ʻO ka leka uila o ka hoʻopīhoihoi: "Ke luku nei ʻo IARC iā mākou!"

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Ke nānā pinepine nei mākou i nā palapala e hoʻomālamalama i nā pilikia nui i ke kulekele ʻai. I kekahi manawa, hōʻike wale lākou i ka mea a mākou i ʻike ai.

ʻO ia ka hihia me hoʻokahi kaula kamaʻilio hou e hoʻohui i ka hōʻike o kahi hoʻolālā lōʻihi e nā mea pāʻani ʻoihana mea ʻai e hōʻino a hōʻemi i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai nui o ka honua. Ua ʻike ʻē mākou i nā palapala mai Monsanto a me nā makemake ʻē aʻe kemika ke kau nei i nā hoʻolālā e wāwahi i ka hilinaʻi o ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) ma muli o ka hoʻohālikelike ʻia o ka glyphosate mea pepehi kanaka a Monsanto ma ke ʻano he kino kanaka make paha.

I kēia manawa ʻike mākou i nā hōʻike e pili ana nā mea pāʻani ʻē aʻe i ka papahana; e hana ana i ke poʻo e hōʻino paha i ka nānā ʻana o ka IARC o nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai e like me aspartame, sucralose, a me nā mea hou aʻe.

Ua loaʻa ka leka uila o ka intrigue ma o ka noi palapala moʻohelu ākea. Hōʻike ia i ke kamaʻilio ʻana ma waena o James Coughlin, kahi ʻepekema hoʻokahi manawa no Kraft General Foods Inc. nāna e lawelawe i kahi ʻoihana aʻoaʻo a me ka meaʻai "nutritional", a ʻo Timothy Pastoor, kahi mea ʻimi lāʻau make me ka pilikua agrochemical ʻo Syngenta AG nāna e holo i kāna iho "kamaʻilio ʻepekema. ”ʻOihana. Hoʻokomo pū ʻia ma kahi ʻāpana o ke aho leka uila ʻo Monsanto PR kāne ʻo Jay Byrne, ka mea e holo nei kahi "hoʻokele kūlana" a ʻoihana pili lehulehu, a me Douglas Wolf, he ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻĀina Hoʻomalu Kūlohelohe i kēia manawa me Syngenta.

Ma ka leka uila ʻOkakopa 2016, haʻi ʻo Coughlin iā Pastoor pehea ʻo ia e "hakakā ana iā IARC a mau loa !!" e hoʻi ana i kona manawa ma Kraft. Ua haʻi aku ʻo ia i ka manawa āna i hoʻohalahala ai i ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai kūwaho i kahi limahana o ka Hale o nā Lunamakaʻāinana US nāna e hoʻohui i ka hoʻāʻo wehe i kā US kālā mai IARC.

A laila, me ka haʻi ʻana i ka makaʻu hohonu i ka ʻoihana meaʻai no ka ʻoihana maʻi ʻaʻai, ua loaʻa ʻo ia i kaʻiʻo o kēia mea: "Pepehi ʻo IARC iā mākou!" kākau ʻo ia. Hiki ke loaʻa ke aho ʻaoʻao 2 maanei. Aia kahi mahele ma lalo:

Ka Hui Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai - nā mea nui

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hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo


* ʻO GMA ka hui kālepa alakaʻi no ka ʻoihana meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole

* Hūnā ʻo GMA i ka papa inoa o nā lālā ʻoihana ponoʻī

Ua hewa ʻo GMA i ka hoʻolilo kālā

Kūʻē i ke kānāwai e hakakā ai me ka hoʻokauwā keiki

* Ma waho o ka hoʻopā: 93 pākēneka o ʻAmelika e kākoʻo i ka lepili GMO, akā kūʻē ʻo GMA iā ia

Kūʻē i ka lepili ʻai ponoʻī, kākoʻo i ka hoʻoponopono manawaleʻa

Kūkākūkā pālua ma ka hoʻopau ʻana i ka momona o ke keiki

Kākoʻo ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana o rBST / rBGH i ka waiū, kahi hōmona i hana ʻia i kapu ʻia ma EU / Kanada

Kākoʻo hoʻopunipuni ʻia ka "grassroots" anti-ethanol

Hunahuna ʻo GMA i kahi papa inoa o nā ʻoihana lālā ʻoihana ponoʻī

ʻAʻole papa inoa ʻo GMA i kāna mau lālā lālā ma kāna pūnaewele. Eia ka papa inoa hou loa e loaʻa i ka lehulehu o ka [Nā lālā a GMA. Pūnaewele ʻo GMA ma o archive.org, i mālama ʻia 12/23/13]

ʻO kā Pelekikena Pelekikena Pelekikena ʻoi aku ma kahi o $ 2 Miliona o ka Makahiki

Mai Ianuali 2009, ua lawelawe ʻo Pamela Bailey ma ke ʻano he Pelekikena a Luna Nui hoʻi no ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai. Ma ʻApelila 2014, ua loaʻa iā Bailey $ 2.06 miliona i kēlā me kēia makahiki. [Hooko Aupuni, 4/14] Ua hoʻolaha ʻo Bailey i ka makahiki 2018 e hoʻomaha ana ʻo ia ma hope o 10 mau makahiki ma ke poʻo o GMA. [ʻO Grocer Holomua, 2 / 12 / 2018]

Ua hewa ʻo GMA i ke kala kālā ʻole

I ʻOkakopa 2013, ua hoʻopiʻi ka Loio Kuhina Wakinekona Wakinekona ʻo Bob Ferguson i kahi hoʻopiʻi e kūʻē iā GMA no ke kala kālā ʻana. Ua ʻōlelo ka hoʻopiʻi ua hōʻiliʻili hewa ʻo GMA a ua hoʻohana ʻia he $ 7 miliona ma mua o ka pale ʻana i ka ʻike o kāna mau mea kōkua. [Hoʻolaha ka Loio Kuhina, 10 / 16 / 13]

I ka makahiki 2016, ua hewa ʻo GMA ma ke kala kālā ʻana a kauoha ʻia e uku i $ 18 miliona, ka mea i manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia ka uku kiʻekiʻe loa no ka hōʻino kālā kālā hoʻolaha ma ka moʻolelo o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa. [Seattle PI, 11/2/2016]

Hōʻike ʻo GMA i nā mea hāʻawi ma lalo o ke kaomi, e hōʻike ana ma mua o $ 1 miliona kēlā me kēia mea mai Pepsi, Nestle, a me Coca-Cola

I ʻOkakopa 2013, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo GMA i kāna papa inoa o nā mea kālā ma lalo o ke kaomi, e hōʻike ana ʻo Pepsi, Nestle, a me Coca-Cola i hāʻawi ʻia i kēlā me kēia kālā ma mua o $ 1 miliona.

"Ua hōʻike ʻo ka Hui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai i ka Pōʻalima ua hāʻawi ʻo PepsiCo, Nestle USA a me Coca-Cola i nā makana i hūnā ʻia ma mua o $ 1 miliona i ka hoʻouka kaua e kūʻē i kahi hana Wakinekona e koi ai i ka lepili ʻana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered. Ua ʻae ka hui e hoʻolaha i ka lehulehu i kahi papa inoa lōʻihi o nā mea hāʻawi i kāna huakaʻi anti-labeling ma hope o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻana i kēia hebedoma e ka Loio Kuhina Wakinekona ʻo Bob Ferguson. " [ʻO ka Oregon, 10 / 18 / 13]

Hoʻopiʻi ʻia ʻo GMA no ka hūnā ʻana he mau miliona miliona ma mua o ka mea i manaʻoʻiʻo ʻole ʻia

I Nowemapa 2013, ua hoʻoponopono ka Loio Kuhina Ferguson i ka hoʻopiʻi mua e hoʻonui mai $ 7.2 miliona i $ 10.6 miliona o ka nui a GMA i ʻōlelo ai e hūnā. [ʻO ka Seattle Times, 11 / 20 / 13; Hoʻolaha ka loio Kuhina Nui, 11/20/13]

Filed Counter-Suit Ke ʻimi nei i nā Kānāwai Waiwai Campaign i koi ʻia e hōʻike i nā mea hāʻawi

I Ianuali 2014, ua pane ʻo GMA i ka hoʻopiʻi a ka Loio Wakinekona Wakinekona me kahi papa inoa e ʻimi ana e hōʻole ʻole i nā kānāwai o ka hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū o ka mokuʻāina e pili ana i ka hōʻike ʻana o nā mea hāʻawi.

"Ma hope o ka hoʻowalewale ʻana e hoʻohuli i ka hopena o ka balota ma Initiative 522, ke hoʻokūkū nei ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Meaʻai i kēia manawa i nā kānāwai hoʻokele waiwai o ka mokuʻāina. Ma Ianuali 3, ua pane ʻo GMA i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi ʻana a ka Loio Kuhina Wakinekona no ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana iā GMA me kahi hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi. Ua waiho pū kekahi ʻo GMA i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi kīvila kūʻē iā Wakinekona Loio Kuhina Bob Ferguson. Ua koi ʻo GMA e pili pono ʻole ʻo Ferguson i nā kānāwai o Wakinekona a ʻaʻa i ke kumukānāwai o ke koi ʻana iā GMA e hoʻopaʻa inoa ma ke ʻano he kōmike kālaiʻāina ma mua o ka noi ʻana a me ka loaʻa ʻana o nā makana e kūʻē i ka Initiative 522, kahi ana e koi ai i ka lepili ʻana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻia me nā genetically engineered. " [Hoʻonā Heluheluʻo Seattle, 1 / 13 / 14]

Ua koi ʻia ʻo Law Law Claimed Law e koi ana i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā mea hāʻawi

Wahi a kā countersuit a GMA e koi ʻia ana e hōʻike i nā mea hāʻawi manawaleʻa ma ke kumukānāwai.

"I loko o kāna hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi a me nā pono kīvila, ua koi ʻo GMA he kūʻē ʻole kēia mau mea i lalo e like me ka mea i noi ʻia ma kēia hihia: Wakinekona kānāwai e koi ana iā GMA e waiho i kahi kōmike politika ma mua o ka hōʻiliʻili kālā ʻana mai kona mau lālā no kahi hana politika kūikawā ma Wakinekona. Ko Wakinekona kānāwai e koi ana iā GMA e hōʻike i nā hui i kōkua i kāna waihona kālaiʻāina kūikawā a me ka nui a lākou e hāʻawi ai; a me ke kānāwai o Wakinekona e koi ana iā GMA e hoʻopaʻa i $ 10 i nā makana mai 10 mau kaʻawale i koho ʻia ma Wakinekona ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kāna kōmike politika ma mua o ka hāʻawi ʻana i kahi kōmike kālaiʻāina ʻē aʻe. [Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia e ke keʻena o ka Loio Kuhina Wakinekona Wakinekona, 1/13/14]

Ua hōʻole ʻo Judge i ka hana e haʻalele i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana i Iune 2014

I ka mahina ʻo Iune 2014, ua hōʻole ka luna kānāwai ʻo Thurston County ʻo Christine Schiller i kahi noi mai GMA e hoʻopau i ka uku kala kālā e kū nei.

Ua hōʻole kahi luna kānāwai ʻo Thurston County i ka Pōʻalima i nā hana a ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Meaʻai e hoʻopau i kahi hoʻopiʻi ma kahi a ka Loio Kuhina nui ʻo Bob Ferguson i hoʻopiʻi ai i ka hale hoʻokipa ma Wakinekona, DC ma muli o ka holoi kālā ʻana he miliona mau kālā i ke kaua o ka hāʻule hope loa. … Ua hōʻole ʻo Judge Christine Schaller i ke noi a ka ʻahahui e kāpae i ka hoʻopiʻi. "He mea nui ka hoʻoholo ʻana o kēia lā i kā mākou hana e paʻa ai ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Meaʻai Meaʻai no ka hihia hūnā kālā hoʻopiʻi nui loa ma ka mōʻaukala Wakinekona," wahi a Ferguson. [Hoʻonā Heluheluʻo Seattle, 6 / 13 / 14]

Ua hoʻomau ʻia ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana o ka hihia a ka Loio Kuhina

Ma hope o ka hoʻoholo a Judge Schaller, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Loio Kuhina Bob Ferguson e hoʻomau ʻia ka hoʻokolokolo ʻia ʻana o ka hihia a GMA ma kāna kūpono.

