Hoʻopiʻi kā CDC New CDC koho i nā pilina paʻa iā Coca Cola

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E nānā i kekahi:

  • New York Times, na Sheila Kaplan, 7/22/2017: "Uaʻike ke Aliʻi CDC hou iā Coca-Cola ma ke ʻano he Ally i ka hakakā ʻo Obesity"
  • Forbes, ʻĀpana 2 na Rob Waters, "ʻO ka Coca-Cola Network: ʻo Soda Giant Mines e pili ana me nā luna a me nā ʻepekema e hoʻopili i ka hopena"

Na Rob Waters

Mahele 1 o nā moʻolelo 2 

No nā makahiki he nui, ua ʻimi ʻo The Coca-Cola Company, ka mea kūʻai aku i nā mea inu momona nui loa o ka honua, e hoʻohuli i ke kulekele olakino a me ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu ma o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pilina me nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi a me nā luna, e like me ke keʻena olakino olakino lehulehu o ka ʻāina, nā Centers for Disease Control a me ka Kāohi (CDC).

I kēia manawa ua loaʻa i ke keʻena ʻo Trump ua koho ʻia i aliʻi CDC hou, ʻO Kauka Brenda Fitzgerald, ka mea, ma ke ʻano he komikina olakino lehulehu no Georgia no ʻeono mau makahiki i hala, i hana pū me Coke e holo i kahi papahana e kūʻē i ka momona o nā keiki. ʻO Coca-Cola KO + 0.00% hāʻawi he $ 1 miliona iā SOPA KUMU, ka mea e ʻimi nei e hoʻonui i ka hoʻoikaika kino i nā kula akā hāmau e pili ana i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka inu soda, ʻoiai ua ʻike ʻia e nā noiʻi he nui ke kō ʻana o ke kō, ʻo ia hoʻi ma ke ʻano wai, he mea kalaiwa ia no ka momona a me ka maʻi kō, a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā maʻi puʻuwai.

Ma kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou 2013, ua hoʻomaikaʻi ʻo Fitzgerald iā Coke no kāna “makana hāʻawi manawaleʻa. ” Ua kākau ʻo ia i commentary e pili ana i ke ahulau obesity no kā Coca-Cola pūnaewele e hōʻike nei i ka pono e "hoʻoneʻe i kā mākou haumāna." A i kahi nīnauele me a kahua kīwī kūloko, ua wehewehe ʻo ia i kāna mau mea nui. ʻO Georgia SHAPE, i ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "e noʻonoʻo ana i ka mea āu e ʻai ai" -ʻoiai ʻaʻole e ʻōlelo iki e pili ana i ka mea pono ʻole.

E holo ʻē aʻe ke keʻena ʻo Fitzgerald i nā pilina ʻoluʻolu me Coca-Cola. Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kēia mau pilina i loko o nā leka uila i hoʻolaha ʻia ma waena o nā luna o Coke, nā luna o ka CDC a me kahi pūnaewele o nā poʻe mai nā kula nui a me nā ʻoihana i kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana me Coke, Nestlé, Mars Inc. a me Mondelez, i ʻike ʻia ma mua ʻo Kraft. ʻO nā leka uila, i hoʻokuʻu ʻia e ka CDC no ka pane ʻana i nā noi a nā lehulehu i waiho ʻia e US Right to Know, he kamaʻilio, kekahi manawa maʻalahi, aloha pinepine a huhū a makemake pinepine hoʻi.

i ka ʻOkakopa 2015 leka uila, Barbara Bowman, kahi luna CDC i haʻalele mai ia manawa, hāʻawi i kāna mahalo i ka luna mua o Coca-Cola ʻo Alex Malaspina no kahi ʻaina ahiahi hou. "He manawa maikaʻi loa kā mākou i nā pō Pōʻaono, mahalo nui, e Alex, no kou hoʻokipa."

