ʻO Jon Entine's Genetic Literacy Project: Nā ʻelele PR no Monsanto, Bayer a me ka ʻoihana Kemika

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ʻO Jon Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Genetic Literacy Project, kahi hoa nui i ka Monsanto mau hana pili lehulehu e pale aku a pale aku i nā huahana mahiʻai. ʻO Entine kahi mea kākau nūpepa mua nāna e hōʻike iā ia iho he mana pahuhopu i ka ʻepekema, akā ʻo nā hōʻike i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kēia pepa ʻoiaʻiʻo e hōʻike ana ʻo ia he PR lōʻihi lōʻihi me nā pilina hohonu i ka ʻoihana kemika a kālele kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia.

ʻO Origins ma ke ʻano ʻo Monsanto PR firm

ʻO Entine ka mea hoʻokumu a poʻokumu o ESG MediaMetrics, he hui pili lehulehu i ʻO Monsanto ma ke ʻano he mea kūʻai aku ma 2011 ke kūpaʻa kakau i ka GeneticLiteracyProject.org kahua.

Ua hoʻohana ʻia ʻo Entine i kēlā manawa e nā lawelawe loiloi helu (STATS), kahi hui nonprofit a nā mea kākau moʻolelo i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "hoʻolālā disinformation”ʻO ia kaulike me nā kūlana ʻoihana o ka hōʻino ʻana i nā hōʻino olakino. Ua hoʻomohala ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "papahana hoʻopaʻi keʻa me STATS," e like me waihona pūnaewele I ka 2015, neʻe ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma lalo o ka malu o kahi hui hou, ʻo ka Science Literacy Project, ka mea i hoʻoilina i ka STATS helu helu ʻauhau.

ʻO STATS kahi “ka mea pāʻani nui i ka hoʻolaha lehulehu e hōʻino i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka bisphenol A,”E like me ka Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. ʻO kāna hui makua, ʻo ka Center for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA), ʻo ia uku ʻia e ka nunui paka ʻO Phillip Morris i nā makahiki 1990 "e ʻokiʻoki i nā moʻolelo e pili ana i ka puhipaka." He alakaʻi ʻo Entine o ka CMPA ma 2014/2015, e like me i nā palapala ʻauhau.

He mea kūʻai aku ʻo Monsanto i ka firm PR o Entine i kona wā i hoʻopaʻa inoa ai i ka inoa no ka papahana Genetic Literacy.

ʻĪlio hoʻouka kaua a Monsanto 

Hoʻoweliweli pinepine ka papahana genetic literacy i nā ʻepekema, ʻepekema, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea ʻē aʻe e hōʻino iā Monsanto a i ʻole kāna huahana. Nā palapala i loaʻa iā Pono ʻo US e ʻikema o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana hoʻokumu i nā hui ʻo Monsanto me Entine a me GLP ma nā papahana PR e hoʻolaha a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻia kēia mau alu like ʻana.

A Hoʻolālā ʻo 2015 Monsanto PR inoa Genetic Literacy Project ma waena o ka "Nā hoa hana" Ua hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto e hana i kāna mau hana e "orctrate outcry" e pili ana i hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai mai ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). ʻO kā Monsanto pahuhopu, e like me ka papahana PR: “pale i ka kaulana” o Roundup. Ua kau ʻo GLP ma hope mai ma luna o 200 ʻatikala e pili ana i ka IARC, kekahi o lākou kū'ē nā ʻepekema as nā kuʻuna a wahahee ʻO wai kipaku ʻia e ka waiwai a me ka lapuwale.

He lanakila lanakila Le Monde hoʻokolokolo e pili ana i ka "Monsanto Papers" i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "punaewele hoʻolaha kaulana" i hānai ʻia e nā poʻe PR e pili ana i nā ʻoihana pesticides a me biotechnology. He kuleana nui ko Genetic Literacy Project i ko Monsanto mau hana "e luku i ka ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa maʻi maʻi maʻi maʻi i nā mea hiki," Le Monde i hōʻike.

I kahi waiho ʻana o ka ʻaha 2017, ua hoʻopiʻi nā loio o ka poʻe hoʻopiʻi iā Monsanto no nā hopohopo maʻi ʻaʻa glyphosate i wehewehe ʻia ʻo Genetic Literacy Project a me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika e pili ana i ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino ma ke ʻano he "hui i manaʻo e hoʻohilahila i nā ʻepekema a hōʻike i ka ʻike e kōkua ana iā Monsanto a me nā mea hana kemika ʻē aʻe."

Nā pepa Pro GMO e nā polopeka

I ka 2014 a me ka 2015, ua hana ʻo Genetic Literacy Project me Monsanto a me kā lākou PR firm e paʻi a hoʻolaha i kahi moʻo o nā pepa pro-GMO i kākau ʻia e nā polopeka. Ua hoʻokau a hoʻoponopono ʻo Monsanto i nā pepa, a hoʻonohonoho iā Genetic Literacy Project e hoʻolaha iā lākou. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻia ka kuleana o ka ʻoihana.

Wahi a kahi leka uila o Sep. 2014, Ua koho nā luna o Monsanto i ka papahana Genetic Literacy Project ma ke ʻano he "puka mua" e paʻi i nā pepa a nā polopeka, a kūkulu i kahi "papahana kūʻai aku" me ka PR PR CMA e paipai i nā pepa. ʻO ka firm PR CMA, i kapa hou ʻia i kēia manawa ʻo Look East, alakaʻi ʻia e Charlie Arnot. Holo pū ʻo ia i ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono, kahi mea kōkua ʻole e loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto, a ʻo ia pū kekahi hāʻawi manawaleʻa iā Papahana Heluhelu Genetic.

Hoʻopili iā Syngenta a me ka hui mua o ka ʻoihana

Ke hāʻawi kālā nei ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH i ka wā i paʻi ai i ka puke a Entine e pale aku nei i ka pesticide a Syngenta.

Ua pili paʻa ʻo Jon Entine me ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino (ACSH), kahi hui mua ʻoihana loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto a me nā hui kemika ʻē aʻe. Ua paʻi ʻo ACSH i kā Entine puke 2011, ka mea e pale aku i ka atrazine, kahi pesticide i hana ʻia e Syngenta. Ke hōʻike nei e ʻO Tom Philpott ma Mother Jones a me ka Kikowaena no Media a me ka Demokalaka hoʻokumu e hāʻawi kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH i kēlā manawa, a ua noi aku ʻo ACSH iā Syngenta e hāʻawi i kālā hou aku no kahi papahana i hoʻopili ʻia kahi puke e like me ka puke ʻo Entine. Ke ʻimi nei ʻo Syngenta i nā ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e kōkua i ka ʻoihana pale aku iā atrazine.

I 2009, Ua nīnau aku nā limahana o ACSH iā Syngenta no kahi kālā $ 100,000, "hoʻokaʻawale a ʻokoʻa i ke kākoʻo hana maʻamau a Syngenta e hāʻawi manawaleʻa nei i nā makahiki i hala aku nei," e hana i kahi pepa a me "puke kūʻai ʻoluʻolu mea kūʻai" e pili ana i atrazine. I ka 2011, Hoʻolaha ʻo ACSH ʻO ka puke hou a Entine me kahi "hoa aloha, pepa kūlana pōkole," e pale aku ana iā atrazine. Ua haʻi ʻo Entine iā Philpott ʻaʻohe ona "manaʻo" e loaʻa kālā ana ʻo Syngenta iā ACSH.

Kumuhana nui: hoʻouka kaua i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa

ʻO kahi poʻomanaʻo nui i ka hana a Entine e hoʻouka nei i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa nāna e hōʻike loiloi e pili ana i ka ʻoihana kemika, ka ʻoihana aila a me nā pilikia olakino e pili pū ana me lākou. Kekahi mau laʻana:

  • hooukaia mai New Yorker ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Rachel Aviv i ka hoʻāʻo e hōʻino iā ia hōʻike e pili ana i nā palapala Syngenta kūloko e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana o ka hui kemika e hōʻino i ka inoa o UC Berkeley Polofesa Tyrone Hayes ma muli o kāna noiʻi ʻana e hoʻohui ana i ka lāʻau make atrazine i nā hānau hānau i nā rana. ʻO Bruce Chassy ke kumu nui o Entine, he polofesa ʻo ia ke loaʻa mālie nei i ke kālā mai Monsanto a kōkua i ka hoʻomaka a ʻO ka hui mua o Monsanto e hoʻouka i nā loiloi ʻoihana.
  • hooukaia mai ʻO Harvard Professor Naomi Oreskes, ka mea kākau o ʻO nā kālepa o ka kanalua, ma ke ʻano he "populist Luddite, ka Rottweiler ʻike o loko o kou alo, kaiapuni, a makaʻala maoli hoʻi i ka ʻenehana hou."
  • ʻAʻohe ʻO ke kula ʻo Journalism Columbia ʻo Dean Steve Coll a me ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Susanne Rust o "smearing Exxon" no ka hōʻike ʻana ua ʻike ʻo Exxon no nā makahiki he maoli ke ʻano o ke aniau akā hūnā i ka ʻepekema e hoʻomau i nā loaʻa kālā e kahe ana.
  • i ka hoʻouka ukali (mai ka lawe ʻia ʻana mai ka Huffington Post Pūnaewele), hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine iā Rust no nā hana hewa ethics no kāna hōʻike ʻana i kahi papa lanakila lanakila ma BPA ʻo ia papa inoa pōkole no kahi Pulitzer Prize; ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Entine i kāna hōʻike ʻana i hōʻike ai i kāna haku hana ma mua ʻo STATS ma ke ʻano he ka mea pāʻani nui i nā hana PR o ka ʻoihana.

ʻO Murky Funding Trail i Entine a me GLP

He paʻakikī a paʻakikī ka mōʻaukala kālā o Entine, akā hōʻike nā palapala ʻauhau a me kāna mau hōʻike ponoʻī i kahi ʻano o ke kālā mai nā kumuwaiwai inoa ʻole a me nā kumu ʻēheu ʻākau i pahu aku ai i ka deregulation a me ka hōʻole ʻepekema aniau, a me ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai ka ʻoihana biotechnology.