"Ua hōʻole ʻo [Judge Christina] Schaller i ke noi e kāpae, e hoʻoholo ana i nā kānāwai o ka hoʻokūkū hoʻokūkū o ka mokuʻāina e koi ana i ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o kahi kōmike politika a me nā hoʻolaha e pili ana i ke kumukānāwai i kēia hihia. E neʻe ana ka hihia i kāna kūlana kūpono. " [Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia e ke keʻena o ka Loio Kuhina Wakinekona Wakinekona, 6/13/14]

ʻO ka bila i kūʻē ʻia e hōʻike ana i nā keiki hana e like me ke kauā ma nā māla ʻo Cacao

E like me ka ʻO Spokane Spokesman-Review, i ka makahiki 2001 ʻo ka GMA, a me ka ʻoihana kokoleka, i lobbied e kūʻē ana i ke kānāwai i ka US Congress e hōʻike ana i nā hana hana keiki e like me nā kauā ma nā māla cacao ma ʻApelika. [ʻO Spokane Spokesman-Review, 8 / 1 / 01]

ʻO ka ʻōlelo i hāpai ʻia he pane ia i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻia e Knight Ridder i ʻike ʻia ua kūʻai ʻia a hoʻopunipuni ʻia kekahi mau keikikāne e like me 11 makahiki i ka hana kauā e ʻohiʻohi ai i nā pī koko ma Ivory Coast, kahi lāhui o ʻApelika Komohana e hāʻawi nei i ka 43 pākēneka o ka US koko. Ua manaʻo ka Mokuʻāina mokuʻāina he 15,000 mau kauā kamaliʻi e hana nei ma nā māla koko a Ivory Coast, nā pulupulu a me nā mahi kope. [ʻO Spokane Spokesman-Review, 8 / 1 / 01, Ka lawelawe noiʻi ʻo Congressional, 7/13/05]

Ma waho o GMA: 93 pākēneka o ko ʻAmelika e kākoʻo nei i ka lepili ʻana…

E like me ka New York Times i ka 2013, "Kākoʻo nui ka poʻe ʻAmelika i ka lepili ʻana i nā meaʻai i hoʻololi ʻia a i ʻenekini ʻia hoʻi, e like me ka nūhou o New York Times i mālama ʻia i kēia makahiki, me 93 pakeneka o nā mea pane e ʻōlelo ana e ʻike pono ʻia nā meaʻai e like me ia." [New York Times, 7 / 27 / 13]

… Akā Kūʻē ʻo GMA i nā Kānana Lapaʻa Pono

I ka mahina ʻo Iune 2014, ua hoʻokūkū ʻo GMA a me ʻekolu mau ʻoihana ʻoihana meaʻai i ke kānāwai o Vermont e koi ana i nā lepili meaʻai e ʻike i nā huahana me nā mea GMO.

"I kēia lā, ua waiho ka hui ʻoihana mea kūʻai nui (GMA), me ka Snack Food Association, International Dairy Foods Association a me ka National Association of Manufacturers, i ka hoʻopiʻi ma ka ʻaha moku pekelala ma Vermont e hōʻaʻo ana i ke kānāwai GMO koi ʻia o ka mokuʻāina. Ua hoʻopuka ʻo GMA i kēia mau ʻōlelo aʻe e pili pū ana me ka waiho ʻana i ke kānāwai. ” [Hoʻolaha nūhou ʻo GMA, 6/13/14]

Kākoʻo ʻia ʻo Federal Ban ma nā Kānāwai Labeling o ka Mokuʻāina

I ʻApelila 2014, ua kākoʻo ʻo GMA i ka pāpā pekelala e pāpā i nā kānāwai mokuʻāina e koi i ka lepili GMO wajib.

"ʻO nā pilikua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai US ka mea i hoʻolilo he miliona i ka hakakā ʻana i nā hana a ka mokuʻāina e kauoha i nā lepili hou no nā mea i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically e lawe nei i kahi ʻaoʻao mai ko lākou poʻe kūʻē a koi ana i kahi kānāwai GMO pekelala. Akā ʻo ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Meaʻai, ʻo ia ka mea e hōʻike ai i nā alakaʻi meaʻai a me nā mea inu e like me ConAgra, PepsiCo a me Kraft, ʻaʻole pili pono i ka neʻe anti-GMO. Kākoʻo ia no kahi ʻoihana ʻoluʻolu, law me kahi kūlana pekelala manawaleʻa - kahi neʻe a nā mea hoʻoulu ʻai i ʻike ai he mana i hopu ʻia e kahi ʻoihana i hoʻāʻo e pepehi i nā hoʻomaka inoa inoa GMO i kēlā me kēia ala o ke ala. " [Politico, 1 / 7 / 14]

Hoʻokomo ʻia ka pila 2014 e pale aku i nā mokuʻāina mai ke koi ʻana i nā lepili GMO

I ʻApelila 2014, ua hoʻolauna ʻia kahi pila ma ka ʻAhaʻōlelo e pāpā ana i nā mokuʻāina mai ka hana ʻana i kā lākou mau kānāwai lepili GMO ponoʻī.

"ʻO kahi bila i hoʻolauna ʻia i ka Pōʻakolu e hoʻokau i ke aupuni pekelala i ka mālama ʻana i ka lepili ʻana i nā meaʻai me nā mea i hoʻoponopono ʻia me nā genetically, e pale ana i nā mokuʻāina mai ka hana ʻana i kā lākou mau koi ponoʻī e hoʻoponopono i nā mea hoʻohuihui. … Akā ua hoʻohiki nā pūʻulu mea kūʻai aku e hakakā me ke kānāwai, a lākou e ʻike ai he hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i nā hana e hoʻoholo i nā koho balota aupuni e kauoha ana i ka lepili ʻana o ka nui o nā huahana me nā mea i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically. " [USA I kēia lā, 4 / 9 / 14]

Ua kāhea ʻo Pelekikena Pelekikena Pelekikena iā David e hoʻopau ana i ka Prop 37 “Single-Highest Priority”

I ka 2012, ua haʻi ʻo Pelekikena Pelekikena ʻo Pam Bailey i ka lanakila ʻana i ka Prop 37 ka mea kiʻekiʻe loa a GMA no 2012.

"I loko o kahi kamaʻilio hou ʻana i ka ʻAhahui Soybean ʻAmelika (ʻo ka soy i ulu ʻia ma ka US ua hoʻololi ʻia), ua ʻōlelo ʻo Pelekikena ʻo Pamela Bailey ʻo ka Hui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Mea Nui ʻo ka lanakila ʻana i ka papahana" ʻo ia ka mea kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe loa no GMA i kēia makahiki. "Huffington Post, 7 / 30 / 12]

Kākoʻo i ka Voluntary, Not Mandatory, Food Labeling

2014: Hoʻomaka ʻo GMA a me Institute Institute Marketing Mea ʻai $ 50 Miliona Kaha Labeling Voluntary

I Malaki 2014, ua hoʻokumu ʻo GMA a me ka Institute Marketing Food i kahi hoʻolaha pāʻoihana $ 50 miliona no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka ʻōnaehana pono pilikino ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo "Facts Up Front".

"Ua mākaukau ka ʻoihana meaʻai i ka luna hoʻokahi o ka noho aupuni ʻana o Obama me ka hoʻōla ʻia ʻana o kahi blitz media e hoʻolaha i kāna lepili ponoʻī i mua o nā pūʻulu meaʻai. ʻO ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Meaʻai a me ka Institute Marketing Marketing, nā mea e hōʻike ana i nā ʻoihana meaʻai nui a me nā mea kūʻai aku, e ʻōwili i kahi papahana kūʻai kūlike, e hoʻolilo ana i $ 50 miliona, i ka Pōʻakahi e hoʻolaulaha i kā lākou 'Facts Up Front,' ka papahana manawaleʻa ponoʻī o ka ʻoihana. no ka hāʻawi ʻana i ka ʻike pili kino i mua o nā pūʻulu meaʻai a me nā mea inu, POLITICO ua aʻo. ” [Politico, 3 / 1 / 14]

Kaomi ʻia ʻo GMA no ka Haʻawina Labeling Federal GMO Manaʻo Manaʻo

I ka makahiki 2014, ua kāhea aku ʻo GMA, me nā ʻoihana ʻoihana ʻai ʻē aʻe i kahi hae lepili federal-volunteer federal-volly.

"ʻO nā pilikua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai US ka mea i hoʻolilo he miliona i ka hakakā ʻana i nā hana a ka mokuʻāina e kauoha i nā lepili hou no nā mea i hoʻololi ʻia i nā genetically e lawe nei i kahi ʻaoʻao mai ko lākou poʻe kūʻē a koi ana i kahi kānāwai GMO pekelala. Akā ʻo ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Meaʻai, ʻo ia ka mea e hōʻike ai i nā alakaʻi meaʻai a me nā mea inu e like me ConAgra, PepsiCo a me Kraft, ʻaʻole pili pono i ka neʻe anti-GMO. Kākoʻo ia no kahi ʻoihana ʻoluʻolu, law me kahi kūlana pekelala manawaleʻa - kahi neʻe a nā mea hoʻoulu ʻai i ʻike ai he mana i hopu ʻia e kahi ʻoihana i hoʻāʻo e pepehi i nā hoʻomaka inoa inoa GMO i kēlā me kēia ala o ke ala. " [Politico, 1 / 7 / 14]

Ke kamaʻilio pālua a GMA ma ka hoʻopau ʻana i ke keiki momona

Ua haʻaheo ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Meaʻai Meaʻai i kāna "kūpaʻa e hana i kāna ʻāpana e kōkua ai i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka momona ma ʻAmelika - ʻo ka momona hoʻi o ka wā kamaliʻi." [Hoʻolaha Nūhou ʻo GMA, 12/16/09]

… Akā kūʻē i nā kapu no ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole, Soda i nā kula

Wahi a kā Michele Simon puke Appetite no ka loaʻa kālā, "Ke hoʻopaʻa nei ʻo GMA i nā moʻolelo kūʻē i kēlā me kēia bila mokuʻāina e pāpā ana i ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā meaʻai ʻole a me nā soda ma nā kula." [Appetite no ka loaʻa kālā, ʻaoʻao 223]

 … A hana ʻia e hoʻokahuli i nā alakaʻi mālama pono kula kula ʻo Kaleponi, ke hoʻouna nei i ka pila e hoʻokahuli me ka Lobbying Minute hope loa

I ka makahiki 2004, ua holo pono ʻole nā ​​kulekele meaʻai no nā kula ʻo Kaleponi ma hope o ka lobbying minuke hope loa mai GMA.

"I ka mahina i hala iho nei, ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Kaleponi e hoʻonoho i nā kulekele meaʻai i nā meaʻai i kūʻai ʻia aku ma waho o ka papahana ʻai pekelala. Akā mahalo i ka lobbying minuke hope loa na ka Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai o ʻAmelika (GMA), ua holo pono kēlā pila ma o ʻelima mau balota wale nō, me ke kākoʻo ʻana o 80 o nā hui kōkua ʻole. ʻElima mau hui wale nō i kūʻē i kēia ana - loaʻa kālā nā poʻe āpau i ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā meaʻai maikaʻi ʻole i nā keiki. ” [ʻO Michele Simon, Lawelawe Nūhou Pakipika, 9 / 3 / 04]

… A me nā Kūlana Kūʻai Kula Kūʻē Kūʻē ʻia i nā Aupuni ʻē aʻe

Wahi a ka puke Appetite no ka loaʻa kālā, Ua kūʻē ʻo GMA i nā kulekele ʻai kino kula ma nā mokuʻāina ʻē aʻe, e like me Texas, Oregon, a me Kentucky.

