ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema kahi hoʻolaha PR no ka ʻoihana Agrichemical

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ʻOiai ʻo ia ka inoa kani a me ka pilina me kahi ʻoihana Ivy League, ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema (CAS) kahi hoʻolaha kaiāulu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe a puni ka honua e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā mea kanu i hana ʻia me nā mahiʻai i ko lākou mau home home. Ua kāhea nā loea he nui, nā loea kulekele ʻai, nā hui ʻai a me nā mahiʻai i nā hana kūpono ʻole a me nā hana hoʻopunipuni a nā CAS hoa e hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana.

I Kepakemapa, CAS hai mai la $ 10 miliona i ke kālā hou mai ka Gates Foundation, e lawe ana i ka huina o Gates kālā i $ 22 miliona mai ka 2014. Loaʻa ke kālā hou e like me Gates Foundation ke kū nei i ka pushback mai nā hui mahiʻai ʻApelika, nā meaʻai a me nā hilinaʻi no ka hoʻolilo kālā ʻana i mau piliona kālā ma nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala ma ʻApelika hōʻike ʻole nā ​​hōʻike i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka pōloli a hāpai ʻana paha i nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi, ʻoiai lākou e hoʻokau nei i nā ʻano mahiʻai e pono ai nā ʻoihana ma mua o ka poʻe. 

Kākau kēia pepa palapala i nā laʻana he nui o ka misinformation mai CAS a me nā poʻe i pili me kēia hui. ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona i hōʻike ʻia ma aneʻi e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻohana ʻana o CAS i ka inoa o Cornell, ka inoa a me ka mana e holomua i ka PR a me ka papahana politika o nā hui kemika a me nā hua hua nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO ka mikiona a me ka leka uila i hoʻopili ʻia me nā ʻoihana

Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo CAS i ka makahiki 2014 me ka hāʻawi kālā Gates Foundation he $ 5.6 miliona a hoʻohiki ʻia i "depolarize ”ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a puni GMOs. ʻO ka hui wahi a na misionari ʻo ia e "paipai i ke komo ʻana" i nā mea kanu a me nā meaʻai a GMO e ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā "ʻepekema" a puni ka honua e aʻo i ko lākou kaiāulu e pili ana i nā pono o ka biotechnology mahiʻai.

Paipai ka hui ʻoihana Pesticide iā CAS 

ʻO kahi ʻāpana nui o ka hoʻolālā CAS e hoʻopaʻa inoa a hoʻomaʻamaʻa Nā hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua i nā kamaʻilio a me nā hana hoʻolaha, e kia ana i nā wahi kahi e kūʻē ai ka lehulehu i ka ʻoihana biotech, ʻo ia hoʻi nā ʻāina ʻApelika i pale aku i nā mea kanu GMO.

He ʻano like ka mikiona CAS me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology (CBI), kahi ʻoihana pesticide-fund i kālā kālā i ka pilina pilina i loaʻa hana pū ʻia me CAS. Hana ka hui ʻoihana i kūkulu i nā kuʻikahi ma ʻō aku o ke kaulahao meaʻai a hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā kolu-ʻaoʻao, ʻo ia hoʻi nā kālaiʻike a me nā mahiʻai, e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu e ʻae iā GMOs.

Hoʻohālikelike ka leka uila CAS me PR pesticide ʻoihana PR: kahi myopic e nānā nei i ka hiki ke loaʻa nā pōmaikaʻi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered ʻoiai e hoʻoliʻiliʻi ana, nānā ʻole a hōʻole paha i nā pilikia a me nā pilikia. E like me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana o ka ʻoihana PR, nānā nui ʻo CAS i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino i nā mea hōʻino no nā huahana mahiʻai, e like me nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hāpai i nā olakino a i ʻole nā ​​pili kaiapuni.

Hoʻohalahala ākea

Ua huki ʻo CAS a me kāna mau mea kākau i nā loiloi mai nā kālaihana, nā mahiʻai, nā haumāna, nā hui kaiāulu a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka mana o ka meaʻai e ʻōlelo nei e hoʻolaha ana ka hui i nā leka kūpono ʻole a hoʻopunipuni ʻole a hoʻohana i nā hana unethical. E ʻike ma kahi laʻana:

Nā laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni leka ʻana

Ua kākau nā loea i ka ʻenekinia, ka biology, agroecology a me nā kulekele meaʻai i nā hiʻohiʻona he nui o nā koi pololei ʻole a Mark Lynas i ʻōlelo ai, he hoa kipa ma Cornell nāna i kākau he mau ʻatikala e pale ana i nā huahana mahiʻai ma ka inoa o CAS; ʻike e like me kāna hāpai ʻia nā ʻatikala he nui e ka Genetic Literacy Project, he hui PR kēlā hana pū me Monsanto. Kūkā ʻo Lynas 'puke 2018 no nā ʻāina ʻApelika e ʻae i nā GMO, a hāʻawi i kahi mokuna e pale aku iā Monsanto.

Nā koi kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO

Ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe ʻepekema he nui iā Lynas no ka hana ʻana nā ʻōlelo hoʻopunipuni, “ʻAʻole ʻepekema, kūpono ʻole a lapuwale”Nā paio, paipai dogma ma luna o ka ʻikepili a me ka noiʻi ma nā GMO, ke kuhi nei i nā mea kamaʻilio, a ke hana nei i nā kuleana kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā pesticides "hōʻike i ka naʻaupō ʻepekema hohonu, a i ʻole kahi hana ikaika e hana i ka kānalua. "

"ʻO ka papa inoa holoi o nā mea i hewa ai ʻo Mark Lynas e pili ana i nā GMO a me ka ʻepekema nui, a ua hōʻole ʻia e kekahi o nā agroecologists a me nā biologists alakaʻi o ka honua." Ua kākau ʻo Eric Holt-Giménez, luna hoʻomalu o Food First, i ʻApelila 2013 (Ua hui ʻo Lynas iā Cornell ma ke ʻano he hoa kipa ma hope o kēlā makahiki).  

"Disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole"

Ua hoʻohewa nui nā hui ʻo ʻApelika iā Lynas i ka lōʻihi. ʻO ka Alliance for Soichness Food ma ʻApelika, kahi hui pū o 40 a me nā hui mahiʻai ma waena o ʻApelika i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma he "lele-i pundit" nona ka "hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe ʻApelika, hiki ʻole ke kuhihewa ʻia ka loina a me ka moʻomeheu." ʻO Million Belay, ka luna o AFSA, i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma ke ʻano he "racist e hoʻokau nei i kahi moʻolelo e hiki ai i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana ke hoʻopakele iā ʻApelika."

I kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi 2018, ka South Africa-based Africa Center for Biodiversity i ho'ākāka ʻia nā hana kūʻē ʻole a Lynas i hoʻohana ai e hoʻolaulaha i ka papa hana lobby biotech ma Tanzania. "Aia kekahi pilikia e pili ana i ka kuleana a me [pono no] ka nohoaliʻi ʻana i ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, no ka hewa o ka ʻike hewa a me ke ʻano o kā lākou disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole," ʻo Mariam Mayet, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Center Africa no Biodiversity, i ʻōlelo i ka a Iulaiinar webinar webinar.

No nā loiloi piha o kā Lynas hana, e ʻike i nā ʻatikala ma ka hopena o kēia wahi a me kā mākou ʻO Mark Lynas pepa maoli.

Ke hoʻouka nei i ka agroecology

ʻO kahi laʻana o ka leka uila kūpono ʻole kahi ʻatikala panned ākea ma ka CAS paena e Lynas e koi ana, "agro-ecology e hōʻeha i ka poʻe hune." ?? Ua wehewehe ka poʻe ʻatikala i ka ʻatikala ma ke ʻano he “ka wehewehe demagogic a me ka ʻole ʻepekema o kahi pepa ʻepekema, ""hohonu unserious, ""kumumanaʻo kūlohelohe "a" kahi hilahila no ka mea makemake e koi ʻepekema, ”a“kālailai hewa maoli“?? hana “kahili laulaha“?? a “nā hopena hihiu.”Kekahi poʻe loiloi Kāheaʻia a hoʻihoʻi ʻana.

2019 kikokikona na CAS hoa Nassib Mugwanya i hāʻawi i kahi hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o nā ʻike kuhihewa e pili ana i ke kumuhana agroecology. ʻO ka ʻatikala, "No ke aha e hiki ʻole ai i nā hana mahiʻai kuʻuna ke hoʻololi i ka mahiʻai ʻApelika," e hōʻike ana i ke ʻano leka maʻamau i nā mea CAS. 'kumu ʻole a hoʻopōʻino hoʻi, ” mamuli o ke kaanaki e ka Alakaʻi kaiāulu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Seattle no Global Justice.

"Kaulike nui ʻia i ka ʻatikala nā hoʻohana ikaika o nā metaphors (e laʻa me ka agroecology i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā kūpeʻe lima), nā laulaha ʻana, ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻike a me ka nui o nā pololei ʻole maoli," wahi a ka hui.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka puke pāʻani Monsanto e pale aku i nā pesticides

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni CAS leka uila ʻoihana hiki ke loaʻa i ka pale o ka hui o Roundly glyphosate. ʻO nā lāʻau herbicides kahi kī nui o nā hua GMO me 90% o ka kulina a me ka soy i ulu i ka United States ʻenekini genetically e hoʻomanawanui iā Roundup. I ka makahiki 2015, ma hope o ka panel noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization i ʻōlelo ai ʻo glyphosate kahi kino kanaka paha, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Monsanto i nā mea kōkua e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup, e like me nā palapala Monsanto kūloko.

ʻO ka puke pāʻani PR a Monsanto: e hoʻouka nei i ka poʻe loea i ke kanesa ma ke ʻano he 'activists'

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Mark Lynas i ka Anuu CAS e hoʻonui i ka leka ʻana o Monsanto, e wehewehe ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai e like me ke "kilokilo kilokilo" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e "anti-Monsanto activists" nāna i "hana ʻino i ka ʻepekema" a ua hana "kahi ʻike maopopo ʻole ʻia o ka ʻepekema ʻelua a me ka hoʻopono kūlohelohe" e ka hōʻike ʻana i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka glyphosate. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i ka mea like nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kīnā ʻole a me nā kumu waiwai ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, a uku ka hui mua o Monsanto e kōkua i ka wili i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻOiai e koi ana aia ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema, ʻaʻole nānā ʻo Lynas i nā hōʻike he nui mai nā palapala a Monsanto, i hoʻolaha nui i ka nūpepa, kēlā Hoʻopilikia ʻo Monsanto me ʻike'enekema, hoʻoponopono i nā keʻena hoʻokele a hoʻohana i nā mea ʻē aʻe nā hana lima kaumaha e hoʻoponopono i ke kaʻina ʻepekema i mea e pale aku ai iā Roundup. I ka 2018, ua loaʻa i kahi jure ka Monsanto “hana me ka hana ʻino, hoʻoluhi a hoʻopunipuni paha"I ka uhi ʻana i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai o Roundup.

Lobbying no nā pesticides a me nā GMO ma Hawaii

ʻOiai ʻo ʻApelika ka nānā nui ʻana i ka ʻāina, kōkua pū kekahi ʻo CAS i nā hana pesticide e pale aku i nā pesticides a hōʻino i nā mea kōkua olakino lehulehu ma Hawaii. He ʻāina hoʻokolohua koʻikoʻi ko Hawaiʻi Paeʻāina no nā mea kanu GMO a me kahi e hōʻike ai i ke kiʻekiʻe hōʻike i nā pesticides a hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino pili pesticide, me nā kīnā hānau, ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me ka hānō. Ua alakaʻi ʻia kēia mau pilikia nā kamaʻāina e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hakakā he mau makahiki e hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai ʻoi aku ka ikaika e hōʻemi i nā hōʻike pesticide a hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hōʻike ʻana o nā kemika i hoʻohana ʻia ma nā māla mahiʻai.

"Hoʻouka kaua hōʻino"

I ka loaʻa ʻana o kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, ua komo ʻo CAS i loko o kahi "hōʻike ākea e pili ana i ka pilina lehulehu i hoʻolālā ʻia e hūnā i nā hopohopo kaiāulu" e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā pesticides, e like me ka haʻi a Fern Anuenue Holland, kahi mea hoʻonohonoho kaiāulu no ka Hawaii Alliance for Progressive Action. I ka Cornell Daily Sun, Ua wehewehe ʻo Holland pehea ka "uku ʻana iā Cornell Alliance no nā hoa ʻepekema - ma lalo o ke ʻano o ka ʻepekema loea - ua hoʻouka i nā hōʻeha hōʻino. Ua hoʻohana lākou i nā pāpili kaiaulu a kākau i nā hanana blog he nui e hoʻohewa ana i nā lālā kaiāulu a me nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe i loaʻa ka wiwo ʻole e ʻōlelo ai. "

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Holland ua hoʻokau ʻia ʻo ia a me nā lālā ʻē aʻe o kāna hui i "ka pepehi kanaka ʻana, nā kuhi hewa ʻana a me nā hōʻeha ʻana i ka hilinaʻi pilikino a me ka ʻoihana" e nā lālā CAS. "Ua ʻike maka wau i nā ʻohana a me nā aloha aloha i wāwahi ʻia," i kākau ai ʻo ia.

Kūʻē i ka pono o ka lehulehu e ʻike     

Luna Hoʻokele CAS ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, 'ōlelo kāna hui kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana: "ʻAʻole mākou e kākau no ka ʻoihana, a ʻaʻole mākou e kākoʻo a paipai paha i nā huahana o ka ʻoihana. E like me kā mākou pūnaewele e hōʻike nei me ka maopopo a hōʻike piha hoʻi, ʻaʻole loaʻa iā mākou nā kumuwaiwai mai ka ʻoihana. " Eia nō naʻe, loaʻa nā kakini o nā leka uila e US Right to Know, i kau ʻia i kēia manawa i loko o ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS a me Evanega e launa pū me ka ʻoihana pesticide a me nā hui o mua e pili ana i nā hana pili lehulehu. ʻO nā laʻana me:

Hōʻike ʻia nā laʻana hou aʻe o ka launa pū CAS me nā hui ʻoihana ma lalo o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.  

Ke hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā hui i mua a me nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole

I kāna mau hana e hoʻolaha i nā GMO ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema" hopena no ka mahiʻai, ua hāʻawi ʻo Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i kāna papa i nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana a me kahi skeptic ʻepekema kaulana.

ʻO Trevor Butterworth a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS: Nā CAS hoa me Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS e hāʻawi iā “ke kūkā kamaʻilio helu no nā mea nūpepa”A hāʻawi aku he launa i ka luna o ka hui ʻo Trevor Butterworth, nāna i kūkulu kāna ʻoihana pale i nā huahana nui i ka Nine Inch, fracking, meaʻai maikaʻi 'ole i ke kino a nā ʻoihana lāʻau. ʻO Butterworth ke alakaʻi o Sense About Science USA, kahi āna i hoʻohui ai me kāna paepae mua, ʻo Statistics Analysis Service (STATS).

Ua wehewehe nā mea kākau moʻolelo i nā STAT a me Butterworth ma ke ʻano he mea pāʻani nui i nā pāʻina pale pale huahana ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā mea lapaʻau (e nānā Hōʻike nūhou, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ʻO ke kuʻina a ʻO ʻAkelanika). Hoʻomaopopo nā palapala Monsanto ʻO Sense About Science i waena o ka "hoa hana" ua hilinaʻi ia e pale aku iā Roundup e kūʻē i nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻOwen Paterson: I ka 2015, ua hoʻokipa ʻo CAS iā Owen Paterson, he kālaiʻāina Pelekane Pelekane Conservative a kaulana kaulana skeptic ʻepekema aniau ka mea hōʻemi i ke kālā no nā hana hoʻoliʻiliʻi hoʻomehana honua i kona manawa ma ke ʻano he Kuhina Kaiapuni ʻo UK. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Paterson i ka pae Cornell e koi i nā hui kaiapuni e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMOʻae i nā miliona e make.”Ua hoʻohana nā hui ʻoihana Pesticide i ka leka uila like 50 mau makahiki i hala aku nei e hoʻāʻo hōʻino iā Rachel Carson no ka hāpai ʻana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā DDT.

ʻO Lynas a me ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema: Pili pū ʻo Lynas o CAS me Sense About Science ma ke ʻano he lālā aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo lōʻihi. I ka 2015, ua hui pū ʻo Lynas me ka skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻo Owen Paterson Paterson ʻo Sense e pili ana i ka luna ʻepekema ʻo Tracey Brown i hoʻolana i kāna mea i kāhea ai ka "neʻe ʻana o ka ecomodernism," kahi hui like, ʻāpana anti-rula o ka "environmentism."

Hawaii Alliance no nā ʻelele ʻEpekema

Ma 2016, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo CAS i kahi ka hui hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Hawaii Alliance for Science, ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻo kāna kumu e "kākoʻo i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka hoʻoholo a me nā hana hou o ka mahiʻai i nā mokupuni." Loaʻa i kāna mau ʻelele:

ʻO Sarah Thompson, a ka limahana o Dow AgroSciences, hoʻohui ʻia ka Hawaii Alliance no ka ʻepekema, ka mea i hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "hui i pili i nā kamaʻilio kumu waiwai ʻole pili pili i ka Cornell Alliance for Science." (ʻAʻole ʻike hou ʻia ka pūnaewele, akā mālama ka hui a Facebook palapala.)

