ʻO Jon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project: Nā ʻelele PR no Monsanto, Bayer a me ka ʻoihana Kemika

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ʻO Jon Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hoa nui i ka Monsanto mau hana pili lehulehu e pale aku a pale aku i nā huahana mahiʻai. ʻO Entine kahi mea kākau nūpepa mua nāna e hōʻike iā ia iho he mana pahuhopu i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo nā hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e hōʻike ana ʻo ia he PR lōʻihi lōʻihi me nā pilina hohonu i ka ʻoihana kemika a kālele kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia.

ʻO Origins ma ke ʻano ʻo Monsanto PR firm

ʻO Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a poʻokumu o ESG MediaMetrics, he hui pili lehulehu i ʻO Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku ma 2011 ke kūpaʻa kakau i ka GeneticLiteracyProject.org kahua.

Ua hoʻohana ʻia ʻo Entine i kēlā manawa e nā lawelawe loiloi helu (STATS), kahi hui nonprofit a nā mea kākau moʻolelo i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia kaulike me nā kūlana ʻoihana o ka hōʻino ʻana i nā hōʻino olakino. Ua hoʻomohala ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "papahana hoʻopaʻi keʻa me STATS," e like me waihona pūnaewele I ka 2015, neʻe ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma lalo o ka malu o kahi hui hou, ʻo ka Science Literacy Project, ka mea i hoʻoilina i ka STATS helu helu ʻauhau.

ʻO STATS kahi “ka mea pāʻani nui i ka hoʻolaha lehulehu e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka bisphenol A,”E like me ka Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. ʻO kāna hui makua, ʻo ka Center for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA), ʻo ia uku ʻia e ka nunui paka ʻO Phillip Morris i nā makahiki 1990 "e ʻokiʻoki i nā moʻolelo e pili ana i ka puhipaka." He alakaʻi ʻo Entine o ka CMPA ma 2014/2015, e like me i nā palapala ʻauhau.

He mea kūʻai aku ʻo Monsanto i ka firm PR o Entine i kona wā i hoʻopaʻa inoa ai i ka inoa no ka papahana Genetic Literacy.

ʻĪlio hoʻouka kaua a Monsanto 

Hoʻoweliweli pinepine ka papahana genetic literacy i nā ʻepekema, ʻepekema, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e hōʻino iā Monsanto a i ʻole kāna huahana. Nā palapala i loaʻa iā Pono ʻo US e ʻikema o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana hoʻokumu i nā hui ʻo Monsanto me Entine a me GLP ma nā papahana PR e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻia kēia mau alu like ʻana.

A Hoʻolālā ʻo 2015 Monsanto PR inoa Genetic Literacy Project ma waena o ka "Nā hoa hana" Ua hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto e hana i kāna mau hana e "orctrate outcry" e pili ana i hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai mai ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). ʻO kā Monsanto pahuhopu, e like me ka papahana PR: “pale i ka kaulana” o Roundup. Ua kau ʻo GLP ma hope mai ma luna o 200 ʻatikala e pili ana i ka IARC, kekahi o lākou kū'ē nā ʻepekema as nā kuʻuna a wahahee ʻO wai kipaku ʻia e ka waiwai a me ka lapuwale.

He lanakila lanakila Le Monde hoʻokolokolo e pili ana i ka "Monsanto Papers" i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" i hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana i nā ʻoihana pesticides a me biotechnology. He kuleana nui ko Genetic Literacy Project i ko Monsanto mau hana "e luku i ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi i nā mea hiki," Le Monde i hōʻike.

I kahi waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha 2017, ua hoʻopiʻi nā loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻa glyphosate i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project a me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino ma ke ʻano he "hui i manaʻo e hoʻohilahila i nā ʻepekema a hōʻike i ka ʻike e kōkua ana iā Monsanto a me nā mea hana kemika ʻē aʻe."

Nā pepa Pro GMO e nā polopeka

I ka 2014 a me ka 2015, ua hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto a me kā lākou PR firm e paʻi a hoʻolaha i kahi moʻo o nā pepa pro-GMO i kākau ʻia e nā polopeka. Ua hoʻokau a hoʻoponopono ʻo Monsanto i nā pepa, a hoʻonohonoho iā Genetic Literacy Project e hoʻolaha iā lākou. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻia ka kuleana o ka ʻoihana.

Wahi a kahi leka uila o Sep. 2014, Ua koho nā luna o Monsanto i ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "puka mua" e paʻi i nā pepa a nā polopeka, a kūkulu i kahi "papahana kūʻai aku" me ka PR PR CMA e paipai i nā pepa. ʻO ka firm PR CMA, i kapa hou ʻia i kēia manawa ʻo Look East, alakaʻi ʻia e Charlie Arnot. Holo pū ʻo ia i ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono, kahi mea kōkua ʻole e loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto, a ʻo ia pū kekahi hāʻawi manawaleʻa iā Papahana Heluhelu Genetic.

Hoʻopili iā Syngenta a me ka hui mua o ka ʻoihana

Ke hāʻawi kālā nei ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH i ka wā i paʻi ai i ka puke a Entine e pale aku nei i ka pesticide a Syngenta.

Ua pili paʻa ʻo Jon Entine me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), kahi hui mua ʻoihana loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto a me nā hui kemika ʻē aʻe. Ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kā Entine puke 2011, ka mea e pale aku i ka atrazine, kahi pesticide i hana ʻia e Syngenta. Ke hōʻike nei e ʻO Tom Philpott ma Mother Jones a me ka Kikowaena no Media a me ka Demokalaka hoʻokumu e hāʻawi kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH i kēlā manawa, a ua noi aku ʻo ACSH iā Syngenta e hāʻawi i kālā hou aku no kahi papahana i hoʻopili ʻia kahi puke e like me ka puke ʻo Entine. Ke ʻimi nei ʻo Syngenta i nā ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e kōkua i ka ʻoihana pale aku iā atrazine.

I 2009, Ua nīnau aku nā limahana o ACSH iā Syngenta no kahi kālā $ 100,000, "hoʻokaʻawale a ʻokoʻa i ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki i hala aku nei," e hana i kahi pepa a me "puke kūʻai ʻoluʻolu mea kūʻai" e pili ana i atrazine. I ka 2011, Hoʻolaha ʻo ACSH ʻO ka puke hou a Entine me kahi "hoa aloha, pepa kūlana pōkole," e pale aku ana iā atrazine. Ua haʻi ʻo Entine iā Philpott ʻaʻohe ona "manaʻo" e loaʻa kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH.

Kumuhana nui: hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa

ʻO kahi poʻomanaʻo nui i ka hana a Entine e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hōʻike loiloi e pili ana i ka ʻoihana kemika, ka ʻoihana aila a me nā pilikia olakino e pili pū ana me lākou. Kekahi mau laʻana:

  • hooukaia mai New Yorker ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Rachel Aviv i ka hoʻāʻo e hōʻino iā ia hōʻike e pili ana i nā palapala Syngenta kūloko e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ka hui kemika e hōʻino i ka inoa o UC Berkeley Polofesa Tyrone Hayes ma muli o kāna noiʻi ʻana e hoʻohui ana i ka lāʻau make atrazine i nā hānau hānau i nā rana. ʻO Bruce Chassy ke kumu nui o Entine, he polofesa ʻo ia ke loaʻa mālie nei i ke kālā mai Monsanto a kōkua i ka hoʻomaka a ʻO ka hui mua o Monsanto e hoʻouka i nā loiloi ʻoihana.
  • hooukaia mai ʻO Harvard Professor Naomi Oreskes, ka mea kākau o ʻO nā kālepa o ka kanalua, ma ke ʻano he "populist Luddite, ka Rottweiler ʻike o loko o kou alo, kaiapuni, a makaʻala maoli hoʻi i ka ʻenehana hou."
  • ʻAʻohe ʻO ke kula ʻo Journalism Columbia ʻo Dean Steve Coll a me ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Susanne Rust o "smearing Exxon" no ka hōʻike ʻana ua ʻike ʻo Exxon no nā makahiki he maoli ke ʻano o ke aniau akā hūnā i ka ʻepekema e hoʻomau i nā loaʻa kālā e kahe ana.
  • i ka hoʻouka ukali (mai ka lawe ʻia ʻana mai ka Huffington Post Pūnaewele), hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine iā Rust no nā hana hewa ethics no kāna hōʻike ʻana i kahi papa lanakila lanakila ma BPA ʻo ia papa inoa pōkole no kahi Pulitzer Prize; ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Entine i kāna hōʻike ʻana i hōʻike ai i kāna haku hana ma mua ʻo STATS ma ke ʻano he ka mea pāʻani nui i nā hana PR o ka ʻoihana.

ʻO Murky Funding Trail i Entine a me GLP

He paʻakikī a paʻakikī ka mōʻaukala kālā o Entine, akā hōʻike nā palapala ʻauhau a me kāna mau hōʻike ponoʻī i kahi ʻano o ke kālā mai nā kumuwaiwai inoa ʻole a me nā kumu ʻēheu ʻākau i pahu aku ai i ka deregulation a me ka hōʻole ʻepekema aniau, a me ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai ka ʻoihana biotechnology.

Kūpono ʻole, e loli mau nei ka pepa "transparency"

ʻO ka palapala "transparency financial" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project he pololei ʻole, hoʻololi pinepine a i kekahi manawa kūʻē iā ia iho. No 2017 a me 2018, ka Papahana Genetic Literacy koi ua loaʻa kālā mai kahi mau lima o nā kumu e like me nā hoʻokumu ʻo Templeton a me Searle, ʻo ia nā alakaʻi kālā kālā o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole ʻana. Hoʻomaopopo pū ʻo GLP i ke kālā kālā mai ka Center for Food Integrity, a pūʻulu mua ʻoihana meaʻai i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto a me nā hoapili pū me Monsanto a me Genetic Literacy Project e hāpai i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai PR.

In Kepakemapa 2016, ka "hōʻike" ua ʻōlelo ʻo GLP ʻaʻole i loaʻa kahi kālā mai nā ʻoihana, akā ua hōʻike ʻia he $ 27,500 "hele ma waena o" mai ka "Academics Review Charities Association," i ʻike ʻole ʻia. ʻO kēlā hui paha ʻOihana AcademicReview.org, kahi hui mua i loaʻa ka hapa nui o kāna kālā mai ka pesticide ʻoihana hui kālepa, akā ua koi kūʻokoʻa lākou i ka ʻoihana.

In Malaki 2016, ʻaʻole hoʻolaha ʻo GLP i kahi hōʻike kālā a ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Entine e hoʻokaʻawale iā GLP mai kāna STATS haku hana ma mua, e ʻōlelo ana ua hāʻawi ʻo STATS i nā lawelawe helu mahina wale nō a ʻaʻole pili nā hui i nā hana a kekahi. Akā i ka 2012, ua ʻōlelo ʻo GLP ʻo ia “hoʻomohala ʻia ma ke ʻano he papahana aʻo keʻa me STATS. "

Ke kikowaena no ka Media a me nā kuleana aupuni / Ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason

No ka makahiki kālā 2014 / 2015, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau, ua loaʻa iā Entine he $ 173,100 no kāna hana ma ke ʻano he "director" ma Center for Media and Public Affairs, kahi hui ma George Mason University a hoʻokumu ʻia e GMU Professor ʻO Robert Lichter. CMPA ua uku ʻia e Phillip Morris i nā makahiki 1990 e pale i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka paka, e like me nā palapala i ka waihona waihona ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo CMPA i kāna mea kālā kālā akā ua loaʻa kālā iā ia mai kā George Mason University Foundation, ka alakaʻi loaʻa o nā haʻawina i pili pū me Charles Koch a me Koch Industries. Ua loaʻa iā GMUF $ 5.3 miliona mai ka Donors Trust a me nā Donors Capital Fund ma waena o 2011-13, Wahi a ke Kahu. Kuhi kēia mau kālā i nā kālā mai nā mea hāʻawi inoa ʻole me nā ʻoihana i nā hoʻouka kaua a me nā kālaiʻike e hoʻokuʻi i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana, e like me Greenpeace i hōʻike ai i loko o kahi hoʻokolokolo ʻimi huna.

Nā uku STATS a me nā hōʻaiʻē

ʻO ka hui kaikuahine o CMPA, i hoʻokumu ʻia e Lichter a hoʻokumu ʻia ma GMU, ʻo Statistics Assessment Services (STATS), kahi hui nonprofit i hana nui i nā hana kemika PR e pale aku i nā huahana ʻawahia, e like me ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO ke kuʻina, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ka 'Akelanika' a Ka Mea Hōʻaikaʻi.

Wahi a nā palapala IRS:

  • Ua uku ʻia nā STATS i $ 140,600 i loko 2012 / 2013 a i $ 152,500 i 2013 / 2014 ma ke ʻano he “aʻoaʻo noiʻi”
  • ʻO STATS a me ke kikowaena no Media a me nā kuleana lehulehu i helu ʻia i Entine ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi i 2014 / 2015 me ka uku no $ 173,100. Ua helu pū ʻia nā moʻolelo ʻauhau no nā hui ʻelua i ka Pelekikena Trevor Butterworth no $ 95,512 a me ka Luna Hoʻokele Tracey Brown me ka uku ʻole ʻia. ʻO Tracey Brown ka luna o Sense About Science, kahi hui pū kekahi wili ʻepekema e pale aku i nā pono ʻoihana kemika; ʻO Butterworth hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science USA i ka 2014 a hui pū i nā STATS i kēlā hui.
  • Ua lilo ka Project Science Literacy Project i ka ʻauhau ID o STATS ma 2015 a helu ʻia ʻo Entine ma ke ʻano he Luna Hoʻokele me ka uku no $ 188,800.
  • I ka 2018, ESG MediaMetrics, paʻa paʻa o Entine's PR, i hōʻike ʻia $ 176,420 i ka loaʻa kālā.

Ua hōʻaiʻē pū ka Center for Media and Public Affairs i STATS, a "no ka lawa ʻole o ke kālā" ʻaʻole "i uku ʻia." ʻO George Mason University Foundation, ka mea i hōʻike ʻole i kāna kālā, hāʻawi i nā hāʻawi CMPA i kēlā mau makahiki. Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau:

  • Ua hōʻaiʻē ʻo CMPA i nā STATS $ 203,611 i 2012 / 2013 a me $ 163,914 hōʻaiʻe ma 2013 / 2014
  • Ua hāʻawi ʻia ʻo George Mason University Foundation $ 220,900 ma 2012 / 2013 a i $ 75,670 i 2013 / 2014 iā CMPA.

ʻO ke kālā ʻoihana Biotechnology e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kākau moʻolelo

I ka 2014 a me ka 2015, ua hoʻolilo nā ʻoihana pesticide kiʻekiʻe ma luna o $ 300,000 ma nā hanana ʻelua i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Genetic Literacy Project a me ka hui mua o Academics Review i "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻawahia o glyphosate, ”E like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau a me ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO ka holomua. ʻO nā hanana, i kapa ʻia ka Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project, i mālama 'ia ma ka Kulanui o Florida ma 2014 a UC Davis ma 2015.

Hōʻike nā papahana i nā hanana e like me ka "hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i ka mākau kamaʻilio" no nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e kōkua i ka pale hou ʻana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO, a ua hoʻohiki e hāʻawi i nā ʻepekema me nā "pono ​​hana a me ke kākoʻo ʻana i nā kumuwaiwai e pono ai e hoʻopili pono i ka pāpāho a ʻike ʻia he loea i ka ʻahaʻōlelo a nā hoʻolohe aupuni aupuni, a me nā hana kulekele ʻē aʻe a me nā manawa kūpono e hoʻolaha aku ai i pili. "

Nā kumu ma ka mua kahua hoʻomoana mua hui pū ʻia nā lunamakaʻāinana mai nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā hui kalepa, a me nā kālaiʻike pro-GMO me ke Kulanui o Florida Kumu. ʻO Kevin Folta, a me ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Polofesa Emeritus Bruce Chassy, ua ʻae aku lāua ʻelua i ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto a paipai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a Monsanto e kūʻai aku nei i ka hilinaʻi. Hawaii Post mea kākau meaʻai Tamar Haspel, no lakou hoi ʻae i ke kālā mai nā pono agribusiness, ka mea kākau nūhou ma ke kumu.

Nā mea kālā hōʻole ʻepekema ʻenekini

ʻO nā mea kākoʻo kālā nui o ka mea hana ma mua o Entine STATS a me kāna papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kēia manawa me nā ʻaoʻao ʻēheu - ʻo Scaife Foundation, ʻo Searle Freedom Trust a ʻo Templeton Foundation - ʻo ia nā alakaʻi nui o ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻepekema, e like me ka Ke aʻo kula 2013 Drexel. E nānā i ka hoʻokolokolo a USRTK: ʻO ke ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole hōʻaiʻē kālā e hoʻolaha nei i nā Propaganda Nine Toxic.

Kanaka pale ʻoihana ʻino

No nā makahiki he nui, lilo ʻo Entine i mea pale nui i nā pono ʻoihana kemika, ma hope o ka puke pāʻani ʻoihana: pale aku ʻo ia i nā kinikona e like me ka palekana; paio e kūʻē ana i ke kānāwai; a hoʻouka i ka ʻepekema, nā mea ʻepekema nūpepa a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hāpai nei i ka hopohopo.

Ke pale nei i nā neonicotinoids

e ulu ana Hōʻike nā hōʻike ʻepekema ʻo kēlā neonicotinoids, ka papa hoʻohana nui ʻia o nā pesticides, kahi kumu nui i ka make ʻana o ka pi. Ua kāohi ka European Union i nā neonics ma muli o ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka hopena o ka pi. ʻO Pepeluali 2020 ʻatikala ma The Intercept na Lee Fang i hōʻike e pili ana i ke "kaua ʻikepili sophisticated" e hana ana nā ʻoihana pesticide e mālama i nā kemika ma ka mākeke ma ka US Entine kahi mea nui o ka ʻelele pro-ʻoihana; ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo ia ʻaʻole neonic ka mea hoʻokele nui o ka make ʻana o ka pi.Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika), ʻo "The bee apocalypse was never real," (ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino) a koi ʻia nā neonics e kōkua maoli i ka olakino pī (Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika a Forbes). Ua hōʻeha pū kekahi ʻo Entine i kahi aʻo a kahi polofesa Harvard ma ka bee Colony Collapse Disorder (Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika) a hoʻopiʻi i ka poʻe politika o ʻEulopa i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e pepehi i nā nalo meli ma ke kaohi ʻana i nā neonics (Forbes).

Ke pale nei i nā phthalates

ʻO Phthalates kahi papa o nā kemika i loulou lōʻihi ʻia i ka hoʻohaunaele hormone, hōʻeha hānau, pilikia pilikia a me nā loulou i ka momona o ka wā kamaliʻi, hānō, nā pilikia neurological a me nā pilikia puʻuwai. Ua hoʻomaka ke aupuni US kaohi ʻana i nā kemika i nā mea pāʻani a nā keiki i ka 2013 ma muli o ka hopohopo olakino. Ua pale aku ʻo Entine i nā huahana a nā keiki i loaʻa nā kemika. "Kakaikahi nā kemika i ka mākeke i kēia lā i nānā i ka ʻepekema e like me nā esters phthalate," i kākau ʻo Entine (Forbes) - akā ʻaʻole ia i haʻi i ka kino nui of hōʻike ʻepekema i hōʻuluʻulu ʻia ma loko o ʻelua mau makahiki e pili ana i nā hōʻike phthalate i hoʻomohala hānau kūpono ʻole in keiki kāne. ʻO ka leka me nā hōʻeha i nā mea kūkala nūhou; Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine i kahi mea nūhou NBC nāna i hāpai i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka palekana o ka "journalism shoddy." (Forbes). ʻO kā firm firm kamaʻilio, ESG MediaMetrics, hana PR no ka Ke Kula Nui Vinyl; ʻO ka vinyl plastic kahi kumu nui o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā phthalates. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Entine i ka pili ʻoihana i kāna ʻatikala Forbes.

Ke pale nei i ka fracking

Hoʻopilikia ka Entine i ka haʻi ʻana o ka neʻe ("fracking"), ka pauma ʻana o ka wai kemika i hoʻowalewale ʻia i loko o ka lepo e haki i ka shale a lawe i ke kinoea maoli. E like me kāna mau huakaʻi leka uila ʻē aʻe, hoʻopūhū ʻo Entine i ka ʻepekema a me nā ʻepekema e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo, e kahakaha ana iā lākou ma ke ʻano he "activist," ʻoiai e hana nei i nā ʻōlelo nani a pili ʻole hoʻi e pili ana i ka ʻepekema "scrupious" i mālama ʻia i loko o nā makahiki he nui e pale aku i kona palekana. ʻO kahi laʻana, ua koi ʻo Entine: “Mai ke kuanaʻike ʻepekema, ʻaʻohe kumu e kū ai i ke ahiahi i hoʻohuoi nui e huli aʻe nā pilikia e pili ana i ke olakino a i ʻole nā ​​kaiapuni "mai ka fracking (New York Post).

Eia hou, ʻo nā hoʻouka kahi kī nui o ka leka uila. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou o New York Times no nā keiki hoʻopunipuni e pili ana i nā pilikia kūlohelohe o ka fracking (Forbes), hoʻouka kaua i ʻepekema ʻelua o ke Kulanui o Cornell no kā lākou noi ʻana e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o nā hana i ka methane (Forbes), a hoʻouka kaua i ka Park Foundation, e ʻōlelo ana ua "aneane hoʻokahi wale nō derailed shale-kinoea hoʻomohala ma methane-waiwai New York State, a kau i kona hiʻona ma ka lehulehu manaʻo a me nā kulekele hoʻoholo a puni ka ʻāina." (Pākaukau Poepoe Philanthropy)

Ke pale nei iā BPA

Kākau ʻo Entine i ka pale ʻana i ka bisphenol kemikal A (BPA), ʻoiai he kino nui o nā hōʻike ʻepekema e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana i kāna endocrine e hōʻoki ana i ka hiki a me nā pilikia olakino e pili pū ana me ia. Ua haʻi aku ʻo Kanada he mea ʻawaʻawa kēlā i ka 2010, a me ka EU pāpā ʻia ka BPA i loko o nā ʻōmole pēpē ma 2011.

Ua hōʻeuʻeu ʻo Entine i nā kānaka noiʻi kulanui, nā NGO a me nā mea nūpepa e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka BPA (Forbes), ua manaʻo ʻia ʻaʻole pono nā wahine i hāpai i ka hāpai keiki e hōʻino iā ia ma nā plastics (Forbes), a ʻaʻa i nā ʻepekema i hoʻopili i ka BPA i nā maʻi puʻuwai (Forbes).