"Ua ʻimi ʻia kahi huaʻōlelo ʻo" nā kula "ma ka pūnaewele pūnaewele ma lalo o 126 hits, ka hapa nui o ia mau mea i waiho ʻia i kahi hōʻike a i ʻole he leka i waiho ʻia e kūʻē i kahi kulekele ʻai pili kula. Eia kekahi mau laʻana o nā poʻo inoa palapala: ʻO GMA Letter ma ke kūʻē ʻana iā Texas Kaʻaina a me nā Kaohi Mea inu, ʻO ka Leta a GMA ma ke kūʻē ʻana i nā pila no ke kaupalena ʻia ʻana o ke kula ʻo Oregon, nā palapala noi a GMA iā Veto o ka bila no nā Kula Kaiapuni ʻo Kentucky, a me ka palapala a GMA e kūʻē nei i ka pila no ka ʻai pono kula o Kaleponi. . ” [Appetite no ka loaʻa kālā, ʻAoʻao 223]

… A ʻo nā Lobbyist a puni ka ʻāina e ʻimi nei e hoʻopau i ke kānāwai

Ma waho aʻe o kāna lobbying pekelala (i piʻi aku i $ 14 miliona i 2013), he mau lobbyist ʻo GMA a puni ka ʻāina e ʻimi nei e hōʻole i nā kānāwai e pāpā ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai. Ma lalo iho nei kekahi o kā lākou poʻe lobbyist mokuʻāina. [Ke kikowaena no nā politika, opensecrets.org, kiʻi ʻia ma 12/22/14; Ua pili nā kumuwaiwai o ka mokuʻāina ma lalo]

Lobbyist Moku'āina
Louis Finkel Hawaii
Kelsey Johnson Illinois
7 mau lobbyists me Rifkin, Livingston, Levitan & Silver Maryland
Kelsey Johnson Hawaii
ʻO Capitol Group Inc. New York

Ua ʻimi ʻo GMA e hoʻonāwaliwali i ka hoʻokō ʻana i nā lula lepili

I Kēkēmapa 2011, ua noi ʻo GMA i ka Food and Drug Administration e hoʻokau pono i nā lula lepili e pili ana i nā ʻike pono o ka meaʻai.

"Ua noi aku ʻoe i ka hana mana a ka FDA e pili ana i kekahi mau ʻano o nā rula o kona lepili ʻana i ka meaʻai i mea e kōkua ai i ka hoʻokō ʻana i ka papahana Nutrition Keys, ʻo ia hoʻi: [1] Hoʻohana o nā kiʻina Nutrition Key ʻehā (calories, momona momona, sodium. , a me ka huina nui o nā kō), hoʻokahi a i ʻole hele pū ʻia me ʻelua mau kiʻiona koho pono kīnā ʻole, me ka ʻole o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka momona polyunsaturated a me ka momona monounsaturated i ka papa Nutr Facts like e koi ʻia e 21 CFR 101.9 (c) (2) (iii) a me (iv) . [2] Hoʻohana o nā kiʻina Nutr Key ʻehā, me nā kiʻi ʻole i koho ʻia, me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike hōʻike i koi ʻia e § 101.13 (h) ke ʻoi aku ka nui o ka meaʻai i ka meaʻai i nā kikoʻī o ka momona, momona momona, kolesterol, a sodium paha. . [3] Hoʻohana o nā kiʻina Nutrition Key ʻehā, kū hoʻokahi a i ʻole pū ʻia me ʻelua mau kiʻiona koho pono kiʻi, me ka ʻole o ka hōʻike ʻana i ke kiʻekiʻe o ka momona a me ka kolesterol ma kahi kokoke i ka ikona momona momona e like me ka mea i koi ʻia e § 101.62 (c) . ” [ʻO ka leka a FDA iā GMA, 12/13/11]

Kākoʻo ʻia ʻo Hormone i pāpā ʻia ma Kanada, EU e hoʻonui i ka hana waiū i nā bipi

I ka makahiki 1995, ua ʻōlelo ʻo GMA ua ʻike ka Food & Drug Administration e "palekana loa" ka hormone synthetic rBST. [Kaomi paʻi a GMA, 4/25/95]

rBST / rBGH Papa ʻia ma EU, Kanada

pāpā ʻia ka rBST / rBGH mai nā huahana waiū ma ka European Union a me Kanada.

"ʻO ka hormonone ulu bovine ulu hou (rBGH) kahi hormone synthetic (i hana ʻia e ke kanaka) i kūʻai ʻia aku i nā mahiʻai waiū e hoʻonui i ka hana waiū i nā bipi. Ua hoʻohana ʻia ia ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa mai ka wā i ʻāpono ʻia e ka Food and Drug Administration (FDA) i ka makahiki 1993, akā ʻaʻole ʻae ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana ma ka European Union, Canada, a me kekahi mau ʻāina ʻē aʻe. " [Pūnaewele ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ʻAmelika, kano]

ʻO Co-Plaintiff ma Vermont Lawsuit e pili ana i ka lepili ʻana no rBST / rBGH

Wahi a FindLaw.com, he mea hoʻopiʻi ʻo GMA ma IDFA vs. Amnestoy, kahi hihia e pili ana i ka lepili ʻana i nā huahana waiū i hana ʻia mai nā bipi i mālama ʻia me rBST / rBGH. [FindLaw.com, kiʻi ʻia ma 12/17/14; ʻAmelike ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, ʻAi ʻAi Milina Wahine Ass'n v. Amestoy, Nānā Helu 876, Docket 95-7819, i hoʻoholo ʻia 8/8/96]

"ʻO Vermont's mandatory law label law lele i mua o ka hoʻoholo ʻana a FDA e palekana loa ka rBST a ʻaʻole pono e koi ʻia ka lepili koi," wahi a John Cady, pelekikena o NFPA. E hōʻike paha ke kānāwai i nā mea kūʻai aku i ka manaʻo hoʻopunipuni a hoʻopunipuni hoʻi e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka maikaʻi o ka waiū o nā bipi i kākoʻo ʻia e RBST. '"[Hoʻolaha nūpepa ʻo GMA, 4/25/95]

ʻO ka waiū lepili kūʻē i hana ʻia me ka Hormone ulu

E like me ka St. Louis Post-Dispatch, i ka makahiki 1993-94, ua kūʻē ʻo GMA i nā lepili e pili ana i nā huahana waiū i lawe ʻia mai nā bipi kau ʻia me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa Bovine Growth Hormone (rBGH) a Monsanto. [St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 3/3/94]

Ua kue ʻo GMA iā Rula Labeling o Ohio i hahaki ʻia

Wahi a KeʻOihana Waiwai-USA, Ua kūʻē ʻo GMA a me nā hui ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i ke kānāwai lepili ʻo Ohio i hahau ʻia e ka ʻaha hoʻopiʻi. [KeʻOihana Waiwai-USA, 4 / 25 / 08]

ʻO ka rula o ka mokuʻāina ʻo Ohio i nīnau ʻia i pāpā ʻia nā ʻōlelo e like me "rbGH Free," "rbST Free" a me "hormone free artificial," i manaʻo ʻia e hāʻawi i ka poʻe kūʻai i ka ʻike e pono ai e hana i nā koho koho. Ke kikowaena no ka palekana o ka meaʻai, 9 / 30 / 10

Kākoʻo anti-Ethanol Fake "Grassroots" hoʻopunipuni

I Mei 2008, ua hōʻike ʻo Sen. Chuck Grassley he hoʻolaha anti-ethanol i manaʻo ʻia he "mauʻu," i kākoʻo maoli ʻia e kahi hui PR i hoʻolimalima ʻia e GMA.

"Wahi a nā palapala ʻelua i kau ʻia ma luna o Sen. Charles Grassley's, R-IA, punaewele o ka ʻaha kūkā, ʻo ka" grassroots "anti-ethanol media blitz i hoʻopiʻi ʻia i kēia lā e piʻi nei nā kumukūʻai meaʻai i nā biofuels i kākoʻo ʻia e ka mahiʻai he mea hoʻopunipuni ia e like me astro-turf. ʻOiaʻiʻo, ua wehewehe ʻo Grassley i nā hoa hana o ka Senate ma kāna palapala hōʻoia 15 Mei o ka bila mahiʻai hou, "Ua ʻike ʻia he $ 300,000, he ʻeono mau malama i mālama ʻia e kahi hui pili lehulehu ma Beltway ma hope o ka hoʻolaha smear, i hoʻolimalima ʻia e ka hui ʻoihana mea kūʻai." ” Nūhou ʻo Aberdeen, 5 / 30 / 08

Ua ʻimi ʻo GMA e lilo i ke pono no ka piʻi ʻana o nā kumukūʻai meaʻai

I kāna noi no nā noi, ua ʻōlelo ʻo GMA ua manaʻoʻiʻo ia i ka piʻi ʻana o nā kumukūʻai meaʻai i hāʻawi ʻia i ka hui me kahi manawa kūpono e paʻi i ka etanol.

"Ke alakaʻi nei ʻo GMA i kahi hoʻouluulu 'ākea" lehulehu i nā mahina ʻelua i hala i ka hoʻāʻo e hoʻi i nā mandan ethanol i hala i ka bila ikehu o ka makahiki i hala. Ua hoʻolimalima ka hui i ka Glover Park Group e holo i kahi mākaukau eono mahina, e like me ka noi a GMA no ka noi a me ka pane a Glover Park. 'Ua hoʻoholo ʻo GMA e piʻi ana nā kumukūʻai meaʻai… e hana i puka aniani e hoʻololi i nā ʻike e pili ana i nā pono o nā bio-fuels a me ka mandate,' e heluhelu ana i ka ʻaoʻao ʻekolu ʻo RFP, kahi kope i loaʻa iā ia e Roll Call. ” [E kāhea i kahi, 5 / 14 / 08]

Paipai ka Science Media Center i nā ʻike ʻoihana o ka ʻepekema

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ʻO ka Science Media Center (SMC) kahi hui PR nonprofit PR i hoʻomaka ʻia ma UK i loaʻa i kāna poloka nui loa o kālā mai ka ʻoihana nā hui. ʻO nā mea kālā o kēia wā a me nā wā i hala e hui pū me Bayer, DuPont, Monsanto, Coca-Cola a me nā hui kālepa ʻoihana mea ʻai a me nā mea hana kemika, a me nā hui media, nā keʻena aupuni, nā hoʻokumu a me nā kula nui. Ke hoʻolaha nei ka hiʻohiʻona SMC a puni ka honua a ua nui ka mana i ke kālai ʻana i ka pāpāho o ka ʻepekema, i kekahi manawa i nā ala e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā makaʻi o nā huahana kontroversial a ʻenehana paha. Hōʻike kēia pepa pono i ka mōʻaukala SMC, ke akeakamai, ke ana hoʻohālike kālā, nā hana a me nā hōʻike mai ka poʻe loiloi i ʻōlelo ʻo SMC ke hāʻawi nei i nā ʻepekema pro-ʻoihana, hōʻole kahi ʻano SMC.

e pili pū ana:

Mea nui nui

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka Science Media Center ma 2002 i ka pane ʻana i ka "frenzies media ma luna o MMR, nā mea kanu GM a me nā noiʻi holoholona" e kōkua i nā nūhou e hōʻike pono i ka ʻepekema mainstream, e like me ka pepa pono o ka hui.

i kona hōʻike hoʻokumu, Wehewehe ʻo Science Media Center i ka pehea i haku ʻia ai e kamaʻilio:

  • e ulu ana ka "pilikia o ka hilinaʻi" i ka manaʻo o ka ʻepekema i ka lehulehu
  • kahi hāʻule o ka mahalo i ka luna a me ka loea
  • kahi kaiāulu kūpilikiʻi kūwaho a me ka uhi pāpāho alarmist a
  • ʻo nā "papa hana pāpāho ʻoi loa" i hoʻohana ʻia e nā kaiaulu NGO e like me Greenpeace a me nā Hoa o ka Honua.