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā hoʻolaha pāʻoihana kaiaulu mai ka Hawaii Alliance no ʻEpekema a me kāna mea hoʻonohonoho ʻo Thompson i wehewehe i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e like me poʻe haʻaheo a naʻaupō, hoʻolauleʻa nā mea kanu kulina a me nā soya a pale i nā pesticides neonicotinoid ka mea ʻike nui a ʻ saylelo mai nā ʻepekema he mau meli hōʻino.

ʻO Joan Conrow, Luna Hoʻoponopono o CAS, kākau ʻatikala ma luna ona pūnaewele pūnaewele, kela mea Pūnaewele “Kauai Eclectic” a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino nā kānaka olakino, nā hui kaiaulu a nā kālaiʻāina ma Hawaii nāna e kākoʻo i ka pale ʻana i nā pesticide ikaika, a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e kākau e pili ana i nā hopohopo pesticide. Loaʻa iā Conrow hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā hui kaiapuni o ka pale ʻauhau a me hoʻohālikelike i kahi hui palekana meaʻai i ka KKK.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo Conrow i kāna pili ma waena o Cornell. Ua hoʻohalahala ka nūpepa ʻo Beat Beat o Hawaiʻi iā Conrow nona nele i ka transparency a ʻōlelo iā ia i 2016 ma ke ʻano he kumu no ke kumu e hoʻololi nei ka pepa i kāna mau manaʻo hoʻopuka. ʻO Conrow "hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine i ka kuanaʻike pro-GMO me ka ʻōlelo ʻole ʻana i kāna hana ma ke ʻano he mea aloha i ka GMO," i kākau ʻo Polopeka journalism Brett Oppegaard. "Ua nalowale ʻo Conrow i kāna kūʻokoʻa nūhou (a me ka hilinaʻi) e hōʻike kūpono e pili ana i nā pilikia GMO, no ka leo o kāna hana i kēia mau pilikia."

ʻO Joni Kamiya, he 2015 CAS ʻO ka hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā rula pesticide ma kāna pūnaewele Ke kaikamahine a ka mahiai o Hawaii, i ka Media a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic. ^ E Ha yM. Aia ʻo ia "Luna ʻelele" no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pūnaewele pāʻoihana GMO Nā Pane. E like me Conrow, ʻōlelo ʻo Kamiya i nā hōʻike pesticide ma Hawaii ʻaʻole pilikia, a e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino i nā luna i koho ʻia a "Nā mea hana kaiapuni" ka poʻe makemake e hoʻoponopono i nā pesticides.

ʻO Cornell Alliance no nā limahana ʻEpekema, nā aʻoaʻo

Ua wehewehe ʻo CAS iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "papahana i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell, kahi ʻoihana loaʻa kālā ʻole." ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hui i kāna moʻohelu kālā, nā hoʻolilo a me nā uku o nā limahana, a ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻo Cornell University i kekahi ʻike e pili ana iā CAS i kāna faila ʻauhau.

Papa inoa ka pūnaewele Nā lālā o ka 20, me Luna Hoʻokele ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, a me Luna Hooponopono ʻO Joan Conrow (ʻaʻole papa inoa ʻo Mark Lynas a i ʻole kekahi mau hoa e loaʻa pū ka uku). ʻO nā lālā limahana ʻē aʻe i helu ʻia ma ka pūnaewele me:

Aia i ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo CAS nā kālaiʻike e kōkua mau i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai me kā lākou mau hana PR.

ʻO Gates Foundation: nā loiloi o nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai 

Mai ka 2016, ua hoʻolilo ka Gates Foundation ma kahi o $ 4 biliona no nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai, ʻo ka hapa nui o ia mea i kau ʻia ma ʻApelika. ʻO nā hoʻolālā hoʻolālā mahiʻai o ke kahua alakaʻi ʻia e Rob Horsch (ua hoʻomaha loa), a ʻO Monsanto veteran o 25 makahiki. Ua huki ka hoʻolālā i ka hoʻopiʻi no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai ma ʻApelika ma luna o ka ke kūʻē ʻana i nā pūʻulu hoʻokumu ʻApelika a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka nohona, a me nā hopohopo a me nā kānalua e pili ana i nā mea kanu ʻenekene a puni ʻApelika.

ʻO nā loiloi a ka Gates Foundation e hoʻokokoke nei i ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai a me ke kālā.

ʻO nā hui like ʻoihana CAS hou aku 

Loaʻa nā leka uila ma o FOIA e US Right to Know, a ua kau ʻia i kēia manawa i ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS e launa pū ana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui pili lehulehu e hoʻonohonoho i nā hanana a me ka leka ʻana:

ʻO nā loiloi hou aʻe a Mark Lynas 

ʻAʻole kūpono ʻo Mark Lynas ', hoʻolaha hoʻopunipuni no ka papahana mahiʻai

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ʻO Mark Lynas he mea kākau moʻolelo mua i hoʻohuli i ka mea hoʻolaha hoʻolaha no nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻino ʻia e haʻi pololei ʻole ai e pili ana i kēlā huahana mai kāna perch ma ka ʻO Cornates Alliance i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Gates Foundation. Kau ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell mai ka makahiki 2014, ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema kahi hoʻolaha lehulehu e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā mea haʻi ʻōlelo a hana i nā pūnaewele o ka mana, keu hoʻi i nā ʻāina ʻApelika, e paipai i ka ʻae ʻana i nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai. 

ʻEpekema, ʻōlelo ka poʻe loea i ka ʻai hewa ʻo Lynas ma ka ʻepekema

Ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe ʻepekema a me nā loea i nā kulekele ʻai iā Lynas no ka hana ʻana i nā ʻōlelo kūpono ʻole a ʻepekema hoʻi i kāna mau hana e hāpai i nā pono agribusiness. Ma ke ʻano he laʻana hoʻokahi, hoʻomake ʻia nā kālaiʻike i Iulai 2020 Haawina Ua kākau ʻo Lynas no Cornell Alliance no ka ʻepekema e koi ana i ka agroecology "pilikia e hōʻeha i ka poʻe hune." Ua wehewehe ka poʻe loiloi i ka ʻatikala a Lynas ma ke ʻano he “ka wehewehe demagogic a me ka ʻole ʻepekema o kahi pepa ʻepekema"A me"kālailai hewa maoli"ʻO"hoʻopili hewa i ka mālama ag me agroecology a laila hana i nā hopena hihiu. "

ʻO ka agronomist Marc Corbeels, nona ka pepa a Lynas i manaʻo ai e wehewehe i loko o ka ʻatikala, i ʻōlelo ʻo Lynas i hana.kahili laulaha. ” Ua kāhea ʻo Marcus Taylor, he kālaimeaola kālaiʻāina ma ke Kulanui o Queen, no ka hoʻi hou ʻana; "ʻO ka mea kūpono e hana ai huki i kāu ʻāpana kīnā ʻole e huikau ai nā mea maʻamau o nā hoʻolālā mahiʻai, "i hoʻopaʻa aku ai ʻo Taylor iā Lynas. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ka ʻatikala e like me "Ideology maʻemaʻe" a "kahi hilahila no kekahi e makemake e koi iā ia he 'ʻepekema'. "  

ʻO nā loiloi hou aʻe mai nā ʻepekema a me nā loea kulekele e pili ana i kā Lynas hana (hoʻoikaika iā mākou):

  • "Hiki iaʻu ke kīnā ʻole ʻaʻohe ʻae ʻae ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO a me kēlā ʻo ka hapa nui o (Lynas ') mau ʻōlelo he wahaheʻe, ” kākau ʻo David Schubert, PhD, poʻo, Cellular Neurobiology Laboratory & Professor ma The Salk Institute, i kahi leka i ka ʻO San Diego Union Tribune.
  • "Eia kekahi o nā kuhi hewa a kuhi hewa paha ʻO Lynas e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a i ʻole ke hoʻomohala ʻana o GE, "i kākau ai ʻo Doug Gurian-Sherman, PhD, he ʻepekema kahiko loa, Union o nā ʻepekema hopohopo. "Ma kahi o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a kūkākūkā ʻana paha i ka ʻepekema maoli, hoʻolei ʻo Lynas i nā aspersions a nā hokele i ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka mana ma mua o ka ʻikepili a noiʻi paha. " 
  • ʻO kā Lynas mau koi e pili ana i ka maopopo o ka palekana o GMO “ʻaʻole ʻepekema, kūpono ʻole a naʻaupō, ” e like me kā Belinda Martineau, PhD, he ʻenekinia genetika nāna i kōkua i ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka meaʻai GMO mua loa (e nānā leka iā NYT a ʻO Salon Biotech).
  • Ma ka hōʻike he Puke a Lynas Nā ʻano ʻepekema, ua wehewehe ʻo ka anthropologist ʻo Glenn Davis Stone i ka puke ma ke ʻano he “rehash amateurish o nā kamaʻilio kamaʻilio maʻamau. " 
  • "The papa inoa holoi o ka mea i hewa ai ʻo Mark Lynas e pili ana i nā GMO ʻelua a me ka ʻepekema nui, a ua hōʻole ʻia e ke poʻo e kekahi o nā alakaʻi o ka honua nā mea kanu agroecologists a biologists,"I kākau ʻo Eric Holt-Giménez, PhD, ka luna mua ʻo Food First, ma ka Ka Post Huffington.
  • ʻO Mark Lynas he "hana 'oihana mai o ... demona," kakau ʻo Timothy A. Wise, ka luna o ka noiʻi ma mua ma ka Global Development and Environment Institute ma ke Kulanui ʻo Tufts.
  • "Hōʻike hewa ʻole kā Lynas moʻolelo,”E like me ka a Ho'ōkāka'ānō 2018 mai ka ʻApelika Waena Center no Biodiversity, kahi hui ma South-Africa. 
  • “Maka Hōʻike kā Lynas mau koi i ka naʻaupō ʻepekema hohonu, a i ʻole kahi hana ikaika e hana i ka kānalua. E nānā ʻole ʻoe iā ia, ” ʻO tweet ʻo Pete Myers, PhD, poʻo ʻepekema ʻepekema ma ka ʻepekema ʻĀina Ola, ka mea hoʻopuka o EHN.org.

'Manipulative, misleading and unethical' tactics 

Wahi a nā hui ma ʻApelika, ua hōʻike hewa ʻole ʻo Lynas i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo e hāpai i kahi papahana politika. Wahi a kahi hōʻike o Kekemapa 2018 na ka Center for Biodiversity o ʻApelika, ʻo Lynas a me ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i hoʻohana i nā kiʻi o nā mahiʻai ʻApelika me ka ʻole o kā lākou ʻike a me ka ʻae, hoʻohana ʻana i nā kiʻi i nā ala kuhi hewa e koi ai i nā mahiʻai e pono iā GMO.

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i kēia kiʻi o kahi mahiʻai Tanzania, ʻo Mrs. R, i waho o ka pōʻaiapili a me ka ʻole o kāna ʻae.

Ma ke ʻano he laʻana hoʻokahi, ua kau ʻo Lynas i kēia kiʻi o kahi mahiʻai Tanzania, ʻo Mrs. R, me ka ʻae ʻole a me ka ʻole o ka pōʻaiapili, e ʻōlelo ana ua ʻeha ʻo ia i ka "pono ​​kaulike honua." ʻO Mrs. R he mea mahiʻai kūleʻa nāna e hoʻokūkū i nā hana agroecological a ola maikaʻi, e like me ka hōʻike a ACBio. Ua noi ʻo ia iā Lynas e hemo kāna kiʻi, akā ʻo ia noho ma kāna hānai twitter. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ACBio i loko o kāna hōʻike i nā hana a Lynas "i hele i kekahi laina ʻulaʻula a pono e hoʻopau."  

ʻO ka pūʻulu koa meaʻai i'ōleloʻia ma kahi hoʻokuʻu pāʻani he "mōʻaukala kolohe" ko Lynas ma Tanzania "no ka hale loea ʻoihana biotech mahiʻai. "Ua hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia kāna mau kipa ʻana i ka ʻāina e ka lobby, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā paepae e like me nā hālāwai maʻamau o ka Open Forum on Agricultural Biotechnology in Africa (OFAB), kahi e noho ana nā nūhou e hōʻike i kāna mau kamaʻilio. Ua kuhikuhi nui ʻia kāna mau hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā kānāwai biosafety o ka ʻāina, e like me ke ʻano o ka makaʻala a me nā ʻāpana o ke kuleana koʻikoʻi. "

ʻO ka Alliance for Food Sovereignty (AFSA), kahi hui hui e kū ana i nā mahiʻai a me nā hui mea kūʻai ma 35 a puni ʻo ʻApelika, ua hoʻopiʻi pū ʻo ia iā Lynas e hoʻolaha nei "hoʻohiki wahaheʻe, hōʻike wahaheʻe, a me nā ʻike ʻē aʻe. ” I loko o kahi ʻatikala 2018, ua wehewehe lākou iā Lynas ma ke ʻano he "lele-in pundit" nona ka "hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe ʻApelika, ʻaʻole hiki ke kuhihewa ka loina a me ka moʻomeheu."

Hoʻouna ʻia nā leka pesticide ma muli o nā kuhi ʻōlelo ʻoihana, ʻaʻole ka ʻepekema

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hōʻike pololei ʻole na Lynas nāna 2017 kikokikona no ka Cornell Alliance no ka ʻepekema e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization no ka hōʻike ʻana i ka glyphosate kahi kino kanaka paha. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Lynas ʻo ka hōʻike a ka ʻaha loea he "kilokilo kilokilo" a "ʻike hewa maoli ʻia i ka ʻepekema a me ka hoʻoponopono kūlohelohe," i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka poʻe i lanakila me ka "hysteria a me ka naʻau." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻo ka glyphosate ka "kemika maikaʻi loa i ka mahiʻai honua." 

A ʻike maoli ʻia e US Right to Know ʻike ʻo ia ua hana like ʻo Lynas i nā manaʻo hoʻopunipuni like ʻole a hilinaʻi hoʻi i nā kumuwaiwai hemahema ʻelua e like me kahi blog i kau ʻia i hoʻokahi mahina ma mua e ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui ʻo Monsanto e uku nei e kōkua i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate a me nā huahana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe. 

I ka hoʻokuʻi ʻana kana hihia "hana ʻino nā hui ʻepekema i ka ʻepekema a me nā kulekele pili i ka hōʻike i ka glyphosate saga," ʻaʻole i hilinaʻi wale ʻo Lynas i nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa o nā ʻoihana a me nā kumuwaiwai, akā nānā ʻole i ka nui o nā hōʻike, i hōʻike ākea ʻia ma ka pāpāho, ua hoʻohana ʻo Monsanto i ka ʻepekema a me nā loiloi i ka glyphosate. no nā makahiki hoʻohana i nā hana huna hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ghostwriting a waiwai, hoʻomake aʻo ʻana, kaomi ʻana i ka ʻepekema kānalua, hoʻouka ʻepekema a nā keʻena hoʻokele ikaika-mākaukau i mea e pale aku ai i kāna loaʻa kālā mai nā huahana glyphosate. 

Paipai ʻia e, nakinaki ʻia i ka pūnaewele hoʻolaha ʻoihana pesticide

Paipai pinepine nā ʻoihana Agrichemical a me kā lākou mau mea pili i ka lehulehu iā Mark Lynas a me kāna hana. E ʻike ma kahi laʻana Pūnaewele ʻo Monsanto, nā tweets hoʻolaha he nui e ka ʻoihana pesticide nā hui kālepa, nā pūʻulu lobby, ʻoihana kākoʻo nā kālaiʻike a nā mea kākau, a likeʻole Monsanto limahana, a me nā ʻumi o nā ʻatikala a Lynas paipai ʻia e Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, a pūʻulu propaganda pili like kēlā me Monsanto.

