ʻO Bayer's Shady PR Firms: FleishmanHillard, Ketchum, Kūkākūkā FTI

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Hoʻouna mua ʻia Mei 2019; Hoʻohou Nowemapa 2020

Ma kēia kūlana, ke kiaʻi nei ʻo US Right to Know i nā hōʻino hoʻopunipuni lehulehu e pili ana i nā ʻoihana PR i hilinaʻi nui ʻia e nā mea nunui mahiʻai Bayer AG a me Monsanto no kā lākou pale kaua pale huahana: ʻo FTI consulting, Ketchum PR a me FleishmanHillard. ʻO kēia mau ʻoihana he mau mōʻaukala lōʻihi o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni e hāpai i nā papa politika o kā lākou mea kūʻai aku, e like me ka pesticide, ka paka a me nā ʻoihana pale pale ʻaila.

Nā hana hōʻino hou

Hōʻike ʻo NYT i nā ʻano hana malu a ka FTI Consulting firm no ka ʻoihana aila: i ka Nowemapa 11, 2020 New York Times ʻatikala, Hōʻike ʻo Hiroko Tabuchi i ke kōkua ʻana o FTI Consulting i ka hoʻolālā ʻana, nā limahana a me ka holo ʻana o nā ʻoihana a me nā pūnaewele i uku kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana ikehu i hiki ke hōʻike i ke kākoʻo o ka mauʻu mauʻu no nā hanana wahie fossil. Ma muli o kāna mau ninaninau ʻana me ka ʻumikūmālua mau limahana FTI ma mua a me nā haneli o nā palapala kūloko, hōʻike ʻo Tabuchi e pili ana i ka nānā ʻana o ka FTI i nā mea hana kaiapuni, holo i nā hoʻolaha politika astroturf, limahana i nā pūnaewele a me nā ʻike ʻelua a kākau i nā ʻatikala ʻoihana e pili ana i ka fracking, nā lawsuits a me nā mea wela -pili pihi me ke kuhikuhi mai Exxon Mobile.

Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Monsanto a me kāna mau ʻoihana PR i ka hana GOP e hoʻoweliweli i nā mea noiʻi maʻi maʻi. ʻO Lee Fang i hōʻike ʻia no The Intercept i ka 2019 ma nā palapala e hōʻike ana i ka Monsanto antagonized reg regulator a hoʻohana i ka kaomi e hoʻohālikelike i ka noiʻi o ka honua nei i ka lāʻau make, glyphosate. Hōʻike ka moʻolelo i nā hana hoʻopunipuni PR hoʻopunipuni, e like me ke kākau ʻana o FTI Consulting i kahi leka e pili ana i ka ʻepekema glyphosate i kau inoa ʻia e kahi ʻelele nui o GOP.

Hōʻike nā palapala a Monsanto i nā ʻano hana e hōʻino ai i ka hoʻokolokolo hoihoi lehulehu. Ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala Monsanto kūloko ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ʻAukake 2019 i ka nui o nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana PR e hoʻokele i nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea hoʻohuli ʻē aʻe i hāpai i ka hopohopo e pili ana i nā pesticides a me GMO, a hoʻāʻo e pale i kahi hoʻokolokolo i kā lākou hana e US Right to Know.

E ʻike i nā pepa pono a USRTK, ma muli o nā palapala i loaʻa mai kā mākou noiʻi ʻana, e hōʻike ana i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu i komo i ka pale ʻoihana pesticide: Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Pesticide.

I ka Mei 2019, ua hōʻike mākou i nā hōʻino e pili ana i nā ʻoihana PR a Bayer:

Nā hōʻino a 'Monsanto File'

Mea kākau moʻolelo ma Ua hōʻike ʻo Le Monde iā Mei 9 ua loaʻa iā lākou kahi “Monsanto File” i hana ʻia e ka hui pili lehulehu FleishmanHillard e helu ana i kahi "lehulehu o ka ʻike" e pili ana i 200 mau mea nūpepa, nā luna politika, nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma glyphosate ma Palani. Le Monde ua hoʻopiʻi me ka keʻena hoʻokolokolo o Palisa e ʻōlelo nei e pili ana ka palapala i ka hōʻiliʻili hewa ʻana a me ka hana ʻana i ka ʻikepili pilikino, e hoʻopiʻi ana i ka keʻena hoʻokolokolo i wehe i kahi ʻimi kalaima. "He mea nui loa kēia i ʻike ʻia no ka mea ke hōʻike ʻia aia he mau pahuhopu pahuhopu e hāmau i nā leo ikaika. ʻIke wau i kā lākou hoʻāʻo ʻana e hoʻokaʻawale iaʻu, ” ʻO ke Kuhina Kaiapuni mua o Farani ʻo Segolene Royal, ka mea ma ka papa inoa, haʻi iā Palani 24 TV.

"He mea nui kēia e ʻike ʻia no ka mea hōʻike ia aia kekahi mau kumumanaʻo kumumanaʻo e hoʻopau i nā leo ikaika."

ʻO Francois Veillerette, kahi mea mālama i ka nohona ma ka papa inoa hoʻi, i haʻi aku iā Palani 24 i loko o ia mea he kikoʻī pilikino pilikino, nā manaʻo a me ka pae o ka pili e pili ana iā Monsanto. "He haʻalulu nui kēia ma Palani," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. "ʻAʻole mākou e manaʻo he mea maʻamau kēia." Ua ʻae ʻo Bayer ua huki ʻo FleishmanHillard "'papa inoa kiaʻi 'o nā pro-a anti-pesticides huahelu"I nā ʻāina ʻehiku ma waena o ʻEulopa, ua hōʻike ka AFP. Aia i loko o nā papa inoa nā ʻike e pili ana i ka poʻe nūpepa, nā luna politika a me nā hui hoihoi ʻē aʻe. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ka AFP ua waiho aku ʻo ia i kahi hoʻopiʻi me kahi keʻena hoʻokele Farani no ka mea aia kekahi o kāna mau mea nūpepa ma ka papa inoa i hōʻike ʻia ma Palani.

ʻO Bayer mihi a ʻōlelo ʻia ua kāpae i kāna pilina me nā ʻoihana e pili ana, me FleishmanHillard a me Publicis Consultants, e kali ana i kahi hoʻokolokolo. "ʻO ka mea nui a mākou e hoʻokumu i ka transparency," Wahi a Bayer. "ʻAʻole mākou e ʻae i ka lawena unethical i kā mākou hui." (Ua hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia nā ʻoihana i ka hana hewa ʻole e ka loio loio i hoʻolimalima ʻia e Bayer.)

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Ke kau nei ma ke ʻano he mea nūpepa ma ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai Monsanto

Ke hoʻohui nei i nā pilikia PR a Bayer, ua hōʻike ʻo AFP ma Mei 18 i kahi limahana o kekahi "hoʻokele pilikia" PR paʻa i kēlā hana pū me Bayer lāua ʻo Monsanto - FTI Consulting - ua hopu ʻia posing ma ke ʻano he freelance journalist i kahi hoʻokolokolo pekelala ma Kapalakiko i hoʻopau me ka $ 80 miliona hoʻoholo kūʻē iā Bayer no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate.

Ua ʻike ʻia ka limahana FTI Consulting ʻo Sylvie Barak e kamaʻilio kūkākūkā ana e pili ana i nā manaʻo moʻolelo i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia e hana no ka BBC a ʻaʻole ia i hōʻike ua hana ʻo ia no kahi ʻoiaʻiʻo PR.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Holo ʻo Ketchum lāua ʻo FleishmanHillard i ka salto GMO PR

I ka makahiki 2013, ua kī ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa iā FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum, nā ʻona na Omnicom, e poʻo i kahi Hoʻāhewa ʻo PR e hoʻoponopono hou i ke kiʻi o kāna GMO a me nā huahana pesticide. Ua koho ʻia ʻo Monsanto FleishmanHillard e "hōʻano hou" i kona kaulana ma waena o ka "kūʻēʻē nui" i nā meaʻai i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically, e like me ka Holmes Report. Ma ka manawa like, ua lilo ʻo FleishmanHillard ka ʻO ka ʻoihana PR moʻohelu no Bayer, a me ka Council for Biotechnology Information (CBI) - kahi hui kālepa i ukuʻia e ʻO Bayer (Monsanto), Corteva (DowDuPont), Syngenta a me BASF - hoʻolimalima iā Ketchum firm pili aupuni e hoʻomaka i kahi ua hoʻolaha ʻia ka pāʻoihana marketing me nā GMO Nā Pane.

Hoʻokomo ʻia nā hana spin i hoʻohana ʻia e kēia ʻoihana.e aloha ana i nā mea kākau blog makuahine"A me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā leo o nā loea i manaʻo ʻia he" kūʻokoʻa "i"hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka huikau a me ka hilinaʻi ʻole”E pili ana i nā GMO. Eia naʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā hōʻike e hoʻoponopono ana nā ʻoihana PR a kākau ʻia kekahi o nā loea "kūʻokoʻa". ʻO kahi laʻana, nā palapala i kiʻi ʻia e US Right to Know e hōʻike i kēlā Palapala ʻia ʻo Ketchum nā pou no nā pane GMO i kau inoa ʻia e a Kumu Kulanui o Florida ka mea i koi kūʻokoʻa iā ia e hana ana ma hope o nā hanana me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR. He pelekikena hope poʻokela ma FleishmanHillard hoʻoponopono i ka haʻiʻōlelo o a ʻO Polofesa ʻo UC Davis a ua aʻo iā ia pehea e "lanakila ai i ka poʻe i loko o ka lumi" ma an Kūkākūkā IQ2 e hōʻoia i ka lehulehu e ʻae i nā GMO. ʻO Ketchum kekahi hāʻawi i ke polopeka i nā manaʻo no ka ninaninau lekiō e pili ana i kahi noiʻi ʻepekema.

He ʻelele koʻikoʻi nā ʻatikala no ka hana lobbying ʻoihana e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO, i hōʻike ʻia ka New York Times ma 2015. "He pāpale keʻokeʻo nui nā polopeka / mea noiʻi / ʻepekema i kēia hoʻopaʻapaʻa a me ke kākoʻo i kā lākou mokuʻāina, mai nā mea kālaiʻāina i nā mea hana," ʻo Bill Mashek, kahi pelekikena hope ma Ketchum, i kākau aku ai i ke Kulanui o Polopeka polofesa. “E hoʻomau!” Ua hoʻolilo aku ka hui kālepa ʻoihana CBI ma kahi o $ 11 miliona ma Ketchum's GMO Answers mai ka 2013, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau.

GMO Pane i ka 'hoʻokele pilikia' kūleʻa

Ma ke ʻano he hōʻailona o kona kūleʻa ma ke ʻano he mīkini milo PR, ʻo GMO Answers ka papa inoa ʻia no kahi makana hoʻolaha CLIO i ka 2014 i ka mahele o "Crisis Management & Issue Management." I loko o kēia wikiō no CLIO, ua kaena ʻo Ketchum e pili ana i ka aneane pālua o ka nānā ʻana o ka media i nā GMO a me "kaulike 80% o nā pilina" ma Twitter. ʻO ka hapa nui o kēlā mau pilina pūnaewele mai nā waihona i kū kūʻokoʻa a ʻaʻole hōʻike i kā lākou pili i ka hoʻolaha PR o ka ʻoihana.

ʻOiai ʻo ka wikiō Ketchum i koi ʻia ʻo GMO Answers e "hōʻano hou i ka transparency" me ka ʻike mai ka poʻe loea me ka "ʻaʻohe mea i kānana ʻia a censored ʻia, a ʻaʻohe leo i hāmau ʻia," kahi papa hana ʻo Monsanto PR e hōʻike ana i ka hui i helu ʻia ma nā pane GMO e kōkua i ka wili ʻana i kāna huahana i kahi kukui maikaʻi. ʻO ka palapala mai 2015 papa inoa Nā pane GMO ma waena o nā "hoa hana" hiki iā ia ke pale aku iā Roundup mai ka hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai. i loko o kahi ʻāpana "kumuwaiwai" ma ka ʻaoʻao 4, ua papa inoa ʻia ka papahana i nā loulou i nā pane GMO me nā palapala a Monsanto i hiki ke kamaʻilio i ka leka o ka ʻoihana "ʻaʻole ʻo Glyphosate he carcinogenic."

Ua kau ʻia kēia wikiō Ketchum i ka pūnaewele CLIO a hemo ʻia ma hope o kā mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā iā ia.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Nā moʻolelo o ka hoʻopunipuni: FleishmanHillard, Ketchum

No ke aha e hoʻokau ai kekahi ʻoihana iā FleishmanHillard a i ʻole Ketchum, nona ʻelua e ka PR conglomerate Omnicom, i mua o nā hana e hoʻoulu ai i ka hilinaʻi he paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo. He mau moʻolelo lōʻihi ko nā ʻoihana ʻelua o ka hoʻopunipuni i kākau ʻia. O kahi laʻana:

A hiki i ka 2016, ʻo Ketchum ka ʻO PR paʻa no Rūsia a me Vladimir Putin. Wahi a nā palapala i loaʻa iā ProPublica, Ua hopu ʻia ʻo Ketchum e hoʻokau ana iā pro-Putin op-eds ma lalo o nā inoa o nā "ʻoihana kūʻokoʻa" me he mea lā i nā nūhou like ʻole. I ka 2015, ka ua hoʻolimalima ke aupuni Honduran iā Ketchum e hoʻāʻo e hoʻōla hou i kona kūlana maikaʻi ma hope o ka hoʻowahāwahā he miliona miliona.

Ua kī pū ʻia nā palapala iā Mother Jones e hōʻike ana ua hana ʻo Ketchum me kahi ʻoihana pilikino pilikino "i kiu iā Greenpeace a me nā hui kaiaulu ʻē aʻe mai ka hopena o 1990s ma o ka liʻiliʻi 2000, e ʻimi ana i nā palapala mai nā ipu ʻōpala, e hoʻāʻo ana e kanu i nā mea hana hūnā ma waena o nā hui, nā waihona kālā, hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā moʻolelo kelepona o nā mea hoʻouluulu, a komo i loko o nā hālāwai kūkā. ” Ua hopu ʻia ʻo FleishmanHillard me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana spionage kūpono ʻole e kūʻē i ke olakino lehulehu a me nā mea kākoʻo i ka paka no ka ʻoihana paka ʻo RJ Reynolds, e like me kahi noiʻi a Ruth Malone i ka Ka PepaʻAlaʻAmelika o ke Aupuni. Ua audiotaped hoʻi ka firm PR i nā hālāwai kūkā paka a me nā ʻaha kūkā.

ʻO FleishmanHillard ʻo ia ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu no The Tobacco Institute, ʻo ka ʻoihana paka ʻoihana lobbying nui, no ʻehiku mau makahiki. I loko o kahi ʻatikala 1996 Washington Post, Morton Mintz haʻi moʻolelo o pehea i hoʻololi ai ʻo FleishmanHillard a me ka Tobacco Institute i ka Healthy Buildings Institute i hui i mua no ka ʻoihana paka i kāna hana e hoʻohuli i ka hopohopo lehulehu e pili ana i ka pilikia o ka uahi lua. Ketchum ua hana pū no ka ʻoihana paka.

Ua hana nā ʻoihana ʻelua i kekahi manawa i nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua o kahi pilikia. ʻO FleishmanHillard i hala hoʻolimalima ʻia no nā pāʻālua puhipaka. I ka makahiki 2017, ua hemo ʻo Ketchum a firm-off firm i kapa ʻia ʻo Cultivate e loaʻa kālā ma ka mākeke ʻai mea ulu e ulu nei, ʻoiai ʻo Ketchum's GMO Answers i hōʻino i nā meaʻai meaola, e ʻōlelo ana ua uku ka poʻe kūʻai i kahi "uku nui" no nā meaʻai i ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o nā meaʻai i ulu mau ʻia e ka ʻaha.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Kūkākūkā FTI: ke hoʻopunipuni i ke aniau, nā pili paka

ʻO FTI Consulting, ka "hoʻokele pilikia" ʻO PR firm e hana pū ana me Bayer a ʻo ka mea nāna ka hana hopu ʻia e hoʻohālike ana i kahi mea kākau moʻolelo ma ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup ma Kapalakiko, kaʻana like i kekahi mau like me FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum, me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana huna, nele i ka moakaka a me ka mōʻaukala o ka hana pū ʻana me ka ʻoihana paka.

Ua ʻike ʻia ke kūpaʻa ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻokani nui i kā ExxonMobil mau hana e pale ai i ke kuleana no ka loli. As Elana Schor lāua ʻo Andrew Restuccia i hōʻike ʻia ma Politico ma 2016:

"Ma waho o [Exxon] ponoʻī, ke kūʻē leo nui ʻana i nā ʻōmaʻomaʻo mai FTI Consulting, kahi paʻa i hoʻopiha ʻia me nā mea kōkua Repubalika ma mua i kōkua i ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka GOP i ka pale ʻana i nā wahie fossil. Ma lalo o ka hae o Energy ma Depth, kahi papahana e holo nei no ka Independent Petroleum Association of America, ua kīwī ʻo FTI i nā mea kūkala nūhou me nā leka uila e hōʻike ana i ka "collusion" ma waena o nā mea hana ʻōmaʻomaʻo a me nā AGs mokuʻāina, a ua hāpai ʻia nā nīnau e pili ana i ka hāʻawi kālā a InsideClimate's Rockefeller. "

Ua hopu ʻia nā limahana ʻo FTI Consulting e hoʻohālike ana i nā mea kākau moʻolelo ma mua. Ua hōʻike ʻo Karen Savage ma Ianuali 2019 i ka Nūhou Liability News, "ʻElua mau mea hoʻolālā pili i ka lehulehu e kū nei no Exxon i hala aku nei ma ke ʻano he nūpepa i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e ninaninau i kahi loio e kū ana i nā kaiāulu ʻo Colorado e hoʻopiʻi nei iā Exxon no nā pohō e pili ana i ka huliau. ʻO nā mea hoʻolālā — Michael Sandoval lāua ʻo Matt Dempsey — hana ʻia e FTI Consulting, kahi ʻoihana i pili lōʻihi me ka ʻoihana aila a me nā ʻaila. ” Wahi a ka Climate Liability News, ua helu ʻia nā kāne ʻelua ma ke ʻano he mea kākau no Western Wire, kahi pūnaewele i holo ʻia e nā makemake aila a me nā limahana me ka FTI Consulting, kahi e hāʻawi nei i nā limahana iā Energy In Depth, kahi wahie pro-fossil "noiʻi, aʻo a me hoʻolaha hoʻolaha hoʻolaha ākea. ”

Ua hōʻike ʻo Energy In Depth iā ia iho ma ke ʻano "mom and pop shop" e hōʻike ana i nā mea lawelawe ikehu liʻiliʻi akā ua hoʻokumu ʻia e nā ʻoihana aila a me nā ʻaila nui e lobby no deregulation, Ua hōʻike ʻia ka blog DeSmog ma 2011. Ua wehe ka hui Greenpeace i Memo ʻoihana 2009 e wehewehe nei ʻO ka Energy In Depth ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana hou ākea ākea ... e hakakā i nā lula hou o ke kaiapuni, keu hoʻi e pili ana i ka haki nehe" ʻaʻole hiki ke hana ʻia me ka ʻole o nā hoʻokō kālā mua "o nā pono nui o ka aila a me ke kinoea me BP, Halliburton, Chevron, Shell, XTO Energy (ʻona iā ExxonMobil).

ʻO kekahi hiʻohiʻona e laulā me kēia mau ʻoihana āpau ʻo kā lākou ʻoihana pili paka. ʻO FTI Consulting he "moʻolelo lōʻihi o ka hana ʻana me ka ʻoihana paka," e like me ʻO ka Taka ʻAka paka. Ka hulina o ka waihona puke ʻoihana ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF lawe mai i 2,400 palapala e pili ana iā FTI Consulting.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

ʻO ka hōʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā hōʻino PR a Bayer

ʻO Coverage ma Palani

ʻO Coverage ma ka ʻōlelo Pelekania

ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema kahi hoʻolaha PR no ka ʻoihana Agrichemical

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ʻOiai ʻo ia ka inoa kani a me ka pilina me kahi ʻoihana Ivy League, ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema (CAS) kahi hoʻolaha kaiāulu i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe a puni ka honua e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā mea kanu i hana ʻia me nā mahiʻai i ko lākou mau home home. Ua kāhea nā loea he nui, nā loea kulekele ʻai, nā hui ʻai a me nā mahiʻai i nā hana kūpono ʻole a me nā hana hoʻopunipuni a nā CAS hoa e hoʻāʻo ai e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana.

