Nā Pepa Paraquat

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Ke kali nei nā hoʻopiʻi he nui ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hoʻopiʻi nei i ka paraquat kemikal weedkilling i kumu no ka maʻi o Parkinson, a ʻo ka hihia mua e hoʻokolokolo ʻia no nā ʻōlelo kūʻē e pili ana iā Syngenta no paraquat a ua hoʻonohonoho mua ʻia ʻo Parkinson no ʻApelila 12 akā ua hoʻoponopono hou ʻia no Mei 10 ma St. Clair Aha Kaapuni Apana ma Ilinoi. Manaʻo ʻia e hoʻopaneʻe ka hoʻokolokolo ma muli o nā akahele e pili ana i ka maʻi Covid-19.

ʻO kēlā hihia ʻo Ilinoi - Hoffman V. Syngenta - ʻo ia kekahi o 14 mau hihia i pau e kūʻē iā Syngenta e hoʻopiʻi nei i nā huahana paraquat o ka hui e hana i ka maʻi ʻo Parkinson. Ua kapa ʻia ka hihia ʻo Hoffman iā Chevron Phillips Chemical Co. a me Growmark Inc. i mau mea i hoʻopiʻi ʻia. Ua hāʻawi aku ʻo Chevron a kūʻai aku i ka huahana paraquat Gramoxone i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i kahi ʻaelike me kekahi mea ma mua o Syngenta i kapa ʻia ʻo Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI), nāna i hoʻolauna iā Gramoxone i hoʻokumu ʻia no paraquat i ka makahiki 1962. Ma lalo o kahi ʻaelike laikini, he kuleana ko Chevron e hana, hoʻohana, a kūʻai aku i nā form paraquat ma ka US

Hoʻolaha nā loio a puni ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i nā mea hoʻopiʻi, e ʻimi nei e huki i nā kaukani mau kānaka i ʻike ʻia i ka paraquat a ʻehaʻeha ʻia mai iā Parkinson.

Ua lawe ʻia mai kekahi o nā hihia i hoʻopiʻi ʻia i loko o nā ʻaha pekelala ma Kaleponi a me ʻIlino. Aia i waena o kēlā mau hihia ʻO Rakoczy V. Syngenta,  ʻO Durbin V. Syngenta a me Kearns V. Syngenta.

Ua pili nā ʻepekema ʻepekema paraquat iā Parkinson, a a hoʻopaʻa haʻawina nui o nā mahiʻai US kiaʻi like ʻia e nā hui aupuni nui o US. Hoʻohana nā mahiʻai i ka paraquat i ka hana ʻana i nā mea kanu he nui, e like me ka palaoa, ka soy a me ka pulupulu. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia e ka Study Health Health (AHS) ua ʻike ʻia e "hoʻonui ʻia ka makaʻu o ke kanaka i ka maʻi maʻi Parkinson i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā pesticides ahupuaʻa." I ka makahiki 2011, ua hōʻike nā kānaka noiʻi o ka AHS "ʻo ka poʻe komo i hoʻohana i ka paraquat a i ʻole ka rotenone he ʻelua paha manawa e hoʻomohala i ka maʻi o Parkinson ma ke ʻano he poʻe i hoʻohana ʻole i kēia mau kemika.

ʻO kahiʻoi aku pepa pepa hou mai ka poʻe noiʻi a ka AHS ua ʻōlelo ʻo “Nā puke ākea ākea e hōʻike i kahi hui ma waena o ka hoʻohana ʻana o nā pesticide āpau a me ka maʻi ʻo Parkinson (PD). Eia nō naʻe, me nā mea ʻē aʻe, ʻike iki ʻia e pili ana i nā hui ma waena o nā pesticides a me PD. ”

ʻO Parkinson kahi ʻōnaehana ʻōnaehana holomua i hiki ʻole ke hoʻōla ʻia i ka hiki i ke kanaka ke kaohi i ka neʻe ʻana, ke kumu o ka haʻalulu, ka nalowale o ke kaulike a waiho pinepine i nā mea i moe ʻia a me / a i ʻole hoʻopaʻa ʻia i kahi noho huila. ʻAʻole make ka maʻi akā lilo pinepine i nāwaliwali.

ʻO ka neurologist Dutch Bastiaan Bloem, ʻo ka mea nāna i kākau kahi puke e pili ana iā Parkinson, hoʻopiʻi i ka hoʻolaha ākea i nā lāʻau make e like me paraquat, me nā mea ʻona ʻona ʻē aʻe i hoʻohana ʻia i ka mahiʻai a me ka hana ʻana, no ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka maʻi.

Toxic loa 

Me nā makaʻu e pili ana i nā loulou ma waena o paraquat a me Parkinson's, ʻike ʻia ka paraquat he kemikona ʻawahia loa ia i hiki ke pepehi koke i ka poʻe i ʻai i nā mea liʻiliʻi loa. Ma ʻEulopa, ua pāpā ʻia ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā paraquat mai ka makahiki 2007, akā i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ua kūʻai ʻia aku ka pesticide ma ke ʻano he “Restrected Use Pesticide” ma muli o "ʻIno nui."

Ma ke ʻāpana o ka loaʻa ʻana i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana o Parkinson, ua loaʻa i nā loio i nā moʻolelo kūloko mai Syngenta a me nā hui ʻoihana mua e pili ana i nā makahiki 1960. Hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka hapa nui o kēia mau palapala, akā ua hoʻomaka kekahi e hele i ka mālamalama.

ʻO kēlā mau palapala ʻike i hūnā ʻole ʻia, e hoʻopili ana i nā kope o nā leka, nā minuke o nā hālāwai, nā hōʻuluʻulu hoʻopaʻa haʻawina, a me nā leka uila, ke loaʻa nei ma kēia ʻaoʻao.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā palapala i wehe ʻole ʻia i kēia lā e kūkākūkā me nā kūkākūkā hui e pili ana i ka mālama ʻana i nā lāʻau make paraquat ma ka mākeke me ke ʻano make ʻole, ma o nā hana i hoʻolālā ʻia e hōʻemi i nā mea make ʻino. ʻO ke kikoʻī, ka hapa nui o nā palapala e kikoʻī i ka hakakā ʻana o nā ʻoihana kūloko ma luna o ka hoʻohui ʻana o kahi emetic, kahi mea hoʻohana i ka luaʻi, i nā huahana paraquat. I kēia lā, hoʻopili nā huahana Syngenta paraquat a pau i kahi emetic i kapa ʻia "PP796." Hoʻokomo pū ʻia nā Liquid paraquat-form formulated mai Syngenta i kahi ʻala pilau e hana i kahi pilau, a me kahi kala polū e ʻokoʻa i ka lāʻau hoʻomake ʻeleʻele ʻeleʻele mai ka ti a cola a i ʻole nā ​​mea inu ʻē aʻe.

Nānā EPA 

Ke hana nei ʻo Paraquat i ke kaʻina hana loiloi o ka EPA, a ma ʻOkakopa 23, 2020, ua hoʻokuʻu ka ʻoihana i hoʻoholo pālua i hāpai ʻia (PID) no paraquat, ka mea e noi nei i nā hana hoʻoliʻiliʻi e hōʻemi i ke olakino a me nā pilikia pōʻino o ke kaiaola i ʻike ʻia i loko o ka ʻoihana ʻoihana 2019 olakino olakinopōpilikia kaiaola nā loiloi.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo EPA ma o ka laulima ʻana me ka Polokalamu Toxicology National ma ka National Institute of Environmental Health Science, ua hoʻopau ke keʻena i kahi "loiloi piha" o ka ʻike ʻepekema e pili ana i ka paraquat a me ka maʻi ʻo Parkinson a ua hoʻoholo ʻia ʻaʻole lawa ke kaumaha o nā hōʻike e hoʻohui i ka paraquat i ka maʻi o Parkinson. Ua paʻi ka 'oihana i kēia.Nānā ʻōnaehana o ka moʻokalaleo e loiloi i ka pilina ma waena o Paraquat Dichloride Exposure a me ka maʻi ʻo Parkinson.. "

E hoʻohui ʻo USRTK i nā palapala i kēia ʻaoʻao ke loaʻa.