SMC kūʻokoʻa i kaʻana like i ka palapala hoʻohui like ʻoiai ke hana mua ʻia nei ma Kanada, Australia, New Zealand, Kelemania a me Iapana, a ke hoʻolālā ʻia nei ʻo SMCs ma Palukela a me ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa.

ʻO ka hiʻohiʻona SMC ka mea nui i ke kālai ʻana i ka pāpāho e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. A nāʻike media o nā nūpepa UK ma 2011 a me 2012 i ʻike ka hapanui o nā mea nūpepa nāna i hoʻohana i nā lawelawe SMC ʻaʻole ʻimi i nā kuanaʻike hou aku no kā lākou mau moʻolelo. Hāpai ka hui i ka mana politika. I ka makahiki 2007, ua hoʻōki ʻo SMC i kahi pāpā i hāpai ʻia no nā embryo hybrid kanaka / holoholona me kāna pāʻoihana media e hoʻohuli i ka uhi ʻana mai nā hopohopo pili i nā pono o nā embryos ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi. 'atikala ma Kūlohelohe.

Ua hoʻohewa kekahi mau kālaiʻike a me nā mea noiʻi iā SMC no ka hoʻokikina ʻana nā ʻike ʻoihana o ka ʻepekema, a no ka pāʻani ʻana i nā pilikia o ke kaiapuni a me ke olakino kanaka o nā huahana a me nā ʻenehana loea. Ua hōʻike nā hōʻike i ka hana a SMC e pahu i ka leka uila ʻoihana kākoʻo a kāpae i nā manaʻo kūʻē i nā kumuhana e like me kūpilikiʻi, palekana kelepona paʻalima, Maʻi ka luhi Syndrome a Nā GMO.

I loko o kahi leka uila, ua haʻi ʻo ka Luna Hoʻokele SMC ʻo Fiona Fox ʻaʻole kūlike kāna hui no ka ʻoihana: mai kēia mau mea kuleana. Hoʻowahāwahā mākou i ka uku no ka ʻohana ʻoihana pro a hōʻike kā mākou hana i ka hōʻike a me ka ʻike o nā mea noiʻi ʻepekema koʻikoʻi 3000 ma kā mākou waihona. Ma ke ʻano he keʻena paʻi kūʻokoʻa e kia ana i kekahi o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema loa kontroversial manaʻo nui mākou i ka hoʻohewa mai nā hui ma waho o ka ʻepekema mainstream. "

Nā ʻōlelo e pili ana i ka Pūnaewele ʻApekema ʻEpekema

ʻO nā mea kākau moʻolelo a me nā mea noiʻi e pili ana i ka mana a me ka laha ʻole o ka Pūnaewele ʻAilana ʻEpekema (hoʻohui ʻia i hoʻonui ʻia i nā huaʻōlelo ma lalo):

  • "Nā Pūnaewele Pāhana ʻEpekema ... ua lilo mea koʻikoʻi, akā nā mea pāʻani kontroversial i ka honua o ka journalism. ʻOiai manaʻo kekahi mau mea nūhou he mea kōkua lākou, manaʻo kekahi poʻe he līkū lākou i ke aupuni a me nā ʻepekema ʻoihana. " Hōʻikeʻike ʻatikala ʻo Columbia
  • "Ke hilinaʻi nei i ka mea āu e noi ai, (Luna Hoʻokele SMC) Ke mālama nei paha ʻo Fiona Fox i ka puke pai ʻepekema a i ʻole ke luku ʻana iā ia." ʻO Ewen Callway, Nature
  • "ʻO kahi hōʻemi hōʻemi o nā mea nūpepa ʻepekema UK i kaomi manawa ʻole e hele hou i ke kula a ʻeli no nā moʻolelo. Hele lākou i nā haʻi ʻōlelo i hoʻonohonoho mua ʻia ma ka SMC… ʻO ka ua ʻeha ka maikaʻi o ka hōʻike ʻepekema a me ka pololei o ka ʻike i loaʻa i ka lehulehu, e hoʻohuli i ka hiki i ka lehulehu ke hoʻoholo i nā pilikia. ” ʻO Connie St. Louis, Ke Kulanui o Lādana ma Lādana, ma CJR
  • "ʻAʻole ka pilikia e hoʻolaha lākou i ka ʻepekema, e like me kā lākou e ʻōlelo nei, akā ʻo lākou paipai i ka ʻepekema kākoʻo pāʻoihana. " ʻO David Miller, Ke Kulanui o Bath, ma SciDev
  • "No ka poʻe i makapō ʻole ʻia e ka SMA's aura makaʻu, ʻike ʻia ʻo kāna hana hūnā e hōʻoia i ka poʻe nūpepa a me ka pāpāho e hōʻike i nā mea ʻepekema a me nā lāʻau lapaʻau wale nō i kahi ala kūlike i ke 'kulekele' a ke aupuni a me ka ʻoihana e pili ana i nā pilikia i nīnau ʻia. " Malcolm Hooper, Kulanui o Sunderland, pepa ma CFS / ME
  • «Maopopo lea ka ʻO ke kumumanaʻo o SIRC, SMC a me nā hui kōkua e kākoʻo i ke kulekele hoʻokele waiwai o ke aupuni UK e hoʻolaulaha i ka ʻenehana Biotec a me ke kelepona ʻana. ” ʻO ka pepa Don Maisch ma nā kelepona paʻalima
  • "The ke waiho nei ka hana a ka SMC i kahi nānā haiki o, ma ka hapanui o nā hihia maikaʻi, nā manaʻo o ka palekana o ka fracking. " Paul Mobbs, Nā ʻimi noiʻi kaiāulu ʻo Mobbs
  • "ʻO ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema, naif politika mau, ʻike ʻole ʻole ʻia e ʻae ʻia i kāna mau kuleana e hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu e nā lālā o kahi kāhuna politika ʻano ʻē a kolohe hoʻi. " ʻO George Monbiot, ke kahu

ʻO ke kālā kālā ʻepekema Pūnaewele ʻo Science

ʻO kā SMC hapa nui o ke kālā, ma kahi o 30%, hele mai nā hui a me nā hui kālepa. ʻO nā mea kālā e like me ʻAukake 2016 i hui pū ʻia me ka laulā o ke kemika, biotechnology, nukelea, ʻai, lāʻau lapaʻau, kelekaʻaʻike a me nā pono hana hoʻonaninani. ʻO nā mea kālā ʻoihana Agrichemical i hui pū me Bayer, DuPont, BASF, CropLife International, BioIndustry Association a me ka Chemical Industries Association. Mea kālā mua ua hoʻokomo iā Monsanto, ExxonMobile, Shell, Coca-Cola a me Kraft. Loaʻa iā SMC ke kālā kālā mai kekahi mau pūʻulu, aupuni a me nā hui aʻo.

SMC wahi a ia nā makana pāpale mai kēlā me kēia hui a i ʻole ke kula i 5% o ka loaʻa kālā makahiki i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e "pale mai ka mana kūpono ʻole" - hana ʻia nā hoʻokoe no nā makana nui aʻe mai ka Wellcome Trust a me ke aupuni UK. Keʻena no ka ʻoihana, ikaika a me nā ʻoihana papahana.

Mōʻaukala SMC: “Ke Kuhina Nui ʻoiaʻiʻo o Pelekane”

Ma ka hopena o 1990, ua pili ka pilina ma waena o ka ʻepekema a me ka media i kahi wāwahi, wehewehe i ka SMC kiʻi wikiō. "Ma kahi o ka manawa o ka BSE, MMR, nā mea kanu GM, aia he manaʻo maoli o kēia awawa ma waena o nā ʻepekema a me ka pāpāho," i ʻōlelo ʻo Fox i loko o ka wikiō. Ua hana ʻia ʻo SMC "e kōkua i ka hoʻohou hou ʻana i ka hilinaʻi o ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema e ka hana ʻana e paipai i ke kaʻina kaulike, pololei a kūpono hoʻi o nā moʻolelo ʻepekema hoʻopaʻapaʻa," e like me kāna kūkākūkā kūkākūkā.

Aia nā palapala hoʻokumu SMC i:

  • Pepeluali 2000 Hoike komite o na Haku Haku ho'ākāka i kahi "pilikia o ka hilinaʻi" i ka pilina o ke kaiāulu me ka ʻepekema, a paipai i kahi hana hou i ka ʻepekema a me ka pāpāho.
  • Kepakemapa 2000 “Code o ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa / alakaʻi ma ka ʻepekema a me ke kamaʻilio olakino, "Na ka Royal Society and Social Issues Research Center (SIRC) e paipai i nā alakaʻi no ka poʻe nūpepa a me nā ʻepekema e kūʻē i" ka hopena maikaʻi ʻole o nā mea i ʻike ʻia he "moʻolelo hoʻoweliweli" kūpono ʻole a me nā mea e hāʻawi nei i nā manaʻolana wahaheʻe i nā maʻi nui. "
  • 2002 Hōʻike Kūkākūkā SMC wehewehe i ke kaʻina ninaninau me nā mea kuleana mai ke aupuni, ʻoihana a me nā pāpāho nāna i hoʻomaopopo pehea e "lawe ai ʻo SMC i ke ala i kiola ʻia e nā Haku… o ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka ʻepekema i ka nūhou."

Ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa koke ka hana SMC. Ua wānana ka mea kākau ʻo Tom Wakeford i ka makahiki 2001 e lilo ʻo SMC i “Kuhina ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻo Britain no ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e haʻaheo ai ko George Orwell mau aliʻi hana wahaheʻe.” Ua kākau ʻo ia i loko Ka Luna, "Ua hoʻoholo ka poʻe kiʻekiʻe o ke Aupuni, Royal Society a me Royal Institution i ko lākou waiwai waiwai nui e pono ai ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo kūʻokoʻa." Ua wehewehe ʻo ia i ke Kaʻina Hana: "Kuhi ka Code i nā mea nūpepa e kūkākūkā me nā loea i ʻae ʻia, kahi papa kuhikuhi malū e hāʻawi ʻia i nā" mea kākau inoa i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia me nā palapala hōʻoiaʻiʻo. "

ʻO kā SMC papahana mua - kahi hoʻāʻo e hōʻino i kahi kiʻi ʻoniʻoni BBC i hōʻike ʻia i nā hua i hana ʻia i loko o kahi kukui maikaʻi ʻole. Ua wehewehe nā ʻatikala iā SMC ma ke ʻano he “pūʻulu ʻepekema ʻepekema kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā hui kemika nui ”e hana nei "Kahi ʻano o ka hui rebuttal wikiwiki a Mandelsonian"A hoʻohana" kekahi o nā ʻenehana wili clumsiest o New Labor i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e hōʻino (ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni) ma mua. ”

ʻO Dick Taverne a me Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema

ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema - kahi hana lobby e hoʻololi hou i nā ʻike o ka ʻepekema - i hoʻokumu ʻia ma UK ma 2002 me ka SMC ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana a Lord Dick Taverne a me nā mea e pili ana i ka SMC. ʻO Lord Taverne kahi SMC Lālā lālā aʻoaʻo a me ia hana pū ʻia ke Kaʻina Hoʻohana SIRC.

He moʻolelo 2016 i Ka-puni na Liza Gross i wehewehe iā Sense About Science a me kāna mau alakaʻi ma ke ʻano he “kahu ponoʻī no ka 'epekema kani'” nāna e kuhikuhi i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana. Ua wehewehe ʻo Gross i kā Taverne mau ʻoihana paka a me nā hana PR ʻoihana.