Hana pū ʻo Lynas a me Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema me nā mea pāʻani ʻē aʻe i ka lobbying a me ka pūnaewele propaganda o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Kūkākūkā i ka hui hoa Monsanto Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema

He hūnā Hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto PR i ʻōlelo ʻia Pepeluali 2015 i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema ma ke ʻano he hui i hiki ke kōkua i ke alakaʻi ʻana i ka hana a ka ʻoihana i ka pāpāho e hōʻino i ka hōʻike maʻi maʻi WHO e pili ana i ka glyphosate. Ke lawelawe nei ʻo Lynas ma ka ʻaha kūkā aʻoaʻo o ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. Ua hōʻike ʻo Intercept i ka makahiki 2016 "ʻaʻole e hōʻike mau ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema ke loaʻa nā kumuwaiwai i nā kumuhana hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā ʻepekema me nā pilina i nā ʻoihana e nānā ʻia," a "ʻike ʻia e lawe i nā kūlana e kūleʻa i ka ʻepekema ʻae a i ʻole e hōʻoki i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha." ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema nā hoa me ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e hāʻawi iā “kūkākūkā helu no nā mea nūpepa” ma o ka luna o ka hui ʻO Trevor Butterworth, ka mea i wehewehe ʻia e ka poʻe nūpepa ma ke ʻano he “ʻoihana kemika ʻoihana pili lehulehu.

e pili pū ana: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "hoa" e hoʻouka i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

Kūlike ʻia me ka ʻepekema ʻepekema skeptic e hoʻokumu i pro-fracking, pro-nuke, GMO "neʻe"

Ua kāhea ʻo Lynas iā ia iho he hoa hui o ka "neʻe" o ka "ecomodernism," kahi ʻano hui i hoʻopili ʻia o "environmentism" a ka mea kākau Pelekane ʻo George Monbiot i wehewehe ai "ʻaʻole e lawe i kahi hana politika e pale aku i ka honua kūlohelohe." Paipai ka eco-modernists i ka fracking, ka mana nukelea a me nā huahana mahiʻai e like me nā hopena kaiaola. Wahi a nā alakaʻi eco-modernist ʻO Ted Nordhaus lāua ʻo Michael Shellenberger o ka Breakthrough Institute, nā ʻenehana ʻenehana i makemake ʻia e ka pilionaiona Koch mau hoahānau "ke hana nei i nā mea i ʻoi aku ka nui e hōʻemi ai i nā kinoea hoʻomehana hale hoʻomehana honua ma mua o nā mea i makemake ʻia e ka hema-apocalyptic Left." 

ma kekahi hanana hoʻokō ʻole i holomua no ka ecomodernism i Kepakemapa 2015, ua hoʻopili ʻo Lynas iā ia iho me Owen Paterson, kahi mea koʻikoʻi denianist ʻepekema aniau ma UK ʻo wai hōʻemi kālā no nā hana e hoʻomākaukau i ka ʻāina no ka hoʻomehana honua ʻoiai ʻo ia ke kākau ʻōlelo o ke kaiapuni. ʻO ka mahina like nō ia, ʻo Paterson ua kamaʻilio ma Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi i hoʻolaha ai ʻo ia i nā GMO i kahi hyperbolic olelo hoʻopiha ʻia me nā koi i kākoʻo ʻole ʻia, a ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā kaiāulu e ʻae ana i nā keiki e make i ʻApelika. "ʻO nā pāʻani ʻōmaʻomaʻo biliona kālā e pepehi i nā keiki ʻilihune," i ʻōlelo ʻia a ke poʻo e hōʻike ana ma ka haʻi ʻōlelo a Paterson's Cornell mai ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a ʻo ka hui mua ʻo Monsanto e uku nei e pale aku i kāna huahana. 

ʻO Mark Lynas kāʻei kua

Ua kākau ʻo Lynas i kekahi mau puke e pili ana i ka huliau (ʻo kekahi o ia mau puke i ʻike ʻia e ka Royal Society) ma mua o kona ʻume ʻana me ka "Hoʻololi" mai kahi anti-GMO activist i kahi mea hoʻolaha o ka ʻenehana me kahi hoʻolaha 2013 i hoʻolaha nui ʻia ma Oxford ia nā mea ho'ākāka i weheweheia me hoʻopunipuni. Ma hope o kēlā makahiki ua lilo ʻo Lynas i hoa ma Cornell University Office o International Programs ma ke Kulanui o ka mahiʻai a me ke ola ʻepekema, a hoʻomaka e hana ana no ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha kamaʻilio i hoʻomohala ʻia ma 2014 e hoʻolaha i nā GMO me kālā mai ka Gates Foundation.

E nānā i: No ke aha ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻokau nei i kahi hoʻolaha hoʻolaha GMO?

Ua hōʻike ʻo Lynas iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "alakaʻi politika" no Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i kahi 2015 New York Times op-ed. ʻAʻole wehewehe ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i ke ʻano o kāna papahana politika, akā ʻo ka leka ʻana a ka hui a me nā pahuhopu e alualu pono i ka papa hana kalepa ʻoihana mahiʻai: e hoʻonui i ka ʻae ʻana i nā mea kanu a me nā pesticides a puni ka honua, ʻo ia hoʻi ma ʻApelika.

Pahu aku iā Lynas PR Mysterious, a hoʻopuka aku i ka memo EuropaBio

ʻO ka hoʻolaha pālahalaha nui o ka hoʻololi ʻana o Lynas 'pro-GMO i ka makahiki 2013 i hāpai i kahi kānalua no ke kōkua ʻana o kahi pāʻoihana PR e hoʻokiʻekiʻe iā ia ma hope o nā hanana. A pūnāwai memo 2011 mai kahi ʻoihana ʻoihana PR - e wehewehe nei i nā hoʻolālā e hōʻiliʻili i nā "ʻelele" kiʻekiʻe e lobby no ka ʻae ʻia o GMO - ua hoʻonui ʻia nā kānalua no ke kākoʻo ʻana o ka ʻoihana no ka mea ʻo Lynas ka inoa i kuhikuhi ʻia. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia i ka hui ʻaʻole i hoʻokokoke iā ia.

E like me ka Hoike kahu, EuropaBio, kahi hui kalepa nona nā lālā i hui pū ʻia me Monsanto lāua ʻo Bayer, i hoʻolālā e ʻimi i nā ʻelele PR e kōkua i nā mea hoʻoholo e "noʻonoʻo hou i ke kūlana o ʻEulopa ma nā mea kanu GM." ʻAʻole e uku pololei ʻia nā ʻelele akā e loaʻa nā lilo o ka huakaʻi a me ke "kākoʻo kūkaʻa hoʻolaʻa" mai ke kālā kālā ʻoihana. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ka loio o ka PR firm e "loaʻa ka hoihoi mai" Lynas, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, i ka ʻelele. Ua hōʻole ʻo Lynas i ka launa ʻole ʻana me lākou. "ʻAʻole wau i noi ʻia e lilo i ʻelele, ʻaʻole hoʻi wau e ʻae i kēlā noi inā noi ʻia," i haʻi ʻo ia i ka Guardian.

ʻO Gates Foundation, GMOs & Monsanto

ʻO ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, ka mea hoʻolewa nui no ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema me Hāʻawi kālā $ 12 miliona, ua hoʻohewa ʻia no kāna mau hoʻolālā kālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai e makemake i nā ʻāpana agribusiness ʻoihana. A ʻImi 2014 mai ka pūʻulu noiʻi GRAIN ʻike ua lilo ka Gates Foundation i ka hapa nui o kāna kālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai "e hānai i ka poʻe hune ma ʻApelika" - kokoke $ 3 biliona i hoʻolilo ʻia i loko o nā makahiki he ʻumi - i waihona kālā ʻepekema a me nā mea noiʻi i nā lāhui waiwai. Kōkua pū ke kālā i ke kūʻai ʻana i ka mana politika ma waena o ʻApelika, hōʻike ʻo GRAIN. A Hōʻike 2016 e ka hui hoʻolaha Global Justice Now ua hoʻoholo ʻo ia nā papahana hoʻomohala mahiʻai a ka Gates Foundation e "hoʻonui i ka like ʻole o ka honua a me ka hoʻokū ʻana i ka mana ʻoihana ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa."

Ua hoʻonui ākea ka Gates Foundation i kāna kālā no nā papahana mahiʻai ma kahi o XNUMX mau makahiki i hala aku nei iā Rob Horsch, ʻO ke poʻo mua o Monsanto o ka ulu ʻana o ka honua i hui pū me ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai o ke kahua ka hui alakaʻi. ʻO kā Lynas puke hou "Seeds of Science" e hoʻolilo ai i kahi mokuna ("The True History of Monsanto") e hoʻāʻo ana e wehewehe i kekahi o nā lawehala o ka hui a mahalo iā Rob Horsch i ka lōʻihi. Hoʻolilo ia i kahi mokuna ʻē aʻe ("ʻApelika: E ʻAi iā lākou e ʻai i ka ʻāpana pēpē Organic") me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pono i nā ʻApelika pono nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai e hānai iā lākou iho.

ʻO nā loiloi o ko ka Gates Foundation kolonial i ʻApelika

  • Nā hua o Neo-Colonialism: No ke aha i hewa ai nā mea hoʻolaha GMO e pili ana iā ʻApelika, ʻōlelo a ka Alliance no ke Aliʻi Mea ʻai ma ʻApelika, 5/7/2018
  • Ke hoʻohana nei ʻo Gates a me Rockefeller i ko lākou mana e hoʻonoho i ka papa kuhikuhi ma nā mokuʻāina ʻilihune?"Hoʻomaopopo ka noiʻi iā Bill a me Melinda Gates a me Rockefeller i nā kumu i waena o nā mea hāʻawi waiwai e kokoke ana i ke aupuni a e ʻimi ana paha i nā mea nui," na John Vidal, Tʻo ia kahu, 1/15/2016
  • Mana Philanthropic a me Hoʻolālā. Na wai e hoʻolālā i ka papa kuhikuhi? na Jens Martens lāua ʻo Karolin Seitz, Hōʻike 2015 (ʻaoʻao 48).
  • Philanthrocapitalism: ʻAʻole aloha nā papahana ʻApelika Waena, na Philip L Bereano, Polofesa Emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Wakinekona, Ke ala hou ʻana o ka honua ʻekolu, 2017
  • Pehea ʻo Bill Gates e kōkua nei iā KFC e lawe iā ʻApelika, na Alex Park, Mother Jones, 1/10/2014
  • ʻO ka Gates Foundation Seed Agenda ma ʻApelika 'ʻO kekahi ʻano o ke koloneialista,' Warns Protestants, na Lauren McCauley, Nā Moemoeā Kaulike, 3/23/2015
  • Ke alakaʻi nei ʻo Gates Foundation i ka hao waiwai neoliberal o ka mahiʻai ʻApelika, na Colin Todhunter, ʻO ka Ecologist, 1/21/2016
  • Pehea ka Gates Foundation e hoʻolilo ai i kāna kālā e hānai i ka honua?Hōʻike GRAIN, 2014
  • ʻO Bill Gates kahi mikiona e kūʻai aku i nā GMO i ʻApelika, akā ʻaʻole ia e haʻi i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, na Stacy Malkan, Alternet, 3/24/2016

ʻO kā Geoffrey Kabat mau pilina me ka paka a me nā hui ʻenehana

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ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, PhD, he epidemiologist maʻi ʻaʻai a mea kākau o ʻelua puke ke hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei i kēlā mau pilikia olakino o nā pesticides, nā māla electromagnetic, ka uahi paka paka a me nā hōʻike ākea ʻē aʻe he "hoʻokahakaha nui loa. ” Ua ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ʻo ia ma ka nūpepa ma ke ʻano he loea kūʻokoʻa i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. ʻO nā mea hōʻike e hoʻohana iā Kauka Kabat ma ke ʻano he kumu pono e makaʻala (a hōʻike) i kona pili lōʻihi i ka ʻoihana paka a me ke komo pū ʻana me nā hui e hui pū me ka ʻoihana kemika ma PR a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying.

Alakaʻi pūʻulu mua a me kākāʻōlelo

He lālā ʻo Kauka Kabat i ka luna papa o ka Papahana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema, ka hui makua o ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi e hana nei ma hope o nā hanana me Monsanto e paipai a pale i nā huahana mahiʻai. ʻO Kauka Kabat kekahi lālā o ka papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), kahi hui i loaʻa kālā mai nā hui kemika, paka a me nā mea lapaʻau.

Ua launa pū ʻia ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project a me ACSH me Monsanto ma kahi pāʻina pili lehulehu e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) no kāna hōʻike i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup herbicide, he carcinogen kanaka paha ia. Wahi a nā palapala i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana:

  • ʻO kahi hoʻolālā PR Monsanto (Pepeluali 2015) i kapa ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma waena o ka "Nā hoa hana" Ua hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto e hana i kāna mau hana e "hoʻokau i ka hopena" o ka hōʻike IARC. ʻO nā pahuhopu o kā Monsanto hoʻolālā e "pale i ka kaulana a me ka FTO o Roundup" a me ka "hāʻawi i ka uhi no nā ʻoihana hoʻoponopono ..." Ua kau ʻo GLP ma mua o 200 mau ʻatikala e pili ana i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai.
  • Nā leka uila mai Pepeluali 2015 e hōʻike i ke kālā a Monsanto iā ACSH i kahi manawa hoʻomau a hiki i ka hāʻawi ʻana iā ACSH i ka "piha piha" o ka ʻike ʻo Monsanto e pili ana i ka hōʻike IARC ma glyphosate. Ma nā leka uila, ua kūkākūkā nā limahana o Monsanto i ka pono o nā mea a ACSH e pili ana i nā pesticides, a ua kākau kekahi, "ʻAʻole ʻoe e loaʻa i kahi waiwai maikaʻi aʻe no kāu DOLLAR ma mua o ACSH." (Kākoʻo ma ke kumu)
  • Ua haʻi aku nā limahana o ka ACSH iā Monsanto ka hōʻike a ka IARC glyphosate ma kā lākou radar, a ua ʻōlelo ʻia, "Aia mākou i loko o kahi pā kaomi piha piha: IARC, e pili ana i nā ag-chemicals, DINP [phthalate] a me nā pauahi diesel."

Ua hoʻohana kēia mau pūʻulu i nā leka like e hoʻouka i ka poʻe noiʻi maʻi maʻi ʻo IARC ma ke ʻano he "hoʻopunipuni ʻepekema"A me"enviros anti-kemika"ʻO wai i" wahaheʻe "a me"kipi e kuhi hewa”Ka ʻepekema ma glyphosate. Ua ʻōlelo lākou iā Kauka Kabat ma ke ʻano he kumu kumu no nā koi e "hoʻowahāwahā ʻia" ʻo IARC a me "nā enviro-fanatics wale nō"E hoʻolohe i nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka makaʻu maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Kabat "aia nō ʻaʻohe aʻo hou hiki iā mākou ke hana e hōʻike i ka palekana o ka glyphosate, ”ma muli o ka ninaninau me kahi loea inoa inoa ʻole.

Ke hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai

ʻO kekahi hiʻohiʻona e pili ana i ke kōkua ʻana o Kauka Kabat i nā hui e pili ana iā Monsanto i kāna mau hana e hōʻino i kahi hui ʻepekema ʻē aʻe i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pili ana i ka glyphosate i ka Pepeluali 2019. kālailai-meta. ʻO ka meta-analysis, i kākau ʻia e ʻekolu mau ʻepekema i kī ʻia e EPA e lawelawe i ke kōmike aʻoaʻo ʻepekema loea ma glyphosate, i hōʻike ʻia e pili ana i nā "pilina koʻikoʻi" ma waena o nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā gicphosate-based herbicides a me ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka makaʻu o ka lymphoma non Hodgkin.

Ua kāwili ʻo Kauka Kabat i ka hoʻopukapuka i kahi ʻatikala i paʻi mua ʻia ma Forbes akā ma hope weheʻia ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā hoʻopiʻi a nā luna hoʻoponopono Forbes e pili ana i ka hōʻike ʻole o Kabat e pili ana i kāna pili iā ACSH. I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i ka pilikia, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Forbes ua huki ʻia ka ʻatikala no ka mea ua haki ia i nā kūlana ʻo Forbes a ʻaʻole ʻo Kabat e lilo i mea kōkua iā Forbes.

ʻO Kauka Kabat's holoi ʻia Forbes ʻatikala hiki ke lilo heluhelu ma Science 2.0, a pūnaewele i holo ʻia e ka luna mua o ACSH, a ʻike ʻia kahi mana ma Genetic Literacy Project. Ua hoʻolaha ʻo GLP Executive Director Jon Entine i ka ʻatikala a Kauka Kabat me nā manaʻo e hana paha nā ʻepekema “hoʻopunipuni hoʻāʻo. "

 
ʻO tweet ʻo Jon EntineHoʻopili pū ʻia ʻo Entine me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino. I ka 2011, ʻoiai ʻo ia loaʻa kālā mai Syngenta, ACSH paʻi ʻia ka puke a Entine pale aku i ka atrazine, kahi pesticide i hana ʻia e Syngenta.

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana o ka ʻoihana ma IARC, e ʻike:

ʻO kā Kauka Kabat mau pilina paʻa loa

Ua paʻi ʻo Kauka Kabat i mau pepa i makemake nui ʻia i ka ʻoihana paka i uku kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana paka. ʻO ia a me kāna mea kākau i kekahi o kēlā mau pepa, ʻo James Enstrom (he kahu waiwai o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika o ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino), pili lōʻihi i ka ʻoihana paka, e like me ka pepa 2005 ma ka BMJ Kāohi Paka.