E neʻe e hoʻohui i ka hoʻopiʻi paraquat a US e like me nā hihia e kūʻē iā Syngenta

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Ke noi nei nā loio i ka hui kemika Swiss ʻo Syngenta ke noi aku nei i kahi papa hoʻokolokolo US no ka hoʻohui ʻana ma mua o ke kakini i nā hoʻopiʻi like ma lalo o ka nānā ʻana o kahi luna kānāwai pekelala ma Kaleponi. ʻO ka neʻe kahi hōʻailona e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hoʻopiʻi i nā huahana lūlū mauʻu a ka hui ma muli o ka maʻi ʻo Parkinson.

e like me i ke noi, i waiho ʻia ma ka lā 7 o ʻApelila e ka hui loio ʻo Fears Nachawati i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Texas me ka US Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation, aia ma kēia manawa he 14 mau hoʻopiʻi i waiho ʻia e ʻewalu mau hui loio ʻokoʻa ma nā ʻāpana pekelala ʻeono a puni ka ʻāina. Ua waiho ʻia nā hoʻopiʻi ma ka ʻaoʻao o nā mea hoʻopiʻi i hōʻoia ʻia me ka maʻi neurodegenerative, a ʻōlelo lākou i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā mea make nāhelehele a Syngenta i hana ʻia me kahi kemika i kapa ʻia he paraquat no kēia maʻi. ʻO kekahi mau hihia ʻē aʻe e kū nei i nā ʻōlelo like e waiho nei i nā ʻaha mokuʻāina.

"ʻO nā moho he moho maikaʻi loa no ka hoʻokolokolo mua ʻana no ka mea ua ala lākou mai ka lāʻau make ʻona like me ke kumu o ka maʻi crippling like i hopena ʻia mai nā hana hewa ʻole o nā mea i hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻekolu," ka makaʻu ʻo Nachawati pōkole i ke kākoʻo o kana mau mokupuni e noi ana. "Manaʻo ʻo Movant ʻo ka nui o nā hihia like i waiho ʻia i nā ʻaha mokuʻāina a pekelala a puni ka ʻāina e hoʻonui nui ʻia."

Ke noi nei kēia noi e hoʻoili kikoʻī iā Judge Edward Chen i ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo ʻAmelika no ka ʻĀkau ʻAkau o Kaleponi.

ʻO Majed Nachawati, he hoa hana me ka firm ʻo Fears Nachawati, i ʻōlelo ʻo ia e ʻimi mau nei ka ʻoihana i ka nui a me ka nui o ka hoʻopiʻi āpau akā manaʻoʻiʻo ʻo ka hoʻopiʻi paraquat e kūʻē iā Syngenta "he mea nui a waiwai maoli ..."

"Ma ka manawa koke, e hoʻokolokolo ʻia ana ma nā ʻaha lehulehu o nā ʻaha pekelala a puni ka ʻāina," wahi a Nachawati.

E ʻimi ana nā loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi i nā palapala ʻoihana kūloko a me nā waihona o nā luna ʻoihana e pili ana i ka "hoʻokolohua, hoʻolālā, lepili ʻana, kālepa ʻana, a me ka palekana o nā herbicides paraquat," me nā noiʻi hui a me nā loiloi o ka ʻona a me ka palekana o kāna paraquat. huahana.

ʻO ka Miller Firm o Virginia, ka mea i kōkua i ke alakaʻi ʻana i ka hoʻopiʻi kanesa Roundup e kūʻē iā Monsanto i hopena i kahi $ 11 biliona i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me ka mea nona ʻo Monsanto ʻo Bayer AG, i waena o nā hui loio i komo i ka hihia paraquat. Kākoʻo ka firm Miller i ka hana e hoʻohui i nā hana pekelala ma Kaleponi, kahi i hoʻohui pū ʻia ai he mau tausani mau hihia Roundup no ka hana i mua o ka hihia, e like me ka loio alakaʻi a ka firm ʻo Mike Miller.

"Kūpono mākou i ke kākoʻo ikaika o ka ʻepekema i ka pili o ke kumu ma waena o paraquat a me ka luku ʻia ʻana o ka maʻi o Parkinson," wahi a Miller no ua noi nei. "Ua lako pono ka Apana ʻĀkau o Kaleponi e lawelawe i kēia mau hihia."

ʻO nā hihia kūʻē iā Syngenta ka inoa ʻo Chevron Phillips Chemical Co. ma ke ʻano he mea i hoʻopiʻi ʻia. Ua hāʻawi aku ʻo Chevron a kūʻai aku i nā huahana paraquat Gramoxone i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hoʻomaka ana me kahi ʻaelike me kahi mea ma mua o Syngenta i kapa ʻia ʻo Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI), nāna i hoʻolauna iā Gramoxone i hoʻokumu ʻia no paraquat i ka makahiki 1962. Ma lalo o kahi ʻaelike laikini, he kuleana ko Chevron e hana, hoʻohana, a kūʻai aku i nā form paraquat ma ka US

Ua hōʻole ʻo Syngenta lāua ʻo Chevron i kēia mau ʻōlelo.

Wahi a Syngenta ua ʻae ʻia kāna huahana paraquat ma ke ʻano he "palekana a maikaʻi" no nā makahiki he 50 a e "ikaika" ia e pale i nā hoʻopiʻi. ʻO Syngenta nā Kina National Chemical Corporation, i ʻike ʻia ʻo ChemChina.

Nā noiʻi ʻepekema

ʻO Parkinson's kahi maʻi holomua e hiki ʻole ke hoʻōla ʻia e hoʻopili ai i nā hunaola nerve i ka lolo, alakaʻi i nā hihia holomua i ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa kino nui a me ka dementia pinepine. He nui nā loea o Parkinson i ʻōlelo ʻia hiki i ka maʻi ke kumu ʻia e nā ʻano mea like ʻole, e like me ka hōʻike ʻana i nā pesticides e like me paraquat, a me nā kemika ʻē aʻe.

Ua loaʻa i kekahi mau noiʻi ʻepekema hoʻopili ʻia ka paraquat iā Parkinson's, me kahi noiʻi nui o nā mahiʻai US i hui pū ʻia e nā hui aupuni nui o US. ʻO kēlā 2011 noiʻi ua hōʻike ʻia he ʻelua mau manawa ka poʻe i hoʻohana i ka paraquat e hoʻomohala i ka maʻi ʻo Parkinson e like me ka poʻe i hoʻohana ʻole.

"He nui nā epidemiological a me nā holoholona i hoʻopili i ka paraquat i ka maʻi o Parkinson," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Ray Dorsey, he polofesa neurology a me ka luna o ka Center for Human Experimental Therapeutics ma ke Kulanui o Rochester ma New York. ʻO Dorsey ka mea kākau a buke e pili ana i ka pale ʻana a me ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi ʻo Parkinson.

"ʻO nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka paraquat i ka maʻi ʻo Parkinson ʻo ia paha ka ʻoi loa o nā pesticide i hoʻohana mau ʻia," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

ʻAʻole i loaʻa kekahi mau noiʻi i nā loulou maopopo ma waena o paraquat a me Parkinson a me Syngenta e ʻōlelo nei ʻaʻole hōʻike ka noiʻi hou loa a me ka mana i kahi pilina.

