no nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered. ʻAʻoleʻike iki ʻia ʻo kā Kauka Ronald kuleana i loko o nā hui e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana, akā ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ke hana pū nei me nā ʻoihana kemika e hoʻolaulaha a me lobby no nā GMO a me nā pesticides, i nā hoʻonohonoho i maopopo ʻole i ka lehulehu. 

Pili i ka hui mahiʻai kī nui

He pilina paʻa ko Pamela Ronald i kahi hui mua o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, a me kāna alakaʻi alakaʻi, ʻo Jon Entine. Ua kōkua ʻo ia iā lākou ma nā ʻano like ʻole. O kahi laʻana, hōʻike nā palapala i ka 2015, Ua koho ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine ma ke ʻano he elemakule a me ke aʻo o ka ʻepekema kamaʻilio ma UC Davis, a hana pū me Genetic Literacy Project e hoʻokipa i kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai i uku kālā ʻia. hanana leka uila ua hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe komo pehea e hoʻolaha ai i nā huahana mahiʻai. 

Ua wehewehe ʻia ka papahana genetic literacy ma kahi ia nā kumu kāki-eo Le Monde ʻike ma ke ʻano he “punaewele propaganda kaulana” i hoʻokani i ke kuleana nui i ko Monsanto paipai e hōʻino i ka hōʻike a ke keʻena noiʻi noiʻi maʻi maʻi o ka World Health Organization ma glyphosate. I ka a Palapala PR 2015, Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo Monsanto i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic ma waena o ka “ʻoihana hana ” ua hoʻolālā ka ʻoihana e komo i ka "orchestrate outcry" e pili ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hoʻolaha ʻo GLP i nā ʻatikala he nui e hōʻeha ana i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i hoʻopunipuni a hana pū ka palaho, ka hoʻokahuli, ka hūnā a me ka hoʻopunipuni.

He pili lōʻihi ʻo Entine i ka ʻoihana kemika; pili pū kona kino hana i ka pale ʻana pesticides, hanalima Nine Inch, Ka lula ea Ke, kūpilikiʻi, A me ka ʻoihana aila, pinepine me hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema, nā kānaka moʻolelo a nā kālaiʻike.  Hoʻohui ee ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic ma 2011 i ka manawa He mea kūʻai aku ʻo Monsanto o kāna ʻoihana pili lehulehu. ʻO ka GLP ma mua pili pū ʻia me STATS, ua wehewehe kahi mea nūhou pūʻulu nonprofit ma ke ʻano he "hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia kanalua nā ʻanoʻano e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a ʻo “ʻike ʻia no ka pale ʻana i ka ʻoihana kemika. " 

I ka 2015, ua neʻe ka Genetic Literacy Project i kahi hui makua hou, ʻo ka Science Literacy Project. ʻO ka faila ʻauhau IRS no kēlā makahiki hōʻikeʻia he lālā hoʻokumu ʻo Kauka Ronald o ka Papahana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema, akā nā leka uila mai ʻAukake 2018 e hōʻike ua hōʻoia ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine e haʻalele hou i kona inoa mai ka palapala ʻauhau ma hope o ka ʻike ʻia ua helu ʻia ʻo ia ma laila (ʻo ka ʻauhau ʻauhau i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kēia manawa loaʻa ma aneʻi). Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine, “ʻAʻole au i lawelawe ma kēia papa a ʻaʻole wau i hāʻawi i ka ʻae no ka papa inoa ʻia o koʻu inoa. E ʻoluʻolu e hana koke e hoʻomaopopo i ka IRS ua helu ʻia koʻu inoa me ka ʻae ʻole. ” Ua kākau ʻo Entine he ʻokoʻa kona hoʻomanaʻo ʻana. "Hoʻomaopopo wau iā ʻoe e ʻae nei e lilo i ʻāpana o ka papa a poʻo i ka papa mua ... Ua hauʻoli ʻoe a kākoʻo hoʻi i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo. ʻAʻohe nīnau i loko o koʻu manaʻo ua ʻae ʻoe i kēia. ” Akā naʻe ua ʻae ʻo ia e hoʻāʻo e lawe i kona inoa mai ka palapala ʻauhau.

