Pili ʻo Pamela Ronald i nā pūʻulu mua o ka ʻoihana kemika

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Hoʻohou i Iune 2019

ʻO Pamela Ronald, PhD, he polofesa o nā mea kanu pathology ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, ʻo Davis a me ka mea kākau o ka puke 2008, "Tomorrow's Table," kahi mea i kākoʻo nui ʻia no nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered. ʻAʻoleʻike iki ʻia ʻo kā Kauka Ronald kuleana i loko o nā hui e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana, akā ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ke hana pū nei me nā ʻoihana kemika e hoʻolaulaha a me lobby no nā GMO a me nā pesticides, i nā hoʻonohonoho i maopopo ʻole i ka lehulehu. 

Pili i ka hui mahiʻai kī nui

He pilina paʻa ko Pamela Ronald i kahi hui mua o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, a me kāna alakaʻi alakaʻi, ʻo Jon Entine. Ua kōkua ʻo ia iā lākou ma nā ʻano like ʻole. O kahi laʻana, hōʻike nā palapala i ka 2015, Ua koho ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine ma ke ʻano he elemakule a me ke aʻo o ka ʻepekema kamaʻilio ma UC Davis, a hana pū me Genetic Literacy Project e hoʻokipa i kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai i uku kālā ʻia. hanana leka uila ua hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe komo pehea e hoʻolaha ai i nā huahana mahiʻai. 

Ua wehewehe ʻia ka papahana genetic literacy ma kahi ia nā kumu kāki-eo Le Monde ʻike ma ke ʻano he “punaewele propaganda kaulana” i hoʻokani i ke kuleana nui i ko Monsanto paipai e hōʻino i ka hōʻike a ke keʻena noiʻi noiʻi maʻi maʻi o ka World Health Organization ma glyphosate. I ka a Palapala PR 2015, Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo Monsanto i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic ma waena o ka “ʻoihana hana ” ua hoʻolālā ka ʻoihana e komo i ka "orchestrate outcry" e pili ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hoʻolaha ʻo GLP i nā ʻatikala he nui e hōʻeha ana i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i hoʻopunipuni a hana pū ka palaho, ka hoʻokahuli, ka hūnā a me ka hoʻopunipuni.

He pili lōʻihi ʻo Entine i ka ʻoihana kemika; pili pū kona kino hana i ka pale ʻana pesticides, hanalima Nine Inch, Ka lula ea Ke, kūpilikiʻi, A me ka ʻoihana aila, pinepine me hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema, nā kānaka moʻolelo a nā kālaiʻike.  Hoʻohui ee ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic ma 2011 i ka manawa He mea kūʻai aku ʻo Monsanto o kāna ʻoihana pili lehulehu. ʻO ka GLP ma mua pili pū ʻia me STATS, ua wehewehe kahi mea nūhou pūʻulu nonprofit ma ke ʻano he "hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia kanalua nā ʻanoʻano e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a ʻo “ʻike ʻia no ka pale ʻana i ka ʻoihana kemika. " 

I ka 2015, ua neʻe ka Genetic Literacy Project i kahi hui makua hou, ʻo ka Science Literacy Project. ʻO ka faila ʻauhau IRS no kēlā makahiki hōʻikeʻia he lālā hoʻokumu ʻo Kauka Ronald o ka Papahana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema, akā nā leka uila mai ʻAukake 2018 e hōʻike ua hōʻoia ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine e haʻalele hou i kona inoa mai ka palapala ʻauhau ma hope o ka ʻike ʻia ua helu ʻia ʻo ia ma laila (ʻo ka ʻauhau ʻauhau i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kēia manawa loaʻa ma aneʻi). Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine, “ʻAʻole au i lawelawe ma kēia papa a ʻaʻole wau i hāʻawi i ka ʻae no ka papa inoa ʻia o koʻu inoa. E ʻoluʻolu e hana koke e hoʻomaopopo i ka IRS ua helu ʻia koʻu inoa me ka ʻae ʻole. ” Ua kākau ʻo Entine he ʻokoʻa kona hoʻomanaʻo ʻana. "Hoʻomaopopo wau iā ʻoe e ʻae nei e lilo i ʻāpana o ka papa a poʻo i ka papa mua ... Ua hauʻoli ʻoe a kākoʻo hoʻi i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo. ʻAʻohe nīnau i loko o koʻu manaʻo ua ʻae ʻoe i kēia. ” Akā naʻe ua ʻae ʻo ia e hoʻāʻo e lawe i kona inoa mai ka palapala ʻauhau.

Ua kūkākūkā hou lāua i ka palapala ʻauhau ma Kekemapa 2018 ma hope o ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o kēia pepa. Ua kākau ʻo Entine, "Ua helu wau iā ʻoe ma ka 990 kumu e pili ana i ke kamaʻilio kelepona ʻana āu i ʻae ai e noho ma ka papa. I ka manawa i koho ai ʻoe iaʻu ua ʻae ʻole ʻoe, ua hoʻomaʻemaʻe wau i ka moʻolelo e like me kāu i noi ai. ” I loko o leka uila ʻē aʻe i kēlā lā, ua hoʻomanaʻo ʻo ia iā Kauka Ronald "ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua pili ʻoe me 'kēlā hui: ʻoiai mākou e hana pū ana, hana maʻalahi a hana ʻole hoʻi, i ka hana ʻana i kahi hoʻomoana kīpuka ma kāu kula nui."  

Hoʻonohonoho nā palapala ʻauhau ʻEpekema Literacy i kēia manawa i ʻekolu mau lālā o ka papa: Entine; ʻO Drew Kershen, he loea loio i hala ma mua ma ka papa o "Review Academics," he hui i koi kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e loaʻa ana kāna kālā mai nā hui mahiʻai; a ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, he epidemiologist nāna e lawelawe ma ka papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema no ka mea, o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto no kāna hana pale aku i nā pesticides a me GMO.

Hoʻokumu ʻia, alakaʻi ʻia ka hui ʻo UC Davis e hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā hana PR hana

ʻO Kauka Ronald ka luna hoʻokumu o ka World Food Center's Ke keʻena no ka heluhelu ʻana i ka meaʻai a me ka mahiʻai (IFAL), kahi hui i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 2014 ma UC Davis e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā kumu a me nā haumāna e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered, nā mea kanu a me nā pesticides. ʻAʻole hōʻike piha ka hui i kāna kālā.

Hōʻike nā palapala i hāʻawi ʻia e Dr. Ronald ʻO Jon Entine a me kāna hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻO kahi papahana Genetic Literacy Project kahi paepae ma UC Davis, ke koho nei iā Entine ma ke ʻano he elemakule uku ʻole ʻia o IFAL a he kumu aʻo a kumu aʻo i kahi papahana puka ʻepekema kamaʻilio. ʻAʻole ʻo Entine he hoa ma UC Davis. E ʻike i kā mākou leka 2016 i ka World Food Center e nīnau ana e pili ana i ke kālā no Entine a me IFAL a me kā lākou wehewehe wehewehe e pili ana i kahi e loaʻa ai kā lākou kālā.

I Iulai 2014, ua hōʻike ʻo Kauka Ronald i kahi leka uila i kahi hoa hana ʻo Entine kahi mea kōkua nui i hiki ke hāʻawi iā lākou i nā manaʻo maikaʻi i ka mea e hoʻopili aku ai e hōʻiliʻili i nā kālā hou aʻe no ka hanana IFAL mua. I Iune 2015, hui pū ʻo IFAL i ka “ʻO kahi hoʻomoana boot a Project Biotech Literacy”Me ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ka ʻO ka hui loiloi ʻia ʻo Monsanto i kākoʻo ʻia e ka hui. Ua koi nā mea hoʻonohonoho i uku kālā ʻia kēia hanana e nā kumu, nā aupuni a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, akā hōʻole nā ​​kumu ʻoihana ʻole i ke kālā kālā i nā hanana a me ka ʻo ke kumuwaiwai kālā hiki ke haki ʻia mai ka ʻoihana, e like me ka hōʻike a Paul Thacker ma The Progressive.

Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau kēlā Kānāwai Loiloi, i loaʻa iā ia kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa, hoʻolilo i $ 162,000 no ka ʻaha kūkā ʻekolu lā ma UC Davis. Ke kumu o ka hoʻomoana kīpaku, e like me ka papa kuhikuhi, e hoʻomaʻamaʻa a kākoʻo i nā ʻepekema, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea noiʻi kālaiʻike e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu a me nā mea hana kulekele e pili ana i nā pono o nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻO nā mea kamaʻilio ma kahi hoʻomoana kālele kā UC Davis ʻO Jay Byrne, Ko Monsanto luna mua o nā ʻoihana hui; Lākana Hank o ka Monsanto-uku kālā ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino; nā polofesa me nā pilina ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia e like me Kulanui o ʻInikia Polofesa Emeritus Bruce Chassy a Ke Kulanui o Florida Polokalamu Kevin Folta; ʻO Cami Ryan, e hana nei no Monsanto; ʻO David Ropeik, kahi kākāʻōlelo ʻike pilikia ʻike PR nona pū kekahi nā mea kūʻai aku me Dow a me Bayer; a me nā hui ʻenehana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe.

Nā haʻi ʻōlelo nui ʻo Dr. Ronald, ʻO Yvette dʻEntremont ka Sci Babe, he "ʻepekema kamaʻilio" nāna e pale aku i nā pesticides a me nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻona i ka wā e lawe kālā ana mai nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i kēlā mau huahana, a me Ted Nordhaus o ka Breakthrough Institute. (Ua helu pū ʻia ʻo Nordhaus ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka Papa ʻEpekema ʻEpekema ma ka palapala ʻauhau 2015/2016 kumu, akā ua kāpae ʻia kona inoa me Dr. Ronald's i loko o ka pepa i hoʻoponopono ʻia ʻo Entine i waiho ʻia i ka makahiki 2018. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Nordhaus ʻaʻole ʻo ia i lawelawe ma ka papa.)

Ke kuke ʻana i kahi boycott Chipotle

Hōʻike nā leka uila iā Dr. Ronald lāua ʻo Jon Entine hana pū ʻia ma ka leka ʻana e hōʻino ai i nā loiloi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered. I kekahi hihia, ua noi ʻo Kauka Ronald e hoʻonohonoho i kahi boycott e kūʻē i ka Chipotle hale ʻaina ma luna o kāna hoʻoholo e hāʻawi a paipai i nā meaʻai GMO ʻole.

I ʻApelila 2015, ua leka uila ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine a ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, kahi limahana o Monsanto ma mua a me ka loea o ka laulima kōkua ma UC Davis, e ʻōlelo e loaʻa iā lākou kahi haumāna e kākau e pili ana i nā mahiʻai e hoʻohana ana i nā pesticides ʻoi loa e ulu i ka GM-GMO. “Manaʻo wau e hoʻolaha mākou i kēia ʻoiaʻiʻo (ke loaʻa iā mākou nā kikoʻī) a laila hoʻonohonoho i kahi boycott chipotle, "Kākau ʻo Kauka Ronald. Ua kuhikuhi ʻo Entine i kahi hoa e kākau i kahi ʻatikala no ka papahana Genetic Literacy ma ke kumuhana e "lele pinepine ka hoʻohana pesticide" ke hoʻololi ka poʻe mahiʻai i kahi hiʻohiʻona GMO ʻole e hoʻolako i nā hale ʻaina e like me Chipotle. ʻO ka Haawina, mea i kākau ʻia e Entine a me ke kuhi ʻana i kāna pili ʻo UC Davis, ʻaʻole e hōʻoia i kēlā kuleana me ka ʻikepili.