Kūpono ʻole, e loli mau nei ka pepa "transparency"

ʻO ka palapala "transparency financial" ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project he pololei ʻole, hoʻololi pinepine a i kekahi manawa kūʻē iā ia iho. No 2017 a me 2018, ka Papahana Genetic Literacy koi ua loaʻa kālā mai kahi mau lima o nā kumu e like me nā hoʻokumu ʻo Templeton a me Searle, ʻo ia nā alakaʻi kālā kālā o ka ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole ʻana. Hoʻomaopopo pū ʻo GLP i ke kālā kālā mai ka Center for Food Integrity, a pūʻulu mua ʻoihana meaʻai i loaʻa kālā mai Monsanto a me nā hoapili pū me Monsanto a me Genetic Literacy Project e hāpai i ka ʻoihana mahiʻai PR.

In Kepakemapa 2016, ka "hōʻike" ua ʻōlelo ʻo GLP ʻaʻole i loaʻa kahi kālā mai nā ʻoihana, akā ua hōʻike ʻia he $ 27,500 "hele ma waena o" mai ka "Academics Review Charities Association," i ʻike ʻole ʻia. ʻO kēlā hui paha ʻOihana AcademicReview.org, kahi hui mua i loaʻa ka hapa nui o kāna kālā mai ka pesticide ʻoihana hui kālepa, akā ua koi kūʻokoʻa lākou i ka ʻoihana.

In Malaki 2016, ʻaʻole hoʻolaha ʻo GLP i kahi hōʻike kālā a ua hoʻāʻo ʻo Entine e hoʻokaʻawale iā GLP mai kāna STATS haku hana ma mua, e ʻōlelo ana ua hāʻawi ʻo STATS i nā lawelawe helu mahina wale nō a ʻaʻole pili nā hui i nā hana a kekahi. Akā i ka 2012, ua ʻōlelo ʻo GLP ʻo ia “hoʻomohala ʻia ma ke ʻano he papahana aʻo keʻa me STATS. "

Ke kikowaena no ka Media a me nā kuleana aupuni / Ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason

No ka makahiki kālā 2014 / 2015, e like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau, ua loaʻa iā Entine he $ 173,100 no kāna hana ma ke ʻano he "director" ma Center for Media and Public Affairs, kahi hui ma George Mason University a hoʻokumu ʻia e GMU Professor ʻO Robert Lichter. CMPA ua uku ʻia e Phillip Morris i nā makahiki 1990 e pale i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka paka, e like me nā palapala i ka waihona waihona ʻoihana paka ʻo UCSF.

ʻAʻole hōʻike ʻo CMPA i kāna mea kālā kālā akā ua loaʻa kālā iā ia mai kā George Mason University Foundation, ka alakaʻi loaʻa o nā haʻawina i pili pū me Charles Koch a me Koch Industries. Ua loaʻa iā GMUF $ 5.3 miliona mai ka Donors Trust a me nā Donors Capital Fund ma waena o 2011-13, Wahi a ke Kahu. Kuhi kēia mau kālā i nā kālā mai nā mea hāʻawi inoa ʻole me nā ʻoihana i nā hoʻouka kaua a me nā kālaiʻike e hoʻokuʻi i nā makemake o ka ʻoihana, e like me Greenpeace i hōʻike ai i loko o kahi hoʻokolokolo ʻimi huna.

Nā uku STATS a me nā hōʻaiʻē

ʻO ka hui kaikuahine o CMPA, i hoʻokumu ʻia e Lichter a hoʻokumu ʻia ma GMU, ʻo Statistics Assessment Services (STATS), kahi hui nonprofit i hana nui i nā hana kemika PR e pale aku i nā huahana ʻawahia, e like me ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO ke kuʻina, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, ka 'Akelanika' a Ka Mea Hōʻaikaʻi.

Wahi a nā palapala IRS:

  • Ua uku ʻia nā STATS i $ 140,600 i loko 2012 / 2013 a i $ 152,500 i 2013 / 2014 ma ke ʻano he “aʻoaʻo noiʻi”
  • ʻO STATS a me ke kikowaena no Media a me nā kuleana lehulehu i helu ʻia i Entine ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi i 2014 / 2015 me ka uku no $ 173,100. Ua helu pū ʻia nā moʻolelo ʻauhau no nā hui ʻelua i ka Pelekikena Trevor Butterworth no $ 95,512 a me ka Luna Hoʻokele Tracey Brown me ka uku ʻole ʻia. ʻO Tracey Brown ka luna o Sense About Science, kahi hui pū kekahi wili ʻepekema e pale aku i nā pono ʻoihana kemika; ʻO Butterworth hoʻokumu ʻo Sense About Science USA i ka 2014 a hui pū i nā STATS i kēlā hui.
  • Ua lilo ka Project Science Literacy Project i ka ʻauhau ID o STATS ma 2015 a helu ʻia ʻo Entine ma ke ʻano he Luna Hoʻokele me ka uku no $ 188,800.
  • I ka 2018, ESG MediaMetrics, paʻa paʻa o Entine's PR, i hōʻike ʻia $ 176,420 i ka loaʻa kālā.

Ua hōʻaiʻē pū ka Center for Media and Public Affairs i STATS, a "no ka lawa ʻole o ke kālā" ʻaʻole "i uku ʻia." ʻO George Mason University Foundation, ka mea i hōʻike ʻole i kāna kālā, hāʻawi i nā hāʻawi CMPA i kēlā mau makahiki. Hōʻike nā moʻolelo ʻauhau:

  • Ua hōʻaiʻē ʻo CMPA i nā STATS $ 203,611 i 2012 / 2013 a me $ 163,914 hōʻaiʻe ma 2013 / 2014
  • Ua hāʻawi ʻia ʻo George Mason University Foundation $ 220,900 ma 2012 / 2013 a i $ 75,670 i 2013 / 2014 iā CMPA.

ʻO ke kālā ʻoihana Biotechnology e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea kākau moʻolelo

I ka 2014 a me ka 2015, ua hoʻolilo nā ʻoihana pesticide kiʻekiʻe ma luna o $ 300,000 ma nā hanana ʻelua i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e Genetic Literacy Project a me ka hui mua o Academics Review i "hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ma luna o GMO a me ka ʻawahia o glyphosate, ”E like me nā moʻolelo ʻauhau a me ka hōʻike ʻana ma ʻO ka holomua. ʻO nā hanana, i kapa ʻia ka Nā kahua hoʻomoana o Biotech Literacy Project, i mālama 'ia ma ka Kulanui o Florida ma 2014 a UC Davis ma 2015.

Hōʻike nā papahana i nā hanana e like me ka "hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i ka mākau kamaʻilio" no nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e kōkua i ka pale hou ʻana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO, a ua hoʻohiki e hāʻawi i nā ʻepekema me nā "pono ​​hana a me ke kākoʻo ʻana i nā kumuwaiwai e pono ai e hoʻopili pono i ka pāpāho a ʻike ʻia he loea i ka ʻahaʻōlelo a nā hoʻolohe aupuni aupuni, a me nā hana kulekele ʻē aʻe a me nā manawa kūpono e hoʻolaha aku ai i pili. "

Nā kumu ma ka mua kahua hoʻomoana mua hui pū ʻia nā lunamakaʻāinana mai nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, nā hui mua o ka ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā hui kalepa, a me nā kālaiʻike pro-GMO me ke Kulanui o Florida Kumu. ʻO Kevin Folta, a me ke Kulanui o ʻIlika Polofesa Emeritus Bruce Chassy, ua ʻae aku lāua ʻelua i ke kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto a paipai i nā GMO a me nā pesticides a Monsanto e kūʻai aku nei i ka hilinaʻi. Hawaii Post mea kākau meaʻai Tamar Haspel, no lakou hoi ʻae i ke kālā mai nā pono agribusiness, ka mea kākau nūhou ma ke kumu.

Nā mea kālā hōʻole ʻepekema ʻenekini

ʻO nā mea kākoʻo kālā nui o ka mea hana ma mua o Entine STATS a me kāna papahana Genetic Literacy Project i kēia manawa me nā ʻaoʻao ʻēheu - ʻo Scaife Foundation, ʻo Searle Freedom Trust a ʻo Templeton Foundation - ʻo ia nā alakaʻi nui o ka hōʻole ʻepekema ʻepekema, e like me ka Ke aʻo kula 2013 Drexel. E nānā i ka hoʻokolokolo a USRTK: ʻO ke ʻepekema ʻepekema hōʻole hōʻaiʻē kālā e hoʻolaha nei i nā Propaganda Nine Toxic.

Kanaka pale ʻoihana ʻino

No nā makahiki he nui, lilo ʻo Entine i mea pale nui i nā pono ʻoihana kemika, ma hope o ka puke pāʻani ʻoihana: pale aku ʻo ia i nā kinikona e like me ka palekana; paio e kūʻē ana i ke kānāwai; a hoʻouka i ka ʻepekema, nā mea ʻepekema nūpepa a me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe e hāpai nei i ka hopohopo.

Ke pale nei i nā neonicotinoids

e ulu ana Hōʻike nā hōʻike ʻepekema ʻo kēlā neonicotinoids, ka papa hoʻohana nui ʻia o nā pesticides, kahi kumu nui i ka make ʻana o ka pi. Ua kāohi ka European Union i nā neonics ma muli o ka hopohopo e pili ana i ka hopena o ka pi. ʻO Pepeluali 2020 ʻatikala ma The Intercept na Lee Fang i hōʻike e pili ana i ke "kaua ʻikepili sophisticated" e hana ana nā ʻoihana pesticide e mālama i nā kemika ma ka mākeke ma ka US Entine kahi mea nui o ka ʻelele pro-ʻoihana; ua hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻo ia ʻaʻole neonic ka mea hoʻokele nui o ka make ʻana o ka pi.Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika), ʻo "The bee apocalypse was never real," (ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino) a koi ʻia nā neonics e kōkua maoli i ka olakino pī (Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika a Forbes). Ua hōʻeha pū kekahi ʻo Entine i kahi aʻo a kahi polofesa Harvard ma ka bee Colony Collapse Disorder (Ke Keʻena HoʻonaʻauaoʻAmelika) a hoʻopiʻi i ka poʻe politika o ʻEulopa i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e pepehi i nā nalo meli ma ke kaohi ʻana i nā neonics (Forbes).

