ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema kahi hoʻolaha PR no ka ʻoihana Agrichemical

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ʻOiai ʻo ia ka inoa kani a me ka pilina me kahi ʻoihana Ivy League, ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema (CAS) kahi hoʻolaha kaiāulu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe a puni ka honua e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā mea kanu i hana ʻia me nā mahiʻai i ko lākou mau home home. Ua kāhea nā loea he nui, nā loea kulekele ʻai, nā hui ʻai a me nā mahiʻai i nā hana kūpono ʻole a me nā hana hoʻopunipuni a nā CAS hoa e hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana.

I Kepakemapa, CAS hai mai la $ 10 miliona i ke kālā hou mai ka Gates Foundation, e lawe ana i ka huina o Gates kālā i $ 22 miliona mai ka 2014. Loaʻa ke kālā hou e like me Gates Foundation ke kū nei i ka pushback mai nā hui mahiʻai ʻApelika, nā meaʻai a me nā hilinaʻi no ka hoʻolilo kālā ʻana i mau piliona kālā ma nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala ma ʻApelika hōʻike ʻole nā ​​hōʻike i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka pōloli a hāpai ʻana paha i nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi, ʻoiai lākou e hoʻokau nei i nā ʻano mahiʻai e pono ai nā ʻoihana ma mua o ka poʻe. 

Kākau kēia pepa palapala i nā laʻana he nui o ka misinformation mai CAS a me nā poʻe i pili me kēia hui. ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona i hōʻike ʻia ma aneʻi e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻohana ʻana o CAS i ka inoa o Cornell, ka inoa a me ka mana e holomua i ka PR a me ka papahana politika o nā hui kemika a me nā hua hua nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO ka mikiona a me ka leka uila i hoʻopili ʻia me nā ʻoihana

Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo CAS i ka makahiki 2014 me ka hāʻawi kālā Gates Foundation he $ 5.6 miliona a hoʻohiki ʻia i "depolarize ”ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a puni GMOs. ʻO ka hui wahi a na misionari ʻo ia e "paipai i ke komo ʻana" i nā mea kanu a me nā meaʻai a GMO e ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā "ʻepekema" a puni ka honua e aʻo i ko lākou kaiāulu e pili ana i nā pono o ka biotechnology mahiʻai.

Paipai ka hui ʻoihana Pesticide iā CAS 

ʻO kahi ʻāpana nui o ka hoʻolālā CAS e hoʻopaʻa inoa a hoʻomaʻamaʻa Nā hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua i nā kamaʻilio a me nā hana hoʻolaha, e kia ana i nā wahi kahi e kūʻē ai ka lehulehu i ka ʻoihana biotech, ʻo ia hoʻi nā ʻāina ʻApelika i pale aku i nā mea kanu GMO.

He ʻano like ka mikiona CAS me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology (CBI), kahi ʻoihana pesticide-fund i kālā kālā i ka pilina pilina i loaʻa hana pū ʻia me CAS. Hana ka hui ʻoihana i kūkulu i nā kuʻikahi ma ʻō aku o ke kaulahao meaʻai a hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā kolu-ʻaoʻao, ʻo ia hoʻi nā kālaiʻike a me nā mahiʻai, e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu e ʻae iā GMOs.

Hoʻohālikelike ka leka uila CAS me PR pesticide ʻoihana PR: kahi myopic e nānā nei i ka hiki ke loaʻa nā pōmaikaʻi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered ʻoiai e hoʻoliʻiliʻi ana, nānā ʻole a hōʻole paha i nā pilikia a me nā pilikia. E like me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana o ka ʻoihana PR, nānā nui ʻo CAS i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino i nā mea hōʻino no nā huahana mahiʻai, e like me nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hāpai i nā olakino a i ʻole nā ​​pili kaiapuni.

Hoʻohalahala ākea

Ua huki ʻo CAS a me kāna mau mea kākau i nā loiloi mai nā kālaihana, nā mahiʻai, nā haumāna, nā hui kaiāulu a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka mana o ka meaʻai e ʻōlelo nei e hoʻolaha ana ka hui i nā leka kūpono ʻole a hoʻopunipuni ʻole a hoʻohana i nā hana unethical. E ʻike ma kahi laʻana:

Nā laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni leka ʻana

Ua kākau nā loea i ka ʻenekinia, ka biology, agroecology a me nā kulekele meaʻai i nā hiʻohiʻona he nui o nā koi pololei ʻole a Mark Lynas i ʻōlelo ai, he hoa kipa ma Cornell nāna i kākau he mau ʻatikala e pale ana i nā huahana mahiʻai ma ka inoa o CAS; ʻike e like me kāna hāpai ʻia nā ʻatikala he nui e ka Genetic Literacy Project, he hui PR kēlā hana pū me Monsanto. Kūkā ʻo Lynas 'puke 2018 no nā ʻāina ʻApelika e ʻae i nā GMO, a hāʻawi i kahi mokuna e pale aku iā Monsanto.

Nā koi kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO

Ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe ʻepekema he nui iā Lynas no ka hana ʻana nā ʻōlelo hoʻopunipuni, “ʻAʻole ʻepekema, kūpono ʻole a lapuwale”Nā paio, paipai dogma ma luna o ka ʻikepili a me ka noiʻi ma nā GMO, ke kuhi nei i nā mea kamaʻilio, a ke hana nei i nā kuleana kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā pesticides "hōʻike i ka naʻaupō ʻepekema hohonu, a i ʻole kahi hana ikaika e hana i ka kānalua. "

"ʻO ka papa inoa holoi o nā mea i hewa ai ʻo Mark Lynas e pili ana i nā GMO a me ka ʻepekema nui, a ua hōʻole ʻia e kekahi o nā agroecologists a me nā biologists alakaʻi o ka honua." Ua kākau ʻo Eric Holt-Giménez, luna hoʻomalu o Food First, i ʻApelila 2013 (Ua hui ʻo Lynas iā Cornell ma ke ʻano he hoa kipa ma hope o kēlā makahiki).  

"Disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole"

Ua hoʻohewa nui nā hui ʻo ʻApelika iā Lynas i ka lōʻihi. ʻO ka Alliance for Soichness Food ma ʻApelika, kahi hui pū o 40 a me nā hui mahiʻai ma waena o ʻApelika i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma he "lele-i pundit" nona ka "hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe ʻApelika, hiki ʻole ke kuhihewa ʻia ka loina a me ka moʻomeheu." ʻO Million Belay, ka luna o AFSA, i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma ke ʻano he "racist e hoʻokau nei i kahi moʻolelo e hiki ai i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana ke hoʻopakele iā ʻApelika."

I kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi 2018, ka South Africa-based Africa Center for Biodiversity i ho'ākāka ʻia nā hana kūʻē ʻole a Lynas i hoʻohana ai e hoʻolaulaha i ka papa hana lobby biotech ma Tanzania. "Aia kekahi pilikia e pili ana i ka kuleana a me [pono no] ka nohoaliʻi ʻana i ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, no ka hewa o ka ʻike hewa a me ke ʻano o kā lākou disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole," ʻo Mariam Mayet, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Center Africa no Biodiversity, i ʻōlelo i ka a Iulaiinar webinar webinar.

No nā loiloi piha o kā Lynas hana, e ʻike i nā ʻatikala ma ka hopena o kēia wahi a me kā mākou ʻO Mark Lynas pepa maoli.

Ke hoʻouka nei i ka agroecology

ʻO kahi laʻana o ka leka uila kūpono ʻole kahi ʻatikala panned ākea ma ka CAS paena e Lynas e koi ana, "agro-ecology e hōʻeha i ka poʻe hune." ?? Ua wehewehe ka poʻe ʻatikala i ka ʻatikala ma ke ʻano he “ka wehewehe demagogic a me ka ʻole ʻepekema o kahi pepa ʻepekema, ""hohonu unserious, ""kumumanaʻo kūlohelohe "a" kahi hilahila no ka mea makemake e koi ʻepekema, ”a“kālailai hewa maoli“?? hana “kahili laulaha“?? a “nā hopena hihiu.”Kekahi poʻe loiloi Kāheaʻia a hoʻihoʻi ʻana.

2019 kikokikona na CAS hoa Nassib Mugwanya i hāʻawi i kahi hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o nā ʻike kuhihewa e pili ana i ke kumuhana agroecology. ʻO ka ʻatikala, "No ke aha e hiki ʻole ai i nā hana mahiʻai kuʻuna ke hoʻololi i ka mahiʻai ʻApelika," e hōʻike ana i ke ʻano leka maʻamau i nā mea CAS. 'kumu ʻole a hoʻopōʻino hoʻi, ” mamuli o ke kaanaki e ka Alakaʻi kaiāulu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Seattle no Global Justice.

"Kaulike nui ʻia i ka ʻatikala nā hoʻohana ikaika o nā metaphors (e laʻa me ka agroecology i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā kūpeʻe lima), nā laulaha ʻana, ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻike a me ka nui o nā pololei ʻole maoli," wahi a ka hui.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka puke pāʻani Monsanto e pale aku i nā pesticides

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni CAS leka uila ʻoihana hiki ke loaʻa i ka pale o ka hui o Roundly glyphosate. ʻO nā lāʻau herbicides kahi kī nui o nā hua GMO me 90% o ka kulina a me ka soy i ulu i ka United States ʻenekini genetically e hoʻomanawanui iā Roundup. I ka makahiki 2015, ma hope o ka panel noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization i ʻōlelo ai ʻo glyphosate kahi kino kanaka paha, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Monsanto i nā mea kōkua e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup, e like me nā palapala Monsanto kūloko.

ʻO ka puke pāʻani PR a Monsanto: e hoʻouka nei i ka poʻe loea i ke kanesa ma ke ʻano he 'activists'

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Mark Lynas i ka Anuu CAS e hoʻonui i ka leka ʻana o Monsanto, e wehewehe ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai e like me ke "kilokilo kilokilo" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e "anti-Monsanto activists" nāna i "hana ʻino i ka ʻepekema" a ua hana "kahi ʻike maopopo ʻole ʻia o ka ʻepekema ʻelua a me ka hoʻopono kūlohelohe" e ka hōʻike ʻana i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka glyphosate. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i ka mea like nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kīnā ʻole a me nā kumu waiwai ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, a uku ka hui mua o Monsanto e kōkua i ka wili i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻOiai e koi ana aia ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema, ʻaʻole nānā ʻo Lynas i nā hōʻike he nui mai nā palapala a Monsanto, i hoʻolaha nui i ka nūpepa, kēlā Hoʻopilikia ʻo Monsanto me ʻike'enekema, hoʻoponopono i nā keʻena hoʻokele a hoʻohana i nā mea ʻē aʻe nā hana lima kaumaha e hoʻoponopono i ke kaʻina ʻepekema i mea e pale aku ai iā Roundup. I ka 2018, ua loaʻa i kahi jure ka Monsanto “hana me ka hana ʻino, hoʻoluhi a hoʻopunipuni paha"I ka uhi ʻana i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai o Roundup.

Lobbying no nā pesticides a me nā GMO ma Hawaii

ʻOiai ʻo ʻApelika ka nānā nui ʻana i ka ʻāina, kōkua pū kekahi ʻo CAS i nā hana pesticide e pale aku i nā pesticides a hōʻino i nā mea kōkua olakino lehulehu ma Hawaii. He ʻāina hoʻokolohua koʻikoʻi ko Hawaiʻi Paeʻāina no nā mea kanu GMO a me kahi e hōʻike ai i ke kiʻekiʻe hōʻike i nā pesticides a hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino pili pesticide, me nā kīnā hānau, ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me ka hānō. Ua alakaʻi ʻia kēia mau pilikia nā kamaʻāina e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hakakā he mau makahiki e hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai ʻoi aku ka ikaika e hōʻemi i nā hōʻike pesticide a hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hōʻike ʻana o nā kemika i hoʻohana ʻia ma nā māla mahiʻai.

"Hoʻouka kaua hōʻino"

I ka loaʻa ʻana o kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, ua komo ʻo CAS i loko o kahi "hōʻike ākea e pili ana i ka pilina lehulehu i hoʻolālā ʻia e hūnā i nā hopohopo kaiāulu" e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā pesticides, e like me ka haʻi a Fern Anuenue Holland, kahi mea hoʻonohonoho kaiāulu no ka Hawaii Alliance for Progressive Action. I ka Cornell Daily Sun, Ua wehewehe ʻo Holland pehea ka "uku ʻana iā Cornell Alliance no nā hoa ʻepekema - ma lalo o ke ʻano o ka ʻepekema loea - ua hoʻouka i nā hōʻeha hōʻino. Ua hoʻohana lākou i nā pāpili kaiaulu a kākau i nā hanana blog he nui e hoʻohewa ana i nā lālā kaiāulu a me nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe i loaʻa ka wiwo ʻole e ʻōlelo ai. "

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Holland ua hoʻokau ʻia ʻo ia a me nā lālā ʻē aʻe o kāna hui i "ka pepehi kanaka ʻana, nā kuhi hewa ʻana a me nā hōʻeha ʻana i ka hilinaʻi pilikino a me ka ʻoihana" e nā lālā CAS. "Ua ʻike maka wau i nā ʻohana a me nā aloha aloha i wāwahi ʻia," i kākau ai ʻo ia.

Kūʻē i ka pono o ka lehulehu e ʻike     

Luna Hoʻokele CAS ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, 'ōlelo kāna hui kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana: "ʻAʻole mākou e kākau no ka ʻoihana, a ʻaʻole mākou e kākoʻo a paipai paha i nā huahana o ka ʻoihana. E like me kā mākou pūnaewele e hōʻike nei me ka maopopo a hōʻike piha hoʻi, ʻaʻole loaʻa iā mākou nā kumuwaiwai mai ka ʻoihana. " Eia nō naʻe, loaʻa nā kakini o nā leka uila e US Right to Know, i kau ʻia i kēia manawa i loko o ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS a me Evanega e launa pū me ka ʻoihana pesticide a me nā hui o mua e pili ana i nā hana pili lehulehu. ʻO nā laʻana me:

Hōʻike ʻia nā laʻana hou aʻe o ka launa pū CAS me nā hui ʻoihana ma lalo o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.  

Ke hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā hui i mua a me nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole

I kāna mau hana e hoʻolaha i nā GMO ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema" hopena no ka mahiʻai, ua hāʻawi ʻo Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i kāna papa i nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana a me kahi skeptic ʻepekema kaulana.

ʻO Trevor Butterworth a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS: Nā CAS hoa me Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS e hāʻawi iā “ke kūkā kamaʻilio helu no nā mea nūpepa”A hāʻawi aku he launa i ka luna o ka hui ʻo Trevor Butterworth, nāna i kūkulu kāna ʻoihana pale i nā huahana nui i ka Nine Inch, fracking, meaʻai maikaʻi 'ole i ke kino a nā ʻoihana lāʻau. ʻO Butterworth ke alakaʻi o Sense About Science USA, kahi āna i hoʻohui ai me kāna paepae mua, ʻo Statistics Analysis Service (STATS).

Ua wehewehe nā mea kākau moʻolelo i nā STAT a me Butterworth ma ke ʻano he mea pāʻani nui i nā pāʻina pale pale huahana ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā mea lapaʻau (e nānā Hōʻike nūhou, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ʻO ke kuʻina a ʻO ʻAkelanika). Hoʻomaopopo nā palapala Monsanto ʻO Sense About Science i waena o ka "hoa hana" ua hilinaʻi ia e pale aku iā Roundup e kūʻē i nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻOwen Paterson: I ka 2015, ua hoʻokipa ʻo CAS iā Owen Paterson, he kālaiʻāina Pelekane Pelekane Conservative a kaulana kaulana skeptic ʻepekema aniau ka mea hōʻemi i ke kālā no nā hana hoʻoliʻiliʻi hoʻomehana honua i kona manawa ma ke ʻano he Kuhina Kaiapuni ʻo UK. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Paterson i ka pae Cornell e koi i nā hui kaiapuni e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMOʻae i nā miliona e make.”Ua hoʻohana nā hui ʻoihana Pesticide i ka leka uila like 50 mau makahiki i hala aku nei e hoʻāʻo hōʻino iā Rachel Carson no ka hāpai ʻana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā DDT.

ʻO Lynas a me ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema: Pili pū ʻo Lynas o CAS me Sense About Science ma ke ʻano he lālā aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo lōʻihi. I ka 2015, ua hui pū ʻo Lynas me ka skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻo Owen Paterson Paterson ʻo Sense e pili ana i ka luna ʻepekema ʻo Tracey Brown i hoʻolana i kāna mea i kāhea ai ka "neʻe ʻana o ka ecomodernism," kahi hui like, ʻāpana anti-rula o ka "environmentism."

Hawaii Alliance no nā ʻelele ʻEpekema

Ma 2016, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo CAS i kahi ka hui hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Hawaii Alliance for Science, ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻo kāna kumu e "kākoʻo i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka hoʻoholo a me nā hana hou o ka mahiʻai i nā mokupuni." Loaʻa i kāna mau ʻelele:

ʻO Sarah Thompson, a ka limahana o Dow AgroSciences, hoʻohui ʻia ka Hawaii Alliance no ka ʻepekema, ka mea i hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "hui i pili i nā kamaʻilio kumu waiwai ʻole pili pili i ka Cornell Alliance for Science." (ʻAʻole ʻike hou ʻia ka pūnaewele, akā mālama ka hui a Facebook palapala.)

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā hoʻolaha pāʻoihana kaiaulu mai ka Hawaii Alliance no ʻEpekema a me kāna mea hoʻonohonoho ʻo Thompson i wehewehe i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e like me poʻe haʻaheo a naʻaupō, hoʻolauleʻa nā mea kanu kulina a me nā soya a pale i nā pesticides neonicotinoid ka mea ʻike nui a ʻ saylelo mai nā ʻepekema he mau meli hōʻino.

ʻO Joan Conrow, Luna Hoʻoponopono o CAS, kākau ʻatikala ma luna ona pūnaewele pūnaewele, kela mea Pūnaewele “Kauai Eclectic” a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino nā kānaka olakino, nā hui kaiaulu a nā kālaiʻāina ma Hawaii nāna e kākoʻo i ka pale ʻana i nā pesticide ikaika, a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e kākau e pili ana i nā hopohopo pesticide. Loaʻa iā Conrow hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā hui kaiapuni o ka pale ʻauhau a me hoʻohālikelike i kahi hui palekana meaʻai i ka KKK.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo Conrow i kāna pili ma waena o Cornell. Ua hoʻohalahala ka nūpepa ʻo Beat Beat o Hawaiʻi iā Conrow nona nele i ka transparency a ʻōlelo iā ia i 2016 ma ke ʻano he kumu no ke kumu e hoʻololi nei ka pepa i kāna mau manaʻo hoʻopuka. ʻO Conrow "hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine i ka kuanaʻike pro-GMO me ka ʻōlelo ʻole ʻana i kāna hana ma ke ʻano he mea aloha i ka GMO," i kākau ʻo Polopeka journalism Brett Oppegaard. "Ua nalowale ʻo Conrow i kāna kūʻokoʻa nūhou (a me ka hilinaʻi) e hōʻike kūpono e pili ana i nā pilikia GMO, no ka leo o kāna hana i kēia mau pilikia."

ʻO Joni Kamiya, he 2015 CAS ʻO ka hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā rula pesticide ma kāna pūnaewele Ke kaikamahine a ka mahiai o Hawaii, i ka Media a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic. ^ E Ha yM. Aia ʻo ia "Luna ʻelele" no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pūnaewele pāʻoihana GMO Nā Pane. E like me Conrow, ʻōlelo ʻo Kamiya i nā hōʻike pesticide ma Hawaii ʻaʻole pilikia, a e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino i nā luna i koho ʻia a "Nā mea hana kaiapuni" ka poʻe makemake e hoʻoponopono i nā pesticides.

ʻO Cornell Alliance no nā limahana ʻEpekema, nā aʻoaʻo

Ua wehewehe ʻo CAS iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "papahana i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell, kahi ʻoihana loaʻa kālā ʻole." ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hui i kāna moʻohelu kālā, nā hoʻolilo a me nā uku o nā limahana, a ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻo Cornell University i kekahi ʻike e pili ana iā CAS i kāna faila ʻauhau.

Papa inoa ka pūnaewele Nā lālā o ka 20, me Luna Hoʻokele ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, a me Luna Hooponopono ʻO Joan Conrow (ʻaʻole papa inoa ʻo Mark Lynas a i ʻole kekahi mau hoa e loaʻa pū ka uku). ʻO nā lālā limahana ʻē aʻe i helu ʻia ma ka pūnaewele me:

Aia i ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo CAS nā kālaiʻike e kōkua mau i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai me kā lākou mau hana PR.

