Nānā hou kahi noiʻi hou i ka hopena o ka lāʻau make a Roundup ma luna o nā meli

Print enamel Share Tweet

Ua loaʻa i kahi hui o nā kānaka noiʻi Kina nā hōʻike e pili ana nā huahana lāʻau make-glyphosate-kumumea kūpilikiʻi i mea hōʻino i nā melemele ma a i ʻole ma lalo o nā mea i manaʻo ʻia.

I kahi pepa i paʻi ʻia ma ka puke pūnaewele pūnaewele Hōʻike Pūnaewele, pili nā kānaka noiʻi me ka Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science ma Beijing a me ka Chinese Bureau of Landscape and Forestry, ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua loaʻa iā lākou kahi hopena o nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole i nā meli ke hōʻike nei i nā pi i Roundup - a Glyphosate-Kuai huahana i kūʻai ʻia aku e ka mea nona Monsanto Bayer AG.

ʻO ka hoʻomanaʻo ʻana o nā meli i "hōʻino nui ʻia ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana iā Roundup" e hōʻike ana i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka meli meli i ka nāhelehele i ka make ʻana i ka lāʻau "hiki i ka hopena maikaʻi ʻole i ka ʻimi a me ka hōʻiliʻili o nā kumuwaiwai a me ka hoʻohui ʻana o nā hana ʻimi" na nā pi. .

A ʻo ka "piʻi ʻana o ka meli i ka meli ma hope o ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana me ka manaʻo nui o Roundup," ua loaʻa i nā mea noiʻi.

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi aia kahi pono no kahi "ʻoihana lāʻau make pono e pīpī ana i ka ʻōnaehana hoʻolaha mua" ma nā wahi kaiāulu o Kina no ka mea "ʻaʻole i hoʻomaopopo pinepine ʻia nā beekeepers ma mua o ka pīpī ʻia ʻana o nā lāʻau make" a me nā hanana ʻino pinepine o nā meli.

ʻO ka hana ʻana i nā mea kanu meaʻai nui a hilinaʻi nui i nā meli a me nā pi ʻāhiu no ka pollination, a ua hōʻole manaʻo i nā pi piʻo i hāpai i nā hopohopo a puni ka honua e pili ana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai.

ʻO kahi pepa mai ke Kulanui o Rutgers paʻi ʻia i ke kauwela i hala ua aʻo ʻia e "hoʻemi ʻia nā huaʻai no nā ʻāpala, nā cherry a me nā blueberry a puni ka United States e ka nele o nā pollinators."

Hoʻohui ka noiʻi hou i ka hōʻike e hōʻoki ka glyphosate mauʻu i ka homone

Print enamel Share Tweet

Ke hoʻohui nei ka noiʻi hou i nā hōʻike hopohopo i nā hopohopo e pili ana ka weedkilling hoʻohana ākea glyphosate kemika loaʻa paha i ka hiki ke hoʻopilikia i nā homone kanaka.

I kahi pepa i paʻi ʻia ma ka puke pai Kimimepera kapaʻia ʻO Glyphosate a me nā ʻano nui o ka endocrine disruptor: He loiloi, he ʻekolu o ka poʻe ʻepekema i kuhi ua ʻike ʻia he glyphosate he ʻewalu o nā ʻano koʻikoʻi he ʻumi e pili pū ana hoʻohaunaele endocrine i nā kemika . Ua aʻo aku naʻe nā mea kākau, pono nō naʻe nā noiʻi cohort prospective e pono e hoʻomaopopo pono i nā hopena o glyphosate ma ka ʻōnaehana endocrine kanaka.

ʻO nā mea kākau, ʻo Juan Munoz, Tammy Bleak a me Gloria Calaf, ua pili kēlā me kēia me ke Kulanui o Tarapacá ma Chile, i kā lākou pepa ka loiloi mua e hoʻohui i nā hōʻike mīkini ma glyphosate ma ke ʻano he endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDC).

Hōʻike kekahi o nā hōʻike e hiki iā Roundup, ʻo Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicide, hiki ke hoʻololi i ka biosynthesis o nā hormones moekolohe, e like me ka mea noiʻi.