ʻOiaʻiʻo, kahi aʻo i paʻiʻia ma 2020 loaʻa nā pilina ma waena o kekahi mau pesticides a me Parkinson's, akā ʻaʻohe hōʻike ikaika e hōʻike ana i nā paraquat ke kumu o ka maʻi.

Hoʻokolokolo e hiki mai ana

Hoʻokahi hihia i waiho ʻia i ka ʻaha mokuʻāina e hoʻolālā ʻia i kēia mahina e hiki mai ana. Hoffman V. Syngenta ua hoʻolālā ʻia no ka hoʻokolokolo ma ka lā 10 Mei ma ka ʻAha Kaapuni ʻo St. Clair County ma ʻIlino. Hoʻonohonoho ʻia kahi ʻaha kūkā kūlana no ka hopena o kēia mahina.

ʻO ka loio ma Missouri ʻo Steve Tillery, ʻo ia ka mea e kū ana i ka mea hoʻopiʻi ma ka hihia Hoffman a me nā mea hoʻopiʻi ʻē aʻe i nā hoʻopiʻi paraquat ʻē aʻe, i ʻōlelo ʻoiai ʻo Syngenta mau ʻōlelo i ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ua hōʻiliʻili ʻo ia i nā hōʻike e pili pū me nā moʻolelo ʻoihana i loko e hōʻike ana ua ʻike ʻo Syngenta no nā makahiki he ʻumi i kona. kumu huahana maʻi Parkinson's Disease.

"ʻAʻole pono lākou e kūʻai aku i kēia huahana, wahi a Tillery. "Ma waho o ka makeke kēia kemikala."

Nā Pepa Monsanto - nā mea huna make, ka palaho hui, a me hoʻokahi kanaka e ʻimi nei i ka pono

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Ua puka aku nei kahi puke hou o USRTK Research Director Carey Gillam i kēia manawa a ke ʻākoakoa nei i nā loiloi ʻālohilohi. Eia kahi wehewehe pōkole o ka puke mai ka mea hoʻopuka Hale Paʻi Mokupuni:

He kāne a Lee Johnson me ka moeʻuhane maʻalahi. ʻO kāna makemake wale nō kahi hana paʻa a me kahi home maikaʻi no kāna wahine a me kāna mau keiki, kahi mea i ʻoi aku ma mua o ke ola paʻakikī āna i ʻike ai e ulu ana. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i noʻonoʻo e lilo ʻo ia i alo o kahi hoʻokūkū ʻo David-a-Goliath e kūʻē i kekahi o nā pilikua ʻoihana ʻoihana o ka honua. Akā kahi ulia hana i haʻalele iā Lee i loko o kahi kemikona ʻona a kū i mua i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai make nāna i hoʻohuli i kona ola i lalo. I ka makahiki 2018, ua nānā ka honua i ka wā i hoʻokuʻi ʻia ai ʻo Lee i mua o kekahi o nā kaua loiloi koʻikoʻi loa i ka moʻolelo hou.

Na Palapala Monsanto ʻO ia ka moʻolelo o loko o kā Lee Johnson hoʻopiʻi ʻāina kūʻē iā Monsanto. No Lee, he heihei kūʻē ia i ka uaki, me nā kauka e wānana nei ʻaʻole e ola lōʻihi e lawe i ka mea hōʻike. No ka hui eclectic o ka poʻe ʻōpio, loio kiʻekiʻe e kū ana iā ia, he mea ia e haʻaheo ʻoihana a me kahi pilikino pilikino, me nā miliona o kā lākou mau kālā ponoʻī a me nā kaulana i loaʻa ma ka laina.

Me ka ikaika haʻi moʻolelo, Na Palapala Monsanto lawe i nā mea heluhelu ma hope o nā hakakā o ke kaua kū kānāwai, e huki ana i ka pale i nā nāwaliwali o ka ʻōnaehana ʻAmelika a me nā lōʻihi e hele ai nā loio e hakakā i nā hana hewa a ʻike i ka pono no nā mea kūʻai.

E ʻike hou aʻe e pili ana i ka puke ma aneʻi. Kūʻai i ka puke ma AmazonBarnes & Noble, mea hoʻopuka Hale Paʻi Mokupuni a i ʻole nā ​​mea kūʻai puke kūʻokoʻa.

Reviews

"He moʻolelo ikaika, haʻi maikaʻi ʻia, a me kahi hana kupaianaha o ka noiʻi journalism. Ua kākau ʻo Carey Gillam i kahi puke koi mai ka mua a ka hope, e pili ana i kekahi o nā kaua kū kānāwai nui loa o ko mākou manawa. ” - Lukas Reiter, ka mea hoʻopukapuka TV a me ka mea kākau no "The Blacklist," "The Practice," a me "Boston Legal"

"Hoʻohui nā Monsanto Papers i ka ʻepekema a me nā pōpilikia kanaka me ka hana keena o ka pā hale i ke kaila ʻo John Grisham. He moʻolelo ia no ka hana malfeasance ma kahi pālākiō - kahi hōʻike hōʻoluʻolu o ka lawena kemikali, ka haʻaheo, a me ka mālama nui ʻole i ke ola kanaka a me ke olakino o ko mākou honua. He pono ia e heluhelu. ” - Philip J. Landrigan, MD, Luna Hoʻokele, Polokalamu no ke olakino ākea ākea a me ka maikaʻi maikaʻi, Ke Kulanui ʻo Boston

"Ua haʻi aku ka mea kākau moʻolelo noiʻi kūpuna ʻo Carey Gillam i kā Johnson moʻolelo i loko o kāna puke hou loa," The Monsanto Papers, "kahi moʻohelu wikiwiki, e pili ana i ka hoʻololi ʻana o ko Monsanto lāua ʻo Bayer mau waiwai i loko o kahi manawa pōkole. ʻOiai ke kumuhana kumuhana - ʻepekema paʻakikī a me nā kaʻina hana kū kānāwai - "The Monsanto Papers" kahi heluhelu maʻalahi e hāʻawi ana i kahi wehewehe maʻalahi e pili ana i ka hopena o kēia hihia, pehea i hiki ai i nā jure i kā lākou ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a no ke aha ʻo Bayer e kū nei, i ka hopena. , ke hoʻolei nei i kahi hae keʻokeʻo i kēia manawa. " - St. Louis Post-Dispatch

"Kūkulu ka mea kākau i kahi hihia hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻoi aku ka makemake o Monsanto i ka pale ʻana i ka inoa o kāna pipi kālā ma mua o ka hoʻolohe ʻana i nā hōʻike ʻepekema o kāna mau waiwai weliweli. Maikaʻi loa ʻo Gillam i ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka dinamika paʻakikī o nā pilikino pili kānāwai, kahi e hoʻohui ai i kahi mana hou aʻe i ka moʻolelo a Johnson ... He mana i lawe ʻia i kahi hui e nānā iki ʻole i ke olakino lehulehu. ” - ʻO Kirkus

"Ua haʻi aku ʻo Gillam i kahi helu manawa hou me kahi hui nui nona nā huahana i kūʻai ʻia e like me ka palekana mai nā makahiki 1970. Ma ke ʻano he loiloi ʻana i ka malfeasance ʻoihana ʻelua a me ka maneuvering loio i nā hihia koʻikoʻi, ua hōʻike ʻo kā Gillam puke i ka pono no ka pale ʻana o nā mea kūʻai aku a me ka palekana. " - Papa inoa puke

"ʻO kahi heluhelu nui, kahi hoʻohuli ʻaoʻao. Ua hele a puni wau i ka hoʻopunipuni, nā kekeʻe, a me ka nele o ke kūpono o ka ʻoihana. " - Linda S. Birnbaum, Luna Hoʻokele ma mua, National Institute of Environmental Health Science and National Toxicology Program, a me Scholar ma Residence, Duke University.