Ua kūkākūkā hou lāua i ka palapala ʻauhau ma Kekemapa 2018 ma hope o ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o kēia pepa. Ua kākau ʻo Entine, "Ua helu wau iā ʻoe ma ka 990 kumu e pili ana i ke kamaʻilio kelepona ʻana āu i ʻae ai e noho ma ka papa. I ka manawa i koho ai ʻoe iaʻu ua ʻae ʻole ʻoe, ua hoʻomaʻemaʻe wau i ka moʻolelo e like me kāu i noi ai. ” I loko o leka uila ʻē aʻe i kēlā lā, ua hoʻomanaʻo ʻo ia iā Kauka Ronald "ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua pili ʻoe me 'kēlā hui: ʻoiai mākou e hana pū ana, hana maʻalahi a hana ʻole hoʻi, i ka hana ʻana i kahi hoʻomoana kīpuka ma kāu kula nui."  

Hoʻonohonoho nā palapala ʻauhau ʻEpekema Literacy i kēia manawa i ʻekolu mau lālā o ka papa: Entine; ʻO Drew Kershen, he loea loio i hala ma mua ma ka papa o "Review Academics," he hui i koi kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e loaʻa ana kāna kālā mai nā hui mahiʻai; a ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, he epidemiologist nāna e lawelawe ma ka papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema no ka mea, o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto no kāna hana pale aku i nā pesticides a me GMO.

Hoʻokumu ʻia, alakaʻi ʻia ka hui ʻo UC Davis e hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā hana PR hana

ʻO Kauka Ronald ka luna hoʻokumu o ka World Food Center's Ke keʻena no ka heluhelu ʻana i ka meaʻai a me ka mahiʻai (IFAL), kahi hui i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 2014 ma UC Davis e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā kumu a me nā haumāna e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered, nā mea kanu a me nā pesticides. ʻAʻole hōʻike piha ka hui i kāna kālā.

Hōʻike nā palapala i hāʻawi ʻia e Dr. Ronald ʻO Jon Entine a me kāna hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻO kahi papahana Genetic Literacy Project kahi paepae ma UC Davis, ke koho nei iā Entine ma ke ʻano he elemakule uku ʻole ʻia o IFAL a he kumu aʻo a kumu aʻo i kahi papahana puka ʻepekema kamaʻilio. ʻAʻole ʻo Entine he hoa ma UC Davis. E ʻike i kā mākou leka 2016 i ka World Food Center e nīnau ana e pili ana i ke kālā no Entine a me IFAL a me kā lākou wehewehe wehewehe e pili ana i kahi e loaʻa ai kā lākou kālā.

I Iulai 2014, ua hōʻike ʻo Kauka Ronald i kahi leka uila i kahi hoa hana ʻo Entine kahi mea kōkua nui i hiki ke hāʻawi iā lākou i nā manaʻo maikaʻi i ka mea e hoʻopili aku ai e hōʻiliʻili i nā kālā hou aʻe no ka hanana IFAL mua. I Iune 2015, hui pū ʻo IFAL i ka “ʻO kahi hoʻomoana boot a Project Biotech Literacy”Me ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ka ʻO ka hui loiloi ʻia ʻo Monsanto i kākoʻo ʻia e ka hui. Ua koi nā mea hoʻonohonoho i uku kālā ʻia kēia hanana e nā kumu, nā aupuni a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, akā hōʻole nā ​​kumu ʻoihana ʻole i ke kālā kālā i nā hanana a me ka ʻo ke kumuwaiwai kālā hiki ke haki ʻia mai ka ʻoihana, e like me ka hōʻike a Paul Thacker ma The Progressive.

Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau kēlā Kānāwai Loiloi, i loaʻa iā ia kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa, hoʻolilo i $ 162,000 no ka ʻaha kūkā ʻekolu lā ma UC Davis. Ke kumu o ka hoʻomoana kīpaku, e like me ka papa kuhikuhi, e hoʻomaʻamaʻa a kākoʻo i nā ʻepekema, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea noiʻi kālaiʻike e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu a me nā mea hana kulekele e pili ana i nā pono o nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻO nā mea kamaʻilio ma kahi hoʻomoana kālele kā UC Davis ʻO Jay Byrne, Ko Monsanto luna mua o nā ʻoihana hui; Lākana Hank o ka Monsanto-uku kālā ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino; nā polofesa me nā pilina ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia e like me Kulanui o ʻInikia Polofesa Emeritus Bruce Chassy a Ke Kulanui o Florida Polokalamu Kevin Folta; ʻO Cami Ryan, e hana nei no Monsanto; ʻO David Ropeik, kahi kākāʻōlelo ʻike pilikia ʻike PR nona pū kekahi nā mea kūʻai aku me Dow a me Bayer; a me nā hui ʻenehana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe.

