ʻO ka American Council on Science and Health kahi ʻoihana ʻoihana mua

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Hoʻohou i Iulai 2019

ʻO ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) kāhea iā ia iho he "ʻahahui kākoʻo aʻoaʻo ʻohana-ʻepekema" a hoʻolaha pinepine nā hoʻolaha media i ka hui ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa. Eia nō naʻe, nā palapala i wehewehe ʻia i loko o kēia pepa hōʻike i hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo ACSH kahi hui mua ʻoihana e noi kālā mai ka paka, kemika, cosmetic, pharmaceutical a me nā hui ʻē aʻe i pānaʻi no ka pale ʻana a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kā lākou huahana. ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hui i kāna kālā.

Nā palapala nui:

Hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto iā ACSH e pale aku i nā huahana Monsanto

Hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma ʻApelila 2019 Ua ʻae ʻo Monsanto e hoʻolako kālā iā ACSH ma 2015 a noi i ka hui e kōkua i ka pale ʻana i ka glyphosate mai ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i hāpai ʻia e ka International Agency for Research. ʻAe ʻo ACSH e hana pēlā, a ma hope hoʻouka kaua i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai ma ke ʻano hehoʻopunipuni ʻepekema. ” Mālamalama nā leka uila i ka hilinaʻi o ACSH i ke kālā ʻoihana a me nā hana e hōʻoluʻolu i kāna poʻe kālā. ʻO ka luna hoʻokele mua o ACSH ʻo Gil Ross (ʻo wai hoʻolimalima manawa i ka hale paʻahao no ka hoʻopunipuni Medicaid) i kākau aku i kahi luna ʻo Monsanto, "I kēlā me kēia lā, hana nui mākou e hōʻoia i ko mākou waiwai i nā ʻoihana e like me Monsanto." Ua kākau ʻo Ross:

Hōʻike pū nā leka uila i kēlā Ua uku nā luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto iā ACSH ʻoiai ko lākou hōʻoluʻolu ʻole me ka hui. Ua alakaʻi ikaika ke alakaʻi ʻepekema poʻokela o Monsanto ʻo Daniel Goldstein iā ACSH i kāna mau hoa hana, a hoʻouna iā lākou i nā loulou i nā ʻatikala 53 ACSH, ʻelua mau puke a me kahi loiloi pesticide āna i hōʻike ai ma ke ʻano he "USE USEFUL." Ua kākau ʻo Goldstein:

ʻO ka mea pāʻani nui i ka pūnaewele hoʻolaha a Monsanto

He hoʻokolokolo lanakila lanakila na Le Monde i loko o Monsantokaua ma ka ʻepekema"E pale aku i ka glyphosate i kapa ʻia ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino ma waena o nā" pūnaewele hoʻolaha kaulana "i hana nui i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. I Mei 2017, hoʻopiʻi nā loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate i ʻōlelo ʻia i loko o kahi pōkole: "Hoʻomoe mālie ʻo Monsanto i ke kālā e 'manaʻo wai' e like me ka" Genetic Literacy Project "a me ka" American Council on Science and Health, "nā hui i manaʻo e hoʻohilahila i nā ʻepekema a hoʻomālamalama i ka ʻike e kōkua ana iā Monsanto a me nā mea hana kemika ʻē aʻe."

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ua koho mua ʻo Monsanto iā ACSH e paʻi i kahi papa o nā pepa pro-GMO i hāʻawi ʻia i nā polofesa e Monsanto a "kalepa ʻia" e kahi ʻo PR e paipai nui iā lākou ma ke ʻano kūʻokoʻa. Ua kākau ʻo Monsanto executive Eric Sachs i nā polopeka: "I mea e loaʻa ai ka hopena nui o nā pepa, ʻo ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino e hana pū nei me CMA Consulting e hoʻokele i kēia papahana. E hāʻawi ʻia nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo e pili ana i nā kulekele ma ka pūnaewele ACSH… E kūʻai aku nō hoʻi ʻo CMA a me ACSH i nā haʻiʻōlelo pili kulekele, e like me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā pono kikoʻī o ka pāpāho, e like me nā op-ed, nā blog, nā haʻi ʻōlelo, nā hanana, nā webinar, a pēlā aku. ʻO ka ua paʻi ʻia nā pepa by Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic me ka hōʻike ʻole o kā Monsanto kuleana.

i ka Hoike mai ka Hale Ahaolelo o US, ua ʻimi nā kānaka noiʻi ʻahaʻōlelo i ka hoʻohana ʻana o Monsanto i nā "hui kālepa ʻoihana, e like me CropLife a me nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana, e like me ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he kākoʻo no nā haʻi ʻōlelo ʻoihana."

Hōʻike nā leka ACSH i hōʻike ʻia i ka hoʻolālā kālā hui-pale

A pū ʻia 2012 Hōʻuluʻulu kālā ACSH hoike e ʻO Jones Jones ua hōʻike ʻia ua loaʻa kālā iā ACSH mai kahi nui o nā hui a me nā hui ʻoihana me kahi kālā kālā i ka leka ʻepekema ACSH e paipai - a ua hōʻike i ka noi ʻana o ACSH i nā hāʻawi kālā a nā hui no ka quid pro quo huahana-pale kaua. ʻO kahi laʻana, outlines ka palapala:

  • Nā hoʻolālā e hoʻokumu i ka Vinyl Institute nāna i "kākoʻo mua i ka hōʻike mālamalama a me ke olakino"
  • Hoʻolālā e hoʻolālā i nā ʻoihana meaʻai no kahi hoʻolaha leka e kūʻē i ka lepili GMO
  • E hoʻolālā i nā ʻoihana cosmetic e kūʻē i nā "pressulate pressures" mai ka Campaign for Safe Cosmetics
  • Nā hana i ka ʻaha paka a me nā ʻoihana e-uahi paka

Ua hōʻike ʻo Mother Jones, "ʻO nā mea hāʻawi a ACSH a me nā mea hiki ke kākoʻo ʻia e ka pūʻulu e ʻimi nei ʻo ia ka mea o wai ka ikehu, ka mahiʻai, nā mea hoʻonani, nā meaʻai, nā soda, nā mea kemika, nā lāʻau lapaʻau, a me nā ʻoihana paka." Nā kikoʻī kālā:

  • ʻO nā mea hāʻawi ACSH i ka hapa lua o 2012 i komo pū me Chevron, Coca-Cola, ka Bristol Myers Squibb Foundation, Dr. Pepper / Snapple, Bayer Cropsains, Procter a me Gamble, Syngenta, 3M, McDonald's, a me Altria conglomerate paka. Ua alualu pū ka ACSH i ke kākoʻo kālā mai Pepsi, Monsanto, British American Tobako, DowAgro, ExxonMobil Foundation, Philip Morris International, Reynolds American, ka Koch ʻohana Claude R. Lambe Foundation i mālama ʻia e ka ʻohana, ka Dow-pili Gerstacker Foundation, ka Bradley Foundation a me Searle Freedom. Hilinaʻi
  • ʻO Reynolds ʻAmelika a ʻo Phillip Morris International nā mea hāʻawi nui ʻelua i helu ʻia i nā palapala.

ʻO Syngenta kālā, pale Syngenta

Ma 2011, ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kahi puke e pili ana i ka "chemophobia" i kākau ʻia e Jon Entine, ʻo ia ka luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻO ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, kahi hui mua hana kēlā me Monsanto. Ua pale aku ka puke a ACSH o Entine i atrazine, kahi pesticide i hana ʻia e Syngenta, ka mea e loaʻa kālā ana iā ACSH.

A 2012 ʻAtikala ʻo Mother Jones wehewehe i nā kūlana e pili ana i ka puke. ʻO ka ʻatikala na Tom Philpott, i hoʻokumu ʻia ma kahi ʻāpana i nā palapala ʻoihana kūloko i loaʻa ʻia e ka Center for Media and Democracy, e wehewehe ana Nā hana PR a Syngenta e kiʻi ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe e wili i ka uhi media o atrazine.

I hoʻokahi leka uila mai 2009, Ua noi aku nā limahana o ka ACSH iā Syngenta no kahi $ 100,000 hou aku - "ʻokoʻa a ʻokoʻa hoʻi mai ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki" - e hana i kahi pepa ʻoluʻolu atrazine a me ka "booklet friendly-book" e kōkua i ke aʻo ʻana i ka pāpāho a me nā ʻepekema.

ʻO ka leka uila mai ka limahana ASCH ʻo Gil Ross i Syngenta e pili ana i ka papahana atrazine i manaʻo ʻia.