Hoʻokumu ʻia ka hui biotech spin spin BioFortified

Ua hoʻokumu a lawelawe ʻo Dr. Ronald ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa (2012-2015) o ʻO Biology Fortified, Inc. (Biofortified), kahi hui e paipai i nā GMO a Loaʻa iā ia kahi hui activist hoa hoʻonohonoho kēlā nā kūʻē e kūʻē iā Monsanto. ʻO nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe o Biofortified me ka lālā hoʻokumu o David Tribe, he genistist ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne i hoʻokumu pū Review Review, ka hui i koi kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e loaʻa ana nā kālā ʻoihana, a hana pū me IFAL e hoʻokipa i ka papahana Biotech Literacy "camp boot" ma UC Davis.

ʻO ka lālā o ka papa ʻo Kevin Folta (2015-2018), he ʻepekema mea kanu ma ke Kulanui o Florida, ʻo ia ka kumuhana o ka moʻolelo New York Times ke hōʻike nei ua alakaʻi hewa ʻo ia i ka lehulehu e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia. ʻO Steve Blogage kahi mea kākau blog biofortified Ua huli ka limahana o DuPont i kuhina ʻoihana; ʻO Joe Ballanger, a kākāʻōlelo no Monsanto; a me Andrew Kniss, nāna i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto. Hōʻike nā palapala i kēlā hoʻohui ʻia nā lālā o Biofortified me ka ʻoihana pesticide ma kahi hoʻolaha lobbying e kū'ē nā kapu pesticide ma Hawaii.

Pāʻani i ke kuleana alakaʻi i ka kiʻi ʻoniʻoni hoʻolaha kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana

Ua hōʻike nui ʻia ʻo Kauka Ronald i ka Food Evolution, kahi kiʻi paʻi kiʻi e pili ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini i uku ʻia e ka hui kālepa Institute for Food Technologists. He mau kālaiʻike ʻē aʻe i kapa ʻia ʻo propaganda propaganda, a me kekahi mau kānaka i nīnauele ʻia no ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i wehewehe ʻia i ke kaʻina hana hoʻopunipuni a ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua lawe ʻia ko lākou mau manaʻo ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili.

https://www.foodpolitics.com/2017/06/gmo-industry-propaganda-film-food-evolution/

'Adlelo aʻoaʻo no ka hoʻolaha kaiāulu GMO ma Cornell

ʻO Kauka Ronald ma ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo o ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha PR i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻolaha ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka leka uila ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hāʻawi kālā nui ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i ua kūʻē i ka hoʻohana ʻia o ke kānāwai Freedom of Information e nānā i nā hui lehulehu, alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu me ka ʻike kūpono ʻole a hoʻokiʻekiʻe i nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole ʻia; ʻike palapala i loko o kā mākou pepa pono.

Loaʻa kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala e US Right to Know e loaʻa ana iā Dr. Ronald ka uku mai nā hui mahiʻai e ʻōlelo ma nā hanana kahi e hoʻolaha ai ʻo ia i nā GMO i nā mea hoʻolohe nui e ʻimi ai nā ʻoihana e hoʻohuli, e like me nā mea ʻai. Hāʻawi nā leka uila mai Nowemapa 2012 i kahi laʻana o ka hana a Dr. Ronald me nā ʻoihana.

ʻO ka limahana ʻo Monsanto Wendy Reinhardt Kapsak, he mea lapaʻau i hana mua no ka ʻoihana meaʻai hui wili IFIC, kono iā Ronald e kamaʻilio ma nā ʻaha kūkā ʻelua ma 2013, Food 3000 a me ka Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food and Nutrition Conference a me Expo. Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka ʻelua kūkākūkā nā uku a me nā kūʻai puke a ʻae ʻo Kauka Ronald e ʻōlelo ma Food 3000, kahi ʻaha kūkā i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka firm PR Porter Novelli a Kapsak i ʻōlelo ai e hōʻea i "90 ka pāʻoihana kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i ka meaʻai a me nā loea / influencers." (Kauka Ronald hoʻoili ʻia $ 3,000 no ka hanana). Nīnau ʻo Kapsak iā loiloi i nā kiʻi a Dr. Ronald a hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea e kūkākūkā i ka leka ʻana. Eia nō naʻe ma ka papa ka moderator ʻo Mary Chin (he kaukaʻai nāna kūkākūkā me Monsanto), a me nā lunamakaʻāinana mai ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation a me Monsanto, me Kapsak e hāʻawi nei i nā ʻōlelo hoʻomaka. Ua hōʻike ʻo Kapsak ma hope ua loaʻa nā loiloi i ka panela me nā poʻe i ʻōlelo ʻia e haʻi like lākou i ka manaʻo, "Pono mākou i kahi biotech e kōkua e hānai i ka honua. "

ʻO nā hana ʻē aʻe i hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻē aʻe no Dr. Ronald i komo pū me kahi 2014 haiolelo ma Monsanto no ka mea, $ 3,500 me 100 kope o kāna puke ka mea āna hōʻole e tweet e pili ana; a me kahi kamaʻilio e kamaʻilio 2013 ana i hoʻoili ai Bayer AG no $ 10,000.

Nā pepa i hoʻihoʻi ʻia

Retraction Watch ua hōʻike ʻo ia, “He makahiki paʻakikī ka 2013 no ka meaolaola ʻo Pamela Ronald. Ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana i ka protein i hōʻike ʻia e hoʻomaka i ka ʻōnaehana pale o ka laiki e pale aku ai i kahi maʻi bacteria - e hōʻike ana i kahi ala hou e hana i nā mea kū i ka maʻi - ua huki ʻo ia a me kāna hui i ʻelua mau pepa i ka 2013 ma hope o ka hiki ʻole ke hana hou i kā lākou ʻike. ʻO nā mea hewa: kahi misia maʻi koʻokoʻo a me kahi hoʻoweliweli ʻano nui. Eia naʻe, ʻo ka mālama a me ka transparency āna i hōʻike ai i loaʻa iā ia kahi 'hana ana i ka mea kūpono'kunou mai iā mākou i kēlā manawa. "

E ʻike i ka uhi:

"He aha kāu e hana ai e pili ana i nā retractions ʻeha? ʻO Q&A me Pamela Ronald lāua ʻo Beniamina Swessinger, " Retraction Watch (7.24.2015)

"Hiki i ke kūlana ʻepekema o Pamala Ronald, ke alo lehulehu o GMO, ke hoʻopakele ʻia?"Na Jonathan Latham, Nūhou ʻEpekema Kūʻokoʻa (11.12.2013)

"Hana hou ʻo Pamela Ronald i ka mea kūpono, retracting a paper Science, " Retraction Watch (10.10.2013)

"Ke hana nei i ka mea kūpono: Hoʻihoʻi nā kānaka noiʻi i ka pepa i ʻike ʻia e ka ʻaha ma hope o ka hana lehulehu, " Retraction Watch (9.11.2013)

ʻO Jon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project: Nā ʻelele PR no Monsanto, Bayer a me ka ʻoihana Kemika

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ʻO Jon Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hoa nui i ka Monsanto mau hana pili lehulehu e pale aku a pale aku i nā huahana mahiʻai. Hōʻike ʻo Entine iā ia iho ma ke ʻano he mana mana i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo nā hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia ma kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo he PR lōʻihi ʻo ia me nā pilina hohonu i ka ʻoihana kemika a kālele kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia.

ʻO nā kumu hoʻomaka o ka papahana moʻokalaleo genetic: kahi paʻa ʻo Monsanto PR a me kahi nonprofit me nā pili paka

ʻO Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a poʻokumu o ESG MediaMetrics, he hui pili lehulehu i ʻO Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku ma 2011 ke kūpaʻa kāinoa i ka inoa kikowaena GeneticLiteracyProject.org.

ʻO Entine i kēlā manawa e hana ʻia e nā lawelawe loiloi helu (STATS), kahi hui nonprofit a ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "hoʻolālā disinformation" o ia "ʻike ʻia e kū i nā kūlana e ʻae i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema a kipaku paha i nā hōʻike e kū nei i ka hōʻeha. ” Ua hoʻomohala ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "papahana hoʻopaʻi keʻa me STATS," e like me waihona pūnaewele I ka 2015, neʻe ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma lalo o ka malu o kahi hui hou, ʻo ka Science Literacy Project, ka mea i hoʻoilina i ka STATS helu helu ʻauhau.

ʻO kahi hoʻokolokolo e Milwaukee Journal Sentinel ua ʻike ʻo STATS he “ka mea pāʻani nui i ka hoʻolaha lehulehu e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka bisphenol A"A ʻo kāna hui makua, ʻo ke kikowaena no Media and Public Affairs (CMPA)," ʻo ia uku ʻia i loko o nā makahiki 1990 e Philip Morris, ka ʻoihana paka, e hōʻiliʻili i nā moʻolelo loiloi i ka puhipaka. ” He alakaʻi ʻo Entine o ka CMPA i ka makahiki makahiki 2014/2015, e like me i nā palapala ʻauhau.

He mea kūʻai aku ʻo Monsanto i ka firm PR o Entine i kona wā i hoʻopaʻa inoa ai i ka inoa no ka papahana Genetic Literacy.

Pāhana me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR / hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema 

Nā palapala i loaʻa iā Pono ʻo US e ʻike a mai hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto e hōʻike i ka Entine a me ka Genetic Literacy Project hoa me Monsanto e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides, me ka hōʻike ʻole i kā lākou hana pū ʻana.