Nā haʻi ʻōlelo nui ʻo Dr. Ronald, ʻO Yvette dʻEntremont ka Sci Babe, he "ʻepekema kamaʻilio" nāna e pale aku i nā pesticides a me nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻona i ka wā e lawe kālā ana mai nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i kēlā mau huahana, a me Ted Nordhaus o ka Breakthrough Institute. (Ua helu pū ʻia ʻo Nordhaus ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka Papa ʻEpekema ʻEpekema ma ka palapala ʻauhau 2015/2016 kumu, akā ua kāpae ʻia kona inoa me Dr. Ronald's i loko o ka pepa i hoʻoponopono ʻia ʻo Entine i waiho ʻia i ka makahiki 2018. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Nordhaus ʻaʻole ʻo ia i lawelawe ma ka papa.)

Ke kuke ʻana i kahi boycott Chipotle

Hōʻike nā leka uila iā Dr. Ronald lāua ʻo Jon Entine hana pū ʻia ma ka leka ʻana e hōʻino ai i nā loiloi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered. I kekahi hihia, ua noi ʻo Kauka Ronald e hoʻonohonoho i kahi boycott e kūʻē i ka Chipotle hale ʻaina ma luna o kāna hoʻoholo e hāʻawi a paipai i nā meaʻai GMO ʻole.

I ʻApelila 2015, ua leka uila ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine a ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, kahi limahana o Monsanto ma mua a me ka loea o ka laulima kōkua ma UC Davis, e ʻōlelo e loaʻa iā lākou kahi haumāna e kākau e pili ana i nā mahiʻai e hoʻohana ana i nā pesticides ʻoi loa e ulu i ka GM-GMO. “Manaʻo wau e hoʻolaha mākou i kēia ʻoiaʻiʻo (ke loaʻa iā mākou nā kikoʻī) a laila hoʻonohonoho i kahi boycott chipotle, "Kākau ʻo Kauka Ronald. Ua kuhikuhi ʻo Entine i kahi hoa e kākau i kahi ʻatikala no ka papahana Genetic Literacy ma ke kumuhana e "lele pinepine ka hoʻohana pesticide" ke hoʻololi ka poʻe mahiʻai i kahi hiʻohiʻona GMO ʻole e hoʻolako i nā hale ʻaina e like me Chipotle. ʻO ka Haawina, mea i kākau ʻia e Entine a me ke kuhi ʻana i kāna pili ʻo UC Davis, ʻaʻole e hōʻoia i kēlā kuleana me ka ʻikepili.

Hoʻokumu ʻia ka hui biotech spin spin BioFortified

Ua hoʻokumu a lawelawe ʻo Dr. Ronald ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa (2012-2015) o ʻO Biology Fortified, Inc. (Biofortified), kahi hui e paipai i nā GMO a Loaʻa iā ia kahi hui activist hoa hoʻonohonoho kēlā nā kūʻē e kūʻē iā Monsanto. ʻO nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe o Biofortified me ka lālā hoʻokumu o David Tribe, he genistist ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne i hoʻokumu pū Review Review, ka hui i koi kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e loaʻa ana nā kālā ʻoihana, a hana pū me IFAL e hoʻokipa i ka papahana Biotech Literacy "camp boot" ma UC Davis.

ʻO ka lālā o ka papa ʻo Kevin Folta (2015-2018), he ʻepekema mea kanu ma ke Kulanui o Florida, ʻo ia ka kumuhana o ka moʻolelo New York Times ke hōʻike nei ua alakaʻi hewa ʻo ia i ka lehulehu e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia. ʻO Steve Blogage kahi mea kākau blog biofortified Ua huli ka limahana o DuPont i kuhina ʻoihana; ʻO Joe Ballanger, a kākāʻōlelo no Monsanto; a me Andrew Kniss, nāna i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto. Hōʻike nā palapala i kēlā hoʻohui ʻia nā lālā o Biofortified me ka ʻoihana pesticide ma kahi hoʻolaha lobbying e kū'ē nā kapu pesticide ma Hawaii.