I hoʻokahi makahiki a me ka hapa ma hope, ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kā Entine puke me kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi ʻano like ia me ka papahana a Ross i wehewehe ai i kāna noi leka uila iā Syngenta: "Ua ʻoluʻolu ka ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino e hoʻolaha i kahi puke hou a me ka hoa aloha, ka pepa kūlana pōkole" i ka pane ʻana i ka "makaʻu hilahila ʻole o nā kemika. Ua hōʻole ka mea kākau ʻo Jon Entine i ka pilina me Syngenta a haʻi iā Philpott ʻaʻohe ona "manaʻo" e loaʻa kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH.

Nā limahana ACSH

  • Ko ACSH mau lōʻihi “Luna Hoʻokele / Luna Hoʻokele" ʻO Kauka Gilbert Ross ua hoʻohewa ʻia i kahi hoʻolālā e hoʻopunipuni i ka ʻōnaehana Medicaid ma mua o ka komo ʻana i ACSH. E ʻike i nā palapala o ka ʻaha e pili ana iā Dr. Ross 'mau manaʻo paʻa wahaheʻe a hoʻopaʻi, a me ka ʻatikala ma Mother Jones “ʻO Paging Kauka Ross”(2005). Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Kauka Ross he "kanaka hilinaʻi nui ʻole" e kahi luna kānāwai nāna i kākoʻo i ke kāpae ʻia ʻana o Kauka Ross mai Medicaid no 10 mau makahiki (e ʻike i ka mea hou Nā kūmole a pepa hoʻokolokolo).
  • I ka mahinaʻo Iune 2015, Lākana Hank lawe i ke alakaʻi ACSH mai kekahi hana naʻaupō peresidena (a hewahewa felon) Kauka Gilbert Ross. Campbell hana no nā ʻoihana hoʻomohala polokalamu ma mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka pūnaewele ʻEpekema 2.0 i ka makahiki 2006. I ka kāna puke 2012 me Alex Berezow, "Haʻalele ʻepekema ma hope: ʻike maikaʻi i nā fallacies a me ke ala ʻana o ka Anti Science hema," ua wehewehe ʻo Campbell i kāna moʻolelo: "ʻeono mau makahiki i hala aku nei ... ua hoʻoholo wau e makemake wau e kākau i ka ʻepekema ma ka Pūnaewele… me ka hoihoi ʻole a me ka manaʻo wale nō, ua hele au i ka honua nā poʻe kaulana e pili ana i ke kōkua ʻana iaʻu i ka hana hou ʻana pehea e hana ʻia ai ka ʻepekema, a ua hana lākou no ka manuahi. " Ua haʻalele koke ʻo Campbell ma lalo o nā kūlana ʻike ʻole ʻia ma Kēkēmapa 2018. E heluhelu hou aʻe e pili ana iā Campbell ma aneʻi.
  • ʻO ka mea kākau puke puke a Campbell, Alex Berezow, i keia manawa hope pelekikena o nā hihia ʻepekema ma ACSH. He hoʻoponopono hoʻokumu ʻo ia o Real Clear Science a aia ma ka papa hoʻoponopono o USA Today o nā mea kōkua akā ʻo USA Today ʻaʻole hōʻike i ka pili o ACSH o Berezow a i ʻole ke kālā hui ʻo ACSH me ka hoʻopiʻi pinepine (ʻike hou aʻe ma lalo).

Nā alakaʻi a me nā aʻoaʻo: ka pilina paka a me ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻilikai  

ʻO ka ACSH papa kahuʻO Fred L. Smith Jr., hoʻokumu o ka hoʻokūkū ʻoihana Institute, he alakaʻi ka mea kākoʻo i ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻilikai a kahi hui i loaʻa loaʻa nā kālā he miliona mai Exxon Mobile a kaʻa kālā kālā pouli Hilinaʻi Kākoʻo.  ʻO Smith a me CEI kekahi moʻolelo o ka hakakā ʻana i nā kānāwai paka a me ka noi kālā ʻana mai ka ʻoihana paka, e like me nā palapala mai ka Pūʻulu ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF. 

ʻO James Enstrom a ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, ʻelua mau epidemiologists nāna i lawe ke kālā mai nā hui paka a kākau i nā noiʻi e pale ana i nā huahana paka, he mau pilina ACSH kekahi. He lālā ʻo Dr. Enstrom o ka ACSH papa kahu a lawelawe ʻo Kauka Kabat ma ka “papa olakino o nā aʻoaʻo ʻepekema". He ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ epehana ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ ʻ Pka ʻka ʻka ʻka ʻekepekika ʻelua e “kū lōkihi i ke kālā a me nā pilina hana me ka ʻoihana paka,” e like me a pepa ma ka BMJ Kāohi paka.

I kahi 2003 i ʻōlelo nui ʻia pepa i ka BMJ, ua hoʻoholo ʻo Kabat a me Enstrom ʻaʻole e hoʻonui ka uahi lua i ka makaʻu o ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā maʻi puʻuwai. Ua kākoʻo ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma kahi ʻāpana e ka Center for Indoor Air Research (CIAR), kahi hui ʻoihana paka. ʻOiai ua hōʻike ʻia kēlā kālā, he ukali kālailai ʻana i ka BMJ Kāohi Paka ua loaʻa i nā hoʻolaha a Enstrom a me Kabat "ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i ka mea heluhelu i ke kiʻi piha o ka pili ʻana o ka ʻoihana paka me nā mea kākau noiʻi." Hoʻomaopopo ka pepa i nā pilina kālā ma waena o Enstrom a me ka ʻoihana paka.

Ua kūʻē ʻo Enstrom i kēia mau koi ma a ʻO ka ʻatikala 2007 ma Epidemiological Perspectives a me ka Innovation, e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei i kāna kālā a me nā hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū i mōakāka a wehewehe pono ʻia i ka pepa 2003 BMJ, a ʻaʻole pili ka kālā ʻoihana paka i kāna noiʻi. "I kēia lā, ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia kahi kūpono ʻole, bias a haʻalele paha i ke kaʻina loiloi a ʻaʻohe hewa i nā hopena i ʻike ʻia i loko o ka pepa," wahi a Enstrom.

Nā leka uila mai ka hiʻona 2014 e kūkākūkā ana ʻo Kauka Enstrom me ka manaʻo hoʻopale ʻepekema kaulana ʻo Fred Singer i hoʻouka a hōʻino i nā ʻepekema ʻelua i komo i loko o ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni “Nā mea kālepa o ke kanalua: Pehea ka lima o ka poʻe ʻepekema i hūnā i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ma nā pilikia mai ka uahi paka i ka hoʻomehana honua., "A inā e hoʻāʻo e hoʻōki i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o ke kiʻi me ka hoʻopiʻi. No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike i ka blog DeSmog, “ʻO ka Paka Paka no ka Hire ʻO James Enstrom, Willie Soon a me nā Hōkū Deniers e hoʻouka nei i nā mea kālepa o ka kānalua.”(Malaki 2015).

ʻO Kauka Kabat kekahi ma ka papa alakaʻi o ka hui makua o ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui mua hana pū me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR ʻoiai e koi ana he kūʻokoʻa. E heluhelu hou aʻe e pili ana i kāna hana i kā mākou pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻO kā Geoffrey Kabat mau pilina me ka paka a me nā hui ʻenehana

Nā ʻōlelo kūpono ʻole e pili ana i ka ʻepekema 

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino:

  • "ʻAʻohe mea i hōʻike ʻia e pili ana i ka uahi lua me ka puʻuwai a i ʻole ka hopu ʻia ʻana o ka naʻau." ʻO Winston-Salem Pai, 2012
  • "ʻAʻohe ʻae ʻepekema e pili ana i ka hoʻomehana honua." ACSH, 1998 (Greenpeace i ho'ākāka 'ia ACSH kahi "Koch Industries e hōʻole i ka hui mua")
  • "ʻAʻole i loaʻa kahi hihia o ke olakino e pili ana i ka hoʻohana ʻia, ʻae ʻia o nā pesticides i kēia ʻāina." Hale Waihona Puke Palapala Paka, UCSF, ka holomua o ka hui ʻepekema kani palapala palapala 9, 1995
  • "ʻAʻohe mea hōʻike e hōʻike ana ʻo BPA [bisphenol A] i nā huahana mea kūʻai mai o kēlā me kēia ʻano, e like me nā loaʻa kālā, hōʻino ʻia i ke olakino." ACSH, 2012
  • i ka mercury, he neurotoxin ikaika, "i ka iʻa iʻa iʻa ʻole e hōʻeha nā kānaka." ACSH, 2010.