Wahi a nā palapala kūloko i hoʻokuʻu ʻia i ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana e nā mea hana paka, ua kōkua ka hui kūkā o Taverne, PRIMA Europe, i ka British American Tobacco. hoʻomaikaʻi i nā pilina me kāna mea hoʻopukapuka a hahau i nā lula ʻEulopa ma ka uahi i nā makahiki 1990. Ua hana ʻo Taverne iā ia iho i ka papahana hoʻopukapuka: I kahi memo pili ʻole, PRIMA i hōʻoia i ka ʻoihana paka e "hana pono ʻia ka hana e Dick Taverne," no ka mea ua hoʻonohonoho maikaʻi ʻia ʻo ia e ninaninau i nā alakaʻi o nā ʻoihana a "e ʻimi e hōʻoia i ka pono o nā ʻoihana i nā manaʻo o ka poʻe." I loko o nā makahiki he XNUMX, ua noho ʻo Taverne ma ka papa o ka lālā Pelekania o ka hale pili pilina lehulehu ʻo Burson-Marsteller, ka mea i koi iā Philip Morris ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku. ʻO ka manaʻo no kahi hui "ʻepekema kani", i hoʻokumu ʻia i kahi pūnaewele o nā ʻepekema nāna e ʻōlelo kūʻē i nā lula i nele i ka mea haʻi waha ʻole ʻoihana i ka hilinaʻi e ʻaʻa ai, he pitch ʻo Burson-Marsteller i hana iā Philip Morris i kahi Memo 1994.

Ma waena o kāna papahana mua, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Sense About Science i kahi leka mai 114 ʻepekema lobbying the British government to "contradict false claims" e pili ana i nā GMO, a ua hana i kahi noiʻi e hōʻike ana i ka pilikia o ka hōʻino kūʻē i nā mea kanu GMO.

Ua wehe ʻo Sense About Science USA ma 2014 ma lalo o ke alakaʻi ʻana o ka wā lōʻihi hui hana kemika ʻo Trevor Butterworth, a me nā hoapili me ka Cornates Alliance i uku kālā ʻia e Gates, a Pūʻulu hoʻolaha GMO.

Nā aʻa Komunista Revolutionary

ʻO nā luna hoʻokumu a me nā luna o ka Science Media Center a me ka manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema - Luna Hoʻokele SMC Fiona Fox a me SAS Luna Hoʻokele ʻO Tracey Brown - a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e pili ana i kēlā mau pūʻulu, ua pili pili ʻia ma o ka Revolutionary Communist Party, kahi hui splinter Trotskyist i hoʻonohonoho ʻia i ka hopena o 1970s ma lalo o ke alakaʻi a ka sociologist. ʻO Frank Ferudi, e like me ka mea kākau ʻO George Monbiot, ʻO Jonathan Matthews, ʻO Zac Goldsmith a ʻO Don Maisch.

ʻO ka hui splinter o Ferudi RCP i komo i loko Noho Marxism, Mākeke LM, Nūpepa Spiked a me ka Ke Kulanui o nā Manaʻo, ka mea i ʻapo i ke kapitalism, individualism a hoʻolahalaha i kahi ʻike kūpono o ka ʻenehana a hoʻowahāwahā ʻia i ka poʻe kaiāulu. e like me kā Monbiot. (Ferudi pane i kēia ʻāpana.) A Ka'ōlelo hoʻopuka e pili ana i kahi hanana LM i ka makahiki 1999 i wehewehe ʻia i ka pūnaewele me he "kūʻē kūʻē i ka hema" (i nā huaʻōlelo a Furedi) me ka manaʻo honua e manaʻo ana ka ʻaoʻao hema "ʻaʻole ia he kumu politika" a ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe i ka mākeke.

"ʻO kekahi o nā ʻāpana ʻē o ka politika kā kēia au ka mana o nā ʻēheu hema hema i holo aku i ka ʻākau," kākau ʻo Monbiot i loko o kahi 2003 kikokikona e wehewehe nei i nā pilina ma waena o Sense About Science a me ka Science Media Center, nā poʻe i pili me kēlā mau hana a me nā loulou i ka pūnaewele LM:

"He kuhi wale paha kēia a pau? Manaʻo wau ʻaʻole pēlā. Akā ʻaʻole maʻalahi e hoʻomaopopo i ke kumu o kēia hanana. Ke nānā nei mākou i kahi hui e makemake ana i ka mana nona iho, a i ʻole kekahi ma hope o kahi hoʻolālā politika, kahi o kēia keʻehi waena. ʻO ka mea e hiki ai iaʻu ke ʻōlelo aʻe, ʻo ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema, he naif politika mau ia, me ka ʻike ʻole ʻole e ʻae ʻia i kona mau pono e hōʻike ʻia i ka lehulehu e nā lālā o kahi pūnaewele politika ʻano ʻē a moʻomeheu hoʻi. Ma mua loa o ke kūkulu hou ʻana i ka hilinaʻi o ka lehulehu i ka ʻepekema a me ka lāʻau lapaʻau, hiki i ka ʻepekema hoʻopunipuni o kēia hui ke hoʻopau hope loa iā ia. ”

Tactics

ʻO ka SMC ma UK wahi āna kahi waihona pūnaewele me 2700 mau loea a ʻoi aku ma mua o 1200 mau luna paʻi, a me nā papa inoa leka me nā mea kākau moʻolelo he 300 e kū ana i kēlā me kēia puka nūhou nui o UK. Hoʻohana ʻo SMC i ʻekolu mau hana nui e hoʻohuli i ka uhi ʻepekema, e like me kāna kiʻi wikiō:

  1. ʻO ka pane wikiwiki i ka wāwahi ʻana i nā nūhou me nā ʻōlelo manaʻo: Ke haki ka moʻolelo ʻepekema, "i loko o nā minuke he mau leka uila SMC i loko o nā pahu leta o kēlā me kēia mea kamaʻilio aupuni e hāʻawi nei i ka poʻe loea," wahi a Fox.
  2. Ke kiʻi mua ʻana i nā mea kūkala nūhou me ka noiʻi hou. Ua loaʻa iā SMC "ke kuleana kūpono e pili ana i 10-15 mau puke pai ʻepekema ma mua o ka hāpai ʻana o ka embargo" i hiki iā lākou ke hoʻomākaukau i nā ʻōlelo mua mai nā poʻe loea ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e hōʻailona ana inā he kūpono nā noi hou a pehea lākou e pono ai.
  3. Ke hoʻonohonoho nei ma kahi o 100 kaomi puʻupuʻu kahi makahiki i "hoʻonohonoho hoʻonohonoho i ka papa kuhikuhi" ma ka nui o nā kumuhana ʻepekema hoʻopaʻapaʻa e like me ka nukelea neoneo, biotechnology a me nā maʻi e kū nei.

Nā laʻana o ka hoʻohuli a me ka hoʻokalakiko

Ua hōʻike kekahi mau mea noiʻi a me nā kālaiʻike i ka mea a lākou e ʻōlelo nei ʻo ka hoʻokūkū pro-ʻoihana o SMC i nā kumuhana hoʻopaʻapaʻa, a me ka nui o ka hilinaʻi ʻana o ka poʻe nūpepa i ka manaʻo loea o SMC e hoʻopaʻa i nā moʻolelo ʻepekema.

Ka nele i nā kuanaʻike like ʻole

Ua loiloi ʻo Professor Connie St. Louis o ke Kulanui o City, Lākana, i ka hopena o SMC i ka hōʻike ʻepekema ma nā nūpepa ʻāina he 12 ma 2011 a me 2012, a loaʻa:

  • ʻAʻole hoʻohana ʻo 60% o nā ʻatikala e uhi ana i nā haʻi ʻōlelo SMC i kahi kumu kūʻokoʻa
  • 54% o nā "hōʻike manaʻo loea" i hāʻawi ʻia e SMC i ka haʻihaʻi nūhou i loko o ka manawa i uhi ʻia i loko o ka nūhou
    • I kēia mau moʻolelo, ʻaʻole hoʻohana ʻo 23% i kahi kumu kūʻokoʻa
    • ʻO kēlā mau mea i hana, 32% wale nō o nā kumuwaiwai kūwahi i hāʻawi i kahi manaʻo kūʻē i ka mea i hāʻawi ʻia e ka loea i ka hopena SMC.

"He nui aku nā mea nūpepa ma mua o ka pono e hoʻohana wale nei i nā loea mai ka SMC a ʻaʻole e nīnau i nā kumuwaiwai kūʻokoʻa," hoʻopau ʻo St.

ʻAʻole ʻepekema mau ka poʻe loea

Ua kālailai ʻo David Miller, polopeka o ka sociology mai ke Kulanui o Bath, UK, i ka ʻikepili SMC ma ka pūnaewele a ma o ke noi Freedom of Information Act, a hōʻike ʻia:

  • ʻAʻole kekahi o ka 20 o ka poʻe akamai he nui loa i haʻi ʻia ma SMC ʻaʻole he ʻepekema, e like me ka wehewehe ʻana ma ka loaʻa ʻana i kahi PhD a me ka hana ʻana ma kahi keʻena noiʻi a i ʻole kahi kaiāulu ʻike kiʻekiʻe, akā he poʻe lobbyist no a me nā CEO o nā hui ʻoihana.
  • ʻAʻole i hōʻike piha loa ʻia nā kumuwaiwai kālā ma ka pūnaewele.
  • ʻAʻohe mea i hōʻike ʻia no ka makemake o SMC i kahi mea leʻaleʻa, akā ua makemake ia i nā ʻāpana ʻoihana a me nā kumuhana i uhi ʻia "e hōʻike i nā mea nui a kā lākou mea kālā."

"Inā ʻōlelo ʻoe e ʻōlelo i nā ʻepekema a hoʻopau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā lobbyist a me nā NGO, eia ka nīnau: pehea ʻoe e koho ai i nā lobbyists a i ʻole nā ​​NGO e loaʻa? No ke aha ʻoe i loaʻa ʻole ai i nā lobbyist e kūʻē nei i ka hoʻokolohua kūlohelohe a i ʻole nā ​​lālā o Greenpeace e hōʻike nei i ko lākou manaʻo ma mua o ke kūlana bioindustry? Hōʻike maoli kēlā i nā ʻano bias e hana nei, "wahi a Miller.

Lanakila ka wili rautaki ma luna o nā embryos hybrid kanaka / holoholona

I ka 2006, i ka wā a ke aupuni UK i manaʻo ai e pāpā ana i nā ʻepekema mai ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā embryos hybrid kanaka-holoholona, ​​ua hoʻohui like ka SMC i nā hana e hoʻohuli i ka nānā ʻana o ka pāpāho mai nā hopohopo a me ka mea nui o nā embryos hybrid ma ke ʻano he mea noiʻi. 'atikala ma Kūlohelohe.

ʻO ka hoʻokūkū SMC "he lanakila lanakila ma nā pilina pāpāho" a "kuleana nui no ka hoʻohuli ʻana i ke kai eʻe o nā embryo hybrid kanaka," e like me kā Andy Williams, he mea noiʻi nūhou ma ke Kulanui o Cardiff, UK, nāna i alakaʻi i kālailai ma ka ʻaoʻao o SMC a me nā mea kākoʻo kaiāulu.

Ua loaʻa ʻo Williams:

  • Ma mua o 60% o nā kumuwaiwai i kākau ʻia e ka ʻepekema a me nā mea kūkala olakino - nā mea i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka SMC - i kākoʻo i ka noiʻi, a hoʻokahi hapahā wale nō o nā kumuwaiwai i kūʻē iā ia.
  • Ma ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana, ua kamaʻilio ka poʻe nūpepa ʻaʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka SMC i nā ʻepekema kākoʻo ʻemi a ʻoi aku ka nui o nā mea kūʻē.