"He puke mana e hoʻomālamalama iā Monsanto a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i hiki ʻole ke hoʻopā ʻia no kekahi manawa lōʻihi!"
- John Boyd Jr., Mea hoʻokumu a me Pelekikena, National Black Farmers Association

About ke kākau

Ua hoʻolimalima ʻo ka mea kākau noiʻi ʻo Carey Gillam ma mua o 30 mau makahiki e hōʻike nei e pili ana i ka ʻoihana ʻAmelika, me 17 mau makahiki e hana nei no ka keʻena nūhou o ka honua ʻo Reuters. ʻO kāna puke 2017 e pili ana i nā pōʻino pesticide, Whitewash: The Story of a Weed Killer, maʻi ʻaʻai, a me ka palaho o ka ʻepekema, ua lanakila i ka makana makana na Rachel Carson 2018 mai ka Society of Environmental Journalists a ua lilo i ʻāpana o ka papa kuhikuhi ma kekahi o nā ʻano kaiapuni o ke kula. papahana. He luna noiʻi ʻo Gillam i kēia manawa no ka hui mea kūʻai waiwai ʻole US Right to Know a kākau i mea hāʻawi no ʻO ka Guardian.

ʻIke ʻia kahi loiloi Roundup i nā loulou i nā pilikia olakino kanaka

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(Hoʻohou ʻia Pepeluali 17, e hoʻohui nei i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana no ke aʻo ʻana)

A pepa ʻepekema hou ke nānā nei i nā hopena olakino hiki ke loaʻa i nā lāʻau herbicides Roundup i loaʻa nā pilina ma waena o ka hōʻike ʻana i ka nāhelehele e luku ana i ka glyphosate kemika a me ka hoʻonui ʻana i kahi ʻano o ka amino acid i ʻike ʻia he kumu pilikia ia no ka maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi.

Ua hoʻoholo nā mea noiʻi i kā lākou mau hoʻoholo ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā ʻiole hāpai a me kā lākou mau keiki hānau hou e glyphosate a me Roundup ma o ka wai inu. ʻLelo lākou ua nānā kikoʻī ʻia lākou i nā hopena o nā gicphosate-based herbicides (GBH) i nā metabolites urinary a me nā pilina me ka microbiome ʻōpū i nā holoholona.

Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ua ʻike lākou i kahi hoʻonui nui o kahi amino acid i kapa ʻia ʻo homocysteine ​​i loko o nā pēpē ʻiole kāne i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate a me Roundup.

"Hāʻawi kā mākou noiʻi i nā hōʻike mua e hōʻike i ka GBH i hoʻohana mau ʻia, i kahi manawa hōʻike kanaka e ʻae ʻia i kēia manawa, hiki iā ia ke hoʻololi i nā metabolites mimi i loko o nā mākua ʻelole a me nā ʻīlio," i ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi.

ʻO ka pepa, i kapa ʻia ʻo "Low-dose expose of glyphosate-based herbicides disrupt the urine metabolome and its interaction with gut microbiota," i kākau ʻia e ʻelima mau kānaka noiʻi e pili pū ana me ke Kula Lapaʻau Icahn ma Mount Sinai ma New York a ʻehā mai ka Ramazzini Institute. ma Bologna, ʻItalia. Ua paʻi ʻia ma ka puke pai Nā ʻIpekema ʻEpekema Pepeluali 5

Ua ʻae nā mea kākau i nā palena he nui me kā lākou hoʻopaʻa haʻawina, e like me ka nui o ka laʻana, akā ua hōʻike lākou i kā lākou hana i hōʻike ʻia "ʻo ka hana haʻahaʻa a me ka wā mua i ka glyphosate a i ʻole Roundup i hoʻololi nui i nā biomarkers mimi metabolomic he nui, i nā pā a me nā keiki."

ʻO ke aʻo ka mua ma nā loli metabolomic urinary i hoʻokomo ʻia e nā gicphosate-based herbicides ma nā dosis i manaʻo ʻia he palekana i nā kānaka, i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi.

Hahai ka pepa i ka paʻi ʻia i ka mahina i hala o he aʻo ma ka puke pai Nā Manaʻo Ola Ola i loaʻa i ka glyphosate a me kahi huahana Roundup hiki ke hoʻololi i ka hoʻohui ʻana o ka microbiome ʻōpū i nā ala i hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia i nā hopena olakino maikaʻi ʻole. Ua komo pū kekahi ʻepekema mai ka Ramazzini Institute i kēlā noiʻi.

ʻO Robin Mesnage, kekahi o nā mea kākau o ka pepa i paʻi ʻia i ka mahina i hala aku nei i ka Environmental Health Perspectives, i hoʻopuka i ka pilikia me ka pono o ka pepa hou. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua hōʻike ʻia ka hōʻike ʻikepili i nā ʻokoʻa i ʻike ʻia ma waena o nā holoholona i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate a me nā mea i hōʻike ʻole ʻia - nā holoholona hoʻomalu - hiki ke ʻike ʻia e like me nā ʻike i haku ʻia.

"Ma ke ʻano holoʻokoʻa, ʻaʻole kākoʻo ka ʻikepili ʻikepili i ka hopena e hoʻohaunaele ka glyphosate i ka metabolome mimi a me ka microbiota ʻōpū o nā holoholona i hōʻike ʻole ʻia," wahi a Mesnage. "E huikau wale kēia aʻo ʻana i kahi hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i ka ʻawahia o glyphosate."

Nā noiʻi hou loa ma glyphosate a me Roundup i loaʻa i kahi ʻano hopohopo.

ʻO Bayer, ka mea i hoʻoilina iā Monsanto's glyphosate-based herbicide brand a me kāna glyphosate-tolerant genetically engineered portfolio i ka wā i kūʻai ai i ka ʻoihana ma 2018, e hoʻomau i ka nui o ka ʻepekema noiʻi i nā makahiki he XNUMX e hōʻoia ana ʻaʻole kumu ka maʻi ʻaʻai i ka glyphosate. ʻAʻole manaʻo ka US Environmental Protection Agency a me nā kino ʻē aʻe i nā kino hoʻonohonoho kūwaho hoʻi i nā huahana glyphosate e carcinogenic.

Akā ʻo ka International Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer ma 2015 i ʻōlelo ʻia kahi loiloi o ka noiʻi ʻepekema i loaʻa ka nui o nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka glyphosate kahi carcinogen kanaka paha.

Ua nalowale ʻo Bayer ʻekolu o ʻekolu mau hoʻāʻo i lawe ʻia e ka poʻe i hōʻino i kā lākou maʻi ʻaʻai ma ke kū ʻana i nā lāʻau make a Monsanto, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer i ka makahiki i hala e uku ana he $ 11 biliona no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana ma mua o 100,000 mau koi like.

 

 

Kuhikuhi nā pepa glyphosate hou i ka "wikiwiki" no ka noiʻi hou ʻana i ka hopena kemika i ke olakino kanaka

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Hōʻike nā pepa ʻepekema hou i hōʻike ʻia i ke ʻano o ka nāhelehele e luku ana i ka glyphosate kemika a me kahi pono e hoʻomaopopo pono i ka hopena o ka hopena o ka pesticide kaulana i ke olakino kanaka, e like me ke olakino o ka ʻōpala microbiome.