Ke pale nei i ka Mana Nuclear

Pākuʻi pū ʻo Entine i ka ʻoihana mana nukelea; ua koi ʻo ia nā mea kanu mana nukelea nohona maikaʻi a "ʻaʻohe mea ʻino e like me Chernobyl e hana ʻia ma ke Komohana." Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo ia iā Harvard Professor Naomi Oreskes o ʻepekema "hōʻole," no ka mea, i waena o nā mea ʻē aʻe, e kuhikuhi nei i nā pōpilikia o ka hoʻokele waiwai a me ke kaiapuni o ka mana nukelea.

Nā hoa

He hoa uku ʻole ʻo Entine ma ke Center for Health and Risk Communication ma ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason (GMU) mai ka makahiki 2011-2014. nā mea hāʻawi manawaleʻa, a a kipa hoa ma ka American Enterprise Institute, kahi waihona manaʻo DC i kālā kālā ʻia i ʻāpana e hui kālepa a kālā ʻeleʻele nā hāʻawi.

E nana pū kekahi, ʻO Greenpeace Polluter Watch ʻaoʻao ma Jon Entine a me “ka moʻolelo huna o ka Genetic Literacy Project. "

Nā hui pili a me ka poʻe

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino
ʻO Geoffrey Kabat
ʻO Jay Byrne
Nānā ʻImi
Pamela Ronald lāua ʻo UC Davis
Nā Papahana Heluhelu Biotech 

Nina Fedoroff: Ke hoʻoneʻe nei i ka mana o ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika e hoʻihoʻi iā Monsanto

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  • Ma ke ʻano he pelekikena a he luna luna o ka AAAS mai 2011-2013, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Dr. Fedoroff i nā pahuhopu kulana ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hana ʻo ia i kēia manawa no kahi ʻoihana lobbying.
  • ʻO nā palapala i loaʻa e US Right to Know e hōʻike nei pehea e launa pū ai nā pilina lehulehu a me nā hana lobbying ma hope o nā hanana i waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua a me nā kālaiʻike i kū kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO Nina Fedoroff, PhD, kekahi o nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi nui e koi ana i ka hoʻolaha a me ka hoʻopau ʻia ʻana o nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered. He pelekikena ʻo ia o ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa no ka Holomua ʻEpekema (2011-2012) a me ka luna o ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS (2012-2013). He wahine ʻo ia aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe mai ka 2015 ma OFW Law, kahi hui lobbying nona nā mea kūʻai aku i hoʻopili pū Syngenta a me ka ʻAha Kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology, kahi hui kālepa e pani ana iā Bayer (nona nona Monsanto), BASF, Corteva (kahi mahele o DowDuPont) a me Syngenta.

Mai ka 2007-2010, ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema a me ʻenehana aʻoaʻo i ke Kakauolelo o ka Mokuʻāina a me ka Luna Hoʻokele o USAID ma lalo o kā George W. Bush a me Obama mau hoʻomalu. Ma mua o kēlā, he wahine ʻo ia ka lālā o ka papa o ka Sigma-Aldrich Corporation, kahi hui kemika multinational a me biotech firm; a me kahi lālā lālā aʻoaʻo o Evogene, kahi hui biotechnology i hui pū me DuPont, Syngenta, ʻO Bayer a Monsanto.

He hanana 2017 e paipai i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika ma ʻEpekema a me Health Puke “ʻepekema junk” i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a pili ʻelua ʻepekema me nā hui e hōʻole i ka ʻepekema o ke aniau.

Ma ke ʻano he kākau ʻōlelo no Hillary State ʻO kā Clinton ʻepekema czar, "Ua lawelawe ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he diplomat no ka"GMO i ke ala āpau"Ke kumu o ke kulekele ʻē aʻe o US, ua hōʻike ʻo Tom Philpott ma Grist i ka makahiki 2008 a me ka makahiki 2009. Ua hōʻike aku ʻo Pesticide Action Network o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa iā Dr. Fedoroff"maoli ka ʻelele US ”no ka hana ʻenekini. Wahi a Greenpeace, ʻo Kauka Fedoroff he "a kākoʻo ikaika no ka hoʻolaha honua o GM (hoʻololi kūlohelohe) i nā meaʻai i loko o kāna ʻoihana. "

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana a me ka luna hoʻomalu o AAAS, ka honua nui loa ʻo ka hui ʻepekema multidisciplinary, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i kēlā mau kuleana e hāʻawi i ke kōkua politika i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai: ʻo kahi laʻana, ua hoʻopuka ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o kona noho luna hoʻomalu i kahi ʻōlelo no ka manawa politika e kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO i ka makahiki 2012. ʻOiai ka pelekikena o ka ʻepekema hui ma 2011 , Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ke eo ʻana i kahi noi US EPA e koi ai i ka ʻikepili hou aʻe no ke olakino a me ka palekana no nā mea kanu GMO, e like me nā leka uila i hōʻike ʻia ma lalo nei. ʻIke, ʻO Nina Fedoroff, AAAS a me ka keʻena ʻoihana mahiʻai. ʻAʻole pane ʻo Kauka Fedoroff lāua ʻo AAAS i nā noi no ka pane.

ʻO nā pilina me nā ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni i mua o nā hui a me nā hana PR

Ua hoʻolauna a kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hōʻoia i nā hui e koi ana he leo kūʻokoʻa lākou no ka ʻepekema akā hana ma hope o nā hanana me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i nā ala e alakaʻi hewa ai i ka lehulehu - me nā hui ʻelua i kōkua iā Monsanto e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino nā ʻepekema nāna i lawelawe ma ka World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) panel panel i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka glyphosate ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha ma 2015.

ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino (ACSH) kālā ʻia e nā hui kemika, lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā paka, wahi a pū ʻia nā palapala kūloko palapala kēlā pehea ka hui ʻana o ka hui i kāna ʻoihana i nā ʻoihana no nā huahana pale pale huahana. ʻO nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ka hana o ka ʻaha e hōʻike iā Monsanto ua ʻae e kālā iā ACSH i 2015, a ua noi i ka hui e kākau e pili ana ka hōʻike IARC cancer ma glyphosate; ACSH ma hope koi ʻo ka hōʻike kanesa he "ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni."     

Ua kōkua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i kēia hui ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema kūpono i kahi 2017 Hanana ʻo Press Press Club e hoʻomaka i ka ACSH's "Little Black Book of Junk Science." ʻIke ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao o Dr. Fedoroff ma ka hanana paʻi he ʻelua ʻepekema i pili me nā hui hōʻole i ka ʻepekema aniau a hale moe no nā huahana paka:

Papahana Heluhelu Genetic: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa ma ka pūnaewele o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui e koi kūʻokoʻa ana akā nā hoapili me Monsanto ma PR a me nā papahana lobbying, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know. Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala i ka waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha ua papa inoa ʻo Monsanto i kēia hui ma waena o ka "Nā hoa hana" ua hoʻolālā e komo i kahi hoʻolālā e "orchestrate outcry" e kūʻē i ka loiloi glyphosate a IARC i mea e "pale ai i ka inoa a me FTO o Roundup." ʻO ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kau ʻia ma mua o Nā huahana 200 loiloi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai, me nā hoʻouka kaua pilikino he nui i nā ʻepekema i pili i ka hōʻike glyphosate, e hoʻopiʻi nei iā lākou kipi, hoʻopunipuni, e moe ana, palaho, hūnā, a ke hoʻoulu ʻia e “waiwai a me ka lapuwale. ”??

i ka moʻo lanakila lanakila ma Le Monde e pili ana i kā Monsanto "hana e luku i ka UN cancer cancer agency e nā mea hiki ke hiki," ua wehewehe nā mea nūpepa ʻo Stéphane Foucart lāua ʻo Stéphane Horel i ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ACSH ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" a ʻōlelo ʻo GLP "hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana nā pesticides a me nā ʻoihana ʻenehana biotechnology. " Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo GLP ma 2011 e Jon Entine, nona kahi ʻoihana pili lehulehu ʻo ia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa.

Nā hōʻeha i nā mea noiʻi maʻi maʻi ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project e papa inoa nei iā Dr. Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he "lālā papa":

Nānā Hou: Ua hoʻolauna ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka loiloi ʻepekema ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema hilinaʻi loa ma kahi ʻatikala 2012 ma ʻO nā kū i nā Genetics a me kahi ninaninau 2016 me ka Washington Examiner e pili ana ʻaihue journalism. Ua loaʻa nā palapala i loaʻa iā US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ʻo Review Academics ia hoʻonohonoho i kahi pūʻulu mua me ke kōkua o Monsanto e hōʻino i nā loiloi o ka ʻenekinia a me nā pesticides, ʻoiai ka hūnā ʻana i nā manamana lima ʻoihana. ʻO ka hui, kahi koi kūʻokoʻa akā ua kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, kaua aku i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika ma ke ʻano he "scam marketing."

ʻO Camp Camp Boot Biotech: Ua helu ʻia ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke ʻano he lālā lālā kumu o kahi papahana Biotech Literacy "kahua hoʻomoana" i mālama ʻia ma UC Davis ma 2015. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hanana e nā hui PR ʻelua, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā Hou a kālā malū ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai e "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻino o glyphosate," i hōʻike ʻia ʻo Paul Thacker i Ka Holomua. Hoʻokomo ʻia nā mea kamaʻilio i ka papa inoa kamaʻāina o nā mea kōkua PR ʻoihana pū me ʻO Jay Byrne, ʻO Jon Entine, Bruce Chassy, ​​ʻO David Tribe, ʻO Hank Campbell o ACSH a me ka keynote by ʻo ka "Sci Babe."

AgBioWorld: I kāna 2012 Trends and Genetics Haawina, Paipai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld ma ke ʻano he "waiwai waiwai ʻē aʻe" e aʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. I ka 2002 'atikala ma ke Kahu, Ua wehewehe ʻo George Monbiot i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka hui PR PR a Monsanto i ka pūnaewele AgBioWorld a me nā moʻoʻōlelo pilipili hoʻopunipuni e hōʻino ai i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kaiapuni i hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā huaʻai GM. Ua hōʻike ʻo Monbiot: 

"I ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua wehewehe ʻo Jay Byrne, ka luna o ka pūnaewele ʻo [Monsanto] i ka manawa i kekahi mau loina ʻē aʻe i nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ia ma Monsanto. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia pehea, ma mua o kāna hana ʻana, nā pūnaewele GM kiʻekiʻe i helu ʻia e kahi ʻenekini huli pūnaewele e loiloi i ka ʻenehana. Ma hope o kāna hoʻopili ʻana, ʻo nā pūnaewele kiʻekiʻe nā mea kākoʻo (ʻehā o lākou i hoʻokumu ʻia e Monsanto's PR firm Bivings). Ua haʻi ʻo ia iā lākou e 'noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papa. E kiʻi paha ʻoe iā ia a i ʻole e hana ana kāu mea hoʻokūkū, akā e make paha kekahi. '

ʻOiai ʻo ia e hana ana no Monsanto, haʻi aku ʻo Byrne i ka nūhou pūnaewele ʻo Wow ua "hoʻolilo ʻo ia i kona manawa a me kāna hana e komo" i nā kūkākūkā pūnaewele e pili ana i ka biotech. Ua koho ʻo ia i ka pūnaewele ʻo AgBioWorld, kahi e hōʻoia ai i kāna ʻoihana i ka pāʻani kūpono. ' ʻO AgBioWorld kahi pūnaewele i hoʻokumu ʻia e [ka pilikino pūnaewele hoʻopunipuni ʻo Mary] Smetacek i kāna hoʻouka kaua. "

Attack ma Greenpeace: Kauka Fedoroff haiolelo ma kahi hanana paʻi 2016 no kahi hui e kāhea iā ia iho "Kākoʻo i ka mahiʻai Precision, "E hōʻike ana i kahi leka i kau inoa ʻia e nā luna Nobel he 100 a ʻoi aku e hōʻino ana iā Greenpeace no ko lākou kūʻē ʻana iā GMO. ʻO nā mea kōkua ʻoihana Agrichemical kōkua i ke kaua, e like me ka Luna Hoʻokaʻaʻike mua a Monsanto ʻO Jay Byrne; ʻo VP ka hui kālepa biotech mua ʻO Val Giddings; a ʻO Matt Winkler, ka mea nāna i kālā i ka Pāhana PR papahana Pāhana Helu Pono a helu ʻia ma ke ʻano he ka lālā o ka papa me Kauka Fedoroff ma ka pūnaewele pūnaewele. ʻO ka mana .com o ke kūʻokoʻa i manaʻo ʻia he kūʻokoʻa "Kākoʻo Precision Agriculture" hoʻohuli ʻia i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic no nā makahiki (ua kuhi ʻia ma hope o kā mākou kāhea ʻana i ka nānā iā ia i ka 2019). I loko o nā leka uila mai 2011, Ua ʻike ʻo Byrne iā Greenpeace ma ka papa inoa "target" e hoʻomohala nei no Monsanto me nā inoa o nā loiloi ʻoihana e hiki iā lākou ke kūʻē mai hope o ka uhi o kahi pūʻulu aʻo hana kālā-ʻoihana ua kūʻokoʻa kēlā.

Nā Hoa o GMO Nā Pane: ʻO Kauka Fedoroff kahi ke kūkā kūʻokoʻa no nā pane GMO, a Hoʻolālā PR hoʻolaha ʻia e Ketchum pili lehulehu, ia mea a moʻolelo o ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu. ʻOiai ʻo Ketchum i koi i ka neʻe ʻana o nā pane GMO Answers e "hōʻano hou i ka transparency," ka hui nā pane scripted no ka loea "kūʻokoʻa" a ua helu ʻia i waena o nā "hoa hana" ma Hoʻolālā PR ʻo Monsanto e pale aku iā Roundup mai nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻai. A Ua kuhikuhi ka ʻāpana "nā kumuwaiwai" (ʻaoʻao 4) i nā GMO Answers a me nā loulou ʻo Monsanto e kamaʻilio i ka leka o ka ʻoihana "ʻaʻole ʻo Glyphosate i mea make kino." I ka 2016, Kauka Fedoroff i kamaʻilio ʻia ma kahi panela i kākoʻo ʻia e GMO Answers, Scientific American a me ka ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema e pili ana i ka uhi pāpaho o ka ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i nā mea hana nūhou hana Keith Kloor a ʻO Tamar Haspel. E nānā “Hele mai ka mīkini ʻenekini ʻo Monsanto i Wakinekona, ”Na Paul Thacker.

ʻO ka noiʻi kūʻē e wehe i ka pilina ʻoihana-kālaiʻike

I ka 2015, ua kākoʻo ʻo Kauka Fedoroff a me ʻelua mau pelekikena ʻo AAAS ma mua, ʻo Peter Raven lāua ʻo Phillip Sharp, i kā lāua alakaʻi alakaʻi AAAS, akā ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i kekahi o kā lākou ʻoihana pili, i kahi Kahu op-ed Ke kūʻē nei i kahi hoʻokolokolo a ka lehulehu e ʻimi nei e wehe i ka pili pili ʻole i hōʻike ʻole ʻia a me nā hoʻonohonoho kālā ma waena o nā hui mahiʻai, kā lākou mau hui PR a me nā polopola i kākoʻo lehulehu ʻia ʻO ka ninaninau ʻia e US Right to Know wehe i kekahi o nā palapala nui i wehewehe ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

ʻOiai ua hoʻohui hope ke kahu a ʻike hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff ma ke keʻena lobby OFW Law, ʻaʻole ia i hōʻike ʻO kā OFW Law mea kūʻai aku i kēlā manawa ʻo ia ka hui kālepa ʻoihana mahiʻai, nona nā ʻoihana lālā i mea nui o ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i nā moʻolelo lehulehu. Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā pelekikena o ka AAAS mua i kā lākou op-ed i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana e wehe ai i nā hakakā ʻoihana-kālaiʻike i hōʻike ʻole ʻia o ka hoihoi ʻo "ke kiʻi nei i kahi ʻaoʻao mai ka puke pāʻani Climategate" a ua pili i ka "ʻepekema hōʻole," nā hoʻopiʻi like i hana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana PR i wehewehe ʻia i kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo.

Ke hoʻohana nei i ka AAAS e holomua i nā pahuhopu ʻoihana mahiʻai

I kona noho pelekikena ʻana o ka ʻAhahui ʻAmelika no ka holomua o ka ʻepekema (AAAS) mai 2011-2012 a ma ke ʻano he poʻo o ka Papa Hoʻokele mai 2012-2013, ua hana pū ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai e holomua i nā pahuhopu nui: mālama i nā genetically ʻenekini ʻai ʻole ʻia nā inoa ʻole a lanakila i kahi noi e ka US Environmental Protection Agency e koi ʻia i nā ʻike hou aku e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni o nā mea hana ʻenekini i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e like me nā pesticides.

Ua kōkua ʻo AAAS e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe koho balota e kūʻē i ka lepili o GMO

I ka 2012, ua lawe ka Papa Hoʻokele o AAAS ma lalo o ka noho aliʻi o Kauka Fedoroff i kahi hana maʻamau i ke kūlana politika hakakā i loko o ʻelua mau pule wale nō ma mua o ka hele ʻana o ka poʻe koho balota ma Kaleponi i nā balota e hoʻoholo ai i ka Proposition 37, kahi hana balota e kapa inoa ai i nā GMO. ʻO kahi loiloi i nā ʻōlelo politika he nui i hana ʻia e AAAS ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o ka hui e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohuli i nā poʻe koho balota ma mua o ke koho balota mokuʻāina. (ʻAʻole pane ka AAAS a me Kauka Fedoroff i nā noi no ka manaʻo. Hoʻolaha pū kekahi: ua hana nā luna hui o USRTK i ka hoʻolaha pro-labeling.)

ʻO ka papa AAAS's olelo kūʻēʻē i ka lepili ʻana o GMO. ʻO ia loaʻa hewahewa, e like me ka lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka AAAS, kekahi o lākou hōʻino i ka ʻōlelo anti-lepili ma ke ʻano he "paternalistic" hoʻouka kaua i nā pono o nā mea kūʻai aku i alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu ma o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka pōʻaiapili ʻepekema koʻikoʻi. Ua haʻi kahi waha ʻōlelo ʻo AAAS i kēlā manawa, ʻo Ginger Pinholster, i nā loiloi he "kūpono ʻole a pono ʻole." Ua haʻi ʻo ia i kahi mea hōʻike Aia ʻo ia i loko o ka lumi i ka wā i hala ai ka papa i ka ʻōlelo: “ʻAʻole mākou he hui kākoʻo. Hana mākou i kā mākou mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā hōʻike ʻepekema, "wahi a Pinholster. "Hiki iaʻu ke haʻi iā ʻoe ʻaʻole ka hana a kā mākou ʻōlelo a i hoʻohuli ʻia e kekahi hui waho."

Ua hoʻomaopopo kekahi o nā mea nānā i ka like o ka ʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia e ka AAAS a me ka hoʻouka kālā-ʻoihana e hoʻokahuli i ka Proposition 37. “Kūleʻa paha kahi hui ʻepekema nui no Monsanto?”Ua nīnau ʻo Michele Simon i loko o Grist. Ua wehewehe ʻo Simona i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa e like me "ʻaʻole ʻepekema akā kūpono loa," a ua ʻike ʻia ka hele pū me ka hoʻokuʻu paʻi a AAAS i loaʻa nā "kuhi kamaʻilio" i kūlike ʻole me No ma 37 puke paio.

"ʻO ka ʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ka maopopo he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema"

i ka 2013 leka i ka makasina ʻEpekema, ua hōʻike kekahi hui ʻepekema he 11 i ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka ʻōlelo a ka papa AAAS e pili ana i nā meaʻai GMO. Ua kākau lākou, "hopohopo mākou i ke kūlana o AAA e hōʻike nei i kahi ala maikaʻi ʻole e pili i ka kamaʻilio ʻana i ka ʻepekema.  ʻo ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana ma lalo o ke aniani moakaka he manaʻo maikaʻi ʻole ia no ke kaiāulu ʻepekema. ”

He kākoʻo mua ʻo Kauka Fedoroff no ka ʻoihana i kākoʻo ʻia ma No ma 37, nāna i helu iā ia ma kāna pūnaewele i ka mahina ʻo Iune 2012 ʻo ia kekahi o ʻepekema ʻehā e kū ana i ke "kaiāulu ʻepekema a me nā kaiāulu" i kūʻē i ka lepili GMO. Ma hope ua noi ka huakaʻi iā Kauka Fedoroff e kōkua i ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā mea ʻoihana i kā lākou kumu, āna i hana ai e like me ʻOkakopa 1, 2012 leka uila iā Meghan Callahan o BCF Public Affairs, "Ua hoʻouna wau i kāu [noi no nā mea kākoʻo kālaiʻike] i kahi hui honua o ka biotechnology e kākoʻo ana i nā kālaiʻike. Manaʻo wau e lohe ana ʻoe mai nā kihi o ka honua, "kākau ʻo Kauka Fedoroff.

Kōkua i ka make ʻana i ka ʻikepili no nā mea kanu pesticide

I ka 2011 ʻoiai ke pelekikena ʻo AAAS, ua hana ʻo Kauka Fedoroff me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana mahiʻai a me kahi lobbyist ʻoihana e kāpae i ka US Environmental Protection Agency mai ke koi ʻana i nā ʻoihana e hāʻawi i ka ʻikepili hou aku no ke olakino a me nā palekana no nā mea i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineised e like me nā pesticides, e like me nā leka uila. i ho'ākāka ʻia ma lalo.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka noi EPA mai kahi kūkā kūkā ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻEPA e pili ana nā ala e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ka hiki i ka ʻoihana ke hoʻoholo i nā kānāwai e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻolālā ʻenekene e hana a i ʻole loaʻa nā pesticides, ka mea a EPA i kuhikuhi ai ʻo "nā mea pale i hoʻohui ʻia i nā mea kanu" (PIPs). Ua noi ʻia nā lālā o ka paneli e loiloi i nā koi ʻikepili EPA o kēia manawa a noi ʻia no nā PIP ma nā ʻano aʻe:

  • ʻIkepili e nānā i nā like like ma waena o nā PIP a me nā mea āpau, nā mea ʻino, nā anti-nutrient a me nā proteins weliweli ʻē aʻe;
  • nā hoʻāʻo ʻana no nā hopena synergistic ma ke olakino a me nā meaola ʻole pahuhopu, ke hui ʻia ʻelua a ʻoi paha mau hiʻohiʻona GMO (stacked trait GMO);
  • nā hopena e hiki ke hopena i nā lāhui microbial i nā kaiaolaola o ka lepo; a
  • nā ʻikepili e kamaʻilio maikaʻi ai i nā hopena o ke kahe gen.