Ke pale nei i nā phthalates

ʻO Phthalates kahi papa o nā kemika i loulou lōʻihi ʻia i ka hoʻohaunaele hormone, hōʻeha hānau, pilikia pilikia a me nā loulou i ka momona o ka wā kamaliʻi, hānō, nā pilikia neurological a me nā pilikia puʻuwai. Ua hoʻomaka ke aupuni US kaohi ʻana i nā kemika i nā mea pāʻani a nā keiki i ka 2013 ma muli o ka hopohopo olakino. Ua pale aku ʻo Entine i nā huahana a nā keiki i loaʻa nā kemika. "Kakaikahi nā kemika i ka mākeke i kēia lā i nānā i ka ʻepekema e like me nā esters phthalate," i kākau ʻo Entine (Forbes) - akā ʻaʻole ia i haʻi i ka kino nui of hōʻike ʻepekema i hōʻuluʻulu ʻia ma loko o ʻelua mau makahiki e pili ana i nā hōʻike phthalate i hoʻomohala hānau kūpono ʻole in keiki kāne. ʻO ka leka me nā hōʻeha i nā mea kūkala nūhou; Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine i kahi mea nūhou NBC nāna i hāpai i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka palekana o ka "journalism shoddy." (Forbes). ʻO kā firm firm kamaʻilio, ESG MediaMetrics, hana PR no ka Ke Kula Nui Vinyl; ʻO ka vinyl plastic kahi kumu nui o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā phthalates. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Entine i ka pili ʻoihana i kāna ʻatikala Forbes.

Ke pale nei i ka fracking

Hoʻopilikia ka Entine i ka haʻi ʻana o ka neʻe ("fracking"), ka pauma ʻana o ka wai kemika i hoʻowalewale ʻia i loko o ka lepo e haki i ka shale a lawe i ke kinoea maoli. E like me kāna mau huakaʻi leka uila ʻē aʻe, hoʻopūhū ʻo Entine i ka ʻepekema a me nā ʻepekema e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo, e kahakaha ana iā lākou ma ke ʻano he "activist," ʻoiai e hana nei i nā ʻōlelo nani a pili ʻole hoʻi e pili ana i ka ʻepekema "scrupious" i mālama ʻia i loko o nā makahiki he nui e pale aku i kona palekana. ʻO kahi laʻana, ua koi ʻo Entine: “Mai ke kuanaʻike ʻepekema, ʻaʻohe kumu e kū ai i ke ahiahi i hoʻohuoi nui e huli aʻe nā pilikia e pili ana i ke olakino a i ʻole nā ​​kaiapuni "mai ka fracking (New York Post).

Eia hou, ʻo nā hoʻouka kahi kī nui o ka leka uila. Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo Entine i ka poʻe kūkala nūhou o New York Times no nā keiki hoʻopunipuni e pili ana i nā pilikia kūlohelohe o ka fracking (Forbes), hoʻouka kaua i ʻepekema ʻelua o ke Kulanui o Cornell no kā lākou noi ʻana e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻopuka ʻana o nā hana i ka methane (Forbes), a hoʻouka kaua i ka Park Foundation, e ʻōlelo ana ua "aneane hoʻokahi wale nō derailed shale-kinoea hoʻomohala ma methane-waiwai New York State, a kau i kona hiʻona ma ka lehulehu manaʻo a me nā kulekele hoʻoholo a puni ka ʻāina." (Pākaukau Poepoe Philanthropy)

Ke pale nei iā BPA

Kākau ʻo Entine i ka pale ʻana i ka bisphenol kemikal A (BPA), ʻoiai he kino nui o nā hōʻike ʻepekema e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana i kāna endocrine e hōʻoki ana i ka hiki a me nā pilikia olakino e pili pū ana me ia. Ua haʻi aku ʻo Kanada he mea ʻawaʻawa kēlā i ka 2010, a me ka EU pāpā ʻia ka BPA i loko o nā ʻōmole pēpē ma 2011.

Ua hōʻeuʻeu ʻo Entine i nā kānaka noiʻi kulanui, nā NGO a me nā mea nūpepa e hāpai nei i nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka BPA (Forbes), ua manaʻo ʻia ʻaʻole pono nā wahine i hāpai i ka hāpai keiki e hōʻino iā ia ma nā plastics (Forbes), a ʻaʻa i nā ʻepekema i hoʻopili i ka BPA i nā maʻi puʻuwai (Forbes).

Ke pale nei i ka Mana Nuclear

Pākuʻi pū ʻo Entine i ka ʻoihana mana nukelea; ua koi ʻo ia nā mea kanu mana nukelea nohona maikaʻi a "ʻaʻohe mea ʻino e like me Chernobyl e hana ʻia ma ke Komohana." Ua hoʻopiʻi ʻo ia iā Harvard Professor Naomi Oreskes o ʻepekema "hōʻole," no ka mea, i waena o nā mea ʻē aʻe, e kuhikuhi nei i nā pōpilikia o ka hoʻokele waiwai a me ke kaiapuni o ka mana nukelea.

Nā hoa

He hoa uku ʻole ʻo Entine ma ke Center for Health and Risk Communication ma ke Kula Nui ʻo George Mason (GMU) mai ka makahiki 2011-2014. nā mea hāʻawi manawaleʻa, a a kipa hoa ma ka American Enterprise Institute, kahi waihona manaʻo DC i kālā kālā ʻia i ʻāpana e hui kālepa a kālā ʻeleʻele nā hāʻawi.

E nana pū kekahi, ʻO Greenpeace Polluter Watch ʻaoʻao ma Jon Entine a me “ka moʻolelo huna o ka Genetic Literacy Project. "

Nā hui pili a me ka poʻe

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino
ʻO Geoffrey Kabat
ʻO Jay Byrne
Nānā ʻImi
Pamela Ronald lāua ʻo UC Davis
Nā Papahana Heluhelu Biotech 

Ke nānā nei i ka Pūnaewele Propaganda ʻoihana Pesticide

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ʻEhā mau ʻoihana i kēia manawa kaohi aku ma mua o 60% o ka hoʻolako honua o nā hua a me nā pesticides. ʻO ka nānā ʻana i ka lehulehu i kā lākou mau hana he mea nui ia no ka lako o ka meaʻai a palekana. Eia nō naʻe kēia mau hui āpau - Monsanto / Bayer, DowDuPont, Syngenta, BASF - lōʻihi nā moʻolelo o ka hūnā ʻana i ka ʻino o kā lākou huahana. ʻOiai ʻaʻole hoʻonāukiuki kā lākou mau moʻolelo i ka hilinaʻi, hilinaʻi lākou i nā mea kōkua ʻaoʻao ʻekolu e hoʻolaha a pale aku i kā lākou huahana.

ʻO nā pepa o lalo iho nei e hoʻomālamalama i kēia pūnaewele hoʻolaha huna. nā hui mua, nā kālaikū, nā mea nūpepa a me nā mea hoʻokele e hana ma hope o nā hanana me nā ʻoihana pesticide e paipai a pale aku i nā GMO a me nā pesticides. 

ʻO ka ʻike a mākou e hōʻike ai ma aneʻi e pili ana ia i ka US Right to Know investigation i loaʻa he ʻumi tausani mau ʻaoʻao o nā ʻoihana hui kūloko a me nā kānāwai hoʻomalu mai ka makahiki 2015. Wahi a Hōʻike ʻia nā palapala Monsanto i ka makahiki 2019,  "E hoʻopili ka hoʻokolokolo a USRTK i ka ʻoihana holoʻokoʻa." 

E ʻoluʻolu e kaʻana like i kēia mau pepa pono, a e hōʻailona maʻaneʻi e loaʻa i nā nūhou haʻihaʻi mai kā mākou mau noiʻi. 

Nānā Hou: ka hana ʻana i kahi hui mua o Monsanto

AgBioChatter: kahi i hoʻolālā ai nā ʻoihana a me nā kālaiʻike i ka hoʻolālā ma GMO a me nā pesticides

Alison Van Eenennaam: kī haʻi waha a me lobbyist no nā ʻoihana mahiʻai a me GMO

ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino he hui hui mua

ʻO Bayer's Shady PR Firms: ʻO FleishmanHillard a me Ketchum PR

Biofortified kōkua i nā ʻoihana kemika PR & lobbying mau hana

Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono ʻoihana a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai ʻoihana PR

ʻO Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema he ka hoʻolaha lehulehu ma Cornell e hoʻolaha i nā GMO

Council for Biotechnology Information, Nā pane a GMO, CropLife: ʻoihana pesticide PR pratives 

ʻO Drew Kershen: ʻO ka mahiʻai ʻoihana ʻoihana mua

Mea Hoʻolālā Meaʻai GMO he kiʻi hoʻopunipuni hoʻopunipuni, e ʻōlelo nā kālaiʻike he nui

ʻO Geoffrey Kabat: nā pilina i nā pūʻulu ʻoihana paka a me nā kemika

ʻO Glyphosate Spin Spin: ka hoʻokolo ʻana i nā kuleana e pili ana i ka lāʻau make i hoʻohana nui ʻia

Nā Pane GMO he hoʻokele pilikia PR mea hana no GMOs & pesticides

ʻO Hank Campbell kā maze o nā blog ʻepekema aloha Monsanto

ʻO Henry I. Miller haule ʻia e Forbes no ka hana ʻino kākau kolohe na Monsanto

ʻAha Kūkākūkā Wahine Kūʻokoʻa: Ke pale aku nei ka hui i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Koch i ka pesticide, ka aila, nā ʻoihana paka

ʻO ka ʻaha kūkā ʻikepili pili honua (IFIC): pehea i hoʻohuli ai ʻo Big Food i ka nūhou maikaʻi ʻole

Ke Kula NuiʻOihana Ola Ola (ILSI) he hui lobby ʻoihana meaʻai, hōʻike nā palapala

ʻO Jay Byrne: e launa me ke kāne ma hope o ka mīkini Monsanto PR

ʻO Jon Entine, Polokalamu Heluhelu Genetic: nā ʻelele nui no Monsanto, Bayer a me ka ʻoihana kemika

Keith Kloor: pehea i hana ai kahi mea kākau ʻepekema me nā mea kōkua ʻoihana ma hope o nā hanana

ʻO Kevin Folta's nā hoʻopiʻi hoʻopunipuni a hoʻopunipuni hoʻi

ʻO Mark Lynas o Cornell Alliance no ʻEpekema hoʻolauna hoʻopunipuni a pololei ʻole hoʻi no ka papahana kālepa ʻoihana ahupuaʻa

Ua kapa ʻo Monsanto i kēia mau "ʻoihana ʻoihana" i loko Hoʻolālā ʻo PR e kūʻē i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate (2015)

Nina Federoff Ua hoʻoneʻe i ka mana o ka ʻepekema ʻAmelika e kākoʻo iā Monsanto

ʻO Pamela Ronald's nā pilina i nā hui mua o ka hana kemika

ʻO Peter Phillips a me kona ʻ secretlelo huna "kuleana ʻike" ma ke Kulanui o Saskatchewan

ʻO SciBabe 'ōlelo eʻai i kāu pesticides, akāʻo wai ke uku iā ia?