In kekahi o nā pepa hou, nā kānaka noiʻi mai ke Kulanui o Turku ma Pinilana i hiki iā lākou ke hoʻoholo, i kahi "conservative estimation," ma kahi o 54 pākēneka o nā ʻano i ke kumu o ka microbiome ʻōpū kanaka i "hiki ke maʻalahi" i ka glyphosate. Ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi ua hoʻohana lākou i kahi hana bioinformatics hou e loaʻa ai ka loaʻa.

Me kahi "mahele nui" o nā koʻohune i loko o ka ʻōpū microbiome i maʻalahi ʻia i ka glyphosate, ʻo ka lawe ʻana o glyphosate "e loli loa i ka hana o ka microbiome ʻōpū kanaka," i ʻōlelo nā mea kākau i kā lākou pepa, i paʻi ʻia i kēia mahina i ka Ka Nupepa o nā Pono Pono.

Aia nā microbes i loko o ka ʻōpū o ke kanaka i nā ʻano bacteria a me fungi a manaʻo ʻia he hopena ia i nā hana pale a me nā hana koʻikoʻi ʻē aʻe. Manaʻoʻiʻo ʻia kekahi mau mea ʻepekema maikaʻi ʻole e nā limahana o nā maʻi.

"ʻOiai ʻo ka ʻikepili e pili ana i nā koena glyphosate i loko o nā ʻōnaehana ʻōpū kanaka e hemahema mau nei, hōʻike nā hopena e hōʻemi nā koena glyphosate i nā ʻano bacteria a hoʻololi i nā ʻano bacteria i loko o ka ʻōpū," i ʻōlelo nā mea kākau. "E kuhi paha mākou i ka lōʻihi o ka loaʻa ʻana o ke koena glyphosate e alakaʻi ai i nā ʻano kūʻē i ke kaiaola bacteria."

ʻO nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka hopena o ka glyphosate ma ka ʻōpū microbiome ʻōiwi mai ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka hana glyphosate e ke kuhikuhi ʻana i kahi ʻenemoni i ʻike ʻia ʻo 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS.) Kuhi kēia enemi i ka synthesizing o nā amino acid pono.

"No ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka hopena maoli o ka glyphosate ma ka microbiota ʻōpū o ke kanaka a me nā meaola ʻē aʻe, pono i kahi noiʻi empirical hou e hōʻike i nā koena glyphosate i ka meaʻai, e hoʻoholo ai i nā hopena o ka glyphosate maʻemaʻe a me nā hana kalepa ma microbiome a e nānā i ka nui o kā mākou EPSPS wānana nā māka amino acid i ka maʻalahi o ke koʻohune i glyphosate i loko o nā hanana vitro a me ka honua maoli, "pau nā mea kākau o ka pepa hou.

Ma waho aʻe o nā mea noiʻi ʻeono mai Pinilana, ua pili pū kekahi o nā mea kākau o ka pepa me ka ʻoihana o ka biochemistry a me ka biotechnology ma ke Kulanui o Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Catalonia, ma Sepania.

"ʻAʻole hoʻoholo ʻia nā hopena no ke olakino kanaka i kā mākou noi ʻana. Eia nō naʻe, ma muli o nā noiʻi i hala iho nei ... ʻike mākou he pili pili paha nā hoʻololi ʻana i ka microbiome ʻōpū kanaka i kekahi mau maʻi, "i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka mea noiʻi o ke Kulanui o Turku ʻo Pere Puigbo i kahi nīnauele.

"Lana koʻu manaʻo e wehe kā mākou noiʻi noiʻi i ka puka i nā hoʻokolohua hou aku, in-vitro a me ke kula, a me nā noiʻi kūloko i ka lehulehu e helu i ka hopena o ka hoʻohana ʻana o glyphosate i nā heluna kanaka a me nā meaola ʻē aʻe," i ʻōlelo ʻo Puigbo.

Ua hoʻokomo ʻia ma 1974

ʻO Glyphosate ʻo ia ka mea hana i nā lāʻau herbicides Roundup a me nā haneli he nui o nā huahana lūlū mauu i kūʻai aku ʻia a puni ka honua. Ua hoʻolauna ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻomake nāhelehele na Monsanto i 1974 a ua ulu a lilo i ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia ma hope o ka hoʻolauna ʻia ʻana o Monsanto i nā makahiki 1990 o nā mea kanu i hoʻohua ʻia e hoʻomanawanui i ka kemika. Loaʻa nā koena o ka glyphosate i ka meaʻai a me ka wai. No laila, ʻike pinepine ʻia nā koena i ka mimi o ka poʻe i hōʻike ʻia i ka glyphosate ma o ka papaʻai a me / a i ʻole ka noi.

Mālama ʻo US regulator a me Monsanto nona Bayer AG i ka mālama ʻana ʻaʻohe hopohopo olakino kanaka me ka hōʻike glyphosate ke hoʻohana ʻia nā huahana e like me ka mea i manaʻo ʻia, me nā koena i ka papaʻai.

Ke ulu nei ke kino o ka noiʻi e kūʻē ana i kēlā mau koi. ʻO ka noiʻi ʻana i nā hopena e hiki ke loaʻa i ka glyphosate ma ka ʻōpū microbiome ʻaʻole kokoke i ka ikaika e like me nā puke e pili ana i ka glyphosate i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, akā he wahi ia. ke ʻimi nei nā ʻepekema he nui.

I kahi mea e pili ana pepa i paʻi ʻia i kēia mahina, ua ʻōlelo ʻia kahi hui o nā kānaka noiʻi mai Wakinekona State University a me ke Kulanui ʻo Duke ua loaʻa iā lākou kahi pilina ma waena o nā pae o nā koʻohune a me nā fungi ma nā wahi gastrointestinal o nā keiki a me nā kemika i loaʻa i ko lākou mau home. ʻAʻole i nānā pono nā mea noiʻi i ka glyphosate kikoʻī, akā naʻe pīhoihoi i ka loaʻa ʻo nā keiki me nā kiʻekiʻe o nā kemika home maʻamau i kā lākou kahawai i hōʻike i ka hoʻemi ʻana i ka nui a me nā ʻano like ʻole o nā bacteria koʻikoʻi i loko o ko lākou ʻōpū.

ʻO Glyphosate i ka mimi

An pepa ʻepekema hou aku paʻi ʻia i kēia mahina ua kahakaha i ka pono no ka ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka ʻike e pili ana i ka hōʻike glyphosate a me nā keiki.

Ka pepa, paʻi ʻia i ka puke pai Ka Ola Ola e nā kānaka noiʻi mai ka Institute for Translational Epidemiology ma ke Kula Lapaʻau ʻo Icahn ma Mount Sinai ma New York, ʻo ia ka hopena o ka loiloi palapala no nā noiʻi he nui e hōʻike ana i nā waiwai maoli o ka glyphosate i ka poʻe.

Ua ʻōlelo nā mea kākau ua kālailai lākou i ʻelima mau noiʻi i paʻi ʻia i loko o nā makahiki ʻelua i hala aku nei e hōʻike nei i nā pae glyphosate i ana ʻia i ka poʻe, e like me hoʻokahi hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ana ʻia nā pae glyphosate urinary i nā keiki e noho ana ma kuaʻāina ʻo Mexico. Ma kahi o 192 mau keiki e noho ana ma ka ʻāpana ʻo Agua Caliente, 72.91 ka pākēneka i loaʻa i nā pae o ka glyphosate i loko o kā lākou mimi, a ʻo nā keiki he 89 a pau e noho ana ma Ahuacapán, Mekiko, ua ʻike ʻia nā pae pesticide i loko o kā lākou mimi.