Wahi a nā memo mai kahi hālāwai EPA o ʻOkakopa 2009, ʻo nā lula i hāpai ʻia e "kālele ka hapanui i nā koi ʻikepili e kū nei e pili ana i kēlā me kēia manawa," a e hoʻopuni ʻia i ʻelima mau ʻikepili a me ka ʻike: ka huina huahana, ke olakino kanaka, nā hopena kū ʻole, ka hopena o ke kaiapuni a me ke kūʻē ʻana. hoʻokele. EPA kūkala i nā lula i hāpai ʻia i ka Federal Register ma Malaki 2011.

Ua loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know ma o nā moʻohelu lehulehu e hōʻike nei i ka hoʻākoakoa ʻana o nā ʻohana āpau e kāpae i ka noi.

Hōʻike nā leka uila i nā kamaʻilio ma waena o Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi i kēlā manawa, ʻo Eric Sachs o Monsanto a me nā ʻelele ʻē aʻe e kūkākūkā ana i nā hana a me nā hālāwai e pili ana iā Dr. Fedoroff. Ua wehewehe ʻo Chassy iā ia iho i nā leka uila (palapala 66) ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻopili i waena o ka ʻoihana a me ka ʻepekema i ka hana e kūʻē i nā koina ʻikepili EPA. Ua nīnau ʻia i loko o kāna mau leka uila iā Sachs he mau nīnau e pili ana inā ua hoʻouna ʻo Monsanto i kahi kikoʻī i ke Kulanui o ʻIlioka Foundation no ke kākoʻo ʻana i kā Chassy "hana hoʻolaha biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo." (No ka ʻike hou aku e pili ana i nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i loaʻa iā Chassy mai Monsanto no nā makahiki i kona hoʻolaha ʻana i ka biotechnology, e ʻike. e hōʻike nei na Monica Eng ma WBEZ a nā leka uila i kau ʻia e ka New York Times.)

Ma Iulai 5, ʻo Kauka Chassy leka uila iā Eric Sachs o Monsanto e hōʻike ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Kauka Fedoroff i leka iā EPA ma luna o kāna pūlima pūlima ʻia e 60 mau lālā o ka National Academy of Science. "Ua lālau maoli ʻo Nina i ka kinipōpō a neʻe i lalo i ke kahua," i kākau ai ʻo Chassy. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ke noi a EPA ma ke ʻano he "moku nahā."

Hōʻike nā leka uila ma ʻAukake 19, nā ʻelele hui kālepa ʻoihana pūʻiwa a hauʻoli hoʻi (ʻaoʻao 19) e ʻike i kahi New York Times op-ed mai ʻo Kauka Fedoroff e hoʻopaʻapaʻa ana i nā lula no ka ʻenekinia genetika; "Na wai i hoʻokau i kā Nina op?" Ua noi ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO iā Dr. Chassy a me ʻelua mau ʻohana ʻē aʻe ʻelua. ʻO Henry Miller a ʻO Val Giddings. Pane akula ʻo Chassy:

Ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Massey iā Kauka Chassy ka leka BIO i hoʻouna ʻia i ka EPA "me ka manaʻolana e kūkulu ma luna o ka leka a nā ʻāpana a me kahi pōkole pōkole no ka haʻalele ʻana o ka EPA i kēlā leka." ʻAʻole kūleʻa kā lākou hana e like me kā lākou i manaʻo ai. Ma ʻAukake 24, Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Eric Sachs (ʻaoʻao 14) ua loaʻa iā Kauka Fedoroff "kahi pane mai ka EPA he ʻōlelo hōʻino ia." Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i nā hoʻolālā e hoʻopaʻa i ke kaomi.

 

I Kepakemapa, Chassy hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea kūkā kamaʻilio me Fedoroff, ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs, ʻo Adrienne Massey o BIO a me kā lākou lobbyist ʻo Stanley Abramson, me kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe. Wahi a Chassy's nā memo mai ke kāhea ʻana, "Ke loaʻa nei i kahi ala e hōʻoia ai i ka noi EPA ʻaʻole ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā ʻo ia ka hopena maikaʻi loa i hiki iā mākou ke manaʻolana. ʻO ka mea ʻoi loa e hōʻoia ʻo DOA ia, akā inā pono e pono mākou e hoʻomau i ka hakakā. "

Ua haʻi pū ʻo ia i ka pilikia, "ʻAʻole manaʻo ka EPA e hiki i ke kaiāulu kālaiʻike ke kau i ka kūʻē kūʻē i kā lākou hana ʻana i ka rula. manaʻo lākou he hapa liʻiliʻi wale nō ma hope o ka palapala noi a ʻo ka hapa nui o nā mea kau inoa ʻaʻole paʻa i ka pilikia. " Ua hoʻoholo ka hui e pono lākou e "kūkulu i kumu o nā ʻepekema alakaʻi e makemake maoli nei e ʻōlelo a hāʻawi i ka manawa i kēia pilikia."

Ma ʻOkakopa, ua lana ka manaʻolana o ka hui. Chassy leka uila iā Sachs e hōʻike e pili ana i kahi hālāwai "kahaha kupaianaha" ʻo ia a me Dr. Fedoroff i hele pū me Steve Bradbury o EPA. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hui e Massey a me ka lobbyist ʻo Abramson. ʻO ka noi a EPA e koi i ka ʻikepili no GMO PIP ʻaʻole i ʻike i ka mālamalama o ka lā, e like me kā Michael Hansen, PhD, ʻepekema ʻepekema ma Consumers Union, i komo pū i nā hālāwai lehulehu me ka ʻoihana.

Nā kaulahao leka uila piha, ma o ka Hale Waihona Palapala ʻĀina ʻo UCSF:

Pili hōʻike 

"Ua pāpā ʻia au mai kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou Nobel Laureate Press e kahi mea kūkākūkā PR me Monsanto Ties, "Na Tim Schwab, Nānā Mea ʻai & Wai (2016)

"Nā Puppetmasters o Academia, "Na Jonathan Latham, PhD, Independent Science News (2015)

"20 mau makahiki ma hope mai: ke hele nei ke koa brotade biotech, ”Pūnaewele Hana Pesticide (2012)

"ʻO wai ka hana 'enekinia no wai? " na Marcia Ishii-Eitemann, PhD, ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe ma Pesticide Action Network North America (2011)

"E kala mai, NY Times: ʻaʻole e hoʻopakele nā ​​GMO i ka honua, ”Na Anna Lappe, Grist (2011)

"I loko o ia mea e hele ai au i ka manamana wāwae me ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a H. Clinton ma luna o GMO, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2009)

"Palapala Hoʻololi Hoʻololi Genetically: US Kulekele ʻĀina GMO Ma Ke Ala āpau, ”Na Tom Philpott, Grist (2008)

ʻO Jay Byrne: E hālāwai me ke kāne ma hope o ka mīkini Monsanto PR

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ʻO ka Luna Hoʻokele mua o Monsanto o ka ʻOihana Kōlepa ʻo Jay Byrne, pelekikena o ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu v-Kaaha, he mea hoʻokani kī i ka hūnā hoʻolaha a me nā hoʻolaha lobbying o nā ʻoihana mahiʻai nui loa o ka honua. Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know, kau ʻia ma ka UCSF Chemical Industry Documents Archive, hōʻike i ke ʻano o nā hana hoʻopunipuni a Byrne a me nā mea kōkua ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana nei e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā meaʻai a me nā pesticides GMO.

Hōʻike nā hiʻohiʻona ma aneʻi i kekahi o nā ala e neʻe nei nā ʻoihana i kā lākou leka uila i ke kahua ākea mai hope o ka uhi o nā hui kū leo kūpaʻa ʻole, nā mea kōkua aupuni a me nā kālaiʻike i kū kūʻokoʻa i kā lākou hana pū ʻana me nā ʻoihana a i kā lākou mau kākāʻōlelo PR.

Nā mea kūʻai aku: ʻoihana kiʻekiʻe, mahiʻai a me nā ʻoihana lāʻau 

Na Byrne's papa inoa mea kūʻai aku ua hui pū me kahi laulā o ka agribusiness nui a me nā ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā hui ʻoihana, e like me ka American Chemistry Council, Syngenta, AstraZeneca, Monsanto, Pfizer, ka American Farm Bureau, National Corn Growers Association, Grocery Manufacturers Association, Rohm & Haas a me ka pesticide ʻoihana. hui kālepa CropLife.

ʻO ka International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), ka mea e hoʻolaha ana i ka genetically engineered "Golden Rice," he mea kūʻai aku kekahi. ʻO Byrne ua hoʻokani i ka hana PR e hoʻouka iā Greenpeace a me nā mea hoʻohewa ʻē aʻe o ka laiki GMO. E ʻike pū i ka waihona puke ʻoihana ʻoihana UCSF no nā mea he nui nā palapala e pili ana iā IRRI.

ʻO ka hui mua mua i kālua ʻia e hoʻouka aku i nā loiloi Monsanto

ʻO kahi papahana nui o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, e like me ka Hōʻikeʻia ka New York Times, ʻo ia ke kau i nā polopeka "pāpale keʻokeʻo" e hakakā i ka PR o ka ʻoihana a me nā hakakā lobbying ma hope o ka uhi o ka "gloss o ke kūlike ʻole a me ke kaupaona o ka mana i hele mai me ka moʻokūʻauhau a kahi polofesa."

I Malaki 2010, ʻo Byrne a me ke Kulanui o ʻInikia Polofesa Bruce Chassy ua kūkākūkā i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i kahi hui mua i kapa ʻia ʻo "Academics Review" i hiki ke ʻumeʻume i nā makana mai nā ʻoihana ʻoiai ke kūʻokoʻa nei. Ua hoʻohālikelike ʻo Byrne i ka manaʻo i ka Center for Consumer Freedom (kahi hui i mua e holo ʻia e ka mea kaulana ʻole ʻo propaganda kanaka ʻo Rick Berman), ka mea "i hoʻolilo kālā i kēia i ka loa; a manaʻo wau he manaʻo maikaʻi aʻe kā kāua. " Ua wehewehe ʻo Byrne i kahi papa inoa "manawa kūpono" me nā pahuhopu "hiki iā lākou ke hele ma hope. Ua kākau ʻo Byrne iā Kauka Chassy:

ʻO kēlā mau hui āpau, nā poʻe a me nā kumuhana kumuhana "ke ʻano o ke kālā no ke ʻano o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi," i kākau ai ʻo Byrne. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia a ʻO Val Giddings, PhD, he pelekikena hope ma mua no ka hui ʻoihana biotech BIO, hiki ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" no nā kālaiʻike.

Ma November 2010, Ua kākau ʻo Byrne iā Chassy Eia hou, "He mea maikaʻi ia e kiʻi i ka pae hou o ka hana ma Academics Review e hele nei - loaʻa iā mākou kahi lohi o ka hapaha mua e piʻi mai ana i ka 2011 inā mau ka ʻoihana." Hāʻawi ʻo Byrne e “hoʻonohonoho i kekahi manawa no ka huli ʻana o ka ʻenekini pro bono” no kāna hui e kūʻē i ka mana o ka mea loiloi GMO ma ka pūnaewele. Ua hoʻopau ʻo Byrne i ka leka uila, "E like me nā manawa mau, makemake e ʻike i ke kumuhana aʻe (a me ke kākoʻo) e hoʻonui i kēia hiki ke hiki."

I ka 2014, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka loiloi Academics a hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana ʻokanika ma ke ʻano he kālepa hoʻopunipuni; i loko o kāna mau mea kūʻai aku ponoʻī no ka hōʻike, ua koi ʻo Academics Review e kūʻokoʻa a ʻaʻole i hōʻike i kāna kālā ʻoihana mahiʻai.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

"Nā papahana US-GLP-Byrne US" e hoʻohuli i nā mea nūpepa

ʻO kā Byrne lobbying a me nā hana PR no ka GMO a me ka ʻoihana pesticide e hoʻopili i nā helu he nui me ka hana o ʻO Jon Entine, kahi kī ʻē aʻe i nā hana pale pale ʻoihana mahiʻai. Ke alakaʻi nei ʻo Entine i ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project, i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka makahiki 2011 i ka wā a Monsanto i mea kūʻai aku o kāna ʻoihana paʻa PR. (ʻO Entine's PR firm ESG MediaMetrics i papa inoa ʻia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku ma kāna pūnaewele ma 2010, 2011, 2012 a hiki i Ianuali 2013, e like me nā waihona pūnaewele i loaʻa ma ka pūnaewele.)

I Dekemaba 2013, Ua kākau ʻo Entine iā Max T. Holtzman, ʻo ia ka mea i lilo i hope ma lalo o ka ʻaoʻao ma lalo o ka US Department of Agriculture, e noi e hana pū i kahi moʻo o nā mea āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "US government-GLP-Byrne project" e paipai iā GMOs. Ua kākau ʻo Entine iā Holtzman:

Noi a Entine i noi ʻiaʻO ke aupuni US-GLP-Byrne"I loko o nā papahana he" Boot Camp and Response Swat Team "e hoʻomākaukau i nā kānaka ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻekolu no ka" hiki ʻana i ka ʻahaʻōlelo ma ka lepili ʻana i ka [GMO] a me nā pilikia e pili pū ana, "kahi" conclave journalism "e hoʻoikaika i ka pāpāho e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana meaʻai a" hāʻawi i ke aʻo i ka poʻe nūpepa ʻōpio, "kahi hoʻolaha hoʻolaha hoʻolaha ākea e hoʻolaha i ka ʻae ʻana i ka biotechnology, a me nā ʻikepili pūnaewele lehulehu a me nā wahi mai nā kumuwaiwai hilinaʻi" e hoʻoikaika ana i nā poʻomanaʻo "me nā ʻāpana a me nā kiʻi i loaʻa ma nā pūnaewele aupuni o US, GLP a me nā anuu ʻē aʻe."

Pane maila ʻo Holtzman, “Mahalo iā Jon. Nui ka hui pū ʻana me ʻoe. Manaʻo wau e hāʻawi ana kāu outline ma lalo i nā kiko kuʻina maoli kahi e hoʻohana pono ai ka leka uila usda / USG a me kāu mau hoʻoikaika ʻana. Makemake wau e hana hou a hoʻopili i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe ma usda ʻaʻole wale mai nā wahi loea / kālepa akā mai kā mākou hale kūʻai kamaʻilio pū kekahi. "

Kākoʻo kālā ʻia ka poʻe ʻauhau, nā wikiō kaulike a Monsanto e hāpai i nā GMO

Kākoʻo ʻia kahi pūʻulu ʻauhau ʻauhau Videos i hana ʻia ma 2012 e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically i kekahi kumu hoʻohālikelike ʻē aʻe e pili ana i ke kāohi ʻana o ka poʻe ʻenehana a me nā kula i ka leka uila. Ua kōkua ʻo Byrne's PR firm v-Fluence i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā wikiō i "hoʻolālā ʻia e hōʻike ʻia i kahi waihona haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa a me ka amateurish," e like me ka leka uila mai ke Kulanui o ʻInikia ʻo Professor Bruce Chassy.

ʻO Kauka Chassy Ua kākau ʻo ia i nā limahana o Monsanto ma ka lā 27 ʻApelila 2012:

Ua pane ʻo Monsanto ʻo Eric Sachs:

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Sachs e kōkua me ka leka ʻana i nā wikiō e hiki mai ana ma o ka kaʻana like ʻana i nā hopena o nā hoʻokolohua pūʻulu e kia ana. Ua kono ʻo Kauka Chassy iā Sachs e hāʻawi i nā manaʻo no nā kumuhana wikiō e hiki mai ana a noi iā ia e hoʻouna pū i nā hopena o ka hui o Monsanto.

E hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides

Ma 2014 a me 2015, ua kōkua ʻo Byrne iā Jon Entine e hoʻonohonoho i ka Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project kālā ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai a hui pū ʻia e nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana, ʻO ka Entine's Genetic Literacy Project a ʻO kā Bruce Chassy hōʻike loiloi. Ua kuhi hewa nā mea hoʻonohonoho i ka waihona kālā no nā hanana e like me ka mea i loaʻa mai i ka huikau o nā kumu kula, aupuni a me nā ʻoihana, akā ʻo ka ʻo ke kumu waiwai o ke kālā wale nō i hiki ke huli ʻia, e like me ka hōʻike a Paul Thacker. ʻO ke kumu o nā kahua hoʻomoana, ʻo Thacker ka mea i hōʻike ʻia, "e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa no GMOs a me ka ʻawahia o glyphosate."

ʻO Byrne ma ka hui hoʻonohonoho, me Cami Ryan (e hana nei no Monsanto) a me Bruce Chassy (ke loaʻa nei kālā mai Monsanto ʻaʻole i hōʻike ākea ʻia), e like me nā leka uila mai Hoʻohui a Ryan.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Bonus Eventus: ke keʻena o ka pāhana pāʻina kaiāulu o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

Hāʻawi kahi lawelawe nui a Byrne i nā hana hoʻoholomua ahupuaʻa ʻo kāna "Bonus Eventus kaiāulu" e hoʻolako i nā mea kālaiʻike a me nā mea ʻē aʻe ʻē aʻe me nā wahi kamaʻilio a me nā manawa hoʻolaha. Kūloko palapala (ʻaoʻao 9) e wehewehe iā Bonus Eventus ma ke ʻano he "portal pūnaewele pilikino pilikino e lawelawe ana ma ke ʻano he kamaʻilio kamaʻilio no nā ʻepekema noʻonoʻo i ka mahiʻai, nā mea hana kulekele a me nā mea kuleana ʻē aʻe." Loaʻa i nā lālā nā nūpepa ʻo Byrne, a me ke komo ʻana i kāna waihona waihona kūmole o nā kumuhana agribusiness, "database stakeholder" o nā poʻe koʻikoʻi i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO, a me nā hoʻomaʻamaʻa a me ke kākoʻo no ka hana kaiaulu.

Hiki ke loaʻa nā laʻana o ka nūpepa i kēia ahu hoʻokoe o nā leka uila mai Byrne a Peter Phillips, he Kulanui o Saskatchewan polopeka ʻo ia hoʻohewa ʻia e nā hoa hana no kona pili pili iā Monsanto. Ma ka nūpepa Nov. 7, 2016, ua koi aku ʻo Byrne iā Phillips a me nā mea loaʻa ʻē aʻe e kaʻana like i nā ʻike e pili ana i nā "hemahema a me nā haʻalele" i loko o kahi New York Times moʻolelo ka mea i hōʻike e pili ana i ka maikaʻi ʻole o nā mea kanu GMO e hoʻonui i nā hua a hoʻemi i nā pesticides, a me nā nīnau e piʻi ana i mua i kahi hui ʻepekema o nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai nāna i hōʻike he glyphosate kahi kino kanaka kino paha - kākau leka e kūlike me ka PR PR a Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai. (E nānā pū i kā mākou pepa pono ma Peter Phillip's 'ōlelo huna "kuleana ʻike"

Ua koi aku ʻo Byrne i ke kaiāulu Bonus Eventus e kaʻana i ka ʻike ma kēia mau kumuhana mai nā mea kākau i pili i ka ʻoihana, e like me ʻO Julie Kelly, ʻO Kauka Henry Miller, Kavin Senapathy, ʻO Sci Babe a Lākana Hank o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui ʻo Monsanto ka uku ʻana e kōkua i ka hōʻino nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai. I ka 2017, ua holoi ʻo Forbes i nā ʻatikala he nui e Dr. Miller - me nā mea i kākau pū ʻia me ia Kelly, Senapathy a ʻO Byrne - ma hope o ka Hōʻikeʻia ka New York Times ua hoʻopuka ʻo Kauka Miller i kahi ʻatikala ma Forbes ma lalo o kāna inoa ponoʻī i kākau ʻia e Ghostanto.

ʻO Gatekeeper no ka hoʻouka kaua ma Greenpeace

I ka wā i kāhea aku ai kahi hui laureates Nobel iā Greenpeace e hoʻōki i ke kūʻē ʻana i ka raiki ʻenekini, ua like ia me kahi hana kūʻokoʻa. Akā ma hope o ka pale o nā ʻike kupaianaha nā lima kōkua o ʻelua mau mea pāʻani nui i ka lobby PR ʻoihana mahiʻai: ʻo Jay Byrne a he lālā o ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project. ʻO Byrne kau ʻia ma ka puka ma kahi hanana ʻo 2016 Press Press Club e hoʻolaha ana i kahi hui i kapa ʻia Kākoʻo i ka mahiʻai Precision. ʻO ka mana .com o kēlā pūnaewele i hoʻohuli ʻia i mau makahiki i ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hui mua e holo nei me Monsanto ma nā papahana PR me ka hōʻike ʻole i kēlā mau pilina. 

No laila ʻo wai i uku no ka hanana paʻi anti-Greenpeace? ʻO Sir Richard Roberts, kahi meaolaola nāna i ʻōlelo ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo ia i kahi leka laureate Nobel, ua wehewehe i ka backstory i kahi FAQ ma ka pūnaewele: ʻo ka "hoʻouka kaua he pipiʻi loa ia," i kākau ʻo ia, ʻo ia ka hapa nui o kāna uku i uku ʻia e kāna haku ʻo New England Biolabs a me "nā lilo o waho o ka ʻeke" i uku ʻia e Matt Winkler. ʻO Winkler, ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna o ka hui biotech ʻo Asuragen, he mea leʻaleʻa hoʻi ia ka lālā o ka papa o Genetic Literacy Project, e like me ka pūnaewele o ka hui. Ua wehewehe ʻo Roberts ua ʻimi ʻo Winkler i kahi hoa, ʻo Val Giddings, "(ka ʻo VP ka hui kālepa biotech mua) nāna "i ʻōlelo iā Jay Byrne" (ka luna kamaʻilio mua o Monsanto) nāna i hāʻawi i ke kākoʻo loiloi pro bono no ka hanana paʻi.

Ua kōkua pū ʻo Byrne lāua ʻo Giddings i ka orchestrate i ka loiloi ʻia e ka Academics Review, kahi hui mua a lākou i hoʻonohonoho ai e kūʻokoʻa i ka lawelawe ʻana ma ke ʻano he kaʻa e ʻumeʻume kālā kālā no ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i nā loiloi o nā huahana ag-biotech. nā leka uila i loaʻa iā US Right to Know. I nā leka uila, ua kapa ʻia ʻo Byrne i kapa ʻia ʻo Greenpeace ma ka ʻO ka papa inoa "target" āna e hōʻuluʻulu nei no Monsanto. ʻO kekahi o Byrne's nā mea mālama mai ʻo ia ka International Rice Research Institute, ka hui ʻoihana nui e hoʻāʻo nei e kālepa aku iā GMO Golden Rice, ʻo ia ka mea nui o ka faitio Greenpeace. Ua loaʻa i ka noiʻi a Glenn Davis Stone o ke Kulanui o Wakinekona ma St. nā haʻawina haʻahaʻa a me nā pilikia ʻenehana ua paʻa i ka Rice Gula, ʻaʻole ke kūʻē mai nā hui kaiapuni.

