ʻIke ʻia kahi loiloi Roundup i nā loulou i nā pilikia olakino kanaka

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(Hoʻohou ʻia Pepeluali 17, e hoʻohui nei i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana no ke aʻo ʻana)

A pepa ʻepekema hou ke nānā nei i nā hopena olakino hiki ke loaʻa i nā lāʻau herbicides Roundup i loaʻa nā pilina ma waena o ka hōʻike ʻana i ka nāhelehele e luku ana i ka glyphosate kemika a me ka hoʻonui ʻana i kahi ʻano o ka amino acid i ʻike ʻia he kumu pilikia ia no ka maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi.

Ua hoʻoholo nā mea noiʻi i kā lākou mau hoʻoholo ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā ʻiole hāpai a me kā lākou mau keiki hānau hou e glyphosate a me Roundup ma o ka wai inu. ʻLelo lākou ua nānā kikoʻī ʻia lākou i nā hopena o nā gicphosate-based herbicides (GBH) i nā metabolites urinary a me nā pilina me ka microbiome ʻōpū i nā holoholona.

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ua ʻike lākou i kahi hoʻonui nui o kahi amino acid i kapa ʻia ʻo homocysteine ​​i loko o nā pēpē ʻiole kāne i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate a me Roundup.

"Hāʻawi kā mākou noiʻi i nā hōʻike mua e hōʻike i ka GBH i hoʻohana mau ʻia, i kahi manawa hōʻike kanaka e ʻae ʻia i kēia manawa, hiki iā ia ke hoʻololi i nā metabolites mimi i loko o nā mākua ʻelole a me nā ʻīlio," i ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi.

ʻO ka pepa, i kapa ʻia ʻo "Low-dose expose of glyphosate-based herbicides disrupt the urine metabolome and its interaction with gut microbiota," i kākau ʻia e ʻelima mau kānaka noiʻi e pili pū ana me ke Kula Lapaʻau Icahn ma Mount Sinai ma New York a ʻehā mai ka Ramazzini Institute. ma Bologna, ʻItalia. Ua paʻi ʻia ma ka puke pai Nā ʻIpekema ʻEpekema Pepeluali 5

Ua ʻae nā mea kākau i nā palena he nui me kā lākou hoʻopaʻa haʻawina, e like me ka nui o ka laʻana, akā ua hōʻike lākou i kā lākou hana i hōʻike ʻia "ʻo ka hana haʻahaʻa a me ka wā mua i ka glyphosate a i ʻole Roundup i hoʻololi nui i nā biomarkers mimi metabolomic he nui, i nā pā a me nā keiki."

ʻO ke aʻo ka mua ma nā loli metabolomic urinary i hoʻokomo ʻia e nā gicphosate-based herbicides ma nā dosis i manaʻo ʻia he palekana i nā kānaka, i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi.

Hahai ka pepa i ka paʻi ʻia i ka mahina i hala o he aʻo ma ka puke pai Nā Manaʻo Ola Ola i loaʻa i ka glyphosate a me kahi huahana Roundup hiki ke hoʻololi i ka hoʻohui ʻana o ka microbiome ʻōpū i nā ala i hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia i nā hopena olakino maikaʻi ʻole. Ua komo pū kekahi ʻepekema mai ka Ramazzini Institute i kēlā noiʻi.

ʻO Robin Mesnage, kekahi o nā mea kākau o ka pepa i paʻi ʻia i ka mahina i hala aku nei i ka Environmental Health Perspectives, i hoʻopuka i ka pilikia me ka pono o ka pepa hou. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua hōʻike ʻia ka hōʻike ʻikepili i nā ʻokoʻa i ʻike ʻia ma waena o nā holoholona i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate a me nā mea i hōʻike ʻole ʻia - nā holoholona hoʻomalu - hiki ke ʻike ʻia e like me nā ʻike i haku ʻia.

"Ma ke ʻano holoʻokoʻa, ʻaʻole kākoʻo ka ʻikepili ʻikepili i ka hopena e hoʻohaunaele ka glyphosate i ka metabolome mimi a me ka microbiota ʻōpū o nā holoholona i hōʻike ʻole ʻia," wahi a Mesnage. "E huikau wale kēia aʻo ʻana i kahi hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i ka ʻawahia o glyphosate."

Nā noiʻi hou loa ma glyphosate a me Roundup i loaʻa i kahi ʻano hopohopo.

ʻO Bayer, ka mea i hoʻoilina iā Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicide brand a me kāna glyphosate-tolerant genetically engineered portfolio i ka wā i kūʻai ai i ka ʻoihana ma 2018, e hoʻomau i ka nui o ka ʻepekema noiʻi i nā makahiki he XNUMX e hōʻoia ana ʻaʻole kumu ka maʻi ʻaʻai i ka glyphosate. ʻAʻole manaʻo ka US Environmental Protection Agency a me nā kino ʻē aʻe i nā kino hoʻonohonoho kūwaho hoʻi i nā huahana glyphosate e carcinogenic.