"Ua hopohopo ʻo Williams i kēia manawa no ka hana a SMC i alakaʻi ai i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou e hāʻawi i ka mahalo nui i nā ʻepekema, a na ia mea i kāohi i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa," Ua hōʻike ʻia ka ʻatikala kūlohelohe. He nīnauele me Williams i ʻO SciDevNet hōʻike pūʻulu:

"ʻO ka hapa nui o ka ʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia e wehewehe ai i nā ʻōlelo pōkole [SMC media briefing] koʻikoʻi he manawa kūpono ia na ka ʻepekema e wehewehe i ka ʻepekema i kā lākou ʻōlelo ponoʻī, akā - koʻikoʻi - ma ke ala kūlike ʻole a waiwai ʻole hoʻi," i ʻōlelo ʻo ia. Akā nānā kēia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o kēia mau hanana i mālama nui ʻia e hoʻokau nei i nā moʻolelo persuasive, ua hoʻohui ʻo ia, a ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia lākou e hoʻopaʻa i ka hopena o ka pāpāho no nā ʻepekema e pili ana. Ua hānai ʻia nā mea nūpepa ʻepekema loea i ka "kōkua kālā ʻike" e ka SMC a ʻoi aku paha ka nui o ka manaʻo ma mua o nā mea nūpepa ʻē aʻe e ʻōlelo i nā kumu pro-hybridisation, i ʻōlelo ʻo Williams.

Paipai i ka ʻike ʻoihana ma fracking

E like me ka Pepeluali 2015 ka nānā ʻana pāpāho alakaʻi ʻia e Paul Mobbs o Mobbs 'Environmental Investigations, ua hāʻawi ʻo SMC i nā ʻōlelo loea he nui e pili ana i ka fracking ma waena o 2012-2015, akā ʻo ka lima o nā ʻepekema i hoʻomalu i ka ʻōlelo hoʻopuka mai nā kula me nā pilina kālā me ka ʻoihana wahie fossil a i ʻole nā ​​papahana noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e ka ʻoihana.

"Ke waiho nei ka hana a ka SMC i kahi nānā ʻololī o, i ka hapanui o nā hihia maikaʻi, nā manaʻo o ka palekana o ka fracking. Hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mau manaʻo i ke kūlana ʻoihana o ka poʻe e pili ana, a ʻaʻole i kākoʻo ʻia me nā kūmole i nā hōʻike e hōʻoia i ko lākou pono. A ʻo kēia, ua ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia kēia mau manaʻo i ka pāpāho me ka nīnau ʻole. ”

"I ka hihia o ka shale gas, ʻaʻole hāʻawi ka SMC i kahi ʻike kaulike o nā hōʻike i loaʻa, a me nā kānalua ʻole, i nā hopena o ka aila a me ka ʻaila kū ʻole. Ke hāʻawi nei ia i nā ʻōlelo mai nā mea ʻepekema e hōʻike nui ana i kahi manaʻo o 'UK hoʻokumu', e nānā ʻole i ke kino holoʻokoʻa o nā hōʻike i loaʻa i kēia pilikia mai USA, ʻAukekulia a me Kanada. "

Ke hōʻino nei i ka maʻi luhi maʻi maʻi 

A Kōpana 2013 na Malcolm Hooper, Polofesa Emeritus o Medicinal Chemistry, University of Sunderland, UK, i hoʻopiʻi iā SMC no ka hoʻolaha ʻana i nā manaʻo o kekahi mau kauka lapaʻau, me ka hōʻole ʻole e hōʻike e pili ana i ka ʻepekema biomedical a me ke kaomi ʻana i ka "ideology a me ka propaganda o nā hui hoihoi" i loko o kāna pāpāho. hana i ka maʻi luhi mau loa / myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS / ME).

Hōʻike ka pepa a Hooper e pili ana i nā loulou ma waena o ka SMC a me nā mea pāʻani nui i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa CFS / ME me nā pilina i ka ʻoihana ʻinikua, a hāʻawi i nā hōʻike o ka mea a Hooper i hōʻike ai e like me ka hoʻouka kaua a SMC e hoʻowahāwahā i ka poʻe me CFS / ME, a me kāna mau hana e hōʻike hewa ʻole i ka PACE nā hopena hoʻokolokolo i ka pāpāho. Pau ʻo ia, "ʻO kahi hui e hana i nā ʻano ʻepekema ākea loa ʻaʻole hiki ke loaʻa i kahi kuleana kūpono e hōʻike i ka ʻepekema."

No nā ʻike SMC, ʻike Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo 2018 ma CFS / ME "ka maʻi a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa."

ʻO ka palekana kelepona paʻalima a me nā mea kōkua telecom

A Kōpana 2006 na Don Maisch, PhD, "hāpai i nā hopohopo koʻikoʻi no ke kūlike ʻole o ke kuhi SMC i ke kamaʻilio ʻepekema ke hāʻawi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ka poʻe loea e pili ana i nā pilikia hakakā inā he kuleana kekahi o ka SMC." Nānā ka pepa Maisch i nā kamaʻilio SMC e pili ana i nā pilikia e pili ana i ka uila uila a me ka palekana kelepona paʻalima, a hāʻawi i ka mea āna i kapa ai he "moʻolelo uncensored o ke ʻano SMC o ke kamaʻilio ʻepekema."

"ʻIke ʻia ka papahana o ka SIRC, SMC a me nā hui kōkua e kākoʻo i ke kulekele hoʻokele waiwai o ke aupuni UK e paipai i ka ʻenehana ʻo Biotec a me nā telecommunications. Hōʻike paha kēia i ke kumu e hiki ai i ka poʻe me ka ʻole o ka māka maoli i ka kamaʻilio ʻepekema e kiʻi i nā kūlana i lilo i maka lehulehu o ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema Pelekane. Hoʻomaopopo pū ia ke kumu o ka hoʻokumu ʻepekema a me ka hoʻokumu olakino o UK, e ʻike nei i kahi ʻāpana nui o ke kālā ʻepekema e loaʻa mai nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana, he mau hoa makemake e ʻae i nā ʻoihana PR me kahi papahana i hoʻoholo mua ʻia e kamaʻilio no lākou a lanakila i ke kulekele hoʻokele waiwai o ke aupuni no ka pono o ka lehulehu. . ”

Ke pale nei iā GMO

E like me ka mea i iho mai ma luna, ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā ʻaoʻao ʻepekema ʻelua a me kāna hui kaikuahine ʻo Sense About Science me nā papahana e pale ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini. Hāʻawi pinepine ʻo SMC i ka poʻe loea e loiloi i nā noiʻi e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMO. ʻO nā laʻana me:

I ka 2016, ua hoʻoneʻe ka ʻepekema i nā kūʻē loea o SMC a lākou i kuhi hewa ai i kā lākou hana ma GMO ʻO ke aʻo ʻana i alakaʻi ʻia e Michael Antoniou, PhD, poʻo o ka Gene Expression and Therapy Group, King's College London School of Medicine, a paʻi ʻia ma Hōʻike Pūnaewele, hoʻohana 'ana i ka pelekikena mole e hoʻohālikelike i ka mānoanoa o GMO i kona ʻaoʻao non-GM a hōʻike ʻia ʻo ka huaʻōla GM a me GM ʻole "ʻaʻole like iki." Ua hoʻopuka ʻo SMC i kahi nā hopena loea hoʻowahāwahā i ke aʻo ʻana, a ʻaʻole e ʻae i nā mea kākau e pane a hoʻoponopono paha i ka ʻike kūpono ʻole i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o SMC, e like me nā mea kākau noiʻi.

"ʻAʻole pololei kēia mau manaʻo [i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ka hoʻokuʻu SMC] a no laila hoʻolaha i nā hewa e pili ana i kā mākou pepa. Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻia mākou ʻaʻole ia ka kulekele o ka Science Media Center e kau ai i nā pane, e like me kā mākou, i nā ʻōlelo a ke komisina / kau ma kā lākou pūnaewele, "wahi a Antoniou. Nā mea kākau hoʻopaʻa haʻawina Kau ʻia kā lākou pane ma aneʻi.

Ua hōʻike ʻo Rebeka Wilce ka mea kākau moʻolelo i PR Nānā i ka 2014 ma kekahi mau laʻana o ka pro-GMO bias ma nā kamaʻilio SMC. Ua kākau ʻo ia:

Kāhea ʻo SMC iā ia iho i wahi kikowaena haʻiʻōlelo kūʻokoʻa no nā pilikia ʻepekema. Eia nō naʻe, nīnau ka poʻe loiloi i kona kūʻokoʻa mai ka ʻoihana GMO - me ka ʻōlelo a ka hui e hāʻawi wale ana kēlā me kēia hui a i ʻole nā ​​mea lawelawe ʻē aʻe i ʻelima pākēneka o ka loaʻa kālā o ka hui. e hoʻolako i nā wili GMO hou aʻe ma aneʻi.

ʻO SMC alakaʻi ʻia ka pane i kahi noi 2012 e hōʻike nei i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā tumors i nā holoholona lab i hānai ʻia nā GMO i kahi noiʻi hānai wā lōʻihi. Ua hōʻino ākea ʻia ke aʻo ʻana ma ka nūpepa, ua unuhi ʻia e ka puke pai mua a hoʻopuka hou ʻia i loko o kahi puke pai ʻē aʻe.

ʻO Media Coverage

ʻO Columbia Journalism Review ʻekolu ʻāpana moʻo, Iune 2013, "Nā Pūnaewele ʻApekema Pūnaewele a me ka Press"

Nature, na Ewen Callaway, Iulai 2013, "Pūnaewele ʻepekema: Ke kikowaena o ka nānā; Hoʻoholo ʻo Fiona Fox a me kāna Science Media Center e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka paʻi paʻi o Britain. Ke hoʻolaha nei ke k aroundkohu a puni ka honua ”

Nature, na Colin Macilwain, "ʻElua mau lāhui i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia e kahi kumu maʻamau: ʻO nā hoʻolālā e hoʻohālikelike i ko Britain Media Science Center ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e hoʻopiha ʻia me ka makaʻu"

Maikaʻi, na Stacy Malkan, Iulai 24, 2017, "Reuters vs. Un Cancer Agency: Aia paha nā pilina paʻa i ka ʻepekema ʻikepili?"

ʻO SciDevNet, na Mićo Tatalović, Mei 2014, "ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka UK Media Science Center no ka hoʻokuke ʻana i ka ʻepekema ʻoihana" Center lamb

Nānā PR, na Rebekah Wilke, ʻApelila 2014, "Hoʻolaha ka Science Media Center Pro-GMO Line"

Ma ka hui pili Sense e pili ana i ka ʻepekema:

ʻO ke kuʻina, na Liza Gross, Nowemapa 2016, "Kanalua kanalua: Pehea nā kiaʻi ponoʻī o ka 'epekema kani' e kuhikuhi i nā unahi i ka ʻoihana."

Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo USRTK: ʻIke e pili ana i ka ʻepekema-USA Luna Hoʻokele ʻo Trevor Butterworth Spins ʻEpekema no ka ʻOihana

Pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo USRTK: Ua hilinaʻi ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau 'hoa' e hoʻouka aku i nā ʻepekema maʻi ʻaʻai ʻoi loa

Hoʻopiʻi kā CDC New CDC koho i nā pilina paʻa iā Coca Cola

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E nānā i kekahi:

  • New York Times, na Sheila Kaplan, 7/22/2017: "Uaʻike ke Aliʻi CDC hou iā Coca-Cola ma ke ʻano he Ally i ka hakakā ʻo Obesity"
  • Forbes, ʻĀpana 2 na Rob Waters, "ʻO ka Coca-Cola Network: ʻo Soda Giant Mines e pili ana me nā luna a me nā ʻepekema e hoʻopili i ka hopena"

Na Rob Waters

Mahele 1 o nā moʻolelo 2 

No nā makahiki he nui, ua ʻimi ʻo The Coca-Cola Company, ka mea kūʻai aku i nā mea inu momona nui loa o ka honua, e hoʻohuli i ke kulekele olakino a me ka manaʻo o ka lehulehu ma o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pilina me nā ʻepekema koʻikoʻi a me nā luna, e like me ke keʻena olakino olakino lehulehu o ka ʻāina, nā Centers for Disease Control a me ka Kāohi (CDC).