Hiki paha i nā EDC ke mimic a hoʻopilikia paha i nā hormones o ke kino a pili pū ʻia me nā pilikia ulu a me nā hānau a me ka lolo a me ka ʻōnaehana pale maʻi.

ʻO ka pepa hou ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ma mua o kēia makahiki o ka assortment o holoholona hoʻopaʻa haʻawina i hōʻike i nā hōʻike glyphosate i nā hopena i nā mea hānau a hoʻoweliweli i ka momona.

ʻO Glyphosate kahi lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua, kūʻai ʻia i nā ʻāina he 140. Hoʻokomo ʻia ma ke kālepa ma 1974 e Monsanto Co, ka kemika ka mea hana i nā huahana makemake nui ʻia e like me Roundup a me nā haneli mau mea pepehi kanaka nāhelehele ʻē aʻe i hoʻohana ʻia e nā mea kūʻai aku, nā kaona, nā pono hana, nā mahiʻai, nā mea hana kolepa, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe a puni ka honua.

ʻO Dana Barr, ʻO kahi polofesa ma ke Kula ʻo Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia nā hōʻike e hōʻike ana he "endocrine" ka mea nāna e hoʻopilikia i nā waiwai. "

"ʻAʻole ia he mea i manaʻo ʻole ʻia ma muli o ka loaʻa ʻana o kekahi o nā ʻano like o ka glyphosate me nā endocrine e hoʻopau ana i nā pesticides; Eia nō naʻe, pili nui ia no ka hoʻohana ʻo glyphosate ma mua o nā pesticides ʻē aʻe, "i ʻōlelo ʻo Barr, nāna e alakaʻi i kahi papahana ma loko o kahi keʻena noiʻi hōʻikeʻike kanaka i loaʻa kālā ʻia e National National i mālama ʻia ma Emory. "Hoʻohana ʻia ka Glyphosate ma nā mea kanu he nui a ma nā noi noho he nui e like me ka hōʻuluʻulu a me nā hōʻike kumulative hiki ke nui."

ʻO Phil Landrigan, ka luna o ka Global Observatory ma Pollution a me ke olakino, a me kahi polofesa o ka biology
ma ke Kulanui ʻo Bosetona, i ʻōlelo ʻia ua huki pū ʻia ka loiloi i nā "hōʻike ikaika" ʻo ka glyphosate kahi mea hoʻopukapuka endocrine.

"Kūlike ka hōʻike me kahi hui nui o nā puke e hōʻike ana he nui nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole o ka glyphosate - nā hopena i hoʻokahuli i ko Monsanto noho lōʻihi ʻana. Hōʻike ʻia ke glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kemikala maikaʻi me ka ʻole o nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole i ke olakino kanaka, "wahi a Landrigan.

He kumuhana hopohopo nā EDC mai ka makahiki 1990 ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana o kahi moʻo o nā puke i manaʻo ʻia kekahi mau kemika i hoʻohana pinepine ʻia i nā pesticides, solvent solvents, plastic, detergents, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i hiki ke hoʻohaunaele i nā pilina ma waena o nā homone a me kā lākou mau pane.

Hoʻomaopopo ka poʻe ʻepekema i nā pono hana he ʻumi o nā ʻākena e hoʻololi i ka hana hormone, e kuhikuhi ana i kēia mau mea he ʻumi "ʻano nui" o nā endocrine-disruptor. ʻO nā ʻano he ʻumi penei:

Hiki iā EDC ke:

  • Hoʻololi ʻia ka hormonone hoʻololi o nā pae e holo nei o nā hormoni
  • Hoʻopili i nā hoʻololi i ka metabolism o ka hormone a me ka ʻae
  • Hoʻololi i ka hopena o ka hana ʻana o ka hōmona a i ʻole nā ​​ʻono pane pane-ʻone
  • Hōʻike ʻikepili receptor hormone
  • Nā mea loaʻa homone antagonize
  • Hana pū a i ʻole hoʻoulu i nā mea loaʻa nā homone
  • Hoʻololi hōʻailona hōʻailona i nā hunaola pane-hormon
  • Hoʻopili i nā hoʻololi epigenetic i nā hana hana hormone a i ʻole nā ​​ʻono pane pane-ʻone
  • ʻO ke synthesist hormon alter
  • Lawe ka hormone alter ma o nā membrane cell