Pūnaewele Huli Pūnaewele paipai i nā ʻike ʻoihana ʻepekema

Manaʻo e pili ana i ka ʻepekema / STATS wili ʻepekema no ka ʻoihana

ʻO Stuart Smyth's nā pilina ʻoihana mahiʻai a me ke kālā 

ʻO Tamar Haspel alakaʻi hewa i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka Wakinekona Post i kāna kolamu meaʻai

ʻO Val Giddings: ʻo BIO VP ma mua kahi hana nui no ka ʻoihana mahiʻai

ʻO nā pepa ʻoi aʻe e pili ana i nā hui mua nui, nā hui kālepa a me nā mea kākau PR

BIO: hui kālepa ʻoihana biotech

Ke kikowaena no ke kūʻokoʻa o nā mea kūʻai

ʻO Crop Life International

Ke KeʻenaʻEpekema Ola Ola International

ʻO Julie Kelly

Kavin Senapathy / MAMMyths

Ketchum PR

ʻO US Farmers a me Ranchers Alliance

ʻO nā kumuwaiwai hou aku mai US Pono e ʻike

Ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia e US US haʻawina ʻepekema e US Right to Know 

Nā Pepa Monsanto: Pūnaewele palapala Roundup / Glyphosate 

Waihona waihona Dicamba

ʻO Roundup a me Dicamba Trial Tracker blog hōʻano hou 

Pepa ʻo Glyphosate: Nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i ka Pesticide i hoʻohana nui ʻia

Pepa ʻo Dicamba

Uhi kūkala nūhou ākea o Pono ʻo US e ʻike i nā hopena 

Inā makemake ʻoe i kā mākou hana, e ʻoluʻolu E hōʻike i kēia e kōkua iā mākou e hoʻohuli i ka wela ma nā noi a USRTK.

IFIC: Pehea e ʻai ai ka ʻai nui i nūhou maikaʻi ʻole

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Loaʻa nā palapala e US Right to Know a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻē aʻe e hoʻomālamalama i ka hana o loko o ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai (IFIC), kahi hui kālepa i kālā kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana nui a me nā ʻoihana mahiʻai, a me kāna mea kōkua ʻole "lima aʻo lehulehu" ka Hoʻokumu IFIC. Mālama nā hui IFIC i nā papahana noiʻi a me ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa, hana i nā mea kūʻai aku a hoʻohui i nā hui ʻoihana ʻē aʻe e kamaʻilio i ka wili ʻoihana e pili ana i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka meaʻai. ʻO ka leka ʻana me ka paipai ʻana a me ka pale ʻana i ke kō, nā meaʻai i hana ʻia, nā mea hoʻonaninani ʻino, nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai, nā mea pesticides a me nā meaʻai i hoʻopololei ʻia.

ʻO ka hōʻike ʻana i ka maʻi ʻaʻai pesticide no Monsanto

Ma ke ʻano he laʻana e pili ana i nā hui ʻo IFIC me nā ʻoihana e hoʻolaha i nā huahana mahiʻai a pale i nā hopohopo no ka maʻi ʻaʻai palapala Monsanto kūloko hōʻike iā IFIC ma ke ʻano he “ʻOihana hoa hana” ma ka hoʻolālā pilina lehulehu o Monsanto e hoʻowahāwahā i ka hui noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), e "pale i ka inoa maikaʻi" o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻoholo ʻo IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Ua helu ʻo Monsanto iā IFIC ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana" ʻo Tier 3 me ʻelua mau pūʻulu kālā i hoʻolako ʻia i ka ʻoihana meaʻai, ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai a me ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono.

Pehea e hoʻāʻo ai ʻo IFIC e haʻi i kāna leka i nā wahine.

Ua ʻike ʻia nā pūʻulu ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kahi "Stakeholder Engagement team" i hiki ke makaʻala i nā ʻoihana meaʻai i kā Monsanto "papa hana inoculation" no ka hōʻike maʻi ʻaʻai glyphosate.

Kau ʻia nā blog ma hope Pūnaewele IFIC e kahaki i ka patronizing o ka hui “mai hopohopo, paulele iā mākou” leka i nā wahine. Komo pū nā mea komo, "8 mau ʻano pupule a lākou e hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻoweliweli iā ʻoe e pili ana i nā hua a me nā mea kanu," "Ke ʻoki ʻana i nā mea ma luna o ka glyphosate," a me "Ma mua o ka pīhoihoi, e nīnau aku i ka poʻe loea ... nā loea maoli."

Mea hoʻolako kālā hui

Ua hoʻolilo ʻo IFIC ma kahi o $ 22 miliona i loko o nā makahiki he ʻelima mai 2013-2017, ʻoiai ua lilo ka IFIC Foundation ma kahi o $ 5 miliona i kēlā mau makahiki ʻelima, e like me nā palapala ʻauhau i waiho ʻia me ka IRS. Nā hui a me nā hui ʻoihana e kākoʻo iā IFIC, e like me nā hoʻolaha lehulehu, e hui pū me ka American Beverage Association, American Meat Science Association, Archer Daniels Midland Company, Bayer CropS Science, Cargill, Coca-Cola, Dannon, DowDuPont, General Mills, Hershey, Kellogg, Mars, Nestle, Perdue Farms and PepsiCo.

ʻO nā palapala ʻauhau kikoʻī no ka IFIC Foundation, i loaʻa ma o nā noi palapala hoʻopaʻa mokuʻāina, e papa inoa i nā ʻoihana i hoʻolako kālā i ka hui i 2011, 2013 a i ʻole ʻelua: ʻAhahui Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai, Coca-Cola, ConAgra, General Mills, Kellogg, Kraft Foods, Hershey, Mars, Nestle, PepsiCo a me Unilever. Ua hāʻawi ka US Department of Agriculture i ka IFIC Foundation $ 177,480 o ke kālā ʻauhau ma 2013 e hana i kahi “alakaʻi o ka mea kamaʻilio”No ka paepae ʻana i nā meaʻai hana ʻenekini.

Noi pū ʻo IFIC i ke kālā mai nā ʻoihana no nā hana pale pale huahana kūikawā. ʻO kēia leka uila ʻo ʻApelila 28, 2014 mai kahi luna IFIC i kahi papa inoa lōʻihi o nā lālā o ka ʻoihana hui e noi ana i $ 10,000 hāʻawi e hoʻohou i ka "Understanding our Food" manaʻo e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai i nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia. Hoʻomaopopo ka leka uila i nā kākoʻo kālā mua: Bayer, Coca-Cola, Dow, Kraft, Mars, McDonalds, Monsanto, Nestle, PepsiCo a me DuPont.

Paipai i nā GMO i nā keiki kula

Hoʻohui ʻia ʻo IFIC Nā'āpana 130 ma o ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana i nā hana leka ʻana e "hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hoʻomaopopo" e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia. Hoʻopili nā lālā i ka ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, ka ʻAha Kālā Kalena, ka Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono a me The Conservancy Kūlohelohe.

Hāʻawi ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana i nā curricula aʻo manuahi e aʻo i nā haumāna e hoʻolaha i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia, e like me "Ka ʻepekema o ka hānai ʻana i ka Honua"No nā K-8 kumu a me"Ke lawe nei i ka Biotechnology i ke ola”No nā papa 7-10.

ʻO ka hana i loko o nā lawelawe PR a IFIC

He moʻo palapala i loaʻa mai iā US Right to Know hāʻawi i kahi ʻano o ka hana a IFIC ma hope o nā hanana e wili i nā lono maikaʻi ʻole a pale i nā huahana o kāna kākoʻo ʻoihana.

Hoʻohui i nā mea kūkala nūhou i nā ʻepekema uku kālā ʻoihana  

  • 5 Mei 2014 leka uila mai Matt Raymond, ka luna nui o ke kamaʻilio ʻana, ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia i ke alakaʻi ʻana ʻo IFIC a me ka "hui kūkā kamaʻilio media" i nā "moʻolelo kiʻekiʻe e pili ana i kēia manawa ʻo IFIC" e kōkua ai i ka wili ʻana i ka nūhou maikaʻi ʻole, e like me ka pane ʻana i ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Fed Up. Ua hoʻomaopopo ʻo ia ua pili aku lākou i kahi mea kākau nūhou o New York Times me “Dr. ʻO John Sievenpiper, ko mākou loea kaulana i ka māla kō. ” ʻO Sievenpiper "i waena o kahi pūʻulu ʻepekema ʻepekema ʻona Kanada i loaʻa kālā he haneli mau tausani i ke kālā mai nā mea hana inu wai ʻoluʻolu, nā hui kālepa meaʻai pūʻai a me nā ʻoihana kō, e hoʻohuli i nā noiʻi a me nā ʻatikala manaʻo e kūlike pinepine me nā makemake o kēlā mau ʻoihana, ” e like me ka National Post.
  • Nā leka uila mai 2010 a 2012 manaʻo e hilinaʻi ʻo IFIC i kahi hui liʻiliʻi o nā ʻepekema e pili ana i ka ʻoihana e kū i nā noiʻi e hāpai i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā GMO. I nā leka uila ʻelua, ʻo Bruce Chassy, ​​he loea o ke Kulanui o Ilinoi nāna loaʻa nā kālā i hōʻike ʻole ʻia mai Monsanto e hoʻolaha a pale aku iā GMO, aʻoaʻo iā IFIC i ka pehea e pane ai i nā noi e hāpai ana i nā hopohopo e pili ana iā GMO.