  • Kahi hoʻolālā 2015 Monsanto PR ʻike ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project kekahi o nā "Nā hoa hana" Ua hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto e hana i kāna mau hana e "orctrate outcry" e pili ana i hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai mai ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), i mea e "pale ai i ka kaulana" o Roundup. Ua kau ʻo GLP ma luna o 200 ʻatikala e pili ana i ka IARC, kekahi o lākou kū'ē nā ʻepekema ka mea i loaʻa ka glyphosate carcinogenic as nā kuʻuna a wahahee ʻO wai kipaku ʻia e ka waiwai a me ka lapuwale.
  • He lanakila lanakila Le Monde hoʻokolokolo e pili ana i ka "Monsanto Papers" i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" i hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana i nā ʻoihana pesticides a me biotechnology, "a he hana nui i ko Monsanto mau hana" e luku i ka maʻi ʻaʻai o United Nations. ke koho e hiki ai. "
  • I kahi waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha 2017, ua hoʻopiʻi nā loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻa glyphosate i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project a me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino ma ke ʻano he "hui i manaʻo e hoʻohilahila i nā ʻepekema a hōʻike i ka ʻike e kōkua ana iā Monsanto a me nā mea hana kemika ʻē aʻe.
  • Ma 2014 a me 2015, ua hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto a me kā lākou PR firm e paʻi a hoʻolaha i kahi moʻo o nā pepa pro-GMO i kākau ʻia e nā polopeka me ka hōʻike ʻole i ka kuleana o ka ʻoihana. E ʻike i ka hōʻike a Boston Globe, “ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Professor Harvard i ka pili o Monsanto. "
  • Wahi a kahi leka uila o Sep. 2014, Ua koho nā luna o Monsanto i ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "puka mua" e paʻi i nā pepa a nā polopeka, a e kūkulu i kahi "papahana kūʻai aku" me ka PR PR CMA e paipai i nā pepa.
  • ʻO ka firm PR CMA, ka mea i kapa hou ʻia ʻo Look East, alakaʻi ʻia e Charlie Arnot, a ʻo ia hoʻi ka mea nāna e holo ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono, kahi mea kōkua ʻole e loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto - a ʻo kekahi hāʻawi manawaleʻa iā Papahana Heluhelu Genetic.
  • I ka 2014 a me ka 2015, ua hana pū ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Nānā ʻImi, kahi hui mua o Monsanto, e hoonohonoho ʻaha kūkā kālā-ʻenehana ma ke Kulanui o Florida a me UC Davis "e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMOs a me ka ʻawahia o glyphosate," e like me Ua hōʻike ʻo Paul Thacker ma The Progressive.

Pili i Syngenta / ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino

Ke hāʻawi kālā nei ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH i ka wā i paʻi ai i ka puke a Entine e pale aku nei i ka pesticide a Syngenta.

Ua pili paʻa ʻo Jon Entine me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), kahi hui mua ʻoihana loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto a me nā hui kemika ʻē aʻe. Ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kā Entine puke 2011, ka mea e pale aku i ka atrazine, kahi pesticide i hana ʻia e Syngenta. ʻO ka hōʻike ʻana a Tom Philpott ma Mother Jones a me ka Center for Media and Democracy e hoʻokumu ana e hāʻawi kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH i kēlā manawa, a ua noi aku ʻo ACSH iā Syngenta e hāʻawi i kālā hou aku no kahi papahana i hoʻopili ʻia kahi puke e like me ka puke ʻo Entine.

ʻO kā Philpott ʻatikala ma Mother Jones ua wehewehe i nā kūlana e pili ana i ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kā Entine puke, e pili ana i nā palapala i loaʻa iā ke kikowaena no Media a me Demokalaka e wehewehe ana i kā PR PR Syngenta e kiʻi ʻo nā hui ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e pale aku iā atrazine.

I 2009, Ua nīnau aku nā limahana o ACSH iā Syngenta no kahi $ 100,000 hāʻawi - "ʻokoʻa a ʻokoʻa i ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki i hala" - e hana i kahi pepa a me "puke kūʻai pilikino" e pili ana i atrazine. I ka 2011, Hoʻolaha ʻo ACSH ʻO ka puke hou a Entine me kahi "hoa aloha, pepa kūlana pōkole," e pale aku ana iā atrazine. Ua haʻi ʻo Entine iā Philpott ʻaʻohe ona "manaʻo" e loaʻa kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH.

Kumuhana nui: hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa

ʻO kahi poʻomanaʻo nui i ka hana a Entine e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hōʻike loiloi e pili ana i ka ʻoihana kemika, ka ʻoihana aila a me nā pilikia olakino e pili pū ana me lākou. Kekahi mau laʻana:

  • hooukaia mai New Yorker ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Rachel Aviv i ka hoʻāʻo e hōʻino iā ia hōʻike e pili ana i nā palapala Syngenta kūloko e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ka hui kemika e hōʻino i ka inoa o UC Berkeley Polofesa Tyrone Hayes ma muli o kāna noiʻi ʻana e hoʻohui ana i ka lāʻau make atrazine i nā hānau hānau i nā rana. ʻO Bruce Chassy ke kumu nui o Entine, he polofesa ʻo ia ke loaʻa mālie nei i ke kālā mai Monsanto a kōkua i ka hoʻomaka a ʻO ka hui mua o Monsanto e hoʻouka i nā loiloi ʻoihana.
  • hooukaia mai ʻO Harvard Professor Naomi Oreskes, ka mea kākau o ʻO nā kālepa o ka kanalua, ma ke ʻano he "populist Luddite, ka Rottweiler ʻike o loko o kou alo, kaiapuni, a makaʻala maoli hoʻi i ka ʻenehana hou."
  • ʻAʻohe ʻO ke kula ʻo Journalism Columbia ʻo Dean Steve Coll a me ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Susanne Rust o "smearing Exxon" no ka hōʻike ʻana ua ʻike ʻo Exxon no nā makahiki he maoli ke ʻano o ke aniau akā hūnā i ka ʻepekema e hoʻomau i nā loaʻa kālā e kahe ana.
  • i ka hoʻouka ukali (mai ka lawe ʻia ʻana mai ka Huffington Post Pūnaewele), hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine iā Rust no nā hana hewa ethics no kāna hōʻike ʻana i kahi papa lanakila lanakila ma BPA ʻo ia papa inoa pōkole no kahi Pulitzer Prize; ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Entine i kāna hōʻike ʻana i hōʻike ai i kāna haku hana ma mua ʻo STATS ma ke ʻano he ka mea pāʻani nui i nā hana PR o ka ʻoihana.

ʻO Murky Funding Trail i Entine a me GLP

He paʻakikī a paʻakikī ka mōʻaukala kālā o Entine, akā hōʻike nā palapala ʻauhau a me kāna mau hōʻike ponoʻī i kahi ʻano o ke kālā mai nā kumuwaiwai inoa ʻole a me nā kumu ʻēheu ʻākau i pahu aku ai i ka deregulation a me ka hōʻole ʻepekema aniau, a me ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai ka ʻoihana biotechnology.

Kūpono ʻole, e loli mau nei ka pepa "transparency"

ʻO ka palapala "transparency financial" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project he pololei ʻole, hoʻololi pinepine a i kekahi manawa kūʻē iā ia iho. No 2017 a me 2018, ka Papahana Genetic Literacy koi ua loaʻa kālā mai kahi mau lima o nā kumu e like me nā hoʻokumu ʻo Templeton a me Searle, ʻo ia nā alakaʻi kālā kālā o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole ʻana. Hoʻomaopopo pū ʻo GLP i ke kālā kālā mai ka Center for Food Integrity, a pūʻulu mua ʻoihana meaʻai i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto a me nā hoapili pū me Monsanto a me Genetic Literacy Project e hāpai i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai PR.

In Kepakemapa 2016, ka "hōʻike" ua ʻōlelo ʻo GLP ʻaʻole i loaʻa kahi kālā mai nā ʻoihana, akā ua hōʻike ʻia he $ 27,500 "hele ma waena o" mai ka "Academics Review Charities Association," i ʻike ʻole ʻia. ʻO kēlā hui paha ʻOihana AcademicReview.org, he hui mua i loaʻa i kāna kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa.

In Malaki 2016, ʻaʻole hoʻolaha ʻo GLP i kahi hōʻike kālā a ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Entine e hoʻokaʻawale iā GLP mai kāna STATS haku hana ma mua, e ʻōlelo ana ua hāʻawi ʻo STATS i nā lawelawe helu mahina wale nō a ʻaʻole pili nā hui i nā hana a kekahi. Akā i ka 2012, ua ʻōlelo ʻo GLP ʻo ia “hoʻomohala ʻia ma ke ʻano he papahana aʻo keʻa me STATS. "

Ke kikowaena no ka Media a me nā kuleana aupuni / Ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason

No ka makahiki kālā 2014 / 2015, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau, ua loaʻa iā Entine he $ 173,100 no kāna hana ma ke ʻano he "director" ma Center for Media and Public Affairs, kahi hui ma George Mason University a hoʻokumu ʻia e GMU Professor ʻO Robert Lichter. CMPA ua uku ʻia e Phillip Morris i nā makahiki 1990 e pale i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka paka, e like me nā palapala i ka waihona waihona ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo CMPA i kāna mea kālā kālā akā ua loaʻa kālā iā ia mai kā George Mason University Foundation, ka alakaʻi loaʻa o nā haʻawina i pili pū me Charles Koch a me Koch Industries. Ua loaʻa iā GMUF $ 5.3 miliona mai ka Donors Trust a me nā Donors Capital Fund ma waena o 2011-13, Wahi a ke Kahu. Kuhi kēia mau kālā i nā kālā mai nā mea hāʻawi inoa ʻole me nā ʻoihana i nā hoʻouka kaua a me nā kālaiʻike e hoʻokuʻi i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana, e like me Greenpeace i hōʻike ai i loko o kahi hoʻokolokolo ʻimi huna.

Nā uku STATS a me nā hōʻaiʻē

ʻO ka hui kaikuahine o CMPA, i hoʻokumu ʻia e Lichter a hoʻokumu ʻia ma GMU, ʻo Statistics Assessment Services (STATS), kahi hui nonprofit i hana nui i nā hana kemika PR e pale aku i nā huahana ʻawahia, e like me ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO ke kuʻina, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ka 'Akelanika' a Ka Mea Hōʻaikaʻi.

Wahi a nā palapala IRS:

  • Ua uku ʻia nā STATS i $ 140,600 i loko 2012 / 2013 a i $ 152,500 i 2013 / 2014 ma ke ʻano he “aʻoaʻo noiʻi”
  • ʻO STATS a me ke kikowaena no Media a me nā kuleana lehulehu i helu ʻia i Entine ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi i 2014 / 2015 me ka uku no $ 173,100. Ua helu pū ʻia nā moʻolelo ʻauhau no nā hui ʻelua i ka Pelekikena Trevor Butterworth no $ 95,512 a me ka Luna Hoʻokele Tracey Brown me ka uku ʻole ʻia. ʻO Tracey Brown ka luna o Sense About Science, kahi hui pū kekahi wili ʻepekema e pale aku i nā pono ʻoihana kemika; ʻO Butterworth hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science USA i ka 2014 a hui pū i nā STATS i kēlā hui.
  • Ua lilo ka Project Science Literacy Project i ka ʻauhau ID o STATS ma 2015 a helu ʻia ʻo Entine ma ke ʻano he Luna Hoʻokele me ka uku no $ 188,800.
  • I ka 2018, ESG MediaMetrics, paʻa paʻa o Entine's PR, i hōʻike ʻia $ 176,420 i ka loaʻa kālā.

Ua hōʻaiʻē pū ka Center for Media and Public Affairs i STATS, a "no ka lawa ʻole o ke kālā" ʻaʻole "i uku ʻia." ʻO George Mason University Foundation, ka mea i hōʻike ʻole i kāna kālā, hāʻawi i nā hāʻawi CMPA i kēlā mau makahiki. Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau:

  • Ua hōʻaiʻē ʻo CMPA i nā STATS $ 203,611 i 2012 / 2013 a me $ 163,914 hōʻaiʻe ma 2013 / 2014
  • Ua hāʻawi ʻia ʻo George Mason University Foundation $ 220,900 ma 2012 / 2013 a i $ 75,670 i 2013 / 2014 iā CMPA.