Ke hoʻomau nei ka leka ʻana o ACSH ma ke kumuhana like, e hōʻole ana i ka makaʻu mai nā huahana i mea nui i ka kemika, ka paka a me nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe, a me ka hōʻeha pinepine ʻana i nā ʻepekema, nā mea nūpepa a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hāpai i ka hopohopo.

  • A 2016 "luna ʻepekema junk" lāʻau kū e ACSH hōʻole i ka hiki i nā kemika ke kumu i ka hoʻohaunaele endocrine; pale aku i ka e-kūka, ka vaping a me ka soda; a hoʻouka kaua i nā mea nūpepa a me ka Pai no ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika.

Hāʻawi ʻo USA I kēia lā iā ACSH i kahi anuu 

USA ke hoʻomau nei i ka paʻi kolamu e nā limahana o ACSH ʻo Hank Campbell lāua ʻo Alex Berezow me ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana i kā lākou pili kālā i nā ʻoihana a lākou e pale ai i nā makemake. I Pepeluali 2017, 30 hui olakino, nohona, hana a me nā pono hoihoi o ka lehulehu ua kākau aku i nā luna hoʻoponopono o USA I kēia lā e noi ana i ka pepa e hoʻōki i ka hāʻawi ʻana i kahi anuu o ka pono i ACSH a i ʻole ma ka liʻiliʻi e hāʻawi i nā hōʻike piha e pili ana i ka mea nāna e hoʻolilo kālā i ka hui.

Ua ʻōlelo ka leka:

  • "Ke kākau nei mākou e hōʻike i ko mākou hopohopo e hoʻomau ʻo USA Today i ka paʻi ʻana i nā kolamu i kākau ʻia e nā lālā o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), kahi hui i hoʻolako kālā ʻia me kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā papahana ʻoihana i kūlike ʻole me ka ʻepekema nui. . ʻAʻole pono ʻo USA i kēia lā e kōkua i kēia hui e paipai i kāna ʻike wahaheʻe ma ke ʻano he kumu hilinaʻi, kūʻokoʻa hoʻi i ka ʻepekema. Pono i kāu poʻe heluhelu ka ʻike pololei e pili ana i ka mea a me wai kēia pūʻulu e kū nei, ʻoiai lākou e noʻonoʻo nei i ka ʻike o nā kolamu. "
  • “ʻAʻole kēia he mau ʻōlelo hōʻino. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā pūʻulu olakino i kākau inoa ʻia ma lalo, ke nānā aku nei i ka hana a ACSH i nā makahiki i hala. Ua hoʻopaʻa mākou i nā hanana a ka hui i hana ai hoʻonāwaliwali ʻepekema hoʻololi aniau, a hōʻole i nā hoʻoweliweli olakino e pili ana i nā huahana like ʻole, e like me uahi luakūpilikiʻipesticides a hanalima Nine Inch - nā mea āpau me ka ʻole o ka mōakāka e pili ana i nā kākoʻo ʻoihana. "
  • Hoʻomaopopo mākou i kēlā pili palapala i loaʻa e Mother Jones e hōʻike ana ua loaʻa kālā i ka ACSH mai ka paka, nā kemika, nā lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā ʻoihana aila. Loaʻa i nā hui hoihoi o ka lehulehu hoike ua loaʻa iā ACSH ke kālā mai nā Koch Foundation ma waena o 2005-2011, a ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia palapala kūloko e hōʻike ana ua noi ʻo ACSH i $ 100,000 mai Syngenta i ka makahiki 2009 e kākau maikaʻi e pili ana i kāna huahana atrazine - kahi manawaleʻa e "kaʻawale a ʻokoʻa hoʻi mai ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki i hala."
  • "I ka manawa e nīnau ana ka lehulehu i ka pono o ka nūhou, manaʻo mākou he mea nui ia no nā paʻi e like me USA Today e hāhai i nā kūlana kiʻekiʻe o nā loina nūhou a lawelawe i ka lehulehu me ka nui o ka ʻoiaʻiʻo a me ka transparency i hiki. Nīnau aku mākou me ka mahalo iā ʻoe e hōʻole i ka paʻi ʻana i nā kolamu hou aʻe i kākau ʻia e nā lālā o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a i ʻole ma ka mea liʻiliʻi e koi pono i kēlā me kēia mea e ʻike pono i ka hui ma ke ʻano he pūʻulu kākoʻo kālā i kākoʻo kālā ʻia. "

Ma Kēkēmapa 2017, USA I kēia lā ua hōʻole ʻo Bill Sternberg ka mea hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono e hōʻoki i ka paʻi ʻana i nā kolamu ACSH a ua hāʻawi pinepine ka pepa i nā hōʻike kūpono ʻole ʻole no nā kolamu, a ʻaʻole i hōʻike aku i kāna poʻe heluhelu e pili ana i ke kālā a ACSH mai nā ʻoihana a lākou e hoʻolaha ai ka papahana.

ʻO nā manamana lima o Monsanto ma kahi o Newsweek's Hit ma ka Mea ʻAi Meaola

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Kiʻi hou: ʻO ka pane ʻano ʻē a Newsweek

Na Stacy Malkan

"ʻO ka hoʻokūkū no ka meaʻai meaola he hoʻopunipuni, hoʻopunipuni pipiʻi," e like me ka Ianuali 19 Newsweek Haawina i kākau ʻia e Dr. Henry I. Miller o ka Hoover Institution.

Inā kamaʻāina paha kēlā inoa - Henry I. Miller - no ka mea paha ka New York Times nei hōʻike i kahi hōʻino e pili ana iā Miller: ua hopu ʻia ʻo ia e paʻi ana i kahi ʻatikala i kākau ʻia e Monsanto ma lalo o kāna inoa ponoʻī i Forbes. ʻO ka ʻatikala, i aniani nui i kahi kikoʻī i hāʻawi ʻia iā ia e Monsanto, ua hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema o ka World Cancer Organization's cancer panel (IARC) no kā lākou hoʻoholo i ka papa inoa ʻO ka kemika kūʻai nui ʻo Monsanto, glyphosate, ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha.

Ke hōʻike nei ma ka an hoʻokaʻaʻike email hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi me Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai, ka Lā ' Ua kākau ʻo Danny Hakim:

"Ua noi aku ʻo Monsanto iā Mr. Miller inā makemake ʻo ia e kākau i kahi ʻatikala e pili ana i ke kumuhana, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka mai kahi hoʻolālā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe. '

Ua ʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma lalo o ka inoa o Mr. Miller, a me ka ʻōlelo i manaʻo ʻia e nā manaʻo ʻo Forbes Contributors kā lākou ponoʻī. ' ʻAʻole i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka makasina ka pili ʻana o Monsanto i ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana i ka ʻatikala ...

Ua wehe ʻo Forbes i ka moʻolelo mai kāna pūnaewele i ka Pōʻakolu a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua pau kāna pilina me Mr. Miller i waena o nā hōʻike. "

Ka uea manaʻo Polokalamu ʻlelo ukali, ma hope o ka hoʻohui mua ʻana i kahi hōʻole i nā ʻōlelo a Miller e hōʻike ana e hōʻole ʻia lākou inā ʻike ʻia kāna hana pū ʻana me Monsanto.

Hopena e hōʻino kino

ʻAʻole i lohi loa ka hana ʻino a ke kākau ʻōlelo ʻuhane iā Miller. ua hoʻomau ʻo ia e wili i ka ʻike hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai mai nā wahi e like me Newsweek a Ka Wall Street Pai, me ka hōʻike ʻole i ka poʻe heluhelu i kona pilina me Monsanto.

ʻO Miller naʻe Newsweek ku i nā meaʻai meaola a nā manamana lima o Monsanto i ʻike maka ʻia ma ʻō.

No ka poʻe hoʻomaka, hoʻohana ʻo Miller i nā kumuwaiwai pesticide e hana i nā koi unsubstantiated (a ludicrous) e pili ana i ka mahiʻai meaola - no ka laʻana, ʻo ka mahiʻai ʻokanika he "ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka pōʻino i ke kaiapuni" ma mua o ka mahiʻai maʻamau, a i ʻole ua hoʻohana nā mea kōkua ʻokanika i $ 2.5 biliona i hoʻokahi makahiki o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana. kū'ē i nā meaʻai ʻenekinia genetically ma ʻAmelika Hema.