Hōʻike ka luna DuPont i ka hoʻolālā stealth e kū i nā hōʻike mea kūʻai aku

  • i ka Pepeluali 3, 2013 leka uila, Hoʻomaopopo nā limahana IFIC i kāna "hui pili media" i hōʻike ʻia e nā Consumer Reports nā hopohopo e pili ana i ka palekana a me ka hopena o ka nohona o nā GMO. ʻO Doyle Karr, Kā DuPont alakaʻi o ke kulekele biotechnology a me ka pelekikena hope o ka papa o Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono, i hoʻouna aku i ka leka uila i kahi ʻepekema me kahi nīnau no nā manaʻo pane, a ʻōlelo ʻia e kūʻē i nā Consumer Reports me kēia ʻano hana huna. me nā (Consumer Reports ') mau ʻōlelo e pili ana i ka hopena palekana a me ke kaiapuni. ?? ”

Hāʻawi nā lawelawe PR ʻē aʻe iā IFIC i ka ʻoihana

  • Hoʻolaha i nā helu ʻōlelo ʻoihana hoʻopunipuni: April 25, 2012 leka i nā lālā 130 o ka Alliance e hānai i ka wā e hiki mai ana "ma ka inoa o ka lālā Alliance Ka Hui Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai ” Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia ke koho balota o Kaleponi e kapa inoa i nā meaʻai me nā ʻenekini genetically "e pāpā pono ʻole i ke kūʻai aku ʻana he ʻumi tausani mau mea kūʻai mai i Kaleponi inā ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā lepili kūikawā."
  • Kūpono i nā puke loiloi i nā meaʻai i hoʻoponopono ʻia: February 20, 2013 Ua wehewehe ka leka uila i ka hoʻolālā a IFIC e wili i ʻelua mau puke e kūhewa ana i ka ʻoihana meaʻai, “paʻakai, kō, momona” na Michael Moss, a me “Pandora's Lunchbox” na Melanie Warner. Ua komo pū nā hoʻolālā me ke kākau ʻana i nā loiloi puke, e hoʻolaha ana i nā kiko kamaʻilio a me ka "ʻimi ʻana i nā koho hou aʻe e hoʻonui ai i ka hana i ka pāpaho kikoʻī i ana ʻia e ka nui o ka uhi ʻana." I loko o kahi leka uila ʻo Pepeluali 22, 2013, ua kī i kahi luna IFIC i ʻekolu mau kālaiʻike - ʻO Roger Clemens o ke Kulanui o Kaleponi Hema, ʻO Mario Ferruzzi o ke Kulanui ʻo Purdue a ʻO Joanne Slavin o ke Kulanui o Minnesota - e noi iā lākou e loaʻa no nā nīnauele nūhou e pili ana i nā puke. Hāʻawi ka leka uila i nā kālaiʻike me nā hōʻuluʻulu o nā puke ʻelua a me nā ʻōlelo kamaʻilio a IFIC e pale ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻia. "E mahalo mākou iā ʻoe e kaʻana like ʻana i nā manaʻo kamaʻilio e pili ana i nā pilikia ʻepekema kikoʻī i hāpai ʻia i loko o nā puke," i ʻōlelo ʻia ka leka uila mai iā Marianne Smith Edge, ka pelekikena hope nui o IFIC no ka mālama pono ʻana i ka meaʻai.
  • Nā noiʻi a me nā ana e kākoʻo i nā kūlana ʻoihana; hoʻokahi laʻana he anamanaʻo 2012 i loaʻa 76% o nā mea kūʻai mai "ʻaʻole hiki ke noʻonoʻo i kahi mea hou aʻe a lākou e makemake ai e ʻike ma ka lepili" ʻo ia hoʻohana ʻia e nā hui ʻoihana e kūʻē i ka lepili GMO.
  • "Mai hopohopo, hilinaʻi iā mākou" nā poloka kūʻai, e like me keia kekahi ka wehewehe ʻana i nā mea hoʻohui meaʻai a me nā kala i mea hopohopo ʻole. ʻO nā kemika a me nā kala i "mea nui i ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā hemahema koʻikoʻi o waena o nā mea kūʻai mai," e like me ka pepa IFIC Foundation i "hoʻomākaukau ʻia ma lalo o kahi ʻaelike me ka US Food and Drug Administration."

hoʻokumu mua ʻia Mei 31, 2018 a hōʻano hou ʻia i Pepeluali 2020

Pehea ʻo Tamar Haspel e alakaʻi hewa ai i ka poʻe heluhelu o ka Wakinekona Post

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ʻO Tamar Haspel kahi mea kākau moʻolelo manuahi nāna e kākau nei i nā kolamu meaʻai no ka Wakinekona Post mai ka lā ʻOkakopa 2013. Hoʻolaha pinepine kāna mau kolamu a pale i nā huahana ʻoihana pesticide, ʻoiai e loaʻa iā ia nā uku e kamaʻilio ma nā hanana kūlike i ka ʻoihana, a i kekahi manawa mai nā hui ʻoihana. ʻO kēia hana a nā mea nūpepa e loaʻa nei nā uku mai nā hui ʻoihana, i ʻike ʻia ʻo "buckraking," e hāpai ana i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka objectivity.

ʻO kahi loiloi o nā kolamu Haspel's Washington Post e hoʻohuli i nā hopohopo hou. I nā hanana he nui, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel a wehewehe piha paha i nā pili o kāna ʻoihana, i ka hilinaʻi i nā noi slanted, nā ʻike i wae ʻia e nā cherry e kākoʻo i nā kūlana o ka ʻoihana, a i ʻole i kuhikuhi i nā hoʻolaha kūwaho ʻole. E ʻike i kā mākou loiloi kumu no nā palapala. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Haspel i nā nīnau no kēia ʻatikala.

ʻO nā hakakā kālā Agrichemical o ka hoihoi

"ʻ speaklelo wau a kaulike i nā panela a me nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa pinepine, a he hana ia e uku ʻia ai au," Haspel i kākau ma kahi kamaʻilio pūnaewele 2015 mālama ʻia e ka Wakinekona Post, i ka pane ʻana i kahi nīnau e pili ana inā loaʻa kālā iā ia mai nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana. Ua haʻi ʻo Haspel ua hōʻike ʻo ia i kāna mau ʻōlelo i kamaʻilio ʻia nona pūnaewele pūnaewele, akā ʻaʻole ia e hōʻike i nā hui a i ʻole nā ​​hui e hoʻolako kālā iā ia, a he aha ka nui a lākou e hāʻawi ai.

I ka nīnau ʻia ʻana i ke kālā i loaʻa iā ia mai ka ʻoihana mahiʻai a me nā hui o mua, Ua kākau ʻo Haspel, "No ka mea ʻo kekahi hui e manaʻoʻiʻo i ka biotech he mea e hāʻawi ai kahi 'mua pūʻulu,' nui!"

E like me ka Nā kūlana a me nā loina o Wakinekona, ʻaʻole hiki i ka poʻe nūpepa ke ʻae i nā makana, nā huakaʻi manuahi, ka mālama makemake ʻana a i ʻole ke ʻae manuahi ʻana mai nā kumuwaiwai nūhou, a "pono ​​e hana i nā hana āpau e noho i ka lehulehu, e noho ma waho o ke kahua, e hōʻike i ka nūhou, ʻaʻole e hana i ka nūhou." ʻAʻole pili kēia mau lula i nā freelancer, akā waiho ka pepa iā ia i nā luna hoʻoponopono e hoʻoholo.

ʻO ka luna hoʻoponopono o Haspel ʻo Joe Yonan Ua'ōleloʻo ia ʻoluʻolu ʻo ia me kā Haspel hoʻokokoke ʻana i nā hana haʻi ʻōlelo i uku ʻia a loaʻa iā ia he "kaulike kūpono."

No ka 'ike hou aku:

Pākuʻi ʻo Pro GMO

Ua hoʻomaka ʻo Haspel i ke kākau ʻana e pili ana i nā meaʻai ʻenekini genetically i March 2013 i ka Huffington Post ("E hele Frankenfish! No ke aha mākou e pono ai iā GM Salmon"). ʻO kāna hope loa moʻo o nā ʻatikala no Huffington Post kia nui ʻia ma nā huahana ʻoihana mahiʻai. Ua hoʻopau ʻo ia i nā pilikia o Glyphosate a Hānai holoholona GMO, hoʻopaʻapaʻa kue i ka lepili GMO hoʻolaha, a hoʻolaha i ka ʻoihana pesticide-kālā kālā ʻia pūnaewele Nā Pane GMO. ʻO kēlā pūnaewele ʻāpana o kahi kālā miliona-miliona ka papahana pili i ka lehulehu e hakakā i nā hopohopo o nā mea kūʻai e pili ana i nā meaʻai i hana ʻenekini ʻia i ka hopena o nā hoʻolaha e lepili i nā GMO.

HuffPo Iulai 2013: ʻO kahi laʻana o pehea Haspel i hoʻolaha ai i nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana me ke ʻano ʻole. Nā laʻana hou aʻe ma lalo. 

Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Haspel i kāna kolamu meaʻai "Unearthed" i kēlā me kēia mahina ma ka Wakinekona Post ma hope koke iho, ma ʻOkakopa 2013, me kahi ʻatikala e pili ana i "he aha ia a ʻaʻole ʻoiaʻiʻo”E pili ana i nā GMO. Ua hoʻohiki ʻo ia e "ʻeli hohonu e hoʻāʻo e ʻike i ka mea ʻoiaʻiʻo a me nā mea ʻaʻole i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i kā mākou lako meaʻai." Ua aʻo ʻo ia i nā mea heluhelu e noʻonoʻo "ʻo wai ka mea āu e hilinaʻi ai" i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO a ʻike i kekahi mau hui i hala ʻole i kāna hōʻike kūlike ʻole; ʻo ka Union of Scientist hopohopo i waena o lākou.

ʻO kolamu aʻe a Haspel, “GMO kahi kū hoʻokahi: Ma kahi e ʻae ai nā mea kākoʻo a me nā mea kūʻē, ”hāʻawi i ka laulā o nā kuanaʻike mai ka hoihoi o ka lehulehu a me nā kumuwaiwai ʻoihana. Eia nō naʻe, i nā kolamu e hiki mai ana, kākaʻikahi ka Haspel ʻōlelo ʻana i nā pūʻulu hoihoi o ka lehulehu a hoʻoliʻiliʻi loa i kahi i nā kumuwaiwai olakino ma mua o nā kumuwaiwai e pili ana i ka ʻoihana. 'Quoteslelo pinepineʻo ia i nā poʻe loea i ka "ʻike ʻike maka" e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā olakino a me nā pilikia palekana. I kekahi mau hanana, Haspel hoka e hōʻike a i ʻole wehewehe piha i nā pilina ʻoihana i nā kumuwaiwai i ka hōʻike ʻana i nā GMO, nā pesticides a i ʻole nā ​​meaʻai meaola.

ʻO ke kolamu 'neʻe' ʻai 'hana ʻenehana

ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona e hōʻike ana i nā pilikia o ka bias ʻo Haspel's Ianuari 2016 kolamu, "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo kupaianaha e pili ana i ka neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai." Kūkākūkā ʻo ia ʻo ka poʻe e noʻonoʻo e pili ana i ka ʻenekinia genetona a i ʻole nā ​​ʻano ʻē aʻe o ka hana ʻana i ka meaʻai - ka "neʻe ʻana o ka meaʻai" - he ʻāpana palena ʻole ia o ka lehulehu. ʻAʻole ʻo ia i nīnau i nā nīnauele me nā mea kūʻai mai, olakino, kaiapuni a i ʻole nā ​​hui kaulike e manaʻo iā lākou iho he ʻāpana o ka neʻe o ka meaʻai

Ua kiʻi ʻo Haspel i ke kolamu me ʻelua mau pūʻulu wili i hoʻolako ʻia e ka ʻoihana, ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai a Ketchuma, ke keʻena pili lehulehu e holo i ka pūnaewele pesticide-funded website GMO Answers. ʻOiai ʻo ia e wehewehe iā Ketchum ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana PR e "hana nui me ka ʻoihana meaʻai," ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel i ka hope: ua hoʻolimalima ʻia ʻo Ketchum e kahi hui kalepa e hoʻololi i nā manaʻo o nā mea kūʻai aku i nā meaʻai GMO. Ua haʻi pū kekahi ʻo ia i kā Ketchum moʻolelo mōʻaukala o ke lele nei no Rusia a alakaʻi ʻana i ke kiu kue i nā hui kaiapuni.

ʻO ke kolu o nā kumuwaiwai no kāna kolamu kahi ana kelepona makahiki ʻelua mau makahiki i alakaʻi ʻia e William Hallman, kahi loiloi manaʻo lehulehu mai Rutgers nāna i hōʻike mai mālama ʻole ka hapa nui o ka poʻe i ka lepili ʻana o GMO. I hoʻokahi makahiki ma mua, ua hui pū ʻo Hallman lāua ʻo Haspel ma kahi aupuni i kākoʻo ʻia panela e kūkākūkā i nā GMO me Eric Sachs o Monsanto.

Nā laulima me nā hui milo ʻoihana

ʻO ko Tamar Haspel pili aloha no, a me nā hana pū ʻana me, nā mea pāʻani nui o ka ʻoihana pili kaiaulu i nā hana pili lehulehu e hāpai i nā hopohopo hou e pili ana i kāna kumuhana.

ʻO ka ʻōlelo hoʻolaha ma luna aʻe ʻike ʻia ma ka homepage o STATS / Sense About Science, e wehewehe nei i nā STATS ma ke ʻano he "waiwai" i kāna hōʻike ʻana. Ua wehewehe nā mea nūpepa ʻē aʻe iā STATS ma ke ʻano he pale-huahana “hoʻouka kaua disinformation”Hoʻohana nā hana paka i ka hana kānalua e pili ana i ka pilikia kemika. Ua hana nui nā STAT i ka “politika kinipōpō paʻakikī o ka hoʻoponopono kemika” a me nā hana a ka ʻoihana e hōʻino i nā hopohopo olakino e pili ana i ka bisphenol-A, e like me ke hōʻike nei i ka Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.

A 2016 moʻolelo ma The Intercept ua wehewehe ʻia ka pili paka o STATS a me Sense About Science, i hui ʻia i ka makahiki 2014, a me ke kuleana o kēia mau pūʻulu e hoʻokuʻi nei i nā manaʻo ʻoihana e pili ana i ka ʻepekema. A 2015 lehulehu pili palapala hoʻolālā kapa ʻia ʻo Sense About Science i waena o nā “nā hoa hana ʻoihana ”Hoʻolālā ʻo Monsanto e komo i kāna huakaʻi e "orchestrate outcry" kūʻē i ka ʻimi noiʻi kanesa o ka World Health Organization e hōʻino i kahi hōʻike e pili ana i ka carcinogenicity o glyphosate.

ʻO nā hanana spinic ʻoihana Agrichemical

I Iune 2014, ʻo Haspel a Lālā “kumu” ma kahi hanana hoʻomaʻamaʻa leka hana kālā-ʻoihana pesticide i kapa ʻia ʻo ʻO Camp Campot Biotech Literacy Project. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia ka hanana e ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic a Nānā ʻImi, ʻelua mau hui mua o ka ʻoihana i kapa ʻia ʻo Monsanto ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana" ma kāna Hoʻolālā 2015 PR.

ʻO ka Genetic Literacy Project kahi ma mua papahana o STATS, a ʻo Academics Review ka hoʻonohonoho me ke kōkua o Monsanto i hōʻino i nā loiloi ʻoihana ʻoiai e mālama ʻana i ka ʻoihana hūnā ʻia nā manamana lima, e like me nā leka uila i loaʻa ma o nā noi moʻohelu lehulehu.

ʻO ke kahua hoʻomoana kīpaku ʻo Haspel i hele aku i manaʻo ʻia e "hōʻano hou i ka palekana o ka meaʻai a me ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa GMO," e like me ka papahana Ua hōʻike ʻo Paul Thacker e pili ana i ka hanana i Ka Holomua, "Ua hāʻawi malū ʻoihana i kahi ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio e hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā ʻepekema a me nā mea nūpepa e hoʻopaʻa i ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa e pili ana i nā GMO a me nā mea ʻino o glyphosate ... ”

ʻO nā mākaukau i kamaʻilio ʻia me nā ʻōnaehana spin hui i loiloi i nā palapala hoʻomoana boot ma ke noi a Thacker. "He mau mea kaumaha kēia," wahi a Naomi Oreskes, polofesa o ka mōʻaukala ʻepekema ma ke Kulanui ʻo Harvard. "Ua manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohuli i ka poʻe i nā hua o GMO he pono, pono, a ʻaʻole lawa ka makaʻu e hōʻoia i ka lepili ʻana." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Marion Nestle, ke polofesa no ka mālama pono ʻana i ka meaʻai, ke aʻo ʻana i ka meaʻai, a me ke olakino lehulehu ma ke Kulanui o New York, "Inā hele ka poʻe nūpepa i nā ʻaha kūkā e uku ʻia lākou e hele, pono lākou e kānalua loa mai ka hoʻomaka.

ʻO Cami Ryan, kahi limahana hoʻomoana kīpaku nāna i hana ma hope no Monsanto, i kākau ʻia ma ka loiloi loiloi i makemake ai nā poʻe komo, "More Haspel-ish, Ropeik-ish kau." ʻO David Ropeik kahi kākāʻōlelo ʻike maka pilikia nona ka komo nā mea kūʻai aku iā Bayer a me nā hui kemika ʻē aʻe, a ʻo wai ʻo Haspel hoʻohana ʻia ma ke ʻano he kumu i kahi kolamu āna i kākau ai e pili ana i ka glyphosate.

Nā ʻaha kūkā kamaʻilio biotech i hoʻolako kālā

I Mei 2015, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel ma kahi “ka lā heluhelu a me ka launaʻike biotechnology”Ma ke Kulanui o Florida. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia kēia hanana e Kevin Folta, he polofesa i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me ka ʻoihana mahiʻai ka pilina o ke aupuni a hooikaika lobbying. Ua hoʻokomo pū ʻo Folta iā Haspel i kahi ua hoʻouna ʻo ia iā Monsanto e ʻimi kālā ana no nā hanana āna i wehewehe ai ma ke ʻano he "hopena i ka pilikia kamaʻilio biotech." ʻO ka pilikia, wahi a Folta, ma muli o ke kāohi o nā activists i ka "kaohi ʻana i ka ʻike lehulehu" a me kā lākou "hoʻoikaika ikaika ʻana i nā hana lepili ʻai pono ʻole a pono ʻole." Ma ka ʻAoʻao 4, Ua wehewehe ʻia ʻo Folta kahi hanana e hōʻike ʻia nā polofesa UF me "nā ʻelele ʻoihana, nā loea nūpepa no ka kamaʻilio ʻepekema (e like me Tamar Haskel [sic], Amy Harmon), a me nā loea i ka ʻike maka maka a me ka noʻonoʻo (e like me Dan Kahan)."

Monsanto kālā i ke noi, ke kāhea nei iā ia "kahi ala 3-ʻaoʻao maikaʻi loa e hoʻomohala i ke ʻano o ke kākoʻo e nānā nei mākou e hoʻomohala." (ʻO ke kālā ma hope hâʻawi wale i kahi hale waiho ʻai ma hope o ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ke kumu kālā.)