I loko o kāna FAQ, ua kāpae ʻo Kauka Roberts i kā Dr. Stone ʻimi noiʻi kūʻokoʻa ʻana ma ke ʻano he "ʻaʻole he hōʻike pololei no ka mokuʻāina o nā hihia," a kuhikuhi ʻo ia i nā kumuwaiwai PR e pili ana i ka ʻoihana e kamaʻāina i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka nūpepa Bonus Eventus o Byrne. ʻO Julie Kelly, ʻO Henry Miller a Nānā ʻImi. Ua hana ʻia ka hanana paʻi ma kahi manawa politika koʻikoʻi, a ua kōkua i kahi kōkua moʻolelo i ka Wakinekona Post, hoʻokahi pule ma mua o ka koho ʻana o ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e pāpā i nā mokuʻāina mai ka lepili ʻana i nā GMO.

I Ianuali 2019, ua hoʻohuli ʻia ka mana .com o ke kākoʻo Precision Agriculture i ka Genetic Literacy Project. I loko o kāna FAQ, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Roberts ʻaʻohe ona pilina me GLP a ʻōlelo ʻo ia "he kanaka ʻike ʻole ʻia" i kūʻai i ka inoa like i loko o kahi "hoʻāʻo maopopo" e hoʻopili iā ia iā GLP. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia he laʻana kēia "ʻo nā hana hoʻopunipuni a ka poʻe kūʻē he palena ʻole."
(Ua hoʻopau ʻole ʻia ka hoʻohuli i kekahi manawa ma hope o ke ola ʻana o kēia kūlana.)

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Weaponizing i ka pūnaewele me nā kānaka hoʻopunipuni a me nā pūnaewele

Ke hōʻike nei no Ke Kahu i 2002, Ua wehewehe ʻo George Monbiot i kahi hana huna hūnā e hoʻohana ʻia ana e nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa a me kā lākou mau ʻoihana PR no nā makahiki he nui e paipai a pale aku i kā lākou huahana: ka hana ʻana i nā pilikino hoʻopunipuni a me nā pūnaewele hoʻopunipuni e hoʻopau ai i nā mea loiloi a hoʻohuli i nā hopena huli pūnaewele.

Ua hōʻike ʻo Monbiot i nā "kamaʻāina hoʻopunipuni" (ka poʻe ʻaʻole maoli) "e hoʻopahū nei i nā papa inoa pūnaewele me nā leka e hōʻino ana i nā ʻepekema a me nā kaiāulu e hoʻopiʻi nei i nā hua GM" - a ua hoʻihoʻi ʻia nā kamaʻāina wahaheʻe i ko Monsanto PR PR Bivings.

Ua wehewehe ʻo Monbiot i kā Jay Byrne pili ʻana i nā Bivings:

"E noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papaʻaina ... e make paha kekahi."

"I ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua wehewehe ʻo Jay Byrne, ka luna o ka pūnaewele ʻo [Monsanto] i ka manawa i kekahi mau loina ʻē aʻe i nā hana i hoʻohana ʻia e ia ma Monsanto. Ua hōʻike ʻo ia pehea, ma mua o ka hana ʻana, nā pae GM kiʻekiʻe i helu ʻia e kahi ʻenekia huli pūnaewele i mea hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻenehana. Ma hope o kāna hoʻopili ʻana, ua kākoʻo nā pūnaewele kiʻekiʻe (ʻehā o lākou i hoʻokumu ʻia e Monsanto's PR firm Bivings). Ua haʻi ʻo ia iā lākou e 'noʻonoʻo i ka pūnaewele me he mea kaua lā ma ka papa. E kiʻi paha ʻoe iā ia a i ʻole e hana ana kāu mea hoʻokūkū, akā e make paha kekahi. ' ʻOiai ʻo ia e hana ana no Monsanto, haʻi ʻo Byrne i ka nūhou pūnaewele Wow 'hoʻolilo ʻo ia i kona manawa a me kāna hana e komo' i nā kūkākūkā pūnaewele e pili ana i ka biotech. Ua koho ʻo ia i ka pūnaewele AgBioWorld, kahi e hōʻoia ai i kāna ʻoihana e loaʻa i nā pāʻani kūpono '. ʻO AgBioWorld kahi pūnaewele kahi a [kamaʻāina hoʻopunipuni] Smetacek i hoʻouka i kāna hoʻolālā. "

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Nā mea hou aʻe mai Jay Byrne

A Hōʻike Mana Mana 2013 hōʻike i ke kuleana a Byrne e pāʻani ai no kāna mea kūʻai aku ma ka ʻoihana mahiʻai. Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i kāna mau kumumanaʻo e pili ana i nā mea kākoʻo i ke kaiaola, hoʻonohonoho i ko lākou mana ma ka pūnaewele a koi i nā ʻoihana e hōʻuluʻulu i kā lākou kumuwaiwai e kūʻē iā lākou, i mea e hōʻalo ai i nā "kaohi a me nā kaohi o ka mākeke."

The 2006 buke "E ʻai lākou i ka mālama pono," i paʻi ʻia e ka Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika a hoʻoponopono ʻia e ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻO ka mea lawelawe PR ʻo Jon Entine, loaʻa kahi mokuna e Byrne i kapa ʻia, "Deconstructing the Agricultural Biotechnology Protest Industry."

He lālā ʻo Byrne o "AgBioChatter," a papa inoa leka uila pilikino ʻO nā limahana limahana ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā mea aʻoaʻo a me nā kālaiʻike i hoʻohana ʻia e hoʻohui i nā hana leka a me nā hana lobbying. Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know hōʻike iā Byrne e paipai nei i nā lālā o AgBioChatter e hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i ka poʻe a me nā hui i kūhewa i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻO kahi hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto PR 2015 i kapa ʻia ʻo AgBioChatter ma ke ʻano he hoʻokahi Ua hoʻolālā ʻo "hoa hana ʻoihana" ʻo Monsanto e komo e kōkua i ka hōʻino ʻana i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai e pili ana i glyphosate.

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Pili ʻo Pamela Ronald i nā pūʻulu mua o ka ʻoihana kemika

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Hoʻohou i Iune 2019

ʻO Pamela Ronald, PhD, he polofesa o nā mea kanu pathology ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi, ʻo Davis a me ka mea kākau o ka puke 2008, "Tomorrow's Table," kahi mea i kākoʻo nui ʻia no nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered. ʻAʻoleʻike iki ʻia ʻo kā Kauka Ronald kuleana i loko o nā hui e hōʻike iā lākou iho ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa i ka ʻoihana, akā ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ke hana pū nei me nā ʻoihana kemika e hoʻolaulaha a me lobby no nā GMO a me nā pesticides, i nā hoʻonohonoho i maopopo ʻole i ka lehulehu. 

Pili i ka hui mahiʻai kī nui

He pilina paʻa ko Pamela Ronald i kahi hui mua o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, a me kāna alakaʻi alakaʻi, ʻo Jon Entine. Ua kōkua ʻo ia iā lākou ma nā ʻano like ʻole. O kahi laʻana, hōʻike nā palapala i ka 2015, Ua koho ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine ma ke ʻano he elemakule a me ke aʻo o ka ʻepekema kamaʻilio ma UC Davis, a hana pū me Genetic Literacy Project e hoʻokipa i kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai i uku kālā ʻia. hanana leka uila ua hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā poʻe komo pehea e hoʻolaha ai i nā huahana mahiʻai. 

Ua wehewehe ʻia ka papahana genetic literacy ma kahi ia nā kumu kāki-eo Le Monde ʻike ma ke ʻano he “punaewele propaganda kaulana” i hoʻokani i ke kuleana nui i ko Monsanto paipai e hōʻino i ka hōʻike a ke keʻena noiʻi noiʻi maʻi maʻi o ka World Health Organization ma glyphosate. I ka a Palapala PR 2015, Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo Monsanto i ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic ma waena o ka “ʻoihana hana ” ua hoʻolālā ka ʻoihana e komo i ka "orchestrate outcry" e pili ana i ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai. Ua hoʻolaha ʻo GLP i nā ʻatikala he nui e hōʻeha ana i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai e like me "enviros anti-chemicals" nāna i hoʻopunipuni a hana pū ka palaho, ka hoʻokahuli, ka hūnā a me ka hoʻopunipuni.

He pili lōʻihi ʻo Entine i ka ʻoihana kemika; pili pū kona kino hana i ka pale ʻana pesticides, hanalima Nine Inch, Ka lula ea Ke, kūpilikiʻi, A me ka ʻoihana aila, pinepine me hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema, nā kānaka moʻolelo a nā kālaiʻike.  Hoʻohui ee ka Papahana Heluhelu Genetic ma 2011 i ka manawa He mea kūʻai aku ʻo Monsanto o kāna ʻoihana pili lehulehu. ʻO ka GLP ma mua pili pū ʻia me STATS, ua wehewehe kahi mea nūhou pūʻulu nonprofit ma ke ʻano he "hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia kanalua nā ʻanoʻano e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a ʻo “ʻike ʻia no ka pale ʻana i ka ʻoihana kemika. " 

I ka 2015, ua neʻe ka Genetic Literacy Project i kahi hui makua hou, ʻo ka Science Literacy Project. ʻO ka faila ʻauhau IRS no kēlā makahiki hōʻikeʻia he lālā hoʻokumu ʻo Kauka Ronald o ka Papahana ʻEpekema ʻEpekema, akā nā leka uila mai ʻAukake 2018 e hōʻike ua hōʻoia ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine e haʻalele hou i kona inoa mai ka palapala ʻauhau ma hope o ka ʻike ʻia ua helu ʻia ʻo ia ma laila (ʻo ka ʻauhau ʻauhau i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kēia manawa loaʻa ma aneʻi). Ua kākau ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine, “ʻAʻole au i lawelawe ma kēia papa a ʻaʻole wau i hāʻawi i ka ʻae no ka papa inoa ʻia o koʻu inoa. E ʻoluʻolu e hana koke e hoʻomaopopo i ka IRS ua helu ʻia koʻu inoa me ka ʻae ʻole. ” Ua kākau ʻo Entine he ʻokoʻa kona hoʻomanaʻo ʻana. "Hoʻomaopopo wau iā ʻoe e ʻae nei e lilo i ʻāpana o ka papa a poʻo i ka papa mua ... Ua hauʻoli ʻoe a kākoʻo hoʻi i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo. ʻAʻohe nīnau i loko o koʻu manaʻo ua ʻae ʻoe i kēia. ” Akā naʻe ua ʻae ʻo ia e hoʻāʻo e lawe i kona inoa mai ka palapala ʻauhau.

Ua kūkākūkā hou lāua i ka palapala ʻauhau ma Kekemapa 2018 ma hope o ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o kēia pepa. Ua kākau ʻo Entine, "Ua helu wau iā ʻoe ma ka 990 kumu e pili ana i ke kamaʻilio kelepona ʻana āu i ʻae ai e noho ma ka papa. I ka manawa i koho ai ʻoe iaʻu ua ʻae ʻole ʻoe, ua hoʻomaʻemaʻe wau i ka moʻolelo e like me kāu i noi ai. ” I loko o leka uila ʻē aʻe i kēlā lā, ua hoʻomanaʻo ʻo ia iā Kauka Ronald "ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua pili ʻoe me 'kēlā hui: ʻoiai mākou e hana pū ana, hana maʻalahi a hana ʻole hoʻi, i ka hana ʻana i kahi hoʻomoana kīpuka ma kāu kula nui."  

Hoʻonohonoho nā palapala ʻauhau ʻEpekema Literacy i kēia manawa i ʻekolu mau lālā o ka papa: Entine; ʻO Drew Kershen, he loea loio i hala ma mua ma ka papa o "Review Academics," he hui i koi kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e loaʻa ana kāna kālā mai nā hui mahiʻai; a ʻO Geoffrey Kabat, he epidemiologist nāna e lawelawe ma ka papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema no ka mea, o ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, kahi hui i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto no kāna hana pale aku i nā pesticides a me GMO.

Hoʻokumu ʻia, alakaʻi ʻia ka hui ʻo UC Davis e hoʻokiʻekiʻe nei i nā hana PR hana

ʻO Kauka Ronald ka luna hoʻokumu o ka World Food Center's Ke keʻena no ka heluhelu ʻana i ka meaʻai a me ka mahiʻai (IFAL), kahi hui i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 2014 ma UC Davis e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā kumu a me nā haumāna e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered, nā mea kanu a me nā pesticides. ʻAʻole hōʻike piha ka hui i kāna kālā.

Hōʻike nā palapala i hāʻawi ʻia e Dr. Ronald ʻO Jon Entine a me kāna hui ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻO kahi papahana Genetic Literacy Project kahi paepae ma UC Davis, ke koho nei iā Entine ma ke ʻano he elemakule uku ʻole ʻia o IFAL a he kumu aʻo a kumu aʻo i kahi papahana puka ʻepekema kamaʻilio. ʻAʻole ʻo Entine he hoa ma UC Davis. E ʻike i kā mākou leka 2016 i ka World Food Center e nīnau ana e pili ana i ke kālā no Entine a me IFAL a me kā lākou wehewehe wehewehe e pili ana i kahi e loaʻa ai kā lākou kālā.

I Iulai 2014, ua hōʻike ʻo Kauka Ronald i kahi leka uila i kahi hoa hana ʻo Entine kahi mea kōkua nui i hiki ke hāʻawi iā lākou i nā manaʻo maikaʻi i ka mea e hoʻopili aku ai e hōʻiliʻili i nā kālā hou aʻe no ka hanana IFAL mua. I Iune 2015, hui pū ʻo IFAL i ka “ʻO kahi hoʻomoana boot a Project Biotech Literacy”Me ka Genetic Literacy Project a me ka ʻO ka hui loiloi ʻia ʻo Monsanto i kākoʻo ʻia e ka hui. Ua koi nā mea hoʻonohonoho i uku kālā ʻia kēia hanana e nā kumu, nā aupuni a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, akā hōʻole nā ​​kumu ʻoihana ʻole i ke kālā kālā i nā hanana a me ka ʻo ke kumuwaiwai kālā hiki ke haki ʻia mai ka ʻoihana, e like me ka hōʻike a Paul Thacker ma The Progressive.

Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau kēlā Kānāwai Loiloi, i loaʻa iā ia kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa, hoʻolilo i $ 162,000 no ka ʻaha kūkā ʻekolu lā ma UC Davis. Ke kumu o ka hoʻomoana kīpaku, e like me ka papa kuhikuhi, e hoʻomaʻamaʻa a kākoʻo i nā ʻepekema, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea noiʻi kālaiʻike e hoʻohuli i ka lehulehu a me nā mea hana kulekele e pili ana i nā pono o nā GMO a me nā pesticides.

ʻO nā mea kamaʻilio ma kahi hoʻomoana kālele kā UC Davis ʻO Jay Byrne, Ko Monsanto luna mua o nā ʻoihana hui; Lākana Hank o ka Monsanto-uku kālā ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino; nā polofesa me nā pilina ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia e like me Kulanui o ʻInikia Polofesa Emeritus Bruce Chassy a Ke Kulanui o Florida Polokalamu Kevin Folta; ʻO Cami Ryan, e hana nei no Monsanto; ʻO David Ropeik, kahi kākāʻōlelo ʻike pilikia ʻike PR nona pū kekahi nā mea kūʻai aku me Dow a me Bayer; a me nā hui ʻenehana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe.

Nā haʻi ʻōlelo nui ʻo Dr. Ronald, ʻO Yvette dʻEntremont ka Sci Babe, he "ʻepekema kamaʻilio" nāna e pale aku i nā pesticides a me nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻona i ka wā e lawe kālā ana mai nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku i kēlā mau huahana, a me Ted Nordhaus o ka Breakthrough Institute. (Ua helu pū ʻia ʻo Nordhaus ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka Papa ʻEpekema ʻEpekema ma ka palapala ʻauhau 2015/2016 kumu, akā ua kāpae ʻia kona inoa me Dr. Ronald's i loko o ka pepa i hoʻoponopono ʻia ʻo Entine i waiho ʻia i ka makahiki 2018. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Nordhaus ʻaʻole ʻo ia i lawelawe ma ka papa.)

Ke kuke ʻana i kahi boycott Chipotle

Hōʻike nā leka uila iā Dr. Ronald lāua ʻo Jon Entine hana pū ʻia ma ka leka ʻana e hōʻino ai i nā loiloi o nā meaʻai genetically engineered. I kekahi hihia, ua noi ʻo Kauka Ronald e hoʻonohonoho i kahi boycott e kūʻē i ka Chipotle hale ʻaina ma luna o kāna hoʻoholo e hāʻawi a paipai i nā meaʻai GMO ʻole.

I ʻApelila 2015, ua leka uila ʻo Kauka Ronald iā Entine a ʻO Alison Van Eenennaam, PhD, kahi limahana o Monsanto ma mua a me ka loea o ka laulima kōkua ma UC Davis, e ʻōlelo e loaʻa iā lākou kahi haumāna e kākau e pili ana i nā mahiʻai e hoʻohana ana i nā pesticides ʻoi loa e ulu i ka GM-GMO. “Manaʻo wau e hoʻolaha mākou i kēia ʻoiaʻiʻo (ke loaʻa iā mākou nā kikoʻī) a laila hoʻonohonoho i kahi boycott chipotle, "Kākau ʻo Kauka Ronald. Ua kuhikuhi ʻo Entine i kahi hoa e kākau i kahi ʻatikala no ka papahana Genetic Literacy ma ke kumuhana e "lele pinepine ka hoʻohana pesticide" ke hoʻololi ka poʻe mahiʻai i kahi hiʻohiʻona GMO ʻole e hoʻolako i nā hale ʻaina e like me Chipotle. ʻO ka Haawina, mea i kākau ʻia e Entine a me ke kuhi ʻana i kāna pili ʻo UC Davis, ʻaʻole e hōʻoia i kēlā kuleana me ka ʻikepili.

Hoʻokumu ʻia ka hui biotech spin spin BioFortified

Ua hoʻokumu a lawelawe ʻo Dr. Ronald ma ke ʻano he lālā o ka papa (2012-2015) o ʻO Biology Fortified, Inc. (Biofortified), kahi hui e paipai i nā GMO a Loaʻa iā ia kahi hui activist hoa hoʻonohonoho kēlā nā kūʻē e kūʻē iā Monsanto. ʻO nā alakaʻi ʻē aʻe o Biofortified me ka lālā hoʻokumu o David Tribe, he genistist ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne i hoʻokumu pū Review Review, ka hui i koi kūʻokoʻa ʻoiai e loaʻa ana nā kālā ʻoihana, a hana pū me IFAL e hoʻokipa i ka papahana Biotech Literacy "camp boot" ma UC Davis.

ʻO ka lālā o ka papa ʻo Kevin Folta (2015-2018), he ʻepekema mea kanu ma ke Kulanui o Florida, ʻo ia ka kumuhana o ka moʻolelo New York Times ke hōʻike nei ua alakaʻi hewa ʻo ia i ka lehulehu e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana i hōʻike ʻole ʻia. ʻO Steve Blogage kahi mea kākau blog biofortified Ua huli ka limahana o DuPont i kuhina ʻoihana; ʻO Joe Ballanger, a kākāʻōlelo no Monsanto; a me Andrew Kniss, nāna i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto. Hōʻike nā palapala i kēlā hoʻohui ʻia nā lālā o Biofortified me ka ʻoihana pesticide ma kahi hoʻolaha lobbying e kū'ē nā kapu pesticide ma Hawaii.

Pāʻani i ke kuleana alakaʻi i ka kiʻi ʻoniʻoni hoʻolaha kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana

Ua hōʻike nui ʻia ʻo Kauka Ronald i ka Food Evolution, kahi kiʻi paʻi kiʻi e pili ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini i uku ʻia e ka hui kālepa Institute for Food Technologists. He mau kālaiʻike ʻē aʻe i kapa ʻia ʻo propaganda propaganda, a me kekahi mau kānaka i nīnauele ʻia no ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni i wehewehe ʻia i ke kaʻina hana hoʻopunipuni a ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua lawe ʻia ko lākou mau manaʻo ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili.

https://www.foodpolitics.com/2017/06/gmo-industry-propaganda-film-food-evolution/

'Adlelo aʻoaʻo no ka hoʻolaha kaiāulu GMO ma Cornell

ʻO Kauka Ronald ma ka papa aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo o ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema, kahi hoʻolaha PR i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke Kulanui ʻo Cornell e hoʻolaha ana i nā GMO a me nā pesticides me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka leka uila ʻoihana mahiʻai. Hāʻawi kālā nui ʻia e ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, ka Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema i ua kūʻē i ka hoʻohana ʻia o ke kānāwai Freedom of Information e nānā i nā hui lehulehu, alakaʻi hewa i ka lehulehu me ka ʻike kūpono ʻole a hoʻokiʻekiʻe i nā ʻelele hilinaʻi ʻole ʻia; ʻike palapala i loko o kā mākou pepa pono.

Loaʻa kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala e US Right to Know e loaʻa ana iā Dr. Ronald ka uku mai nā hui mahiʻai e ʻōlelo ma nā hanana kahi e hoʻolaha ai ʻo ia i nā GMO i nā mea hoʻolohe nui e ʻimi ai nā ʻoihana e hoʻohuli, e like me nā mea ʻai. Hāʻawi nā leka uila mai Nowemapa 2012 i kahi laʻana o ka hana a Dr. Ronald me nā ʻoihana.

ʻO ka limahana ʻo Monsanto Wendy Reinhardt Kapsak, he mea lapaʻau i hana mua no ka ʻoihana meaʻai hui wili IFIC, kono iā Ronald e kamaʻilio ma nā ʻaha kūkā ʻelua ma 2013, Food 3000 a me ka Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food and Nutrition Conference a me Expo. Hōʻike nā leka uila i ka ʻelua kūkākūkā nā uku a me nā kūʻai puke a ʻae ʻo Kauka Ronald e ʻōlelo ma Food 3000, kahi ʻaha kūkā i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka firm PR Porter Novelli a Kapsak i ʻōlelo ai e hōʻea i "90 ka pāʻoihana kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i ka meaʻai a me nā loea / influencers." (Kauka Ronald hoʻoili ʻia $ 3,000 no ka hanana). Nīnau ʻo Kapsak iā loiloi i nā kiʻi a Dr. Ronald a hoʻonohonoho i kahi kāhea e kūkākūkā i ka leka ʻana. Eia nō naʻe ma ka papa ka moderator ʻo Mary Chin (he kaukaʻai nāna kūkākūkā me Monsanto), a me nā lunamakaʻāinana mai ka Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation a me Monsanto, me Kapsak e hāʻawi nei i nā ʻōlelo hoʻomaka. Ua hōʻike ʻo Kapsak ma hope ua loaʻa nā loiloi i ka panela me nā poʻe i ʻōlelo ʻia e haʻi like lākou i ka manaʻo, "Pono mākou i kahi biotech e kōkua e hānai i ka honua. "

ʻO nā hana ʻē aʻe i hāʻawi kālā ʻia e ka ʻoihana ʻē aʻe no Dr. Ronald i komo pū me kahi 2014 haiolelo ma Monsanto no ka mea, $ 3,500 me 100 kope o kāna puke ka mea āna hōʻole e tweet e pili ana; a me kahi kamaʻilio e kamaʻilio 2013 ana i hoʻoili ai Bayer AG no $ 10,000.