ʻO ke kumu ma ka hoʻopiʻi kūpono ʻole ʻo Jay Byrne, he alakaʻi mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto (ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia e like me ia i ka Newsweek ʻatikala), ka mea e alakaʻi nei i kahi paʻa PR i kapa ʻia v-Fluence Interactive.

Hōʻike nā kūkākūkā leka uila pehea e hana ai ʻo Monsanto me nā poʻe e like me Jay Byrne - a me Byrne kikoʻī - e hoʻokuʻi pololei i kēia ʻano hoʻouka kūʻē i ko Monsanto ʻenemi ʻoiai e hūnā nei i ka ʻoihana.

Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa i kaʻu hui ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike, Ua hana nui ʻo Byrne i ke kōkua ʻana iā Monsanto e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hui mua i kapa ʻia ʻo Academics Review nāna i paʻi kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana olakino ma ke ʻano he scam marketing. Newsweek 'ōlelo.

ʻO ka papa inoa kaulana a Jay Byrne o nā ʻenemi Monsanto. 

ʻO ka manaʻo o ka hui mua - wehewehe i nā leka uila aʻu i hōʻike ai ma aneʻi - e hoʻokumu i kahi kahua kani kani hilinaʻi ʻia e hiki ai i nā kālaiʻike ke hoʻouka i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e ʻimi nei he kūʻokoʻa, akā loaʻa malū ʻia nā kālā mai nā hui ʻoihana. Wink, wink, ha, ha.

"E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," i kākau ʻo Monsanto executive pili i ka hoʻolālā.

ʻO kā Byrne kuleana, e like me nā leka uila, e lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e kōkua i ka loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana. Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Byrne e hōʻuluʻulu ana ʻo ia i kahi papa inoa "manawa kūpono" o nā pahuhopu - nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hiki ke "inoculated" mai ka pae o nā kālaihana.

ʻO kekahi mau poʻe ma ka papa inoa hit "manawa kūpono" na Byrne, a i ʻole hoʻouka ʻia e Academics Review, he pahuhopu ia ma Miller Newsweek ʻatikala, pū kekahi.

Miller Newsweek ua hoʻāʻo pū kekahi e hōʻino i ka hana o New York Times ' ʻO ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Danny Hakim, me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana na Hakim ka mea nāna i hōʻike i ka hana ʻino a Millan ma Monsanto.

E like me nā mea hou loa hoʻouka kaua i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika, kuhikuhi nā manamana lima āpau i nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e lilo ka hapa nui inā hoʻomau ka piʻi ʻana o ka makemake o nā mea kūʻai no nā meaʻai me ka ʻole o nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻO Monsanto's “Independent Academic” Ruse

ʻO Henry Miller kahi ka wā lōʻihi o ka launa pū ʻana me - a ke kū nei i kāna lawelawe PR i - nā hui e pono e kōkua i ka hōʻoia ʻana i ka lehulehu i kā lākou huahana ʻaʻole weliweli a ʻaʻole pono e hoʻoponopono ʻia.

A hilinaʻi nui ʻo Monsanto i ka poʻe me ka ʻepekema hōʻoiaʻiʻo a i ʻole nā ​​hui kani ʻole e hana i kēlā mau paio - ka poʻe makemake e kamaʻilio i ka palapala ʻoihana ʻoiai e koi nei he poʻe kūʻokoʻa lākou. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mea i ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma ka New York Times, Le Monde, WBEZ, ka e holumua ai a mau papa ʻē aʻe he nui i nā makahiki i hala iho nei.

Hāʻawi kahi palapala Monsanto hou i hāʻawi ʻia i nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hana a Monsanto's propaganda a me ka hana lobbying, a me ke kuleana nui a Henry Miller e hoʻokani ai i loko.

ʻO kēia 2015 “mākaukau hoʻomākaukau"- hoʻokuʻu ʻia e nā loio i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate - waiho i ka hoʻolālā PR a Monsanto e" orchestrate outcry "kūʻē i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no kā lākou hōʻike e pili ana i ka glyphosate. ʻO ka mea lawe mua i waho: "Hoʻopili iā Henry Miller."

Hoʻomau ka papa inoa i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" - he ʻumikūmālua mau hui kalepa, nā hui aʻo a me nā hui kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic - hiki ke kōkua iā "inoculate" e kūʻē i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai a "pale i ka kaulana ... o Roundup."

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Miller no Monsanto me Malaki 2015 Haawina i Forbes - ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma hope e like me kā Monsanto kākau ʻana - e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema IARC. Ke hoʻokau nei nā hoa ʻoihana i nā paio like ma o nā kaha like ʻole hou hou aʻe, mai ia manawa mai, e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO ka hapa nui o kēia mau loiloi i hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu ma ke ʻano he kipi kūpilikiʻi o ka hopohopo, me ka ʻole o ka haʻi ʻana i ko Monsanto kuleana ma ke ʻano he haku mele a me ka mea alakaʻi o ka moʻolelo: he hoodwink ʻoihana hui ʻoihana.

E like me ka hāʻule ʻana o nā palapala i ka honua ākea - ma o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto a nā noiʻi a nā lehulehu - e ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o ka ruse "kūʻokoʻa kula" e mālama no nā mea lawelawe ʻoihana e like me Henry I. Miller, a no nā mea pāpāho a me nā mea hana kulekele e nānā ʻole.

No ka mea, ano, Newsweek ʻaʻole hoʻi e kua ʻana i lalo. ʻOiai ma hope o ka loiloi ʻana i nā palapala e hōʻike ana i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo i kēia ʻatikala, Newsweek Ua kākau ʻo Opinion Editor Nicholas Wapshott i kahi leka uila, "Maopopo iaʻu he moʻolelo lōʻihi ko kāua me Miller e pili ana i kēia kumuhana. Hōʻole maikaʻi ʻo ia i kāu ʻōlelo. ”

ʻAʻole nō ʻo Miller a me Wapshott i pane i nā nīnau hou aʻe.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ke alakaʻi hui o ka kiaʻi kiaʻi a me ka transparency, US Right to Know. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry" (New Society, 2007). Hōʻike: Kālā kālā ʻo US Right to Know i ʻāpana e ka Organic Consumers Association i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ka ʻatikala a Miller a hōʻike ʻia ma ka papa inoa kaulana a Byrne.

Paipai ka Science Media Center i nā ʻike ʻoihana o ka ʻepekema

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ʻO ka Science Media Center (SMC) kahi hui PR nonprofit PR i hoʻomaka ʻia ma UK i loaʻa i kāna poloka nui loa o kālā mai ka ʻoihana nā hui. ʻO nā mea kālā o kēia wā a me nā wā i hala e hui pū me Bayer, DuPont, Monsanto, Coca-Cola a me nā hui kālepa ʻoihana mea ʻai a me nā mea hana kemika, a me nā hui media, nā keʻena aupuni, nā hoʻokumu a me nā kula nui. Ke hoʻolaha nei ka hiʻohiʻona SMC a puni ka honua a ua nui ka mana i ke kālai ʻana i ka pāpāho o ka ʻepekema, i kekahi manawa i nā ala e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā makaʻi o nā huahana kontroversial a ʻenehana paha. Hōʻike kēia pepa pono i ka mōʻaukala SMC, ke akeakamai, ke ana hoʻohālike kālā, nā hana a me nā hōʻike mai ka poʻe loiloi i ʻōlelo ʻo SMC ke hāʻawi nei i nā ʻepekema pro-ʻoihana, hōʻole kahi ʻano SMC.

e pili pū ana:

Mea nui nui

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka Science Media Center ma 2002 i ka pane ʻana i ka "frenzies media ma luna o MMR, nā mea kanu GM a me nā noiʻi holoholona" e kōkua i nā nūhou e hōʻike pono i ka ʻepekema mainstream, e like me ka pepa pono o ka hui.

i kona hōʻike hoʻokumu, Wehewehe ʻo Science Media Center i ka pehea i haku ʻia ai e kamaʻilio:

  • e ulu ana ka "pilikia o ka hilinaʻi" i ka manaʻo o ka ʻepekema i ka lehulehu
  • kahi hāʻule o ka mahalo i ka luna a me ka loea
  • kahi kaiāulu kūpilikiʻi kūwaho a me ka uhi pāpāho alarmist a
  • ʻo nā "papa hana pāpāho ʻoi loa" i hoʻohana ʻia e nā kaiaulu NGO e like me Greenpeace a me nā Hoa o ka Honua.