Ma kahi leka uila 2015 ʻē aʻe i kahi hui ʻepekema, ua loaʻa i nā poʻe āpau nā kālā noiʻi mai Coca-Cola a i ʻole nā ​​hui ʻē aʻe i kākoʻo ʻia me nā ʻoihana, noi ʻo Malaspina no "nā manaʻo e pili ana pehea e hiki ai iā mākou ke pale" i nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ke kōmike o ka poʻe loea e aʻoaʻo nei i ke aupuni US. . Makemake ke kōmike i ke aupuni e koi aku i nā poʻe ʻAmelika e hōʻemi i kā lākou ʻai ʻana i ke kō, ka ʻiʻo a me ka sodium. Ma kāna leka uila, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo Malaspina i kēia mau manaʻo "ʻaʻole hoʻokumu ʻia i ka ʻepekema."

A iloko palapala ʻē aʻe, Kākau ʻo Coca-Cola Rhona Applebaum i kahi luna o ka CDC a me kahi kanaka noiʻi University of Louisiana State e alakaʻi nei i kahi noi nui e pili ana i ka momona o nā keiki. Ua aʻo wale ʻo ia e hōʻole ana ʻo Mekiko e komo i ke aʻo ʻana ma muli o ke kālā ʻana a Coke iā ia, a ua pee ʻo ia. "No laila inā lawe nā ʻepekema maikaʻi i $$$ mai Coke – he aha – ua hana hewa lākou?" kākau ʻo ia.

'No ke aha ʻo Coke e kamaʻilio nei me CDC?'

Hāʻawi nā leka uila i kahi ʻano o nā ala a Coca-Cola e hoʻohana ai i nā pilina me nā luna olakino a me nā ʻepekema e hoʻohuli i nā mea hana politika a me nā mea nūpepa. Loaʻa nā hana i ke kumu kūʻai o ke olakino lehulehu, e like me ka mea noiʻi noiʻi i nīnau i ka pono o nā pilina ma waena o Coke a me CDC.

"No ke aha ʻo Coke e kamaʻilio pū ana me CDC? No ke aha kekahi laina o ke kamaʻilio ʻana? ” i nīnau aku ai ʻo Robert Lustig, he endocrinologist pediatric ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi ʻo Kapalakiko nāna i noiʻi i nā hopena o ke kō i nā keiki a me nā mākua. "Kūpono ʻole ka launa ʻana a maopopo ke hoʻāʻo nei lākou e hoʻohana ia mea e hoʻokau i ka mana ma luna o kahi keʻena aupuni."

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā leka uila ʻaʻole i kamaʻilio pololei ʻia i kekahi ma CDC, akā ua hoʻohuli ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hoʻolohe i nā noi palapala lehulehu. Hōʻike kēia i kekahi mau luna o ka CDC i hoʻouna ʻia i bcc: nā kope makapō paha.

Hāʻawi nā leka uila i kahi nānā i ka pūnaewele puni honua i hoʻokumu ʻia e Malaspina, kahi pelekikena hope poʻokela o nā ʻoihana kūwaho ma Coca-Cola. Aia i loko o ka pūnaewele:

  • ʻO ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI), kahi hui honua nona nā lālā, e like me kona pūnaewele "ʻO nā hui mai ka meaʻai, nā mahiʻai, nā kemika, nā lāʻau lapaʻau, a me nā biotechnology a me nā ʻoihana kākoʻo." ʻO Coca-Cola i waena o nā kumu waiwai kālā o ILSI a ʻo Malaspina kona pelekikena hoʻokumu. A palapala moʻohelu kālā i loaʻa e US Right to Know e ʻōlelo nei ua hāʻawi ʻo Coca-Cola iā ILSI $ 167,000 ma 2012 a me 2013.
  • ʻO ka International Food Information Council (IFIC), kahi pono ʻole ʻo Wakinekona i kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā hui kālepa e like me Coca-Cola, ka American Beverage Association, ka Hershey Company a me Cargill Inc. Wahi a kāna pūnaewele, hana ʻo IFIC e "kamaʻilio kūpono i ka ʻepekema. -ʻikepili pili "e pili ana i ka meaʻai a" kōkua i ka poʻe nūpepa a me nā mea nūpepa e kākau e pili ana i ke olakino, meaʻai a me ka palekana o ka meaʻai. "
  • Kahi hui o nā ʻepekema ʻepekema me kahi mōʻaukala o ka mālama ʻana i nā noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e Coca-Cola a i ʻole ILSI.