Nā pepa i hoʻihoʻi ʻia

Retraction Watch ua hōʻike ʻo ia, “He makahiki paʻakikī ka 2013 no ka meaolaola ʻo Pamela Ronald. Ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana i ka protein i hōʻike ʻia e hoʻomaka i ka ʻōnaehana pale o ka laiki e pale aku ai i kahi maʻi bacteria - e hōʻike ana i kahi ala hou e hana i nā mea kū i ka maʻi - ua huki ʻo ia a me kāna hui i ʻelua mau pepa i ka 2013 ma hope o ka hiki ʻole ke hana hou i kā lākou ʻike. ʻO nā mea hewa: kahi misia maʻi koʻokoʻo a me kahi hoʻoweliweli ʻano nui. Eia naʻe, ʻo ka mālama a me ka transparency āna i hōʻike ai i loaʻa iā ia kahi 'hana ana i ka mea kūpono'kunou mai iā mākou i kēlā manawa. "

E ʻike i ka uhi:

"He aha kāu e hana ai e pili ana i nā retractions ʻeha? ʻO Q&A me Pamela Ronald lāua ʻo Beniamina Swessinger, " Retraction Watch (7.24.2015)

"Hiki i ke kūlana ʻepekema o Pamala Ronald, ke alo lehulehu o GMO, ke hoʻopakele ʻia?"Na Jonathan Latham, Nūhou ʻEpekema Kūʻokoʻa (11.12.2013)

"Hana hou ʻo Pamela Ronald i ka mea kūpono, retracting a paper Science, " Retraction Watch (10.10.2013)

"Ke hana nei i ka mea kūpono: Hoʻihoʻi nā kānaka noiʻi i ka pepa i ʻike ʻia e ka ʻaha ma hope o ka hana lehulehu, " Retraction Watch (9.11.2013)

Keith Kloor: Pehea i hana ai kahi mea kākau ʻepekema ma hope o nā hanana me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana

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ʻO Keith Kloor kahi mea kākau moʻolelo kūʻokoʻa a he lālā kumu aʻoaʻo hoʻopukapuka hoʻohui Ke Kulanui o New York ka mea i kākau no ʻAno, ʻEpekema Insider, Slate a me nā ʻatikala he nui no ʻIke Magazine ke hoʻolaha nei i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered a me ka hoʻouka ʻana i nā loiloi o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai, ʻoiai ke kōkua pū nei i nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma hope o nā hanana.

Loaʻa nā leka uila e US Right to Know, kau ʻia i loko o ka Waihona Waihona UCSF ʻoihana ʻImika, hōʻike i nā hanana a Kloor i aʻo aku ai a hoʻoponopono i kāna mau kumuwaiwai, i uhi ʻole i nā pilina ʻoihana o kahi kumuwaiwai, a hōʻike ʻilihune ʻia e pili ana i ka ʻike i nā ala e hoʻoikaika ai i nā moʻolelo ʻoihana. Ua hōʻole ʻo Kloor e pane i nā nīnau no kēia ʻatikala.

Preemptive, koho koho o nā leka uila FOIA

Mai 2015 a 2017, ua hōʻike ʻo Kloor no Nature, ʻ Inslelo Pūnaewele, Mob, Nā pilikia i ka ʻepekema a me ka ʻenehana, a Slate ma ka a hoʻokolokolo moʻohelu lehulehu na US Kuleana e ʻike i ka mea i hōʻike i nā pilina i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma waena o ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā mea ʻimi kālā i hoʻolaha ākea e hoʻolaha i nā huahana mahiʻai, me Kulanui o Florida Polokalamu Kevin Folta. I kēlā me kēia o kēia mau ʻāpana i paʻi ʻia, ua haku ʻo Kloor i nā noi a nā lehulehu e like me ka ukana nui ʻole ma nā kālaiʻike.

ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala mokuʻāina e hōʻike ana ʻo Kloor iho kahi ʻāpana o ka moʻolelo āna e hōʻike nei; ua hele aku ʻo ia i nā ʻaha kūkā aʻoaʻo aʻo aʻoaʻo kālā i hoʻolako kālā ʻia me ka pāʻoihana me Dr. Folta a kōkua iā Dr. Folta me ka leka uila. Ke hōʻike nei nā leka i hiki aku ʻo Kauka Folta iā Kloor e ʻōlelo i kahi hoʻokuʻu "preemptive" o kāna mau leka uila "akā koho" e kōkua i ka hōʻemi i ka hōʻino o nā palapala - a Kloor i hana ai, i loko o ka puke pai Nature. I ka manawa like e uhi ana ʻo Kloor i ka moʻolelo no nā paʻi ʻepekema kiʻekiʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā palapala ua komo ʻo ia i nā kūkākūkā me nā poʻe ʻoihana e pili ana i nā pilikia i hāpai ʻia e nā noi palapala lehulehu.

Wā palena manawa o ka uhi ʻana a me nā hui pū ʻana:

Ke aʻo, nā kumuwaiwai hoʻoponopono; ke uhi huna nei i nā pilina ʻoihana

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua hana ʻo Kloor me kāna mau kumuwaiwai ma hope o nā hanana e hoʻolahalaha i kā lākou leka uila i ke kākoʻo ʻana i kahi ʻoihana mahiʻai kumu nui: e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana i nā mea kūʻai aku makaʻala e ʻae i nā meaʻai ʻenekini. ʻO kekahi o kēia mau kumuwaiwai ʻO Kauka Kevin Folta, ke Kulanui o Florida ʻO ke polopeka ʻo Kloor ke kī nui i hōʻike ʻia i loko o nā moʻolelo āna i kākau ai no nā paʻi ʻepekema e pili ana i ka transparency.

Kūkala e hoʻohuli iā Bill Nye

I Nowemapa 2014, ua hoʻohana ʻo Kloor i kāna Mob moʻomanaʻo hoʻāʻo ʻO nā loiloi a Bill Nye e pili ana i nā GMO me kahi “Open Letter to Bill Nye from a Plant Scientist” i pūlima ʻia e Dr. Folta. Hōʻike nā leka uila ua nīnau ʻo Kloor Kauka Folta e ʻaʻa iā Nye, i hele mai me ka manaʻo o ka leka hāmama a kaʻi ʻo Dr. Folta i ka pehea e kākau ai. ʻO ia ʻo ia i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kā Biola Palapala moʻolelo moʻomeheu e hōʻalo ai i ka haʻi ʻana i ke kālā ʻoihana, e like me nā leka uila.

Hōʻike nā leka uila ua kāhea ʻo Kloor i kahi bio no Dr. Folta i hoʻohui pū ʻia me ka laina, "ʻAʻohe noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e Monsanto." Ua noi ʻo Kauka Folta iā ia e hoʻoponopono i kēlā ʻōlelo, me ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana ua kākoʻo manawaleʻa ʻo Monsanto i kekahi o kāna mau hana hoʻolaha biotech a ua loaʻa iā ia kahi kālā noiʻi mai kahi ʻoihana biotech liʻiliʻi. Ua hoʻoholo ʻo Kloor i kahi bio i hōʻalo i ka haʻi ʻana i ke kālā holoʻokoʻa a Kauka Folta: "Ua kākoʻo ʻia kāna noiʻi e nā pekelala a me nā keʻena mokuʻāina."

I ka leka uila ma lalo, ua hāʻawi ʻo Kloor i ke alakaʻi iā Dr. Folta e pili ana i ka kākau ʻana i ka leka iā Nye.

A puni kēlā manawa, e hoʻokele pū ana ʻo Monsanto iā Nye e hoʻololi i kona kūlana ma nā GMO, a lākou i hope ai kūleʻa i ka hana. A Malaki 2015 Hawaii Post moʻolelo e pili ana i kā Nye hoʻohuli ʻia ʻana ua koi ʻo nā loiloi a Nye i nā GMO "ua huhū nā mea ʻepekema he nui," akā pili wale i ka leka a Dr. Folta ma kā Kloor blog.

ʻIke: "ʻAʻole kā mākou kulekele e hoʻoulu i nā kumu"

Hōʻike nā leka uila mai ʻAukake 2014 iā Kloor e hāʻawi nei i nā ʻōlelo leka iā Kauka Folta a me kekahi kumu, ʻo Kauka Karl Haro von Mogel, ka luna media o ka ʻO ka hui hoʻolaha GMO Biofortified. Ua noi ʻo Kloor iā lākou e loiloi i kahi ʻatikala na Carole Bartolotto, he kaukaʻai nāna i kākau koʻikoʻi e pili ana i nā GMO. Hōʻike nā leka uila i kēlā Ua hoʻoponopono ʻo Kloor i nā manaʻo a paipai i nā ala e hoʻoikaika ai i ka leka uila: "ʻO kaʻu ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo: e mālama i ka ʻōlelo me ke kūlike ʻole a me ka hoʻokolokolo ʻole e like me ka hiki. Ke ʻimi nei ʻoe i nā poʻe noho pā, i hoʻopau ʻia paha e ka ʻōlelo i puka mai me he lima kaumaha lā. "

Ua kau ʻo Kloor i ka loiloi Bartolotto ma kāna Mob moʻomanaʻo a wehewehe iā Dr. ʻO Folta lāua ʻo von Mogel ma ke ʻano he "ʻepekema ʻelua i loaʻa ʻole ke kālā mai ka ʻoihana biotech." Ua hōʻike ʻia nā leka uila ma hope, he mau pule wale nō i hala, ua ʻike ʻo Monsanto ua ʻae ʻo ia e kālā iā Dr. Folta's nā hana hoʻoikaika no GMO; a i ke kauwela i hala aku nei, ua hoʻolālā ʻo Kauka Folta e kipa aku iā Hawaii e hoʻoleʻaleʻa i nā kapu pesticide i kahi huakaʻi hoʻonohonoho a uku ʻia e kahi hui kālepa ʻoihana pesticide (Kau ʻia ʻo Dr. von Mogel i kēlā mau leka uila). Hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala a Kloor ma ka Mob pūnaewele me ka ʻole o nā hoʻohou a hoʻoponopono ʻole paha.

No ka 2017 ʻO ka ʻatikala pou Huffington, Ua nīnau ka mea kākau moʻolelo Paul Thacker Mob ka mea hoʻoponopono moʻohelu ʻo Becky Lang e haʻi manaʻo ma nā leka uila ʻo Bartolotto. Ua hōʻole ʻo Lang e ʻōlelo e pili ana i nā kikoʻī, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia: ʻAʻole ia kā mākou kulekele e kōkua i nā kumuwaiwai e hoʻāʻo e hūnā i kā lākou pili ʻoihana. ” (Kloor's) Mob blog pau i loko o pau i loko o ʻApelila 2015.)

ʻO Jon Entine, pili pili Genetic Literacy Project  

ʻO nā kākau waiwai a Kloor i ka pale ʻana i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hiki ke ʻike ʻia ma ka pūnaewele o ka ʻO Genetic Literacy Project, kahi pūnaewele hoʻolaha no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai kēlā mau hiʻohiʻona nā ʻatikala he nui i kākau ʻia e Kloor a i ʻole e ʻōlelo ʻana i kāna hana. Hoʻokele ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project e Jon Entine, kahi mea hana PR lōʻihi loa e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā makemake ʻoihana kemika. ʻO Entine ke poʻokela o ka firm PR ESG MediaMetrics, nona nā mea kūʻai aku me Monsanto. Hoʻohana ʻo Kloor a me Entine i nā leka like a hoʻopaʻa i nā pilikia ma nā ʻano like, a ʻike ʻia he pilina pili loa, e like me nā leka uila.

I loko o kahi leka uila o Iulai 2013 i kahi hui lobby ʻoihana pesticide, ua wehewehe ʻo Entine iā Kloor ma ke ʻano he “hoa aloha maikaʻi loa naʻu"ʻO wai ka mea hiki ke kōkua i ke kālepa ʻana me kahi mea ʻē aʻe Mob blogger e kākau e pili ana i nā hana ʻoihana mahiʻai ma Hawaii. Hōʻike kekahi leka uila iā Entine e hoʻohui nei iā Kloor me Rebeka Goldin ma ke Kulanui ʻo George Mason e kūkā kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka "hana ʻino iā FOIA." Hana ʻo Goldin me STATS ka mea hana mua o Entine, ua wehewehe ʻia kahi hui nūpepa ma ke ʻano he “hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia hoʻohana i nā hana paka i hana kānalua e pili ana i ka makaʻu kemika.

I loko o kahi leka uila ʻē aʻe mai ʻOkakopa 2014, ʻo Kloor wale nō ka mea kākau moʻolelo i hoʻopili ʻia i loko o kahi leka uila mai ka ʻoihana pili lehulehu mai Ketchum e pili ana i kahi hiki ke hacking hana ma nā pūnaewele ʻoihana e ka hui Anonymous. Ua hoʻouna ʻia ka leka uila e ʻO Adrianne Massey, luna hoʻomalu o ka ʻOihana ʻAnaehana Biotechnology (BIO), i kahi hui o nā ʻāpana āpau, me Entine.

"ʻAʻohe oʻu manaʻo i ke ʻano o ka hoʻouka. ʻO nā ʻāpana ʻāpana pilikino kā lākou pahuhopu wale nō, akā ʻaʻole au makemake i kekahi o ʻoukou e hōʻino ʻia ka poʻe e ʻike iā ʻoukou ma ke ʻano he poʻe kōkua ʻoihana, ”i kākau ʻo Massey.

Kope ʻia ʻo Kloor i ka leka uila e ʻO Kauka Channapatna Prakash, he mea kōkua GMO a he wahine ma ke Kulanui ʻo Tuskegee. Hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka leka uila ʻo Jay Byrne (ka luna mua o nā kamaʻilio ʻoihana no Monsanto), ʻO Val Giddings (ka pelekikena hope o ka hui kālepa biotech), Karl Haro von Mogel (luna media o Biofortified), Bruce Chassy lāua ʻo David Tribe (nā hoa hui o ka ʻO ka hui loiloi mua o Monsanto), a me nā mea kōkua ʻē aʻe kī e paipai i nā GMO a me nā mea e kākoʻo ana no ka hoʻoponopono ʻana. ʻO Kevin Folta, ʻO Henry Miller, ʻO Drew Kershen, Klaus AmmannʻO Piet van der Meer a ʻO Martina Newell-McGloughlin.

Paipai pinepine nā mea hana ʻoihana i kā Kloor hana; ʻike i nā tweets na ʻO Robb Fraley o MonsantoʻO Jon Entine, Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai hui kālepa CBI.

Ka heluhelu hou

Ka mālama ʻana i nā mea huna mai nā mea kūʻai aku: Labeling Law a Win for Industry-Academic Collaborations

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Ua lohe pinepine ʻoe i ka mantera - ʻaʻohe hopohopo palekana e pili ana i nā mea kanu ʻenekini. ʻO kēlā pale, mele i ka pepeiao ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā biotech, mele ʻia pinepine ʻia e nā luna kānāwai o US i hala i kahi kānāwai aupuni e ʻae i nā ʻoihana e hōʻole i ka haʻi ʻana i nā pūʻulu meaʻai inā loaʻa nā huahana genetically engineered i kēlā mau huahana.

ʻO Sen. Pat Roberts, nāna i hānai i ke kānāwai ma o ka Senate, ua hoʻopau i nā hopohopo a me nā noiʻi ʻana i hānai i ka makaʻu e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino e pili ana i nā mea i hana ʻia me nā genetically engine, i ka lobbying no ka bila.

"Ua hōʻoia hou ka ʻepekema i ka hoʻohana ʻana o ka biotechnology mahiʻai he 100 pakeneka ka palekana," Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Roberts ma ka papahele o ka Senate ma ka lā 7 Iulai ma mua o ka hala ʻana o ka bila. Apono ka hale i ke ana ma ka lā 14 o Iulai i ke koho balota 306-117.

Ma lalo o ke kānāwai hou, i kēia manawa e hele nei i ka pākaukau o Pelekikena Obama, ua hoʻopau ʻia nā kānāwai mokuʻāina e kauoha ana i ka lepili ʻana o GMO, a ʻaʻole pono nā ʻoihana meaʻai e haʻi maopopo aku i ka poʻe kūʻai inā loaʻa nā meaʻai i nā ʻenekini genetically; akā hiki iā lākou ke kau i nā code a i ʻole nā ​​helu pūnaewele i nā huahana e pono ai nā mea kūʻai aku e kiʻi no ka ʻike o ka mea hoʻohui. Hoʻonāukiuki iki ke kānāwai i ka paʻakikī i nā mea kūʻai aku e loaʻa ka ʻike. Wahi a nā luna kau kānāwai e like me Roberts, maikaʻi ke kapua i nā pilikia no nā mea kūʻai aku no ka mea palekana ʻo GMO.

Akā ua hakakā nā mea kūʻai aku he nui i mau makahiki no nā meaʻai e kapa inoa ʻia no ka ʻike GMO no ka mea ʻaʻole lākou e ʻae i nā kuleana palekana. ʻO nā hōʻike o ka hopena o nā ʻoihana ma luna o nā kaiāulu ʻepekema nāna i mālama i ka palekana o GMO i mea paʻakikī i nā mea kūʻai aku e ʻike i ka mea e hilinaʻi ai a me nā mea e manaʻoʻiʻo ai e pili ana i nā GMO.

"Ua lilo ka 'ʻepekema" i politika a kālele nui ʻia i ka lawelawe ʻana i nā mākeke, "i ʻōlelo ʻo Pamm Larry, ka luna o ka hui mea kūʻai aku ʻo LabelGMO. "Mālama ka ʻoihana i ka moʻolelo, ma ka liʻiliʻi ma ka pae politika." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Larry a me nā hui lepili pro-label he nui nā noiʻi e hōʻike ana hiki i nā GMO ke loaʻa nā hopena weliweli.

Kēia pule, tʻo ia ka nūpepa Palani Le Monde ua hoʻohui hou i ke kumu no ka skepticism e pili ana i nā kuleana palekana GMO ke hōʻike ʻia nā kikoʻī o ke Kulanui o ʻO Kumu Nebraska ʻo Richard Goodman's hana e pale a hoʻolaha i nā mea kanu GMO ʻoiai e loaʻa kālā ana ʻo Goodman mai ka mea hoʻomohala hua nui GMO honua nui ʻo Monsanto Co. a me nā ʻoihana biotech a me nā hui kemika. ʻO nā kamaʻilio leka uila i loaʻa ma o ke noi o Freedom of information e hōʻike pinepine ana iā Goodman me Monsanto e pili ana i ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻi i nā hana labo GMO koi a me ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā hopohopo palekana GMO e like me kā Goodman i alakaʻi ai i ka "ʻike ʻepekema a me ke kūkākūkā ʻana no ka palekana GM" ma United States, Asia a me ka European Union. .

ʻO Goodman kekahi o nā ʻepekema ʻepekema lehulehu i komo i loko o ia hana. Ua hōʻike ʻia nā hana like like e pili ana i nā ʻepekema lehulehu ma nā kula nui, e like me ke Kulanui o Florida a me ke Kulanui o ʻIlino. ʻO Cumulative, nā pilina e kuhikuhi i ka hana a Monsanto a me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i ka hopena ʻepekema o GMO a me nā pesticides e pahu i nā kiko e pale ai i kā lākou loaʻa kālā.

I kāna hoʻokolokolo ʻana i kēlā mau hopohopo, ka ʻatikala Le Monde hoʻomālamalama kahi kukui e pili ana iā Goodman, ka mea i hana ma Monsanto no ʻehiku mau makahiki ma mua o kona neʻe ʻana i ke kula nui i ka makahiki 2004, a ua kapa ʻia ʻo ia ka luna hoʻoponopono o ka puke pai ʻepekema. Nā Mea ʻai a me nā Toxicology Kemika (FCT) e kiaʻi i nā hōʻike noiʻi pili i ka GMO. ʻO kā Goodman inoa ʻana i ka papa hoʻoponopono FCT i hele koke mai ma hope koke iho o ka manawa o ka nūpepa i huhū ai ʻo Monsanto me ka paʻi 2012 o kahi noi na ka biologist Palani ʻo Gilles-Eric Séralini i loaʻa nā GMO a me Monsanto's glyphosate herbicide hiki ke hoʻoweliweli i nā tumors i nā ʻiole. Ma hope o ke komo ʻana o Goodman i ka papa hoʻoponopono FCT ua hoʻihoʻi ka puke pai i ke aʻo ʻana i ka makahiki 2013. (ʻO ia hope hoʻopuka hou ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai.) Nā loiloi i kēlā manawa i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo ka hoʻi hou ʻana ua nakinaki ʻia i ke koho ʻia a Goodman i ka papa hoʻoponopono o ka puke pai. Ua hōʻole ʻo Goodman i ke komo ʻana i ka retraction, a haʻalele iā FCT i Ianuali 2015.

Hoike a Le Monde ua ʻōlelo ʻia nā kamaʻilio leka uila i loaʻa e ka hui hoʻolaha hoʻolaha o US US Right to Know (kahi aʻu e hana nei). ʻO nā leka uila i loaʻa e ka hui e hōʻike iā Goodman e kamaʻilio pū ana me Monsanto e pili ana i ka maikaʻi loa e hōʻino ai i ka noi Séralini ma hope koke iho o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana "paʻi mua" i Kepakemapa 2012. I loko o kahi leka uila ʻo 19 Kepakemapa 2012, Ua kākau ʻo Goodman iā Monsanto, ka mea ʻimi kino iā Bruce Hammond: "Ke loaʻa iā ʻolua kekahi mau kikoʻōlelo, a i ʻole ka loiloi poka, mahalo wau iā ia."

Hōʻike pū nā leka uila i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana o FCT ma Aliʻi Wallace Hayes i ka hoʻomaka ʻana o Goodman i luna hoʻoponopono no FCT e ka lā 2 o Nowemapa 2012, i ka mahina like i paʻi ʻia ai ka noi Séralini ma ka paʻi, ʻoiai ʻo Goodman ua ʻōlelo ʻia ma hope e ʻōlelo ana ʻaʻole i noi ʻia iā ia e hui pū me FCT a Ianuali 2013. I kēlā leka uila, Ua noi ʻo Hayes iā Monsanto's Hammond e hana ma ke ʻano he loiloi no kekahi mau palapala i waiho ʻia i ka puke pai. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Hayes ʻo ke noi no ke kōkua o Hammond ʻo ia hoʻi ma “ka inoa o Professor Goodman.”