I ʻApelila 2015, Folta i kākau aku ai iā Haspel me nā kikoʻī e pili ana i ka hanana hoʻomaʻamaʻa leka ʻana, "E uhi mākou i nā kumukūʻai a me kahi honorary, nā mea a pau e pono ai. ʻO nā mea ʻepekema, nā kauka a me nā loea ʻē aʻe e pono e aʻo pehea e kamaʻilio ai i ka lehulehu. "

Ua pane ʻo Haspel, "Aia nō wau i loko," a ua hāʻawi hou ʻo ia i kahi moʻolelo mai kekahi panela hou "kamaʻilio ʻepekema" i hoʻololi i ka manaʻo o kekahi e pili ana iā Monsanto. "He hiki nō ke hele i ke ala, akā ua maopopo iaʻu ma o nā kamaʻilio ʻana a kekahi me kekahi kanaka," i kākau ai ʻo Haspel iā Folta.

ka papahana mālama no ka lā kamaʻilio o Florida i helu ʻia nā mea ʻōlelo ma ke ʻano he Haspel, Folta, ʻekolu mau kumu ʻē aʻe o ka UF, ka limahana ʻo Monsanto ʻo Vance Crowe a me nā ʻelele mai Biofortified a Kikowaena no ka Pono Pono (ʻelua mau hui hou aku i kapa ʻia ʻo Monsanto nā hoa hana ʻoihana i kāna papahana PR e pale aku i ka glyphosate). I kekahi leka uila iā Folta, Ua hauʻoli ʻo Haspel e pili ana i ka hui ʻana me Crowe, “Ke nānā nei i mua i kēia. (Ua makemake wau e launa me Vance Crowe - hauʻoli loa wau e hiki ana ʻo ia i laila.) ”

Nā nīnau etika a me ka hōʻike

I Kepakemapa 2015, hōʻike ʻia ka New York Times Folta i kahi moʻolelo ʻaoʻao mua na Eric Lipton e pili ana i ka hilinaʻi o nā pūʻulu ʻoihana i nā kālaiʻike e hakakā i ke kaua lepili GMO. Ua hōʻike ʻo Lipton e pili ana i ka hoʻopiʻi hoʻopiʻi kālā a Folta iā Monsanto, a e ʻōlelo ākea ana ʻo Folta ʻaʻohe ona pili me Monsanto.

Ua kākau ʻo Haspel iā Folta i kekahi mau mahina ma hope mai, "Minamina loa wau i ka mea āu i hele ai, a kaumaha loa ia i ka wā o ka naʻau ʻino, ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana ma ka ʻaoʻao i uhi i nā pilikia maoli - ma ka ʻepekema a me ka moakaka, nā mea nui ʻelua." Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel e hana pū ana ʻo ia me ka National Press Foundation e hoʻomohala i nā kūlana ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoihoi no nā mea nūhou kūʻokoʻa.

ʻO Haspel kahi 2015 hoa no ka National Press Foundation (kahi hui i uku kālā ʻia e nā ʻoihana, me ʻO Bayer lāua ʻo DuPont). I loko o kahi ʻatikala ua kākau ʻo ia no NPF e pili ana nā loina no nā freelancers, Ua kūkākūkā ʻo Haspel i ke koʻikoʻi o ka hōʻike ʻana a wehewehe i kāna mau pae hoʻohālikelike no ke kamaʻilio ʻana i nā hanana inā pili wale nā ​​mea hoʻopukapuka ʻole ʻoihana a me nā manaʻo like ʻole - nā pae i kū ʻole ʻia e nā hanana biotech literacy. ʻO ka ʻaoʻao hoʻolaha ma kona pūnaewele ʻaʻole hōʻike pololei i ka nā ʻaha kūkā a me nā mea hoʻopukapuka kālā o ke kahua hoʻomoana literacy biotech 2014. ʻAʻole i pane ʻo Haspel i nā nīnau e pili ana i nā hanana literacy biotech.

Loiloi kumu: hōʻike hoʻopunipuni e pili ana i nā pesticides

ʻO kahi loiloi kumu o ʻekolu o nā kolamu Washington Post a Tamar Haspel e pili ana i ke kumuhana o nā pesticides i loaʻa he mau mea e pili ana i nā laʻana o nā kumuwaiwai pili pili ʻole i hōʻike ʻia, nā haʻalele ʻana i ka ʻikepili a me nā hōʻike ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili i lawelawe ʻia e kākoʻo i nā leka pesticide ʻoihana pesticides ʻaʻole hopohopo a ʻAʻole waiwai nui ke aloha. Uhi ka loiloi kumu i kēia mau kolamu ʻekolu:

  • "ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o ka meaola no kou olakino? ʻO ka nānā ʻana i ka waiū, ka ʻiʻo, nā hua manu, nā huahana a me nā iʻa ”(April 7, 2014)
  • “ʻO ka kemiko ʻo Monsanto kaukaʻi. Pehea ka weliweli? ” ('Okakopa 2015)
  • "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā huahana a me nā pesticides" (E 21, 2018)

Hilinaʻi ʻia i nā kumuwaiwai e pili ana i ka ʻoihana; ʻaʻole hiki ke hōʻike i nā pili ʻoihana

I nā kolamu ʻekolu a pau i hōʻike ʻia i loko o kēia loiloi kumu, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel i ka pili o ka pesticide ʻoihana o nā kumu waiwai nui i hoʻowahāwahā i ka pilikia o nā pesticides. ʻAʻole kekahi o nā pilina ʻoihana i ʻōlelo ʻia i kāna kolamu mai ʻAukake 2018 i ka wā i paʻi ʻia ai kēia loiloi.

I loko o kāna hōʻike 2018 e pili ana i ka "ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i nā huahana a me nā pesticides," hāʻawi ʻo Haspel i nā mea heluhelu i "ka manaʻo o ka nui o ka makaʻu" mai nā hōʻike pesticide pino. he hoʻopaʻa haʻawina ua hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka makaʻu o ka ʻai ʻana i nā pesticides mai ka meaʻai a inu i ka waina. ʻAʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel he ʻehā o nā mea kākau ʻelima o ke aʻo ʻana i hana ʻia e Bayer Crop Science, kekahi o nā mea hana pesticide nui loa o ka honua.

ʻAʻole nō ʻo ia i haʻi aku i kāna poʻe heluhelu i ke aʻo kumu i loaʻa i kahi kele hewa i hoʻoponopono hou ʻia (ʻoiai ʻo kāna kolamu e pili ana i nā aʻo kumu a me ka hoʻoponopono pololei. Ua hoʻohālikelike ka haʻawina i nā hōʻike pesticide mai ka meaʻai e like me ka inu ʻana i hoʻokahi kīʻaha waina i kēlā me kēia ʻehiku makahiki. Ua hoʻoponopono nā mea kākau i kēlā me kēia aniani o ka waina i kēlā me kēia ʻekolu mahina. ʻO kēlā wale nō kekahi o nā hewa i loko o ka pepa, e like me ka a leka i ka puke pai mai nā ʻepekema nāna i wehewehe i ke aʻo ʻana he "simplistic loa a kuhi hewa hoʻi."

E hoʻokuʻu i nā hopohopo e pili ana i nā hopena synergistic o ka hōʻike ʻana i nā pesticides he nui, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel i kekahi like mai kahi mea kākau pili ʻole ʻo Bayer wale nō o ka noiʻi hoʻohālikelike ʻana i ka waina. A ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia “a 2008 moʻolelo"I hana i ka loiloi like." ʻO Alan Boobis lāua ʻo Angelo Moretto nā mea kākau o kēlā hōʻike 2008 i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko o kahi hakakā hoʻowahāwahā i ka 2016 no ka mea ua alakaʻi lākou i kahi UN panel i exonerated glyphosate o ka maʻi ʻaʻai maʻi maʻi i ka manawa like e like me kā lākou mau kūlana alakaʻi i ka Ke KeʻenaʻEpekema Ola Ola International, kahi hui kōkua ʻole i loaʻa nui nā makana mai ka ʻoihana pesticide.

I loko o kāna kolamu 2015 e pili ana i ka makaʻu o glyphosate, ʻo ka "kemikala Monsanto kaukaʻi," ua ʻōlelo ʻo Haspel i ʻelua mau kumuwaiwai me nā pilina pesticide āna i hōʻike ʻole ai. ʻO nā kumuwaiwai ʻo Keith Solomon, kahi lāʻau ʻona i kākau i nā pepa e pili ana i ka glyphosate i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto (aʻo wai ʻo Monsanto ke hoʻolaha nei ma ke ʻano he kumu); a ʻO David Ropeik, he kākāʻōlelo ʻike ʻike pilikia i loaʻa kahi ʻoihana PR nona ʻO nā mea kūʻai aku me Dow, DuPont a me Bayer.

I loko o kāna kolamu 2014 e pili ana inā he koena pesticide i ka meaʻai i kahi pilikia i ke olakino, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel i ka kānalua e pili ana i nā pilikia olakino o nā organophosphates, kahi papa o nā pesticides e pili ana poino neurological i nā keiki. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia a manual ka mea i loaʻa "ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo nui nā noiʻi epidemiological i kekahi pesticide e like me ka mea e pili ana i nā hopena ulu neurological maikaʻi ʻole i nā pēpē a me nā keiki." ʻO ka mea kākau nui ka ʻO Carol Burns, he ʻepekema ma Dow Chemical Company, kekahi o nā mea hana nui o nā organophosphates o ka ʻāina; ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻia ka pili.

Ua hoʻohana pū kēlā kolamu i ka ʻoihana ʻona helehelena i loko ʻo Carl Winter ma ke ʻano he kumu e hōʻoiaʻiʻo ana no ka palekana o nā koena pesticide i ka meaʻai, e pili ana i nā loiloi pilikia o EPA. ʻO Monsanto nō ka paipai ʻana i kā Winter hana i kēlā manawa i nā helu kamaʻilio, a ʻo Winter hoʻi i lawelawe ma ka papa aʻoaʻo ʻepekema o ka hui i kākoʻo kālā ʻia e Monsanto ʻAha ʻAmelika no ka ʻepekema a me ke olakino, ka mea haʻaheo i loko o kahi blog post i kekahi mau mahina ma mua e pili ana i ka uhi nūhou anti-organic i ʻōlelo i kā lākou kāne, "Kauka aʻoaʻo ACSH ʻo Kauka Carl Winter."