ʻO Malaspina, ka mea i pili mau me Coca-Cola a me ILSI ma hope o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻoihana soda, puka i loko o nā leka uila ma ke ʻano he kumu nui e hoʻopili ana i ka pūnaewele. ʻO kahi laʻana, ma hope o ke noi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo no ka hōʻino ʻana i ka Nā'ōleloʻo 2015 o ke Kōmike aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo alakaʻi, mahalo ʻo ia i ka hana a ka ʻAha ʻAi Meaʻai e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo e pili ana iā lākou.

'E hele mai ana no ka ʻoihana'

Ua kāhea wale aku ka ʻAha Kūkā me kahi mau nūpepa 40 e hōʻino i nā ʻōlelo a ke kōmike, a IFIC i nānā aku ai he "hoʻomāinoino" ʻana i ke kō, ka ʻiʻo a me kaʻuala. Ma hope o ke kāhea ʻana o ka pāpāho, ua kaena nā lunamakaʻāinana IFIC i kahi memo kūloko e pili ana i ka uhi ʻana o kekahi mau nūpepa. Loaʻa iā Malaspina kahi kope o ka memo a hāʻawi i mua i kāna mau hoapili ma Coke a me kāna mau pilina ma ka CDC.

"Ke hele mai nei ʻo IFIC no ka ʻoihana," kākau ʻo Malaspina.

Ua haʻi ʻia kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo no ka CDC, ʻo Kathy Harben, i loko o kahi leka uila e hana pū ana kāna ʻoihana me nā ʻāpana pilikino no ka mea ʻo nā hui lehulehu-pilikino e holomua i ka misiona a CDC no ka pale ʻana i nā ʻAmelika. Mālama ʻo CDC, ke hana pū mākou me nā lālā pilikino, he puʻukū maikaʻi mākou no nā kālā i hāʻawi ʻia iā mākou a mālama i kā mākou ʻepekema kūpaʻa ma ke komo ʻana i kahi hakakā o ke kaʻina loiloi hoihoi manaʻo ʻia e ikaika a mālamalama hoʻi ia. ”

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā pili kālā a me nā pilina kānalua ma waena o Coca-Cola, nā mea noiʻi kālaiʻike a me ka CDC i nā hōʻike he nui i nā makahiki ʻelua i hala.

'Pūnaewele Balance Energy'

I ka 2015, ka New York Times a ma hope ka Associated Press ua hōʻike ʻo Rhona Applebaum, ka luna olakino a me ka ʻepekema nui o Coke, i hoʻonohonoho i nā hāʻawi i ke Kulanui o Colorado a me ke Kulanui o South Carolina e hoʻomaka i kahi hui nonprofit, ka Global Energy Balance Network, ka mea e "hoʻopili i ka noʻonoʻo a me ke kumu" i nā kūkākūkā e pili ana i ka momona.

ʻO ka pahuhopu ka pahu ʻana i ka manaʻo ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kaupaona ka mea pili i ka lawa ʻole o ka hana kino a ka poʻe e like me kā lākou ʻai ʻana i ke kō a me nā calorie. Ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana o kā Coca-Cola kālā, ua hemo ka pūnaewele hoʻoliʻiliʻi ikehu a ua hoʻolaha ke Kulanui o Colorado e hoʻihoʻi ʻia he $ 1 miliona iā Coke. Ua hoʻomaha ʻo Applebaum ʻekolu mau mahina ma hope o ka moʻolelo Times.