SMC kūʻokoʻa i kaʻana like i ka palapala hoʻohui like ʻoiai ke hana mua ʻia nei ma Kanada, Australia, New Zealand, Kelemania a me Iapana, a ke hoʻolālā ʻia nei ʻo SMCs ma Palukela a me ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa.

ʻO ka hiʻohiʻona SMC ka mea nui i ke kālai ʻana i ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. A nāʻike media o nā nūpepa UK ma 2011 a me 2012 i ʻike ka hapanui o nā mea nūpepa nāna i hoʻohana i nā lawelawe SMC ʻaʻole ʻimi i nā kuanaʻike hou aku no kā lākou mau moʻolelo. Hāpai ka hui i ka mana politika. I ka makahiki 2007, ua hoʻōki ʻo SMC i kahi pāpā i hāpai ʻia no nā embryo hybrid kanaka / holoholona me kāna pāʻoihana media e hoʻohuli i ka uhi ʻana mai nā hopohopo pili i nā pono o nā embryos ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi. 'atikala ma Kūlohelohe.

Ua hoʻohewa kekahi mau kālaiʻike a me nā mea noiʻi iā SMC no ka hoʻokikina ʻana nā ʻike ʻoihana o ka ʻepekema, a no ka pāʻani ʻana i nā pilikia o ke kaiapuni a me ke olakino kanaka o nā huahana a me nā ʻenehana loea. Ua hōʻike nā hōʻike i ka hana a SMC e pahu i ka leka uila ʻoihana kākoʻo a kāpae i nā manaʻo kūʻē i nā kumuhana e like me kūpilikiʻi, palekana kelepona paʻalima, Maʻi ka luhi Syndrome a Nā GMO.

I loko o kahi leka uila, ua haʻi ʻo ka Luna Hoʻokele SMC ʻo Fiona Fox ʻaʻole kūlike kāna hui no ka ʻoihana: mai kēia mau mea kuleana. Hoʻowahāwahā mākou i ka uku no ka ʻohana ʻoihana pro a hōʻike kā mākou hana i ka hōʻike a me ka ʻike o nā mea noiʻi ʻepekema koʻikoʻi 3000 ma kā mākou waihona. Ma ke ʻano he keʻena paʻi kūʻokoʻa e kia ana i kekahi o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema loa kontroversial manaʻo nui mākou i ka hoʻohewa mai nā hui ma waho o ka ʻepekema mainstream. "

Nā ʻōlelo e pili ana i ka Pūnaewele ʻApekema ʻEpekema

ʻO nā mea kākau moʻolelo a me nā mea noiʻi e pili ana i ka mana a me ka laha ʻole o ka Pūnaewele ʻAilana ʻEpekema (hoʻohui ʻia i hoʻonui ʻia i nā huaʻōlelo ma lalo):

  • "Nā Pūnaewele Pāhana ʻEpekema ... ua lilo mea koʻikoʻi, akā nā mea pāʻani kontroversial i ka honua o ka journalism. ʻOiai manaʻo kekahi mau mea nūhou he mea kōkua lākou, manaʻo kekahi poʻe he līkū lākou i ke aupuni a me nā ʻepekema ʻoihana. " Hōʻikeʻike ʻatikala ʻo Columbia
  • "Ke hilinaʻi nei i ka mea āu e noi ai, (Luna Hoʻokele SMC) Ke mālama nei paha ʻo Fiona Fox i ka puke pai ʻepekema a i ʻole ke luku ʻana iā ia." ʻO Ewen Callway, Nature
  • "ʻO kahi hōʻemi hōʻemi o nā mea nūpepa ʻepekema UK i kaomi manawa ʻole e hele hou i ke kula a ʻeli no nā moʻolelo. Hele lākou i nā haʻi ʻōlelo i hoʻonohonoho mua ʻia ma ka SMC… ʻO ka ua ʻeha ka maikaʻi o ka hōʻike ʻepekema a me ka pololei o ka ʻike i loaʻa i ka lehulehu, e hoʻohuli i ka hiki i ka lehulehu ke hoʻoholo i nā pilikia. ” ʻO Connie St. Louis, Ke Kulanui o Lādana ma Lādana, ma CJR
  • "ʻAʻole ka pilikia e hoʻolaha lākou i ka ʻepekema, e like me kā lākou e ʻōlelo nei, akā ʻo lākou paipai i ka ʻepekema kākoʻo pāʻoihana. " ʻO David Miller, Ke Kulanui o Bath, ma SciDev
  • "No ka poʻe i makapō ʻole ʻia e ka SMA's aura makaʻu, ʻike ʻia ʻo kāna hana hūnā e hōʻoia i ka poʻe nūpepa a me ka pāpāho e hōʻike i nā mea ʻepekema a me nā lāʻau lapaʻau wale nō i kahi ala kūlike i ke 'kulekele' a ke aupuni a me ka ʻoihana e pili ana i nā pilikia i nīnau ʻia. " Malcolm Hooper, Kulanui o Sunderland, pepa ma CFS / ME
  • «Maopopo lea ka ʻO ke kumumanaʻo o SIRC, SMC a me nā hui kōkua e kākoʻo i ke kulekele hoʻokele waiwai o ke aupuni UK e hoʻolaulaha i ka ʻenehana Biotec a me ke kelepona ʻana. ” ʻO ka pepa Don Maisch ma nā kelepona paʻalima
  • "The ke waiho nei ka hana a ka SMC i kahi nānā haiki o, ma ka hapanui o nā hihia maikaʻi, nā manaʻo o ka palekana o ka fracking. " Paul Mobbs, Nā ʻimi noiʻi kaiāulu ʻo Mobbs
  • "ʻO ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema, naif politika mau, ʻike ʻole ʻole ʻia e ʻae ʻia i kāna mau kuleana e hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu e nā lālā o kahi kāhuna politika ʻano ʻē a kolohe hoʻi. " ʻO George Monbiot, ke kahu

ʻO ke kālā kālā ʻepekema Pūnaewele ʻo Science

ʻO kā SMC hapa nui o ke kālā, ma kahi o 30%, hele mai nā hui a me nā hui kālepa. ʻO nā mea kālā e like me ʻAukake 2016 i hui pū ʻia me ka laulā o ke kemika, biotechnology, nukelea, ʻai, lāʻau lapaʻau, kelekaʻaʻike a me nā pono hana hoʻonaninani. ʻO nā mea kālā ʻoihana Agrichemical i hui pū me Bayer, DuPont, BASF, CropLife International, BioIndustry Association a me ka Chemical Industries Association. Mea kālā mua ua hoʻokomo iā Monsanto, ExxonMobile, Shell, Coca-Cola a me Kraft. Loaʻa iā SMC ke kālā kālā mai kekahi mau pūʻulu, aupuni a me nā hui aʻo.

SMC wahi a ia nā makana pāpale mai kēlā me kēia hui a i ʻole ke kula i 5% o ka loaʻa kālā makahiki i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e "pale mai ka mana kūpono ʻole" - hana ʻia nā hoʻokoe no nā makana nui aʻe mai ka Wellcome Trust a me ke aupuni UK. Keʻena no ka ʻoihana, ikaika a me nā ʻoihana papahana.

Mōʻaukala SMC: “Ke Kuhina Nui ʻoiaʻiʻo o Pelekane”

Ma ka hopena o 1990, ua pili ka pilina ma waena o ka ʻepekema a me ka media i kahi wāwahi, wehewehe i ka SMC kiʻi wikiō. "Ma kahi o ka manawa o ka BSE, MMR, nā mea kanu GM, aia he manaʻo maoli o kēia awawa ma waena o nā ʻepekema a me ka pāpāho," i ʻōlelo ʻo Fox i loko o ka wikiō. Ua hana ʻia ʻo SMC "e kōkua i ka hoʻohou hou ʻana i ka hilinaʻi o ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema e ka hana ʻana e paipai i ke kaʻina kaulike, pololei a kūpono hoʻi o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema hoʻopaʻapaʻa," e like me kāna kūkākūkā kūkākūkā.