Akā ʻo ka International Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer ma 2015 i ʻōlelo ʻia kahi loiloi o ka noiʻi ʻepekema i loaʻa ka nui o nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka glyphosate kahi carcinogen kanaka paha.

Ua nalowale ʻo Bayer ʻekolu o ʻekolu mau hoʻāʻo i lawe ʻia e ka poʻe i hōʻino i kā lākou maʻi ʻaʻai ma ke kū ʻana i nā lāʻau make a Monsanto, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer i ka makahiki i hala e uku ana he $ 11 biliona no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana ma mua o 100,000 mau koi like.

 

 

Nānā hou kahi noiʻi hou i ka hopena o ka lāʻau make a Roundup ma luna o nā meli

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Ua loaʻa i kahi hui o nā kānaka noiʻi Kina nā hōʻike e pili ana nā huahana lāʻau make-glyphosate-kumumea kūpilikiʻi i mea hōʻino i nā melemele ma a i ʻole ma lalo o nā mea i manaʻo ʻia.

I kahi pepa i paʻi ʻia ma ka puke pūnaewele pūnaewele Hōʻike Pūnaewele, pili nā kānaka noiʻi me ka Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science ma Beijing a me ka Chinese Bureau of Landscape and Forestry, ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua loaʻa iā lākou kahi hopena o nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole i nā meli ke hōʻike nei i nā pi i Roundup - a Glyphosate-Kuai huahana i kūʻai ʻia aku e ka mea nona Monsanto Bayer AG.

ʻO ka hoʻomanaʻo ʻana o nā meli i "hōʻino nui ʻia ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana iā Roundup" e hōʻike ana i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka meli meli i ka nāhelehele i ka make ʻana i ka lāʻau "hiki i ka hopena maikaʻi ʻole i ka ʻimi a me ka hōʻiliʻili o nā kumuwaiwai a me ka hoʻohui ʻana o nā hana ʻimi" na nā pi. .

A ʻo ka "piʻi ʻana o ka meli i ka meli ma hope o ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana me ka manaʻo nui o Roundup," ua loaʻa i nā mea noiʻi.

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi aia kahi pono no kahi "ʻoihana lāʻau make pono e pīpī ana i ka ʻōnaehana hoʻolaha mua" ma nā wahi kaiāulu o Kina no ka mea "ʻaʻole i hoʻomaopopo pinepine ʻia nā beekeepers ma mua o ka pīpī ʻia ʻana o nā lāʻau make" a me nā hanana ʻino pinepine o nā meli.

ʻO ka hana ʻana i nā mea kanu meaʻai nui a hilinaʻi nui i nā meli a me nā pi ʻāhiu no ka pollination, a ua hōʻole manaʻo i nā pi piʻo i hāpai i nā hopohopo a puni ka honua e pili ana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai.

ʻO kahi pepa mai ke Kulanui o Rutgers paʻi ʻia i ke kauwela i hala ua aʻo ʻia e "hoʻemi ʻia nā huaʻai no nā ʻāpala, nā cherry a me nā blueberry a puni ka United States e ka nele o nā pollinators."

He mea nui - hōʻole ʻo Professor e hoʻoponopono i nā hemahema ma ka pepa ʻepekema hou e loaʻa nei nā pilikia me Glyphosate.

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(UPDATED Iune 5 me ka manaʻo mai ka Scientific Reports)

ʻO nā mea kākau o a pepa hou i paʻi ʻia ke nānā nei i nā hopena o ka hopena i ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma ka honua i hoʻolaha i kahi nūhou weliweli.

ka kime mai ka mokuʻāina ʻo Wakinekona Ua ʻike ke Kulanui i nā mamo a nā ʻiole i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate kemika i ulu i ka maʻi prostate, nā hakuʻala a me nā maʻi ovarian, ka momona a me nā hānau pono ʻole. ʻO nā mea i loaʻa, i paʻi ʻia ma ʻApelila i ka puke pai ʻepekema Hōʻike Pūnaewele, hoʻohui ʻia i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa honua e pili ana i ka palekana o glyphosate a me Monsanto's Roundup a me nā mea hoʻomake wao nahele glyphosate.

Akā paha ʻoi aku ka nani loa ma mua o kēlā nūhou, ua ʻōlelo pū ka pūʻulu noiʻi i loko o kā lākou pepa ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), he loea ʻepekema loea o ka World Health Organization, ua "retract" i kāna ʻike he glyphosate kahi kanaka kūpono paha. kalikogenikona.