Pāʻani i ke kuleana alakaʻi i ka kiʻi ʻoniʻoni hoʻolaha kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana

Ua hōʻike nui ʻia ʻo Kauka Ronald i ka Food Evolution, kahi kiʻi paʻi kiʻi e pili ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini i uku ʻia e ka hui kālepa Institute for Food Technologists. He mau kālaiʻike ʻē aʻe i kapa ʻia ʻo propaganda propaganda, a me kekahi mau kānaka i nīnauele ʻia no ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i wehewehe ʻia i ke kaʻina hana hoʻopunipuni a ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua lawe ʻia ko lākou mau manaʻo ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili.

https://www.foodpolitics.com/2017/06/gmo-industry-propaganda-film-food-evolution/

'Adlelo aʻoaʻo no ka hoʻolaha kaiāulu GMO ma Cornell

ʻO Kauka Ronald ma ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo o ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha PR i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻolaha ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka leka uila ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hāʻawi kālā nui ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i ua kūʻē i ka hoʻohana ʻia o ke kānāwai Freedom of Information e nānā i nā hui lehulehu, alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu me ka ʻike kūpono ʻole a hoʻokiʻekiʻe i nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole ʻia; ʻike palapala i loko o kā mākou pepa pono.

Loaʻa kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala e US Right to Know e loaʻa ana iā Dr. Ronald ka uku mai nā hui mahiʻai e ʻōlelo ma nā hanana kahi e hoʻolaha ai ʻo ia i nā GMO i nā mea hoʻolohe nui e ʻimi ai nā ʻoihana e hoʻohuli, e like me nā mea ʻai. Hāʻawi nā leka uila mai Nowemapa 2012 i kahi laʻana o ka hana a Dr. Ronald me nā ʻoihana.

ʻO ka limahana ʻo Monsanto Wendy Reinhardt Kapsak, he mea lapaʻau i hana mua no ka ʻoihana meaʻai hui wili IFIC, kono iā Ronald e kamaʻilio ma nā ʻaha kūkā ʻelua ma 2013, Food 3000 a me ka Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food and Nutrition Conference a me Expo. Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka ʻelua kūkākūkā nā uku a me nā kūʻai puke a ʻae ʻo Kauka Ronald e ʻōlelo ma Food 3000, kahi ʻaha kūkā i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka firm PR Porter Novelli a Kapsak i ʻōlelo ai e hōʻea i "90 ka pāʻoihana kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i ka meaʻai a me nā loea / influencers." (Kauka Ronald hoʻoili ʻia $ 3,000 no ka hanana). Nīnau ʻo Kapsak iā loiloi i nā kiʻi a Dr. Ronald a hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea e kūkākūkā i ka leka ʻana. Eia nō naʻe ma ka papa ka moderator ʻo Mary Chin (he kaukaʻai nāna kūkākūkā me Monsanto), a me nā lunamakaʻāinana mai ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation a me Monsanto, me Kapsak e hāʻawi nei i nā ʻōlelo hoʻomaka. Ua hōʻike ʻo Kapsak ma hope ua loaʻa nā loiloi i ka panela me nā poʻe i ʻōlelo ʻia e haʻi like lākou i ka manaʻo, "Pono mākou i kahi biotech e kōkua e hānai i ka honua. "

ʻO nā hana ʻē aʻe i hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻē aʻe no Dr. Ronald i komo pū me kahi 2014 haiolelo ma Monsanto no ka mea, $ 3,500 me 100 kope o kāna puke ka mea āna hōʻole e tweet e pili ana; a me kahi kamaʻilio e kamaʻilio 2013 ana i hoʻoili ai Bayer AG no $ 10,000.