Aia nā palapala hoʻokumu SMC i:

  • Pepeluali 2000 Hoike komite o na Haku Haku ho'ākāka i kahi "pilikia o ka hilinaʻi" i ka pilina o ke kaiāulu me ka ʻepekema, a paipai i kahi hana hou i ka ʻepekema a me ka pāpāho.
  • Kepakemapa 2000 “Code o ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa / alakaʻi ma ka ʻepekema a me ke kamaʻilio olakino, "Na ka Royal Society and Social Issues Research Center (SIRC) e paipai i nā alakaʻi no ka poʻe nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema e kūʻē i" ka hopena maikaʻi ʻole o nā mea i ʻike ʻia he "moʻolelo hoʻoweliweli" kūpono ʻole a me nā mea e hāʻawi nei i nā manaʻolana wahaheʻe i nā maʻi nui. "
  • 2002 Hōʻike Kūkākūkā SMC wehewehe i ke kaʻina ninaninau me nā mea kuleana mai ke aupuni, ʻoihana a me nā pāpāho nāna i hoʻomaopopo pehea e "lawe ai ʻo SMC i ke ala i kiola ʻia e nā Haku… o ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka ʻepekema i ka nūhou."

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa koke ka hana SMC. Ua wānana ka mea kākau ʻo Tom Wakeford i ka makahiki 2001 e lilo ʻo SMC i “Kuhina ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo Britain no ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e haʻaheo ai ko George Orwell mau aliʻi hana wahaheʻe.” Ua kākau ʻo ia i loko Ka Luna, "Ua hoʻoholo ka poʻe kiʻekiʻe o ke Aupuni, Royal Society a me Royal Institution i ko lākou waiwai waiwai nui e pono ai ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo kūʻokoʻa." Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ke Kaʻina Hana: "Kuhi ka Code i nā mea nūpepa e kūkākūkā me nā loea i ʻae ʻia, kahi papa kuhikuhi malū e hāʻawi ʻia i nā" mea kākau inoa i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia me nā palapala hōʻoiaʻiʻo. "

ʻO kā SMC papahana mua - kahi hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i kahi kiʻi ʻoniʻoni BBC i hōʻike ʻia i nā hua i hana ʻia i loko o kahi kukui maikaʻi ʻole. Ua wehewehe nā ʻatikala iā SMC ma ke ʻano he “pūʻulu ʻepekema ʻepekema kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā hui kemika nui ”e hana nei "Kahi ʻano o ka hui rebuttal wikiwiki a Mandelsonian"A hoʻohana" kekahi o nā ʻenehana wili clumsiest o New Labor i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino (ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni) ma mua. ”

ʻO Dick Taverne a me Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema

ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema - kahi hana lobby e hoʻololi hou i nā ʻike o ka ʻepekema - i hoʻokumu ʻia ma UK ma 2002 me ka SMC ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana a Lord Dick Taverne a me nā mea e pili ana i ka SMC. ʻO Lord Taverne kahi SMC Lālā lālā aʻoaʻo a me ia hana pū ʻia ke Kaʻina Hoʻohana SIRC.

He moʻolelo 2016 i Ka-puni na Liza Gross i wehewehe iā Sense About Science a me kāna mau alakaʻi ma ke ʻano he “kahu ponoʻī no ka 'epekema kani'” nāna e kuhikuhi i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana. Ua wehewehe ʻo Gross i kā Taverne mau ʻoihana paka a me nā hana PR ʻoihana.

Wahi a nā palapala kūloko i hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e nā mea hana paka, ua kōkua ka hui kūkā o Taverne, PRIMA Europe, i ka British American Tobacco. hoʻomaikaʻi i nā pilina me kāna mea hoʻopukapuka a hahau i nā lula ʻEulopa ma ka uahi i nā makahiki 1990. Ua hana ʻo Taverne iā ia iho i ka papahana hoʻopukapuka: I kahi memo pili ʻole, PRIMA i hōʻoia i ka ʻoihana paka e "hana pono ʻia ka hana e Dick Taverne," no ka mea ua hoʻonohonoho maikaʻi ʻia ʻo ia e ninaninau i nā alakaʻi o nā ʻoihana a "e ʻimi e hōʻoia i ka pono o nā ʻoihana i nā manaʻo o ka poʻe." I loko o nā makahiki he XNUMX, ua noho ʻo Taverne ma ka papa o ka lālā Pelekania o ka hale pili pilina lehulehu ʻo Burson-Marsteller, ka mea i koi iā Philip Morris ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku. ʻO ka manaʻo no kahi hui "ʻepekema kani", i hoʻokumu ʻia i kahi pūnaewele o nā ʻepekema nāna e ʻōlelo kūʻē i nā lula i nele i ka mea haʻi waha ʻole ʻoihana i ka hilinaʻi e ʻaʻa ai, he pitch ʻo Burson-Marsteller i hana iā Philip Morris i kahi Memo 1994.

Ma waena o kāna papahana mua, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Sense About Science i kahi leka mai 114 ʻepekema lobbying the British government to "contradict false claims" e pili ana i nā GMO, a ua hana i kahi noiʻi e hōʻike ana i ka pilikia o ka hōʻino kūʻē i nā mea kanu GMO.

Ua wehe ʻo Sense About Science USA ma 2014 ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana o ka wā lōʻihi hui hana kemika ʻo Trevor Butterworth, a me nā hoapili me ka Cornates Alliance i uku kālā ʻia e Gates, a Pūʻulu hoʻolaha GMO.

Nā aʻa Komunista Revolutionary

ʻO nā luna hoʻokumu a me nā luna o ka Science Media Center a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema - Luna Hoʻokele SMC Fiona Fox a me SAS Luna Hoʻokele ʻO Tracey Brown - a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e pili ana i kēlā mau pūʻulu, ua pili pili ʻia ma o ka Revolutionary Communist Party, kahi hui splinter Trotskyist i hoʻonohonoho ʻia i ka hopena o 1970s ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a ka sociologist. ʻO Frank Ferudi, e like me ka mea kākau ʻO George Monbiot, ʻO Jonathan Matthews, ʻO Zac Goldsmith a ʻO Don Maisch.

ʻO ka hui splinter o Ferudi RCP i komo i loko Noho Marxism, Mākeke LM, Nūpepa Spiked a me ka Ke Kulanui o nā Manaʻo, ka mea i ʻapo i ke kapitalism, individualism a hoʻolahalaha i kahi ʻike kūpono o ka ʻenehana a hoʻowahāwahā ʻia i ka poʻe kaiāulu. e like me kā Monbiot. (Ferudi pane i kēia ʻāpana.) A Ka'ōlelo hoʻopuka e pili ana i kahi hanana LM i ka makahiki 1999 i wehewehe ʻia i ka pūnaewele me he "kūʻē kūʻē i ka hema" (i nā huaʻōlelo a Furedi) me ka manaʻo honua e manaʻo ana ka ʻaoʻao hema "ʻaʻole ia he kumu politika" a ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe i ka mākeke.

"ʻO kekahi o nā ʻāpana ʻē o ka politika kā kēia au ka mana o nā ʻēheu hema hema i holo aku i ka ʻākau," kākau ʻo Monbiot i loko o kahi 2003 kikokikona e wehewehe nei i nā pilina ma waena o Sense About Science a me ka Science Media Center, nā poʻe i pili me kēlā mau hana a me nā loulou i ka pūnaewele LM:

"He kuhi wale paha kēia a pau? Manaʻo wau ʻaʻole pēlā. Akā ʻaʻole maʻalahi e hoʻomaopopo i ke kumu o kēia hanana. Ke nānā nei mākou i kahi hui e makemake ana i ka mana nona iho, a i ʻole kekahi ma hope o kahi hoʻolālā politika, kahi o kēia keʻehi waena. ʻO ka mea e hiki ai iaʻu ke ʻōlelo aʻe, ʻo ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema, he naif politika mau ia, me ka ʻike ʻole ʻole e ʻae ʻia i kona mau pono e hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu e nā lālā o kahi pūnaewele politika ʻano ʻē a moʻomeheu hoʻi. Ma mua loa o ke kūkulu hou ʻana i ka hilinaʻi o ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema a me ka lāʻau lapaʻau, hiki i ka ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni o kēia hui ke hoʻopau hope loa iā ia. ”

Tactics

ʻO ka SMC ma UK wahi āna kahi waihona pūnaewele me 2700 mau loea a ʻoi aku ma mua o 1200 mau luna paʻi, a me nā papa inoa leka me nā mea kākau moʻolelo he 300 e kū ana i kēlā me kēia puka nūhou nui o UK. Hoʻohana ʻo SMC i ʻekolu mau hana nui e hoʻohuli i ka uhi ʻepekema, e like me kāna kiʻi wikiō:

  1. ʻO ka pane wikiwiki i ka wāwahi ʻana i nā nūhou me nā ʻōlelo manaʻo: Ke haki ka moʻolelo ʻepekema, "i loko o nā minuke he mau leka uila SMC i loko o nā pahu leta o kēlā me kēia mea kamaʻilio aupuni e hāʻawi nei i ka poʻe loea," wahi a Fox.
  2. Ke kiʻi mua ʻana i nā mea kūkala nūhou me ka noiʻi hou. Ua loaʻa iā SMC "ke kuleana kūpono e pili ana i 10-15 mau puke pai ʻepekema ma mua o ka hāpai ʻana o ka embargo" i hiki iā lākou ke hoʻomākaukau i nā ʻōlelo mua mai nā poʻe loea ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e hōʻailona ana inā he kūpono nā noi hou a pehea lākou e pono ai.
  3. Ke hoʻonohonoho nei ma kahi o 100 kaomi puʻupuʻu kahi makahiki i "hoʻonohonoho hoʻonohonoho i ka papa kuhikuhi" ma ka nui o nā kumuhana ʻepekema hoʻopaʻapaʻa e like me ka nukelea neoneo, biotechnology a me nā maʻi e kū nei.