I Kepakemapa, CAS hai mai la $ 10 miliona i ke kālā hou mai ka Gates Foundation, e lawe ana i ka huina o Gates kālā i $ 22 miliona mai ka 2014. Loaʻa ke kālā hou e like me Gates Foundation ke kū nei i ka pushback mai nā hui mahiʻai ʻApelika, nā meaʻai a me nā hilinaʻi no ka hoʻolilo kālā ʻana i mau piliona kālā ma nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala ma ʻApelika hōʻike ʻole nā ​​hōʻike i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka pōloli a hāpai ʻana paha i nā mahiʻai liʻiliʻi, ʻoiai lākou e hoʻokau nei i nā ʻano mahiʻai e pono ai nā ʻoihana ma mua o ka poʻe. 

Kākau kēia pepa palapala i nā laʻana he nui o ka misinformation mai CAS a me nā poʻe i pili me kēia hui. ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona i hōʻike ʻia ma aneʻi e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻohana ʻana o CAS i ka inoa o Cornell, ka inoa a me ka mana e holomua i ka PR a me ka papahana politika o nā hui kemika a me nā hua hua nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO ka mikiona a me ka leka uila i hoʻopili ʻia me nā ʻoihana

Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo CAS i ka makahiki 2014 me ka hāʻawi kālā Gates Foundation he $ 5.6 miliona a hoʻohiki ʻia i "depolarize ”ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa a puni GMOs. ʻO ka hui wahi a na misionari ʻo ia e "paipai i ke komo ʻana" i nā mea kanu a me nā meaʻai a GMO e ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā "ʻepekema" a puni ka honua e aʻo i ko lākou kaiāulu e pili ana i nā pono o ka biotechnology mahiʻai.

Paipai ka hui ʻoihana Pesticide iā CAS 

ʻO kahi ʻāpana nui o ka hoʻolālā CAS e hoʻopaʻa inoa a hoʻomaʻamaʻa Nā hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua i nā kamaʻilio a me nā hana hoʻolaha, e kia ana i nā wahi kahi e kūʻē ai ka lehulehu i ka ʻoihana biotech, ʻo ia hoʻi nā ʻāina ʻApelika i pale aku i nā mea kanu GMO.

He ʻano like ka mikiona CAS me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology (CBI), kahi ʻoihana pesticide-fund i kālā kālā i ka pilina pilina i loaʻa hana pū ʻia me CAS. Hana ka hui ʻoihana i kūkulu i nā kuʻikahi ma ʻō aku o ke kaulahao meaʻai a hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā kolu-ʻaoʻao, ʻo ia hoʻi nā kālaiʻike a me nā mahiʻai, e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu e ʻae iā GMOs.

Hoʻohālikelike ka leka uila CAS me PR pesticide ʻoihana PR: kahi myopic e nānā nei i ka hiki ke loaʻa nā pōmaikaʻi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered ʻoiai e hoʻoliʻiliʻi ana, nānā ʻole a hōʻole paha i nā pilikia a me nā pilikia. E like me ka hoʻoikaika ʻana o ka ʻoihana PR, nānā nui ʻo CAS i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino i nā mea hōʻino no nā huahana mahiʻai, e like me nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hāpai i nā olakino a i ʻole nā ​​pili kaiapuni.

Hoʻohalahala ākea

Ua huki ʻo CAS a me kāna mau mea kākau i nā loiloi mai nā kālaihana, nā mahiʻai, nā haumāna, nā hui kaiāulu a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka mana o ka meaʻai e ʻōlelo nei e hoʻolaha ana ka hui i nā leka kūpono ʻole a hoʻopunipuni ʻole a hoʻohana i nā hana unethical. E ʻike ma kahi laʻana:

Nā laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni leka ʻana

Ua kākau nā loea i ka ʻenekinia, ka biology, agroecology a me nā kulekele meaʻai i nā hiʻohiʻona he nui o nā koi pololei ʻole a Mark Lynas i ʻōlelo ai, he hoa kipa ma Cornell nāna i kākau he mau ʻatikala e pale ana i nā huahana mahiʻai ma ka inoa o CAS; ʻike e like me kāna hāpai ʻia nā ʻatikala he nui e ka Genetic Literacy Project, he hui PR kēlā hana pū me Monsanto. Kūkā ʻo Lynas 'puke 2018 no nā ʻāina ʻApelika e ʻae i nā GMO, a hāʻawi i kahi mokuna e pale aku iā Monsanto.

Nā koi kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā GMO

Ua hoʻohewa ka poʻe ʻepekema he nui iā Lynas no ka hana ʻana nā ʻōlelo hoʻopunipuni, “ʻAʻole ʻepekema, kūpono ʻole a lapuwale”Nā paio, paipai dogma ma luna o ka ʻikepili a me ka noiʻi ma nā GMO, ke kuhi nei i nā mea kamaʻilio, a ke hana nei i nā kuleana kūpono ʻole e pili ana i nā pesticides "hōʻike i ka naʻaupō ʻepekema hohonu, a i ʻole kahi hana ikaika e hana i ka kānalua. "

"ʻO ka papa inoa holoi o nā mea i hewa ai ʻo Mark Lynas e pili ana i nā GMO a me ka ʻepekema nui, a ua hōʻole ʻia e kekahi o nā agroecologists a me nā biologists alakaʻi o ka honua." Ua kākau ʻo Eric Holt-Giménez, luna hoʻomalu o Food First, i ʻApelila 2013 (Ua hui ʻo Lynas iā Cornell ma ke ʻano he hoa kipa ma hope o kēlā makahiki).  

"Disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole"

Ua hoʻohewa nui nā hui ʻo ʻApelika iā Lynas i ka lōʻihi. ʻO ka Alliance for Soichness Food ma ʻApelika, kahi hui pū o 40 a me nā hui mahiʻai ma waena o ʻApelika i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma he "lele-i pundit" nona ka "hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe ʻApelika, hiki ʻole ke kuhihewa ʻia ka loina a me ka moʻomeheu." ʻO Million Belay, ka luna o AFSA, i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Lynas ma ke ʻano he "racist e hoʻokau nei i kahi moʻolelo e hiki ai i ka mahiʻai ʻoihana ke hoʻopakele iā ʻApelika."

I kahi hoʻokuʻu paʻi 2018, ka South Africa-based Africa Center for Biodiversity i ho'ākāka ʻia nā hana kūʻē ʻole a Lynas i hoʻohana ai e hoʻolaulaha i ka papa hana lobby biotech ma Tanzania. "Aia kekahi pilikia e pili ana i ka kuleana a me [pono no] ka nohoaliʻi ʻana i ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, no ka hewa o ka ʻike hewa a me ke ʻano o kā lākou disingenuous a me ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole," ʻo Mariam Mayet, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Center Africa no Biodiversity, i ʻōlelo i ka a Iulaiinar webinar webinar.

No nā loiloi piha o kā Lynas hana, e ʻike i nā ʻatikala ma ka hopena o kēia wahi a me kā mākou ʻO Mark Lynas pepa maoli.

Ke hoʻouka nei i ka agroecology

ʻO kahi laʻana o ka leka uila kūpono ʻole kahi ʻatikala panned ākea ma ka CAS paena e Lynas e koi ana, "agro-ecology e hōʻeha i ka poʻe hune." ?? Ua wehewehe ka poʻe ʻatikala i ka ʻatikala ma ke ʻano he “ka wehewehe demagogic a me ka ʻole ʻepekema o kahi pepa ʻepekema, ""hohonu unserious, ""kumumanaʻo kūlohelohe "a" kahi hilahila no ka mea makemake e koi ʻepekema, ”a“kālailai hewa maoli“?? hana “kahili laulaha“?? a “nā hopena hihiu.”Kekahi poʻe loiloi Kāheaʻia a hoʻihoʻi ʻana.

2019 kikokikona na CAS hoa Nassib Mugwanya i hāʻawi i kahi hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o nā ʻike kuhihewa e pili ana i ke kumuhana agroecology. ʻO ka ʻatikala, "No ke aha e hiki ʻole ai i nā hana mahiʻai kuʻuna ke hoʻololi i ka mahiʻai ʻApelika," e hōʻike ana i ke ʻano leka maʻamau i nā mea CAS. 'kumu ʻole a hoʻopōʻino hoʻi, ” mamuli o ke kaanaki e ka Alakaʻi kaiāulu i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Seattle no Global Justice.

"Kaulike nui ʻia i ka ʻatikala nā hoʻohana ikaika o nā metaphors (e laʻa me ka agroecology i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā kūpeʻe lima), nā laulaha ʻana, ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻike a me ka nui o nā pololei ʻole maoli," wahi a ka hui.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka puke pāʻani Monsanto e pale aku i nā pesticides

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ka hoʻopunipuni CAS leka uila ʻoihana hiki ke loaʻa i ka pale o ka hui o Roundly glyphosate. ʻO nā lāʻau herbicides kahi kī nui o nā hua GMO me 90% o ka kulina a me ka soy i ulu i ka United States ʻenekini genetically e hoʻomanawanui iā Roundup. I ka makahiki 2015, ma hope o ka panel noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization i ʻōlelo ai ʻo glyphosate kahi kino kanaka paha, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Monsanto i nā mea kōkua e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup, e like me nā palapala Monsanto kūloko.

ʻO ka puke pāʻani PR a Monsanto: e hoʻouka nei i ka poʻe loea i ke kanesa ma ke ʻano he 'activists'

Ua hoʻohana ʻo Mark Lynas i ka Anuu CAS e hoʻonui i ka leka ʻana o Monsanto, e wehewehe ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai e like me ke "kilokilo kilokilo" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e "anti-Monsanto activists" nāna i "hana ʻino i ka ʻepekema" a ua hana "kahi ʻike maopopo ʻole ʻia o ka ʻepekema ʻelua a me ka hoʻopono kūlohelohe" e ka hōʻike ʻana i kahi maʻi ʻaʻai no ka glyphosate. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Lynas i ka mea like nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa kīnā ʻole a me nā kumu waiwai ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, a uku ka hui mua o Monsanto e kōkua i ka wili i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻOiai e koi ana aia ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema, ʻaʻole nānā ʻo Lynas i nā hōʻike he nui mai nā palapala a Monsanto, i hoʻolaha nui i ka nūpepa, kēlā Hoʻopilikia ʻo Monsanto me ʻike'enekema, hoʻoponopono i nā keʻena hoʻokele a hoʻohana i nā mea ʻē aʻe nā hana lima kaumaha e hoʻoponopono i ke kaʻina ʻepekema i mea e pale aku ai iā Roundup. I ka 2018, ua loaʻa i kahi jure ka Monsanto “hana me ka hana ʻino, hoʻoluhi a hoʻopunipuni paha"I ka uhi ʻana i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai o Roundup.

Lobbying no nā pesticides a me nā GMO ma Hawaii

ʻOiai ʻo ʻApelika ka nānā nui ʻana i ka ʻāina, kōkua pū kekahi ʻo CAS i nā hana pesticide e pale aku i nā pesticides a hōʻino i nā mea kōkua olakino lehulehu ma Hawaii. He ʻāina hoʻokolohua koʻikoʻi ko Hawaiʻi Paeʻāina no nā mea kanu GMO a me kahi e hōʻike ai i ke kiʻekiʻe hōʻike i nā pesticides a hopohopo e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino pili pesticide, me nā kīnā hānau, ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me ka hānō. Ua alakaʻi ʻia kēia mau pilikia nā kamaʻāina e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hakakā he mau makahiki e hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai ʻoi aku ka ikaika e hōʻemi i nā hōʻike pesticide a hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hōʻike ʻana o nā kemika i hoʻohana ʻia ma nā māla mahiʻai.

"Hoʻouka kaua hōʻino"

I ka loaʻa ʻana o kēia mau hoʻoikaika ʻana, ua komo ʻo CAS i loko o kahi "hōʻike ākea e pili ana i ka pilina lehulehu i hoʻolālā ʻia e hūnā i nā hopohopo kaiāulu" e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā pesticides, e like me ka haʻi a Fern Anuenue Holland, kahi mea hoʻonohonoho kaiāulu no ka Hawaii Alliance for Progressive Action. I ka Cornell Daily Sun, Ua wehewehe ʻo Holland pehea ka "uku ʻana iā Cornell Alliance no nā hoa ʻepekema - ma lalo o ke ʻano o ka ʻepekema loea - ua hoʻouka i nā hōʻeha hōʻino. Ua hoʻohana lākou i nā pāpili kaiaulu a kākau i nā hanana blog he nui e hoʻohewa ana i nā lālā kaiāulu a me nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe i loaʻa ka wiwo ʻole e ʻōlelo ai. "

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Holland ua hoʻokau ʻia ʻo ia a me nā lālā ʻē aʻe o kāna hui i "ka pepehi kanaka ʻana, nā kuhi hewa ʻana a me nā hōʻeha ʻana i ka hilinaʻi pilikino a me ka ʻoihana" e nā lālā CAS. "Ua ʻike maka wau i nā ʻohana a me nā aloha aloha i wāwahi ʻia," i kākau ai ʻo ia.

Kūʻē i ka pono o ka lehulehu e ʻike     

Luna Hoʻokele CAS ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, 'ōlelo kāna hui kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana: "ʻAʻole mākou e kākau no ka ʻoihana, a ʻaʻole mākou e kākoʻo a paipai paha i nā huahana o ka ʻoihana. E like me kā mākou pūnaewele e hōʻike nei me ka maopopo a hōʻike piha hoʻi, ʻaʻole loaʻa iā mākou nā kumuwaiwai mai ka ʻoihana. " Eia nō naʻe, loaʻa nā kakini o nā leka uila e US Right to Know, i kau ʻia i kēia manawa i loko o ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS a me Evanega e launa pū me ka ʻoihana pesticide a me nā hui o mua e pili ana i nā hana pili lehulehu. ʻO nā laʻana me:

Hōʻike ʻia nā laʻana hou aʻe o ka launa pū CAS me nā hui ʻoihana ma lalo o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.  

Ke hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā hui i mua a me nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole

I kāna mau hana e hoʻolaha i nā GMO ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema" hopena no ka mahiʻai, ua hāʻawi ʻo Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i kāna papa i nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana a me kahi skeptic ʻepekema kaulana.

ʻO Trevor Butterworth a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS: Nā CAS hoa me Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS e hāʻawi iā “ke kūkā kamaʻilio helu no nā mea nūpepa”A hāʻawi aku he launa i ka luna o ka hui ʻo Trevor Butterworth, nāna i kūkulu kāna ʻoihana pale i nā huahana nui i ka Nine Inch, fracking, meaʻai maikaʻi 'ole i ke kino a nā ʻoihana lāʻau. ʻO Butterworth ke alakaʻi o Sense About Science USA, kahi āna i hoʻohui ai me kāna paepae mua, ʻo Statistics Analysis Service (STATS).

Ua wehewehe nā mea kākau moʻolelo i nā STAT a me Butterworth ma ke ʻano he mea pāʻani nui i nā pāʻina pale pale huahana ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā mea lapaʻau (e nānā Hōʻike nūhou, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ʻO ke kuʻina a ʻO ʻAkelanika). Hoʻomaopopo nā palapala Monsanto ʻO Sense About Science i waena o ka "hoa hana" ua hilinaʻi ia e pale aku iā Roundup e kūʻē i nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻOwen Paterson: I ka 2015, ua hoʻokipa ʻo CAS iā Owen Paterson, he kālaiʻāina Pelekane Pelekane Conservative a kaulana kaulana skeptic ʻepekema aniau ka mea hōʻemi i ke kālā no nā hana hoʻoliʻiliʻi hoʻomehana honua i kona manawa ma ke ʻano he Kuhina Kaiapuni ʻo UK. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Paterson i ka pae Cornell e koi i nā hui kaiapuni e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMOʻae i nā miliona e make.”Ua hoʻohana nā hui ʻoihana Pesticide i ka leka uila like 50 mau makahiki i hala aku nei e hoʻāʻo hōʻino iā Rachel Carson no ka hāpai ʻana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā DDT.

ʻO Lynas a me ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema: Pili pū ʻo Lynas o CAS me Sense About Science ma ke ʻano he lālā aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo lōʻihi. I ka 2015, ua hui pū ʻo Lynas me ka skeptic ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻo Owen Paterson Paterson ʻo Sense e pili ana i ka luna ʻepekema ʻo Tracey Brown i hoʻolana i kāna mea i kāhea ai ka "neʻe ʻana o ka ecomodernism," kahi hui like, ʻāpana anti-rula o ka "environmentism."

Hawaii Alliance no nā ʻelele ʻEpekema

Ma 2016, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo CAS i kahi ka hui hui i kapa ʻia ʻo Hawaii Alliance for Science, ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻo kāna kumu e "kākoʻo i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka hoʻoholo a me nā hana hou o ka mahiʻai i nā mokupuni." Loaʻa i kāna mau ʻelele:

ʻO Sarah Thompson, a ka limahana o Dow AgroSciences, hoʻohui ʻia ka Hawaii Alliance no ka ʻepekema, ka mea i hōʻike iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "hui i pili i nā kamaʻilio kumu waiwai ʻole pili pili i ka Cornell Alliance for Science." (ʻAʻole ʻike hou ʻia ka pūnaewele, akā mālama ka hui a Facebook palapala.)

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā hoʻolaha pāʻoihana kaiaulu mai ka Hawaii Alliance no ʻEpekema a me kāna mea hoʻonohonoho ʻo Thompson i wehewehe i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e like me poʻe haʻaheo a naʻaupō, hoʻolauleʻa nā mea kanu kulina a me nā soya a pale i nā pesticides neonicotinoid ka mea ʻike nui a ʻ saylelo mai nā ʻepekema he mau meli hōʻino.

ʻO Joan Conrow, Luna Hoʻoponopono o CAS, kākau ʻatikala ma luna ona pūnaewele pūnaewele, kela mea Pūnaewele “Kauai Eclectic” a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino nā kānaka olakino, nā hui kaiaulu a nā kālaiʻāina ma Hawaii nāna e kākoʻo i ka pale ʻana i nā pesticide ikaika, a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e kākau e pili ana i nā hopohopo pesticide. Loaʻa iā Conrow hoʻopiʻi ʻia nā hui kaiapuni o ka pale ʻauhau a me hoʻohālikelike i kahi hui palekana meaʻai i ka KKK.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo Conrow i kāna pili ma waena o Cornell. Ua hoʻohalahala ka nūpepa ʻo Beat Beat o Hawaiʻi iā Conrow nona nele i ka transparency a ʻōlelo iā ia i 2016 ma ke ʻano he kumu no ke kumu e hoʻololi nei ka pepa i kāna mau manaʻo hoʻopuka. ʻO Conrow "hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine i ka kuanaʻike pro-GMO me ka ʻōlelo ʻole ʻana i kāna hana ma ke ʻano he mea aloha i ka GMO," i kākau ʻo Polopeka journalism Brett Oppegaard. "Ua nalowale ʻo Conrow i kāna kūʻokoʻa nūhou (a me ka hilinaʻi) e hōʻike kūpono e pili ana i nā pilikia GMO, no ka leo o kāna hana i kēia mau pilikia."

ʻO Joni Kamiya, he 2015 CAS ʻO ka hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua hoʻopaʻapaʻa i nā rula pesticide ma kāna pūnaewele Ke kaikamahine a ka mahiai o Hawaii, i ka Media a no ka hui o mua ʻoihana Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic. ^ E Ha yM. Aia ʻo ia "Luna ʻelele" no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pūnaewele pāʻoihana GMO Nā Pane. E like me Conrow, ʻōlelo ʻo Kamiya i nā hōʻike pesticide ma Hawaii ʻaʻole pilikia, a e hoʻāʻo nei e hōʻino i nā luna i koho ʻia a "Nā mea hana kaiapuni" ka poʻe makemake e hoʻoponopono i nā pesticides.

ʻO Cornell Alliance no nā limahana ʻEpekema, nā aʻoaʻo

Ua wehewehe ʻo CAS iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he "papahana i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell, kahi ʻoihana loaʻa kālā ʻole." ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hui i kāna moʻohelu kālā, nā hoʻolilo a me nā uku o nā limahana, a ʻaʻole hōʻike ʻo Cornell University i kekahi ʻike e pili ana iā CAS i kāna faila ʻauhau.