ʻO ka hemahema kekahi o nā mea he nui i loko o ka pepa i hōʻike ʻia i nā mea kākau ma mua o hoʻokahi mahina i hala aku nei i hoʻoponopono ʻia. Akā ʻaʻohe paha, ʻoi aku ka ʻōlinolino ma mua o ka mea e pili ana iā IARC.

Ua hoʻopuka ʻo IARC he pepa loihi i ka 2015 i hoʻopau ʻia e ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka 2A. ʻO ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana o ka IARC ka mea i hāpai i nā hoʻopiʻi he mau kaukani e kūʻē iā Monsanto, ka mea hoʻomaʻemaʻe lōʻihi o Roundup a me nā mea make ʻē aʻe glyphosate a hoʻoulu i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a puni ka honua. Ua kōkua ka hoʻonohonoho IARC i ka wikiwiki i nā ʻāina he nui o ʻEulopa e hoʻomaka i ka neʻe ʻana e hōʻemi a pāpā paha i ka hoʻohana glyphosate. Ua kāpae nā kūlanakauhale, nā ʻāpana kula a me nā mea kūʻai aku ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i ka hoʻohana ʻana a i ʻole ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā huahana glyphosate. Ua nalowale ka mea nona Kelemania ʻo Monsanto ʻo Bayer AG he 40 pākēneka o kāna waiwai o ka mea kuleana ma muli o ka hopohopo mau e pili ana i nā herbicides glyphosate a Monsanto.

Akā e like me ka hui WSU, ua hoʻihoʻi ʻia ka papa IARC nāna i hoʻokumu i ka makahiki 2016. Ua kākau lākou:

"Ma Malaki 2015 ka International Agency of Research on Cancer i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen Grade 2 e pili ana i ka prevalence o nā ake a me nā puʻupaʻa i nā noiʻi hānai mau. Ma hope koke iho, ua huki ʻia kēia ʻōlelo ma 2016. "

He mea nui ka retraction na IARC o kāna mea i loaʻa ai. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ua ʻimi ʻo Monsanto i ka 2015 i ka retraction akā ua pale aku ʻo IARC i kāna hana, e like me nā ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa he nui mai nā ʻāina he nui. A ʻo ka mea nui, ʻaʻole i hoʻoneʻe hou ʻo IARC i kāna loaʻa ʻana o glyphosate ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha he 2A.

"ʻAʻole i loli ka hoʻohālikelike a paʻa mau," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka haʻi ʻōlelo ʻo IARC ʻo Veronique Terrasse.

Ua alakaʻi ʻia ka hui noiʻi o Wakinekona State e ʻO Michael Skinner, polofesa o ke Kula WSU o ka Biological Science. Me he mea lā maʻalahi ka hewa ke hoʻoponopono. Akā i ka manawa i hoʻopili ʻia ai e pili ana i ka hemahema, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Skinner ʻaʻohe ona manaʻo e hoʻoponopono i ka ʻōlelo no ka mea ʻaʻole pono ka hoʻoponopono. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua haʻi aku ʻo ia i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i ka pilikia me ia e kākau i kahi leka i ka luna hoʻoponopono o ka puke pai.

"ʻO ka wehewehe ʻana o ka hoʻihoʻi ʻana i" Draw and be draw back or back in "or" withdrawal or go back "or" reconsider or ditarik back ", no laila ke kumu i hoʻohana ʻia ai ka huaʻōlelo i kēia ʻano," wahi a Skinner i loko o kahi leka uila pane.

ʻO ka Scientific Reports kahi ʻāpana o ka Nature, kahi puke pai honua i kēlā me kēia pule e pili ana iā ia iho e like me "ka paʻi ʻana i ka noiʻi loiloi maikaʻi loa ʻia e nā hoa ma nā ʻepekema a me nā ʻenehana āpau ..."

He waha ʻōlelo no Nā Pūʻulu Huakaʻi, mai la: "Ke hāpai ʻia kekahi pilikia Hōʻike Pūnaewele e pili ana i nā pepa a mākou i paʻi ai, e nānā pono iā lākou a e hana mākou i kahi e kūpono ai. ”

Ua kuhikuhi ʻo ia i kēlā Hōʻike Pūnaewele He puke pai pūnaewele, puka ākea i loko o ka "ʻĀina ʻImi ʻImi o nā puke pai" akā kūʻokoʻa i ka hoʻoponopono ʻia o Nature.

Ua ʻike kekahi mau ʻepekema ma waho i nā hewa ʻē aʻe i loko o ka pepa, a ua ʻōlelo hoʻoweliweli lākou e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o nā hopena i ka nui.