Nā pepa i hoʻihoʻi ʻia

Retraction Watch ua hōʻike ʻo ia, “He makahiki paʻakikī ka 2013 no ka meaolaola ʻo Pamela Ronald. Ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana i ka protein i hōʻike ʻia e hoʻomaka i ka ʻōnaehana pale o ka laiki e pale aku ai i kahi maʻi bacteria - e hōʻike ana i kahi ala hou e hana i nā mea kū i ka maʻi - ua huki ʻo ia a me kāna hui i ʻelua mau pepa i ka 2013 ma hope o ka hiki ʻole ke hana hou i kā lākou ʻike. ʻO nā mea hewa: kahi misia maʻi koʻokoʻo a me kahi hoʻoweliweli ʻano nui. Eia naʻe, ʻo ka mālama a me ka transparency āna i hōʻike ai i loaʻa iā ia kahi 'hana ana i ka mea kūpono'kunou mai iā mākou i kēlā manawa. "

E ʻike i ka uhi:

"He aha kāu e hana ai e pili ana i nā retractions ʻeha? ʻO Q&A me Pamela Ronald lāua ʻo Beniamina Swessinger, " Retraction Watch (7.24.2015)

"Hiki i ke kūlana ʻepekema o Pamala Ronald, ke alo lehulehu o GMO, ke hoʻopakele ʻia?"Na Jonathan Latham, Nūhou ʻEpekema Kūʻokoʻa (11.12.2013)

"Hana hou ʻo Pamela Ronald i ka mea kūpono, retracting a paper Science, " Retraction Watch (10.10.2013)

"Ke hana nei i ka mea kūpono: Hoʻihoʻi nā kānaka noiʻi i ka pepa i ʻike ʻia e ka ʻaha ma hope o ka hana lehulehu, " Retraction Watch (9.11.2013)

ʻO nā manamana lima o Monsanto ma kahi o Newsweek's Hit ma ka Mea ʻAi Meaola

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Kiʻi hou: ʻO ka pane ʻano ʻē a Newsweek

Na Stacy Malkan

"ʻO ka hoʻokūkū no ka meaʻai meaola he hoʻopunipuni, hoʻopunipuni pipiʻi," e like me ka Ianuali 19 Newsweek Haawina i kākau ʻia e Dr. Henry I. Miller o ka Hoover Institution.

Inā kamaʻāina paha kēlā inoa - Henry I. Miller - no ka mea paha ka New York Times nei hōʻike i kahi hōʻino e pili ana iā Miller: ua hopu ʻia ʻo ia e paʻi ana i kahi ʻatikala i kākau ʻia e Monsanto ma lalo o kāna inoa ponoʻī i Forbes. ʻO ka ʻatikala, i aniani nui i kahi kikoʻī i hāʻawi ʻia iā ia e Monsanto, ua hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema o ka World Cancer Organization's cancer panel (IARC) no kā lākou hoʻoholo i ka papa inoa ʻO ka kemika kūʻai nui ʻo Monsanto, glyphosate, ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha.

Ke hōʻike nei ma ka an hoʻokaʻaʻike email hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi me Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai, ka Lā ' Ua kākau ʻo Danny Hakim:

"Ua noi aku ʻo Monsanto iā Mr. Miller inā makemake ʻo ia e kākau i kahi ʻatikala e pili ana i ke kumuhana, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka mai kahi hoʻolālā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe. '

Ua ʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma lalo o ka inoa o Mr. Miller, a me ka ʻōlelo i manaʻo ʻia e nā manaʻo ʻo Forbes Contributors kā lākou ponoʻī. ' ʻAʻole i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka makasina ka pili ʻana o Monsanto i ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana i ka ʻatikala ...

Ua wehe ʻo Forbes i ka moʻolelo mai kāna pūnaewele i ka Pōʻakolu a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua pau kāna pilina me Mr. Miller i waena o nā hōʻike. "

Ka uea manaʻo Polokalamu ʻlelo ukali, ma hope o ka hoʻohui mua ʻana i kahi hōʻole i nā ʻōlelo a Miller e hōʻike ana e hōʻole ʻia lākou inā ʻike ʻia kāna hana pū ʻana me Monsanto.

Hopena e hōʻino kino

ʻAʻole i lohi loa ka hana ʻino a ke kākau ʻōlelo ʻuhane iā Miller. ua hoʻomau ʻo ia e wili i ka ʻike hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai mai nā wahi e like me Newsweek a Ka Wall Street Pai, me ka hōʻike ʻole i ka poʻe heluhelu i kona pilina me Monsanto.