I ka makahiki i hala, ʻo Barbara Bowman kūkala i kona hoʻomaha loa mai ka CDC i ʻelua mau lā ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana a US Right to Know ua aʻo ʻo ia iā Malaspina e pili ana i nā ala e hoʻohuli ai i ka World Health Organization a me kāna Luna Hoʻokele-General ʻo Margaret Chan. ʻO ka WHO i hoʻopuka aku nei kulekele ke koi nei i ka hōʻemi loa ʻana i ke kō, a ua manaʻo ʻo Malaspina i kēia mau mea he "hoʻoweliweli i kā mākou ʻoihana."

ʻO nā moʻolelo ʻē aʻe i loaʻa i ka makahiki i hala e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ʻo Michael Pratt, he kākāʻōlelo no ka olakino honua ma ka CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotional, ua alakaʻi i ka noiʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola a he kākāʻōlelo no ILSI.

'E ʻoi aku kā mākou hana'

I ʻAukake 2015, ʻelua mau pule ma hope o ka moʻolelo Times, ʻo ka Luna Hoʻokele ʻo Coca-Cola a me ka luna nui ʻo Muhtar Kent ʻae ʻia i loko o kahi Wall Street Journal op-ed i kapa ʻia ʻo "E Hana Maikaʻi ʻOi" ʻo kā ke kālā kālā kālā a ka ʻimi noiʻi ʻepekema, i nā manawa he nui, "lawelawe wale ai e huikau a hilinaʻi ʻole hoʻi." Ua hōʻike ka hui ma hope mai ka 2010 a hiki i ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua hoʻolilo ʻia he $ 138 miliona i ke kālā ma waho o nā mea noiʻi a me nā papahana olakino a hana i kahi “mäliko”Ka papa inoa pūnaewele i nā mea e loaʻa ana i kāna kālā.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Coca-Cola Kākoʻo ʻo ia i kēia manawa i nā ʻōlelo a ka WHO i makemake ai ʻo Malaspina e hōʻino - e kaupalena ka poʻe i kā lākou lawe ʻana i ke kō i 10% o nā calorie a lākou e ʻai ai i kēlā me kēia lā. "Ua hoʻomaka mākou i kā mākou huakaʻi i kēlā pahuhopu ke hoʻomohala i kā mākou papa hana ʻoihana e lilo i hui inu inu piha," i ʻōlelo ai ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo a Coca-Cola, ʻo Katherine Schermerhorn, i kahi leka uila.

Ua hoʻohiki ʻo Coca-Cola e hāʻawi i kahi ʻoi aku ma mua o 50% o ke kumukūʻai o nā noiʻi ʻepekema. E hoʻololi paha kēlā i ka hopena o nā noi? Kūpono nā mea loiloi ʻo Coca-Cola, ke hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā haʻawina i mālama mua ʻia e Coke i hōʻemi i nā hopena olakino maikaʻi ʻole o nā kō a me nā mea inuʻai. E nānā pono ana au i ka lā ʻapōpō ma kekahi o nā haʻawina a Coke i kālā ai - a laila hāʻawi ʻia i kāna mau pilina ma ka CDC.

ʻO Rob Waters kahi mea kākau olakino a ʻepekema hoʻi i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Berkeley, Kaleponi a me kahi mea noiʻi noiʻi no US Right to Know. Ua puka mua kēia moʻolelo i Forbes ma Iulai 10.

ʻIke hou ʻia nā kaula Coca-Cola i loko o nā kikowaena o US no ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi

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I Iune, ʻo Kauka Barbara Bowman, kahi luna kiʻekiʻe ma waena o nā Centers for Disease Control and Prevent, haʻalele haʻalele i ka ʻoihana, ʻelua mau lā ma hope o ka ʻike ʻana e hōʻike ana e kamaʻilio mau ana ʻo ia me - a hāʻawi i ke alakaʻi i - kahi alakaʻi nui Coca-Cola e ʻimi nei e hoʻohuli i nā luna olakino honua e pili ana i nā mea pili i ka kō a me ka mea inu.