ʻO ke kālā ʻoihana Biotechnology e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kākau moʻolelo

Ma 2014 a me 2015, ua hoʻolilo ka ʻaha kūkā no ka ʻike Biotechnology, i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont a me Monsanto Company, ma kahi o $ 300,000 ma nā hanana ʻelua i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Genetic Literacy Project a me ka papa mua o ka Academics Review i "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻawahia o glyphosate, ”E like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau a me ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO ka holomua. ʻO nā hanana, i kapa ʻia ka Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project, i mālama 'ia ma ka Kulanui o Florida ma 2014 a UC Davis ma 2015. Hōʻike nā papahana i nā hanana ma ke ʻano he "hoʻomaʻamaʻa mākau kamaʻilio" no nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e kōkua i ka pale hou ʻana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO, a ua hoʻohiki ʻia e hāʻawi i nā ʻepekema i nā "mea hana a me nā kōkua e pono ai e hoʻopili pono i ka pāpāho a ʻike ʻia he mau loea i ka ʻahaʻōlelo a nā hoʻolohe aupuni aupuni, a me nā hana kulekele ʻē aʻe a me nā manawa kūpono e hoʻolaha aku ai i pili. "

Nā kumu ma ka mua kahua hoʻomoana mua hui pū ʻia nā lunamakaʻāinana mai nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā hui kalepa, a me nā kālaiʻike pro-GMO me ke Kulanui o Florida Kumu. ʻO Kevin Folta, a me ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Polofesa Emeritus Bruce Chassy, ua ʻae aku lāua ʻelua i ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto a paipai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a Monsanto e kūʻai aku nei i ka hilinaʻi. Hawaii Post mea kākau meaʻai Tamar Haspel, no lakou hoi ʻae i ke kālā mai nā pono agribusiness, ka mea kākau nūhou ma ke kumu.

Nā mea kālā hōʻole ʻepekema ʻenekini

ʻO nā mea kākoʻo kālā nui o ka mea hana ma mua o Entine STATS a me kāna papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kēia manawa me nā ʻaoʻao ʻēheu - ʻo Scaife Foundation, ʻo Searle Freedom Trust a ʻo Templeton Foundation - ʻo ia nā alakaʻi nui o ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻepekema, e like me ka Ke aʻo kula 2013 Drexel. E nānā i ka hoʻokolokolo a USRTK: ʻO ke ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole hōʻaiʻē kālā e hoʻolaha nei i nā Propaganda Nine Toxic.

Kanaka pale ʻoihana ʻino

No nā makahiki he nui, lilo ʻo Entine i mea pale nui i nā pono ʻoihana kemika, ma hope o ka puke pāʻani ʻoihana: pale aku ʻo ia i nā kinikona e like me ka palekana; paio e kūʻē ana i ke kānāwai; a hoʻouka i ka ʻepekema, nā mea ʻepekema nūpepa a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hāpai nei i ka hopohopo.

Ke pale nei i nā neonicotinoids

e ulu ana Hōʻike nā hōʻike ʻepekema ʻo kēlā neonicotinoids, ka papa hoʻohana nui ʻia o nā pesticides, kahi kumu nui i ka make ʻana o ka pi. Ua kāohi ka European Union i nā neonics ma muli o ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka hopena o ka pi. ʻO Pepeluali 2020 ʻatikala ma The Intercept na Lee Fang i hōʻike e pili ana i ke "kaua ʻikepili sophisticated" e hana ana nā ʻoihana pesticide e mālama i nā kemika ma ka mākeke ma ka US Entine kahi mea nui o ka ʻelele pro-ʻoihana; ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo ia ʻaʻole neonic ka mea hoʻokele nui o ka make ʻana o ka pi.Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika), ʻo "The bee apocalypse was never real," (ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino) a koi ʻia nā neonics e kōkua maoli i ka olakino pī (Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika a Forbes). Ua hōʻeha pū kekahi ʻo Entine i kahi aʻo a kahi polofesa Harvard ma ka bee Colony Collapse Disorder (Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika) a hoʻopiʻi i ka poʻe politika o ʻEulopa i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e pepehi i nā nalo meli ma ke kaohi ʻana i nā neonics (Forbes).

Ke pale nei i nā phthalates

ʻO Phthalates kahi papa o nā kemika i loulou lōʻihi ʻia i ka hoʻohaunaele hormone, hōʻeha hānau, pilikia pilikia a me nā loulou i ka momona o ka wā kamaliʻi, hānō, nā pilikia neurological a me nā pilikia puʻuwai. Ua hoʻomaka ke aupuni US kaohi ʻana i nā kemika i nā mea pāʻani a nā keiki i ka 2013 ma muli o ka hopohopo olakino. Ua pale aku ʻo Entine i nā huahana a nā keiki i loaʻa nā kemika. "Kakaikahi nā kemika i ka mākeke i kēia lā i nānā i ka ʻepekema e like me nā esters phthalate," i kākau ʻo Entine (Forbes) - akā ʻaʻole ia i haʻi i ka kino nui of hōʻike ʻepekema i hōʻuluʻulu ʻia ma loko o ʻelua mau makahiki e pili ana i nā hōʻike phthalate i hoʻomohala hānau kūpono ʻole in keiki kāne. ʻO ka leka me nā hōʻeha i nā mea kūkala nūhou; Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine i kahi mea nūhou NBC nāna i hāpai i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka palekana o ka "journalism shoddy." (Forbes). ʻO kā firm firm kamaʻilio, ESG MediaMetrics, hana PR no ka Ke Kula Nui Vinyl; ʻO ka vinyl plastic kahi kumu nui o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā phthalates. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Entine i ka pili ʻoihana i kāna ʻatikala Forbes.

Ke pale nei i ka fracking

Hoʻopilikia ka Entine i ka haʻi ʻana o ka neʻe ("fracking"), ka pauma ʻana o ka wai kemika i hoʻowalewale ʻia i loko o ka lepo e haki i ka shale a lawe i ke kinoea maoli. E like me kāna mau huakaʻi leka uila ʻē aʻe, hoʻopūhū ʻo Entine i ka ʻepekema a me nā ʻepekema e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo, e kahakaha ana iā lākou ma ke ʻano he "activist," ʻoiai e hana nei i nā ʻōlelo nani a pili ʻole hoʻi e pili ana i ka ʻepekema "scrupious" i mālama ʻia i loko o nā makahiki he nui e pale aku i kona palekana. ʻO kahi laʻana, ua koi ʻo Entine: “Mai ke kuanaʻike ʻepekema, ʻaʻohe kumu e kū ai i ke ahiahi i hoʻohuoi nui e huli aʻe nā pilikia e pili ana i ke olakino a i ʻole nā ​​kaiapuni "mai ka fracking (New York Post).

Eia hou, ʻo nā hoʻouka kahi kī nui o ka leka uila. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou o New York Times no nā keiki hoʻopunipuni e pili ana i nā pilikia kūlohelohe o ka fracking (Forbes), hoʻouka kaua i ʻepekema ʻelua o ke Kulanui o Cornell no kā lākou noi ʻana e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o nā hana i ka methane (Forbes), a hoʻouka kaua i ka Park Foundation, e ʻōlelo ana ua "aneane hoʻokahi wale nō derailed shale-kinoea hoʻomohala ma methane-waiwai New York State, a kau i kona hiʻona ma ka lehulehu manaʻo a me nā kulekele hoʻoholo a puni ka ʻāina." (Pākaukau Poepoe Philanthropy)

Ke pale nei iā BPA

Kākau ʻo Entine i ka pale ʻana i ka bisphenol kemikal A (BPA), ʻoiai he kino nui o nā hōʻike ʻepekema e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana i kāna endocrine e hōʻoki ana i ka hiki a me nā pilikia olakino e pili pū ana me ia. Ua haʻi aku ʻo Kanada he mea ʻawaʻawa kēlā i ka 2010, a me ka EU pāpā ʻia ka BPA i loko o nā ʻōmole pēpē ma 2011.

Ua hōʻeuʻeu ʻo Entine i nā kānaka noiʻi kulanui, nā NGO a me nā mea nūpepa e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka BPA (Forbes), ua manaʻo ʻia ʻaʻole pono nā wahine i hāpai i ka hāpai keiki e hōʻino iā ia ma nā plastics (Forbes), a ʻaʻa i nā ʻepekema i hoʻopili i ka BPA i nā maʻi puʻuwai (Forbes).

Ke pale nei i ka Mana Nuclear

Pākuʻi pū ʻo Entine i ka ʻoihana mana nukelea; ua koi ʻo ia nā mea kanu mana nukelea nohona maikaʻi a "ʻaʻohe mea ʻino e like me Chernobyl e hana ʻia ma ke Komohana." Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo ia iā Harvard Professor Naomi Oreskes o ʻepekema "hōʻole," no ka mea, i waena o nā mea ʻē aʻe, e kuhikuhi nei i nā pōpilikia o ka hoʻokele waiwai a me ke kaiapuni o ka mana nukelea.

Nā hoa

He hoa uku ʻole ʻo Entine ma ke Center for Health and Risk Communication ma ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason (GMU) mai ka makahiki 2011-2014. nā mea hāʻawi manawaleʻa, a a kipa hoa ma ka American Enterprise Institute, kahi waihona manaʻo DC i kālā kālā ʻia i ʻāpana e hui kālepa a kālā ʻeleʻele nā hāʻawi.

E nana pū kekahi, ʻO Greenpeace Polluter Watch ʻaoʻao ma Jon Entine a me “ka moʻolelo huna o ka Genetic Literacy Project. "

Nā hui pili a me ka poʻe

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino
ʻO Geoffrey Kabat
ʻO Jay Byrne
Nānā ʻImi
Pamela Ronald lāua ʻo UC Davis
Nā Papahana Heluhelu Biotech 

ʻO Drew Kershen: ʻOihana ʻoihana Agrichemical ʻOihana Hoʻolālā

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ʻO Drew Kershen, polopeka emeritus ma ke Kulanui o ke Kulanui o Oklahoma o ke Kānāwai, kahi pili pili loa o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. Kūkākūkā ʻo ia no ʻaʻala o nā mea kanu ʻenekinia me nā holoholona a me kue i ka transparency. Ua hoʻokani nui ʻo Kershen i nā hana hoʻolauleʻa i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me nā hui i mua e hoʻokipa no nā pono ʻoihana. ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo Kershen i nā kumuwaiwai kālā.

ʻO nā pilina ʻoihana Agrichemical a me ke alakaʻi o ka hui mua

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic / Papahana Heluhelu ʻEpekema

ʻO Kershen a ka lālā o ka papa o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui mua i hui pū me Monsanto e hana i ka pilina lehulehu no nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides i hana ʻia i genetically, a hana ʻaʻole hōʻike pono kāna kālā. Hōʻike nā palapala i ka Genetic Literacy Project:

He lālā papa ʻo Kershen o ka Papahana Heluhelu ʻEpekema, ka 501 (c) (3) hui makua o ka Genetic Literacy Project. Kuhikuhi ʻia nā mea ʻelua e ʻO Jon Entine, kahi pili aloha PR lōʻihi loa o ka ʻoihana kemika.