ʻOiai ke hoʻopili ʻia ʻana o nā noi hou ʻana, ma ka hapanui, aia kahi ʻikepili liʻiliʻi e pili ana i nā pae glyphosate i ka poʻe. ʻO nā haʻawina ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa he 4,299 wale nō, me nā keiki 520, i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā kānaka noiʻi.

Ua hoʻoholo nā mea kākau ʻaʻole hiki i kēia manawa ke hoʻomaopopo i ka "pili kūpono" ma waena o ka hōʻike glyphosate a me nā maʻi, ʻoi aku i nā keiki, no ka mea, he palena ka hōʻiliʻili ʻike ma nā pae hōʻike i ka poʻe a ʻaʻole kaulike ʻia.

Ua hoʻomaopopo lākou ʻoiai ka nele o ka ʻikepili paʻa e pili ana i nā hopena o ka glyphosate i nā keiki, ʻo ka nui o nā koena glyphosate i ʻae ʻia e nā luna kānāwai o US i ka meaʻai i hoʻonui nui ʻia i nā makahiki.

"He mau hakahaka i loko o nā puke ma glyphosate, a pono e hoʻopiha ʻia kēia mau hakahaka me ka wikiwiki, no ka hoʻohana nui ʻana o kēia huahana a me kona kūlana a puni," wahi a ka mea kākau ʻo Emanuela Taioli.

Pilikia loa nā keiki i nā carcinogens ākea a me ka nānā ʻana i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā huahana e like me glyphosate i loko o nā keiki "kahi mea e pono ai ke olakino lehulehu," e like me nā mea kākau o ka pepa.

"E like me kekahi kemika, nui nā ʻanuʻu e pili ana i ka loiloi i ka makaʻu, kahi e ʻohi nei i ka ʻike e pili ana i ka hōʻike kanaka, i hiki ai ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia nā pae e hana ʻeha ana i hoʻokahi lāhui a i ʻole nā ​​holoholona i nā pae hōʻike maʻamau."

"Eia naʻe, ua hōʻike mua mākou i ka ʻike e pili ana i ka hōʻike kanaka i nā limahana a me ka lehulehu. Aia kekahi mau hakahaka ʻē aʻe e pili ana i kēia huahana, no ka laʻana ʻo nā hopena ma kāna genotoxicity i loko o nā kānaka he palena. ʻO ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa mau e pili ana i nā hopena o ka hōʻike glyphosate e hoʻokumu i nā pae hōʻike i ka lehulehu ākea i kahi pilikia olakino lehulehu, keu hoʻi no ka poʻe nāwaliwali loa. "

Ua ʻōlelo nā mea kākau e mālama pono ʻia nā pae glyphosate urinary i ka heluna lehulehu.

"Ke hoʻomau nei mākou e ʻōlelo i ka hoʻopili ʻia ʻana o glyphosate ma ke ʻano he ana i ʻike ʻia i loko o nā noiʻi kūloko āpau e like me ka National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey e ʻae ai i ka ʻike maikaʻi o nā pilikia e hiki i ka glyphosate a ʻae i ka nānā maikaʻi ʻana o ka poʻe e hiki e wehe ʻia a ʻo ka poʻe i maʻalahi ke hōʻike ʻia, "i kākau ai lākou.

Ua hōʻole ʻo ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo Kiʻekiʻe ʻo Kaleponi i ka loiloi ʻana i ka nalo o ka hoʻokolokolo ma Monsanto Roundup

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ʻAʻole e loiloi hou ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo kiʻekiʻe o Kaleponi i ka lanakila o ka hoʻokolokolo o kahi kanaka Kaleponi ma luna o Monsanto, e hana ana i kahi hahau hou i ko Monsanto Kelemania nona, Bayer AG.

ka hoʻoholo e hōʻole i ka loiloi i ka hihia o Dewayne "Lee" ʻO Johnson ka mea hou loa i ke aho o ka nalo o ka ʻaha no ʻO Bayer ʻoiai e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻopau i nā wahi noho me kahi kokoke i 100,000 mau mea hoʻopiʻi a kēlā me kēia mea i koi ai lākou a i ʻole nā ​​mea aloha i hoʻomohala i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin mai ke kū ʻana i Roundup a me nā mea hoʻomake i ka nāhelehele Monsanto. ʻO nā Kiure i kēlā me kēia o nā hoʻokolokolo ʻekolu i hoʻopaʻa ʻia a hiki i kēia lā ʻaʻole i ʻike wale i ka ʻoihana nā ʻōpala lāʻau glyphosate kumu i ka maʻi ʻaʻai akā i lilo ʻo Monsanto i mau makahiki he nui e hūnā ana i nā pilikia.

"Ua hoʻohoka ʻia mākou i ka hoʻoholo a ka ʻAha e nānā hou ʻole i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo a ka ʻaha kūkā waena Johnson a e noʻonoʻo i kā mākou mau koho kū kānāwai no ka loiloi hou ʻana i kēia hihia, "i ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer i loko o kahi ʻōlelo.  

ʻO ka hale Miller, ʻO ka loio loio i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Johnson i Virginia, ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua hōʻole ka hoʻoholo a ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo Kiʻekiʻe ʻo Kaleponi i ka hoʻāʻo hou ʻana a Monsanto e hoʻopau i ke kuleana no ka maʻi maʻi ʻana o Johnson.

"Ua hōʻoia i nā luna kānāwai he nui i ka ʻike kuikahi o ke jure e hūnā malū ʻo Monsanto iā Roundup i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai maʻi maʻi a ua hoʻokumu ʻo Mr. Johnson i kahi ʻano maʻi ʻaʻai o ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hiki mai ka manawa no Monsanto e hoʻopau i kāna hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi ʻole a uku aku iā Mr. Johnson i kāna kālā hōʻaiʻē iā ia, "wahi a ka ʻoihana paʻa.

ʻO kahi jure unanimous i ʻike ʻia ma ʻAukake 2018 i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā lāʻau make a Monsanto i hoʻokumu ai ʻo Johnson i kahi ʻano make o ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin. Ua ʻike hou ke kiure ua hana ʻo Monsanto e hūnā i nā makaʻi o kāna huahana i ka hana ʻana me ka wiwo ʻole e uku ka ʻoihana iā Johnson he $ 250 miliona ma nā uku hoʻopaʻi ma luna o $ 39 miliona i nā uku pohō i hala a me nā wā e hiki mai ana.

Ma ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana mai Monsanto, ua hoʻemi ka luna kānāwai i $ 289 miliona i $ 78 miliona. Ua ʻoki kahi ʻaha hoʻopiʻi i ka makana i $ 20.5 miliona, e ʻōlelo ana i ka mea i manaʻo ʻia e ola ʻo Johnson i kahi manawa pōkole wale nō.

Ua ʻōlelo ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi ua hōʻemi i ka makana uku ʻoiai loaʻa aia he "nui" hōʻike e glyphosate, a me nā mea hoʻohui ʻē aʻe i nā huahana Roundup, i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o Johnson a "he nui nā hōʻike e hōʻike ana ua ʻeha ʻo Johnson, a e hoʻomau ʻia ana e ʻeha no ke koena o kona ola, ka ʻeha nui a me ka ʻeha. ”

Ua ʻimi ʻo Monsanto lāua ʻo Johnson e loiloi ʻia e ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo Kiekie ʻo Kaleponi, me Johnson e noi ana no ka hoʻihoʻi hou ʻana i kahi makana pohō kiʻekiʻe a me Monsanto e ʻimi nei e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻokolokolo hoʻokolokolo.

Ua hōʻea ʻo Bayer i nā wahi noho me kekahi o nā loio loio i alakaʻi nui ʻia i kahi ʻāpana nui o nā hoʻopiʻi i kūʻē iā Monsanto. I Iune, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer e hāʻawi ʻia he $ 8.8 biliona a $ 9.6 biliona e hoʻonā i ka hihia.