I kēia manawa, manaʻo hou aʻe nā leka uila e pili like ka pili o kahi luna koa CDC kahiko i ka pilikua inu palupalu o ka honua. ʻO Michael Pratt, Kūkākūkā Kākoʻo no ka Health Global ma ka National Center for Prevent Disease Prevention and Health Promotional ma ka CDC, kahi moʻolelo o ka hoʻolaha ʻana a me ke kōkua ʻana i nā noiʻi alakaʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola. Hana pū ʻo Pratt me kahi hui hoihoi ʻoihana hui ʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia e Coca-Cola i kapa ʻia ʻo International Life Science Institute (ILSI), nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o ke noi ʻana o Freedom of Information.

ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Pratt i nā nīnau e pili ana i kāna hana, e hoʻopili ana i kahi kūlana ma ke ʻano he polofesa ma Emory University, he kulanui noiʻi pilikino ma Atlanta i loaʻa miliona miliona kālā mai ka Coca-Cola Foundation a ʻoi aʻe ma mua o $ 100 miliona mai ke alakaʻi kaulana loa o Coca-Cola ʻo Robert W. Woodruff a ʻo ko Woodruff kaikuaʻana ʻo George. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻo kā Coca-Cola kākoʻo kālā no Emory ikaika loa i ke kulanui ʻōlelo ma kāna pūnaewele ia "manaʻo ʻole ʻia he ʻuhane kula ʻilihuna e inu i nā lama kopa ʻē aʻe ma ka pā kula."

Ua haʻi aku ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo CDC ʻo Kathy Harben iā Pratt ma kahi "manawa hana" i ke Kulanui ʻo Emory akā ua pau kāna hana ma Emory "a ua hoʻi hou ʻo ia ma luna o nā limahana ma CDC." Hōʻike mau nā pūnaewele ʻo Emory University iā Pratt e like me ke ʻano i hāʻawi ʻia ma ke ʻano he polopeka ma laila.

Nānā ʻole, noiʻi e ka hui hoʻolaha hoʻolaha ʻo US Right to Know e hōʻike ana iā Pratt kekahi luna kiʻekiʻe o ka CDC kiʻekiʻe me nā pili kokoke iā Coca-Cola. A ʻōlelo ka poʻe loea i ka papaʻai meaʻai no ka mea ʻo ka misiona a ka CDC ke pale nei i ke olakino lehulehu, pilikia ia no nā luna ʻoihana e hana pū me kahi hoihoi ʻoihana e hōʻike i ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi o nā pilikia olakino o kāna huahana.

"Weliweli kēia mau hoʻopili ʻana no ka mea kōkua lākou i ka hāʻawi i ke kūpono i ka wili ʻana o ka ʻoihana," i ʻōlelo ʻia e Andy Bellatti, he mea mālamaʻai a me ka mea hoʻokumu o Dietitians no Professional Integrity.

ʻO kahi leka nui a Coca-Cola e kāohi nei "Koena ikehu."ʻO ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu i lawe ʻia i kō a me nā mea inu ʻaʻole ia e hoʻopiʻi ʻia no ka momona a i ʻole nā ​​pilikia olakino ʻē aʻe. ʻo ka hemahema o ka hoʻoikaika kino ka mea hewa mua, hele ka manaʻo. "Ke māhuahua nei ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka momona a me ka momona ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa, a ʻoiai nā kumu he nui i pili, ʻo ke kumu kumu i ka hapanui o nā hihia ke kaulike ʻole ma waena o nā calorie i pau a me nā calorie i lilo. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Coca-Cola ma kāna pūnaewele.

"ʻIke nui ka ʻoihana soda i ka pale ʻana i ke kamaʻilio ʻana mai nā hopena olakino maikaʻi maikaʻi ʻole o nā mea inu kō a me nā hana kino," wahi a Bellatti.