I kahi 2003 i ʻōlelo nui ʻia pepa i ka BMJ, ua hoʻoholo ʻo Kabat a me Enstrom ʻaʻole e hoʻonui ka uahi lua i ka makaʻu o ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā maʻi puʻuwai. Ua kākoʻo ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma kahi ʻāpana e ka Center for Indoor Air Research (CIAR), kahi hui ʻoihana paka. ʻOiai ua hōʻike ʻia kēlā kālā, kahi loiloi ukali ma BMJ Pākaʻi Paka ua hōʻike aku i nā hoʻolaha i hāʻawi ʻia e Kabat a me Enstrom, ʻoiai ua kūleʻa lāua i nā kūlana o ka puke pai, “ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i ka mea heluhelu i ke kiʻi piha o ka pili ʻana o ka ʻoihana paka me nā mea kākau noiʻi. Hōʻike nā palapala ʻoihana paka i ka lōʻihi o ke kū kālā o nā mea kākau a me nā pilina hana ʻē aʻe me ka ʻoihana paka. " 

Ua kūʻē ʻo Enstrom i kēia mau koi ma a ʻO ka ʻatikala 2007 ma Epidemiological Perspectives a me ka Innovation, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei i kāna kālā a me nā hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū i mōakāka a wehewehe pono ʻia i ka pepa 2003 BMJ, a ʻaʻole pili ka kālā ʻoihana paka i kāna noiʻi. "I kēia lā, ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia kahi kūpono ʻole, bias a haʻalele paha i ke kaʻina loiloi a ʻaʻohe hewa i nā hopena i ʻike ʻia i loko o ka pepa," wahi a Enstrom. ʻAʻole pāpā ʻia ke Kulanui o Kaleponi i ke kālā ʻoihana paka i nā kānaka noiʻi akā hana i kēia manawa pāpā i nā mea noiʻi mai ka noi kālā ʻana mai ka ʻoihana paka.

ʻO nā pilina kālā i ka ʻoihana paka i hōʻike ʻia i loko o ka pepa kālele BMJ ʻO ka paka: 

Source: https://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/14/2/118

I ka 2019, kahi hulina no ʻO Geoffrey Kabat ma ka Palapala ʻOihana Uikeke UCSF lawe mai i 800 mau palapala, me a ʻO ka invoice 2007 iā Phillip Morris no ma kahi o $ 20,000 no "ke kūkākūkā ʻana i nā hopena olakino o nā uahi paka hakahaka" i hōʻaiʻē ʻia ma $ 350 i hoʻokahi hola.

Ma 2008, ua paʻi ʻo Kabat lāua ʻo Enstrom a pepa i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Phillip Morris e hōʻike ana ua hōʻike ʻia nā loiloi mua i ka ikaika o ka hui ma waena o ka uahi paka a me nā maʻi puʻuwau coronary.

I ka 2012, ua kākau pū ʻo Kauka Kabat a pepa ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o nā kūpaka mentholated ʻaʻole ia he mea kōkua nui i ka maʻi ʻaʻai esophageal. No kēlā pepa, ua hoʻolaha ʻo Kauka Kabat ua "lawelawe ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he kūkākūkā i kahi loio loio a me kahi ʻaha kūkā kūkā nūhou e pili ana i nā hopena olakino o nā kūpaka menthol."

No ka ʻike hou aku mai ka US Right to Know e pili ana i nā hui i mua a me nā kālaiʻike me nā pili i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea kemika, e ʻike i kā mākou ʻOihana Pesticide ʻoihana Propaganda Tracker.

Pili ʻo Pamela Ronald i nā pūʻulu mua o ka ʻoihana kemika

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Hoʻohou i Iune 2019

ʻO Pamela Ronald, PhD, he polofesa o nā mea kanu pathology ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, ʻo Davis a me ka mea kākau o ka puke 2008, "Tomorrow's Table," kahi mea i kākoʻo nui ʻia no nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered. ʻAʻoleʻike iki ʻia ʻo kā Kauka Ronald kuleana i loko o nā hui e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana, akā ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ke hana pū nei me nā ʻoihana kemika e hoʻolaulaha a me lobby no nā GMO a me nā pesticides, i nā hoʻonohonoho i maopopo ʻole i ka lehulehu. 

Pili i ka hui mahiʻai kī nui

He pilina paʻa ko Pamela Ronald i kahi hui mua o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, a me kāna alakaʻi alakaʻi, ʻo Jon Entine. Ua kōkua ʻo ia iā lākou ma nā ʻano like ʻole. O kahi laʻana, hōʻike nā palapala i ka 2015, Ua koho ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine ma ke ʻano he elemakule a me ke aʻo o ka ʻepekema kamaʻilio ma UC Davis, a hana pū me Genetic Literacy Project e hoʻokipa i kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai i uku kālā ʻia. hanana leka uila ua hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe komo pehea e hoʻolaha ai i nā huahana mahiʻai. 

Ua wehewehe ʻia ka papahana genetic literacy ma kahi ia nā kumu kāki-eo Le Monde ʻike ma ke ʻano he “punaewele propaganda kaulana” i hoʻokani i ke kuleana nui i ko Monsanto paipai e hōʻino i ka hōʻike a ke keʻena noiʻi noiʻi maʻi maʻi o ka World Health Organization ma glyphosate. I ka a Palapala PR 2015, Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo Monsanto i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic ma waena o ka “ʻoihana hana ” ua hoʻolālā ka ʻoihana e komo i ka "orchestrate outcry" e pili ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hoʻolaha ʻo GLP i nā ʻatikala he nui e hōʻeha ana i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i hoʻopunipuni a hana pū ka palaho, ka hoʻokahuli, ka hūnā a me ka hoʻopunipuni.

He pili lōʻihi ʻo Entine i ka ʻoihana kemika; pili pū kona kino hana i ka pale ʻana pesticides, hanalima Nine Inch, Ka lula ea Ke, kūpilikiʻi, A me ka ʻoihana aila, pinepine me hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema, nā kānaka moʻolelo a nā kālaiʻike.  Hoʻohui ee ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic ma 2011 i ka manawa He mea kūʻai aku ʻo Monsanto o kāna ʻoihana pili lehulehu. ʻO ka GLP ma mua pili pū ʻia me STATS, ua wehewehe kahi mea nūhou pūʻulu nonprofit ma ke ʻano he "hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia kanalua nā ʻanoʻano e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a ʻo “ʻike ʻia no ka pale ʻana i ka ʻoihana kemika. " 

I ka 2015, ua neʻe ka Genetic Literacy Project i kahi hui makua hou, ʻo ka Science Literacy Project. ʻO ka faila ʻauhau IRS no kēlā makahiki hōʻikeʻia he lālā hoʻokumu ʻo Kauka Ronald o ka Papahana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema, akā nā leka uila mai ʻAukake 2018 e hōʻike ua hōʻoia ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine e haʻalele hou i kona inoa mai ka palapala ʻauhau ma hope o ka ʻike ʻia ua helu ʻia ʻo ia ma laila (ʻo ka ʻauhau ʻauhau i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kēia manawa loaʻa ma aneʻi). Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine, “ʻAʻole au i lawelawe ma kēia papa a ʻaʻole wau i hāʻawi i ka ʻae no ka papa inoa ʻia o koʻu inoa. E ʻoluʻolu e hana koke e hoʻomaopopo i ka IRS ua helu ʻia koʻu inoa me ka ʻae ʻole. ” Ua kākau ʻo Entine he ʻokoʻa kona hoʻomanaʻo ʻana. "Hoʻomaopopo wau iā ʻoe e ʻae nei e lilo i ʻāpana o ka papa a poʻo i ka papa mua ... Ua hauʻoli ʻoe a kākoʻo hoʻi i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo. ʻAʻohe nīnau i loko o koʻu manaʻo ua ʻae ʻoe i kēia. ” Akā naʻe ua ʻae ʻo ia e hoʻāʻo e lawe i kona inoa mai ka palapala ʻauhau.

Ua kūkākūkā hou lāua i ka palapala ʻauhau ma Kekemapa 2018 ma hope o ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o kēia pepa. Ua kākau ʻo Entine, "Ua helu wau iā ʻoe ma ka 990 kumu e pili ana i ke kamaʻilio kelepona ʻana āu i ʻae ai e noho ma ka papa. I ka manawa i koho ai ʻoe iaʻu ua ʻae ʻole ʻoe, ua hoʻomaʻemaʻe wau i ka moʻolelo e like me kāu i noi ai. ” I loko o leka uila ʻē aʻe i kēlā lā, ua hoʻomanaʻo ʻo ia iā Kauka Ronald "ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua pili ʻoe me 'kēlā hui: ʻoiai mākou e hana pū ana, hana maʻalahi a hana ʻole hoʻi, i ka hana ʻana i kahi hoʻomoana kīpuka ma kāu kula nui."  

Hoʻonohonoho nā palapala ʻauhau ʻEpekema Literacy i kēia manawa i ʻekolu mau lālā o ka papa: Entine; ʻO Drew Kershen, he loea loio i hala ma mua ma ka papa o "Review Academics," he hui i koi kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e loaʻa ana kāna kālā mai nā hui mahiʻai; a ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, he epidemiologist nāna e lawelawe ma ka papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema no ka mea, o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto no kāna hana pale aku i nā pesticides a me GMO.

Hoʻokumu ʻia, alakaʻi ʻia ka hui ʻo UC Davis e hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā hana PR hana

ʻO Kauka Ronald ka luna hoʻokumu o ka World Food Center's Ke keʻena no ka heluhelu ʻana i ka meaʻai a me ka mahiʻai (IFAL), kahi hui i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 2014 ma UC Davis e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā kumu a me nā haumāna e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered, nā mea kanu a me nā pesticides. ʻAʻole hōʻike piha ka hui i kāna kālā.

Hōʻike nā palapala i hāʻawi ʻia e Dr. Ronald ʻO Jon Entine a me kāna hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻO kahi papahana Genetic Literacy Project kahi paepae ma UC Davis, ke koho nei iā Entine ma ke ʻano he elemakule uku ʻole ʻia o IFAL a he kumu aʻo a kumu aʻo i kahi papahana puka ʻepekema kamaʻilio. ʻAʻole ʻo Entine he hoa ma UC Davis. E ʻike i kā mākou leka 2016 i ka World Food Center e nīnau ana e pili ana i ke kālā no Entine a me IFAL a me kā lākou wehewehe wehewehe e pili ana i kahi e loaʻa ai kā lākou kālā.

I Iulai 2014, ua hōʻike ʻo Kauka Ronald i kahi leka uila i kahi hoa hana ʻo Entine kahi mea kōkua nui i hiki ke hāʻawi iā lākou i nā manaʻo maikaʻi i ka mea e hoʻopili aku ai e hōʻiliʻili i nā kālā hou aʻe no ka hanana IFAL mua. I Iune 2015, hui pū ʻo IFAL i ka “ʻO kahi hoʻomoana boot a Project Biotech Literacy”Me ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ka ʻO ka hui loiloi ʻia ʻo Monsanto i kākoʻo ʻia e ka hui. Ua koi nā mea hoʻonohonoho i uku kālā ʻia kēia hanana e nā kumu, nā aupuni a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, akā hōʻole nā ​​kumu ʻoihana ʻole i ke kālā kālā i nā hanana a me ka ʻo ke kumuwaiwai kālā hiki ke haki ʻia mai ka ʻoihana, e like me ka hōʻike a Paul Thacker ma The Progressive.

Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau kēlā Kānāwai Loiloi, i loaʻa iā ia kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa, hoʻolilo i $ 162,000 no ka ʻaha kūkā ʻekolu lā ma UC Davis. Ke kumu o ka hoʻomoana kīpaku, e like me ka papa kuhikuhi, e hoʻomaʻamaʻa a kākoʻo i nā ʻepekema, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea noiʻi kālaiʻike e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu a me nā mea hana kulekele e pili ana i nā pono o nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻO nā mea kamaʻilio ma kahi hoʻomoana kālele kā UC Davis ʻO Jay Byrne, Ko Monsanto luna mua o nā ʻoihana hui; Lākana Hank o ka Monsanto-uku kālā ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino; nā polofesa me nā pilina ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia e like me Kulanui o ʻInikia Polofesa Emeritus Bruce Chassy a Ke Kulanui o Florida Polokalamu Kevin Folta; ʻO Cami Ryan, e hana nei no Monsanto; ʻO David Ropeik, kahi kākāʻōlelo ʻike pilikia ʻike PR nona pū kekahi nā mea kūʻai aku me Dow a me Bayer; a me nā hui ʻenehana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe.

Nā haʻi ʻōlelo nui ʻo Dr. Ronald, ʻO Yvette dʻEntremont ka Sci Babe, he "ʻepekema kamaʻilio" nāna e pale aku i nā pesticides a me nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻona i ka wā e lawe kālā ana mai nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i kēlā mau huahana, a me Ted Nordhaus o ka Breakthrough Institute. (Ua helu pū ʻia ʻo Nordhaus ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka Papa ʻEpekema ʻEpekema ma ka palapala ʻauhau 2015/2016 kumu, akā ua kāpae ʻia kona inoa me Dr. Ronald's i loko o ka pepa i hoʻoponopono ʻia ʻo Entine i waiho ʻia i ka makahiki 2018. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Nordhaus ʻaʻole ʻo ia i lawelawe ma ka papa.)

Ke kuke ʻana i kahi boycott Chipotle

Hōʻike nā leka uila iā Dr. Ronald lāua ʻo Jon Entine hana pū ʻia ma ka leka ʻana e hōʻino ai i nā loiloi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered. I kekahi hihia, ua noi ʻo Kauka Ronald e hoʻonohonoho i kahi boycott e kūʻē i ka Chipotle hale ʻaina ma luna o kāna hoʻoholo e hāʻawi a paipai i nā meaʻai GMO ʻole.

I ʻApelila 2015, ua leka uila ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine a ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, kahi limahana o Monsanto ma mua a me ka loea o ka laulima kōkua ma UC Davis, e ʻōlelo e loaʻa iā lākou kahi haumāna e kākau e pili ana i nā mahiʻai e hoʻohana ana i nā pesticides ʻoi loa e ulu i ka GM-GMO. “Manaʻo wau e hoʻolaha mākou i kēia ʻoiaʻiʻo (ke loaʻa iā mākou nā kikoʻī) a laila hoʻonohonoho i kahi boycott chipotle, "Kākau ʻo Kauka Ronald. Ua kuhikuhi ʻo Entine i kahi hoa e kākau i kahi ʻatikala no ka papahana Genetic Literacy ma ke kumuhana e "lele pinepine ka hoʻohana pesticide" ke hoʻololi ka poʻe mahiʻai i kahi hiʻohiʻona GMO ʻole e hoʻolako i nā hale ʻaina e like me Chipotle. ʻO ka Haawina, mea i kākau ʻia e Entine a me ke kuhi ʻana i kāna pili ʻo UC Davis, ʻaʻole e hōʻoia i kēlā kuleana me ka ʻikepili.

Hoʻokumu ʻia ka hui biotech spin spin BioFortified

Ua hoʻokumu a lawelawe ʻo Dr. Ronald ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa (2012-2015) o ʻO Biology Fortified, Inc. (Biofortified), kahi hui e paipai i nā GMO a Loaʻa iā ia kahi hui activist hoa hoʻonohonoho kēlā nā kūʻē e kūʻē iā Monsanto. ʻO nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe o Biofortified me ka lālā hoʻokumu o David Tribe, he genistist ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne i hoʻokumu pū Review Review, ka hui i koi kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e loaʻa ana nā kālā ʻoihana, a hana pū me IFAL e hoʻokipa i ka papahana Biotech Literacy "camp boot" ma UC Davis.

ʻO ka lālā o ka papa ʻo Kevin Folta (2015-2018), he ʻepekema mea kanu ma ke Kulanui o Florida, ʻo ia ka kumuhana o ka moʻolelo New York Times ke hōʻike nei ua alakaʻi hewa ʻo ia i ka lehulehu e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia. ʻO Steve Blogage kahi mea kākau blog biofortified Ua huli ka limahana o DuPont i kuhina ʻoihana; ʻO Joe Ballanger, a kākāʻōlelo no Monsanto; a me Andrew Kniss, nāna i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto. Hōʻike nā palapala i kēlā hoʻohui ʻia nā lālā o Biofortified me ka ʻoihana pesticide ma kahi hoʻolaha lobbying e kū'ē nā kapu pesticide ma Hawaii.

Pāʻani i ke kuleana alakaʻi i ka kiʻi ʻoniʻoni hoʻolaha kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana

Ua hōʻike nui ʻia ʻo Kauka Ronald i ka Food Evolution, kahi kiʻi paʻi kiʻi e pili ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini i uku ʻia e ka hui kālepa Institute for Food Technologists. He mau kālaiʻike ʻē aʻe i kapa ʻia ʻo propaganda propaganda, a me kekahi mau kānaka i nīnauele ʻia no ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i wehewehe ʻia i ke kaʻina hana hoʻopunipuni a ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua lawe ʻia ko lākou mau manaʻo ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili.

https://www.foodpolitics.com/2017/06/gmo-industry-propaganda-film-food-evolution/

'Adlelo aʻoaʻo no ka hoʻolaha kaiāulu GMO ma Cornell

ʻO Kauka Ronald ma ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo o ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha PR i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻolaha ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka leka uila ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hāʻawi kālā nui ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i ua kūʻē i ka hoʻohana ʻia o ke kānāwai Freedom of Information e nānā i nā hui lehulehu, alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu me ka ʻike kūpono ʻole a hoʻokiʻekiʻe i nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole ʻia; ʻike palapala i loko o kā mākou pepa pono.