Wahi a Nā moʻolelo ʻauhau 2015, ʻO Jon Entine a me ka Papahana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema i mālama i ka mana o ka Helu Heluhelu Helu (STATS), kahi hui i pili mua me ka Center for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA) a me ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic. Ua pelu ʻia nā hana no STATS i Sense About Science USA, a kaʻana like i ka helu wahi o ka moʻolelo me ka Pāhana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema.

ʻO nā mea hoʻokumu o STATS, CMPA a me Sense About Science i hana ka pilina lehulehu no ka ʻoihana paka a ʻaʻole kēia mau hui he arbiters kūʻokoʻa o ka ʻepekema, e like me ka 2016 hoʻokolokolo ma The Intercept.

No ka ʻike hou aku, e ʻike i nā pepa ʻo USRTK ma ʻO Jon Entine a me Genetic Literacy Project a Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS.

Kakauolelo o ka ʻOihana Hoʻolaha Review mua

ʻO Kershen ke kākau ʻōlelo o ka papa o nā luna hoʻomalu o Academics Review, e like me kāna Nā moʻolelo ʻauhau 2016. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia he loiloi kūʻokoʻa nā loiloi Academics, akā ua loaʻa nā palapala e US Right to Know hōʻike he hui mua ia hoʻonohonoho ʻia me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hoʻouka i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻoiai ke kūʻokoʻa nei.

ʻO Kershen kahi loiloi no kahi hōʻike 2014 e ka Academics Review i hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika; ka nūʻike hoʻōla no ka mea ua hōʻike ka hōʻike he hana ia na nā kālaihana kūʻokoʻa me ka hakakā ʻole o ka hoihoi.

Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau ʻo ka mea leʻaleʻa mua o ka Academics Review ka Council for Biotechnology Information, kahi hui nonprofit i kālā ʻia a holo ʻia e BASF, Bayer, DowDuPont, Monsanto a me Syngenta. Ua hāʻawi ʻo CBI i kahi huina o $ 600,000 i ka loiloi ʻĀkana i 2014 a 2015-2016.

No ke aha i holoi ʻia ai ʻo Forbes i kahi ʻatikala Drew Kershen

Kershen mea kākau i kākau ʻia i mau ʻatikala i holoi ʻia e Forbes a me Project Syndicate ma hope o kāna mea kākau, Ua paʻa ʻo Henry Miller me ka hoʻohana ʻana i kahi kolamu i kākau ʻia e Monsanto e like me kāna hana ponoʻī ma Forbes. ʻO ka New York Times hōʻike i ka hōʻino ghostwriting ma 2017.

Ua kākau pū ʻo Kershen lāua ʻo Miller i mau ʻatikala na Slate, ʻO ka'ōiwi kūkā, ka ʻOihana Hoover a me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (kahi ʻoihana i hoʻolako kālā ʻia pūʻulu mua) e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i ka lepili ʻana a me ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā meaʻai me nā ʻenekini genetically, e hoʻouka nei i nā poʻe loea o ka ʻoihana, a e ʻōlelo nei "ke ʻeha nei ka poʻe ʻilihune o ka honua a make makehewa ʻole" ma muli o ke "rula gratuitous i koi ʻia e nā mea hoʻouka."

Nā Pane GMO

ʻO Kershen kahi "Luna ʻelele" no nā pane GMO, a pūnaewele a me ka pūnaewele PR no nā meaʻai ʻenekinia genetically ʻo ia hoʻolako kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui ma o ka Council for Biotechnology Information, a holo ʻia e ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu lehulehu Ketchum.

Hoʻopili ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi Transparency e kāpae i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka lehulehu

ʻO kekahi mau palapala i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo, i hōʻike i nā pili i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma waena o nā ʻoihana a me nā hui mua, i loaʻa mua ʻia ma o ke noi Freedom o ka ʻIkepili e Pono ʻo US e ʻike. Ua komo ʻo Kershen i nā hoʻopiʻi e hoʻāʻo e hōʻoki i ka hoʻolaha hou ʻana, ma ke ʻano he Freedom of the Press Foundation i hōʻike ʻia ma Pepeluali 2018.

No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā pūʻulu mua ʻoihana meaʻai, e ʻike i ka ʻAoʻao ʻimi noiʻi ʻo USRTK.

ʻO nā manamana lima o Monsanto ma kahi o Newsweek's Hit ma ka Mea ʻAi Meaola

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Kiʻi hou: ʻO ka pane ʻano ʻē a Newsweek

Na Stacy Malkan

"ʻO ka hoʻokūkū no ka meaʻai meaola he hoʻopunipuni, hoʻopunipuni pipiʻi," e like me ka Ianuali 19 Newsweek Haawina i kākau ʻia e Dr. Henry I. Miller o ka Hoover Institution.

Inā kamaʻāina paha kēlā inoa - Henry I. Miller - no ka mea paha ka New York Times nei hōʻike i kahi hōʻino e pili ana iā Miller: ua hopu ʻia ʻo ia e paʻi ana i kahi ʻatikala i kākau ʻia e Monsanto ma lalo o kāna inoa ponoʻī i Forbes. ʻO ka ʻatikala, i aniani nui i kahi kikoʻī i hāʻawi ʻia iā ia e Monsanto, ua hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema o ka World Cancer Organization's cancer panel (IARC) no kā lākou hoʻoholo i ka papa inoa ʻO ka kemika kūʻai nui ʻo Monsanto, glyphosate, ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha.

Ke hōʻike nei ma ka an hoʻokaʻaʻike email hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi me Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai, ka Lā ' Ua kākau ʻo Danny Hakim:

"Ua noi aku ʻo Monsanto iā Mr. Miller inā makemake ʻo ia e kākau i kahi ʻatikala e pili ana i ke kumuhana, a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia," inā wau e hiki ke hoʻomaka mai kahi hoʻolālā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe. '

Ua ʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma lalo o ka inoa o Mr. Miller, a me ka ʻōlelo i manaʻo ʻia e nā manaʻo ʻo Forbes Contributors kā lākou ponoʻī. ' ʻAʻole i ʻōlelo ʻia e ka makasina ka pili ʻana o Monsanto i ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana i ka ʻatikala ...

Ua wehe ʻo Forbes i ka moʻolelo mai kāna pūnaewele i ka Pōʻakolu a ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua pau kāna pilina me Mr. Miller i waena o nā hōʻike. "

Ka uea manaʻo Polokalamu ʻlelo ukali, ma hope o ka hoʻohui mua ʻana i kahi hōʻole i nā ʻōlelo a Miller e hōʻike ana e hōʻole ʻia lākou inā ʻike ʻia kāna hana pū ʻana me Monsanto.

Hopena e hōʻino kino

ʻAʻole i lohi loa ka hana ʻino a ke kākau ʻōlelo ʻuhane iā Miller. ua hoʻomau ʻo ia e wili i ka ʻike hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai mai nā wahi e like me Newsweek a Ka Wall Street Pai, me ka hōʻike ʻole i ka poʻe heluhelu i kona pilina me Monsanto.

ʻO Miller naʻe Newsweek ku i nā meaʻai meaola a nā manamana lima o Monsanto i ʻike maka ʻia ma ʻō.

No ka poʻe hoʻomaka, hoʻohana ʻo Miller i nā kumuwaiwai pesticide e hana i nā koi unsubstantiated (a ludicrous) e pili ana i ka mahiʻai meaola - no ka laʻana, ʻo ka mahiʻai ʻokanika he "ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka pōʻino i ke kaiapuni" ma mua o ka mahiʻai maʻamau, a i ʻole ua hoʻohana nā mea kōkua ʻokanika i $ 2.5 biliona i hoʻokahi makahiki o ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana. kū'ē i nā meaʻai ʻenekinia genetically ma ʻAmelika Hema.

ʻO ke kumu ma ka hoʻopiʻi kūpono ʻole ʻo Jay Byrne, he alakaʻi mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto (ʻaʻole i ʻike ʻia e like me ia i ka Newsweek ʻatikala), ka mea e alakaʻi nei i kahi paʻa PR i kapa ʻia v-Fluence Interactive.

Hōʻike nā kūkākūkā leka uila pehea e hana ai ʻo Monsanto me nā poʻe e like me Jay Byrne - a me Byrne kikoʻī - e hoʻokuʻi pololei i kēia ʻano hoʻouka kūʻē i ko Monsanto ʻenemi ʻoiai e hūnā nei i ka ʻoihana.

Wahi a nā leka uila i loaʻa i kaʻu hui ʻAmelika ʻAmelika e ʻike, Ua hana nui ʻo Byrne i ke kōkua ʻana iā Monsanto e hoʻonohonoho i kahi hui mua i kapa ʻia ʻo Academics Review nāna i paʻi kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana olakino ma ke ʻano he scam marketing. Newsweek 'ōlelo.

ʻO ka papa inoa kaulana a Jay Byrne o nā ʻenemi Monsanto. 

ʻO ka manaʻo o ka hui mua - wehewehe i nā leka uila aʻu i hōʻike ai ma aneʻi - e hoʻokumu i kahi kahua kani kani hilinaʻi ʻia e hiki ai i nā kālaiʻike ke hoʻouka i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai e ʻimi nei he kūʻokoʻa, akā loaʻa malū ʻia nā kālā mai nā hui ʻoihana. Wink, wink, ha, ha.

"E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike," i kākau ʻo Monsanto executive pili i ka hoʻolālā.

ʻO kā Byrne kuleana, e like me nā leka uila, e lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e kōkua i ka loaʻa kālā kālā ʻoihana. Ua ʻōlelo pū ʻo Byrne e hōʻuluʻulu ana ʻo ia i kahi papa inoa "manawa kūpono" o nā pahuhopu - nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i hiki ke "inoculated" mai ka pae o nā kālaihana.

ʻO kekahi mau poʻe ma ka papa inoa hit "manawa kūpono" na Byrne, a i ʻole hoʻouka ʻia e Academics Review, he pahuhopu ia ma Miller Newsweek ʻatikala, pū kekahi.

Miller Newsweek ua hoʻāʻo pū kekahi e hōʻino i ka hana o New York Times ' ʻO ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Danny Hakim, me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana na Hakim ka mea nāna i hōʻike i ka hana ʻino a Millan ma Monsanto.

E like me nā mea hou loa hoʻouka kaua i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika, kuhikuhi nā manamana lima āpau i nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa e lilo ka hapa nui inā hoʻomau ka piʻi ʻana o ka makemake o nā mea kūʻai no nā meaʻai me ka ʻole o nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻO Monsanto's “Independent Academic” Ruse

ʻO Henry Miller kahi ka wā lōʻihi o ka launa pū ʻana me - a ke kū nei i kāna lawelawe PR i - nā hui e pono e kōkua i ka hōʻoia ʻana i ka lehulehu i kā lākou huahana ʻaʻole weliweli a ʻaʻole pono e hoʻoponopono ʻia.