Hele mai ka leka uila i kahi manawa ke koi nei nā luna olakino olakino ākea e hana i ka ʻai kō a me nā mea inu, a ke hoʻokō nei kekahi mau kūlanakauhale i nā ʻauhau i hoʻohui ʻia i nā soda e hoʻāʻo e hoʻoweliweli i ka ʻai ʻana. Ke hakakā nei ʻo Coca-Cola i kekahi ʻāpana ma o ka hāʻawi kālā ʻana no nā ʻepekema a me nā hui i kākoʻo i ka ʻoihana me ka noiʻi a me nā hōʻike ʻike.

ʻO kā Pratt hana me ka ʻoihana e kūpono i loko o kēlā hana leka. ʻO ka makahiki i hala ua kākau pū ʻo ia kahi noiʻi olakino a me ka meaʻai Lākina Latin Americaa me nā pepa e pili ana i kālā kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola a me ILSI e noiʻi i nā papaʻai o kēlā me kēia kanaka ma nā ʻāina ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a e hoʻokumu i kahi waihona no ke aʻo ʻana i ka “pili paʻakikī e kū nei ma waena o ka palaka ʻole o ka ikehu, ka momona a me nā maʻi maʻi e pili pū ana…” ʻo Pratt kekahi e hana nei. ma ke ʻano he "aʻoaʻo" ʻepekema iā ILSI ʻAmelika Hema, e lawelawe ana ma ke kōmike ILSI no ka "koena ikehu a me ka nohona hana." A he lālā ʻo ia no ka ʻO ka Papa Kālā Kālā Research Foundation ʻo ILSI. Ua lawelawe ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he aʻoaʻo ma kahi aʻo honua o ka momona keiki i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola.

ʻO ko ILSI lālā ʻAmelika Hema, nona nā lālā e pili ana iā Coca-Cola, PepsiCo Inc., Dr Pepper Snapple Group a ʻoi aku ma mua o ʻelua mau kakini mau mea ʻoihana ʻoihana meaʻai, nā mokuʻāina ʻo ia ka holomua o ka "ʻike a me ka noi ʻana o ka ʻepekema e pili ana i ka maikaʻi o ka nutritional a palekana o ka lako meaʻai. ” Akā manaʻo kekahi mau ʻepekema kūʻokoʻa a me nā mea hana ʻoihana mea ʻai i ka ILSI kahi hui mua i manaʻo ʻia e holomua i nā pono o ka ʻoihana meaʻai. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia e Coca-Cola ʻepekema a me nā alakaʻi o ka hoʻoponopono alakaʻi Alex Malaspina i ka makahiki 1978. He pilina lōʻihi loa ko ILSI me ka World Health Organisation, e hana pū ana me kekahi manawa me kāna Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) a me ka WHO International Agency. no ka noiʻi e pili ana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me ka papahana o ka honua e pili ana i ka palekana kimia.

aka, he hōʻike na ke kākāʻōlelo iā WHO ua ʻike ʻo ILSI e hoʻokomo ana iā WHO a me FAO me nā ʻepekema, kālā a me nā noiʻi e loaʻa ai ka makemake no nā huahana ʻoihana a me nā hoʻolālā. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo ILSI ke hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻohiolo i nā hana kaohi paka WHO ma ka ʻaoʻao o ka ʻoihana paka.