Ua haʻi nā mea kākau o ka pepa hou i kahi loiloi o ka ʻikepili mīkini ʻike ʻia ua hui ka glyphosate i nā ʻano kī āpau me ka ʻokoʻa o ʻelua: "No glyphosate, ʻaʻohe hōʻike e pili ana me ka antagonistic hiki o nā hormonal receptor," wahi a lākou. Pēlā nō hoʻi, "ʻaʻohe hōʻike o ka hopena o ka hopena i ka hormonal a me ka ʻae ʻana," e like me nā mea kākau.

Ua nānā nui ka noiʻi ʻana i nā makahiki he hala i hala aku nei i nā loulou i loaʻa ma waena o glyphosate a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai, ʻo ia hoʻi ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin (NHL.) I ka makahiki 2015, ka International Agency for the Research on Cancer glyphosate ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha.

ʻOi aku ma kahi o 100,000 poʻe ua hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hoʻopiʻi nei i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā lāʻau ʻino glyphosate a ka hui i hoʻokumu iā lākou a i ʻole nā ​​mea aloha e hoʻomohala iā NHL.

Wahi a ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi i ka hoʻopiʻi kūloko āpau ua ʻimi ʻo Monsanto e hūnā i nā pilikia o kāna lāʻau make. Ua nalowale ʻo Monsanto ʻekolu o ʻekolu mau hoʻāʻo a ua hoʻohana ka mea nona Kelemania ʻo Bayer AG i ka makahiki a me ka hapa i hala ke hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻoponopono ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana ma waho o ka ʻaha.

Ua hoʻomaopopo nā mea kākau o ka pepa hou i ke ʻano o ka glyphosate ma nā wahi a pau, e ʻōlelo ana "ka hoʻohana nui" ʻana o ka kemika "i alakaʻi ʻia i kahi pālahalaha ākea," e like me ka piʻi ʻana o nā hōʻike i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i ka ʻai kanaka o ka mea make mauʻu ma o ka meaʻai.

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi inā ʻoi aku ka haʻahaʻa o ka nui o ke koena glyphosate i loaʻa i nā meaʻai e lawa ai ka palekana, ʻaʻole "hiki iā lākou ke kāpae" i kahi "pilikia" i ka poʻe e ʻai ana i nā meaʻai i loko o ka kemikū, ke ʻano hoʻi me nā hua a me nā mea kanu ʻē aʻe. nā meaʻai i hoʻokumu ʻia, i loaʻa pinepine nā pae kiʻekiʻe ma mua o ka waiū, ka ʻiʻo a i ʻole nā ​​huahana iʻa.

Hōʻike nā palapala aupuni a US i nā koena glyphosate i ʻike ʻia ma nā ʻano meaʻai like ʻole, me ka meli meaola, a granola a me nā pahū.

Ua hōʻike pū kekahi nā kānaka noiʻi aupuni ʻo Kanada i nā koena glyphosate i nā meaʻai. Hoʻokahi hōʻike i hoʻopuka ʻia ma 2019 e nā ʻepekema mai nā Laboratory Laboratory Agri-Food a Kanada ma ke Keʻena ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā ululāʻau ʻo Alberta i loaʻa he glyphosate ma 197 o 200 mau laʻana o ka meli a lākou i nānā ai.

ʻOiai nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena glyphosate i ke olakino kanaka, e like me ka hōʻike ʻana i ka papaʻai, ua kūpaʻa mau nā luna hoʻomalu o US i ka palekana o ka lāʻau. ʻO ka Mālama ka ʻĀina Hoʻomalu Kūlohelohe i loaʻa ʻole "i kekahi pilikia o ke olakino kanaka mai ke kū ʻana i ka glyphosate. ”

ʻO Glyphosate i ka moa moa i hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka mea momona ke hōʻeha nei i ka hana ʻana o ka meaʻai, i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi

Print enamel Share Tweet

Ua lawe mai nā kānaka ʻepekema i ka nūhou hou aʻe i ka mālamalama e pili ana i ka glyphosate lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia, ʻo Roundup, i kahi pepa noiʻi hou i paʻi ʻia i kēia mahina.