ʻO Gates Foundation: nā loiloi o nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai 

Mai ka 2016, ua hoʻolilo ka Gates Foundation ma kahi o $ 4 biliona no nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai, ʻo ka hapa nui o ia mea i kau ʻia ma ʻApelika. ʻO nā hoʻolālā hoʻolālā mahiʻai o ke kahua alakaʻi ʻia e Rob Horsch (ua hoʻomaha loa), a ʻO Monsanto veteran o 25 makahiki. Ua huki ka hoʻolālā i ka hoʻopiʻi no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai ma ʻApelika ma luna o ka ke kūʻē ʻana i nā pūʻulu hoʻokumu ʻApelika a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka nohona, a me nā hopohopo a me nā kānalua e pili ana i nā mea kanu ʻenekene a puni ʻApelika.

ʻO nā loiloi a ka Gates Foundation e hoʻokokoke nei i ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai a me ke kālā.

ʻO nā hui like ʻoihana CAS hou aku 

Loaʻa nā leka uila ma o FOIA e US Right to Know, a ua kau ʻia i kēia manawa i ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS e launa pū ana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui pili lehulehu e hoʻonohonoho i nā hanana a me ka leka ʻana:

ʻO nā loiloi hou aʻe a Mark Lynas 

Council for Biotechnology Information, Nā pane a GMO, CropLife: nā hana PR pesticide PR 

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ʻO ka Council for Biotechnology Information (CBI) kahi hoʻolaha pili lehulehu i hoʻomaka ʻia i ʻApelila 2000 e ʻehiku mau hui kemika / hua alakaʻi alakaʻi a me kā lākou mau hui kalepa e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu e ʻae i nā meaʻai ʻenekini. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka hana i ka pane ʻana i nā hopohopo lehulehu e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā pōʻaiapuni o nā meaʻai genetically engineered, a i ʻōlelo ʻia kona manaʻo nui ke hoʻomohala nei i nā kuʻikahi ma waena o ke kaulahao meaʻai e paipai i nā mea kanu GMO ("ag biotech") he mea maikaʻi.

Ua pani ʻo CBI i ka hale kūʻai ma 2019 a ua loli i kāna mau waiwai - me ka paepae kālepa Nā pane GMO, holo ʻia e Ketchum PR firm - ma luna o CropLife International, ka hui kālepa kūwaho no nā ʻoihana pesticide.

E nānā i: Hoʻopiʻi ka pūʻulu hoʻolaha ʻoihana pesticide key CBI; Neʻe nā pane GMO i CropLife, USRTK (2020)

Palapala ʻauhau CBI: kau ʻia i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu

Ua hoʻolilo ʻo CBI i $ 28 miliona ma mua o 2014-2019, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau (ʻike 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018) ma nā papahana e paipai ana i nā meaʻai hana ʻenekini. E like me i kākau ʻia ma kāna palapala ʻauhau 2015, CBI i ka nānā nui i ka hoʻomohala ʻana a hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā haʻi waha o ka ʻaoʻao ʻekolu - ʻo ia hoʻi nā kālaihana, nā mahiʻai a me nā mea lapaʻau - e hoʻolaha i nā ʻike ʻoihana e pili ana i nā pono o nā GMO.

ʻO nā papahana i uku kālā ʻia e CBI i loko o nā pane GMO (ma o ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu o Ketchum); Review Review, he hui i koi kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana; ʻO nā kahua hoʻomoana Biotech Literacy Project i mālama ʻia ma nā kula kiʻekiʻe (ma o Academics Review) a me ka Global Farmer Network.

Nā pane a GMO / Ketchum

Nā pane GMO a Paena pūnaewele a me ka hoʻouka kaua pili lehulehu e hoʻohana i nā leo o nā kālaiʻike a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered. Ua hoʻolilo ʻo CBI i $ 14.4 miliona ma ka pilina pili lehulehu ma Ketchum ma waena o 2014-2019 e holo i ka salvo PR, e like me nā palapala ʻauhau.

Hōʻike ʻo GMO Answers i kāna kālā ʻenehana ma kona pūnaewele a ʻōlelo e paipai ia i nā manaʻo o nā loea kūʻokoʻa. Eia nō naʻe, ua ʻike ʻia nā hiʻohiʻona e kākau ʻia ʻo Ketchum PR i kekahi o nā pane GMO i hāʻawi ʻia e nā "loea kūʻokoʻa" (e ʻike i ka uhi ma New York Times a Forbes). Hōʻike pū ʻia nā pane GMO i nā palapala Monsanto PR ma ke ʻano he hoa hana i ka hoʻāʻo o ka ʻoihana e pale aku i nā gicphosate-based Roundup herbicides mai nā manaʻo maʻi ʻaʻai, a i e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i kahi noiʻi hoihoi o ka lehulehu ninaninau ʻia e US Right to know e wehe i nā pilina huna ma waena o nā ʻoihana pesticide a me nā kālaiʻike e paipai ana i nā huahana mahiʻai.

ʻO kahi laʻana o ke kūkulu ʻana o GMO Answers i ka mana me nā mea kūkala nūhou nui, e ʻike e hōʻike nei ma Huffington Post e pili ana pehea Ketchum nā kaula i mahi ʻia me ka mea kākau puke ʻo Wakinekona Post ʻo Tamar Haspel. ʻO Haspel kahi ka mea hoʻolaha mua o nā pane GMO, a ma hope ua komo i ka CBI-kālā kālā Pāhana Biotech heluhelu hanana leka uila. A loiloi kumu o nā kolamu Haspel i alakaʻi ʻia e USRTK ua loaʻa he mau laʻana o nā kumu waiwai ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia a me nā ʻike kuhi hewa i loko o kāna ʻatikala e pili ana i nā pesticides.

Ua ʻike ʻia nā pane GMO ma ke ʻano he holomua holomua ma 2014 i ka wā papa inoa ʻia no kahi makana hoʻolaha CLIO i ka mahele o "Nā pilina lehulehu: Crisis Management & Issue Management." I loko o kahi wikiō i hana ʻia no ka makana, ua kaena ʻo Ketchum i ka pane ʻana o GMO Answers "kokoke e pāpālua i ka lipine pālahalaha maikaʻi o nā GMO," a ua hoʻomanaʻo lākou "e nānā pono i ke kamaʻilio" ʻana ma Twitter kahi i "kaulike maikaʻi ʻia ai 80% o ka launa pū ʻana me nā mea hōʻemi." Ua wehe ʻia ke wikiō ma hope o ka US Right to Know i kāhea ʻia i ka nānā ʻana iā ia, aka o makou mālama iā ia ma aneʻi.

Pili hōʻike:

Monsanto pepa i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2019

Ke waiho ʻo USRTK iā FOIA e noiʻi i nā pilina ʻoihana me nā kālaiʻike, Ua hakakā ʻo Monsanto.

Nānā ʻImi

Ua hāʻawi ʻo CBI i $ 650,000 i ke kālā i Nānā ʻImi, kahi pono ʻole nāna i koi ua loaʻa ʻaʻohe kālā hui. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka hui e Bruce Chassy, ​​PhD, polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Urbana-Champaign, a ʻo David Tribe, PhD, haʻi ʻōlelo ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know mōakāka ma ke ʻano he hui mua me ke kōkua o nā luna ʻo Monsanto a me ka luna o ke kamaʻilio mua o ka ʻoihana ʻO Jay Byrne. Ua kūkākūkā ka hui e hoʻohana ana i ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he kaʻa e hōʻino ai i nā loiloi o nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai, e loaʻa ana nā kōkua ʻoihana a hūnā i nā manamana lima o Monsanto.

Pili hōʻike: Ua loaʻa ʻo Monsanto Fingerprints i nā hoʻouka kaua āpau ma nā meaʻai meaola, na Stacy Malkan, Huffington Post (2017)

Hoʻolālā nā papahana Biotech Literacy Project i nā hanana

Ua hoʻonui ʻo CBI ma kahi o $ 300,000 ma ʻelua “Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project"I mālama ʻia ma ke Kulanui o Florida ma 2014 a me ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, ʻo Davis ma 2015, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau. Ua hoʻolilo ʻia ke kālā ma o ka loiloi ʻia e Academics, nāna i hoʻonohonoho pū i nā ʻaha kūkā me nā Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, kahi hui ʻē aʻe e kōkua iā Monsanto me nā papahana PR ʻoiai e koi nei he kūʻokoʻa lākou.

ʻO ka lā ʻekolu hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā hanana hoʻomoana nā haumāna, nā ʻepekema a me nā nūpepa i ke kamaʻilio a me nā hana lobbying e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, a he mau pahuhopu kālaiʻāina e kāpae i ka lepili ʻana o GMO i ka US.

Pili hōʻike:  Flacking for GMOs: Pehea e kanu ai ka ʻoihana biotech i ka pāpaho maikaʻi - a hoʻonāwaliwali i nā loiloi, na Paul Thacker, The Progressive (2017)

Pale aku nā hui 'hui' o Monsanto iā Roundup

ʻOiai ʻo GMO Answers, Academics Review a me Genetic Literacy Project i ʻōlelo ʻia he kūʻokoʻa lākou i ka mana o ka ʻoihana, ua hōʻike ʻia nā hui ʻekolu i kahi Nā palapala ʻo Monsanto PR ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana ʻoihana" i komo ka ʻoihana i kāna mau hana i pale aku i nā gicphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā herbicides mai ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

Palapala Monsanto PR kūkākūkā i nā hoʻolālā e pale aku iā Roundup mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai

Puke pena keiki

CBI pū kekahi ua hana i kahi puke pena a nā keiki e hana ai e paipai i nā GMO. ʻO ka pili no ka puke, a me ka pūnaewele WhyBiotech.com i hoʻokumu ʻia e CBI, i kēia manawa hoʻohuli i kahi hui kālepa no nā mea hana a me nā mea hāʻawi i nā cannabinoids i loaʻa i ka hemp.

Nā kuleana pili pono iā US e ʻike

ʻO GMO Answers kahi mea mālama PR pilikia no nā GMO a me nā pesticides (hōʻano 2020)

Hoʻopiʻi ka pūʻulu hoʻolaha ʻoihana pesticide key CBI; Neʻe nā pane GMO i CropLife (2020)

ʻO Monsanto ka hoʻokūkū kūʻē iā US Right to Know (2019)

Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau 'hoa' e hōʻeha i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa (2019)

Nānā Hou: ʻO ka hana ʻana i kahi hui ʻo Monsanto Front (2018)

ʻO Jon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project: Nā ʻelele PR no Monsanto, Bayer a me ka ʻoihana Kemika (2018)

Pehea e alakaʻi hewa ai ʻo Tamar Haspel i nā mea heluhelu o ka Washington Post a loiloi kumu o nā kolamu pesticide a Haspel (2018)

ʻO kā Russia paʻa ʻo PR ʻo Ketchum e holo i ka salvo ʻoihana PR ma GMO (2015)

ʻAʻole kūpono ʻo Mark Lynas ', hoʻolaha hoʻopunipuni no ka papahana mahiʻai

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ʻO Mark Lynas he mea kākau moʻolelo mua i hoʻohuli i ka mea hoʻolaha hoʻolaha no nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻino ʻia e haʻi pololei ʻole ai e pili ana i kēlā huahana mai kāna perch ma ka ʻO Cornates Alliance i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Gates Foundation. Kau ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell mai ka makahiki 2014, ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema kahi hoʻolaha lehulehu e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā mea haʻi ʻōlelo a hana i nā pūnaewele o ka mana, keu hoʻi i nā ʻāina ʻApelika, e paipai i ka ʻae ʻana i nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai. 

ʻEpekema, ʻōlelo ka poʻe loea i ka ʻai hewa ʻo Lynas ma ka ʻepekema

Ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe ʻepekema a me nā loea i nā kulekele ʻai iā Lynas no ka hana ʻana i nā ʻōlelo kūpono ʻole a ʻepekema hoʻi i kāna mau hana e hāpai i nā pono agribusiness. Ma ke ʻano he laʻana hoʻokahi, hoʻomake ʻia nā kālaiʻike i Iulai 2020 Haawina Ua kākau ʻo Lynas no Cornell Alliance no ka ʻepekema e koi ana i ka agroecology "pilikia e hōʻeha i ka poʻe hune." Ua wehewehe ka poʻe loiloi i ka ʻatikala a Lynas ma ke ʻano he “ka wehewehe demagogic a me ka ʻole ʻepekema o kahi pepa ʻepekema"A me"kālailai hewa maoli"ʻO"hoʻopili hewa i ka mālama ag me agroecology a laila hana i nā hopena hihiu. "

ʻO ka agronomist Marc Corbeels, nona ka pepa a Lynas i manaʻo ai e wehewehe i loko o ka ʻatikala, i ʻōlelo ʻo Lynas i hana.kahili laulaha. ” Ua kāhea ʻo Marcus Taylor, he kālaimeaola kālaiʻāina ma ke Kulanui o Queen, no ka hoʻi hou ʻana; "ʻO ka mea kūpono e hana ai huki i kāu ʻāpana kīnā ʻole e huikau ai nā mea maʻamau o nā hoʻolālā mahiʻai, "i hoʻopaʻa aku ai ʻo Taylor iā Lynas. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ka ʻatikala e like me "Ideology maʻemaʻe" a "kahi hilahila no kekahi e makemake e koi iā ia he 'ʻepekema'. "  

ʻO nā loiloi hou aʻe mai nā ʻepekema a me nā loea kulekele e pili ana i kā Lynas hana (hoʻoikaika iā mākou):

  • "Hiki iaʻu ke kīnā ʻole ʻaʻohe ʻae ʻae ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO a me kēlā ʻo ka hapa nui o (Lynas ') mau ʻōlelo he wahaheʻe, ” kākau ʻo David Schubert, PhD, poʻo, Cellular Neurobiology Laboratory & Professor ma The Salk Institute, i kahi leka i ka ʻO San Diego Union Tribune.
  • "Eia kekahi o nā kuhi hewa a kuhi hewa paha ʻO Lynas e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a i ʻole ke hoʻomohala ʻana o GE, "i kākau ai ʻo Doug Gurian-Sherman, PhD, he ʻepekema kahiko loa, Union o nā ʻepekema hopohopo. "Ma kahi o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a kūkākūkā ʻana paha i ka ʻepekema maoli, hoʻolei ʻo Lynas i nā aspersions a nā hokele i ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka mana ma mua o ka ʻikepili a noiʻi paha. " 
  • ʻO kā Lynas mau koi e pili ana i ka maopopo o ka palekana o GMO “ʻaʻole ʻepekema, kūpono ʻole a naʻaupō, ” e like me kā Belinda Martineau, PhD, he ʻenekinia genetika nāna i kōkua i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka meaʻai GMO mua loa (e nānā leka iā NYT a ʻO Salon Biotech).
  • Ma ka hōʻike he Puke a Lynas Nā ʻano ʻepekema, ua wehewehe ʻo ka anthropologist ʻo Glenn Davis Stone i ka puke ma ke ʻano he “rehash amateurish o nā kamaʻilio kamaʻilio maʻamau. " 
  • "The papa inoa holoi o ka mea i hewa ai ʻo Mark Lynas e pili ana i nā GMO ʻelua a me ka ʻepekema nui, a ua hōʻole ʻia e ke poʻo e kekahi o nā alakaʻi o ka honua nā mea kanu agroecologists a biologists,"I kākau ʻo Eric Holt-Giménez, PhD, ka luna mua ʻo Food First, ma ka Ka Post Huffington.
  • ʻO Mark Lynas he "hana 'oihana mai o ... demona," kakau ʻo Timothy A. Wise, ka luna o ka noiʻi ma mua ma ka Global Development and Environment Institute ma ke Kulanui ʻo Tufts.
  • "Hōʻike hewa ʻole kā Lynas moʻolelo,”E like me ka a Ho'ōkāka'ānō 2018 mai ka ʻApelika Waena Center no Biodiversity, kahi hui ma South-Africa. 
  • “Maka Hōʻike kā Lynas mau koi i ka naʻaupō ʻepekema hohonu, a i ʻole kahi hana ikaika e hana i ka kānalua. E nānā ʻole ʻoe iā ia, ” ʻO tweet ʻo Pete Myers, PhD, poʻo ʻepekema ʻepekema ma ka ʻepekema ʻĀina Ola, ka mea hoʻopuka o EHN.org.

'Manipulative, misleading and unethical' tactics 

Wahi a nā hui ma ʻApelika, ua hōʻike hewa ʻole ʻo Lynas i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāpai i kahi papahana politika. Wahi a kahi hōʻike o Kekemapa 2018 na ka Center for Biodiversity o ʻApelika, ʻo Lynas a me ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i hoʻohana i nā kiʻi o nā mahiʻai ʻApelika me ka ʻole o kā lākou ʻike a me ka ʻae, hoʻohana ʻana i nā kiʻi i nā ala kuhi hewa e koi ai i nā mahiʻai e pono iā GMO.

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i kēia kiʻi o kahi mahiʻai Tanzania, ʻo Mrs. R, i waho o ka pōʻaiapili a me ka ʻole o kāna ʻae.

Ma ke ʻano he laʻana hoʻokahi, ua kau ʻo Lynas i kēia kiʻi o kahi mahiʻai Tanzania, ʻo Mrs. R, me ka ʻae ʻole a me ka ʻole o ka pōʻaiapili, e ʻōlelo ana ua ʻeha ʻo ia i ka "pono ​​kaulike honua." ʻO Mrs. R he mea mahiʻai kūleʻa nāna e hoʻokūkū i nā hana agroecological a ola maikaʻi, e like me ka hōʻike a ACBio. Ua noi ʻo ia iā Lynas e hemo kāna kiʻi, akā ʻo ia noho ma kāna hānai twitter. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ACBio i loko o kāna hōʻike i nā hana a Lynas "i hele i kekahi laina ʻulaʻula a pono e hoʻopau."  

ʻO ka pūʻulu koa meaʻai i'ōleloʻia ma kahi hoʻokuʻu pāʻani he "mōʻaukala kolohe" ko Lynas ma Tanzania "no ka hale loea ʻoihana biotech mahiʻai. "Ua hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia kāna mau kipa ʻana i ka ʻāina e ka lobby, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā paepae e like me nā hālāwai maʻamau o ka Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa (OFAB), kahi e noho ana nā nūhou e hōʻike i kāna mau kamaʻilio. Ua kuhikuhi nui ʻia kāna mau hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā kānāwai biosafety o ka ʻāina, e like me ke ʻano o ka makaʻala a me nā ʻāpana o ke kuleana koʻikoʻi. "

ʻO ka Alliance for Food Sovereignty (AFSA), kahi hui hui e kū ana i nā mahiʻai a me nā hui mea kūʻai ma 35 a puni ʻo ʻApelika, ua hoʻopiʻi pū ʻo ia iā Lynas e hoʻolaha nei "hoʻohiki wahaheʻe, hōʻike wahaheʻe, a me nā ʻike ʻē aʻe. ” I loko o kahi ʻatikala 2018, ua wehewehe lākou iā Lynas ma ke ʻano he "lele-in pundit" nona ka "hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe ʻApelika, ʻaʻole hiki ke kuhihewa ka loina a me ka moʻomeheu."

Hoʻouna ʻia nā leka pesticide ma muli o nā kuhi ʻōlelo ʻoihana, ʻaʻole ka ʻepekema

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hōʻike pololei ʻole na Lynas nāna 2017 kikokikona no ka Cornell Alliance no ka ʻepekema e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization no ka hōʻike ʻana i ka glyphosate kahi kino kanaka paha. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Lynas ʻo ka hōʻike a ka ʻaha loea he "kilokilo kilokilo" a "ʻike hewa maoli ʻia i ka ʻepekema a me ka hoʻoponopono kūlohelohe," i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka poʻe i lanakila me ka "hysteria a me ka naʻau." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻo ka glyphosate ka "kemika maikaʻi loa i ka mahiʻai honua." 

A ʻike maoli ʻia e US Right to Know ʻike ʻo ia ua hana like ʻo Lynas i nā manaʻo hoʻopunipuni like ʻole a hilinaʻi hoʻi i nā kumuwaiwai hemahema ʻelua e like me kahi blog i kau ʻia i hoʻokahi mahina ma mua e ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui ʻo Monsanto e uku nei e kōkua i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate a me nā huahana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe. 