A hilinaʻi nui ʻo Monsanto i ka poʻe me ka ʻepekema hōʻoiaʻiʻo a i ʻole nā ​​hui kani ʻole e hana i kēlā mau paio - ka poʻe makemake e kamaʻilio i ka palapala ʻoihana ʻoiai e koi nei he poʻe kūʻokoʻa lākou. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mea i ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma ka New York Times, Le Monde, WBEZ, ka e holumua ai a mau papa ʻē aʻe he nui i nā makahiki i hala iho nei.

Hāʻawi kahi palapala Monsanto hou i hāʻawi ʻia i nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hana a Monsanto's propaganda a me ka hana lobbying, a me ke kuleana nui a Henry Miller e hoʻokani ai i loko.

ʻO kēia 2015 “mākaukau hoʻomākaukau"- hoʻokuʻu ʻia e nā loio i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate - waiho i ka hoʻolālā PR a Monsanto e" orchestrate outcry "kūʻē i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai IARC no kā lākou hōʻike e pili ana i ka glyphosate. ʻO ka mea lawe mua i waho: "Hoʻopili iā Henry Miller."

Hoʻomau ka papa inoa i nā papa ʻehā o nā "hoa hana ʻoihana" - he ʻumikūmālua mau hui kalepa, nā hui aʻo a me nā hui kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa e like me ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic - hiki ke kōkua iā "inoculate" e kūʻē i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai a "pale i ka kaulana ... o Roundup."

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Miller no Monsanto me Malaki 2015 Haawina i Forbes - ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala ma hope e like me kā Monsanto kākau ʻana - e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema IARC. Ke hoʻokau nei nā hoa ʻoihana i nā paio like ma o nā kaha like ʻole hou hou aʻe, mai ia manawa mai, e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai.

ʻO ka hapa nui o kēia mau loiloi i hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu ma ke ʻano he kipi kūpilikiʻi o ka hopohopo, me ka ʻole o ka haʻi ʻana i ko Monsanto kuleana ma ke ʻano he haku mele a me ka mea alakaʻi o ka moʻolelo: he hoodwink ʻoihana hui ʻoihana.

E like me ka hāʻule ʻana o nā palapala i ka honua ākea - ma o ka Nā Pepa Monsanto a nā noiʻi a nā lehulehu - e ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o ka ruse "kūʻokoʻa kula" e mālama no nā mea lawelawe ʻoihana e like me Henry I. Miller, a no nā mea pāpāho a me nā mea hana kulekele e nānā ʻole.

No ka mea, ano, Newsweek ʻaʻole hoʻi e kua ʻana i lalo. ʻOiai ma hope o ka loiloi ʻana i nā palapala e hōʻike ana i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo i kēia ʻatikala, Newsweek Ua kākau ʻo Opinion Editor Nicholas Wapshott i kahi leka uila, "Maopopo iaʻu he moʻolelo lōʻihi ko kāua me Miller e pili ana i kēia kumuhana. Hōʻole maikaʻi ʻo ia i kāu ʻōlelo. ”

ʻAʻole nō ʻo Miller a me Wapshott i pane i nā nīnau hou aʻe.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ke alakaʻi hui o ka kiaʻi kiaʻi a me ka transparency, US Right to Know. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry" (New Society, 2007). Hōʻike: Kālā kālā ʻo US Right to Know i ʻāpana e ka Organic Consumers Association i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ka ʻatikala a Miller a hōʻike ʻia ma ka papa inoa kaulana a Byrne.

No ke aha ʻo Ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻokipa nei i kahi GMO Propaganda Campaign?

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Ke kū nei i luna no ka ʻepekema - a i ʻole propaganda?

Ke kū nei i luna no ka ʻepekema - a i ʻole propaganda?

Ua hōʻike ʻia kēia ʻatikala na Stacy Malkan kumu i ʻO ʻEkōlani

ʻO nā mea hoʻokumu o ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell, ʻo Andrew D. White lāua ʻo Ezra Cornell, i moemoeā no ka hoʻokumu ʻana i kahi kulanui maikaʻi i lawe i kahi ala i ka aʻo ʻana. ʻO ko lākou ʻuhane kipi, a me ka hoʻohiki e ʻimi i ka ʻike no ka pono ʻoi aku i'ōleloʻia ma ka puʻuwai o ke kula ʻo Ivy League i lilo ai kā lākou moemoeā.

He paʻakikī e hoʻomaopopo pehea ka lawelawe ʻia ʻana o kēia mau manaʻo e kahi ʻāpana o Cornell e hana nei ma ke ʻano he lima pili i ka lehulehu no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

Eia naʻe ka mea e hana ʻia ma ka Cornell Alliance for Science (CAS), kahi papahana ee i ka 2014 me kahi $ 5.6 miliona hāʻawi mai ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation a me kahi pahuhopu e "hoʻopau i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa i hoʻopiʻi ʻia" e pili ana i nā GMO.

Kuhi ʻia kahi loiloi o nā mea a me nā papahana o ka hui e hōʻike ana ma lalo o kāna hoʻohiki e "hoʻihoʻi i ke koʻikoʻi o ka ʻike ʻepekema i ka hoʻoholo ʻana," hoʻolaha ʻo CAS i nā GMO e hoʻohana nei i nā leka pono ʻole a me nā hana PR i hoʻomohala ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai me kahi moʻolelo lōʻihi o ke alakaʻi hewa ʻana i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. .

Ke kamaʻilio ʻepekema a hoʻolaha paha?

ʻO CAS kahi hoʻolaha kamaʻilio i hoʻolaʻa ʻia no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā meaʻai me nā ʻenekini genetically (ʻo GMO kekahi) a puni ka honua. Hoʻomaopopo ʻia kēia i ka hui kiʻi wikiō.

Luna Hoʻokele CAS ʻO Sarah Evanega, PhD, wehewehe i kāna hui ma ke ʻano he "hui hoʻokumu nonprofit i hoʻokumu ʻia e nā ʻepekema, nā mahiʻai, nā NGO, nā mea nūpepa a me nā kamaʻāina hopohopo" e hoʻohana ana i nā "papaho pūnaewele pūnaewele, nā kumuwaiwai multimedia a me nā papahana hoʻomaʻamaʻa kamaʻilio e kūkulu i kahi neʻe honua e kākoʻo no ke komo ʻana i ka biotechnology. . ”

Ma kēia ala, ʻōlelo lākou e kōkua lākou i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka momona a me ka pōloli i nā ʻāina kūkulu, e like me ka wikiō.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Kauka Evanega ʻaʻohe pili o kāna hui i ka ʻoihana a loaʻa ʻole kahi waiwai mai ka ʻoihana. "ʻAʻole mākou i kākau no ka ʻoihana, a ʻaʻole mākou e kākoʻo no a hoʻolaha paha i nā huahana o ka ʻoihana," kākau ʻo ia i loko o ka moʻomanaʻo mo'omana'o Pūnaewele me ke poʻo inoa "He Pono e ʻike ʻia (Pololei) kahi āna i pahu aku ai i nā kūʻē mai kaʻu hui, US Right to Know.

Eia nō naʻe nā papahana hae o CAS - kahi papa he 12 mau pule no Nā hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua a ʻelua mau lā ikaika papa kamaʻilio - aʻo i nā mākau kamaʻilio i ka poʻe i "kūpaʻa i ke koi ʻana no ka hoʻonui ʻana i ke komo ʻana i ka biotechnology" kikoʻī i hiki ai iā lākou ke "alakaʻi i nā hana hoʻoikaika i kā lākou kūloko."

He hana maʻamau kā ka hui me nā mea nūpepa. He aha ka manaʻo, e like me ka hōʻike a ka wikiō CAS, ua "pani ʻia e" nā mea nūpepa?

Hāʻawi ʻo CAS launa pū nūpepas me nā makana kālā no nā mea nūpepa koho e "hoʻoulu i ka hōʻike hohonu hohonu" e pili ana i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai, hana hua, biotechnology a me ka mahiʻai hoʻomau.

ʻO kēia mau mea nūpepa pū kekahi nā mea kākoʻo iā GMO? Pehea ke ʻano kūpono o nā mea nūpepa e pani i nā kūlana kulekele o kahi hui pro-mahiʻai-ʻoihana?

Ka leka uila ʻana no nā pono ʻoihana

Hoʻokahi mea i maopopo mai ka leka uila CAS i loaʻa i ka lehulehu: ʻo ka pōʻaiapili a lākou e hāʻawi ai ma ke kumuhana o nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered ʻaʻole ia i ka hohonu a me ka laulā akā koho nui ʻia a mākaukau ʻia i ka holomua i nā pono o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai.

ʻO kahi laʻana, ke wikiō: Hoʻopiha me ka manaolana e pili ana i nā mea hiki i nā GMO ke hoʻoponopono i ka pōloli o ka honua i ka wā e hiki mai ana, nānā ʻole ʻia kahi kino nui o ka noiʻi ʻepekema i hoʻopaʻa i nā pilikia e pili ana i nā GMO - i loaʻa i nā mea kanu GMO kipaku ʻia i luna ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka glyphosate, kahi lāʻau make pili i ka maʻi kanesa e nā loea o ka maʻi ʻaʻai nui o ka honua; a hoʻonui ʻia pale ʻaʻ weana ma nā miliona o nā ʻeka o ka ʻāina mahiʻai o ʻAmelika, kahi e ʻoi aku ai ka paʻakikī o ka hana ʻana i nā mea mahiʻai, ʻaʻole maʻalahi.

ʻAʻohe mea e pili ana i ka holo pono ʻole o nā mea kanu GMO i hoʻolālā ʻia i pale aku i nā mea ʻinoʻino, a i ʻole ka piʻi ʻana o ka hopohopo o nā kauka lapaʻau e pili ana i nā lauana o nā maʻi ma nā wahi like Hawaii a Argentina kahi e kaumaha ai nā hōʻike i nā kemika e pili ana i nā GMO.

ʻAʻohe ʻike i ka nui ʻepekema a ai alakaʻi Ua ʻōlelo ʻo GMOs ʻaʻole ia he mea nui no ka hānai ʻana i ka honua, kahi hoʻopaʻapaʻa kahi kumu nui ʻaʻole i apo nui ʻia nā huaʻai GMO ma waho o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a me Latin America.

Pili kēia mau mea āpau i ke kūkā kamaʻilio e pili ana inā e ʻapo paha nā ʻāina e ulu nei i nā mea kanu ʻenekini a me nā meaʻai. Akā haʻalele ʻo CAS i kēia mau kikoʻī a hoʻonui i ka manaʻo wahaheʻe ua hoʻokau ʻia ka ʻepekema i ka palekana a me ka pono o GMO.

ʻO ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka ʻike koho o kahi ʻano kolohe a kuhi hewa paha e hāpai i kahi papahana kikoʻī ua ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he hana propaganda.