ʻO Miller naʻe Newsweek ku i nā meaʻai meaola a nā manamana lima o Monsanto i ʻike maka ʻia ma ʻō.

No ka poʻe hoʻomaka, hoʻohana ʻo Miller i nā kumuwaiwai pesticide e hana i nā koi unsubstantiated (a ludicrous) e pili ana i ka mahiʻai meaola - no ka laʻana, ʻo ka mahiʻai ʻokanika he "ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka pōʻino i ke kaiapuni" ma mua o ka mahiʻai maʻamau, a i ʻole ua hoʻohana nā mea kōkua ʻokanika i $ 2.5 biliona i hoʻokahi makahiki o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana. kū'ē i nā meaʻai ʻenekinia genetically ma ʻAmelika Hema.

ʻO ke kumu ma ka hoʻopiʻi kūpono ʻole ʻo Jay Byrne, he alakaʻi mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto (ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia e like me ia i ka Newsweek ʻatikala), ka mea e alakaʻi nei i kahi paʻa PR i kapa ʻia v-Fluence Interactive.

Hōʻike nā kūkākūkā leka uila pehea e hana ai ʻo Monsanto me nā poʻe e like me Jay Byrne - a me Byrne kikoʻī - e hoʻokuʻi pololei i kēia ʻano hoʻouka kūʻē i ko Monsanto ʻenemi ʻoiai e hūnā nei i ka ʻoihana.

Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa i kaʻu hui ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike, Ua hana nui ʻo Byrne i ke kōkua ʻana iā Monsanto e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hui mua i kapa ʻia ʻo Academics Review nāna i paʻi kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana olakino ma ke ʻano he scam marketing. Newsweek 'ōlelo.

ʻO ka papa inoa kaulana a Jay Byrne o nā ʻenemi Monsanto. 

ʻO ka manaʻo o ka hui mua - wehewehe i nā leka uila aʻu i hōʻike ai ma aneʻi - e hoʻokumu i kahi kahua kani kani hilinaʻi ʻia e hiki ai i nā kālaiʻike ke hoʻouka i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e ʻimi nei he kūʻokoʻa, akā loaʻa malū ʻia nā kālā mai nā hui ʻoihana. Wink, wink, ha, ha.

"E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," i kākau ʻo Monsanto executive pili i ka hoʻolālā.

ʻO kā Byrne kuleana, e like me nā leka uila, e lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e kōkua i ka loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana. Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Byrne e hōʻuluʻulu ana ʻo ia i kahi papa inoa "manawa kūpono" o nā pahuhopu - nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hiki ke "inoculated" mai ka pae o nā kālaihana.

ʻO kekahi mau poʻe ma ka papa inoa hit "manawa kūpono" na Byrne, a i ʻole hoʻouka ʻia e Academics Review, he pahuhopu ia ma Miller Newsweek ʻatikala, pū kekahi.

Miller Newsweek ua hoʻāʻo pū kekahi e hōʻino i ka hana o New York Times ' ʻO ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Danny Hakim, me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana na Hakim ka mea nāna i hōʻike i ka hana ʻino a Millan ma Monsanto.

E like me nā mea hou loa hoʻouka kaua i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika, kuhikuhi nā manamana lima āpau i nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e lilo ka hapa nui inā hoʻomau ka piʻi ʻana o ka makemake o nā mea kūʻai no nā meaʻai me ka ʻole o nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻO Monsanto's “Independent Academic” Ruse

ʻO Henry Miller kahi ka wā lōʻihi o ka launa pū ʻana me - a ke kū nei i kāna lawelawe PR i - nā hui e pono e kōkua i ka hōʻoia ʻana i ka lehulehu i kā lākou huahana ʻaʻole weliweli a ʻaʻole pono e hoʻoponopono ʻia.

A hilinaʻi nui ʻo Monsanto i ka poʻe me ka ʻepekema hōʻoiaʻiʻo a i ʻole nā ​​hui kani ʻole e hana i kēlā mau paio - ka poʻe makemake e kamaʻilio i ka palapala ʻoihana ʻoiai e koi nei he poʻe kūʻokoʻa lākou. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mea i ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma ka New York Times, Le Monde, WBEZ, ka e holumua ai a mau papa ʻē aʻe he nui i nā makahiki i hala iho nei.