Kuhi hewa ʻia me ka hōʻike ʻana ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili

I loko o kāna kolamu 2014 e pili ana i ka meaʻai meaola, ua hoʻohana ʻo Haspel i kahi pepa 2012 e ka American Academy of Pediatrics ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili e hoʻokūpaʻa i kāna paio e hāʻawi ʻole ka ʻai ʻana i nā meaola i nā pono olakino, a ʻaʻole ʻo ia i haʻi aku i ka poʻe heluhelu i ka piha o ka noiʻi a me kāna nā hopena. ʻO ka Pepa AAP ua hōʻike i ka laulā o nā ʻike ʻepekema e hōʻike nei i ka hōʻeha i nā keiki mai nā hōʻike ākea a me nā maʻi mau i nā pesticides like ʻole. Ua hoʻopau ʻia, "Pono e kaupalena ʻia nā hōʻike a nā keiki i nā pesticides i ka wā hiki." Ua hōʻike ʻia ka hōʻike i kahi hōʻike e pili ana i ka "hōʻemi koke ʻana o ka urinary excretion of pesticide metabolites" i nā keiki e ʻai ana i ka papaʻai. Ua hoʻopuka pū kekahi ʻo AAP ʻōlelo paipai aʻoaʻo e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i nā keiki i nā pesticides.

Ua haʻalele ʻo Haspel i kēlā ʻano pōʻaiapili āpau a hōʻike wale nō i ka hōʻike AAP, "ua hoʻomaopopo ʻia ka pilina ma waena o ka hōʻike ʻana o ka organophosphate a me nā pilikia neurological i loaʻa i loko o kekahi mau noiʻi akā ua hoʻoholo ʻia he" maopopo ʻole "ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka hōʻike ʻana ma ka ʻai ʻana i nā meaola. pili. '”

I loko o kāna kolamu o ka makahiki 2018 e pili ana i nā huaʻai meaola, ua hōʻike hewa ʻo Haspel i ke ʻano o ka pesticide chlorpyrifos “he kumu ia o ke kaua ma waena o nā hui kaiaulu, makemake lākou e pāpā ʻia, a me ka EPA, ʻaʻole pēlā” - akā ʻaʻole naʻe ia i hoʻomaopopo i ka poʻe heluhelu i ke kī kuhikuhi: ʻo ka EPA ua paipai e pāpā chlorpyrifos ma muli o ke kau ʻana i nā hōʻike e hiki ai i ka prenatal hōʻike ke hiki loaʻa nā hopena mau loa i ka lolo o nā keiki. Ua hoʻohuli ke ʻoihana i ka papa ma hope wale nō o ka Hoʻopilikia ʻo Trump EPA.

Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Haspel i kāna hana hoʻopunipuni "nā hui kaiaulu vs EPA" hoʻohālikelike me kahi loulou i kahi New York Times ʻaoʻao palapala ʻaʻole i hāʻawi i kahi pōʻaiapili e pili ana i ka hoʻoholo EPA, ma mua o ka hoʻopili ʻana i ka moʻolelo NYT i hōʻike ʻia ma ka hopena o ka ʻoihana ma hope o ka hoʻoholo EPA e ʻae iā chlorpyrifos.

Hilinaʻi ʻia i nā kumuwaiwai i ʻaelike kekahi i kekahi 

I loko o kāna kolamu 2018, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻo Haspel i kāna paio e pili ana nā hōʻike pesticide i ka meaʻai i kahi mea hopohopo ʻole me kahi ʻano hōʻike hoʻopunipuni āna i hoʻohana ai i nā manawa ʻē aʻe: e hōʻike ana i ka ʻaelike ma waena o nā kumuwaiwai i kapa ʻole ʻia nā inoa.

I kēia hihia, ua hōʻike ʻo Haspel i nā pae pesticide i loko o ka meaʻai "haʻahaʻa loa" a "ʻaʻole pono ʻoe e hopohopo iā lākou," e like me nā keʻena aupuni o US "(me nā mea ʻona ʻino i kamaʻilio pū me aʻu i nā makahiki i hala aku nei." ʻOiai ua hōʻike ʻo ia "ʻaʻole manaʻo ka poʻe āpau" i kēlā mau hōʻike aupuni, ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻo Haspel i nā kumu kūlike ʻole a nānā ʻole i ka Hōʻike ka American Academy of Pediatrics ua paipai i ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻana i nā hōʻike a nā keiki i nā pesticides, āna i ʻōlelo ai ma waho o ka pōʻaiapili i kāna kolamu 2014. Ma kāna kolamu 2015 e pili ana i ka glyphosate, ua ʻōlelo hou ʻo ia i nā kumuwaiwai manaʻo like, e hōʻike ana i kēlā me kēia "ʻepekema" āna i kamaʻilio pū ai me ia i ʻōlelo ʻia, a hiki i ka wā i kū mai ai nā nīnau hou, "ua ʻike ʻia ka glyphosate no kona palekana."

Ua nalowale nā ​​ʻikepili pili 

Ua hala ʻo Haspel i ka nui o nā ʻike pili i kāna "kiʻi i ka lalo o ia" e hōʻike ana i nā pilikia o nā pesticides a me nā pōmaikaʻi o nā meaola. ʻO nā ʻōlelo hou a nā hui olakino koʻikoʻi a me nā ʻepekema āna i nalo ai:

Nā manaʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i kā Haspel hōʻike

Ke kikowaena no nā hoa pili pono meaʻai me Monsanto

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ʻO ka Center for Food Integrity (CFI), ʻo ia ka Grow America Project, kahi hui nonprofit 501 (c) (4) i hoʻolako ʻia e hana i ka noiʻi, lobbying a me nā pilina lehulehu e "loaʻa ka hilinaʻi o nā mea kūʻai" no nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mahiʻai, Including ʻO DowDuPont, Monsanto, Cargill, Costco, ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai, Hershey, Kroger a me nā hui kālepa no ka ʻiʻo, ka waiū a me ka soybeans.

I nā makahiki ʻelima mai 2012-2016, Ua hoʻohana ʻo CFI i $ 23,225,098 ma ke ʻano kūʻai aku a me ka leka uila like ʻole nā papahana e paipai i ka ʻikepili ʻana i nā ʻoihana e kūkulu i ka hilinaʻi i nā meaʻai me nā genetically engineered, pesticides, additives meaʻai a me nā antibiotic i kaʻiʻo.

ʻO ka lima 501 (c) (3) o CFI, ka Foundation no ka Pono Pono, noiʻi kālā e hoʻomaopopo i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i nā leka e hoʻāʻo i ka hilinaʻi o nā mea kūʻai aku, me kahi kālā hoʻolilo o $ 823,167 mai 2012-2016. Nā mea kākoʻo ma 2012 hui pū ʻia ʻo Monsanto Company, CropLife America a me ka US Farmers and Ranchers Alliance.

"ʻOihana hoa hana" i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a Monsanto ma ka paneli maʻi ʻo IARC

keia palapala Monsanto kūloko kuhikuhi i ka Center for Food Integrity ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana ʻoihana" i ka hoʻolālā pili lehulehu o Monsanto e hōʻino i ka ʻimi noiʻi maʻi ʻaʻai o ka World Health Organization, ka International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), e pale aku i ka inoa o Roundup weedkiller. I Malaki 2015, ua hoʻoholo ʻo IARC i ka glyphosate, ka mea nui i Roundup carcinogenic paha i nā kānaka.

Papa inoa ka papa hana Monsanto ʻehā papa o nā hoa hana e komo i kāna hana e pili ana i ka lehulehu. Ua helu ʻia ʻo CFI ma ke ʻano he "hoa hana ʻoihana" ʻo Tier 3 me ʻelua mau pūʻulu kālā i loaʻa kālā i ka ʻoihana, ka ʻAha ʻAha ʻIke Meaʻai Mea Kai a me ka ʻAhahui Mea Hana Mea Kūʻai Meaʻai.

Wahi a ka palapala, he ʻāpana kēia o nā hui "Stakeholder Engagement" i hiki ke makaʻala i nā ʻoihana meaʻai i kā Monsanto "papa hana inoculation" e hāʻawi i ka ʻike e pili ana i nā pae glyphosate a "e wehewehe i nā noiʻi ʻepekema me nā manaʻo kuhi ʻia e ka papa kuhikuhi" o ka maʻi ʻaʻai kūʻokoʻa. panela.

E nānā i ka launa pū ʻana o East / CMA me Monsanto a me ka papahana Genetic Literacy

ʻO ka CEO o ka Center for Food Integrity, ʻo Charlie Arnot, ʻo ia nō hoʻi ʻo CEO o E nana Hikina (CMA ma mua), kahi PR a me ke keʻena kamaʻilio no ka meaʻai a me ka mahiʻai. ʻAelike ʻo CFI me Look East no nā lawelawe hoʻokele papahana, e like me nā ʻano ʻauhau.

Hana pū ʻo Arnot's PR firm me Monsanto, e like me nā palapala i loaʻa na US Pono e ʻike. Ma 2014, ua kī ʻo Monsanto iā CMA i "Kālepa" a hoʻolaha kahi mahele o nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo pro-GMO i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e kahi luna Monsanto i nā polopeka a hoʻonohonoho ʻia e paʻi ma ka pūnaewele Genetic Literacy Project - me ka hōʻike ʻole o ka hana a Monsanto ma hope o nā hōʻike, ma ke ʻano he Ua hōʻike ʻo Boston Globe.

ka Hoʻopuka Haʻawina Genetic, kahi hui hui ʻoihana ʻē aʻe i kapa ʻia i ka PR PR a Monsanto e hōʻino iā IARC, a loaʻa iā ia ke kālā mai ka Center for Food Integrity, e like me kā GLP Mea 'Ano hou a pololei ʻole ka “ʻaoʻao transparency.”