I ka hoʻokuʻi ʻana kana hihia "hana ʻino nā hui ʻepekema i ka ʻepekema a me nā kulekele pili i ka hōʻike i ka glyphosate saga," ʻaʻole i hilinaʻi wale ʻo Lynas i nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa o nā ʻoihana a me nā kumuwaiwai, akā nānā ʻole i ka nui o nā hōʻike, i hōʻike ākea ʻia ma ka pāpāho, ua hoʻohana ʻo Monsanto i ka ʻepekema a me nā loiloi i ka glyphosate. no nā makahiki hoʻohana i nā hana huna hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ghostwriting a waiwai, hoʻomake aʻo ʻana, kaomi ʻana i ka ʻepekema kānalua, hoʻouka ʻepekema a nā keʻena hoʻokele ikaika-mākaukau i mea e pale aku ai i kāna loaʻa kālā mai nā huahana glyphosate. 

Paipai ʻia e, nakinaki ʻia i ka pūnaewele hoʻolaha ʻoihana pesticide

Paipai pinepine nā ʻoihana Agrichemical a me kā lākou mau mea pili i ka lehulehu iā Mark Lynas a me kāna hana. E ʻike ma kahi laʻana Pūnaewele ʻo Monsanto, nā tweets hoʻolaha he nui e ka ʻoihana pesticide nā hui kālepa, nā pūʻulu lobby, ʻoihana kākoʻo nā kālaiʻike a nā mea kākau, a likeʻole Monsanto limahana, a me nā ʻumi o nā ʻatikala a Lynas paipai ʻia e Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, a pūʻulu propaganda pili like kēlā me Monsanto.

Hana pū ʻo Lynas a me Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema me nā mea pāʻani ʻē aʻe i ka lobbying a me ka pūnaewele propaganda o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Kūkākūkā i ka hui hoa Monsanto Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema

He hūnā Hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto PR i ʻōlelo ʻia Pepeluali 2015 i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema ma ke ʻano he hui i hiki ke kōkua i ke alakaʻi ʻana i ka hana a ka ʻoihana i ka pāpāho e hōʻino i ka hōʻike maʻi maʻi WHO e pili ana i ka glyphosate. Ke lawelawe nei ʻo Lynas ma ka ʻaha kūkā aʻoaʻo o ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. Ua hōʻike ʻo Intercept i ka makahiki 2016 "ʻaʻole e hōʻike mau ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema ke loaʻa nā kumuwaiwai i nā kumuhana hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā ʻepekema me nā pilina i nā ʻoihana e nānā ʻia," a "ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana e kūleʻa i ka ʻepekema ʻae a i ʻole e hōʻoki i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha." ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema nā hoa me ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e hāʻawi iā “kūkākūkā helu no nā mea nūpepa” ma o ka luna o ka hui ʻO Trevor Butterworth, ka mea i wehewehe ʻia e ka poʻe nūpepa ma ke ʻano he “ʻoihana kemika ʻoihana pili lehulehu.

e pili pū ana: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

Kūlike ʻia me ka ʻepekema ʻepekema skeptic e hoʻokumu i pro-fracking, pro-nuke, GMO "neʻe"

Ua kāhea ʻo Lynas iā ia iho he hoa hui o ka "neʻe" o ka "ecomodernism," kahi ʻano hui i hoʻopili ʻia o "environmentism" a ka mea kākau Pelekane ʻo George Monbiot i wehewehe ai "ʻaʻole e lawe i kahi hana politika e pale aku i ka honua kūlohelohe." Paipai ka eco-modernists i ka fracking, ka mana nukelea a me nā huahana mahiʻai e like me nā hopena kaiaola. Wahi a nā alakaʻi eco-modernist ʻO Ted Nordhaus lāua ʻo Michael Shellenberger o ka Breakthrough Institute, nā ʻenehana ʻenehana i makemake ʻia e ka pilionaiona Koch mau hoahānau "ke hana nei i nā mea i ʻoi aku ka nui e hōʻemi ai i nā kinoea hoʻomehana hale hoʻomehana honua ma mua o nā mea i makemake ʻia e ka hema-apocalyptic Left." 

ma kekahi hanana hoʻokō ʻole i holomua no ka ecomodernism i Kepakemapa 2015, ua hoʻopili ʻo Lynas iā ia iho me Owen Paterson, kahi mea koʻikoʻi denianist ʻepekema aniau ma UK ʻo wai hōʻemi kālā no nā hana e hoʻomākaukau i ka ʻāina no ka hoʻomehana honua ʻoiai ʻo ia ke kākau ʻōlelo o ke kaiapuni. ʻO ka mahina like nō ia, ʻo Paterson ua kamaʻilio ma Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi i hoʻolaha ai ʻo ia i nā GMO i kahi hyperbolic olelo hoʻopiha ʻia me nā koi i kākoʻo ʻole ʻia, a ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā kaiāulu e ʻae ana i nā keiki e make i ʻApelika. "ʻO nā pāʻani ʻōmaʻomaʻo biliona kālā e pepehi i nā keiki ʻilihune," i ʻōlelo ʻia a ke poʻo e hōʻike ana ma ka haʻi ʻōlelo a Paterson's Cornell mai ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a ʻo ka hui mua ʻo Monsanto e uku nei e pale aku i kāna huahana. 

ʻO Mark Lynas kāʻei kua

Ua kākau ʻo Lynas i kekahi mau puke e pili ana i ka huliau (ʻo kekahi o ia mau puke i ʻike ʻia e ka Royal Society) ma mua o kona ʻume ʻana me ka "Hoʻololi" mai kahi anti-GMO activist i kahi mea hoʻolaha o ka ʻenehana me kahi hoʻolaha 2013 i hoʻolaha nui ʻia ma Oxford ia nā mea ho'ākāka i weheweheia me hoʻopunipuni. Ma hope o kēlā makahiki ua lilo ʻo Lynas i hoa ma Cornell University Office o International Programs ma ke Kulanui o ka mahiʻai a me ke ola ʻepekema, a hoʻomaka e hana ana no ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha kamaʻilio i hoʻomohala ʻia ma 2014 e hoʻolaha i nā GMO me kālā mai ka Gates Foundation.

E nānā i: No ke aha ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻokau nei i kahi hoʻolaha hoʻolaha GMO?

Ua hōʻike ʻo Lynas iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "alakaʻi politika" no Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i kahi 2015 New York Times op-ed. ʻAʻole wehewehe ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i ke ʻano o kāna papahana politika, akā ʻo ka leka ʻana a ka hui a me nā pahuhopu e alualu pono i ka papa hana kalepa ʻoihana mahiʻai: e hoʻonui i ka ʻae ʻana i nā mea kanu a me nā pesticides a puni ka honua, ʻo ia hoʻi ma ʻApelika.

Pahu aku iā Lynas PR Mysterious, a hoʻopuka aku i ka memo EuropaBio

ʻO ka hoʻolaha pālahalaha nui o ka hoʻololi ʻana o Lynas 'pro-GMO i ka makahiki 2013 i hāpai i kahi kānalua no ke kōkua ʻana o kahi pāʻoihana PR e hoʻokiʻekiʻe iā ia ma hope o nā hanana. A pūnāwai memo 2011 mai kahi ʻoihana ʻoihana PR - e wehewehe nei i nā hoʻolālā e hōʻiliʻili i nā "ʻelele" kiʻekiʻe e lobby no ka ʻae ʻia o GMO - ua hoʻonui ʻia nā kānalua no ke kākoʻo ʻana o ka ʻoihana no ka mea ʻo Lynas ka inoa i kuhikuhi ʻia. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia i ka hui ʻaʻole i hoʻokokoke iā ia.

E like me ka Hoike kahu, EuropaBio, kahi hui kalepa nona nā lālā i hui pū ʻia me Monsanto lāua ʻo Bayer, i hoʻolālā e ʻimi i nā ʻelele PR e kōkua i nā mea hoʻoholo e "noʻonoʻo hou i ke kūlana o ʻEulopa ma nā mea kanu GM." ʻAʻole e uku pololei ʻia nā ʻelele akā e loaʻa nā lilo o ka huakaʻi a me ke "kākoʻo kūkaʻa hoʻolaʻa" mai ke kālā kālā ʻoihana. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ka loio o ka PR firm e "loaʻa ka hoihoi mai" Lynas, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, i ka ʻelele. Ua hōʻole ʻo Lynas i ka launa ʻole ʻana me lākou. "ʻAʻole wau i noi ʻia e lilo i ʻelele, ʻaʻole hoʻi wau e ʻae i kēlā noi inā noi ʻia," i haʻi ʻo ia i ka Guardian.

ʻO Gates Foundation, GMOs & Monsanto

ʻO ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, ka mea hoʻolewa nui no ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema me Hāʻawi kālā $ 12 miliona, ua hoʻohewa ʻia no kāna mau hoʻolālā kālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai e makemake i nā ʻāpana agribusiness ʻoihana. A ʻImi 2014 mai ka pūʻulu noiʻi GRAIN ʻike ua lilo ka Gates Foundation i ka hapa nui o kāna kālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai "e hānai i ka poʻe hune ma ʻApelika" - kokoke $ 3 biliona i hoʻolilo ʻia i loko o nā makahiki he ʻumi - i waihona kālā ʻepekema a me nā mea noiʻi i nā lāhui waiwai. Kōkua pū ke kālā i ke kūʻai ʻana i ka mana politika ma waena o ʻApelika, hōʻike ʻo GRAIN. A Hōʻike 2016 e ka hui hoʻolaha Global Justice Now ua hoʻoholo ʻo ia nā papahana hoʻomohala mahiʻai a ka Gates Foundation e "hoʻonui i ka like ʻole o ka honua a me ka hoʻokū ʻana i ka mana ʻoihana ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa."

Ua hoʻonui ākea ka Gates Foundation i kāna kālā no nā papahana mahiʻai ma kahi o XNUMX mau makahiki i hala aku nei iā Rob Horsch, ʻO ke poʻo mua o Monsanto o ka ulu ʻana o ka honua i hui pū me ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai o ke kahua ka hui alakaʻi. ʻO kā Lynas puke hou "Seeds of Science" e hoʻolilo ai i kahi mokuna ("The True History of Monsanto") e hoʻāʻo ana e wehewehe i kekahi o nā lawehala o ka hui a mahalo iā Rob Horsch i ka lōʻihi. Hoʻolilo ia i kahi mokuna ʻē aʻe ("ʻApelika: E ʻAi iā lākou e ʻai i ka ʻāpana pēpē Organic") me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pono i nā ʻApelika pono nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai e hānai iā lākou iho.

ʻO nā loiloi o ko ka Gates Foundation kolonial i ʻApelika

  • Nā hua o Neo-Colonialism: No ke aha i hewa ai nā mea hoʻolaha GMO e pili ana iā ʻApelika, ʻōlelo a ka Alliance no ke Aliʻi Mea ʻai ma ʻApelika, 5/7/2018
  • Ke hoʻohana nei ʻo Gates a me Rockefeller i ko lākou mana e hoʻonoho i ka papa kuhikuhi ma nā mokuʻāina ʻilihune?"Hoʻomaopopo ka noiʻi iā Bill a me Melinda Gates a me Rockefeller i nā kumu i waena o nā mea hāʻawi waiwai e kokoke ana i ke aupuni a e ʻimi ana paha i nā mea nui," na John Vidal, Tʻo ia kahu, 1/15/2016
  • Mana Philanthropic a me Hoʻolālā. Na wai e hoʻolālā i ka papa kuhikuhi? na Jens Martens lāua ʻo Karolin Seitz, Hōʻike 2015 (ʻaoʻao 48).
  • Philanthrocapitalism: ʻAʻole aloha nā papahana ʻApelika Waena, na Philip L Bereano, Polofesa Emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Wakinekona, Ke ala hou ʻana o ka honua ʻekolu, 2017
  • Pehea ʻo Bill Gates e kōkua nei iā KFC e lawe iā ʻApelika, na Alex Park, Mother Jones, 1/10/2014
  • ʻO ka Gates Foundation Seed Agenda ma ʻApelika 'ʻO kekahi ʻano o ke koloneialista,' Warns Protestants, na Lauren McCauley, Nā Moemoeā Kaulike, 3/23/2015
  • Ke alakaʻi nei ʻo Gates Foundation i ka hao waiwai neoliberal o ka mahiʻai ʻApelika, na Colin Todhunter, ʻO ka Ecologist, 1/21/2016
  • Pehea ka Gates Foundation e hoʻolilo ai i kāna kālā e hānai i ka honua?Hōʻike GRAIN, 2014
  • ʻO Bill Gates kahi mikiona e kūʻai aku i nā GMO i ʻApelika, akā ʻaʻole ia e haʻi i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, na Stacy Malkan, Alternet, 3/24/2016

Ka hopena o ka ʻoihana ma ke Kulanui o Saskatchewan: ʻo Professor Peter Phillips a me kāna "huna e ʻike i ka simposium"

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He ʻumi tausani ʻaoʻao o nā palapala kūloko i loaʻa iā Pono ʻo US e ʻike ma o nā noi palapala lehulehu e hōʻike i ka pili - a pinepine pinepine - nā pilina ma waena o Monsanto, kāna mau pūʻulu PR, a me kahi hui o nā polofesa e hoʻolaha nei i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. I hoʻokahi laʻana, ua huli ka hoʻokolokolo i nā kikoʻī e pili ana i kā Monsanto hana me ʻO Peter WB Phillips, Kumu Kula Hanohano ma ka ʻO Johnson Shoyama puka kula o ke kulekele aupuni, Kulanui o Saskatchewan.

Aia nā hōʻike i nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā limahana o Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia a hoʻoponopono ʻia kahi pepa a Phillips i kākau ai, a komo i loko o kahi pani-i-ka-lehulehu "simposium" Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Phillips ma ka U o S e kūkākūkā ai i nā pilikia transparency e pili ana i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana. Ua hāpai ʻia nā hanana i ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka ʻoihana ma ke kula nui i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu, a ua hōʻeuʻeu kekahi mau lālā o ke kumu a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e hoʻomaka i kahi hoʻopiʻi kū kānāwai e hoʻāʻo e loaʻa ka palapala "kuleana ʻike i ka simposium".

Hāʻawi kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo i ka hope o kēia mau hanana, a me nā palapala mai ka hoʻopiʻi kū kānāwai a me ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i nā moʻolelo lehulehu. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo U o S ua loiloi ia i kā Phillips hana ma ka pōʻaiapili o nā kulekele noiʻi noiʻi o ke kulanui. ʻO ka hopena, ua "hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo Phillips i kekahi hana hewa," e like me ka CBC News.

ʻO ka nūpepa News

ʻAʻohe o transparency i ka hana pū ʻana a Monsanto  

Noi nā palapala i loaʻa ma o nā moʻohelu lehulehu i nā leka uila e hōʻike ana i kekahi mau hana a Phillips me Monsanto. ʻO ka aʻe ka hōʻike o nā ʻike a me nā hana e pili ana i nā palapala.

I ka 2014, ua ʻimi ʻo Monsanto ke poʻokela o nā hana ʻepekema honua ʻo Eric Sachs iā Phillips a me ʻeono mau polofesa ʻē aʻe e kākau i nā haʻiʻōlelo e pili ana i nā GMO. Hōʻike nā leka uila i nā limahana o Monsanto manaʻo inoa a me nā kaha kiʻi no nā pepa, hoʻoponopono ʻia kā Phillips hana, hana i kahi paʻa PR, a hoʻonohonoho i hoʻopuka ʻia nā pepa a paipai ʻia ma o ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic pūnaewele, nāna i hana haʻi ʻole o ko Monsanto kuleana. ʻO Phillips haʻi aku i ka CBC ʻaʻole ʻo ia i lawe i uku mai Monsanto a kū ma hope o nā kākau ʻana me kona inoa ma luna.

I ka 2015, ʻo Phillips ua kono ʻia nā limahana Monsanto, nā mea kōkua ʻoihana nui PR, koho i nā limahana kumu a me nā limahana o ke kulanui i kahi "Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know" ma ka U o S e kūkākūkā ai i ke kūʻokoʻa o nā kānāwai ʻikepili a me nā hopena no nā ʻoihana ʻenehana-ʻoihana. Ua huki ʻia ka papa inoa kono kuka pu ana me ʻO Cami Ryan o Monsanto. Ua pani ʻia ka hanana i ka lehulehu a hōʻole ke kulanui e hoʻokuʻu i nā kikoʻī e pili ana iā ia.

I ka makahiki 2017, ua hoʻāʻo kahi hui e kapa iā lākou iho ʻo ka Academic Integrity Legal Group, me nā lālā o ke kumu a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i pili me U o S, e kiʻi i ka palapala akā ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua "kapa ʻia e ke kulanui." Nā hana kaumaha, me kahi 85% o ka palapala ʻeleʻele, "e hōʻike i kahi uhi uhi i manaʻo ʻia," ka ua kākau kahi hui i kahi palapala noi lehulehu i hōʻiliʻili ma mua o 1,800 mau inoa.

ʻO ka ʻāpana o ka transcript redact mai ka "Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know"

ʻO Ron Kruzeniski, ka luna ʻikepili a me ka pilikino o Saskatchewan ka hihia o ka transcript redact. Ma Iune 2018 hōʻike, ʻōlelo ʻo Kruzeniski ʻaʻole i kūpono ke noi ʻana o ke kula nui i ke kānāwai moʻaukala lehulehu a ua paipai ʻo ia e hoʻokuʻu i kahi ʻāpana nui aʻe o ka transcript. Ua hōʻole ke kulanui e hāʻawi iā ia, e hoʻonāukiuki ana i kahi hoʻopiʻi kū kānāwai mai iā DʻArcy Hande, kahi archive archive ma U o S, ma ka inoa o ka hui Academic Integrity. ʻO ka hoʻāʻo kū kānāwai, ka mea a US Right to Know i kōkua ai e hoʻopukapuka, ʻaʻole i kūleʻa, me ka ʻaha a ka ʻaha i ʻōlelo ai "aia kekahi kānāwai no ka simposium i hoʻokumu i kahi ʻano pilikino."

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Hande i kahi hālāwai ninaninau ua ʻike ʻia ka simposium ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā pono e pili ana i ka kaohi ʻana i ka moʻolelo, ma mua o ka pane ʻana i nā hopohopo, e pili ana i ka hana pesticide ʻoihana me ke kula nui. Ma muli o ke kālā kālā ākea a U o S, manaʻo ʻo ia he kuleana ko ka lehulehu e ʻike i nā mea i kūkākūkā ʻia.

“Ua like ia me ka hui kalikāne makua.”

ʻO ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha e pili ana, i ʻōlelo ʻo Hande, ma muli o ke koʻikoʻi i ka hoʻohana ʻia o ka Chatham House Rule (an ʻaelike kūpale hoʻohana ʻia e kōkua i nā kūkākūkā manuahi o nā kumuhana koʻikoʻi) ma ke ʻano he kumu e noho pilikino ka ʻikepili. "ʻO ka manaʻo o ka luna kānāwai he kūpono no ke kulanui lehulehu e hui pū me nā ʻelele ʻoihana e pili ana i ka dime lehulehu e kamaʻilio manuahi me ka ʻole o ka transparency koi ma lalo o ka Chatham House Rule, he mea hoʻopūʻiwa maoli ia," i ʻōlelo ʻo Hande. "Me he kalapu keiki kāne kahiko ia." 

palapala

Hoʻololi i ka palapala o ka U of S “Symposium on Research Management and the Right to Know” 

Hōʻike Manaʻo 298-2017 Keʻena o ka ʻikepili a me ke kuleana pilikino Komisina Saskatchewan

Palapala noi a ka lehulehu mai ka Academic Integrity Legal Group

Aha o ka Aha Kuini Hoʻoholo, Hande vs U o S

Nā leka uila e pili ana i ka ʻelemu

Ke kono nei i nā hoa PR ʻoihana i U o S (ʻOkakopa 2015). Ua wehewehe ʻo Phillips i kona manaʻo e hoʻonohonoho i ka haʻiʻōlelo a puni ka kipa o ʻO Jon Entine (Papahana Heluhelu Genetic) a Kulanui o Florida Polokalamu Kevin Folta (ʻelua mau mea pale nui o GMO a me nā pesticides i hana pū me nā hui ʻoihana ʻoiai e koi ana he kūʻokoʻa lākou). Ua kākau ʻo Phillips iā Entine a me Folta: "I koʻu lohe ʻana ʻelua ʻolua i ke kaona, he manawa kūpono loa ia e hoʻākoakoa i kahi simposium noiʻi e kūkākūkā i ka neʻe ʻana o ka RTK [kuleana e ʻike] a me kona hopena e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana-ʻoihana. ”

Papa kāʻei, papa kuhikuhi, poʻe i hele mai (Nowemapa 2015). Ua leka uila ʻo Phillips iā Entine, Folta, ʻelua mau limahana ʻo Monsanto a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e wehewehe ana i ka pono e ʻākoakoa e kūkākūkā i ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka loiloi o ka hana ʻoihana-ʻenehana. ʻO nā inoa o ka hapa nui o ka poʻe ʻole o ka poʻe S a ka poʻe i kono a ʻeleʻele hoʻi.