Hoʻokahi ʻApelila 2012 hoʻololi leka uila i loaʻa ma o ke noi a Freedom of Information e hōʻike iā Pratt ma ke ʻano he pōʻai o nā polopeka e kamaʻilio pū ana me Rhona Applebaum, a laila ʻo ka luna ʻepekema a me nā luna hoʻomalu o Coca-Cola, e pili ana i nā pilikia e loaʻa ka launa ʻana ma kahi noiʻi ma Mekiko mai ka National Institute of Health Public. ʻAʻole makemake ka Institute e "pāʻani kinipōpō ma muli o ka mea nāna i kākoʻo i ke aʻo ʻana," e like me ka leka uila a Peter Katzmarzyk, he polofesa ʻepekema hoʻoikaika kino ma ka Pennington Biomedical Research Center ma ke Kulanui o Louisiana State, i hoʻouna ʻia i ka hui. Ua pale aku ʻo Appelbaum i ke kūpaʻa o ka noiʻi a hōʻike i ka huhū i ke kūlana, ke kākau ʻana "No laila inā lawe ka ʻepekema maikaʻi iā $$$ mai Coke - he aha? - ua hanaʻino lākou? ʻOiai ke holomua nei lākou i ka pono o ka lehulehu? ” I ka pānaʻi leka uila a Pratt i hāʻawi aku ai i ke kōkua

Hōʻike nā leka uila i kā Pratt kamaʻilio ʻana me Applebaum, ʻo ia ka mea i lawelawe i kahi manawa ma ke ʻano he pelekikena ʻo ILSI, i hoʻomau ʻia ma waena o 2014, me ke kūkākūkā ʻana no ka hana no “Exercise is Medicine,” ua hoʻokumu ʻia kahi hana i 2007 na Coca-Cola a no ia mea He lālā aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo ʻo Pratt.

Ua haʻalele ʻo Applebaum i ka ʻoihana ma 2015 ma hope o ka Pūnaewele Balance Energy Energy ua kōkua ʻo ia e hoʻokumu i lalo o ka nānā ākea ma waena o nā hoʻopiʻi i ka mea ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o kahi hui hoʻolaha Coca-Cola. Ua ninini ʻo Coca-Cola ma kahi o $ 1.5 miliona i ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o ka hui, me kahi makana he $ 1 miliona i ke Kulanui o Colorado. Akā ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻia ʻana o kā Coca-Cola pili i ka hui i kahi ʻatikala ma The New York Times, a ma hope o kekahi mau ʻepekema a me nā luna olakino lehulehu i hoʻopiʻi i ka pūnaewele o "peddling science scientist," ua hoʻihoʻi ke kulanui i ke kālā iā Coca-Cola. ʻO ka pūnaewele ua hoʻopau ʻia i ka hopena o 2015 ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā leka uila i hōʻike nui ʻia ka hana a Coca-Cola e hoʻohana i ka pūnaewele e hoʻohuli i ka noiʻi ʻepekema i nā mea inu momona.

Kūleʻa nui ʻo Coca-Cola i nā makahiki i hala aku nei i ka hana ʻana e pale i ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka inu ʻana i nā mea inu me ka nui o ke kō a me nā loulou ma waena o nā mea inu momona a me nā maʻi ʻē aʻe. Ua hōʻike ʻo The New York Times i ka makahiki i hala aku nei ua ʻae ka luna nui o Coke, ʻo Muhtar Kent, ua lilo ka ʻoihana aneane he $ 120 miliona mai ka makahiki 2010 e uku no ka noiʻi olakino olakino a me nā pilina me nā hui olakino nui a me nā hui kaiāulu e pili ana i ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ʻōpona.

ʻO Marion Nestle, he polofesa no ka meaʻai pono, nā haʻawina meaʻai a me ke olakino lehulehu ma ke Kulanui o New York a me ka mea kākau o "Soda Politics," i ʻōlelo ʻia ke hana pū nā luna o ka CDC me ka ʻoihana, aia ka hakakā o ka hoihoi hoihoi e noʻonoʻo ai ka CDC.

"Ke holo nei nā luna o nā keʻena olakino lehulehu i ka makaʻu o ka cooptation, hopu ʻana, a i ʻole kūʻē o ka hoihoi ke pili pono lākou me nā ʻoihana nona ka hana e kūʻai aku i nā huahana meaʻai, me ka nānā ʻole i nā hopena o ia huahana i ke olakino," wahi a Nestle.