Nā kānaka noiʻi mai ke Kulanui o Turku ma Pinilana i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kahi pepa i paʻiʻia ma ka puke pai  ʻEpekema o ka ʻĀpana holina hiki i kēlā manure mai ka moa i hoʻohana ʻia me ka mea momona ke hōʻemi i nā hua i ka wā he mau koena ka manure o nā lāʻau herbicides e pili ana i ka glyphosate, e like me Roundup. Pono nā mea hoʻomomona e hoʻonui i ka hana ʻana i nā mea kanu, no laila ʻo nā hōʻike e hiki i nā koena glyphosate ke loaʻa ka hopena ʻē aʻe he mea nui.

ʻO ka ʻōpala moa, e like me ke kāhea ʻia ʻana o ka manure, hoʻohana pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻomomona, e like me ka mahiʻai meaola, no ka mea, manaʻo ʻia he waiwai ia i nā mea pono pono. Hoʻohana o ka moa manuahi e like me ka mea momona e ulu nei i ka mahiʻai a me ka mahiʻai a me nā māla home.

ʻOiai ke ulu nei ka hoʻohana, ʻo nā "pilikia kūpono e pili ana i ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana o nā agrochemicals i ka moa moa e nānā nui ʻole ʻia," i aʻo aku ai nā mea noiʻi o Pinilana.

Ke ulu nei ka poʻe mahiʻai meaola e hopohopo nui nei e pili ana i nā glyphosate i ka momona manure i ʻae ʻia i ka hana ʻana i nā meaola, akā nui ka poʻe i ka ʻoihana e makemake e hoʻolaha i ka pilikia.

Hoʻomaʻama pololei ka poʻe mahiʻai i nā glyphosate ma luna o nā mea kanu i ulu a puni ka honua, e like me ka soybeans, ka palaoa, ka pulupulu, ka canola a me nā mea kanu ʻē aʻe i hoʻolālā ʻia e kū i nā mālama glyphosate. Hoʻopīpī pinepine lākou i nā mea kanu e like me ka palaoa a me nā ʻoka, ʻaʻole hoʻolālā ʻia me nā genetically - ma mua koke o ka ʻohi ʻana e hoʻomaloʻo i nā mea kanu.

Hāʻawi ʻia i ka nui o nā herbicides ma muli o ka glyphosate i hoʻohana ʻia e mālama i nā mea kanu i hoʻohana ʻia i ka hānai holoholona, ​​a me ka nui o ka manure i hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻomomona, "e makaʻala maoli mākou aia kēia ʻano pilikia," wahi a kekahi o nā mea kākau. o ke aʻo, Anne Muola.

"ʻAʻohe mea makemake e kamaʻilio nui e pili ana i ia." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Muola.

ʻO Monsanto - ka hoʻohana nui ʻana o nā gicphosate herbsicides pololei i nā mea kanu meaʻai - i kēia manawa kahi hui o Bayer AG - mai ka makahiki 1990, a hoʻohana ʻia ka glyphosate i nā wahi āpau i ʻike pinepine ʻia nā koena i ka meaʻai, ka wai a me nā ʻāpana ea.

Ma muli o ke koena glyphosate i ka meaʻai kanaka a me nā holoholona, ​​ʻike pinepine ʻia nā pae glyphosate e ʻike ʻia i ka mimi kanaka a me ka hoʻoulu holoholona.

ʻO kēia mau koena glyphosate i ka mea momona he pilikia ia no nā mea kanu no nā kumu he nui, e like me ka mea noiʻi o Pinilana.