"E kiʻi ʻia kēia e ka loiloi o nā hoa," wahi a ʻO Chuck Benbrook, he loea no ka mahiʻai mahiʻai a me ka loea glyphosate nona ka noiʻi ʻepekema ponoʻī i ʻōlelo hewa ʻia e ka hui ʻo Skinner i kā lākou pepa. Ua hoʻopili aku ʻo Benbrook iā Skinner i ʻApelila ma hope koke o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o ka pepa e waiho ana i nā hewa he pono e hoʻoponopono. Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo Benbrook ʻo nā pilikia āpau āna i ʻike ai aia i ka hoʻolauna ʻana i ka pepa a ʻaʻohe ona mea i pili i nā hopena ʻepekema.

"No ke aha ʻo ia i hoʻoponopono koke ʻole ai i nā hewa maoli ... paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo," i ʻōlelo ʻo Benbrook.

Ma waena o nā hewa maoli ʻē aʻe:

* Ua ʻōlelo ka pepa e pili ana nā moʻolelo glyphosate ma kahi o 72 pākēneka o ka hoʻohana pesticide honua, e kuhikuhi ana i kā Benbrook noiʻi. ʻAʻole ʻōlelo ʻia kahi noiʻi a Benbrook, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua noi ʻia he 72 pākēneka o ka glyphosate i pīpī ʻia ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa i nā makahiki he XNUMX i hala.

* Ua ʻōlelo ka pepa Skinner ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka IARC o ka glyphosate ma muli o ka laha ʻana o nā ake a me nā puʻukū ma nā aʻo hānai mau. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana o ka IARC, e like me ka kikoʻī ma ka pepa a IARC, ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka papa kuhikuhi ma luna o ka ʻikepili mai nā noiʻi holoholona, ​​nā noiʻi epidemiology, a me nā "hōʻike ikaika" o nā genotoxic ʻano hana.

* Pēlā nō hoʻi, ua hōʻike ka pepa i ka palapala wāwae i kahi pepa i kūʻē i ka loaʻa ʻana o ka glyphosate a IARC ma ke ʻano he carcinogen paha ua hōʻike ʻia aneane ʻelua mau makahiki i hala aku nei ma ke ʻano he hana ʻuhane a Monsanto nā mea ʻepekema. ʻAʻole kā pepa a Skinner i hoʻomaopopo i kēlā kēia pepa, i kapa ʻia ʻo "Genotoxicity Expert Panel review: ke kaupaona o ka loiloi loiloi o ka genotoxicity o glyphosate, nā formulated-glyphosate, a me ka aminomethylphosphonic acid," i pilikia loa no ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana i ka pili o Monsanto i ka puke pai i hoʻopuka ʻia - Critical Reviews in Toxicology - hoʻopuka ʻia kahi “Hōʻike o ka hopohopo"A. A ʻōlelo hoʻopololei.

Ua kākoʻo ʻia ka noiʻi a Skinner e kahi haʻawina mai ka John Templeton Foundation. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia a me kāna mau hoa i nā ʻiole hāpai e glyphosate ma waena o ko lākou mau lā ʻewalu a me 14th o ka hānau ʻana. ʻO ka mahele lāʻau, a lākou i ʻōlelo ai he hapalua ia o ka nui i manaʻo ʻia e hōʻike ʻole i kahi hopena maikaʻi ʻole, ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā hopena i nā mākua a i ka hanauna mua o kā lāua keiki. Akā ua ʻike ka poʻe noiʻi he piʻi nui i loko o "kekahi mau pathology e pili ana i ka lua a me ke kolu o nā hanauna," e like me kahi hoʻolaha paena hāpai i ka hoʻopaʻa haʻawina.

Ua loaʻa i ka noiʻi ke nānā iki. Ua hōʻike ʻia kekahi mau nūhou e pili ana i ke aʻo ʻana, e ʻōlelo ana i ka ʻōlelo a Skinner. ʻO Bayer AG, ka hui Kelemania nāna i kūʻai iā Monsanto i ka makahiki i hala, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ʻaʻole hiki ke hilinaʻi ʻia kā Skinner aʻo ʻana. Akā ʻo Skinner ua pale aku i ka pololei o ke aʻo ʻana, e hōʻike ana i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua loiloi ʻia e nā hoa a paʻi ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai ʻepekema ʻae ʻia.

(Paukū i hōʻike mua ʻia ma KāKaiKai.)

ʻO Carey Gillam he mea kākau moʻolelo a mea kākau, a he mea noiʻi hoihoi i ka lehulehu no ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike, kahi hui noiʻi ʻoihana mea ʻai pono ʻole. E hāhai iā ia ma Twitter ma @ kamemeXNUMX.