I kēia manawa ua loaʻa i ke keʻena ʻo Trump ua koho ʻia i aliʻi CDC hou, ʻO Kauka Brenda Fitzgerald, ka mea, ma ke ʻano he komikina olakino lehulehu no Georgia no ʻeono mau makahiki i hala, i hana pū me Coke e holo i kahi papahana e kūʻē i ka momona o nā keiki. ʻO Coca-Cola KO + 0.00% hāʻawi he $ 1 miliona iā SOPA KUMU, ka mea e ʻimi nei e hoʻonui i ka hoʻoikaika kino i nā kula akā hāmau e pili ana i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka inu soda, ʻoiai ua ʻike ʻia e nā noiʻi he nui ke kō ʻana o ke kō, ʻo ia hoʻi ma ke ʻano wai, he mea kalaiwa ia no ka momona a me ka maʻi kō, a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai a me nā maʻi puʻuwai.

Ma kahi hālāwai kūkā nūhou 2013, ua hoʻomaikaʻi ʻo Fitzgerald iā Coke no kāna “makana hāʻawi manawaleʻa. ” Ua kākau ʻo ia i commentary e pili ana i ke ahulau obesity no kā Coca-Cola pūnaewele e hōʻike nei i ka pono e "hoʻoneʻe i kā mākou haumāna." A i kahi nīnauele me a kahua kīwī kūloko, ua wehewehe ʻo ia i kāna mau mea nui. ʻO Georgia SHAPE, i ʻōlelo ʻo ia, "e noʻonoʻo ana i ka mea āu e ʻai ai" -ʻoiai ʻaʻole e ʻōlelo iki e pili ana i ka mea pono ʻole.

E holo ʻē aʻe ke keʻena ʻo Fitzgerald i nā pilina ʻoluʻolu me Coca-Cola. Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kēia mau pilina i loko o nā leka uila i hoʻolaha ʻia ma waena o nā luna o Coke, nā luna o ka CDC a me kahi pūnaewele o nā poʻe mai nā kula nui a me nā ʻoihana i kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana me Coke, Nestlé, Mars Inc. a me Mondelez, i ʻike ʻia ma mua ʻo Kraft. ʻO nā leka uila, i hoʻokuʻu ʻia e ka CDC no ka pane ʻana i nā noi a nā lehulehu i waiho ʻia e US Right to Know, he kamaʻilio, kekahi manawa maʻalahi, aloha pinepine a huhū a makemake pinepine hoʻi.

i ka ʻOkakopa 2015 leka uila, Barbara Bowman, kahi luna CDC i haʻalele mai ia manawa, hāʻawi i kāna mahalo i ka luna mua o Coca-Cola ʻo Alex Malaspina no kahi ʻaina ahiahi hou. "He manawa maikaʻi loa kā mākou i nā pō Pōʻaono, mahalo nui, e Alex, no kou hoʻokipa."

Ma kahi leka uila 2015 ʻē aʻe i kahi hui ʻepekema, ua loaʻa i nā poʻe āpau nā kālā noiʻi mai Coca-Cola a i ʻole nā ​​hui ʻē aʻe i kākoʻo ʻia me nā ʻoihana, noi ʻo Malaspina no "nā manaʻo e pili ana pehea e hiki ai iā mākou ke pale" i nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo a ke kōmike o ka poʻe loea e aʻoaʻo nei i ke aupuni US. . Makemake ke kōmike i ke aupuni e koi aku i nā poʻe ʻAmelika e hōʻemi i kā lākou ʻai ʻana i ke kō, ka ʻiʻo a me ka sodium. Ma kāna leka uila, ua hoʻokuʻu ʻo Malaspina i kēia mau manaʻo "ʻaʻole hoʻokumu ʻia i ka ʻepekema."

A iloko palapala ʻē aʻe, Kākau ʻo Coca-Cola Rhona Applebaum i kahi luna o ka CDC a me kahi kanaka noiʻi University of Louisiana State e alakaʻi nei i kahi noi nui e pili ana i ka momona o nā keiki. Ua aʻo wale ʻo ia e hōʻole ana ʻo Mekiko e komo i ke aʻo ʻana ma muli o ke kālā ʻana a Coke iā ia, a ua pee ʻo ia. "No laila inā lawe nā ʻepekema maikaʻi i $$$ mai Coke – he aha – ua hana hewa lākou?" kākau ʻo ia.

'No ke aha ʻo Coke e kamaʻilio nei me CDC?'

Hāʻawi nā leka uila i kahi ʻano o nā ala a Coca-Cola e hoʻohana ai i nā pilina me nā luna olakino a me nā ʻepekema e hoʻohuli i nā mea hana politika a me nā mea nūpepa. Loaʻa nā hana i ke kumu kūʻai o ke olakino lehulehu, e like me ka mea noiʻi noiʻi i nīnau i ka pono o nā pilina ma waena o Coke a me CDC.

"No ke aha ʻo Coke e kamaʻilio pū ana me CDC? No ke aha kekahi laina o ke kamaʻilio ʻana? ” i nīnau aku ai ʻo Robert Lustig, he endocrinologist pediatric ma ke Kulanui o Kaleponi ʻo Kapalakiko nāna i noiʻi i nā hopena o ke kō i nā keiki a me nā mākua. "Kūpono ʻole ka launa ʻana a maopopo ke hoʻāʻo nei lākou e hoʻohana ia mea e hoʻokau i ka mana ma luna o kahi keʻena aupuni."

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā leka uila ʻaʻole i kamaʻilio pololei ʻia i kekahi ma CDC, akā ua hoʻohuli ʻia e ka ʻoihana e hoʻolohe i nā noi palapala lehulehu. Hōʻike kēia i kekahi mau luna o ka CDC i hoʻouna ʻia i bcc: nā kope makapō paha.

Hāʻawi nā leka uila i kahi nānā i ka pūnaewele puni honua i hoʻokumu ʻia e Malaspina, kahi pelekikena hope poʻokela o nā ʻoihana kūwaho ma Coca-Cola. Aia i loko o ka pūnaewele:

  • ʻO ka International Life Science Institute (ILSI), kahi hui honua nona nā lālā, e like me kona pūnaewele "ʻO nā hui mai ka meaʻai, nā mahiʻai, nā kemika, nā lāʻau lapaʻau, a me nā biotechnology a me nā ʻoihana kākoʻo." ʻO Coca-Cola i waena o nā kumu waiwai kālā o ILSI a ʻo Malaspina kona pelekikena hoʻokumu. A palapala moʻohelu kālā i loaʻa e US Right to Know e ʻōlelo nei ua hāʻawi ʻo Coca-Cola iā ILSI $ 167,000 ma 2012 a me 2013.
  • ʻO ka International Food Information Council (IFIC), kahi pono ʻole ʻo Wakinekona i kākoʻo ʻia e nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā hui kālepa e like me Coca-Cola, ka American Beverage Association, ka Hershey Company a me Cargill Inc. Wahi a kāna pūnaewele, hana ʻo IFIC e "kamaʻilio kūpono i ka ʻepekema. -ʻikepili pili "e pili ana i ka meaʻai a" kōkua i ka poʻe nūpepa a me nā mea nūpepa e kākau e pili ana i ke olakino, meaʻai a me ka palekana o ka meaʻai. "
  • Kahi hui o nā ʻepekema ʻepekema me kahi mōʻaukala o ka mālama ʻana i nā noiʻi i kākoʻo ʻia e Coca-Cola a i ʻole ILSI.

ʻO Malaspina, ka mea i pili mau me Coca-Cola a me ILSI ma hope o ka haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻoihana soda, puka i loko o nā leka uila ma ke ʻano he kumu nui e hoʻopili ana i ka pūnaewele. ʻO kahi laʻana, ma hope o ke noi ʻana i ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo no ka hōʻino ʻana i ka Nā'ōleloʻo 2015 o ke Kōmike aʻoaʻo aʻoaʻo alakaʻi, mahalo ʻo ia i ka hana a ka ʻAha ʻAi Meaʻai e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe kākau moʻolelo e pili ana iā lākou.

'E hele mai ana no ka ʻoihana'

Ua kāhea wale aku ka ʻAha Kūkā me kahi mau nūpepa 40 e hōʻino i nā ʻōlelo a ke kōmike, a IFIC i nānā aku ai he "hoʻomāinoino" ʻana i ke kō, ka ʻiʻo a me kaʻuala. Ma hope o ke kāhea ʻana o ka pāpāho, ua kaena nā lunamakaʻāinana IFIC i kahi memo kūloko e pili ana i ka uhi ʻana o kekahi mau nūpepa. Loaʻa iā Malaspina kahi kope o ka memo a hāʻawi i mua i kāna mau hoapili ma Coke a me kāna mau pilina ma ka CDC.

"Ke hele mai nei ʻo IFIC no ka ʻoihana," kākau ʻo Malaspina.

Ua haʻi ʻia kahi mea haʻi ʻōlelo no ka CDC, ʻo Kathy Harben, i loko o kahi leka uila e hana pū ana kāna ʻoihana me nā ʻāpana pilikino no ka mea ʻo nā hui lehulehu-pilikino e holomua i ka misiona a CDC no ka pale ʻana i nā ʻAmelika. Mālama ʻo CDC, ke hana pū mākou me nā lālā pilikino, he puʻukū maikaʻi mākou no nā kālā i hāʻawi ʻia iā mākou a mālama i kā mākou ʻepekema kūpaʻa ma ke komo ʻana i kahi hakakā o ke kaʻina loiloi hoihoi manaʻo ʻia e ikaika a mālamalama hoʻi ia. ”

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā pili kālā a me nā pilina kānalua ma waena o Coca-Cola, nā mea noiʻi kālaiʻike a me ka CDC i nā hōʻike he nui i nā makahiki ʻelua i hala.

'Pūnaewele Balance Energy'

I ka 2015, ka New York Times a ma hope ka Associated Press ua hōʻike ʻo Rhona Applebaum, ka luna olakino a me ka ʻepekema nui o Coke, i hoʻonohonoho i nā hāʻawi i ke Kulanui o Colorado a me ke Kulanui o South Carolina e hoʻomaka i kahi hui nonprofit, ka Global Energy Balance Network, ka mea e "hoʻopili i ka noʻonoʻo a me ke kumu" i nā kūkākūkā e pili ana i ka momona.

ʻO ka pahuhopu ka pahu ʻana i ka manaʻo ʻo ka loaʻa ʻana o ke kaupaona ka mea pili i ka lawa ʻole o ka hana kino a ka poʻe e like me kā lākou ʻai ʻana i ke kō a me nā calorie. Ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻia ʻana o kā Coca-Cola kālā, ua hemo ka pūnaewele hoʻoliʻiliʻi ikehu a ua hoʻolaha ke Kulanui o Colorado e hoʻihoʻi ʻia he $ 1 miliona iā Coke. Ua hoʻomaha ʻo Applebaum ʻekolu mau mahina ma hope o ka moʻolelo Times.

I ka makahiki i hala, ʻo Barbara Bowman kūkala i kona hoʻomaha loa mai ka CDC i ʻelua mau lā ma hope o ka hōʻike ʻana a US Right to Know ua aʻo ʻo ia iā Malaspina e pili ana i nā ala e hoʻohuli ai i ka World Health Organization a me kāna Luna Hoʻokele-General ʻo Margaret Chan. ʻO ka WHO i hoʻopuka aku nei kulekele ke koi nei i ka hōʻemi loa ʻana i ke kō, a ua manaʻo ʻo Malaspina i kēia mau mea he "hoʻoweliweli i kā mākou ʻoihana."