Hōʻike ka noiʻi US i ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka papaʻai meaola hiki ke hoʻomaʻemaʻe koke i ka pesticide mai ko mākou kino

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He mea hou paʻi ʻia i ka Pōʻalua ʻike ma hope o ka hoʻololi ʻana i kahi papaʻai meaola no kekahi mau lā wale nō, hiki i ka poʻe ke ʻoki i nā pae o ka pesticide e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i loaʻa i ko lākou mimi ma mua o 70 pākēneka.

Ua hōʻiliʻili nā mea noiʻi he 158 mau mimi ʻehā mai ʻohana ʻehā - ʻehiku mau mākua a me ʻeiwa mau keiki - a ua nānā i nā laʻana no ka loaʻa ʻana o ka glyphosate mea pepehi kanaka nāhelehele, ʻo ia ka mea hana ma Roundup a me nā lāʻau lāʻau make ʻē aʻe. Hoʻolālā nā mea i komo i nā lā he ʻelima ma ka papaʻai non-organic piha a ʻelima mau lā ma kahi papaʻai kōloa.

"Hōʻike kēia haʻawina i ka loli ʻana i kahi papaʻai meaola kahi ala kūpono e hōʻemi i ke kaumaha o ke kino o ka glyphosate ... Hoʻohui kēia noiʻi i kahi kino e ulu ana o nā palapala e hōʻike ana e hoʻoliʻiliʻi ka papaʻai meaola i nā ʻano pesticides i nā keiki a me nā mākua," i ʻōlelo ʻia. ke aʻo ʻana, i paʻi ʻia ma ka puke pai ʻImi Kaiāulu.

ʻO ka mea nui, ua ʻike nā kānaka noiʻi he ʻoi aku ke kiʻekiʻe o nā glyphosate o nā keiki ma kā lākou mimi ma mua o ka poʻe mākua. ʻIke nā mākua a me nā keiki ʻelua i nā kulu nui i mua o ka pesticide ma hope o ka loli o ka papaʻai. ʻO nā pae glyphosate urinary mean no nā kumuhana āpau i hāʻule 70.93 pakeneka.

ʻOiai ka liʻiliʻi o kāna nui, he mea nui ke aʻo ʻana no ka mea hōʻike ia i ka poʻe hiki ke hōʻemi i kā lākou hōʻike i nā pesticides i ka meaʻai me ka hana ʻole o ke kānāwai, i ʻōlelo ʻia e Bruce Lanphear, Polofesa o ka ʻepekema olakino ma ke Kulanui ʻo Simon Fraser.

Ua hōʻike ʻo Lanphear ua hōʻike ʻia ke aʻo ʻana i nā keiki me he mea lā ke hōʻike nui ʻia ma mua o nā mākua, ʻoiai ʻaʻole maopopo ke kumu. "Inā hoʻohaumia ʻia ka meaʻai me nā pesticides, e loaʻa iā lākou kahi kaumaha o ke kino i ʻoi aku," i ʻōlelo ʻo Lanphear.

Hoʻomaʻemaʻe pololei ʻia ʻo Roundup a me nā lāʻau lāʻau glyphosate ʻē aʻe ma luna o ka piko o nā māla ulu, nā soya, nā beets kō, canola, palaoa, ʻoka a me nā mea kanu ʻē aʻe i hoʻohana ʻia e hana i ka meaʻai, me ka waiho ʻana i nā meheu i nā huahana meaʻai i hoʻopau ʻia e nā poʻe a me nā holoholona.

Ua loaʻa i ka Food and Drug Administration kahi glyphosate pū i ka oatmeal  a meli, meli i waena o nā huahana ʻē aʻe. A loaʻa i nā pūʻulu mea kūʻai palapala nā koena glyphosate i ke ʻano o nā meaʻai māmā a me nā palaʻai.

Akā ua hoʻopili ʻia nā glyphosate a me nā gicphosate-based herbicides e like me Roundup i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā maʻi ʻē aʻe a me nā maʻi i loko o kekahi mau makahiki i loko o nā makahiki a me ka ulu ʻana o ka ʻike i ka noiʻi ʻana i ulu i ka makaʻu e pili ana i ka pesticide ma o ka papaʻai.

Ua hoʻopaʻa nā hui he nui i ka hiki ʻana o glyphosate i ka mimi kanaka i nā makahiki i hala iho nei. Akā he mau haʻawina e hoʻohālikelike ana i nā pae glyphosate i ka poʻe e ʻai ana i ka papaʻai maʻamau me ka papaʻai i haku ʻia i nā meaʻai i ulu wale ʻia, me ka hoʻohana ʻole ʻia o nā pesticides e like me glyphosate.

"ʻO nā hopena o kēia noiʻi e hōʻoia i ka noiʻi ma mua kahi e hiki ai i nā papaʻai meaola ke hoʻohaʻahaʻa i nā ʻai o agrochemicals, e like me glyphosate," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Chensheng Lu, he loea kākoʻo no ke Kulanui o Wakinekona Kula o ka Lehulehu a me ke kumu hanohano, Southwest University, Chongqing China .

"I koʻu manaʻo, ʻo ka leka ma lalo o kēia pepa e paipai i ka hana ʻana i nā meaʻai meaola no ka poʻe makemake e pale iā lākou iho mai ka hōʻike ʻia o nā agrochemicals. Ua hōʻoia hou kēia pepa i kēia ala pololei loa no ka pale ʻana a me ka pale ʻana, ”wahi a Lu.

ka like na John Fagan lāua ʻo Larry Bohlen i kākau, na lāua ʻelua o ka Health Research Institute ma Iowa, me Sharyle Patton, ka luna o ka Commonweal Biomonitoring Resource Center ma Kaleponi a me Kendra Klein, he ʻepekema limahana ma Friends of the Earth, kahi hui hoʻolaha hoʻolaha no nā mea kūʻai aku.

ka ʻohana e komo nei ma ke aʻo e noho ai ma ʻOakland, Kaleponi, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Baltimore, Maryland a me Atlanta, Keokia.

ʻO ke aʻo ka lua o kahi papahana noiʻi ʻelua ʻaoʻao. Ma ka mua, ua ana ʻia nā pae o nā pesticides he 14 i ka mimi o nā mea komo.

He hopohopo nui ʻo Glyphosate no ka mea ʻo ia ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia i ka honua a pīpī ʻia i nā mea kanu meaʻai he nui. ʻO ka International Agency for Research on Cancer, ʻāpana o ka World Health Organization, i ʻōlelo ʻia ma 2015 ua hōʻike ʻia ka noiʻi i glyphosate iā e lilo i kino kanaka kanesa paha.

Ua hoʻopiʻi ka ʻumi tausani mau kānaka iā Monsanto e koi ana i ka loaʻa ʻana iā Roundup i mea e hoʻomohala ai i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, a he nui nā ʻāina a me nā wahi o ka honua i kaupalena ʻia a pāpā ʻia paha nā gicphosate herbicides a i ʻole ke noʻonoʻo nei e hana pēlā.

ʻO Bayer, nāna i kūʻai iā Monsanto i ka makahiki 2018, ʻo ia e hoʻāʻo nei e noho ma mua o 100,000 mau hoʻopiʻi i lawe ʻia i United States. Wahi a ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka lāhui holoʻokoʻa ua ʻimi ʻo Monsanto e hūnā i nā pilikia o kāna lāʻau make.