Pili nā pilina o Pratt iā Coca-Cola a me ILSI me nā mea i ʻike ʻia me Bowman. ʻO Bowman, nāna i alakaʻi i ka CDC's Division no ka maʻi puʻuwai a me ka pale ʻana i ka maʻi ahulau, ua hana mua ʻo ia i kāna ʻoihana ma ke ʻano he nutristiano nui loa no Coca-Cola a ma hope ma ke CDC hui pū ʻia kahi puke o kahi puke i kapa ʻia ʻo Present Knowledge in Nutrite ma ke ʻano “kahi paʻi o ka International Life Science Institute."Ua hōʻike nā leka uila ma waena o Bowman a me Malaspina i nā kamaʻilio mau e pili ana iā ILSI a me nā makemake o nā mea inu.

I ko Bowman noho ʻana, i Mei 2013, ua kono ʻo ILSI a me nā mea hoʻonohonoho ʻē aʻe iā Bowman a me ka CDC i komo i kahi papahana Ua hana pū ʻia ʻo ILSI me ka US Department of Agriculture e hoʻomohala i kahi “database hōʻaiʻē inoa”. E uku ʻia nā kumukūʻai huakaʻi no Bowman e ILSI, i ʻōlelo ʻia i ke kono. Ua ʻae ʻo Bowman e komo a hāʻawi ka CDC i ke kālā, ma ka liʻiliʻi he $ 25,000, ua hōʻoia ʻo Harben, e kākoʻo i ka papahana database. ʻO ke kōmike hoʻokele lālā he 15 mau lālā no ka papahana i mālama ʻia i ʻeono mau ʻelele ILSI, hōʻike ʻia nā palapala.

Ua hana ʻo Bowman lāua ʻo Pratt ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a Ursula Bauer, ka luna o ka National Center for Prevent Disease Prevent and Health Promotional. Ma hope o ke kuleana pono o US e ʻike i nā leka uila e pili ana i ka pili o Bowman iā ILSI a me Coca-Cola, pale aku ʻo Bauer i ka pilina. i kahi leka uila i kāna mau limahana, ʻ sayinglelo ana "ʻaʻole ia he mea maʻamau no Barbara - a i ʻole kekahi o mākou- e kūlike me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe i like ka hoihoi i kā mākou wahi o ka hana ..."

Akā, Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Bowman kahi hoʻomaha loa i manaʻo ʻole ʻia mai CDC i ʻelua mau lā ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻia ʻana o nā leka uila. Ua hōʻole mua ʻo CDC ua haʻalele ʻo ia i ua ʻoihana nei, akā ua ʻōlelo ʻo Harben i kēia pule no ka mea ua liuliu ka manawa e "hana" i ka hoʻololi a Bowman i ka hoʻomaha loa.

Hāpai nā pilina i nā nīnau pili e pili ana i kahi kokoke loa ke hana pū nā luna lehulehu me nā pono ʻoihana e hiki ke hakakā me nā makemake o ka lehulehu.

ʻO Yoni Freedhoff, MD, he loea kōkua no ka lāʻau lapaʻau ʻohana ma ke Kulanui o Ottawa a me ka mea hoʻokumu o ka Bariatric Medical Institute, ua ʻōlelo ʻia aia he pilikia maoli ke pili loa nā luna olakino lehulehu me nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana.

"A hiki i ko mākou ʻike ʻana i nā pilikia kūlohelohe o nā hakakā o ka hoihoi me ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me ke olakino lehulehu, aia kahi kokoke i kēia mau hakakā e hoʻohuli i ke ʻano a me ka ikaika o nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a me nā papahana i nā ala e ʻoluʻolu ai i nā ʻoihana nāna nā huahana e hāʻawi i ka ukana. o ka maʻi ʻo ia mau ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo like a me nā papahana i manaʻo ʻia e kamaʻilio, "wahi a Freedhoff.

(Ua puka mua ka pou ma Ka Huffington Post )

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