ʻO nā moʻolelo ʻē aʻe i loaʻa i ka makahiki i hala e US Right to Know e hōʻike ana ʻo Michael Pratt, he kākāʻōlelo no ka olakino honua ma ka CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotional, ua alakaʻi i ka noiʻi i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Coca-Cola a he kākāʻōlelo no ILSI.

'E ʻoi aku kā mākou hana'

I ʻAukake 2015, ʻelua mau pule ma hope o ka moʻolelo Times, ʻo ka Luna Hoʻokele ʻo Coca-Cola a me ka luna nui ʻo Muhtar Kent ʻae ʻia i loko o kahi Wall Street Journal op-ed i kapa ʻia ʻo "E Hana Maikaʻi ʻOi" ʻo kā ke kālā kālā kālā a ka ʻimi noiʻi ʻepekema, i nā manawa he nui, "lawelawe wale ai e huikau a hilinaʻi ʻole hoʻi." Ua hōʻike ka hui ma hope mai ka 2010 a hiki i ka hopena o ka makahiki i hala, ua hoʻolilo ʻia he $ 138 miliona i ke kālā ma waho o nā mea noiʻi a me nā papahana olakino a hana i kahi “mäliko”Ka papa inoa pūnaewele i nā mea e loaʻa ana i kāna kālā.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Coca-Cola Kākoʻo ʻo ia i kēia manawa i nā ʻōlelo a ka WHO i makemake ai ʻo Malaspina e hōʻino - e kaupalena ka poʻe i kā lākou lawe ʻana i ke kō i 10% o nā calorie a lākou e ʻai ai i kēlā me kēia lā. "Ua hoʻomaka mākou i kā mākou huakaʻi i kēlā pahuhopu ke hoʻomohala i kā mākou papa hana ʻoihana e lilo i hui inu inu piha," i ʻōlelo ai ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo a Coca-Cola, ʻo Katherine Schermerhorn, i kahi leka uila.

Ua hoʻohiki ʻo Coca-Cola e hāʻawi i kahi ʻoi aku ma mua o 50% o ke kumukūʻai o nā noiʻi ʻepekema. E hoʻololi paha kēlā i ka hopena o nā noi? Kūpono nā mea loiloi ʻo Coca-Cola, ke hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā haʻawina i mālama mua ʻia e Coke i hōʻemi i nā hopena olakino maikaʻi ʻole o nā kō a me nā mea inuʻai. E nānā pono ana au i ka lā ʻapōpō ma kekahi o nā haʻawina a Coke i kālā ai - a laila hāʻawi ʻia i kāna mau pilina ma ka CDC.

ʻO Rob Waters kahi mea kākau olakino a ʻepekema hoʻi i hoʻokumu ʻia ma Berkeley, Kaleponi a me kahi mea noiʻi noiʻi no US Right to Know. Ua puka mua kēia moʻolelo i Forbes ma Iulai 10.

E hopu pio paha ka Senate Democrats mai nā Jaws o ka lanakila ma ka inoa GMO?

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Hoʻohou i Iune 27: ʻO kahi bila "kuʻikahi" hou i hoʻolaha ʻia e Senator Stabenow "ʻaʻole ʻae ʻia" a ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o ka pila kumu, e ʻōlelo nā mea kākoʻo mea kūʻai. Heluhelu i ka nā nū hou ma aneʻi.

Na Stacy Malkan

Ma kahi kokoke i 90% o ko ʻAmelika e ʻōlelo i nā ʻenekini genetically pono e kapa inoa ʻia, me ke kākoʻo kiʻekiʻe ma waena o nā makahiki āpau, nā lāhui a me nā pili politika, e like me kahi Kekemapa 2015 Koho polū ʻo Mellman Group. He paʻakikī e noʻonoʻo i kahi hihia politika e kaʻana like ana i kēia hoʻopiʻi ākea. ʻO ka hilinaʻi i kā mākou kuleana e ʻike i nā mea i loko o kā mākou meaʻai e like me ʻAmelika e like me ka pai ʻāpala.

I kēia manawa, ma hope o ke kaua hakakā paʻakikī i alakaʻi ʻia e miliona o nā mea kūʻai a me nā hui kaiapili, olakino a me nā mea kūʻai aku nui loa o ka lāhui, ke lanakila nei mākou i kēlā kuleana. ʻO nā hui meaʻai nui mai Nā Mills nui i Kellogg i ʻO Campbell's 'ōlelo lākou ke kau nei lākou i nā lepili i nā huahana meaʻai e hōʻike inā hana ʻia lākou me ka hana ʻenekini.

Hiki paha ke wehe i kēia holomua? Hiki paha i nā lepili meaʻai hou ke ʻōwili hou i nā hale hana e hoʻololi ʻia e ka mea hiki ʻole ke hoʻomaopopo ʻia kapa ʻeleʻele i kapa ʻia ʻo QR code?

ʻO Senokalaka Demokarata, alakaʻi ʻia e ka Democrat Demokarata ʻo Debbie Stabenow, e hana ana i kahi ʻaelike e hōʻoki ana i ka lepili ʻana o GMO i kāna ala?

spaghettiosKe hoʻonui nei ka ʻoihana mahiʻai i ka US Senate i kēia manawa me kahi hana lobbying hope loa e hoʻopau i ka Hana ʻo DARK (Deny ʻAmelika i ka Pono e ʻike), a laila hoʻopau i nā hana labeling mokuʻāina. He mau pule wale nō lākou i koe e hana i kēia ma mua o ka hoʻokō ʻana o Vermont i ke kānāwai GMO ʻōlima mua o ka lāhui Iulai 1.

Ua hala ka Hale o nā Lunamakaʻāinana i ke Kānāwai DARK i ka makahiki i hala. Ua haʻi ʻo Rep. John Conyers (D-MI) i kēlā manawa i ka a CNN op ed, "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e noʻonoʻo ana ka ʻahaʻōlelo i kahi noi e hōʻole i ka ʻike o ka poʻe ʻAmelika e pili ana i kā lākou meaʻai e ʻōlelo nei i ka mana nui o kēia poʻe lobbyist ʻoihana no ka pono o ka lehulehu."

Aia nā maka āpau i kēia manawa iā Sen. Stabenow, nāna, e like me ka Hōʻike Hagstrom, ua hāpai wale i ka ʻōlelo hou no kahi "kuʻikahi." ʻAʻole paha hoʻokomo kēia i nā code QR, kahi helu 800, a i ʻole kekahi ala ʻē aʻe e koi ai i ka lepili "mandatory" ʻoiai e ʻae ana i nā ʻoihana meaʻai e hoʻopau i nā huaʻōlelo "genekinia genetika" mai nā lepili hou e hele nei i kahi hale kūʻai kokoke iā ʻoe .

Murky nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka manaʻo kuikahi. Akā hoʻokahi mea maopopo: ʻoiai ka Democrat kūlana kiʻekiʻe ma ke Kōmike Hoʻomohala Senate, ua paʻa ʻo Sen. Stabenow i nā kī e hoʻoholo ai inā ʻaʻole e maopopo ka maopopo o ka poʻe ʻAmelika, nā lepili GMO ma nā pūʻulu e koi ʻia ma 64 mau ʻāina ʻē aʻe a puni ka honua.

Ke hana nei nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua i ka mea e hiki ai ke hoʻohuli iā ia. E like me Ua hōʻikeʻiaʻo Politico, ua mālama nā alakaʻi ʻoihana meaola i kahi kālā no Sen. Stabenow i Malaki, he mau lā wale nō ma mua o ke koho balota hope loa ma ke Kānāwai DARK, a ua hāʻawi nā alakaʻi ʻoihana meaola i mau tausani kālā i kāna huakaʻi ma 2015 a me 2016.

ʻO kahi loiloi o ka waiho ʻana o ke Kōmike Koho Koho Pekelala no nā manawaleʻa i kā Sen. Stabenow huakaʻi mai nā hui a me nā hui kalepa i nā makahiki he ʻelima i hala i loaʻa iki mai ka ʻoihana ʻokanika - hoʻokahi wale nō manawaleʻa mai ka Organic Trade Association ma 2012 no $ 2,500.

ʻO nā meaʻai nui, nā mea kemika a me nā agribusiness, ʻoiai, hāʻawi manawaleʻa ma kahi o $ 100,000 i kāna huakaʻi i kēlā manawa, me kahi $ 60,000 i hui pū ʻia mai Monsanto, DuPont, Pepsi, Coca-Cola, Dow, Kraft, Bayer a me ConAgra.

ʻO kēlā mau ʻoihana i waena o nā mea hāʻawi he 10 kiʻekiʻe i nā hoʻolaha kūʻē anti-labeling i lilo ma luna o $ 100 miliona e hoʻokahuli i nā hoʻomaka balota o GMO i Kaleponi, Wakinekona, Oregon a me Kaleponi - e hoʻohana ana i nā hana hoʻopunipuni e hana pēlā, e like me nā mea leka mai nā pūʻulu mua hoʻopunipuni, hoopii wahahee i nā hoʻolaha a me nā alakaʻi koho, aʻo ka mea nui loa hana hoʻolimalima kālā i ka mōʻaukala koho balota o Wakinekona Mokuʻāina.

No ke aha makaʻu kēia mau ʻoihana e hāʻawi i ka poʻe ʻAmelika i kahi koho kūpono e pili ana i nā GMO i kā mākou meaʻai?

Ke hoʻouna nei nā hui agribusiness nui i ka leka ʻaʻole ia o kā mākou ʻoihana ka mea i loko o kā mākou meaʻai a pehea e hana ai. Ua aʻo ʻia e ka mea pena kiʻi politika ʻo Rick Friday kēlā haʻawina i ke ala paʻakikī i kona wā hou kipaku ʻia mai kāna hana o 21 mau makahiki ma Iowa's Farm News no ke kuhikuhi ʻana i loko o kahi katuna ʻO kēlā mau luna kiʻekiʻe ma Monsanto, DuPont Pioneer a me John Deere i loaʻa kālā hou i ka makahiki i hala ma mua o 2,129 mau mahiʻai Iowa.

He aha hou aʻe ʻaʻole makemake ai kēia mau ʻoihana e ʻike e pili ana i kā mākou meaʻai?

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ka hapanui o nā mea kanu ʻenekini e hoʻolālā ʻia e ola i nā lāʻau make kemika, maikaʻi loa ia no nā pono o ka hui kemika akā ʻaʻole maikaʻi loa no nā mahiʻai a me nā ʻohana ma nā kaiāulu ulu o GMO e like me Hawaii, Argentina a me Iowa - a i ʻole no ke koena o mākou e ʻai nei i ka meaʻai i kēlā me kēia lā i kēlā loaʻa ka glyphosate, ka mea i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ma carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka e ka paneli maʻi maʻi o ka World Health Organization.

ʻO ka nūhou maikaʻi, ʻo ka koi o nā mea kūʻai aku no ka transparency ua nui loa ka leo e hōʻole.

Ua kūleʻa nā kipi mokuʻāina no ka lepili GMO i ke aʻo ʻana i nā miliona o ka poʻe i kā mākou mea kanu mea ʻai nui a genetically engineered me ka transparency. ʻO ka kānāwai hōʻailona inoa ʻo Vermont kahi lanakila no ka lāhui a ke hele nei nā ʻoihana meaʻai i ka lepili ʻana i nā GMO no ka manawa mua ma ka mōʻaukala US.

Inā kūleʻa ka lobby mahiʻai i ka hoʻokuke ʻana i ka Democrats e ʻae i kahi hana Dark Act e pili ana i nā mea i ʻoi aku ka emi ma mua o ka labelling on-package, e hoʻomanaʻo mau loa ʻia ʻo Sen. Stabenow no ke kāʻili ʻana i ka eo mai nā iwi ā o ka lanakila no kā mākou kuleana e ʻike i nā mea i loko o kā mākou meaʻai.

Uaʻike muaʻia kēia moʻolelo Huffington Post. Makemake i nā meaʻai hou aʻe no ka noʻonoʻo? Kakau inoa no ka Leka uila USRTK.