He ʻaha hoʻopiʻi i Kaleponi noho aliʻi i ka mahina i hala aia he "nui" hōʻike e glyphosate, a me nā mea hoʻohui ʻē aʻe i nā huahana Roundup, i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

Hōʻole ka luna kānāwai o St. Louis iā Monsanto Bid e hoʻopanee i kahi hoʻokolokolo ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup

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Ua holo hewa kā Monsanto noi ʻana e hoʻopaneʻe i nā hoʻokolohua maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup e hiki mai ana ma St. Louis - ma ka liʻiliʻi no kēia manawa - ma ke ʻano he luna kānāwai. ua kauoha e hoʻomaka ana kahi hoʻokolokolo no ʻOkakopa.

Ma hope o ka hoʻolohe ʻana i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a Monsanto i ka pule i hala e ʻimi nei i kahi hoʻomau i ka hihia o Walter Winston vs. Monsanto, ua hōʻole ka luna kānāwai o ka ʻaha kaapuni ʻo St. Louis Michael Mullen i ke noi a Monsanto a ua ʻōlelo ʻia e hoʻomaka ana ka hoʻokolokolo ma ʻOkakopa 15. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Judge Mullen e waiho ana a loaʻa i ka hihia. e hoʻomau a hiki i ka lā 16 Kepakemapa me ke kaʻina koho jure e hoʻomaka ʻOkakopa 10.

Inā ʻo ia ka hoʻokolokolo, ʻo ia ka hā o ka manawa a Monsanto e alo ai i nā maʻi ʻaʻai i loko o kahi keʻena hoʻokolokolo e pane i nā ʻōlelo hoʻopiʻi no kāna huahana huaʻai Roundup i hoʻokumu i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin a ua ʻimi ka hui e uhi i ka ʻike e pili ana i nā pilikia. Monsanto nalo i nā hoʻokolokolo mua ʻekolu a ua hāʻawi ʻia nā kiure ma mua o $ 2 biliona o nā uku pohō, ʻoiai ua hoʻemi ʻia kēlā me kēia makana o nā kiure ʻekolu e nā luna kānāwai.

ʻO ka hoʻokolokolo Winston kekahi o ka hoʻokolokolo mua loa e hana ʻia ma ka ʻāina kahiko o Monsanto o St. Ma mua o ke kūʻai aku ʻana i ka hui Kelemania ʻo Bayer AG i ka makahiki i hala, ʻo Monsanto kekahi o nā ʻoihana nui ma St.

ʻO kahi hoʻokolokolo i hoʻonoho ʻia e hoʻomaka ma St. Louis ma ʻAukake 19 ua hoʻopaneʻe ʻia e ke kauoha a ka ʻaha i ka pule i hala, a ua hoʻomau ʻia kekahi hoʻokolokolo i hoʻomaka ʻia i Kepakemapa.

Ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka hoʻomau hoʻokolokolo ma ka pule i hala, ua ʻōlelo nā kumuwaiwai e neʻe ana ka ʻoihana a me nā loio no ka mea hoʻopiʻi i nā kūkākūkā koʻikoʻi e pili ana i hiki ke hoʻonohonoho global. I kēia manawa, ʻoi aku ma mua o 18,000 poʻe e hoʻopiʻi nei iā Monsanto, nā mea āpau āpau e hoʻomohala i ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin ma muli o ka Roundup hōʻike a uhi ʻo Monsanto i ka hōʻike o ka pilikia. Kekahi kanaka lana lana hewa kahi hāʻawi kūpono kūpono o $ 8 biliona, e hoʻonui ana i nā ʻāpana ʻo Bayer.

Ke hana nei ʻo Bayer me kahi kumukūʻai o ke kaumaha a me nā mea hoʻopukapuka hōʻino ʻole mai ka manawa ʻo Aug. 10, 2018 i hoʻoholo ai ke kiure i ka hoʻokolokolo mua ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup. Ua hāʻawi ka jure i kahu mālama ʻāina ʻo Kaleponi Dewayne "Lee" Johnson $ 289 miliona a ua ʻike ʻo Monsanto i hana me ka hana ʻino i ka kāohi ʻana i ka ʻike e pili ana i nā pilikia o kāna lāʻau make.

Monsanto hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻōlelo hoʻoholo i ka ʻaha hoʻokolokolo o Kaleponi, a ua hoʻopiʻi aku ʻo Johnson i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e noi ana e hoʻihoʻi i kāna makana he $ 289 miliona mai ka makana i hoʻemi ʻia o $ 78 miliona i hoʻonoho ʻia e ka luna kānāwai. Kēlā hoʻopiʻi ke hoʻomau nei a manaʻo ʻia nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa waha ma Kepakemapa a ʻOkakopa paha.

No ke kūlana ʻo St. Louis, hiki ke hoʻopau ʻia ka hoʻokolokolo Winston. He mau mea hoʻopiʻi ka hihia, e like me kekahi ma waho o ka wahi, a hiki i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ke waiho i ka hihia i nā lauoho keʻa o kahi manaʻo i hoʻopuka ʻia i ka makahiki i hala e ka ʻAha Hoʻokolokolo Kiʻekiʻe o Missouri, e paʻa mau ana paha i ka hihia Winston, e like me ka mea i ʻike ʻia ma ke kānāwai. .

ʻO kā EPA Trump ʻo “Monsanto's Back”

I nā nūhou ʻokoʻa, ua hoʻopuka ka Agency Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i ka pule i hala a nūʻike hoʻōla e hoʻolaha aku ʻaʻole ia e ʻae i nā lepili hōʻailona ʻōpala e koi ʻia e ka mokuʻāina ʻo Kaleponi no kekahi mau huahana lāʻau make-glyphosate. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ka EPA ʻo ka lepili ʻana e hōʻike ana i ka glyphosate "ʻike ʻia e hana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai," he wahaheʻe a kū ʻole hoʻi i ke kānāwai, a ʻaʻole e ʻae ʻia ʻoiai ke hana nei nā hana hoʻomalu o Kaleponi e kauoha nei i kēlā lepili ʻana.

"Kūpono ʻole ia e koi i nā lepili i nā huahana kūpono ʻole ke ʻike ʻo EPA ʻaʻole loaʻa ka huahana i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai. ʻAʻole mākou e ʻae i ka polokalamu kīnā o Kaleponi e kuhikuhi i ke kulekele pekelala, ”i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler.

ʻO ka papa inoa o Kaleponi o glyphosate ma ke ʻano he mea i ʻike ʻia e hoʻokumu i ka maʻi ʻaʻai i hele mai ma hope o ka World Health Organization's International Agency on the Research for Cancer (IARC) i hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka glyphosate i ka makahiki 2015 ma ke ʻano "carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka."

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka EPA e kū nei i kēia kūlana, a ʻike he mea pono e hoʻopuka i kahi hoʻokuʻu kaomi, ʻike ʻia e hōʻoia i nā palapala Monsanto kūloko i loaʻa ma o ka ʻike ʻana i ka hoʻopiʻi e hōʻike ana ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo EPA he "he kua ko Monsanto”Ke hiki mai i glyphosate.

i ka hoike hoʻopili ʻia i kahi leka uila o Iulai 2018 iā Monsanto luna hoʻolālā kumuhana honua ʻo Todd Rands, ka ʻike loea a me ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo Hakluyt  ua hōʻike iā Monsanto i kēia mau mea:

"Ua ʻōlelo ʻia kahi ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo kulekele kūloko ma ka White House, e laʻa me: 'Loaʻa iā mākou ʻo Monsanto i hope i ka hoʻoponopono pesticides. Mākaukau mākou e hele i ka manamana wāwae i nā paio a lākou e loaʻa ai, e laʻa me ka EU. ʻAʻole pono ʻo Monsanto e makaʻu i nā lula hou aʻe mai kēia aupuni. "