Hāʻawi kahi palapala Monsanto hou i hāʻawi ʻia i nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hana a Monsanto's propaganda a me ka hana lobbying, a me ke kuleana nui a Henry Miller e hoʻokani ai i loko.

ʻO kēia 2015 “mākaukau hoʻomākaukau"- hoʻokuʻu ʻia e nā loio i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate - waiho i ka hoʻolālā PR a Monsanto e" orchestrate outcry "kūʻē i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no kā lākou hōʻike e pili ana i ka glyphosate. ʻO ka mea lawe mua i waho: "Hoʻopili iā Henry Miller."

Hoʻomau ka papa inoa i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" - he ʻumikūmālua mau hui kalepa, nā hui aʻo a me nā hui kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic - hiki ke kōkua iā "inoculate" e kūʻē i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai a "pale i ka kaulana ... o Roundup."

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Miller no Monsanto me Malaki 2015 Haawina i Forbes - ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma hope e like me kā Monsanto kākau ʻana - e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema IARC. Ke hoʻokau nei nā hoa ʻoihana i nā paio like ma o nā kaha like ʻole hou hou aʻe, mai ia manawa mai, e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO ka hapa nui o kēia mau loiloi i hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu ma ke ʻano he kipi kūpilikiʻi o ka hopohopo, me ka ʻole o ka haʻi ʻana i ko Monsanto kuleana ma ke ʻano he haku mele a me ka mea alakaʻi o ka moʻolelo: he hoodwink ʻoihana hui ʻoihana.

E like me ka hāʻule ʻana o nā palapala i ka honua ākea - ma o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto a nā noiʻi a nā lehulehu - e ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o ka ruse "kūʻokoʻa kula" e mālama no nā mea lawelawe ʻoihana e like me Henry I. Miller, a no nā mea pāpāho a me nā mea hana kulekele e nānā ʻole.

No ka mea, ano, Newsweek ʻaʻole hoʻi e kua ʻana i lalo. ʻOiai ma hope o ka loiloi ʻana i nā palapala e hōʻike ana i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo i kēia ʻatikala, Newsweek Ua kākau ʻo Opinion Editor Nicholas Wapshott i kahi leka uila, "Maopopo iaʻu he moʻolelo lōʻihi ko kāua me Miller e pili ana i kēia kumuhana. Hōʻole maikaʻi ʻo ia i kāu ʻōlelo. ”

ʻAʻole nō ʻo Miller a me Wapshott i pane i nā nīnau hou aʻe.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ke alakaʻi hui o ka kiaʻi kiaʻi a me ka transparency, US Right to Know. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry" (New Society, 2007). Hōʻike: Kālā kālā ʻo US Right to Know i ʻāpana e ka Organic Consumers Association i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ka ʻatikala a Miller a hōʻike ʻia ma ka papa inoa kaulana a Byrne.

ʻO Gates-Funded Cornell Group Misfires i ka Kūʻē o Vandana Shiva

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ʻO ke kū ʻana i nā kūʻē lehulehu e like me kahi ala ʻokoʻa e hoʻopau i kahi paio, akā ʻo ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema - a ka hoʻolaha lehulehu pili kālā i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka Gates Foundation e "hoʻopau i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa i hoʻopiʻi ʻia" e pili ana i nā GMO - hui pū i kahi kūʻē hou i ke Kulanui ʻo Willamette e kūʻē iā Vandana Shiva, PhD, kahi kākāʻōlelo ʻInia, ka mea kākau a me ke kaiapuni.

ʻO ka hui pū ʻana me nā mea kūʻē i hōʻike ʻia "science nerd" mai nā hui me nā inoa e like me March Against Myths About Modification (MAMyths), ʻO Vegan GMO a me PDX Skeptics i ka Pub - ua hele aku kekahi o lākou i kahi hanana hoʻomaʻamaʻa Cornell Alliance ma Mekiko e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā hoʻolālā hoʻolaha GMO - ua kuʻi nā ʻohana Cornell i nā alanui ma Willamette e kūʻē i ka mea a lākou i ʻōlelo ai he "ʻike hewa" a me "ʻōlelo pālua" mai ʻo Kauka Shiva. O kēia e like me Jayson Merkley, he hoa ma mua ʻo Cornell Alliance a he hoa hui pū o Vegan GMO nāna hana kēia manawa no ka hui hoʻomaʻamaʻa o Cornell Alliance.