"Ua ʻike mākou i ka manure moa hiki ke hōʻiliʻili i nā koena kiʻekiʻe o (nā gicphosate-based herbicides), hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka ulu ʻana o nā mea kanu a me ka hana hou ʻana, a pēlā e kāohi ai i nā hopena ulu o ka manure ke hoʻopili ʻia me he mea hoʻomomona lā," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka pepa. "Hōʻike kēia mau hopena i ka hala ʻana o ke koena i ke kaʻina hana digestive o nā manu, a ʻo ka mea nui loa, hoʻomau lākou i ka momona o ka manure i nā wā lōʻihi."

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi hiki i nā koena glyphosate ke hoʻomau i nā ʻōnaehana kaiaola, e hoʻololi ana i nā meaola non-target i loko o nā makahiki he nui.

ʻO nā hopena, ʻōlelo lākou, ʻo ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka pono o ka manure ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻomomona; ka hoʻowahāwahā lōʻihi o ka lāʻau glyphosate mau loa o nā pōʻai mahiʻai; "Hoʻowahāwahā" hoʻohaumia glyphosate o nā wahi kū ʻole; hoʻonui i ka hoʻoweliweli i "nā meaola non-target mākaukau," a me ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka hopena o nā kū kū kū i ke glyphosate.

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi e pono e hana hou i nā noiʻi e hōʻike i ka nui o ka haumia glyphosate i loko o nā meaola a me pehea e hopena ai ka hoʻomau.

Hoʻohui ka noiʻi ʻo Pinilana i ka hōʻike o ka makaʻu o nā koena glyphosate i ka mea hoʻomomona, e like me nā loea mahiʻai.

"ʻO nā hopena o ke koena glyphosate i hōʻiliʻili ʻia i loko o nā moa manuahi kahi wahi i nānā nui ʻole ʻia o ka noiʻi," wahi a ka ʻepekema lepo ʻo Rodale Institute, ʻo Dr. "Akā he aha ka noiʻi e kū nei i hōʻike ʻia e hiki i kēlā mau koena ke hopena maikaʻi ʻole i nā mea kanu, inā hoʻohana ʻia ka manure moa ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻomomona. Ua hōʻike ʻia nā koena Glyphosate i nā mea momona i nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole i nā mea kanu, nā microbiome lepo, a me nā microbes e pili ana i nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona me nā kānaka ma o ka kaulahao meaʻai. Ke hoʻolaha ʻole ʻia kēia haumia ma o ka momona, waiho ia i kahi ʻino koʻikoʻi ma nā meaola a me nā kaiaola a me nā lawelawe. "

Ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa 9.4 miliona mau tona o glyphosate ua pīpī ʻia ma nā kahua - lawa no ka pīpī ʻana ma kahi o ka hapalua paona o Roundup ma kēlā ʻeka ʻeka ʻāina i mahi ʻia i ka honua.

I ka 2015, ka ʻOihana Ola Nui o ka World Health Organization no ka noiʻi ʻana e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai (IARC) glyphosate ʻike ʻia e like me "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka”Ma hope o ka loiloi ʻana i nā makahiki o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana a me ka loiloi ʻia e nā hoa ʻepekema. Ua ʻike ka kime o nā ʻepekema kūwaho he hui ma waena o glyphosate a me non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

He ʻumi tausani mau kānaka ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e ʻeha nei i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin ua hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto, a i loko o ʻekolu mau hoʻāʻo i hoʻopaʻa ʻia a hiki i kēia lā, ua ʻike nā Kiure ua hewa nā hui ʻoihana glyphosate o ka hui no ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i nā maʻi ʻaʻai.

Hoʻohui ʻia, an assortment o holoholona hoʻopaʻa haʻawina hoʻokuʻu i kēia kauwela hōʻike i ka hōʻike glyphosate ka hopena i nā mea hānau a hiki ke hoʻoweliweli i ka momona, me ka hoʻohui ʻana i nā hōʻike hou he ʻenemi paha ka mea hana lū. hoʻopau hoʻopau endocrine. Hoʻopili paha ka endocrine disrupting chemicals i mimic a hoʻopilikia paha i nā hormones o ke kino a pili pū ʻia me nā pilikia ulu a me nā hānau ʻana a me ka lolo a me ka ʻōnaehana immune immune.