Loaʻa kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala e US Right to Know e loaʻa ana iā Dr. Ronald ka uku mai nā hui mahiʻai e ʻōlelo ma nā hanana kahi e hoʻolaha ai ʻo ia i nā GMO i nā mea hoʻolohe nui e ʻimi ai nā ʻoihana e hoʻohuli, e like me nā mea ʻai. Hāʻawi nā leka uila mai Nowemapa 2012 i kahi laʻana o ka hana a Dr. Ronald me nā ʻoihana.

ʻO ka limahana ʻo Monsanto Wendy Reinhardt Kapsak, he mea lapaʻau i hana mua no ka ʻoihana meaʻai hui wili IFIC, kono iā Ronald e kamaʻilio ma nā ʻaha kūkā ʻelua ma 2013, Food 3000 a me ka Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food and Nutrition Conference a me Expo. Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka ʻelua kūkākūkā nā uku a me nā kūʻai puke a ʻae ʻo Kauka Ronald e ʻōlelo ma Food 3000, kahi ʻaha kūkā i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka firm PR Porter Novelli a Kapsak i ʻōlelo ai e hōʻea i "90 ka pāʻoihana kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i ka meaʻai a me nā loea / influencers." (Kauka Ronald hoʻoili ʻia $ 3,000 no ka hanana). Nīnau ʻo Kapsak iā loiloi i nā kiʻi a Dr. Ronald a hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea e kūkākūkā i ka leka ʻana. Eia nō naʻe ma ka papa ka moderator ʻo Mary Chin (he kaukaʻai nāna kūkākūkā me Monsanto), a me nā lunamakaʻāinana mai ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation a me Monsanto, me Kapsak e hāʻawi nei i nā ʻōlelo hoʻomaka. Ua hōʻike ʻo Kapsak ma hope ua loaʻa nā loiloi i ka panela me nā poʻe i ʻōlelo ʻia e haʻi like lākou i ka manaʻo, "Pono mākou i kahi biotech e kōkua e hānai i ka honua. "

ʻO nā hana ʻē aʻe i hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻē aʻe no Dr. Ronald i komo pū me kahi 2014 haiolelo ma Monsanto no ka mea, $ 3,500 me 100 kope o kāna puke ka mea āna hōʻole e tweet e pili ana; a me kahi kamaʻilio e kamaʻilio 2013 ana i hoʻoili ai Bayer AG no $ 10,000.

Nā pepa i hoʻihoʻi ʻia

Retraction Watch ua hōʻike ʻo ia, “He makahiki paʻakikī ka 2013 no ka meaolaola ʻo Pamela Ronald. Ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana i ka protein i hōʻike ʻia e hoʻomaka i ka ʻōnaehana pale o ka laiki e pale aku ai i kahi maʻi bacteria - e hōʻike ana i kahi ala hou e hana i nā mea kū i ka maʻi - ua huki ʻo ia a me kāna hui i ʻelua mau pepa i ka 2013 ma hope o ka hiki ʻole ke hana hou i kā lākou ʻike. ʻO nā mea hewa: kahi misia maʻi koʻokoʻo a me kahi hoʻoweliweli ʻano nui. Eia naʻe, ʻo ka mālama a me ka transparency āna i hōʻike ai i loaʻa iā ia kahi 'hana ana i ka mea kūpono'kunou mai iā mākou i kēlā manawa. "

E ʻike i ka uhi:

"He aha kāu e hana ai e pili ana i nā retractions ʻeha? ʻO Q&A me Pamela Ronald lāua ʻo Beniamina Swessinger, " Retraction Watch (7.24.2015)

"Hiki i ke kūlana ʻepekema o Pamala Ronald, ke alo lehulehu o GMO, ke hoʻopakele ʻia?"Na Jonathan Latham, Nūhou ʻEpekema Kūʻokoʻa (11.12.2013)

"Hana hou ʻo Pamela Ronald i ka mea kūpono, retracting a paper Science, " Retraction Watch (10.10.2013)

"Ke hana nei i ka mea kūpono: Hoʻihoʻi nā kānaka noiʻi i ka pepa i ʻike ʻia e ka ʻaha ma hope o ka hana lehulehu, " Retraction Watch (9.11.2013)

ʻO Jon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project: Nā ʻelele PR no Monsanto, Bayer a me ka ʻoihana Kemika

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ʻO Jon Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hoa nui i ka Monsanto mau hana pili lehulehu e pale aku a pale aku i nā huahana mahiʻai. Hōʻike ʻo Entine iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he mana mana i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo nā hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ma kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo he PR lōʻihi ʻo ia me nā pilina hohonu i ka ʻoihana kemika a kālele kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia.

ʻO nā kumu hoʻomaka o ka papahana moʻokalaleo genetic: kahi paʻa ʻo Monsanto PR a me kahi nonprofit me nā pili paka

ʻO Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a poʻokumu o ESG MediaMetrics, he hui pili lehulehu i ʻO Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku ma 2011 ke kūpaʻa kāinoa i ka inoa kikowaena GeneticLiteracyProject.org.

ʻO Entine i kēlā manawa e hana ʻia e nā lawelawe loiloi helu (STATS), kahi hui nonprofit a ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "hoʻolālā disinformation" o ia "ʻike ʻia e kū i nā kūlana e ʻae i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha. ” Ua hoʻomohala ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "papahana hoʻopaʻi keʻa me STATS," e like me waihona pūnaewele I ka 2015, neʻe ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma lalo o ka malu o kahi hui hou, ʻo ka Science Literacy Project, ka mea i hoʻoilina i ka STATS helu helu ʻauhau.

ʻO kahi hoʻokolokolo e Milwaukee Journal Sentinel ua ʻike ʻo STATS he “ka mea pāʻani nui i ka hoʻolaha lehulehu e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka bisphenol A"A ʻo kāna hui makua, ʻo ke kikowaena no Media and Public Affairs (CMPA)," ʻo ia uku ʻia i loko o nā makahiki 1990 e Philip Morris, ka ʻoihana paka, e hōʻiliʻili i nā moʻolelo loiloi i ka puhipaka. ” He alakaʻi ʻo Entine o ka CMPA i ka makahiki makahiki 2014/2015, e like me i nā palapala ʻauhau.

He mea kūʻai aku ʻo Monsanto i ka firm PR o Entine i kona wā i hoʻopaʻa inoa ai i ka inoa no ka papahana Genetic Literacy.

Pāhana me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR / hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema 

Nā palapala i loaʻa iā Pono ʻo US e ʻike a mai hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto e hōʻike i ka Entine a me ka Genetic Literacy Project hoa me Monsanto e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, me ka hōʻike ʻole i kā lākou hana pū ʻana.

  • Kahi hoʻolālā 2015 Monsanto PR ʻike ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project kekahi o nā "Nā hoa hana" Ua hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto e hana i kāna mau hana e "orctrate outcry" e pili ana i hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai mai ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e "pale ai i ka kaulana" o Roundup. Ua kau ʻo GLP ma luna o 200 ʻatikala e pili ana i ka IARC, kekahi o lākou kū'ē nā ʻepekema ka mea i loaʻa ka glyphosate carcinogenic as nā kuʻuna a wahahee ʻO wai kipaku ʻia e ka waiwai a me ka lapuwale.
  • He lanakila lanakila Le Monde hoʻokolokolo e pili ana i ka "Monsanto Papers" i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" i hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana i nā ʻoihana pesticides a me biotechnology, "a he hana nui i ko Monsanto mau hana" e luku i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o United Nations. ke koho e hiki ai. "
  • I kahi waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha 2017, ua hoʻopiʻi nā loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻa glyphosate i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project a me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino ma ke ʻano he "hui i manaʻo e hoʻohilahila i nā ʻepekema a hōʻike i ka ʻike e kōkua ana iā Monsanto a me nā mea hana kemika ʻē aʻe.
  • Ma 2014 a me 2015, ua hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto a me kā lākou PR firm e paʻi a hoʻolaha i kahi moʻo o nā pepa pro-GMO i kākau ʻia e nā polopeka me ka hōʻike ʻole i ka kuleana o ka ʻoihana. E ʻike i ka hōʻike a Boston Globe, “ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Professor Harvard i ka pili o Monsanto. "
  • Wahi a kahi leka uila o Sep. 2014, Ua koho nā luna o Monsanto i ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "puka mua" e paʻi i nā pepa a nā polopeka, a e kūkulu i kahi "papahana kūʻai aku" me ka PR PR CMA e paipai i nā pepa.
  • ʻO ka firm PR CMA, ka mea i kapa hou ʻia ʻo Look East, alakaʻi ʻia e Charlie Arnot, a ʻo ia hoʻi ka mea nāna e holo ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono, kahi mea kōkua ʻole e loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto - a ʻo kekahi hāʻawi manawaleʻa iā Papahana Heluhelu Genetic.
  • I ka 2014 a me ka 2015, ua hana pū ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Nānā ʻImi, kahi hui mua o Monsanto, e hoonohonoho ʻaha kūkā kālā-ʻenehana ma ke Kulanui o Florida a me UC Davis "e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMOs a me ka ʻawahia o glyphosate," e like me Ua hōʻike ʻo Paul Thacker ma The Progressive.

Pili i Syngenta / ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino

Ke hāʻawi kālā nei ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH i ka wā i paʻi ai i ka puke a Entine e pale aku nei i ka pesticide a Syngenta.

Ua pili paʻa ʻo Jon Entine me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), kahi hui mua ʻoihana loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto a me nā hui kemika ʻē aʻe. Ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kā Entine puke 2011, ka mea e pale aku i ka atrazine, kahi pesticide i hana ʻia e Syngenta. ʻO ka hōʻike ʻana a Tom Philpott ma Mother Jones a me ka Center for Media and Democracy e hoʻokumu ana e hāʻawi kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH i kēlā manawa, a ua noi aku ʻo ACSH iā Syngenta e hāʻawi i kālā hou aku no kahi papahana i hoʻopili ʻia kahi puke e like me ka puke ʻo Entine.

ʻO kā Philpott ʻatikala ma Mother Jones ua wehewehe i nā kūlana e pili ana i ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kā Entine puke, e pili ana i nā palapala i loaʻa iā ke kikowaena no Media a me Demokalaka e wehewehe ana i kā PR PR Syngenta e kiʻi ʻo nā hui ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e pale aku iā atrazine.

I 2009, Ua nīnau aku nā limahana o ACSH iā Syngenta no kahi $ 100,000 hāʻawi - "ʻokoʻa a ʻokoʻa i ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki i hala" - e hana i kahi pepa a me "puke kūʻai pilikino" e pili ana i atrazine. I ka 2011, Hoʻolaha ʻo ACSH ʻO ka puke hou a Entine me kahi "hoa aloha, pepa kūlana pōkole," e pale aku ana iā atrazine. Ua haʻi ʻo Entine iā Philpott ʻaʻohe ona "manaʻo" e loaʻa kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH.

Kumuhana nui: hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa

ʻO kahi poʻomanaʻo nui i ka hana a Entine e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hōʻike loiloi e pili ana i ka ʻoihana kemika, ka ʻoihana aila a me nā pilikia olakino e pili pū ana me lākou. Kekahi mau laʻana:

  • hooukaia mai New Yorker ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Rachel Aviv i ka hoʻāʻo e hōʻino iā ia hōʻike e pili ana i nā palapala Syngenta kūloko e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ka hui kemika e hōʻino i ka inoa o UC Berkeley Polofesa Tyrone Hayes ma muli o kāna noiʻi ʻana e hoʻohui ana i ka lāʻau make atrazine i nā hānau hānau i nā rana. ʻO Bruce Chassy ke kumu nui o Entine, he polofesa ʻo ia ke loaʻa mālie nei i ke kālā mai Monsanto a kōkua i ka hoʻomaka a ʻO ka hui mua o Monsanto e hoʻouka i nā loiloi ʻoihana.
  • hooukaia mai ʻO Harvard Professor Naomi Oreskes, ka mea kākau o ʻO nā kālepa o ka kanalua, ma ke ʻano he "populist Luddite, ka Rottweiler ʻike o loko o kou alo, kaiapuni, a makaʻala maoli hoʻi i ka ʻenehana hou."
  • ʻAʻohe ʻO ke kula ʻo Journalism Columbia ʻo Dean Steve Coll a me ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Susanne Rust o "smearing Exxon" no ka hōʻike ʻana ua ʻike ʻo Exxon no nā makahiki he maoli ke ʻano o ke aniau akā hūnā i ka ʻepekema e hoʻomau i nā loaʻa kālā e kahe ana.
  • i ka hoʻouka ukali (mai ka lawe ʻia ʻana mai ka Huffington Post Pūnaewele), hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine iā Rust no nā hana hewa ethics no kāna hōʻike ʻana i kahi papa lanakila lanakila ma BPA ʻo ia papa inoa pōkole no kahi Pulitzer Prize; ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Entine i kāna hōʻike ʻana i hōʻike ai i kāna haku hana ma mua ʻo STATS ma ke ʻano he ka mea pāʻani nui i nā hana PR o ka ʻoihana.

ʻO Murky Funding Trail i Entine a me GLP

He paʻakikī a paʻakikī ka mōʻaukala kālā o Entine, akā hōʻike nā palapala ʻauhau a me kāna mau hōʻike ponoʻī i kahi ʻano o ke kālā mai nā kumuwaiwai inoa ʻole a me nā kumu ʻēheu ʻākau i pahu aku ai i ka deregulation a me ka hōʻole ʻepekema aniau, a me ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai ka ʻoihana biotechnology.

Kūpono ʻole, e loli mau nei ka pepa "transparency"

ʻO ka palapala "transparency financial" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project he pololei ʻole, hoʻololi pinepine a i kekahi manawa kūʻē iā ia iho. No 2017 a me 2018, ka Papahana Genetic Literacy koi ua loaʻa kālā mai kahi mau lima o nā kumu e like me nā hoʻokumu ʻo Templeton a me Searle, ʻo ia nā alakaʻi kālā kālā o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole ʻana. Hoʻomaopopo pū ʻo GLP i ke kālā kālā mai ka Center for Food Integrity, a pūʻulu mua ʻoihana meaʻai i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto a me nā hoapili pū me Monsanto a me Genetic Literacy Project e hāpai i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai PR.

In Kepakemapa 2016, ka "hōʻike" ua ʻōlelo ʻo GLP ʻaʻole i loaʻa kahi kālā mai nā ʻoihana, akā ua hōʻike ʻia he $ 27,500 "hele ma waena o" mai ka "Academics Review Charities Association," i ʻike ʻole ʻia. ʻO kēlā hui paha ʻOihana AcademicReview.org, he hui mua i loaʻa i kāna kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa.

In Malaki 2016, ʻaʻole hoʻolaha ʻo GLP i kahi hōʻike kālā a ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Entine e hoʻokaʻawale iā GLP mai kāna STATS haku hana ma mua, e ʻōlelo ana ua hāʻawi ʻo STATS i nā lawelawe helu mahina wale nō a ʻaʻole pili nā hui i nā hana a kekahi. Akā i ka 2012, ua ʻōlelo ʻo GLP ʻo ia “hoʻomohala ʻia ma ke ʻano he papahana aʻo keʻa me STATS. "

Ke kikowaena no ka Media a me nā kuleana aupuni / Ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason

No ka makahiki kālā 2014 / 2015, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau, ua loaʻa iā Entine he $ 173,100 no kāna hana ma ke ʻano he "director" ma Center for Media and Public Affairs, kahi hui ma George Mason University a hoʻokumu ʻia e GMU Professor ʻO Robert Lichter. CMPA ua uku ʻia e Phillip Morris i nā makahiki 1990 e pale i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka paka, e like me nā palapala i ka waihona waihona ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo CMPA i kāna mea kālā kālā akā ua loaʻa kālā iā ia mai kā George Mason University Foundation, ka alakaʻi loaʻa o nā haʻawina i pili pū me Charles Koch a me Koch Industries. Ua loaʻa iā GMUF $ 5.3 miliona mai ka Donors Trust a me nā Donors Capital Fund ma waena o 2011-13, Wahi a ke Kahu. Kuhi kēia mau kālā i nā kālā mai nā mea hāʻawi inoa ʻole me nā ʻoihana i nā hoʻouka kaua a me nā kālaiʻike e hoʻokuʻi i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana, e like me Greenpeace i hōʻike ai i loko o kahi hoʻokolokolo ʻimi huna.

Nā uku STATS a me nā hōʻaiʻē

ʻO ka hui kaikuahine o CMPA, i hoʻokumu ʻia e Lichter a hoʻokumu ʻia ma GMU, ʻo Statistics Assessment Services (STATS), kahi hui nonprofit i hana nui i nā hana kemika PR e pale aku i nā huahana ʻawahia, e like me ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO ke kuʻina, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ka 'Akelanika' a Ka Mea Hōʻaikaʻi.