"Ua manaʻo mākou e mālama i kā mākou leka, maʻalahi, maʻalahi, a me ka maikaʻi," i kākau ʻo Merkley, "ʻo kā mākou mau huaʻōlelo i hōʻike i kahi ʻano ʻokoʻa loa mai ka makaʻu makaʻu a mākou e ʻike pinepine ai:" Mai hoʻomaka i kahi hakakā. E hoʻomaka i kahi kamaʻilio. '”

Ua kuhi hewa ka hui, akā na ka Prominin misinformation a me nā ʻōlelo pālua. ʻO kahi laʻana, i ka manawa a kekahi wahine i hoʻopuka ai i nā hopohopo iā Merkley e pili ana i ka maikaʻi o ka wai a me nā hōʻike kemikula e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered, ua "minoʻaka ʻo ia a kunou" a lawe i ka manawa kūpono e wehewehe ai "ʻaʻole nā ​​GE GE nā pilikia" akā he ʻāpana o ka hopena. . (I ka 'oiaʻiʻo, ka nui o nā meaʻai GMO ʻenekinia e hoʻomanawanui i nā gicphosate-based Roundup herbicides, a loaʻa nui loa kipaku ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana o glyphosate, kahi a ka World Health Organization's cancer research agency i ʻōlelo ai he kino kanaka make paha.)

I ka wā i hele aku ai ʻo Kauka Shiva ma mua o ka poʻe kūʻē, ua kūpaʻa kona mau maka i ka honua, "ua kākau ʻo Merkley," ʻo ia ala, hiki iā ia ke pale i ka laka ʻana i nā maka me nā mea e nīnau paha e pili ana i nā haneli he haneli mau keiki e make ana i nā hemahema micronutrient i hiki ke pale ʻia ma India. . ”

ʻO ka mea a Merkley a me nā poʻe kūʻē i waiho ai: nā mea pili e pili ana i ka palekino.

I loko nō o nā hoʻokolohua he ʻumi, ʻaʻohe hopena GMO no nā hemahema o ka momona loaʻa e kōkua i nā keiki e make ana. Ma ka hakahaka, ʻo ka hapa nui o nā GMO i nā māla a ke hele nei i ka mākeke nā mea kanu kūpaʻa lāʻau e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo nui e pili ana i ka maikaʻi o ka wai a me nā hōʻike pesticide ma nā wahi e ulu nei ʻo GMO e like me Hawaii, Argentina a Iowa.

Hōʻike nā hōʻike ʻepekema hoʻi i kēlā ua piʻi ikaika ka hemahema a me nā hemahema o ka momona i nā ʻāina kūkulu e like me ʻApelika, ʻoiai he mau piliona kālā i hoʻolilo ʻia e ka Gates Foundation a me nā aupuni ʻApelika no ka hoʻolaha ʻana a me ke hāʻawi kālā ʻana i nā hua kalepa a me nā kemikino e like me ka hopena i ka pōloli.

Minamina, ʻo ka Cornell Alliance no ka ʻepekema kaukaʻi i ka propaganda, ʻaʻole ka ʻepekema, ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi no kāna hana pro-GMO kamaʻilio. Ua palapala pono ia na Paipai ka hui Cornell i ka ʻike kūpono ʻole e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a hoʻohana i nā hana kānalua i kāna mau hana e hype i nā pono kūpono o ka wā e hiki mai ana o nā GMO, ʻoiai e nānā ʻole ana i nā pilikia i kākau ʻia a me ka hōʻino ʻana i nā loiloi - kahi ala e polarize ai no ka ʻoluʻolu o nā ʻōlelo kūʻē.

Ua hōʻano hou ʻia kēia blog e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i ka ʻōlelo a Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema ʻaʻole lākou i hoʻonohonoho i ka kūʻē ʻo Vandana Shiva, ʻoiai lākou i paipai iā ia a ua hoʻomaʻamaʻa ka poʻe e ka Alliance i nā hana hana pololei i komo pū i loko. Ua hoʻohui pū ʻia nā mea hou i ka makahiki 2020 me nā ʻike hou e pili ana i ka palehua. 

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