Hōʻike nā kamaʻilio leka uila i nā launa pū he nui ma waena o nā luna o Monsanto a me Goodman e like me kā Goodman hana ʻana e pale i nā loiloi like ʻole o GMO. Uhi nā leka uila i nā ʻano kumuhana, e like me ka noi a Goodman no ko Monsanto manaʻo e pili ana i kahi noiʻi Sri Lankan i waiho ʻia iā FCT; kona kūʻē ʻana i kahi noiʻi ʻē aʻe i loaʻa nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole mai kahi kānana Monsanto GMO; a me ke kālā papahana mai Monsanto a me nā ʻoihana huaʻai biotech e hana ana i ka hapalua o ka uku o Goodman.

ʻOiaʻiʻo, kahi hoʻololi leka uila ʻOkakopa 2012 hōʻike e pili ana i ka manawa e kau inoa ana ʻo Goodman i ka puke pai FCT a e hōʻino ana i ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana o Seralini, e hōʻike pū ana ʻo Goodman i kāna mea mālama kālā ʻoihana e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i kāna kahawai loaʻa ma ke ʻano he "polopeka kālā palupalu."

I ka ʻOkakopa 6, 2014 leka uila, Ua kākau ʻo Goodman iā Monsanto Food Safety Scientific Affairs Lead John Vicini e ʻōlelo e nānā ana ʻo ia i kahi "anti-paper" a lana ka manaʻo no kekahi alakaʻi. ʻO ka pepa i nīnau ʻia i hōʻike ʻia i kahi hōʻike 2014 mai Sri Lanka e pili ana i kahi "hiki ke hōʻike / hoʻopili a me kahi ʻano i manaʻo ʻia no ka hoʻoweliweli glyphosate e pili ana i nā maʻi puʻupaʻa." ʻO Glyphosate ka mea nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup herbicide a hoʻohana ʻia ma Roundup Ready i hoʻohua ʻia me nā genetically engineered. ʻO ka World Health Organization ma 2015 i ʻōlelo ʻia he glyphosate kino kanaka paha ia ma hope o kekahi mau ʻepekema noiʻi i pili iā ia i ka maʻi ʻaʻai. Akā mālama ʻo Monsanto i ka palekana o ka glyphosate.

I loko o ka leka uila iā Vicini, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Goodman ʻaʻohe ona mākaukau e pono ai a noi aku iā Monsanto e hāʻawi i "kekahi mau manaʻo ʻepekema maikaʻi no ke kumu a he kūpono ʻole paha kēia."

Hōʻike nā leka uila i nā hiʻohiʻona ʻē aʻe o ko Goodman makemake iā Monsanto. E like me kā Le Monde ʻatikala i kuhikuhi ai, i Mei 2012, ma hope o ka paʻi ʻia ʻana o kekahi mau ʻōlelo a Goodman i kahi ʻatikala ma kahi pūnaewele i pili me ka mea kaulana ʻo Oprah Winfrey, ʻo Goodman ka alo ʻia e kahi luna Monsanto no ka "waiho ʻana i kahi mea heluhelu e manaʻo nei ʻaʻole lawa kā mākou ʻike e pili ana i kēia huahana e ʻōlelo inā lākou" palekana. "Ua kākau ʻo Goodman i kekahi poʻe ma Monsanto, DuPont, Syngenta, BASF a me Dow a me Bayer a me ua kala aku "iā ʻoe a me kāu mau hui āpau," saying ua kuhi hewa ʻia ʻo ia a kuhi hewa ʻia.

Ma hope i hoʻokahi Iulai 30, 2012 leka uila, Ua hoʻolaha aku ʻo Goodman i nā luna ma Monsanto, Bayer, DuPont, Syngenta a me BASF ua noi ʻia ʻo ia e hana i kahi nīnauele me National Radio Radio e pili ana inā he pilina paha ma waena o nā mea kanu GMO a me ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā meaʻai āpau. Ma ka pane Aug 1, 2012, ua hāʻawi aku kahi luna ma Bayer iā ia i ka "hoʻomaʻamaʻa media" manuahi ma mua o kāna nīnauele.

Hōʻike pū nā leka uila i kā Goodman hana hui pū ʻana me Monsanto e hoʻāʻo e hoʻokahuli i nā hana lepili GMO. I hoʻokahi ʻOkakopa 25, 2014 leka uila iā Monsanto ke poʻokela o nā hana ʻepekema honua ʻO Eric Sachs lāua ʻo Vicini, hōʻike ʻo Goodman i kekahi mau "manaʻo a me nā manaʻo" no nā hoʻolaha e hiki ke aʻo i nā "mea kūʻai / koho balota." Ua kākau ʻo ia he mea nui e hōʻike i ka "paʻakikī o kā mākou lako meaʻai" a pehea e hoʻonui ai ka lepili koi i nā kumukūʻai inā pane nā ʻoihana e ka ʻimi ʻana i nā mea kūʻai aku ʻole GMO. Ua kākau ʻo ia i ke koʻikoʻi o ka lawe ʻana i kēlā mau manaʻo i ka Senate a me ka Hale, a me kona manaʻolana "ua holo pono ʻole nā ​​hoʻolaha lepili ʻana."

Hoʻomaopopo pū nā leka uila i ka hilinaʻi nui o Goodman i ke kākoʻo kālā mai Monsanto-i hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo Monsanto a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai biotech ʻē aʻe e hāʻawi kālā no kahi “Ka hōkeo ʻikepili Allergen” kiaʻi ʻia e Goodman a holo ma waena o ka Polokalamu ʻImi ʻAi Pīʻai a me ka Polokalamu Kumuwaiwai ma ke Kulanui o Nebraska. Nānā i ka ʻaelike kākoʻo no ka hōkeo ʻikepili allergen no 2013 i hōʻike i kēlā me kēia o nā hui kākoʻo ʻeono e uku ma kahi o $ 51,000 no kahi hōʻuluʻulu kālā o $ 308,154 no kēlā makahiki. Hiki i kēlā me kēia mea kākoʻo ke "hāʻawi i kā lākou ʻike i kēia hana nui," i ʻōlelo ʻia ka ʻaelike. Mai ka 2004-2015, me Monsanto, nā hui kākoʻo me Dow AgroSciences, Syngenta, DuPont's Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Bayer CropScience a me BASF. Hoʻokahi invoice 2012 iā Monsanto no ka Database Allergen Meaʻai i noi ʻia e uku ʻia $ 38,666.50.

Kuhi ʻia ke kumu o ka waihona pūnaewele i ka "loiloi i ka palekana o nā protein i hoʻolauna ʻia i loko o nā meaʻai ma o ka hana ʻenehana a i ʻole ma o ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai." ʻO ka hiki ke loaʻa nā mea pale ʻole i manaʻo ʻole ʻia i kekahi mau meaʻai ʻenekini genetically kekahi o nā makaʻu maʻamau i hōʻike ʻia e nā pūʻulu mea kūʻai a me kekahi poʻe loea olakino a olakino.

I nā manaʻo ma ka papahele o ka Hale, Ua haʻi ʻo Rep. Jim McGovern (D-Mass.) ʻo ka QR code kahi makana i kahi ʻoihana meaʻai e ʻimi nei e hūnā i ka ʻike mai ka poʻe kūʻai aku. ʻAʻole ke kānāwai "he aha ka makemake o ka mea kūʻai ʻAmelika, akā he aha nā makemake kūikawā e makemake ai," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. "He kuleana nui ko kēlā me kēia ʻAmelika e ʻike i nā mea i loko o ka meaʻai a lākou e ʻai ai."

ʻO Goodman, Monsanto a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i ka ʻoihana biotech ag hiki ke hoʻolauleʻa i kā lākou lanakila ma ka ʻAhaʻōlelo akā ʻo ke kānāwai lepili hou e hoʻonui wale i ka manaʻo kānalua o nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i nā GMOs no ka mea hōʻole i ke ʻano o ka transparency e ʻimi nei nā mea kūʻai aku - he mau huaʻōlelo maʻalahi wale nō inā "hana ʻia kahi huahana me ka ʻenekinia."

ʻO ka hū ʻana ma hope o ka QR code ʻaʻole ia e hoʻoulu i ka hilinaʻi.

Ua loaʻa ʻo Monsanto Fingerprints i nā hoʻouka kaua āpau ma nā meaʻai meaola

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Ua hōʻike mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala i ka Huffington Post.

Na Stacy Malkan

I ka wā i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ai kahi hui kaulana ʻole nonprofit i kahi hōʻike e hoʻouka kaua ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai meaola i ʻApelila 2014, ua hele a lōʻihi ka hui e hoʻokau i kona kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO 30-ʻaoʻao hoike by Nānā ʻImi, i wehewehe ʻia ma ke ʻano he "waiwai ʻole e alakaʻi ʻia e nā poʻe loea kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa i ka mahiʻai a me nā ʻepekema meaʻai," ʻike ʻia e hoʻopunipuni ʻia ana nā mea kūʻai aku i ka hoʻolilo kālā hou aku no nā meaʻai meaola ma muli o nā hana hoʻopunipuni hoʻopunipuni a ka ʻoihanaola.

Pākuʻi ʻia nā poʻomanaʻo nūhou pāʻoihana: “Wehe ʻia nā meaola!” (Nūhou Brownfield) a me "ʻOihana Uihana e hoʻonui ʻia ana e ka hoʻopunipuni ʻana i nā mea kūʻai aku" (Ka Nūhou ʻenehana palekana palekana meaʻai), ke kuhi nei i nā mea i loaʻa ʻia e nā loea kūʻokoʻa i manaʻo ʻia.

"Ua kākoʻo ʻia e nā hui kūwaho o ka ʻepekema mahiʻai kūʻokoʻa, nā ʻepekema meaʻai, nā loea hoʻokele waiwai a me nā loio mai nā hui kūwaho i mahalo nui ʻia," e like me kā ka hui nūʻike hoʻōla.

Inā ʻaʻole maopopo ka kikoʻī e pili ana i ke kūʻokoʻa, pau ka hoʻolaha nūhou i kēia memo: "ʻAʻohe hakakā o ka nānā ʻana o ka Academics Review e pili ana i kēia paʻi, a me nā kumukūʻai pili āpau i uku ʻia no ka hoʻohana ʻana i kā mākou kālā laulā me ka ʻole o kekahi kikoʻī. mana a mea kuhikuhi paha.

ʻO ka mea i haʻi ʻole ʻia i loko o ka hōʻike, ka hoʻokuʻu nūhou a i ʻole ma ka pūnaewele: ʻO nā luna hoʻomalu no Monsanto Co., ka mea nāna e mālama i nā mahiʻai a me nā hua i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered genetically, a me nā mea kōkua nui ʻo Monsanto, e hana nei i ka ʻohi kālā ʻana no ka Review Academics, hana pū ʻia me ka hoʻolālā. a kūkākūkā pū nō hoʻi i nā hoʻolālā e hūnā i ke kālā ʻoihana, e like me nā leka uila i loaʻa mai iā US Right to Know ma o nā noi a ke Aupuni Freedom of Information (FOIA).

Maopopo ke kumu o Monsanto i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka ʻoihana meaola: pāpā ʻia nā hua a me nā kemika o Monsanto mai ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka mahiʻai meaola, a ʻo kahi ʻāpana nui o ka leka ʻana a Monsanto ka mea ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o kāna huahana ma mua o nā meaola i mea hana e hoʻonui ai i ka hanaʻai honua.

Hāʻawi ka ʻatikala i kā Message a Monsanto 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia a loiloi ʻia e "ʻelua polofesa kūʻokoʻa ... ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe o ka honua," Bruce Chassy, ​​Ph.D., polofesa emeritus ma ke Kulanui o ʻIlino, a me David Tribe, Ph.D., haʻi ʻōlelo ma ke Kulanui o Melbourne. . ʻO lākou koi ana ʻo ka hui "ʻae wale i nā makana palena ʻole mai nā kumu ʻoihana ʻole."

Eia naʻe ʻelua mau leka uila i ka makahiki 2010 e hōʻike ana i nā hoʻolālā e loaʻa kālā kālā no ka Review Academics ʻoiai e hūnā ʻia nā manamana lima ʻoihana.

I ka 11 Malaki 2010 hoʻokaʻaʻike email me Chassy, ​​Jay Byrne, ke poʻo o ka kamaʻilio ma Monsanto e holo nei i kēia manawa PR a me ka hale noiʻi noiʻi mākeke, hāʻawi ʻia e hana ma ke ʻano he "kaʻa kalepa" e kōkua i ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kālā ʻoihana no ka Review Academics.

Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Chassy i kona hoihoi i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana i ka ʻokanika i loko o nā leka uila. "Makemake wau e loaʻa kahi inoa poʻokela ma waenakonu o ke aura ʻokanika e hoʻomaka ai nā missiles ballistic ..." kākau ʻo ia, "ʻAʻohe oʻu kālā."

Pane maila ʻo Byrne,

"ʻĀ, ʻōlelo wau e hana mua mākou i ke kālā (no mākou āpau) ma mua a me ka wikiwiki. Ua noi wau iā Val [Giddings, pelekikena hope o BIO, ka ʻahahui kālepa ʻoihana biotech] e hui ʻo ia a ʻoiai wau ma DC i kēia pule aʻe e hiki ai iā mākou (ʻaʻole ma o ka leka uila) ke kiʻi i kahi kiʻi maopopo o nā koho. no ka lawe ʻana i ka papahana Review Academic Review a me nā manawa kūpono i mua. ʻO ke "Center for Consumer Freedom" (ActivistCash.com) i hāʻawi i kēia kālā a hiki i ka ʻoi loa. "

Ua alakaʻi ʻia ʻo Center for Consumer Freedom e Rick Berman, kahi lobbyist i kapa ʻia ʻo “Kauka ʻino"A me ka"mōʻī o nā hui mua a me nā hoʻolaha"No kāna hana e paipai i ka ʻoihana paka a me nā pono ʻoihana ʻē aʻe ma lalo o ka uhi o nā hui leo ʻole.

"Manaʻo wau he manaʻo maikaʻi aʻe kā mākou," i haʻi aku ʻo Byrne iā Chassy.

Ua hāʻawi ʻo Byrne i kahi papa inoa “manawa kūpono” o nā pahuhopu i komo i loko o ka poʻe, nā hui a me nā ʻike koʻikoʻi o GMO a me Monsanto: Vandana Shiva, Andrew Kailrell, Ronnie Cummins, Sierra Club, Greenpeace, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, kā Michael Pollan puke “In Defense of ʻO ka meaʻai, "nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni" ʻAi, Inc "a me" The World Wahi a Monsanto, "a me ke" kumuhana kea i nā wahi pōpilikia āpau o ag-biotech (i waho o ke keʻa / haumia, nā pi, nā pepeiao, palekana kanaka, a pēlā aku ...) . ”

"ʻO kēia mau kānaka āpau, nā hui, nā ʻikepili a me nā kumuhana kumuhana ke ʻano o ke kālā no kahi ʻoihana o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi, ua kākau ʻo Byrne, me ka hoʻohui pū ʻana:

ʻO kēia mau kānaka āpau, nā hui, nā ʻikepili a me nā kumuhana kumuhana ke ʻano o ke kālā no kahi ʻoihana o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi.

"Manaʻo wau hiki iā Val a hiki iaʻu ke ʻike a lawelawe ma ke ʻano he kūpono (ʻaʻole aʻo) nā kaʻa kalepa e hiki ai iā mākou ke hoʻohui i kēia mau mea me ka papahana ma ke ʻano e kōkua ai e hōʻoia i ka hilinaʻi a me ke kūʻokoʻa (a no laila waiwai) o nā mea kōkua nui / nā mea nona… Manaʻo wau hiki i kā mākou lumi kuke lumi kuke ma aneʻi ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he kiaʻi puka (i kekahi mau manawa lawe i nā ʻauhau) no nā pane kūpono, hilinaʻi ʻia, nā inoculation a me nā hana proactive e hoʻohana nei i kēia papahana papahana ...

"Maikaʻi ke kani iaʻu," i pane aku ʻo Chassy. “Maopopo iaʻu e hōʻike mai ʻoe iaʻu i kāu mea e kūkākūkā ai.”

i ka hoʻololi leka uila me Chassy i kākau ʻia ma Nowemapa 30, 2010, ʻo Eric Sachs, kahi mea pili i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka hana no Monsanto, i kūkākūkā e ʻike i ke kākoʻo ʻoihana no ka Review Academics ʻoiai e "waiho ana iā Monsanto ma hope."

Ua kākau ʻo Sachs iā Chassy:

"ʻO ʻoe a me aʻu e pono e kamaʻilio hou e pili ana i ka" loiloi i kālaiʻike "pūnaewele a me ka manaʻo. Manaʻo wau aia kahi ala i kahi hana e pane maikaʻi ai i nā hopohopo ʻepekema a me nā hoʻopiʻi. Ua kaʻana like wau me Val i nehinei. Mai kuʻu kuanaʻike ʻo ka pilikia kekahi o ka hana loea a hiki ke hoʻonā ʻia e ka uku ʻana i ka poʻe loea e hāʻawi i nā pane. Ua kūkākūkā ʻoe me ʻoe i kēia i ka wā ma mua. Ua wehewehe ʻo Val i ka ʻanuʻu ʻekahi e hoʻokumu ana i kahi kūlana 501 (c) 3 no ka loaʻa kālā ʻole e kōkua ai i ka hōʻiliʻili kālā. Maopopo kēlā akā he mea hou aku. Ua kūkākūkā wau me Jerry Steiner i kēia lā (Kālā Hoʻokele Monsanto) a hiki ke kōkua i ka hoʻoulu ʻana iā CLI / BIO / CBI a me nā hui ʻē aʻe e kākoʻo. E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike. "

E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike.

Pili ʻo CLI / BIO / CBI i ʻekolu mau hui kālepa ʻoihana - Crop Life International, ka Biotechnology Innovation Organization a me ka ʻaha kūkā no ka ʻikepili Biotechnology - e hōʻike ana i nā ʻoihana ahupuaʻa.

Ua pane aku ʻo Chassy iā Sachs, "ʻAe, pono mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka loiloi ʻo Academics. Manaʻo wau aia mākou ma ka ʻaoʻao like. ”

Ke nīnau pololei ʻia e pili ana i ke kālā, ua pane ʻo Chassy ma o ka leka uila: "ʻAʻole noi a ʻae paha ka loiloi Academics i nā kālā mai kekahi kumu no ka noiʻi kikoʻī a i ʻole nā ​​hana ʻē aʻe e pili ana i nā huahana, nā lawelawe a me nā ʻoihana. ʻAe wale ka loiloi Academics i nā makana palena ʻole ʻia mai nā kumu ʻoihana ʻole e kākoʻo i kā mākou hana. "

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ua hoʻopili ʻia ka loiloi Academics a hōʻike ʻole i kahi loaʻa kālā ma 2012 a ua hāʻawi ʻo ia i ka palapala IRS 990s no 2013 a 2014 (ʻānō i kau ʻia ma ka pūnaewele). Hōʻike kēlā mau palapala i $ 419,830 i nā loaʻa kālā akā ʻaʻole i pili kahi ʻike e pili ana i nā mea hāʻawi. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Chassy i nā noi e hāʻawi i kēlā ʻike.

ʻO ka Press Press "Kūʻokoʻa" Attack on Organic

Hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka loiloi ʻana i ka Academics Marketing i loko o ʻApelila 2014 i kahi kolepa paʻa o ka pāheka ʻoihana kālepa e hōʻike nei i nā mea i loaʻa i nā "noiʻi kūʻokoʻa".

• "Ua komo ka ʻoihana ʻAi Meaola i loko o ka hōʻike hōʻike koi 'Multisade Decade Public Disinformation Campaign" (Mea Hoʻokele Meaʻai)

• "Hōʻike: ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa Loaʻa 25 mau makahiki o ka ulu wikiwiki ʻana ma o ka makaʻu a me ka hoʻopunipuni" (Nuhou Palekana Mea ʻai)

• "Kahi hoʻopiʻi weliweli o ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā meaʻai meaola" (Hoard's Dairyman)

• "Ke hoʻohana nei i ka makaʻu ma ke ʻano he hokona" (Nūhou Pāʻoihana ʻAi)

I ka New York Post, Ua kūkulu ʻo Naomi Schaffer Riley i kahi hihia kūʻē iā "tyranny of the organic mommy mafia" ka mea i hoʻopunipuni ʻia e nā hana kalepa disingenuous o ka ʻoihana ʻokanika. ʻO kāna mau kumuwaiwai ka hōʻike o ka Academics Review a me Julie Gunlock, ka mea kākau o kahi puke e pili ana i ka "moʻomeheu hoʻoweliweli."

ʻAʻole i haʻi aku ʻo Riley iā Gunlock, a ʻo Riley ponoʻī nō hoʻi luna mau hoa ma ka Independent Women Forum, kahi hui nā kālā nui na Donors Trust, ka mea i hoʻouka ʻoihana hui panakō ma nā ʻuniona, nā kula lehulehu a me nā ʻepekema aniau.

I ka Nā inoa o Des Moines, ʻO John R. Block, kahi mea kākau o ka mahiʻai ma mua o ʻAmelika e hana nei no kahi keʻena loio e lobbies no nā pono agribusiness, i hōʻike ʻia ma ka “blockbuster report” na Academics Review a me nā mea i loaʻa i ka ʻā huna a ka ʻenehana ke kūleʻa i ke kūleʻa ʻo “marketing black. ”

ka hui pūʻulu mua ʻAha Kūkā ʻAmelika no ka ʻEpekema a me ke olakino, ka mea loaʻa kālā mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a ma kahi a Chassy e lawelawe ai ma ke ʻano he aʻoaʻo ʻepekema, ua hoʻokau i ke kumuhana "ʻeleʻele kūʻai" i nā ʻatikala na ka pelekikena o ACSH. Lākana Hank a ʻO Henry I. Miller, MD, kahi hoa Hoover Institute i lawelawe ma ke ʻano he waha ʻōlelo i nā pāʻoihana no ka hoʻāʻo e pepehi i ka lepili GMO ma Kaleponi, a ʻo Monsanto ka kēpau kēpau.

Miller, ka mea i lōʻihi kona mōʻaukala o ka hana ʻana kūpono ʻole nā ​​koi ʻepekema i ke kākoʻo o nā pono ʻoihana, ua hoʻohana pū ʻia ka hōʻike loiloi ʻo Academics Review ma ke ʻano he kumu no ka hoʻouka kauaola i Newsweek a me ka ʻO ka'ōiwi kūkā, a koi ma ka Wall Street Pai ʻaʻole kūpaʻa kēlā mahiʻai ʻokanika.

Holo nā poʻomanaʻo anti-organic like me nā kahawai PR ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻē aʻe.