Hōʻike ʻo Monsanto i nā mea kono (Nowemapa 2015). Ua hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto Cami Ryan i nā manaʻo no ka papa inoa kono.

Nā leka uila e pili ana i nā pepa ʻo Monsanto / Genetic Literacy Project 

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto i mau pepa (ʻAukake 2013). Ua kākau ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs i kahi hui o nā polopeka me Phillips, "Ua hoʻomaka wau i kahi papahana nui e hana i kahi papa ʻōlelo pōkole pōkole e pili ana i nā kumuhana koʻikoʻi i ke kahua biotechnology mahiʻai ... ua koho ʻia nā kumuhana ma muli o ko lākou mana i nā kulekele lehulehu, nā hua GM. ke kānāwai a me ka ʻae ʻana o ka poʻe kūʻai. ” Ua noi ʻo ia iā Phillips e kākau e pili ana i ka "ʻoi aku o ke kauā kaumaha" o nā GMO "e kāohi ana i ka hana hou ... he mea nui e kōkua ai i ke kākoʻo ʻana i ka palekana meaʻai ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

ʻO ka noi koi a Monsanto e neʻe i mua (Kepakemapa 9, 2014). Ua leka uila ʻo Sachs iā Phillips e koi iā ia e loiloi i nā hoʻoponopono i noi ʻia i kāna pepa. ʻO ka "ʻoihana ke ala ikaika i kēia manawa," i kākau ʻo Sachs. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ke kumumanaʻo "e hoʻohui i nā" kuanaʻike "o ka mea kākau mai kēia pūʻulu ʻōlelo pōkole i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā hua GM a me nā meaʻai a mākou e manaʻo nei e hoʻomaka ʻia i nā pule aʻe e ka hōʻike hou a ka NRC Panel e pili ana i nā huaʻai GM. ʻO ka pule aʻe ka mea mua o nā hālāwai hoʻolohe manaʻo lehulehu ʻelua ma ka US NAS [National Academy of Science] ma Wakinekona a me kahi mea ʻike ʻo wai o nā loiloi huaʻai GM e hōʻike nei. ” Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo Sachs ʻo Genetic Literacy Project "ʻo ia ka puka mua" no nā pepa a ke "kūkulu nei i kahi hoʻolālā kūʻai aku" me ke kōkua o kahi ʻoihana paʻa PR.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Monsanto i nā hoʻoponopono (Kepakemapa 18, 2014). Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Phillips i kāna holomua e hoʻokomo i nā hoʻoponopono a me nā hoʻololi mai Monsanto's Cami Ryan i loko o kāna ʻōlelo pōkole.

Hoʻonohonoho ʻo PR paʻa i nā papa kuhikuhi (ʻAukake 2013). ʻO Beth Ann Mumford o CMA Consulting, kahi paʻa PR e hana pū ana me Monsanto, i kūkākūkā i nā papa kuhikuhi a me nā palena manawa me nā polopeka. (CMA, a ua kapa inoa hou ʻia E nānā Hikina, ʻona e Charlie Arnot, Luna Nui o ka ʻoihana meaʻai-kālā wili pūʻulu Center no ka Pono Pono.)

ʻAʻole hōʻike i kā Monsanto kuleana (Kekemapa 11, 2014). ʻO ka pepa Phillips, i kapa ʻia ʻo “Nā hopena waiwai o nā hoʻoponopono o GM Crops” i paʻi ʻia e ka Genetic Literacy Project me ka hōʻike ʻole o kā Monsanto kuleana.

Kālā kālā

ʻOiai ua ʻōlelo ʻo Phillips ʻaʻohe ona kālā pololei mai nā ʻoihana, ʻike ʻia kāna noiʻi ʻana e loaʻa i kahi kākoʻo ʻoihana. ʻO ka Global Institute for Food Security (GIFS), a ua hoʻokumu ʻia kahi kula noiʻi e ke Aupuni o ʻO Saskatchewan, ke Kulanui o Saskatchewan a me Nutrien, kahi hui mea hoʻomomona, papa inoa iā Phillips i waena o kāna nā kānaka noiʻi pili. Wahi a Phillips ʻaoʻao kumu, kāna kālā noiʻi noiʻi hou loa e pili ana i nā pilina me Stuart Smyth, he polofesa pili ma U o S ka mea e paʻa ana i ka noho ʻimi noiʻi i loaʻa kālā i Agri-Food Innovation. ʻO kēlā kūlana kālā i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ʻO Bayer CropSensya Kanada, ʻo CropLife Kanada, ʻo Monsanto Kanada, ke Komikina Hoʻolālā Canola ʻo Saskatchewan a me Syngenta Kanada.

Hoʻomaopopo ʻo kā Phillips kālā kālā ʻelua mau pilikino me Smyth: $ 675,000 no kahi “KOAUII-CSIPI Strategic Partnership "a" hōʻano hou i ke kālā no ka Project Maintenance no nā ʻepekema pilikanaka ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o ka Cropsing Crops for Global Food Security, $ 37.5 miliona "mai ka Kanada First Research Excellence Fund Program (me ka waihona kālā he $ 1.31 miliona). ʻO ka hope he a holo ʻia ka papahana i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu nā GIFS, ka lehulehu-pilikino pilikino e pili ana iā U o S, ke aupuni kūloko a me ka hui mea hoʻomomona Nutrien (ʻo Potash Corp ma mua), ka mea hoʻolaha i kāna huahana e like me ka mea e pono ai ka palekana o ka meaʻai.

Nāʻike e pili ana  

Quotes  

"ʻAʻole pono kā mākou kulanui e hana ma ke ʻano he wahi shilling no nā pono ʻoihana a me kahi antagonist ʻaneʻane hoʻowahāwahā ʻia o ke Komisina ʻIke a me ka pilikino pilikino ... nona nā manaʻo i hakakā me ka haʻaheo i ka ʻaha."

Len Findlay, Kumu Hoʻohanohano Emeritus, U o S (LTE, Ka pūʻā)

ʻO ka ʻaha a ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo e “hoʻoikaika ai i ka palekana o ke kūʻokoʻa kula a me ka pilikino. Hāʻawi ke kūʻokoʻa kula i nā lālā o kā mākou kulanui e alualu i ka noiʻi a me nā manaʻo - ʻo ia hoʻi nā mea hoʻopaʻapaʻa a makemake ʻole ʻia - me ka makaʻu ʻole o ke komo. "

ʻO Karen Chad, ka U o S hope pelekikena o ka noiʻi (Ka pūʻā)

"Manaʻo wau e hauʻoli ka hapa nui o nā loea e pili ana i ka pilina pili loa me [Phillips '] me Monsanto."

ʻO Saskatoon consultant Steven Lewis, mea kākau huaʻōlelo o kahi mea i kaha ʻia
Ka ʻatikala a ka ʻAhahui Lapaʻau ʻo Kanada e pili ana i
pili pili i ke kula nui-ʻoihana (CBC)

“Ua makaʻu wau no ka mea [ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka ʻoihana ʻoihana ma nā kula nui. Aia kekahi pilikia maoli. ”

U o kā S polofesa aʻo ʻo Howard Woodhouse,
mea nāna Ke kūʻai aku nei: ʻO ke kūʻokoʻa kula a me ka mākeke ʻoihana (CBC)

"Paipai mākou i kā mākou kumu e unuhi i kā lākou ʻike i loko o nā kulekele. ʻO ia nō kā Prof. Phillips i hana ai. ”

ʻO Jeremy Rayner, ka luna mua, ʻO Johnson Shoyama Hopu Kula Nui o ke Kulekele Aupuni (CBC)

Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Pesticide

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ʻEhā mau ʻoihana i kēia manawa kaohi aku ma mua o 60% o ka hoʻolako honua o nā hua a me nā pesticides. ʻO ka nānā ʻana i ka lehulehu i kā lākou mau hana he mea nui ia no ka lako o ka meaʻai a palekana. Eia nō naʻe kēia mau hui āpau - Monsanto / Bayer, DowDuPont, Syngenta, BASF - lōʻihi nā moʻolelo o ka hūnā ʻana i ka ʻino o kā lākou huahana. ʻOiai ʻaʻole hoʻonāukiuki kā lākou mau moʻolelo i ka hilinaʻi, hilinaʻi lākou i nā mea kōkua ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e hoʻolaha a pale aku i kā lākou huahana.

ʻO nā pepa o lalo iho nei e hoʻomālamalama i kēia pūnaewele hoʻolaha huna. nā hui mua, nā kālaikū, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea hoʻokele e hana ma hope o nā hanana me nā ʻoihana pesticide e paipai a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. 

ʻO ka ʻike a mākou e hōʻike ai ma aneʻi e pili ana ia i ka US Right to Know investigation i loaʻa he ʻumi tausani mau ʻaoʻao o nā ʻoihana hui kūloko a me nā kānāwai hoʻomalu mai ka makahiki 2015. Wahi a Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala Monsanto i ka makahiki 2019,  "E hoʻopili ka hoʻokolokolo a USRTK i ka ʻoihana holoʻokoʻa." 

E ʻoluʻolu e kaʻana like i kēia mau pepa pono, a e hōʻailona maʻaneʻi e loaʻa i nā nūhou haʻihaʻi mai kā mākou mau noiʻi. 

Nānā Hou: ka hana ʻana i kahi hui mua o Monsanto

AgBioChatter: kahi i hoʻolālā ai nā ʻoihana a me nā kālaiʻike i ka hoʻolālā ma GMO a me nā pesticides

Alison Van Eenennaam: kī haʻi waha a me lobbyist no nā ʻoihana mahiʻai a me GMO

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino he hui hui mua

ʻO Bayer's Shady PR Firms: ʻO FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum PR

Biofortified kōkua i nā ʻoihana kemika PR & lobbying mau hana

Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻoihana PR

ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema he ka hoʻolaha lehulehu ma Cornell e hoʻolaha i nā GMO

Council for Biotechnology Information, Nā pane a GMO, CropLife: ʻoihana pesticide PR pratives 

ʻO Drew Kershen: ʻO ka mahiʻai ʻoihana ʻoihana mua

Mea Hoʻolālā Meaʻai GMO he kiʻi hoʻopunipuni hoʻopunipuni, e ʻōlelo nā kālaiʻike he nui

ʻO Geoffrey Kabat: nā pilina i nā pūʻulu ʻoihana paka a me nā kemika

ʻO Glyphosate Spin Spin: ka hoʻokolo ʻana i nā kuleana e pili ana i ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia

Nā Pane GMO he hoʻokele pilikia PR mea hana no GMOs & pesticides

ʻO Hank Campbell kā maze o nā blog ʻepekema aloha Monsanto

ʻO Henry I. Miller haule ʻia e Forbes no ka hana ʻino kākau kolohe na Monsanto

ʻAha Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa: Ke pale aku nei ka hui i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Koch i ka pesticide, ka aila, nā ʻoihana paka

ʻO ka ʻaha kūkā ʻikepili pili honua (IFIC): pehea i hoʻohuli ai ʻo Big Food i ka nūhou maikaʻi ʻole

Ke Kula NuiʻOihana Ola Ola (ILSI) he hui lobby ʻoihana meaʻai, hōʻike nā palapala

ʻO Jay Byrne: e launa me ke kāne ma hope o ka mīkini Monsanto PR

ʻO Jon Entine, Polokalamu Heluhelu Genetic: nā ʻelele nui no Monsanto, Bayer a me ka ʻoihana kemika

Keith Kloor: pehea i hana ai kahi mea kākau ʻepekema me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma hope o nā hanana

ʻO Kevin Folta's nā hoʻopiʻi hoʻopunipuni a hoʻopunipuni hoʻi

ʻO Mark Lynas o Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema hoʻolauna hoʻopunipuni a pololei ʻole hoʻi no ka papahana kālepa ʻoihana ahupuaʻa

Ua kapa ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana" i loko Hoʻolālā ʻo PR e kūʻē i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate (2015)

Nina Federoff Ua hoʻoneʻe i ka mana o ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika e kākoʻo iā Monsanto

ʻO Pamela Ronald's nā pilina i nā hui mua o ka hana kemika

ʻO Peter Phillips a me kona ʻ secretlelo huna "kuleana ʻike" ma ke Kulanui o Saskatchewan

ʻO SciBabe 'ōlelo eʻai i kāu pesticides, akāʻo wai ke uku iā ia?

Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele paipai i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema

Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS wili ʻepekema no ka ʻoihana

ʻO Stuart Smyth's nā pilina ʻoihana mahiʻai a me ke kālā 

ʻO Tamar Haspel alakaʻi hewa i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka Wakinekona Post i kāna kolamu meaʻai

ʻO Val Giddings: ʻo BIO VP ma mua kahi hana nui no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

ʻO nā pepa ʻoi aʻe e pili ana i nā hui mua nui, nā hui kālepa a me nā mea kākau PR

BIO: hui kālepa ʻoihana biotech

Ke kikowaena no ke kūʻokoʻa o nā mea kūʻai

ʻO Crop Life International

Ke KeʻenaʻEpekema Ola Ola International

ʻO Julie Kelly

Kavin Senapathy / MAMMyths

Ketchum PR

ʻO US Farmers a me Ranchers Alliance

ʻO nā kumuwaiwai hou aku mai US Pono e ʻike

Ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia e US US haʻawina ʻepekema e US Right to Know 

Nā Pepa Monsanto: Pūnaewele palapala Roundup / Glyphosate 

Waihona waihona Dicamba

ʻO Roundup a me Dicamba Trial Tracker blog hōʻano hou 

Pepa ʻo Glyphosate: Nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i ka Pesticide i hoʻohana nui ʻia

Pepa ʻo Dicamba

Uhi kūkala nūhou ākea o Pono ʻo US e ʻike i nā hopena 

Inā makemake ʻoe i kā mākou hana, e ʻoluʻolu E hōʻike i kēia e kōkua iā mākou e hoʻohuli i ka wela ma nā noi a USRTK.

Nā nīnau no ka Bayer Shareholder Meeting, na Carey Gillam

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Ma mua o kēia makahiki, ko mākou hoa hana ʻO Carey Gillam hāʻawi ʻia he kau ʻōlelo e kahi hui ʻo Bayer shareholder 'hui ma ka hui makahiki o ka hui ma Bonn, Kelemānia. Ma muli o Covid-19, ua hoʻopau ʻia ka hālāwai o ke kanaka a ua ʻākoakoa nā mea kuleana ʻo Bayer i a halawai kamepiula ma ʻApelila 28 ma 10:00 Central European kauwela Wā (CEST). Ma kahi o ka hele ʻana i ka hanana, ua kono ʻia ʻo Ms. Gillam e waiho i kahi wikiō a me nā ʻōlelo i kākau ʻia, a mākou i kau ai ma aneʻi.

No ka hōʻike hou aku e pili ana i ka hālāwai o ka mea kuleana Bayer a me nā mea hou e pili ana i ka hihia e pili ana i ka ʻoihana, e ʻike iā Gillam ʻO Monsanto Roundup a me Dicamba Trial Tracker.

Nā nīnau no Bayer
Waiho ʻia e Carey Gillam
April 28, 2020

Aloha, ʻo Carey Gillam koʻu inoa, he mea kākau moʻolelo a me kahi mea kākau i hoʻohana i 22 mau makahiki e noiʻi ana a me ke kākau ʻana e pili ana i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hana ʻoihana a me nā huahana a Monsanto, a Bayer i kūʻai ai i Iune o 2018.

I kākau i kahi puke e pili ana i ka ʻoihana a me ka piʻi ʻana o kāna ʻoihana ʻoihana lāʻau make Roundup i kūkulu ʻia a puni ka glyphosate kemika, a ua papa inoa wau a hōʻike ʻia e pili ana i nā palapala Monsanto kūloko e hōʻike ana iā Monsanto i hala he mau makahiki e hūnā ana i ka ʻike e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o kāna huahana mai nā mea kūʻai aku a me nā mea hoʻokele. 

Hōʻike pū nā palapala kūloko i ka hoʻoweliweli ʻana o kaʻu hana puke moʻolelo iā Monsanto a ua hoʻokō ʻia kahi hoʻolālā e e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino a hāmau iaʻu. Hōʻike nā palapala Monsanto ʻē aʻe i ka hana like a ka hui no nā makahiki e hōʻino ai i nā ʻepekema a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe ʻimi i kaʻana like i ka ʻike e pili ana i nā pilikia o Roundup.  Ua hoʻomau kekahi o kēia hana hoʻomāinoino ma hope o kā Bayer kūʻai ʻana iā Monsanto i ka makahiki 2018. 

ʻO ka ʻike ʻoiaʻiʻo he mea hoʻoweliweli iā Monsanto a me Bayer. 

ʻO ka manawa kēia e loli ai. Ke hele nei ʻo Bayer i mua me kāna mau hana ʻoihana e hoʻomau nei i kēia makahiki, pono ʻo Bayer e hōʻoia i nā mea kūʻai aku a me nā mea hoʻopukapuka ʻaʻole lākou e ʻae i nā hana hoʻopunipuni a Monsanto e hoʻomau. 

  • E hoʻohiki ʻo Bayer e kū pololei me ka hana ʻole i ka hana hoʻomāinoino i nā mea kūkala nūhou a me nā ʻepekema e hoʻomaka koke ana? 
  • E hoʻohiki ʻo Bayer e hoʻōki i ke kālā a me ka hana pū ʻana me nā hui o mua e loaʻa ka moʻaukala o ka hoʻopilikia ʻana i ka poʻe nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema me nā hoʻolaha hoʻopunipuni. Hoʻopili kēia mau pūʻulu i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic.

Aia kekahi hōʻike nui i ka hoʻohui ʻia o nā pilikia olakino i hāpai ʻia e Roundup, ka hoʻohana ākea o nā ʻōpala lāʻau glyphosate ma luna o nā mea kanu ʻenekinia i hana i nā mea nui i hōʻino i ka maikaʻi o ka lepo, nā mea pollinators, a me ke olakino o ke kaiapuni maʻamau. Ua hana kēia overuse i ka glyphosate i kahi lāʻau make.  

  • E hoʻohiki ʻo Bayer e lawe ʻia nā mea kanu hou i ka makeke me ka piha transparency a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā pilikia i ke olakino a me ke olakino.  

ʻO ka moʻolelo o kā Monsanto hana hewa i ʻike ʻia a puni ka honua. Hiki iā Bayer a hana pono e hoʻololi i kēlā moʻolelo moʻolelo a hoʻopau i ka hana hoʻopunipuni a hoʻopōʻino a Monsanto i hana ai i mau makahiki. 

A ʻo ka mea nui, ʻoiai ke alo nei ka honua i ka lehulehu e ulu nei, kū pū kekahi i nā hoʻoweliweli e ulu nei i ke ʻano o ka maʻi, ka loli, a me ka wai, nā ea a me nā kumuwaiwai i hoʻopōʻino ʻia me nā lāʻau make. 

He manawa kūpono kā Bayer i kēia manawa e hoʻohana i kāna waiwai a me ka ʻepekema loea e pale a holomua i ke olakino a me ke olakino olakino, ʻaʻole e hoʻohui i ka poino no ka ʻimi wale i ka loaʻa kālā.  

Koi aku au iā Bayer e hopu i ka manawa kūpono.  

Mahalo.
ʻO Carey Gillam
Mea kākau moʻolelo, mea kākau a mea noiʻi hoihoi hoihoi lehulehu 

Nina Fedoroff: Ke hoʻoneʻe nei i ka mana o ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika e hoʻihoʻi iā Monsanto

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Nā mea nui:

  • Ma ke ʻano he pelekikena a he luna luna o ka AAAS mai 2011-2013, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Dr. Fedoroff i nā pahuhopu kulana ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hana ʻo ia i kēia manawa no kahi ʻoihana lobbying.
  • ʻO nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike nei pehea e launa pū ai nā pilina lehulehu a me nā hana lobbying ma hope o nā hanana i waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua a me nā kālaiʻike i kū kūʻokoʻa.
  • Paipai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i nā hui e alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me kā lākou pili ʻoihana.