Ke hana nei mai ka puke pāʻani PR ʻoihana

 ʻO ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema ka mea i manaʻo ʻia keia "Kahi hihiʻo hou no nā kamaʻilio biotechnology," akā hilinaʻi ka hui i kahi hoʻonohonoho o nā leka a me nā hana kamaʻilio e kamaʻāina i nā poʻe e pili ana i nā hoʻolaha PR o ka ʻoihana agribusiness.

ʻO ka hōʻike Nā kīʻaiʻai, aʻu i kākau pū ai me Kari Hamerschlag lāua ʻo Anna Lappé, nā palapala e pili ana i nā agribusiness a me nā ʻoihana mea kālā i loaʻa kālā e hoʻolilo nei he ʻumi miliona mau kālā i kēlā me kēia makahiki e paipai nā leka hoʻopunipuni e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka pono o nā ʻoihana-ʻenehana, ka kemikiko-koʻikoʻi, mahiʻai genetically engineered.

ʻO nā ʻoihana e loaʻa pono ana ka waiwai mai kēia ʻōnaehana - Monsanto, Dow, DuPont a me nā kānaka nunui mahiʻai ʻē aʻe - ua hana hewa pinepine i ka hilinaʻi me ke alakaʻi hewa ʻana i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻepekema, e like me kā Gary Ruskin i hōʻike ai i kāna hōʻike. ʻOihana ʻoihana. No laila lākou i hilinaʻi ai nā pūʻulu mua a ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe e like me nā ʻepekema a me nā polopeka e hoʻolaha i kā lākou leka uila na lākou.

ʻO kahi moʻolelo ʻoihana nui ʻo ia ka ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO. Nānā nā ʻelele Pro-ʻoihana i ka hoʻohana hiki ʻia o ka ʻenehana i ka wā e iho ana i lalo, nānā ʻole a hōʻole paha i nā pilikia. hana i nā kuleana kūpono ʻole e pili ana i ka pae o ka ʻaelike ʻepekema ma GMO; a hoʻouka i nā loiloi i hāpai i nā hopohopo e like me "anti-science."

E like me kahi laʻana, ua kākau ʻo Mark Lynas, ka luna politika o CAS, i kahi New York Times op-ed e hoʻopiʻi nei i nā ʻāina he 17 i ʻUulopa i pāpā aku ai i ka mahiʻai ʻana o GMO e "hoʻohuli i ka ʻepekema." Ua kapa ʻo ia iā lākou he "hui lōkahi o ka naʻaupō."

Kaumaha kēia ʻatikala ma ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a me ka mālamalama o ka ʻepekema, ka palaki ʻana i ke kumuhana me ka hoʻopiʻi kūpono ʻole e pili ana i kahi ʻae palekana he nui nā ʻepekema i hoʻopaʻapaʻa.

E like me ka kākau ʻana o ka molekiola Belinda Martineau, PhD, i kākau ai i loko pane iā Lynas, "Ke koi nei i nā kuleana āpau e pili ana i ka palekana o ka hana ʻenekini.

ʻO ka Health Health Organization Hui Pūʻia, "ʻAʻole hiki ke hana i nā ʻōlelo ākea e pili ana i ka palekana o nā meaʻai GM āpau."

Eia nō naʻe, ke koi nei e kū i luna no ka ʻepekema, hana pinepine ʻo CAS i nā ʻōlelo maʻamau - a ʻoi loa hoʻi - nā koi e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO.

Mai kā ka hui NPP:

  • "E loʻohia ʻoe e ka asteroid ma mua o ka ʻeha ʻia e ka meaʻai GE - a ʻaʻole ia he hoʻonui."
  • "ʻO nā mea kanu GE i kēia manawa i loaʻa i ka lehulehu no ka nui o nā pilikia olakino a i ʻole nā ​​hopohopo nohona ma mua o kā lākou mau ʻenekini ʻole ʻenekinia. ʻAʻole kēia he manaʻo. ”

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, he propaganda.

Ke kaua ʻana i ka transparency i ka ʻepekema

I ka puna o 2014, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo CAS i palapala hoopii ke hoʻouka nei i kaʻu hui US Right to Know no ka faila ʻana i ke Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) i nā noi e loaʻa nā leka uila o nā polopeka i kākoʻo kālā ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kā mākou ʻike i loko o nā meaʻai a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kā lākou hana PR.

Ua kāhea ʻo CAS i kā FOIA noi ʻana i kahi "kilokilo kilokilo," eia naʻe nā palapala i loaʻa ma o kēia mau noi ʻana ʻo FOIA i nā moʻolelo nūhou i loko o kekahi mau papaho ʻoi loa e pili ana i nā kālaiʻike e hana nei me nā ʻoihana PR ʻoihana i nā hoʻolaha e hoʻolaha i nā GMO me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kēlā pili i ka lehulehu.

Ua haki ka moʻolelo i kahi ʻaoʻao mua o New York Times Haawina e ka mea lanakila Pulitzer Prize ʻelua manawa ʻo Eric Lipton, nāna i wehewehe i ke ʻano o Monsanto, ke alo nei i ka manaʻo kānalua o nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i nā GMOs, hele mai ia me ka moʻokūʻauhau a kahi polofesa. ”

I kekahi hihia, hoike na Laura Krantz i ka Boston Globe, ua haʻi aku kahi luna Monsanto i ke kumu ʻo Harvard ʻo Calestous Juma e kākau i kahi pepa e pili ana i ka pono o nā GMO e hānai iā ʻApelika.

"ʻAʻole wale ʻo Monsanto i hōʻike i ke kumuhana i ke polofesa ʻo Calestous Juma. Ua hele a hiki i ka hāʻawi ʻana i kahi hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo o ka mea a ka pepa e ʻōlelo ai a me kahi poʻo manaʻo i manaʻo ʻia. Ua hoʻohui ka ʻoihana i ke polopeka me kahi ʻoihana kūʻai e pana iā ia ma waho o ka Pūnaewele ma ke ʻano he mahele o kā Monsanto hoʻolālā e lanakila ai i ka lehulehu a me nā luna kau kānāwai, ”i kākau ai ʻo Krantz.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Juma, ʻaʻole ʻo ia i lawe kālā mai Monsanto aku akā ua hoʻomaopopo ʻia ua loaʻa kālā iā ia mai ka Gates Foundation, ka mea i hana pū me Monsanto no nā makahiki he nui ma nā papahana pro-GMO ma hope. ʻO Rob Horsch, Ka luna poʻokela poʻokela poʻokela o Monsanto no ka hoʻomohala honua, ua komo i ka Foundation ma 2006. Horsch alakaʻi i kēia manawa ʻO ka hui noiʻi mahiʻai a Gates (A Hōʻike 2014 e ka hui noiʻi Grain loaʻa ma kahi o 90% o $ 3 biliona ka Gates Foundation i lilo e hānai i ka poʻe ʻilihune ma ʻApelika hele i nā lāhui waiwai, nā kula nui a me nā kikowaena noiʻi.)

He kuleana ko ka lehulehu inā ʻike ka hana ʻona ma ke ʻano he kumuwaiwai kūʻokoʻa me nā ʻoihana a me kā lākou ʻoihana PR ma nā hoʻolaha leka uila i hoʻohui ʻia e pahu i kahi papahana ʻoihana.

Ua kū ʻo CAS i ke kūlana i loko o kāna palapala noi ʻaʻohe kuleana o ka lehulehu e ʻike e pili ana i ka pilina ma waena o nā ʻoihana PR ʻoihana a me nā ʻepekema lehulehu he 14 i kōkua i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o nā GMO.

Aia pū ka palapala noi a Cornell me kahi kiʻi paʻi kiʻi e hōʻike nei iā Carl Sagan, ʻo Madame Curie, ʻo Albert Einstein a me nā ʻepekema ʻē aʻe i hala ʻole i kau inoa i ka palapala noi, i haki ʻia me ka huaʻōlelo, "Ke kū nei wau me ka # Science14" - kahi wahi o PR flair i aniani ka hoʻolaha hoʻopunipuni hoʻohana ʻia e kūʻē i ka lepili GMO.

Ke kaulike ʻana me nā mea kākau PR ʻoihana

Ma kahi kula i makemake nui ʻia e like me Cornell, manaʻo paha ʻoe e ʻike i ka poʻe loea i ka ʻepekema a i ʻole ka loina e aʻo nei i nā papa kamaʻilio e hoʻohiki e hoʻihoʻi i ka pono ʻepekema i nā kamaʻilio lehulehu. Ma kahi o, ma CAS, e ʻike ai ʻoe i ka poʻe loea i ka kamaʻilio hoʻokele pilikia ʻana i loea i ka kūʻē ʻana i nā rula olakino lehulehu.

ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo Trevor Butterworth, kahi hoa kipa ma Cornell a me ka luna o Sense About Science (kahi "non-partisan, non-profit organisation that advocates for sense about science!") aia me CAS e aʻo i nā haumāna a me nā ʻepekema pehea e kamaʻilio ai me nā mea nūhou e pili ana i nā GMO.

He moʻolelo lōʻihi ko Butterworth o ke kamaʻilio ʻepekema no ka pono o nā ʻoihana e makemake nei e mālama ʻole i kā lākou huahana. ʻO ka 2009 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel Haawina na Meg Kissinger lāua ʻo Susanne Rust e pili ana i ka hana lobbying ma bisphenol A (BPA) i hoʻomaopopo ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he "mea kākau pilina ʻāpana kemikal."

Ma ke ʻano he hoʻoponopono o STATS ma ke Kulanui ʻo George Mason, he mea pale nui ʻo Butterworth no ka BPA nāna "e hoʻopili pinepine i ka Pūnaewele no nā moʻolelo e pili ana i ka BPA a hāʻawi i nā manaʻo me ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana i kāna pili i ka ʻoihana," i kākau ʻo Kissinger lāua ʻo Rust.

"Wahi a STATS he kūʻokoʻa a nonpartisan. Akā he loiloi i kāna hōʻike kālā e hōʻike ana he lālā ia o ka Center for Media and Public Affairs. Ua uku ʻia kēlā hui e ka ʻoihana paka e nānā i nā moʻolelo nūhou e pili ana i ka makaʻu o ka paka. " (ʻO ka ʻoihana paka, wahi a lākou, e lobbying ana me ka ʻenehana kemika e mālama ʻole i ka BPA.)

Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Butterworth i nā kūlana ʻoihana e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i nā lula no ka vinyl plastic a nā phthalates, kūpilikiʻi, fructose kiʻekiʻe huapalapala a nā soka sugary.

Ua hui pū ʻo ia me CAS e aʻo i nā haumāna pehea e kamaʻilio ai e pili ana i nā GMO, a noho ʻo CAS ka luna kālaiʻāina ʻo Lynas ma ka papa aʻoaʻo o Sense About Science.

Hāpai hou ka hana a Lynas i nā nīnau hou aʻe: no ke aha e pono ai i kahi ʻepekema kahi alakaʻi politika? A no ke aha e koho ai ʻo CAS iā Lynas no ia kuleana? ʻAʻole ʻepekema ʻo Lynas akā he mea kākau i ke kaiapuni i kū i luna kaulana hikiwawe ma hope o ka ʻapo ʻana i nā GMO, a ua loiloi ʻia kona ʻepekema i ka lōʻihi ʻepekema, reporters a nā kauka.