Nā laʻana o ka hoʻohuli a me ka hoʻokalakiko

Ua hōʻike kekahi mau mea noiʻi a me nā kālaiʻike i ka mea a lākou e ʻōlelo nei ʻo ka hoʻokūkū pro-ʻoihana o SMC i nā kumuhana hoʻopaʻapaʻa, a me ka nui o ka hilinaʻi ʻana o ka poʻe nūpepa i ka manaʻo loea o SMC e hoʻopaʻa i nā moʻolelo ʻepekema.

Ka nele i nā kuanaʻike like ʻole

Ua loiloi ʻo Professor Connie St. Louis o ke Kulanui o City, Lākana, i ka hopena o SMC i ka hōʻike ʻepekema ma nā nūpepa ʻāina he 12 ma 2011 a me 2012, a loaʻa:

  • ʻAʻole hoʻohana ʻo 60% o nā ʻatikala e uhi ana i nā haʻi ʻōlelo SMC i kahi kumu kūʻokoʻa
  • 54% o nā "hōʻike manaʻo loea" i hāʻawi ʻia e SMC i ka haʻihaʻi nūhou i loko o ka manawa i uhi ʻia i loko o ka nūhou
    • I kēia mau moʻolelo, ʻaʻole hoʻohana ʻo 23% i kahi kumu kūʻokoʻa
    • ʻO kēlā mau mea i hana, 32% wale nō o nā kumuwaiwai kūwahi i hāʻawi i kahi manaʻo kūʻē i ka mea i hāʻawi ʻia e ka loea i ka hopena SMC.

"He nui aku nā mea nūpepa ma mua o ka pono e hoʻohana wale nei i nā loea mai ka SMC a ʻaʻole e nīnau i nā kumuwaiwai kūʻokoʻa," hoʻopau ʻo St.

ʻAʻole ʻepekema mau ka poʻe loea

Ua kālailai ʻo David Miller, polopeka o ka sociology mai ke Kulanui o Bath, UK, i ka ʻikepili SMC ma ka pūnaewele a ma o ke noi Freedom of Information Act, a hōʻike ʻia:

  • ʻAʻole kekahi o ka 20 o ka poʻe akamai he nui loa i haʻi ʻia ma SMC ʻaʻole he ʻepekema, e like me ka wehewehe ʻana ma ka loaʻa ʻana i kahi PhD a me ka hana ʻana ma kahi keʻena noiʻi a i ʻole kahi kaiāulu ʻike kiʻekiʻe, akā he poʻe lobbyist no a me nā CEO o nā hui ʻoihana.
  • ʻAʻole i hōʻike piha loa ʻia nā kumuwaiwai kālā ma ka pūnaewele.
  • ʻAʻohe mea i hōʻike ʻia no ka makemake o SMC i kahi mea leʻaleʻa, akā ua makemake ia i nā ʻāpana ʻoihana a me nā kumuhana i uhi ʻia "e hōʻike i nā mea nui a kā lākou mea kālā."

"Inā ʻōlelo ʻoe e ʻōlelo i nā ʻepekema a hoʻopau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lobbyist a me nā NGO, eia ka nīnau: pehea ʻoe e koho ai i nā lobbyists a i ʻole nā ​​NGO e loaʻa? No ke aha ʻoe i loaʻa ʻole ai i nā lobbyist e kūʻē nei i ka hoʻokolohua kūlohelohe a i ʻole nā ​​lālā o Greenpeace e hōʻike nei i ko lākou manaʻo ma mua o ke kūlana bioindustry? Hōʻike maoli kēlā i nā ʻano bias e hana nei, "wahi a Miller.

Lanakila ka wili rautaki ma luna o nā embryos hybrid kanaka / holoholona

I ka 2006, i ka wā a ke aupuni UK i manaʻo ai e pāpā ana i nā ʻepekema mai ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā embryos hybrid kanaka-holoholona, ​​ua hoʻohui like ka SMC i nā hana e hoʻohuli i ka nānā ʻana o ka pāpāho mai nā hopohopo a me ka mea nui o nā embryos hybrid ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi. 'atikala ma Kūlohelohe.

ʻO ka hoʻokūkū SMC "he lanakila lanakila ma nā pilina pāpāho" a "kuleana nui no ka hoʻohuli ʻana i ke kai eʻe o nā embryo hybrid kanaka," e like me kā Andy Williams, he mea noiʻi nūhou ma ke Kulanui o Cardiff, UK, nāna i alakaʻi i kālailai ma ka ʻaoʻao o SMC a me nā mea kākoʻo kaiāulu.

Ua loaʻa ʻo Williams:

  • Ma mua o 60% o nā kumuwaiwai i kākau ʻia e ka ʻepekema a me nā mea kūkala olakino - nā mea i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka SMC - i kākoʻo i ka noiʻi, a hoʻokahi hapahā wale nō o nā kumuwaiwai i kūʻē iā ia.
  • Ma ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana, ua kamaʻilio ka poʻe nūpepa ʻaʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka SMC i nā ʻepekema kākoʻo ʻemi a ʻoi aku ka nui o nā mea kūʻē.

"Ua hopohopo ʻo Williams i kēia manawa no ka hana a SMC i alakaʻi ai i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou e hāʻawi i ka mahalo nui i nā ʻepekema, a na ia mea i kāohi i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa," Ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala kūlohelohe. He nīnauele me Williams i ʻO SciDevNet hōʻike pūʻulu:

"ʻO ka hapa nui o ka ʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia e wehewehe ai i nā ʻōlelo pōkole [SMC media briefing] koʻikoʻi he manawa kūpono ia na ka ʻepekema e wehewehe i ka ʻepekema i kā lākou ʻōlelo ponoʻī, akā - koʻikoʻi - ma ke ala kūlike ʻole a waiwai ʻole hoʻi," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. Akā nānā kēia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o kēia mau hanana i mālama nui ʻia e hoʻokau nei i nā moʻolelo persuasive, ua hoʻohui ʻo ia, a ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia lākou e hoʻopaʻa i ka hopena o ka pāpāho no nā ʻepekema e pili ana. Ua hānai ʻia nā mea nūpepa ʻepekema loea i ka "kōkua kālā ʻike" e ka SMC a ʻoi aku paha ka nui o ka manaʻo ma mua o nā mea nūpepa ʻē aʻe e ʻōlelo i nā kumu pro-hybridisation, i ʻōlelo ʻo Williams.

Paipai i ka ʻike ʻoihana ma fracking

E like me ka Pepeluali 2015 ka nānā ʻana pāpāho alakaʻi ʻia e Paul Mobbs o Mobbs 'Environmental Investigations, ua hāʻawi ʻo SMC i nā ʻōlelo loea he nui e pili ana i ka fracking ma waena o 2012-2015, akā ʻo ka lima o nā ʻepekema i hoʻomalu i ka ʻōlelo hoʻopuka mai nā kula me nā pilina kālā me ka ʻoihana wahie fossil a i ʻole nā ​​papahana noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e ka ʻoihana.