Wahi a nā palapala IRS:

  • Ua uku ʻia nā STATS i $ 140,600 i loko 2012 / 2013 a i $ 152,500 i 2013 / 2014 ma ke ʻano he “aʻoaʻo noiʻi”
  • ʻO STATS a me ke kikowaena no Media a me nā kuleana lehulehu i helu ʻia i Entine ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi i 2014 / 2015 me ka uku no $ 173,100. Ua helu pū ʻia nā moʻolelo ʻauhau no nā hui ʻelua i ka Pelekikena Trevor Butterworth no $ 95,512 a me ka Luna Hoʻokele Tracey Brown me ka uku ʻole ʻia. ʻO Tracey Brown ka luna o Sense About Science, kahi hui pū kekahi wili ʻepekema e pale aku i nā pono ʻoihana kemika; ʻO Butterworth hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science USA i ka 2014 a hui pū i nā STATS i kēlā hui.
  • Ua lilo ka Project Science Literacy Project i ka ʻauhau ID o STATS ma 2015 a helu ʻia ʻo Entine ma ke ʻano he Luna Hoʻokele me ka uku no $ 188,800.
  • I ka 2018, ESG MediaMetrics, paʻa paʻa o Entine's PR, i hōʻike ʻia $ 176,420 i ka loaʻa kālā.

Ua hōʻaiʻē pū ka Center for Media and Public Affairs i STATS, a "no ka lawa ʻole o ke kālā" ʻaʻole "i uku ʻia." ʻO George Mason University Foundation, ka mea i hōʻike ʻole i kāna kālā, hāʻawi i nā hāʻawi CMPA i kēlā mau makahiki. Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau:

  • Ua hōʻaiʻē ʻo CMPA i nā STATS $ 203,611 i 2012 / 2013 a me $ 163,914 hōʻaiʻe ma 2013 / 2014
  • Ua hāʻawi ʻia ʻo George Mason University Foundation $ 220,900 ma 2012 / 2013 a i $ 75,670 i 2013 / 2014 iā CMPA.

ʻO ke kālā ʻoihana Biotechnology e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kākau moʻolelo

Ma 2014 a me 2015, ua hoʻolilo ka ʻaha kūkā no ka ʻike Biotechnology, i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont a me Monsanto Company, ma kahi o $ 300,000 ma nā hanana ʻelua i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Genetic Literacy Project a me ka papa mua o ka Academics Review i "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻawahia o glyphosate, ”E like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau a me ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO ka holomua. ʻO nā hanana, i kapa ʻia ka Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project, i mālama 'ia ma ka Kulanui o Florida ma 2014 a UC Davis ma 2015. Hōʻike nā papahana i nā hanana ma ke ʻano he "hoʻomaʻamaʻa mākau kamaʻilio" no nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e kōkua i ka pale hou ʻana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO, a ua hoʻohiki ʻia e hāʻawi i nā ʻepekema i nā "mea hana a me nā kōkua e pono ai e hoʻopili pono i ka pāpāho a ʻike ʻia he mau loea i ka ʻahaʻōlelo a nā hoʻolohe aupuni aupuni, a me nā hana kulekele ʻē aʻe a me nā manawa kūpono e hoʻolaha aku ai i pili. "

Nā kumu ma ka mua kahua hoʻomoana mua hui pū ʻia nā lunamakaʻāinana mai nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā hui kalepa, a me nā kālaiʻike pro-GMO me ke Kulanui o Florida Kumu. ʻO Kevin Folta, a me ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Polofesa Emeritus Bruce Chassy, ua ʻae aku lāua ʻelua i ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto a paipai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a Monsanto e kūʻai aku nei i ka hilinaʻi. Hawaii Post mea kākau meaʻai Tamar Haspel, no lakou hoi ʻae i ke kālā mai nā pono agribusiness, ka mea kākau nūhou ma ke kumu.

Nā mea kālā hōʻole ʻepekema ʻenekini

ʻO nā mea kākoʻo kālā nui o ka mea hana ma mua o Entine STATS a me kāna papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kēia manawa me nā ʻaoʻao ʻēheu - ʻo Scaife Foundation, ʻo Searle Freedom Trust a ʻo Templeton Foundation - ʻo ia nā alakaʻi nui o ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻepekema, e like me ka Ke aʻo kula 2013 Drexel. E nānā i ka hoʻokolokolo a USRTK: ʻO ke ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole hōʻaiʻē kālā e hoʻolaha nei i nā Propaganda Nine Toxic.

Kanaka pale ʻoihana ʻino

No nā makahiki he nui, lilo ʻo Entine i mea pale nui i nā pono ʻoihana kemika, ma hope o ka puke pāʻani ʻoihana: pale aku ʻo ia i nā kinikona e like me ka palekana; paio e kūʻē ana i ke kānāwai; a hoʻouka i ka ʻepekema, nā mea ʻepekema nūpepa a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hāpai nei i ka hopohopo.

Ke pale nei i nā neonicotinoids

e ulu ana Hōʻike nā hōʻike ʻepekema ʻo kēlā neonicotinoids, ka papa hoʻohana nui ʻia o nā pesticides, kahi kumu nui i ka make ʻana o ka pi. Ua kāohi ka European Union i nā neonics ma muli o ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka hopena o ka pi. ʻO Pepeluali 2020 ʻatikala ma The Intercept na Lee Fang i hōʻike e pili ana i ke "kaua ʻikepili sophisticated" e hana ana nā ʻoihana pesticide e mālama i nā kemika ma ka mākeke ma ka US Entine kahi mea nui o ka ʻelele pro-ʻoihana; ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo ia ʻaʻole neonic ka mea hoʻokele nui o ka make ʻana o ka pi.Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika), ʻo "The bee apocalypse was never real," (ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino) a koi ʻia nā neonics e kōkua maoli i ka olakino pī (Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika a Forbes). Ua hōʻeha pū kekahi ʻo Entine i kahi aʻo a kahi polofesa Harvard ma ka bee Colony Collapse Disorder (Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika) a hoʻopiʻi i ka poʻe politika o ʻEulopa i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e pepehi i nā nalo meli ma ke kaohi ʻana i nā neonics (Forbes).

Ke pale nei i nā phthalates

ʻO Phthalates kahi papa o nā kemika i loulou lōʻihi ʻia i ka hoʻohaunaele hormone, hōʻeha hānau, pilikia pilikia a me nā loulou i ka momona o ka wā kamaliʻi, hānō, nā pilikia neurological a me nā pilikia puʻuwai. Ua hoʻomaka ke aupuni US kaohi ʻana i nā kemika i nā mea pāʻani a nā keiki i ka 2013 ma muli o ka hopohopo olakino. Ua pale aku ʻo Entine i nā huahana a nā keiki i loaʻa nā kemika. "Kakaikahi nā kemika i ka mākeke i kēia lā i nānā i ka ʻepekema e like me nā esters phthalate," i kākau ʻo Entine (Forbes) - akā ʻaʻole ia i haʻi i ka kino nui of hōʻike ʻepekema i hōʻuluʻulu ʻia ma loko o ʻelua mau makahiki e pili ana i nā hōʻike phthalate i hoʻomohala hānau kūpono ʻole in keiki kāne. ʻO ka leka me nā hōʻeha i nā mea kūkala nūhou; Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine i kahi mea nūhou NBC nāna i hāpai i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka palekana o ka "journalism shoddy." (Forbes). ʻO kā firm firm kamaʻilio, ESG MediaMetrics, hana PR no ka Ke Kula Nui Vinyl; ʻO ka vinyl plastic kahi kumu nui o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā phthalates. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Entine i ka pili ʻoihana i kāna ʻatikala Forbes.

Ke pale nei i ka fracking

Hoʻopilikia ka Entine i ka haʻi ʻana o ka neʻe ("fracking"), ka pauma ʻana o ka wai kemika i hoʻowalewale ʻia i loko o ka lepo e haki i ka shale a lawe i ke kinoea maoli. E like me kāna mau huakaʻi leka uila ʻē aʻe, hoʻopūhū ʻo Entine i ka ʻepekema a me nā ʻepekema e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo, e kahakaha ana iā lākou ma ke ʻano he "activist," ʻoiai e hana nei i nā ʻōlelo nani a pili ʻole hoʻi e pili ana i ka ʻepekema "scrupious" i mālama ʻia i loko o nā makahiki he nui e pale aku i kona palekana. ʻO kahi laʻana, ua koi ʻo Entine: “Mai ke kuanaʻike ʻepekema, ʻaʻohe kumu e kū ai i ke ahiahi i hoʻohuoi nui e huli aʻe nā pilikia e pili ana i ke olakino a i ʻole nā ​​kaiapuni "mai ka fracking (New York Post).

Eia hou, ʻo nā hoʻouka kahi kī nui o ka leka uila. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou o New York Times no nā keiki hoʻopunipuni e pili ana i nā pilikia kūlohelohe o ka fracking (Forbes), hoʻouka kaua i ʻepekema ʻelua o ke Kulanui o Cornell no kā lākou noi ʻana e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o nā hana i ka methane (Forbes), a hoʻouka kaua i ka Park Foundation, e ʻōlelo ana ua "aneane hoʻokahi wale nō derailed shale-kinoea hoʻomohala ma methane-waiwai New York State, a kau i kona hiʻona ma ka lehulehu manaʻo a me nā kulekele hoʻoholo a puni ka ʻāina." (Pākaukau Poepoe Philanthropy)

Ke pale nei iā BPA

Kākau ʻo Entine i ka pale ʻana i ka bisphenol kemikal A (BPA), ʻoiai he kino nui o nā hōʻike ʻepekema e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana i kāna endocrine e hōʻoki ana i ka hiki a me nā pilikia olakino e pili pū ana me ia. Ua haʻi aku ʻo Kanada he mea ʻawaʻawa kēlā i ka 2010, a me ka EU pāpā ʻia ka BPA i loko o nā ʻōmole pēpē ma 2011.

Ua hōʻeuʻeu ʻo Entine i nā kānaka noiʻi kulanui, nā NGO a me nā mea nūpepa e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka BPA (Forbes), ua manaʻo ʻia ʻaʻole pono nā wahine i hāpai i ka hāpai keiki e hōʻino iā ia ma nā plastics (Forbes), a ʻaʻa i nā ʻepekema i hoʻopili i ka BPA i nā maʻi puʻuwai (Forbes).

Ke pale nei i ka Mana Nuclear

Pākuʻi pū ʻo Entine i ka ʻoihana mana nukelea; ua koi ʻo ia nā mea kanu mana nukelea nohona maikaʻi a "ʻaʻohe mea ʻino e like me Chernobyl e hana ʻia ma ke Komohana." Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo ia iā Harvard Professor Naomi Oreskes o ʻepekema "hōʻole," no ka mea, i waena o nā mea ʻē aʻe, e kuhikuhi nei i nā pōpilikia o ka hoʻokele waiwai a me ke kaiapuni o ka mana nukelea.

Nā hoa

He hoa uku ʻole ʻo Entine ma ke Center for Health and Risk Communication ma ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason (GMU) mai ka makahiki 2011-2014. nā mea hāʻawi manawaleʻa, a a kipa hoa ma ka American Enterprise Institute, kahi waihona manaʻo DC i kālā kālā ʻia i ʻāpana e hui kālepa a kālā ʻeleʻele nā hāʻawi.

E nana pū kekahi, ʻO Greenpeace Polluter Watch ʻaoʻao ma Jon Entine a me “ka moʻolelo huna o ka Genetic Literacy Project. "

Nā hui pili a me ka poʻe

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino
ʻO Geoffrey Kabat
ʻO Jay Byrne
Nānā ʻImi
Pamela Ronald lāua ʻo UC Davis
Nā Papahana Heluhelu Biotech 

ʻO Biofortified Aids Chemical ʻoihana PR & Nā Hana Lobbying

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ʻO Biology Fortified Inc., i kapa ʻia ʻo “Biofortified, "He hui nonprofit e hana pū me ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me nā mea kōkua i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying e pale aku i nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻia me nā genetically, a hoʻouka i nā loiloi ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā a me nā mea nūpepa nā mea pili i nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui

ʻO nā lālā o ka papa a me nā mea kākau blog i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma Biofortified'shui i kā mākou poʻe loea”Pili ʻaoʻao i ka pili pili i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā ʻoihana o mua o ka ʻoihana.

Eia nā laʻana o ka lobbying i hoʻopili ʻia i ka ʻoihana a me nā hana pili i ka lehulehu e pili ana iā Biofortified a me kāna mau alakaʻi.

Pale aku ka poʻe ʻōpio "Biofortified" i nā pesticides

I ka makahiki 2013, ʻo ka Hui Hoʻonui ʻIa o Hawaiʻi Crop (HCIA) - kahi hui kālepa ʻeleu Ua hoʻolālā ʻo DowDuPont, Monsanto a me nā Hartung Brothers - i kahi huakaʻi ʻoluʻolu i Kauai no nā mea kōkua ʻoihana e kūʻē i kahi ʻaha kaiāulu e hoʻomaikaʻi ai. hōʻikeʻike lehulehu o ka hoʻohana pesticide a koi ʻia i nā ʻāpana buffer pesticide a puni nā kula, nā haukapila a me nā wahi lehulehu. Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know, ua kuhikuhi aku ka luna hoʻomalu o ka HCIA i nā mea kākoʻo ʻehā i kono ʻia i ka huakaʻi hele e like me ke keikikāne "Biofortified." ʻO lākou:

Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻo Renee Kester, ka mea alakaʻi i ka papahana lobby HCIA, i leka uila i nā kāne ʻehā ma Iulai 11, 2013 (ʻaoʻao 10) e hoʻomaikaʻi aku iā lākou "no nā kākoʻo āu i hāʻawi mai ai iā mākou ma aneʻi ma Hawaii e pili ana i kā mākou kaua kaua ʻahaʻōlelo hou" a e hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea e kūkākūkā i kā lākou loaʻa e hele i kahi hālāwai hoʻolohe kānāwai. ʻO Alicia Muluafiti, ka luna hoʻokō o HCIA, a laila leka uila i ka hui (palapala 9) e pili ana i ka pono o ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā hoʻolālā pōkole a me nā wā lōʻihi “e hoʻohana ana i nā keiki kāne Biofortified”:

More 'ikepili:

  • New York Times, "Hana pū kahi polofesa Florida me ka ʻOihana Biotech: He huakaʻi i Hawaii e hōʻike ai, uku ʻia e ka ʻoihana" (ʻaoʻao 23) (9/5/2015)
  • Nānā GM, "Pehea ka pale ʻana o ke Keikikāne Biofortified 'i nā mea huna a nā ʻoihana pesticide ma Hawaii" (9/27/2015)

Palapala ʻia ʻo Biofortified ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana" ma Monsanto PR doc  

keia palapala Monsanto kūloko ʻike iā Biofortified ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana" ma ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), e pale aku i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo kahi ʻaoʻao loea IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e lilo carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Ua ʻike ʻia ka palapala PR Monsanto PR ʻehā papa o nā hoa hana ua hoʻolālā ka ʻoihana e komo i kāna "papa hoʻomākaukau" no ka IARC cancer report. Ua helu ʻia ʻo Biofortified ma “Tier 2,” me Nānā Hou ʻO AgBioChatter kālaiʻike, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. Kuhi pinepine ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai kūʻokoʻa, akā e like me ka manaʻo a ka Monsanto plan a me nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe, hana lākou ma hope o nā hanana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e pale i nā pono ʻoihana. (Hoʻohou: Ma ʻOkakopa 2018, Biofortified kau ʻia a olelo mai Monsanto e ʻōlelo nei ʻaʻole kālā a hui pū paha ka ʻoihana me lākou.)

Kūpono ka transparency a me ka mokuʻāina FOIA i nā noi

Kākoʻo ʻia ʻo Biofortified, me ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, he Palapala noi no Malaki 2015 ke kūʻē nei i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka State Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) i nā noi e nānā i nā loulou ma waena o nā mea ʻimi kālā i hoʻolaha kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila i loaʻa iā US Kuleana e ʻike ai ma o kā FOIA mokuʻāina noi mau laʻana he nui o nā kālaiʻike e hana nei i nā ala hūnā me nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me kā lākou ʻoihana PR e kōkua i ka papa hana lobbying a me nā leka uila ʻoihana - e laʻa me ka palapala e wehewehe nei i nā kumu o ka hōʻike mua o ka Academics, a me nā mea i kūkākūkā e pili ana i nā "keiki kāne biofortified" huakaʻi huakaʻi i Hawaii. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know i kēia manawa i kau ʻia ma ka UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Library, USRTK Hōʻiliʻili Agrichemical. Ua hoʻokumu nā palapala i ka honua holoʻokoʻa hoʻolaha pūnaewele e pili ana i ka transparency i ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā pilikia o ke olakino a me nā kaiapuni o nā pesticides a me GMO.

ʻO nā hoʻouka kaua kūlike a Biofortified i ka poʻe loiloi

ʻO kahi pēpē hū e pani ana i ka palaoa GMO ʻo Frank N. Foode ka mascot o Biofortified.

ʻO ka lālā hoʻokumu hoʻokumu biofortified ʻo David Tribe i hoʻokumu pū ʻia Nānā ʻImi, kahi hui mua i hoʻonohonoho ʻia me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hoʻouka i nā poʻe loiloi ʻoihana, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know. I hoʻokahi leka uila, ʻO Jay Byrne, kahi luna mua o nā kamaʻilio ʻoihana no Monsanto, ua kūkākūkā i kahi papa inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana e kūkulu nei no Monsanto.