ʻO Nina Fedoroff, PhD, kekahi o nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi nui e koi ana i ka hoʻolaha a me ka hoʻopau ʻia ʻana o nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered. He pelekikena ʻo ia o ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka Holomua ʻEpekema (2011-2012) a me ka luna o ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS (2012-2013). He wahine ʻo ia aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe mai ka 2015 ma OFW Law, kahi hui lobbying nona nā mea kūʻai aku i hoʻopili pū Syngenta a me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology, kahi hui kālepa e pani ana iā Bayer (nona nona Monsanto), BASF, Corteva (kahi mahele o DowDuPont) a me Syngenta.

Mai ka 2007-2010, ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema a me ʻenehana aʻoaʻo i ke Kakauolelo o ka Mokuʻāina a me ka Luna Hoʻokele o USAID ma lalo o kā George W. Bush a me Obama mau hoʻomalu. Ma mua o kēlā, he wahine ʻo ia ka lālā o ka papa o ka Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, kahi hui kemika multinational a me biotech firm; a me kahi lālā lālā aʻoaʻo o Evogene, kahi hui biotechnology i hui pū me DuPont, Syngenta, ʻO Bayer a Monsanto. 

I ka makahiki 2017, ua hoʻolaha ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino Puke “ʻepekema junk” pili pū me ʻepekema ʻelua i pili me nā hui e hōʻole i ka ʻepekema a me ka lobby no nā huahana paka.

Ma ke ʻano he kākau ʻōlelo no Hillary State ʻO kā Clinton ʻepekema czar, "Ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he diplomat no ka"GMO i ke ala āpau"Ke kumu o ke kulekele ʻē aʻe o US, ua hōʻike ʻo Tom Philpott ma Grist i ka makahiki 2008 a me ka makahiki 2009. Ua hōʻike aku ʻo Pesticide Action Network o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa iā Dr. Fedoroff"maoli ka ʻelele US ”no ka hana ʻenekini. Wahi a Greenpeace, ʻo Kauka Fedoroff he "a kākoʻo ikaika no ka hoʻolaha honua o GM (hoʻololi kūlohelohe) i nā meaʻai i loko o kāna ʻoihana. "

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana a me ka luna hoʻomalu o AAAS, ka honua nui loa ka lehulehu ʻepekema multidisciplinary, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i kēlā mau kuleana e hāʻawi i ke kōkua politika i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai: ua hāʻawi ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o kona noho alakaʻi i kahi ʻōlelo no ka manawa kālaiʻāina e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO i ka makahiki 2012; ʻoiai ka pelekikena o ka ʻepekema hui i 2011, ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hōʻemi i kahi noi US EPA e koi ʻia ana i kahi ʻike olakino a me ka palekana no nā mea kanu GMO, e like me nā leka uila i hōʻike ʻia ma lalo nei. ʻIke, ʻO Nina Fedoroff, AAAS a me ka keʻena ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻAʻole pane ʻo Kauka Fedoroff lāua ʻo AAAS i nā noi no ka pane.

ʻO nā pilina me nā ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni i mua o nā hui a me nā hana PR

Ua hoʻolauna a kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hōʻoia i nā hui e koi ana he leo kūʻokoʻa lākou no ka ʻepekema akā hana ma hope o nā hanana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i nā ala e alakaʻi hewa ai i ka lehulehu - me nā hui ʻelua i kōkua iā Monsanto e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino nā ʻepekema nāna i lawelawe ma ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) panel panel i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha ma 2015.

ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) kālā ʻia e nā hui kemika, lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā paka, wahi a pū ʻia nā palapala kūloko palapala kēlā pehea ka hui ʻana o ka hui i kāna ʻoihana i nā ʻoihana no nā huahana pale pale huahana. ʻO nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hana o ka ʻaha e hōʻike iā Monsanto ua ʻae e kālā iā ACSH i 2015, a ua noi i ka hui e kākau e pili ana ka hōʻike IARC cancer ma glyphosate; ACSH ma hope koi ʻo ka hōʻike kanesa he "ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni."     

Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kēia hui ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema kūpono i kahi 2017 Hanana ʻo Press Press Club e hoʻomaka i ka ACSH's "Little Black Book of Junk Science." ʻIke ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao o Dr. Fedoroff ma ka hanana paʻi he ʻelua ʻepekema i pili me nā hui hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau a hale moe no nā huahana paka:

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa ma ka pūnaewele o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui e koi kūʻokoʻa ana akā nā hoapili me Monsanto ma PR a me nā papahana lobbying, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know. Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala i ka waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha ua papa inoa ʻo Monsanto i kēia hui ma waena o ka "Nā hoa hana" ua hoʻolālā e komo i kahi hoʻolālā e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka loiloi glyphosate a IARC i mea e "pale ai i ka inoa a me FTO o Roundup." ʻO ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kau ʻia ma mua o Nā huahana 200 loiloi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai, me nā hoʻouka kaua pilikino he nui i nā ʻepekema i pili i ka hōʻike glyphosate, e hoʻopiʻi nei iā lākou kipi, hoʻopunipuni, e moe ana, palaho, hūnā, a ke hoʻoulu ʻia e “waiwai a me ka lapuwale. ”??

i ka moʻo lanakila lanakila ma Le Monde e pili ana i kā Monsanto "hana e luku i ka UN cancer cancer agency e nā mea hiki ke hiki," ua wehewehe nā mea nūpepa ʻo Stéphane Foucart lāua ʻo Stéphane Horel i ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ACSH ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" a ʻōlelo ʻo GLP "hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana nā pesticides a me nā ʻoihana ʻenehana biotechnology. " Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo GLP ma 2011 e Jon Entine, nona kahi ʻoihana pili lehulehu ʻo ia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa.

Nā hōʻeha i nā mea noiʻi maʻi maʻi ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e papa inoa nei iā Dr. Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he "lālā papa":

Nānā Hou: Ua hoʻolauna ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka loiloi ʻepekema ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema hilinaʻi loa ma kahi ʻatikala 2012 ma ʻO nā kū i nā Genetics a me kahi ninaninau 2016 me ka Washington Examiner e pili ana ʻaihue journalism. Ua loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ʻo Review Academics ia hoʻonohonoho i kahi pūʻulu mua me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hōʻino i nā loiloi o ka ʻenekinia a me nā pesticides, ʻoiai ka hūnā ʻana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana. ʻO ka hui, kahi koi kūʻokoʻa akā ua kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, kaua aku i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika ma ke ʻano he "scam marketing."

ʻO Camp Camp Boot Biotech: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā lālā kumu o kahi papahana Biotech Literacy "kahua hoʻomoana" i mālama ʻia ma UC Davis ma 2015. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hanana e nā hui PR ʻelua, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā Hou a kālā malū ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai e "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻino o glyphosate," i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Paul Thacker i Ka Holomua. Hoʻokomo ʻia nā mea kamaʻilio i ka papa inoa kamaʻāina o nā mea kōkua PR ʻoihana pū me ʻO Jay Byrne, ʻO Jon Entine, Bruce Chassy, ​​ʻO David Tribe, ʻO Hank Campbell o ACSH a me ka keynote by ʻo ka "Sci Babe."

AgBioWorld: I kāna 2012 Trends and Genetics Haawina, Paipai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld ma ke ʻano he "waiwai waiwai ʻē aʻe" e aʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. I ka 2002 'atikala ma ke Kahu, Ua wehewehe ʻo George Monbiot i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka hui PR PR a Monsanto i ka pūnaewele AgBioWorld a me nā moʻoʻōlelo pilipili hoʻopunipuni e hōʻino ai i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kaiapuni i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā huaʻai GM. Ua hōʻike ʻo Monbiot:  

"I ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua wehewehe ʻo Jay Byrne, ka luna o ka pūnaewele ʻo [Monsanto] i ka manawa i kekahi mau loina ʻē aʻe i nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ia ma Monsanto. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia pehea, ma mua o kāna hana ʻana, nā pūnaewele GM kiʻekiʻe i helu ʻia e kahi ʻenekini huli pūnaewele e loiloi i ka ʻenehana. Ma hope o kāna hoʻopili ʻana, ʻo nā pūnaewele kiʻekiʻe nā mea kākoʻo (ʻehā o lākou i hoʻokumu ʻia e Monsanto's PR firm Bivings). Ua haʻi ʻo ia iā lākou e 'noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papa. E kiʻi paha ʻoe iā ia a i ʻole e hana ana kāu mea hoʻokūkū, akā e make paha kekahi. '

ʻOiai ʻo ia e hana ana no Monsanto, haʻi aku ʻo Byrne i ka nūhou pūnaewele ʻo Wow ua "hoʻolilo ʻo ia i kona manawa a me kāna hana e komo" i nā kūkākūkā pūnaewele e pili ana i ka biotech. Ua koho ʻo ia i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld, kahi e hōʻoia ai i kāna ʻoihana i ka pāʻani kūpono. ' ʻO AgBioWorld kahi pūnaewele i hoʻokumu ʻia e [ka pilikino pūnaewele hoʻopunipuni ʻo Mary] Smetacek i kāna hoʻouka kaua. "

Attack ma Greenpeace: Kauka Fedoroff haiolelo ma kahi hanana paʻi 2016 no kahi hui e kāhea iā ia iho "Kākoʻo i ka mahiʻai Precision, "E hōʻike ana i kahi leka i kau inoa ʻia e nā luna Nobel he 100 a ʻoi aku e hōʻino ana iā Greenpeace no ko lākou kūʻē ʻana iā GMO. ʻO nā mea kōkua ʻoihana Agrichemical kōkua i ke kaua, e like me ka Luna Hoʻokaʻaʻike mua a Monsanto ʻO Jay Byrne; ʻo VP ka hui kālepa biotech mua ʻO Val Giddings; a ʻO Matt Winkler, ka mea nāna i kālā i ka Pāhana PR papahana Pāhana Helu Pono a helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he ka lālā o ka papa me Kauka Fedoroff ma ka pūnaewele pūnaewele. ʻO ka mana .com o ke kūʻokoʻa i manaʻo ʻia he kūʻokoʻa "Kākoʻo Precision Agriculture" hoʻohuli ʻia i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic no nā makahiki (ua kuhi ʻia ma hope o kā mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā iā ia i ka 2019). I loko o nā leka uila mai 2011, Ua ʻike ʻo Byrne iā Greenpeace ma ka papa inoa "target" e hoʻomohala nei no Monsanto me nā inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana e hiki iā lākou ke kūʻē mai hope o ka uhi o kahi pūʻulu aʻo hana kālā-ʻoihana ua kūʻokoʻa kēlā.

Nā Hoa o GMO Nā Pane: ʻO Kauka Fedoroff kahi ke kūkā kūʻokoʻa no nā pane GMO, a Hoʻolālā PR hoʻolaha ʻia e Ketchum pili lehulehu, ia mea a moʻolelo o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu. ʻOiai ʻo Ketchum i koi i ka neʻe ʻana o nā pane GMO Answers e "hōʻano hou i ka transparency," ka hui nā pane scripted no ka loea "kūʻokoʻa" a ua helu ʻia i waena o nā "hoa hana" ma Hoʻolālā PR ʻo Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai. A Ua kuhikuhi ka ʻāpana "nā kumuwaiwai" (ʻaoʻao 4) i nā GMO Answers a me nā loulou ʻo Monsanto e kamaʻilio i ka leka o ka ʻoihana "ʻaʻole ʻo Glyphosate i mea make kino." I ka 2016, Kauka Fedoroff i kamaʻilio ʻia ma kahi panela i kākoʻo ʻia e GMO Answers, Scientific American a me ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e pili ana i ka uhi pāpaho o ka ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i nā mea hana nūhou hana Keith Kloor a ʻO Tamar Haspel. E nānā “Hele mai ka mīkini ʻenekini ʻo Monsanto i Wakinekona, ”Na Paul Thacker.

ʻO ka noiʻi kūʻē e wehe i ka pilina ʻoihana-kālaiʻike

I ka 2015, ua kākoʻo ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a me ʻelua mau pelekikena ʻo AAAS ma mua, ʻo Peter Raven lāua ʻo Phillip Sharp, i kā lāua alakaʻi alakaʻi AAAS, akā ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i kekahi o kā lākou ʻoihana pili, i kahi Kahu op-ed Ke kūʻē nei i kahi hoʻokolokolo a ka lehulehu e ʻimi nei e wehe i ka pili pili ʻole i hōʻike ʻole ʻia a me nā hoʻonohonoho kālā ma waena o nā hui mahiʻai, kā lākou mau hui PR a me nā polopola i kākoʻo lehulehu ʻia ʻO ka ninaninau ʻia e US Right to Know wehe i kekahi o nā palapala nui i wehewehe ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

ʻOiai ua hoʻohui hope ke kahu a ʻike hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke keʻena lobby OFW Law, ʻaʻole ia i hōʻike ʻO kā OFW Law mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa ʻo ia ka hui kālepa ʻoihana mahiʻai, nona nā ʻoihana lālā i mea nui o ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i nā moʻolelo lehulehu. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā pelekikena o ka AAAS mua i kā lākou op-ed i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e wehe ai i nā hakakā ʻoihana-kālaiʻike i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o ka hoihoi ʻo "ke kiʻi nei i kahi ʻaoʻao mai ka puke pāʻani Climategate" a ua pili i ka "ʻepekema hōʻole," nā hoʻopiʻi like i hana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana PR i wehewehe ʻia i kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka AAAS e holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻoihana mahiʻai

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana o ka ʻAhahui ʻAmelika no ka holomua o ka ʻepekema (AAAS) mai 2011-2012 a ma ke ʻano he poʻo o ka Papa Hoʻokele mai 2012-2013, ua hana pū ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai e holomua i nā pahuhopu nui: mālama i nā genetically ʻenekini ʻai ʻole ʻia nā inoa ʻole a lanakila i kahi noi e ka US Environmental Protection Agency e koi ʻia i nā ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni o nā mea hana ʻenekini i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e like me nā pesticides.

Ua kōkua ʻo AAAS e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe koho balota e kūʻē i ka lepili o GMO

I ka 2012, ua lawe ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o ka noho aliʻi o Kauka Fedoroff i kahi hana maʻamau i ke kūlana politika hakakā i loko o ʻelua mau pule wale nō ma mua o ka hele ʻana o ka poʻe koho balota ma Kaleponi i nā balota e hoʻoholo ai i ka Proposition 37, kahi hana balota e kapa inoa ai i nā GMO. ʻO kahi loiloi i nā ʻōlelo politika he nui i hana ʻia e AAAS ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o ka hui e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohuli i nā poʻe koho balota ma mua o ke koho balota mokuʻāina. (ʻAʻole pane ka AAAS a me Kauka Fedoroff i nā noi no ka manaʻo. Hoʻolaha pū kekahi: ua hana nā luna hui o USRTK i ka hoʻolaha pro-labeling.)

ʻO ka papa AAAS's olelo kūʻēʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO. ʻO ia loaʻa hewahewa, e like me ka lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka AAAS, kekahi o lākou hōʻino i ka ʻōlelo anti-lepili ma ke ʻano he "paternalistic" hoʻouka kaua i nā pono o nā mea kūʻai aku i alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu ma o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka pōʻaiapili ʻepekema koʻikoʻi. Ua haʻi kahi waha ʻōlelo ʻo AAAS i kēlā manawa, ʻo Ginger Pinholster, i nā loiloi he "kūpono ʻole a pono ʻole." Ua haʻi ʻo ia i kahi mea hōʻike Aia ʻo ia i loko o ka lumi i ka wā i hala ai ka papa i ka ʻōlelo: “ʻAʻole mākou he hui kākoʻo. Hana mākou i kā mākou mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā hōʻike ʻepekema, "wahi a Pinholster. "Hiki iaʻu ke haʻi iā ʻoe ʻaʻole ka hana a kā mākou ʻōlelo a i hoʻohuli ʻia e kekahi hui waho."

Ua hoʻomaopopo kekahi o nā mea nānā i ka like o ka ʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia e ka AAAS a me ka hoʻouka kālā-ʻoihana e hoʻokahuli i ka Proposition 37. “Kūleʻa paha kahi hui ʻepekema nui no Monsanto?”Ua nīnau ʻo Michele Simon i loko o Grist. Ua wehewehe ʻo Simona i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa e like me "ʻaʻole ʻepekema akā kūpono loa," a ua ʻike ʻia ka hele pū me ka hoʻokuʻu paʻi a AAAS i loaʻa nā "kuhi kamaʻilio" i kūlike ʻole me No ma 37 puke paio.

"ʻO ka ʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ka maopopo he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema"

i ka 2013 leka i ka makasina ʻEpekema, ua hōʻike kekahi hui ʻepekema he 11 i ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa AAAS e pili ana i nā meaʻai GMO. Ua kākau lākou, "hopohopo mākou i ke kūlana o AAA e hōʻike nei i kahi ala maikaʻi ʻole e pili i ka kamaʻilio ʻana i ka ʻepekema.  ʻo ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ke aniani moakaka he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema. ” 

He kākoʻo mua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff no ka ʻoihana i kākoʻo ʻia ma No ma 37, nāna i helu iā ia ma kāna pūnaewele i ka mahina ʻo Iune 2012 ʻo ia kekahi o ʻepekema ʻehā e kū ana i ke "kaiāulu ʻepekema a me nā kaiāulu" i kūʻē i ka lepili GMO. Ma hope ua noi ka huakaʻi iā Kauka Fedoroff e kōkua i ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā mea ʻoihana i kā lākou kumu, āna i hana ai e like me ʻOkakopa 1, 2012 leka uila iā Meghan Callahan o BCF Public Affairs, "Ua hoʻouna wau i kāu [noi no nā mea kākoʻo kālaiʻike] i kahi hui honua o ka biotechnology e kākoʻo ana i nā kālaiʻike. Manaʻo wau e lohe ana ʻoe mai nā kihi o ka honua, "kākau ʻo Kauka Fedoroff.

Kōkua i ka make ʻana i ka ʻikepili no nā mea kanu pesticide

I ka 2011 ʻoiai ke pelekikena ʻo AAAS, ua hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kahi lobbyist ʻoihana e kāpae i ka US Environmental Protection Agency mai ke koi ʻana i nā ʻoihana e hāʻawi i ka ʻikepili hou aku no ke olakino a me nā palekana no nā mea i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineised e like me nā pesticides, e like me nā leka uila. i ho'ākāka ʻia ma lalo.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka noi EPA mai kahi kūkā kūkā ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻEPA e pili ana nā ala e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ka hiki i ka ʻoihana ke hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻolālā ʻenekene e hana a i ʻole loaʻa nā pesticides, ka mea a EPA i kuhikuhi ai ʻo "nā mea pale i hoʻohui ʻia i nā mea kanu" (PIPs). Ua noi ʻia nā lālā o ka paneli e loiloi i nā koi ʻikepili EPA o kēia manawa a noi ʻia no nā PIP ma nā ʻano aʻe: 

  • ʻIkepili e nānā i nā like like ma waena o nā PIP a me nā mea āpau, nā mea ʻino, nā anti-nutrient a me nā proteins weliweli ʻē aʻe; 
  • nā hoʻāʻo ʻana no nā hopena synergistic ma ke olakino a me nā meaola ʻole pahuhopu, ke hui ʻia ʻelua a ʻoi paha mau hiʻohiʻona GMO (stacked trait GMO);
  • nā hopena e hiki ke hopena i nā lāhui microbial i nā kaiaolaola o ka lepo; a 
  • nā ʻikepili e kamaʻilio maikaʻi ai i nā hopena o ke kahe gen. 

Wahi a nā memo mai kahi hālāwai EPA o ʻOkakopa 2009, ʻo nā lula i hāpai ʻia e "kālele ka hapanui i nā koi ʻikepili e kū nei e pili ana i kēlā me kēia manawa," a e hoʻopuni ʻia i ʻelima mau ʻikepili a me ka ʻike: ke ʻano o ka huahana, ke olakino kanaka, nā hopena kūʻē ʻole, ka hopena o ke kaiapuni a me ke kūʻē ʻana. hoʻokele. Epa kūkala i nā lula i hāpai ʻia i ka Federal Register ma Malaki 2011.

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know ma o nā moʻohelu lehulehu e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻākoakoa ʻana o nā ʻohana āpau e kāpae i ka noi.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i nā kamaʻilio ma waena o Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi i kēlā manawa, ʻo Eric Sachs o Monsanto a me nā ʻelele ʻē aʻe e kūkākūkā ana i nā hana a me nā hālāwai e pili ana iā Dr. Fedoroff. Ua wehewehe ʻo Chassy iā ia iho i nā leka uila (palapala 66) ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻopili i waena o ka ʻoihana a me ka ʻepekema i ka hana e kūʻē i nā koina ʻikepili EPA. Ua nīnau ʻia i loko o kāna mau leka uila iā Sachs he mau nīnau e pili ana inā ua hoʻouna ʻo Monsanto i kahi kikoʻī i ke Kulanui o ʻIlioka Foundation no ke kākoʻo ʻana i kā Chassy "hana hoʻolaha biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo." (No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i loaʻa iā Chassy mai Monsanto no nā makahiki i kona hoʻolaha ʻana i ka biotechnology, e ʻike. e hōʻike nei na Monica Eng ma WBEZ a nā leka uila i kau ʻia e ka New York Times.)