Nā Pane GMO, a pūnaewele puni honua kūʻai hāʻawi kālā ʻia e nā hui mahiʻai nui ʻEono (a ma hea Chassy a Nā lāhui lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "loea kūʻokoʻa"), paipai i nā manaʻo i nā meaola ʻaʻohe ʻoi aku ke olakinoʻaʻole maikaʻi no ke kaiapuni he polokalamu kālepa wale nō - ʻoiai, ʻo ka mea kupanaha, ua hoʻokumu ʻo PR firm e holo nei i nā pane GMO i kahi hui kūikawā ma Kapalakiko e hoʻāʻo ai kālā ma ka makeke kūlohelohe.

ʻO ka waha ʻōlelo kiʻekiʻe o Monsanto, ʻO Robb Fraleyno hoi pinepine trashes ka ke aloha hana on kona Twitter ʻai.

Hele ka lehulehu i ke kahe kālā; Hele mālie ka hōʻike loiloi 

Ma Malaki 2016, ua hōʻike ʻo Monica Eng no WBEZ ma nā palapala e hōʻike ana ua uku ʻo Monsanto iā Professor Bruce Chassy ma mua o $ 57,000 ma kahi o 23 mau mahina e huakaʻi, kākau a kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā GMO - kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i ka lehulehu.

Wahi a ka noiʻi a Eng, ʻo ke kālā he ʻāpana o $ 5.1 miliona ma ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia i hoʻouna ʻia e Monsanto ma o ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Foundation i nā limahana o ke kulanui a me nā papahana ma waena o 2005 a 2015.

"ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Chassy i kāna pili kālā me Monsanto e pili ana i nā mokuʻāina a i ʻole ke kula nui e ʻimi ana i nā hakakā kūlia paha," i hōʻike aku ai ʻo Eng.

"Hōʻike hou nā palapala i ke kuhikuhi ʻana o Chassy a me ke kula nui iā Monsanto e waiho i nā uku ma o ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Foundation, kahi kino nona nā moʻolelo i pale ʻia mai ka nānā lehulehu ʻana. He hiki nō i ke kahua ke lawe i kālā pilikino a hāʻawi aku iā ia i kekahi kanaka ma ke ʻano he 'uku kulanui' - hoʻokuʻu ʻia mai ka hōʻike ʻana.

I Ianuali 2016, ʻo Carey Gillam, ka luna noiʻi o US Right to Know, haʻi ʻia ma nā leka uila e hōʻike ana i kahe mai he mau haneli haneli mau kālā mai Monsanto a i ke Kulanui o ʻIlino “ʻoiai ʻo Chassy i hana pū i nā papahana he nui me Monsanto e kūʻē i nā hopohopo lehulehu e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻoponopono ʻia i nā genetically (GMO) - ʻoiai lākou e kū ana ma ke ʻano he kula kūʻokoʻa no kahi ʻaha lehulehu. ”

"ʻO ka mea āu e ʻike ai i ka heluhelu ʻana ma o nā kaulahao leka uila kahi hoʻonohonoho i ʻae ʻia i nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana e ʻahuʻula i ka leka pro-GMO i loko o kahi pale o ka ʻike kūʻokoʻa, a liʻiliʻi, inā he mea, e hōʻike ākea i ka pili o hope." .

ka i ka leka hope ma ka Pūnaewele Nānā ʻImi, ma ka lā 2 Kepakemapa 2015, kahi blog e Chassy e wehewehe ana e hoʻolaha ʻia kekahi o kāna mau leka uila ma muli o nā noi a FOIA o US Right to Know, kahi āna i hōʻike ai he hōʻeha i kāna 40 mau makahiki o ʻepekema lehulehu, ka noiʻi a me ke aʻo ʻana.

ʻO ke kākoʻo kālā mai ka ʻāpana pilikino no ka noiʻi ʻāpana lehulehu a me ka hoʻolaha ʻana he "kūpono, maʻa mau a pono e hoʻonui i ka pono o ka lehulehu," i kākau ʻo Chassy. "Pono ia kākoʻo, a ma kaʻu mau ʻike āpau a pau, aniani moakaka a hana ʻia ma lalo o nā kulekele kūpili koʻikoʻi o nā keʻena lehulehu e pōmaikaʻi nei mai nā ʻāpana pilikino a i ʻole nā ​​hāʻawi kālā pilikino."

I ʻekolu mau lā ma hope mai, ua hoʻolaha mua ʻia kekahi o nā leka uila a Chassy i kahi ʻaoʻao mua New York Times ʻatikala na ka mea kākau moʻolelo lanakila ʻelua Pulitzer Prize ʻo Eric Lipton. Ua hōʻike ʻo Lipton ua hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto iā Chassy i kahi kālā no kahi kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ma 2011 no "ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo."

Ua haʻi aku ʻo Chassy iā Lipton ʻo ke kālā i loaʻa iā ia mai Monsanto "ua kōkua ʻo ia e hāpai i kona leo ma o ka huakaʻi ʻana, kahi pūnaewele āna i hana ai a me nā mea ʻē aʻe."

Ke kiʻi mau nei i ka Press ma ke ʻano he kūʻokoʻa kūʻokoʻa 

ʻOiai nā hōʻike i nā leka uila a me ka hōʻike ʻana o kā Chassy pili kālā iā Monsanto, ka Pūnaewele Nūhou Review a me kāna hōʻike e hoʻouka nei i ka ʻoihana olaola i kau ʻia ma ka pūnaewele me nā wehewehe āpau e koi ana i ke kūʻokoʻa.

A ʻoliʻoli mau ʻo Chassy i ka uhi kaomi ma ke ʻano he loea "kūʻokoʻa" ma GMO. I Mei 2016, ʻelua kaʻawale hui pu Press moʻolelo Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Chassy e pili ana i kēlā kumuhana. ʻAʻole kekahi moʻolelo i haʻi ʻia i kā Chassy pili pili kālā lehulehu i kēia manawa iā Monsanto.

ʻO Stacy Malkan ka luna hui o ka hui mea kūʻai ʻo US Right to Know. ʻO ia ka mea kākau o ka puke lanakila, "Not Just a Pretty Face: The Ugly Side of the Beauty Industry" (New Society 2007). 

Ke ukali nei i kahi ala leka uila: Pehea kahi Polokalamu Kulanui o ke Kulanui i laulima ai i kahi ʻOihana PR Huakaʻi

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Na Carey Gillam

ʻO ke Kumu ʻEpekema ʻepekema ʻai o ke Kulanui o ʻIlino ʻo Bruce Chassy ka mea i ʻike ʻia no kāna gravitas ʻoihana. I kēia manawa ua hoʻomaha ʻo ia ma kahi o ʻehā mau makahiki, kākau mau ʻo Chassy a kamaʻilio pinepine e pili ana i nā pilikia palekana meaʻai, e hōʻike ana iā ia iho me ke kaumaha piha o nā makahiki he 2012 i loaʻa ma ke kulanui lehulehu a ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi ma National Institutes of Health. Ua haʻi aku ʻo Chassy i ka poʻe i lohe ma mua o kona haʻalele ʻana i XNUMX, ua hana ʻo ia i "manawa holoʻokoʻa" e hana ana i ka noiʻi a me ke aʻo ʻana.

ʻO ka mea a Chassy e kamaʻilio nui ʻole ai no nā hana ʻē aʻe āna i hana ai ma ke Kulanui o ʻIlino - e paipai ana i nā makemake o Monsanto Co. ʻAʻole nō ʻo ia e kamaʻilio nui e pili ana i nā haneli he mau kaukani kālā a Monsanto i hāʻawi ai i ke kulanui ʻoiai ʻo Chassy e kōkua ana i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā GMO, a i ʻole ko Monsanto kuleana hūnā i ke kōkua ʻana iā Chassy e hoʻokumu i kahi hui nonprofit a me ka pūnaewele e hōʻino ai i nā poʻe a me nā hui e hāpai ana i nā nīnau e pili ana i nā GMO .

Akā nā leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma o ke noi Freedom of Information Act e hōʻike ana he lālā ʻeleu ʻo Chassy o kahi hui o nā kālaiʻike US i hana pū malū me Monsanto e pili ana i nā kumumanaʻo no ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi wale ʻana i nā huahana mea kanu biotech, akā ke kāpae nei hoʻi i ke kānāwai no kēia huahana a me ka pale ʻana. nā loiloi ʻoihana. Hōʻike nā leka uila i ke kālā e kahe ana i ke kula nui mai Monsanto ʻo Chassy i hana pū i nā papahana he nui me Monsanto e pale aku i ka hopohopo lehulehu e pili ana i nā mea kanu i hoʻoponopono ʻia (gen) (GMO)

ʻO kahi ʻatikala ʻo New York Times na Eric Lipton i paʻi ʻia i Kepakemapa i hala iho nei e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻouka kaua i hana ʻia e Monsanto a me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e hoʻohana i ka hilinaʻi o nā kālaiʻike koʻikoʻi e pahu i ka papahana politika o ka ʻoihana. ʻO ka ʻatikala Times i nānā nui ʻia ma ke Kulanui o Florida kālaiʻike Kevin Folta, ka luna o ke Keʻena ʻepekema Hortikultural, a me ka hana a Folta ma luna o Monsanto. Akā ʻo ka ninaninau ʻana i nā hoʻololi leka uila i hoʻokuʻu ʻia ma waena o Monsanto lāua ʻo Chassy e hōʻike ana i ka hohonu hou i nā hana ʻoihana.

Ua hele mai nā laulima i kahi manawa koʻikoʻi ma United States e pili ana i nā kulekele lehulehu GMO. Hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka lepili GMO Mandatory i Vermont ma Iulai 1; Ke hakakā nei ka ʻahaʻōlelo ma ke kānāwai lepili pekelala no GMOs; a ke ʻimi nei kekahi mau mokuʻāina ʻē i kā lākou mau pane ponoʻī i ka piʻi ʻana o ka noi o ka poʻe kūʻai no ka transparency e pili ana i kēia kumuhana.

Makemake ka hapa nui o nā hui a me nā hui kaiapuni e ʻike i nā mea i kapu ʻia a me ka hoʻoponopono ʻana ma nā mea kanu GMO a me ka lāʻau hoʻomake glyphosate i ʻike ka poʻe he Roundup, i hoʻohana ʻia ma GMO. Akā hoʻopaʻapaʻa nā ʻoihana e kūʻai aku nei i nā mea kanu a me nā kemika i kā lākou huahana palekana a aia ka liʻiliʻi o ka rula, ʻaʻole nui aku. ʻO $ 15 biliona ka nui o ka loaʻa kālā makahiki a Monsanto ma kahi o ka ʻenehana GMO a me nā kemika e pili pono ana.

Ma waena o ka huhū, nā hōʻike e pili ana i ka hana pū ʻana me nā ʻepekema o ke kula nui e hoʻolaha i nā GMO i hāpai i kahi paio hou e pili ana i ka nele o ka transparency i nā pilina ma waena o nā kālaiʻike a me ka ʻoihana.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Chassy ʻaʻole ia i hana i kekahi mea kūpono ʻole a kūpono ʻole paha i kāna hana e kākoʻo ana iā Monsanto a me ka ʻoihana huaʻai biotech. "Ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema noiʻi ʻāpana lehulehu, ua manaʻo ʻia… e hana pū wau me a noi i ka hana a ka poʻe e hana nei i kaʻu ʻoihana loea," Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Chassy.

Eia nō naʻe, ʻo ka mea āu e ʻike ai i ka heluhelu ʻana ma o nā kaulahao leka uila kahi hoʻonohonoho i ʻae i nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana e ʻaʻe i ka leka pro-GMO i loko o ka pale o ke kūʻokoʻa. akamai, a liʻiliʻi, inā loaʻa, ka hoʻolaha ākea o ka pili o hope.

NA HUAKAI HELE

  • I loko o kahi leka uila o Nowemapa 2010, Ua haʻi aku ʻo Monsanto ke poʻokela o nā hana ʻepekema honua a Eric Sachs iā Chassy ua hoʻouna aku ʻo Monsanto i kahi "makana o $ 10,000" i ke kulanui "no laila aia nā kālā ma laila." A laila haʻi aku ʻo ia iā Chassy e hana nei ʻo ia i kahi hoʻolālā no Monsanto a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i ka ʻoihana agribusiness e kākoʻo i kahi pūnaewele "loiloi i ka ʻimi naʻauao" i hiki iā Chassy ke hoʻohana e pale i nā hopohopo a me nā hoʻopiʻi i hāpai ʻia e nā poʻe loiloi o GMO. "Mai kuʻu manaʻo o ka pilikia kekahi o ka hana akamai a hiki ke hoʻonā ʻia e ka uku ʻana i ka poʻe loea e hāʻawi i nā pane," kākau ʻo Sachs. "E mālama ana ke kī iā Monsanto i hope e ʻole e hōʻino i ka hilinaʻi o ka ʻike."
  • I kahi hoʻokaʻawale 2010 kūʻokoʻa, ʻo Jay Byrne, ka pelekikena o ka v-Fluence pilina pili lehulehu a me ke poʻo mua o nā kamaʻilio hui no Monsanto, haʻi iā Chassy e hoʻāʻo nei e neʻe i ka papahana Review Academics. ʻLelo ʻo ia "hana mākou i ke kālā (no mākou āpau)." ʻ sayslelo ʻo Byrne he papa inoa kāna no nā loiloi GMO no ka Academics Review e māka. ʻLelo ʻo ia iā Chassy i nā kumuhana kumuhana "Ke kālā no ka hui o nā hui kuʻekuʻe wāwae maikaʻi."
  • I hoʻokahi pānaʻi leka uila mai Kepakemapa 2011, Hōʻike ʻo Chassy pehea ka ʻoihana mea kanu biotech paha "wili" i kahi noiʻi aupuni i loaʻa nā pae koʻikoʻi o ka glyphosate kemika, ka mea nui i ka Monsanto's Roundup herbicide, i ka lewa a me nā wai.
  • I nā leka uila mai 2012, ʻO Chassy lāua ʻo Monsanto's Sachs a me Monsanto ʻo John Swarthout, ka mea nāna i alakaʻi i ka "ʻepekema hoʻolaha a me ka hoʻokele pilikia," e kūkākūkā i kahi hōʻike e hiki mai ana e hoʻomākaukau nei ʻo Chassy e hana i Kina. Kūkākūkā lākou me kā Monsanto loiloi ʻana, a hoʻololi i ka hōʻike. Kauoha ʻo Monsanto Sachs iā Swarthout e hoʻouna i nā pāheʻe paheʻe iā Chassy ma ke ʻano he mea no kāna hōʻike.
  • I ʻApelila 2012, ua nīnau aku ʻo Monsanto, ka mea ʻona, Bruce Hammond, i kahi leka uila inā hiki ke hana ʻia i mau wikiō pōkole e pili ana i ka "palekana o nā hua GM." Wahi a Chassy ke noi nei ʻo ia no ke kālā mai ka Mokuʻāina Mokuʻāina a "ʻimi pū kekahi i nā kumuwaiwai kākoʻo ʻē aʻe" a hiki ke hoʻohana i nā pono o ke kulanui e hana i nā wikiō. Nīnau aku ʻo Chassy iā Monsanto's Hammond no kahi papa inoa o nā wikiō e “manaʻo ʻoe e lilo i mea kōkua. ” 'Tellslelo akuʻo Chassy iā Hammond i ka hui V-fluence a Byrne i kōkua i ka hana a hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā hanana wikiō.

Leka uila e pili ana i ke kālā 

Kūkākūkā pū nā leka uila i ke kālā.

  • I loko o kahi leka uila ʻOkakopa 2010, haʻi aku ʻo Chassy i nā hoa hana ma ke kula nui ua haʻi ʻo Monsanto iā ia e hana ana ia i “Hāʻawi nui” i kāna moʻokāki biotech ma ke kulanui.
  • I kahi kūkaʻi ʻo ʻOkakopa 2011, ua noi aku ʻo Chassy iā Sachs e pili ana i kahi makana no ke kālā biotech kahua kulanui. Ua pane ka luna o Monsanto ʻo ia e "hāʻawi i kahi makana i ke kahua manawa koke" inā ʻaʻole i hana ʻia. Kauoha ʻo Chassy iā Monsanto e leka uila i ke poʻo o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema meaʻai o ke kulanui a e hoʻopili i kahi leka e ʻōlelo ana he "hāʻawi palena ʻole ia ke kākoʻo ... no ke kākoʻo ʻana i ka hoʻolaha biotechnology a me nā hana aʻo a Polofesa Bruce M. Chassy."
  • Ma Mei 2012 hoʻi, ua hana ʻo Monsanto he $ 250,000 hāʻawi i ke kula nui e kōkua i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana i kahi noho mahiʻai mahiʻai. ʻO kēlā makana he kulu wale nō ia o ka bakeke o nā makana mai Monsanto - ma kahi o $ 1.9 miliona i loko o nā makahiki he ʻelima i hala, e like me ke kulanui, - no nā papahana pili i ka mahiʻai.

KAUOHA PANI HOU

ʻO ka pilina pili loa ma waena o Monsanto lāua ʻo Chassy i hoʻomau i ka hoʻomaha loa o Chassy i Iune 2012 mai ke kulanui. Ma o 2013 a me 2014 hōʻike pinepine ʻia ʻo Chassy ma ke ʻano he "loea kūʻokoʻa" ma ka Pūnaewele Pane ʻo GMO, kahi pūnaewele pro-GMO i uku kālā ʻia e Monsanto a me nā kānaka nunui agribusiness. I kēlā kuleana, pane ʻo ia i nā nīnau a me nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMO.

Ua hoʻomau ʻo Chassy i ka hana Nānā ʻImi, ka hoʻopuka ʻana i nā ʻatikala koʻikoʻi e pili ana i kēlā me kēia a me nā hui, me nā ʻO ka poʻe loea o ka World Health Organization hōʻike maikaʻi ʻole i kēlā hōʻike hōʻike no ka ʻoihana huaʻai GMO. (ʻO wau ke kumuhana o ʻelua mau hoʻouka kaua like ma 2014. Ua kūʻē ʻo Chassy i kaʻu hōʻike ʻana i nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua o ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa palekana GMO ma hoʻokahi ʻatikala Reuters a kue ke taiʻole ʻatikala Reuters ʻelua i kikoʻī i nā hopena o kahi hōʻike USDA i loaʻa nā pōmaikaʻi ʻelua akā pili pū kekahi i nā pili me nā GMO.)

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana e pili ana i ka launa pū ʻana me Chassy, ​​ua ʻōlelo ʻo Monsanto ʻaʻohe mea kūpono ʻole me kāna "hana" ʻana me "nā loea ʻoihana lehulehu," a ʻo ia mau hana like ʻana e kōkua i ke aʻo ʻana i ka lehulehu i nā kumuhana nui. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia ke kulanui ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia he hewa i nā pilina. Wahi a kekahi wahaʻōlelo o ke kulanui "he hilinaʻi ʻepekema ikaika kā Chassy." Ua haʻi pū ʻo ia ua hāʻawi ʻo Monsanto i ke kula nui ma kahi o $ 1.9 miliona i loko o nā makahiki he ʻelima i hala.

Akā haʻi ʻē aʻe i kamaʻāina me nā pilikia he pilikia ka nele o ka transparency.

"He mea nui kēia mau hōʻike e pili ana i nā pilina," i ʻōlelo ʻia ʻo George Kailrell, ka loio kiʻekiʻe me ka Center for Food Safety, kahi hui hoʻolaha kōkua kūʻē ʻole. "ʻO ka hōʻike kumu i hōʻike ʻia e uku ʻia ai kekahi mau kālaiʻike a me nā mea haʻi ʻōlelo kūlike ʻole ʻē aʻe i ka ʻaoʻao ākea / e hana pololei nei me nā ʻoihana kemika i ka lehulehu, no ka mea ke alakaʻi hewa ʻia lākou."

ʻO nā hōʻike e like me kēia mau mea e pili ana i ke Kulanui o Florida ʻO kā Kevin Folta pili pili iā Monsanto ua hoʻā ʻia kahi backlash lehulehu ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā leka uila iā Folta i loaʻa ka hāʻawi kālā palena ʻole $ 25,000 a haʻi iā Monsanto e "kākau i nā mea āu e makemake ai. ” Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Folta i kahi blog Ianuali 18 ʻaʻole ʻo ia e hana hou me Monsanto ma muli o ka wela i hoʻihoʻi ʻia.

ʻO Chassy lāua ʻo Folta ua kākau pinepine a ua ʻōlelo ʻia paha i nā ʻatikala nūhou i hōʻike ʻole ʻia ko lākou pili iā Monsanto a me ka ʻoihana GMO. I kahi laʻana hou, ua kākau pū ʻo Chassy a moʻo of waiwai e hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei ʻo ka inoa GMO he "pōʻino i ke kali ʻana, "Hou me ka hōʻike ʻole o kāna hana pū ʻana me ka mea hoʻomohala GMO ʻo Monsanto. ʻO kāna hoa kākau ʻo Jon Entine, ka mea hoʻokumu o ka PR firm ESG MediaMetrics, nona ua hoʻokomo nā mea kūʻai aku iā Monsanto, pili ʻole Entine hoʻokomo i ka ʻatikala.

ʻO nā hōʻike i nā leka uila e pili ana iā Chassy, ​​Folta a me nā ʻano ʻatikala like ʻole, waiho i nā nīnau he nui e pili ana i ka mea e hilinaʻi ai, a pehea e hilinaʻi ai, ka ʻike koʻikoʻi e hoʻomaopopo ai i kā mākou ʻōnaehana meaʻai e ulu nei. Me nā pilikia lepili ʻana o ka meaʻai i ka mua o ka paio, ʻo ka manawa kēia no ka nui o ka transparency.

ʻO Carey Gillam ua hana ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he mea nūpepa, mea noiʻi a me kahi mea kākau e loea ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mahiʻai no nā makahiki he 20 a ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea paʻi nīhou a me nā mahiʻai i luna o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, e lanakila ana i mau makana he nui no kāna uhi ʻana i ka ʻoihana. Ua haʻalele ʻo ia i kāna ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he mea kākau moʻolelo no ka lawelawe nūhou honua ʻo Reuters e lilo i Luna Hoʻokele ma Pono ʻo US e ʻike, kahi hui hoihoi lehulehu e hana ana i e hoʻomaopopo i ka lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai US a me kāna kuleana hūnā pinepine ʻia i ke kulekele lehulehu. 

ʻO ka makaʻu makaʻu ʻoihana ʻo Jeopardizing ka kuleana o ka lehulehu i ka ʻike

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ʻAʻole loaʻa iaʻu.

Ma mua o 20 mau makahiki aʻu i hana ai ma ke ʻano he mea kākau nūhou ʻoihana, hoʻoikaika mau ʻia wau e kahi manaʻo maʻalahi: He mana ka ʻike, a no ka lehulehu ka mana. ʻO ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka ʻike i hiki i ka poʻe ke hoʻohana i ka hoʻoholo ʻana - ka mea e kūʻai ai, ka mea e ʻai ai, kahi e hoʻopukapuka ai, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe - kōkua i ke kākoʻo a paipai i nā loina o ke kūʻokoʻa a me ke aupuni a ka lehulehu.