Malaki e kūʻē nei i nā kaʻao e pili ana i ka Hoʻololi (ʻO MAMyths), kahi papahana o Biofortified, i kuhi ʻia kekahi o nā hui a me nā kānaka i kapa ʻia ma ka papa inoa o Byrne - no ka laʻana, ua komo ka hui i kahi kūʻē iā Vandana Shiva a ua alakaʻi ʻia a hoʻāʻo ʻole e kāpae kahi hanana e hōʻike nei iā Vani Hari, ka "Food Babe," i kākoʻo ʻia e ka Center for Food Safe.

ʻO MAMyths co-hoʻokumu Kavin Senapathy he mau ʻatikala holoi ʻia e Forbes ma hope o ka Hōʻike ʻo New York Times ʻO kāna mea kākau, ʻo Henry Miller, i paʻi i kahi kolamu i Forbes i kākau ʻia e Ghostanto. Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Miller ma ke ʻano he hoa ma ʻO ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto e hoʻouka i ka IARC cancer panel.

ʻO Senapathy ka mea kākau inoa o 2015 buke e pili ana iā Hari, "The Fear Babe," e hōʻike nei i mua i kākau ʻia e ka lālā o ka papa Biofortified ʻo Kevin Folta, kahi e wehewehe ai i ka neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai ma ke ʻano he "pūʻulu hoʻoweliweli maikaʻi".

ʻO Senapathy lāua ʻo Haro von Mogel e ʻike ʻia ma ka Kiʻi paʻi hoʻolaha GMO Hoʻolālā Meaʻai.

Nā hana pili

GENERA Pūnaeweleʻikepili he papa inoa o nā noiʻi e "hōʻike i ka poʻe i ka nui o ka noiʻi i mālama ʻia ma nā mea kanu ʻenekini," e like me ka NPP ma ka pūnaewele Biofortified. Ua hoʻomaka mua ʻia ka papa inoa e David Tribe, ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu pū ka ʻO ka hui loiloi mua o Monsanto. Hoʻolaha mua no GENERA hoʻopiʻi kuhi hewa e hōʻike iā "ʻoi aku ma mua o 600 nā hōʻike i nānā ʻia e nā hoa ʻepekema i nā palapala ʻepekema e palapala ana i ka palekana āpau a me ke olakino olakino o nā meaʻai GM a me nā hānai." ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hapa nui o kēlā mau noiʻi i nā pilikia palekana. Ua kāpae ʻia ka ʻōlelo hoʻolaha kūpono ʻole, a ma kahi o ka hapakolu o nā haʻawina.

ʻO Drew Kershen: ʻOihana ʻoihana Agrichemical ʻOihana Hoʻolālā

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ʻO Drew Kershen, polopeka emeritus ma ke Kulanui o ke Kulanui o Oklahoma o ke Kānāwai, kahi pili pili loa o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. Kūkākūkā ʻo ia no ʻaʻala o nā mea kanu ʻenekinia me nā holoholona a me kue i ka transparency. Ua hoʻokani nui ʻo Kershen i nā hana hoʻolauleʻa i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me nā hui i mua e hoʻokipa no nā pono ʻoihana. ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo Kershen i nā kumuwaiwai kālā.

ʻO nā pilina ʻoihana Agrichemical a me ke alakaʻi o ka hui mua

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic / Papahana Heluhelu ʻEpekema

ʻO Kershen a ka lālā o ka papa o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui mua i hui pū me Monsanto e hana i ka pilina lehulehu no nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻia i genetically, a hana ʻaʻole hōʻike pono kāna kālā. Hōʻike nā palapala i ka Genetic Literacy Project:

He lālā papa ʻo Kershen o ka Papahana Heluhelu ʻEpekema, ka 501 (c) (3) hui makua o ka Genetic Literacy Project. Kuhikuhi ʻia nā mea ʻelua e ʻO Jon Entine, kahi pili aloha PR lōʻihi loa o ka ʻoihana kemika.

Wahi a Nā moʻolelo ʻauhau 2015, ʻO Jon Entine a me ka Papahana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema i mālama i ka mana o ka Helu Heluhelu Helu (STATS), kahi hui i pili mua me ka Center for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA) a me ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic. Ua pelu ʻia nā hana no STATS i Sense About Science USA, a kaʻana like i ka helu wahi o ka moʻolelo me ka Pāhana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema.

ʻO nā mea hoʻokumu o STATS, CMPA a me Sense About Science i hana ka pilina lehulehu no ka ʻoihana paka a ʻaʻole kēia mau hui he arbiters kūʻokoʻa o ka ʻepekema, e like me ka 2016 hoʻokolokolo ma The Intercept.

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike i nā pepa ʻo USRTK ma ʻO Jon Entine a me Genetic Literacy Project a Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS.

Kakauolelo o ka ʻOihana Hoʻolaha Review mua

ʻO Kershen ke kākau ʻōlelo o ka papa o nā luna hoʻomalu o Academics Review, e like me kāna Nā moʻolelo ʻauhau 2016. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia he loiloi kūʻokoʻa nā loiloi Academics, akā ua loaʻa nā palapala e US Right to Know hōʻike he hui mua ia hoʻonohonoho ʻia me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hoʻouka i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻoiai ke kūʻokoʻa nei.

ʻO Kershen kahi loiloi no kahi hōʻike 2014 e ka Academics Review i hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika; ka nūʻike hoʻōla no ka mea ua hōʻike ka hōʻike he hana ia na nā kālaihana kūʻokoʻa me ka hakakā ʻole o ka hoihoi.

Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau ʻo ka mea leʻaleʻa mua o ka Academics Review ka Council for Biotechnology Information, kahi hui nonprofit i kālā ʻia a holo ʻia e BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont, Monsanto a me Syngenta. Ua hāʻawi ʻo CBI i kahi huina o $ 600,000 i ka loiloi ʻĀkana i 2014 a 2015-2016.

No ke aha i holoi ʻia ai ʻo Forbes i kahi ʻatikala Drew Kershen

Kershen mea kākau i kākau ʻia i mau ʻatikala i holoi ʻia e Forbes a me Project Syndicate ma hope o kāna mea kākau, Ua paʻa ʻo Henry Miller me ka hoʻohana ʻana i kahi kolamu i kākau ʻia e Monsanto e like me kāna hana ponoʻī ma Forbes. ʻO ka New York Times hōʻike i ka hōʻino ghostwriting ma 2017.

Ua kākau pū ʻo Kershen lāua ʻo Miller i mau ʻatikala na Slate, ʻO ka'ōiwi kūkā, ka ʻOihana Hoover a me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (kahi ʻoihana i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pūʻulu mua) e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i ka lepili ʻana a me ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā meaʻai me nā ʻenekini genetically, e hoʻouka nei i nā poʻe loea o ka ʻoihana, a e ʻōlelo nei "ke ʻeha nei ka poʻe ʻilihune o ka honua a make makehewa ʻole" ma muli o ke "rula gratuitous i koi ʻia e nā mea hoʻouka."

Nā Pane GMO

ʻO Kershen kahi "Luna ʻelele" no nā pane GMO, a pūnaewele a me ka pūnaewele PR no nā meaʻai ʻenekinia genetically ʻo ia hoʻolako kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui ma o ka Council for Biotechnology Information, a holo ʻia e ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu lehulehu Ketchum.

Hoʻopili ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi Transparency e kāpae i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka lehulehu

ʻO kekahi mau palapala i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo, i hōʻike i nā pili i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma waena o nā ʻoihana a me nā hui mua, i loaʻa mua ʻia ma o ke noi Freedom o ka ʻIkepili e Pono ʻo US e ʻike. Ua komo ʻo Kershen i nā hoʻopiʻi e hoʻāʻo e hōʻoki i ka hoʻolaha hou ʻana, ma ke ʻano he Freedom of the Press Foundation i hōʻike ʻia ma Pepeluali 2018.

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā pūʻulu mua ʻoihana meaʻai, e ʻike i ka ʻAoʻao ʻimi noiʻi ʻo USRTK.

ʻO ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole hōʻaiʻē kālā e hoʻolaha nei i nā Propaganda Nine Toxic

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Paipai lākou i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, pale aku i nā kemikonaʻawahia a me nā meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole, a hoʻouka kaua i ka poʻe e hāpai nei i ka hopohopo e pili ana i kēlā huahana me he "anti-science." Akā ʻo Jon Entine, Trevor Butterworth a me Henry Miller i kālā kālā ʻia e nā hui like e kālā kālā hōʻole ʻana i ke aniau.

Na Stacy Malkan

He ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo kā ka mea kākau Pelekane ʻo George Monbiot no kā mākou e hoʻāʻo nei e hopu i nā ʻoihana politika hou i ka US a me ke UK: "ʻAʻohe o mākou manaʻolana i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā mea e hiki mai ana a hiki i ka manawa e hoʻomaopopo ai mākou i ka hana ʻana o ka pūnaewele kālā ʻeleʻele," kākau ʻo ia i ka Guardian.

Ua lohi paha ʻo Corporate America e hoʻomehana iā Donald Trump, akā i ka manawa i hoʻopaʻa ai ʻo Trump i ke koho ʻana, "ua hoʻomaka ke kālā nui e ʻike i kahi manawa kūpono ʻole ma mua," i kākau ʻo Monbiot. "ʻAʻole kuleana kāna incoherence, akā he wehe: hiki ke hoʻonohonoho ʻia kāna papa kuhikuhi. A ʻo ka pūnaewele kālā ʻeleʻele i hoʻomohala ʻia e kekahi mau hui ʻo ʻAmelika ua hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia e hana ia. ”

ʻO kēia pūnaewele, a i ʻole kālāʻeleʻele ATM e like me kā Mother Jones i wehewehe ai, pili i ka nui o ke kālā paʻakikī e loaʻa mai nā piliona piliona, e like me Charles a me David Koch a me nā mea kōkua, a me nā hui i nā hui i mua e hāpai ana i nā manaʻo mākeke manuahi loa - no ka laʻana, hakakā i nā kula lehulehu, nā ʻuniona, ka pale ʻana i ke kaiapuni, nā kulekele hoʻololi i ke aniau a me ka ʻepekema e hoʻoweliweli i nā loaʻa ʻoihana.

"ʻAʻohe o mākou manaʻolana o ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka mea e hiki mai ana a hiki i ka wā e hoʻomaopopo ai mākou i ka holo ʻana o ka pūnaewele kālā ʻeleʻele."

Nā mea kākau noiʻi ʻO Jane Mayer, ʻO Naomi Oreskes, ʻo Erik Conway a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i hōʻike pehea "ka moʻolelo o ke kālā ʻeleʻele a me ka moʻolelo o ka hōʻole ʻana i ke aniau i ka moʻolelo like: ʻelua ʻaoʻao o ke kālā like," e like me kā Senatoa US Sheldon Whitehouse i hōʻike ai i ka makahiki i hala. he'ōlelo.

ʻO nā kumumanaʻo o ka "alakaʻi ʻia e Koch, alakaʻi-kūʻai hana" - me nā hana propaganda e wili nei i ka ʻepekema me ka nānā ʻole i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo - "ʻo ia nō paha ke kumu nui i loaʻa ʻole ai iā mākou kahi bila aniani piha ma ka ʻAhaʻolelo," wahi a Whitehouse.

ʻOiai ua mākaukau maikaʻi ʻia kēia mau papa hana i loko o ke aniau, i hōʻike iki ʻole ʻia ʻo ka mea kālā ma hope o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema i hōʻole pū kekahi i kahi pūnaewele o nā limahana PR i kūkulu i nā ʻoihana e wili nei i ka ʻepekema e hōʻole i nā pilikia olakino o nā lāʻau ʻona i loko o ka meaʻai a mākou ʻai a me nā huahana a mākou e hoʻohana ai i kēlā me kēia lā.

He kiʻekiʻe nā pili no ke olakino o ko mākou lāhui. Uku o maʻi wā maʻi i kēia manawa 50% ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe ma mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ke "kaua i ka maʻi ʻaʻai" i mau makahiki i hala aku nei, a ʻo ka mea kaua maikaʻi loa kahi mea a mākou e paʻakikī nei e hoʻohana nei:

"Inā makemake mākou e lanakila i ke kaua ma ka maʻi ʻaʻai, pono mākou e hoʻomaka me nā kaukani kino a me nā ʻākena kemika i loiloi ʻia e like me ka hiki, a i ʻole ʻike ʻia nā kānaka make kino kanaka e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer of the World Health Organization" i kākau ʻia e ka ʻepekema a me ka mea kākau ʻo Devra. ʻO Lee Davis, PhD, MPH, i The Hill.

ʻO ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā ʻelele o ka ʻino i ʻike ʻia ua "ʻaʻole pili iki me ka ʻepekema, a me nā mea e pili ana i ka mana o nā ʻoihana waiwai nui e hilinaʻi nei i nā pilina lehulehu e pale aku i nā hōʻike ʻepekema o nā pilikia," wahi a Davis.

Ke pale nei i nā kemikona ʻino a me nā meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole 

Ke pilikia nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻai nui i nā pilikia me ka ʻepekema, ʻike ʻia kahi mea i kuhi ʻia o nā huapalapala a me nā hui ma ke kahua, e hoʻohana ana i nā hoʻolālā media i hoʻoluhi ʻia e hoʻopakele i nā ʻoihana e pono ai kahi PR hoʻonui.

ʻO ko lākou mau inoa a me nā hana a lākou e hoʻohana ai - nā ʻatikala lōʻihi lōʻihi, i hana pinepine ʻia e nā hōʻeha pilikino - e kamaʻāina i nā ʻepekema he nui, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea kākoʻo mea kūʻai aku i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā huahana ʻawahia i nā makahiki he 15 i hala.

Noi nā moʻolelo lehulehu e Pono ʻo US e ʻike i ʻākoakoa i nā palapala he mau kaukani, me nā hōʻike hou o ka Uliuli malu,'O Ke kuʻi a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, e hoʻomālamalama nei i kēia pūnaewele hoʻolaha.

ʻO nā mea pāʻani pū kekahi me Jon Entine, Trevor Butterworth, Henry I. Miller a me nā hui e pili pū ana me lākou: STATS, Center for Media and Public Affairs, Genetic Literacy Project, Sense About Science and the Hoover Institute.

ʻOiai nā moʻolelo i kākau maikaʻi ʻia e like me nā hana a PR, Entine, Butterworth a me Miller i hōʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema koʻikoʻi ma nā paepae pāpaho he nui, e ʻike ʻia ma ka Wall Street Pai, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Newsweek, ʻO Philadelphia Enquirer, ʻO Harvard Pakihi Pūʻai a, loa pinepine, Forbes - me ka hōʻike ʻole ʻia o kā lākou kumuwaiwai kālā a i ʻole ka papahana e hoʻopau ai i nā ʻoihana hoʻohaumia e paipai iā lākou.

Kūlana kiʻekiʻe kā lākou mau ʻatikala ma Google e ʻimi nei i nā mea nui o ka ʻenehana kemika a me nā mea maikaʻi ʻole i nā mea maikaʻi ʻole - ka hoʻokuʻi ʻana i nā moʻolelo e palekana nā GMO, nā pesticides, nā kemikolo ea, kō a me nā mea kō i kō, a ʻo kēlā me kēia mea ʻē aʻe he "anti-science."

I kekahi mau hihia, ke loaʻa nei ka mana i ke kūlike me nā hui hoʻokumu e like me ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Cornell University a me ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Davis.

Eia nō naʻe ke hoʻi nei kā lākou kumuwaiwai kālā i nā ideologues "ultra free market" like mai ka aila, lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā waiwai kemika e hōʻaiʻē nei i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema - Hilinaʻi Searle Freedom, Nā kumu kumu Scaife, John Templeton Foundation a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ʻike ʻia ma waena o nā mea hoʻolako kālā nui a kūpaʻa mau o nā hui hōʻole ʻepekema kaiāulu, e like me a 2013 like na Drexel University sociologist Robert Brulle, PhD.

ʻO ka poʻe e ʻimi nei e hoʻomaopopo i nā pahuhopu kulekele o ka ʻeleʻele kālā no ka hōʻoki ʻana i nā pale olakino no kā mākou ʻōnaehana meaʻai e nānā pono i kēia mau mea. nā mea hoʻolaha hou a me kā lākou leka uila ʻana.

ʻO Jon Entine - Polokalamu Heluhelu Genetic / STATS

ʻO Jon Entine, he mea kākau moʻolelo ma mua, hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he mana koʻikoʻi i ka ʻepekema. Eia naʻe manaʻo nui He loea pili lehulehu ʻo ia me nā pilina hohonu i nā ʻoihana kemika i hoʻopiʻi ʻia me nā nīnau e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino.

I nā makahiki i hala, loaʻa iā Entine ua hooukaʻia ʻepekema, nā kauka, ka poʻe kālā, lawmakers a nā kānaka moʻolelo nāna i hāpai aʻe nā hopohopo e pili ana kūpilikiʻi, ka mana kīkī, pesticidesNine Inch hoʻohanaʻia ʻōmole pēpē a mea pāʻani a nā keiki. A 2012 Mother Jones moʻolelo by Tom Philpott describes Entine as a “apologist hana agribusiness, "A me Greenpeace mau kikoʻī i kāna moʻolelo ma kā lākou Pūnaewele Polluter Watch.