Papa inoa ka pūnaewele Nā lālā o ka 20, me Luna Hoʻokele ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, a me Luna Hooponopono ʻO Joan Conrow (ʻaʻole papa inoa ʻo Mark Lynas a i ʻole kekahi mau hoa e loaʻa pū ka uku). ʻO nā lālā limahana ʻē aʻe i helu ʻia ma ka pūnaewele me:

Aia i ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo CAS nā kālaiʻike e kōkua mau i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai me kā lākou mau hana PR.

ʻO Gates Foundation: nā loiloi o nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai 

Mai ka 2016, ua hoʻolilo ka Gates Foundation ma kahi o $ 4 biliona no nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala mahiʻai, ʻo ka hapa nui o ia mea i kau ʻia ma ʻApelika. ʻO nā hoʻolālā hoʻolālā mahiʻai o ke kahua alakaʻi ʻia e Rob Horsch (ua hoʻomaha loa), a ʻO Monsanto veteran o 25 makahiki. Ua huki ka hoʻolālā i ka hoʻopiʻi no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO a me nā mahiʻai ma ʻApelika ma luna o ka ke kūʻē ʻana i nā pūʻulu hoʻokumu ʻApelika a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka nohona, a me nā hopohopo a me nā kānalua e pili ana i nā mea kanu ʻenekene a puni ʻApelika.

ʻO nā loiloi a ka Gates Foundation e hoʻokokoke nei i ka hoʻomohala mahiʻai a me ke kālā.

ʻO nā hui like ʻoihana CAS hou aku 

Loaʻa nā leka uila ma o FOIA e US Right to Know, a ua kau ʻia i kēia manawa i ka Waihona palapala ʻoihana hana ʻino UCSF, hōʻike iā CAS e launa pū ana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui pili lehulehu e hoʻonohonoho i nā hanana a me ka leka ʻana:

ʻO nā loiloi hou aʻe a Mark Lynas 

IFIC: Pehea e ʻai ai ka ʻai nui i nūhou maikaʻi ʻole

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Loaʻa nā palapala e US Right to Know a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe e hoʻomālamalama i ka hana o loko o ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai (IFIC), kahi hui kālepa i kālā kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana nui a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, a me kāna mea kōkua ʻole "lima aʻo lehulehu" ka Hoʻokumu IFIC. Mālama nā hui IFIC i nā papahana noiʻi a me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa, hana i nā mea kūʻai aku a hoʻohui i nā hui ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e kamaʻilio i ka wili ʻoihana e pili ana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka meaʻai. ʻO ka leka ʻana me ka paipai ʻana a me ka pale ʻana i ke kō, nā meaʻai i hana ʻia, nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻino, nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai, nā mea pesticides a me nā meaʻai i hoʻopololei ʻia.

ʻO ka hōʻike ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai pesticide no Monsanto

Ma ke ʻano he laʻana e pili ana i nā hui ʻo IFIC me nā ʻoihana e hoʻolaha i nā huahana mahiʻai a pale i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai palapala Monsanto kūloko hōʻike iā IFIC ma ke ʻano he “ʻOihana hoa hana” ma ka hoʻolālā pilina lehulehu o Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i ka hui noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻoholo ʻo IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Ua helu ʻo Monsanto iā IFIC ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana" ʻo Tier 3 me ʻelua mau pūʻulu kālā i hoʻolako ʻia i ka ʻoihana meaʻai, ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai a me ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono.

Pehea e hoʻāʻo ai ʻo IFIC e haʻi i kāna leka i nā wahine.

Ua ʻike ʻia nā pūʻulu ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kahi "Stakeholder Engagement team" i hiki ke makaʻala i nā ʻoihana meaʻai i kā Monsanto "papa hana inoculation" no ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate.

Kau ʻia nā blog ma hope Pūnaewele IFIC e kahaki i ka patronizing o ka hui “mai hopohopo, paulele iā mākou” leka i nā wahine. Komo pū nā mea komo, "8 mau ʻano pupule a lākou e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻoweliweli iā ʻoe e pili ana i nā hua a me nā mea kanu," "Ke ʻoki ʻana i nā mea ma luna o ka glyphosate," a me "Ma mua o ka pīhoihoi, e nīnau aku i ka poʻe loea ... nā loea maoli."

Mea hoʻolako kālā hui

Ua hoʻolilo ʻo IFIC ma kahi o $ 22 miliona i loko o nā makahiki he ʻelima mai 2013-2017, ʻoiai ua lilo ka IFIC Foundation ma kahi o $ 5 miliona i kēlā mau makahiki ʻelima, e like me nā palapala ʻauhau i waiho ʻia me ka IRS. Nā hui a me nā hui ʻoihana e kākoʻo iā IFIC, e like me nā hoʻolaha lehulehu, e hui pū me ka American Beverage Association, American Meat Science Association, Archer Daniels Midland Company, Bayer CropS Science, Cargill, Coca-Cola, Dannon, DowDuPont, General Mills, Hershey, Kellogg, Mars, Nestle, Perdue Farms and PepsiCo.

ʻO nā palapala ʻauhau kikoʻī no ka IFIC Foundation, i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala hoʻopaʻa mokuʻāina, e papa inoa i nā ʻoihana i hoʻolako kālā i ka hui i 2011, 2013 a i ʻole ʻelua: ʻAhahui Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai, Coca-Cola, ConAgra, General Mills, Kellogg, Kraft Foods, Hershey, Mars, Nestle, PepsiCo a me Unilever. Ua hāʻawi ka US Department of Agriculture i ka IFIC Foundation $ 177,480 o ke kālā ʻauhau ma 2013 e hana i kahi “alakaʻi o ka mea kamaʻilio”No ka paepae ʻana i nā meaʻai hana ʻenekini.

Noi pū ʻo IFIC i ke kālā mai nā ʻoihana no nā hana pale pale huahana kūikawā. ʻO kēia leka uila ʻo ʻApelila 28, 2014 mai kahi luna IFIC i kahi papa inoa lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka ʻoihana hui e noi ana i $ 10,000 hāʻawi e hoʻohou i ka "Understanding our Food" manaʻo e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai i nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia. Hoʻomaopopo ka leka uila i nā kākoʻo kālā mua: Bayer, Coca-Cola, Dow, Kraft, Mars, McDonalds, Monsanto, Nestle, PepsiCo a me DuPont.

Paipai i nā GMO i nā keiki kula

Hoʻohui ʻia ʻo IFIC Nā'āpana 130 ma o ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana i nā hana leka ʻana e "hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hoʻomaopopo" e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia. Hoʻopili nā lālā i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, ka ʻAha Kālā Kalena, ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono a me The Conservancy Kūlohelohe.

Hāʻawi ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana i nā curricula aʻo manuahi e aʻo i nā haumāna e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia, e like me "Ka ʻepekema o ka hānai ʻana i ka Honua"No nā K-8 kumu a me"Ke lawe nei i ka Biotechnology i ke ola”No nā papa 7-10.

ʻO ka hana i loko o nā lawelawe PR a IFIC

He moʻo palapala i loaʻa mai iā US Right to Know hāʻawi i kahi ʻano o ka hana a IFIC ma hope o nā hanana e wili i nā lono maikaʻi ʻole a pale i nā huahana o kāna kākoʻo ʻoihana.

Hoʻohui i nā mea kūkala nūhou i nā ʻepekema uku kālā ʻoihana  

  • 5 Mei 2014 leka uila mai Matt Raymond, ka luna nui o ke kamaʻilio ʻana, ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia i ke alakaʻi ʻana ʻo IFIC a me ka "hui kūkā kamaʻilio media" i nā "moʻolelo kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i kēia manawa ʻo IFIC" e kōkua ai i ka wili ʻana i ka nūhou maikaʻi ʻole, e like me ka pane ʻana i ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Fed Up. Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia ua pili aku lākou i kahi mea kākau nūhou o New York Times me “Dr. ʻO John Sievenpiper, ko mākou loea kaulana i ka māla kō. ” ʻO Sievenpiper "i waena o kahi pūʻulu ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻona Kanada i loaʻa kālā he haneli mau tausani i ke kālā mai nā mea hana inu wai ʻoluʻolu, nā hui kālepa meaʻai pūʻai a me nā ʻoihana kō, e hoʻohuli i nā noiʻi a me nā ʻatikala manaʻo e kūlike pinepine me nā makemake o kēlā mau ʻoihana, ” e like me ka National Post.
  • Nā leka uila mai 2010 a 2012 manaʻo e hilinaʻi ʻo IFIC i kahi hui liʻiliʻi o nā ʻepekema e pili ana i ka ʻoihana e kū i nā noiʻi e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMO. I nā leka uila ʻelua, ʻo Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi nāna loaʻa nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto e hoʻolaha a pale aku iā GMO, aʻoaʻo iā IFIC i ka pehea e pane ai i nā noi e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā GMO.

Hōʻike ka luna DuPont i ka hoʻolālā stealth e kū i nā hōʻike mea kūʻai aku

  • i ka Pepeluali 3, 2013 leka uila, Hoʻomaopopo nā limahana IFIC i kāna "hui pili media" i hōʻike ʻia e nā Consumer Reports nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka hopena o ka nohona o nā GMO. ʻO Doyle Karr, Kā DuPont alakaʻi o ke kulekele biotechnology a me ka pelekikena hope o ka papa o Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono, i hoʻouna aku i ka leka uila i kahi ʻepekema me kahi nīnau no nā manaʻo pane, a ʻōlelo ʻia e kūʻē i nā Consumer Reports me kēia ʻano hana huna. me nā (Consumer Reports ') mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i ka hopena palekana a me ke kaiapuni. ?? ”

Hāʻawi nā lawelawe PR ʻē aʻe iā IFIC i ka ʻoihana

  • Hoʻolaha i nā helu ʻōlelo ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni: April 25, 2012 leka i nā lālā 130 o ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana "ma ka inoa o ka lālā Alliance Ka Hui Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai ” Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ke koho balota o Kaleponi e kapa inoa i nā meaʻai me nā ʻenekini genetically "e pāpā pono ʻole i ke kūʻai aku ʻana he ʻumi tausani mau mea kūʻai mai i Kaleponi inā ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā lepili kūikawā."
  • Kūpono i nā puke loiloi i nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia: February 20, 2013 Ua wehewehe ka leka uila i ka hoʻolālā a IFIC e wili i ʻelua mau puke e kūhewa ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai, “paʻakai, kō, momona” na Michael Moss, a me “Pandora's Lunchbox” na Melanie Warner. Ua komo pū nā hoʻolālā me ke kākau ʻana i nā loiloi puke, e hoʻolaha ana i nā kiko kamaʻilio a me ka "ʻimi ʻana i nā koho hou aʻe e hoʻonui ai i ka hana i ka pāpaho kikoʻī i ana ʻia e ka nui o ka uhi ʻana." I loko o kahi leka uila ʻo Pepeluali 22, 2013, ua kī i kahi luna IFIC i ʻekolu mau kālaiʻike - ʻO Roger Clemens o ke Kulanui o Kaleponi Hema, ʻO Mario Ferruzzi o ke Kulanui ʻo Purdue a ʻO Joanne Slavin o ke Kulanui o Minnesota - e noi iā lākou e loaʻa no nā nīnauele nūhou e pili ana i nā puke. Hāʻawi ka leka uila i nā kālaiʻike me nā hōʻuluʻulu o nā puke ʻelua a me nā ʻōlelo kamaʻilio a IFIC e pale ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻia. "E mahalo mākou iā ʻoe e kaʻana like ʻana i nā manaʻo kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā pilikia ʻepekema kikoʻī i hāpai ʻia i loko o nā puke," i ʻōlelo ʻia ka leka uila mai iā Marianne Smith Edge, ka pelekikena hope nui o IFIC no ka mālama pono ʻana i ka meaʻai.
  • Nā noiʻi a me nā ana e kākoʻo i nā kūlana ʻoihana; hoʻokahi laʻana he anamanaʻo 2012 i loaʻa 76% o nā mea kūʻai mai "ʻaʻole hiki ke noʻonoʻo i kahi mea hou aʻe a lākou e makemake ai e ʻike ma ka lepili" ʻo ia hoʻohana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana e kūʻē i ka lepili GMO.
  • "Mai hopohopo, hilinaʻi iā mākou" nā poloka kūʻai, e like me keia kekahi ka wehewehe ʻana i nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai a me nā kala i mea hopohopo ʻole. ʻO nā kemika a me nā kala i "mea nui i ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā hemahema koʻikoʻi o waena o nā mea kūʻai mai," e like me ka pepa IFIC Foundation i "hoʻomākaukau ʻia ma lalo o kahi ʻaelike me ka US Food and Drug Administration."

hoʻokumu mua ʻia Mei 31, 2018 a hōʻano hou ʻia i Pepeluali 2020

Nina Fedoroff: Ke hoʻoneʻe nei i ka mana o ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika e hoʻihoʻi iā Monsanto

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  • Ma ke ʻano he pelekikena a he luna luna o ka AAAS mai 2011-2013, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Dr. Fedoroff i nā pahuhopu kulana ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hana ʻo ia i kēia manawa no kahi ʻoihana lobbying.
  • ʻO nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike nei pehea e launa pū ai nā pilina lehulehu a me nā hana lobbying ma hope o nā hanana i waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua a me nā kālaiʻike i kū kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO Nina Fedoroff, PhD, kekahi o nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi nui e koi ana i ka hoʻolaha a me ka hoʻopau ʻia ʻana o nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered. He pelekikena ʻo ia o ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka Holomua ʻEpekema (2011-2012) a me ka luna o ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS (2012-2013). He wahine ʻo ia aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe mai ka 2015 ma OFW Law, kahi hui lobbying nona nā mea kūʻai aku i hoʻopili pū Syngenta a me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology, kahi hui kālepa e pani ana iā Bayer (nona nona Monsanto), BASF, Corteva (kahi mahele o DowDuPont) a me Syngenta.

Mai ka 2007-2010, ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema a me ʻenehana aʻoaʻo i ke Kakauolelo o ka Mokuʻāina a me ka Luna Hoʻokele o USAID ma lalo o kā George W. Bush a me Obama mau hoʻomalu. Ma mua o kēlā, he wahine ʻo ia ka lālā o ka papa o ka Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, kahi hui kemika multinational a me biotech firm; a me kahi lālā lālā aʻoaʻo o Evogene, kahi hui biotechnology i hui pū me DuPont, Syngenta, ʻO Bayer a Monsanto.

He hanana 2017 e paipai i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ʻEpekema a me Health Puke “ʻepekema junk” i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a pili ʻelua ʻepekema me nā hui e hōʻole i ka ʻepekema o ke aniau.

Ma ke ʻano he kākau ʻōlelo no Hillary State ʻO kā Clinton ʻepekema czar, "Ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he diplomat no ka"GMO i ke ala āpau"Ke kumu o ke kulekele ʻē aʻe o US, ua hōʻike ʻo Tom Philpott ma Grist i ka makahiki 2008 a me ka makahiki 2009. Ua hōʻike aku ʻo Pesticide Action Network o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa iā Dr. Fedoroff"maoli ka ʻelele US ”no ka hana ʻenekini. Wahi a Greenpeace, ʻo Kauka Fedoroff he "a kākoʻo ikaika no ka hoʻolaha honua o GM (hoʻololi kūlohelohe) i nā meaʻai i loko o kāna ʻoihana. "

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana a me ka luna hoʻomalu o AAAS, ka honua nui loa ʻo ka hui ʻepekema multidisciplinary, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i kēlā mau kuleana e hāʻawi i ke kōkua politika i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai: ʻo kahi laʻana, ua hoʻopuka ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o kona noho luna hoʻomalu i kahi ʻōlelo no ka manawa politika e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO i ka makahiki 2012. ʻOiai ka pelekikena o ka ʻepekema hui ma 2011 , Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ke eo ʻana i kahi noi US EPA e koi ai i ka ʻikepili hou aʻe no ke olakino a me ka palekana no nā mea kanu GMO, e like me nā leka uila i hōʻike ʻia ma lalo nei. ʻIke, ʻO Nina Fedoroff, AAAS a me ka keʻena ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻAʻole pane ʻo Kauka Fedoroff lāua ʻo AAAS i nā noi no ka pane.

ʻO nā pilina me nā ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni i mua o nā hui a me nā hana PR

Ua hoʻolauna a kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hōʻoia i nā hui e koi ana he leo kūʻokoʻa lākou no ka ʻepekema akā hana ma hope o nā hanana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i nā ala e alakaʻi hewa ai i ka lehulehu - me nā hui ʻelua i kōkua iā Monsanto e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino nā ʻepekema nāna i lawelawe ma ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) panel panel i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha ma 2015.

ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) kālā ʻia e nā hui kemika, lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā paka, wahi a pū ʻia nā palapala kūloko palapala kēlā pehea ka hui ʻana o ka hui i kāna ʻoihana i nā ʻoihana no nā huahana pale pale huahana. ʻO nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hana o ka ʻaha e hōʻike iā Monsanto ua ʻae e kālā iā ACSH i 2015, a ua noi i ka hui e kākau e pili ana ka hōʻike IARC cancer ma glyphosate; ACSH ma hope koi ʻo ka hōʻike kanesa he "ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni."     

Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kēia hui ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema kūpono i kahi 2017 Hanana ʻo Press Press Club e hoʻomaka i ka ACSH's "Little Black Book of Junk Science." ʻIke ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao o Dr. Fedoroff ma ka hanana paʻi he ʻelua ʻepekema i pili me nā hui hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau a hale moe no nā huahana paka:

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa ma ka pūnaewele o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui e koi kūʻokoʻa ana akā nā hoapili me Monsanto ma PR a me nā papahana lobbying, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know. Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala i ka waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha ua papa inoa ʻo Monsanto i kēia hui ma waena o ka "Nā hoa hana" ua hoʻolālā e komo i kahi hoʻolālā e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka loiloi glyphosate a IARC i mea e "pale ai i ka inoa a me FTO o Roundup." ʻO ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kau ʻia ma mua o Nā huahana 200 loiloi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai, me nā hoʻouka kaua pilikino he nui i nā ʻepekema i pili i ka hōʻike glyphosate, e hoʻopiʻi nei iā lākou kipi, hoʻopunipuni, e moe ana, palaho, hūnā, a ke hoʻoulu ʻia e “waiwai a me ka lapuwale. ”??

i ka moʻo lanakila lanakila ma Le Monde e pili ana i kā Monsanto "hana e luku i ka UN cancer cancer agency e nā mea hiki ke hiki," ua wehewehe nā mea nūpepa ʻo Stéphane Foucart lāua ʻo Stéphane Horel i ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ACSH ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" a ʻōlelo ʻo GLP "hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana nā pesticides a me nā ʻoihana ʻenehana biotechnology. " Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo GLP ma 2011 e Jon Entine, nona kahi ʻoihana pili lehulehu ʻo ia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa.

Nā hōʻeha i nā mea noiʻi maʻi maʻi ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e papa inoa nei iā Dr. Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he "lālā papa":

Nānā Hou: Ua hoʻolauna ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka loiloi ʻepekema ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema hilinaʻi loa ma kahi ʻatikala 2012 ma ʻO nā kū i nā Genetics a me kahi ninaninau 2016 me ka Washington Examiner e pili ana ʻaihue journalism. Ua loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ʻo Review Academics ia hoʻonohonoho i kahi pūʻulu mua me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hōʻino i nā loiloi o ka ʻenekinia a me nā pesticides, ʻoiai ka hūnā ʻana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana. ʻO ka hui, kahi koi kūʻokoʻa akā ua kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, kaua aku i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika ma ke ʻano he "scam marketing."

ʻO Camp Camp Boot Biotech: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā lālā kumu o kahi papahana Biotech Literacy "kahua hoʻomoana" i mālama ʻia ma UC Davis ma 2015. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hanana e nā hui PR ʻelua, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā Hou a kālā malū ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai e "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻino o glyphosate," i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Paul Thacker i Ka Holomua. Hoʻokomo ʻia nā mea kamaʻilio i ka papa inoa kamaʻāina o nā mea kōkua PR ʻoihana pū me ʻO Jay Byrne, ʻO Jon Entine, Bruce Chassy, ​​ʻO David Tribe, ʻO Hank Campbell o ACSH a me ka keynote by ʻo ka "Sci Babe."