Ma Iulai 5, ʻo Kauka Chassy leka uila iā Eric Sachs o Monsanto e hōʻike ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i leka iā EPA ma luna o kāna pūlima pūlima ʻia e 60 mau lālā o ka National Academy of Science. "Ua lālau maoli ʻo Nina i ka kinipōpō a neʻe i lalo i ke kahua," i kākau ai ʻo Chassy. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ke noi a EPA ma ke ʻano he "moku nahā."

Hōʻike nā leka uila ma ʻAukake 19, nā ʻelele hui kālepa ʻoihana pūʻiwa a hauʻoli hoʻi (ʻaoʻao 19) e ʻike i kahi New York Times op-ed mai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i nā lula no ka ʻenekinia genetika; "Na wai i hoʻokau i kā Nina op?" Ua noi ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO iā Dr. Chassy a me ʻelua mau ʻohana ʻē aʻe ʻelua. ʻO Henry Miller a ʻO Val Giddings. Pane akula ʻo Chassy: 

Ua hoʻouna ʻo Massey iā Kauka Chassy ka leka BIO i hoʻouna ʻia i ka EPA "me ka manaʻolana e kūkulu ma luna o ka leka a nā ʻāpana a me kahi pōkole pōkole no ka hoʻopau ʻana i ka pane o ka EPA i kēlā leka." ʻAʻole i kūleʻa kā lākou hana e like me kā lākou i manaʻo ai. MaʻAukake 24, Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Eric Sachs (ʻaoʻao 14) ua loaʻa iā Kauka Fedoroff "kahi pane mai ka EPA he ʻōlelo hōʻino ia." Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i nā hoʻolālā e hoʻopaʻa i ke kaomi.

 

I Kepakemapa, Chassy hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea kūkā kamaʻilio me Fedoroff, ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO a me kā lākou lobbyist ʻo Stanley Abramson, me kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe. Wahi a Chassy's nā memo mai ke kāhea ʻana, "Ke loaʻa nei i kahi ala e hōʻoia ai i ka noi EPA ʻaʻole ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā ʻo ia ka hopena maikaʻi loa i hiki iā mākou ke manaʻolana. ʻO ka mea ʻoi loa e hōʻoia ʻo DOA ia, akā inā pono e pono mākou e hoʻomau i ka hakakā. " 

Ua haʻi pū ʻo ia i ka pilikia, "ʻAʻole manaʻo ka EPA e hiki i ke kaiāulu kālaiʻike ke kau i ka kūʻē kūʻē i kā lākou hana ʻana i ka rula. manaʻo lākou he hapa liʻiliʻi wale nō ma hope o ka palapala noi a ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mea kau inoa ʻaʻole paʻa i ka pilikia. " Ua hoʻoholo ka hui e pono lākou e "kūkulu i kumu o nā ʻepekema alakaʻi e makemake maoli nei e ʻōlelo a hāʻawi i ka manawa i kēia pilikia." 

Ma ʻOkakopa, ua lana ka manaʻolana o ka hui. Chassy leka uila iā Sachs e hōʻike e pili ana i kahi hālāwai "kahaha kupaianaha" ʻo ia a me Dr. Fedoroff i hele pū me Steve Bradbury o EPA. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hui e Massey a me ka lobbyist ʻo Abramson. ʻO ka noi a EPA e koi i ka ʻikepili no GMO PIP ʻaʻole i ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā, e like me kā Michael Hansen, PhD, ʻepekema ʻepekema ma Consumers Union, i komo pū i nā hālāwai lehulehu me ka ʻākena.

Nā kaulahao leka uila piha, ma o ka Hale Waihona Palapala ʻĀina ʻo UCSF: 

Pili hōʻike  

"Ua pāpā ʻia au mai kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou Nobel Laureate Press e kahi mea kūkākūkā PR me Monsanto Ties, "Na Tim Schwab, Nānā Mea ʻai & Wai (2016) 

"Nā Puppetmasters o Academia, "Na Jonathan Latham, PhD, Independent Science News (2015)

"20 mau makahiki ma hope mai: ke hele nei ke koa brotade biotech, ”Pūnaewele Hana Pesticide (2012) 

"ʻO wai ka hana 'enekinia no wai? " na Marcia Ishii-Eitemann, PhD, ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma Pesticide Action Network North America (2011) 

"E kala mai, NY Times: ʻaʻole e hoʻopakele nā ​​GMO i ka honua, ”Na Anna Lappe, Grist (2011) 

"I loko o ia mea e hele ai au i ka manamana wāwae me ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a H. Clinton ma luna o GMO, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2009) 

"Palapala Hoʻololi Hoʻololi Genetically: US Kulekele ʻĀina GMO Ma Ke Ala āpau, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2008)

Nina Fedoroff: Ke hoʻoneʻe nei i ka mana o ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika e hoʻihoʻi iā Monsanto

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  • Ma ke ʻano he pelekikena a he luna luna o ka AAAS mai 2011-2013, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Dr. Fedoroff i nā pahuhopu kulana ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hana ʻo ia i kēia manawa no kahi ʻoihana lobbying.
  • ʻO nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike nei pehea e launa pū ai nā pilina lehulehu a me nā hana lobbying ma hope o nā hanana i waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua a me nā kālaiʻike i kū kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO Nina Fedoroff, PhD, kekahi o nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi nui e koi ana i ka hoʻolaha a me ka hoʻopau ʻia ʻana o nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered. He pelekikena ʻo ia o ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka Holomua ʻEpekema (2011-2012) a me ka luna o ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS (2012-2013). He wahine ʻo ia aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe mai ka 2015 ma OFW Law, kahi hui lobbying nona nā mea kūʻai aku i hoʻopili pū Syngenta a me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology, kahi hui kālepa e pani ana iā Bayer (nona nona Monsanto), BASF, Corteva (kahi mahele o DowDuPont) a me Syngenta.

Mai ka 2007-2010, ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema a me ʻenehana aʻoaʻo i ke Kakauolelo o ka Mokuʻāina a me ka Luna Hoʻokele o USAID ma lalo o kā George W. Bush a me Obama mau hoʻomalu. Ma mua o kēlā, he wahine ʻo ia ka lālā o ka papa o ka Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, kahi hui kemika multinational a me biotech firm; a me kahi lālā lālā aʻoaʻo o Evogene, kahi hui biotechnology i hui pū me DuPont, Syngenta, ʻO Bayer a Monsanto.

He hanana 2017 e paipai i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ʻEpekema a me Health Puke “ʻepekema junk” i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a pili ʻelua ʻepekema me nā hui e hōʻole i ka ʻepekema o ke aniau.

Ma ke ʻano he kākau ʻōlelo no Hillary State ʻO kā Clinton ʻepekema czar, "Ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he diplomat no ka"GMO i ke ala āpau"Ke kumu o ke kulekele ʻē aʻe o US, ua hōʻike ʻo Tom Philpott ma Grist i ka makahiki 2008 a me ka makahiki 2009. Ua hōʻike aku ʻo Pesticide Action Network o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa iā Dr. Fedoroff"maoli ka ʻelele US ”no ka hana ʻenekini. Wahi a Greenpeace, ʻo Kauka Fedoroff he "a kākoʻo ikaika no ka hoʻolaha honua o GM (hoʻololi kūlohelohe) i nā meaʻai i loko o kāna ʻoihana. "

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana a me ka luna hoʻomalu o AAAS, ka honua nui loa ʻo ka hui ʻepekema multidisciplinary, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i kēlā mau kuleana e hāʻawi i ke kōkua politika i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai: ʻo kahi laʻana, ua hoʻopuka ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o kona noho luna hoʻomalu i kahi ʻōlelo no ka manawa politika e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO i ka makahiki 2012. ʻOiai ka pelekikena o ka ʻepekema hui ma 2011 , Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ke eo ʻana i kahi noi US EPA e koi ai i ka ʻikepili hou aʻe no ke olakino a me ka palekana no nā mea kanu GMO, e like me nā leka uila i hōʻike ʻia ma lalo nei. ʻIke, ʻO Nina Fedoroff, AAAS a me ka keʻena ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻAʻole pane ʻo Kauka Fedoroff lāua ʻo AAAS i nā noi no ka pane.

ʻO nā pilina me nā ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni i mua o nā hui a me nā hana PR

Ua hoʻolauna a kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hōʻoia i nā hui e koi ana he leo kūʻokoʻa lākou no ka ʻepekema akā hana ma hope o nā hanana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i nā ala e alakaʻi hewa ai i ka lehulehu - me nā hui ʻelua i kōkua iā Monsanto e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino nā ʻepekema nāna i lawelawe ma ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) panel panel i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha ma 2015.

ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) kālā ʻia e nā hui kemika, lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā paka, wahi a pū ʻia nā palapala kūloko palapala kēlā pehea ka hui ʻana o ka hui i kāna ʻoihana i nā ʻoihana no nā huahana pale pale huahana. ʻO nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hana o ka ʻaha e hōʻike iā Monsanto ua ʻae e kālā iā ACSH i 2015, a ua noi i ka hui e kākau e pili ana ka hōʻike IARC cancer ma glyphosate; ACSH ma hope koi ʻo ka hōʻike kanesa he "ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni."     

Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kēia hui ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema kūpono i kahi 2017 Hanana ʻo Press Press Club e hoʻomaka i ka ACSH's "Little Black Book of Junk Science." ʻIke ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao o Dr. Fedoroff ma ka hanana paʻi he ʻelua ʻepekema i pili me nā hui hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau a hale moe no nā huahana paka:

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa ma ka pūnaewele o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui e koi kūʻokoʻa ana akā nā hoapili me Monsanto ma PR a me nā papahana lobbying, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know. Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala i ka waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha ua papa inoa ʻo Monsanto i kēia hui ma waena o ka "Nā hoa hana" ua hoʻolālā e komo i kahi hoʻolālā e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka loiloi glyphosate a IARC i mea e "pale ai i ka inoa a me FTO o Roundup." ʻO ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kau ʻia ma mua o Nā huahana 200 loiloi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai, me nā hoʻouka kaua pilikino he nui i nā ʻepekema i pili i ka hōʻike glyphosate, e hoʻopiʻi nei iā lākou kipi, hoʻopunipuni, e moe ana, palaho, hūnā, a ke hoʻoulu ʻia e “waiwai a me ka lapuwale. ”??

i ka moʻo lanakila lanakila ma Le Monde e pili ana i kā Monsanto "hana e luku i ka UN cancer cancer agency e nā mea hiki ke hiki," ua wehewehe nā mea nūpepa ʻo Stéphane Foucart lāua ʻo Stéphane Horel i ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ACSH ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" a ʻōlelo ʻo GLP "hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana nā pesticides a me nā ʻoihana ʻenehana biotechnology. " Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo GLP ma 2011 e Jon Entine, nona kahi ʻoihana pili lehulehu ʻo ia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa.

Nā hōʻeha i nā mea noiʻi maʻi maʻi ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e papa inoa nei iā Dr. Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he "lālā papa":

Nānā Hou: Ua hoʻolauna ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka loiloi ʻepekema ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema hilinaʻi loa ma kahi ʻatikala 2012 ma ʻO nā kū i nā Genetics a me kahi ninaninau 2016 me ka Washington Examiner e pili ana ʻaihue journalism. Ua loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ʻo Review Academics ia hoʻonohonoho i kahi pūʻulu mua me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hōʻino i nā loiloi o ka ʻenekinia a me nā pesticides, ʻoiai ka hūnā ʻana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana. ʻO ka hui, kahi koi kūʻokoʻa akā ua kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, kaua aku i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika ma ke ʻano he "scam marketing."

ʻO Camp Camp Boot Biotech: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā lālā kumu o kahi papahana Biotech Literacy "kahua hoʻomoana" i mālama ʻia ma UC Davis ma 2015. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hanana e nā hui PR ʻelua, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā Hou a kālā malū ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai e "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻino o glyphosate," i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Paul Thacker i Ka Holomua. Hoʻokomo ʻia nā mea kamaʻilio i ka papa inoa kamaʻāina o nā mea kōkua PR ʻoihana pū me ʻO Jay Byrne, ʻO Jon Entine, Bruce Chassy, ​​ʻO David Tribe, ʻO Hank Campbell o ACSH a me ka keynote by ʻo ka "Sci Babe."

AgBioWorld: I kāna 2012 Trends and Genetics Haawina, Paipai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld ma ke ʻano he "waiwai waiwai ʻē aʻe" e aʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. I ka 2002 'atikala ma ke Kahu, Ua wehewehe ʻo George Monbiot i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka hui PR PR a Monsanto i ka pūnaewele AgBioWorld a me nā moʻoʻōlelo pilipili hoʻopunipuni e hōʻino ai i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kaiapuni i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā huaʻai GM. Ua hōʻike ʻo Monbiot: 

"I ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua wehewehe ʻo Jay Byrne, ka luna o ka pūnaewele ʻo [Monsanto] i ka manawa i kekahi mau loina ʻē aʻe i nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ia ma Monsanto. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia pehea, ma mua o kāna hana ʻana, nā pūnaewele GM kiʻekiʻe i helu ʻia e kahi ʻenekini huli pūnaewele e loiloi i ka ʻenehana. Ma hope o kāna hoʻopili ʻana, ʻo nā pūnaewele kiʻekiʻe nā mea kākoʻo (ʻehā o lākou i hoʻokumu ʻia e Monsanto's PR firm Bivings). Ua haʻi ʻo ia iā lākou e 'noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papa. E kiʻi paha ʻoe iā ia a i ʻole e hana ana kāu mea hoʻokūkū, akā e make paha kekahi. '

ʻOiai ʻo ia e hana ana no Monsanto, haʻi aku ʻo Byrne i ka nūhou pūnaewele ʻo Wow ua "hoʻolilo ʻo ia i kona manawa a me kāna hana e komo" i nā kūkākūkā pūnaewele e pili ana i ka biotech. Ua koho ʻo ia i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld, kahi e hōʻoia ai i kāna ʻoihana i ka pāʻani kūpono. ' ʻO AgBioWorld kahi pūnaewele i hoʻokumu ʻia e [ka pilikino pūnaewele hoʻopunipuni ʻo Mary] Smetacek i kāna hoʻouka kaua. "

Attack ma Greenpeace: Kauka Fedoroff haiolelo ma kahi hanana paʻi 2016 no kahi hui e kāhea iā ia iho "Kākoʻo i ka mahiʻai Precision, "E hōʻike ana i kahi leka i kau inoa ʻia e nā luna Nobel he 100 a ʻoi aku e hōʻino ana iā Greenpeace no ko lākou kūʻē ʻana iā GMO. ʻO nā mea kōkua ʻoihana Agrichemical kōkua i ke kaua, e like me ka Luna Hoʻokaʻaʻike mua a Monsanto ʻO Jay Byrne; ʻo VP ka hui kālepa biotech mua ʻO Val Giddings; a ʻO Matt Winkler, ka mea nāna i kālā i ka Pāhana PR papahana Pāhana Helu Pono a helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he ka lālā o ka papa me Kauka Fedoroff ma ka pūnaewele pūnaewele. ʻO ka mana .com o ke kūʻokoʻa i manaʻo ʻia he kūʻokoʻa "Kākoʻo Precision Agriculture" hoʻohuli ʻia i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic no nā makahiki (ua kuhi ʻia ma hope o kā mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā iā ia i ka 2019). I loko o nā leka uila mai 2011, Ua ʻike ʻo Byrne iā Greenpeace ma ka papa inoa "target" e hoʻomohala nei no Monsanto me nā inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana e hiki iā lākou ke kūʻē mai hope o ka uhi o kahi pūʻulu aʻo hana kālā-ʻoihana ua kūʻokoʻa kēlā.

Nā Hoa o GMO Nā Pane: ʻO Kauka Fedoroff kahi ke kūkā kūʻokoʻa no nā pane GMO, a Hoʻolālā PR hoʻolaha ʻia e Ketchum pili lehulehu, ia mea a moʻolelo o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu. ʻOiai ʻo Ketchum i koi i ka neʻe ʻana o nā pane GMO Answers e "hōʻano hou i ka transparency," ka hui nā pane scripted no ka loea "kūʻokoʻa" a ua helu ʻia i waena o nā "hoa hana" ma Hoʻolālā PR ʻo Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai. A Ua kuhikuhi ka ʻāpana "nā kumuwaiwai" (ʻaoʻao 4) i nā GMO Answers a me nā loulou ʻo Monsanto e kamaʻilio i ka leka o ka ʻoihana "ʻaʻole ʻo Glyphosate i mea make kino." I ka 2016, Kauka Fedoroff i kamaʻilio ʻia ma kahi panela i kākoʻo ʻia e GMO Answers, Scientific American a me ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e pili ana i ka uhi pāpaho o ka ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i nā mea hana nūhou hana Keith Kloor a ʻO Tamar Haspel. E nānā “Hele mai ka mīkini ʻenekini ʻo Monsanto i Wakinekona, ”Na Paul Thacker.

ʻO ka noiʻi kūʻē e wehe i ka pilina ʻoihana-kālaiʻike

I ka 2015, ua kākoʻo ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a me ʻelua mau pelekikena ʻo AAAS ma mua, ʻo Peter Raven lāua ʻo Phillip Sharp, i kā lāua alakaʻi alakaʻi AAAS, akā ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i kekahi o kā lākou ʻoihana pili, i kahi Kahu op-ed Ke kūʻē nei i kahi hoʻokolokolo a ka lehulehu e ʻimi nei e wehe i ka pili pili ʻole i hōʻike ʻole ʻia a me nā hoʻonohonoho kālā ma waena o nā hui mahiʻai, kā lākou mau hui PR a me nā polopola i kākoʻo lehulehu ʻia ʻO ka ninaninau ʻia e US Right to Know wehe i kekahi o nā palapala nui i wehewehe ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

ʻOiai ua hoʻohui hope ke kahu a ʻike hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke keʻena lobby OFW Law, ʻaʻole ia i hōʻike ʻO kā OFW Law mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa ʻo ia ka hui kālepa ʻoihana mahiʻai, nona nā ʻoihana lālā i mea nui o ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i nā moʻolelo lehulehu. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā pelekikena o ka AAAS mua i kā lākou op-ed i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e wehe ai i nā hakakā ʻoihana-kālaiʻike i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o ka hoihoi ʻo "ke kiʻi nei i kahi ʻaoʻao mai ka puke pāʻani Climategate" a ua pili i ka "ʻepekema hōʻole," nā hoʻopiʻi like i hana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana PR i wehewehe ʻia i kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka AAAS e holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻoihana mahiʻai

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana o ka ʻAhahui ʻAmelika no ka holomua o ka ʻepekema (AAAS) mai 2011-2012 a ma ke ʻano he poʻo o ka Papa Hoʻokele mai 2012-2013, ua hana pū ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai e holomua i nā pahuhopu nui: mālama i nā genetically ʻenekini ʻai ʻole ʻia nā inoa ʻole a lanakila i kahi noi e ka US Environmental Protection Agency e koi ʻia i nā ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni o nā mea hana ʻenekini i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e like me nā pesticides.

Ua kōkua ʻo AAAS e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe koho balota e kūʻē i ka lepili o GMO

I ka 2012, ua lawe ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o ka noho aliʻi o Kauka Fedoroff i kahi hana maʻamau i ke kūlana politika hakakā i loko o ʻelua mau pule wale nō ma mua o ka hele ʻana o ka poʻe koho balota ma Kaleponi i nā balota e hoʻoholo ai i ka Proposition 37, kahi hana balota e kapa inoa ai i nā GMO. ʻO kahi loiloi i nā ʻōlelo politika he nui i hana ʻia e AAAS ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o ka hui e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohuli i nā poʻe koho balota ma mua o ke koho balota mokuʻāina. (ʻAʻole pane ka AAAS a me Kauka Fedoroff i nā noi no ka manaʻo. Hoʻolaha pū kekahi: ua hana nā luna hui o USRTK i ka hoʻolaha pro-labeling.)