ʻO Entine ka luna o ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, kahi hui e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻenekini. Wahi a ka pūnaewele he kūlike ʻole, akā "ua hoʻonohonoho pono ʻia e hāpai i kahi kūlana pro-ʻoihana a ʻaʻole e hoʻāʻo e nānā kūleʻa i nā pilikia," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Michael Hansen, PhD, he ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma Consumers Union.

"ʻO ka leka ka maikaʻi o ka hana ʻenekini a ʻo nā mea e kūʻē iā ia he ideologue weliweli ia, akā ʻaʻole ia he hōʻailona no kahi o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema maoli."

Hoʻohui kuleana, ʻo kahi laʻana, ʻo ka "ʻepekema ʻikepili i ka palekana o GMO ʻoi aku ka ikaika ma mua o ka hoʻomehana honua" - kahi hoʻopiʻi i kūʻē ʻia e ka World Health Organization, e ʻōlelo nei ʻaʻole hiki ke hana i nā ʻōlelo ākea e pili ana i ka palekana GMO, a na nā ʻepekema he haneli i ʻōlelo ʻaʻohe ʻae ʻae ʻepekema ma ka palekana GMO.

ʻAʻole maopopo ka papahana Genetic Literacy e pili ana i kāna pili iā Monsanto. Ma ke ʻano he laʻana hoʻokahi, ua paʻi ka pūnaewele i kekahi mau pepa kula kākoʻo pro-GMO i hōʻike ʻia ma hope nā leka uila hāʻawi ʻia i nā polopeka e kahi luna Monsanto nāna i hāʻawi i nā helu kamaʻilio no nā pepa a hoʻohiki ʻia e pauma iā lākou a puni ka Pūnaewele.

ʻO kekahi laʻana: ʻO nā hoa hana papahana Genetic Literacy Project me ka Academics Review ma ka Papahana Heluhelu Biotechnology, ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio-ʻoihana e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e pili ana pehea e "hana maikaʻi i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO me ka lehulehu kānalua."

"E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike."

Nānā Kālā, nāna i paʻi a hoike i ka 2014 e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika, hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he hui kūʻokoʻa, akā hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia me ke kōkua o kahi luna o Monsanto nāna i hoʻohiki e loaʻa kālā "ʻoiai e mālama ana iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike." Nā Leka Uila ua hōʻike pūʻia e loaʻa ana i ka mea hoʻokumu hoʻokumu loiloi o Academics Review ʻo Bruce Chassy kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto ma o ke Kulanui o ʻImioka Foundation.

No laila ʻo wai e hāʻawi kālā i ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project a me Entine?

E like me ko lakou paena, ka hapa nui o ke kālā mai nā kumu ʻelua - Searle lāua ʻo Templeton - ʻike ʻia i ka Drexel hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi kālā o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole. Ua helu pū ka pūnaewele i ka waihona kālā mai ka Winkler Family Foundation a "hele i ke kākoʻo no ke Kulanui o Kaleponi-Davis Biotech Literacy Bootcamp" mai ka Academics Review Charities Association.

Hoʻopili pū kekahi nā kumuwaiwai kālā mua i nā mea kākoʻo hōʻole ʻepekema o ke aniau a me ka loaʻa kālā ʻole i hōʻike ʻia.

ʻO ka Genetic Literacy Project a me Entine i hana mua ma lalo o ka malu o nā Heluhelu ʻImi Heluhelu (STATS), kahi hui ma Ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason, kahi i hui pū ʻia ʻo Entine ma ke kikowaena no ka Health and Risk Communication mai 2011-2014.

Ua kākoʻo kālā nui ʻia ʻo STATS e ka Scaife Foundation a me Searle Freedom Trust ma waena o 2005 a me 2014, e like me kahi noiʻi Greenpeace o Kālā kālā STATS.

ʻO Kimberly Dennis, ka pelekikena a me CEO o Searle Freedom Trust, ʻo ia nō ka luna o ka papa o Donors Trust, ka mea kaulana loa. Kālā kālā ʻeleʻele pili Koch ʻaʻole hiki ke huli i nā mea hāʻawi. Ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana a Dennis, ua hoʻouna ʻo Searle a me Donors Trust i kahi hui $ 290,000 i STATS i ka makahiki 2010, ua hōʻike ʻo Greenpeace.

In 2012 a 2013, STATS i loaʻa nā hōʻaiʻē mai kāna hui kaikuahine, ka Center for Media and Public Affairs, kahi loaa donations i loko o kēlā mau makahiki mai ka George Mason University Foundation, ka mea ʻaʻole hōʻike i nā kumuwaiwai kālā.

Ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Entine i kekahi manawa e hoʻokaʻawale iā ia iho a me GLP mai kēia mau hui; akā naʻe, nā moʻolelo ʻauhau hōʻike Ua uku ʻia ʻo Entine i $ 173,100 e ka Center for Media and Public Affairs no ka makahiki e pau ana iā Iune 30, 2015.

Na 2014, Hōʻike nā leka uila, Ke hoʻāʻo nei ʻo Entine e loaʻa kahi home hou no ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, a makemake e hoʻokumu i kahi "pilina kūpono" me ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, Davis, World Food Center. Ua lilo ʻo ia i Fellow Senior ma ke kula ʻo Ke Kula no ka Meaʻai a me ka Mahiai Mahiai a ua kuhikuhi ʻia ma ke ʻano he hoa mua. Aia ʻo GLP ma lalo o ka malu o kahi hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Science Literacy Project.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Entine ʻaʻole ia e pane i nā nīnau no kēia moʻolelo.

ʻO Trevor Butterworth - ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema USA / STATS

He hilinaʻi ʻo Trevor Butterworth ʻelele ʻenehana no nā makahiki he nui, ke pale aku nei i ka palekana o nā huahana pilikia āpau i mea nui i nā ʻoihana kemika a me nā mea ʻai, e like me nā phthalates, ʻO BPA, vinyl ea, huapalapala, nā soka sugary a nā mea hoʻonani ʻimi hoʻopunipuni. He mea hāʻawi ma mua ʻo ia ma Newsweek a ua kākau i nā loiloi puke no ka Wall Street Pai.

Mai ka 2003 a i ka 2014, he luna hoʻoponopono ʻo Butterworth ma STATS, i kālā nui ʻia e Scaife Foundation a me Searle Freedom Trust. I ka 2014, lilo ʻo ia i alakaʻi hoʻokumu o ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema USA a pelu ʻia nā STAT i loko o kēlā hui.

He hōʻike hou na Liza Gross ma ʻO ke kuʻina i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Sense About Science, kona alakaʻi ʻo Tracey Brown, Butterworth, STATS a me nā mea nāna i hoʻokumu i kēlā mau hui ma ke ʻano he "kahu ponoʻī no ka ʻepekema kani" nāna e kuhikuhi i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana.

ʻO Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema "makemake e kōkua i ka lawehala hewa ʻana i ka lehulehu ma o nā ʻōlelo hoʻopiʻi weliweli e pili ana i ke olakino a me ke kaiapuni" akā "he moʻolelo mōʻaukala o ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka poʻe loea i huli i ka pili i nā ʻoihana i hoʻoponopono ʻia," i kākau ai ʻo Gross.

"Ke nīnau pono nā mea nūpepa i ka mea nāna e kākoʻo i ka noiʻi ʻana i nā pilikia o, e ʻōlelo, asbestos, a i ʻole kemikala synthetic, e aʻo maikaʻi ʻia lākou e nīnau i nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema.

ʻO Sense About Science USA i kau ʻia kēia pane i ka ʻāpana, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo Butterworth ma o ka leka uila ua "hoʻohoka ʻia ʻo ia i ka ʻatikala hoʻopunipuni a ka Intercept, ka mea i hoʻopili ʻia ka poʻe a me nā hui me ka pili ʻole o Sense About Science USA." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻaʻole lawe kālā kāna hui a kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa ia mai ka UK Sense About Science.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "ʻAʻole wau i komo i loko o nā hoʻolaha leka ʻoihana - i kēlā me kēia hiki, uku ʻia a ʻaʻole."

Ua hoʻopau ʻē aʻe kekahi mau mea nūpepa. 

Ka poʻe hoʻopuka ma ka Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ka 'Akelanika' a Ka Mea Hōʻaikaʻi Hōʻike ʻia ʻo Butterworth ma ke ʻano he mea nui i ka hana PR ikaika a ka ʻoihana kemika e pale aku i ka BPA Nine.

I ka 2009, nā mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Susanne Rust lāua ʻo Meg Kissinger o ka Journal Sentinel i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Butterworth ma ke ʻano he pale pale ʻo BPA "mea nui loa", a he laʻana o "nā ʻoihana kemika ʻoihana pili lehulehu" ʻaʻole hōʻike i kā lākou pili.

 "ʻO ka pale ʻoi loa o ka BPA ma nā blog mai Trevor Butterworth mai ia."

KANAKA, kākau lākou, "Koi he kiaʻi kiaʻi kūʻokoʻa" akā "uku kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana kulekele lehulehu e hāpai ana i ka hana hewa." ʻO kona hui kaikuahine, ʻo ka Center for Media and Public Affairs, "he moʻolelo no ka hana ʻana no nā ʻoihana e hoʻāʻo nei e pale i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka palekana o kā lākou huahana." Ua haʻi ʻo Butterworth i kāna hōʻike ʻana ma BPA i hōʻike ʻia ka hōʻike i kēlā manawa mai nā kumu mana, a ua kau ʻia e STATS nā pane maanei a maanei i ka hōʻike loiloi ʻana.

ʻO kahi laʻana hou loa e pili ana i ka hana a nā kākau a Butterworth i kuleana nui i ka hana lobby ʻoihana e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema pilikia hiki ke ʻike ʻia i kāna hana ma ka sucralose sweetener.

Ma 2012, ua kākau ʻo Butterworth i No ka mea Forbes ke hoʻohewa nei i kahi noiʻi e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o sucralose. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i nā kānaka noiʻi, ʻo Kauka Morando Soffritti a me ka Ramazzini Institute, "he mea hoʻomākeʻaka."

I ka 2016, kahi hui mua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai i hōʻike ʻia i ka ʻatikala a Butterworth's 2012 a me "kahi mea hoʻomākeʻaka" loiloi i a nūʻike hoʻōla ke hoʻouka nei i kahi "panic study" Soffritti hou i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka sucralose. Nā mea hōʻike ma ke kūʻokoʻaʻO ka leka uilaThe Telegraph i ka desereta News ua huki i nā huaʻōlelo a Butterworth e hōʻino ana i nā mea noiʻi, a ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he mea haʻi moʻolelo mai Forbes.

Pēlā nō, i ka makahiki 2011, he loea akamai ʻo Butterworth ma ka ʻAha Kūkā ʻAha Sweeteners International, a koi ʻia i loko o kā lākou nūʻike hoʻōla ʻaʻohe "hōʻike o kahi pilikia i ke olakino" mai ka sucralose. Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he "mea kākau moʻolelo e kōkua mau i ka Financial Times a me ka Wall Street Journal."

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e USRTK hōʻike iā Coca Cola VP Rhona Applebaum i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Butterworth i nā alakaʻi o ka Global Energy Balance Network - a ʻO ka hui mua o Coca-Cola e hana ana i ka wili i ka ʻepekema i ka momona - as “mākou hoa aloha"A me kahi mea kākau moʻolelo"mākaukau a hiki”E hana pū me lākou. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Butterworth ʻaʻole ʻo ia i hana pū me kēlā hui.

Pili ʻo Butterworth i kēia manawa me ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell ma ke ʻano he kipa hoa ma ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hui i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 2014 me kahi $ 5.6 miliona Gates Foundation i hāʻawi ʻia iā paipai i nā GMO. Ke hui pū nei ʻo Gates-funded group me Sense About Science USA ma kahi papa hana e aʻo ai i nā ʻepekema ʻōpio i "Kū i luna no ka ʻepekema. "

ʻO Sense About Science USA holo pū kekahi i ka lehulehu nā papa hana no nā ʻepekema ma nā wahi e like me ke Kulanui o Wakinekona, Ke Kulanui o Pittsburg, Carnegie Melon, Ke Kulanui ʻo Rockefeller, Caltech a me Ke Kulanui o Massachusetts, ʻo Bosetona.

ʻO Henry I. Miller - Ke keʻena ʻo Hoover

ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, he hoa ma ka Hoover Institution, ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea pale nui loa o nā meaʻai genetically engineered a me nā mea kūʻē ikaika o ka lepili ʻana iā lākou. Ua kākau ʻo ia i nā hōʻeha he nui i ka ʻoihana olakino, e like me "The Colossal Hoax of Organic Agriculture" (Forbes), "ʻAʻole hiki ke mahiʻai mahiʻai" (Wall Street Pai) a me "The Dirty Truth About Organic Produce" (Newsweek).

Ua kākau pū ʻo Miller i ka pale ʻana iā nā pesticides ʻinoʻino i ka nalo meli, kemika kemika a radiation mai nā mea kanu mana nukelea, a ua paio pinepine no ka hoʻolauna hou o DDT. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i pane i nā noi e haʻi manaʻo no kēia moʻolelo.

ʻAʻole like me Butterworth a me Entine, he ʻike ʻepekema kā Miller a me nā ʻike aupuni; He kauka lapaʻau ʻo ia a ʻo ia ka luna hoʻokumu o ka keʻena biotechnology o ka FDA.

E like me Butterworth a me Entine, hele mai ke kālā a Miller mai nā hui e kālā kālā hōʻole ʻepekema - ka Hoover Institute's luna hoʻolewa ʻo ia ka Sarah Scaife Foundation, a ua lawe pū ka pūʻulu i ke kālā mai ka Searle Freedom Trust, Exxon Mobile, American Chemistry Council, Charles Koch Foundation a me Donors Trust.

E like me nā mea hoʻokumu o Nā STATS a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, Pili pū kekahi ʻo Miller i nā pāʻina PR ʻoihana ʻāpana paka. I kahi makahiki 1994 Memo hoʻolālā PR no ka ʻoihana paka ʻo Phillip Morris, Ua kapa ʻia ʻo Miller ma ke ʻano he "kākoʻo nui" o ka hoʻoulu kaua honua e hakakā me nā kānāwai paka. I ka 2012, Ua kākau ʻo Miller ʻaʻole maikaʻi maikaʻi kēlā nikotine iā ʻoe i nā kālā i hāʻawi ʻia e nā paka a nā huahana puhipaka ʻole. "

ʻO Miller kekahi lālā o ka "papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema" o ka Ke Kula ʻo George C. Marshall, ʻo ia ka mea i kaulana no kāna ʻoihana aila a me kinoea i kākoʻo kālā ʻia no ka hōʻole ʻana i ke aniau i hoʻololi ʻia, a he kahu mua o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, "hilinaʻi nui i ke kālā mai nā ʻoihana i loaʻa kahi kuleana kālā i nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e manaʻo ana e hana," e like me ʻO Jones Jones.

Maliʻa paha ke hoʻomaopopo nei ʻaʻole nā ​​kāne pontificating i kumu waiwai maikaʻi loa e hoʻohuli ai i nā wahine e kūʻai ana i ka meaʻai, ke hāʻawi nei ʻo Miller i nā byline me nā wahine protege i hui pū me kāna hoʻouka kaua i nā mea kākoʻo olakino a me nā mahiʻai meaola.

ʻO nā laʻana me kahi ʻāpana i kākau ʻia me Kavin Senapathy, ka mea hui pū o he hui e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohaunaele i nā hanana haʻi ʻōlelo o nā loiloi GMO, poʻo inoa ʻia “Hoʻopili i nā mea hana; ” a hoʻokahi me ʻO Julie Kelly, he kumu aʻo kuke na kāna kāne he lobbyist no ka agribusiness nunui ADM, e wehewehe nei i ka mahiʻai meaola ma ke ʻano heka manaʻino. "

ʻO nā hana hou a Kelly e hoʻokomo ai i kahi ʻāpana ʻO ka'ōiwi kūkā ke kānalua nei i nā noiʻi ʻepekema aniau, a me kahi ʻatikala i The Hill e kāhea ana i ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e hoʻopōpō i ka International Agency for Research on Cancer, ka mea āna i hoʻopiʻi ai no ka "cancer collusion" a me "ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ʻepekema shoddy e hāpai i kahi papahana politika i hoʻoikaika ʻia."

I ko mākou komo ʻana i ka ʻelima mau makahiki o ka lilo ʻana o ke kaua ma ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a ʻoiai ka hoʻoweliweli o ke aniau i nā kaiaolaola a me kā mākou ʻōnaehana meaʻai, ua hiki i ka manawa e wehe i ka pūnaewele o nā ʻepekema hōʻole e koi i ka ʻahuʻepekema a hōʻike iā lākou no nā mea lākou: nā mea hoʻolaha e hana ka hana pelapela o ka ʻoihana.

Ua paʻi mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma ʻO ʻEkōlani.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna hui o ka pūʻulu kiaʻi lehulehu nonprofit ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry," kahi mea hui pū o ka Campaign aupuni no Safe Cosmetics a me kahi mea paʻi nūpepa ma mua.