AgBioWorld: I kāna 2012 Trends and Genetics Haawina, Paipai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld ma ke ʻano he "waiwai waiwai ʻē aʻe" e aʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. I ka 2002 'atikala ma ke Kahu, Ua wehewehe ʻo George Monbiot i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka hui PR PR a Monsanto i ka pūnaewele AgBioWorld a me nā moʻoʻōlelo pilipili hoʻopunipuni e hōʻino ai i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kaiapuni i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā huaʻai GM. Ua hōʻike ʻo Monbiot: 

"I ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua wehewehe ʻo Jay Byrne, ka luna o ka pūnaewele ʻo [Monsanto] i ka manawa i kekahi mau loina ʻē aʻe i nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ia ma Monsanto. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia pehea, ma mua o kāna hana ʻana, nā pūnaewele GM kiʻekiʻe i helu ʻia e kahi ʻenekini huli pūnaewele e loiloi i ka ʻenehana. Ma hope o kāna hoʻopili ʻana, ʻo nā pūnaewele kiʻekiʻe nā mea kākoʻo (ʻehā o lākou i hoʻokumu ʻia e Monsanto's PR firm Bivings). Ua haʻi ʻo ia iā lākou e 'noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papa. E kiʻi paha ʻoe iā ia a i ʻole e hana ana kāu mea hoʻokūkū, akā e make paha kekahi. '

ʻOiai ʻo ia e hana ana no Monsanto, haʻi aku ʻo Byrne i ka nūhou pūnaewele ʻo Wow ua "hoʻolilo ʻo ia i kona manawa a me kāna hana e komo" i nā kūkākūkā pūnaewele e pili ana i ka biotech. Ua koho ʻo ia i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld, kahi e hōʻoia ai i kāna ʻoihana i ka pāʻani kūpono. ' ʻO AgBioWorld kahi pūnaewele i hoʻokumu ʻia e [ka pilikino pūnaewele hoʻopunipuni ʻo Mary] Smetacek i kāna hoʻouka kaua. "

Attack ma Greenpeace: Kauka Fedoroff haiolelo ma kahi hanana paʻi 2016 no kahi hui e kāhea iā ia iho "Kākoʻo i ka mahiʻai Precision, "E hōʻike ana i kahi leka i kau inoa ʻia e nā luna Nobel he 100 a ʻoi aku e hōʻino ana iā Greenpeace no ko lākou kūʻē ʻana iā GMO. ʻO nā mea kōkua ʻoihana Agrichemical kōkua i ke kaua, e like me ka Luna Hoʻokaʻaʻike mua a Monsanto ʻO Jay Byrne; ʻo VP ka hui kālepa biotech mua ʻO Val Giddings; a ʻO Matt Winkler, ka mea nāna i kālā i ka Pāhana PR papahana Pāhana Helu Pono a helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he ka lālā o ka papa me Kauka Fedoroff ma ka pūnaewele pūnaewele. ʻO ka mana .com o ke kūʻokoʻa i manaʻo ʻia he kūʻokoʻa "Kākoʻo Precision Agriculture" hoʻohuli ʻia i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic no nā makahiki (ua kuhi ʻia ma hope o kā mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā iā ia i ka 2019). I loko o nā leka uila mai 2011, Ua ʻike ʻo Byrne iā Greenpeace ma ka papa inoa "target" e hoʻomohala nei no Monsanto me nā inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana e hiki iā lākou ke kūʻē mai hope o ka uhi o kahi pūʻulu aʻo hana kālā-ʻoihana ua kūʻokoʻa kēlā.

Nā Hoa o GMO Nā Pane: ʻO Kauka Fedoroff kahi ke kūkā kūʻokoʻa no nā pane GMO, a Hoʻolālā PR hoʻolaha ʻia e Ketchum pili lehulehu, ia mea a moʻolelo o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu. ʻOiai ʻo Ketchum i koi i ka neʻe ʻana o nā pane GMO Answers e "hōʻano hou i ka transparency," ka hui nā pane scripted no ka loea "kūʻokoʻa" a ua helu ʻia i waena o nā "hoa hana" ma Hoʻolālā PR ʻo Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai. A Ua kuhikuhi ka ʻāpana "nā kumuwaiwai" (ʻaoʻao 4) i nā GMO Answers a me nā loulou ʻo Monsanto e kamaʻilio i ka leka o ka ʻoihana "ʻaʻole ʻo Glyphosate i mea make kino." I ka 2016, Kauka Fedoroff i kamaʻilio ʻia ma kahi panela i kākoʻo ʻia e GMO Answers, Scientific American a me ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e pili ana i ka uhi pāpaho o ka ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i nā mea hana nūhou hana Keith Kloor a ʻO Tamar Haspel. E nānā “Hele mai ka mīkini ʻenekini ʻo Monsanto i Wakinekona, ”Na Paul Thacker.

ʻO ka noiʻi kūʻē e wehe i ka pilina ʻoihana-kālaiʻike

I ka 2015, ua kākoʻo ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a me ʻelua mau pelekikena ʻo AAAS ma mua, ʻo Peter Raven lāua ʻo Phillip Sharp, i kā lāua alakaʻi alakaʻi AAAS, akā ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i kekahi o kā lākou ʻoihana pili, i kahi Kahu op-ed Ke kūʻē nei i kahi hoʻokolokolo a ka lehulehu e ʻimi nei e wehe i ka pili pili ʻole i hōʻike ʻole ʻia a me nā hoʻonohonoho kālā ma waena o nā hui mahiʻai, kā lākou mau hui PR a me nā polopola i kākoʻo lehulehu ʻia ʻO ka ninaninau ʻia e US Right to Know wehe i kekahi o nā palapala nui i wehewehe ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

ʻOiai ua hoʻohui hope ke kahu a ʻike hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke keʻena lobby OFW Law, ʻaʻole ia i hōʻike ʻO kā OFW Law mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa ʻo ia ka hui kālepa ʻoihana mahiʻai, nona nā ʻoihana lālā i mea nui o ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i nā moʻolelo lehulehu. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā pelekikena o ka AAAS mua i kā lākou op-ed i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e wehe ai i nā hakakā ʻoihana-kālaiʻike i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o ka hoihoi ʻo "ke kiʻi nei i kahi ʻaoʻao mai ka puke pāʻani Climategate" a ua pili i ka "ʻepekema hōʻole," nā hoʻopiʻi like i hana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana PR i wehewehe ʻia i kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka AAAS e holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻoihana mahiʻai

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana o ka ʻAhahui ʻAmelika no ka holomua o ka ʻepekema (AAAS) mai 2011-2012 a ma ke ʻano he poʻo o ka Papa Hoʻokele mai 2012-2013, ua hana pū ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai e holomua i nā pahuhopu nui: mālama i nā genetically ʻenekini ʻai ʻole ʻia nā inoa ʻole a lanakila i kahi noi e ka US Environmental Protection Agency e koi ʻia i nā ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni o nā mea hana ʻenekini i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e like me nā pesticides.

Ua kōkua ʻo AAAS e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe koho balota e kūʻē i ka lepili o GMO

I ka 2012, ua lawe ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o ka noho aliʻi o Kauka Fedoroff i kahi hana maʻamau i ke kūlana politika hakakā i loko o ʻelua mau pule wale nō ma mua o ka hele ʻana o ka poʻe koho balota ma Kaleponi i nā balota e hoʻoholo ai i ka Proposition 37, kahi hana balota e kapa inoa ai i nā GMO. ʻO kahi loiloi i nā ʻōlelo politika he nui i hana ʻia e AAAS ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o ka hui e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohuli i nā poʻe koho balota ma mua o ke koho balota mokuʻāina. (ʻAʻole pane ka AAAS a me Kauka Fedoroff i nā noi no ka manaʻo. Hoʻolaha pū kekahi: ua hana nā luna hui o USRTK i ka hoʻolaha pro-labeling.)

ʻO ka papa AAAS's olelo kūʻēʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO. ʻO ia loaʻa hewahewa, e like me ka lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka AAAS, kekahi o lākou hōʻino i ka ʻōlelo anti-lepili ma ke ʻano he "paternalistic" hoʻouka kaua i nā pono o nā mea kūʻai aku i alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu ma o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka pōʻaiapili ʻepekema koʻikoʻi. Ua haʻi kahi waha ʻōlelo ʻo AAAS i kēlā manawa, ʻo Ginger Pinholster, i nā loiloi he "kūpono ʻole a pono ʻole." Ua haʻi ʻo ia i kahi mea hōʻike Aia ʻo ia i loko o ka lumi i ka wā i hala ai ka papa i ka ʻōlelo: “ʻAʻole mākou he hui kākoʻo. Hana mākou i kā mākou mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā hōʻike ʻepekema, "wahi a Pinholster. "Hiki iaʻu ke haʻi iā ʻoe ʻaʻole ka hana a kā mākou ʻōlelo a i hoʻohuli ʻia e kekahi hui waho."

Ua hoʻomaopopo kekahi o nā mea nānā i ka like o ka ʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia e ka AAAS a me ka hoʻouka kālā-ʻoihana e hoʻokahuli i ka Proposition 37. “Kūleʻa paha kahi hui ʻepekema nui no Monsanto?”Ua nīnau ʻo Michele Simon i loko o Grist. Ua wehewehe ʻo Simona i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa e like me "ʻaʻole ʻepekema akā kūpono loa," a ua ʻike ʻia ka hele pū me ka hoʻokuʻu paʻi a AAAS i loaʻa nā "kuhi kamaʻilio" i kūlike ʻole me No ma 37 puke paio.

"ʻO ka ʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ka maopopo he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema"

i ka 2013 leka i ka makasina ʻEpekema, ua hōʻike kekahi hui ʻepekema he 11 i ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa AAAS e pili ana i nā meaʻai GMO. Ua kākau lākou, "hopohopo mākou i ke kūlana o AAA e hōʻike nei i kahi ala maikaʻi ʻole e pili i ka kamaʻilio ʻana i ka ʻepekema.  ʻo ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ke aniani moakaka he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema. ”

He kākoʻo mua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff no ka ʻoihana i kākoʻo ʻia ma No ma 37, nāna i helu iā ia ma kāna pūnaewele i ka mahina ʻo Iune 2012 ʻo ia kekahi o ʻepekema ʻehā e kū ana i ke "kaiāulu ʻepekema a me nā kaiāulu" i kūʻē i ka lepili GMO. Ma hope ua noi ka huakaʻi iā Kauka Fedoroff e kōkua i ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā mea ʻoihana i kā lākou kumu, āna i hana ai e like me ʻOkakopa 1, 2012 leka uila iā Meghan Callahan o BCF Public Affairs, "Ua hoʻouna wau i kāu [noi no nā mea kākoʻo kālaiʻike] i kahi hui honua o ka biotechnology e kākoʻo ana i nā kālaiʻike. Manaʻo wau e lohe ana ʻoe mai nā kihi o ka honua, "kākau ʻo Kauka Fedoroff.

Kōkua i ka make ʻana i ka ʻikepili no nā mea kanu pesticide

I ka 2011 ʻoiai ke pelekikena ʻo AAAS, ua hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kahi lobbyist ʻoihana e kāpae i ka US Environmental Protection Agency mai ke koi ʻana i nā ʻoihana e hāʻawi i ka ʻikepili hou aku no ke olakino a me nā palekana no nā mea i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineised e like me nā pesticides, e like me nā leka uila. i ho'ākāka ʻia ma lalo.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka noi EPA mai kahi kūkā kūkā ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻEPA e pili ana nā ala e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ka hiki i ka ʻoihana ke hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻolālā ʻenekene e hana a i ʻole loaʻa nā pesticides, ka mea a EPA i kuhikuhi ai ʻo "nā mea pale i hoʻohui ʻia i nā mea kanu" (PIPs). Ua noi ʻia nā lālā o ka paneli e loiloi i nā koi ʻikepili EPA o kēia manawa a noi ʻia no nā PIP ma nā ʻano aʻe:

  • ʻIkepili e nānā i nā like like ma waena o nā PIP a me nā mea āpau, nā mea ʻino, nā anti-nutrient a me nā proteins weliweli ʻē aʻe;
  • nā hoʻāʻo ʻana no nā hopena synergistic ma ke olakino a me nā meaola ʻole pahuhopu, ke hui ʻia ʻelua a ʻoi paha mau hiʻohiʻona GMO (stacked trait GMO);
  • nā hopena e hiki ke hopena i nā lāhui microbial i nā kaiaolaola o ka lepo; a
  • nā ʻikepili e kamaʻilio maikaʻi ai i nā hopena o ke kahe gen.

Wahi a nā memo mai kahi hālāwai EPA o ʻOkakopa 2009, ʻo nā lula i hāpai ʻia e "kālele ka hapanui i nā koi ʻikepili e kū nei e pili ana i kēlā me kēia manawa," a e hoʻopuni ʻia i ʻelima mau ʻikepili a me ka ʻike: ka huina huahana, ke olakino kanaka, nā hopena kū ʻole, ka hopena o ke kaiapuni a me ke kūʻē ʻana. hoʻokele. EPA kūkala i nā lula i hāpai ʻia i ka Federal Register ma Malaki 2011.

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know ma o nā moʻohelu lehulehu e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻākoakoa ʻana o nā ʻohana āpau e kāpae i ka noi.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i nā kamaʻilio ma waena o Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi i kēlā manawa, ʻo Eric Sachs o Monsanto a me nā ʻelele ʻē aʻe e kūkākūkā ana i nā hana a me nā hālāwai e pili ana iā Dr. Fedoroff. Ua wehewehe ʻo Chassy iā ia iho i nā leka uila (palapala 66) ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻopili i waena o ka ʻoihana a me ka ʻepekema i ka hana e kūʻē i nā koina ʻikepili EPA. Ua nīnau ʻia i loko o kāna mau leka uila iā Sachs he mau nīnau e pili ana inā ua hoʻouna ʻo Monsanto i kahi kikoʻī i ke Kulanui o ʻIlioka Foundation no ke kākoʻo ʻana i kā Chassy "hana hoʻolaha biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo." (No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i loaʻa iā Chassy mai Monsanto no nā makahiki i kona hoʻolaha ʻana i ka biotechnology, e ʻike. e hōʻike nei na Monica Eng ma WBEZ a nā leka uila i kau ʻia e ka New York Times.)

Ma Iulai 5, ʻo Kauka Chassy leka uila iā Eric Sachs o Monsanto e hōʻike ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i leka iā EPA ma luna o kāna pūlima pūlima ʻia e 60 mau lālā o ka National Academy of Science. "Ua lālau maoli ʻo Nina i ka kinipōpō a neʻe i lalo i ke kahua," i kākau ai ʻo Chassy. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ke noi a EPA ma ke ʻano he "moku nahā."

Hōʻike nā leka uila ma ʻAukake 19, nā ʻelele hui kālepa ʻoihana pūʻiwa a hauʻoli hoʻi (ʻaoʻao 19) e ʻike i kahi New York Times op-ed mai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i nā lula no ka ʻenekinia genetika; "Na wai i hoʻokau i kā Nina op?" Ua noi ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO iā Dr. Chassy a me ʻelua mau ʻohana ʻē aʻe ʻelua. ʻO Henry Miller a ʻO Val Giddings. Pane akula ʻo Chassy:

Ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Massey iā Kauka Chassy ka leka BIO i hoʻouna ʻia i ka EPA "me ka manaʻolana e kūkulu ma luna o ka leka a nā ʻāpana a me kahi pōkole pōkole no ka haʻalele ʻana o ka EPA i kēlā leka." ʻAʻole kūleʻa kā lākou hana e like me kā lākou i manaʻo ai. Ma ʻAukake 24, Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Eric Sachs (ʻaoʻao 14) ua loaʻa iā Kauka Fedoroff "kahi pane mai ka EPA he ʻōlelo hōʻino ia." Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i nā hoʻolālā e hoʻopaʻa i ke kaomi.

 

I Kepakemapa, Chassy hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea kūkā kamaʻilio me Fedoroff, ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO a me kā lākou lobbyist ʻo Stanley Abramson, me kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe. Wahi a Chassy's nā memo mai ke kāhea ʻana, "Ke loaʻa nei i kahi ala e hōʻoia ai i ka noi EPA ʻaʻole ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā ʻo ia ka hopena maikaʻi loa i hiki iā mākou ke manaʻolana. ʻO ka mea ʻoi loa e hōʻoia ʻo DOA ia, akā inā pono e pono mākou e hoʻomau i ka hakakā. "

Ua haʻi pū ʻo ia i ka pilikia, "ʻAʻole manaʻo ka EPA e hiki i ke kaiāulu kālaiʻike ke kau i ka kūʻē kūʻē i kā lākou hana ʻana i ka rula. manaʻo lākou he hapa liʻiliʻi wale nō ma hope o ka palapala noi a ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mea kau inoa ʻaʻole paʻa i ka pilikia. " Ua hoʻoholo ka hui e pono lākou e "kūkulu i kumu o nā ʻepekema alakaʻi e makemake maoli nei e ʻōlelo a hāʻawi i ka manawa i kēia pilikia."

Ma ʻOkakopa, ua lana ka manaʻolana o ka hui. Chassy leka uila iā Sachs e hōʻike e pili ana i kahi hālāwai "kahaha kupaianaha" ʻo ia a me Dr. Fedoroff i hele pū me Steve Bradbury o EPA. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hui e Massey a me ka lobbyist ʻo Abramson. ʻO ka noi a EPA e koi i ka ʻikepili no GMO PIP ʻaʻole i ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā, e like me kā Michael Hansen, PhD, ʻepekema ʻepekema ma Consumers Union, i komo pū i nā hālāwai lehulehu me ka ʻoihana.

Nā kaulahao leka uila piha, ma o ka Hale Waihona Palapala ʻĀina ʻo UCSF:

Pili hōʻike 

"Ua pāpā ʻia au mai kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou Nobel Laureate Press e kahi mea kūkākūkā PR me Monsanto Ties, "Na Tim Schwab, Nānā Mea ʻai & Wai (2016)

"Nā Puppetmasters o Academia, "Na Jonathan Latham, PhD, Independent Science News (2015)

"20 mau makahiki ma hope mai: ke hele nei ke koa brotade biotech, ”Pūnaewele Hana Pesticide (2012)

"ʻO wai ka hana 'enekinia no wai? " na Marcia Ishii-Eitemann, PhD, ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma Pesticide Action Network North America (2011)

"E kala mai, NY Times: ʻaʻole e hoʻopakele nā ​​GMO i ka honua, ”Na Anna Lappe, Grist (2011)

"I loko o ia mea e hele ai au i ka manamana wāwae me ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a H. Clinton ma luna o GMO, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2009)

"Palapala Hoʻololi Hoʻololi Genetically: US Kulekele ʻĀina GMO Ma Ke Ala āpau, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2008)

ʻO wai ka mea e uku ana no nā hewa o Monsanto? O mākou

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Ua paʻi mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma ke Kahu.

Na Carey Gillam

Ke hoʻi mai nei nā moa i ka hale e kū ai, e like me kā lākou e ʻōlelo ai i ka ʻāina mahiʻai.

No ka lua o ka manawa ma lalo o ʻewalu mau mahina a Ua loaʻa i ke kiure US Hōʻike nā hōʻike ʻepekema he maopopo pili i ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pili ana i ka laina a Monsanto o nā herbicides Roundup i kūʻai nui ʻia, e hoʻohana nui ʻia e nā mea kūʻai aku a me nā mahiʻai. ʻElua mau manawa i hoʻoholo ai nā jure i nā moʻolelo ponoʻī o ka hui e hōʻike nei ua hana ʻino ʻo Monsanto i ka moʻolelo lehulehu e hūnā i nā pilikia maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua loaʻa nā jury ʻelua i nā uku hoʻopaʻi no ka mea ʻo ka uhi ʻana o ka ʻoihana o nā maʻi ʻaʻai he mea weliweli loa ia.

Ua ʻike nā kiure i nā hōʻike i kēlā Monsanto he pepa ʻepekema i kākau ʻia e ka ʻuhane, ua hoʻāʻo e hūnā i nā ʻepekema, hoʻowalewale i nā hoʻokolohua aupuni kūʻokoʻa a cozied i nā luna hoʻomalu no nā loiloi palekana maikaʻi o glyphosate, ka mea hana i Roundup.

ʻOiai ʻo ka luna kānāwai ʻAmelika ʻo Vince Chhabria, ka mea i alakaʻi i ka hoʻokolokolo ma Kapalakiko i hoʻopau ʻia i ka Pōʻakolu me kahi $ 80.2m poino award, loaʻa huaʻōlelo ʻoʻoleʻa no Monsanto. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Chhabria aia he "nui nui o nā hōʻike" e hōʻike nei i ka hiki i nā lāʻau ʻino ke hui i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia aia he "hōʻike he nui loa e pili ana i ka lawe ʻole ʻana o Monsanto i kahi kuleana kuleana kūpono e pili ana i ka palekana o kāna huahana ... a ʻaʻole ʻo ia e hopohopo inā paha e hāʻawi ana kāna huahana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, e nānā ana ma ka hana ʻana i ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu. e hoʻohaʻahaʻa nei i kekahi e hāpai i nā hopohopo maoli a kūpono e pili ana i kēia pilikia. ”

ʻO ka mea hou ʻo Monsanto, ka ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau Kelemania Bayer, ʻōlelo paʻa hewa nā kiure a me nā luna kānāwai; ʻaʻole kūpono ka hōʻike o ka pilikia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai. ʻike hewa ʻia nā hōʻike o ka hana ʻoihana maikaʻi ʻole a ʻaʻole i loko o ka pōʻaiapili. a e lanakila ka ʻoihana i ka hope.

I kēia manawa, ke hoʻolauleʻa nei nā loiloi Monsanto i nā lanakila a me ka helu ʻana i nā mea hou aʻe i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka hoʻokolokolo ʻekolu i kēia pule a 11,000 mau mea hoʻopiʻi hou aʻe ke kali nei i kā lākou manawa. Eia kekahi, ke hoʻi nei nā helu o nā kaiāulu a me nā ʻoihana e haʻalele nei i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lāʻau make a Monsanto. A ke hoʻopaʻi nei nā mea hoʻopukapuka iā Bayer, e hoʻokau nei i nā kumukūʻai ma kahi haʻahaʻa he ʻehiku mau makahiki i ka Pōʻahā.

Ua aʻo aku ʻo ka mea kālailai kālā o Susquehanna ʻo Tom Claps i nā mea kuleana e hoʻomākaukau no kahi noho honua ma waena o $ 2.5bn a me $ 4.5bn.

"ʻAʻole mākou e manaʻo e lilo ana ʻo [Monsanto] i kēlā me kēia hoʻokolokolo, akā manaʻoʻiʻo mākou hiki iā lākou ke lilo i ka hapa nui nui," i haʻi aku ʻo ia i ka Guardian.

Ma hope o ka lanakila ʻana o ka lumi hoʻokolokolo hou, ua hauʻoli kekahi i ka manaʻo ua hāʻawi ʻia ʻo Monsanto e uku no ka hewa i manaʻo ʻia. Akā ma ke kūʻai aku ʻana iā Bayer i ke kauwela i hala aku nei no $ 63bn ma mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai Roundup e hoʻokolokolo, ua hiki i nā luna hoʻomalu o Monsanto ke hele aku mai kahi hewa kū kānāwai me ka waiwai. Ua ʻae ka pelekikena Monsanto ʻo Hugh Grant iā ia e ʻeke i $ 32m, ma kahi laʻana.

I loko o ka haunaele o ka scuffles o ka hale hoʻokolokolo, aia kahi pilikia nui aʻe: kaomi a Monsanto e hoʻohana i nā lāʻau make glyphosate e laha loa i loaʻa nā lāki i kā mākou meaʻai a me nā wai o ke kino. auwē a me ka pōʻaiapuni a puni ka honua. Ua hoʻokau ʻo Monsanto a me kona mau hoahānau i nā mahiʻai ma ke ʻano he mākeke koʻikoʻi no kā lākou lāʻau make, fungicides a me nā insecticides, a i kēia manawa he nui nā mahiʻai a puni ka honua i manaʻo ʻaʻole hiki iā lākou ke mahiʻai me ka ʻole o lākou.

Hōʻike nā noiʻi e pili pū ana me ka paipai ʻana i ka maʻi a me nā maʻi i loko o ka poʻe, ʻo kēia mau pesticides i pākī ʻia e Bayer lāua ʻo Monsanto, DowDuPont a me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana ʻē aʻe. weliweli holoholona lōhiu, ke olakino o ka lepo, ka maikaʻi o ka wai a me ka hoʻomau lōʻihi o ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai. Akā ua ʻae nā mea hoʻokele i kēia ʻoihana e hoʻohui i nā pūʻali, e hoʻonui ana iā lākou i ka mana a hiki i ke alakaʻi ʻana i nā kulekele lehulehu i makemake i ko lākou mau makemake.

ʻO ke senator ma Massachusetts ʻo Elizabeth Warren i kēia pule Kāheaʻia ke hoʻihoʻi nei i kekahi o ia mana. Ua hoʻolaha ʻo ia ma ka Pōʻakolu i kahi hoʻolālā e wāwahi i nā agribusinesses nui a hana kūʻē i ke ʻano o ka hopu ʻana o nā ʻoihana ʻo Wakinekona a mākou i ʻike ai i nā makahiki i hala iho nei.

He paepae paʻa ia i ke ala kūpono. Akā ʻaʻole hiki iā ia ke wehe i ka ʻeha o ka poʻe i loaʻa i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, ʻaʻole hoʻi e hoʻololi maʻalahi i kahi ʻāina i hoʻohaumia loa ʻia e hana i kahi olakino e hiki mai ana a hoʻokuʻu iā mākou mai nā kaulahao o kahi ʻōnaehana mahiʻai pesticide-dependant.

A ʻoiai ʻo Bayer e hāʻawi aku i kahi mau piliona kālā i nā poho, ʻo wai ka mea e uku ʻia?

ʻO mākou āpau.

Nā kemika i kā mākou meaʻai: Ke "palekana" ʻaʻole paha e palekana

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Nānā ʻepekema o ke koena pesticide i ka meaʻai e ulu ana; nīnau ʻia nā pale hoʻomalu

Ua paʻi mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala ma Nūhou olakino kaiapuni.

Na Carey Gillam

ʻO nā mea hoʻomake i ka nāhelehele i loko o nā palaoa palaoa a me nā cereal, nā mea ʻino i loko o ka wai ʻāpala a me kahi hui o nā pesticides he nui i ka milo, nā pīni kaula a me nā mea ʻai ʻē aʻe - nā ʻāpana āpau o nā papaʻai o kēlā me kēia lā o ʻAmelika. No nā makahiki he nui, ua hoʻolaha nā luna aupuni pekelala i nā ʻano liʻiliʻi o kēia mau mea haumia i palekana. Akā kahi nalu hou o ka noiʻi ʻepekema e hoʻopiʻi nei i kēlā mau manaʻo.

ʻOiai ʻaʻole paha e ʻike ka poʻe kūʻai aku he nui iā ia, i kēlā me kēia makahiki, palapala nā ʻepekema aupuni pehea ka haneli o nā kemika i hoʻohana ʻia e nā mahiʻai ma kā lākou māla a me nā mea kanu i waiho i nā koena i nā meaʻai i hoʻopau nui ʻia. Ma mua o 75 pākēneka o nā huaʻai a ʻoi aku ma mua o 50 pākēneka o nā mea kanu i laʻana i lawe ʻia nā pesticides residues i ka hōʻike ʻia nā laʻana hou loa na ke Keʻena Mea ʻai a me nā lāʻau. ʻOiai nā koena o ka DDT kemika palena palena palena palena loa i ʻike ʻia i loko o ka meaʻai, a me kahi ʻano o nā pesticides ʻē aʻe i ʻike ʻia e nā ʻepekema. hoʻopili ʻia i ke ʻano o nā maʻi a me nā maʻi. ʻO ka pesticide endosulfan, pāpā ʻia ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa ma muli o nā hōʻike e hiki ke kumu i nā pilikia neurological a me ka reproductive, ua loaʻa pū kekahi i nā laʻana meaʻai, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka hōʻike a FDA.

Koi aku nā luna hoʻomalu o ʻAmelika a me nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i nā kemika i nā mahiʻai i nā koena pesticide ʻaʻohe mea hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino kanaka. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā koena i loaʻa i ka meaʻai e hāʻule i waena o nā pae "hoʻomanawanui" i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), i ʻōlelo nā mea hoʻokele.

"Pili ka poʻe ʻAmelika i ka FDA e hōʻoia i ka palekana o ko lākou mau ʻohana a me nā meaʻai a lākou e ʻai ai," Ua haʻi ʻo ke Komikina ʻo FDA ʻo Scott Gottlieb i kahi hoʻokuʻu nūhou e hele pū ana me kā ka ʻoihana ʻOkakopa 1 hoʻokuʻu i kāna hōʻike koena. "E like me nā hōʻike hou ʻē aʻe, hōʻike nā hopena i nā pae āpau o nā koena pesticide kemika ma lalo o ka hoʻomanawanui ʻana o ka Environmental Protection Agency, a no laila ʻaʻole pilikia i ka poʻe kūʻai."

Paulele loa ka EPA i ka palekana o nā pesticides i ka meaʻai i hāʻawi ʻia e ka ʻoihana i nā hui kemika he nui no ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā ʻae ʻana i ʻae ʻia, me ka hāʻawi pono ʻana i kumu kumu no nā koina pesticide kiʻekiʻe i ʻae ʻia i ka meaʻai ʻAmelika.

Akā ua hoʻoholomua nā noiʻi ʻepekema hou i ka nui o nā ʻepekema e aʻoaʻo e hewa paha nā makahiki hoʻohiki no ka palekana ʻOiai ʻaʻole e manaʻo ʻia e hāʻule make kahi kanaka mai ka ʻai ʻana i kahi pola cereal i loaʻa nā koena pesticide, hōʻike pinepine ʻia i nā pae pesticides i ka nui o nā pilikia olakino, no nā keiki, ʻōlelo nā ʻepekema.

“Nui paha nā hopena olakino ʻē aʻe; ʻaʻole mākou i hoʻopaʻa ʻia iā lākou ”

Ua paʻi ʻia kahi kime o ka ʻepekema ʻo Harvard he manaʻo ʻōlelo i ʻOkakopa e hōʻike nei i ka noiʻi hou e pili ana i nā loulou hiki i waena o ka maʻi a me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā koena pesticide e "koi nui ʻia" ʻoiai ʻoi aku ma mua o 90 pākēneka o ka heluna kanaka US he koena pesticide i kā lākou mimi a me ke koko. ʻO ke ala mua o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēia mau pesticides ma o nā meaʻai a nā kānaka e ʻai ai, i ʻōlelo ai ka hui noiʻi o Harvard.

Ua paʻi ʻia kekahi mau ʻepekema pili ʻē aʻe o Harvard a like i kēia makahiki o ka wahine e hoʻāʻo nei e hāpai. Ua hōʻike ʻia nā hopena i hōʻike ʻia ka hōʻike ʻana o ka pesticide pesticide i loko o kahi pae "ʻano" me nā pilikia e hāpai ana nā wahine a hānau i nā pēpē ola, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻepekema.

"ʻIke i nā pae hoʻomanawanui o kēia manawa e pale iā mākou mai ka ʻino nui. ʻO ka pilikia ʻaʻole maopopo i ka lōʻihi o ka hōʻike haʻahaʻa ʻana o ka pae wā lōʻihi i nā koena pesticide ma o ka meaʻai a i ʻole he mau pōʻino olakino, "i ʻōlelo ʻia e Kauka Jorge Chavarro, he loea pili o nā keʻena ʻo Nutr and Epidemiology ma Harvard. ʻO TH Chan School of Health Health, a ʻo kekahi o nā mea kākau hoʻopaʻa haʻawina.

"ʻO ka hōʻike ʻana i nā koena pesticide ma o ka papaʻai e hoʻopili ʻia [me] kekahi mau hopena hānau e like me ka maikaʻi o ka semen a me ka nui o ka pilikia o ka lilo ʻana o ka hāpai ma waena o nā wahine e hana ana i nā mālama infertility. Nui paha nā hopena olakino ʻē aʻe; ʻaʻole mākou i aʻo pono iā lākou e hana i kahi loiloi kūpono kūpono, ”i ʻōlelo ʻo Chavarro.

ʻO Toxicologist ʻO Linda Birnbaum, ka mea nāna e alakaʻi i ka US National Institute of Environmental Health Science (NIEHS), ua hāpai pū kekahi i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā pōʻino pesticide ma o nā hōʻike i manaʻo ʻia he palekana. I ka makahiki aku nei ua kāhea ʻo ia "Kahi hōʻemi holoʻokoʻa o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pesticides ahupuaʻa" ma muli o nā hopohopo he nui no ke olakino kanaka, e ʻōlelo ana "ʻaʻole i mālama nā lula US me nā holomua ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i nā kemika i hoʻohana nui ʻia e hana i nā pilikia olakino koʻikoʻi ma nā pae i manaʻo ʻia he palekana."

Ma kahi hālāwai ninaninau ua ʻōlelo ʻo Birnbaum ʻo nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai a me ka wai i waena o nā ʻano o nā hōʻike e pono ai ka loiloi nui o ka hoʻoponopono.

"Manaʻo wau he palekana nā pae i hoʻonohonoho ʻia i kēia manawa? ʻAʻole paha, "wahi a Birnbaum. "He mau kanaka like ʻole ko mākou, no kā lākou genetics ponoʻī, a i ʻole ko lākou mau makahiki, nā mea e hiki ke maʻalahi iā lākou i kēia mau mea," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

"ʻOiai mākou e nānā i nā kemika i kēlā me kēia manawa, nui nā hōʻike no nā mea e hana nei i kahi synergistic. ʻO ka nui o kā mākou mau kaʻina hoʻokolohua maʻamau, nā mea he nui i hoʻomohala ʻia 40 a 50 mau makahiki i hala, ʻaʻole e nīnau nei i nā nīnau a mākou e nīnau ai, "i hoʻohui ʻo ia.

Kūpono ke kānāwai ʻaʻole palekana

ʻO nā pepa ʻepekema ʻē aʻe e kuhikuhi pū ana i nā hopena pilikia. Hoʻokahi e kahi hui ʻepekema honua i paʻi ʻia i Mei loaʻa nāhelehele glyphosate i nā kaha i manaʻo ʻia he "palekana" hiki ke hana i nā pilikia olakino ma mua o ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka wā ʻōpio. Pono e noiʻi hou aʻe e hoʻomaopopo i nā pilikia i nā keiki, i ʻōlelo ʻia e nā mea kākau.

A i loko o kahi pepa i paʻi 'ia Oct. 22 i ka JAMA Internal Medicine, ua ʻōlelo nā kānaka noiʻi Palani ke nānā nei i ke koena o ka pesticide i nā maʻi ʻaʻai i ke aʻo ʻana i nā papaʻai ma mua o 68,000 mau kānaka, ua ʻike lākou i nā hōʻailona o ka ʻai ʻana i nā meaʻai meaola, ka mea hiki ʻole ke lawe i nā koena pesticide synthetic ma mua o nā meaʻai i hana ʻia. me nā mea ulu ulu ulu, ua pili me ka hoʻemi ʻia o ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai.

Pepa 2009 i paʻi ʻia e ka mea noiʻi Harvard a ʻelua mau ʻepekema FDA i loaʻa he 19 o 100 mau laʻana meaʻai e ʻai mau ʻia e nā keiki i loko o hoʻokahi insecticide i ʻike ʻia he neurotoxin. ʻO nā meaʻai a ka poʻe noiʻi i nānā ai he mau mea kanu, nā huaʻai a me nā wai momona. Mai ia manawa, ua ulu nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā hopena olakino olakino kanaka o nā insecticides, i ka mea.

Nā pae ʻae ʻole

"ʻO kekahi mau kūlana o ke kānāwai i kēia manawa no nā pesticides i ka meaʻai a me ka wai e pale ʻole i ke olakino lehulehu, a ʻaʻole hōʻike i ka ʻepekema hou loa," i ʻōlelo ʻo Olga Naidenko, he kākāʻōlelo aʻoaʻo ʻepekema i ka Pūʻulu Hana ʻĀina Pono ʻole, nāna i hoʻopuka i nā hōʻike he nui. ke nānā nei i nā pilikia weliweli o nā pesticides i ka meaʻai a me ka wai. "ʻAʻole hōʻike ke kānāwai i ka 'palekana,'" i ʻōlelo ʻo ia.

ʻO kekahi laʻana o ke ʻano o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka hōʻoia ʻana o ka palekana i ka nele i ka wā e pili ana i nā koena pesticide ka hihia o kahi insecticide i kapa ʻia ʻo chlorpyrifos. Kūʻai ʻia e Dow Chemical, i lilo i hui ʻo DowDuPont ma 2017, noi ʻia ʻo chlorpyrifos ma mua o 30 pākēneka o nā ʻāpala, asparagus, walnuts, ʻaka, nā hua waina, broccoli, nā cherry a me nā cauliflower i ulu ma ka US a ʻike pinepine ʻia i nā meaʻai e ʻai ʻia e nā keiki. . Ua ʻōlelo ʻo EPA no nā makahiki he nui nā hōʻike ma lalo o nā ʻae kū kānāwai i hoʻonoho ʻia ʻaʻohe mea e hopohopo ai.

Akā naʻe ʻike'enekema i nā makahiki i hala iho nei ua hōʻike ʻia kahi hui ma waena o ka hōʻike ʻana o chlorpyrifos a me nā hemahema o ka noʻonoʻo i nā keiki. ʻO ka hōʻike o ka hōʻeha i nā lolo e ulu nei ʻōpio ka ikaika o ka EPA i 2015 i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻaʻole hiki iā ia ke ʻike he palekana kekahi i kēia manawa.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ka EPA ma muli o ke ʻae ʻia o ka insecticide i ka meaʻai a me ka wai inu i hoʻolālā ʻia e pāpā i ka pesticide mai ka hoʻohana mahiʻai. Akā kaomi mai Dow a nā lobbyists ʻoihana kemika mālama i ka kemika i hoʻohana ākea ma nā mahiʻai ʻAmelika. Ua loaʻa i ka hōʻike hou a ka FDA ka 11th ʻo nā pesticides ʻoi loa i loko o nā meaʻai a US mai nā haneli i komo i ka hoʻāʻo.

A Ua ʻōlelo ka ʻaha pekelala ma ʻAukake ke hoʻoweliweli nei ke Keʻena Hoʻokele i ke olakino olakino ma o ka mālama ʻana i nā chlorpyrifos e hoʻohana ai no ka mahiʻai mahiʻai ʻO ka ʻaha i haʻi ʻia "Nā ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i ke koena o ka meaʻai ke kumu o ka hōʻino ʻana o nā neurodevelopmental i nā keiki" a kauoha i ka EPA e kāpae i nā hoʻomanawanui āpau a pāpā i nā kemika mai ka mākeke. ʻAʻole hiki i ka EPA ke hana ma kēlā ʻoka, a ʻo ia nō e noi ana e hoʻokolokolo hou ma mua o ka piha 9th Aha Hoopii Apana.

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana pehea e wehewehe ai i kona mau kūlana loli ma luna o chlorpyrifos, ua ʻōlelo ʻia e kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo i ka "EPA" e hoʻomau i ka loiloi i ka ʻepekema e pili ana i nā hopena neurodevelopmental "o ka kemikali.

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e hoʻohana mau nei ia i nā mea hoʻonāukiuki a huhū nā kauka i loea i ka olakino keiki a waiho iā lākou e haʻohaʻo nei i nā mea e hōʻike ai nā pesticide i nā meaʻai i ka poʻe.

"ʻO ka laina lalo ka mea nui e pili ana i ke olakino olakino nui loa no nā chlorpyrifos mai kona kū ʻana i nā meaʻai," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo Kauka Bradley Peterson ka luna o ka Institute for the Developing Mind ma ka Haukapila Kamaliʻi o Los Angeles. "ʻOiai nā hōʻike liʻiliʻi hiki ke loaʻa nā hopena weliweli."

ʻO ka hoʻoholo a ka EPA e hoʻomau i ka ʻae ʻana i nā chlorpyrifos i loko o nā papa ʻaina ʻAmelika he "hōʻailona o ka hoʻopau ākea ʻana o nā hōʻike ʻepekema" e hōʻaʻo nei i ke olakino kanaka a me ka pono ʻepekema hoʻi. wahi a Kauka Leonardo Trasande, nāna e alakaʻi i ka Division of Environmental Pediatrics ma waena o ka Department of Pediatrics ma ke Kulanui ʻo Langone Health.

ʻO Epidemiologist Philip Landrigan, ka luna o ke Kulanui o ke Kula Nui o ke Kulanui o Boston, a he ʻepekema mua hoʻi me nā US Centers for Disease Control, ke ʻākoakoa nei no ka pāpā ʻana i nā mea āpau āpau, kahi papa o nā insecticides e komo pū ana me nā chlorpyrifos, no ka makaʻu o nā keiki .

"Pilikia loa nā keiki i kēia mau kemika," wahi a Landrigan. "ʻO kēia ka pale ʻana i nā keiki."

Hoʻonui i nā hoʻomanawanui ma ke noi ʻoihana

Ua ʻae ʻia ka Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act i ka EPA e hoʻoponopono i ka hoʻohana ʻana o nā pesticides i nā meaʻai e like me nā kūlana kūlike o ke kānāwai a hāʻawi i ka EPA i kahi mana palena e hoʻokumu i nā tolerances no nā pesticides e hālāwai me nā kūlana kū kānāwai.

Hoʻololi ke ahonui mai nā meaʻai a nā meaʻai a me nā pesticide i pesticide, no laila hiki i ke ʻāpala ke lawe ma ke kānāwai i kahi ʻano koena insecticide ma mua o ka plum. Hoʻololi pū nā hoʻomanawanui i kēlā me kēia ʻāina, no laila ka mea a ka US i hoʻonohonoho ai ma ke ʻae ʻana i ke kānāwai no nā koena o ka pesticide ma kahi meaʻai hiki - a pinepine ʻokoʻa - ma mua o nā palena i kau ʻia ma nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe. Ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kēlā mau ahonui, nānā nā luna hoʻomalu i ka ʻikepili e hōʻike ana i ka nui o ke koena i hoʻohana ʻia e like me ka mea i manaʻo ʻia i kahi hua, a hana lākou i nā loiloi weliweli o ka papaʻai e hōʻoia i ka pae o nā koena pesticide ʻaʻole ia he hopohopo no ke olakino kanaka. .

Wahi a ka ʻoihana e hōʻike nei no ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o nā papaʻai o nā pēpē a me nā keiki ʻokoʻa ʻokoʻa paha i nā mākua a ʻai lākou i nā meaʻai no kā lākou nui ma mua o nā mākua. Wahi a ka EPA hoʻohui pū ʻia ia i ka ʻike e pili ana i nā ala o ka pesticide exposed - ka meaʻai, ka wai inu inu e hoʻohana ʻia - me ka ʻike e pili ana i ka ʻona o kēlā me kēia pesticide e hoʻoholo ai i nā pilikia i hiki i nā koena pesticide. ʻ sayslelo ke keʻena inā ʻaʻole ʻae ʻia nā pilikia, ʻaʻole ia e ʻae i nā ahonui.

Wahi a ka EPA hoʻi i ka wā e hoʻoholo ai i nā hoʻoholo hoʻomanawanui, "ʻimi ʻo ia e launa pū me nā hoʻomanawanui ʻana o US me nā kūlana kūwaho i nā wā āpau e hiki ai, e kūlike me nā kūlana palekana meaʻai US a me nā hana mahiʻai."

ʻO Monsanto, ka mea i lilo i hui o Bayer AG i ka hoʻomaka o kēia makahiki, ua noi kūleʻa aku i ka EPA e hoʻonui i nā pae o nā koena glyphosate i ʻae ʻia i nā meaʻai, e like me ka palaoa a me nā ʻoka.

I ka makahiki 1993, no ka laʻana, he ahonui ka EPA no ka glyphosate i nā ʻoka ma nā ʻāpana 0.1 i kēlā me kēia miliona (ppm) akā i ka makahiki 1996 Ua nīnau ʻo Monsanto iā EPA e hoʻonui i ke ahonui i 20 ppm a me ka Ua hana ʻo EPA e like me ka mea i noi ʻia. I ka 2008, ma kā Monsanto manaʻo, ka Ua nānā hou ʻo EPA e hāpai i ka hoʻomanawanui no ka glyphosate i loko o ka oats, kēia manawa i 30 ppm.

I kēlā manawa, ʻōlelo ʻia nō ia e hoʻāla i ke ahonui no ka glyphosate i ka bale mai 20 ppm a 30 ppm, hoʻāla i ka hoʻomanawanui ʻana i ka palaoa mai 1 a 5 ppm a hoʻāla i ka hoʻomanawanui ʻana i ke koena glyphosate i ka palaoa mai 5 ppm a 30 ppm, he 500 pakeneka hoʻonui. Hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka 30 ppm no ka palaoa e ʻoi aku ma mua o 60 mau ʻāina ʻē aʻe, akā ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o nā hoʻomanawanui i ʻae ʻia ma mua o 50 mau ʻāina, e like me ka hōkeo ʻikepili hoʻomanawanui honua hoʻokumu ʻia me ke kālā EPA a mālama ʻia i kēia manawa e kahi hui kūkā kūkā kamaʻilio pilikino.

"Ua hoʻoholo ka 'Oihana i ka palekana o ka hoʻonui ʻia ʻana o ka hoʻomanawanui, ʻo ia hoʻi, aia kahi ʻike kūpono ʻaʻole e loaʻa kahi pōʻino i ka hōʻuluʻulu nui ʻana i ke koena kemika pesticide," i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka EPA ma ka Mei 21, 2008 Federal Register.

“ʻO kēia mau ʻōlelo a pau mai ka EPA - hilinaʻi iā mākou palekana ia. Akā ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻaʻohe o mākou manaʻo inā palekana ia, "i ʻōlelo ʻia e Kauka Bruce Lanphear, he ʻepekema lapaʻau ma ka Child & Family Research Institute, BC Children's Hospital, a he polofesa no nā kumu ʻepekema olakino ma ke Kula Nui ʻo Simon Fraser ma Wanekoua, British Columbia. ʻ saidlelo ʻo Lanphear ʻoiai e manaʻo nā mea hoʻokele i nā hopena ʻona e hoʻonui me ka lāʻau, hōʻike nā ʻike ʻepekema ʻo kekahi mea ʻona he mea ʻawaʻawa loa i nā pae haʻahaʻa o ka hōʻike. Pono ka pale ʻana i ke olakino lehulehu e noʻonoʻo hou i nā manaʻo maʻamau e pili ana i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana o nā ʻoihana i nā kemika i kahi pepa paʻi ʻia i ka makahiki i hala.

I nā makahiki i hala aku nei ua loaʻa iā Monsanto lāua ʻo Dow nā pae hoʻomanawanui hou no nā pesticides dicamba a me 2,4-D i ka meaʻai pū kekahi.

Hāʻawi ka hāpai ʻana i nā ahonui i nā mahiʻai e hoʻohana i nā pesticides i nā ʻano like ʻole e waiho i nā koena he nui, akā ʻaʻole ia e hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino kanaka, e like me kā Monsanto I kahi blog i kau ʻia i ka makahiki i hala, Ua ʻōlelo ʻepekema ʻo Monsanto Dan Goldstein i ka palekana o nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai maʻamau a ʻo glyphosate kekahi. ʻOiai ke ʻoi aku lākou i nā palena kānāwai o ka hoʻoponopono ʻana, minuscule loa nā koena pesticide ʻaʻole lākou e makaʻu, e like me Goldstein, nāna i kau ka blog ma mua o kona haʻalele ʻana mai Monsanto i kēia makahiki.

Ma kahi o ka hapalua o nā meaʻai i laʻana i loaʻa nā pesticides

I waena o ka ʻepekema hopohopo, ka nā ʻike hou loa o ka FDA ma nā koena pesticide i loko o ka meaʻai i loaʻa i ka hapalua o nā meaʻai i lawe ʻia e ka ʻoihana i loaʻa i nā insecticides, herbicides, fungicides a me nā mea ʻino ʻino ʻē aʻe i hoʻohana ʻia e nā mahiʻai i ka ulu ʻana o nā meaʻai like ʻole.

Ma mua o 90 pākēneka o nā wai ʻāpala i hoʻohālikelike ʻia i loaʻa nā pesticides. Ua hōʻike pū ka FDA ma mua o 60 pākēneka o ka cantaloupe i lawe i nā koena. Ma ka hapanui, 79 pākēneka o nā hua ʻAmelika a me 52 pākēneka o nā mea kanu i loaʻa i nā koena o nā pesticides like ʻole - i ʻike ʻia e nā ʻepekema hoʻopili ʻia i ke ʻano o nā maʻi a me nā maʻi. Ua loaʻa nā pesticides i ka soy, ka palaoa, ka ʻoka a me nā huahana palaoa, a ua pau nā meaʻai e like me nā cereal, nā crackers a me nā makaroni.

ʻO ke kālailai ʻana o ka FDA "ʻaneʻane wale nō" e kia ana i nā huahana i lepili ʻole ʻia ma ke ʻano he meaola, e like me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo a FDA ʻO Peter Cassell.

Hoʻoiho ka FDA i ka pākēneka o nā meaʻai i loaʻa nā koena pesticide a kālele ʻia i ka pākēneka o nā hāpana no ka mea ʻaʻohe mea i uhaʻi ʻia i nā pae ahonui. I loko o kāna hōʻike hou loa, i mai la ka FDA ʻoi aku ma mua o "99% o ka home a me 90% o ka lawe mai i nā meaʻai kanaka i kūlike me nā kūlana pekelala."

Ua hōʻike ʻia ka hōʻike i ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka ʻoihana no ka glyphosate mea pepehi kanaka nāhelehele i nā meaʻai. Ua ʻōlelo ke Office Accountability Office ma 2014 e hoʻomaka ka FDA a me ka US Department of Agriculture i ka hoʻāʻo pinepine ʻana i nā meaʻai no glyphosate. Ua hana wale ka FDA i nā hoʻokolohua e nānā ana i nā koena glyphosate, eia nō naʻe, ka laʻana ʻana i ka palaoa a me ka soy a me ka waiū a me nā hua manu no ka mea make mauʻu, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka ʻoihana. ʻAʻole i loaʻa kahi koena o ka glyphosate i ka waiū a i ʻole nā ​​hua manu, akā i loaʻa nā koena i 63.1 pakeneka o nā laʻana kulina a me 67 pākēneka o nā laʻana soybean, e like me ka ʻike o ka FDA.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ka 'oihana i nā mea i loaʻa ʻia e kekahi o nā chemist o glyphosate i ka oatmeal a huahana meli, ʻoiai ua hōʻike ka chemist o FDA i kāna mea i ʻike ʻia i nā luna hoʻomalu a me nā ʻepekema ʻē aʻe ma waho o ka ʻoihana.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Cassell, ʻaʻole ka meli a me nā ʻike oatmeal i ʻāpana o kā ke keʻena i hāʻawi ai.

Ma ke ʻano holoʻokoʻa, ua uhi ʻia ka hōʻike FDA hou mai ka ʻOkakopa 1, 2015, a hiki i Sepatemaba 30, 2016, a ua hoʻopili ʻia me ka ʻimi ʻana o 7,413 mau laʻana o nā meaʻai i nānā ʻia ma ke ʻano he mahele o ka papahana kaiaola "pesticide" a ka FDA. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā laʻana he meaʻai e ʻai ʻia e ka poʻe, akā he 467 mau laʻana he meaʻai holoholona. Ua ʻōlelo ka ʻoihana i loaʻa nā koena pesticide i 47.1 pakeneka o nā laʻana o ka meaʻai no ka poʻe i hana i ka home a me 49.3 pakeneka o nā meaʻai i lawe ʻia mai nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe i makemake ʻia no nā papaʻai mea kūʻai. Ua like nā huahana meaʻai holoholona, ​​me nā koena pesticide i loaʻa ma 57 pākēneka o nā hāpana home a 45.3 pākēneka o nā meaʻai i lawe ʻia mai no nā holoholona.

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā laʻana meaʻai he nui i lawe ʻia i nā koena o nā pesticides i lawa i ka haki i nā palena kānāwai, i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka FDA. Ma kahi o 20 pākēneka o nā mea i lawe ʻia mai ka palaoa a me nā huahana hua palaoa i hōʻike ʻia i nā kiʻekiʻe o nā pesticides kiʻekiʻe, e laʻa ʻole.

ʻO Val Giddings: ʻOihana kiʻekiʻe no ka Agrichemical ʻoihana

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ʻO Val Giddings, PhD, he mea nui i ka hana ʻoihana mahiʻai e kūʻē i ka ʻike transparency a me ka palekana no nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides. Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know a kau ʻia i ka Waihona Waihona UCSF ʻoihana ʻImika kuhikuhi ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Giddings i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i kahi hui mua a hoʻokani i ke kī ma hope o nā hanana i nā hana ʻē aʻe e kāpae i ka papa hana deregulatory o nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO Kauka Giddings kahi pelekikena pelekikena ma ka ʻOihana ʻOihana Biotechnology (BIO), kahi hui kālepa no nā ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā meaola. I kēia manawa ke holo nei ʻo ia i ke keʻena kūkā ʻo PrometheusAB, a he hoa nui ʻo ia ma ka Technology Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF).

He pahu noʻonoʻo ʻo ITIF i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau, uea ʻole, telecom, kiʻiʻoniʻoni a me nā ʻoihana biotech, i ʻike maikaʻi ʻia no ke kūʻē nei i ka “neutrality net"A ke hāpai nei i ka papahana o ka ʻenehana ʻenehana. ʻO ka hui neʻe i ka biotechnology i ka 2011 me Dr. Giddings. ʻO nā lālā o ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e lawelawe nei ma ke ʻano he "noho noho hanohano" o ITIF, me US Reps Anna Eshoo (D-CA), Darrell Issa (R-CA) a me nā Senators Orrin Hatch (R-UT) a ʻO Chris Coons (D-DE), ʻike ʻia ke kākoʻo a kōkua ʻana i nā hana paka i hoʻohana ʻia e Kauka Giddings e holomua i nā pono ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ua kuke ʻia i mua ka pūʻulu ʻoihana e hōʻino i nā loiloi Monsanto

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana he kuleana nui ʻo Dr. Giddings i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana ʻO ka loiloi Academics ma ke ʻano he hui mua i koi wahaheʻe he kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e lawe ana i nā kālā ʻoihana mahiʻai a e hoʻāʻo nei e hūnā i nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

ʻO nā mea hoʻolālā kī ʻē aʻe ʻO Jay Byrne, he luna mua o nā kamaʻilio hui ma Monsanto; Bruce Chassy, ​​PhD, polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o Ilinoi ma Urbana-Champaign; a ʻO Eric Sachs, PhD, ka luna o ke kulekele hoʻoponopono a me nā hana ʻepekema ma Monsanto.

Kuhi wahaheʻe nā kālaiʻike nā koi ma kāna pūnaewele ʻaʻole ia e ʻae i ke kālā ʻoihana a i ʻole noi i nā kālā no nā hana kikoʻī. akā e like me nā palapala ʻauhau, ʻo ka hapa nui o ke kālā no ka Review Academics mai ka Council for Biotechnology Information, kahi hui kālepa i uku kālā ʻia a holo ʻia e nā hui kemika nui loa o ka honua. BASF, Bayer / Monsanto, DowDuPont a me Syngenta / ChemChina.

Ka papa kuhikuhi o nā hanana nui no ka Nānā ʻInikino:

Malaki 11, 2010: ʻO Byrne lāua ʻo Kauka Chassy ua kūkākūkā i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Review Academics ma ke ʻano he hui mua e hoʻokumu i nā loiloi o GMO a me nā pesticides me ke kōkua mai a Dr. Giddings. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Byrne hiki iā lāua a me Kauka Giddings ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e hoʻohui i nā hui ʻoihana i ka papahana "i ke ʻano e kōkua ai e hōʻoia i ka hilinaʻi a me ke kūʻokoʻa (a pēlā ka waiwai) o nā mea hāʻawi / nā mea nona mua ..." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Byrne e hoʻomohala ana ʻo ia no Monsanto kahi papa inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e hoʻokau:

Malaki 24, 2010:  ʻO Kauka Chassy ee ka Pūnaewele Nānā Manaʻo me David Tribe, PhD, haʻi ʻōlelo poʻokela ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne, Australia, me nā kāne ʻelua i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he puʻukū.

Nūpepa 23, 2010: Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Kauka Giddings lāua ʻo Kauka Chassy i nā ʻoihana a me nā hui ʻoihana paha "pony i luna" no ka Academics Review e hōʻole he pepa nāna i hoʻohalahala i ka soy.

  • "Makemake wau e hiki iā mākou ke hana i kahi kākoʻo mahalo iā ia," i kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings iā Dr. Chassy.
  • Pane akula ʻo Chassy ma kahi ʻāpana, "Pili au i ka makemake o kā mākou mau hoaaloha ma Monsanto e kākau i ka mea hōʻole a uku mai iā mākou e kau."
  • Ua kākau ʻo Giddings, "manaʻo wau e mākaukau paha ka poʻe soybean e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i kahi ʻāpana e kākau inoa i kahi rebuttal ... Inā hana mākou i kēia kūpono hiki iā mākou ke leverage i ka Brand AcaRev ma aneʻi."

I hoʻokahi pule ma hope, Ua nīnau ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Eric Sachs inā ua manaʻo ʻo Monsanto e hōʻole i ka pepa soy, a haʻi iā Sachs: "E hoʻokipa ana ka Papa Soybean a US i kahi noi mai aʻu a me Graham Brookes e pane i ka ʻāpana." (Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha Hoʻolaha i kau ʻia a pane mai Chassy a me Brookes ma 2012 me ka hōʻike ʻole e pili ana i nā mea kālā.)

Nūpepa 30, 2010: Ma ke kūkaʻi leka uila ʻana me Kauka Chassy, ​​ua ʻōlelo ʻo Eric Sachs o Monsanto hiki iā ia ke kōkua i ka hoʻoikaika i ka pesticide a me GMO. nā hui kālepa ʻoihana e kākoʻo i ka Review Review. "E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," i kākau ʻo Sachs.

ʻAukake 2011: Waiho mai o Kauka Giddings he noi i ka ʻO ka hui kālepa kālepa i hāʻawi kālā ʻia ʻoihana mahiʻai CBI no ka papahana: "ʻo ka mea a mākou e hana ai i ka makahiki e hiki mai ana, he hana pololei ia o ke kākoʻo a mākou e hāpai ai," i kākau ʻo ia i ka Luna Hoʻokele CBI ʻo Ariel Gruswich, i kahi leka uila i kope ʻia iā Dr. Chassy a me ka ʻohana. Ua koi aku ʻo Gruswich i nā kāne e hui pū i kā lākou kelepona ʻana me kāna hui: "Manaʻo maoli wau ʻo ka hoʻolohe ʻana mai iā ʻoukou āpau e hoʻonui ai i ka likelika o ke kākoʻo ma waena o nā ʻoihana," kākau ʻo ia. Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau i ka CBI i hāʻawi kālā ʻia i hāʻawi ʻia i ka Review Academics $ 650,000 mai 2014 i 2016 no "ka hoʻolaha ʻepekema."

ʻApelila 2014: Ua paʻi ʻia kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka kaua nei i ka ʻoihana meaola ma ke ʻano he scam marketing, a i koi ʻia he hui kūʻokoʻa me ka hakakā ʻole o ka hoihoi. E nānā: “Ua loaʻa nā manamana lima o Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua a pau i ka meaʻai meaola, ” na Stacy Malkan, Huffington Post

ʻO nā ʻepekema hoʻomaʻamaʻa i hoʻolako ʻia e nā ʻoihana, nā mea nūpepa pehea e wili ai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides  

Ma kahi o $ 300,000 o ke kālā ʻoihana kemika i kōkua ai ʻo Dr. Giddings e hōʻiliʻili no ka Academics Review e uku no ʻelua mau ʻaha kūkā i kapa ʻia ʻo Nā kahua hoʻomoana "Biotech Literacy Project", i mālama ia ma ka Kulanui o Florida i 2014 a ʻO UC Davis i ka 2015, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau. Nā kahua hoʻomoana - i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka Academics Review a me kahi hui o mua ʻoihana,  Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic - hoʻomaʻamaʻa nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema pehea e refame i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

E nānā: “Ke haki nei no nā GMO: Pehea e ulu ai ka ʻoihana Biotech i nā Media maikaʻi - a me nā Crourism Discourages, "Na Paul Thacker, ʻO ka holomua

Deregulate GMOs: "puhi i ka mea āpau mea i luna"

I nā leka uila i hana ʻia ma Pepeluali 2015, ua kūkākūkā ʻo Kauka Giddings me kekahi mau kālaiʻike i kahi hoʻolālā e kākau ʻelima mau puke pai e paio nei no ka pono o ka hoʻopau ʻana i ka ʻoihana biotech. Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings e pono e hopu i nā pepa, "ka mea aʻu e kapa aku ai iā Henry's" Blow the all damn thing up "hoʻopaʻapaʻa, kahi hihia aʻu e manaʻo nei e hana ʻia." Ua wehewehe ʻo Polopeka loio ʻo University of Arizona ʻo Gary Marchant, ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu i ka pānaʻi leka uila, "ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ka pepa 1 ka mea e pohā ai ke kumuhana āpau."

ʻO Alan McHughen, he mea aʻo ʻāpana lehulehu ma UC Riverside a "Luna ʻelele" no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pāʻoihana marketing marketing Nā pane a GMO, hāʻawi ʻia e kākau i ka pepa 1. ʻO Henry Miller, MD, 'ōleloʻo ia hiki iā ia ke kōkua akā ua nui loa kāna papa i mea kākau mua. (I hoʻokahi mahina ma hope mai, ua kau ʻo Miller i kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes ia ka New York Times i hōʻikeʻia ma hope ua kau ʻia e Ghostanto.)

ʻO kekahi poʻe i kope ʻia ma ka leka uila e pili ana i nā pepa puke pai ʻO Drew Kershen o ke Kulanui o ke Kulanui o Oklahoma o ke Kānāwai; ʻO Guy Cardineau, ʻO Yvonne Stevens a ʻO Lauren Burkhart o ke Kulanui Moku'āina ʻo ʻAlikona; ʻO Steven Strauss o ke Kulanui ʻo Oregon State; ʻO Kevin Folta o ke Kulanui o Florida; ʻO Shane Morris o Nā Kūlana Kūlana Kanada; ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam o UC Davis; ʻO Joanna Saksona o ke Kula Kanawai Komohana o Kaleponi; a ʻO Thomas Reddick o ka Global Environmental Ethics Council.

ʻO ka leka uila ʻepekema hoʻohui e kūʻē iā Seralini hoʻopaʻa

I Kepakemapa 2012, ʻo Kauka Giddings hoʻohui i kahi leka ʻepekema ʻepekema e koi ana iā Wallace Hayes, ka luna hoʻoponopono o Nā meaʻai a me nā mea'enekino, e noʻonoʻo hou i kahi pepa Kepakemapa 2012 e ka mea noiʻi Palani ʻo Gilles-Éric Séralini nāna i hōʻike i nā tumors i nāʻiole i hānai ʻia i ka papaʻai o ka palaoa GM kolamu Roundup-tolerant. Ua huki ʻia ka pepa i hoʻokahi makahiki ma hope a paʻi hou ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai.

I mea e kōkua ai i ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka hōʻailona ma ka leka, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Giddings iā AgBioChatter - kahi papa inoa pilikino e pili ana i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻoihana, nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe a me kā lākou mau hana PR. hoʻohana ʻia e hoʻohui i nā hana leka a me nā hana lobbying. ʻO kekahi polofesa i kau inoa i ka leka, ʻo Chris Leaver, ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia "e hana ana ma hope o nā hōʻike ma o Sense About Science" e pili ana i ka noi Séralini. ʻO Sense About Science kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi of ʻepekema wili no ka pono o nā pono ʻoihana.

Nā hōʻailona o ka palapala i Nā meaʻai a me nā mea'enekino he ʻO Robert Wager, Alda Lerayer, ʻO Nina Fedoroff, Nīnau, ʻO Steve Strauss, ʻO Chris Leaver, ʻO Shanthu Shantharam, ʻO Ingo Potrykus, ʻO Marc Fellous, ʻO Moises Burachik, Klaus-Dieter Jany, Anthony Trewavas, C Kameswara Rao, ʻO CS Prakash, ʻO Henry Miller, ʻO Kent Bradford, Selim Cetiner, Alan McHughen, ʻO Luis De Stefano-Beltrán, Bruce Chassy, Salbah Al-Momin, ʻO Martina Newell-McGloughlin, Klaus Ammann, Ronald Herring, Lucia de Souza.

Pili: “Nā leka uila i hoʻokumu ʻole ʻia: ua pili ʻo Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua e hoʻihoʻi i ka pepa GMO, " Retraction Watch

Kūkulu ʻia nā mea mahiʻai "mommy" maikaʻi e kau i nā GMO

I ke kamaʻilio pū ʻana me kahi lobbyist Monsanto e pili ana i ka pehea e lanakila ai i nā neʻe lepili ʻana o GMO ma Colorado a me Oregon i ka makahiki 2014, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kauka Giddings ʻo nā mea mahiʻai maikaʻi nā "mommy" maikaʻi nā ʻelele maikaʻi loa e hōʻalo i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hoʻolālā ʻia i nā genetically "ʻO ka mea e koi ai ke kūlana kahi lumi o nā kīwī kīwī e hōʻike nei i nā wahine ʻōpio maikaʻi, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o nā mahiʻai mommy, e wehewehe nei no ke aha ʻo nā meaʻai biotech i ʻoi aku ka palekana & ʻōmaʻomaʻo i ka mōʻaukala o ag a kūpono i ke kākoʻo, "ua kākau ʻo Kauka Giddings iā Lisa Drake, ke alakaʻi a Monsanto no nā hana aupuni.

I Kepakemapa 2015 ʻaoʻao-ʻaoʻao New York Times moʻolelo, ʻekolu manawa lanakila ʻO Pulitzer Prize lanakila ʻO Eric Lipton i wehewehe i nā leka uila:

"In kēia hoʻolōʻihi leka uila, kekahi o nā ʻepekema a me nā kālaiʻikei kiʻi ʻia e kōkua iā Monsanto e pahu i kāna nīnau no ka nīnau inā he ʻelele maikaʻi loa lākou. ʻ suggestlelo ʻelua e holo ʻo Monsanto i mau hoʻolaha kīwī e hōʻike ana i nā mahiʻai ma kahi. Pane ka loio loio Monsanto i ka hōʻike balota e hōʻike ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua holo mua ka ʻoihana i nā hoʻolaha TV e hōʻike ana i nā mahiʻai wahine. ”

E nānā: “Ua kāinoa ʻoihana ʻoihana i nā mea kālaiʻike i ke kaua lepili GMO, hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila, ”Na Eric Lipton, Ka New York Times.

Keith Kloor: Pehea i hana ai kahi mea kākau ʻepekema ma hope o nā hanana me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana

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ʻO Keith Kloor kahi mea kākau moʻolelo kūʻokoʻa a he lālā kumu aʻoaʻo hoʻopukapuka hoʻohui Ke Kulanui o New York ka mea i kākau no ʻAno, ʻEpekema Insider, Slate a me nā ʻatikala he nui no ʻIke Magazine ke hoʻolaha nei i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered a me ka hoʻouka ʻana i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ʻoiai ke kōkua pū nei i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma hope o nā hanana.

Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know, kau ʻia i loko o ka Waihona Waihona UCSF ʻoihana ʻImika, hōʻike i nā hanana a Kloor i aʻo aku ai a hoʻoponopono i kāna mau kumuwaiwai, i uhi ʻole i nā pilina ʻoihana o kahi kumuwaiwai, a hōʻike ʻilihune ʻia e pili ana i ka ʻike i nā ala e hoʻoikaika ai i nā moʻolelo ʻoihana. Ua hōʻole ʻo Kloor e pane i nā nīnau no kēia ʻatikala.

Preemptive, koho koho o nā leka uila FOIA

Mai 2015 a 2017, ua hōʻike ʻo Kloor no Nature, ʻ Inslelo Pūnaewele, Mob, Nā pilikia i ka ʻepekema a me ka ʻenehana, a Slate ma ka a hoʻokolokolo moʻohelu lehulehu na US Kuleana e ʻike i ka mea i hōʻike i nā pilina i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā mea ʻimi kālā i hoʻolaha ākea e hoʻolaha i nā huahana mahiʻai, me Kulanui o Florida Polokalamu Kevin Folta. I kēlā me kēia o kēia mau ʻāpana i paʻi ʻia, ua haku ʻo Kloor i nā noi a nā lehulehu e like me ka ukana nui ʻole ma nā kālaiʻike.

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala mokuʻāina e hōʻike ana ʻo Kloor iho kahi ʻāpana o ka moʻolelo āna e hōʻike nei; ua hele aku ʻo ia i nā ʻaha kūkā aʻoaʻo aʻo aʻoaʻo kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia me ka pāʻoihana me Dr. Folta a kōkua iā Dr. Folta me ka leka uila. Ke hōʻike nei nā leka i hiki aku ʻo Kauka Folta iā Kloor e ʻōlelo i kahi hoʻokuʻu "preemptive" o kāna mau leka uila "akā koho" e kōkua i ka hōʻemi i ka hōʻino o nā palapala - a Kloor i hana ai, i loko o ka puke pai Nature. I ka manawa like e uhi ana ʻo Kloor i ka moʻolelo no nā paʻi ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala ua komo ʻo ia i nā kūkākūkā me nā poʻe ʻoihana e pili ana i nā pilikia i hāpai ʻia e nā noi palapala lehulehu.

Wā palena manawa o ka uhi ʻana a me nā hui pū ʻana:

Ke aʻo, nā kumuwaiwai hoʻoponopono; ke uhi huna nei i nā pilina ʻoihana

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua hana ʻo Kloor me kāna mau kumuwaiwai ma hope o nā hanana e hoʻolahalaha i kā lākou leka uila i ke kākoʻo ʻana i kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai kumu nui: e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana i nā mea kūʻai aku makaʻala e ʻae i nā meaʻai ʻenekini. ʻO kekahi o kēia mau kumuwaiwai ʻO Kauka Kevin Folta, ke Kulanui o Florida ʻO ke polopeka ʻo Kloor ke kī nui i hōʻike ʻia i loko o nā moʻolelo āna i kākau ai no nā paʻi ʻepekema e pili ana i ka transparency.

Kūkala e hoʻohuli iā Bill Nye

I Nowemapa 2014, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kloor i kāna Mob moʻomanaʻo hoʻāʻo ʻO nā loiloi a Bill Nye e pili ana i nā GMO me kahi “Open Letter to Bill Nye from a Plant Scientist” i pūlima ʻia e Dr. Folta. Hōʻike nā leka uila ua nīnau ʻo Kloor Kauka Folta e ʻaʻa iā Nye, i hele mai me ka manaʻo o ka leka hāmama a kaʻi ʻo Dr. Folta i ka pehea e kākau ai. ʻO ia ʻo ia i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kā Biola Palapala moʻolelo moʻomeheu e hōʻalo ai i ka haʻi ʻana i ke kālā ʻoihana, e like me nā leka uila.

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua kāhea ʻo Kloor i kahi bio no Dr. Folta i hoʻohui pū ʻia me ka laina, "ʻAʻohe noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e Monsanto." Ua noi ʻo Kauka Folta iā ia e hoʻoponopono i kēlā ʻōlelo, me ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana ua kākoʻo manawaleʻa ʻo Monsanto i kekahi o kāna mau hana hoʻolaha biotech a ua loaʻa iā ia kahi kālā noiʻi mai kahi ʻoihana biotech liʻiliʻi. Ua hoʻoholo ʻo Kloor i kahi bio i hōʻalo i ka haʻi ʻana i ke kālā holoʻokoʻa a Kauka Folta: "Ua kākoʻo ʻia kāna noiʻi e nā pekelala a me nā keʻena mokuʻāina."

I ka leka uila ma lalo, ua hāʻawi ʻo Kloor i ke alakaʻi iā Dr. Folta e pili ana i ka kākau ʻana i ka leka iā Nye.

A puni kēlā manawa, e hoʻokele pū ana ʻo Monsanto iā Nye e hoʻololi i kona kūlana ma nā GMO, a lākou i hope ai kūleʻa i ka hana. A Malaki 2015 Hawaii Post moʻolelo e pili ana i kā Nye hoʻohuli ʻia ʻana ua koi ʻo nā loiloi a Nye i nā GMO "ua huhū nā mea ʻepekema he nui," akā pili wale i ka leka a Dr. Folta ma kā Kloor blog.

ʻIke: "ʻAʻole kā mākou kulekele e hoʻoulu i nā kumu"

Hōʻike nā leka uila mai ʻAukake 2014 iā Kloor e hāʻawi nei i nā ʻōlelo leka iā Kauka Folta a me kekahi kumu, ʻo Kauka Karl Haro von Mogel, ka luna media o ka ʻO ka hui hoʻolaha GMO Biofortified. Ua noi ʻo Kloor iā lākou e loiloi i kahi ʻatikala na Carole Bartolotto, he kaukaʻai nāna i kākau koʻikoʻi e pili ana i nā GMO. Hōʻike nā leka uila i kēlā Ua hoʻoponopono ʻo Kloor i nā manaʻo a paipai i nā ala e hoʻoikaika ai i ka leka uila: "ʻO kaʻu ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo: e mālama i ka ʻōlelo me ke kūlike ʻole a me ka hoʻokolokolo ʻole e like me ka hiki. Ke ʻimi nei ʻoe i nā poʻe noho pā, i hoʻopau ʻia paha e ka ʻōlelo i puka mai me he lima kaumaha lā. "

Ua kau ʻo Kloor i ka loiloi Bartolotto ma kāna Mob moʻomanaʻo a wehewehe iā Dr. ʻO Folta lāua ʻo von Mogel ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema ʻelua i loaʻa ʻole ke kālā mai ka ʻoihana biotech." Ua hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila ma hope, he mau pule wale nō i hala, ua ʻike ʻo Monsanto ua ʻae ʻo ia e kālā iā Dr. Folta's nā hana hoʻoikaika no GMO; a i ke kauwela i hala aku nei, ua hoʻolālā ʻo Kauka Folta e kipa aku iā Hawaii e hoʻoleʻaleʻa i nā kapu pesticide i kahi huakaʻi hoʻonohonoho a uku ʻia e kahi hui kālepa ʻoihana pesticide (Kau ʻia ʻo Dr. von Mogel i kēlā mau leka uila). Hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala a Kloor ma ka Mob pūnaewele me ka ʻole o nā hoʻohou a hoʻoponopono ʻole paha.

No ka 2017 ʻO ka ʻatikala pou Huffington, Ua nīnau ka mea kākau moʻolelo Paul Thacker Mob ka mea hoʻoponopono moʻohelu ʻo Becky Lang e haʻi manaʻo ma nā leka uila ʻo Bartolotto. Ua hōʻole ʻo Lang e ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā kikoʻī, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia: ʻAʻole ia kā mākou kulekele e kōkua i nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻāʻo e hūnā i kā lākou pili ʻoihana. ” (Kloor's) Mob blog pau i loko o pau i loko o ʻApelila 2015.)

ʻO Jon Entine, pili pili Genetic Literacy Project  

ʻO nā kākau waiwai a Kloor i ka pale ʻana i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hiki ke ʻike ʻia ma ka pūnaewele o ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi pūnaewele hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai kēlā mau hiʻohiʻona nā ʻatikala he nui i kākau ʻia e Kloor a i ʻole e ʻōlelo ʻana i kāna hana. Hoʻokele ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project e Jon Entine, kahi mea hana PR lōʻihi loa e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā makemake ʻoihana kemika. ʻO Entine ke poʻokela o ka firm PR ESG MediaMetrics, nona nā mea kūʻai aku me Monsanto. Hoʻohana ʻo Kloor a me Entine i nā leka like a hoʻopaʻa i nā pilikia ma nā ʻano like, a ʻike ʻia he pilina pili loa, e like me nā leka uila.

I loko o kahi leka uila o Iulai 2013 i kahi hui lobby ʻoihana pesticide, ua wehewehe ʻo Entine iā Kloor ma ke ʻano he “hoa aloha maikaʻi loa naʻu"ʻO wai ka mea hiki ke kōkua i ke kālepa ʻana me kahi mea ʻē aʻe Mob blogger e kākau e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana mahiʻai ma Hawaii. Hōʻike kekahi leka uila iā Entine e hoʻohui nei iā Kloor me Rebeka Goldin ma ke Kulanui ʻo George Mason e kūkā kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka "hana ʻino iā FOIA." Hana ʻo Goldin me STATS ka mea hana mua o Entine, ua wehewehe ʻia kahi hui nūpepa ma ke ʻano he “hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia hoʻohana i nā hana paka i hana kānalua e pili ana i ka makaʻu kemika.

I loko o kahi leka uila ʻē aʻe mai ʻOkakopa 2014, ʻo Kloor wale nō ka mea kākau moʻolelo i hoʻopili ʻia i loko o kahi leka uila mai ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu mai Ketchum e pili ana i kahi hiki ke hacking hana ma nā pūnaewele ʻoihana e ka hui Anonymous. Ua hoʻouna ʻia ka leka uila e ʻO Adrianne Massey, luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻOihana ʻAnaehana Biotechnology (BIO), i kahi hui o nā ʻāpana āpau, me Entine.

"ʻAʻohe oʻu manaʻo i ke ʻano o ka hoʻouka. ʻO nā ʻāpana ʻāpana pilikino kā lākou pahuhopu wale nō, akā ʻaʻole au makemake i kekahi o ʻoukou e hōʻino ʻia ka poʻe e ʻike iā ʻoukou ma ke ʻano he poʻe kōkua ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Massey.

Kope ʻia ʻo Kloor i ka leka uila e ʻO Kauka Channapatna Prakash, he mea kōkua GMO a he wahine ma ke Kulanui ʻo Tuskegee. Hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka leka uila ʻo Jay Byrne (ka luna mua o nā kamaʻilio ʻoihana no Monsanto), ʻO Val Giddings (ka pelekikena hope o ka hui kālepa biotech), Karl Haro von Mogel (luna media o Biofortified), Bruce Chassy lāua ʻo David Tribe (nā hoa hui o ka ʻO ka hui loiloi mua o Monsanto), a me nā mea kōkua ʻē aʻe kī e paipai i nā GMO a me nā mea e kākoʻo ana no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana. ʻO Kevin Folta, ʻO Henry Miller, ʻO Drew Kershen, Klaus AmmannʻO Piet van der Meer a ʻO Martina Newell-McGloughlin.

Paipai pinepine nā mea hana ʻoihana i kā Kloor hana; ʻike i nā tweets na ʻO Robb Fraley o MonsantoʻO Jon Entine, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa CBI.

Pākuʻi hou aku:

Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala huna i ke kaua a Monsanto ma nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaila

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Na Stacy Malkan (hōʻano hou ʻia Mei 17, 2019)

ʻO DeWayne Johnson, kahi makuakāne 46 makahiki e make ana no ka lymphoma non-Hodgkin, ʻo ia ka mea mua i alo ʻO Monsanto i ka hoʻokolokolo Iune i hala aku nei ma muli o nā hoʻopiʻi ua hūnā ka ʻoihana i nā hōʻike e pili ana i nā maʻi maʻi ʻōpala o kāna Roundup weedkiller. Ua hoʻi mai nā Kiure me ʻekolu un unima verdicts ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o nā gicphosate i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā herbicides he kumu nui ia o ka maʻi ʻaʻai, a me ka pae ʻana i nā pohō nui hoʻopaʻi e kūʻē iā Bayer (nona ʻo Monsanto i kēia manawa). Ke hoʻopiʻi nei nā tausani he nui aku hale ʻaha mokuʻāina a pekelala, a me nā palapala ʻoihana e puka ana i waho o nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomālamalama ana i nā hana lima kaumaha i hoʻohana ʻia e Monsanto e hōʻole i ka maka maʻi ʻaʻai a pale i ka kemika ʻo ia ka lynchpin o kāna loaʻa kālā.

“Monsanto ʻO kāna kahu ponoʻī ponoʻī nō ia no kekahi mau loiloi palekana, "ʻo Bloomberg i hōʻike, a me kahi luna o ka EPA ua kōkua ʻo ia iā Monsanto "Pepehi" i kahi noiʻi maʻi ʻino ʻē aʻe a kahi ʻoihana (ʻo kēlā aʻo ʻana, i kēia manawa i waho, ua hana e hoʻopaʻa i kahi loulou maʻi ʻaʻai i glyphosate). An ka hoʻokolokolo lanakila ma Le Monde nā kikoʻī pehea a Monsanto i hoʻāʻo ai "e luku i ka United Nations cancer cancer agency e kekahi hiki" e mālama ai i ka glyphosate. ʻO nā ʻatikala puke pai e pili ana i nā loiloi o ka hōʻike Roundup i nā palapala hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ma keʻakeʻa ʻoihana i loko o ka puke ʻepekema a me kahi keʻena hoʻokele pekelala, a me nā laʻana ʻē aʻe o "hoʻohaunaele i ka luawai ʻepekema. "

“ʻO kā Monsanto kākau lima a me ka mākaukau ikaika hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻepekema kani a me ke kaiāulu, "Kākau ʻo Tufts University Professor Sheldon Krimsky i Iune 2018. ʻO nā palapala i ʻike ʻia, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," e wehe aʻe i ka hopu ʻia ʻana o ka ʻepekema, kahi e hoʻoweliweli ai ke olakino lehulehu a me ke kahua pono o ke aupuni a ka lehulehu. "

Mai ia manawa, me nā hoʻokolokolo e hoʻomaka nei, ua ʻike ʻia nā palapala hou aʻe e pili ana i ka ka nui o nā hana a Monsanto o ke kaʻina ʻepekema, nā keʻena hoʻonohonoho, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa lehulehu. I Mei 2019, nā mea nūpepa ma Palani ua loaʻa kahi huna “Monsanto File” i hana ʻia e ka hui pili lehulehu FleishmanHillard e helu ana i kahi "lehulehu o ka ʻike" e pili ana i 200 mau mea nūpepa, nā luna politika, nā ʻepekema a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma glyphosate ma Palani. Ua wehe nā loio i Farani i kahi ʻimi kalaima a Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Bayer ke nānā nei i kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR.

ʻO kēia kaua ʻoihana i ka ʻepekema kahi hopena nui no mākou āpau, e noʻonoʻo ana i ka hapalua o nā kāne āpau ma ka US a me ka hapakolu o nā wahine e ʻike ʻia me ka maʻi ʻaʻai i kekahi manawa i ko mākou ola, e like me ka Ke Kuʻuna Cancer National.

ʻAʻole makemake nā palapala i ka ʻoihana meaʻai e ʻike ʻoe

No nā makahiki, ua kau ka ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana kemika i kā lākou mau maka i hoʻokahi pahuhopu kikoʻī i ka honua ʻepekema: ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), ka hui noiʻi kūʻokoʻa i hana ʻia no 50 mau makahiki. ʻike i nā pōʻino maʻi ʻaʻai e hoʻomaopopo i nā kulekele i hiki ke pale i ka maʻi ʻaʻai.

“E hakakā ana wau me IARC a mau loa !!! :) "ua kākau kekahi ʻepekema Kraft Foods mua i kahi ʻepekema Syngenta ma mua i ka leka uila i loaʻa ma o ka noi palapala moʻohelu ākea. "Ke hoʻopilikia ʻia nā meaʻai a me ag mai Glyphosate i Malaki 2015. Pono mākou āpau e ʻākoakoa a hōʻike i ka IARC, e like me kā ʻoukou i hana ai i ka pepa. ʻO nā mea mua aʻe nā meaʻai āpau: aspartame, sucralose, iron dietary, B-carotene, BPA, a pēlā aku e luku nei ʻo IARC iā mākou. ”

ʻO ka loea IARC hoʻoholo panel e hoʻokaʻawale i ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he “carcinogenic paha i kānaka” i hoʻokumu ai i kahi hōʻuluʻulu no ka ʻenemi o ka papa e hōʻiliʻili i nā pūʻali. Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi palapala nui Monsanto ma o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ke kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻouka kaua: hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai me ke kōkua o nā mea kōkua a puni ka ʻoihana meaʻai.

ʻO ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto hāʻawi ʻia i 20 limahana limahana e hoʻomākaukau no ka hōʻike ʻo ka carcinogenicity IARC ma glyphosate, me nā pahuhopu e pili ana me ka "neenee i ka hopena," "hoʻokumu i ka ʻike lehulehu i ka IARC," "hoʻokele hoʻokele," "e hōʻoia iā MON POV" a me "hoʻopili i nā hui ʻoihana" i ka "huhū. ”

Ua hōʻike ka palapala i ʻehā mau papa o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" e kōkua i ka holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻekolu i kapa ʻia i loko o ka papahana PR: pale i ka inoa o Roundup, pale i nā kuleana maʻi ʻaihū "kumu ʻole" mai ka lilo ʻana i manaʻo kaulana, a "hāʻawi i ka uhi no nā ʻoihana hoʻoponopono" e ʻae mau ka hoʻohana ʻana o glyphosate.

Ke wehe nei i ka pūnaewele ʻo Monsanto o nā “hoa hana ʻoihana”

ka Ua kāʻei ʻia nā hui hoa hana ʻo Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i nā ʻepekema IARC i komo i nā ʻoihana pobiide nui loa a me nā ʻoihana lobby ʻoihana nui; nā pūʻulu wili i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me Nā Pane GMO a me ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Meaʻai International; a "ʻepekema-y" kani nā hui mua e like Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi - hoʻohana āpau i nā leka like a kuhikuhi pinepine i kekahi i kekahi ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai.

Loaʻa nā palapala e ka US Kākau i ʻIke hoʻokolokolo hoʻomālamalama i ka hana like ʻana o kēia mau hui hui e paipai i ka "MON POV" e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka pono o nā pesticides a me GMO.

Ua hōʻike ʻia kahi o nā palapala i ke ʻano o ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o nā mea lawelawe PR a Monsanto i ka “Academics Review” ma ke ʻano he neʻe leo kani ʻole e hiki ai iā lākou ke hoʻouka kūʻē i kahi papa inoa pahuhopu o nā ʻenemi, me ka hui ʻo Sierra Club, ka mea kākau ʻo Michael Pollan, ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Food, Inc. a me ka ʻoihana ʻokanika.

ʻO nā mea kālaiʻike o ka Review Review - co-hoʻokumu Bruce Chassy a ʻO David Tribe, Luna Nui ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻO ka luna kūkā kamaʻilio ʻo Monsanto ʻo Jay Byrne, a ʻo VP mua o ka hui kālepa ʻoihana biotech ʻo Val Giddings - kamailio akea in nā leka uila e pili ana i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i ka Academics Review ma ke ʻano he hui mua e paipai i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana a ʻumeʻume kālā ʻoihana, ʻoiai e hūnā ana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

ʻO ka leka uila mai Eric Sachs, Monsanto'sS Science, Technology & Outreach Lead, iā Bruce Chassy

ʻOiai i kēia manawa me kā lākou puke pāʻani e hōʻike - a me kā lākou ʻike ʻia ke kālā mua ʻoiai e hele mai ana mai kahi hui kālepa i uku kālā ʻia e Monsanto, Bayer, BASF, Syngenta a me DowDuPont - Ke koi nei nā loiloi Academics ma kāna paena e ʻae i nā makana wale nō mai "nā kumu waiwai ʻole." Hōʻike pū kekahi ʻo Academics Review i ka holomua ʻole o ka loiloi ʻana o ka maʻi ʻaʻai ʻo IARC glyphosate ma nā ʻaoʻao he nui, "i ka he pou ʻimi ʻia e ka pūnaewele PR i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana Nā Pane GMO, ka hui mua i hoʻolako kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, a kahi ʻatikala Forbes na ʻO Henry Miller na Monsanto i kākau ʻia i ka ʻuhane.

ʻO Miller a me nā mea hoʻolālā Review Academics Chassy, ​​Tribe, Byrne, Sachs a me Giddings nā lālā o AgBioChatter, kahi hui leka uila pilikino i kū i ka papahana PR a Monsanto ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻelua. Nā leka uila mai ka papa inoa AgBioChatter kuhi ua hoʻohana ʻia e laulima i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma ka lobbying a me nā hana hoʻolaha e pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻO nā lālā e komo pū ana me nā limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai kiʻekiʻe, nā kākāʻōlelo PR a me nā kālaiʻike pro-ʻoihana, a he hapa nui o lākou e kākau nei no nā papaho pāʻoihana ʻoihana e like me Nā Pane GMO a Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, a i ʻole hoʻokani i nā hana alakaʻi i nā hui like o Monsanto.

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic, alakaʻi ʻia e ka ʻoihana kemika ʻoi loa PR hana ʻO Jon Entine, hui pū ʻia me Academics Review e holo i kahi mau ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā mea nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema pehea e hoʻonui maikaʻi i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a hoʻopaʻapaʻa no kā lākou deregulation. ʻO nā mea hoʻonohonoho pono ʻole e pili ana i nā kumuwaiwai o kā lākou kālā.

Hoʻonohonoho kēia mau hui iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he arbiters ʻepekema ʻoiai lākou e hoʻolaha nei i ka ʻike wahaheʻe a me ka pae ma kahi kokoke i nā hoʻouka kaua hysterical e kūʻē i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o ka glyphosate.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kahi hiʻohiʻona nui ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project, i helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he "tier 2 ʻoihana ʻoihana" i ka PR PR a Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup e pili ana i nā hopohopo i hāpai ʻia e ka International Agency for Research on Cancer. ʻO kahi ʻimi no "IARC" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e lawe ana ma mua o 200 mau ʻatikala, ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema nāna i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻa e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i "wahaheʻe" a "kipi e kuhi hewa" i nā pilikia olakino o glyphosate, a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻana e pono e hoʻopau ʻia a hoʻopau ʻia ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai honua.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā ʻatikala anti-IARC i kau ʻia ma Genetic Literacy Project, a i ʻole hoʻokau ʻia e nā mea lawelawe ʻē aʻe, e nānā ʻole i nā hōʻike nūhou e pili ana i ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ke kākau nei i ka ʻaihue ʻana o ka ʻoihana i ka noiʻi ʻepekema, a ke hoʻolaha nei i nā kuleana o nā ʻoihana kemika PR hana a i ʻole ka nā moʻolelo hoʻopunipuni o a ka mea kākau moʻolelo me nā pilina ʻoluʻolu iā Monsanto. Ke kaua politika e kūʻē ana hōʻea i ke ala loa a hiki i Capitol Hill, me Republicans Republicans alakaʻi ʻia e Lunamakaainana Lamar Smith ke kāhea nei no nā hoʻokolokolo a ke hoʻāʻo nei e kāohi i kā US kālā mai ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai nui o ka honua.

ʻO wai ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻepekema?

ʻO ka lobbying a me ka leka ʻana a Monsanto e hōʻino ai i ka papa maʻi ʻaʻai IARC e pili ana i ka paio e pili ana nā ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana ana i nā loiloi e pili ana i ka pilikia i ka glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Akā ʻoiai nā hōʻike noiʻikope waiwai mamuli o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto ua kikoʻī, ke hōʻiliʻili nei nā hōʻike i ka loiloi ʻia o nā loiloi i ka glyphosate, ka mea i hilinaʻi nui i ka noiʻi i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana, ua hoʻopilikia ʻia e ka hōʻike ʻole ʻia. nā paio o ka hoihoi, ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka ʻepekema kānalua, mea hana gwrwritten a me nā ʻano hana ʻē aʻe o ka ʻoihana ikaika e hoʻoweliweli i ke olakino lehulehu, e like me ka Professor Tufts Ua kākau ʻo Sheldon Krimsky.

"I pale aku i ka ʻepekema ʻoihana, kekahi o nā kia nui o ke kaiāulu kemokalaka o kēia ao, e kūʻē i nā ikaika e hoʻolilo iā ia i lima wahine o ka ʻoihana a i ʻole ka politika, pono kā mākou kaiāulu e kākoʻo i nā pale ahi ma waena o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a me nā ʻāpana ʻoihana a aʻo i nā ʻepekema ʻōpio a nā mea hoʻoponopono puke pai e pili ana i nā loina o ka pono ma hope o kā lākou kūlana ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Krimsky.

ʻAʻole ʻae nā mea hana kulekele ʻepekema i ulana ʻia e ka ʻoihana e alakaʻi i nā hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Pono ʻo Media e hana i kahi hōʻike ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hana a me ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā paio o ka hoihoi ma hope o ka ʻepekema ʻoihana hui. ʻO kēia ka manawa e hoʻopau ai i ke kaua ʻoihana ma ka ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai Pono ʻo US e ʻike a me ka mea kākau o ka puke "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry."

ʻO Biofortified Aids Chemical ʻoihana PR & Nā Hana Lobbying

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ʻO Biology Fortified Inc., i kapa ʻia ʻo “Biofortified, "He hui nonprofit e hana pū me ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me nā mea kōkua i ka pili lehulehu a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying e pale aku i nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻia me nā genetically, a hoʻouka i nā loiloi ʻoihana.

ʻO nā lālā a me nā mea nūpepa nā mea pili i nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui

ʻO nā lālā o ka papa a me nā mea kākau blog i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma Biofortified'shui i kā mākou poʻe loea”Pili ʻaoʻao i ka pili pili i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā ʻoihana o mua o ka ʻoihana.

Eia nā laʻana o ka lobbying i hoʻopili ʻia i ka ʻoihana a me nā hana pili i ka lehulehu e pili ana iā Biofortified a me kāna mau alakaʻi.

Pale aku ka poʻe ʻōpio "Biofortified" i nā pesticides

I ka makahiki 2013, ʻo ka Hui Hoʻonui ʻIa o Hawaiʻi Crop (HCIA) - kahi hui kālepa ʻeleu Ua hoʻolālā ʻo DowDuPont, Monsanto a me nā Hartung Brothers - i kahi huakaʻi ʻoluʻolu i Kauai no nā mea kōkua ʻoihana e kūʻē i kahi ʻaha kaiāulu e hoʻomaikaʻi ai. hōʻikeʻike lehulehu o ka hoʻohana pesticide a koi ʻia i nā ʻāpana buffer pesticide a puni nā kula, nā haukapila a me nā wahi lehulehu. Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know, ua kuhikuhi aku ka luna hoʻomalu o ka HCIA i nā mea kākoʻo ʻehā i kono ʻia i ka huakaʻi hele e like me ke keikikāne "Biofortified." ʻO lākou:

Hōʻike nā leka uila ʻo Renee Kester, ka mea alakaʻi i ka papahana lobby HCIA, i leka uila i nā kāne ʻehā ma Iulai 11, 2013 (ʻaoʻao 10) e hoʻomaikaʻi aku iā lākou "no nā kākoʻo āu i hāʻawi mai ai iā mākou ma aneʻi ma Hawaii e pili ana i kā mākou kaua kaua ʻahaʻōlelo hou" a e hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea e kūkākūkā i kā lākou loaʻa e hele i kahi hālāwai hoʻolohe kānāwai. ʻO Alicia Muluafiti, ka luna hoʻokō o HCIA, a laila leka uila i ka hui (palapala 9) e pili ana i ka pono o ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā hoʻolālā pōkole a me nā wā lōʻihi “e hoʻohana ana i nā keiki kāne Biofortified”:

More 'ikepili:

  • New York Times, "Hana pū kahi polofesa Florida me ka ʻOihana Biotech: He huakaʻi i Hawaii e hōʻike ai, uku ʻia e ka ʻoihana" (ʻaoʻao 23) (9/5/2015)
  • Nānā GM, "Pehea ka pale ʻana o ke Keikikāne Biofortified 'i nā mea huna a nā ʻoihana pesticide ma Hawaii" (9/27/2015)

Palapala ʻia ʻo Biofortified ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana" ma Monsanto PR doc  

keia palapala Monsanto kūloko ʻike iā Biofortified ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana" ma ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ʻo ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), e pale aku i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻokolokolo kahi ʻaoʻao loea IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup, e lilo carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Ua ʻike ʻia ka palapala PR Monsanto PR ʻehā papa o nā hoa hana ua hoʻolālā ka ʻoihana e komo i kāna "papa hoʻomākaukau" no ka IARC cancer report. Ua helu ʻia ʻo Biofortified ma “Tier 2,” me Nānā Hou ʻO AgBioChatter kālaiʻike, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. Kuhi pinepine ʻia kēia mau pūʻulu ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai kūʻokoʻa, akā e like me ka manaʻo a ka Monsanto plan a me nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe, hana lākou ma hope o nā hanana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e pale i nā pono ʻoihana. (Hoʻohou: Ma ʻOkakopa 2018, Biofortified kau ʻia a olelo mai Monsanto e ʻōlelo nei ʻaʻole kālā a hui pū paha ka ʻoihana me lākou.)

Kūpono ka transparency a me ka mokuʻāina FOIA i nā noi

Kākoʻo ʻia ʻo Biofortified, me ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, he Palapala noi no Malaki 2015 ke kūʻē nei i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka State Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) i nā noi e nānā i nā loulou ma waena o nā mea ʻimi kālā i hoʻolaha kālā ʻia e ka lehulehu a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila i loaʻa iā US Kuleana e ʻike ai ma o kā FOIA mokuʻāina noi mau laʻana he nui o nā kālaiʻike e hana nei i nā ala hūnā me nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me kā lākou ʻoihana PR e kōkua i ka papa hana lobbying a me nā leka uila ʻoihana - e laʻa me ka palapala e wehewehe nei i nā kumu o ka hōʻike mua o ka Academics, a me nā mea i kūkākūkā e pili ana i nā "keiki kāne biofortified" huakaʻi huakaʻi i Hawaii. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā leka uila i loaʻa e US Right to Know i kēia manawa i kau ʻia ma ka UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Library, USRTK Hōʻiliʻili Agrichemical. Ua hoʻokumu nā palapala i ka honua holoʻokoʻa hoʻolaha pūnaewele e pili ana i ka transparency i ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā pilikia o ke olakino a me nā kaiapuni o nā pesticides a me GMO.

ʻO nā hoʻouka kaua kūlike a Biofortified i ka poʻe loiloi

ʻO kahi pēpē hū e pani ana i ka palaoa GMO ʻo Frank N. Foode ka mascot o Biofortified.

ʻO ka lālā hoʻokumu hoʻokumu biofortified ʻo David Tribe i hoʻokumu pū ʻia Nānā ʻImi, kahi hui mua i hoʻonohonoho ʻia me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hoʻouka i nā poʻe loiloi ʻoihana, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know. I hoʻokahi leka uila, ʻO Jay Byrne, kahi luna mua o nā kamaʻilio ʻoihana no Monsanto, ua kūkākūkā i kahi papa inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana e kūkulu nei no Monsanto.

Malaki e kūʻē nei i nā kaʻao e pili ana i ka Hoʻololi (ʻO MAMyths), kahi papahana o Biofortified, i kuhi ʻia kekahi o nā hui a me nā kānaka i kapa ʻia ma ka papa inoa o Byrne - no ka laʻana, ua komo ka hui i kahi kūʻē iā Vandana Shiva a ua alakaʻi ʻia a hoʻāʻo ʻole e kāpae kahi hanana e hōʻike nei iā Vani Hari, ka "Food Babe," i kākoʻo ʻia e ka Center for Food Safe.

ʻO MAMyths co-hoʻokumu Kavin Senapathy he mau ʻatikala holoi ʻia e Forbes ma hope o ka Hōʻike ʻo New York Times ʻO kāna mea kākau, ʻo Henry Miller, i paʻi i kahi kolamu i Forbes i kākau ʻia e Ghostanto. Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo Miller ma ke ʻano he hoa ma ʻO ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto e hoʻouka i ka IARC cancer panel.

ʻO Senapathy ka mea kākau inoa o 2015 buke e pili ana iā Hari, "The Fear Babe," e hōʻike nei i mua i kākau ʻia e ka lālā o ka papa Biofortified ʻo Kevin Folta, kahi e wehewehe ai i ka neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai ma ke ʻano he "pūʻulu hoʻoweliweli maikaʻi".

ʻO Senapathy lāua ʻo Haro von Mogel e ʻike ʻia ma ka Kiʻi paʻi hoʻolaha GMO Hoʻolālā Meaʻai.

Nā hana pili

GENERA Pūnaeweleʻikepili he papa inoa o nā noiʻi e "hōʻike i ka poʻe i ka nui o ka noiʻi i mālama ʻia ma nā mea kanu ʻenekini," e like me ka NPP ma ka pūnaewele Biofortified. Ua hoʻomaka mua ʻia ka papa inoa e David Tribe, ka mea nāna i hoʻokumu pū ka ʻO ka hui loiloi mua o Monsanto. Hoʻolaha mua no GENERA hoʻopiʻi kuhi hewa e hōʻike iā "ʻoi aku ma mua o 600 nā hōʻike i nānā ʻia e nā hoa ʻepekema i nā palapala ʻepekema e palapala ana i ka palekana āpau a me ke olakino olakino o nā meaʻai GM a me nā hānai." ʻAʻole hōʻike ka hapa nui o kēlā mau noiʻi i nā pilikia palekana. Ua kāpae ʻia ka ʻōlelo hoʻolaha kūpono ʻole, a ma kahi o ka hapakolu o nā haʻawina.