ʻO ia ke kumu o ka makaʻu a me ka hoʻowahāwahā e puka mai ana mai ka ʻoihana meaʻai ma luna o ke kuleana o ka lehulehu i ka ʻikepili e pili ana i nā meaʻai a lākou e ʻai ai paʻakikī loa iaʻu ke hopu.

Ke hoʻomaka nei mākou i ka 2016 ua alakaʻi pālua nā alakaʻi o nā ʻoihana nui a nui loa hoʻi o ka lāhui i kā lākou kūpaʻa e kāpae i ka lepili ʻana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā hua i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered, a ke ʻimi nei lākou i ke kōkua a ke kākau ʻōlelo ʻo Tom Vilsack e hana pēlā. Ua lilo ka pilikia i koi no ka ʻoihana e like me ka mea e pono ai ka hana ʻana i ka lepili koi mua a ka lāhui e hoʻomaka i Iulai 1 ma Vermont. I kēia manawa ua kūleʻa ʻole ka ʻoihana i ka ʻaha pekelala e kāpae i ka hoʻokō ʻana o ke kānāwai, ʻoiai e hiki ke hakakā i kēia puna.

Hoʻomau ka poʻe kamaʻāina ma nā mokuʻāina ʻē aʻe i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hāʻawi i nā ana lepili koi like. E ʻae kahi lepili GMO i kahi mea kūʻai aku e ʻike i ka ʻike i ka ʻike i manaʻo ʻia he nui. Hāʻawi ʻia i kēlā ʻike, e ʻalo paha kekahi poʻe i nā meaʻai i kapa inoa ʻia e GMO; hopohopo paha nā poʻe ʻē aʻe. E ʻimi paha kekahi i nā meaʻai i kapa inoa ʻia e GMO inā manaʻo lākou hāʻawi lākou i ka waiwai kūikawā a i ʻole ke kōkua ʻana i ka "hānai honua", e like me nā mea hoʻomohala hua GMO e like me kā Monsanto Co. koi. Akā ke kuleana o ka lehulehu i kēlā ʻike - i kēlā mākaukau hoʻoholo - hoʻoweliweli i nā mea he nui i kahi ʻoihana e hoʻonui i nā kūʻai o $ 2.1 trillion i kēlā me kēia makahiki. No ka ikaika loa o ka makaʻu ua noi lākou i nā kime o nā loea pili i ke kānāwai a me ka lehulehu e kōkua e hoʻāʻo i nā luna kānāwai a me nā luna kau kānāwai pekelala e kāpae i ke kānāwai ʻo Vermont a pāpā i nā kānāwai e like me ia.

ʻO ka hui ʻoihana mea kūʻai, nona nā lālā me PepsiCo., Kellogg Co. a me nā haneli o nā ʻoihana meaʻai nui ʻē aʻe, alakaʻi i ka uku no ka lepili ʻana o GMO, e ʻōlelo ana he kumu kūʻai nui loa ia no ka hoʻokō ʻana a ʻaʻole pono no ka mea ua hōʻoiaʻiʻo ʻia nā GMO palekana. Wahi a ka hui he "lana ka manaʻo e lilo ka mea kuʻikahi i kūlana maʻamau no nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā mea kanu ʻenekini." Ua hoʻokumu aʻe nei ka hui i kahi hoʻolālā i hāpai ʻia e hoʻohui i nā barcode i nā huahana i hiki i nā mea kūʻai ke scan me kā lākou mau kelepona e kiʻi i ka ʻike. Akā inā paha e koi ʻia ka hele ʻana o nā mea GMO e hoʻopili ʻia i kēlā ʻike maopopo ʻole.

ʻO kēlā mau hakakā no ka lepili koi ʻia e komo pū me nā lālā o ka meaʻai a me nā ʻoihana kūlohelohe, akā ʻo nā hui mea kūʻai aku, nā mea hana kaiapuni a me nā makuahine a me nā makuakāne pinepine e makemake e ʻike i ka mea a lākou e hānai nei i kā lākou keiki. ʻO ka hapa nui o kēia mau mea kākoʻo lepili e hōʻike i nā koena pesticide ma nā meaʻai GMO ma ke ʻano he hopohopo, a me nā ʻepekema contradictory no ka palekana o GMO. Wahi a kekahi poʻe kūʻē ʻaʻole makemake lākou e kūʻai i nā huahana a lākou e manaʻo ai e kōkua i ka kaohi ʻoihana o ka lako o ka honua. ʻAʻole ʻoki kahi barcode iā ia, ʻōlelo ka hapa nui o nā mea kākoʻo inoa lepili GMO. Kuhi lākou i kahi ana aupuni i mālama ʻia i Nowemapa e ka Mellman Group i hoʻoholo he 88 pākēneka o ka poʻe e makemake i kahi lepili GMO paʻi ʻia ma mua o ka hoʻohana ʻana i kahi polokalamu kelepona no ka nānā ʻana i ka pā kī.

Ke nānā nei ke kuhina mahiʻai ʻo Vilsack e noho pū me nā lunamakaʻāinana mai nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua o ka pilikia i Ianuali e hoʻāʻo ai e hana i kahi kuʻikahi inā loaʻa kekahi. ʻ saylelo nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua makemake lākou e hui i waena. Hoʻolilo ʻia he mau miliona kālā e lobbying no a kūʻē i ka lepili ʻana a me ka hakakā ʻana i ka pilikia ma nā ʻaha, a ua luhi nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua i ke kaua. E hūnā ʻia ana nā kikoʻī o nā kūkā kamaʻilio ʻana, e like me kekahi o nā poʻe komo, e hāʻawi i ke kaʻina hana i kahi manawa nui loa e kūleʻa ai.

Ke lele nei nā kūkā kamaʻilio ʻana, ʻaʻole pono iā mākou e poina i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o kēia pilikia - a me nā mea ʻē aʻe he nui - e iho i ka mana o ka ʻike, a me ke ʻano koʻikoʻi o ka mea nāna e hoʻomalu i kēlā ʻike. ʻO kēlā mau ʻoihana e hoʻomohala nei a loaʻa pono ana mai nā GMO i ka ʻike e pono ai lākou e patent i kā lākou mau hana a nānā i kahi a pehea e hoʻohana ai lākou. Hāʻawi ʻia nā mahiʻai e kanu ana i nā GMO i kahi ʻano o ka ʻike e pili ana i nā ʻanoʻano, ko lākou mau palena a me ko lākou mau pono, a hiki ke koho maʻalahi i nā hua ʻole GMO no ka mea ua kau inoa ʻia nā ʻanoʻano a me ka nānā ʻia Aia nā ʻōnaehana e ʻae i nā mea hana meaʻai e ʻike inā kūʻai mai paha lākou i nā mea hana mai nā hua GMO. Me he mea lā ʻo nā mea kūʻai wale nō ka mea i waiho ʻia i waho o ka paipu ʻike.

ʻOiaʻiʻo, ke kūʻē nei kekahi e kūʻē nei i ka lepili ʻana o GMO ʻaʻole mākaukau nā mea kūʻai aku e hoʻomaopopo a hoʻohana pono paha i ka ʻike inoa ʻana o GMO. Kūkākūkā lākou e hoʻopili ʻia nā mea kūʻai aku i ka makaʻu iā GMO. I loko o kahi blog Dec. 27 e kau nei i ka kūʻē ʻana i ka lepili GMO, Ua kākoʻo ʻo GMO nā mea kākoʻo ʻo Jon Entine a me ke polopeka University of Illinois ʻo Bruce Chassy e pili ana i nā mea kūʻai mai "ʻaʻole hiki iā lākou ke wehewehe he aha ka GMO" Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo Chassy a me Entine e hoʻohana ana kēia mau "activist" i ka "misinformation a me ka makaʻu e hoʻomake i ke kākoʻo no kā lākou papa kuhikuhi."

Manaʻo paha nā mea kākoʻo pro-GMO ʻaʻole ʻike maikaʻi nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i kā lākou pili i ka ʻoihana meaʻai ʻoihana. ʻAʻole ʻōlelo ʻo Chassy i kēlā blog, ʻo kahi laʻana, no nā makahiki ʻoiai e hana ana ma ke ʻano he polofesa no ka palekana meaʻai ma ke Kulanui o ʻIlino, ʻo ia hana malū me nā luna o Monsanto ma nā papahana he nui i manaʻo ʻia e pale i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ke olakino a me nā hopena o ke kaiapuni o GMO. Ua ʻae ʻo Monsanto ua hāʻawi ʻia i kekahi mau makana palena ʻole ʻole i ka papahana hoʻolaha biotechnology a Chassy i kōkua ai i ke alakaʻi, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻia ʻaʻohe mea kūpono ʻole e pili ana i ka pilina.

ʻO ia ka ʻike e makemake paha kekahi e ʻike. Akā ua lilo i lehulehu wale ma hope o ka pūʻulu waiwai ʻole Loaʻa iā US ka ʻike e loaʻa nā leka uila ma waena o Chassy a me kekahi mau kumu kula ʻē aʻe a me Monsanto, a hoʻokaʻawale aku iā lākou me nā nūhou.

ʻO kekahi pūʻulu leka uila i hōʻike hou ʻia e hōʻike ana i nā kūkākūkā ʻana ma waena o Kevin Folta, ka luna o ka ʻepekema hortikultural ma ke Kulanui o Florida, a me kahi keʻena pili lehulehu e pili ana i ka ʻaʻa ʻana i kahi ʻōpio Kanada nāna i hoʻomohala i kahi pūnaewele e nīnau nei i ka palekana o nā meaʻai genetically modified. Ua loaʻa iā Folta ke kālā hāʻawi kālā mai iā Monsanto.

ʻAʻole maopopo iaʻu e pili ana iā ʻoe, akā ʻo kēia ka ʻike āpau aʻu e manaʻo nei he mea nui. ʻO ka ʻike ʻana i ka mea e hele ana ma hope o nā hanana e kōkua iaʻu e hoʻoholo e pili ana i ka mea aʻu e hilinaʻi ai a me nā mea aʻu e manaʻoʻiʻo ai e pili ana i ka meaʻai aʻu e kūʻai ai naʻu iho a me koʻu ʻohana. Ma ke ʻano he mea nūpepa ua pōmaikaʻi wau e hele ma hope o kēlā mau hiʻohiʻona i hoʻokahi manawa a i ʻelua paha: Ua mākaʻikaʻi wau i nā keʻena hana a Monsanto, i kipa aku ai i nā kuhi hōʻike a Dow AgroSciences; a hoʻonui i ka manawa ma mua o ka hiki iaʻu ke helu me nā mahiʻai i kā lākou māla. Ua hoʻohana pū wau i mau hola me nā ʻepekema ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua o kēia hoʻopaʻapaʻa; waded ma o nā ahu o nā palapala kānāwai a me nā hoʻoponopono; a noho pū me nā luna hoʻomalu o ke aupuni e kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā pilikia he nui.

ʻO ka ʻike i loaʻa iaʻu ka lau ʻana iaʻu e kāʻei iki ana i ka pā. ʻIke wau i nā pōmaikaʻi i nā GMO, a ʻike wau i nā pilikia. A ʻike maopopo wau makemake wau i ka ʻike hou aku, ʻaʻole ka liʻiliʻi.

ʻO nā manaʻo o kēlā me kēia kanaka e pili ana i nā GMO, a i ʻole nā ​​ʻano ʻē aʻe o ka ʻoihana meaʻai, pono ke kuleana i ka ʻike, ʻaʻole hoʻokahi e hoʻopōkole ʻia.

ʻO Carey Gillam ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea paʻi nīhou a me nā mahiʻai i luna o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, e lanakila ana i mau makana he nui no kāna uhi ʻana i ka ʻoihana, a ke hōʻike ʻia nei ma ke ʻano he loea loea ma nā lekiō a me nā kīwī. Ma hope o ka 17 makahiki ʻoihana ma Reuters, kekahi o nā hui nūhou nui loa o ka honua, ua hui pū ʻo Gillam Pono ʻo US e ʻike ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi noiʻi ma Ianuali 4.

Ua hōʻole ʻole nā ​​mea kākau moʻolelo i ka hōʻike kālā ʻana mai a Monsanto: kahi hōʻike pōkole

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Ma hope o ʻO ka ʻatikala Review Columbia Journalism Review inā paha e ʻae nā mea ʻepekema ʻepekema i ke kālā mai nā pono o nā ʻoihana, a inā aia ka hōʻike kūpono o nā pilina 'waiwai a me nā hakakā o ka hoihoi, ua nānā ʻo US Right to Know i nā ʻatikala i hala iho nei e nānā i ka pinepine o nā nūpepa a me nā mea kākau kolamu e ʻōlelo ai i nā kumuwaiwai me ka ʻole e haʻi kālā ʻia. e ka pilikua nui Monsanto, nāna e hoʻopuka i nā pesticides a me GMO.

Ua loaʻa i kā mākou loiloi 27 mau ʻatikala e kahakaha ana (a i kākau ʻia paha e) nā kumu kula o ke kulanui ma hope o ko lākou loaʻa kālā ʻana iā Monsanto, akā me ka hōʻike ʻole i kēlā kālā.

ʻO kēia ka hāʻule ʻana o nā kūlana nūpepa. Ke haʻi ʻia e ka poʻe kūkala nūhou e pili ana i nā pilikia meaʻai e like me GMO a i ʻole nā ​​meaʻai meaola, pono nā mea heluhelu e ʻike inā ua kākoʻo kālā ʻia nā kumuwaiwai e Monsanto a i ʻole nā ​​hakakā pili ʻē aʻe.

ʻO ka hopena nui o ka hōʻike ʻole ʻana i kēia mau hakakā o ka hoihoi e hoʻomaikaʻi pono ʻole i ka hilinaʻi o nā kālaiʻike i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto, a me kā lākou kākoʻo o nā GMO a me ka hōʻino ʻana i nā meaʻai meaola, ʻoiai e hemo ana i ka hilinaʻi o ka poʻe kākoʻo mea kūʻai.

Ua loaʻa i kā mākou loiloi ka nui o nā nūhou e haʻi i nā mea nui ma ke Kulanui o Florida ʻO Professor Kevin Folta a i ʻole Ke Kulanui o ʻInikia ʻO Emeritus Bruce Chassy me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana ua loaʻa kālā i nā polopeka mai Monsanto. Wahi a nā palapala paʻi ʻia e ka New York Times, Polofesa Folta loaʻa ʻo Monsanto kālā in 'Aukake 2014, a me Polofesa Chassy maʻOkakopa 2011, inā ʻaʻole ma mua.

ʻO ka hapa nui o kēia mau nūhou nūhou i kū ma nā wahi nūhou koʻikoʻi: nā nūpepa e like me ka New York Times, Wakinekona Post a me Chicago Tribune; nā paʻi ʻepekema e like me Nature, Science Insider a Discover; nā makasina e like me New Yorker, Wired a me The Atlantic; a me nā wahi hoʻolaha e like me ABC a me NPR.

Eia ka papa inoa o nā ʻatikala nūhou e helu ana (a i kākau ʻia paha e) Polofesa Folta a me Chassy - ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o kā lākou kālā ʻo Monsanto - akā ʻaʻole i hōʻike e loaʻa iā lākou ke kālā Monsanto.

  1. Ka New York Times: Ke lawe nei i ka ʻOihana ʻAi, Hoʻokahi Blog Post ma ka Manawa. Na Courtney Rubin, Malaki 13, 2015. (Holo pū kekahi i ka ʻO Sarasota Herald-Tribune.)
  2. Ka New York Times: Loaʻa i nā ʻenemi o ke kānana i hoʻololi ʻia ke kākoʻo i kahi noiʻi. Na Andrew Pollack, Kepakemapa 19, 2012.
  3. Wakinekona Post: Loaʻa ʻo Kraft Mac & Cheese Duller. Hiki iā ʻoe ke mahalo (a hewa paha) 'ʻO ka pēpē ʻai.'Na Michael E. Miller, ʻApelila 21, 2015. (Holo pū kekahi i ka ʻO Chicago Tribune.)
  4. Wakinekona Post: ʻO ka hōʻoia ʻo ia ka ʻepekema ʻo Guy: Ke hoʻololi nei ʻo Bill Nye i kona manaʻo e pili ana i nā GMO. Na Puneet Kollipara, Malaki 3, 2015.
  5. ʻAno: Hoʻonui ka poʻe kūʻē GM-Crop i ka ʻimi i nā pilina ma waena o nā ʻepekema a me ka ʻoihana. Na Keith Kloor, ʻAukake 6, 2015.
  6. NPR: ʻO ka pēpē meaʻai he makaʻu? Ke ʻolelo nei nā ʻepekema. Na Maria Godoy, Pepeluali 10, 2015.
  7. New Yorker: Ka Mea Hana. Na Michael Specter, Pepeluali 4, 2013.
  8. Ke ʻAkelanika: ʻO ka pēpē meaʻai: ʻenemi o nā kemika. Na James Hamblin, Pepeluali 11, 2015.
  9. Kāheaʻia: ʻImi ʻo Anti-GMO Activist e hōʻike i nā leka uila ʻepekema me Big Ag. Na Alan Levinovitz, Pepeluali 23, 2015.
  10. ʻAno Hōʻike ABC: Hoʻomohala nā ʻepekema i nā ʻōpela Hypo-Allergenic. Na Gillian Mohney, Malaki 22, 2013.
  11. ʻEpekema Insider: Hoʻopili ʻia nā mea noiʻi mahiʻai e nā koi no nā palapala mai ka hui kūʻē i nā meaʻai GM. Na Keith Kloor, Pepeluali 11, 2015.
  12. Nānā Hou ʻo Columbia Journalism: No ke aha pinepine ʻepekema inaina i nā palapala noi. Na Anna Clark, Pepeluali 25, 2015.
  13. hōʻike: Palapala wehe iā Bill Nye mai kahi Scientist Mea kanu. Na Keith Kloor, Nowemapa 10, 2014.
  14. hōʻike: Pehea e kaulike ai i ka mikiʻala me ke Kuokoa ʻAkana? Na Keith Kloor, Pepeluali 27, 2015.
  15. hōʻike: ʻImi ka hui anti-GMO i nā leka uila mai nā ʻepekema ʻepekema. Na Keith Kloor, Pepeluali 11, 2015.
  16. Moehena: Hoʻihoʻi hou ʻia ʻo Zombie iā Séralini GMO Maize Rat Study i paʻi hou ʻia e hōʻeuʻeu i nā ʻepekema ʻepekema. Na Jon Entine, Iune 24, 2014.
  17. Moehena: Ua hana ʻo New Yorker Botch Puff Piece ma luna o ka Scientist Frog, ʻo Tyrone Hayes, e hoʻohuli ana iā Rogue i Hero Hero Beleaguered? Na Jon Entine, Malaki 10, 2014.
  18. Moehena: Hiki iā ʻoe ke kau i ka lipstick ma kahi puaʻa (hoʻopaʻa haʻawina), akā pilau nō. Na Bruce M. Chassy lāua ʻo Henry I. Miller, Iulai 17, 2013.
  19. Moehena: ʻO Anti-GMO ʻEpekema ʻO Gilles-Eric Seralini, ʻO Jeffrey Smith ka Mea Hoʻoneʻe i haʻalele mai ka ʻai ʻana Biotech Food. Na Jon Entine, Mei 29, 2013.
  20. Moehena: Malpractice Ma Kauka Oz: Hoʻolālā Kauka Ola Pōpeku Nā anti-GM Food Rant; Hoʻoiho Hou nā ʻepekema. Na Jon Entine, ʻOkakopa 19, 2012.
  21. Moehena: Ua pilau nā kānaka ʻepekema i kahi ʻiole ma ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā hana ʻenekini hoʻopunipuni. Na Henry I. Miller lāua ʻo Bruce Chassy, ​​Kepakemapa 25, 2012.
  22. Moehena: ʻO kaʻepekema o nā mea ʻaʻole pēlā. Na Bruce Chassy lāua ʻo Henry I. Miller, Pepeluali 22, 2012.
  23. Des Moines Hoʻokāinoa: Kuhi hewa nā mea kūʻai aku e pili ana i ka palekana Organic. Na John Block, ʻOkakopa 10, 2014.
  24. ʻO Gainesville Sun: Nā Hurdles Hoʻololi Hou ʻia nā Genetically. Na Jeff Schweers, Iune 29, 2014.
  25. Hōkū Peoria Journal: Nā ʻĀpana Hybrid i hoʻohana ʻia e hāʻawi i ke kūʻē ʻana i Rootworm ʻaʻohe pili no ka kūlohelohe makuahine. Na Steve Tarter, Iune 21, 2014.
  26. ʻO Gawker: ʻO ka "Babe Meaʻai" Blogger Piha me Shit. Na Yvette dʻEntremont, ʻApelila 6, 2015.
  27. Louis Post-Hoʻouna: E hoʻokūkū ka inoa hōʻailona Kaleponi i nā kumukūʻai ʻai no mākou āpau. Na David Nicklaus, ʻAukake 19, 2012.

ʻO kēia kahi hiʻohiʻona o nā polofesa ʻelua i ʻike ʻole ʻia i loaʻa kālā mai iā Monsanto, akā ua loaʻa i kēia mau polofesa ʻelua ka ikaika nui i ka pāpāho ma ke ʻano he "kūʻokoʻa" loea ma GMO a me nā meaola. ʻO ke kumu wale nō i ʻae ai nā polopeka i ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kālā ʻo Monsanto ma muli o nā leka uila i wehe ʻia e Noi ʻo Freedom of Information Act i waiho ʻia e US Right to Know, kahi hui mea kūʻai.

Ehia mau manawa e hōʻike ai ka poʻe nūpepa i nā kālaiʻike ʻē aʻe i kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana a i ʻole nā ​​ʻoihana mahiʻai ma ke ʻano he "kūʻokoʻa" a me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i kā lākou kālā hui.

ʻO kekahi mea e hoʻoponopono ai i kēia pilikia ʻo ia ke kākau nā mea nūpepa e pili ana i ka meaʻai, e nīnau pono lākou i kā lākou kumuwaiwai inā paha he hakakā hakakā paha lākou, kahi e loaʻa mai ai kā lākou kālā Nā pūʻulu alo PR.

ʻAʻole lawa paha kēlā. ʻO Polofesa Kevin Folta loaʻa iā Monsanto kālā, ua hōʻole pinepine naʻe i ka pili a i ʻole ke kālā mai Monsanto. Pono e ʻike ka poʻe hōʻike - a me ka poʻe heluhelu - pēlā hoʻopunipuni e nā kālaiʻike i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto i kēia manawa iho nei, a e kiaʻi kūʻē iā ia.