ʻO ka papa AAAS's olelo kūʻēʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO. ʻO ia loaʻa hewahewa, e like me ka lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka AAAS, kekahi o lākou hōʻino i ka ʻōlelo anti-lepili ma ke ʻano he "paternalistic" hoʻouka kaua i nā pono o nā mea kūʻai aku i alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu ma o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka pōʻaiapili ʻepekema koʻikoʻi. Ua haʻi kahi waha ʻōlelo ʻo AAAS i kēlā manawa, ʻo Ginger Pinholster, i nā loiloi he "kūpono ʻole a pono ʻole." Ua haʻi ʻo ia i kahi mea hōʻike Aia ʻo ia i loko o ka lumi i ka wā i hala ai ka papa i ka ʻōlelo: “ʻAʻole mākou he hui kākoʻo. Hana mākou i kā mākou mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā hōʻike ʻepekema, "wahi a Pinholster. "Hiki iaʻu ke haʻi iā ʻoe ʻaʻole ka hana a kā mākou ʻōlelo a i hoʻohuli ʻia e kekahi hui waho."

Ua hoʻomaopopo kekahi o nā mea nānā i ka like o ka ʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia e ka AAAS a me ka hoʻouka kālā-ʻoihana e hoʻokahuli i ka Proposition 37. “Kūleʻa paha kahi hui ʻepekema nui no Monsanto?”Ua nīnau ʻo Michele Simon i loko o Grist. Ua wehewehe ʻo Simona i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa e like me "ʻaʻole ʻepekema akā kūpono loa," a ua ʻike ʻia ka hele pū me ka hoʻokuʻu paʻi a AAAS i loaʻa nā "kuhi kamaʻilio" i kūlike ʻole me No ma 37 puke paio.

"ʻO ka ʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ka maopopo he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema"

i ka 2013 leka i ka makasina ʻEpekema, ua hōʻike kekahi hui ʻepekema he 11 i ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa AAAS e pili ana i nā meaʻai GMO. Ua kākau lākou, "hopohopo mākou i ke kūlana o AAA e hōʻike nei i kahi ala maikaʻi ʻole e pili i ka kamaʻilio ʻana i ka ʻepekema.  ʻo ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ke aniani moakaka he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema. ”

He kākoʻo mua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff no ka ʻoihana i kākoʻo ʻia ma No ma 37, nāna i helu iā ia ma kāna pūnaewele i ka mahina ʻo Iune 2012 ʻo ia kekahi o ʻepekema ʻehā e kū ana i ke "kaiāulu ʻepekema a me nā kaiāulu" i kūʻē i ka lepili GMO. Ma hope ua noi ka huakaʻi iā Kauka Fedoroff e kōkua i ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā mea ʻoihana i kā lākou kumu, āna i hana ai e like me ʻOkakopa 1, 2012 leka uila iā Meghan Callahan o BCF Public Affairs, "Ua hoʻouna wau i kāu [noi no nā mea kākoʻo kālaiʻike] i kahi hui honua o ka biotechnology e kākoʻo ana i nā kālaiʻike. Manaʻo wau e lohe ana ʻoe mai nā kihi o ka honua, "kākau ʻo Kauka Fedoroff.

Kōkua i ka make ʻana i ka ʻikepili no nā mea kanu pesticide

I ka 2011 ʻoiai ke pelekikena ʻo AAAS, ua hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kahi lobbyist ʻoihana e kāpae i ka US Environmental Protection Agency mai ke koi ʻana i nā ʻoihana e hāʻawi i ka ʻikepili hou aku no ke olakino a me nā palekana no nā mea i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineised e like me nā pesticides, e like me nā leka uila. i ho'ākāka ʻia ma lalo.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka noi EPA mai kahi kūkā kūkā ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻEPA e pili ana nā ala e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ka hiki i ka ʻoihana ke hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻolālā ʻenekene e hana a i ʻole loaʻa nā pesticides, ka mea a EPA i kuhikuhi ai ʻo "nā mea pale i hoʻohui ʻia i nā mea kanu" (PIPs). Ua noi ʻia nā lālā o ka paneli e loiloi i nā koi ʻikepili EPA o kēia manawa a noi ʻia no nā PIP ma nā ʻano aʻe:

  • ʻIkepili e nānā i nā like like ma waena o nā PIP a me nā mea āpau, nā mea ʻino, nā anti-nutrient a me nā proteins weliweli ʻē aʻe;
  • nā hoʻāʻo ʻana no nā hopena synergistic ma ke olakino a me nā meaola ʻole pahuhopu, ke hui ʻia ʻelua a ʻoi paha mau hiʻohiʻona GMO (stacked trait GMO);
  • nā hopena e hiki ke hopena i nā lāhui microbial i nā kaiaolaola o ka lepo; a
  • nā ʻikepili e kamaʻilio maikaʻi ai i nā hopena o ke kahe gen.

Wahi a nā memo mai kahi hālāwai EPA o ʻOkakopa 2009, ʻo nā lula i hāpai ʻia e "kālele ka hapanui i nā koi ʻikepili e kū nei e pili ana i kēlā me kēia manawa," a e hoʻopuni ʻia i ʻelima mau ʻikepili a me ka ʻike: ka huina huahana, ke olakino kanaka, nā hopena kū ʻole, ka hopena o ke kaiapuni a me ke kūʻē ʻana. hoʻokele. EPA kūkala i nā lula i hāpai ʻia i ka Federal Register ma Malaki 2011.

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know ma o nā moʻohelu lehulehu e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻākoakoa ʻana o nā ʻohana āpau e kāpae i ka noi.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i nā kamaʻilio ma waena o Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi i kēlā manawa, ʻo Eric Sachs o Monsanto a me nā ʻelele ʻē aʻe e kūkākūkā ana i nā hana a me nā hālāwai e pili ana iā Dr. Fedoroff. Ua wehewehe ʻo Chassy iā ia iho i nā leka uila (palapala 66) ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻopili i waena o ka ʻoihana a me ka ʻepekema i ka hana e kūʻē i nā koina ʻikepili EPA. Ua nīnau ʻia i loko o kāna mau leka uila iā Sachs he mau nīnau e pili ana inā ua hoʻouna ʻo Monsanto i kahi kikoʻī i ke Kulanui o ʻIlioka Foundation no ke kākoʻo ʻana i kā Chassy "hana hoʻolaha biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo." (No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i loaʻa iā Chassy mai Monsanto no nā makahiki i kona hoʻolaha ʻana i ka biotechnology, e ʻike. e hōʻike nei na Monica Eng ma WBEZ a nā leka uila i kau ʻia e ka New York Times.)

Ma Iulai 5, ʻo Kauka Chassy leka uila iā Eric Sachs o Monsanto e hōʻike ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i leka iā EPA ma luna o kāna pūlima pūlima ʻia e 60 mau lālā o ka National Academy of Science. "Ua lālau maoli ʻo Nina i ka kinipōpō a neʻe i lalo i ke kahua," i kākau ai ʻo Chassy. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ke noi a EPA ma ke ʻano he "moku nahā."

Hōʻike nā leka uila ma ʻAukake 19, nā ʻelele hui kālepa ʻoihana pūʻiwa a hauʻoli hoʻi (ʻaoʻao 19) e ʻike i kahi New York Times op-ed mai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i nā lula no ka ʻenekinia genetika; "Na wai i hoʻokau i kā Nina op?" Ua noi ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO iā Dr. Chassy a me ʻelua mau ʻohana ʻē aʻe ʻelua. ʻO Henry Miller a ʻO Val Giddings. Pane akula ʻo Chassy:

Ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Massey iā Kauka Chassy ka leka BIO i hoʻouna ʻia i ka EPA "me ka manaʻolana e kūkulu ma luna o ka leka a nā ʻāpana a me kahi pōkole pōkole no ka haʻalele ʻana o ka EPA i kēlā leka." ʻAʻole kūleʻa kā lākou hana e like me kā lākou i manaʻo ai. Ma ʻAukake 24, Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Eric Sachs (ʻaoʻao 14) ua loaʻa iā Kauka Fedoroff "kahi pane mai ka EPA he ʻōlelo hōʻino ia." Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i nā hoʻolālā e hoʻopaʻa i ke kaomi.

 

I Kepakemapa, Chassy hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea kūkā kamaʻilio me Fedoroff, ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO a me kā lākou lobbyist ʻo Stanley Abramson, me kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe. Wahi a Chassy's nā memo mai ke kāhea ʻana, "Ke loaʻa nei i kahi ala e hōʻoia ai i ka noi EPA ʻaʻole ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā ʻo ia ka hopena maikaʻi loa i hiki iā mākou ke manaʻolana. ʻO ka mea ʻoi loa e hōʻoia ʻo DOA ia, akā inā pono e pono mākou e hoʻomau i ka hakakā. "

Ua haʻi pū ʻo ia i ka pilikia, "ʻAʻole manaʻo ka EPA e hiki i ke kaiāulu kālaiʻike ke kau i ka kūʻē kūʻē i kā lākou hana ʻana i ka rula. manaʻo lākou he hapa liʻiliʻi wale nō ma hope o ka palapala noi a ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mea kau inoa ʻaʻole paʻa i ka pilikia. " Ua hoʻoholo ka hui e pono lākou e "kūkulu i kumu o nā ʻepekema alakaʻi e makemake maoli nei e ʻōlelo a hāʻawi i ka manawa i kēia pilikia."

Ma ʻOkakopa, ua lana ka manaʻolana o ka hui. Chassy leka uila iā Sachs e hōʻike e pili ana i kahi hālāwai "kahaha kupaianaha" ʻo ia a me Dr. Fedoroff i hele pū me Steve Bradbury o EPA. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hui e Massey a me ka lobbyist ʻo Abramson. ʻO ka noi a EPA e koi i ka ʻikepili no GMO PIP ʻaʻole i ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā, e like me kā Michael Hansen, PhD, ʻepekema ʻepekema ma Consumers Union, i komo pū i nā hālāwai lehulehu me ka ʻoihana.

Nā kaulahao leka uila piha, ma o ka Hale Waihona Palapala ʻĀina ʻo UCSF:

Pili hōʻike 

"Ua pāpā ʻia au mai kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou Nobel Laureate Press e kahi mea kūkākūkā PR me Monsanto Ties, "Na Tim Schwab, Nānā Mea ʻai & Wai (2016)

"Nā Puppetmasters o Academia, "Na Jonathan Latham, PhD, Independent Science News (2015)

"20 mau makahiki ma hope mai: ke hele nei ke koa brotade biotech, ”Pūnaewele Hana Pesticide (2012)

"ʻO wai ka hana 'enekinia no wai? " na Marcia Ishii-Eitemann, PhD, ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma Pesticide Action Network North America (2011)

"E kala mai, NY Times: ʻaʻole e hoʻopakele nā ​​GMO i ka honua, ”Na Anna Lappe, Grist (2011)

"I loko o ia mea e hele ai au i ka manamana wāwae me ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a H. Clinton ma luna o GMO, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2009)

"Palapala Hoʻololi Hoʻololi Genetically: US Kulekele ʻĀina GMO Ma Ke Ala āpau, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2008)

ʻO Glyphosate Spin Check: Nānā i nā hoʻopiʻi e pili ana i ka Herbicide i hoʻohana nui ʻia

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Ma waena o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa honua e pili ana i ka palekana o nā lāʻau make e pili ana i ka glyphosate e like me Monsanto's Roundup, ua nui nā ʻōlelo i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e pale aku i ka palekana o ka huahana. I ke ala o ʻelua mau ʻōlelo hoʻoholo juri ʻānō i ʻike ʻo Roundup i kumu nui i ka hana ʻana i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, ua nānā mākou i kekahi o kēia mau koi a hōʻoiaʻiʻo iā lākou no ka pololei.

Inā he mau hiʻohiʻona hou aʻe kāu o ka glyphosate spin āu e makemake ai iā mākou e nānā pono, e ʻoluʻolu e leka uila iā lākou iā stacy@usrtk.org a i ʻole tweet iā mākou @USRighttoKnow.

ʻO Mark Lynas, Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema

ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema paena (Nowemapa 2017)

Aia i loko o kēia ʻatikala na Mark Lynas nā ʻōlelo kūpono ʻole a hoʻopunipuni hoʻi. E like me nā mea e hoʻolaha ana i nā huahana glyphosate, nānā nā kuleana ma aneʻi i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ka mea i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen kanaka paha ma 2015.

KĀLAI: ʻO IARC kahi "ʻike liʻiliʻi a ʻoi iki hoʻi o ka flaky offshoot o ka World Health Organization" i "loaʻa ʻaneʻane nā mea āpau āpau"

KEKAHI: ʻO ka IARC kahi ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai kūikawā o WHO me nā panela loea i komo i loko o nā ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa mai nā ʻano ʻokoʻa o ka noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai. I kāna 50-makahiki mōʻaukala, IARC i loiloi ʻia 1,013 mau mea a loaʻa iā 49% o kēlā mau mea "ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia e pili ana i kāna carcinogenicity i nā kānaka"; 20% ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia e like a ʻike ʻia a i ʻole carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

KĀLAI: "Ua hoʻololi nui ʻia nā kikoʻī mua o ka loiloi IARC ma kahi pae hope loa e kuhikuhi i kahi loaʻa carcinogenicity - ʻoiai ke ʻepekema a lākou e loiloi nei i kuhikuhi ʻia mai kēia"

KEKAHI: Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia kēia koi me kahi hōʻike Reuters hemahema na Kate Kelland kēlā waiho i nā ʻike koʻikoʻi, me ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka hapa nui o ka ʻike ʻaʻole i lawe ʻia e IARC mai "nā kikoo mua" mai kahi ʻatikala loiloi i kākau ʻia e kahi ʻepekema Monsanto. ʻO ka ʻatikala loiloi "ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i ka ʻike kūpono no ka loiloi kūʻokoʻa i nā hopena i loaʻa i ka ʻepekema Monsanto a me nā mea kākau ʻē aʻe," ʻLelo ʻo IARC. Ua kākau ʻo Kelland he mau moʻolelo loiloi i ka IARC; hoʻokuʻu ʻia nā palapala i ka 2019 hoʻokumu ʻo Monsanto i kahi lima malū i kekahi o kāna hōʻike ʻana.

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i kahi kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe e kāpae i kāna mau koi e pili ana i ka hana hewa ma IARC: ʻO David Zaruk, kahi ma mua lobiia ʻenehana kemika ka mea i hana mua no ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu Burson-Marsteller.

KĀLAI: ʻO Glyphosate ka "kemika maikaʻi loa i ka mahiʻai honua"

KEKAHI: ʻAʻole pili kēia ʻepekema i ka ʻepekema. Loulou nā loulou iā glyphosate i a laulā o nā manaʻo olakino e komo pū ana me ka maʻi ʻaʻai, ka maʻi endocrine, nā maʻi ate, nā wā hāpai pōkole, nā kīnā o ka hānau ʻana a me ka hōʻino ʻana i nā bacteria bacteria maikaʻi. Pili nā pili kaiapuni i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole ma 'āina, ka pi a nā leka uila.

NO KA MEA: ʻO Mark Lynas kahi ua huli ka mea kākau moʻolelo mua i mea kākoʻo hoʻolaha no nā huahana mahiʻai. Hana ʻo ia no ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha PR noho ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell i kālā ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ACSH paena (ʻOkakopa 2017)

KĀLAI: ʻO ka hōʻike IARC carcinogenicity ma glyphosate kahi hihia o ka "ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni"

KEKAHI: Hoʻokumu ʻo ACSH i kāna mau koi "hoʻopunipuni" ma nā kumuwaiwai like ʻelua ʻo Mark Lynas o ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i hoʻohana i hoʻokahi mahina ma hope e hoʻouka iā IARC ma ka pūnaewele Cornell: ka mea ma mua lobiia ʻenehana kemika ʻO David Zaruk a me ka pololei ʻole 'atikala ma Reuters ia ukali i nā mea kamaʻilio ia Ua hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto i ka mea haʻi moʻolelo.

NO KA MEA: ʻO ka ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino kahi pūʻulu mua i loaʻa kālā mai kemika, lāʻau lapaʻau a me ka paka nā ʻoihana, a kau i kāna lawelawe i nā hui ʻoihana no nā huahana pale pale huahana, e like me pū ʻia nā palapala kūloko. Hoʻokumu nā leka uila mai 2015 i kēlā Ke hoʻolako kālā nei ʻo Monsanto iā ACSH a noi i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike glyphosate IARC. Ua pane aku kahi limahana o ka ACSH ua pili mua lākou i loko o kahi "press full-court press: IARC" e pili ana i nā mahiʻai, phthalates a me nā pauahi diesel.

ʻO Yvette dʻEntremont, aka ka "Sci Babe"

Ka Puna Magazine Haawina (ʻOkakopa 2018)

KANAKA: "Me nā noiʻi he 800 ma luna ona, ʻaʻohe noiʻi i hōʻike ʻia i nā ʻāpana o Roundup i kumu e loaʻa ai ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

KEKAHI: Pili kekahi mau noiʻi ʻike hilinaʻi nui ʻo Roundup a i ʻole kāna glyphosate kī nui i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, me kahi noiʻi i waiho ʻia i ka EPA i nā makahiki 1980 i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā ʻepekema ʻo EPA i kēlā manawa no ka hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Nui a hewahewa nā papa noiʻi e papa inoa ai, akā hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā kaha puanaʻī ma ka 2015 ʻOihana International no ka noiʻi ʻana e pili ana i ka Monograp Cancer ma Glyphosate.

Pākuʻi, he ākea ʻikeʻikeʻepekema o ka hiki ke loaʻa i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o glyphosate herbicides i paʻi ʻia ma Pepeluali 2019 i ʻike ʻia ua hoʻonui ka makaʻu o ka poʻe me nā hōʻike kiʻekiʻe i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i kahi ʻano maʻi ʻaʻai i kapa ʻia ʻo non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

NO KA MEA: He "mea kōkua kōkua" ʻo Yvette dʻEntremont i ka makasina iho me kahi kolamu i kapa ʻia ʻo "SciBabe Explains." ʻAʻole hoʻolaha ka makasina iho iā ia i kāna poʻe heluhelu ʻo SciBabe nā hoa me nā ʻoihana nāna i pale aku. I ka 2017, ʻo Splenda ka mea ʻono hoʻokalakupua hana pū ʻia me SciBabe e kōkua i ka "hoʻoikaika i nā mea pā o ka SPLENDA® Brand e hana i ka hana nui i nā kaʻao e pili ana i ka sucralose." Ua kākoʻo nā ʻoihana kemika i kekahi o kāna mau ʻōlelo i nā ʻaha kūkā kamaʻāina.

ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, epidemiologist

Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic paena (ʻOkakopa 2018)

KĀLAI: Ua aʻo maikaʻi ʻia ʻo Glyphosate no ka mea ʻawahia a haʻahaʻa loa nā manaʻo i loaʻa i nā kānaka ʻaʻohe pono e noi hou ʻia ... ʻaʻohe mea i koe e hōʻoia i ka noiʻi hou aku. "

KEKAHI: I ka hoʻohiki hoʻohiki i ʻae ʻia i loko o nā hōʻike i ka hoʻopiʻi mau ʻana e kūʻē iā Monsanto a me ka mea nāna ʻo Bayer AG, ka luna nui ʻo Monsanto Ua ʻae ʻo Hugh Grant ʻaʻole i hana ka ʻoihana i kekahi noiʻi epidemiology o nā formulate waikiki e pili ana i ka glyphosate i kūʻai ʻia e ka hui. Ua ʻimi pū ka hui e ālai i kahi loiloi kino o nā formly glyphosate e ka ʻĀina no nā mea Toxic a me ke Kakau Disease.

Eia kekahi, ʻo kēia mau ʻōlelo, a Kauka Kabat i hāʻawi aku ai i kahi kumu inoa inoa ʻole, e nānā ʻole i nā ʻike nui ʻelua: pili nā noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i ka glyphosate i kahi ākea. nā pilikia olakino a me nā hopohopo pili kaiapuni, a me nā hōʻike mai ka waiho ʻana mai o ka ʻaha e hōʻike ana ua hoʻopilikia ʻo Monsanto i nā loiloi ʻepekema a me nā hoʻoponopono ʻana o glyphosate (e ʻike i nā laʻana a me nā kumuwaiwai. maanei, maanei, maanei, a maanei).

Wahi a ka luna kānāwai ʻo Vince Chhabria, ka mea i pelekikena i kahi hoʻokolokolo pekelala hou loa i hopena i $ 80 miliona o nā pohō i kūʻē iā Monsanto, ua hōʻike nā mea hoʻopiʻi i nā hōʻike he nui ʻaʻole i lawe ʻo Monsanto i kahi ala kūpono, kūpono i ka palekana o kāna huahana. " Ka luna kānāwai kakau no hoi:

E pili ana i nā koena pesticide i loko o ka poʻe, ke hāpai nei ka ʻepekema i kēia manawa no ka mālama ʻole o nā lula o kēia wā i nā pale olakino kūpono. E ʻike i ka hōʻike a Carey Gillam, “Nā kemika i kā mākou meaʻai: Ke palekana ʻole paha ka 'palekana',”A me nā manaʻo ʻepekema maanei, maanei a maanei.

NO KA MEA: ʻO Kauka Geoffrey Kabat nā pili lōʻihi i ka ʻoihana paka a ua paʻi ʻia nā pepa maikaʻi i ka ʻoihana paka i uku kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana paka. Lawelawe ʻo ia ma ka papa o nā papa o ka hoʻonohonoho makua o Genetic Literacy Project, a hana pū me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR. ʻO Kabat kekahi ma ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo o ka hui mua ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino.

Patrick Moore, kākāʻōlelo PR

Nīnauele wikiō me Canal + (Malaki 2015)

KĀLAI: "Hiki iā ʻoe ke inu i ka quart holoʻokoʻa o [glyphosate] a ʻaʻole ia e ʻeha iā ʻoe."

KEKAHI: ʻOiai ua ʻōlelo ʻo Monsanto ʻaʻole ʻoe e inu i ka glyphosate. Wahi a ka hui paena, "ʻAʻohe mea inu ka glyphosate a pono ʻole e ʻai ʻia - e like me ʻoe e inu ʻole ai i ka shampoo a i ʻole ka detergent pā. He mea nui mau ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā huahana no kā lākou kumu i manaʻo ʻia ai kuhikuhi ʻia i ka lepili. ” (Hoʻomaopopo pū ka pou i Moore "ʻaʻole ia he loio Monsanto a i ʻole limahana.")

NO KA MEA: Ua hōʻike ʻia ʻo Moore ma ke ʻano he hoa hui o Greenpeace nāna i "kāhea aku i kāna hui mua" iā ia e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei no ka hoʻopau ʻana i nā huahana ʻona a i ʻole nā ​​ʻoihana haumia. Wahi a Greenpeace, "I kekahi manawa, ʻO Kauka Patrick Moore kahi lālā mua o Greenpeace. I kēia manawa he kūkākūkā pili lehulehu no nā hui haumia a Greenpeace e hana ai e loli. ” I ka makahiki 2014, ʻo Moore ua hōʻike i kahi komite Senate US ʻaʻohe hōʻike ʻepekema e pili ana ka hana a ke kanaka i ka hoʻomehana honua.

Kevin Folta, PhD, polofesa ma ke Kulanui o Florida

Tweets 2015 a 2013

KĀLAI: "Ua inu wau [glyphosate] ma mua e hōʻike i ka hōʻino ʻole" ... "Ua hana wau ia ola a hana hou. Pono e hui w / coke a wai c-berry paha. ʻO ke kopa. ʻAʻohe buzz ”

KEKAHI: ʻOiai ua hoʻopau paha ʻo Kauka Folta i ka glyphosate, he ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo maikaʻi ʻole kēia mai kahi kumu kūpono ʻole. E like me ka mea i hōʻike ʻia ma luna, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Monsanto ʻaʻole ʻoe e inu i ka glyphosate.

NO KA MEA: Loaʻa iā Professor Folta alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu i nā manawa he nui e pili ana i kāna mau ʻoihana ahupuaʻa. Ma 2017, ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Kauka Folta i ka mea kākau moʻolelo lanakila ʻo Pulitzer-Prize ʻo Eric Lipton no ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO Folta mau hana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia me Monsanto e kōkua i ke eo ʻana i ka lepili GMO. ʻO ka hoʻopiʻi ka hoʻokuʻuʻia.

ʻO Alison van Eenennaam, PhD, he genetistist holoholona, ​​UC Davis 

ninaninau wikiō ma ka Pūnaewele Nūhou Maoli (Mei 2015)

KĀLAI: "Manaʻo wau aia kekahi mau meta-anamanaʻo piha āpau i hana ʻia i hala koke aku nei e hōʻike ana ʻaʻohe hopena kūlohelohe a carcinogenicity paha e pili ana me ka hoʻohana ʻana o Roundup. Aia kahi Kelemania Federal Institute no ka nānā loiloi e nānā wale nei i nā haneli o nā noiʻi kumuwaiwai a kokoke i hoʻokahi kaukani mau hōʻike i paʻi ʻia, a ua hoʻoholo ʻia ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻia i ka ʻike data a me nā waiwai mutagentic o glyphosate, a i ʻole he mea ʻawaʻawa ka glyphosate i ka momona, hānau hou, a i ʻole embryonic hoʻomohala fetal i nā holoholona lab ... A ʻaʻole wau e kāhea iā Kelemānia he ʻāina kahi āu e manaʻo ai e hana ana lākou i kahi loiloi pōpilikia i nānā ʻole i ka ʻōlelo a ka ʻikepili. "

KEKAHI: A 2019 moʻolelo ʻO ke komisina e nā lālā o ka Parliament i ka European Union ʻike ʻia ʻo kā Kelemania loiloi loiloi "keʻena a me nā palapala i kope ʻia mai nā noi ʻana o Monsanto." E ʻike i ka hōʻike ʻana ma ke Kahu e Arthur Neslen, “Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka ʻae glyphosate a EU ma ka palapala Monsanto plagiarized, ua loaʻa ka hōʻike."

NO KA MEA: ʻO Kauka van Eenennaam kahi mea hoʻolaha nui o nā holoholona genetically engineered a me nā mea ulu, a me kahi mea koi ikaika no ka deregulation. Hōʻike nā palapala ua hoʻohui ʻo ia me nā hui mahiʻai a me kā lākou mau ʻoihana pili lehulehu ma PR a me ka leka ʻana.

Kiʻi paʻi kiʻi Food Evolution 

Paipai kēia pepa wikiō hiʻohiʻona 2017 i nā meaʻai me ka genetically engineered e like me ka hopena o ka pōloli o ka honua akā glosses i kahi hoʻopaʻapaʻa nui ma ke kikowaena o ka GMO hoʻopaʻapaʻa: inā ʻo Roundup, ka mea kanu lāʻau a ka hapanui o nā huaʻai GM i ʻenekini e pale aku, kumu no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. ʻAʻole hōʻike iki ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i ka hōʻike a ka IARC i loaʻa he glyphosate kino kanaka paha ia, a hilinaʻi ʻia ma nā kumuwaiwai ʻelua wale nō e koi ai ʻaʻole hopohopo ka glyphosate.

KĀLAI: Hōʻike ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i nā kiʻi o Monsanto's Robb Fraley e hāʻawi nei i kahi haʻiʻōlelo; i ka wā i nīnau aku ai kahi lālā o ka poʻe e pili ana iā ia e pili ana i nā loulou e hoʻopili ana i ka glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a i ʻole nā ​​kīnā o ka hānau ʻana, ua hoʻoluli ʻo Fraley i kona lima me ka ʻokiʻoki a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia mau haʻawina āpau he "pseudoscience."

KEKAHI: Nā hōʻike mai ka hoʻopaʻa holoholona ʻana a me ka ʻikepili epidemiological paʻi ʻia i loko o nā puke pai kaulana e hoʻopili ana i ka glyphosate i kekahi mau hopena maikaʻi ʻole e like me ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā hānau hānau.

KĀLAI: Wahi a kahi mahiʻai i ka glyphosate "loa, hoʻohaʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa loa; malalo o ke kope, lalo o ka paʻakai. ”

KEKAHI: Ke hoʻohālikelike nei i ka ʻona o ka hōʻike wā pōkole o ka glyphosate i nā mea e like me ke kope a me ka paʻakai ka mea pili ʻole a kuhi hewa hoʻi; pili nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā loulou i ka maʻi ʻaʻai ma nā hōʻike lōʻihi, wā lōʻihi i glyphosate.

NO KA MEA: Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Evolution Hamilton Kennedy e ka meaʻai Evolution, haʻi ʻia e Neil deGrasse Tyson a hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka Institute for Food Technologists, kahi hui kālepa ʻoihana. Ua kāhea nā kālaiʻike he nui a propaganda kiʻiʻoniʻoni, a he nui ka poʻe i nīnauele ʻia no ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i wehewehe ʻia a kaʻina hoʻohenehene sneaky a me ka hoʻopunipuni. ʻO NYU Polofesa Marion Nestle noi ʻia e lawe ʻia i waho o ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni, akā hōʻole ka luna hoʻokele.

ʻAha Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa

IMF paena (ʻAukake 2018)

KĀLAI: "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ka glyphosate ʻaʻole ia he carcinogenic."

KEKAHI: ʻAʻole hāʻawi kēia ʻatikala na Julie Gunlock i ke kākoʻo ʻepekema no kāna mau koi; ke alakaʻi nei nā loulou i nā blog IWF o mua e hoʻopiʻi nei i nā hui kaiaulu o ka wahaheʻe a me nā "makaʻu makaʻu ʻole."

NO KA MEA: Ke Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa paipai i nā huahana paka, hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau a me nā hoa me Monsanto i nā hanana e pale aku i nā pesticides. Hāʻawi kālā nui ʻia ʻo IWF e nā ʻaoʻao ʻēheu ʻākau e hāpai ana i ka deregulation no nā ʻoihana haumia.

ʻO ka ʻAha ʻIke ʻImi Meaʻai Mea Kai

Āikio paena  (Ianuali 2016)

KĀLAI: "ʻO ka hoʻoholo ʻana a IARC [kēlā glyphosate kahi kanaka kino kanesa paha] i loaʻa e nā poʻe loea he nui i kāpae ʻia i nā hanana he nui i ʻike ʻole ʻia he hōʻike carciogenic. Ua ʻike ka poʻe loea i ka loiloi ʻia o ka IARC e pili ana i ka ʻepekema kīnā ʻole a me ka hoʻowahāwahā ʻia, a ʻo kekahi e hele nei a hiki i ka ʻōlelo ʻana he hewa loa ka hopena.

KEKAHI: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo IFIC i nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana no kēia mau koi, e pili ana i nā ʻatikala na Val Giddings, PhD, ua huli ka luna o ka hui kālepa mua Kūkākūkā PR no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai; a ʻo Keith Solomon, kahi lāʻau ʻona i hoʻolimalima ʻia e Monsanto e nānā i ka hōʻike IARC.

NO KA MEA: ka ʻAha ʻIkepili ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai, hoʻolako kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana nui a me nā hui kemika, paipai a pale aku i ke kō, nā mea hoʻonaninani, nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai, nā pesticides, nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia a me nā GMO. Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi hoʻolālā PR Monsanto PR IFIC ma ke ʻano he hoʻokahi o nā "hoa hana" hiki ke kōkua i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO kēia kiʻi i paʻi ʻia i ka ʻaoʻao glyphosate IFIC (a laila holoi ʻia ma hope o ko mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā ʻana) kahi laʻana o ke ʻano o ka leka ʻana a ka ʻoihana meaʻai e hoʻāʻo ai e hoʻohuli i nā wahine e hilinaʻi i kā lākou "loea." 

Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa hana" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

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e pili pū ana: Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila, na Stacy Malkan

Hōʻike kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo i nā ʻike o Monsanto pelekikena pilikino pili pilikino e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo ka hui o nā loea o ka honua ma ka papa IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Hoʻonohonoho ka Monsanto i nā inoa ʻoi aku ma kahi o ʻumikūmālua mau "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna o ka ʻoihana e "hoʻomaopopo / inoculate / komo" i kā lākou mau hana e pale aku ai i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā hoʻopiʻi kanesa "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi uhi no nā keʻena hoʻokele. " Hoʻopili nā hoa i nā kālaihana e like me nā hui kemika a me nā ʻoihana mua, nā hui kālepa a me nā hui lobby - e hāhai i nā loulou i lalo i nā pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāʻawi i ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hui hoa.

Hoʻolako pū kēia mau pepa pono i kahinse o ka hohonu a me ka laulā o ka corporaʻO ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka poʻe akamai i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i ka lanakila ʻananse o Mlāʻau make-ʻona ʻo Onsanto.

Nā pahuhopu a Monsanto no ka hana ʻana me ka helu ʻana o ka carcinogenicity IARC no glyphosate (ʻaoʻao 5).

kāʻei kua

ʻO kahi palapala nui i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma 2017 i kaʻina kānāwai Ke kūʻē nei ʻo Monsanto i ka “mākaukau a me ka hoʻolālā hoʻoweliweli” a ka ʻoihana no ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no glyphosate ʻo ka mahiʻai pono loa. ʻO ka palapala Monsanto kūloko - i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 23, 2015 - hāʻawi i nā limahana he nui a ʻoi aku ma mua o 20 mau limahana o Monsanto i nā pahuhopu e pili ana i ka “neenee i ka hopena o ka hoʻoholo ʻana,” “ka hoʻokele hoʻokonukonu,” “e hōʻoia iā MON POV” a me ka “leo alakaʻi i loko ʻo wai ʻo IARC a me ka huhū 2B. Ma Malaki 20, 2015, ua hoʻolaha ʻo IARC i kāna hoʻoholo e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Pūʻulu 2A, "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka. "

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike: “Pehea i hana ai ʻo Monsanto i ka huhū ma ka Classical Cancer Classification i manaʻo ʻia,”Na Carey Gillam, Huffington Post (9/19/2017)

ʻO Monsanto's Tier 1-4 "ʻOihana Hana"

ʻAoʻao 5 o ka palapala Monsanto hōʻike i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" i hoʻolālā ʻia e nā luna hoʻokō ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna papahana hoʻomākaukau IARC. Loaʻa ka laulā a me ka hopena o kēia mau pūʻulu i ka hoʻokau ʻana i kahi moʻolelo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pale ai i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana 1 kahi lobby-ʻohana kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia a me nā hui PR.

ʻO nā hoa hana ʻoihana 2 kahi hui mua i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa, akā hana pū me ka ʻoihana kemika ma hope o nā hanana i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

ʻO nā ʻoihana ʻoihana 3 ʻoihana ka ʻoihana-ʻai kālā kālā kālā ʻole a me nā hui kālepa. Ua kālele ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu iā, "ʻO nā hui meaʻai Alert ma o ka hui ʻo Stakeholder Engagement (IFIC, GMA, CFI) no ka 'inoculation strategy' e hoʻolako i ka ʻike mua i nā pae koena glyphosate, e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema a me nā kuhiakau i kipaku ʻia e ka papahana. panela.

ʻO nā lālā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻehā ʻo “nā hui a ka mea ulu nui.” ʻO kēia nā hui kālepa like ʻole e kū ana i ke kō, ka soy a me nā mea ulu ʻenehana a me nā mea hana meaʻai.

Ke hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hoʻopiʻi kūʻē ʻana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma glyphosate

Ua wehewehe ka palapala PR a Monsanto i kā lākou manaʻo e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orchestrate outcry with the IARC decision."

Pehea e pāʻani ai i waho e hiki ai ke ʻike ʻia ma nā kākau a ka hoa ʻoihana nā hui i hoʻohana i nā leka maʻamau a me nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka hana hewa ʻole a hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema i hana ma ka hōʻike glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā laʻana o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project. Ke koi nei kēia hui he kumu kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻepekema, akā naʻe. nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know show hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēlā mau hana like. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Jon Entine i ka hui ma 2011 ke lilo ʻo Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. ʻO kahi taktika hui mua mua kēia; ke neʻe nei i ka leka ʻana o kahi hui ma o kahi hui e koi nei he kūʻokoʻa akā ʻaʻole.

Hōʻike ka manaʻo iā Sense About Science e "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana"

Kūkākūkā ka palapala PR a Monsanto i nā hoʻolālā e alakaʻi i ka pāpāho ikaika a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka pāpili kaiaulu e "orctrate outcry with the IARC decision." Hōʻike ka papahana i ka hui Sense About Science (i nā paʻa me kahi māka nīnau) no "alakaʻi i ka pane o ka ʻoihana a hāʻawi i ka pae no nā mea nānā IARC a me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

ʻO Sense About Science kahi aloha lehulehu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Ladana kēlā kiki ana i paipai i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo ka hui “ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana ʻae i ka ʻae ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha, "I hōʻike ʻo Liza Gross ma The Intercept. I ka 2014, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science i kahi mana US ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a  ʻO Trevor Butterworth, kahi mea kākau me ka moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka ʻae ʻole ʻepekema e hāpai i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i nā kinikini ʻona.

Pili ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema i ka Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele, he ʻoihana ʻepekema PR ma Ladana e loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana a ʻike ʻia no e hoʻokuke nei i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema. He mea kākau moʻolelo me pili pili loa i ka Science Media Center, ʻO Kate Kelland, i paʻi i kekahi mau ʻatikala ma Reuters e loiloi ana i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai IARC i hoʻokumu ʻia nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni a kūpono ʻole o ka hōʻike piha ʻana. Ua hoʻolaha nui ʻia nā ʻatikala Reuters e nā hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻo “Monsanto” a ua hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka kumu no hoʻouka politika kūʻē iā IARC.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

  • "Ua hōʻole ʻo IARC i nā hoʻopiʻi wahaheʻe ma ka ʻatikala Reuters," ʻLelo ʻo IARC (3 / 1 / 18)
  • Hoʻolālā ʻo Reuters 'Aaron Blair IARC moʻolelo i ka moʻolelo wahaheʻe, USRTK (7 / 24 / 2017)
  • Wahi a Reuters i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o IARC "hoʻoponopono ʻia" he wahaheʻe pū kekahi ia, USRTK (10 / 20 / 2017)
  • "Ke hoʻopili nei nā pilina ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema?" ʻO ke kūpono a me ke kūpono i ka hōʻikeʻana (7 / 24 / 2017)

"Hoʻokomo iā Henry Miller"

Kuhi ka ʻaoʻao 2 o ka Monsanto PR palapala i ka lawe waho mua no ka hoʻolālā a me ka hoʻomākaukau: "E hoʻopili iā Henry Miller" e "hoʻokomo / hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu e pili ana i ka IARC a me nā loiloi."

"Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoo kiʻekiʻe."

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa ma ka Hoover Institution a me ka luna hoʻokumu o ka Office of Biotechnology a ka FDA, he moʻolelo lōʻihi i kākauʻia o ka hana pū ʻana me nā hui e pale aku i nā huahana weliweli. Kuhi ka papahana Monsanto i ka "MON nona" o ka hana ma ke ʻano ʻo Eric Sachs, ka ʻepekema, ʻenehana a me ke alakaʻi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana iā Monsanto.

Nā palapala ma hope i hōʻike ʻia e The New York Times hōʻike i kēlā Sachs leka uila iā Miller hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka hōʻike a ka IARC glyphosate e nīnau ai inā makemake ʻo Miller e kākau e pili ana i ka "hoʻoholo kūʻē." Pane maila ʻo Miller, "Inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka me kahi kikoʻī kiʻekiʻe." Ma Malaki 23, Miller kau ʻia kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes i "aniani nui" i ka hoʻolālā i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto, e like me ka Times. Ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻo Forbes i kona pilina me Miller i ke ala ʻana o ka hana ʻino a me ka holoi i kāna mau ʻatikala mai ka pūnaewele.

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino 

ʻOiai ʻo ka inoa ʻo Monsanto PR ʻaʻole inoa ka Hui Kālā ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka hui (ACSH) i waena o kāna mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana," nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hōʻike ana iā Monsanto Ua uku kālā ʻia i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino a noi aku i ka hui e kākau e pili ana i ka hōʻike Glyphosate IARC. Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻaʻole ʻoluʻolu nā luna o Monsanto e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana me ACSH akā pēlā nō no ka mea, "ʻaʻohe nui o kā mākou poʻe kākoʻo a hiki ʻole ke lilo i kekahi mau mea i loaʻa iā mākou."

Ua kākau ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein i kāna mau hoa, "Hiki iaʻu ke hōʻoia iā ʻoe ʻaʻole wau a pau i ka maka e pili ana i ka ACSH Ua hoʻouna ʻo Goldstein i nā loulou i nā hanana ACSH he nui e hāpai a pale ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL."

E nānā i kekahi: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Agrichemical 

E hāhai i nā hopena o US Right to Know a me ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka hana like ʻana ma waena o nā hui ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā kālaiʻike ma mākou ʻaoʻao hoʻokolokolo. Loaʻa nā palapala USRTK i ka Waihona Puke ʻoihana ʻOihana Kemika mālama ʻia e UCSF.