Ke hoʻopau nei i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO?

Ua ʻike ʻia nā ʻoihana e hoʻolaha i nā leka uila ke holo ka pilikia i kā lākou huahana; nā hiʻohiʻona e hoʻopili me "DDT maikaʻi noʻu," "He nui nā kauka puhipuhi Kāmelo" a me ka paukū Dutch keiki e paipai i ka pena kēpau i nā keiki.

ʻO kahi kiko haʻahaʻa no ka hana ʻenehana kemikala kāna Pololako PR e pena iā "Silent Spring" ka mea kākau ʻo Rachel Carson (a me nā mea kaiapuni āpau) ma ke ʻano he poʻe pepehi kanaka miliona o nā keiki ma ʻApelika no ka hāpai ʻana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā DDT.

Ke hoʻi nei kēlā ʻano leka uila i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO.

I Kepakemapa 2015, ua hoʻokipa ka CAS Speakers Series iā Owen Paterson, lālā o ka Parliament mai UK, no a o anakuhi me ke poʻo inoa, "E nānā i kāu kuleana ʻōmaʻomaʻo: ʻAʻole ʻoluʻolu i ke kaiapuni ke ʻae i nā miliona e make."

ʻO Paterson's olelo ua hoʻopiha ʻia me nā koi hyperbolic e pili ana i nā GMO i nele i ke koʻikoʻi ʻepekema (GMO "ʻoiaʻiʻo lua pele ma mua o nā mea kanu i hānai ʻia… ʻo kekahi o nā holomua maikaʻi loa o ka nohona i ʻike ʻia ma kēia ao ... hiki ke hoʻopakele i nā ola he miliona i kēia lā i hoʻomāinoino ʻia e ka manaʻo o nā pūʻulu kaiāulu i kākoʻo nui ʻia. ")

Ua loaʻa ka haʻi ʻōlelo i nā mahalo mai ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi pūʻulu alo i ʻike nui ʻia, i ka moʻomanaʻo na Kauka Gil Ross i poʻo inoa ʻia, "Piliona Huahana Green Campaigns Kill i nā keiki maikaʻi ʻole."

Ua wehewehe ʻo Ross i loko o ka blog no ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o ka CAS Speakers Series, "e hoʻohana ai i nā ʻoiaʻiʻo e pale aku ai i ka ʻike ʻia o nā haumāna o ke koleke e ukali i ka mantra o ke kaiapuni me ka noʻonoʻo ʻole ʻole ... ʻo ka manaʻo o ka makaʻu i ka ʻenekinia genetical e like me ka nānā ʻana ma lalo o kahi moe. no nā hobgoblins e like me Godzilla, i ala aʻe e nā hoʻāʻo atomic o ke Kaua Anuanu. "

ʻAʻole kōkua ʻo Paterson lāua ʻo Ross i ke kiʻi o ka pono ʻepekema e hoʻāʻo nei ʻo CAS e hoʻolālā. He lawehala i hewa ʻo Ross i hoʻohana ai manawa i ka hale paʻahao no ka hoʻopunipuni Medicaid. ʻO Paterson, ke kākau ʻōlelo o ka nohona UK ma mua, ʻike ākea ʻia a skeptic hoʻololi i ke aniau nona ka manao o kūlike ʻole me ka ʻepekema.

Pehea e kōkua ai nā mea nūpepa ma Hawaii i ka hānai ʻana i ka poʻe hune ma ʻApelika?

 Me kona makahiki e ulu nei a puni, he pae hoʻāʻo nui ko Hawaiʻi Pae ʻĀina no nā GMO. Pākuʻi ʻia lākou no ka nā mea pili e pili ana i nā pesticides e pili ana i nā GMO, a me ke kia nui o nā hoʻolaha propaganda pro-GMO ʻoihana a me nā mea kōkua e like me CAS.

ʻO Elif Bealle, ka luna hoʻokō o ka Hawaii Alliance no ka Holomua Holomua, ua ʻeleu i nā hana mauʻu no hōʻike pesticide, nā papa a nā wahi pale pale pesticide a puni nā mea kanu GMO. Ke kiai aku nei nō ʻo ia iā CAS, āna i ʻōlelo ai e hōʻuluʻulu ana i nā mea nūpepa kūloko a he mau hoa pū kekahi ma kekahi mau mokupuni.

"Hōʻike lākou iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he 'kamaʻāina kūloko wale nō' a i ʻole 'nūhou nūhou.' ʻAneʻane piha lākou i ka manawa piha e pili ana i nā ʻatikala nūpepa pūnaewele, ka waiho ʻana, Community Op-Eds, a pēlā aku. Lawe pinepine ʻia kā lākou mau pou moʻomanaʻo pūnaewele a hoʻolaha ʻia e ka pūnaewele hui kālepa biotech ma Hawaii, ka ʻAhahui Hoʻoholomua ʻo Crop Hawaii, "wahi a Bealle.

ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo Joni Kamiya, kahi CAS ʻO ka hoa alakaʻi alakaʻi honua, hoʻohana kona blog, Ke kaikamahine a ka mahiʻai ʻo Hawaii, e hāpai i ka “palekana a me ka ʻepekema” o nā GMO me ka leka uila ʻana i nā glosses ma luna o ka ʻepekema a hoʻowahāwahā i nā loiloi GMO.

ʻO Kamiya kekahi "loea kūʻokoʻa" no nā pane GMO, a Pūnaewele GMO PR hana ʻia e Ketchum PR firm a kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai. Kau ʻia kāna ʻatikala ʻO Jon Entine's ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi i kī ʻia e paʻi i nā pepa hoʻolaha GMO i hāʻawi ʻia e Monsanto a kākau ʻia e nā polopeka.

Ua kākau ʻia hoʻi kā Kamiya kākau ʻana ma ka ʻaoʻao home o Hui Mahiʻai a Mahi Hui ʻo Kauaʻi, kahi hui me nā kālā ʻike ʻole e koi ana "e hōʻike i ka nui o nā kānaka a me nā hui i ko mākou kaiāulu" a paipai i nā ʻatikala e Monsanto, Genetic Literacy Project a me nā ʻoihana meaʻai ʻē aʻe. nā pūʻulu mua e like me ke kikowaena no ka Freedom Consumer.

ʻO nā mea kōkua CAS ʻē aʻe ma nā Mokupuni ʻo Lorie Farrell, a Pili CAS nāna i kākau no GMO Nā Pane a kōkua hoʻohui pū ke kūʻē ʻana i ka pāpā ʻana o ka mahiʻai GMO ma ka Big Island no ka poʻe mahiʻai a me Ranchers United; a ʻo Joan Conrow, he kūkā kūkā kāna aelike me Cornell a kākau i ka blog ʻaʻano hoʻokūkū Eclectic Kauai.

Ma muli o kā lākou leka ʻana i kahi kumu maʻamau: koi lākou i ka ʻikepili ʻepekema e pili ana i ka palekana o GMO a hoʻouka i ka poʻe e noi ana i ka transparency a me ka palekana ma ke ʻano he poʻe kūwaho e pepehi nei i ka "ʻuhane Aloha" o nā Mokupuni.

Ke kaua ʻana i ka hakakā

Ma kona Haawina, "The War on Genetically Modified Food Critics," ʻo Tufts Professor Timothy Wise i ka pāpāho i ka hana no ka hāʻule no nā hana PR ʻoihana a hōʻike hewa ʻole i ka ʻepekema ma GMO ma ke ʻano he "noho."

"ʻO ka mea a mākou e ʻike nei he hana hoʻokūkū ia e… pena i nā poʻe loiloi GMO ma ke ʻano he anti-ʻepekema ʻoiai ke hāʻawi ʻole nei i kahi kūkākūkā koʻikoʻi no ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻepekema e huhū mau nei," i kākau ʻo Wise.

ʻO kahi hōʻailona o kēlā hoʻolaha, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia, ʻo ka makana Gates Foundation iā Cornell e "hoʻopau" i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa no nā meaʻai GM.

"Ke uku nei ka Gates Foundation i nā ʻepekema biotech a me nā mea kōkua ma Cornell e kōkua iā lākou e hōʻoia i ka poʻe naʻaupō a me ka lehulehu i holoi ʻia i ka lolo, ka mea" ʻaʻole paha e hoʻomaopopo maikaʻi ʻia, "he naʻaupō a holoi ʻia lākou i ka lolo. nā mea kaua hou aʻe, "i kākau ai ʻo Wise.

Ma kahi o ka mākaukau ʻana i nā kaua PR ma ka lawelawe ʻana i ka ʻoihana, pono ʻo Cornell University e kū i luna no ka ʻepekema ma ke kāhea ʻana i kahi kūkā kamaʻilio ʻoi aku e pili ana i nā GMO

ʻO kekahi e hōʻole i ka hoʻouka ʻana a ʻimi i kahi maʻamau me nā hui e noi ana i ka transparency a me ke olakino a me nā kūlana palekana.

Ua haʻi ʻo ka Luna Hoʻokele CAS ʻo Kauka Evanega e puʻunaue kāna hui i nā waiwai maʻamau a puni ke kuleana e ʻike a hiki i ka ʻike, a hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo ia i ka manaʻo ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo CAS e hāpai i nā GMO.

"ʻO nā mea i kapa ʻia ʻo" GMOs "ʻaʻole ia he mea monolithic," kākau ʻo Kauka Evanega i loko ona moʻomanaʻo. "Eia kekahi laʻana, ʻaʻohe kumu o ka hui pū ʻana i nā ʻenehana like ʻole e like me ka bacteria i hana ʻia e hana i ka insulin a me ka papaya i hoʻolālā ʻia e pale aku i kahi maʻi. Kākoʻo mākou i ke komo ʻana - i ka hana hou a me ka ʻike e kōkua ai i ka poʻe e hoʻoholo kūpono ma muli o ka ʻepekema a me nā hōʻike - ʻaʻole ka makaʻu, ka naʻau.

ʻOiaʻiʻo ʻaʻole nā ​​GMO kahi mea monolithic. ʻO ia ke kumu o ka pololei a pololei ʻole hoʻi o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e hōʻeha ʻia ka poʻe e kahi asteroid ma mua o ka hōʻino ʻia e nā GMO.

ʻO ke kuʻikahi ʻepekema e pili maoli ana i ka hoʻihoʻi ʻana i ka pono i ka ʻepekema e hoʻomālamalama i kahi moʻohelu o ka noiʻi, ʻaʻole e like me nā kiko ʻōlelo o nā ʻoihana PR a me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai Pono ʻo US e ʻike. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry," (New Society Publishing, 2007). ʻO Stacy kahi mea hoʻopuka nūhou mua a me ka mea paʻi nūpepa a me ka mea kōkua lōʻihi no ke olakino olakino. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo ia i ka Campaign for Safe Cosmetics i ka makahiki 2002 a ua hana ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi kamaʻilio o ke ola mālama me ka ʻole o Harm no ʻewalu mau makahiki.