"Ke waiho nei ka hana a ka SMC i kahi nānā ʻololī o, i ka hapanui o nā hihia maikaʻi, nā manaʻo o ka palekana o ka fracking. Hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mau manaʻo i ke kūlana ʻoihana o ka poʻe e pili ana, a ʻaʻole i kākoʻo ʻia me nā kūmole i nā hōʻike e hōʻoia i ko lākou pono. A ʻo kēia, ua ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia kēia mau manaʻo i ka pāpāho me ka nīnau ʻole. ”

"I ka hihia o ka shale gas, ʻaʻole hāʻawi ka SMC i kahi ʻike kaulike o nā hōʻike i loaʻa, a me nā kānalua ʻole, i nā hopena o ka aila a me ka ʻaila kū ʻole. Ke hāʻawi nei ia i nā ʻōlelo mai nā mea ʻepekema e hōʻike nui ana i kahi manaʻo o 'UK hoʻokumu', e nānā ʻole i ke kino holoʻokoʻa o nā hōʻike i loaʻa i kēia pilikia mai USA, ʻAukekulia a me Kanada. "

Ke hōʻino nei i ka maʻi luhi maʻi maʻi 

A Kōpana 2013 na Malcolm Hooper, Polofesa Emeritus o Medicinal Chemistry, University of Sunderland, UK, i hoʻopiʻi iā SMC no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā manaʻo o kekahi mau kauka lapaʻau, me ka hōʻole ʻole e hōʻike e pili ana i ka ʻepekema biomedical a me ke kaomi ʻana i ka "ideology a me ka propaganda o nā hui hoihoi" i loko o kāna pāpāho. hana i ka maʻi luhi mau loa / myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS / ME).

Hōʻike ka pepa a Hooper e pili ana i nā loulou ma waena o ka SMC a me nā mea pāʻani nui i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa CFS / ME me nā pilina i ka ʻoihana ʻinikua, a hāʻawi i nā hōʻike o ka mea a Hooper i hōʻike ai e like me ka hoʻouka kaua a SMC e hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe me CFS / ME, a me kāna mau hana e hōʻike hewa ʻole i ka PACE nā hopena hoʻokolokolo i ka pāpāho. Pau ʻo ia, "ʻO kahi hui e hana i nā ʻano ʻepekema ākea loa ʻaʻole hiki ke loaʻa i kahi kuleana kūpono e hōʻike i ka ʻepekema."

No nā ʻike SMC, ʻike Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo 2018 ma CFS / ME "ka maʻi a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa."

ʻO ka palekana kelepona paʻalima a me nā mea kōkua telecom

A Kōpana 2006 na Don Maisch, PhD, "hāpai i nā hopohopo koʻikoʻi no ke kūlike ʻole o ke kuhi SMC i ke kamaʻilio ʻepekema ke hāʻawi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ka poʻe loea e pili ana i nā pilikia hakakā inā he kuleana kekahi o ka SMC." Nānā ka pepa Maisch i nā kamaʻilio SMC e pili ana i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka uila uila a me ka palekana kelepona paʻalima, a hāʻawi i ka mea āna i kapa ai he "moʻolelo uncensored o ke ʻano SMC o ke kamaʻilio ʻepekema."

"ʻIke ʻia ka papahana o ka SIRC, SMC a me nā hui kōkua e kākoʻo i ke kulekele hoʻokele waiwai o ke aupuni UK e paipai i ka ʻenehana ʻo Biotec a me nā telecommunications. Hōʻike paha kēia i ke kumu e hiki ai i ka poʻe me ka ʻole o ka māka maoli i ka kamaʻilio ʻepekema e kiʻi i nā kūlana i lilo i maka lehulehu o ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema Pelekane. Hoʻomaopopo pū ia ke kumu o ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema a me ka hoʻokumu olakino o UK, e ʻike nei i kahi ʻāpana nui o ke kālā ʻepekema e loaʻa mai nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, he mau hoa makemake e ʻae i nā ʻoihana PR me kahi papahana i hoʻoholo mua ʻia e kamaʻilio no lākou a lanakila i ke kulekele hoʻokele waiwai o ke aupuni no ka pono o ka lehulehu. . ”

Ke pale nei iā GMO

E like me ka mea i iho mai ma luna, ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā ʻaoʻao ʻepekema ʻelua a me kāna hui kaikuahine ʻo Sense About Science me nā papahana e pale ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini. Hāʻawi pinepine ʻo SMC i ka poʻe loea e loiloi i nā noiʻi e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMO. ʻO nā laʻana me:

I ka 2016, ua hoʻoneʻe ka ʻepekema i nā kūʻē loea o SMC a lākou i kuhi hewa ai i kā lākou hana ma GMO ʻO ke aʻo ʻana i alakaʻi ʻia e Michael Antoniou, PhD, poʻo o ka Gene Expression and Therapy Group, King's College London School of Medicine, a paʻi ʻia ma Hōʻike Pūnaewele, hoʻohana 'ana i ka pelekikena mole e hoʻohālikelike i ka mānoanoa o GMO i kona ʻaoʻao non-GM a hōʻike ʻia ʻo ka huaʻōla GM a me GM ʻole "ʻaʻole like iki." Ua hoʻopuka ʻo SMC i kahi nā hopena loea hoʻowahāwahā i ke aʻo ʻana, a ʻaʻole e ʻae i nā mea kākau e pane a hoʻoponopono paha i ka ʻike kūpono ʻole i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o SMC, e like me nā mea kākau noiʻi.

"ʻAʻole pololei kēia mau manaʻo [i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ka hoʻokuʻu SMC] a no laila hoʻolaha i nā hewa e pili ana i kā mākou pepa. Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻia mākou ʻaʻole ia ka kulekele o ka Science Media Center e kau ai i nā pane, e like me kā mākou, i nā ʻōlelo a ke komisina / kau ma kā lākou pūnaewele, "wahi a Antoniou. Nā mea kākau hoʻopaʻa haʻawina Kau ʻia kā lākou pane ma aneʻi.

Ua hōʻike ʻo Rebeka Wilce ka mea kākau moʻolelo i PR Nānā i ka 2014 ma kekahi mau laʻana o ka pro-GMO bias ma nā kamaʻilio SMC. Ua kākau ʻo ia:

Kāhea ʻo SMC iā ia iho i wahi kikowaena haʻiʻōlelo kūʻokoʻa no nā pilikia ʻepekema. Eia nō naʻe, nīnau ka poʻe loiloi i kona kūʻokoʻa mai ka ʻoihana GMO - me ka ʻōlelo a ka hui e hāʻawi wale ana kēlā me kēia hui a i ʻole nā ​​mea lawelawe ʻē aʻe i ʻelima pākēneka o ka loaʻa kālā o ka hui. e hoʻolako i nā wili GMO hou aʻe ma aneʻi.

ʻO SMC alakaʻi ʻia ka pane i kahi noi 2012 e hōʻike nei i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā tumors i nā holoholona lab i hānai ʻia nā GMO i kahi noiʻi hānai wā lōʻihi. Ua hōʻino ākea ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma ka nūpepa, ua unuhi ʻia e ka puke pai mua a hoʻopuka hou ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai ʻē aʻe.

ʻO Media Coverage

ʻO Columbia Journalism Review ʻekolu ʻāpana moʻo, Iune 2013, "Nā Pūnaewele ʻApekema Pūnaewele a me ka Press"

Nature, na Ewen Callaway, Iulai 2013, "Pūnaewele ʻepekema: Ke kikowaena o ka nānā; Hoʻoholo ʻo Fiona Fox a me kāna Science Media Center e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka paʻi paʻi o Britain. Ke hoʻolaha nei ke k aroundkohu a puni ka honua ”

Nature, na Colin Macilwain, "ʻElua mau lāhui i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia e kahi kumu maʻamau: ʻO nā hoʻolālā e hoʻohālikelike i ko Britain Media Science Center ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hoʻopiha ʻia me ka makaʻu"

Maikaʻi, na Stacy Malkan, Iulai 24, 2017, "Reuters vs. Un Cancer Agency: Aia paha nā pilina paʻa i ka ʻepekema ʻikepili?"

ʻO SciDevNet, na Mićo Tatalović, Mei 2014, "ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka UK Media Science Center no ka hoʻokuke ʻana i ka ʻepekema ʻoihana" Center lamb

Nānā PR, na Rebekah Wilke, ʻApelila 2014, "Hoʻolaha ka Science Media Center Pro-GMO Line"

Ma ka hui pili Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema:

ʻO ke kuʻina, na Liza Gross, Nowemapa 2016, "Kanalua kanalua: Pehea nā kiaʻi ponoʻī o ka 'epekema kani' e kuhikuhi i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana."

Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo USRTK: ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema-USA Luna Hoʻokele ʻo Trevor Butterworth Spins ʻEpekema no ka ʻOihana

Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo USRTK: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau 'hoa' e hoʻouka aku i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa